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MEMBER OF GROUP:

1. AKBAR HIDAYAT
2. AKRAM RAMDHAN
3. BOBBY GUNAWAN
4. MUHAMMAD VIJAY
5. RIZKI FEBRI K.
6. TRI BUDI
Do you know about snakes?

If you don’t know see the following explanation

Snakes are elongated, legless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes.Like


all squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping
scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with several more joints than their lizard
ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly
mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes' paired organs (such as
kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one
functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on
either side of the cloaca. Lizards have evolved elongate bodies without limbs or with
greatly reduced limbs about twenty five times indepenently via convergent evolution,
leading to many lineages of legless lizards.Legless lizards resemble snakes, but several
common groups of legless lizards have eyelids and external ears, which snakes lack,
although this rule is not universal (see Amphisbaenia, Dibamidae, and Pygopodidae).

Living snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica, and on most
smaller land masses; exceptions include some large islands, such as Ireland, Iceland,
Greenland, the Hawaiian archipelago, and the islands of New Zealand, and many small
islands of the Atlantic and central Pacific oceans. Additionally, sea snakes are
widespread throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans. More than 20 families are
currently recognized, comprising about 520 genera and about 3,600 species.They range
in size from the tiny, 10.4 cm (4.1 in)-long thread snake to the reticulated python of 6.95
meters (22.8 ft) in length.The fossil species Titanoboa cerrejonensis was 12.8 meters (42
ft) long.Snakes are thought to have evolved from either burrowing or aquatic lizards,
perhaps during the Jurassic period, with the earliest known fossils dating to between
143 and 167 Ma ago.The diversity of modern snakes appeared during the Paleocene
period (c 66 to 56 Ma ago). The oldest preserved descriptions of snakes can be found in
the Brooklyn Papyrus.Most species are nonvenomous and those that have venom use it
primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Some possess venom
potent enough to cause painful injury or death to humans. Nonvenomous snakes either
swallow prey alive or kill by constriction.

there are so many species of snakes in the world

but that will be discussed now,only 3 types of snakes only


1.ANACONDA

Anakonda (Latin: Eunectes = "reliable swimmers") is a snake belonging to the phylum chordata group,
the animal group that has a notokorda or chorde which is the rear axis of the rear body with the frame.
The size of the chordata varies greatly and there is a small one with a brain that is shielded to think.
Anaconda is a type of water boa.

Anaconda live in South America, east of the Andes, mostly in the Amazon, Orinoco and Guianas rivers.
Many people say this snake is in Borneo but there is no real evidence of this animal. Habitat them in the
swamps and bushes. They were never found far from the waters. Swamp is his favorite place. When
they get out of the water, the child's body will be harassed by parasites such as lice or fungi.

An anaconda begins reproduction at a young age with a 6-month pregnancy. A female can breed 20 to
40 head and sometimes more than 100 tails. The newborn childbirth usually has a length of 60 cm. A
few hours after they were born they were able to swim, hunt and take care of themselves. After going
through the marriage process, the anakonda will grow long in slow time.

Anaconda's favorite foods are fish, turtles, caiman, capybara, pigs, and deer.

While hunting for food in small size they will usually continue to hunt until it reaches the game with a
total weight of about 20 kg.

If they succeed in hunting large animals such as deer or pig usually for several weeks they will not eat
again.

Anaconda is not a poisonous snake, they use a strong and muscular body to kill its prey.

Anaconda will squeeze their prey animals to death from shortness of breath, after which they will
swallow the whole body of its prey intact.
2.KING COBRA

Snake spoon or also known as a cobra is a kind of poisonous snake from the Elapidae tribe. Called a
spoon serpent (Jw., Ula irus) because this snake can enforce and flatten its neck if it is disturbed by its
enemy. Collapsed and curved necks are similar to spoons or irus (spoon of vegetables).

king cobra snakes spread from India in the west, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, southern
China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaya Peninsula, Andaman Islands, Indonesia and Philippines. In
Indonesia, king cobra or snakes can be found in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Bali, and Sulawesi).

King cobra snakes inhabit a variety of habitats, ranging from lowland forests, swamps, shrubs, mountain
forests, agricultural land, plantations, rice fields, and residential areas. Capable of living starting from
the area near the coast to an altitude of 1800 m above sea level.

The population is getting more and more declining due to the destruction of the main habitat caused by
the reduced forest area. Therefore the king cobra is listed in the vulnerable status of IUCN Redlist and
Appendix II of CITES.

This snake usually prey on other snakes, either venomous or non-venomous. When not finding a snake,
the king cobra will hunt for lizards, birds, and rodents.

King cobras rely on neurotoxic toxins as a defense mechanism, but when confronted with natural
predators that are resistant to toxins, they will escape or develop a hood while hissing. This poisonous
snake is capable of killing humans with a bite that can be neurotoxic.

The kingcobra poisons are made of proteins and polypeptides and are neurotoxic. This toxin attacks the
nervous system that triggers pain, blurred vision, vertigo, drowsiness, and paralysis. Coma and death
usually follow due to cardiovascular and respiratory system failure.
3.SANCA

Sanctuary is a common name for a group of Pythonidae Pythoniane snakes. Known commonly as
pythons in English, this word is actually borrowed from the pythonic Greek language which refers to the
same snake. The pythons are known to be widespread in Africa, Asia and Australia; some of which are
known to be the longest snakes in the world. Although the public generally recognize the types of
pythons as a serpent that is not poisonous, in fact at a certain level there is still the content can be on
saliva.

The habitat or place of life of this snake is very felksibel. He can live in lush rainforests, shrubs,
grasslands, and even culverts near the human settlements. These are also often found near water
sources. Basically a type of snake likes a warm place but has a high humidity level. Therefore, these
snakes often enter the human house.

The character of this snake has a high aggressiveness and also a high appetite. This snake belongs to a
large snake type. But with the process of domestication and intense interaction with humans, the
python or python will become tame. The type of python or python is a snake that relies on the power of
the winding and jaws are very strong but do not have to turn off like a cobra type snake for example. For
snakes that get the catch will usually be very aggressive, if maintained sometimes take a long time just
start eating, because not accustomed and tend to stress.

For this type of snake food is not difficult because it includes eating everything from rats, rabbits, guinea
pigs, chickens, birds, even beef can be a meal menu. For a small snake can be directly fed a mouse of
young mice. Feed for a large snake over a meter can be given a marmot. As for the size of adults with a
length of 3 meters and above given the feed in the form of chicken or rabbit