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cThe greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are
treated.c   C

+     is the infliction of suffering or harm upon animals, other than humans, for
purposes other than self-defense. More narrowly, it can be harm for specific gain, such as killing
animals for food or for their fur. Diverging viewpoints are held by jurisdictions throughout the world.

Broadly speaking, there are two approaches to the issue. The animal welfare position holds that
there is nothing inherently wrong with using animals for human purposes, such as food, clothing,
entertainment, and research, but that it should be done in a humane way that minimizes
unnecessary pain and suffering. Animal rights theorists criticize this position, arguing that the words
"unnecessary" and "humane" are subject to widely differing interpretations, and that the only way
to ensure protection for animals is to end their status as property, and to ensure that they are never
used as commodities. Laws concerning animal cruelty are designed to prevent needless cruelty to
animals, rather than killing for other aims such as food, or they concern species not eaten as food in
the country involved, such as those regarded as pets.


Many jurisdictions around the world have enacted statutes which forbid cruelty to some animals but
these vary by country and in some cases by the use or practice.

ãn Australia, many states have enacted legislation outlawing cruelty to animals, however, it is argued
that welfare laws do not adequately extend to production animals.[1] Whilst police maintain an
overall jurisdiction in prosecution of criminal matters, in many states officers of the RSPCA and other
animal welfare charities are accorded authority to investigate and prosecute animal cruelty offenses.


As of 2006 there were no laws in China governing acts of cruelty to animals.[2] ãn certain jurisdictions
such as Fuzhou, dog control officers may kill any unaccompanied dogs on sight. However, the
People's Republic of China is currently in the process of making changes to its stray-dog population
laws in the capital city, Beijing. Mr. Zheng Gang who is the director of the ãnternal and Judicial
Committee which comes under the Beijing Municipal People's Congress (BMPC), supports the new
draft of the Beijing Municipal Regulation on Dogs from the local government. This new law is due to
replace the current Beijing Municipal Regulation on Dog Ownership, introduced in 1889. The current
regulation talks of "strictly" limiting dog ownership and controlling the number of dogs in the city.
The new draft focuses instead on "strict management and combining restrictions with
management."[3] There are no government supported charitable organizations like the RSPCA, which
monitors the cases on animal cruelty, so that all kinds of animal abuses, such as to fish, tigers, and
bears, are to be reported for law enforcement and animal welfare.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

ãn September 2009, legislation was drafted to address deliberate cruelty to animals in China. ãf
passed, the legislation would offer some protection to pets, captive wildlife and animals used in
laboratories, as well as regulating how farm animals are raised, transported and slaughtered.[11]

%  5 

Hong Kong has a law titled "Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Regulations", with a maximum 3 year
imprisonment and fines of HKD$200,000.[R  ]


Animal experiments are regulated by the 2000 Law for the Humane Treatment and Management of
Animals, which was amended in 2006.[12] This law requires those using animals to follow the
principles outlined in the 3Rs and use as few animals as possible, and cause minimal distress and
suffering. Regulation is at a local level based on national guidelines, but there are no governmental
inspections of institutions and no reporting requirement for the numbers of animals used.[13]


Egyptian law states that anyone who inhumanely beats or intentionally kills any domesticated
animal may be jailed or fined,[14] however, these laws are rarely enforced. The Egyptian Society for
the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was established by the British over a hundred years ago, and is
currently administered by the Egyptians. The SPCA was instrumental in promoting a 1997 ban on
bullfighting in Egypt.[15]

ãn the ancient Egyptian law, the killers of cats or dogs were executed.[16][17]

Despite passages in the Qur'an advocating positive treatment of animals, veterinarian Lana Dunn
and several Saudi nationals report that there are no laws to protect animals from cruelty since the
term is not well-defined within the Saudi legal system. They point to a lack of a governing body to
supervise conditions for animals, particularly in pet stores and in the exotic animal trade with East

The Taiwanese Animal Protection Law was passed in 1998, imposing fines for cruelty. Criminal
penalties for animal cruelty were enacted in 2007, including a maximum of 1 year
imprisonment.[19][R  ]

. !

Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, and Austria have all banned battery cages for egg-laying hens. The
entire European Union is phasing out battery cages by 2012.[20] ãt is also illegal in many parts of
Europe to declaw a cat.[21]


ãn Germany, killing animals or causing significant pain (or prolonged or repeated pain) to them is
punishable by imprisonment of up to three years or a financial penalty.[22] ãf the animal is of foreign
origin, the act may also be punishable as criminal damage.[23]


Acts of cruelty against animals can be punished with imprisonment, for a minimum of three months
up to a maximum of three years, and with a fine ranging from a minimum of 3000 Euros to a
maximum of 160,000 Euros, as for the law n°189/2004[R  ]. The law was passed mainly to
crush the phenomenon of dog fighting, which in ãtaly is a clandestine blood sport fully controlled by
organized crime.[24]


ãn the United Kingdom, cruelty to animals is a criminal offence for which one may be jailed for up to
51 weeks and may be fined up to £20,000.[25]

On August 18, 1911, the House of Commons introduced the Protection of Animals Act 1911 (c.27)
following lobbying by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA). The
maximum punishment was 6 months of "hard labour" with a fine of 25 pounds.[26]


The Swiss animal protection laws are among the strictest in the world, comprehensively regulating
the treatment of animals including the size of rabbit cages, and the amount of exercise that must be
provided to dogs.[27]

ãn the canton of Zurich an animal lawyer, Antoine Goetschel, is employed by the canton government
to represent the interests of animals in animal cruelty cases.[28]

ãn Mexico, there are little to no animal cruelty laws, however, it has been suggested that animal
cruelty laws are slowly being implemented. The country's current policy usually condemns physical
harm to animals as property damage to the owners of the abused animal. The Law of Animal
Protection of the Federal District is wide-ranging, based on banning 'unnecessary suffering'. Similar
laws now exist in most states. However, this is disregarded by much of the public and authorities.[29]


The primary federal law relating to animal care and conditions in the US is the Animal Welfare Act of
1966, amended in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002 and 2007. ãt is the only Federal law in the United
States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers.
Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for
animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable standard.[30]

The AWA has been criticized by animal rights groups for excluding birds, rats and mice bred for
research, as well as animals intended to be used for food or fiber; as well as all cold-blooded

The Animal Legal Defense Fund releases an annual report ranking the animal protection laws of
every state based on their relative strength and general comprehensiveness. ãn 2008's report, the
top five states for their strong anti-cruelty laws were California, ãllinois, Maine, Michigan, and
Oregon. The five states with the weakest animal cruelty laws were Arkansas, ãdaho, Kentucky,
Mississippi, and North Dakota.[32]

ãn Massachusetts and New York, agents of humane societies and associations may be appointed as
special officers to enforce statutes outlawing animal cruelty.[33]

ãn 2004, a Florida legislator proposed a ban on "cruelty to bovines," stating: "A person who, for the
purpose of practice, entertainment, or sport, intentionally fells, trips, or otherwise causes a cow to
fall or lose its balance by means of roping, lassoing, dragging, or otherwise touching the tail of the
cow commits a misdemeanor of the first degree."[34] The proposal did not become law.[34]

ãn the United States, ear cropping, tail docking, the Geier Hitch, rodeo sports, and other acts are
sometimes condoned. Penalties for cruelty can be minimal, if pursued. Currently, 46 of the 50 states
have enacted felony penalties for certain forms of animal abuse.[35] However, in most jurisdictions,
animal cruelty is most commonly charged as a misdemeanor offense. ãn one recent California case, a
felony conviction for animal cruelty could theoretically net a 25 year to life sentence due to their
three-strikes law, which increases sentences based on prior felony convictions.[36]

ãn 2003, West Hollywood, California passed an ordinance banning declawing of house cats.[37] ãn
2007, Norfolk, Virginia passed legislation only allowing the procedure for medical reasons.[38]
However, most jurisdictions allow the procedure.


Several states have enacted or considered laws in support of humane farming.

2 On November 5, 2002, Florida voters passed Amendment 10 by a margin of 55% for,
amending the Florida Constitution to ban the confinement of pregnant pigs in gestation

2 On January 14, 2004, the bill AB-732 died in the California Assembly's Agriculture
Committee.[40] The bill would have banned gestation and veal crates, eventually being
amended to include only veal crates.[41] On May 9, 2007, the bill AB-594 was withdrawn from
the California State Assembly. The bill had been effectively killed in the Assembly Agriculture
Committee, by replacing the contents of the bill with language concerning tobacco cessation
coverage under Medi-Cal.[42] AB-594 was very similar to the current language of Proposition

2 On November 7, 2006, Arizona voters passed Proposition 204 with 62% support. The
measure prohibits the confinement of calves in veal crates and breeding sows in gestation
crates.[R  ]

2 On June 28, 2007, Oregon Governor Ted Kulongoski signed a measure into law prohibiting
the confinement of pigs in gestation crates (SB 694, 74th Leg. Assembly, Regular Session).[44]

2 ãn January 2008, Nebraska State Senate bill LB 1148, to ban the use of gestation crates for
pig farmers, was withdrawn within 5 days amidst controversy.[45]

2 On May 14, 2008, Colorado Governor Bill Ritter signed into law a bill, SB 201, that phases out
gestation crates and veal crates.[46][47]


The Animal Legal Defense Fund releases an annual report ranking the animal protection laws of
every province and territory based on their relative strength and general comprehensiveness. ãn
2009's report, the top four, for their strong anti-cruelty laws, were British Columbia, Manitoba, Nova
Scotia, and Ontario. The worst four were New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and


There are many reasons why individuals abuse animals. Animal cruelty covers a wide range of
actions (or lack of action). Learning about animal abuse has revealed patterns of behavior employed
by abusers.[49]

Animal cruelty is often broken down into two main categories: active and passive, also referred to as
commission and omission, respectively.

Passive cruelty is typified by cases of neglect, in which the cruelty is a lack of action rather than the
action itself. Examples of neglect are starvation, dehydration, parasite infestations, allowing a collar
to grow into an animal͛s skin, inadequate shelter in extreme weather conditions, and failure to seek
veterinary care when necessary.
ãn many cases of neglect in which an investigator believes that the cruelty occurred out of ignorance,
the investigator may attempt to educate the pet owner, then revisit the situation. ãn more severe
cases, exigent circumstances may require that the animal be removed for veterinary care.

Active cruelty implies malicious intent, as when a person has deliberately and intentionally caused
harm to an animal, and is sometimes referred to as NAã (Non-Accidental ãnjury). Acts of intentional
animal cruelty may be indicators of serious psychological problems.[50] There is an intrinsic link
between battered pets and battered women and children. The likelihood that women's shelter
personnel will encounter women and children who have been threatened by batterers using animal
abuse as a weapon is high. This is because more families in America have pets than have children.
Secondly, the majority of pet owners are themselves parents with children. Thirdly, 64.1% of
households with children under age 6, and 74.8% of households with children over age 6, also have
pets. Lastly, as many as 71% of pet-owning women seeking shelter at safe houses have reported that
their partner had threatened and/or actually hurt or killed one or more of their pets; 32% of these
women reported that one or more of their children had also hurt or killed pets. Battered women
report that they are prevented from leaving their abusers because they fear what will happen to the
animals in their absence. Animal abuse sometimes is used as a form of intimidation in domestic

Animal testing, Traditional medicine


One of the known warning signs of certain psychopathologies, including anti-social personality
disorder, also known as psychopathic personality disorder, is a history of torturing pets and small
animals, a behavior known as zoosadism. According to the ÿ 
 , "[t]he FBã has found that
a history of cruelty to animals is one of the traits that regularly appears in its computer records of
serial rapists and murderers, and the standard diagnostic and treatment manual for psychiatric and
emotional disorders lists cruelty to animals a diagnostic criterion for conduct disorders.[52] "A survey
of psychiatric patients who had repeatedly tortured dogs and cats found all of them had high levels
of aggression toward people as well, including one patient who had murdered a young boy."[52]
Robert K. Ressler, an agent with the Federal Bureau of ãnvestigation's behavioral sciences unit,
studied serial killers and noted,"Murderers like this (Jeffrey Dahmer) very often start out by killing
and torturing animals as kids."[53]

Cruelty to animals is one of the three components of the Macdonald triad, indicators of violent
antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. According to the studies used to form this model,
cruelty to animals is a common (but not with every case) behavior in children and adolescents who
grow up to become serial killers and other violent criminals.

ãt has also been found that children who are cruel to animals have often witnessed or been victims
of abuse themselves.[54] ãn two separate studies cited by the Humane Society of the United States
roughly one-third of families suffering from domestic abuse indicated that at least one child had hurt
or killed a pet.[55]

D E   
Animal cruelty has long been an issue with the art form of filmmaking, with even some big-budget
Hollywood films receiving criticism for allegedly harmfulͶand sometimes lethalͶtreatment of
animals during production. One of the most infamous examples of animal cruelty in film was Michael
Cimino's legendary flop , in which numerous animals were brutalized and even killed
during production. Cimino allegedly killed chickens and bled horses from the neck to gather samples
of their blood to smear on actors for , and also allegedly had a horse blown up with
dynamite while shooting a battle sequence, the shot of which made it into the film. After the release
of the film , the star and director of the picture, Warren Beatty apologized for his Spanish film
crew's use of tripwires on horses while filming a battle scene, when Beatty wasn't present. Tripwires
were used against horses when   and  

were being filmed. An ox was
sliced nearly in half during production of Rÿ, while a donkey was bled to death for
dramatic effect for the film 
, in a scene later cut from the film.

Cruelty in film exists in movies outside the United States. There is a case of cruelty to animals in the
South Korean film , according to its director Kim Ki-Duk.[56] ãn the film, a real frog is skinned
alive while fish are mutilated. Several animals were killed for the camera in the controversial ãtalian
film  R.[57] The images in the film include the slow and graphic beheading and
ripping apart of a turtle, a monkey being beheaded and its brains being consumed by natives and a
spider being chopped apart. ãn fact,  R was only one film in a collective of similarly
themed movies (cannibal films) that featured unstaged animal cruelty. Their influences were rooted
in the films of Mondo filmmakers, which sometimes contained similar content. ãn several countries,
such as the UK,  R was only allowed for release with most of the animal cruelty
edited out.

More recently, the video sharing site YouTube has been criticized for hosting thousands of videos of
real life animal cruelty, especially the feeding of one animal to another for the purposes of
entertainment and spectacle. Although some of these videos have been flagged as inappropriate by
users, YouTube has generally declined to remove them, unlike videos which include copyright

The Screen Actors Guild (SAG) has contracted with the American Humane Association (AHA) for
monitoring of animal use during filming or while on the set.[60] Compliance with this arrangement is
voluntary and only applies to films made in the United States. Films monitored by the American
Humane Association may bear one of their end-credit messages. Many productions, including those
made in the US, do not advise AHA or SAG of animal use in films, so there is no oversight.[61]

Simulations of animal cruelty exist on television, too. On the September 23, 1999 edition of WWE
Smackdown!, a plot line had professional wrestler Big Boss Man trick fellow wrestler Al Snow into
appearing to eat his pet chihuahua Pepper.[62][63]


The use of animals in the circus has been controversial since animal welfare groups have
documented instances of animal cruelty during the training of performing animals. The Humane
Society of the United States has documented multiple cases of abuse and neglect,[64] and cite several
reasons for opposing the use of animals in circuses, including confining enclosures, lack of regular
veterinary care, abusive training methods and lack of oversight by regulating bodies.[65] Animal
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Out of the 47,677 species in the
IUCN Red List of Threatened
Species, 17,291 were deemed to The Kihansi spray toad is now considered to be
extinct in the wild
be at serious risk.
These included 21% of all known mammals, 30% of amphibians,
70% of plants and 35% of invertebrates.
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relatively small number of highly threatened species to the collapse
of entire ecosystems," observed Professor Jonathan Baillie, director
of conservation programmes at the Zoological Society of London
"At what point will society truly respond to this growing crisis?"
The updated data from the 2009 Red List is being made publicly
available on the IUC5 website on Tuesday.

As humankind has progressed, there has been an increase in governance and rules and regulations of everyday life. These
governance and rules rise from general disgust over happenings and concepts all over the world. One such rapidly growing
concept is animal cruelty.

Animal cruelty simply means cruel unwarranted treatment of animals. Such treatment generally has a single point program - to
subject animals and sometimes pets to unnecessary harm and pain. One major type of animal cruelty is torture.

Animal cruelty is a ambiguous term and the terminology depends from region t o region, state to state and country to country.
The definition of animal cruelty may be anything between comprehensive and non-existent. While animal cruelty amongst
individuals may either be existent

in a lesser manner or go largely unnoticed and unnot iced informed, it is various institutes like companies and involved in factory
farming, fur farming and animal testing who are accused of animal cruelty either majorly due to neglect. Other than these, ot her
institutes where animal cruelty is thought to be rampant is the entertainment industry, especially the circus and film industry.
The circus industry is said to have rampant cruelty towards animals. This general concept has now given birth to the thought of
a 'animal-free' circuses. Countries like Sweden, Costa Rica, Austria, Finland, India, and Singapore have come forward and
banned or restricted the use of animals in circuses.

In a recent report, People For Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have come out with embarrassing facts about the circus
lives of animals. According to their reports, various prominent circuses do not practice what they preach and indulge in animal
cruelty on a routine basis. No institute or individual looks after the training sessions of the circuses. Tight collars, whip s,
beatings and torture are the order of the day for the animals of the circus.

PETA also says that the behavior of the animals during the circus shows is not at all natural, in the sense that tigers don't hop
around and then lay down in unison, elephants don't walk trunk to tail and female elephants don't mount each other. All this is
possible only by extreme training, which may translate into extreme torture.

The animals in circuses are also routinely and dangerously exposed to various diseases. In some cases, they were not
provided with basic medical first aid. Tuberculosis is seen as a major disease for the elephants in circuses. Some instances
show that the elephants were not treated medically for wounds inflicted during beatings and other natural causes. C ircuses
have known to keep a large amount of topsoil ready, to camouflage the wounds and the blood on the elephants.

Some elephants have also suffered from lameness, arthritis and food abscesses. Elephant deaths in circuses are commonly
caused due to osteoporosis. Elephants suffer from Osteoporosis simply because they do not have wide spaces to move
around. Due to the inhumane treatments, it has been proved that circus animals are dying at a higher rate than they are

Possibly, the worst case of animal cruelty in film is the movie, 'Cannibal Holocaust'. Though the movie waded in troubled waters
ever since it was released, it was proven than at least six animals, a muskrat, a pig, a monkey, a snake, a turtle and a larg e
spider were killed for the sake of the film. It has been said that the scene depicting the monkey had to shot twice, and therefore,
two monkeys were sacrificed for movie realism.

By Roy D'Silva

Dog may have been a man¶s best friend since time immemorial but that hasn¶t really stopped people from subjecting dogs and

other assortment of pets and animals to abuse. Animal cruelty intentional or otherwise is a strong indicator of behavioral

problems in human beings. With increased exposure to this issue more and more individuals and institutions are coming

forward to protest against animal cruelty and to take some strong steps to stop this disturbing activity.

Animal cruelty basically refers to any act of violence, brutality or even neglect directed towards any animals. It includes abuse,

use of animals in sports such as animal fights and also where animals are denied the basic necessities of food, water and

shelter. This denial of basic requirements is called neglect and it also includes denial of basic care facilities such as veterinary

care. This neglect may be because of ignorance on the part of the owner. Intentional animal cruelty occurs when an individual

intentionally inflicts physical harm or injury on an animal. PETA, ASPCA are some of the organizations involved in raising

awareness against animal cruelty. Individuals who perpetrate animal abuse and their mistreatment can b e arrested and held

accountable. However the prosecution of individuals indulging in animal cruelty is not always possible. In spite of many

organizations actively working against animal cruelty this continues to be a big problem and following animal cruelty facts can

only reiterate the importance of the issue:

2 Animal cruelty is not seen only in certain areas or in certain economic backgrounds. In general animal cruelty cases

can be seen equally in urban as well as rural areas and across all socioeconomic backgrounds.
2 Even though the awareness has allowed more cases of cruelty against animals to be highlighted, it could be only a

fraction of the total number. This is because many cases simply go unreported.

2 Among all the victimized animals, dogs are most subjected to cruelty followed by cats and pit bulls are the most

victimized among dogs.

2 A large number of households in America own horses. Following the closure of horse slaughter plants in US,

reports indicate that horse abuse and neglect cases have not ri sen. However a large number of horses have been

transported to Mexico and Canada for slaughter purposes.

2 Animal abuse is rampant in farms and many times the area where the animals are kept in confinement is so small

that the animals can barely move.

2 Many of the individuals prosecuted for heinous crimes such as murder, atrocities against women and children have

had a history of inflicting abuse on animals during their childhood or at some point during their life.

2 Many domestic violence cases also indicate that at times the abuser has also indulged in animal cruelty towards the

household pets or other animals.

2 The most horrific cases of animal cruelty can perhaps be seen in circuses. Many times animals in a circus are

trained using physically abusive training methods and other practices of intimidation. Trainers rampantly use

whips, chains and sharp objects to beat and poke the animals into submission. The animals are kept chained in

unhygienic conditions for long periods of time and do not get medical aid when they are injured. Many countries

such as India, Singapore, Sweden and Austria among others have come forward to ban or restrict use of animals

and to create and promote animal free circuses. It will take some time to totally eradicate animal cruelt y from


2 Estimates indicate that as many as 15 million animals that are warm blooded are used in research laboratories.

Scientists believe that around 100 species become extinct every day.

2 Another pointing reminder of animal cruelty is that aroun d 18 foxes are killed to make a fur coat and for a mink coat

around 55 minks are slaughtered.

2 Movies have always had instances of extreme animal cruelty and abuse of animals. The cases of animal cruelty in

movies include "Apocalypse now" and "Southern comfort" which were replete with numerous animal abuse and

killing scenes.

Here are several types of animal cruelty that exist and are tolerated in our society:

¼ Puppy mills - lives of misery

¼ Bludgeoning of baby seals for their pelts

¼ Dog fighting, cock fighting

¼ Horrendous farm practices - animals trapped in lifelong misery

¼ Abandonment of dogs, cats, puppies, kittens, rabbits etc.

¼ Slaughter house practices - terror and pain

¼ Leg hold traps

¼ Hunting of confined animals for sport; Internet hunting

¼ Circus practices

¼ Shelters still using inhumane methods of killing

¼ The treatment of downed animals

¼ The inhumane treatment in the fur industry of fur bearing animals

¼ Owners of pets who are unfit, neglectful, abusive including those wh o tie a dog outside for their lifetime.

¼ Laboratory experimentation on animals

There are several constant cases of animal cruelty in our society and yet there are diminutive and huge actions that each of us

can take in our daily lives to change things.

So the question is that how do we make a difference? What can be done about avoidance of animal brutality? How can each

one of us lend a hand in this condition? Mentioned below are a few doable things which might make a small difference but a

huge impact.

2 ðead the Way - Begin with the transformation within yourself. If you have an animal, lead the way for others by

always giving your pet with the appropriate love and care that it is required. Always give it fresh water, food and

shelter. Be accountable and have your pets sterilized. When your pet is ill or is in requirement of medical aid, take

him to a vet. It is imperative that you do not ignore or ill -treat your pets.

2 jotivate Others To Join You - Have others support you. Or else, no one w ill take you sincerely. There are

numerous ways to expand supporters. You can either horde rallies or write an appeal. You can also campaign

online and collect signatures for an appeal through the Internet.

2 Oppose Animal Testing - Animal testing is a form of animal brutality. Do not purchase products that have been

tested on animals. Purchase or craft batches that evidently affirm your antagonism against animal testing and

distribute it to others as well.

2 rack up Groups Against Animal Cruelty - There are various societies, groups and organizations against animal

brutality. These groups are devoted to abolishing animal violence and ignorance. In addition, they release and

cure animals that have been past victims of animal brutality. You can express your support by being an active part

of these groups and lending donations that will lend a hand in healing thousands of ill-treated animals.

2 Word of jouth - There are lots of people who are uninformed about animal abuse and disregard inspite of the fact

that this crime is committed on an ongoing basis. It is very crucial for you to spread the word. You can do this by

distributing leaflets which provide information to people about animal cruelty and abuse and what they can do to

stop it.

2 jake a Contribution - Donations will assist to lessen the uncalled for terror, pain and anguish in animals' lives.

Many groups support these donations and make use it effectively for animal welfare. If you feel you do not wish to

or can't donate to a group or and organization, donating to an animal shelter is also a good option. Donation

doesn't confine to just money. Many shelters receive donations of pet food, cat litter, dog toys, towels and other

such things which can be used by animals.

2 Helper at a Shelter - You can volunteer to help at any shelter. You can easily contribute in-kind by gifting your time

or any other help the shelter may require.

2 Adopt Animals - If you have adequate space and the time, fostering animals is a wonderful and kind way to help

animals. You may get in touch with your local animal shelter or a local animal help group to determine how you

can contribute.

2 *eport a jisdeed - Your participation is very significant. If you notice an animal being ill-treated or abandoned, do

something about it now! Inform to your local humane society, animal shelter, or animal control group


Most people hardly ever think about animal cruelty; rarely notice case of it. But a few sympathize with the anguish of animals

and work hard to bring it to an end. If you have compassion for animals, the right time to start raising awarness about anima l

cruelty is NOW!