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SPECIFICATION FOR NICKEL AND NICKEL-BASE

ALLOY-CLAD STEEL PLATE


SA-265

(Identical with ASTM Specification A 265-94a) 98

1. Scope B 443 Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum-


Columbium Alloy (UNS N06625) Plate, Sheet, and
1.1 This specification covers plate of a carbon steel
Strip
or low-alloy steel base to which is integrally and
B 463 Specification for UNS N08020, UNS N08026, and
continuously bonded on one or both sides a layer of
UNS N08024 Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip
nickel or nickel-base alloy. The material is generally
B 575 Specification for Low-Carbon Nickel-Molybde-
intended for pressure vessel use.
num-Chromium and Low-Carbon Nickel-Chromium
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be Molybdenum Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip
regarded as the standard. SI units are provided for B 582 Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron-Molyb-
information only. denum-Copper Alloy Plate, Sheet, and Strip
B 625 Specification for UNS N08904, UNS N08925,
UNS N08931, UNS N08932, and UNS N08926 Plate,
Sheet, and Strip
2. Referenced Documents 2.2 ASME Code:
98 2.1 ASTM Standards: Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX, Welding
A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Test- Qualifications
ing of Steel Products
A 480 /A 480M Specification for General Requirements
for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel 3. Terminology
Plate, Sheet, and Strip 3.1 Descriptions of Terms:
A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for
Chemical Analysis of Steel Products 3.1.1 This material is considered as single-clad or
B 127 Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS double-clad nickel or nickel-base alloy clad steel plate,
N04400) Plate, Sheet, and Strip depending on whether one or both sides are covered.
B 162 Specification for Nickel Plate, Sheet, and Strip 3.1.2 The term plate as used in this specification
B 168 Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloy applies to material 3 / 16 in. (2.73 mm) and over in
(UNS N06600, N06601, and N06690) and Nickel- thickness, and over 10 in. (254 mm) in width.
Chromium-Cobalt-Molybdenum Alloy (UNS N06617)
Plate, Sheet, and Strip
B 333 Specification for Nickel-Molybdenum Alloy Plate,
4. Ordering Information
Sheet, and Strip
B 409 Specification for Nickel-Iron-Chromium Alloy 4.1 It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify 98
Plate, Sheet, and Strip all requirements that are necessary for material ordered
B 424 Specification for Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu Alloy (UNS under this specification. Such requirements may include,
N08825 and N08221) Plate, Sheet, and Strip but are not limited to the following:

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SA-265 1998 SECTION II

4.1.1 Quantity (mass or number of pieces), respective metal in Specifications B 127, B 162, B
168, B 333, B 409, B 424, B 443, B 463, B 575, B
4.1.2 Name of material (Nickel or Nickel-Base
582, and B 625.
Alloy-Clad Steel Plate),
6.3 Base Metal—The base metal may be carbon
4.1.3 Heat treatment, if required,
steel or low-alloy steel conforming to the ASTM speci-
4.1.4 Dimensions including the thickness of the fications for steels for pressure vessels. The base metal
cladding alloy, shall conform to the chemical requirements of the
specification to which it is ordered.
4.1.5 Cladding metal (see Section 6),
4.1.6 Base metal (see Section 6),
4.1.7 Product analysis, if required (see Section 8), 7. Mechanical Properties
7.1 Tensile Requirements:
4.1.8 Mechanical Properties (see Sections 7, 13
and 14), 7.1.1 The tensile properties shall be determined
4.1.9 Restrictions, if required, on repair by welding by a tension test of the composite plate for clad plates
(see Section 12), and that meet all of the following conditions. However, if
the cladding is for corrosion allowance only, the clad-
4.1.10 Additions to the specification or special ding may be removed before tensile testing. The tensile
requirements. properties thus determined shall be not less than the
minimum and not more than 5000 psi (35 MPa) over
the maximum prescribed in the specification for the
5. Materials and Manufacture base steel used. All other tensile test requirements of
the specification for the base steel shall be met.
5.1 Process:
7.1.1.1 The composite gage is less than or equal
5.1.1 The steel shall be made by the open-hearth,
to 11⁄2 in.
electric-furnace (with separate degassing and refining
optional), or basic-oxygen processes, or by secondary 7.1.1.2 The specified minimum tensile strength
processes whereby steel made from these primary pro- of the base steel is less than or equal to 70,000 psi
cesses is remelted using electroslag remelting or vacuum (485 MPa).
arc remelting processes.
7.1.1.3 The specified minimum yield strength
5.1.2 The cladding metal may be metallurgically of the base steel is less than or equal to 40,000 psi
bonded to the base metal by any method that will (275 MPa).
produce a clad steel that will conform to the require-
ments of this specification. 7.1.2 The tensile properties shall be determined
5.2 Heat Treatment—Unless heat treatment is re- by a tension test of the base steel only for clad plates
quired by the cladding material or base steel specifica- that meet one of the following conditions. The properties
tion, the clad plate shall be furnished in the as-rolled thus determined shall meet all of the tensile test require-
condition. The purchaser and the manufacturer may ments for the base steel.
agree on any other heat treatment within the base steel 7.1.2.1 The composite gage is greater than 11⁄2 in.
specification that is mutually agreeable.
7.1.2.2 The specified minimum tensile strength
of the base steel is greater than 70,000 psi (485 MPa).
6. Chemical Composition
7.1.2.3 The specified minimum yield strength
6.1 The composite plate may conform to any desired of the base steel is greater than 40,000 psi (275 MPa).
combination cladding metal and base metal as described
7.2 Ductility — Two bend tests of the composite
in 6.2 and 6.3, and as agreed upon between the purchaser
plate shall be made, one with the cladding metal
and the manufacturer.
in tension and the other with the cladding metal in
6.2 Cladding Metal—The nickel or nickel-base alloy compression, to determine the ductility of the materials.
cladding metal specified shall conform to the require- On double-clad plates, the bend tests shall be made
ments as to chemical composition prescribed for the so that one specimen represents the cladding metal in

410
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-265

tension on one side while the other specimen represents 8.3 The results of the product analysis shall conform
the cladding metal in tension on the opposite side. Bend to the requirements of standards referenced in Section 2.
tests shall be made in accordance with the requirements
8.4 Methods and practices relating to chemical analy-
prescribed in the specifications for the base metal.
sis required by this specification shall be in accordance
7.3 Bond Strength — When required by the purchaser, with Test Methods, Practices, and Definitions A 751.
three bend tests shall be made with the cladding metal
8.5 Results of the product analysis shall conform to
in compression to determine the quality of the bond.
the requirements of Section 7 of Specification A 480 /A
Bends shall be made in accordance with the specifica-
480M.
tions for the base metal. At least two out of the three
tests shall show not more than 50% separation on both
edges of the bent portion. Greater separation shall be
9. Dimensions, Mass, and Permissible
cause for rejection.
Variations
7.4 Shear Strength — As an alternative to the bend 9.1 Composite plates shall conform to the thickness
test provided in 7.3 and when required by the purchaser, and weight requirements prescribed in Table 1.
the minimum shear strength of the cladding and base
metals shall be 20,000 psi (140 MPa). The shear test 9.2 The weight and limit tolerances shall be as
when specified, shall be made in the manner indicated prescribed in Specification A 480 /A 480M.
in Fig. 1.
7.5 Methods and practices relating to mechanical 10. Thickness of Cladding Metal
testing required by this specification shall be in accord-
ance with Test Methods and Definitions A 370. 10.1 The minimum thickness and tolerances on the
thickness of the cladding metal shall be agreed upon
between the purchaser and the manufacturer.
8. Product Analysis
8.1 Product analysis may be required on finished 11. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance
product. Chemical analysis may be accomplished by wet
11.1 The material shall be free of injurious defects
chemical or instrumental procedures. If wet chemical
and shall have a workmanlike appearance.
procedures are used, millings may be taken only when
the composite plate thickness is sufficient to permit 11.2 Clad plates shall be furnished in the as-rolled
obtaining millings without danger of contamination condition, unless otherwise specified.
from the adjacent layer. If spectrometric procedures
11.3 The clad surface may be supplied as-rolled, or
are used, the sample shall be exposed on the center
as-rolled and sand blasted as specified.
line of the cladding when there is sufficient cladding
thickness available so that there is no contamination
from the adjacent base metal.
12. Repair of Cladding by Welding 98
8.2 If product analysis is specified by the purchaser,
12.1 The material manufacturer may repair defects
it shall be made on a sample taken from the finished
in cladding by welding provided the following require-
product or a broken test specimen. For wet chemical
ments are met:
analysis, in order to avoid contamination by the base
plate metal, millings of cladding samples shall be taken 12.1.1 Prior approval shall be obtained from the
from the test coupon by removal and discard of all purchaser if the repaired area exceeds 3% of the cladding
the base metal plus 40% of the cladding thickness surface.
from the bonded side, not to exceed 1 / 16 in. (1.598
12.1.2 The welding procedure and the welders or
mm). The material shall be cleaned and sufficient
welding operators are qualified in accordance with
millings taken to represent the full cross-section of the
Section IX of the ASME Code.
remainder. If there is insufficient cladding thickness
available to spectrographically expose on the center 12.1.3 The defective area shall be removed and
line of the cladding without contamination, 50% of the the area prepared for repair shall be examined by a
cladding shall be removed and the sample exposed on magnetic particle method or a liquid penetrant method
this surface. to ensure all defective area has been removed. Method

411
SA-265 1998 SECTION II

of test and acceptance standard shall be as agreed upon 14.4 All tests shall be made on specimens in the
between the purchaser and the manufacturer. same condition of heat treatment to which the composite
plate is furnished.
12.1.4 The repair weld shall be deposited in accord-
ance with a welding procedure and welding materials 14.5 When specified in the purchase order, additional
suitable for the cladding material. The surface condition test specimens representing the as-furnished composite
of the repaired area shall be restored to a condition plate shall be thermally treated to simulate a post-weld
similar to the rest of the cladding. heat treatment. The temperature range, time, and cooling
rates shall be specified in the purchase order. Mechanical
12.1.5 The repaired area shall be examined by a
properties in the simulated post-weld heat-treated condi-
liquid penetrant method in accordance with 12.1.3.
tion shall meet the minimum requirements of the as-
12.1.6 The location and extent of the weld repairs furnished composite plate.
together with the repair procedure and examination
14.6 For plates 11⁄2 in. (38.1 mm) and under in
results shall be transmitted as a part of the certification.
thickness tension test specimens shall be the full thick-
ness of the material except as specified in 7.1.1 and
7.1.2, and the bend test specimen shall be full thickness
13. Number of Tests and Retests of the material and shall be machined to the form and
13.1 One or more tension tests, as required by the dimensions shown in Fig. 2, or may be machined with
specifications for the base metal, one face bend test both edges parallel.
(cladding metal in tension), one reverse bend test 14.7 For plates over 11⁄2 in. in thickness tension
(cladding metal in compression), and, when specified, tests shall be of the form shown in Fig. 3 and shall
one shear test or three bond bend tests shall be made be of all base steel conforming to the requirements of
representing each plate as rolled. Each specimen shall the specification for the base steel.
be in the final condition of heat treatment required for
the plate. 14.8 For plates over 11⁄2 in. in thickness the bend
test specimens need not be greater in thickness than
13.2 If any test specimen shows defective machining 11⁄2 in. but shall not be less than 11⁄2 in. Specimens
or develops flaws, it may be discarded and another shall be of the form and dimensions shown in Fig. 2.
specimen substituted. In reducing the thickness of the specimen, both the
13.3 If any part of the fracture takes place outside alloy cladding and the base steel shall be machined
of the middle half of the gage length or in a punched so as to maintain the same ratio of clad metal to base
or scribed mark within the reduced section, the elonga- steel as is maintained in the plate, except that the
tion value obtained may not be representative of the thickness of the clad metal need not be reduced below
1⁄ in. (3.17 mm).
material. If the elongation so measured meets the 8
minimum requirements specified, no further testing is 14.9 The sides of the bend test specimen may have
indicated, but if the elongation is less than the minimum the corners rounded to a radius not over 1 / 16 in. (1.58
requirements the test shall be discarded and a retest mm) for plates 11⁄2 in. and under in thickness, and not
made. over 1⁄8 in. for plates over 11⁄2 in. in thickness.
14.10 Any test specimen used for the determination
14. Test Specimens of the minimum thickness of cladding metal shall have
distorted metal, due to burning or shearing, completely
14.1 The tension test specimens from plate shall removed.
conform to the requirements prescribed in the specifica-
tions for the base metal.
14.2 Bend test specimens shall be taken from the 15. Inspection
middle of the top of the plate as rolled, at right angles
to its longitudinal axis. 15.1 The manufacturer shall afford the inspector,
without charge, all reasonable facilities to satisfy him
14.3 When required by the purchaser, the shear test that the material is being furnished in accordance with
specimen shall be taken from a top or bottom corner this specification. All tests (except product analysis)
of the plate as rolled, parallel to its longitudinal axis. and inspection shall be made at the place of manufacture

412
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SA-265

prior to shipment, unless otherwise specified, and shall 17. Certification


be so conducted as not to interfere unnecessarily with
17.1 The chemical analysis of the base metal shall
the operation of the works.
be certified to the purchaser by the manufacturer.
17.2 The results of the tests in Section 7, shall be
reported to the purchaser or his representative.
16. Rejection and Rehearing
16.1 Unless otherwise specified, any rejection based 18. Product Marking
on tests made in accordance with Section 8, shall be
18.1 Except as specified in 18.2, the name or brand of
reported to the manufacturer within 5 working days
the manufacturer, the manufacturer’s test identification
from the receipt of samples by the purchaser.
number, the class of the base steel, the designation of
16.2 Material which shows injurious defects subse- the cladding metal, and the specified minimum tensile
quent to its acceptance at the manufacturer’s work will strength shall be legibly stamped on each finished
be rejected, and the manufacturer shall be notified. single-clad plate in two places on the base steel side
not less than 12 in. (304.8 mm) from the edges. The
16.3 Samples tested in accordance with Section 8,
manufacturer’s test identification number shall be legibly
that represent rejected material shall be preserved for
stamped on each test specimen.
3 weeks from the date of the test report. In case
of dissatisfaction with the results of the tests, the 18.2 For double-clad material or for material under
manufacturer may make claim for a rehearing within 1⁄ in. (6.35 mm) in thickness, the marking specified
4
that time. in 18.1 shall be legibly stenciled instead of stamped.

413
SA-265 1998 SECTION II

FIG. 1 TEST SPECIMEN AND METHOD OF MAKING FIG. 2 STANDARD RECTANGULAR TEST
SHEAR TEST OF CLAD PLATE SPECIMENS WITH 8 IN. GAGE LENGTH

FIG. 3 STANDARD ROUND TENSION TESTS


SPECIMEN WITH 2 IN. GAGE LENGTH

414
TABLE 1
PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN THICKNESS AND OVERWEIGHTS OF PLATES THICKNESSA

Permissible Excess in Average Weight per Square Foot Plates for Widths Given in inches (mm), Expressed in Percentage of Nominal Weight D

48 60 72 84 96 108 120 132 144


(1219.2) (1524.0) (1828.8) (2133.6) (2438.4) (2743.2) (3048.0) (3352.8) (3657.6)
Under to 60 to 72 to 84 to 96 to 108 to 120 to 132 to 144 to 152
48 (1524.0) (1828.8) (2133.6) (2438.4) (2743.2) (3048.0) (3352.8) (3675.6) (3860.8)
Specified Thickness, in. (mm) (1219.2) excl excl excl excl excl excl excl excl incl
3⁄ 5.25 6.00 6.75 7.50 9.00 11.50 ... ... ... ...
16
to 1⁄4 (4.76 to 6.35), excl
1⁄ 4.50 5.25 6.00 6.75 7.50 10.50 12.00 13.00 14.25 ...
4
to 5⁄16 (6.35 to 7.94), excl
5⁄ 3 3.75 4.50 5.25 6.00 6.75 7.50 9.00 10.00 12.75 16.00
16 to ⁄8 (7.94 to 9.52), excl
3⁄ to 7⁄ 3.50 3.75 4.50 5.25 6.00 6.75 7.50 8.50 11.25 15.00
8 16 (9.52 to 11.11), excl
7⁄ 1 3.00 3.50 3.75 4.50 5.25 6.00 6.75 7.50 9.75 12.75
16 to ⁄2 (11.11 to 12.7), excl
1⁄ to 5⁄ (12.7 to 15.88), excl 2.75 3.00 3.50 3.75 4.50 5.25 6.00 6.75 8.25 10.50
2 8
5⁄ to 3⁄ (15.88 to 19.05), excl 2.25 2.75 3.00 3.50 3.75 4.50 5.00 5.50 6.25 6.75
8 4

415
3⁄ to 1 (19.05 to 25.4), excl 2.00 2.25 2.75 3.00 3.50 3.75 4.25 4.75 5.25 6.00
4
1 or Over (25.4 or Over) 2.00 2.00 2.25 2.75 3.50 3.50 3.75 4.25 4.75 5.25
GENERAL NOTE: All plates shall be ordered to thickness and not to weight per square foot. No plates shall vary more than 0.01 in. (0.254 mm) under the thickness ordered, and the
overweight of each lot B shall not exceed the amount given in the table below.C

NOTES:
A Spot grinding is permitted to remove surface imperfections not to exceed 0.01 in. (0.254 mm) under the specified thickness.
B The term “lot” means all of the plates of each group width and each group thickness.
C The weight of individual plates shall not exceed the nominal weight by more than one and one-third times the amount prescribed in the above table.
D Nominal weights for the composite plates shall be calculated using the following weights for the component materials:
PART A — FERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS

Density Weight per Square Foot


for Material 1 in. (25.4 mm)
lb /in.3 g /cm3 in Thickness, lb
Steel 0.283 7.83 40.80
Nickel 0.321 8.88 46.22
Nickel-copper alloy 0.319 8.83 45.94
Nickel-chromium-iron alloy 0.307 8.49 44.21
SA-265