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ENSINO E APRENDIZAGEM DE INGLÊS COM LÍNGUA ESTRANGEIRA

1. Which of the following is NOT an example of language handicap?colour blindness

2. Mark the sentence with the word which best completes the following sentence: Globalization and the status
of English as a ----------language are affecting the teaching and learning of English worldwide world

3. The process of understanding the way a language system works via its structures and rules is called---
learning.

4. In order for the scaffolding to be effective, if a child asks a question about a particular topic, the adult may
first ask the child, "Well, what do you, think about that?" Once the adult knows what the child thinks, he can
decide which ideas to confirm and which ones to extend

5. As teachers with the desired skills, knowledge and expertise, we have a great deal of power in the classroom
and it is our responsibility to set ---------------- . The atmosphere we set will determine whether the
students¿ non- linguistic emotional needs are met in the classroom; interpersonal classroom climate

6. A syllabus (also curriculum) stands for a description of the _________ of a course of instruction.

7. Which of the following items listed below are examples of extrinsic motivation?
(1) Money
(2) Grades
(3) Positive feedback
(4) self-determination.
1, 2, 3 only.

8. Which quality is implicit in the type of collaborative and cooperative environment? Trust

9. Mark the option which best completes the statement ¿. Vygotsky advocates that the role of a psychologist
should be to understand how human social and mental activity is organized through culturally constructed
------------¿ artefacts

10. In reflective teaching, you examine your work so that you consider alternative ways of ascertaining that
your students learn. Consequently, you are able .... what you implement and how you implement it. to monitor

11. By 1966, there was an important spread of English language teaching all over Brazil. This was due to:the
franchising system

12. There were two moments in Brazil which changed the way people viewed the English language in 1930 and
1935. They were: Brazil was viewed as a strategic point and as a strategic necessity with regard to a possible
war in Europe.

13. Mark the only option which is not a consequence of studying English asa foreign language in a globalized
world:english has the same prestige as French as foreign languages

14. Mark the sentence with the word which best completes the following sentence: Globalization and the status
of English as a ----------language are affecting the teaching and learning of English worldwide world

15. We know that in 1808 there was a widespread interest in the English language in Brazil. That happened
because England became a major--------------------------of Brazil in 1808. trading partner

16. Which of the following skills are considered mostly receptive? Listening and reading.
17. Which of the following is NOT an example of language handicap? colour blindness

18. Mark the only sentence which expresses a myth about the English language learning: Children learn second
languages quickly and easily.

19. Vygotsky´s theory views the development of language as a complex interaction between the child and the
environment

20. In order for the scaffolding to be effective, if a child asks a question about a particular topic, the adult may
first ask the child, "Well, what do you, think about that?" Once the adult knows what the child thinks, he can
decide which ideas to confirm and which ones to extend

21. A teacher in a very traditional school used to practice verbs showing the students cards with personal
pronouns such as I, You ,She,etc.. She had two other cards: a red and a green one which she chose to show the
students if they were right or wrong. We can say this teacher bases her lessons on a/an ------------------approach.
behaviorist approach

22. "In her reflection, Professor Marguerite mentions how her students are apprehensive to produce spoken
language. She states that they are anxious about using the TL. Language teachers and learners alike know that
producing oral language can be a challenge but that it is a necessary part of learning a language. Like
Marguerite's students, many language students may feel worried about the level of their language. This often
prevents them from speaking or taking in the language at all. In addition, many learners tend to monitor their
use of the language too much, focusing more on accuracy than fluency which in turn prevents them from using
the language in a communicative manner". Source: https://sites.educ.ualberta.ca/staff/olenka.bilash/Best%20of
%20Bilash/krashen.html
Based on the text above, chose the right option to complete the extract below:
"What Professor Marguerite realized is that in a class not all learners can be at the same level of linguistic
competence at the same time. So when designing a syllabus, it is advisable that she remember to consider what
Stephen Krashen calls:" the natural communicative input

23. The process of natural assimilation of a language via interaction, in which the learner has active
participation in the language learning process is called – acquisition.

24. The brain area primarily involved with intellectual functions is the ---. cerebral cortex

25. Which of the following is NOT a correct complement to the following sentence: A child learns a first
language mostly by --- reading language.

26. According to Krashen, the acquired system and the learned system are two ------------------systems of second
language performance. Independent

27. he text below: “In the behaviourist view, language is elicited by a stimulus and that stimulus then triggers a
response. The response in turn then produces some kind of reinforcement, which, if positive, encourages the
repetition of the response in the future or, if negative, its suppression”.
Source: http://www.onestopenglish.com/methodology/methodology/teaching-approaches/teaching-approaches-
what-is-audiolingualism/146488.article
Audio-lingualism, a teaching method based on the behavioursit view of language, suffered in the two-pronged
attack on behaviorism and structural linguistics. Choose the right option to complete the sentence below:
"Skinner was criticized by _______, who was based on his own model of linguistics known as transformational
generative gramar." Noam Chomsky

28. Who says that A language is what native speakers say, not what someone thinks they ought to say?
Structuralists and behaviorists
29. In recent years has been on the development of classroom tasks and activities which are consonant with
what we know about processes of second language acquisition, and which are also in keeping with the
dynamics of the classroom itself. By reading the previous statement you can infer That´s true because there´s
not a perfect method therefore teachers should be responsible for their choices

30. Choose the method or approach which places an emphasis on creating a physical environment that makes
students feel as relaxed and comfortable as possible. The method or approach is suggestopedia

31. A syllabus (also curriculum) stands for a description of the _________ of a course of instruction.contents

32. As teachers with the desired skills, knowledge and expertise, we have a great deal of power in the classroom
and it is our responsibility to set ---------------- . The atmosphere we set will determine whether the
students¿ non- linguistic emotional needs are met in the classroom; interpersonal classroom climate

33. The statement that ther is no perfect method leads to the idea that teachers are responsible for the choice of
strategies and ways of learning/teaching

34. An objective evaluation of methods is not just an assessment of learner´s language attainments; it also
involves an objective attribution of the learning that has taken place to the teaching that has been done.

35. Which of the following items listed below are examples of extrinsic motivation? (1) Money
(2) Grades (3) Positive feedback (4) self-determination. 1, 2, 3 only.

36. Karen was told that if her level of English was intermediate or above, she would be granted a scholarship in
London. For this reason, she started studying English and got to the level of proficiency she needed to get the
scholarship. The situation desccribed is an example of ---.
Extrinsic motivation.

37. Teachers´ beliefs about learning may be based on their-------------------- practice

38. Mark the best option. Teaching is a very personal activity, and it is not surprising that individual teachers
bring to teaching very different beliefs and assumptions about what constitutes effective teaching
39. Learning consists of acquiring organizing principles through encountering experience. This makes part of a
lesson which is learner centered

40. Teachers can understand the link between their private troubles and broader political actions by consulting
literature and theory

41. While the teacher´s planning decisions provide a framework for approaching a lesson, in the course of
teaching the lesson that framework may be substantially revised as the teacher responds to
student´s understanding and participation

42. Teaching is a very personal activity, and it is not surprising that individual teachers bring to teaching very
different beliefs and assumptions about what constitutes effective teaching. I completely agree with the
statement.

43. Carolina is a teacher involved in the reflective process. Whenever she gives a task and notices her students
are not following it properly, she is able to stop and change directions. The process she uses is reflection-in-
action

44. It is possible to say that reflective teaching may turn teachers to be researchers because of its dimension
of---------------. Self-inquiry

45. Mark the option which best completes the following sentence:
In reflective teaching, you examine your work so that you consider alternative ways of ascertaining that your
students learn. Consequently, you are able .... what you implement and how you implement it. to monitor

46. Choose the option which best completes the following sentence: Developing a critical perspective on our
own behavior requires the dispositions of open-mindedness, responsibility, and wholeheartedness that Dewey
highlighted a long time ago. Implicit in the type of collaborative and cooperative environment is the element
of--------------. Trust

47. Ricardo takes reflection as part of his teaching process. He thinks that a reflective teacher makes a
deliberate move to allow teachers thinking critically of their teaching practice so that their students can
maximize their learning.

48. Mark the option which best completes the statement ¿. Vygotsky advocates that the role of a psychologist
should be to understand how human social and mental activity is organized through culturally constructed
------------¿ artefacts

49. Choose the option which best completes the following sentence: The argument that focusing teacher ´s
attention only inwardly at their own practice, may encourage a ----------------response to the institutional
conditions and roles in which teachers find themselves. Submissive

50. Sara uses the collaborative model of teacher development and that implies that her students need to own
responsibility for the learning processes and outcomes.

51. Read the following account from a language learner: "When reading a text in English and coming across
any unknown vocabulary, I never stop reading to check the meaning of the word. Instead, I try to guess the
meaning from context." This use of language learning strategies is an example of ----. compensatory strategies

52. In line with the recent shift of emphasis from the notion of training to that of development, the idea of
teacher exploration or an exploratory approach functions as a sort of liberating tool for teachers from the
pressure of identifying a best or better way of teaching.

53. In the process of teachinglearning foreign languages, who should be more intereted in observing classroom
practices teachers themselves

54. Joana is a Brazilian student of English. While watching films, she makes a list of interesting expressions she
hears and tries to put them into use. By doing so, she is making use of ---. Language learning strategies.

55. Which of the following can be considered language learning strategies?


(1) repeating new vocabulary on a daily basis; (2) interacting with native speakers of the language;
(3) reading newspapers in the foreign language; (4) listening to songs in the foreign language. All of them.

56. ------ language strategies are those which enable learners to manipulate the language material in direct ways.
Cognitive

57. Which tools do not make part of individual self observation supervisor´s visits

58. Which of the following is NOT one of Krashen's hypothesis of language acquisition? The Behaviourist
Hypothesis.

59. Read the following statement and choose the only option which does not fit the ideas expressed in it: David
Graddol (1997) is doubtful not only of the ability of the tongue to continue to maintain its position as the lingua
franca in the world, but also of the native-speakers ability to maintain their position as representatives of the
tongue. Only those who speak English as native speakers will be able to have a successful interaction with
people in other countries.
60. Choose the option which best fits the ideas presented in the following paragraph: Some people support a
belief that the promotion of the English language undermines cultural diversity. Some sociolinguists perceive
this process as linguistic imperialism pointing out that government agencies and private enterprises, primarily
in the UK and the US, export educational materials and operate language schools as a way to extend their
sphere of influence.

61. John is a student at intermediate level of language learning. His teacher has revised the first and second
conditionals in a previous lesson and today he is going to be exposed to sentences in the third conditional. This
is the first time he will come across samples of language in the third conditional but the teacher is going to
make reference to what they know about the first and the second in order to expand on the subject of the third
conditional. This is an example of which of Krashen's theories? The Natural Order Hypothesis.

62. The globalized world has changed the relationship among nations in relation to foreign languages because
there are new comercial relationships

63. Pedro Miranda is a very diligent young teacher. He has been teaching English for two years and uses
institutionalized English language learning based on culture-specific prescriptive norms. You can say he is
wrong because that may result in establishing them as auxiliary members of the culture they teach, something
not in harmony with their own self-image.

64. Which of the following statements are true about Krashen's Acquisition-Learning hypothesis?
(1) There are two independent systems of second language performance: the acquired and the learned system.
(2) The "learned" system is the product of the subconscious process. (3) The "acquired" system is a very similar
process to the one a child undergoes when learning a first language. 1 and 3.

65. We can say that English is recognized as lingua franca because it has official or special status in at least 75
countries

66. Mark the only option which does not make part of the tenets which have an impact on a learner inter-
language progression. learning of meaningless rules

67. Which of the following is an example of SELF-WRITING? Journal.

68. 1- Mark the option with the word which best completes the following sentence: Globalization and the status
of English as a ----------language are affecting the teaching and learning of English worldwide world

69. We all agree that the employment of new media has a huge influence on teaching and learning languages.
That´s correct to say that applying technological tasks at our public shools can be a difficult task

70. Social software tools challenge the language teacher/technologist to examine critically the current
pedagogical practices for language teaching. Social software, by its very nature, is about creating communities
and connections.

71. Language learners engaged in computer-mediated contact with others¿for example, in chat rooms where
writing becomes speaking¿tend to produce more language than in --in face-to-face discussions.

72. Mark the only option which does not complete the following sentence:" Technology in second language
teaching is important because it also presents negative effects of computer use in terms of inexperience or
aversion,

73. Sociocultural perspectives on language learning, as influenced by the work of Vygotsky (Lantolf & Appel,
1994; Warschauer, 1997), provide a complementary position that considers language learners in direct relation
to their social and cultural surroundings and condition.
74. Choose the option which best completes the sentence: The teachers should make use of semiotic signs (both
iconic and symbolic) in the language teaching process to provide a better understanding in the target language,
to gain acceleration and perhaps the most important, to avoid -----------------in the classroom. cross-cultural
failure

75. Complete the sentence with the most suitable word: "It can be said that, semiotics is a fundamental issue to
be considered in language teaching pedagogy, because it helps the individual to develop his ------------- at all
levels of perception. cognitive facilities

76. Peirce developed a semiotic theory that is at once general, triadic and pragmatic. Mark the statement which
is not correct It´s triadic because it brings two terms into relation: the sign or representamen and the interpretant

77. Peirce's Theory is an account of signification, representation, reference and meaning. Although sign
theories have a long history, Peirce's accounts are distinctive and innovative for their breadth and complexity,
and for capturing the importance of interpretation to signification. For Peirce, developing a thoroughgoing
theory of signs was a central philosophical and intellectual preoccupation. Adapted from:
https://plato.stanford.edu
Considering the information above, choose the right alternative (from the options below) to complete the
following statement: "Peirce developed a _________ theory that is at once general, triadic and pragmatic".
Semiotic

78. In the task-based activities, there is a variety of interactional patterns like, pair work, group work, games,
role plays. In this respect, the cue-cards, pictures and the activity cards are actively used as the------------
elements of a foreign language teaching course. Semiotic

79. What are the principles for the Communicative Method in Semiotics? One option does not apply. Activities
should be imaginary.

80. What are the principles of situational language teaching? Mark the sentence which is not correct: Analysis
is better than analogy.

81. The following rules apply to the concept of PLAIN ENGLISH, except one. Choose fancy words instead of
more simple ones.

82. The study of language as it is used in a social context and its effects on the interlocutor is known as
pragmatics

83. The kind of reading skills in which the reader has to read a text fast and search for specific information is
known as ---.scanning

84. Which of the following courses is NOT and example of ESP? General English.

85. When teaching the spoken language, the concern with the natural flow of language is known as Fluency.

86. A negative transfer from one language into another is known as ---.interference
87. James is a teacher of English as a foreign language. After explaining a task to his students, he walks around
to observe how they are doing the task and help learners with occasional questions.
In the situation described, the role of the teacher can be said to be that of a ... monitor

88. One of the differences between SPEAKING and WRITING is that the former is "time-bound, dynamic,
A written message can be acessed at any time.