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Estadística

PREGRADO

FÓRMULAS Y TABLAS

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 1


Estadística

FÓRMULAS ESTADÍSTICAS
MEDIDAS DESCRIPTIVAS
Resumen Muestra Población
Promedio o n k k N k k

media x
i 1
i f x
i 1
i i f x
i 1
i
'
i x
i 1
i f x
i 1
i i f x
i 1
i
'
i

x x x   
n n n N N N
datos agrupados datos agrupados con intervalos
Promedio k k

ponderado  wixi
i 1
w x
i 1
i i

xw  w  k
k

w i w
i 1
i
i 1

Promedio MG  n f1 . f 2 . f 3 . . . f n MG  N f1 . f 2 . f 3 . . . f N
geométrico
xi xi
Factor de variación : f i  Factor de variación : f i 
x i 1 x i 1
Tasa de variación: ii = (fi – 1) . 100% Tasa de variación: ii = (fi – 1) . 100%
Tasa de variación promedio: ip = (fp – 1) . 100% Tasa de variación promedio: ip = (fp – 1) . 100%

Mediana w  n  w  N 
Me  L me    Fme1  Me  Lme 
w
 0,5  H me1  Me  Lm e    Fm e1  Me  Lme 
w
 0,5  H me1 
f me  2  hme f me  2  hme
Moda  d1   d1 
Mo  L mo    w donde d1  f i  f i 1 , d 2  f i  f i 1 Mo  L mo    w donde: d1  fi  fi 1 , d 2  fi  fi 1
 d1  d 2   d1  d 2 
Varianza n k k N k k

 (x
i 1
i  x) 2  f (x
i 1
i i  x) 2  f (x
i 1
i
'
i  x) 2  (x
i 1
i  ) 2  f (x
i 1
i i  ) 2  f (x i
'
i  ) 2
i 1
S2  S2  s2  2  2  2 
n 1 n 1 n 1 N N N
datos agrupados datos agrupados con intervalos

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 2


Estadística

Resumen Muestra Población


Desviación n k k N k k
estándar  (x i  x) 2  f (x
i 1
i i  x) 2  f (x
i 1
i
'
i  x) 2  ( x i  ) 2  f i ( x i  ) 2  f (x i
'
i  ) 2
i 1 i 1 i 1 i 1
s s s   
n 1 n 1 n 1 N N N
Coeficiente de s
CV    x100%

variación CV    x100 %
x 
Percentiles w  n.k  w  N.k 
Pk  Li    Fi 1  Pk  Li    Fi 1 
f i  100  f i  100 
Sturges k  1 3.322 log 10 n

REGLAS DE CONTEO TEORÍA DE PROBABILIDAD


Permutaciones kn P(A  B)  P(A)  P(B)  P(A  B) Probabilidad total
con repetición
P(A  B)  P(A)  P(B), (A  B)   P(A1 )P(E / A1 )  ...  P(A K )P(E / A K )
Permutaciones n! (n  1)(n  2)....( 2)(1) Teorema de Bayes
P( A i ) P( E / A i )
P( A i / E ) 
P(A 1 )P(E / A 1 )  ...  P(A K )P(E / A K )
i  1,2,..., k

Variaciones n! Leyes de Morgan


Vkn  P(A'  B' )  P[( A  B)']
(n  k )!
P(A'  B' )  P[( A  B)']
Combinaciones n! Probabilidad condicional
C nk  P(A | B) 
P(A  B)
, P(B)  0
k!( n  k )! P(B)
Eventos independientes
P(A | B)  P(A)
P(A  B)  P(A).P(B)
Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 3
Estadística

VARIABLE ALEATORIA
Esperado n  Si X1, X2, X3, . . . , Xn son n variables aleatorias independientes, y a1, a2,
 x  E(X)  
i 1
x i pi  x  E ( X)   x i .f (x)dx a3, . . . , an son n constantes, entonces:
  n  n

E a i X i  
 i 1

 i 1
a i . E(X i )

Varianza n  Si X1, X2, X3, . . . , Xn son n variables aleatorias independientes, y a1, a2,
 2x  V(X)   f i ( x i   x ) 2  2x  V(X)  ( x i   x ) 2 .f ( x )dx
i 1
 
a3, . . . , an son n constantes, entonces:
n
V  a i X i   a
n
2
. V(X i )
 V(X)  E(X )  E(X)  V(X)  E(X )  E(X)
i
 2x 2 2
 2x 2 2
 i1  i 1

DISTRIBUCIONES IMPORTANTES
Binomial X ~ B(n , p) P(X  x )  C nx p x (1  p) n x x  0 , 1 ,... , n E(X)  np V( X)  np (1  p)

Crx CnNxr  r   r  r  N  n 
Hipergeométrica X ~ H ( N, r , n ) P( X  x )  x  0 , 1 ,... , min( r, n ) E ( X)  n   V ( X )  n 1   
CnN N  N  N  N  1 

e  . x
Poisson X ~ P ( ) P( X  x )  x  0 , 1 , 2 , ... E(X)   V(X)  
x!
2
1  x  
1   
Normal X ~ N ( , ) 2
f (x)  e 2  
, x E(X)   V ( X)   2
2 
(a  b ) (b  a ) 2
X ~ Ua, b
1
Uniforme f (x)  , axb E(X)  V(X) 
ba 2 12
x
1 
f (x)  e  , x  0 , donde 0
Exponencial X ~ E(1 / )  E(X)   V ( X)   2
x


Función acumulada: F(x )  1  e

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 4


Estadística

ESTIMACIÓN Y PRUEBA DE HIPOTESIS


Parámetro Intervalos de Confianza Estadístico de Prueba
Varianza conocida Varianza desconocida _
x 
_

 _
 _
s x  t
IC()  x  z 1 / 2 IC()  x  t ( n 1, / 2 z ~ N(0,1) ~ t ( n 1)
/ n S/ n
n n
(n  1)S 2
(n  1)S 2
(n  1)S2
 
2 LIC( 2 )  LSC( 2 )   
2
~ X (2n 1)
 (2n  1,  / 2)  (2n  1, 1 -  / 2)  2

p̂  p
p̂(1  p̂) z ~ N(0,1)
p IC(p)  p̂  z (1 / 2 ) q̂  1  p̂ p(1  p)
n
n
Varianzas conocidas
( x1  x 2 )  (1   2 )
12 22 z ~ N(0,1)
IC(1  2 )  ( x1  x 2 )  z(1  / 2)  12  22
n1 n 2 
n1 n 2
Varianzas desconocidas pero iguales
_ _
_ _  1 1  ( x 1  x 2 )  ( 1   2 )
IC(   )  ( x 1  x 2 )  t ( n1  n 2  2,  / 2 ) S 2p    t ~ t ( n1  n 2  2 )
 n1 n 2 
1 2
 1 1 
(n 1  1)S12  (n 2  1)S 22 S 2p   
1   2 donde S 2p   n1 n 2 
n1  n 2  2
Varianzas desconocidas y diferentes
2
 S12 S22 
  
n n 2 
( x1  x 2 )  (1   2 ) v   12
_ _  S12 S 22  t ~ t ( v)
 S12   S22 
2
IC(   )  ( x 1  x 2 )  t ( v ,  / 2 )    S12 S22
n      
1 2
 1 n2  n   
n1 n 2  1    n2 
n1  1 n 2  1

sd dD
D IC(D)  d  t ( n 1,  / 2 ) t ~ t n 1
n Sd / n

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 5


Estadística

Parámetro Intervalos de Confianza Estadístico de Prueba


S2 1
LIC (12 /  22 )  12 .
S2 f (  / 2, v1 , v 2 ) S12 1
F  2 ~ Fn1 1, n2 1
 12 /  22 S12
S2 1
2

LSC (12 / 22 )  .f (  / 2 ,v 2 , v1 )  22


S22
v1n 1 1 v 2 n 2  1

LIC(p 1  p 2 )  p̂ 1  p̂ 2   z 1  / 2
p̂ 1 q̂ 1 p̂ 2 q̂ 2 a) H 0 : p1  p 2  0 b) H 0 : p1  p 2  K K0
 y
n1 n2
p̂ 1  p̂ 2 (p̂1  p̂ 2 )  K
z
LSC(p 1  p 2 )  p̂ 1  p̂ 2   z 1  / 2
p̂ 1 q̂ 1 p̂ 2 q̂ 2 ~ N (0,1) z ~ N(0,1)
  1 1 
p1  p 2 n1 n2 p (1  p )   p̂1q̂ 1 p̂ 2 q̂ 2
 n1 n 2 

donde : n1 n2
q̂ 1  1  p̂ 1 n1p̂1  n 2p̂ 2
donde p 
q̂ 2  1  p̂ 2 n1  n 2

TAMAÑO DE MUESTRA


2 2
z Z S z 12 / 2 p̂q̂ n
n   1 / 2  n   1 / 2  n no  , donde n o = n corregido
 e   e  e2
1
n
N

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 6


Estadística

ANÁLISIS DE REGRESIÓN
 n   n  n  Cuadrados medios Inferencia para  0
 
n  x i y i    x i  y i  

SSR .
 i 1   i 1  i 1  CMR  x i2 ˆ 0   0
ˆ 1  p 1 ˆ  t s
/2 t ~ t ( n  2)

2 0
 n
   n nS xx x i2
 i 1

n  x i2    x i 
  i 1 
 CME 
SSE
s
np nS xx
ˆ 0  y  ˆ 1 x donde Prueba de hipótesis para el coeficiente de correlación lineal
p: N° de parámetros a estimar (p = k + 1)
k: N° de variables independientes a) H 0 :   0 b) H 0 :    0
Coeficiente de correlación
Prueba conjunta
n
r n2
 (x  x)( y  y)
1
CMR t ~ t ( n 2) n  3  (1  r )(1   0 ) 
cov( X, Y) n i 1
i i
F ~ F( p  1 , n  p,  ) 1 r2 Z ln 
r  CME  ~ N(0,1)
S'x .S'y n n 2  (1  r )(1   0 ) 
 ( x  x ) . n  ( y  y)
1 2 1 2
i i
n i 1 i 1 Inferencia para 1
Suma de cuadrados s Pronósticos
ˆ1  t n  2,  / 2 Valor medio
SSE  SST  SSR . S xx
1 ( x 0  x )2
 y  2
ˆ1  1 ˆ1  1
ŷ0  t ( n  2, / 2)s
n

Sxx
 t 
i
SST  y i2  ~ t ( n p )
n s S b1



  x  2
S xx Valor individual

i
SSR .  ˆ 12  x i2
  1 ( x 0  x )2
 n donde: ŷ0  t ( n  2, / 2)s 1 

 
 x  2 n Sxx
Coeficiente de determinación S xx   x    ( x i x ) 2
2 i
i
Modelos no lineales
SSR n 
Potencia: y   0 x 1 o Lny  Ln 0  1 Lnx
r2 
 n  1 S x2
SST SSR
S xx  Exponencial: y   0 e
1 x
o Lny  Ln 0  1 x
Coeficiente de determinación corregido ˆ
2

 n 1 
1
Polinomio de grado m: y  ˆ 0  ˆ 1 x  ˆ 2 x 2  ...  ˆ m x m
~
r 2
 r̂  1  (1  r )
2
 2

n p
correg.
SSE
s  s e  s y. x   CME
np

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 7


Estadística

ANOVA DE UNA VIA


Fuente de
Grados de libertad Suma de cuadrados Cuadrado medio Fc Ftab
variación
k
y i2. y ..2
Tratamientos k–1 SS(Tr )   ni n

CM (Tr ) 
SS (Tr ) F
CM (Tr )
CME
F( k 1, n.k ,  )
i 1
k 1
SSE
Error n. – k SSE  SST  SS(Tr ) CME 
n  k

n. – 1 k n
y ..2
Total 
donde  n   
k

n i 
SST  
i 1 j1
y ij2 
n
 i 1 
k: N° tratamientos

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 8


Tabla 1
TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN NORMAL

Área bajo la curva normal:  P  Z  z    


Z -0.09 -0.08 -0.07 -0.06 -0.05 -0.04 -0.03 -0.02 -0.01 -0.00
-3.9 0.000033 0.000034 0.000036 0.000037 0.000039 0.000041 0.000042 0.000044 0.000046 0.000048
-3.8 0.000050 0.000052 0.000054 0.000057 0.000059 0.000062 0.000064 0.000067 0.000069 0.000072
-3.7 0.000075 0.000078 0.000082 0.000085 0.000088 0.000092 0.000096 0.000100 0.000104 0.000108
-3.6 0.000112 0.000117 0.000121 0.000126 0.000131 0.000136 0.000142 0.000147 0.000153 0.000159
-3.5 0.000165 0.000172 0.000178 0.000185 0.000193 0.000200 0.000208 0.000216 0.000224 0.000233
-3.4 0.000242 0.000251 0.000260 0.000270 0.000280 0.000291 0.000302 0.000313 0.000325 0.000337
-3.3 0.000349 0.000362 0.000376 0.000390 0.000404 0.000419 0.000434 0.000450 0.000466 0.000483
-3.2 0.000501 0.000519 0.000538 0.000557 0.000577 0.000598 0.000619 0.000641 0.000664 0.000687
-3.1 0.000711 0.000736 0.000762 0.000789 0.000816 0.000845 0.000874 0.000904 0.000935 0.000968
-3.0 0.001001 0.001035 0.001070 0.001107 0.001144 0.001183 0.001223 0.001264 0.001306 0.001350

-2.9 0.00139 0.00144 0.00149 0.00154 0.00159 0.00164 0.00169 0.00175 0.00181 0.00187
-2.8 0.00193 0.00199 0.00205 0.00212 0.00219 0.00226 0.00233 0.00240 0.00248 0.00256
-2.7 0.00264 0.00272 0.00280 0.00289 0.00298 0.00307 0.00317 0.00326 0.00336 0.00347
-2.6 0.00357 0.00368 0.00379 0.00391 0.00402 0.00415 0.00427 0.00440 0.00453 0.00466
-2.5 0.00480 0.00494 0.00508 0.00523 0.00539 0.00554 0.00570 0.00587 0.00604 0.00621
-2.4 0.00639 0.00657 0.00676 0.00695 0.00714 0.00734 0.00755 0.00776 0.00798 0.00820
-2.3 0.00842 0.00866 0.00889 0.00914 0.00939 0.00964 0.00990 0.01017 0.01044 0.01072
-2.2 0.01101 0.01130 0.01160 0.01191 0.01222 0.01255 0.01287 0.01321 0.01355 0.01390
-2.1 0.01426 0.01463 0.01500 0.01539 0.01578 0.01618 0.01659 0.01700 0.01743 0.01786
-2.0 0.01831 0.01876 0.01923 0.01970 0.02018 0.02068 0.02118 0.02169 0.02222 0.02275

-1.9 0.02330 0.02385 0.02442 0.02500 0.02559 0.02619 0.02680 0.02743 0.02807 0.02872
-1.8 0.02938 0.03005 0.03074 0.03144 0.03216 0.03288 0.03362 0.03438 0.03515 0.03593
-1.7 0.03673 0.03754 0.03836 0.03920 0.04006 0.04093 0.04182 0.04272 0.04363 0.04457
-1.6 0.04551 0.04648 0.04746 0.04846 0.04947 0.05050 0.05155 0.05262 0.05370 0.05480
-1.5 0.05592 0.05705 0.05821 0.05938 0.06057 0.06178 0.06301 0.06426 0.06552 0.06681
-1.4 0.06811 0.06944 0.07078 0.07215 0.07353 0.07493 0.07636 0.07780 0.07927 0.08076
-1.3 0.08226 0.08379 0.08534 0.08691 0.08851 0.09012 0.09176 0.09342 0.09510 0.09680
-1.2 0.09853 0.10027 0.10204 0.10383 0.10565 0.10749 0.10935 0.11123 0.11314 0.11507
-1.1 0.11702 0.11900 0.12100 0.12302 0.12507 0.12714 0.12924 0.13136 0.13350 0.13567
-1.0 0.13786 0.14007 0.14231 0.14457 0.14686 0.14917 0.15151 0.15386 0.15625 0.15866

-0.9 0.16109 0.16354 0.16602 0.16853 0.17106 0.17361 0.17619 0.17879 0.18141 0.18406
-0.8 0.18673 0.18943 0.19215 0.19489 0.19766 0.20045 0.20327 0.20611 0.20897 0.21186
-0.7 0.21476 0.21770 0.22065 0.22363 0.22663 0.22965 0.23270 0.23576 0.23885 0.24196
-0.6 0.24510 0.24825 0.25143 0.25463 0.25785 0.26109 0.26435 0.26763 0.27093 0.27425
-0.5 0.27760 0.28096 0.28434 0.28774 0.29116 0.29460 0.29806 0.30153 0.30503 0.30854
-0.4 0.31207 0.31561 0.31918 0.32276 0.32636 0.32997 0.33360 0.33724 0.34090 0.34458
-0.3 0.34827 0.35197 0.35569 0.35942 0.36317 0.36693 0.37070 0.37448 0.37828 0.38209
-0.2 0.38591 0.38974 0.39358 0.39743 0.40129 0.40517 0.40905 0.41294 0.41683 0.42074
-0.1 0.42465 0.42858 0.43251 0.43644 0.44038 0.44433 0.44828 0.45224 0.45620 0.46017
-0.0 0.46414 0.46812 0.47210 0.47608 0.48006 0.48405 0.48803 0.49202 0.49601 0.50000

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 9


Tabla 2
TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN NORMAL

Área bajo la curva normal:  P  Z  z    


Z 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09
0.0 0.50000 0.50399 0.50798 0.51197 0.51595 0.51994 0.52392 0.52790 0.53188 0.53586
0.1 0.53983 0.54380 0.54776 0.55172 0.55567 0.55962 0.56356 0.56749 0.57142 0.57535
0.2 0.57926 0.58317 0.58706 0.59095 0.59483 0.59871 0.60257 0.60642 0.61026 0.61409
0.3 0.61791 0.62172 0.62552 0.62930 0.63307 0.63683 0.64058 0.64431 0.64803 0.65173
0.4 0.65542 0.65910 0.66276 0.66640 0.67003 0.67364 0.67724 0.68082 0.68439 0.68793
0.5 0.69146 0.69497 0.69847 0.70194 0.70540 0.70884 0.71226 0.71566 0.71904 0.72240
0.6 0.72575 0.72907 0.73237 0.73565 0.73891 0.74215 0.74537 0.74857 0.75175 0.75490
0.7 0.75804 0.76115 0.76424 0.76730 0.77035 0.77337 0.77637 0.77935 0.78230 0.78524
0.8 0.78814 0.79103 0.79389 0.79673 0.79955 0.80234 0.80511 0.80785 0.81057 0.81327
0.9 0.81594 0.81859 0.82121 0.82381 0.82639 0.82894 0.83147 0.83398 0.83646 0.83891

1.0 0.84134 0.84375 0.84614 0.84849 0.85083 0.85314 0.85543 0.85769 0.85993 0.86214
1.1 0.86433 0.86650 0.86864 0.87076 0.87286 0.87493 0.87698 0.87900 0.88100 0.88298
1.2 0.88493 0.88686 0.88877 0.89065 0.89251 0.89435 0.89617 0.89796 0.89973 0.90147
1.3 0.90320 0.90490 0.90658 0.90824 0.90988 0.91149 0.91309 0.91466 0.91621 0.91774
1.4 0.91924 0.92073 0.92220 0.92364 0.92507 0.92647 0.92785 0.92922 0.93056 0.93189
1.5 0.93319 0.93448 0.93574 0.93699 0.93822 0.93943 0.94062 0.94179 0.94295 0.94408
1.6 0.94520 0.94630 0.94738 0.94845 0.94950 0.95053 0.95154 0.95254 0.95352 0.95449
1.7 0.95543 0.95637 0.95728 0.95818 0.95907 0.95994 0.96080 0.96164 0.96246 0.96327
1.8 0.96407 0.96485 0.96562 0.96638 0.96712 0.96784 0.96856 0.96926 0.96995 0.97062
1.9 0.97128 0.97193 0.97257 0.97320 0.97381 0.97441 0.97500 0.97558 0.97615 0.97670

2.0 0.97725 0.97778 0.97831 0.97882 0.97932 0.97982 0.98030 0.98077 0.98124 0.98169
2.1 0.98214 0.98257 0.98300 0.98341 0.98382 0.98422 0.98461 0.98500 0.98537 0.98574
2.2 0.98610 0.98645 0.98679 0.98713 0.98745 0.98778 0.98809 0.98840 0.98870 0.98899
2.3 0.98928 0.98956 0.98983 0.99010 0.99036 0.99061 0.99086 0.99111 0.99134 0.99158
2.4 0.99180 0.99202 0.99224 0.99245 0.99266 0.99286 0.99305 0.99324 0.99343 0.99361
2.5 0.99379 0.99396 0.99413 0.99430 0.99446 0.99461 0.99477 0.99492 0.99506 0.99520
2.6 0.99534 0.99547 0.99560 0.99573 0.99585 0.99598 0.99609 0.99621 0.99632 0.99643
2.7 0.99653 0.99664 0.99674 0.99683 0.99693 0.99702 0.99711 0.99720 0.99728 0.99736
2.8 0.99744 0.99752 0.99760 0.99767 0.99774 0.99781 0.99788 0.99795 0.99801 0.99807
2.9 0.99813 0.99819 0.99825 0.99831 0.99836 0.99841 0.99846 0.99851 0.99856 0.99861

3.0 0.998650 0.998694 0.998736 0.998777 0.998817 0.998856 0.998893 0.998930 0.998965 0.998999
3.1 0.999032 0.999065 0.999096 0.999126 0.999155 0.999184 0.999211 0.999238 0.999264 0.999289
3.2 0.999313 0.999336 0.999359 0.999381 0.999402 0.999423 0.999443 0.999462 0.999481 0.999499
3.3 0.999517 0.999534 0.999550 0.999566 0.999581 0.999596 0.999610 0.999624 0.999638 0.999651
3.4 0.999663 0.999675 0.999687 0.999698 0.999709 0.999720 0.999730 0.999740 0.999749 0.999758
3.5 0.999767 0.999776 0.999784 0.999792 0.999800 0.999807 0.999815 0.999822 0.999828 0.999835
3.6 0.999841 0.999847 0.999853 0.999858 0.999864 0.999869 0.999874 0.999879 0.999883 0.999888
3.7 0.999892 0.999896 0.999900 0.999904 0.999908 0.999912 0.999915 0.999918 0.999922 0.999925
3.8 0.999928 0.999931 0.999933 0.999936 0.999938 0.999941 0.999943 0.999946 0.999948 0.999950
3.9 0.999952 0.999954 0.999956 0.999958 0.999959 0.999961 0.999963 0.999964 0.999966 0.999967

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 10


Tabla 3: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN T-STUDENT

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 11


Estadística

Tabla 4: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN T-STUDENT

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 12


Estadística

Tabla 5: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN CHI-CUADRADO

Área bajo la curva: P(2 ≥ 2) = 



u 0.995 0.990 0.980 0.975 0.960 0.950 0.900 0.800 0.750 0.700 0.500 u
1 3.93E-05 0.0002 0.0006 0.0010 0.0025 0.0039 0.0158 0.0642 0.1015 0.1485 0.4549 1
2 0.0100 0.0201 0.0404 0.0506 0.0816 0.1026 0.2107 0.4463 0.5754 0.7133 1.3863 2
3 0.0717 0.1148 0.1848 0.2158 0.3002 0.3518 0.5844 1.0052 1.2125 1.4237 2.3660 3
4 0.2070 0.2971 0.4294 0.4844 0.6271 0.7107 1.0636 1.6488 1.9226 2.1947 3.3567 4
5 0.4117 0.5543 0.7519 0.8312 1.0313 1.1455 1.6103 2.3425 2.6746 2.9999 4.3515 5
6 0.6757 0.8721 1.1344 1.2373 1.4924 1.6354 2.2041 3.0701 3.4546 3.8276 5.3481 6
7 0.9893 1.2390 1.5643 1.6899 1.9971 2.1673 2.8331 3.8223 4.2549 4.6713 6.3458 7
8 1.3444 1.6465 2.0325 2.1797 2.5366 2.7326 3.4895 4.5936 5.0706 5.5274 7.3441 8
9 1.7349 2.0879 2.5324 2.7004 3.1047 3.3251 4.1682 5.3801 5.8988 6.3933 8.3428 9
10 2.1559 2.5582 3.0591 3.2470 3.6965 3.9403 4.8652 6.1791 6.7372 7.2672 9.3418 10

11 2.6032 3.0535 3.6087 3.8157 4.3087 4.5748 5.5778 6.9887 7.5841 8.1479 10.3410 11
12 3.0738 3.5706 4.1783 4.4038 4.9385 5.2260 6.3038 7.8073 8.4384 9.0343 11.3403 12
13 3.5650 4.1069 4.7654 5.0088 5.5838 5.8919 7.0415 8.6339 9.2991 9.9257 12.3398 13
14 4.0747 4.6604 5.3682 5.6287 6.2426 6.5706 7.7895 9.4673 10.1653 10.8215 13.3393 14
15 4.6009 5.2293 5.9849 6.2621 6.9137 7.2609 8.5468 10.3070 11.0365 11.7212 14.3389 15
16 5.1422 5.8122 6.6142 6.9077 7.5958 7.9616 9.3122 11.1521 11.9122 12.6243 15.3385 16
17 5.6972 6.4078 7.2550 7.5642 8.2878 8.6718 10.0852 12.0023 12.7919 13.5307 16.3382 17
18 6.2648 7.0149 7.9062 8.2307 8.9889 9.3905 10.8649 12.8570 13.6753 14.4399 17.3379 18
19 6.8440 7.6327 8.5670 8.9065 9.6983 10.1170 11.6509 13.7158 14.5620 15.3517 18.3377 19
20 7.4338 8.2604 9.2367 9.5908 10.4154 10.8508 12.4426 14.5784 15.4518 16.2659 19.3374 20

21 8.0337 8.8972 9.9146 10.2829 11.1395 11.5913 13.2396 15.4446 16.3444 17.1823 20.3372 21
22 8.6427 9.5425 10.6000 10.9823 11.8703 12.3380 14.0415 16.3140 17.2396 18.1007 21.3370 22
23 9.2604 10.1957 11.2926 11.6886 12.6072 13.0905 14.8480 17.1865 18.1373 19.0211 22.3369 23
24 9.8862 10.8564 11.9918 12.4012 13.3498 13.8484 15.6587 18.0618 19.0373 19.9432 23.3367 24
25 10.5197 11.5240 12.6973 13.1197 14.0978 14.6114 16.4734 18.9398 19.9393 20.8670 24.3366 25
26 11.1602 12.1981 13.4086 13.8439 14.8509 15.3792 17.2919 19.8202 20.8434 21.7924 25.3365 26
27 11.8076 12.8785 14.1254 14.5734 15.6087 16.1514 18.1139 20.7030 21.7494 22.7192 26.3363 27
28 12.4613 13.5647 14.8475 15.3079 16.3711 16.9279 18.9392 21.5880 22.6572 23.6475 27.3362 28
29 13.1211 14.2565 15.5745 16.0471 17.1377 17.7084 19.7677 22.4751 23.5666 24.5770 28.3361 29
30 13.7867 14.9535 16.3062 16.7908 17.9083 18.4927 20.5992 23.3641 24.4776 25.5078 29.3360 30

31 14.4578 15.6555 17.0423 17.5387 18.6827 19.2806 21.4336 24.2551 25.3901 26.4397 30.3359 31
32 15.1340 16.3622 17.7827 18.2908 19.4608 20.0719 22.2706 25.1478 26.3041 27.3728 31.3359 32
33 15.8153 17.0735 18.5271 19.0467 20.2424 20.8665 23.1102 26.0422 27.2194 28.3069 32.3358 33
34 16.5013 17.7891 19.2754 19.8063 21.0273 21.6643 23.9523 26.9383 28.1361 29.2421 33.3357 34
35 17.1918 18.5089 20.0274 20.5694 21.8154 22.4650 24.7967 27.8359 29.0540 30.1782 34.3356 35
36 17.8867 19.2327 20.7829 21.3359 22.6065 23.2686 25.6433 28.7350 29.9730 31.1152 35.3356 36
37 18.5858 19.9602 21.5419 22.1056 23.4005 24.0749 26.4921 29.6355 30.8933 32.0532 36.3355 37
38 19.2889 20.6914 22.3040 22.8785 24.1973 24.8839 27.3430 30.5373 31.8146 32.9919 37.3355 38
39 19.9959 21.4262 23.0693 23.6543 24.9968 25.6954 28.1958 31.4405 32.7369 33.9315 38.3354 39
40 20.7065 22.1643 23.8376 24.4330 25.7989 26.5093 29.0505 32.3450 33.6603 34.8719 39.3353 40

45 24.3110 25.9013 27.7203 28.3662 29.8447 30.6123 33.3504 36.8844 38.2910 39.5847 44.3351 40
50 27.9907 29.7067 31.6639 32.3574 33.9426 34.7643 37.6886 41.4492 42.9421 44.3133 49.3349 45
55 31.7348 33.5705 35.6592 36.3981 38.0849 38.9580 42.0596 46.0356 47.6105 49.0554 54.3348 50
60 35.5345 37.4849 39.6994 40.4817 42.2656 43.1880 46.4589 50.6406 52.2938 53.8091 59.3347 60
70 43.2752 45.4417 47.8934 48.7576 50.7243 51.7393 55.3289 59.8978 61.6983 63.3460 69.3345 70
80 51.1719 53.5401 56.2128 57.1532 59.2902 60.3915 64.2778 69.2069 71.1445 72.9153 79.3343 80
90 59.1963 61.7541 64.6347 65.6466 67.9437 69.1260 73.2911 78.5584 80.6247 82.5111 89.3342 90
100 67.3276 70.0649 73.1422 74.2219 76.6705 77.9295 82.3581 87.9453 90.1332 92.1289 99.3341 100
110 75.5500 78.4583 81.7228 82.8671 85.4597 86.7916 91.4710 97.3624 99.6660 101.7656 109.3341 110
120 83.8516 86.9233 90.3667 91.5726 94.3030 95.7046 100.6236 106.8056 109.2197 111.4186 119.3340 120

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 13


Estadística

Tabla 6: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN CHI-CUADRADO

Área bajo la curva: P(2 ≥ 2) = 


u 0.300 0.250 0.200 0.150 0.125 0.100 0.050 0.025 0.020 0.010 0.005 u
1 1.0742 1.3233 1.6424 2.0723 2.3535 2.7055 3.8415 5.0239 5.4119 6.6349 7.8794 1
2 2.4079 2.7726 3.2189 3.7942 4.1589 4.6052 5.9915 7.3778 7.8240 9.2103 10.5966 2
3 3.6649 4.1083 4.6416 5.3170 5.7394 6.2514 7.8147 9.3484 9.8374 11.3449 12.8382 3
4 4.8784 5.3853 5.9886 6.7449 7.2140 7.7794 9.4877 11.1433 11.6678 13.2767 14.8603 4
5 6.0644 6.6257 7.2893 8.1152 8.6248 9.2364 11.0705 12.8325 13.3882 15.0863 16.7496 5
6 7.2311 7.8408 8.5581 9.4461 9.9917 10.6446 12.5916 14.4494 15.0332 16.8119 18.5476 6
7 8.3834 9.0371 9.8032 10.7479 11.3264 12.0170 14.0671 16.0128 16.6224 18.4753 20.2777 7
8 9.5245 10.2189 11.0301 12.0271 12.6361 13.3616 15.5073 17.5345 18.1682 20.0902 21.9550 8
9 10.6564 11.3888 12.2421 13.2880 13.9255 14.6837 16.9190 19.0228 19.6790 21.6660 23.5894 9
10 11.7807 12.5489 13.4420 14.5339 15.1982 15.9872 18.3070 20.4832 21.1608 23.2093 25.1882 10

11 12.8987 13.7007 14.6314 15.7671 16.4568 17.2750 19.6751 21.9200 22.6179 24.7250 26.7568 11
12 14.0111 14.8454 15.8120 16.9893 17.7033 18.5493 21.0261 23.3367 24.0540 26.2170 28.2995 12
13 15.1187 15.9839 16.9848 18.2020 18.9392 19.8119 22.3620 24.7356 25.4715 27.6882 29.8195 13
14 16.2221 17.1169 18.1508 19.4062 20.1658 21.0641 23.6848 26.1189 26.8728 29.1412 31.3193 14
15 17.3217 18.2451 19.3107 20.6030 21.3841 22.3071 24.9958 27.4884 28.2595 30.5779 32.8013 15
16 18.4179 19.3689 20.4651 21.7931 22.5949 23.5418 26.2962 28.8454 29.6332 31.9999 34.2672 16
17 19.5110 20.4887 21.6146 22.9770 23.7990 24.7690 27.5871 30.1910 30.9950 33.4087 35.7185 17
18 20.6014 21.6049 22.7595 24.1555 24.9970 25.9894 28.8693 31.5264 32.3462 34.8053 37.1565 18
19 21.6891 22.7178 23.9004 25.3289 26.1893 27.2036 30.1435 32.8523 33.6874 36.1909 38.5823 19
20 22.7745 23.8277 25.0375 26.4976 27.3765 28.4120 31.4104 34.1696 35.0196 37.5662 39.9968 20

21 23.8578 24.9348 26.1711 27.6620 28.5589 29.6151 32.6706 35.4789 36.3434 38.9322 41.4011 21
22 24.9390 26.0393 27.3015 28.8225 29.7369 30.8133 33.9244 36.7807 37.6595 40.2894 42.7957 22
23 26.0184 27.1413 28.4288 29.9792 30.9108 32.0069 35.1725 38.0756 38.9683 41.6384 44.1813 23
24 27.0960 28.2412 29.5533 31.1325 32.0809 33.1962 36.4150 39.3641 40.2704 42.9798 45.5585 24
25 28.1719 29.3389 30.6752 32.2825 33.2473 34.3816 37.6525 40.6465 41.5661 44.3141 46.9279 25
26 29.2463 30.4346 31.7946 33.4295 34.4104 35.5632 38.8851 41.9232 42.8558 45.6417 48.2899 26
27 30.3193 31.5284 32.9117 34.5736 35.5703 36.7412 40.1133 43.1945 44.1400 46.9629 49.6449 27
28 31.3909 32.6205 34.0266 35.7150 36.7272 37.9159 41.3371 44.4608 45.4188 48.2782 50.9934 28
29 32.4612 33.7109 35.1394 36.8538 37.8812 39.0875 42.5570 45.7223 46.6927 49.5879 52.3356 29
30 33.5302 34.7997 36.2502 37.9903 39.0326 40.2560 43.7730 46.9792 47.9618 50.8922 53.6720 30

31 34.5981 35.8871 37.3591 39.1244 40.1814 41.4217 44.9853 48.2319 49.2264 52.1914 55.0027 31
32 35.6649 36.9730 38.4663 40.2563 41.3278 42.5847 46.1943 49.4804 50.4867 53.4858 56.3281 32
33 36.7307 38.0575 39.5718 41.3861 42.4719 43.7452 47.3999 50.7251 51.7429 54.7755 57.6484 33
34 37.7954 39.1408 40.6756 42.5140 43.6137 44.9032 48.6024 51.9660 52.9952 56.0609 58.9639 34
35 38.8591 40.2228 41.7780 43.6399 44.7535 46.0588 49.8018 53.2033 54.2438 57.3421 60.2748 35
36 39.9220 41.3036 42.8788 44.7641 45.8912 47.2122 50.9985 54.4373 55.4889 58.6192 61.5812 36
37 40.9839 42.3833 43.9782 45.8865 47.0270 48.3634 52.1923 55.6680 56.7305 59.8925 62.8833 37
38 42.0451 43.4619 45.0763 47.0072 48.1610 49.5126 53.3835 56.8955 57.9688 61.1621 64.1814 38
39 43.1053 44.5395 46.1730 48.1263 49.2931 50.6598 54.5722 58.1201 59.2040 62.4281 65.4756 39
40 44.1649 45.6160 47.2685 49.2439 50.4236 51.8051 55.7585 59.3417 60.4361 63.6907 66.7660 40

45 49.4517 50.9849 52.7288 54.8105 56.0523 57.5053 61.6562 65.4102 66.5553 69.9568 73.1661 40
50 54.7228 56.3336 58.1638 60.3460 61.6466 63.1671 67.5048 71.4202 72.6133 76.1539 79.4900 45
55 59.9805 61.6650 63.5772 65.8550 67.2114 68.7962 73.3115 77.3805 78.6191 82.2921 85.7490 50
60 65.2265 66.9815 68.9721 71.3411 72.7508 74.3970 79.0819 83.2977 84.5799 88.3794 91.9517 60
70 75.6893 77.5767 79.7147 82.2554 83.7654 85.5270 90.5312 95.0232 96.3875 100.4252 104.2149 70
80 86.1197 88.1303 90.4053 93.1058 94.7091 96.5782 101.8795 106.6286 108.0693 112.3288 116.3211 80
90 96.5238 98.6499 101.0537 103.9041 105.5951 107.5650 113.1453 118.1359 119.6485 124.1163 128.2989 90
100 106.9058 109.1412 111.6667 114.6588 116.4327 118.4980 124.3421 129.5612 131.1417 135.8067 140.1695 100
110 117.2690 119.6084 122.2495 125.3765 127.2291 129.3851 135.4802 140.9166 142.5617 147.4143 151.9485 110
120 127.6159 130.0546 132.8063 136.0620 137.9899 140.2326 146.5674 152.2114 153.9182 158.9502 163.6482 120

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 14


Estadística

Tabla7: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 



 2 

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0.050 1 161.4476 199.5000 215.7073 224.5832 230.1619 233.9860 236.7684 238.8827 240.5433 241.8817
0.025 647.7890 799.5000 864.1630 899.5833 921.8479 937.1111 948.2169 956.6562 963.2846 968.6274
0.010 4052.1807 4999.5000 5403.3520 5624.5833 5763.6496 5858.9861 5928.3557 5981.0703 6022.4732 6055.8467
0.005 16210.7227 19999.5000 21614.7414 22499.5833 23055.7982 23437.1111 23714.5658 23925.4062 24091.0041 24224.4868

0.050 2 18.5128 19.0000 19.1643 19.2468 19.2964 19.3295 19.3532 19.3710 19.3848 19.3959
0.025 38.5063 39.0000 39.1655 39.2484 39.2982 39.3315 39.3552 39.3730 39.3869 39.3980
0.010 98.5025 99.0000 99.1662 99.2494 99.2993 99.3326 99.3564 99.3742 99.3881 99.3992
0.005 198.5013 199.0000 199.1664 199.2497 199.2996 199.3330 199.3568 199.3746 199.3885 199.3996

0.050 3 10.1280 9.5521 9.2766 9.1172 9.0135 8.9406 8.8867 8.8452 8.8123 8.7855
0.025 17.4434 16.0441 15.4392 15.1010 14.8848 14.7347 14.6244 14.5399 14.4731 14.4189
0.010 34.1162 30.8165 29.4567 28.7099 28.2371 27.9107 27.6717 27.4892 27.3452 27.2287
0.005 55.5520 49.7993 47.4672 46.1946 45.3916 44.8385 44.4341 44.1256 43.8824 43.6858

0.050 4 7.7086 6.9443 6.5914 6.3882 6.2561 6.1631 6.0942 6.0410 5.9988 5.9644
0.025 12.2179 10.6491 9.9792 9.6045 9.3645 9.1973 9.0741 8.9796 8.9047 8.8439
0.010 21.1977 18.0000 16.6944 15.9770 15.5219 15.2069 14.9758 14.7989 14.6591 14.5459
0.005 31.3328 26.2843 24.2591 23.1545 22.4564 21.9746 21.6217 21.3520 21.1391 20.9667

0.050 5 6.6079 5.7861 5.4095 5.1922 5.0503 4.9503 4.8759 4.8183 4.7725 4.7351
0.025 10.0070 8.4336 7.7636 7.3879 7.1464 6.9777 6.8531 6.7572 6.6811 6.6192
0.010 16.2582 13.2739 12.0600 11.3919 10.9670 10.6723 10.4555 10.2893 10.1578 10.0510
0.005 22.7848 18.3138 16.5298 15.5561 14.9396 14.5133 14.2004 13.9610 13.7716 13.6182

0.050 6 5.9874 5.1433 4.7571 4.5337 4.3874 4.2839 4.2067 4.1468 4.0990 4.0600
0.025 8.8131 7.2599 6.5988 6.2272 5.9876 5.8198 5.6955 5.5996 5.5234 5.4613
0.010 13.7450 10.9248 9.7795 9.1483 8.7459 8.4661 8.2600 8.1017 7.9761 7.8741
0.005 18.6350 14.5441 12.9166 12.0275 11.4637 11.0730 10.7859 10.5658 10.3915 10.2500

0.050 7 5.5914 4.7374 4.3468 4.1203 3.9715 3.8660 3.7870 3.7257 3.6767 3.6365
0.025 8.0727 6.5415 5.8898 5.5226 5.2852 5.1186 4.9949 4.8993 4.8232 4.7611
0.010 12.2464 9.5466 8.4513 7.8466 7.4604 7.1914 6.9928 6.8400 6.7188 6.6201
0.005 16.2356 12.4040 10.8824 10.0505 9.5221 9.1553 8.8854 8.6781 8.5138 8.3803

0.050 8 5.3177 4.4590 4.0662 3.8379 3.6875 3.5806 3.5005 3.4381 3.3881 3.3472
0.025 7.5709 6.0595 5.4160 5.0526 4.8173 4.6517 4.5286 4.4333 4.3572 4.2951
0.010 11.2586 8.6491 7.5910 7.0061 6.6318 6.3707 6.1776 6.0289 5.9106 5.8143
0.005 14.6882 11.0424 9.5965 8.8051 8.3018 7.9520 7.6941 7.4959 7.3386 7.2106

0.050 9 5.1174 4.2565 3.8625 3.6331 3.4817 3.3738 3.2927 3.2296 3.1789 3.1373
0.025 7.2093 5.7147 5.0781 4.7181 4.4844 4.3197 4.1970 4.1020 4.0260 3.9639
0.010 10.5614 8.0215 6.9919 6.4221 6.0569 5.8018 5.6129 5.4671 5.3511 5.2565
0.005 13.6136 10.1067 8.7171 7.9559 7.4712 7.1339 6.8849 6.6933 6.5411 6.4172

0.050 10 4.9646 4.1028 3.7083 3.4780 3.3258 3.2172 3.1355 3.0717 3.0204 2.9782
0.025 6.9367 5.4564 4.8256 4.4683 4.2361 4.0721 3.9498 3.8549 3.7790 3.7168
0.010 10.0443 7.5594 6.5523 5.9943 5.6363 5.3858 5.2001 5.0567 4.9424 4.8491
0.005 12.8265 9.4270 8.0807 7.3428 6.8724 6.5446 6.3025 6.1159 5.9676 5.8467

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 15


Estadística

Tabla 8.: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 



 2 

 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0.050 1 242.9835 243.9060 244.6898 245.3640 245.9499 246.4639 246.9184 247.3232 247.6861 248.0131
0.025 973.0252 976.7079 979.8368 982.5278 984.8668 986.9187 988.7331 990.3490 991.7973 993.1028
0.010 6083.3168 6106.3207 6125.8647 6142.6740 6157.2846 6170.1012 6181.4348 6191.5287 6200.5756 6208.7302
0.005 24334.3581 24426.3662 24504.5356 24571.7673 24630.2051 24681.4673 24726.7982 24767.1704 24803.3549 24835.9709

0.050 2 19.4050 19.4125 19.4189 19.4244 19.4291 19.4333 19.4370 19.4402 19.4431 19.4458
0.025 39.4071 39.4146 39.4210 39.4265 39.4313 39.4354 39.4391 39.4424 39.4453 39.4479
0.010 99.4083 99.4159 99.4223 99.4278 99.4325 99.4367 99.4404 99.4436 99.4465 99.4492
0.005 199.4087 199.4163 199.4227 199.4282 199.4329 199.4371 199.4408 199.4440 199.4470 199.4496

0.050 3 8.7633 8.7446 8.7287 8.7149 8.7029 8.6923 8.6829 8.6745 8.6670 8.6602
0.025 14.3742 14.3366 14.3045 14.2768 14.2527 14.2315 14.2127 14.1960 14.1810 14.1674
0.010 27.1326 27.0518 26.9831 26.9238 26.8722 26.8269 26.7867 26.7509 26.7188 26.6898
0.005 43.5236 43.3874 43.2715 43.1716 43.0847 43.0083 42.9407 42.8804 42.8263 42.7775

0.050 4 5.9358 5.9117 5.8911 5.8733 5.8578 5.8441 5.8320 5.8211 5.8114 5.8025
0.025 8.7935 8.7512 8.7150 8.6838 8.6565 8.6326 8.6113 8.5924 8.5753 8.5599
0.010 14.4523 14.3736 14.3065 14.2486 14.1982 14.1539 14.1146 14.0795 14.0480 14.0196
0.005 20.8243 20.7047 20.6027 20.5148 20.4383 20.3710 20.3113 20.2581 20.2104 20.1673

0.050 5 4.7040 4.6777 4.6552 4.6358 4.6188 4.6038 4.5904 4.5785 4.5678 4.5581
0.025 6.5678 6.5245 6.4876 6.4556 6.4277 6.4032 6.3814 6.3619 6.3444 6.3286
0.010 9.9626 9.8883 9.8248 9.7700 9.7222 9.6802 9.6429 9.6096 9.5797 9.5526
0.005 13.4912 13.3845 13.2934 13.2148 13.1463 13.0861 13.0327 12.9850 12.9422 12.9035

0.050 6 4.0274 3.9999 3.9764 3.9559 3.9381 3.9223 3.9083 3.8957 3.8844 3.8742
0.025 5.4098 5.3662 5.3290 5.2968 5.2687 5.2439 5.2218 5.2021 5.1844 5.1684
0.010 7.7896 7.7183 7.6575 7.6049 7.5590 7.5186 7.4827 7.4507 7.4219 7.3958
0.005 10.1329 10.0343 9.9501 9.8774 9.8140 9.7582 9.7086 9.6644 9.6247 9.5888

0.050 7 3.6030 3.5747 3.5503 3.5292 3.5107 3.4944 3.4799 3.4669 3.4551 3.4445
0.025 4.7095 4.6658 4.6285 4.5961 4.5678 4.5428 4.5206 4.5008 4.4829 4.4667
0.010 6.5382 6.4691 6.4100 6.3590 6.3143 6.2750 6.2401 6.2089 6.1808 6.1554
0.005 8.2697 8.1764 8.0967 8.0279 7.9678 7.9148 7.8678 7.8258 7.7881 7.7540

0.050 8 3.3130 3.2839 3.2590 3.2374 3.2184 3.2016 3.1867 3.1733 3.1613 3.1503
0.025 4.2434 4.1997 4.1622 4.1297 4.1012 4.0761 4.0538 4.0338 4.0158 3.9995
0.010 5.7343 5.6667 5.6089 5.5589 5.5151 5.4766 5.4423 5.4116 5.3840 5.3591
0.005 7.1045 7.0149 6.9384 6.8721 6.8143 6.7633 6.7180 6.6775 6.6411 6.6082

0.050 9 3.1025 3.0729 3.0475 3.0255 3.0061 2.9890 2.9737 2.9600 2.9477 2.9365
0.025 3.9121 3.8682 3.8306 3.7980 3.7694 3.7441 3.7216 3.7015 3.6833 3.6669
0.010 5.1779 5.1114 5.0545 5.0052 4.9621 4.9240 4.8902 4.8599 4.8327 4.8080
0.005 6.3142 6.2274 6.1530 6.0887 6.0325 5.9829 5.9388 5.8994 5.8639 5.8318

0.050 10 2.9430 2.9130 2.8872 2.8647 2.8450 2.8276 2.8120 2.7980 2.7854 2.7740
0.025 3.6649 3.6209 3.5832 3.5504 3.5217 3.4963 3.4737 3.4534 3.4351 3.4185
0.010 4.7715 4.7059 4.6496 4.6008 4.5581 4.5204 4.4869 4.4569 4.4299 4.4054
0.005 5.7462 5.6613 5.5887 5.5257 5.4707 5.4221 5.3789 5.3403 5.3055 5.2740

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 16


Estadística

Tabla 9: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 



 2 

 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120


0.050 1 250.0951 251.1432 251.7742 252.1957 252.4973 252.7237 252.9000 253.0411 253.1566 253.2529
0.025 1001.4144 1005.5981 1008.1171 1009.8001 1011.0040 1011.9079 1012.6115 1013.1748 1013.6358 1014.0202
0.010 6260.6486 6286.7821 6302.5172 6313.0301 6320.5503 6326.1966 6330.5917 6334.1100 6336.9902 6339.3913
0.005 25043.6277 25148.1532 25211.0888 25253.1369 25283.2156 25305.7989 25323.3779 25337.4502 25348.9697 25358.5734

0.050 2 19.4624 19.4707 19.4757 19.4791 19.4814 19.4832 19.4846 19.4857 19.4866 19.4874
0.025 39.4646 39.4729 39.4779 39.4812 39.4836 39.4854 39.4868 39.4879 39.4888 39.4896
0.010 99.4658 99.4742 99.4792 99.4825 99.4849 99.4867 99.4881 99.4892 99.4901 99.4908
0.005 199.4663 199.4746 199.4796 199.4829 199.4853 199.4871 199.4885 199.4896 199.4905 199.4912

0.050 3 8.6166 8.5944 8.5810 8.5720 8.5656 8.5607 8.5569 8.5539 8.5514 8.5494
0.025 14.0805 14.0365 14.0099 13.9921 13.9793 13.9697 13.9623 13.9563 13.9514 13.9473
0.010 26.5045 26.4108 26.3542 26.3164 26.2892 26.2688 26.2530 26.2402 26.2298 26.2211
0.005 42.4658 42.3082 42.2131 42.1494 42.1039 42.0696 42.0429 42.0216 42.0041 41.9895

0.050 4 5.7459 5.7170 5.6995 5.6877 5.6793 5.6730 5.6680 5.6641 5.6608 5.6581
0.025 8.4613 8.4111 8.3808 8.3604 8.3458 8.3349 8.3263 8.3195 8.3139 8.3092
0.010 13.8377 13.7454 13.6896 13.6522 13.6254 13.6053 13.5896 13.5770 13.5667 13.5581
0.005 19.8915 19.7518 19.6673 19.6107 19.5702 19.5397 19.5160 19.4970 19.4814 19.4684

0.050 5 4.4957 4.4638 4.4444 4.4314 4.4220 4.4150 4.4095 4.4051 4.4015 4.3985
0.025 6.2269 6.1750 6.1436 6.1225 6.1074 6.0960 6.0871 6.0800 6.0742 6.0693
0.010 9.3793 9.2912 9.2378 9.2020 9.1763 9.1570 9.1420 9.1299 9.1200 9.1118
0.005 12.6556 12.5297 12.4535 12.4024 12.3658 12.3383 12.3168 12.2996 12.2855 12.2737

0.050 6 3.8082 3.7743 3.7537 3.7398 3.7298 3.7223 3.7164 3.7117 3.7079 3.7047
0.025 5.0652 5.0125 4.9804 4.9589 4.9434 4.9318 4.9227 4.9154 4.9094 4.9044
0.010 7.2285 7.1432 7.0915 7.0567 7.0318 7.0130 6.9984 6.9867 6.9770 6.9690
0.005 9.3582 9.2408 9.1697 9.1219 9.0877 9.0619 9.0418 9.0257 9.0125 9.0015

0.050 7 3.3758 3.3404 3.3189 3.3043 3.2939 3.2860 3.2798 3.2749 3.2708 3.2674
0.025 4.3624 4.3089 4.2763 4.2544 4.2386 4.2268 4.2175 4.2101 4.2040 4.1989
0.010 5.9920 5.9084 5.8577 5.8236 5.7991 5.7806 5.7662 5.7547 5.7452 5.7373
0.005 7.5345 7.4224 7.3544 7.3088 7.2760 7.2513 7.2320 7.2165 7.2039 7.1933

0.050 8 3.0794 3.0428 3.0204 3.0053 2.9944 2.9862 2.9798 2.9747 2.9705 2.9669
0.025 3.8940 3.8398 3.8067 3.7844 3.7684 3.7563 3.7469 3.7393 3.7331 3.7279
0.010 5.1981 5.1156 5.0654 5.0316 5.0073 4.9890 4.9748 4.9633 4.9539 4.9461
0.005 6.3961 6.2875 6.2215 6.1772 6.1453 6.1213 6.1025 6.0875 6.0752 6.0649

0.050 9 2.8637 2.8259 2.8028 2.7872 2.7760 2.7675 2.7609 2.7556 2.7512 2.7475
0.025 3.5604 3.5055 3.4719 3.4493 3.4330 3.4207 3.4111 3.4034 3.3971 3.3918
0.010 4.6486 4.5666 4.5167 4.4831 4.4589 4.4407 4.4264 4.4150 4.4056 4.3978
0.005 5.6248 5.5186 5.4539 5.4104 5.3791 5.3555 5.3371 5.3223 5.3102 5.3001

0.050 10 2.6996 2.6609 2.6371 2.6211 2.6095 2.6008 2.5939 2.5884 2.5839 2.5801
0.025 3.3110 3.2554 3.2214 3.1984 3.1818 3.1694 3.1596 3.1517 3.1453 3.1399
0.010 4.2469 4.1653 4.1155 4.0819 4.0577 4.0394 4.0252 4.0137 4.0043 3.9965
0.005 5.0706 4.9659 4.9022 4.8592 4.8283 4.8050 4.7868 4.7721 4.7601 4.7501

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 17


Estadística

Tabla 10: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 



 2 

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0.050 11 4.8443 3.9823 3.5874 3.3567 3.2039 3.0946 3.0123 2.9480 2.8962 2.8536
0.025 6.7241 5.2559 4.6300 4.2751 4.0440 3.8807 3.7586 3.6638 3.5879 3.5257
0.010 9.6460 7.2057 6.2167 5.6683 5.3160 5.0692 4.8861 4.7445 4.6315 4.5393
0.005 12.2263 8.9122 7.6004 6.8809 6.4217 6.1016 5.8648 5.6821 5.5368 5.4183

0.050 12 4.7472 3.8853 3.4903 3.2592 3.1059 2.9961 2.9134 2.8486 2.7964 2.7534
0.025 6.5538 5.0959 4.4742 4.1212 3.8911 3.7283 3.6065 3.5118 3.4358 3.3736
0.010 9.3302 6.9266 5.9525 5.4120 5.0643 4.8206 4.6395 4.4994 4.3875 4.2961
0.005 11.7542 8.5096 7.2258 6.5211 6.0711 5.7570 5.5245 5.3451 5.2021 5.0855

0.050 13 4.6672 3.8056 3.4105 3.1791 3.0254 2.9153 2.8321 2.7669 2.7144 2.6710
0.025 6.4143 4.9653 4.3472 3.9959 3.7667 3.6043 3.4827 3.3880 3.3120 3.2497
0.010 9.0738 6.7010 5.7394 5.2053 4.8616 4.6204 4.4410 4.3021 4.1911 4.1003
0.005 11.3735 8.1865 6.9258 6.2335 5.7910 5.4819 5.2529 5.0761 4.9351 4.8199

0.050 14 4.6001 3.7389 3.3439 3.1122 2.9582 2.8477 2.7642 2.6987 2.6458 2.6022
0.025 6.2979 4.8567 4.2417 3.8919 3.6634 3.5014 3.3799 3.2853 3.2093 3.1469
0.010 8.8616 6.5149 5.5639 5.0354 4.6950 4.4558 4.2779 4.1399 4.0297 3.9394
0.005 11.0603 7.9216 6.6804 5.9984 5.5623 5.2574 5.0313 4.8566 4.7173 4.6034

0.050 15 4.5431 3.6823 3.2874 3.0556 2.9013 2.7905 2.7066 2.6408 2.5876 2.5437
0.025 6.1995 4.7650 4.1528 3.8043 3.5764 3.4147 3.2934 3.1987 3.1227 3.0602
0.010 8.6831 6.3589 5.4170 4.8932 4.5556 4.3183 4.1415 4.0045 3.8948 3.8049
0.005 10.7980 7.7008 6.4760 5.8029 5.3721 5.0708 4.8473 4.6744 4.5364 4.4235

0.050 16 4.4940 3.6337 3.2389 3.0069 2.8524 2.7413 2.6572 2.5911 2.5377 2.4935
0.025 6.1151 4.6867 4.0768 3.7294 3.5021 3.3406 3.2194 3.1248 3.0488 2.9862
0.010 8.5310 6.2262 5.2922 4.7726 4.4374 4.2016 4.0259 3.8896 3.7804 3.6909
0.005 10.5755 7.5138 6.3034 5.6378 5.2117 4.9134 4.6920 4.5207 4.3838 4.2719

0.050 17 4.4513 3.5915 3.1968 2.9647 2.8100 2.6987 2.6143 2.5480 2.4943 2.4499
0.025 6.0420 4.6189 4.0112 3.6648 3.4379 3.2767 3.1556 3.0610 2.9849 2.9222
0.010 8.3997 6.1121 5.1850 4.6690 4.3359 4.1015 3.9267 3.7910 3.6822 3.5931
0.005 10.3842 7.3536 6.1556 5.4967 5.0746 4.7789 4.5594 4.3894 4.2535 4.1424

0.050 18 4.4139 3.5546 3.1599 2.9277 2.7729 2.6613 2.5767 2.5102 2.4563 2.4117
0.025 5.9781 4.5597 3.9539 3.6083 3.3820 3.2209 3.0999 3.0053 2.9291 2.8664
0.010 8.2854 6.0129 5.0919 4.5790 4.2479 4.0146 3.8406 3.7054 3.5971 3.5082
0.005 10.2181 7.2148 6.0278 5.3746 4.9560 4.6627 4.4448 4.2759 4.1410 4.0305

0.050 19 4.3807 3.5219 3.1274 2.8951 2.7401 2.6283 2.5435 2.4768 2.4227 2.3779
0.025 5.9216 4.5075 3.9034 3.5587 3.3327 3.1718 3.0509 2.9563 2.8801 2.8172
0.010 8.1849 5.9259 5.0103 4.5003 4.1708 3.9386 3.7653 3.6305 3.5225 3.4338
0.005 10.0725 7.0935 5.9161 5.2681 4.8526 4.5614 4.3448 4.1770 4.0428 3.9329

0.050 20 4.3512 3.4928 3.0984 2.8661 2.7109 2.5990 2.5140 2.4471 2.3928 2.3479
0.025 5.8715 4.4613 3.8587 3.5147 3.2891 3.1283 3.0074 2.9128 2.8365 2.7737
0.010 8.0960 5.8489 4.9382 4.4307 4.1027 3.8714 3.6987 3.5644 3.4567 3.3682
0.005 9.9439 6.9865 5.8177 5.1743 4.7616 4.4721 4.2569 4.0900 3.9564 3.8470

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 18


Estadística

Tabla 11: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 


 2 

 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0.050 11 2.8179 2.7876 2.7614 2.7386 2.7186 2.7009 2.6851 2.6709 2.6581 2.6464
0.025 3.4737 3.4296 3.3917 3.3588 3.3299 3.3044 3.2816 3.2612 3.2428 3.2261
0.010 4.4624 4.3974 4.3416 4.2932 4.2509 4.2134 4.1801 4.1503 4.1234 4.0990
0.005 5.3197 5.2363 5.1649 5.1031 5.0489 5.0011 4.9586 4.9205 4.8863 4.8552

0.050 12 2.7173 2.6866 2.6602 2.6371 2.6169 2.5989 2.5828 2.5684 2.5554 2.5436
0.025 3.3215 3.2773 3.2393 3.2062 3.1772 3.1515 3.1286 3.1081 3.0896 3.0728
0.010 4.2198 4.1553 4.0999 4.0518 4.0096 3.9724 3.9392 3.9095 3.8827 3.8584
0.005 4.9884 4.9062 4.8358 4.7748 4.7213 4.6741 4.6321 4.5945 4.5606 4.5299

0.050 13 2.6347 2.6037 2.5769 2.5536 2.5331 2.5149 2.4987 2.4841 2.4709 2.4589
0.025 3.1975 3.1532 3.1150 3.0819 3.0527 3.0269 3.0039 2.9832 2.9646 2.9477
0.010 4.0245 3.9603 3.9052 3.8573 3.8154 3.7783 3.7452 3.7156 3.6888 3.6646
0.005 4.7240 4.6429 4.5733 4.5129 4.4600 4.4132 4.3716 4.3344 4.3008 4.2703

0.050 14 2.5655 2.5342 2.5073 2.4837 2.4630 2.4446 2.4282 2.4134 2.4000 2.3879
0.025 3.0946 3.0502 3.0119 2.9786 2.9493 2.9234 2.9003 2.8795 2.8607 2.8437
0.010 3.8640 3.8001 3.7452 3.6975 3.6557 3.6187 3.5857 3.5561 3.5294 3.5052
0.005 4.5085 4.4281 4.3591 4.2993 4.2468 4.2005 4.1592 4.1221 4.0888 4.0585

0.050 15 2.5068 2.4753 2.4481 2.4244 2.4034 2.3849 2.3683 2.3533 2.3398 2.3275
0.025 3.0078 2.9633 2.9249 2.8915 2.8621 2.8360 2.8128 2.7919 2.7730 2.7559
0.010 3.7299 3.6662 3.6115 3.5639 3.5222 3.4852 3.4523 3.4228 3.3961 3.3719
0.005 4.3295 4.2497 4.1813 4.1219 4.0698 4.0237 3.9827 3.9459 3.9127 3.8826

0.050 16 2.4564 2.4247 2.3973 2.3733 2.3522 2.3335 2.3167 2.3016 2.2880 2.2756
0.025 2.9337 2.8890 2.8506 2.8170 2.7875 2.7614 2.7380 2.7170 2.6980 2.6808
0.010 3.6162 3.5527 3.4981 3.4506 3.4089 3.3720 3.3391 3.3096 3.2829 3.2587
0.005 4.1785 4.0994 4.0314 3.9723 3.9205 3.8747 3.8338 3.7972 3.7641 3.7342

0.050 17 2.4126 2.3807 2.3531 2.3290 2.3077 2.2888 2.2719 2.2567 2.2429 2.2304
0.025 2.8696 2.8249 2.7863 2.7526 2.7230 2.6968 2.6733 2.6522 2.6331 2.6158
0.010 3.5185 3.4552 3.4007 3.3533 3.3117 3.2748 3.2419 3.2124 3.1857 3.1615
0.005 4.0496 3.9709 3.9033 3.8445 3.7929 3.7473 3.7066 3.6701 3.6372 3.6073

0.050 18 2.3742 2.3421 2.3143 2.2900 2.2686 2.2496 2.2325 2.2172 2.2033 2.1906
0.025 2.8137 2.7689 2.7302 2.6964 2.6667 2.6404 2.6168 2.5956 2.5764 2.5590
0.010 3.4338 3.3706 3.3162 3.2689 3.2273 3.1904 3.1575 3.1280 3.1013 3.0771
0.005 3.9382 3.8599 3.7926 3.7341 3.6827 3.6373 3.5967 3.5603 3.5275 3.4977

0.050 19 2.3402 2.3080 2.2800 2.2556 2.2341 2.2149 2.1977 2.1823 2.1683 2.1555
0.025 2.7645 2.7196 2.6808 2.6469 2.6171 2.5907 2.5670 2.5457 2.5265 2.5089
0.010 3.3596 3.2965 3.2422 3.1949 3.1533 3.1165 3.0836 3.0541 3.0274 3.0031
0.005 3.8410 3.7631 3.6961 3.6378 3.5866 3.5412 3.5008 3.4645 3.4318 3.4020

0.050 20 2.3100 2.2776 2.2495 2.2250 2.2033 2.1840 2.1667 2.1511 2.1370 2.1242
0.025 2.7209 2.6758 2.6369 2.6030 2.5731 2.5465 2.5228 2.5014 2.4821 2.4645
0.010 3.2941 3.2311 3.1769 3.1296 3.0880 3.0512 3.0183 2.9887 2.9620 2.9377
0.005 3.7555 3.6779 3.6111 3.5530 3.5020 3.4568 3.4164 3.3802 3.3475 3.3178

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 19


Estadística

Tabla 12: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 


 2 

 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120


0.050 11 2.5705 2.5309 2.5066 2.4901 2.4782 2.4692 2.4622 2.4566 2.4519 2.4480
0.025 3.1176 3.0613 3.0268 3.0035 2.9867 2.9740 2.9641 2.9561 2.9496 2.9441
0.010 3.9411 3.8596 3.8097 3.7761 3.7518 3.7335 3.7192 3.7077 3.6983 3.6904
0.005 4.6543 4.5508 4.4876 4.4450 4.4143 4.3912 4.3731 4.3585 4.3466 4.3367

0.050 12 2.4663 2.4259 2.4010 2.3842 2.3720 2.3628 2.3556 2.3498 2.3450 2.3410
0.025 2.9633 2.9063 2.8714 2.8478 2.8307 2.8178 2.8077 2.7996 2.7929 2.7874
0.010 3.7008 3.6192 3.5692 3.5355 3.5111 3.4928 3.4784 3.4668 3.4574 3.4494
0.005 4.3309 4.2282 4.1653 4.1229 4.0924 4.0693 4.0513 4.0368 4.0249 4.0149

0.050 13 2.3803 2.3392 2.3138 2.2966 2.2841 2.2747 2.2673 2.2614 2.2565 2.2524
0.025 2.8372 2.7797 2.7443 2.7204 2.7030 2.6900 2.6797 2.6715 2.6647 2.6590
0.010 3.5070 3.4253 3.3752 3.3413 3.3168 3.2984 3.2839 3.2723 3.2627 3.2548
0.005 4.0727 3.9704 3.9078 3.8655 3.8350 3.8120 3.7940 3.7795 3.7676 3.7577

0.050 14 2.3082 2.2664 2.2405 2.2229 2.2102 2.2006 2.1931 2.1870 2.1820 2.1778
0.025 2.7324 2.6742 2.6384 2.6142 2.5966 2.5833 2.5729 2.5646 2.5577 2.5519
0.010 3.3476 3.2656 3.2153 3.1813 3.1567 3.1381 3.1235 3.1118 3.1022 3.0942
0.005 3.8619 3.7600 3.6975 3.6552 3.6248 3.6017 3.5837 3.5692 3.5573 3.5473

0.050 15 2.2468 2.2043 2.1780 2.1601 2.1472 2.1373 2.1296 2.1234 2.1183 2.1141
0.025 2.6437 2.5850 2.5488 2.5242 2.5064 2.4930 2.4824 2.4739 2.4670 2.4611
0.010 3.2141 3.1319 3.0814 3.0471 3.0224 3.0037 2.9890 2.9772 2.9676 2.9595
0.005 3.6867 3.5850 3.5225 3.4803 3.4498 3.4267 3.4086 3.3941 3.3822 3.3722

0.050 16 2.1938 2.1507 2.1240 2.1058 2.0926 2.0826 2.0748 2.0685 2.0633 2.0589
0.025 2.5678 2.5085 2.4719 2.4471 2.4291 2.4154 2.4047 2.3961 2.3890 2.3831
0.010 3.1007 3.0182 2.9675 2.9330 2.9082 2.8893 2.8745 2.8627 2.8529 2.8447
0.005 3.5389 3.4372 3.3747 3.3324 3.3018 3.2787 3.2606 3.2460 3.2340 3.2240

0.050 17 2.1477 2.1040 2.0769 2.0584 2.0450 2.0348 2.0268 2.0204 2.0151 2.0107
0.025 2.5020 2.4422 2.4053 2.3801 2.3619 2.3481 2.3372 2.3285 2.3213 2.3153
0.010 3.0032 2.9205 2.8694 2.8348 2.8097 2.7908 2.7759 2.7639 2.7541 2.7459
0.005 3.4124 3.3108 3.2482 3.2058 3.1752 3.1520 3.1338 3.1192 3.1071 3.0971

0.050 18 2.1071 2.0629 2.0354 2.0166 2.0030 1.9927 1.9846 1.9780 1.9726 1.9681
0.025 2.4445 2.3842 2.3468 2.3214 2.3030 2.2890 2.2780 2.2692 2.2619 2.2558
0.010 2.9185 2.8354 2.7841 2.7493 2.7241 2.7050 2.6900 2.6779 2.6680 2.6597
0.005 3.3030 3.2014 3.1387 3.0962 3.0655 3.0422 3.0239 3.0093 2.9972 2.9871

0.050 19 2.0712 2.0264 1.9986 1.9795 1.9657 1.9552 1.9470 1.9403 1.9348 1.9302
0.025 2.3937 2.3329 2.2952 2.2696 2.2509 2.2368 2.2257 2.2167 2.2094 2.2032
0.010 2.8442 2.7608 2.7093 2.6742 2.6488 2.6296 2.6145 2.6023 2.5923 2.5839
0.005 3.2075 3.1058 3.0430 3.0004 2.9695 2.9462 2.9278 2.9131 2.9010 2.8908

0.050 20 2.0391 1.9938 1.9656 1.9464 1.9323 1.9217 1.9133 1.9066 1.9010 1.8963
0.025 2.3486 2.2873 2.2493 2.2234 2.2045 2.1902 2.1790 2.1699 2.1625 2.1562
0.010 2.7785 2.6947 2.6430 2.6077 2.5822 2.5628 2.5476 2.5353 2.5252 2.5168
0.005 3.1234 3.0215 2.9586 2.9159 2.8849 2.8614 2.8430 2.8282 2.8160 2.8058

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 20


Estadística

Tabla 13: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 


 2 

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0.050 30 4.1709 3.3158 2.9223 2.6896 2.5336 2.4205 2.3343 2.2662 2.2107 2.1646
0.025 5.5675 4.1821 3.5894 3.2499 3.0265 2.8667 2.7460 2.6513 2.5746 2.5112
0.010 7.5625 5.3903 4.5097 4.0179 3.6990 3.4735 3.3045 3.1726 3.0665 2.9791
0.005 9.1797 6.3547 5.2388 4.6234 4.2276 3.9492 3.7416 3.5801 3.4505 3.3440

0.050 40 4.0847 3.2317 2.8387 2.6060 2.4495 2.3359 2.2490 2.1802 2.1240 2.0772
0.025 5.4239 4.0510 3.4633 3.1261 2.9037 2.7444 2.6238 2.5289 2.4519 2.3882
0.010 7.3141 5.1785 4.3126 3.8283 3.5138 3.2910 3.1238 2.9930 2.8876 2.8005
0.005 8.8279 6.0664 4.9758 4.3738 3.9860 3.7129 3.5088 3.3498 3.2220 3.1167

0.050 50 4.0343 3.1826 2.7900 2.5572 2.4004 2.2864 2.1992 2.1299 2.0734 2.0261
0.025 5.3403 3.9749 3.3902 3.0544 2.8327 2.6736 2.5530 2.4579 2.3808 2.3168
0.010 7.1706 5.0566 4.1993 3.7195 3.4077 3.1864 3.0202 2.8900 2.7850 2.6981
0.005 8.6258 5.9016 4.8259 4.2316 3.8486 3.5785 3.3765 3.2189 3.0920 2.9875

0.050 60 4.0012 3.1504 2.7581 2.5252 2.3683 2.2541 2.1665 2.0970 2.0401 1.9926
0.025 5.2856 3.9253 3.3425 3.0077 2.7863 2.6274 2.5068 2.4117 2.3344 2.2702
0.010 7.0771 4.9774 4.1259 3.6490 3.3389 3.1187 2.9530 2.8233 2.7185 2.6318
0.005 8.4946 5.7950 4.7290 4.1399 3.7599 3.4918 3.2911 3.1344 3.0083 2.9042

0.050 70 3.9778 3.1277 2.7355 2.5027 2.3456 2.2312 2.1435 2.0737 2.0166 1.9689
0.025 5.2470 3.8903 3.3090 2.9748 2.7537 2.5949 2.4743 2.3791 2.3017 2.2374
0.010 7.0114 4.9219 4.0744 3.5996 3.2907 3.0712 2.9060 2.7765 2.6719 2.5852
0.005 8.4027 5.7204 4.6613 4.0758 3.6980 3.4313 3.2315 3.0755 2.9498 2.8460

0.050 80 3.9604 3.1108 2.7188 2.4859 2.3287 2.2142 2.1263 2.0564 1.9991 1.9512
0.025 5.2184 3.8643 3.2841 2.9504 2.7295 2.5708 2.4502 2.3549 2.2775 2.2130
0.010 6.9627 4.8807 4.0363 3.5631 3.2550 3.0361 2.8713 2.7420 2.6374 2.5508
0.005 8.3346 5.6652 4.6113 4.0285 3.6524 3.3867 3.1876 3.0320 2.9066 2.8031

0.050 90 3.9469 3.0977 2.7058 2.4729 2.3157 2.2011 2.1131 2.0430 1.9856 1.9376
0.025 5.1962 3.8443 3.2649 2.9315 2.7109 2.5522 2.4316 2.3363 2.2588 2.1942
0.010 6.9251 4.8491 4.0070 3.5350 3.2276 3.0091 2.8445 2.7154 2.6109 2.5243
0.005 8.2822 5.6228 4.5728 3.9922 3.6173 3.3524 3.1538 2.9986 2.8735 2.7701

0.050 100 3.9361 3.0873 2.6955 2.4626 2.3053 2.1906 2.1025 2.0323 1.9748 1.9267
0.025 5.1786 3.8284 3.2496 2.9166 2.6961 2.5374 2.4168 2.3215 2.2439 2.1793
0.010 6.8953 4.8239 3.9837 3.5127 3.2059 2.9877 2.8233 2.6943 2.5898 2.5033
0.005 8.2406 5.5892 4.5424 3.9634 3.5895 3.3252 3.1271 2.9722 2.8472 2.7440

0.050 110 3.9274 3.0788 2.6871 2.4542 2.2969 2.1821 2.0939 2.0236 1.9661 1.9178
0.025 5.1642 3.8154 3.2372 2.9044 2.6840 2.5254 2.4048 2.3094 2.2318 2.1671
0.010 6.8710 4.8035 3.9648 3.4946 3.1882 2.9703 2.8061 2.6771 2.5727 2.4862
0.005 8.2068 5.5619 4.5177 3.9400 3.5669 3.3032 3.1054 2.9507 2.8259 2.7228

0.050 120 3.9201 3.0718 2.6802 2.4472 2.2899 2.1750 2.0868 2.0164 1.9588 1.9105
0.025 5.1523 3.8046 3.2269 2.8943 2.6740 2.5154 2.3948 2.2994 2.2217 2.1570
0.010 6.8509 4.7865 3.9491 3.4795 3.1735 2.9559 2.7918 2.6629 2.5586 2.4721
0.005 8.1788 5.5393 4.4972 3.9207 3.5482 3.2849 3.0874 2.9330 2.8083 2.7052

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 21


Estadística

Tabla 14: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F

Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 


 2 

 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0.050 30 2.1256 2.0921 2.0630 2.0374 2.0148 1.9946 1.9765 1.9601 1.9452 1.9317
0.025 2.4577 2.4120 2.3724 2.3378 2.3072 2.2799 2.2554 2.2334 2.2134 2.1952
0.010 2.9057 2.8431 2.7890 2.7418 2.7002 2.6632 2.6301 2.6003 2.5732 2.5487
0.005 3.2547 3.1787 3.1132 3.0560 3.0057 2.9611 2.9211 2.8852 2.8526 2.8230

0.050 40 2.0376 2.0035 1.9738 1.9476 1.9245 1.9037 1.8851 1.8682 1.8529 1.8389
0.025 2.3343 2.2882 2.2481 2.2130 2.1819 2.1542 2.1293 2.1068 2.0864 2.0677
0.010 2.7274 2.6648 2.6107 2.5634 2.5216 2.4844 2.4511 2.4210 2.3937 2.3689
0.005 3.0284 2.9531 2.8880 2.8312 2.7811 2.7365 2.6966 2.6607 2.6281 2.5984

0.050 50 1.9861 1.9515 1.9214 1.8949 1.8714 1.8503 1.8313 1.8141 1.7985 1.7841
0.025 2.2627 2.2162 2.1758 2.1404 2.1090 2.0810 2.0558 2.0330 2.0122 1.9933
0.010 2.6250 2.5625 2.5083 2.4609 2.4190 2.3816 2.3481 2.3178 2.2903 2.2652
0.005 2.8997 2.8247 2.7599 2.7032 2.6531 2.6086 2.5686 2.5326 2.4999 2.4702

0.050 60 1.9522 1.9174 1.8870 1.8602 1.8364 1.8151 1.7959 1.7784 1.7625 1.7480
0.025 2.2159 2.1692 2.1286 2.0929 2.0613 2.0330 2.0076 1.9846 1.9636 1.9445
0.010 2.5587 2.4961 2.4419 2.3943 2.3523 2.3148 2.2811 2.2507 2.2230 2.1978
0.005 2.8166 2.7419 2.6771 2.6205 2.5705 2.5259 2.4859 2.4498 2.4171 2.3872

0.050 70 1.9283 1.8932 1.8627 1.8357 1.8117 1.7902 1.7708 1.7531 1.7371 1.7223
0.025 2.1829 2.1361 2.0953 2.0595 2.0277 1.9992 1.9736 1.9504 1.9293 1.9100
0.010 2.5122 2.4496 2.3953 2.3477 2.3055 2.2679 2.2341 2.2036 2.1758 2.1504
0.005 2.7587 2.6840 2.6193 2.5627 2.5127 2.4681 2.4281 2.3919 2.3591 2.3291

0.050 80 1.9105 1.8753 1.8445 1.8174 1.7932 1.7716 1.7520 1.7342 1.7180 1.7032
0.025 2.1584 2.1115 2.0706 2.0346 2.0026 1.9741 1.9483 1.9250 1.9037 1.8843
0.010 2.4777 2.4151 2.3608 2.3131 2.2709 2.2332 2.1993 2.1686 2.1408 2.1153
0.005 2.7159 2.6413 2.5767 2.5201 2.4700 2.4254 2.3854 2.3492 2.3163 2.2862

0.050 90 1.8967 1.8613 1.8305 1.8032 1.7789 1.7571 1.7375 1.7196 1.7033 1.6883
0.025 2.1395 2.0925 2.0515 2.0154 1.9833 1.9546 1.9288 1.9053 1.8840 1.8644
0.010 2.4513 2.3886 2.3342 2.2865 2.2442 2.2064 2.1725 2.1417 2.1137 2.0882
0.005 2.6830 2.6085 2.5439 2.4873 2.4373 2.3926 2.3525 2.3163 2.2833 2.2532

0.050 100 1.8857 1.8503 1.8193 1.7919 1.7675 1.7456 1.7259 1.7079 1.6915 1.6764
0.025 2.1245 2.0773 2.0363 2.0001 1.9679 1.9391 1.9132 1.8897 1.8682 1.8486
0.010 2.4302 2.3676 2.3132 2.2654 2.2230 2.1852 2.1511 2.1203 2.0923 2.0666
0.005 2.6570 2.5825 2.5180 2.4614 2.4113 2.3666 2.3265 2.2902 2.2572 2.2270

0.050 110 1.8767 1.8412 1.8101 1.7827 1.7582 1.7363 1.7164 1.6984 1.6819 1.6667
0.025 2.1123 2.0650 2.0239 1.9876 1.9554 1.9265 1.9005 1.8769 1.8554 1.8356
0.010 2.4132 2.3505 2.2960 2.2482 2.2058 2.1679 2.1338 2.1029 2.0748 2.0491
0.005 2.6358 2.5614 2.4969 2.4403 2.3902 2.3455 2.3053 2.2690 2.2359 2.2057

0.050 120 1.8693 1.8337 1.8026 1.7750 1.7505 1.7285 1.7085 1.6904 1.6739 1.6587
0.025 2.1021 2.0548 2.0136 1.9773 1.9450 1.9161 1.8900 1.8663 1.8447 1.8249
0.010 2.3990 2.3363 2.2818 2.2339 2.1915 2.1536 2.1194 2.0885 2.0604 2.0346
0.005 2.6183 2.5439 2.4794 2.4228 2.3727 2.3280 2.2878 2.2514 2.2183 2.1881

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 22


Estadística

Tabla 15: TABLA DE LA DISTRIBUCIÓN F


Área bajo la curva: P(F≥ F) = 


 2 

 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120


0.050 30 1.8409 1.7918 1.7609 1.7396 1.7240 1.7121 1.7027 1.6950 1.6887 1.6835
0.025 2.0739 2.0089 1.9681 1.9400 1.9195 1.9039 1.8915 1.8816 1.8733 1.8664
0.010 2.3860 2.2992 2.2450 2.2079 2.1808 2.1601 2.1439 2.1307 2.1199 2.1108
0.005 2.6278 2.5241 2.4594 2.4151 2.3829 2.3584 2.3391 2.3234 2.3106 2.2998

0.050 40 1.7444 1.6928 1.6600 1.6373 1.6205 1.6077 1.5975 1.5892 1.5824 1.5766
0.025 1.9429 1.8752 1.8324 1.8028 1.7810 1.7644 1.7512 1.7405 1.7317 1.7242
0.010 2.2034 2.1142 2.0581 2.0194 1.9911 1.9694 1.9522 1.9383 1.9269 1.9172
0.005 2.4015 2.2958 2.2295 2.1838 2.1504 2.1249 2.1047 2.0884 2.0749 2.0636

0.050 50 1.6872 1.6337 1.5995 1.5757 1.5580 1.5445 1.5337 1.5249 1.5176 1.5115
0.025 1.8659 1.7963 1.7520 1.7211 1.6984 1.6810 1.6671 1.6558 1.6465 1.6386
0.010 2.0976 2.0066 1.9490 1.9090 1.8797 1.8571 1.8393 1.8248 1.8127 1.8026
0.005 2.2717 2.1644 2.0967 2.0499 2.0155 1.9891 1.9682 1.9512 1.9372 1.9254

0.050 60 1.6491 1.5943 1.5590 1.5343 1.5160 1.5019 1.4906 1.4814 1.4737 1.4673
0.025 1.8152 1.7440 1.6985 1.6668 1.6433 1.6252 1.6108 1.5990 1.5893 1.5810
0.010 2.0285 1.9360 1.8772 1.8363 1.8061 1.7828 1.7644 1.7493 1.7368 1.7263
0.005 2.1874 2.0789 2.0100 1.9622 1.9269 1.8998 1.8783 1.8609 1.8463 1.8341

0.050 70 1.6220 1.5661 1.5300 1.5046 1.4857 1.4711 1.4594 1.4498 1.4419 1.4351
0.025 1.7792 1.7069 1.6604 1.6279 1.6038 1.5851 1.5702 1.5581 1.5480 1.5394
0.010 1.9797 1.8861 1.8263 1.7846 1.7537 1.7298 1.7109 1.6954 1.6825 1.6717
0.005 2.1283 2.0186 1.9488 1.9002 1.8642 1.8365 1.8145 1.7966 1.7817 1.7691

0.050 80 1.6017 1.5449 1.5081 1.4821 1.4628 1.4477 1.4357 1.4259 1.4176 1.4107
0.025 1.7523 1.6790 1.6318 1.5987 1.5740 1.5549 1.5396 1.5271 1.5167 1.5079
0.010 1.9435 1.8489 1.7883 1.7459 1.7144 1.6901 1.6707 1.6548 1.6416 1.6305
0.005 2.0845 1.9739 1.9033 1.8540 1.8174 1.7892 1.7668 1.7484 1.7332 1.7203

0.050 90 1.5859 1.5284 1.4910 1.4645 1.4448 1.4294 1.4171 1.4070 1.3985 1.3914
0.025 1.7315 1.6574 1.6095 1.5758 1.5507 1.5312 1.5156 1.5028 1.4922 1.4831
0.010 1.9155 1.8201 1.7588 1.7158 1.6838 1.6591 1.6393 1.6231 1.6096 1.5982
0.005 2.0507 1.9394 1.8681 1.8182 1.7811 1.7525 1.7296 1.7109 1.6954 1.6822

0.050 100 1.5733 1.5151 1.4772 1.4504 1.4303 1.4146 1.4020 1.3917 1.3831 1.3757
0.025 1.7148 1.6401 1.5917 1.5575 1.5320 1.5122 1.4963 1.4833 1.4724 1.4631
0.010 1.8933 1.7972 1.7353 1.6918 1.6594 1.6342 1.6141 1.5977 1.5839 1.5723
0.005 2.0239 1.9119 1.8400 1.7896 1.7521 1.7231 1.6999 1.6809 1.6650 1.6516

0.050 110 1.5630 1.5043 1.4660 1.4388 1.4183 1.4024 1.3896 1.3791 1.3703 1.3628
0.025 1.7013 1.6259 1.5771 1.5425 1.5166 1.4965 1.4804 1.4671 1.4560 1.4466
0.010 1.8751 1.7784 1.7160 1.6721 1.6393 1.6139 1.5935 1.5767 1.5628 1.5509
0.005 2.0021 1.8895 1.8172 1.7663 1.7284 1.6990 1.6755 1.6562 1.6402 1.6265

0.050 120 1.5543 1.4952 1.4565 1.4290 1.4083 1.3922 1.3792 1.3685 1.3595 1.3519
0.025 1.6899 1.6141 1.5649 1.5299 1.5038 1.4834 1.4670 1.4536 1.4423 1.4327
0.010 1.8600 1.7628 1.7000 1.6557 1.6226 1.5968 1.5762 1.5592 1.5450 1.5330
0.005 1.9840 1.8709 1.7981 1.7469 1.7086 1.6789 1.6552 1.6357 1.6194 1.6055

Fórmulas y Tablas Estadísticas CHLA 23