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tNI\qÀ auehnbpsS lZoYv \ntj[w

ab<d=6 m8l-k< \m8Ry+5

k¼qÀ® lZoYv \ntj-[-¯n-eqsS Ckvem-ansâ ASn-Øm\ ine-Isf XIÀ¯v Xcn-¸-W-am- ¡m³ {iaw \S-¯n, Hcp ]nc-jvI-cW hmZn Naªv tIc-f-¯n HmSn \S¶ Hcp hyàn-bm-bn- cp¶p ]n.-sI. apl-½Zv A_p lk³ F¶ tNI-¶qÀ aue-hn. ae¸pdw PnÃ-bnse s]m¶m\n Xmeq-¡nse tNI-¶qÀ {Kma-¯n P\n¨ At±-l-¯nsâ t]cmWv lZoYv \ntj-[-hp-ambn _Ô- s¸«v Gsd tIfn-tI-«-Xv. ]Ån ZÀkp-I-fnepw shÃq-cnepw ]Tn-¨n-d-§nb tNI-¶qÀ im´-]p-c¯pw FS-h-®-bnepw A[ym-]-I-\mbn tPmen t\m¡n F¦nepw Xsâ \ho\ ]mX-bn-eq-sS-bpÅ k©mcw \nan¯w AhnsS \ns¶Ãmw Cd-§n-t¸m-tc-ï n-h-¶p. sXmÅm-bn-c¯n Adp-]-Xp-I-fn- emWv tNI-¶q-cnsâ X\n-\ndw tIcf P\X Adn-bm³ XpS-§n-b-Xv. CPvam-C-t\bpw Jnbm-kn- t\bpw \ntj-[n¨v XpS-¡-an« Xsâ \qX-\-hm-Z-§Ä Ah-km\w kÀÆ-aX kXy-hm-Z-sa¶ hyà- amb Ip^vcn-¿-¯n-emWv Ah-km-\n-¨-Xv.

Hä-bm-\mbn {]hÀ¯\w Bcw-`n¨ tNI-¶q-cn\v XpS-¡-¯n Nne A\p-bm-bn-Isf In«n-bn-cp- ¶p. A§s\ hnc-en-se-®m-hp¶ A¯cw BfpItfbpw Iq«n Xsâ \ho-\m-i-b-§Ä P\-a-[y- ¯n hnf-¼p-¶-Xn-\mbn 1967 "\nco-£Ww'- F¶ t]cn Hcp amknI {]kn-²o-I-cn¨p. Bbn-S- ¡mWv D¯-tc-´y³ tamtU¬ GPv skmssk-än-bpsS t\Xmhv laoZv ZÂhmbn tIcfw kµÀin-¨-Xv. At±lw tImgn-t¡mSv sh¨v Nne tamtU-Wn-Ìp-I-fp-ambn IqSn-¡m-gvN \S-¯p-Ibpw tamtU-Wn-k-¯nsâ t]cn Hcp kwL-S-\¡v cq]w \ÂIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. A§ns\ 1970 sk]vXw-_À 25\v tImgn-t¡mSv Su¬lm-fn sh¨v Ckvemw Bâv tamtU¬ GPv skmsskän

_p²n-Po-hn-]«w Na-ªn-cp¶ Nne tamtU-Wn-Ìp-I-fmWv AXnsâ

]n¶n-ep--m-bn-cp-¶-Xv. tNI-¶q-cns\ IqSmsX _lm-D-±o³, Sn. A_vZp Ako-kv, F³.-]n. apl- ½-Zv, a¦S A_vZp Ako-kv, ]¡À tImb, C.-F. tImb, F³.-Fw. tImb-¡p-«n, aqkm_¡À, B\-¡bw tN¡p«n lmPn XpS-§nbhcm-bn-cp¶p AXn BZy AwK-§-fmbn D ï m-bn-cp¶Xv. kwL-S\m cq]-¯n {]hÀ¯\w XpS-§nb C¡q-«À X§-fpsS Hcp apJ-]-{X-sa¶ \ne-bn tNI-¶qÀ hyàn-]-c-ambn \S-¯n-s¡m-ï n-cp¶ "\nco-£Ww' amknI Gsä-Sp¯v {]kn-²o-I-cn- ¡m³ XpS-§n. F¶m shdpw \mev e¡-§Ä am{Xta AhÀ¡Xv {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡m-\m-bp-Åq. At¸m-tg¡pw km¼-¯nI sRcp-¡hpw hcn-¡m-cpsS Ipd-hpwaqew AXv ]qt« ï n h¶p. Cu skmssk-än-¡m-cpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§-tfmSv Fw.-C.-F-kv. BZy-Im-e¯v B`n-apJyw ]peÀ¯n-bn-cp- ¶p-sh-¶Xv Cu tamtU-Wn-Ìp-IÄs¡mcp Xm§m-bn-cp-¶p. F¶m Cu skmssk-än-bn \n¶v AwK-§-fpsS sImgn-ªp-t]m¡pw apkvenw eoKnsâ k½À±hpw ImcWw Fw.-C.-F-kn\v \ne-

F¶ kwL-S\ P·-sa-Sp-¯p.

]mSv amtä-ï n-h-¶p. AtXm-Sp-IqSn ]nim-Nnsâ Cu \uIsb Ic-tbm-S-Sp-¸n-¡m³ km[y-a-söv icn¡pw {Kln¨ tNI-¶qÀ aX-cw-K¯p \n¶pw ap§p-¶-XmWv ]ns¶ \mw I ï -Xv. tNI-¶qÀ Xs¶ A¡mcyw hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xp-Im-Wp-I.

""1960 apX 70 hsc-bpÅ Ime-b-f-hn-emWv Cubp-Å-h³ BZyw {]Øm\ {]hÀ¯\w XpS-

§n-b-Xv. "\nco-£Ww' F¶ t]cn Hcp amknI A¡m-e¯v kz´-ambn \S-¯n-b-Xp-aqew h¼n-

s¨mcp km¼-¯nI \jvSw Rm³ Hä¡v Xmt§ ï n h¶p

{]Øm-\-¯n ss[cy-ambn Dd-¨p-\n¡m³ ]änb Hä ]Þn-X-t\bpw A¡m-e-s¯-\n¡v In«n- bn-Ã. Ct¸mgpw Cu \ne amdn-sb¶v ]d-bm-dm-bn-«p-an-Ã. taÂhn-h-cn¨ kml-N-cy-§Ä sIms ï m- s¡-bmWv 1970 \nco-£Ww amknI \nÀ¯nsh¡m³ Rm³ \nÀ_-Ôn-X-\m-b-Xv. AXnsâ \S- ¯n¸pw \nc-´-c-amb BZÀi {]N-c-W-]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw aqew F\n¡v t\cn« `mcn¨ \jvS-§-

IqsS Cu IzpÀ-B-\nI

-Fsâ

sfms¡ kz´w kz¯v hnäv \nI-¯n-s¡m-ï n-cn-¡p¶Xn\n-S-bn-emWv Rm³ hyh-km-b-¯n-te¡v Xncn-tb ï n h¶-Xv. A§s\ ssdkvanÂ, sFkv¹mâv, tkman apX-emb Nne sNdp-InS hyh-

km-b-§Ä \S-¯nb tijw AÂ]w IqSn sa¨-s¸« Hcp hyh-km-b-¯n-d-§m³ Xocp-am-\n-¨p.'' (\-a-kvImcw aq¶v am{Xw t]Pv. 36,37)

A§ns\ Xsâ hc-«p-X-Xz-im-kv{X-saÃmw sNfn-Ip-ï n-se-dnªv hyh-km-b-hp-ambn Imew Ign- ¡p-t¼m-gmWv ]nimNv ho ï pw ZpÀa-{´-tam-Xp-¶-Xv. Xsâ hyh-kmbw s]mfnªv ]mfo-kmbn IS _m[yXbn ap§n-XmW tNI-¶qÀ ]nim-Nnsâ IÂ]-\-{]-Imcw ho ï pw aX-cw-K-t¯-¡p-Xs¶ Xncn-ªp. A§s\ 1984 At±lw ho ï pw cwK-s¯-¯n. Bbn-S¡v tImgn-t¡mSv \n¶v "AÂ_pÀlm³' Fs¶mcp amkn-Ibpw Bcw-`n-¨p. GXm\pw amk-§Ä¡Iw AXpw ]qt«-ï n-h- ¶p. AXn-\p-tijw 1985 jm_m-\p-tIÊv hnhm-Z-am-b-t¸m-gmWv tNI-¶qÀ P\-a-[y-¯n IqSp- X {i²n-¡-s¸-«-Xv. A¶v kp{]ow-tIm-S-Xnsb A\p-Iq-en-¨v, Ckvem-anI ico-A-¯ns\ sImª\w Ip¯nbpw At±lw cNn¨ "CkvemanI ico-A¯pw C´y³ ico-A¯pw kp{]ow- tImÀ«v hn[nbpw' F¶ ]pkvI-X-amWv At±-l-¯nsâ {]Ya ]pkvX-Iw. Xsâ {]kw-K-§fpw ¢mÊp-Ifpw Bfp-IÄ¡n-S-bn C\nbpw ¢¨v ]nSn-¡p-¶nà F¶v Xncn-¨-dnª tNI-¶qÀ ]n¶oSv ]pkvX-I-c-N-\-bn-te¡v Xncn-ªp. Ckvem-ansâ ASn-Øm-\-{]-am-W-§sf Nhn-«n-sa-Xn¨pw Ckvem- an\v th ï n Poh³ \ÂInb klm-_n-Isf ]cn-l-kn-¨pw, {]hm-NI hN-\-§sf kaq-l-¯n-se- ¯n-¡p¶Xn\mbn Pohn-X-ap-gnªp sh¨ kmXzn-I-cmb lZoYv ]Þn-Xsc Adp-h-j-f³ coXn- bn ]cn-l-kn-¨pw, Ckvem-ansâ i{Xp-¡-fmb inbm-¡sf Gsd ]pI-gv¯n-bpw, Ckvem-anI kaq- l-¯nsâ \miw ap¼n I ï -hÀ¡v ap¶n Ckvem-ans\ Ip¯n¡odn NpSp-càw Duän-¡p-Sn-¨v tNI-¶q-cnsâ XqenI A«-l-kn-¨p. ss]im-NnI ZpÀt_m-Z[\-§-fn \n¶v P·-sa-Sp¯ tNI-¶q- cnsâ {KÙ-§Ä apgp-h\pw sXdn-¸q-c-§-fpsS tLmj-bm-{X-bm-Wv. {]Xn-]£ _lp-am\w Fs´- ¶-dn-bm¯ \mWw sI« ssien-bmWv tNI-¶qÀ Xsâ {KÙ-§-fn kzoI-cn-¨-Xv. AtX-k-abw Xsâ {KÙ-§-fnse ssien-sb-¡p-dn¨v AXv IzpÀ-B-\nsâ ssien-bm-sW-¶m-W-t±lw Ah-Im-i- s¸-Sp-¶Xv!! (\-a-kvImcw aq¶v am{Xw. t]Pv. 46) F¶m CXp-]-dª AtX {KÙ-¯n \n¶p- Xs¶ At±-l-¯nsâ Nne {]tbmK§Ä ImWpI!

""]Sp-Pm-ln-emtWm kn.-F³'' (t]-P. 56) ""C¯-c-¯n-epÅ \n§-fmtWm Hcp kzX{´ apPvX- ln-Zm-sW¶ _Umbn ]d-bm³ apXn-cp-¶-Xv.'' (t]-Pv. 58) ""]q¨ ssiJmbn ASp-¡-f-bn Ign- bp¶ \n§Ä¡v'' (t]-Pv. 59) ""I]-S-a-\pjym! \n§-sf-t¸m-se-bpÅ ]ptcm-ln-X-·mÀ'' (t]-Pv. 60) ""temI-s]m-Å\pw PqX-ap-\m-^n-Jp-amb A_q-lp-ssdd'' (t]-Pv. 61) ""Cu _Um-bn-¡mc³'' (t]-Pv. 62) 178 t]Pp-I-fpÅ tNI-¶q-cnsâ \a-kvImcw aq¶v am{Xw F¶ ]pkvI-X-¯nse 56 apX 62 hsc-bpÅ shdpw Ggv t]Pp-I-fnse Nne `mK§fmWv v \mw I ï -Xv. Ggp-t]-Pn C{X-b-[n-I-ap- s ï -¦n Cu ]pkvX-I-¯nsâ Imcyw ]ns¶ ]d-btWm? At±-l-¯nsâ ]Xn-s\«p ]pkvX-I-§- fp-sSbpw Ah-Ø CXp-X-s¶-bmWv. Cu ssien IzpÀ-B-\n \n¶m-W-t±lw a\-Ên-em-¡n-bXv F¶p hcp-t¼mÄ At±-l-¯nsâ IzpÀ-B-\ns\ Ipdn-¨pÅ hnh-c-¯nsâ ""Bgw'' \ap¡qln-¡m- atÃm?

]pkvXI cN-\-bp-ambn Imew Ign-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S-¡mWv 1990 BK-kvXn tImgn-t¡mSv IÂ]Im SqdnÌv tlman tUm: kn.-Fw. Ip«n-bpsS A[y-£-X-bn Nne tNI-¶qÀ `à-·mÀ tbmKw tNÀ¶v "IzpÀ-B³ kp¶¯vv skmsskän' F¶ t]cn-semcp kwL-S\¡v cq]w sImSp- ¡p-¶-Xv. kwL-S-\-bpsS BZys¯ {]kn-U ï v tUm: kn.-Fw. Ip«nbpw P\: sk{I-«dn tNI-¶q- cp-am-bn-cp-¶p. 1991emWv kwL-S-\ cPn-kvXÀ sN¿p-¶-Xv. kp¶-¯ns\ kzoI-cn-t¡-ï -Xnà F¶v hmZn-¡p¶ C¡q-«À X§-fpsS kwL-S-\-bpsS t]cn kp¶-¯ns\ XncpIn Ib-än-bXv XnI¨pw Zpcp-t±-i-]-c-am-Wv. km[m-c-W-¡m-cmb P\-§sf h©n-¡pI F¶ Hä KqV-e£yw am{Xta AXn- \p-Åq. I]-SX apJ-ap-{Z-bm-¡nb Ch-cn \n¶v CX-ÃmsX {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶-XmWv sXäv. Ch-cn \n¶v AXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v Hcp tNI-¶qÀ `à³ Fgp-Xp-¶Xv t\m¡q. "IzpÀ-B³ kp¶¯v skmsskän F¶m IzpÀ-B\pw \_n-bpsS kp¶¯pw AwKo-I-cn-¡p¶ skmsskän F¶Ã AÀ°w. IzpÀ-Bsâ Ncy-b-\p-k-cn¨v \S-]Sn {Ia-§Ä Nn«-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ skmsskän F¶mWv hnh£''. (tN-I-¶qÀ aue-hn. Pohn-Xhpw ktµ-ihpw Fw.-]n. apl-½-Zp®n aue-hn. hc ]»n-

t¡-j³. sImtïm-«n. c ïmw FUn-j³ t]Pv. 75) IzpÀ-Bsâ Ncy-b-\p-k-cn-¡p¶ skmssk-än- bm-sW-¦n IzpÀ-B³ skmsskän F¶§v ]d-ªm aXn-bm-bn-cp-¶tÃm.

Cu I]-S-skm-sskän P·w-sImï B tbmK-¯n sh¨p-Xs¶ IzpÀ-B³ dnkÀ¨v ^ut ï - j³ F¶ asämcp kan-Xn-¡p-IqSn AhÀ cq]w \ÂIn. ^utï -jsâ sk{I-«dn tNI-¶q-cm-bn-cp- ¶p. IzpÀ-B³ Kth-j-W-sa¶ t]cn IzpÀ-B-\ns\ IpXnc Ib-dp-¶-Xn\v Cu ^ut ï -j³ tNI-¶q-cn\v {]Xn-amkw A¿m-bncw cq] i¼fw \ÂIn-bn-cp-¶p. B ]Ww sIm ï m-bn-cp¶p tNI-¶qÀ Pohn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv.

Bbn-S-¡mWv 1993 Pqembv 29\v tNI-¶q-cns\ NneÀ X«n-s¡mï v t]mb-Xv. At±-ls¯ AhÀ F´p-sNbvXp F¶-Xn-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ ad Ct¸mgpw ]qÀW-ambpw \o§n-bn-«n-Ã. GXm- bmepw tNI-¶q-cnsâ Xntcm-[-\-t¯msS tNI-¶q-cn-k-¯n\v \mY-\n-Ãm-sX-bm-hp-I-bpw, aX-s¯- ¡p-dn¨v F«pw-s]m«pw Xncn-bm¯ tNI-¶qÀ `à-·mÀ AXp-aqew \«w Xncn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. henb Adn-hm-f-·mÀ Na-bp¶ Hscmä tNI-¶q-cn¡pw F´n-\-[nIw Ah-cnse t\Xm-¡-sf¶ Xe-¡-\-t¯msS \S-¡p¶ Nne "Adn-hm-f-·mÀ'¡phsc IzpÀ-B³ t\cmw h®w ]mcm-bWw sN¿m³ t]mep-am-hn-sö bmYmÀ°yw \½Ä sImt ï m«n kwhm-Z-¯n-eqsS t\cn I ï -Xm- Wv. tNI-¶q-cnsâ hnj-en-]vX-amb hmtdm-e-IÄ am{Xw hmbn-¨n-«pÅ Ch-ä-IÄs¡´v Ckvemw?! km[m-c-W-¡msc A¼-c-¸n-¡m³ Ahn-sS-\n¶pw Chn-sS-\n¶pw Nne \¼-dp-IÄ ImWm-]mTw ]Tn¨v henb "AÃma' Naªv \S-¡p¶ \S¯w I ï m tXm¶pw A¼t¼m! ChÀ Xs¶-bmWv FÃmw F¶v. F¶m IzpÀ-B³ HmXm³ ]d-ªm-e-dnbmw Ch-cpsS Adn-hnsâ tImew. tNI-¶q- cn-k-¯n tNI-¶qÀ am{X-amWv CXn-s\m-c-]-hm-Zw. tNI-¶qÀ t]mb-tXmsS AXpw Ign-ªp. A§ns\ ]nim-Nnsâ B \uI tIcf apkvenw alm-k-ap-{Z-¯n ap§m³ Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xn-\n-S- bn-emWv AwKp-eo-]-cn-an-X-amb Nne tNI-¶qÀ `à-·mÀ tNÀ¶v B ]nim-Nnsâ \uIsb Xm§n- \nÀ¯m³ Hcp {iaw \S¯n t\m¡p-¶-Xv. A§-s\-bmWv 1997 "IzpÀ-B³ ZÀi\w' F¶ t]cn Hcp amknI {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡m³ XpS-§n-b-Xv. F¶m tNI-¶q-cn-IÄ¡nS-bn Bªp- ho-inb "tKmhn-hmZw' aqew B ZÀi-\hpw ap§n. (]-ip-hn-hm-Z-s¯-¡p-dn¨v hni-Z-ambn "tNI\qcnk¯nse ]nfÀ¸pIÄ' F¶ teJ\ ¯nð hcp¶p.) tijw "IzpÀ-B³ {Sq¯v ZÀi\w' F¶ t]cn Hcp kzmImcy {]kn-²o-I-cWw Ct¸m-f-hÀ \S-¯n-s¡m-ï n-cn-¡p-¶p-ï v. AXpw ]mXn ap§nb \ne-bn-em-Wv!.