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PALENCIA

INTRODUCTION

 Palencia is a town in the North of Spain.


 It is the capital of the province of Palencia, which is part of Castilla y
León.
 It occupies 94,71 km2 and it has a population of 79.137 inhabitants.

PLACES TO VISIT

1. Cristo del Otero (Christ of the Knoll):


 It is a large sculpture located on a knoll on the outskirts of the
city. It represents Jesus in a position to bless the city
 The sculpture was designed by Victorio Macho, whose tomb lays
there.
 It was built in 1931
 It is more than 20 meters high and it is made of cement, but
originally it was going to have some parts made of bronze and
gold and its arms were to go sideways.
 Its eyes are empty and there are stairs to go up and go there,
having an incredible view of the city, but nowadays it’s closed.
 It is one of the highest statues of Jesus Christ in the world.
 Jesus’ feet have a hermitage and a museum about its architect.

2. Saint Antolín Cathedral

 It is a Gothic building.
 It is known as La Bella Desconocida.

 It is dedicated to Saint Antolín.

 The cathedral was built between 12th and 16th century and it
stands over a crypt from 7th century, where there are some of
Saint Antolín’s relics.

 It is a National Monument

3. Church of San Miguel

 It is a Romanic and Gothic building.

 It is located near Carrion river.

 Its tower is very singular because it seems to be the tower of


a castle more than a chuch’s one.

 A legend says that the historic character Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar,


(El Cid) got marry in this church.

4. Main Square

 The Main Square was built in 12th century.


 Here we find the Town Hall and a sculpture dedicated to the
artist Alonso Berruguete, which is in the middle of the square.

 Originally, there were several small gardens in it, but the square
has suffered several modifications and they were removed.

5. Green Spaces

 Palencia is one of the cities which have more green space per
inhabitant.

 There are big extensions of vegetation such as Monte El Viejo,


Rivera Sur Park and Isla Dos Aguas Park.

 In the downtown, there are a lot of gardens and parks to enjoy


in.

TRADITIONS AND COSTUMES

 In San Antolín’s Day, people drink water from a water well which is in
the crypt of the Cathedral. It is said to be blessed by the saint.

 There are other significant festivities, such as Santo Toribio’s pilgrimage,


San Marcos, pig slaughter…

 In every festivity, is usual to wear the typical clothes from the city and,
sometimes, people sing and dance a song called, Ea, which is original
from this city.

 Some typical food from Palencia is:


– Roast lamb

– Garlic soups

– Blood sausage

– Menestra

CURIOSITIES

 The first university of Spain was founded in Palencia.

 The women from Palencia had a very important role in the history of
the city because they defended and save the place when it was going
to be conquered during a war.

 People from Palencia has its own expressions to talk about different
things:

– Rodea: cloth

– Chiguito: child

– Corito: naked

– Escolingarse: to fall down

– Arambol: banister