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Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines

MIA Road, Pasay City, 1300 Manila

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
PART C – AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS

1. General

Except as provided in the operating regulations and rules the operator will not use any airports
other than those listed in Paragraph 3. For IFR operations, unless the instrument approach
procedures and the airport operating minimums are specified in these provisions and attach
hereto, the terms “instrument approach procedure” and “airport operating minimums”, when
used in this Part, means the instrument approach procedure and airport operating minimums
prescribed in the operating regulations and rules. In the case of airports located outside the
territory of this State, the instrument approach procedures prescribed or approved by the State
in which the airport is located are applicable provided that they meet the criteria prescribed by
the ICAO PANS-OPS and are included in an acceptable Aeronautical Information Publication.
In those cases where the CAAP has not made this determination, the operator shall make such
determination and notify the CAAP that the foreign instrument approach procedure meets ICAO
PANS-OPS criteria, submitting supporting documentation to this effect.

2. Instrument approach procedures and airport operating minimums

a) Instrument Approach Procedures

The operator is authorized to conduct the following types of instrument approach procedures:

Non-precision: [ X ] VOR [ X ] VOR/DME [ X ] NDB

Precision: [ X ] ILS Category I [ X ] ILS Category II [ X ] ILS Category III [ X ] PAR


Instrument Approach
Instrument Approach Procedures Procedures Precision
(Other Than ILS & MLS) (Other Than ILS & MLS) Approach
Non-Precision Approaches Precision-Like Approaches Procedures
Without Vertical Guidance With Vertical Guidance (ILS, MLS, & GLS)

LDA RNAV (GPS)*** ILS


LDA/DME ILS/DME
LOC ILS CAT II/ IIIA
LOC BC
LOC/DME PAR
NDB ILS PRM*
NDB/DME
VOR
VOR/DME
LDA PRM*
RNAV (GPS)**
NOTE: * - B777-300ER, B747-400, A340-300 & A330-300
** - All aircraft - Descent to MDA authorized
***- All aircraft - Descent to DA authorized but never below 250 feet barometric height above
the runway threshold
Operations Specifications Part C Page: 1 of 18

Rev. No. 20 C-1


Rev. Date: 13 August 2012
Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
MIA Road, Pasay City, 1300 Manila

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
PART C – AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS (Cont.)

f) Authorized Low Visibility Operations – Category II / IIIA:

1) Aircraft

The following aircraft are authorized to operate to minimums lower than Category I in
accordance with the regulations provided in these Operations Specifications or the
Foreign Authority, as applicable:
B777-300ER - Category II/IIIA only
B747-400 - Category II/IIIA only
A340-300 - Category II/IIIA only
A330-300 - Category II/IIIA only
A320-200 (RP-C8613, RP-C8614 and - Category II/IIIA only
RP-C8615)
A320-200 - Category II only
A319-100 - Category II only

NOTE:
This authorization also applies to Category II one-engine inoperative
operations in accordance with the provisions in the CAAP-approved
Flight Operations Manual Volume 2 Section 2.4.4 item 2.4.4.7.1.

2) Landing Minimums
The following are the lowest ILS straight-in landing minimums authorized:
CATEGORY II CATEGORY III
AIRCRAFT
RVR (1) DH (2) RVR (1) DH(2)
B777-300ER 350 100 200 50
B747-400 350 100 200 50
A340-300 350 100 200 50
A330-300 350 100 200 50
A320-200 350 100 200 50
A319-100 350 100 200 50
NOTES:
1. RVR (Runway Visual Range) is given as meters. Three
transmissometers are required unless it can be shown that
touchdown and rollout transmissometers can meet the operational
needs for a particular airport and runway. When three
transmissometers are installed, touchdown and midpoint are
controlling and rollout provides advisory information to pilots. If only
two transmissometers are required, they must be touchdown and
rollout and both are controlling.
2. DH (Decision Height) is radio altimeter height in feet above the
touchdown zone elevation. The DH for a Category II landing must
not be lower than the Category II obstacle clearance altitude/height
published by the Governing Authority.

Operations Specifications Part C Page: 5 of 18

Rev. No. 20 C-5


Rev. Date: 13 August 2012
Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
MIA Road, Pasay City, 1300 Manila

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
PART C – AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS (Cont.)

f) Authorized Low Visibility Operations – Category II: (Cont.)


3) Crew Qualifications

Crew qualification and authorization for Category II/IIIA landing minima as


described in paragraph 2) shall be in accordance with the provisions in the
CAAP-approved Flight Operations Manual. In addition, currency must be
maintained as described in the Flight Operations Manual.

A CAAP or a CAAP-Designated Check Pilot shall certify the Original Category


II/IIIA qualification of the pilot concerned.

a) Pilot-in-Command (PIC) (cont.)

No PIC shall be authorized to conduct Category II/IIIA operations until he:

i) has at least 500 hours flying experience as a PIC in turbojet aircraft;


ii) has satisfied the requirements of CAR, Landing Weather Minimums;
and
iii) has completed 100 flying hours enroute from date of release.

b) Co-Pilot (Second in Command)

No Co-Pilot shall be authorized to conduct Category II/IIIA operations until


he:

i) has at least 300 hours flying experience as a pilot in turbojet aircraft;


and
ii) has completed 100 flying hours enroute from date of release.

4) Aircraft Equipment

The following equipment must be available and operating:

i) Flight instrument and radio navigation equipment required by the


applicable Civil Aviation Rules and Regulations;
ii) Equipment specified in the Aircraft Flight and Operations manuals
for Category II/IIIA operations; and
iii) Equipment which is required in order to comply with Civil Aviation
Authority of the Philippines-approved operating procedures.

5) Airport Equipment

The airport must be equipped for Category II or III operations in accordance


with international standards and the regulations of the state authority and
approval of the CAAP must be obtained prior to scheduled operations.

Operations Specifications Part C Page: 6 of 18

Rev. No. 20 C-6


Rev. Date: 13 August 2012
Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
MIA Road, Pasay City, 1300 Manila

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
PART C – AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS (Cont.)
f) Authorized Low Visibility Operations – Category II/IIIA: (Cont.)

6) Operating Limitations
An ILS approach shall not be started when the controlling RVR for the
touchdown and mid-point of the runway are less than the relevant Category I
operating minima unless:
i) the aircraft equipment required under paragraph 4) of this section is
operating satisfactorily;
ii) the controlling authority at the airport has confirmed by radiotelephony
that the facilities are operating to Category II or III standard;
iii) all the required elements of the navigation aids required for the approach
procedure are operating;
iv) the approved runway lights are operative to the appropriate standard
(i.e. CAT II/IIIA);
v) the reported crosswind component is not greater than the AOM/FCOM
limit or not greater than 15 knots whichever is more restrictive.
vi) the carrier has the states authority in addition to these Operations
Specifications prior to scheduled operations.
7) Missed Approach
A missed approach shall be initiated when any of the following conditions
exist:
i) upon reaching the decision height, the pilot has not established sufficient
visual reference with the Category II/IIIA lighting system to safely continue the
approach by visual reference alone.
ii) after passing the decision height, the pilot loses visual reference with the
Category II/IIIA lighting system or a reduction in visual reference occurs which
prevents the pilot from safely continuing the approach by visual reference
alone.
iii) the pilot determines the automatic landing cannot be safely accomplished
within the touchdown zone.
iii) any of the required aircraft equipment specified in paragraph 4) of this section
becomes inoperative during the approach; or
iv) any of the required elements of the airport facilities or navigation equipment
becomes inoperative during the approach.
NOTES:
The foregoing requirements for a missed approach do not preclude
continuation of an approach to higher minima provided the failure does not
affect the systems required for such an approach.

The foregoing requirements for a missed approach do not preclude the


continuation to a landing if, at the time of the system failure, the pilot has
sufficient visual cues to permit a safe landing.

Operations Specifications Part C Page: 7 of 18

Rev. No. 20 C-7


Rev. Date: 13 August 2012
Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines
MIA Road, Pasay City, 1300 Manila

OPERATIONS SPECIFICATIONS
PART C – AIRPORT AUTHORIZATIONS AND LIMITATIONS (Cont.)

g) Alternate Airport IFR Weather Minima for Flight Planning

The certificate holder is authorized to derive alternate airport IFR weather minima
for flight planning from the following:
Criteria: Ceiling and Visibility. Alternate minima are normally not published on the
approach charts, but are determined by adding the following values to
the prescribed minima for the applicable category of operation.
Forecast for the period up to ETA alternate
Category of
Lowest Ceiling Minimum Visibility
ILS CAT IIIA Add 300 ft to published CAT II
1200 m
DH/A
ILS Cat II Add 300 ft to published DH/A 1200 m
ILS Cat I and Add 300 ft to published DH/A Add 600 m to published
non-precision or MDH/A visibility

NOTES:
 Calculation may not be based on CAT IIIA Limits
 Calculated ceiling values should be rounded off to the nearest
multiple of 100 ft (50 ft to the next higher multiple of 100 ft.)
 To obtain the prescribed minima in case of inoperative “Visual” or
“Non-Visual” aids, refer to CAAP Approved Flight Operations
Manual – Volume 1 Section 6.1.5 Sub-section 6.1.5.2 Components-
out Table. The increments obtained from the components-out Table
shall be applied on top of the values of the above table.
If no instrument approach procedure has been published for the alternate airport or
the approach aid concerned is reported unserviceable, the forecast for the alternate
airport must be at least:
a) visibility 10 km or more;
b) ceiling not below the lowest applicable minimum safe altitude (MSA, MORA,
MOCA, etc.) and in mountainous terrain or near airports with other high
obstacles, no significant clouds; and
c) no precipitation, thunderstorm, shallow fog or drifting snow.

Operations Specifications Part C Page: 8 of 18

Rev. No. 20 C-8


Rev. Date: 13 August 2012