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GRAMMAR RULES AND PRACTICE

PERSONAL PRONOUNS: REVIEW

http://www.esolcourses.com PERSONAL PRONOUNS: REVIEW 1. El pronombre “ I ” siempre debe estar en mayúscula

1. El pronombre “I” siempre debe estar en mayúscula.

2. El pronombre “YOU” puede ser tanto singular como plural. Si es singular su significado

es “Usted”, “” o “Vos”. Si es plural el significado es “Ustedes”, “Vosotros” o “Vosotras”. La diferencia entre el singular o el plural la determina el contexto comunicativo.

3. Los pronombres “WE” y “THEY” implican el masculino (Nosotros y Ellos) y también el

femenino (Nosotras y Ellas).

4. Podemos utilizar la palabra “it” para referirnos a un animal o a una cosa, repito “a un

animal” o “a una cosa”, no a dos, ni a tres; es decir, lo utilizamos cuando nos referimos a

singular y no a plural.

What are the subject pronouns in English?

These are the subject pronouns we use in English

Subject

Pronoun

Singular or Plural - Who?

Masculine or Feminine

I

Singular - first person

masculine or feminine

You

Singular - second person

masculine or feminine

He

Singular - third person

only masculine

She

Singular - third person

only feminine

It

Singular - third person

object / thing / animal

We

Plural - first person

masculine or feminine

You

Plural - second person

masculine or feminine

They

Plural - third person

masculine or feminine

When do you use IT?

IT is normally used when we refer to objects, things, animals or ideas (and not normally people).

The dog is big. It is also hairy. (It = the dog)

My bed is small but it is comfortable. (It = my bed)

Sometimes when we don't know the sex of a baby (we don't know if it is a boy or girl), then we can use IT.

Their baby is very small. It only weighs 2 kilos. (It = the baby.)

We use IT when we talk about the time, weather or temperature.

It is five o'clock (= the time is five o'clock)

It is cold today. (= the weather is cold today.)

It is 30º outside right now. (= the temperature is 30º outside right now)

VERB BE: REVIEW

Verbo TO BE Ser o Estar

El verbo TO BE, que en castellano se traduce como SER o ESTAR, en el idioma inglés goza de una particular importancia. Su significado depende del sentido de la oración. Por ejemplo:

I am a doctor. Soy un doctor. (Se aplica como verbo ser) I am in my house. Estoy en mi casa. (Se aplica como verbo estar)

En el siguiente cuadro se puede observar su declinación en el modo indicativo del Presente Simple:

su declinación en el modo indicativo del Presente Simple: Tanto en el modo afirmativo como en

Tanto en el modo afirmativo como en la forma negativa pueden utilizarse las siguientes contracciones:

del Presente Simple: Tanto en el modo afirmativo como en la forma negativa pueden utilizarse las

El Verbo TO BE - Como entenderlo

Como entenderlo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NbkyiO6mcYA Elige la forma correcta del presente simple AFIRMATIVO del

Elige la forma correcta del presente simple AFIRMATIVO del verbo to be. El primer ejemplo esta hecho.

1
1

Susan

is

my new friend.

is am are
is
am
are

2

I

a very good driver.

are 

 

is 

 

am 

 
3
3

My neighbours

very noisy.

am 

 

are3 My neighbours very noisy. am   is  

is 

 

4

 

The cat

in the garden.

am 

 

are4   The cat in the garden. am   is  

is 

 

5

 

Susan and Mike

my parents.

are 

 

is 

 

am   

   
6
6

They

my best friends.

are 

 

am6 They my best friends. are   is   7 I sure.

is 

 

7

I

sure.

amare   am is   7 I sure. are is 8   Your best friend at

areare   am is   7 I sure. am is 8   Your best friend at

is  am is   7 I sure. am are 8   Your best friend at home.

8

 

Your best friend

at home.

is 

 

are 

 

am 

 
9
9

We

from Spain.

is 

 

am 

 

are9 We from Spain. is   am  

10

 

Luke and Tom

actors.

are 

 

am10   Luke and Tom actors. are   is  

is 

 

Elige la forma correcta del presente simple NEGATIVO del verbo to be. El primer ejemplo está hecho.

1

 

She

isn´t

my best friend.

am not 

 

isn't 

 

aren't 

 

2

I

happy.

am notisn't   aren't   2 I happy. is not are not She am not is not

is not  aren't   2 I happy. am not are not She am not is not are

are not  aren't   2 I happy. am not is not She am not is not are

aren't   2 I happy. am not is not are not She am not is not

She

am notaren't   2 I happy. am not is not are not She is not are not

is not  2 I happy. am not is not are not She am not are not 80

are not  2 I happy. am not is not are not She am not is not 80

80 years old.

4

 

He

in Japan.

am not 

 

isn't 

 

aren't 

 

not   isn't   aren't   It red. am not isn't aren't 6   They bus

It

red.

am not  isn't   aren't   It red. isn't aren't 6   They bus drivers.

isn'tisn't   aren't   It red. am not aren't 6   They bus drivers. am not

aren't  aren't   It red. am not isn't 6   They bus drivers. am not  

6

 

They

bus drivers.

am not 

 

is not 

 

are not 

 
7
7

a small house. am notam not   is not   are not   7 It isn't aren't 8 We tired.

It

isn't  are not   7 a small house. am not It aren't 8 We tired. am

aren'tare not   7 a small house. am not It isn't 8 We tired. am not

8

We

tired.

am nota small house. am not It isn't aren't 8 We tired. is not are not I

is nothouse. am not It isn't aren't 8 We tired. am not are not I at home.

are notam not It isn't aren't 8 We tired. am not is not I at home. am

It isn't aren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am

I

at home.

am notaren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. isn't aren't 10

isn'tisn't aren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am not

aren'tisn't aren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am not

10

You

sad.

am notaren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am not isn't

is notaren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am not isn't

are notaren't 8 We tired. am not is not are not I at home. am not isn't

Online practice: complete the gaps

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QUESTION WORDS

QUESTION WORDS

The most common question words in English are the following:

WHO

WHO is only used when referring to people. (= I want to know the person)

Who is the best football player in the world?

Who are your best friends?

Who is that strange guy over there?

WHERE

WHERE is used when referring to a place or location. (= I want to know the place)

Where is the library?

Where do you live?

Where are my shoes?

WHEN

WHEN is used to refer to a time or an occasion. (= I want to know the time)

When do the shops open?

When is his birthday?

When are we going to finish?

WHY

WHY is used to obtain an explanation or a reason. (= I want to know the reason)

Why do we need a nanny?

Why are they always late?

Why does he complain all the time?

Normally the response begins with "Because

WHAT

WHAT is used to refer to specific information. (= I want to know the thing)

"

What is your name?

What is her favourite colour?

What is the time?

WHICH

WHICH is used when a choice needs to be made. (= I want to know the thing between alternatives)

Which drink did you order the rum or the beer?

Which day do you prefer for a meeting today or tomorrow?

Which is better - this one or that one?

HOW

HOW is used to describe the manner that something is done. (= I want to know the way)

How do you cook paella?

How does he know the answer?

How can I learn English quickly?

With HOW there are a number of other expressions that are used in questions:

How much refers to a quantity or a price (uncountable nouns)

How much time do you have to finish the test?

How much is the jacket on display in the window?

How much money will I need?

How many refers to a quantity (countable nouns)

How many days are there in April?

How many people live in this city?

How many brothers and sister do you have?

How often refers to frequency

How often do you visit your grandmother?

How often does she study?

How often are you sick?

How far refers to distance

How far is the university from your house?

How far is the bus stop from here?

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