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10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions) - SPM Mathematics

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4.10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions)


August 16, 2014 by

Question 1:
3 −1
It is given that matrix A = ( )
5 −2

(a) Find the inverse matrix of A.


(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as matrix equation:
3u – v = 9
5u – 2v = 13
Hence, using matrix method, calculate the value of u and v.

Solution:
(a)
1
−2 1
−1
A = ( )
3(−2)−(5)(−1)
−5 3

−2 1 2 −1
= −1 ( ) = ( )
−5 3 5 −3

(b)

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3/8/2019 4.10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions) - SPM Mathematics

3 −1 u 9
( )( ) = ( )
5 −2 v 13

u −2 1 9
( ) = −1 ( )( )
v −5 3 13

u (−2) (9) + (1) (13)


( ) = −1 ( )
v (−5) (9) + (3) (13)

u −5
( ) = −1 ( )
v −6

u 5
( ) = ( )
v 6

∴ u = 5, v = 6

Question 2:
2 −5 3 k
It is given that matrix A = ( ) and matrix B = m ( ) such that AB =
1 3 −1 2

1 0
( )
0 1

(a) Find the value of m and of k.


(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as matrix equation:
2u – 5v = –15
u + 3v = –2
Hence, using matrix method, calculate the value of u and v.

Solution:
1 0
(a) Since AB = ( ) , B is the inverse of A.
0 1

1 1
m = =
(2)(3)−(−5)(1) 11

k=5

(b)

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3/8/2019 4.10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions) - SPM Mathematics

2 −5 u −15
( )( ) = ( )
1 3 v −2

u 1 3 5 −15
( ) = ( )( )
11
v −1 2 −2

u (3) (−15) + (5) (−2)


1
( ) = ( )
11
v (−1) (−15) + (2) (−2)

u 1 −55
( ) = ( )
11
v 11

u −5
( ) = ( )
v 1

∴ u = −5, v = 1

Question 3:
3 2 1 0
It is given that Q  ( ) = ( ) , where Q is a 2 x 2 matrix.
6 5 0 1

(a) Find Q.
(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as matrix equation:
3u + 2v = 5
6u + 5v = 2
Hence, using matrix method, calculate the value of u and v.

Solution:
(a) 
−1
3 2
Q = ( )
6 5

1
5 −2
Q = ( )
3(5)−2(6)
−6 3

1
5 −2
Q = ( )
3
−6 3

5 2

3 3
Q = ( )
−2 1

(b)

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3/8/2019 4.10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions) - SPM Mathematics

3 2 u 5
( )( ) = ( )
6 5 v 2

u 1 5 −2 5
( ) = ( )( )
3
v −6 3 2

u (5) (5) + (−2) (2)


1
( ) = ( )
3
v (−6) (5) + (3) (2)

u 1 21
( ) = ( )
3
v −24

u 7
( ) = ( )
v −8

∴ u = 7, v = −8

Question 4:
3 −2 1 0
It is given that Q ( ) = ( )  , where Q is a 2 × 2 matrix.
5 −4 0 1

(a) Find the matrix Q.


(b) Write the following simultaneous linear equations as matrix equation:
3x – 2y = 7
5x – 4y = 9
Hence, using matrix method, calculate the value of x and y.

Solution:
(a)
1
−4 2
Q = ( )
3(−4)−(5)(−2)
−5 3

1
−4 2
= − ( )
2
−5 3

2 −1
= ( )
5 3

2 2

(b)

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3/8/2019 4.10 Matrices, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions) - SPM Mathematics

3 −2 x 7
( )( ) = ( )
5 −4 y 9

x 1 −4 2 7
( ) = − ( )( )
2
y −5 3 9

x (−4) (7) + (2) (9)


1
( ) = − ( )
2
y (−5) (7) + (3) (9)

x 1 −10
( ) = − ( )
2
y −8

x 5
( ) = ( )
y 4

∴ x = 5, y = 4

 Matrices
 6.8 Statistics, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions)
 2.5 Quadratic Equations, SPM Paper 2 (Long Questions)

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