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ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY FOR K

TREATING WASTEWATER IN ILM

SCATTERED SETTLEMENTS P2

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P1

Waiting period

K
ILM

ILM 4
P2

P2

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Biochemical
Sludge treatment purification

PA biochemical treatment plants


- Small houses, holiday homes Page 2 K

ILM

- Shared treatment plants Page 3


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- Village treatment plants Page 4


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- On-site photos Page 5


Clarification
Klarning
- Company presentation, alternative systems Page 6

ENVIRONMENT
Raita C
Astrakanintie 194, FI-05200 Rajamäki WWW.RAITA.COM
Ankkuritie 2, FI-21590 Karuna
ORIGINAL

TECHNOLOGY tel int. +358 400 912 111


2.
Best technology (BAT) for scattered settlements sewage treatment
It makes use of a biological active sludge process to remove organic
material, biological nitrification and denitrification to remove nitrogen, RAITA PA batch treatment
and biological treatment and chemical precipitation to remove
phosphorus.
A standard feature of the PA treatment plants is self-regulating operation based on load,
including reminder and alarm functions (inspection or service alerts), a batch counter, and
programming backup in case of power outages. Other features are described in the 1 3
treatment plant instructions.

The treatment effectiveness is 90% for organic load (BOD) and phosphorus (P), 50% for
nitrogen (N). The effectiveness of a PA compact treatment plant meets the most stringent
requirements of the new decree for areas of scattered settlement (1.1.2004). In addition to
being effective, wastewater treatment with a PA compact treatment plant is an inexpensive
way to treat wastewater in areas of scattered settlement.

Usage costs are affected by the sludge processing method as well as by loading. The sludge
is be treated with long-term oxygenation to minimize produced volume. The cost of using a
treatment plant for a single household varies between 0.90 euro/m3 and 2 euro/m3 (200-500
€/year) The cost includes electricity, chemical, sludge treatment and maintanence cost. 2 4
Excess sludge produced by the plant can be removed by tanker lorry 1–4 times per year. The
plant can also be equipped with extra tank for sludge which lengthens the emptying intreval
to 1-2 years.

The sludge can alternatively be treated with airation and drying in a gatering bin so that it can
be emptied from the bin into a composter and used on the property. In this case, a tanker
lorry is not needed to dispose of the sludge.

The treatment plant is equipped with automatic aeration and circulation functions that are
activated during periods of interrupted use. This allows for an interruption as long as 30 days.
If nutrients are added monthly, the treatment plant can go for even longer without being used.

The PA compact treatment plant is


inexpensive to install and use in areas
of scattered settlement.
Automatic treatment funcions 3.
All wastewater from the property is conveyed to the treatment plant. The first tank is for the preliminary treatment
of wastewater, acting as a collection and equalization chamber. The treatment plant monitors wastewater inflow
by sensing the surface level in the first tank, and automatically adjusts function according to load fluctuations.

Pumping from the first chamber, i.e. the pre-treatment tank , takes place automatically when the surface sensor
level (PS) has been reached. The equalization storage in the pre-treatment tank is the volume difference between
PS and the overflow port . When treatment is in progress, the full chamber volume is available to receive
incoming wastewater.

The P1 pump with a large inlet size pumps the wastewater periodically into the other tank, i.e. the process tank.
Fine bubble aeration of the wastewater in the process tank ( begins at the same time. During aeration, the air
3 pump pumps air through tubing into the fine bubble aerator. The treatment processes that successively take place
in the process tank are biological treatment, nitrification, chemical addition, clarification and denitrification.During
aeration, the active sludge in the tank is mixed with the pre-treated wastewater, which starts the biological
treatment as microbes in the active sludge consume organic substances. Nitrification happens at the same time,
changing the state of nitrogen. At the end of the aeration period, a chemical dose from the chemical tank (20 L) is
added to the wastewater by the chemical dosage pump and reacts with phosphates. Air pumped into the water
exits the treatment plant through the drain ventilator to the roof of the building.

4 Aeration is followed by the clarification period, during which active sludge precipitates to the floor of the process
tank and nitrogen is removed by denitrification. The chemical that reacted with phosphates precipitates to the floor
of the tank at the same time.

After the clarification period has ended, the "clarified liquid", or treated water, is removed from the tank by the P2
5 pump. The water can be discharged into a ditch or absorbed by the ground through a simple gravel bed.
As the clarified liquid is pumped out, some of it is automatically collected into a separate monitoring dish through
a tap along the way. The effectiveness of the treatment plant can easily be verified from the monitoring sample.
6 At the end of a processing period, a small amount of excess sludge is automatically removed by the PP pump and
deposited into the sludge collection and composting basket (20 L) . At the bottom of the basket, compost bulking
material is used so that the treated sludge can be emptied for composting, or a filter bag is used to collect the
7 sludge for waste disposal.

Another option is to have the sludge removed by tanker lorry 1–4 times per year.
The control and alarm centre, fan, chemical dosage pump and tank, and pump controls are situated in the
mechanical space. An alarm is triggered by malfunctions (mechanical problems or bypasses). A GSM alarm
centre forwards alarm information to the selected GSM phones as text messages (ancillary equipment). The
alarm centre can also be connected to an alarm system in use for the property.
Raita-bacth treatment modells
PA0.6MULTI PA2MULTI PA4MULTI PA6MULTI PA8MULTI 4.
Volym/ d 800 1150 3000 4500 6000
max volym with storagetank/ d 1200 1725 4500 6750 9600
Persons 6 9 25 37 50
Families 1 2 5 7 10

We have supplied numerous village treatment plants for the needs of 5–200
properties.

At the larger sites, the treatment plants are often supplied under a unified contract
including design, equipment delivery and installation, start-up, and user training.

A village treatment plant is a simple and cost-effective wastewater treatment solution.


The costs of installation and use per property are low.

Pressure drainage and pump stations are often used to lead wastewater to the treatment
plant in the most cost-effective way.

All models can be supplied with the sludge processing system, enabling sludge to be
used in an environmentally friendly way.

Additional information can be found at www.raita.com


www.raita.com..

Collective wastewater treatment considerably


reduces wastewater treatment costs for scattered
settlements. The acquisition price per property
decreases, as does the cost of using the treatment
plant. Treatment plant loading is also more
Containerized sewage treatment
system uniform.
PA treatment plant can easily be installed in a small place. Surfacearea needed for PA0.6
5.
and PA 2 MULTIi is only 1x 2 m.

PA0.6MULTI BIOCHEM palnt + HS inflitrationfiedl 2,4 m2


380 l storage tank

K
Suodatuskangas
ILM

Tasaussäiliö Lämpöeristys 50 mm
Ylivuotoputki 110 mm
P2
Sm150 suodatuslevy
16-32 sepeli
Keräysputki 110 mm

PP

P1
6.

Ankkuritie 2, FI-21590 Karuna Astrakanintie 194, FI-05200 Rajamäki


tel 0400 912 111 tel int +358 400 912 111

environment RAITA technology

is a family business specialized in environmental technology.

The products and processes developed by the company are based on a


long experience in the field of environmental technology. Starting from
equipment for clean water treatment in the beginning of the 1950's, the
company has expanded its activities to wastewater treatment systems in
the 1960's, biological WC-systems in the 1970's and composting systems
in the 1980's. In addition to the sale of individual products, we supply total
solutions to the most demanding applications.

Today we offer state-of-the-art solutions in the field of environmental

Representative:
technology for rural wastewater treatment, WC and composting systems.
Our products represent the most advanced development in the field,
offering efficient and reliable solutions for today's needs.

ENVIRONMENT
WWW.RAITA.COM Raita ORIGINAL
C

TECHNOLOGY