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# Two Phase (Steam-Water) Vertical separator

SCHEMATIC
INPUT PARAMETERS
V 0.5277777778 kg/s Steam rate

## Blue boxes are input boxes.

L 0.0277777778 kg/s Water rate
γ 0.70 steam specific gravity
P 4 bar Operating pressure
µg 0.013 cP steam viscosity
ρv 2.16 kg/m3 steam operating density
ρL 922.561 kg/m3 water operating density
t 300 s Retention time

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine steam and water properties
S 0.0025484558
X -5.9722676549
Kv 0.1521925483
B = -1.8774780970 F =-0.0145228667
Step 2: D = -0.8145804597 G =-0.0010148518
Vmax 0.957 m/s E = -0.1870744085
Qv 0.244 m3/s Actual volume flow of steam
Av 0.255 m2 Minimum steam flow area
Dv 569.758 mm Minimum ID of separator

hv 569.758 m
H 1709.273 m Shell height
QL ### m3/s Actual volume flow of liquid
hL 0.0354239517 m

NOTES

## Table of Steam and Water Density

Density (kg/m3)
P (bar) Temperature (C
) Water Steam
3 133.5 931.099 1.651
4 143.5 922.509 2.164
5 151.9 997.009 2.669
Two Phase (Steam-Water) Vertical separator

SCHEMATIC
INPUT PARAMETERS
V kg/s Gas rate

## Blue boxes are input boxes.

L kg/s Oil rate
γ Gas specific gravity
P bar Operating pressure
µg cP Gas viscosity
ρv kg/m3 Gas operating density
ρL kg/m3 Oil operating density
t s Retention time

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
S
X
Kv
B = -1.8774780970 F =-0.0145228667
Step 2: D = -0.8145804597 G =-0.0010148518
Vmax m/s E = -0.1870744085
Qv m3/s Actual volume flow of gas
Av m 2
Minimum gas flow area
Dv m Minimum ID of separator

hv m
H m Shell height
QL m3/s Actual volume flow of liquid
hL m

D mm Selected Diameter

NOTES

## Table of Steam and Water Density

Density (kg/m3)
P (bar) Temperature (C )
Water Steam
3 133.5 931.099 1.651
4 143.5 922.509 2.164
5 151.9 997.009 2.669
Two Phase (Steam - Water) Vertical separator

SCHEMATIC
INPUT PARAMETERS
V 0.4166666667 kg/s Gas rate

## Blue boxes are input boxes.

L 0.1388888889 kg/s Oil rate
γ 0.70 Gas specific gravity
P 56.16 bar Operating pressure
µg 0.013 cP Gas viscosity
ρv 2.16 kg/m3 Gas operating density
ρL 922.561 kg/m3 Oil operating density
t 300 s Retention time

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
S 0.0161402203
X -4.1264409644
Kh 0.4713047742
B = -1.8774780970 F = -0.0145228667
Step 2: D = -0.8145804597 G = -0.0010148518
Vmax 2.963 m/s E = -0.1870744085
Qv 0.193 m3/s
Av 0.065 m2
Dv 0.288 m
AT 0.1083439371 m2
DT 0.371 m
HT 1.300 m
AL 0.0433375748 m2
DL 0.235 m

NOTES

## Temperature Density (kg/m3)

P (bar) (C ) Water Steam
3 133.5 931.099 1.651
4 143.5 922.509 2.164
5 151.9 997.009 2.669
Two Phase (Steam - Water) Vertical separator

SCHEMATIC
INPUT PARAMETERS
V kg/s Gas rate

## Blue boxes are input boxes.

L kg/s Oil rate
γ Gas specific gravity
P bar Operating pressure
µg cP Gas viscosity
ρv kg/m3 Gas operating density
ρL kg/m3 Oil operating density
t s Retention time

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
S
X
Kh
B = -1.8774780970 F =-0.0145228667
Step 2: D = -0.8145804597 G =-0.0010148518
Vmax m/s E= -0.1870744085
Qv m /s3

Av m2
Dv m
AT m2
DT m
HT m
AL m2
DL m

NOTES

## Temperature Density (kg/m3)

P (bar)
(C ) Water Steam
3 133.5 931.099 1.651
4 143.5 922.509 2.164
5 151.9 997.009 2.669
Two Phase (Gas - Oil) Vertical Separator

## INPUT PARAMETERS SCHEMATIC

Qg mmscfd Gas rate
Qo bbl/d Oil rate

## Orange boxes are input boxes.

γ Gas specific gravity
ρ'o o
API Oil density
γo Oil specific gravity
P psia Operating pressure
T' o
F Operating temperature
T R
o Operating temperature
t minutes Retention time (Refer Table 1)
Z Gas compressibility
µg cP Gas viscosity
dm Micron Smallest oil droplet size to be removed

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
ρg lb/ft3 Gas operating density
ρo lb/ft3 Oil operating density

Step 2: Determine Cd
Cd Assume Drag coefficient
u ft/s Settling velocity of oil droplet
Re Reynolds no.
Cd
Use goal seek to get error zero, by changing
Error Click me asssumed Cd

## Step 3: Check for gas capacity constraint

D 2
in2
Minimum allowable vessel diameter for separation
Dmin in of oil droplets down to 100 micron

D2H 0

## Try different combinations of D.

TABLE 1
D, in H, in Ls , f SR
30 0.0 6.3 2.5
36 0.0 6.3 2.1
42 0.0 6.8 2.0
48 0.0 7.3 1.8
54 0.0 7.8 1.7 TABLE 2 (Ref. API 12J)
Retention time,
60 0.0 8.3 1.7 Oil Gravities
minutes (Typical)
66 0.0 8.8 1.6 Above 35 API
o
1
72 0.0 9.3 1.6 20 to 30 oAPI 1 to 2
78 0.0 9.8 1.5 10 to 20 oAPI 2 to 4
84 0.0 10.3 1.5
90 0.0 10.8 1.4

## Ls f Seam to seam length (select from Table 1)

SR Slenderness ratio (typical value 3 to 4) (select from Table 1)
D in Separator diameter (select from Table 1)

NOTES
1. As per GPSA, typical vertical H/D ratios are normally in the 2 to 4 range.
Two Phase (Gas - Oil) Vertical Separator

## INPUT PARAMETERS SCHEMATIC

Qg 15 mmscfd Gas rate
Qo 3000 bbl/d Oil rate

## Orange boxes are input boxes.

γ 0.6 Gas specific gravity
ρ'o 35.0 oAPI Oil density
γo 0.85 Oil specific gravity
P 985 psia Operating pressure
T' 60 oF Operating temperature
T 520 oR Operating temperature
t 3 minutes Retention time (Refer Table 1)
Z 0.84 Gas compressibility
µg 0.013 cP Gas viscosity
dm 100 Micron Smallest oil droplet size to be removed

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
ρg 3.7 lb/ft3 Gas operating density
ρo 53.0 lb/ft3 Oil operating density

Step 2: Determine Cd
Cd 1.14 Assume Drag coefficient
u 0.41 ft/s Settling velocity of oil droplet
Re 56 Reynolds no.
Cd 1.17
Use goal seek to get error zero, by changing
Error 0.00 asssumed Cd
Click me

## Step 3: Check for gas capacity constraint

D2 977 in2
Minimum allowable vessel diameter for separation
Dmin 31.3 in of oil droplets down to 100 micron

D2H 77085

## Try different combinations of D.

TABLE 1
D, in H, in Ls , f SR
30 85.7 13.5 5.4
36 59.5 11.3 3.8
42 43.7 10.5 3.0
48 33.5 10.1 2.5
54 26.4 10.0 2.2 TABLE 2 (Ref. API 12J)
Oil Gravities Retention time,
60 21.4 10.1 2.0 minutes (Typical)
66 17.7 10.3 1.9 Above 35 oAPI 1
72 14.9 10.6 1.8 20 to 30 oAPI 1 to 2
78 12.7 10.9 1.7 10 to 20 oAPI 2 to 4
84 10.9 11.2 1.6
90 9.5 11.6 1.6

## Ls 11.3 f Seam to seam length (select from Table 1)

SR 3.8 Slenderness ratio (typical value 3 to 4) (select from Table 1)
D 36.0 in Separator diameter (select from Table 1)

NOTES
1. As per GPSA, typical vertical H/D ratios are normally in the 2 to 4 range.
Two Phase (Gas - Oil) Horizontal Separator

INPUT PARAMETERS
Qg 15 mmscfd Gas rate SCHEMATIC
Qo 3000 bbl/d Oil rate

## Orange boxes are input boxes.

γ 0.6 Gas specific gravity
ρ'o 35.0 oAPI Oil density
γo 0.85 Oil specific gravity
P 985 psia Operating pressure
T' 60 oF Operating temperature
T 520 oR Operating temperature
t 3 minutes Retention time (Refer Table 2)
Z 0.84 Gas compressibility
µg 0.013 cP Gas viscosity
dm 100 Micron Smallest oil droplet size to be removed
NLL 50% Normal Liquid Level

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
ρg 3.7 lb/ft3 Gas operating density
ρo 53.0 lb/ft3 Oil operating density

Step 2: Determine Cd
Cd 1.2 Assume Drag coefficient
u 0.40 ft/s Settling velocity of oil droplet
Re 55 Reynolds no.
Cd 1.18
Use goal seek to get error zero, by changing
Error 0.00 Click me
asssumed Cd
Click me

LD 83 in.ft

D2L 12852 in2.ft

## Try different combinations of D.

TABLE 1

SR = 12 ls
Ls, f Governing (oil or
D, in Lg, f (gas) Lo, f Ls, f (oil) case gas)/D
Liquid
6 13.85 14.35 357.00 476.0 Capacity 952.00
Liquid
12 6.92 7.92 89.25 119.0 Capacity 119.00
Liquid TABLE 2 (Ref. API 12J)
24 3.46 5.46 22.31 29.8 Capacity 14.88
Liquid Oil Gravities Retention time,
30 2.77 5.27 14.28 19.0 Capacity 7.62 minutes (Typical)

## Liquid Above 35 oAPI 1

36 2.31 5.31 9.92 12.4 Capacity 4.14
Liquid 20 to 30 oAPI 1 to 2
42 1.98 5.48 7.29 9.8 Capacity 2.80
Liquid 10 to 20 oAPI 2 to 4
48 1.73 5.73 5.58 8.1 Capacity 2.02
Liquid
54 1.54 6.04 4.41 6.9 Capacity 1.53

## Ls 12.4 f Seam to seam length (select from Table 1)

SR 4.1 Slenderness ratio (typical value 3 to 5) (select from Table 1)
D 36 in Separator diameter (select from Table 1)

NOTES
1. As per GPSA, typical horizontal L/D ratios are normally in the 2.5 to 5 range.
2. If D>30", Ls = 2.5 + Lo;
Else, Ls = (4/3)*Lo
Ref. http://process-designs.com/separators_and_scrubbers/separators_and_scrubbers.jsp
Two Phase (Gas - Oil) Horizontal Separator

INPUT PARAMETERS
Qg mmscfd Gas rate SCHEMATIC
Qo bbl/d Oil rate

## Orange boxes are input boxes.

γ Gas specific gravity
ρ'o o
API Oil density
γo Oil specific gravity
P psia Operating pressure
T' o
F Operating temperature
T o
R Operating temperature
t minutes Retention time (Refer Table 2)
Z Gas compressibility
µg cP Gas viscosity
dm Micron Smallest oil droplet size to be removed
NLL Normal Liquid Level

CALCULATIONS EQUATIONS
Step 1: Determine gas and oil properties
ρg lb/ft3 Gas operating density
ρo lb/ft3 Oil operating density

Step 2: Determine Cd
Cd Assume Drag coefficient
u ft/s Settling velocity of oil droplet
Re Reynolds no.
Cd
Use goal seek to get error zero, by changing
Error Click me
asssumed Cd
Click me

LD in.ft

D2L in2.ft

## Try different combinations of D.

TABLE 1

SR = 12 ls
Ls, f Governing (oil or
D, in Lg, f (gas) Lo, f Ls, f (oil) case gas)/D
Liquid
6 Capacity
Liquid
12 Capacity
Liquid TABLE 2 (Ref. API 12J)
24 Capacity
Liquid Oil Gravities Retention time,
30 Capacity minutes (Typical)
Liquid Above 35 oAPI 1
36 Capacity
Liquid 20 to 30 oAPI 1 to 2
42 Capacity
Liquid 10 to 20 oAPI 2 to 4
48 Capacity
Liquid
54 Capacity
Liquid
60 Capacity
Liquid
66 Capacity
Liquid
72 Capacity

## Ls f Seam to seam length (select from Table 1)

SR Slenderness ratio (typical value 3 to 5) (select from Table 1)
D in Separator diameter (select from Table 1)

NOTES
1. As per GPSA, typical horizontal L/D ratios are normally in the 2.5 to 5 range.
2. If D>30", Ls = 2.5 + Lo;
Else, Ls = (4/3)*Lo
Ref. http://process-designs.com/separators_and_scrubbers/separators_and_scrubbers.jsp