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Spau
uosusn pxa

fq

oioa u fydoso
d 3o aoaoQ

o ap ayi ao siuawaa
aax nbaa ayi 30

3igUaed u paiinugns uogriaassip


iuaw

esi
sgaap nng pine uoyauiy
ay o uo
on
in

ay uo snao3 giaad k
y naafi uaayinos

jainuiy p
ueapren
ai gdoaap
du ayi 3a oloa

ouag

aN o
e
up saaniun
fi
66 C 0 i iaQuxaaaQ

oua

EpEna o saanlun
f

ioogaS n
a pE uEaQ
aa M i
unH lauua ap
I

r
rrEy ledap
q
uau
axa 4a Q
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paAOldde 5l Ii O UOI
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it
lll

FRONTISPIECE

vein at the Huanzo Cordillera Peru


Very lame quartz Huarmancharpa prospect
rC
uS uoQ pu sau erJ d
r xad
srq u paluasaxd narx
sa ro
au 1 o Iip pa
pux ar uoa
ngix

CanxnS oioa
eai S
I n aqX o aaxay H urmpd S pa
1e
sa un au ur
e ar xo3 xod
n
xor

dns iared pap


It noxd SJSfI aq P I
Ii1IY
I2 xaury C
suI gaxeasa I
r
a1n yv ar
a j
I

ax aq 3o
uor ologd
ex
sgd

ieuae urunol xo3 S up


d 7 t piargasgaoH aixn xupul
o
L11 o ail plnom

rod
uor urxanoa xo pug road
I u1S pa
sa ion ar
p ur
paxxnaur soa
s roaexoq aril
C
el 3o a

ur naqi
xoq rud xo3 toad 30 C
uipun CII oloa aq o fpn
s ail o pap xiatp xo
ea
uoi

oaax l
u
uor aads anxasap
e g souaua
euag in
n
sap ul pine a uag o
sapin ragld soi
raua

uI q
l S xauxy ixr pug dru
duxo eu ap eiuuduro bSIB
doaxp y
s S sorxaua

uI exn
uang
uan S uuuipa
d ysauotsxanul
S sexau a
olloaxesaq sauorauxoidxg

ap rodsgy
du
Etu uang seury ap
S ean
d uan iu Clxnlnat
eduuo d xoq
r ne arp

nxad ui duzoa
saru ar xu iri pinom I uo
e uI
pp
o axoddns si
a
l
oii paprnoxd
eq egl oa a

n oxn
q
r
equ pug nzapuag opax3iH nopro ld nz
re ain sots
axxin inr ao
Cg

so aQ t
o rpu o
nH p1 oxaxxan urol zan
s ega xof d
a d ou
ell yv d esay otI

nr S xaxxaH aso
aaH L
f I onanuouxeg xo L11 x
asp d eua8
sapin a
x or souaua

uI iaads road
ar
ii enb eduredoaxp aq uiq
uxarpnos o al
uexp im srq a
tro oloa o

sxapun
urpu aq 01 a qpadiaq an
rluoa
n qey aldoad aq a Iii xunrp o nom I
axii P

I3Y1i
SJ
I
rIAAOI
JQ

nr
roddns pue uo
I tidsut arayl ro3
Ie oaar
paziu are nnara 3aiy

ueaoiS ayI 3o siaqutaur ayy Iaafo


d s yl uilaiduroa ur oddns pue noaua
I Iuarua ieuaala

ttayl rod at
o
paziu ate Sp
uosuen reyat IaaCoad styl
empg pine g
e roddns
paI pue leap

Ira a uaes anry uroynn


paa tayle pue
C
u
I I
uauue I ueyl 01 a
aI i Plnonn IClieui3

sapud

Iuaa ay1 o
It oioa aigipaaaur ayI oI our anpoqut rod aigoN
u pieuoQ aQ iosrnpe

fru oI uoilnquluoa
t
Cu
xueyl oI Iil osie pinonn I sassaao
a id oioa
at o urpuelsaapun

arll ao saauaias
pue aauelsisse a eai 3o IuaugxedaQ
i
oioa ayI 3o s
raqurauu pue areya

redap
uarul Iaiannyas d preyarZl Q aalliuruuoa rfur
ua paimouxae
a o1 a
I pinom I

Iduas

nueur
ayI o suorlrod dutmarnar to3 ireyl
pa osle aae
Iassa a II
y pue ra
an auuear

ssraM anals rn uaug


p sassaaoad oioa ar
ar pre suorssnasrp
u pue detu oloa
ar

sse snoaaua Iuaura


ayI o uorleaedaad ayI ui SIJ ylin aauels eanoaua Iuessaaut zay lob

szouuo d auraaylex aQ oI o ueyl


s uerpenb t
Iexaads man al duredoaip ayI uiyltnn

C
o ioa ayI oI suoilnquluoa pue aaul
lsxssr sry ouosq
r rsalad Q oI oI
e uey
s

saidrauud Cy
rppuels
o
oioa
ar ap

un oI aaisap ayI pue drysaoluaru du


pinoid s Ilam se aop ayI
rassrp it
I
uorlt o utlalduaoa

prennol Iuaura
eanoaua d
urpxno o oaat
u
paz sr
xo3 IIsauod Ilnsuoa ar
u oioa

rp ylin Clluaarnauoa Iaafoad


o
Cy ayI uo
rom
I o1 aoylne ayI uinnolle opaziudoaat st auI

suotlaas ssola pue


I
fl
orp
yaleas rau fueduao
I
o3 yaa ealaZ oa ISH
auI suel
I

dear oloa
at ayI alaidruoa oI Iels atom SIJ
uo asn o1 aoylne ayI uinnoiie ao3 pazru
o

aar osle si y uaalsaM surals


u Cs SIJ Inoge aarnpe Ieaiuyaal o se
urra Ilann se uorlel

ae3 Surlndwoa SJSf1 or


rduroa dear ao sa
Irl ssaaae
Surpinoad rod u aaa are C
paz
o Islenn

n
arura auaaoloH o aaam
ld a1e1 ruoa3 paurao3
auaao

sauna
saruealon epud
en aul 3o uoi ut
isodwoa eipauua 3o
a rs pue
saouealon Plarus eu

a smog pne
aapu I ueappnb eduredoaap au 30 sannuanos aaPlea
al eundoao au pur

sea
ay o eaaplea euao11ie au1 3o uotlpuuo3 au papnlaut Uingae uealon auaaorld
a

ruasd oaaa 3o alisaput au 3o


p dnaa
uo 1
ar aa13e
a
I ous eaap

Iea fenH aua


e prm pauaao3
ui aurreuanu le aae3ins
eaa
uoi prae uaaaeq I
a1
CIa 3o eaae

ae1
a y ueapenb aul
al 30 red uaarl
rou au ur
dnaa
pa aaam uorirsoduroa ua
erpau
a
u

o s 3o senel snoaueaodu
I
aia uoa
ra eurixoadde
Ia pine eaaplea evCenH m paaeld
au uru

v aaIIIfII
ursruo
uza aaam naasd oaaa 3a e
e sapu eye Z
a L arp 3o saurop pue smote

eadde eaap
sa
enuaana sa
sod oalnua
ep eurn g aq aanamou pauuo3ap aq
30 33n y Z oX

lea CenH arll 30 lseauaaou


e uan
s uroa3 drua seuen
pa raed eun
I
e 30 33n eW L a4
L

3e sa
C
ea evCenH
asdelioa aa uorliiur leaanas eaaplea au13o

aeua uaaq
ur nos au uo1e pauuo3 aaam
elruS euiy 3o suian d
n d ad r
a
l
e npe
as

L sauzop
au CUa
aailo 30 Iduaa
luaruaa au pue eye i1 n anbaenueS oaaa 3o sene

eipauaaa 3o
a
ui dnaa
uor aye Cq pamolio3 pue u pa sem uor
im eiaosse euaao3 eaaple

eaaPlea uouauiu au 30 aied uaar


rou au
a sau eaaplea
im pa
utu enH au
e 3o uoi
euu

ao3 ui pallnsaa oiardsoH oaaa pue enH oaaa


e 1l
3o s33n1 eW 9 au13o dnag
uor

pedruedo
auls rpaul3o suian d
nd eye B Ine3ieuuou urpuaa
LI auk sor1 s g

elaa pue uana aiuo


pa aaI enuaana arp uunp paP1o3 aaam
sxaoa auaaory Claeg aI

ueapenb atp 3o a
red uaau
aou auk 3o yanur nano eye 5
61
S
8 I noge uaamaaq dnaa
pa aaam

saruealon auedaes au1 uisradruoa apualquaou 3o samop pue smog


alraep air
q
o saxip

eW 6
6i elaa pine s
pa ur eaaplea dams arp
aolq apils aerzr pasodxa seu rZc
u Clleaol

uonaasstp daaQ eaaplea uouau


qpaaeraosse auk pue 33n1 OZ auk u pa
oaueW eW I Insaa

use aofeW
uaul ursruealon mo13 uorssaaans auraeiu arozosay sueaq
ssaa
an a uo
padolan

ap aae3ans leuoisoaa aaar


aeln ue Claano saouealono
ur eaas 3o saueuuraa au aae satuealon

ue auaaaxy
eso e flaea au 3o s33n a
Iis pal sapue auaxoa
exaosse pue ia Cd3a s ene

ezileaauiru 1e
uor snoiaaad pine
aur ap lpuxrau
f1rn CU u
oap r
e s aua
alon oaN

3o saposida leaanas 3o alis a sem nos al


road uaar ueapenb eduredoaap a
nuiur p au
I

2I
Z
LSS

rn
Z eQ
u auaolp
I
ai
g

iZ IUn o uolslniPgnS pug


s ulddpNi 3 i
aL
sPo4

Si aSJ
uroar
o
al

g dtjd
a
l
In
sa ois
I
oiyd

Z ui
I
anpo
uol

i I
aL
oloPo4 Puy uq
as a
ol i as
dg4

Inx ld 3Q SI
i I

Ix L3Q Sl
la I

IIn s7ualuo Q a
L

In gsq
B
v

nI uaui
s
r
ou
pai

iii d
dsquoa
aaa

II d aan
a is
Iau

Odd 1IOIZOdS Ld6


H

Li30 IS
S
I0
I3 1

IiA
09 i sarsodaQ J
i
inrar

09 C I
isPre
sap

6S urnrnniio pug urn


nniid

6Si sa
ad
rn ydrouroa pug
a slrsodaQ rns
r

9Si ursrunaion anrlad

rnargd
Si niauau
a
roN t
e aion ir
nS Pu urs
1 u a
uo
LI7i saru
eaionprrd
en

iro rapii
uro ay o s33n
L nnousy u2I
i
i uor a
rsoduzo e aion ur
pauraalui 3o ursru H
e
sn

trbi dg
apos aioA tatru
aru en pug auaaorid
ra

i
Z aion
ursru uar
i
ag
ialrntl
o
Iprq n
sI
u
aprio
Li erun 30 33n
a
oainr L

I nrasd oara o alrsapuy

6Z i dun 30 33n
u
n
seu L

6Z i d aru
apos aioA auaaorY
i I
a

LZ i iauaruoN S
r
aan raPyre rus
i
arrld rreaion uor
i
a
9Zi es
nri
anboa
oua sapud

86 aapie C
nH a o sxao

96 nii
f 30 33n
L

9b d
apos aion auaaorYll aiPP
aru i
Y

I6 eiauawo
arnx eras uo
r
arrld ao ssnasrQ
uo

apie uogaurri ar o s
9e ao

S eaioA esog e
saru ueS

S apos aru
dg y Ciaeg
eaion auaao

ZS uorleuuod urnbnaad
t
i S uor oa
eurro3 I
nL

bIr dnorrJ r
an

sxao rd
a
L
ra
Ger

6 anporluI
uor

8 2I Z aa3dr
IlI 4

d
J dS2Id
HOLL H
LdT

rrrn
9Z uorssnasrQ

9Z aaZ d
ursruo or
sra
auaao

Z9Z uor
uuo3aQWa
auaao I

SSZ ruuo3aa auaao


uor y g auaao
ir riO al

SZ uoiauaaory
iuro3aQ ard

SZ rxi
r
anpa
uo

OSZ S pauo
nt
aaiy ag b dsy
as

apurpre
Z luaurdoianaQ a
L a suoinaasgO

ZapnH
i
e

Z exapi uoyaury

uorssnasrQ
trhZ

ZIn
ad ap
sod
a

O iZ S uruuo
a d aapieW
u
a

90Z rnga ard


a
rapi

IOZ tapi
a CenH
e

i
b ad asd
i rni sod
iioa

ZLi s uiuuod
e
a rapi
E
eW
ui
ea

9i Ujn
ab rapi
T
ard
ea

L9I ap u4gauru
e
a

9I uI
anpo
uor

Z9i aPlB u
su fenH puB uoyauiy aye 3o uvyn
an dBy
a

J6
d Al4 lddH
3S 2l
L

xr
ag3o xapui
saauaaa

i0 ag
a
saaua

ad o
00 in uuau
i
C
p H

00 uisiuo
aaZ

bbZ onaapl
a
uasiu s

bbz ux
s

bbZ auo
sn
suo

L6Z ums
u

9bZ suaisnlauo puB reununS 9 q


d
as

bZ eaion
uasiu o CHo Eia
1ingay ur
p
o
a usuot
d

bZ uoissnasiQ

bZ uuds aq
s ur agap pine uure
i
oa enH
eau

Z6Z un mid
s
I

Z6Z au
siQasd

88Z eaad uo
l
aaaan
e
au
i

L8Z aadsaad b
Iri1ed

8Z siQ IiuS
au

i 8Z laadsoo
rd i
C

08Z d
aadso pdiio

08Z u
andry
ou

LZ awsiQ dun
p
doa

LZ ozosaW u paxsoH uoi


iun a
s iFT
a
uox
Ni
au
ziiu

LZ xnx oip
f
ad uuaq 3o sra
i
CH

y9z anpoaluI
not

S9Z uopgzggaaury pue inga uaa


f
r fH
paap 5 dgq
a

J6
d S d
OLL
A 7 ldb
7
N

x
iLZ sea
d fpd pug
uaa
aidoarp
rr
rp
ue r CS oap
dur au ur sura
s uuaq 8
i
CH I
ala

SZ road u ay ur
nos
r pazru s ai
oaag na
p
rr
p
durredoa arp ui uang o e any pug siuang aiuo
s aay L al9
i

Z6 nos ur
road roar oaa se
paziu run xao o ro
s eiar
l
uo 9 alau
L

neduredoarp
rp
rre
ai aq3 ur run Iao2i
s S ai9
L

S ai
n
ip eduredoaap ar 2i Pa
3 ruoa i i

CHrod said I d
oap
iiuuuaq a33o uor
P pueidxd L
a19E

ai
pena duredoaap aye u 2I Pa
toa 1iuf1 x id
a

iH uo suoi
rp
arpo
ii euiruraaaQ aid aWaruorpe aigey

6Z n
a
u
ai ppdurrdo xzp
aria urrJ
tnn stun xaoa rod said i
rd paraa3ard o idx
ur
uora Za
y
q

SZ surd fpd Pyre ai


uaa n
usrp
duredoarp aq r
u ox a
s og uo suor
aQ
uuiuua aid ad
i i al9E
L

dd
d l
786

IS 30 ZSIZ
S
Z

rx
L rio3 uo
uo druoa arp
la o aninarpuadaad pamarn 33 nZ
ur C
ury naapirara
o ard o aa
i aea o gdr
ans paan ologd OZ
a d
aan

pioaaa
ZL u
apau
n1 o
p
uu
a
eaapi aye o yd
oaoyd fi C
a 3
aan

OL 3n o
ui ar
a n uaur arrlJri pug aururer 3o rlderdo
urr na
s d
or d
aan

L9 Lo
33n no atp o yd
uey aq o sags nno orid Li
o
a 3
aan

i 9 aa
uaa aTU
aion diio papoaa ar o ogd
o
a
yd 9I q
r
aan

oo
aion so guns arp
6Ssaru aoa gder
s ogd SI
o d
r
aan

LS saruuaion esog 1u nnno un o


Saq u
q orid bi aan
o
r
gd d
Ss aion auaaory
aoaa
u rg o uor
fia srQ
ngra I q
aan
L sxaoa aru
aion ra1 uuClaano pine s
aoa a
ozosay 3o ogd Z i aan
o
ra
rid 3

9b s
runxaoa rad
i
a
I
a eo uoi
ngr r
srQ i i i3
aan
S un aoa
s ozosay aria o uurnioa
a rid pazti
s
t
a aauar 0i q
i
aan
ai
enb
rreap
un deur aof
doaap arp u s
dru ur aq o sd
eiaaaid
gsuo q
t
aan

bi rr
radu

2aion a
ursru iaq a1
ozoua o s edas
ea aodma anr3 urnnoris dny
Cii g aan
3

9I nos3o d
mad uaay aaaa
eur aruo uo pazti
i aaua L 3
aan

sapud isquaa aq o dr
ur q
aan
I d pazri
Cr
ors
ea
argd eaaua g

i I road uaarpnos o

aaCCipao uaa
r saM arg o d al
or
gderdo nqS aa
edS anbtigp s q
aan

6 1au
sip aaiirpao Irrl aq 3o gd
edursdoaap arp pu r oqd
o
a r3
aan
g porrad o
uo
e
i

edS arl
u
qs te
uroa3 l
u rns u
eaa use o aa
s
aa e pub o oloyd
a
rld d
aan

al
ueapenb du aq1 nn
r
ydoaap rl
u
r
u
d q
aan
anpu a
sa ina
saan i g
C
s
o gd aaias u
d pa mogs leaauar
paz Z

ueapenb doaap
nos u al
ruad uaaq dua aq o uoi
r aol u
r nnogs y
dr I q
aan

J6
d i
L
IIl

2II1 30 ZSI
S
I3 I

rrx
l ruasd oaaa a s
a apu aq1 o snn
I 3o ridra
ogd L
o d
aan
i i undeun
en
sEUi3a 3n aq 3o oqd
o
a
gdr 9 i3
aan
0i s aa1
runaoa auaaar I Cat 3o uo
aad
raaal sra
anqu d
aan
Zi aap uogaurq aq o anua aqx a
ui eau
s o
nr
anba raa 3a

sapu
a
eay sw 3o gdr
Iaapun uatum amop araxl
sa ogd
o
a d
aan

ZZi e
a nbaN 3o saurop ar
Crla
rio
arl 3o re aq o rld
xaiduaoa moo sa oaaud
a i3
aan
uorlauiu aq 3o ur
aeua aq reau
Ll e
eaap
Lo
33n etaaaaq asua
ey 3o uo
u ui ag13a ogd
o
a
gdr Z aan
iq

fii i aapie uogauiq aq u Lo


tm3n
y Y1i

aaaaq aq oi
ipa
i agdaouu panpgns arp 3o
o ogd
o
gdea i id
aan

Z i 33n3oa aaaaq i ad
W 3o pasoduaoa e Ca our

enH oaaa 30 33n a 3o gdea


tlu evC
papn ogd 0
o iq
aan

90 i e
C enH aa ra 0 33n arp uirpim
rsodap ea
s nao yd
aiusnoaa
e
5
a
an oaoud 6Z n
r d

0i
j ap
e
a ui tq u eagan arp ur uraarla
enq ep am o u srsaa

sassnur
piasdilla urur
i uoa vC
enH oaaa 30 n arp 3o gd
oaogd
z 8Z td
aan
ZO I a
nutnap ru
nriltri aql ur
yC oaaa 3 33n
nH aqa o ogd
o
ea
gd LZ d
aan
OOi ap
e
a urruasd aaddn
e

aq1 ur
yfnnH oaaa 30 3n ar a gd
oud 9Z
o
a r3
aan
L6 s
run IalPpiua
xaoa auaaorY o rad
a
e
fr
a
L ao uorlnq
alsra SZ i3
aan

eau
98 eaapl uogaurq aq o aartla r
aq a p daod
ered a
a ufr ea
C qnsa gdpa
ran olaud Z aan
t3

S saruea
oA auedar aq o smog en pine
aano nd en
opfq uiu
sau jn
ua 7 aql o e
d
r
o
o a Z aan
rld q
i

6L i
33n no uaa
usw 30 aags mo0
o a3o
s ologd
gdna ZZ td
aan

eur euu
eua a au oloud iZ aan
a
yd Y3
eauiq
e
eaap
u m sass ep
r moys

dd 2II7J1

rnx
LOZ smarn ssoaa pine dr
as
ieuoq ur
xaiduro aapin m

nH aq3
C q drua
3o tio
s anr aq u
dap surea
a rrp ar ruagas S aan
q
r

bOZ aapiea CenH aq 30 e


aaaaq
uurm
a
uaapi ri
u is a
iaoiq ap
s zaxienb3o gd
olorid
a S n8id

ZOZ uaaplu Ceni aq 3o


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achanG
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16
i
i
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0 20 SU Km
Camana I
Drainages
Communities X Mines and Prospects
Pacific Ocean
Mountains Elevations 5000 meters

and mineral deposits in


Figure 1 Map showing location of the Orcopampa quadrangle
southern Peru
4

7 30

Laguna 00
2 4 6 8 10 Km Asoca
i l i i Arcata

Lagun
Drainages Arcat
i Laguna
Road Machucocha
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Distract

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selected physiographic and cultural features within


Figure 2 Generalized map showing Or
the Orcopampa quadrangle Features were obtained from the 000100 scale
1

copampa topographic quadrangle map


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8
9

Figure 4 A Photograph taken toward the southeast toward the Chila Cordillera from the

volcanic in the northwestern part of the The light in


Collpa center
quadrangle gray area

the central
left part of the ridge is part of the Huayta caldera Cerro Casiri the high ridge
on the horizon at the right edge of the photograph and Cerro Chila within the central part

of the photograph are composed of intracaldera tuff The vein complexes of the Or

copampa district include the Manto Calera and Santiago respectively from left to right
as shown by the network of access roads at the base of the adjacent cordillera In the

lower left foreground is the town of Orcopampa The mill and plant for Minas Or

copampa is directly behind the town at the base of the mountain range The ash plume is
from Volcan Sabancayo approximately 40 km southeast of the Orcopampa quadrangle in

the Chivay quadrangle


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A Shuttle of the coast and Western Cordillera of


Figure 5 Oblique Space photograph
of the Photograph taken
southern Perri which includes the area Orcopampa quadrangle
from the southwest towards the coast and Western Cordillera The Orcopampa quadran
of the Distinguishing features
gle is located in the north central portion photograph
and
within the photograph includeLago Titicaca Colca Canyon center of photograph
active chain of volcanoes Space Shuttle Photograph No AB7STS002300045 14
12

Approximate
N location of the

Orcopampa Lake

quadrangle Titicaca

Orcopampa

i
n
Cerro Chila
t
i

Nevado i
Nevado
Solimana J Nevado
Nevado Chachani
o
CorQOpuna Y
o
Sabancaya
1 D Volcan Misti
Colca
Canyon
Arequipa
Chuquibamba J

i
i i
Rio Majes
f
I
1
Camana Rio Vitor
i
I 1

0 50 km Pacific Ocean

Scale
Approximate

Figure 5 B Line drawing of previous photograph


13

ti

Ecuador

i
f
4 i f
r

8 9
f

Brazil
8
7

12 Lima
6
4
1
t
Pacific Qua e f
3
Ocean
5

16
Arequipa
2 Bolivia

0 400 km
Chile

76 7Z
80

6 Generalized map of the central Andes showing the main physiographic prov
Figure
inces Megard 1987 These provinces include the 1 Nazca Trench subduction zone
Coastal Plains basin 4
trench and 2 Coastal Cordillera coastal batholith 3
slope
thrust basin 6 Eastern Cordillera
Western Cordillera volcanic arc 5 Altiplano back
Chaco transition from
thrust belt 8 Beni
uplift zone 7 Sub
Andean foreland
stable Craton Red square
foreland thrust belt to stable Craton and the 9 Brazilian Shield

is the approximate location of the Orcopampa quadrangle


onanpau
ea
saou

3o ut
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3
otui uoi
pu aa dpa
e
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iq au ui aaiiipao uaaasaM aq u
nn
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ap gaud aq 3o i
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en apunb uduz
u
a doaap Y
ay ap au
aa
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ai u
a onpue
a
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orogdaoui aqZ iaq pio3
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eu

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ui

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rad nos
n u uoi pa gm ss
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aria o auaq prem


sapud ay y sam puaaxa o1 sod si piaigS
paapin rzeag aq uo
unr era

uoa r
uaur
In rapau aqy
u uiseq aao
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uo uau a
e
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o pa
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uaaq sari sapud ruapour aq o uo rr aauis

L q ui uasaad
i
aln pa s ad
n

urarpnos o d aapazii
ru aruo nos 30 i
raua d ruad uaaq oiaa atg o pn
sa uaaar aye
s

o s ii
aidur rrrs a lnq a 066i ia iPu 6I ia aaugaS t
8bi ia Pso
i
I

9L6I In a pnegapnd Cq saad


ed nare s
ipn aq o q
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ur
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rs si puu auoz oruag


n arp o dip u ega
u
a n
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aq o ur
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a
u ur puaq Cq gaS6I
r
ae
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aal
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ernriog arQ
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smarnaa
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uCeu
ar aui a
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i ay aye
s uo road snap

roq gargm rntiog o oioa arl


C 0 1C
reuaurns
antsuariaaduroa sar ark daad 0961
paa

esrrreaS PuE PIa3Ir O


b I uusuruia Puy noQ 9lf I
OZGI s
e rmo8 o asoq
unu

aa aa ar o Cgderdots
uor d aq o suo
Cr ssnasrp a
uaias uaapou
r sa ar
I pouad Iniuo

off risru
ds arp sa read
paad noso saln
uraq a rid prr
ars i
o ioa aria ur aluI
sa

II1 I
1
S IO
O

SI
16

Foreland fold
76 1 and thrust 72 0 200 km

J faulting
Overthrust 12

Lima Brazil

Undeformed or Bolivia
slightly deformed S
1
s

late Cenozoic CUZCO


S i

volcanic deposits y
y
S

t
y

y r

y y y y VL
HR1
O
9
y y y y
y
y
Peru i
y y y y y
1
Qlla dIl C
y
S

y y y y y
Trench S i

Lake
S

y y y
S i i
S S
Titicaca
y y

Overthrust y y

Nazca
16
Arequipa yty
La Paz
2

y y y

Pacific y y
t t

y y y r

Ocean y y y y

Figure 7 Generalized tectonic map showing the area of study within the regional geo
base of the map identifies the
logic setting of the Andes of Peru The arrow near the
bend in the of South America referred to as the Arica Deflection and
or
western margin
Bolivian Orocline map from Megard 1987
L
ari S86i ie as algol
I S861 rdsy
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uoie pau arozoua o aae airreaion s
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ard saae eur
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0661 86i 86i

a rel I 86I assourd pur pnrgapnd a sapud aq o sureurop taasea put u


u sang
a

aria 3o s
iaox ur aq uaanUaq saauaxa
eur
ar pau sTp pa
ou an
q sn
r oq i
ianaS

aura rl0
auaao

go
Clr auaao aq duunp ro u
raiixp talseg aril o dnaq pal
Ci rdiur uari aarrreaion

i
19

00
72
00
77

Brazil
Early Miocene 00I
8

Peru
N

Late Miocene

Pleistocene Early Oligocene


and Pliocene and Eocene 12
Lima

Cuzco
Pacific

Ocean a
14
Orcopampa
Quadrangle
11 llm
oi
Country
Boundaries Sara Sara La e
Nevado
Nevado
achani
Cb
Pleistocene and oroouna
Misti
a
T
Pliocene volcanoes 00
16
Are ui a
0 200 400

I I I I I Km
Paleocene

belts of Cenozoic volcan


Figure Map showing the axes of five temporally separate
8
include the Paleocene Early
from McKee and Noble 1989 These belts
ism in Peru
and Pliocene belts as
Pleistocene
Oligocene and Eocene Early Miocene Late Miocene
the Early Oligo
shown in the figure The Orcopampa quadrangle is situated between
not an area of active volcanism until the
cene and Paleocene volcanic belts and was

Early Miocene
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saorrealon

plates IIe
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p Iapinn o uoi
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prennox a
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are
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aru t uouauao s aion u
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o ut
a
C no uo
shun aoa arp o uoi
aal ro
rui
iun ao
s apun
C
sa
pu sa
ao ian sa
aan pa
u q sa
s uo pas
u
a a3ard z
par
onrap
rusrrrea ao da
sapos oa paa ao a
alar r
s arpur sar
eg

oooZ pun
n
pap n71
pp nH uor
nr
ru uuo3

J urns
dnoar
aaaak
snoaa o o alss
anp

SL do
uo
eu
uoi rny ua
aaaan
snoaa oZ

SZZ deumbnary
uo
eu
uor g

aaaaddn o a1PPILII
snoaa

sxaog uau Baggiay


n
f
ipas atd

a SL
za
ia
aH oz
z
o 33n i3
usd Psl

Id
d
dO
La
xO OSb OA L
SaIUE SO UPS JSl

aay Iengaana
ash anro

sarrpt ao
o e
Aad
o
Cgdea aW
sra z
y FI
a uan aiuo
L
aa Iogw
CS
p
aq Gaouarld
s ssauxarrH isag pug Niun
aru p1
d

rrerpen du
uoa a redoarp aq ui s
run xao S aI9
L

Z
43

a
o

i
I
E o
O
o m N
U O n a

p c

O c
e

U O c Y x m
ai
L a
G
v Q v Q Y 4 m
Y
Y Y Y m N

o
G m
o

I x m 3 n c a a m o

j O

Ti X t b
T U
a
b

0
0
T

C
W

ti
C

L C
T

Q
c
Y a
c

s
a
U O

c0
I O
C
N

t
T
U

E 6
a
o cd

v
c0
U U d
O
N
O f0 N 4
N
O f0
N C
U
N L r
4
a j U N O
itA

44

TERTIARY ROCKS
PRE

The oldest rocks exposed within the Orcopampa quadrangle belong to a transgressive

sequence of rocks of Jurassic through Cretaceous age Figs 10 11 and Plate 1 Triassic

sedimentary rocks in the


rocks are not exposed in southern Peru The are
exposed mainly

southern of the and side of the


more
deeply incised portion quadrangle along the western

do not crop out within the


Rio pre racks
Andagua drainage Fig 12 Although Mesozoic

the succession exposed in the Colca Canyon south of the study


quadrangle stratigraphic

area within the Huambo quadrangle includes Paleozoic and Precambrian racks Vicente

1 1989 Pilger 1984 INGEMMET 1975 which overlain


et al 1979 Vicente 19 are
by

Mesozoic strata The of exposures of Precambrian rocks suggests that rocks of


proximity

lead iso
Precambrian age may underlie much of the Orcopampa quadrangle Radiogenic

tope data Tosdal et al 1992 1995 Macfarlane et a1 1990 suggests that Precambrian

rocks underlie the and that these rocks have been assimilated to greater or lesser de
region

These Precambrian rocks may be related to the Brazilian Cra


grew by Tertiary magmas

ton or
and Arequipa Massif

The concordant transgressive sedimentary sequence of Jurassic and Cretaceous age that

underlies the volcanics in the Orcopampa quadrangle includes the Jurassic to


Tertiary

Lower Cretaceous Yura Group the Lower Cretaceous Murco Formation and overlying

Middle to Upper Cretaceous Arcuquina Formation Jenks 1948 Benavides 1962 Arenas

1975 Davila 1988 Caldas 1993 which were deformed Fig 12 during late Mesozoic

Chapter k Units
2 Rcx Mackay Schad of Mines Iniversity of Nevada Renn
AC

45

LIiNOLOCY
A
t CHILCANE FM EVAPOgITIC SEQUENCE 5A8KHA

G ang l C merea a

M
Z OPEN CARBONATE BAgglnmantes
ARCURQUINA FM MICRITIC LIMESTONES
U PLATFORM
Volcuanitas
m
J
a

h
GraywacNaa
Q ALLUVIAL

0
4J
MURCO FM FLUVIAL qED BE03
COASTAL PLAIN Ort hOpuBrizitas

W HUALHUANI F LARGE SCALE 9


X EpDED BARRIER SHORELINE Shales
J GRANADA M SKELETAL LIMEST
OOOUTIC PROGRAOING REEF

Mudstonea

Y NEARSHORE
Limtestonas
STRATIFIEO
CROS5
Cherty Limastanai
LABRA FM
a ORTHOOUAR7ZITE5

Oplitic Limaatones

OFFSHORE

Gygaum
7 SEDIMENTARY TRUCTUgE
e SLUMP SCARS UPPER SLOPE
Horizontal Bedding
Z
t

O CACHIOS FM CHAOTIC 3CHANNELED B plAAir banding


Cross
LOWER SLOPE
SILTY SHALES
Trough Groas
bedding
U

J
SlUmpa
ONStoliths 500

THICK BEDDED

PUENTE FM MIDDLE DEEP


SEA FAN
gods
0 CLASSICAL TURBIDITES
T m

puma
m
f3 HEMIPELAGIC CALCILUT TARYED BASIN PLAIN D
Channels
m
50COSANI FM
Q elosLnsrlc LIMESTONES OAR80NATE SHELF

BUrrOWe
CORAL BUILD
UP KNOLL REEF RAMP
OIRCOnIOImltiea
a FAUNA

ir a l
Q
vas

CHOCOLATE FM ANDESITE LAVAS


a r CONTINENTAL MARGIN
6
v a r
VOLCANICLA5TIC5
O
J
v
n v VOLCANIC ARC
COrels
s v

v r a

Gaetropoda
oa
o BASAL CONGLOMERATE

4 RIO SIGUA CX r
r r
rrrrrir
r i r
GNEISSES
Ammonites

Figure 10 Generalized stratigraphic column of the Mesozoic rack units Litho

stratigraphic column and main facies of the Mesozoic rock units exposed within and
or

directly south of the Oreopampa quadrangle from Vicente 1989

Chapter 2 Rtx
kilnits xtl of Mines University of Nevada Renu
ekay Sch
M
47

Sr

Figure 12 A Photograph of steeply dipping Mesozoic rocks overlain with angular


unconformity by early Miocene volcanic rocks Photograph was taken toward the north
west across the Orcopampa Valley The ridge on the northern right part of the photo

lying Manto Tuff which


graph is part of Cerro Tacrane and is comprised of generally flat
overlies Santa Rosa volcanics In general the dip of the strata of Mesozoic age is signifi

cantly less within the quadrangle


i

46

o
z

00
15

GENERALIZED GEOLOGY OF THE ORCOPAMPA QUADRANGLE

rtiary
T
Pre

l o

D
D

Tertiary sedimentary rocks


Pre

0 5 10 kilometers
I I I

0 5 10 miles
I I I

w
is

Murco and Arcuquina Formations are the pre units


predominant Tertiary
Tertiary rock units within the Orcopampa quadrangle The lualhuani
f
gure 11 Distribution ofpre
of the quadrangle
These sedimentary units are exposed in the deeply incised drainages in the southern part
OS IaMO
Sauri pr I7En Cq
unnogs are
d urppaq pasodxg
sau oud snornaad 3a
o
d
r uinn aut g Zj
rp arn
r

dunedoarp g
o

d
urninn

q
euuo
uoi
eumbnard
uo ro
u
q
ny
u
enH

oarn

ajon
saru
Z
a
auu esog elu
es
oua
La1rr
33n I
Y

8
urad au s alnys ina o xaniq pa
uo s
eleaaa im ao
unouin aassal y izaa7enbo o
a fliunu

uaopaad upsisuoa aa aamo


uaaod unnuinnH snoaae
uo 01 aiss
anr aaddn ay1

ao3 tu
nu
uot nH
nui

Z P I Sapid u dnoz nanA papin

spun sn
paddnuz aan nuaao3 unnulnnH aye
uoi pnCau dnoa
u nanA aye uiy
tm suopnux

n aou aaam ono doaa Cnuz gaigm dnoa nand aq


ao3 lCd ianai uoi
nuaao aye nipgns
pap

euaao inuourppn Cun pun nuuo3


ptm suor
ui uoiunnginnH aq o Ciaar3ua ln s
isou sisuoa

dnoar unapnnb nduindoaap aq ul


nanA a al unapnnb nduindoaap
ai aq utgaxm dnoa

nanA aq aquasap o asai au aaam


66l SePin p SL6i snua dnoa nanA aul

o sdigsuoi
niaa inuoidaa aip pagraasap snu i uaaiA aauanbas ao wand
86 ia sna
uaa

aaoui
au paquasap Gi iiamaN
6 pun ndmbaad o sam Haan arp ui dnoar nan aq 30

sxaoa a paquasap sa Z961 nnuag


sap 66I p
S Cn 6
6 uaaiA 8861 M
i a Q

doaa dnoa nanA ar o saa


aua punsnoga om 3o ssaaxa
sal8unapnnb uaanfpn m ono
arp ui

uI unapnnb nduandoaap
ai im pasodxa s
a ut aoa sapio aye aan
dnoar t aq o
nan iiq

nsaad sxaoa
nu d
nurao
suox
papinipun pun dnoar nuuod iuenglnnH ay
nanA aq 3o uoi

unnginnH pun inpeu


nar I
nagn soiganu a
nand au aa8uno
to aapCo uuoa suor
uuo

and ux papinrp si
o dnoar nanA atl
I SL6i mod 66i snpln
qua 6l a
1 uaatA Z96i

6i ilamaN aCnys
sapxnnuag 6 xaniq of Cnad pim pa
elnaaalur aliz
rnnb pun auo
ti
sau

spuns
auo o pasoduaoa s
dnoa aaaaddn
nanA snoaan g8noaq ss aaddn a
a
anr

dnoa nanA

66l ln a soKanlnd 686i a


uaaiA 6861 ia uosill 9861 ln a

I
xauil S861 In a aigorI 6L6i In uaarA 9L6I
a a a pnngapnd
ln aunt a
ozoua pun

6b
aq 30 d aaddn a u uasaad sr so
r
e u pS u
q ssai uisodxa do
no
a ii1euas u uoq

ipp ui i
euiy o oa
unuau t1
a eau
o oi2i ayl
ea o ngw aq uuo3 eq suo
sa a
Cu

edoaap aq o ut nos aii uoiu


rnua uaaq pasodxa are
im ai
s aye u
daa q ppnb edua
un

iaiq u
ppZ o ssaaxa ui dnoar ean au 3o izpine
a
enb isxaeiq
aie uiq
i
paPPaq

Z961 saprn
uag n ad o sawed aay qseii
o ui suoi
euuo i
un puu

uI aauand nua
e q eureaiq oasi uoraeu
m paaeia
aqa qa r quen
uo ii L 9861
nH aq i1e

as i uiasruga au
iauti eid uippaq oa an suoraaas asa
paanquaae uaaq u gaa
ia I tanos aqa
i

oa oda
paa re
a
oaqa 3o
ur
uoia ua ppS oa OOi uaamaag penb euioiite
ue
ai aua u
garm

painseaui uz m auaasisuoa
pSZ aqa qa st
taium eapenb edu
u
ai paqa
do urgaim pasod

xa a
e saaaaui punq anon anogd
pa pasodxa aou si aauauoa amoi aya asneaaq caaun
ea
u

s q
aeuuo
uo uenyiuniq aua o ssau
gaaqa
ia ai
p
u unb aqa M
uiga penb uroii
ue
ai

auaaefpe aqa 3o ared aasam aqa u naao


u saznsodxa anisuaaxa nouaie ai
y penb aqa
u

o ared aasea aqa ui


u auasaad are
quengieniq aqa 3o sdolaano ii1euas mad
uopeuuo Ciup

am aarza
enb oa readd aaueas oo
usanui
paae aou a aq p woa3 aega egaoaogauy
i

pa
a uaaasam aua penb aqa 3o a
uoie ai
ue ed aseagaJOU aqa uigarm s
iao21 oaoaeduu pine

ieau
ntinued segaeq aam oaa oa paatuuti
iiy o saiaiunu
u aou anq A en
iaii epud

ano sdo
auora
q
o
u ngieni ay
ru I e
a
edu aqa
i
or
doaap uigaim suoil
aoi iezanas ae

snoaaeaac Cirea o s un aqa aega molts si


a sso pine isuoiauia aigder
sdt gS
iae euuoq
uota

addn aq ntad u
i
oamy oauoa ii
aua iiaim auep aua si aaeauoa tanos ut aigru
a uoa
ao

aano
do a sassassod ns ua
e
saa
un sr aaeauoa aamoi aii1 ut
aoioa gsippa antaaurasip q
to

uo im
aai nogai aoa
I X a
ay un uxuuo3 33iia sr
aaaga pine uuagaeam
aao oa asisaa
au

iu sr
i atun stq
L ga uu
ia oa Z spaq suuo3 pug zd u
pauie nipaur oa auto I
aua
iiu si aai

nb pa
zyn i
gauoags atis
Ci uelpenb aqa u pasodxa dnou u
ai auiedia
naua 3o aaqu

OS
Z96i sapineuag

uor8aa
aquaa 3o dnoar
nrad i J Co au1
eii
zmbsr pug 8861 eiin
Q road uaau
nos ur

ourrd aq o uop
uuo3 aunauenH aq rad euuaa
rr puu ura
rou 3o suo
ql
euuo rreq pug

re aq uix
zenq i reau
quoiedured aqx y
uo
eu
uar im anueiauoa auar aq o panaiiaq si

uuad oarny ark


l
uo a snoaau
aaCjrn u
aipui 8861 uirn
ui road nos
raq
u

ur aoi ra
suop nuuo oarny ar
oe uor ur
zodai
pa q 3 eiia
uaaq s essea norpi
q

rpenb dw
u
a doaap aq u
tm puno3 uaaq
q ou aner siisso3 p
sou
ai ur
OS P

9861 uie arp o aasoia si uatum


a
r 66i s
pi
OSZ uaam
aci o Ia xauiix Cq uani

nb ogw
uerp
ai enH aq ui xai ur
pS aq o pauoda st pug g861 LIn
Q nbap
u
ai

i
woi aq ui ur OS
i noq o ssauxarq ielo a u
im saagwaur rno o
ui papinipgns uaaq

ey uoxl
s o3oalny aq1
ur xaiq ur
SL eurtxoadd
Cia sr
uo auk aiagm nq
u
uor ued

3o ri
nos pug eaaeurieaiiq o q
nos n
p rrd punoau no anrsua
a
sdo xa aae aaagl p
ui

roauoa are uuo3


uor nbna Ciiano aq
u
yui pray dnor tn iaapun aq1
ui dim a
s

saa mad sut


uo spaq ani
s eluoa raua pug
i
C gs
ai nd
aid im pappagaa
u uiauo sprres

paa o uou 3o
aioxn au
sisa roa
pasodu sr toq oaany snoaau
eru
uor ar ramo a

euiao oaauy
uo

q
euuo
uor nH aq q
iuengi m fi
pa
aaa uiaarroa figrssod o uor

euraoq i
n
u
n r arp atiaapun uargm
H dno im suo
ems arp uiq euuo aq o auo rprm

iauoa Ciq
a gord r I IIuS raury ro3 durua aq
ao asay
s zeau
eure ea
a
p uz o
o
e

lS
8861 1elM
Q aniiauoa r saq ui pue
gde
a
fii
g
e dmbaad o uox

a aqa ui puno3 si o3 Duna


tur
uoi ap eq au iun
a
5
Cd auoasauni irLU
s oioq
ai
ii

d Q Z96i sap
8861 iEn uag iuad i
n ou uo
equaa pug uaaga 3suopeuuo
qegs ur

daainu aqx l
n pug oqu
r iauoa o
nn a nou
q si qumbnard ay
eutto
uor

s
aeiuo gid u ur
era o u
u oddns a
uogz
uanu eaaaopdoa pue
s
Cxp aaaoui
snu

s ii oy
sa ed autu
n
nxa
oqui au o sanngaaou siisso uinnoiro a odaa
pa seq

uoa xannoi
au ui
8861 l
a
n qoaany aq1 i
euuo
uot u epaoauoa sx
m u I
ay OSZ Pu1e

aqut
ppZ uaann ussauxaigx xn n8epud pine enu
q d
u eyo sai
oaoaed iunuziuoa

auk eau
a A en
Caii durndoaip
epud aye u a
nb eduredoa
ai8ueap paq ui uo
eu

d aq 3o nsodxa
qeu
onbna sa saq ay1 SL6i seuaid apenb
8u
a po
a aaod
uo uaa

nos aql
seaq d
u
u
Ci
ui
n a sdoaa suozuou
ruuopa sauiti 8 g8ii pappaq
inn auo
uaua q

uiq o xaiq o aauanbas snoaa


elaa addn o cannot uuoq eumbnaad
uot aui

uogcamao3 suinbnaad

ZS
iE as uosq 8urpniaui sia
roM auaaar aroux aauanbas aya 3o saved rasap
agr o pasn uaaq

anEy apnZ aya urpn


aaaaq E
E aui saureu ranas aaws
Eao E p EdruEdoarp aya uryai

uaoq Esog EauEs aya


uoraE ao
onEso EauEs aya
satuEa sE
raxaoM Eaoi rCq puE aauanbas
s

ESOP EauEs aql


L
Eiapn SE
ZL6l qo q auiru Eiapn
a l aya puE uuaasrCs uian Esog EauEs

aya aEau
rasap uaaq
paq Cisnoinald sEy aauanbas sru
I roa aa
uouisodu yr
aEpo oa aaii

Cya
o MO o 3na puE aarsapuE d
is
Ea auaxou
o Ma 3o Eraaa
q puE EnE o pasoduuoa uraq

arE uEapEnb aya


ai ur pasodxa aauanbas aruEa
onasapo aya
iEpouriq raruEaion ay
sxao L

sr
puE saxaidruoa oniE
aruea rq Eaanas aseai aE ruo
rauaa pEO ra sEM saruEaion
paadn Esog

EauEs aya sE as
uYaray paua ono aauanbas iEpourtq auaaorp
ao aruEa rea ud
C

oA gsog e
uBa
sa uss

paadrua aiaM SMO EAE

puE saurop aiuEaion yatyM 8uunp spouad puE urstuEa


onMod ysE 3o saposrda Cq pamo

io3 sEM auana ataEUrdEUr sry


Y sauEaion Eso EauEs aria uro
z3 Z uauu
aads L EY1i
aIgE

ZZ 3o a
6
0
L E uE sr ar EduuEdoarp aya utyarM a8E auaawoipE
uor r o aya
asap 0661 iE la

araduras ouEidp uExnriog aya ui eyy SZ lE p 066i iE la aigol


I 6861 iE as uos

iayy puE a
Z86i aa oupuE iEaauaa ui E 9Z sE C
goN road ruaya Eas anEy CELU
aEa SE paa

asind apEUr
EUr srya sEaaayM l rd E rourru yarM
ysE ararirs paaEraoss
uusruEaion Mod

aaurnoxd aruEaian auiiExiE


aiEa atatsapuE uE
o uoraEru
ro3 aya ur
nsai
paa asind araEUr
r
EU

srya uoi8a EdruEdoarp aya uI uolaEaoi puEiui uE ruog aiE


aya o tw ra13E fa
r
uoilE np

aE rdEUr uEapud o uoraEprur


araEU ar E sauasaidai asind aiaEUr
Eru auaaor aEa
C ay1

dQOSId ll
IOA 1
I OIL1I v
I I2
A

s
54

2
00
15

GENERALIZED GEOLOGY OF THE ORCOPAMPA QUADRANGLE

Tertiary to Early
Pre Miocene

l o

Sarpane volcanics 15
19 Ma
0
B
s

Rocks of the Chinch6n caldera IManto 1


uffl 1 Ma
20
20 Tm
23 Ma
20
sr
jT Santa Rosa volcanics

Tertiary sedimentary rocks


Pre

0 5 10 kilometers
I I J
0 5 10 miles
I I J

30
15

Miocene rock units within the Orcopampa quadrangle The Santa Rosa volcanics and rocks of the Chinchon caldera Manto Tuff
13 Distribution Tertiary
ofpre to Early
and the volcanics shown predominantly within the central portion of the quadrangle
Sarpane are
qsp a
s33n mod up
Ciipui un moil
sl qsp aq o pu snonut
arn uoasip iieuas aq o

asnpaaq panoasip
pa si auipu siq i
n
q
e oq pdu
p3o page
redoa aq ut
I papsid au
n sp o

aa uaaq anpq s
paua 3n asagl iapp ao fq
tsodwoa ai
uoi io pains
a sa C
moi p ns
s o

auiui au
e
i uey a ui puno
I 3nZ i
a sastiaauagd oiq C
i
a pid avow pine aiipuis a o

uoa
spa ut
auzprp
a ui u
a
i sp ganui sp
pi pup C
Ciuouau you a
oaun iaoiq uppungp aap

g ipaid
aouagd a
s o aap oiq ieapagna z
apuaiquaoq pup a
r renb auipiups eiaoi
as

pid 3o s
aouagd uppungd xa
antsua az aq o padde
euo
ii aou un aua
op s duiaa
pa

gyp uaaq you seq saiupaion pso2i p


es aq u
u u n moil
lim 3 e
qs o s p 3o uoi
iun a piauoa

uz Og
S CII
Caxouz pup
d
ea
ui OZ o arp
pup uiddpui ap u
paiip nocpid xaiu upq ssai

sax
ppnb aq o uoi
up
ai spau aq ui pup pdoa
od nos
a
u pdu pau
p oq smol qsp aq
q L

upaion psog p
es aq o
u saapd aipprui pup aamoi aq u uasaid Ciipaid aap
C n mo
qsp

tapp o
at stia papiann diasuap
iga garx
iio
ar ip o apoui 3o
p
tia iun snonui
s Q
uoas

isodmoa apitruis 3o
uoi aap eypi 3o sasua sapixo
qmoil pine ar
piaaa r

aq pup
d oauaxouCdouiia aspiaot
auaxozCdoq pid o s uoa sspid
aouagd uruip Ip

ui
gsla e
dd
aigeiaa dim aspiaoi 3o sseuapuno
pid cd paxa ip gsiuaar Ciipaid
Cp o pasud

uzoa app pup aui Ciipaid


u
e
paur C pspn
a
saxip pine sins pitiu
s ad q
or
iipatudpi

ui s33n maid
papru qsp aiatiis ui
ou auznion
au
Cip eraaaaq moil pup aupgpi o sasuai
pine s

ui q
paapipaaa im ei
pn
s prpau o
a
irsodwoa
uo
ui
ua suoa sa
s upaion psog pups aq1

yfirea aq
auaao uunp sapud ip
uaa aql o ganui q
no
mou

paunaao ap oueaiono
xnx pgs tts itu
n satupaion pso pups aq u
gatm papniaux

siuiaga pue fgdpa


ad
o alp piiugs
uaaq anpu upapenb aq 3o s
ai ried a
o ut pasodxa Ca

o s
iaog aauanbas a
ua au 01 saiupaion pso pups uua atp
r paiiddp anpq 0661

SS
aq 3o yanu 3o Ieatd s u
y sa
y pueuz 3o sus
Iaama3 pue smol3 ene snonuuuoas suoa

s edllo ay1
aiono
ou I id pue 9I i3 std Iealuaa pine seay
nos s ui p
aass
pa

Cldaap uaaq sey doaap 30


edu x pI
samyyrou u xoadd
eu
Ia raol oueaiono
pa s
ea

dllo aye uan Iea


uaa isaq
panaasaad ayZ ueaptnb aye
al auap aaam satuealon
u pat
3

eso2i e
es aye 3o
u uan
s uaa
Iea panaasaad II1e
red I
a aanaS SI 3 saouealon I
uaa
a

oa3o saueuuaaa papoaa 30 s


auaasal suoa o u
a
aad
pa s sa
ealon so2l u
u S ayZ

I
d
aa ui aion esog uuS a
paquasap s sa
u ealon m uaaanauoa xnuae
p3o uas
u

uo s
a
aaZ urxaom punoa
aapun u pug aae3ans aye uo
pasodxa aae p duredoa
pug a
s

ap aye urrpim puno3 e


aa
I pue nb
saux
auo tz a
a ozosay 3o pasuduioa a
eaauiol

uoa
3o sasua
i eS aq o d aamol aq 3o s
satuealon eso21 u 3n atailrs aq uuClaano

gs puno3
e
r
ydea
CIIea aa
isa
d
a
fll sodap asays eutn
oalnya olgand 30 samy
nos

p edu
pine a
s
r doaap aql uiy alon eso
im saiu I e1u u anaao
eS aye y
m sodap rC
sl uaui

spas snoaau33n yIl1eao al


auk pappaq
eat
pau CIu uoa aueyel
aauiol asaeoa eaol
Cll

pug 33Yu auk


paurer apniaui sa
aion eso
u I m saauanbas
moues aye ury uaui
n
rC
paS

po ur
a
q Iael pine apua
quaoy u you aq sa
u ealon
u

eso2l unS aye u s33 aay sip ad


o IIe uioa3 laur oa si
a
aiyd
Il ueapenb ay
al 30 uea

nb
p aganos aye u
s pasodxa 33 30 un ay1 eap aye 30 nb
u
al
enb ap
u nos
ay
uaals

aye u oaollny or2l pug Ceu oi2l


o
ea aye 3o aauan13uoa aye aeau
I3 Ie
sen isapu
a

mu
y I
pa eap aye 3o aaied uaaas
aaa aae pine enb
u
al aion so
aou aye u sa
eay u I S
u

aye ui anaao
33n moT3 un paplam
yse 3o s eaapoua
Cla o papiam Iaood uo
I
ippd

esid ep
ea eagan aeau
uasoya sem
un aye 3o
1 u
au
ay1

ym ao3
ya aa ayl o u
elauoas xa Clleaa
paaaam pue an
sua el aaoua aq o y
n oy aaam

9S
57

14 A richtuff within the andesite lavas of the


of unit of hornblende
Figure Photograph
Santa Rosa volcanics at the confluence of the Rio
Cacamayo and Rio Mulloco in the

southeastern part of theOrcopampa quadrangle Photograph is taken towards the south


across the Rio Cacamayo A small estancia which provides scale is situated on the

stream terrace below the outcrop The upper of two units of ash
flow tuff from the Cai

lloma caldera in the cap the Santa Rosa volcanics


present Orcopampa quadrangle
gdu snotna
oloud do uim
eap aui g ialndi
d

ap
u
C
o ecgan

sg
erau
ua u
aa

aton
saiu
s au inn
soZ e
u ui

aion so
u
sa j
sen sapud
sa

ups a
e X uiyarnn
33ni Moi3
us eauioiire
apr
qs zaddn
aye o 3n MOB

ini oaaa
eia

S
59

from east of towards the northwest showing


Figure 15 A Photograph ridge Orcopampa
the Santa Rosa volcanics beneath and north of the colored
light silicic dome in the central
of the The silicic dome is included with the
rhyolitic domes of Nequeta
part photograph
The alteration seen east of the silicic dome is the central portion of the eroded Collpa vol

cano The red roofs of the town of Orcopampa can be seen in the valley bottom along
and flows of the Andahua volcanics
with cinder cones
geomorphically preserved
d snoinaad3o utnn
ot
ydeado ap aui g iaan
d
i

aion
satu
daeS o doa
au np

on
a
saiu do
dun
S
da
au
aion n
saiu pud

aadsoad ouadiy aion


satu
eso2i S
aion
ou
amop
ediio PaPoa Io
33n
Sa
i
aio

nu
u
au

oua

Q9
61

Figure 16 APhotograph from the south into the eroded Collpa volcanic center The lava
flows which dip outward from the center are dissected into the core from the southeast
The large dark area near the horizon is a large dike in excess of 200 m in width that ex

tends outward for 2 km from the center of the eroded volcano


d
r
ogd d 3o duin
euSo sno
na ap aui g 9i 3
n
a

auiop

IIS
aia
xS
u0

Lo
33n y
u

aio
ou uI
a
naapi

ediio 3o aao

axrQ

Z9
tauutq ganuu s rasaad
pan sp uuo3
uor

aq aaua ui
i raauaa
s ldrua
an reau t
u
OOS i u
eq arour o u odo
sri ride
a
d
oair aeau

ralaur 3o sual nna a utot3


s t
e
u
pa iarri ipur
egoad ssau
Ciq uo aqy ozosay u
un a
s Cirap

un
aq al
rreru Ciuo pug auurq ud are
a
ut
Ci
s saxnsodxa asard aq o sout e
pan nogXi
q

uu sassauxarri i
C eaion ediio aq
arinnasia uasaad aq
a irurrs ra
uaa a
u uzn
oainria

30 oi9and aq o s
ariaaou pasodxa sr
saruEaion eso S aril o ur OS6 mogd

eae oi
t
u
i
o i pug i
oaoiiny ot21 aq 3o aauani
uoa aq au
x
nnoi seiaor
a
Cd

am Z
toq
apuaiqu
qau isnornard
paquasap aria mo
t apuaiqu un uo paurr
toq pataai go s

uarrrtaads iaiqu
LY iZZo
G
O
L a puoaas y urnuzrurur sr
i cads ialq
uaru L

OZ 3o a aria q Cjri
Y1t 9
l
0 ssod aq ao
q i Ciari
nnoii pars
u is s xao aq gsaa3

add s
a raouagd aXgo
q aq noq
q
id u
ai
rrrt
aa 30 unuru arg
C
toa anoq pasodxa

aion t
saru so2i moues arp 3o uo ri rzr OOZ
aas pia 3o aIPP aq utq
nnn nnoi
qse as
i

o un rs
ruo raouarid a qo s
oiq uo pau enn
i cads i aiq
uaru L L1i OZ
i
O
9

sa idura
uautaa rood
asari o sa
C aril
uno o aunt Boris
Lo
n s aq o
W a
l

Ciuo u1
eaion a1
paunaao utstu pauua ns r
u1 sa sa auao
auonn
pia IL o
n I
y
u

OZ ur
W I irano aria q paun
suoa s sarueaion
r i
eso s aq1 o a
u runuururru aril

uni on rreria a
our io3 pa aion ediio aq o
no ou
n uaa
ta p
ar

uroa3 xa
spua p
q ine u ur OOZ o ssaaxa ut
p auo pun uan aru
a aion aria 30 aaq wo
3

ip saxtp utpuaa sanny


r
a sann I
tou xanas aor para
i iPu suotsru
C
P
o
au
ii ui

diia arp o oa auur


a o no aq sasodxa
ta uor
uaa u
t
e
i pniau ou
s
aionol i
sxut

xg ou
aassrp aura quaa edUo papora arp
aion i
e uaas saq s saxaiduroa uan i
uaa
r

anas o C
nn drp
rs
wo ra i
i
auroir turoa
Ciuou smo0 en
i aril unaion sog 1u
sa s

9
iaoiq

apris api pu
a r
a ut3o sasuai a
aaaq eaapi
a s ei d soru aq ao3 uopaas 33n uaapiea

ur
ra auoyauiri arp 3o s
ari Eaapi nn papniaui osiu si auo
aoa aye y saua aa
ysaa3
enn

ut
a
i
paaa pue oiou
ii33nZ W
rr 3o eua
o i 33ru papiannuou 3a
2ua snoaa pasoduroa

33n itay
ua
en I ro3 eaapiea 30 C
u
uotl inn rusud uaapiea
ua i utq u
a aye papna
ut

uogisoduroa p
a
aq 3o saxip Ya a
a
Cgdaod s ur 3o aauanbas xa
33n aaprea
a rp

3o durpuod inrurs pu
nn aauaprsgns uoapinua snoau
insaa rp
u Lo
a33n W W t
OZ

aq 3o dnaa
uo arp 30 linsar s
paurao3 i d aapi
i a uoriauiri W fia
auaao ea ay1

re uoyauiy aye o s
aap aog

sieaaurur C
s
d ur arp 3o iii ao soru pa
raouar uo
i sap sir
Coa

Burp ini
ae uuaq auauraa
i
fy
oap sod o pa
ridura eiaa uo
i
aa a
ariir paau uana
npe ao

a
ariii ur aaou
asua r
aapun
auo q satu
an aoa aWsip duredoa
aion sog moues ar 3o s

nn Cia
ap arp uiy ed
inaga aae auros ui
s i
aa
uop Cdoad pirur
ii
ai uana
q pa
sap
Coa

uaaa xa
pCiiuard
Caa asaansodxa paaarp
aiiuA
iis auaxo
C
d
a UCdotiaap paa o aM

aae
s
druudoaap aq 3o apis sam
uaa aq1 uo
pasodxa Ciiuaoi w
aa sxaoa risaa3 iaa nq
r
Ciani

aa saru
i nano
a ie
paaa fi
d
i
a ian aaua
oad senaad
r ur aion eso es aq
u I

Lo
33n eW ur
u iaano aril u
ri aapio ris Ciuo
ri
Ci sr aion
u
sa

so S arp 1uy ns suor a


sa uruua
ap e onnl
Y
ay nb arp
uuap
ai 30 d uaalsann

aq ui aaxatri ssx
iu
filuuar aauanbas arp Ciieaaua an rro
nq unnouxun s ssau eui
i

aion so u
ues aril 3o red
a aaddn ayY s
aoa
aril pur papoaa uaaq sari uor
aoi sirs saru

uaunpas
rCau arozosay uuCiaapun e saa
aq anoq aru 3o sua nna3 u
rCiuo sr
rap arp
u
ai
nb

3o u
d uaa3seari ueaion t
nos arp ui sa sog e
es aqa urr
u irnn 33na apuaiquaori arm
aq
ura

9
t
eaoC C
3o agoC uaalsamrpaou aq ao3 CX
C ad au pun 33nZ Carp
ey
u
o 3o uoi
aas a
a Cduaoa soua

aq rpxm s
es ay1 u
saxunaion so u earp uroa3 33nZ o
run mod
qs ueW aqX sm
sar

sYp
ur suina i
a rsaq pun s
uao3iun pue aaCCeu
orq aqx 3o azis r run eCaoa aa
s
ai
Cd C
uno

uroa3 paaa
Cu aaagm uana
33nZ uuw aye
o sxp zaa
ur
gsm nb epunq pug
u Gaouagd
Sis

3v a
iuaaaad iu
u ark uand eCCoa
aa pasd arp 3o xa
aan eXna aq aanasgo
x
ar apug
u
un

ausippaa
C
uruuo3 33iCa
isisaa CCCeuorsoaa
u ur ur
Cnsaa
s utpiam 3o ap uo
aaa s ay
I

au
p oi
aaa
C33n
ard
CCC Io
Ia
Y rC 30 aaus tno aq 3o s33n papiam
mo CCasuaQ

reur aapC
ur uaa
aau 30 s
ea aaaip s3
C n sapnCaui s mono
aar

o
ea aauur ganur ay1
s aeuu aap
u a uogaurq aq 30 sam pug rpaou arp aags mod
s

ono 3o saansodxa arp sapniau aaaq pagirasap ursud


se
aaus mono uaa
samgaaou ayy

33rr upug
ea
a
naapC no uaa
sagoC mo sea pug uaa
samuuou o
ui pap aaaq st n
nip u I

yarC
u
oI sis u
ura y aqa 3o
an olu urxzom
s arp u 33n aq 3o saansodxa anrsua
xa arp

urrna
aa
3o asn
aaq 33n
1o y aq un
u cures au paureu doaap
dur s
33 aurut
I
aq

iu 30 oigand au 30 sam ud
e
eund oaaa a uor
uidd aas xaiq aq ao3 any eareuurea

Crq aye s
33nZ olu
y aql o paua3aa ro ZL6l
CCCeui aCgoN 33ri1 CrCa
aarCo moC
arCxs

S
s
C
gara euiu pasoduroa a
ra papiam CCasuap 30 ropaad
u
CC auaaory a 30
CC aaus mod

qs Cpauoz CCC
a
auanCon isoduroa anrsua
uoi xa CCC aa
uoi sr
33n o
ey ay
u I

Lo
33n Y1I
u

aprnb au urr
u
aC im uo
pp
s
r
nq aq3o asn
eoaq a ea

aq aauanbas eaapC Caaun aq o


ea atp o paa uiaa
aadaa
pa aion
saru es ark
eda
au a
saru

Con dies
au C
uno
aa
iCs aya
q
ACC 3o smog pug saruop un
C Cq Caano tCq
u urao3uoa car

pug saru s aq uodn CCgeu


aion so u uo3uoa a ea uogaurq arp 3o sxaoa arm
C eaapC

S9
ienb pa
a1izX duia you senn
sxaoa ozosay pun
a
aad a
o zosay 3o sad
ad s
uaa ja a
ij

o uoi uor aexa


appine eai
a
euiu uap noy
y
id nopue u
slaays n
o sud n e
apjea

eAu aye uiy unoaua uaaq aney s


inn paaa ozosay apun
unaoa a Ci aye pue sa
u on
uea

esog ueS 3o sxao uay u uepunge


gn eaapiea
e omaae
a nq asreds o aigeuen an

t s
uau a
s
ea3 y aouayd apixo uoat pue
umiue au
auaxouCdou epunge ssa yanui

ma
roy auepunge ssai y
pine apua
qu uaueisau
oiq si jeaau euxoua ueu
uiop ayy parCeq

uia
uotuuioa pue
f papuno apoui o Cj
e
Cia jsf
y stiaouayd j
ea as
d aen
z tun

3suaua
aye o aseq ayl uzo cads mad u uasaad are
pue auaxouCdou
ueiie ao
a oauaydS

aays aye o steed addn aye uey aurp


ues ouz su
a uoa
e eaaua
Cj pine apua
quxoy

no aye 3o aqo y
sxaej ways nno alsan
u
o uaye 30 wed annoj ayy uaip
n eaap
eaea

pue aays nno


no aye 3o suo aaddn
od aye u anaao
xo
sap uopue apuaiquzoy
l
umtue

uorq
a Ina s
n
CI
yid d sa
aouayd o uo
aaodo ear ayy z pue ai
uoa na cede
a

o unou aaeA
s
e
i pue sap ue gotq z
uoapuatquzoy a
xo um
y aenb aseiao
eid apnia

u aouagd uaaxad
s Sz spaaaxa n o
eaya 30
u uoa
ua stiaouayd ol ayy
je

auaaq sey ways


papo

yse aye o red zaddn aye a


nno ayn ea
y
euireai 30 oigand ay1 o sann loua
u
eunde

u OSZ Hoge s ny o no sann


uey ay o ways nno uaa aye o ssauxa
y ayy ian

aadsa
pasodxa you s un o aseq aye ui pp pue ui SZZ Hoge es
aun annoi pue gad

dn aye o sassauxa am ed
aa o
e
C e
iss snoaod eu
y i y3
rt pap annuou
pap

uo paia
e lt
i ea a
C
a tym o auoz Xuoa a
snonu Cq pa
edas
e un
s ooa
u n
q
i
pa

p onn o
ap tau
s pasoduioa si uey aye eaae s
ny o y uI penb aye o wed
ue
ai uaa

g 3o you ea
iou aye u euaereauenH o
ya g
uey aye o ways nno
aye u s ny o no ark

99
67

Figure 17 A Photograph of the lower and middle densely welded devitrifiedportions of


the Manto ash
flow sheet observed in the upper white
Glassy zone was
portion of the
sequence Photograph taken toward the east
northeast The flow
ash sequence shown is
located on the northern side of the
deeply incised Rio Huancarama drainage and is dipping
northwest vertical fractures
Near trending east
northeast are located on the middle ridge
within the photograph Additional parallel fractures with minor offsets can be observed
on the far ridge photograph taken
by D C Noble
oud snotna
o
c
e
yd ou
zd nn aui
p g Li ndi
a
d

n1 o
y
u

sauoz payrginap
ann iasuaQ
pap

sauoz
nap
ru
pa
papiann IasuaQ

33n

asa
saan
IrJ
iss
p
uidd nH oua
unaueuz
S
fidaa

89
3o ua
sass
iuns uie
a uoa ureap ruasd
a inn pug
aq uirJ J
C
o ra
eau
aaus noar
J
mo i

o aseq aq aags nnoJ suora aaddn aq


ano aq o rod pn Jaui aaus
u noaq1
mo IZ d

p 3o
a sasseur sip CJieai
aut
anr oJ eaauxru pue xa
an
CiJ uoa
sur rsi
u
rd aqui
eaapJna

au 30 n1 xpp
uo uI OZ E
d s
auipru ou eg1 nb
Jrtno aq u
pine aags mo zaa ssaJ ganur

sr apuaJquaou
s
aaouagd oiq aseJaor
pine a
i d 3o
e pasoduroa eut
Ieraa aarurnd
rxr
wd
ai

eJ Ja
paua uoa n arJd a
aapour sui ur
u r a
exapJ uaaq
nos aq 1 sanaao 3na aapi
i
ea

uu pasodxa sannoJ arJ J Eld pine


a J aapJea uogauirJ aq o
r eut uaay
a
ui nos

aq s ui aq aaagnn pug eaapJ


nq n aapiuaea ea nnH arp
e 3o eru arrJd
a
u odo
a aq

aqpasodxa JJam si
uaann 6i ey aqui pauoz
ns Jaapiua
u
o rsoduaoa aq
uor
ii

Jaq o a
ns olu
y uoa

aannoJ arJ o aansodxa good CiJeaaua aa Cuur siq


aq aaJ noq 33n
q
i L SIN aq o aags
o

sann aql o as
no uaa
nnoJ qarJ uapt uaaq
r
par 1ou q n e you
an isodap a
s ans

aN aamrJJ puu eaaerureaiiu o


aaq sunno aq anogn 1aarJs arp o as
eq arp uasaad aae

JarrJ au
saa e
r J xanas n eg
CUdoq
saa es
J xuns a
ia mb aae suoq ur aq pine g l
rod aapJ
a

q eurea
r nH
au peagarr aou
q pasodxa rungns
s onnl aql 3o aaddn aq o aseq aq uroa3

xa
saan rod moJ
suoi no pug Lo
aalui our papinip uaaq seq n
uaapiea ey arp
u id
norJ
rJ

aurprues aamoi uaoa sa


d rJau
slr aaou aaddn o uair a
u uruoz
oiq pug apuaiquaoq
i
a

juuorirsoduroa aq Jarp o sua


nZ oluuj rod aapJua
ur aa ei pug nno iaua aq
no aa

no aye uiq
laq pug aags nno
uaan sixa uiuoz
inn s euoi iear
J
rsodwoa ran paaunouoad

aiaq o s
nb
ap
ui red uaaasannrJ
aou pue nos au
uaaq ut aapJeaea aq u
n1 ut
3 t

ip u
sixa aa
aru aur
saa eaanas nb
paapunq J xalr 3o sxaoiq aprJs
a J
a nZ J
3 uey aq
o

urrginn C
ad arrJirJ uouauroa sour g aa uo
a q
uuo iuenq J
nH ar uroa3 umsaad
Ciq se
s
a

69
o

Figure 18 A Photograph showing typical collapsed pumice fiamme and lithic fragments
in the lower part of the outflow sheet of the Manto Tuff exposed near the water diversion

along the southern side of the upper Rio Huancarama drainage Only representative pum
ice and lithic indicated following line
fragments are on
drawing
gd
o
a naad o uinn
loud sno ap aui gg d
r
aan

aaumreu
aog
aaiuind

o
pasdtl

ea
luau
i
ax

nJ
Y1I
olu

lL
72

Figure 19 A Photograph taken toward the southwest of the intracaldera Manto Tuff at

Cerro Chila Cerro Chila 5655 m is the highest mountain within the quadrangle
ot
o
a
gdt
d snotnatd o ap
utnnt aui g 61 i
atn

La
P itP L 33n
L o I
L

tap
t
u
i
eai
daod
Ct
ariu

tuut
ui
l
tut t
at
aan
eiiq oua
tap CunH
e
a

L
74

intracaldera Manto Tuff viewed


Figure 20 A Photograph of fractured surface of typical
Note the high proportion of phenocrysts lithic
perpendicular to the compaction foliation
masses of dacite magma
fragments most commonly quartzite and partly compacted
on following line drawing
Only representative pumice and lithic fragments are indicated
o1o snoinaad 30 uinn
i
t
d eap auto g OZ 3
n
a

iiauad

Lo
33n i
I
u
uaur
s
3
1
uI
aea
aapj
I
aii sasseui

Q
i

iIauI
S
Bd

a i

SL
76

Figure 21 A
Photograph showing petrographically distinct generally equant suggesting
limited vesiculation dacitic masses within the intracaldera Manto Tuff Photograph of
rock specimen from near Cerro Chila Note the varying degree of compaction of the gen
erally originally unvesiculated to slightly vesiculated masses of dacitic material
oyd snoina
o
ud d o duinn
eap aura g jZ t3
n
a

Uv
3uGy

uI
a
eaap

LL
wsturyaaua

drua auau
uor pu Cyd
ipau uao
e
uCs d aa
oai
odo aat umsa
u fiq agoi
d sann aye
tua

suaua
uey xauuiy iaaadde
rCiq si ways mot
ano ay13o agoi sea siy1
uia nZ o
yy aye o
u

m au papiauC uo
taads pa oo
np ay zaa isai
au Cieu u
y 1 oaaa
pug eis puno

rsodap
s awns
iiuns CII
ogad
aiyd xa siy
s
ui aye o n
3n api
ea n api
3 a

papiann Ciaood o pasoduioa si


ways nno
no aya o agoi als aye
u
a 3o ssau
ia aye o

yanW ZZ id ui
uz a
api uaa
E a aye
5 no puno3 s uzsud 3n eaapi
3o apis uaye
x
a

o gyred aaddn aye o reiiuys yd sr


oagad yaiynn ways nnoi
no aye o agoi u
sea ay
a L

e si aauanbas 33tu aye uty


uni Z Cia
eunxoadd inn uipio

ris
ay ao uuunoaa rq exapl iaty pasodxa ay
Aui ayl 3o ssau
ea L u OOSS o n
uoc

aia nsodxa say


sa iy ay1 o auo
se oua uni i
u au
Cya ay pug uiypeagana ur

aansodxa samoi ayl uaannlaq uxsud 33n uiapiea


qui aye o re
ua
atg ui zsixa atiaa r
aiyd

odor o sia
i
oii
au xanp Aui aye 30 red sannoi aye swop u
3n api
a y apuaiqu
oy

3o u
s noure ssai pug a
q
g oe
u e iI
uoa taoc a
epunq su Z oua patina
ay isa
a a8pu

uoia
pa ue ui pasodxa ux aye o d zaddn ay
s aauanbas erapi
ea L 3n eaapiea
eq

Q eur ui puoaas uz
sass
ui
ylinn uasaid
aye u a
in ieipaua
sauCydo uoas
snonui o

san Ci
eina
pa s
y o sanun fii
uina
pa uo 30
ui sisuoa suoisniaui asay ey aip
a

u sass
iu
iaep aye 30 a
a aureya pauau
i iis Cii
y
Ci eaaua pine papuno ay
i qo
o
a

unoure aa
s eal o assai y
inn oiq as
apuaiquaoy pug a eid o
iaoi caouayd
C
s epunq
1u

uoa
ur ip
au
aa ui uza
pi s yanui su
aq uea
ynn a
ya ep 3o sasseu L p
asay ia
a

8L
79

Figure 22 A Photograph of the eastern lobe of the outflow sheet of the Manto Tuff Note
the characteristic basal portion of poorly welded tuff of the Manto Tuff that typically con

bedded surge deposits


tains agreen member of cross The eastern lobe of the outflow

sheet of the Manto Tuff typically contains a significantly greater quantity of biotite than
the western lobe
oqd snoinaad 30 urm
o
d rp aui g Zz aan

sodap
s
o
nnl

3n noi3
upapiam aood
t

auoz xns uaauJ


a

qs papiam
n mo0 xood
f

nl mod
use pap
am elapo
Caa

aaus mono

os o
mo ua 33n
Lo
33n Y1i a
u
o agoi u
seg
a papiann asuaQ
f

08
30 un aiq sty
I tp rCuniy
e
aiSu
nb ay 30 rnd soruuaa
rou aqa pug
samy nb
uurpt
ai

1 3o a
euroiit ar d sou
t nos ay1
samt
tuaa ut pasodxa st
i
33n uuW aril
o o ua Ctan
i
t
s

steadde oyd ir
o
t
syd uae uo y 33n 30 un xa
y y taaun
uttaa iea 3o
ut
Cit urri arp
s

3a das a uo p
uapt si a stt orq
t uaur
utrptm 33n
Io uey aye o p
a i 33n strp uro

fi 3o e
taads 1 apto
g
a
e au
atd u
go p
e
pau i aiunururoa
uor
I
aiqu W O
9
6l i

i
u osrad aigoN Q lpenb edru
ur
ai doarp aril 3o pa
a samrptou aye 3o y
rtia aou

uaoi aaadsoad uoii


uni pZ noqu pa ered aye reau xno ta
sdo Z
33n y aye
u
o o TUrrs Van
ia

n 30 iun xairp
olaad
aiydut
ii d ai
a
u penb udwedoatp ar
1r au sat anas e
eaoi is
i

pasodxa si
nZ o
3 10l reitruis
uuy ar ot si erp 33n1 nb
r
gdu
Ciiua
ad tp edut
e
u
ai doaip

ayi 3o ap Lo
noways mono 33n
s yaye 30
u xa
ua a atp 3
uo 3uapi uap
Ci o
uoa

patmbaa aq pinom atom au


ai prre ut1
uroaied za aCpn
pawaruotp ot quid
s ad
t
e
aryd

dour ippe
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i mod ta
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aapina ruo Cts
uno ar3xu
u
Ci

aye puu 33n nbnq


egrineq aye aion
satu sog u im s33n aye apniaui asarQ
s aye uiy

Lo
33n W aye 3o asoy o na3 r
iiurts sa
r n oioydaou pug
a y
o
a aaad
dr uspa
an uaa

atuEaion uara33rp woa3 dtua


pa atam
yaiym uot
aa aye ui 33n 3o s
iun aay
o iuxanas

sW ZZ fla es uuii
dd 3o satunaion so e
utixo u tapun aya uo gosa
paut eam aye

im
y sisuoa s y i
qua QZ uxo3o
u
t
fla
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r s
fpn y ao3 pauru
s go uaaq

any gZ uarrtiaads jalq


I
i
l OZ 3o
0
9 apuaiquaoy uo uoiade
ap
uua
uu un pyre bZ

pug LZ 9Z suaurraads i Z
aigt OZ 9
0I Z pug L
eye g
p Z
O 6I 3o i
6 a
o tq uo suot
eu

ap aft air
ruua aieuor
pt
auro ippn aatyl iL6i 1a aigoN Cq pa
odat atam
SZ p

bZ suauriaads i alq
I W pa
eaaa
einai 61 pug 0
9
0 a uo sa omZ
bi 3o o
q

Lo
33n y aye
u uo paurelgo uaaq ant suoi a awamoipu
y uiu
ap
ua r paoauoa xrs
1u

i8
s
s odap snoaa
napax isaq dna
e afiuouivuoa sues
tm aa
pug q u

saa u pauuo u auo


s pa
eq ti
u au i
saui emusa 3o spag
a
i pdun
s
ar doarp au1

ut asn
m aadsap
p
m asn aureu s 3o
s 3o aaq asn uoa aq spuaiuu
panui oaaa oq n

aqy uo
an aq uuaui
u uua duasap o
ani e
i
o ydxout
a st nq uor
aoi gde
a
doa

o you saop ua
en aureu aqy nen
iIaureu aql q
ua tm aunfuoa
uot
ai
ia

ui doaap
dui sou o oioa
sus aq1 fq pasn uaaq uouiuioa
f sou osonaugnS u
au

I
au S66i 0661 in a uosq pug z661 uosq fq pug S psuury
uduIUdoa ap

tu o s
dmo aodaa snou
n ui
na i
ua
n auk s of paxza3aa uaaq s
u iun siq uaa
il

aa
o sauzi
auo ua
n atg pine iorfgg n
sal g std
uaZ u a om se un

aq oa aSL6i seua 3
paua pai
t
i
q tam pappaq
iam puE pa
os pauio
n
u uf
r

q o qm s un ay
a 3 ano Ciquuz
u aye sa
ny o i o3uoa uql auo
ii
sau

us
nmusaa m pappaq
aa a sodap auwsna
i puu eu nl auo
ua inn snoaae3
i s

unaion a
pins a lseiao o aauanbas pa
ns Cd
a suoa 33na i
ags o sus
3p ua uaqy
n

n I
ua
ny

eC eui eq o umo at reau


o
S ono sdo
ca
y aq o u
3ny o
u euuaa euoisoca use
aq os

q3n zao un iei


C
s
in
qau s i
ua oq ai
o
Ciiea ueapenb p
doa aq o nos
n
du aq
s

iOI dd uor
xo
LU
fia ppu ui nues
anb ua 3o a
o sapue au1 u1in an
iauoa
a

aq C ei papoaa o aauanbas
u nqa smog en Cq padd
ea s 3n o aauanbas aqy uruC
u

ny oua pug das opunaN


a
rui o sann urnrp uaanfp
a pug oi p fidaap
aoy pa
aass

aq ui apuo euegE o q
ou urx Z xosi
u
Cia
dd qm rC
qa y3o you paa
d s st n
n

zs
83

Figure 23 A Photograph of the La Lengua tuff overlain by domes and lava flows of the
southeast of the eastern side
Sarpane volcanics The photograph is taken toward the south
south trending ridge east of Minas Orcopampa The lower part of the se
of the north
of tuffaceous materials that are capped by sinter and ultimately lavas
quence is composed
of the Sarpane volcanics The lava flows are typically brecciated where in contact with
within this
sinter
deposits of the La Lengua tuff Freshwater carbonates were not exposed
section of the La Lengua tuff
oud snoina
o
r
ude d o utnn
ap au fl Z aand

aion
saiu
dres
au

n
ua
en
aaatq PaI
ia
i

nd
jao
aRs

pa ai
a s

on
ea
satu
edres
au

nHo
u
o
a ua

8
ireaap ui paddeua uaaq aou annu pasodxa st xaaas

aaaum aaadsoad apinainopunS aqa snaan aaouaaa aaouz ur


urs
Il anau
aidwnxa ao3 sarpaq

anrsnaauI S niluS naau o


d oioa fq
sasr i
n aap ui paddnur aaam aaadsoad auniiid aqa

30 n
Carura p aril doaalno
aqa ui sa ur
ppaa
qs Ciuounuoa aan
aoas pun sap ark
s Z

r3 naapina uogautu au o 8anua


u uaaganos aua uain aa
zaannb sn iiam sn
I oauny
3n

naapinaeaaui aria apnaaui sa


poq aaat pine
anin
padnus saxip inaraaan oa oSL urddrp Cidaaas

I
asari naapina uogauiq aua 3o uoUaad asea aua
inaauaa ur
s
paanna sr uatum p
aaraas

3o anua
ururua nliuS aua oa I
nni
na ui aanaanai uu aua o
auaanfpn pine uruaim naapina aua

data uorarsoduroa araiuoz


pianos pun naapina uouauiq aua o ut
anua uraganos aua quoin ano

r
uau zaannb Cigxssod ao
arauorpouna o aoas iinrus p apr
pun sax CUdaod iinatd
CZ

iaoaS Pun saxtQ


s u od

iaiua ru
pi anogn Ca si aiun
iinaid aqa nouain
u ur SL aano oa saaaaur mad n ua ssai uroa3
u

xs
fiaunayiu na nn
rnn 3
sai ua aqa 3o ssarnia
uaar uo3 01
1 spaq aunasisaa u aou spuaa

pun papoaa Cirsna un xaoa au 3o


si anga a aanaeu 3na aqa o asnnaaq si 33na
snoaan ua7
nn

aqa 3o aauaaanaao
p
a adsaprm arou
r n
o uoraru
oaaa 3o xani a Claxri s aI
aqa anr A
I
a

rnd
a aaddn aril u puno sdoaaano
doaap
ndur aua 3a aan iinurs inuoxatppn u
n ouain suuaasds

uran eaain pun oauey aua o1 anau aaE


33na nn8ua aua 3o saansodxa aua o asoy

nua auwsnani
auamuoa n
ui rsodap
pa spaq

i
auoasaru aua warm n
Ioauey
i aua o adrua
uo aua ui gd
as aani n sauasaadaa oa sreaddn

aao3aaaga ns nn
ua aqa o aand aamoi aril saxunaion aundans ut
fiaano au13o anga oa

ppue n
anirrurss L oauny aua 3o antra oa aniiuris Caan sr
aaraotq pun id auxpruns
asniao

nb aunpungn
zaa o urasxsuoa s
iaoa arasnia
unaion aua 3o niquaassn as
a raouaud aril

58
86

Figure 24 A Photograph of asub


vertical porphyry dike parallel to the ring fracture of the

Chinchon caldera The dike is of a dike swarm within the intracaldera Manto Tuff at
part
the southern margin of the caldera nearPhotograph was taken toward the east ap
Mina

proximately 02 km north of Mina Several generally parallel dikes are present in this area
rock of the Yura
at the contact between the intracaldera Manto Tuff and quartzite wall

Group which is outside of the field of view


d 30 u
ogd sno
o
r
ud na p aui
m gZ i
aan

jre1

rJ
dno
mninniio na
p

o nb
z
sa
i
i ME
ItO

SZD

Lo
33n Y1i
u
ealu
a
api

tp o
a
axip
ui
a
ut
gdxod
u
Patt

L8
xnoasip s
pa ey aq or
an o
u u axe aq ur
sent air ap
r
zaxienb pgns o
n uua srrll3o asn

aqs p
ay arl paruxaa lrun
u
o upaprnrpgns
o axu
raouagd z
C
s renb ure
uoa burp

snno en
e axoru xo auo
srp dru
arx doaxp aq urrpiM ssurupunox at
eC
gd
iu xauad
I

ur apuu auaxox
Cdour
auaxox oiq z
Cdorpxo a nb apua
quxoy e
aor o s
as
d Cxa

d
ouar u onau
punqu ureluoa saru
a s arl 3o s
dx n xou
ru pug senel aur
al
x

q
r ou arp

o as33o ur uraq xap


Clpaxx ea uogauiq aq rllxnn arquaauoa you si
onauudx
a
saiu s

aqa o uxa
d uot
paq xanaaxoy
s
ngrx a
xapl uogautq aq 30 rnraa xap
C sod
a

arp o Iax
pa i
o
a s axann Carp 3i aadxa
pa aq p
non u
q e
ax
I r xano pasodxa
xt
xa axe

onau S arl xapl


d rorls
Cl ran
rC
sarrrea ea uogaurq arp o uo
euuo xa dnxa axaunn
pa

snno pug saurop aq o aruos


q
t aigrssod si noq
q
Id u arp o
n1 o rsodap
uor

3paa
xa Idrua axann
uogrsoduroa is
arar o rparuxa o snno pug saruop
a
ui ey
Cu

o
a nau
saiu

uoxa rCp
eauogaurq arp o uot
uxap eu roys

Sxan dura uaaq q


e
paa urn 3
bo
n uuy au o elax Cl
pa xoduuaa axe
axau suotsnqui
axo

I
aq Z Puy ZZ aads iq
suaua a u1 Clan
laadsax y p
b i Puy 9
6l 3o apua
L
O q

oiq uo sa
uxoq pu a
r e
a o suauiraads
C xaox p
ai
pap onn uo ap
uruua
suor x
xd

ur ar
aox an
s snx od arll3o
Cgd
tx aruos

urrprnn paxa
unoaua asaxnlxaX
dxoruo
a
x
Inu
xr
Crl
prdrr uouuuroa I zuunb pine reds
ssa

PIa3 u ureru ur
IIo C sisuoa sseurpunox curd
ex
pau ut d pug sapixo runiu
r
a ri

uoxr o ex
saa puE a apuaiquxorl a
Cdour
auaxox Id o s
oiq as
t Iaor xaouarld xall
rus

pug uId o s
aselaor Cxaouarld a
x punqu uK
ur uoa sanrsnx
e ur Cr asarly
r
i
at
dxod

88
Z d sarsodap araseiaor
fd pazri aol ilnurs

ns
pun snnoil i panaasaad are
pine tairia ur rta ssai rianur
ppZ u are
eaton
saru S aua
aueda

ranannoq eraua uI
i gsip edurt
aa doaap aril uigainn suora te a ssau
eaot ragao ranas iarria ui

OS paaaxa pyre drer


au rra a xairi
o ur qa aaom
rb u
0 are
aton
saru dreS
au aril

alaad si
par saiuuaion S uuaa
edrr
au a aa
at Cri oa aarsapu
aupo e uro rl ur
a
u

suorarsodruoa sapniaui Arun aqa aaurs aanamori pasn uaaq ost


e s eq aaraep arruda
S rruaa

artj araq pasodoad sr aton


saru dreS
au raa
u pasn fisnornaad aria o asn
panuiauoa aril

arun aqa to sauauoduioa anrsruaxa anaqa X03


pue sn
qu aunoaa oa Cigissod aundreS ofaid

uro xaiduroa au
dxes aqa oa atun aua o aureu
aqa rta iiauanbasgns St
u
tya 6i seuar

euard Cq
6i s
SL pasn aureu Ssoatu
edr
au aion eaton
saiu aS aria
r
d
au s oa paua3

ar
rro
iiuui enn aurur
s
duredoaap aqa eau
r
pasodxa i
un p to
aara pasodruoa Arun d

aton au
saiu S aria
d

oa p aapaa3
sax s ruaq
padd rau asoga puu saxrreaion eso eau
pinogs aeria sanisn S aria 30

aid se
idrua
paa stns pue sax
p aqa uaannaaq srn oa auo
r
upsip snnott aro
araria sanisru
ui

asaga to oagad ati


r
rid l eS aqa 3o aaud
ueaton so2i au
sa are
pug apuatgruort pug aatao
q

ureauoa aou op arrasip druedoaap tip aauxparuaaaur 30 auofuur


aqa u sa assn aqa ronn
sdunt

aapun
punor u panaasgo aion ausdiuS aria
eq aorta sap aapaal apniaur sa
uaaq an u

noriaid
q aion auedaeS aria 3o aa
ed see
saru saiunaion so21 au
eS aqa urria
n puno sanisrua

ur
aqa apntaur Cilaarroau aargsip uduredoarp aqa to sd
ru rea aria 30 fu
otoa aari
ar eW

raa
ru
I oarrey
lln i pine aaiaep oauuy snluoa aa
aqa uaannaaq uo rnattu osin pinonn said

aton
saxu dreS
au aqa 3o snnotl nnb see
za
qau gans uuaa aasap
anrad aaour n onu u

68
SGG i

ie a uosgi ut
odaa iZ P
pa OZ 6i suaunaadS ialge
L eY1I oiq 6i 3o ale
0
9

qi o a a
quxoq pine eyq 9
apua p oi9
r 0l o e
Y1i 9 a ou
apuaiqu a apniaui

Cpn1s siq ao3 sa


ueaion eS
aued aq 3o s
saidu uo
apale au
uruua
suou auaoipe y

OZ
i apio ou aq uea
faq 33n uey aq a
o ano saiueaion
i s aq1
aued asneaag

saiueaion eS
aued aq u papn
aui uaaq anew penb aq
ue
ai oa pa sann
ca aq
u

ieau senei ituns ad pue oioq


oa
aigder
Cii ieai altlo
C
t q o apuaiquaoq ia ui qau
aq

are Ciieaoi sieges pue snno end eut eaapiea e


x
u CenH au o penb edu
sea ai
ue redoa

gyp aq o luecpenb ouaq ui seiaaa


seaq q au e pue senei o
et pasoduzoa si stun aq
I

Ob
un mod
s aq3sixa s
use uaam aaq eaoduial pun

ou a
o
ax aaasip aaaum e
ea
eduxedoaip aq ui etaadsa papuauau
C oaaa ou si dno

f
uno
ra
eZ uua au 3o
ezea asn
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saiuea s aut
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o
i ui pue

aui os p
auk apn nom uoida edm
doaap au1 ui dno ezeae au ap
iui
uoi siu Cg

a auaaoiy o sxaoa aouCd pue


se
ai sene ai
ep o ar
a isapue 30 lueuiuzopaad pasod
C

uioa
8uiaq s
dnoa ezeaeZ aq pagpasap an
eu 66 e 1a dPue
soiae 86 lla

Psos 0661 s la 8861 as a


igaS 6861 I 1a uost
s 9861 e a xaui

aut n
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uouSraad S P 9l
6 ac
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e
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pug sa g8i Cq
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s xano a sxao asauZ
e
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la 9L6 axna
a pug uo
ag L1i 9Z o Li noqu uioi3 a uY ea
S 8us
u iun mod
use

uo
uuaaap a ar
eu
suou auioipe uo paseq a8e auaaoiy ui
pp o a o
a uiaq se paziu

oaaa aa
e sem
sgns uauxipas aiozosay au
pug um
ea ano see 661
f
8ui ama1
l
I

fq paquasap sem Duna pug edmbary aqz


uaam aeZ euiy tau pasodxa sxaoa o dde
pai

eui sem
o
r ua dnor ezeaeZ ay1
gm tun
s use Cq pa
n mod
3 das
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QOSId I1 a0IL1i IQ
IOA I
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96
97

72
00
15

GENERALIZED GEOLOGY OF THE ORCOPAMPA QUADRANGLE

Pre to
Tertiary Middle Miocene

la

Andasite of Cerro Sahuarque 4Ma


11

Tm Rhyolitic domes of Nequeta 5Ma


11

Th Rocks of the Huayta caldere 6Ma


11

Tj Tuff of Jallua 14 Ma

Tt Serpens volcenics 19Ma


0
18
5

10 Rocks of the Chinch6n caldere fManto Tuff l 1 Ma


20
Tm

7sr Santa Rosa volcanics 23 Ma


20

JKu Tertiary sedimentary rocks


Pre

6 5 10 kilometers
l I I

0 5 10 miles
I I

30
15

Figure 25 Distribution ofpre to Middle Miocene rock units within the Orcopampa quadrangle The tuff of Jallua rocks of the Huayta caldere tuff of Cerro Huayta and
Tertiary
and tuff of Cerro Hospicio and associated intracaldera breccias and the andesite of Cerro Sahuarque are shown within the central and southern
portions of the quadrangle
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66
100

P
d Y
r

b1y
i
iy
yYd
y
I
R
t
r
5 i i

Figure 26 A Photograph of the tuff of Cerro


Huayta in the upper Aseruta drainage taken
toward the south across the
Quebrada drainage The tuff of Cerro Huayta comprises the
lower part of the valley wall on the western right part of the
photograph The thinner
unit of tuff dipping gently to the west is mapped as the tuff of Laguna
Pariguanas Dark
brown lava flows of the andesite of Cerro Aseruta cap the
reddish the south
ridgeline to
ogd snoinaad 30 uYnn
o
gd p auiig 9Z iq
aan

lasd
n

nH
C
na o
1
o1
oua
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s rnnito

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n
seu

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ea
eaapi
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f
30 iaaa
q asd
n

aequi
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y oaca
isa
aq o sdoaa
np

tpl
102

Figure 27 A Photograph of outcrop of the tuff of Cerro Huayta in the upper Chilhuani
drainage Platy cleavage and gray color is characteristic of the tuff of Cerro Huayta Note
rock hammer in the central portion of the photograph for scale
d 30 uxnn
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i
n
a

CenH
ea
oua
30 33n
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a
a
n ia
Id
f1

Oi
104

Figure 28 A Photograph of vertical exposure of the tuff of Cerro Huayta in the Quebrada
Chilhuani drainage Ellipsoidal masses resistant to weathering are commonly present
within the less densely welded tuff beneath the densely welded caprock Ellipsoidal
masses are composed of partially flattened magmatic material within altered probably

originally glassy tuff


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o
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SOi
106

bedded tuffaceous ash


29 A Cross flow deposits within the tuff of Cerro Huayta
Figure
The greenish al
is taken across the Huayta drainage to the west southwest
Photograph
tered lavas at the bottom of the photograph are part of the Santa Rosa volcanics approxi
mately 5 km east of the Aseruta
0 prospect
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saiae3

s
ann se eaapiea enH a utgiinn iuasaad si
otaidsoH oaaa 30 33ni aq pau
u 33n nnoi3

qse a 33nq
C
o
ap of ignn 30 iun
a iooa a
u dwis pap
asuap
f
ann o ainaapoui y

oiai soH oaaa 30 33n


L

ui i
ppp Ea ey
spaaaxa aap enH aqi 3o s
aaaaq onpug s33n aq ao3 ssau
a
atu yi
a

eu
x
uanua
t
ayi snnoT3 uxaaaaq snoven pine q
dso
oia oaaa 30 33n a q
n uoi
quioa
eu

uj xaiq u
OS 3o ssaaxa uY sr
vCenH oaaa 30 33n1 aq Cen
fuasaopuoa oaaa id

CenN
e oaaa 30 33n pue oiardsoH oaaa 30 33w aq1 uaanniaq uannuiiuoa a
ao3 aauap

na
a uu ua
p sisuoa you st a aap
os yi uo
ppe uI oiaxdsoH oaaa 30 33n aq ao3

oo sa
add a sri
uxgo sa uno
pau aa aq
C oa
paredu uagnn p
o L aa aq uiu
in uoq

e peoaq aqz 3o asn


eaa 3ip senn
eaaq na fenH oaaa 30 33 au 3o uaugaads un
paaa

uu
n oaaa 30 iaou ase
gp efuasaopuoa
dutuie e ufo epeaganj u uioaienuna
a
ap

und aye 30 red aaddn aqa ui aap


ae nH aq 3o
C aeua uaaq
ui nos ayi aeau
oa senn
paiaa

dures siyy vfenH


a oaaa 30 33n aq 3o aas aq ui nno
uoi dures
a oa3 aiea
u edas a
zorq

uo
go uaaq seq Si
paure uauziaads i alge
L eY iO xalap a uy
Zl3o uor
L u
eu

80i
a
u
unn u
qa xa qa
xa unn sntaaaxq asaq ai axaua 3o sa
L aaaxq oega m xnaao
poq uiu

iieardi qnn S
qa CZ nenb
ad za 3o
a sxaoiq xei
a pue Z
ad aion xa
xaox aiu ui 30
e

sasseuz
3 sa
i
ad i
oiou aaaxq Z ad
inu 3o s
aid CZ eaion sog u
saiu s30 soux
fi

pasrxdiuoa seiaaaxq i ad
I 33nZ oauey 30 souu pasuduzoa
Ci an
seiaaaxq exapi nH
C

aq u paz
o
u aax are ur 3o sad
iaaaxq xapi
a an sa
x
u p auu
qpug
ngi ga
au

anq nxasd uvCunH aq u s


aaaxq a
o aiq axovu au1 pug lawsiP
uapug eu
n gSa
I

3o ax
uot aq u useraaaxq asoq apniau exapi
a
enH oxxa 30 33n
C nn paX
aq q eaxa
ei

enH
t
e uaq 30 red
iaaaxq xapi
aq 3o s ex
ea se
papniau isodaQ
s a uogau
xapi qaq

30 33n aapi
u3o
ex
ea pasoduioa aox ii ox3 panuap aq axa3axaq
enn u urea
au
exapi nH
C

ut
u
x i exaprea aq uzox3 sxa xanas u S
aui paxpunu i p u
eq
aq 30 33n xaprea
ul
ex

ssai o saseaxaap s xaoiq a


az xan xalau
p u aua
sxa 3o suaa se ise
a sxaoiq sapniau

pug idstp aoiq


aa
uau iax air
an i nn oioq
qa i aoanniuaoi a30
ii iaxr sisuoa
ua

Ceu eiaaaxq exapi


auxlul a evCenH aq 3o
xapp uu axn
x
u uu
anx3 xn paaaa3u
i
s
an

au pug xapiea uogau


qatp 3o Sxnui atud
u odo papoaa
x aq eax
aq uaann e
aq u
nn

pasodxa axe
33n xapiuauxlu 3o unoua xassai
s
e taaaxq xapi
axaau s
nn pa
q ul
x
a

aaaxg exapi
e ul
x
a

xane aq pue
a
uu
ppZ Cial
uxxxaxdde si q
ssauxa dsaH axxa x
a
o au ui
SLZ

noq s un aq 3o ssauxaiq pasodxa u


x
tunu
ate aadsax 9 i
Ciant Puy S i aads
i
uau

i aiq
s i0
I 0 8
i i P i7 0 i 3o sa IpapiarsC anuq exedas g
sa lo
a

d un 30 33n x
seuend ua
C
s
i xa axoui

C
ard
Il atp u
u x auaxox
Cd axou sui
uoa un aq pug panxasgn uaaq 1ou seu auauds

60t
pagsggszsa you ssm tua pads
isua

aq aa
siaaaaq auk uaann
qun pine pa
aoa uoa a
aaastp insai ansu pinonn Hsu
ui pa aueid

auoz
aaniis isuaasu snoaua
or
ou ssm usy aq aau
n1 o s uoa aq uiq
as Ynn

passq siiuS s
sa isuoisua uaumaop
saan auiy 1s si Cq
s
oioa pug s
Cpn siq uunp

uiddsuz usp paasiaaaaqun pus pa


aQ n1 o
paire aq isuo
siaaaaq aq uaann u pine
Xsp

van as
isa ut
si uoa au sq a
as saasuouiap lau
sip nir
iS a ui on oioa
urx siaq
s

Cq paasdaad sdsui axis auiu


oioa pus aogXns
ai aq fq uiddsu ai
oioar ny o
usy

q std sq sa
mba uoa
as asxp s 30 a
a i aq pus any
aq usq aa
si paur
o taaa

inn 3ns o
xrs uiq
usy pagsnaa o sui
o ssia o suoisniaui aq aanannoH
usy auk 3o s

xsodap a
sds aiusaion s ssnn q au 1su
siaaa ns sa
sa
pa au o drx aausssiuuuoaai

s oaisuos
s I66i uousaxunuiu
za ad algol
I Q 98bi sapinsuag pus ssoi nZ

usp aq nnoiaq iun ap


o o us ss
aaaiq aqX
s paddsu psq sa
s aaii
pn isg ap iiann
pau

aqlas
apaul uaann uoa ay
i
you os siaaaaq aq pus n1 o
si auniiid a usp asx
s
ux

n1 o
usy o sur
xu aaaaq Ciau pus
s
pa

ssia o
s ua sougs pasoduioa
Cian st siaaaxq asane sryx ui aaaaq aq o sa
s znsodxa

xaiu aq ui paasaoi a auasip1eituS au oonn


ut
s aapun
punoa pine aa L n
ns ay
e j

usy o xu
o i
su pus s
seia 3o pasoduxoa Ciisaid
C1 are pug ouom snoaua
c
oioq
ai ouzoq

iisxaua an
q asa
ssiaaa oaisnunaund oil pus ureas o
t
o o p laddn
s
su
sa

aq utpniaut au
sip IS aq
sii asau
pine urq
inn puno are apisas i
ssiaaaaq ui
s Z
ad

Z pus i salsi aas ssoxa


suoi pine dsu aq

uo unnous a
oiaidsoH oua pus Csn
s uao s
o n aq pus aaq xnn a
ouasa u ux
u

Oii
i r3 seraaa
rq asd iioa a
e iarse oxardsoH
rapi 3o ir
d
a a pur
r
o nH
yC

oira 3o s33n ar
1 yYnn risuoi ur
d
uia ra ay pue
i
pa eiaaarq sry
3 s oua
anbrenr

rsapu ari
3o a zo sarueaion eso uus aq aay
ia uuor3 paniaap iq sr
gord sip iiuS
au

aq 30 lseauuou aq o engnaurrd upurgan 3o


oa ure arp
a
rp ur xsapu g
a iaaa
t
pa

paua3ui sr taaaaq i ad ar
j
f pine nH oara
e aqpa
30 33n ay uaann uaumaop s

eidrua snoau
uauraa uoa 3o aposida
aodrua itruTS j
aao3aaari paaanoa sr
iun
s onn arp

aqa
uaann uoa aq noy oiaidsoH
y
i aa 30 33n aq riluauaq
o saq are
pasodxa seraaaaq

sui satueaion eso rres ayx 3o gem


xu pug s
ia ure
uoa
I 33n
asay Lo
y 3o pia
u

nq oiorpiiououa pine snoaua


at owoq Cii
aaua osi aa
qaap
seiaaa aenux z I
C
ad

ar
as aapisuoa Ciq
Ciq dsr saa
go id ux ssau

xairp uo iu
iuur onq aur parpunq ieaanas
saa sr qui add 3o ssauxa
raaaaq aapi
ea rp

pasodxa ark papiann puu duroa Cia


a
pa aiduroa uaaq an
qey uaur3 aarurnd Css
s
a3 i

ro3 daaxa parr Ciasuap uoa


a reau
inap pug papiann si raaarq ari rprn arp 33n au
I

uoa srrp 3o ganur aanoa rsodap


s norpir 3ap
q adde a
sar uoa raddn
ar snir iur arour
a

I
ay p ui apna
iaaaaq ay o ui rp u su
sra uoa ari uoi pine
ro3 a paplann

uou o papiann fixood si eraaarq ay moiaq pine rn ay


r
do
auCr e 33rr ay
anoq I enH
tvf

oua 3a 33n aq ui pauuo3 arq ur


g noq in3a
aLCridor auoz a anoq azrr s
in
it uraaaaq

aq 30 a
uoa aannoi arm uoa au nnoi
ae i aua si
Il gaignn nH orra 30 33ru
C pyre

raaaaq ari anoq aaua


Sii sx
riarun oxaidsoH oaaa 30 33ru arp jinn raeYaaaxq
s
ui
ra
uy

aq rp ui paui
usuoa iiann st
taaaaq rapi
epu srq 3o
a sod argd
uou qs aq
r
e i

iii
112

of the tuff of Cerro intruded into Type 1 breccia com


Figure 30 A Photograph Huayta
of Manto Tuff Photograph is taken toward the west on the southern side of Que
posed
brada Chilhuani
ogd snoina
o
r
ude do p nn aut
u g pa
t
n

aaaas

ienH
n oraa o
ns o
y
u 3na cap
ui
a
q
xaaa
pal
ui
ae
ap

u
uia
auaop T
i
C
o
a U xeui
u 33 Pal
iu
eaC
odo ap
d
ai nH
ngeau
u aou
uuzaa pue ua
a
u
oua
arnia uu ap
auouautu

ii
114

Figure 31 A Photograph of the subdued of the brecciated Manto Tuff within


morphology
the Huayta caldera the
right in contrast to the unbrecciated intracaldera Manto Tuff
to
outside of the
Huayta caldera margin Photograph is to the southwest toward Cerro Pil
lune Contact between the tuff of Cerro Huayta which underlies and intrudes the brecci
ated Manto Tuff is approximately 1 km north of rocks
exposed at the right edge of the
Note the strong contrast in erosional resistance between the unbrecciated
photograph
Manto Tuff to the south forming Cerro Pillune and the brecciated Manto Tuff forming the
knobs
lying
low
oyd snoinaxd
o
gd o exp aui
uim gi d
i
axn

ii
ir
rMiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
i
ii
iii iii
ir
ii
ririiiiii
iiiiiiiiiiii
riii
ir

a
uxap nH
C
e
u
u
x
aq o i
auoa
xaputa odoZ
x
d
a
3n1 u
aion ngepurd
satu
xluI
a
exapi

auniiid
iioua

Sii
Arun znaao
C
u ouaruoa rnb
rz 30 Ci
a ururopaad sas
u ia ria
arri i
sirid 33n1 arp uirpinn

algotq pu id aurpru
eiaot
as sapniaur 33ru aria utrilinn C
s o alms
raauagd ui
r pug

rise 3o s
nnoi3 iaor Cd pue ai
z
ailsuiao Cgr 3o pasuduroa
iio sr
euuq o
edn
ea raa 30 33 ari
L

e n or
a
gr
uu ra 30 33n
L

Li
33n uiaaarq Cguaaaa aril
uuy pa
o o ur pris sxaoiq renb aria
z
a rari so 33
arim

ea
a
t
p
e uo
ap rrey 3o geur a
xr nne
uiq rapi uyC
a nH aq3 ur
o piis etia s
eraaaaq eaapiua
raq

ur
uuy aq 3o a
o ned aaann iaoiq asari
s apo ina
auiuua 3ip ru a
sa nsodxa 30 a
ei

aril nb aiazosai 3o sxaoiq apiis s


alrzu i ui S ad
nprnrpu are seraaaaq api
a CZ

rapi
e
ea

30 red ruari
nos aril ut
reur odo
ui er ari
d
arr a3 puu paaaa3ur arg
puu aan
a
C
n H aq

aq puno3
uaann Ciuo aye
seraaaaq i ad rrr
sass luaaagoa s apiraa aq o
r eq o
uphis an

uiare seraaa
ardra
pa aru asaq
a
q i ro xaoiq
ui apes aiq nul iiuard
goad 30 s lq uai

ur ru uarour aoa airreaion auaaarioa 3o


OOi q
ur3o
sass
pasuduroa are seraaarq i adfZ

iId d
a eur
oioa arp
ar uo asur
unnogs uaaq anuri pu ru a
rapi aril
e uoir

uoururoa a
r
OOi 3o ssaaxa ur suaau
ns
aau3 pasodxa rnn sxaoiq aPiiS
ri unH ra
o
zru

30 33n a
rapi
u
e t aria ri ur Z
nn pa
aaa
ri i ads
q aiozosay 3o s
iaoa pas pine
uaru
ir

rS 33n
sarrreaion eso2i u L oli
Y ur pine sis
3o xrr xaoiq apxis rapiuau
ia iiEUrs puu s qu

uoa
ur xaaarq
s CS
ad aril awsiP iiriS aril 3o eare
aaaaq i
aq ui puno3 se C1
ad aq

risuora a
inn iar
ri d iaaures aq aner setaaarq 3o
airid
s
r i
sad oq
q nogai u
q
e eur e
r rap

i
a nos aria
uraq reau
puno3 q
s riouour ii
raaa ar
oiori aaua aq o roasar
paredu g
oioq

nux 3o pasoduroa
aidr are
raaaaq
s Z
ad s
aaari o paua3ar api
a ari 3o uoiuod uaa

rou aria
sannr ux
rp
e
a aanri p
uris au
r igan aria 3o nay aria ui iaaaaq an
api
n
uI

9ii
117

Figure 32 A Photograph ofintensely brecciated Manto Tuff near the margin of the
Chinchon caldera All but thelargest clasts are penetratively sheared so that the original
texture of the tuff is completely destroyed Note the relatively unsheared and more resis
tant clasts of Manto Tuff within the completely sheared matrix This photograph of intra

caldera breccia was taken north of Cerro Pillune approximately 250 m from unbrecciated
Manto Tuff outside the margin of the Huayta caldera In places unsheared blocks as much
as several hundred meters in diameter are contained within the brecciated matrix
oloud snotna
ud do duxnn
ap au gZ i
aan

Lo
Y1I
u
La
n u 3o s
ia
ags fianp
paa auad ausun
paa
ia
Cianq

8ii
nL1i l i nogn p anb
pa sa
ny ua 3o a
isapu aya Cq utaan
Iaano isodap snoaae3
s

n aye aeyaud niaun


sa 30 s yP
nas
a 1eW ZI
S ixoaddn n
u
Cia pC
pa nH o
ua

30 33n aye Puy uW ii uiixoadde


Ciaa u p
pa otaidsoH ano s
ua 30 33n aya ati
o i

sodap 33ru aye


snoaa otaidsoH oua 30 s
g anbaN 3o sauaop ai aye
Cy
tio inn papnia
y

ur
uaaq sny y aiuop io n q
a
Cy ui si pine
papna apun xaiy
saii ui ppi d
rCialnunxo

nos si 33n aye 3o a


d nsodxa sa
I ay
z Y
sr stun yaud sa
aynn na
aye a au 30 1s
e ay

sasodcnd d
u
aoi tpoq
suoy ui lnaao
rs
sodap nuiurei pue pappaq
ssoaa al
u
up

ua ao3
d dn oaua 30 33n1
ea
eq
eu aye y
tnn papniaux sx
nb
r
u
aipedu
doarp app 30 u

pnnb nos aye uiy


seay tnn pasodxa Ci
eaoi isodap e33n
snoaa aug ysiuaaa
paure d

OSZ o I
ianas

3
uao n
sacr
aty wnuiix
ssau p y Si i ia e
dd
unxo p
pa nnolaq aas anba
ny

uS oua 3o aa
sapu aye pug 33n
Lo W W i OZ ay1 uaannlaq
u uopisod axyd
rts iay
u

rCq suoa
pauin a
nq p Ciinarnauioip
pa uaaq you ey
an anbaN 3o sauzop Cy
aptio

ay1 inn papniau


uun sib uiy uaaq an
ey a
eyau pug anbaN tau z
s
sg au
anbaN

3o samop Cyi
apyo aye eau
isodap paur
s auk pal
u
e i
u ssoaa nituzis
P paPpaq

I
Y L pug S uaann
S u
aq paanp

e aye uaann
a
e
r uasd oua 3o ax
sapu uufiaano pug uoa an
a oi aye 3o aqpaurec
suoa

aq Ciuo a1
uun ay aauapina ed
uaoal
au
at ao arxlauioipn ouad
a
aiyd anpiux3ap 30

sxseq aq uo eiauoa uaaq you spy iun aye aaurs d


pa s un 3o uo
iauoa siy uor o
sanb auo

spuai dfl30 33ru


a
q
uu inn z
aye uiy nb sapnlau yarynn uaa stiaouayd al
a
ad aa

dutpniaui paigd
saauaia33 ad
a
ec rsodap
s auulsnani uaaefgns pug CenH
u ua30 33n
o

na t
aye o aeiiuzis si pine eaap enH ayx 3o aauanlras uzapina
uui ay 30 d aq o sn
add

6ii
M Aei
4 gr pagra
io inap o Cssel uu
il o nn
ir3o
a pasoduroa are sxaox asar
L

anbaN 3o
e sauaop ilo
a
q arp se o ra3aa utararl
paa ale eaallrpao eiiu ay u saruop

urao3 erp ale auaaory alpprua 3o is Cd ur


sodap mans apseiaoa laapun pue enel S
marl

an aN 3o sawoQ ai
e ilo q

e pue igdea
a

pad aarrereadde
o letaua uo aplea e
paseq e enH arp 3o sxaor uir
i m papnlaui uois
Cll

daao3aaar s erueaeauenH 30 33n aq


rno L nrasd oua nnolaq euieap nvCenH
a ay ur

rnaao eruer
s auenH 30 33ru aq 30 erp se
olor pue
C
ad s30 fin
oloa lrur Cssel aulfrlde

y oiaidsoH oraa pue narCenH sClp


oarra 3o s33n aelrur olorpil arp
ai uo
go sa
e
pau

ay 30 raaun lear
ure Cleue uirpinn si pue 9L6i atgoi
IP d ssel pa
e eapiquou 30

aldures a uo
qoSenn
pain j uaunaads iaiq
I i
Y S l 0i i 13o ale au
amotpta d

ueapenb arp
al ux s33n qau
r
t
s aarour arp

sasuduroa auarldS auagds


o oa 33n good
paaedu raouarld arp
s 3o uo
aod isa
tu
uea

pue q z
apualquaor a
o
r renb aurpiues 3o S1s uaaaad
Gaouagd aq dui
pl pue S uaann

uoa fired raddn arl


ure rpinn tgde
au o ras
s
le
rood 33ru a leraua uI iun ay 3o yred

rannol arp ursuduroa 33 igde paplann Clasuap


r
a u uasa
d Clleaol are
lpa
ss uou
r
erp

3o saroa
lenpisar pue auCUdoagin y dun looa punoduroa
u ao
aldrurs a sr ureaeauenH
t

30 33n ar rar
agnn aeala ou sr i qpue oaingaeurn 3o
eareurieal sunno arp uaann
aq

rnsodxa llerus
a a ui no sdoaa osle 33n at
l pasodxa sr
33n ay gaignn anoge unmu
i
roa

arl eruereauenH io3 run aq paureu Clleuuo3ux ZLbi I 33 nno


algol qse tlo
a
r
y

ilasuap
paPlann o Clrood 3o pasodmoa sr eureaeauenH 30 33n auaaoty alppiur arm

eureaeauenH 30 33n
L

qZl
aq o sam pasodxa artrop rio aq
a
Cga ey aigxssod
l sr i II i noq
rpp uI Y
uor e

aq oa sa lanbaN o saurop
uai
pa io arp
1
a
Cria pine e au s
eard a naads ialq
uau LY I

Sau
6
0
Z L
e
aaoaaa o s
e ar
n i q uais oiorpri
oq o a
i at si aruop
i
f I pauruua
au ap

ea stun aa
aq ouu Co uot
uno iaa sit nq run 30
a
oalnr oigarrd 30 samrgnos pue anoq

rlut uu 33rr1
S aye sapn
aion so u
sarrr iiam
pasodxa arirs ii
im aurop a
q rs d
u

P id Caiien aegaud
s arp

ur rop aq o
sau auo
sariaano a
t igm anlxrenr
eoaaa 3o a
saprr y i i aril pu Rui
aprr

samop aril yarrim enH oaaa 0 33n3


i aq Cq aqst
palaxa anbaN o saurop ga aq
o
i
ar

o a ark euror iarrelsa punoae paaaluaa sr


saurop aaarp o dnoa u
i r arp put eu
a
ap

aaaddn
u
orC aril ui saurop om sapniaui puoaas aq n
faii gaud aq
a ut
saruop

aaarp sapniaui dnoa sad arm ad aidures


oa
ea
Cgd puEq pine add
aarrea piar a
iiuris

uo paseq sdnoa aarrp o nipgns aagyrn aq


ui pap rrea
anbaN o saurop Cria
agiio ark

ur ppi spaaaxa

airp
sassau panaasaad rnunx aaud i
u
yq riuaa aq ui i
ru
r aa wrnap
pa q rm auoz
i
ss

eraaaaq
pa o aseq aq l aura nl uroa apEa tii
eard saurop aaipluz e
ss asuap

30 en
ei pagu
rnap tio pasoduaoa s
aq
paaoioa red ao pug puu
raiu rn
C
r
a gdoa auiq

n
inn pa
ri iaaaaq d
e
i a are sawop arp 3o ed aa
a
s no ark sserupunoa aq ui en
s
an
rad

aq urea
nauk
sapixo rumuear
uo ea u
u
o s nour a
aa auayds pyre da
i
a oiq sapt
r

xo uoat o s
t
runrrre unoure aa
a pyre zlrunb ao ao
as
d
e s o s
prre auiptu stiaouagd

uaaaad pi o S s
ganru s nq aood
uoa uua
ur rs
S
aouagd aan i
sen aria ieaaua uY aoa

inap iial
u
pa eurpin pug sauoz qCss
s
p ei o isodap
s u pmans uroa premur pug
3a
ii

mdn ap
pa a iiuoururoa sautoa pod
u
m
q u paaao
uoa Ciy m sane aidand q
ty y1 ii

iZi
122

Figure 33 A Photograph taken toward the south southeast of the largest flow complex
of the rhyolitic domes of Nequeta The lava flows and domes form the lowlying hills in
The lavas in the underlain
the central portion of the photograph rhyolitic photograph are

by a ash sequence that may be related to the formation of the lava


nonwelded white flow
caldera
or the outflow tuff tuff of Cerro Hospicio from the Huayta
flow complex and
covered mountain peaks on the horizon include Nevado Sepregina and Cerro Tu
Snow
to the east which are in part of a thick outflow section of
yunima apparently comprised
in the middle of the and Cerro
Sahuarque
Manto Tuff Cerro Condor part photograph
the
peaked mountain to the west are
comprised of the andesite of Cerro Sahuarque which
overlies the southern part of the dome field The rhyolitic dome below Cerro Sahuarque
in the is comprised of the
can be also be seen in the photograph The ridge foreground
Tuff of Cerro Hospicio
orid
o
gdna snornaad 30 p aui
urnn g 3
arn

iiuS s
I
Y
u
orardsoH
ao dure
ua30 n
o L

gse papiann
nno

aureaoru inxaeirJ

anbaN
arueaion anbaN o
e ra
erauEisg
eso rcie o saurop io
a
2i
Cr

a
ru on

S
nr
anba nso uieS
r
n
a ra 3o a
o rsapud

uu opuo oaua CnZ orra


rutun pine
ea
erapi eS
anbrnny
uoriauiq oira
ui op
7
aadaS naN

Zi
124

Figure 34 A Photograph of a silicic dome mapped with the


rhyolitic domes of Nequeta
which underlies the andesite of Cerro Sahuarque near the
margin of the Chinchon caldera
Photograph is taken toward the south across the Anchaca Valley which is perpendicular to
the caldera margin The caldera margin is within the eastern
right part of the photograph
west of the large exposure of Santa Rosa volcanics near the valley floor
oyd snotna
o
d d30 ap nn aui
u i g i
aan

on
a
saiu
so2 S

auxop ataiitS

nH oua
C
30 3n sodap
s
ns
a

aZ
J
sno
n
3 a on
a
saru

so2i S

nZ olu
y
ui
x
a
aap a
aan auiop
uu ap
a S
aia
uogauiq

S
ny
anb
eis oua
n oua o aa
sapud
anb o
S
n ua

SZi
id
aseiao anbarnge oaaa o aa
sapue a Cq urejaano aae
lei sodap auu
s snae

u
sapna auaop a
s s
y1 aea
aat p
passnas sy ru eaegau
a
reap aq o ap
s qnos aq

uo
s a sa
auzop a
i aano anbannge isapue a o aseq auk
oaaa o a n aid
e3
I

seaae loan aq o
u a Ceme u
qpue esoaaa pue
enq
anba aopuo oaaa

eq aa
eaa Caaouagd
s auaxoa
uo
uaa
paaa saaluaa drua
anr e u pp i u e
aa
I
aiq
sassau

Cd uepungn ssai pue eid uepunge


aseiao aaoua sassassod eq ut oneso
ea
u
sa ues
e

o aq uzoa saa
aap p s
anbaenq oaaa o a1
sapue au
I uasaad Ci
aoi aae
u
Cp
uz
al

pug dsPia3
a I
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aad
sa en a
aod
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aa
ea
sen

Cjjnao sseuipunoa ud
iu j
a C
d
a u uoaaiz
xo umtue
pue sap uoat o unou
s

aaea pue ao ao
Cdou
auaxoa pue auaxoa
Cdouija a
q
o 3o unouus aassai nn
s apuaiquaor

pue eid 3o s
aseiaot aouagd u
punge uiu
uoa pug xa
iq o Cur xrep aau send a

o oa s
pasodu e anba
es oaaa
eni xead ui
unouz luau
oad aye ao
u uasoga Senn aun
u

aqd ea uoyau aq 3o
eaap nos aq sdeiaano Ci
aeu uaa
u seay gaed eq ueapenb
aj

aq 30 aed uaa
nos a u
seaq xalduaoa ea ea
u
a
on uaa a
suuo aaaaq nno
e 3o sauxn

pauua 3o aauanbas
ion aassa pug senor u
e
a xa ue
anisua 30 suoa ai
s
u penb a
ue

30 red nosaq
eaq
s
uaa u pasodxa anbaenge a3o a
oa sapue auaaoiy aipp
ux auI

s
anbaBn oaaa o a
sapu

opaq 30 Cuuua
sau ut uouamoa sx nno xa
uipueq qo uoa u
urq pa
ao H

aouaud
s1srC nna sureauoa nei d q
xu C Y
ay ogd
o
ea
sgd uae a
nn pue xae
r q ao

oa o
ao q ea paaunouoad
q uo aan a suuo oainuaeuzn sanny a
o
oigand
nos uop aye aojoa

i sit
q 3o asneaag s
ao ea
q apaua ao
pu e
ua a
e
a
s aneq feur oa
n
ngaeu o oigand

9Zl
s33n addn aye 3o autos
y s sKxa y
igissod n aauapina euoi
t
rC
s
i ippe Cq oddns
pa you

noy
y
d ip
uoisuau uaui
rx
uznu
u o ssaaxa ui ao api
s
q s s soy isi n iap
u
td ua

ur
s y aa
aut ui un 9i u
aye pug ip
a ar sr
rap tau
ea ay1 uoi
u
esau
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aid pa
exaossu y na 1ua
inn eaap znsaz s
q
C s ap
ae uoy ayZ avCnnH
ap

ayl o
u yi
yse uoy aye 1
a3 sr 33na nno niaauoa o ap
q ae oways
uoy ay u

no ue
nno en si otaidsoH
C
a oua o 3n ay y rgissod aye suado bgbi i
r
f la a
q

orI 6l ias uasaalad a6Lb a


goN as
a aye o un QZ uzixoaddn nzap
Clal auoy

e
iaoss
uoi
Q i aye pug ap
W i ea CunH ay1 3o sways nno
ys aye uaann
aq

o apos
da uranp paldnaa alarm
oduxal
n a ay
aso L ae ai
inr i
u s
au
aye ea
aap

aa is
uoy aye o pa
e un o
gay pug enH
vC oua pug oraidsoH n ay1
oua 3o s

auawou aiydea
aan oAag
5 PuB wsiuga
gga uoi
p

inxlas atu
C oys do
ona C
a anap C
atd s
aa uo
aanuoa

Cy pua
p
o
uuay y1 uo
dsapinn casgo aye C
en uo qsi
pas durnsse
uo siy y
n oy anb

isapu aye uny C


renyus oua o a uno dd
a oa you
q
i
e d
g
q o si uoi
d
aa n
paaa

u
C
C
t doad
ar iuaid are anbreny
s isapuu aya 3o q
ao a
o aaa pun senn ay1
s

o s
addn a
C
au uui o pound iaua auies aye
ini au
euu o aaaq
pa ay
o

a n
ap CnnH ay y eC
inn pa
aoss aayp ou noy anbreny
y
u es oua o a
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ayZ oa
W S i i noq uey ap Ie enyies
anb o naye 3o
isapuu aye 3o s
ua o a auou

ey ns n
sa
ur nnH o
a30 33 W Sli a
ui senu atlisapuu aye nno
aye apn aq

a ey sauuop aiat
is aye o iu sau
a
is oQ uauixaads iaiq
J W 9l i o uop

apa
uiuua u un
aU
pap ua 1
aopuo o s
anbzeny oua 3o a c al
isapu aq uro andas

LZi
raoq funH
eu
uo iiiiao
s ui Ana suiseq papoaa pule suortsiaut
nn panaasaad pug past
i
ui

sodap uaaq an
e o sreadd puu uogeuuo nH aq
i
seiiii eq
u e
aa
saa aaoui
u pa
ara si

urao3 uiua
uorl unq aqZ eapenb duredoaap
u
a aq ut tun
s auaaoiy aippiuz aye jinn

aaoa you
ani
a
e are eiaiu aq reiiuais
oshun ajon
naafi uaau
nos s
ai eaodura d
f noq
q

3ai
saia ja ep
s uo an
i
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ea suaaxa sut
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aoi
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sam aa aq o u
e
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l uu 3o uioa sr
uou sd i 86i iu a L uo
IuPso euuoq e
e
u nq
a

Ci
uno
aa ris a uioa3 paur
q gouaaq an io 6
uy Z g lnoge uaann
aq uaoa said

sea2p
uaa

a uoq aip uaoa


i enla
f
e are
af
aap nH aq 3o s33n1 au1 30 red s
aaaq papniaui

8Zi
airpri
yau d nb pine xao aru
a
z
a1 aion 30 euiruopa pasudu
u
i
d oa apue uepunq

are
s rearrenH on xapio arp
I eure
ia ary
r sr unoure assai ui
s noyli auayds
y a
u

iu rpim
r
s 3n road
Saaouayd ray
s oiuo ay1 enb ay1
ueap
ai uo un mob
s ys aay
o

u uorumoaun iar
fianr si yaiym auayds 3o rd
aauasa arp si 3n siy o aadse aryderdot

dad anpauysTp y tra o sam sun


auenH o
urea d
edur i
eni
au
ru o 3na ay sail

nano Arun aye o no


dora urs
ii d Cr pine rz
g x3 o euen
s
deun aq3na aya
uaam

3o arnsodxa o r
ra
aye o zi
aauaa arp uro em
Cii aauanbas
sdrp aua ear
ys
mob d

uaurraads prrey ur
aigisin are
auayds

o raouayd Ii
C
s S xaoa arp 30 uaaaad Si o aq asuduroa
S uaam uoaarz
pug auayds

r
airin o unouru aair
s q tm auaxor
r fdorpro apuaiqu
oy a porq aurpru
es id30
aseiaoiS

raouayd
s ru ppi uipaaaxa aiy S
ssau ar
e
a uy
xm xaiy r
au
saa o sua aaua
fiir

are aauanbas aye uty


tm smob yse i eaC
anprnipui erapi nH arp 30 enb
ueap r
u
a
s rprou
a

aye urpniaur ai
penb aye
un o rod uza
suoi agazou pine
s eaauaa ay1 u
i pasodxa sr ways

ys u
mob i Cii
y aua ay1 e papiam
n mob
ys Ciasuap o firood ya
a
t
s
e
i
r

o pasoduaoa iun iooa punoduroa


u s rand un
n
u
s o 3n auaaory a
i ayZ

ried sun
snugn 73a 3n
L

ruasd oira o e
u sapu
a

aye pine aa
y 3o sen
Ii
ny i raye ui papniaur
Cy
iio
ar aa auaaory a
ui ay uunp pa
drua

smog nei pine sau


opmom S did 33nZ oainyaeuan aye pug d
r
n
u
s ruun
eo n

ay 3o drua aye
uor im ursru
y ys 3o
eaion mob pouad anr use seem
a y a1
auaao iayZ

IOA 0IL1I
dQOSIdd Il1I Id dstT
L I

6Zi
130

n o

00
15

GENERALIZED GEOLOGY OF THE ORCOFAMPA QUADRANGLE

Tertiary to
Pre Late Miocene

Trc Rhyolitic laves of Challahuire 9 Ma


5

10 Tu Tuff of Umechulco 3 Ma
6

Taa Andasita of Cerro Aseruta 7


5
6Ma

Tuff of Laguna Pariguanas 3Ma


7
TP

Andesite of Cerro Sahuarqua 4Ma


11

i
Tm Rhyolitic dames of Nequeta 5Ma
11

Th Rocks of the Huayta caldera 6Ma


11

Tuff of Jallua 14 Ma

Serpane volcanics 5
1
0
189Ma

20 Tm Rocks of the Chinchbn caldera Menlo Tuff 1Ma


20

Santa Rosa volcanics 23 Ma


20
Tsr

JKu Tertiary sedimentary rocks


Pre

10 kilometers

10 miles

30
15

Figure 35 Distribution ofpre to Late Miocene rock units within the Orcopampa quadrangle The tuff of Laguna Pariguanas andesite of Cerro Aseruta
Tertiary
tuff of Umechulco and rhyolitic laves of Challahuire are shown distributed in the central to northern portion of the quadrangle The red dashed line
located centrally within the Huayta caldera outlines the Chuchanne area of intense acid
sulfate alteration discussed in Chapter 4
131

Figure 36 A Photograph of the tuff of Laguna Pariguanas taken from above estancia
northwest The ash
Layo toward the west flow unit includes a base of nonwelded to partly
welded tuff overlain by dark gray moderately to densely welded tuff
oloyd snoinazd
r
ud o p aur
urnn gg i3
aan

33n1 PaPia
apoua
al of ood
Ci
s
r
n
u ed
eun
30 ns
nl papiann fiasuap
of apoy
Ciale

amop a
atirS
aluaa aiuieaion diio

i
Z
si aq aanamoiq
a d pun
spupn pri 30 33n1 au1 sp
Ilam sp
spaapipa CpnH pup uogau
p q

ano t
qsp ati
aq uioz3 panuap s33ru moi3 isapup ay 3o spnpi aq1
naasy oua 3o a

00

sp
yanu se 3o ssau
iai panlasaad o
ip p
xm piaaaiq mo 3o spaq a
putpaogns y
im

ui pup u
pipaaa
pa q iipaid p smog
a
ei
en xapp aq
pi L quai ui uia i ue park
a

aq upa Uaouagd aspiao


s pid apixo r oq 3o su
niup
u
u xn pup auaxo
uppungp q
a fd

o pup
oq auaxouCdouria 3o p im aspiaat
unou aassai i
s pid us
Siu aouagd uaa
ad

SZ 3o ssaaxa m pauoa
uiu pnpi o iaoa Gfgdp uio
ar 3ui upt moiaq aas saiupaion pnq

ppu aq upq aouagd aaoui


s
qau pup aiaiiis acout
aua
iip aap iasd oua 3o a
n
p is

apup aq 3o suoxsnz
u ess pup sawop
i
Cq
igpd smo13 pnp aprea uogauiq aq 3o uor
p

xod uaa
ou au ui aauanbas aiueaion aq dpa ga
um oa
saxaidu oi3 pup sautop
n
auiop

uiuuo3 uan
s snoiauznu oa3 pa
u drua aaam
smog asay
I iq naasd pup
p pvCpnH

uogauiq a3o
o ipad
s pup pu
sa uux pup smo13 pnpi a
o3 suo
au u sn sapud

nias oxaa 3o a
e
r sapu

sapup aa
f
uno aq uo paurp
qo sap ad
n
r asd oaua 3o ia

a un si v3
im si pj nogp 30 1
pua
q
sisuoa saq
alp d r
p uasd o
ua moiaq uzoa3

aads
uaua p uo qo spm ii uiaads
pauip uaialgpIpIH L 3o alp
I Llp
pup ip p
o
i au

sa
anogp pasodxa spuen
upd pump 30 33n1 au uo qospm
p
pau Zi uaur
aads iaiq
I

apalp xd pa p
i d moiaq aas i Cia
py euitxoaddp p pp ru
I
pi L3o not
9
0 uua
pu

ash oua 3o ausapu


e aq moiaq gs sari spupn
e
r
tipaxudp pd pun
r 3a 33n aqy

red pun
spupn i30 fin
e aq 3a rungns p
Cigissod si pnH epp
p ia uo
ganZj 3o apis iaq

pu ay
a uo tun aa pua p suuo3 eq 33n
pui at
i ap
sua ia papiam p
C
iio
ai poui uaaa
fia
a

i
134

37 A taken to the east up the Quebrada Aseruta of dark reddish


Figure Photograph
brown to black lavas of the andesite of Cerro Aseruta which comprise the upper parts of
Cerro Aseruta which is the at the left of the Cerro Chinchon
large mountain photograph
5440 m is the covered peak to the right of the darker andesites of
approx mostly snow

Cerro Aseruta Cerro ofwhich the upper several hundred meters are
composed of
Huayta
the andesites of Cerro Aseruta is located behind the ridge between Cerro Aseruta and

Cerro Chinchon
ogd sno
o
u
e
d d o duinn
na ip aui7 g i
n
a

ruasd
gan
p
nH
oua o n
j

33n1 papiann
CiasuaQ
axa
s
i
2I
i

iasd oua
n
oa
xsapud

uoyautq
oaua
ruasd oua

i
S
sea ati o o0i se tianuz st
it uaaq aneq senei asatp
pa id
g8noti naasb oaaa o a
isap

ue im papnlau uaaq osi


ati q e ant nb
e
u
a ap ay o fed spa
uaa ati ui oaosod oara

o aau ui sene a
isapud s
e
u
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im papniaui Ciieuoisinoad

uaaq set Etp tuo dun a


anoge ea aii senei
i
a
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tii
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ai8u

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ene ia

Z aige
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L
Z noge uaam
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u
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L i au uxti
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n
s

ao a
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eu
a
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ta
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aq g
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naasd oaaa o a ey uoi
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eaa

Cti o asjnd
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a unic uo paut
go uaaq s
ti i
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L3o a

ue rpp uI Cianpaadsaa Zi
uot pue i i aads t aige
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O 9o
S
0

sa C anti i
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t tuasd oaaa utoa
a i
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ray
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q aq ao paxaaga oa iin
a
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aiogm

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n
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pa aaam semi asati eti ns


sa o aauapxna ou
aq ut
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utspet ati o iaa

i
9
aid

tp
e
u
enb aq o uot
od isaM
a
u
o uaq ui ssau
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eq ca
pp i u eac o ua pi u
q

ssai uaoa ap
iiearleru Barren
hags aq1 o ssau
iaty ay1 uoi at
tsoduaoa p o Cgc
a io
a

MOi 30
irs
ea 5r
gOad
Ciq s n aye auiua s
oi raouayd aye
i uo
paseg raouarid
S
sas

zanenb ei
ia pug
s Cdouria pug
auaxo rloiq o
a unouz rassai
s
e tM
q id uT
eiaor
as punq

aaouayd uaa
urpniaui s ad SZ rdde
uiixo
Cia uoa
sure n papiaM Ciasuap oa fiaood

6 did a
ed rannoi
r rgM o uaa
a xi aye uey papiann
ri Ciasuap aaour
si oaingaeu
rn

30 33n1 a 30 red aaddn i


ea inep ari g i3 ai
nb aye
p
ue o ued saM
ura

gyrou ar u pasodxa si 9L6i Ip u


aigol d q p Iiea
aurorpea pine paquas

p aa
i pug ZLbi aigoN q pazru
oaa said eurll3o
oainua 33 auaaoiYli 1ei au
L

n30 33n
oalnyagu L

s uad pine snorod


n aiq
eau arour
uraye
ixapun p
uer

paaalie ssai sr rasd o


n ra 3o a
xsapu aye titgeauiradun aannoi iaa sir 3o asn
Cianq aag

i
sen pur s
n uuCiaapun pue naasd oua o a ee
isapue ar o uor
i
ra uCd
u
a ni

renb pine
za ri anrsenaad o uaurdoianap
a
rd
Cdo au ur
nsa s
pa rri e iorp
a
flxnr uuat
i
Cy

ui auegaanri oua 3o
asua ease
ieaaua aril y qufrlCydaod
auaq suorsn
T q aaour
lanai

o auo
30 iduxa aya
uauraa o insaa ayl uaaq any rur
y e a
rnr iuur
C fy asua
ayaorp

ur o pound a
Cq paMOiio3 Ciasoia M
sL
sapuu aq 3o Ia
rasd oria o al
1rl uolldir I
ay

aoa aare
dd
urrxo
Cia snnoi 3o saauanbas onnl aril l
yi aigegoad sx lx ruasd
u pun nH
C
n

uogaurq uao ruiain aq ui


so pasodxa nei aril
s o saaua
ip
a ad an
o
aiyd ripue

i
L
l38

Figure 38 A Photograph of slightly to welded flow


ash tuff of the lower
moderately part
of the tuff of Umachulco The tuff has been eroded into conical that have been
shapes
termed beehive in the western United States The taken to
weathering photograph was

ward the west from a


point north of Cerro Antapuna approximately 10 km southwest of
Pueblo Arcata
139

Figure 39 A
Photograph of slightly to moderately welded tuff of the lower part of the tuff
of Umachulco exposed above Pueblo Arcata and in turn overlain by dacite lavas that have
been grouped with the andesite of Cerro Aseruta Photograph is taken towards the north
The colonial church is built of
west moderately welded tuff
o
ea
gd naad o utnn
ogd sno ap a t g i3
aan

yaanga
uojo

L
33n

uin
nga
oa

ruasd oaaa 3o a
sapu
a o sn
on iQ
alia

Ohi
Cru
aduno uea
C
rs

are farp eu ns sdrgsuoile


sa8 a air selanbaN
e
deidr o saurop ya aq
rCo
ar o ea
I

ogad re
a
rgdr ruis f
eaaua a
ert 3o send arp
aamye b P
noq
rt aaurop pine ene

ay1 o apis lsea au uo rsiunururoa euas ar rah


en
pa S86 Q iq
n
e pasodord senn

eqauteu ay
aarnge i Saaouaud 3o a
s uaaaad a
e ear a uoa serve ata
ururE s ssa

paaa
pue aaxrep luepunge ssai rpinn eiaoss
e e
en
s
e u2I
o
aq erisa
e
aarnq aue 30 lsea
e

nos urn enbs


pue r ar SL o DS ganru se aanoa
pue xatrp ru
ppZ 3o ssaaxa ur aae
d
saae

rea pue aims


aaede druoa
saxa
ur serve arQ isodap eraaarq
s rr I
ire eseq apn
3 aui

auroQ uerpenb
a arp 3o aur
a
ui ouarp
sannr
uaa e
uo iu
s an C
a
e
pa aood a

o
r
sa mod iuirp
tri papueq Cer uznrpaur
fq erega snno ene pue sawop uuo
a
pazua

o ue s eargde
i rs
q tur opad pue erodma
r L a ueapenb eduredoaap arp o a
red

uaarprou arp ur
duroa
saxa awop e
a uuo arrnge
eqo serve r
C
o
aur
U auaaory I
ale

43o sgne
axmystl f
agtto

8961 aiieg

S 896i uenr
Pue u
i urn pue ue a sawop ea lua
erap nsar 3o rls
an
saan rd
uage

ae uralled a
ea o iruis
uaa aneq gaignn arr
srp e nn saran ur
eard arp un rau aq o
e
pazi

auroa
a arp uo paseq st
aadaa srr
e
uoi
ur I sip a
au eaa arp 3o saran
d arg
n aq
mo

ar Ceur oa
ngaeurn naq io3 ease Juan aq erp ns 066
palsa e as e
lloipu

xsapue aq uerp raduno


ua o a
ruas o
e C r C
u I moge sr
eaipui aads
un arp a
l an
f

066 e a e 9L6 a
aiPrre Pu
i goN Pue aeue
q iq paarodaa aadsar
an Ol
C P

6 suaruiaads L eye
alge 9P Z
0
I 93o o
0 a rq uo suogeuruua3ap ale ad
x

l
a
o ua are satueaion iuegaey uua aq a
d urexa o pa
eanoasip sr n pue ai8uei
a
u
C

pent eduredoaip ao X03


aye ui s dnox osoaueg o uoosoa
q
euuo 8 ua au1 o
su asn

a dno rieg eut


oso uo aq q uoa p
m uoisn e
o n o ap
o ui ueapenb edinba
a d

ueaioA eiiq aq pue


im sa
a utq penb ed
ai8ue nbard aq 30 sam a
uor aq u sa
uea

ueg aq o
oA oso u papinipgns aq r oso
dno ue8 aq ns OL6i se
pa3sa8 eA

smoi enei ienp


n on saoueaiono
put pue sauiop aiu
ea s
e o3
ur

eqX pauua 3o rCpsouz s


isoduioa ut
uoY e
a aoa paleiaa pue sense o s
sisuoa dnoar osoa

eg aq paux
a ap sd ale aeituns Cissoa 3o s paaagxo apniaur
iao eia
aae o y861

a I pue
iauii 86i ioauex uipn
anpue e aui oq
s
ne ieaanas fq pasn uaaq aauis

seq uual aq1 xZ o


eaeai i 30
e sam nruad uaaq
oq ue
aap nos aq uoie ooso
eaaiiip

eg aq
i ut
Z96i eJ pue uosix Cq laiirea pagraasap
e S96i nipuay o uox
o
euz

osoueg aq asuduioa eq o ale ui reiiuixs sr n


e sapue aq1
asy oua o al
e
isapu
sa

giauauio aigdBa
aan msiu euo
Spue eaioA
sa ag

aioum au o ss
eua
ep qua
pa ui ao

8
puno au uaoa3 uo aai ieui eq
3o ssoi ai stun aye 03 pau8isse enei ao3
s 9861 ie

a aaio pue 86i Ie a reuao3 fq pa


odaz y L eo aa8uno
noq Cdd iaa ud
q
C

iun aq im papniaux sauiop ieaanas aq e


u u
a ano sx ey
i L ep rred
noge e pa euen
s

nZ oainuaeuin aq ueq aa
uno C
aeaia st eP aq nq
e 30 n1 aq
eun L auzop P

aaun iea
e
u
C fieue au1 im
uii ano
e
d feui safe a
I aded siq o naads
uau I
aige

066i ie a pue eY1i


o
i S
6
0
Z 1ep uaaq seq iun a
P o e
ss
pau d euri
e

reau auiop d Cdouiia pue


r
auaxo alxloxq 3o unoiu
s assai n zauxu lstiaouagd u
im si ep

eid
aox
ase ood
unge sou aqx aye auipiues pine s
G aouagd o aiuCyde aae
semi aq
I

Zvi
aaiiipra u
t rpa
aquaa a 3o sxao
apud i sapu reura
eiar pine sa nzjpug auaaai

alai se asuas
uot
i
ar ur o paua3a aq Pinor
ss nei asaq I
aray
aro rn auuu
f
xa uz

o asind s
auz
arp o qCew iauaei nq ania
ia uaaq an
pa eiaaaoa essaaau you
r
iii a

ou s
aanan iun ar
I eiit o s
armq i
n uin onaq rasd
aq pug oainua rro
e ua

oa
YSapu aqi o a ui iiuris eye L pine
r aq
uaann p uaaq an
pa usaap
oquaiiri

ernriog u
pine u rnruad a of fp
uaa seams aq uoil dosou
ro
ew
uar ga 3o sxao

saa aq pinogs t
au
pa r
u od osoa
uor

eg aua
a u
aye uaxunn 03 sauuorisogs od
rnrss q
u iq aur
srp Cii are
axurariaoa uraiiip

rod osor
g eaion o pa
oi3 sxao iuegaeq u
arp u eiax are
u i
n
s ro aiq
au aiidd

l
o aoud oud
o
e
syd ua ayx o ma
naa 3uo
uzo ssoca at
aas ippug aap
i
mua a

aye 3o d
u d du
euiuziia aut paquasap
pn pug paz
o
u aa sai sem a
api E
euio

3na amoi pug aaddn aq1 Cii o paua


uuo3ui aau aqa
a
s
ay aapiua euaoii
eaye 3o s

n asap
s ea
s aye uo
zp dua
u
ai
nb edoaap aye saap
oq yaym rp wolI
u
a
nb

aye u pa
ise
en apl
eauioii paare
ayaim aosse enb edut
ap
ai8u doaap aq u uas

azd are
qa aauaaoiid 30 33 mod
qm qs o sa
un papiam Ciaood oa iial
apoui omy

gaaplu emoli ys fy2


eaye 3o s33ny o llo
a

06G l auzuloyuog pue aaioS 66l oS


ta pug auq

S 8861 Ia augaS apan


uuo
uor o
ssaaduzoa yd
sas dCl
a
s
auaao a auaaoiid

aada f
ui sn
y
i
a pug nyaana ay uaam
aquop uo3o uboys
iaa aa
x a ia
n
i

uoa uasaxd atp pu dnaa


pa ea
eaap
aaam
siyy poriad y
s uunp an i yaq iiam ym
ya

ruzoii aq o s ys au
3n mod Cq pap
Hold daaxa u
s uo aion al
aof d uistu reu
C

daa
uasa o sreadd
n u o xoud inua a
pug auaaoiid a ueaion ui autiaap so y
sn

pound yy
s pa sum uia
u
p Cs aa uoa3 uasaad aye uaym y S
s Z pug y S noq

aq saS ma3
uaam papiavC spy Yuad uaay
nos u sense a
sapu o p
u g
awauiorp

oaa
uopisodu pau o ursrueajoA
g
a
uI ul sn
tg

p i satueaion en8epud aye ouo


dnsa aqa pue eaap
eaeuxoi

i ao3 ay u
aye o uo
eu aosse sane uo
m page pauaaa
e
a ldrua
uo pine uts
ueaion

aouCd alai
se
ai s eas
a ei
a8 au apos
papn ueaion eu
da a ena pue auaaoiid ayy
a

aosla zon x
uxaidna au o
za

trh i
145

oo
0
15

GENERALIZED GEOLOGY OF THE ORCOPAMPA QUADRANGLE

Tertiary
Pre to Present

Qa Surficiel deposits

QTa Andegua volcenics 95 Ma


0
6
1

Tc Rhyolite ash
flaw sheets of Cailloma caldera 3
4
2Ma

Trc Rhyalitic laves of Chellahuire 9 Ma


5

1C Tu Tuff of Umechulco 3 Ma
6

Tea Andesite of Cerro Aseruta 7


5
6Ma

Tuff of Laguna Pariguanas 3 Ma


7
Tp

Andesite of Cerro Sahuerque 4Me


11

Tm Rhyolitic domes of Nequeta 5Ma


11

Th Rocks of the Huayta caldera 6Me


11

gas
Tuff of Jallua 14 Ma

Ts Sarpane volcenics 5
1
0
169Ma

20 Tm Rocks of the Chinch6n caldera Manto Tuffl 1Ma


20

Tsr Santa Rase volcenics 23 Ma


20

Tertiary sedimentary rocks


Pre

L
0 5 10 miles

3G
15

1D
COtiiP4Cl MINAS

40 Distribution to Holocene rock units within the hAEN


BUI URA S A
Ire
Tertiary
ofpre Orcopampa quadrangle The rhyoliticash sheets of the
flows Cailloma caldera the Andegua volcanics and
surficial deposits alluvium colluvium landslide deposits rock glaciers and glacial outwash and moraines are presented
19gg

F A
1
I
Cga pazii
iio stia asegd
xoden pun rutnap papiam
pai sisuoa ai8u
aood ue 3o s
C nb
p

tp a
eduxedo ui
pasodxa si
oiire au1 30 aags moo
eye exapiea eu qse sapio ay
I

n1 aan
oZ

moiaq paquasap aae


a e eduredoa
cpenb
u

gyp a ui
o xa ei ea
pua e se aa
ap euioiire aul 3o swags moo f
uno om aqi eiap

lea aq o eiaa swags mod


pa qse o stun augsip gde
ani ed
i
a
o a ie
anas aq gsm8

u
s ip you saop nq ieua
ut8 ea
eaap emoiire ao uogeaoi tiduns aye
pa sapniaui gg6i

eQ penb
n
e ue
a oiite auk o deui
eu oioa pazr
a iaua8 aqy eom a
ap a
e

pait e1 a
ei ui isodap
pa i
saur
auo mgsa u
a pniaur sxaoa pas
uacu se
iiam

se smog enei pun sauiop eitueuz


a
s
e uoa
suie eq uo
dap
ssa d Ciieat
asa
pan oioud

aeui aq
su no eip
q
iy
oa a
aou euia
su apapoaa red are
ei
Ci au ui
a urx 0

dde
Cialeunxo sr
eaapCea aq
I penb euioii
ue
ai aya 30 wed uxa
ouauk
sam u xa
s

aaus mod
s use anon sdeyxad pue aa
gZ ueipenb eduredoatp
ai atp o reiu
8
u sea
a
u

aq o sea
un10i ixoadde pa
eu
Cla eaoi s erapiea euioiiie aq o ui8
reui u
sam ay
a

a
pa apiea panaasa
duaoa uaaq you seu e d iam

s33n1 au o du
o t
eu
dd aQ
paiie 68Ci ie a aigorI Iiea
ou pan
Boioyd asaad Cram
aua

us sr
pine Yuad nos ap sa8uno
uapi ea
aq ui payr
u e C aq a aq
o 3a sr e
apiea euzoii1e

L
au 6861 ie a aigol
T gndun aCgoN
si
Pa Q pue aa
IH
IaI I
eY Pue Z

qe
aq sau aa
noge uaam paadnaa a
am s
use eu smous 8u
aaus mod ep oipe
gau
ar

uanr uaaq aneq e uanbasgns


suoissnasip
8861 i86i eiinep Cq apiea eu
oii au o

aGL6i aigoN agsrp 8u


a uiua eu
re aq o uor
oi eniena aauessreuuoaa a
uunp pue

i
9
uieaion LLia
pnos 30 aq a
road u
a ena pine auaaoxid a
iay 30 ed saxu
aion Pud
rn

ay1 8bi J
t enanr pine
e oaue p9
e
i L6l
e a aM
Iaa L6l 1e 1a uaA
n
tlia

ZL6i 9oI
a
I S96i 3 09GL od Cq passnas
oaaraeao p uaaq aneq P Z96i

aiduiaoH fq i
m ap ur paquasap po
fiieu aiam uan
s pue smog ene asay eaoi
pa

a swan
pasodxa xa sa
o agwnu pine smog o ssauxa pine ua eat au aaagm auzeu

sai
sr o oigand pue Ca
e
i n a ion pauieu aae
sapue o Cpueu
ene a uuopaxd pasuduaoa

ueaCon epu en
en epud I
ay penb eduxedoa
ue
ai p au u sxaoa snoau C
uno
sa

a are
sodap ii
s 3Paedim
eiaos5 sauoa
iapuia pine saxaiduioa mod smog en

saiuealoA spu
xn

I
ei ep sem
Z pa
i
O
LO drua cures
uox insa a aq eui e
ar o apiea eu
ea
oii

nos S e
uo no sdo
a uxis iiiea
ad
o
ude qo
e
pau
3o q feq
o o peon aip naei

Z3o uor
uaaq sey eye l O
L ap
euiuua x
xd a
ua uo eaap
unn ea euioiii
ea 3o ou
sam

peo aul uoie no sdoaa qse ar


e n mod Cgx ssei papiam
o
i ed
Cp aq o eia
a

zoa o noy
q s 33n s xa uz
o sua oxq pue
ranas s a
e t eid apuaiquao
aseiao

ues z
quip aouayd uepunge utu
renb o s uoa n se
mo0 ei papiam Cizood
fss

o ezapoui
Cia 30 ion ue io
y gym sigi
a ueipenb eduiedoaap
ai ay o ui
rew uza

sea a eau panaasaad si ea eu


eaapi oiire a3o s qse ay o sa
aar mod f
uno aui

L aaddn
n

aaus se s uao aq o iaq


mod q papa coq aye ep

b per eI
9l 0 I 0
i apale om1
3o suor
euiuua uoarrz aaex pue ao
doui
auaxor

ma
unou iassai u
s q pue
o
z au eid apniau s
nb aseiao
ues z
p aouayd ai
uez

penb eay o wed ura


euaoii seayuou au ui pasodxa osie s un siy1 3
umod
use ar

Li l
CaJ Jaen aq 30 gauuoa aq uo
paseq u
OOS paaaxa J
iuz

Jatq a
smoJ a o ssau ar aq
I ui ppj
noqu ssauxaiq pasodxa use q enb
an exp
u
aJ

aye u saxa
y aq ux gaignn faJJ
f
aq nn pud aq ui papuod J smoJ aiJ
e I ZUnJ ppJ

noq o auu s
anoa
undeaud oua uo uaa ouealon pJaigs
paaa J
z
saB I
aq eare u

lOi
z u aa
J naa alon uo3 saxalduioa Juan
saou plaxus u uaa
J nb a
p
ue
aJ J 3o uou

god ou onn snoinaad


aq aq1 uI saax
u iq s
unaap Jo nn pa
q eJauoa uaaq acaq an
aao eq

nala
suop J
t
aq snnoJ uno
a o13 asap o
sn a
uotso
3o ap
aaa aq paauanJ
ui JJ

o a aq J au o uorso JutaeJ a
a
J s
an nuJ a
J se
JJann s sen o3a
J lpug s
J a
n Jl 30

enala ay ure
uor nHo u
au Jd und
ou n
a ud aq se
snnoJ papo
a q
Jy nn
q

Jna du
uiu
ui d nu
d
uau uo y o
n
se ua papoaa CJa
apou o nn
aJJ epud

aq ur snnoJ d aq
s
aui ioa3
u ea uoi
u
ui iaeJB pue uoisoaa o aa
o ap aq uo
q
pas

umnupuoa u
o 3 aJ
nb duz
p
u doarp a ui
tnn sxao
J z d papoaa eaapouz
Ja

CJuo o aui a
srid e
eaid sam
JJ ea3 aiueaJon uoiCu
J
suoa
an J
y uan
s os
u auioJpJ
a

ui ao
fu i pauzro tJJ
J
CJ C1 sen
axd
xa pug
papua Call Palli
s
n 3 gaignn snnoJ prnJ eJ ay