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# Important question for Turbo machinery

Unit-1

## Important for 2 marks

1. State 1st law of thermodynamics and its application
2. State 2nd law of thermodynamics and its application
3. Derive Euler turbine equation

## Important for 3 marks

1. Derive moment of momentum equation.

## Important for 7 marks

1. Difference between impulse and reaction turbine.

Unit-2

## Important for 2 marks

1. What is steam turbine.

## Important for 3 marks

1. Explain the working of Parson reaction turbine

## 4. Draw characteristics curve of steam turbine

Important for 7 marks
1. Explain governing of steam turbine

## 4. Explain pressure-velocity compounding of steam turbine

5. The velocity of steam leaving the nozzles of an impulse turbine is 1200m/s and the nozzle
angle is 20o. The blade velocity is 375 m/s and the blade velocity coefficient is 0.75. assuming no
loss due to shock at inlet, calculate for a mass flow of 0.5 kg/s and symmetrical blading:
(ii) driving force on the wheel
(iii) axial thrust on the wheel
(iv) power developed by the turbine.

6. In a reaction turbine, the blade tips are inclined at 35o and 20o in direction of motion. The
guide blades are of the same shape as the moving blades but reversed in direction. At a certain
place in the turbine, the drum diameter is 1 m and the blades are 100 mm high. At this place,
steam has a pressure of 1.7 bar and dryness 0.935. If the speed of the turbine is 250 r.p.m. and
the steam passes through the blades without shock, find the mass of steam flow and the power
developed in the ring of the moving blades.( Given: vg = 1.031 m3/kg.)

Unit-3

## 1. What is water turbines.

2. Classification of hydraulic turbine

## Important for 3 marks

1. What is cavitation

## 2. Draw characteristics curve of hydraulic turbine

3. Draw characteristics curve of pump

## Important for 7 marks

1. Explain the working of pelton wheel

## 6. A pelton wheel is to be designed for the following specifications:

Shaft power= 11,772 ; Head= 380 meters; Speed =750 r.p.m; Overall efficiency= 86%; Jet
diameter is not exceed one-sixth of the wheel diameter. Determine:

## (i) The wheel diameter

(ii) The number of jets required
(iii) Diameter of the jet
Take co-efficient of velocity, Cv=0.985 and speed ratio, Ku=0.45

Unit-4

## Important for 2 marks

1. What is fan,blower,compressor.
2. Classification of fan

## Important for 3 marks

1. What is surging

2. What is chocking

## 4. Write the different efficiency of compressor

Important for 7 marks
1. Explain the working of centrifugal blower

Unit-5

## Important for 2 marks

1. What is hydraulic machine
2. What is slip in fluid coupling

## Important for 3 marks

1. Explain the working of hydraulic crane
2. Explain the working of hydraulic press

## Important for 7 marks

1. Explain the working of hydraulic intensifier