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Sultanate of Tidore

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Sultanate of Tidore
Kesultanan Tidore
1450�1904
Halmahera - Ternate - Tidore - Mare - Moti - Makian.jpg
Capital Tidore
Common languages Tidore
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Sultanate
Sultan
History
� Established
1450
� Disestablished
1904
Succeeded by
Dutch East Indies
Today part of Indonesia
Sultanate of Tidore (Indonesian: Kesultanan Tidore, sometimes Kerajaan Tidore) was
a sultanate in Southeast Asia, centered on the Spice Islands of Tidore, a rival of
Sultanate of Ternate for control of the spice trade.

Portrait of Sultan Saifuddin of Tidore, Czartoryski Museum, Krak�w.


The Sultanate of Tidore ruled most of southern Halmahera, and, at times, controlled
Buru, Ambon and many of the islands off the coast of New Guinea. In 1605 war broke
out with neighbouring Ternate. Tidore had established a loose alliance with the
Portuguese in the seventeenth century who had several forts on the island. Ternate
had allied with Dutch traders.[1]

Tidore established a loose alliance with the Spanish in the sixteenth century, and
Spain had several forts on the island. While there was much mutual distrust between
the Tidorese and the Spaniards, for Tidore the Spanish presence was helpful in
resisting incursions by their Dutch enemy on Ternate, as well as their Dutch ally,
that had a fort on that island.

Before the Spanish withdrawal from Tidore and Ternate in 1663, Tidore became one of
the most independent kingdoms in the region, resisting direct control by Dutch East
India Company (VOC). Particularly under Sultan Saifuddin (r. 1657-1689), the Tidore
court was skilled at using Dutch payment for spices for gifts to strengthen
traditional ties with Tidore's traditional periphery. As a result, he was widely
respected by many local populations, and had little need to call on the Dutch for
military help in governing the kingdom, as Ternate frequently did.

Tidore remained an independent kingdom, albeit with frequent Dutch interference,


until the late eighteenth century. Like Ternate, Tidore allowed the Dutch spice
eradication program (extirpatie) to proceed in its territories. This program,
intended to strengthen the Dutch spice monopoly by limiting production to a few
places, impoverished Tidore and weakened its control over its periphery.
See also
List of rulers of Maluku
References
Margaret Makepeace, �Middleton, Sir Henry (d. 1613)�, Oxford Dictionary of
National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008
vte
Former states in Indonesia
vte
Islam in Indonesia

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Categories: Maluku (province)Precolonial states of IndonesiaIslamic states in
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