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Danish Viking Clothing

Danish Viking Clothing

" Hedeby Kaptur / Hood"

Reconstruction Author: Dobrogniewa and Thyrvald

The following attempt to reconstruct the hood of the Danish village Hedeby is based on a
fragmentation (retained only a fragment of the back and side parts) znalezisku textiles dating
from the age of X, zinterpretowanych by archaeologists as a hood.
The length of the fragments indicates that the entire hood przykrywał arms. Triangular wedge
may indicate an extension of the hood in ramionowej, as in medieval hood found in the
Norwegian village Sunnfjord. Kaptur Hedeby likely to have a characteristic "tail". The long tails
for owinięcia on the neck, however, are clearly późnośredniowiecznym invention, so that
reconstruction is not too much on the length and dates back only to the shoulders. The length
adopted for suggesting the presentation of the pictorial stones from the Swedish village Lärbro
on Gotland, which is interpreted as involving women in Kapturach.
A reconstruction made from loosely woven wool, hand-sewn lnianymi nićmi.

Sources of reconstruction:
- H. Elsner, Wikinger Museum Haithabu
- I. Hagg, Die Textilfunde aus der Siedlung und aus den Grabern von Haithabu
- T. Ewing, Viking Clothing
- Kaptur of Sunnfjordu
- Stone with Lärbro

Danish Viking Clothing

"The Danish tunic"

Reconstruction Author: Thyrvald

This is a reconstruction of tunics made on the basis of fragments found in the tunic Hedeby.
Finishes based on the 1030 year from the presentation of the Danish king Kanuta Great, which is
illustrated in manuskrypcie Winchesterskim. Reconstruction of tunic was made of flax szytejgo
manually lnianymi nićmi. In addition mankiety, from tunics and finish at the neck was also
Wynona with flax. Tunika has wedges built into the back of the sides, so as not to hinder
movement, and trapezowate sleeves.

Male Viking Costume Closet Selection

Picture is from: Elsner, Hildegard: Wikinger Museum Haithabu: Schaufenster einer frühen Stadt, p. 46.
Wachholtz Verlag

Danish Viking Clothing

The grave from Mammen

In 1868 a farmer began to dig into the mound
Bjerringhøj at Mammen near Viborg. During
this work he chanced upon an unusually richly-
furnished grave, which has become known as
the grave from Mammen. A magnate was
buried in the grave during the winter of 970-71
AD. He was given an expensive costume, a
ceremonial axe with inlaid silver decoration and
a large wax candle.

The costume

With the excavation of the Mammen man’s

grave in the burial mound Bjerringhøj in 1868
various remains of a splendid man’s costume
were found. The clothes were badly damaged,
but originally must have been a fantastic sight.
They were made of exclusive materials. The
excavation was not carried out to today’s
standards and no record of the finds were
made at the time. It is therefore difficult to
establish the function of the textiles.

The man was laid on a blue woollen cushion

decorated with red embroidery. He probably
wore a woollen tunic. A blue gauze material
perhaps makes up what is left of his breeches.
He also wore a woollen cape lined with marmot
fur. The tunic and cape were embroidered with
complicated patterns: leopards, four-footed
animals, bird masks and acanthus leaves in
shades of red, blue and yellow. Many tablet-
woven bands were also found in the grave,
Reconstruction of the clothing found at some made of lilac wool and others of lilac silk
Mammen. Placement of the embroidery is with interwoven gold and silver thread. It is
speculative uncertain, how the bands decorated the

The absolute masterpieces of the Mammen man’s costume are the two tie-strings and two arm
bands. They feature a fascinating combination of lilac silk material, padded with a blue woollen
material, tablet-woven bands of silk, gold and silver thread and decoration in crotcheting with
loops in gold and silver thread. In addition, the ends of the cape tie-strings were apparently
decorated with attachments of gold sheet. It is not very clear what purpose the tie-strings served.
It has been suggested that they were the cape’s closing mechanism. Another theory is that they
made up the ends of a stole, a liturgical piece of costume worn around the neck. Stoles are still
used by Catholic priests

Danish Viking Clothing

The arm bands consist of wool-padded lilac silk and tablet-woven bands in silk, gold and silver
thread. The patterns on the tablet-woven bands are swastikas surrounded by meandering
decorations, which constitute triangular areas separated by meandering decoration

Beautiful embroidery in shades of red, blue and yellow adorned the Mammen man’s cape and
tunic. The motifs are men’s masks, animals and acanthus leaves

Amongst the other textiles in the grave from Mammen is silk material in a plain weave and a
more complicated twill technique called samitum. We do not know what the two pieces of
material were used for, but perhaps they were bordering for a collar. Two shreds of samitum silk
material decorated with small yellow hearts on a red background are amongst the finest textiles
known from the Viking Age. The man from Mammen was a very special person!
The National Museum, Frederiksholms Kanal 12, DK-1220 Copenhagen K. tel: 33 13 44 11

To see the pieces go to

Danish Viking Clothing

Thorsberg Pants
They are dated between the first and 4th century B.C

Here is a scan of page 32 of Die Textilfunde aus dem Hafen von Haithabu; a textile book on
finds from Haithabu/Thorsberg: showing the Thorsberb Pants
Danish Viking Clothing

Danish Viking Clothing

" Bernuthsfeld Shirt "

Reconstruction Author: Thyrvald

This is the reconstruction of men's shirt had been found in the marsh in północnoniemieckiej
village Bernuthsfeld (Friesland).
Find the most likely dates back to the VIII century, the era that is beginning WIKIŃSKI.
This is a long and apparently adapted to the figure, going back to mid-thigh woolen shirt. Her
sleeves are made from a trapezoidal hole for the head is shaped like a square, with the vents on
the side and finished the trimming.
At the bottom of a shirt but no wedges used vents to increase freedom of movement.
In addition to mankietach chest and along the strips of material that meet naszyte an ornamental
Reconstruction made of beige and dark brown wool, hand-sewn lnianymi nićmi.

Sources of reconstruction:
- T. Ewing, Viking Clothing
- Bodies of the bogs

Danish Viking Clothing

" Virborg Shirt "

An 11th Century Shirt from Viborg Søndersø,

Analyses at Viborg Amtskonserveringsanstalt
of the material, the different fragments and the
seams revealed that the find was the greater
part of a male shirt made of Z/Z-spun, linen
tabby Based on the interpretation a
reconstruction was made A rather slim-fit
poncho, without seams on top of the shoulders,
the skirt being open on both sides; the neck
lining is continued into two ribbons for tying; the
upper part of the shirt has a band, which is
radially stitched to the outer garment. It is
presumed that the shirt had long sleeves.

The Viborg garment is the only profane

shirt/tunic from the Viking period so far found in
Scandinavia or in Europe as a whole.

Thatshim in his Virborg shirt

Fig.4. Reconstruction of the Viborg shirt.

Note: you need to have a good understanding

of sewing to attempt this shirt
Fig. 5. The shirt’s left sleeve gusset
More info at :

Danish Viking Clothing

The Hedeby Kaftan

Also know as the Haithabu Kaftan

Date of the Extant Garment : 10th century

Location: Hedeby / Haithabu Denmark. ( Now in
Germany, near the Danish border)
Catalog no: Hedeby 19B

Description of Garment:
Found at Hedeby is late tenth- or early eleventh-
century evidence for a short bathrobe-style jacket
with overlapping front panels.

The remains of one jacket from Hedeby had a

trimming made of madder-dyed fake fur, which
was a strip of woven wool with tufts of unspun
wool inserted into the weave.

A so far unique use of pile weave is also

represented by the tenth-century Fragment 19B
from Hedeby, Denmark. It was dyed with madder
and sewn to a man’s jacket garment—perhaps the
only medieval instance of pink fake fur trim (Hägg
1984, 77)!

Hedeby 19B—madder-dyed (?) pile trimming; 2/2

twill, 6/Z/1.0-1.2 x 3-3.5/S/2.0-2.7, weft more
loosely spun; pile woven in, height about 2-3cm;
definitely unfulled; Hafen 76ff

Other Finds of the Cross over wrap styled

Similar garments of this cross over wrap style are
Sketches of the Hedeby kaftan
known from earlier Saxon graves on the Continent
and believed by some to have had some military or
ritual significance (Owen-Crocker 1986, 114-115);

a 7th century grave of a minstrel from Cologne

that contained the remains of a brocaded tablet
woven trim which would be consistent with a
garment of similar design. (Owen-Crocker. 1986).

Some have also been found in the Birka Graves

finds - birkagrav 832

The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Castledyke South,

Barton-on Humber – gave 126

Migration Era artwork

Depictions of 7th century helmet plaques show the
cross over wrap style of jacket - such as on the
Sutton Hoo helmet and the Vendel and Valsgarde
helmets plates.

7th century ivory carving (the Halberstadt, diptych)

that clearly shows an individual wearing a similar

More info in Hedeby Kaftan PDF

Thatshim in his Hedeby Kaftan
Danish Viking Clothing

" Hedeby Pochewka knife "

Reconstruction Author: Thyrvald

This is a reconstruction of leather knife sheath on the basis found in Hedeby. Sheath
Vagina has been
slightly increased compared to the original because it was made to another than the original
knife (a small replica, with a utility knife Norway) Bank is closely cropped leather tubes and parts
in which the knife blade creates a distinctive "wave" Reconstruction of 2 mm made of pig skin
hand sewn linen twine. in the middle of a bit of fine vagina
of clearer skin which is visible by
the openwork holes on both sides of the Sheathvagina.

Sources of reconstruction:
W. Groenman-van Waatennge, Die Lederfunde von Haithabu

" Hedeby Purse "

Reconstruction Author: Thyrvald

This is a reconstruction of leather purses in the south found the Danish (now
Germany) Hedeby village / Haithabu, which in the era of the Vikings biggest trade port
in Denmark. Purses pattern is very simple. It represents a circle with a radius of
approximately 24 cm in the characteristic "uszkami" located on the edge diagonally.
On the shore is 16 holes through which a stringed thong, used for the closure and
suspension of its sakiweki at the waist. Pouch is made of 1.5mm brown licowanej
bovine skin.

Sources of reconstruction:
W. Groenman-van Waatennge, Die Lederfunde von Haithabu


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