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2017 International Conference on Electrical, Instrumentation and Communication Engineering (ICEICE2017)

An Approach to Solar Power Tree


V. Renugadevi
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Annai Mathammal Sheela Engineering College, Tamilnadu.
rdrenua93@gmail.com

Abstract- Recently with the rising population and energy


demands, we should get an option of renewable energy
source and that energy source should not cause pollution
and other natural hazards. For this condition the Solar
Energy is the best alternaive for us. A Solar Power Tree is
the best innovative way, which requires very less place to
produce energy efficiently. We can also use the
“SPIRALLING PHYLLATAXY” to improve the
efficiency of the plant. It is much better than traditional
solar PV system in area point of view and also more
efficient. So this will be a very good option and should be
implemented.
Fig 1.Solar tree
Index Terms - Solar Tree, Spiralling phyllataxy,
Renewable Energy, solar cell, Solar Energy. SPIRALLING PHYLLATAXY

I. INTRODUCTION It is a technique used in designing of solar tree. It


Solar tree sounds like the perfect solution for our provides the way to help the lower panels from the shadow of
future energy needs. The sun is constantly sending energy to upper ones, so that it can track maximum power from sun.
the earth and all we need to do is to catch it and then use it. A
solar tree is nothing but an artificial tree with photo-voltaic A. SOLAR CELL
cells arranged in Fibonacci series manner in place of leaves. A solar cell (photovoltaic cell or photoelectric cell) is
The amount of energy produced by this tree is more than that a solid state electrical device that converts the energy of light
of normal flat array of solar cells. Solar energy is available in directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect. The energy
abundance and considered as easiest and cleanest means of of light is transmitted by photons-small packets or quantum of
tapping the renewable energy. light. Electrical energy is stored in electromagnetic fields,
which in turn can make a current of electrons flow. Assemblies
II. SOLAR TREE of solar cells are used to make solar modules which are used
A solar tree is a decorative means of producing solar to capture energy from sunlight. When multiple modules are
energy and also electricity. It uses multiple no of solar panels assembled together (such as prior to installation on a pole-
which forms the shape of a tree. The panels are arranged in a mounted tracker system), the resulting integrated group of
fashion in a tall tower/pole. modules all oriented in one plane is referred as a solar panel.
The electrical energy generated from solar modules, is an
TREE stands for example of solar energy. . Cells are described as photovoltaic
T= TREE GENERATING cells when the light source is not necessarily sunlight. These
R=RENEWABLE are used for detecting light or other electromagnetic radiation
E=ENERGY and near the visible range, for example infrared detectors, or
E=ELECTRICITY measurement of light intensity.
This is like a tree in structure and the panels are like Solar cells, which largely are made from crystalline
leaves of the tree which produces energy. As we know trees silicon work on the principle of Photoelectric Effect that this
are present in nature and they can produce their own food semiconductor exhibits. Silicon in its purest form- Intrinsic
material by the process called PHOTOSYNTHESIS. Here we Silicon- is doped with a doping impurity to yield Extrinsic
are considering the example for understanding about the solar Silicon of desired characteristic (p-type or n-type Silicon).
tree. This is a tree in which the stems connected acts as the When p and n type silicon combine they result in formation of
branches of the tree and the solar panels are like the leaves. potential barrier. Working of Solar cells can thus be based on
Green leaves are producing food materials for human beings two crystalline structure intrinsic silicon and extrinsic silicon.
likewise this leaves are producing energy for the society. So it
is very appropriate to called it as a tree.

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2017 International Conference on Electrical, Instrumentation and Communication Engineering (ICEICE2017)

phyllataxy its efficiency further increase. We can also use the


technique called ― SPIRALLING PHYLLATAXY to
improve the efficiency of the plant. It can be applied in street
lightening system, industrial power supply etc. It is much
better than the traditional solar PV system in area point of view
and also more efficient. Though it is somehow costly but as
compare to all cost involve in traditional system it is more
efficient.

3. It can collect energy from wind:


As the name suggest this is a device to generate
energy from sun but it has some unique feature to generate
energy from wind. The stem are flexible so that they can rotate
in any direction and by shaking themselves they produce
energy also from wind as in the case of a natural tree.
Fig 2. How solar cell works
The unique technique is that flexible panels
connected to the stem which can be rotated as our desire. So
B. WHY IT IS NEEDED
that flexibility avoidance of wind pressure can be possible.
1. Due to less land requirement:
Flexibility offers manual rotating so that maximum power can
It is the best option of energy generation because it
be obtained.
requires very less land as compare to the traditional PV
system. Now a day’s land becomes the costliest commodity
III. CONSTRUCTION & WORKING
for the human society because of high population growth.
The solar tree consists of some important parts in its
Example – To generate 2 MW power from a PV module we
design. They are as follows:
requires 10 -12 Acres of land for housing of panels only. But
1. Solar panels
for the same amount of energy we require only 0.10- 0.12
2. Long tower
acres of land in case of solar tree. So we require such a plant
3. LED‟s
which can generate maximum energy using minimum land.
4. Batteries
5. Stems for connecting panels
2. Efficient energy generation:
It can generate energy very efficiently as compare to
traditional system. Due to the technique called spiraling
Solar Tree is designed to function both autonomously The color of the light (corresponding to the energy of
and in synchronization with the public grid. Electric grid, it the photon) is determined by the energy gap of the
uses the energy generated by the solar panels during the day semiconductor. An LED is often small in area (less than 1
to recharge the batteries. Solar Tree is capable of functioning mm2), and integrated optical components may be used to
for three consecutive days of cloudy or overcast weather. shape its radiation pattern. In this system the solar tree panels
When wired for coordinated functioning with the public batteries charged during the day time. At dusk the solar tree
lighting grid, it uses the energy generated by the solar panels automatically switch on the LED’s.
to recharge the batteries and activate/deactivate the LED The internal control can also regulate the amount of
sources in synchrony with the grid, to which eventual light produced depending on how much charge is left in
surpluses of stored current can be relinquished. Major batteries. And moreover, the energy stored in the batteries can
problems of Power system are the storage of Electric energy. be used to store energy so that we can used it at night and in
Output fluctuations of solar cell are eliminated by the day and cloudy day when no sunlight is there.
night cycle or weather shifts. Solar tree panels can charge
batteries during the day time. Solar trees automatically A. ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR PANELS
switches on its LED. The internal control can also regulate the These are great reasons for using the solar.
amount of light produced. A sensor is used to measure the 1. Ecologically Friendly - solar panels is Eco- friendly and
amount of light in atmosphere and triggers the solar lamps to considered one of the most "green" electricity resources.
switch ON automatically at sunset and OFF at sunset. Because they operate by interacting with a renewable energy
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor source, sunlight, there is no fear of depleting yet another
light source. LEDs are used as indicator lamps in many natural resource.
devices and are increasingly used for other lighting. When a 2. Decreased Electrical Bill - By switching to solar energy,
light-emitting diode is forward- biased (switched on), you will save money on your electrical bills every month.
electrons are able to recombine with electron holes within the Even if electricity bills continue raising in the next few months
device, releasing energy in the form of photons. This effect is
2017 International Conference on Electrical, Instrumentation and Communication Engineering (ICEICE2017)

you will have the peace of mind knowing that your energy E. DISADVANTAGES
source is based on solar power. x Cost is high
3. Low Maintenance - Solar panels have no moveable parts x May cause hazards to the birds and insects
and are very simple to use. After being set up properly, they x Hazards to eyesight from solar reflectors
do not need to be tinkered with and will continuing working IV. CONCLUSION
for many years. In fact, many manufacturers have 25 year Solar tree sounds like the perfect solution for our
warranties on their panels. future energy needs. Solar tree is a revolutionary urban
4. Efficiency - No matter where you live, the chances are that lighting concept that represents a perfect symbiosis between
you can successfully use solar panels for you electrical needs. pioneering design and cutting-edge eco-compatible
They are rugged and are very adaptable to climate conditions technology. The tree design made 50% more electricity and
and the latest panel models are efficient enough to work well the collection time of sunlight was up to 50% longer. It helps
without facing directly south and some will even produce the environment, saves money, cheap to use and you can have
electricity under cloud cover. them on your homes .It’s free and last for lifetime and
environment friendly. To fulfill the increasing energy demand
B. WHY IT IS BETTER THAN A TRADITIONAL SYSTEM of the people, saving of land, the solar tree concept is very
India is a highly populated country, so we should take successful one and should be implemented in India to provide
the advantage of such an energy which requires a very less electricity without the problem of power cut and the extra
space to produce energy efficiently. In this case solar tree energy can be provided to the grid. India is a highly populated
could be the best one for us. It is much better than the country, so we should take the advantage of such an energy
traditional solar PV system in area point of view and also more which requires a very less space to produce energy efficiently
efficient. So this will be a very good option and should be In this case solar tree could be the best one for us. It is much
implemented. For the traditional system we require large size better than the traditional solar PV system in area point of view
of land to generate a small amount of power. It requires about and also more efficient. So this will be a very good option and
1% land as compare to the traditional system. Solar energy is should be implemented Also solar botanic trees is a non
available in abundance and considered as the easiest and conventional source having many advantages of producing
cleanest means of tapping the renewable energy. For direct electricity as compared to the other sources.
conversion of solar radiation into usable form, the routes are:
solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and solar architecture. V. REFERENCES
However the main problem associated with tapping solar
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Solar tree can be applicable in following fields Material Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol.
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x New housing estates
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D. ADVANTAGES
SSRG – IJEEE, 2015.
x No air pollution
[6]. R. Krithikadevi, M. Arulmozhi, B. Balraj, C. Siva,
x We wouldn’t have to worry as much about future
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