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Patron saint

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Saint Matthew the Apostle, depicted with an angel, is the patron saint of Salerno,
Italy, bankers, and tax collectors.

A branch of Saint Honore Cake Shop, a Hong Kong chain bakery, in Hong Kong. Saint
Honorius (Honor�) is the patron saint of bakers and confectioners.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who
in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism or Eastern Orthodoxy, is regarded as the heavenly
advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.[1][2]
[title missing][page needed]

1 Origin
2 Denominations
2.1 Christianity
2.2 Islam
3 See also
4 References
5 External links
Saints often become the patrons of places where they were born or had been active.
However, there were cases in Medieval Europe where a city which grew to prominence
and obtained for its cathedral the remains or some relics of a famous saint who had
lived and was buried elsewhere, thus making him or her the city's patron saint �
such a practice conferred considerable prestige on the city concerned. In Latin
America and the Philippines, Spanish and Portuguese explorers often named a
location for the saint on whose feast or commemoration they first visited the
place, with that saint naturally becoming the area's patron.[citation needed]

Professions sometimes have a patron saint owing to that individual being involved
somewhat with it, although some of the connections were tenuous. Lacking such a
saint, an occupation would have a patron whose acts or miracles in some way recall
the profession. For example, when the previously unknown profession of photography
appeared in the 19th century, Saint Veronica was made its patron, owing to how her
veil miraculously received the imprint of Christ's face after she wiped off the
blood and sweat.[3][4][5]

The veneration or "commemoration" and recognition of patron saints or saints in
general is found in Roman Catholicism, Eastern Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy,
Oriental Orthodoxy, and among some Lutherans and Anglicans. Catholics believe that
patron saints, having already transcended to the metaphysical, are able to
intercede effectively for the needs of their special charges.[6]

It is, however, generally discouraged in most Protestant branches such as

Calvinism, where the practice is considered a form of idolatry.[7]

Although Islam has no codified doctrine of patronage on the part of saints, it has
nevertheless been an important part of both Sunni and Shia Islamic tradition that
particularly important classical saints have served as the heavenly advocates for
specific Muslim empires, nations, cities, towns, and villages.[8] Martin Lings
wrote: "There is scarcely a region in the empire of Islam which has not a Sufi for
its Patron Saint."[8]:119 As the veneration accorded saints often develops purely
organically in Islamic climates, in a manner different to Catholic and Eastern
Orthodox Christianity, "patron saints" are often recognized through popular acclaim
rather than through official declaration.[8] Traditionally, it has been understood
that the patron saint of a particular place prays for that place's wellbeing and
for the health and happiness of all who live therein.[8]

However, the Wahhabi and Salafi movements within Sunnism have latterly attacked the
veneration of saints (as patron or otherwise), which they claim are a form of
idolatry or shirk.[8] More mainstream Sunni clerics have critiqued this argument
since Wahhabism first emerged in the 18th century.[9] The critiques
notwithstanding, widespread veneration of saints in the Sunni world declined in the
20th century under Wahhabi and Salafi influence.[8]

See also
Saints portal
Calendar of saints
Guardian angel
List of blesseds
List of saints
Patron saints of ailments, illness, and dangers
Patron saints of occupations and activities
Patron saints of places
Patron saints of ethnic groups
Saint symbolism
Slocum, Robert Boak; Armentrout, Donald S. (2000). "Patronal Feast". An Episcopal
Dictionary of the Church: A User-Friendly Reference for Episcopalians. New York:
Church Publishing, Inc. p. 390. ISBN 0-89869-211-3.
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.). Boston:
Houghton Mifflin Company. 2006. ISBN 0-618-70172-9.
C.W.G.; R.G. (11 September 1852). "St. Veronica (Vol. vi., p.199)". Notes and
Queries. London. 6 (150): 252.
"Archaeological Intelligence". The Archaeological Journal. 7: 413. 1850.
Butler, Alban (2000). "St. Veronica (First Century)". In Doyle, Peter. Lives of
the Saints: July (New full ed.). Tunbridge Wells: Burns & Oates. pp. 84�86. ISBN 0-
86012-256-5. OCLC 877793679 � via Google Books.
Gibson, Henry (1882). "Twenty-Fifth Instruction". Catechism Made Easy: Being a
Familiar Explanation of the Catechism of Christian Doctrine (No. 2). 1 (2nd ed.).
London: Burns and Oates. p. 310 � via Internet Archive.
Duke, A.C.; Lewis, Gillian; Pettegree, Andrew, eds. (1992). "Managing a country
parish: A country pastor's advice to his successor". Calvinism in Europe, 1540-
1610: A Collection of Documents. p. 53. ISBN 0-7190-3552-X. OCLC 429210690.
Lings, Martin (2005) [1983]. What is Sufism?. Lahore: Suhail Academy. pp. 119-120
Commins, David (2009). The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia. I.B.Tauris. p. 59.
Abd al-Latif, who would become the next supreme religious leader ... enumerated the
harmful views that Ibn Jirjis openly espoused in Unayza: Supplicating the dead is
not a form of worship but merely calling out to them, so it is permitted. Worship
at graves is not idolatry unless the supplicant believes that buried saints have
the power to determine the course of events. Whoever declares that there is no god
but God and prays toward Mecca is a believer.
External links
Catholic Online: Patron Saints
Wikisource-logo.svg Henry Parkinson (1913). "Patron Saints" . In Herbermann,
Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Wikisource-logo.svg "Patron Saint" . Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.
Topics about Saints
Categories: Patron saints
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