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MAHARASHTRA NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY

ECONOMICS

FINAL DRAFT

A Cashless Economy: An Initiative for Digital India
Submitted to : Prof. Rohit Jadhav

Submitted by: Saurabh Misal

Enrolment no:-2017046


Introduction 4

Research Question 5

Hypothesis 5

Objectives 6

Limitations 6

CHAPTERISATION:- 6

Introduction 6

Benefits of Digital India 9

CHAPTER 2: 10

Digital India Programme and it’s Implementation 10

Empowerment of rural entrepreneurs under ‘Digital India’ 10

Digital India and Empowerment of Rural Indian Women 11

Status of Digital India 12

CHAPTER 3: 12

MAJOR PROJECTS UNDER THE INITIATIVE 12

Estimated Outcomes 13

CHAPTER 4: 14

Challenges before Digital India 14

Lack of coordination among departments 14

Other Challenges 15

CHAPTER 5: 15

FINDINGS 15

CHAPTER 5: 17

IS INDIA DIGITALLY READY 17

CHAPTER 6: 18

DEMONITIZATION 18 CHAPTER 7: 20 CONCLUSION 20 POLICY STATEMENT 20 Literature Review 21 Methodology 22 REFERENCES 22 .

in order to focus on the e-governance till 2019. transparent and responsive system. Today. Narendra Modi. It is the outcome of several innovations and technology advances. The motive behind the concept is to build participative. . seam- less.Introduction Digital India is a large umbrella national programme that focuses at providing universal digital lit- eracy and universal accessibility of all digital resources for citizens. In this program government will prefer to adopt Public Private Partner- ships (PPP) wherever feasible for execution of this initiative. highly-available and secured. For the smooth execution of this program. The digital world that we live in today is that where every civilian has a bright prospect to transform the lives in many ways that were hard to envision just a couple of years ago. The vision is centred on three key areas: creation of digital infrastructure. Digital India program will focus on restructuring several existing schemes to bring in a transformational impact. that can be delivered to citizens using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by joining all the areas of India including the Gram Panchayats at high speed internet through broadband connectivity. an initiative of honorable Prime Minister Mr. mobile bank- ing for all. 1 The “Digital India” initiative aims at availing digitising of various individual projects of all central government and ministries like education. develop and implement various e-Governance projects. every nation wants to be fully digitalized that will empower society in a better manner. health services and other services. in at least 10 key ministries positions of Chief Informa- tion Officers (CIO) will be created and necessary senior positions within the department will be created by Department of Electronics and IT (DeitY) for managing the initiative. The programme will also ensure that all government services and information are available anywhere. lifelong digital identification for citizens. The vision of the programme aims to transform India into a digitally-empowered society and knowledge economy through infrastructural reforms such as high-speed internet in all gram panchayats. on any device that is easy-to-use. and digital empowerment of citizens. delivery of governance and services on demand. shareable private spaces on an easily accessible public Cloud and cyber-security. The 'Digital India' programme. anytime. It is one of the step by the government to motivate and connect Indian Economy to a knowledge savvy world. easy access to Common Service Centers (CSC). It can also be viewed as the next step of already running Na- tional e-Governance Plan. will emerge new progressions in every sector and generates innovative endeavors for Next. government will enhance National Informatics Centre which is responsible to carry IT projects in government departments. For faster design.

India will have a powerful digital infrastructure.3 per cent in 2015 as against 6.596 trillion). The steps taken by the government in recent times have shown positive results as In- dia’s gross domestic product (GDP) at factor cost at constant (2011-12) prices 2014-15 is Rs 106. registering a growth rate of 7. The programme will help delineate sectors which need special attention in order to speed up the process of digitisation on the one hand. Accessed August 24. April 06.economic environment and socio-institutional op- erations on the other hand. 2015. and study its efficacy in reaching the intended targets and objectives of transformation of the techno.in/group/digital-india/. availability of critical skills and societal and regulatory environment. https://www.2 Research Question Q: How much impact will “Digital India Campaign and Programme” have on Indian Economy? Hypothesis With the adoption of Digital India Project. in his words “India Today (IT) + Informa- tion Technology(IT) = India Tomorrow(IT)”.4 trillion (US$ 1. Narendra Modi that Information Technolo- gy plays important role to make India a digital country. .3 per cent.While embarking upon such an ambitious nationwide and all-pervading programme.mygov.in. encompassing managerial culture.488 trillion) in 2013-14.9 per cent in 2014.21 trillion (US$ 1." MyGov. It is rightly said by the hon’ble Prime Minister of India. More employment prospects will open for the youth that will boost the nation’s economy. This clearly shows that the Digital India initiative introduced by Indi- an government has contributed a lot to boost the economy of the country. 2018. as against Rs 99. While investing in activities leading to greater digitisation. Tech giants from all over the world are willing to actively IMPACT India’s economy has witnessed a significant economic growth in the recent past by growing7. The Digital India project itself will create employment opportunities for 17 million people directly or indirectly which will help in fighting against unemployment problems in India. All edu- cational institutions and government services will soon be able to provide digital services round the clock. it needs to be emphasised that returns to computerization are dependent upon—apart from capital investment— organisational capital. it is instruc- tive to review the level at which the country stands at present in terms of its efforts towards digitisa- tion. India’s Import of Software and Hardware In Million USD World’s leading research firm McKinsey has commented that the adoption of new technologies and innovative ideas across sectors by the Digital India programme will help India 2 "Digital India.

Before using secondary data. . ranging from broadband connectivity in all Panchayats. So. or they may not be completely current or depend- able.Thus. . in order to focus on the e-governance till 2019. No primary data is being collected.Secondary data may be lacking in accuracy. it consumes the same time as the primary data.Time constraint remained the major limitation in the study . The programme will help delineate sectors which need special attention in order to speed up the process of digitisation on the one hand. health services and other services. it is important to evaluate them on above mentioned factors.The study is based on published data and information. Objectives The main objectives of this draft is to get the answers of the following:- • What is “Digital India Campaign and Programme? • How it will be implemented? • What is the cost of Implementation? • How much will it impact on Economy? Limitations Limitations of Each and every Study which will be based on secondary data as common because data is Secondary some of the Limitations of the Research paper is as follows:- . It can also be viewed as the next step of already running Na- tional e-Governance Plan. In this program government will prefer to adopt Public Private Partner- ships (PPP) wherever feasible for execution of this initiative. CHAPTERISATION:- CHAPTER 1: Introduction The “Digital India” initiative aims at availing digitising of various individual projects of all central government and ministries like education.boost its GDP by $550 billion to $1 trillion by 2025. the estimated impact of Digital India by 2019 would be cross cutting. . Wi-Fi in schools and universities and Public Wi-fi Hotspots. that can be delivered to citizens using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) by joining all the areas of India including the Gram Panchayats at high speed internet through broadband connectivity.

While investing in activities leading to greater digitisation. IV. III. Identified elements include: . simultaneously identifying measurable tangible elements and indicators of perceived digitisation metrics.and study its efficacy in reaching the intended targets and objectives of transformation of the tech- no. including building up of capacities to take optimal advantage of the digital infrastructure.3 Measuring the above-mentioned elements and relevant 23 indicators.country progress along the digitisation development path. encompassing manage- rial culture.Reliability: Faultless service would bind participants to the process of digitisation. availability of critical skills and societal and regulatory environment.Ubiquity: It refers to the adoption of mobile and fixed broadband networks accounting for broadband accessibility and ownership of data devices such as PCs. II. . Advanced digital economies: Such countries have significantly made strides in creating all the six elements. . Emerging digital economies: Affordability and availability challenges have been addressed and yet reliability and other elements are lacking. .Affordability: The existence of affordable network links. 
 . . availability and reliability challenges stand ad- dressed and challenges regarding speed. social and gov- ernmental environments. There have been attempts to develop a measure of cross. 150 countries were classified into three categories: I. which are critical to launching new ap- plications and services. usage and skills are being addressed. .Skills: Richness of skills will quicken the establishment and stabilisation of all other elements. Constrained digital economies: Evidencing challenges in widespread access and affordability.economic environment and socio-institutional operations on the other hand.Speed: Signifies the status of country level international links and the capacity of the system to serve down the line.Usage: It is the measure of use of digitisation infrastructure across economic. Transitional digital economies: Affordability. it needs to be emphasised that returns to computerization are dependent upon—apart from capital investment—organisational capital.

4 Digitisation is found to be critical but in no way a panacea for wider socioeconomic developmen- t.On all economic development counts and for generally inclusive growth of the constituent groups above minimum threshold of economic attainments currently.50% to 0. it is necessary to accelerate the programmes for their upliftment with urgency so that such sections also get to avail of the benefits of digitisation programme so as to make the digitisation-based growth truly inclusive. Accordingly.5 The vision of Digital India encompasses that by the end of 2019. India at this stage (2015–2016) is wanting in all the six elements included in the exercise of indexation of digitisation. Such anticipation is based on the fact that the aspiring countries will now tread along the path chosen by the developed coun- tries and take advantage of the latest technologies at reduced prices. significant impact on the creation of jobs as well as on improving the innovation index of a country. . In a complex and diversified society like India where presently a large segment of people are below the economic threshold. To catch up with the other economies.62% gain in the per capita GDP. Government will ensure the availability of its online services in real time. seamlessly integrating across departments and jurisdictions. India has been included in the group of constrained digital economies signifying that. intensification of digitisation in the country as conceptualised by the government would stand justified. India’s decision to go for intensive digitisation is supported by the fact established by the study be- ing quoted that an increase in digitisation of 10% points triggers 0. and a safe and secure cyberspace.On the basis of the above-mentioned classifications and digitisation index. Be- sides. India will have to make quantum jumps as the pace of digitisation and movement between stages has been rapidly accelerating the world over. Social sector programmes would gain in quality and impact with the spillover ad- vantages of digital-based processes that will become integral to the delivery chain in the social sec- tor. business and the financial transactions would be made cashless. Also. its programme content ensures: high speed internet as a core facility for the citizens who will have a “cradle to grave digital identity” with a capacity to participate in digital and financial space. making the process affordable. which is significantly higher than the impact created by broadband penetration. access to common service centre with assurance of private space on a public cloud. India would emerge as an Ad- vanced Digital Economy from the present stage of a Constrained Digital Economy. digitisation.

It will be able to exact international protocols in collaboration with many other similar- ly placed countries concerned with the digital security in the economic and strategic matters. . the government will reform its governance with a view to improve transactions. driving licenses. the political allies in the ruling echelon may in the name of security concerns fo- cus on the “dark” side of digital society. . Benefits of Digital India . Those are rooted in the organisational maturity and commitment of the systems within the govern- ment and also dependent on public support. government programmes will reach 2. ensuring simpler and lesser number of forms.It makes possible for people to submit their documents and certificates online anywhere which reduces physical work.Citizens may digitally sign their documents online through e-Sign framework .It makes possible the implementation of digital locker system which in turn reduces paper work by minimising the usage of physical documents as well as enabling e-sharing through registered repositories. Universal access to mobile connectivity will come about by 2018. Besides. taking doctor appointments. overcoming the shackles of historical and cultural traits and the installed wisdom which feels threatened with the transformations that will sweep them off their feet.It will ease the important health care services through e-Hospital system such as online registra- tion. voter ID cards. Online reposi- tories will be available for school certificates. Nationwide coverage will be accomplished by 2017. . masking the reality that even the security threats would be responded to in an effective way only by a well-versed digital India with a strong command over digital tools. . it is expected that by 2017.e.000 Gram Panchayats (GP) and Post Offices (PO) across the country. Broad coverage in urban areas would be intensified by mandating communi- cation infrastructure in new urban development and buildings by bringing about changes in rules. This will help protect national interests of the participating countries—which have been left out from the fruits of development so far—and be given their rightful place in an internet enabled environment. fee payment. and introduction of tracking facilities with interface between departments. On the strength of such an infrastructure being established. etc.000 Gram Panchayats will have broadband facility.50. GPs and POs will serve as Multi-service Centres. 250.It is proposed that by 2016. covering the entire rural India. etc. i.It is a huge platform which facilitates an efficient delivery of government or private services all over the country to its citizens. In fact. online diagnostic tests. blood check-up.

digital .Bharat Net programe (a high-speed digital highway) will connect almost 250. The first such Digital India ‘Unnati’ Kendra has been set up at a Common Services Centre (CSC) in Nadimpalle village of Mahabubnagar district of Telangana. an initiative aimed at working with the government to create the blueprint for the digitization of rural India. CSCs are information and com- munications technology enabled service delivery points at the village level for delivery of govern- ment. land record. health. Intel India has also announced the launch of “Ek Kadam Unnati Ki Aur”. financial.. Empowerment of rural entrepreneurs under ‘Digital India’ Digital India programme has launched many schemes that focuses on the empowerment of rural en- trepreneurs of India.BSNL’s Next Generation Network will replace 30-year old telephone exchange. One of such schemes is enhancing Rural Entrepreneurship through Common Services Centres (CSCs).5 lakh villages by 2019 is going to give a boost to the rural market.000 gram panchay- ats of country.World's largest software maker Microsoft Corp has joined hands with the Indian Government for providing help in efforts to "transform" the country through technological innova- tions. market prices and analytics to enhance productivity and profitability of farmers. education and agriculture and digitization of personal and public records for safekeeping. social and private services such as applying online passports. The plan to provide universal phone con- nectivity and access to broadband in 2. The digital plat- form will open a new era for rural citizens through a variety of services like improved governance. CHAPTER 2: Digital India Programme and it’s Implementation The vision of Digital India National programme is path breaking and has the potential for transfor- mational changes and upliftment of rural sector of India. Rural entrepreneurs can get loan for setting up their CSCs under the Mi- cro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Yojana. land records. Several apps have been launched to enable farmers get accurate and timely information related to crops. the pro- posal of shared use of mobile devices by families in rural markets. jobs. sharing of infrastructure cost by mobile service providers and government offering to subsidise the roll out cost of mobile services are examples of increasing the speed of providing such services within the reach of villages. . Setting up manufacturing facility in India to produce large scale low cost devices.

e-learning. By this way. It serves a social cause which is to pro- viding pregnant women during and after pregnancy advices. Women armed with tablets and mobile healthcare devices like glucometres.kiosks can be run by local entrepreneurs thereby empowering the rural entrepreneurship. Internet connection. The three-way project Internet Saathi will deploy 1000 specially designed bicycles with connected devices to give villagers an altogether new internet experience. Those who want to start such service points but do not have funds can start their micro-ventures by taking loans under MUDRA Yojana. tablet. Another scheme for promoting rural entrepreneurship under Digital India Programme is through Internet Kiosks. Ratan Tata has joined hands with Google and Intel to help women in rural India to access the internet in large number. blood pressure checking machine visit homes and collect data from the village women. the program has expand- ed with a mobile platform. With the high mobile tapping. Digital India Programme has set the stage for empowering the Rural Indian Women. Internet Kiosk is a kiosk with one or more computers. These cyber. and it also connects rural health workers with urban based hospital doctors. Women tend to use the Internet for their own . it helps reducing popu- lation and diseases in new born children. . It’s a mobile application that helps rural women entrepreneurs deliver pre- ventive health care at rural doorsteps. Following are some of the steps taken by Indian Government under Digital India programme for empowering rural women: . with a web cam that can be the set up in villages to be used as the hub of rural connectivity for pro- viding education and training.Arogya Sakhi helps rural women developing their own personality in order to providing health care to the rural area.locker and Aadhaar cards.Women for Empowerment and Entrepreneurship. . information about agriculture and health care. Digital India and Empowerment of Rural Indian Women Empowerment of women of a nation leads to the successful growth and development of a nation. This data can be accessed by doctors at any location who could provide treatment to the patients remotely. in short W2E2 is helping rural women with digital tools. internet connection. .Internet Saathi aims to go deep with the internet usage among rural women in India. employment news and market information.The Amakomaya Project (Nepal) aims at of providing Nepali rural women with lifesaving digi- tal content in their own local language via the Internet.

000 villages.5 lakh gram panchayats. These are as follows: 1. projects in fields like sustainable agriculture and rural health.3 million agents to run viable businesses de- . By March 2017. Digital India project can change the way public services would be delivered in India in the near future. the government aims to provide nationwide information in- frastructure. Highways to have broadband services: Government aims to lay national optical fibre network in all 2.
 As the part of “Digital India” Indian government planned to launch Botnet cleaning centers. It also aims to train 0. 3. Nine projects have been un- dertaken. Status of Digital India Digital India is in the progress mode till the month of November 2014. Gov- ernment also launched a digital locker under the name “Digi Locker”. Easy access to mobile connectivity: The government is taking steps to ensure that by 2018 all villages are covered through mobile connectivity. The Apex Committee is go- ing to analyze its progress very soon. while others have taken up work as digital literacy trainers in their own local communities. In order to transform the entire ecosystem of public services through the use of information tech- nology. CHAPTER 3: MAJOR PROJECTS UNDER THE INITIATIVE Digital India comprises of various initiatives under the single programme each targeted to prepare India for becoming a knowledge economy and for bringing good governance to citizens through synchronised and co-ordinated engagement of the entire Government. Media reports have also hinted at development of policies for Digital India very soon. If correctly implemented. The aim is to increase network penetration and cover gaps in all 44. IT Training for Jobs: This initiative seeks to train 10 million people in towns and villages for IT sector jobs in five years. Modi appointed Kruti Tiwari as brand ambassador for Digital India. 2. the Government of India has launched the Digital India programme with the vision to trans- form India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. Broadband for the rural will be laid by December 2016 and broadband for all urban will mandate communication infrastructure in new urban development and buildings. Some are setting up their own kiosks and shops to provide online services to the local community.

9. Manufacturing of electronics: The government is focusing on zero imports of electronics. justice. Estimated Outcomes Digital India initiative will provide broadband in 2.7 Cr IT.5 lakh schools. payment gateway. 400. Also. People can send in their suggestions and comment on various issues raised by the government. 4. Public Wi-Fi hotspots for citizens will be provided.5 lakh villages which comprises of one in every panchayat by March 2017 and 1. Additionally. Aadhar Enabled Biomet- ric Attendance System will be deployed in all central government offices where recording of attendance will be made online. farmers. Email will be made the primary mode of communication. Telecom and Electronics Jobs will be created by training citizens as well 8. These post offices will become Multi. Global Information: Hosting data online and engaging social media platforms for governance is the aim of the government. .in is a website launched by the government for a 2-way communication between citi- zens and the government. micro ATMs. Citizens will be digitally empowered by us- ing public cloud and internet access. consumer and medical electronics. the government aims to put up smart energy meters. Early harvest programs: Government plans to set up Wi-Fi facilities in all universities across the country. E-Governance: The government aims to improve processes and delivery of services through e- Governance with UIDAI. In order to achieve this. vot- er ID cards will be provided online. universal phone connectivity with the help of NOFN. education. security and financial inclusion. Provide public access to internet: The government aims to provide internet services to 2.000 Public Internet Access Points as well Wi-Fi in 2. IT use in services like health. and banking will make India a leader country. like net neutrality. livering IT services.5 lakh post of- fices in the next two years. 7. all universities. mobile. 5.Service centres for the peo- ple. 1.5 lakh villages. 6. ed- ucation. Information is also easily available for the citizens. E-Governance & E-Services will be provided across government.5 million rural IT workforce in five years and setting up of BPOs in each North-eastern state. MyGov. 10. This aims for a faster examination of data. the project involves training of 0. 8. E-Kranti: This service aims to deliver electronic services to people which deals with health. Net Zero Imports by 2019. EDI and mobile platforms.5 indirect jobs. School certificates.

The intelligence agencies of India like Intelli- gence Bureau and law enforcement agencies like Central Bureau of Investigation are operating for decades without any law and parliamentary scrutiny. many le- gal experts believe that e-governance and DI without cyber security is useless. Further. (Includ- ing ongoing and new Projects) . etc. The cyber security trends in India have exposed the vulnerability of Indian cyberspace.000 villages through GPON to ensure FTTH based broadband. Lack of coordination among departments It is a large project which includes many departments. Having incomplete implementation of the National E-Governance Plan of India will only affect the success of the Digital India project.1. However. DI and IoT would further strengthen the mass surveillance activities of the Indian Government if proper procedural safeguards are not implement- ed and practiced. data protection.13Trillion. The Digital India initiative is a promising initiative of the Indian Government. It is also believed that E-commerce would facilitate the Digital India project. India has poor regulations in the field of privacy protection. 2014 and Internet users in India is expected to reach 213 million by June 2015. Even the National Cyber Secu- rity Policy 2013 has not been implemented till now. cyber law. e-governance. BBNL had or- dered United Telecoms Limited to connect 250. as per a report Mobile Internet in India 2014 released by IAMAI and IMRB International launched at an event. CHAPTER 4: Challenges before Digital India The Government of India entity Bharat Broadband Network Limited which executes the National Optical Fibre Network project will be the custodian of Digital India (DI) project. it is not free from challenges and legal hurdles. so a strong and timely support is utmost im- portant for the timely completion of the projects High cost of Implementation: A very high amount is required to implement the all project of DI plan which is approximately Rs. This will provide the first basic setup to achieve towards DI and is expected to be com- pleted by 2017. telegraph.The Digital India once implemented will be executed effectively as there are already 173 million mobile Internet users in India in December. e-commerce. Many companies have shown their interest in this project. Some believe that Digital India cannot be successful till mandatory E-Governance services in India are introduced.

.Private companies will play a crucial role in its success Other Challenges Digital India initiation also face some challenges like: Privacy Protection[. Cyber Law.but still we need other supportive Infrastructure such as robust and large data centre for managing a large data of entire country .9 per cent in 2014. so in order to establish digital transaction mobile wallets are very essential.Participation of Private Players: So many regularities checks and long and delayed projects breaking entering private players in Digital India Projects .Time Overrun: NOFN Project has been delayed several times and suffering two years so it also delayed other projects . India will have a powerful digital infrastructure. Tech giants from all over the world are willing to actively IMPACT India’s economy has witnessed a significant economic growth in the recent past by growing7.488 trillion) in 2013-14. This clearly shows that the Digital India initiative introduced by Indi- an government has contributed a lot to boost the economy of the country. . registering a growth rate of 7. as against Rs 99. All edu- cational institutions and government services will soon be able to provide digital services round the clock.21 trillion (US$ 1. Recently.3 per cent in 2015 as against 6. There the increment in mobile wallets in India for payment and e-commerce infrastructure was been discussed by a panel. The steps taken by the government in recent times have shown positive results as In- dia’s gross domestic product (GDP) at factor cost at constant (2011-12) prices 2014-15 is Rs 106.596 trillion). Telegraph.Timely completion of the projects is most important for the successful of the projects. CHAPTER 5: FINDINGS With the adoption of Digital India Project.Infrastructure: National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) Project is planning to build a high speed broadband highway . ninth India Digital Summit was been hosted by the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) in New Delhi on January 2015 to discuss the plans of Digital India Initiative. The Digital India project itself will create employment opportunities for 17 million people directly or indirectly which will .3 per cent. E-Governance and E-Commerce Etc. . Data Protection. More employment prospects will open for the youth that will boost the nation’s economy. as over 60% of Indian citizens still deal in cash and don’t have bank accounts.4 trillion (US$ 1.

libraries and other public places. schools. In the next 5 years. it also assures broadband connectivity in all panchayats. Mobile and internet banking can improve the fi- nancial inclusion in the country and can create win-win situation for all parties in the value-chain by creating an interoperable ecosystem and revenue sharing business models. The digital inclusion among the country ensures the manufacturing sector to revive the electronics manufacturing. every village is provided with universal phone connectivity across the country. defence. the nation is plan- ning to achieve net zero imports by 2020. In the field of education. agriculture and banking. Telecom operators get additional revenue streams while the banks can reach new customer groups incurring lowest possi- ble costs.help in fighting against unemployment problems in India. With the Make in India campaign and Digital India. India will emerge to be a leader in using IT in sectors like health. Apart from Broadband connectivity. education. Region 1 . Government has planned to give IT train- ing to 100 million students in smaller towns and villages as employment opportunity in IT sector is very high in India. Also the service sectors will be digitally em- powered.

ranging from broadband connectivity in all Panchayats. This ensures that all databases and information should be in electronic form and not manual. The focus is at least one person in a household should transform into an e- literate. unique single portal can be maintained for all government related services. Under the e-governance programme. India is reforming its government through technology in the name of E-Governance with the advancement of technology and digital- ization. Immediately with the introduction of this campaign. Electronics hardware comprises ma- jor parts of imports in India. This ensures the exports will be equal to the imports and this helps in the economic development of the nation.Figure-1: India’s Import of Software and Hardware In Million USD World’s leading research firm McKinsey has commented that the adoption of new technologies and innovative ideas across sec- tors by the Digital India programme will help India boost its GDP by $550 billion to $1 trillion by 2025. And over 42000 villages all over India will be having seamless mobile connectivity by 2018. 50. with its stress on making India a manufacturing hub will change the trend. India is ready for this. The nine pillars of Digital India programme clearly confirms that . starting with Gujarat. many organizations came forward to lend their hands for achieving India a digitally equipped coun- try. The programme will generate huge number of IT. 222 services have been provided in short span of time.500 villages over the next 18 months. With the introduction of mobile connectivity in all villages. Next to crude oil. with the advent of Digital India. Wi-Fi in schools and universities and Public Wi-fi Hotspots. out of 252 schemes planned. The prime importance is to make sure every individual can be able to leverage the po- tential of Digital India. are coming forward to spread digitalization among rur- al areas.Thus. the estimated impact of Digital India by 2019 would be cross cutting.000 panchayats under the scheme. This can be achieved by BBNL which is planning to connect 2. schools. Rajasthan and Jharkhand. both di- rectly and indirectly. India is aiming to achieve universal digital literacy across the country. other government offices and libraries etc. This will ensure the digitization and connectivity of local institutions like panchayats offices. The Internet Saathi initiative aims to cover 4. Organizations like BSNL. Reliance Ltd. Telecom and Electronics jobs. Since India is a service based country and till now we have focused only on software development. CHAPTER 5: IS INDIA DIGITALLY READY There is no doubt in it.

internet highway. While there are many obstacles in the path of Digital India program.com many more portal services creates a knowledge economy .000 denomination had returned to the banking system by 30 June 2017. Once Digital India becomes reality. on line infor- mation and many other things create a new India CHAPTER 6: DEMONITIZATION On the day when the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) finally reported that almost 99% of the pro- scribed currency notes of ₹500 and ₹1. (iv) to convert non-formal economy into a formal economy to expand tax base and employment and .India as a nation is at its nascent stage. My Gov. one major of which is electricity.reducing corruption .” Digital India is ambitious programme of Government of India. The Digital India program is just the beginning of a digital revolution. It is one of the highly ambitious programs of Indian government. more productivity . and is directly monitored by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.more employment more informative way. (ii) eliminate Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN). Millions of jobs. Also. Services like E-Kranti. One can easily assure that India will be digitally ready in the next three years.less paper work .governance (For Government De- partment )as it will take speed in implementation as a economy will emerge with more transparency . it will open gates for em- ployment as Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said while addressing students at Shri Ram College of Commerce: “IT gives employment to about 30 lakh people. once implemented properly it will open various new opportunities for the citizens. the finance ministry also issued a formal statement seeking to explain how demonetisa- tion has been “immensely beneficial to the Indian economy and people. mobile connectivity. we can give jobs to five crore plus people.information is a backbone of speedy decision which helps in growth of economy.empowered society and knowledge economy .speedy implementation of government policies .Government services will provided to citizen with the E-services (For policies implementation) and E. (iii)to strike at the root of financing of terrorism and left wing extremism.” The statement begins by enumerating the objectives of demonetisation: (i) flushing out black money. it was started to transform India into digital world . But this prob- lem will soon be solved as there will be pressure on local leaders to get electricity in their village when Digital India program will be running in the nearby villages.

the mention of 18 lakh accounts involving ₹2. The crackdown on benami transactions so far has yielded another ₹600 crore. the income tax department has annually unearthed undisclosed income of around ₹10.000 to ₹11. the average taxable income reported by the possible additional taxpayers is only around ₹2. Revenue department data show that since 2013–14. with seizures of around ₹700 to ₹800 crore. However. The data provided in the finance ministry’s statement also show that between November 2016 and May 2017. The Economic Survey has projected the possible additional revenue from this income tax base expan- sion to a modest ₹10.5 lakh income tax threshold.(v) to give a big boost to digitalization of payments to make India a less cash economy. barely above the ₹2. Despite the smog of misleading official propaganda. while acknowledging that a significant proportion of cash de- posited in bank accounts post-demonetisation could be black money. however. It is clear from the finance ministry’s statement that there has not been any significant rise in such seizures of illicit wealth.587 crore. it fails to mention that while the number of income tax assessees in 2016–17 has grown by 5. let alone its impact on the rest of the economy and the people. The finance ministry’s statement has reproduced the data on the increase in the number of income tax assessees following demonetisation in the recently released Economic Survey 2016–17 Volume– 2. the total amount of undisclosed income unearthed is ₹17.” The finance ministry’s statement. However.7 lakh annually. since neither does one know what the revenue outcome of that scrutiny may be. .000 crore.526 crore. where the establishment has turned its back towards the concerns of factual accu- racy and credibility. the fact remains that even the fiscal costs of demonetisation have far surpassed its benefits. which could be collated because of demonetisation. also claims that a fiscal wind- fall will eventually come through the mining of big data by the income tax department.003 crore was seized. post-demonetisation.4 lakhs over that of 2015–16. out of which only ₹1. The fact that the finance ministry has chosen to officially educate the Indian people on the “im- mensely beneficial” impact of demonetisation on the same day when the RBI reported that 99% of the currency notes has returned to the banking system.89 lakh crore under the income tax department’s scrutiny is of little fiscal relevance. is symptomatic of the post-truth world that we live in today. nor is there any time frame for its ma- terialisation.

arguably to achieve political gain. E- . However. Despite numerous calls for change. the government seems unwilling or unable to reform the law at the speed required to keep pace with new technologies. in particular the explosion in social media use. While it is to be welcomed that India is taking a more vocal part in the global internet governance debate in favour of the multi-stakeholder approach. Technical means designed to curb freedom of expression. Politically motivated takedown requests and network disruptions are significant violations of the right to freedom of expression. Aim of creating Digitally Empowered Society. filtering and blocking and the criminalisation of online speech. POLICY STATEMENT Digital India is innovative and technological. have no place in a functioning democratic society. While government efforts to expand digital access across the country are promising. The government continues its regime of internet filtering and the authorities have stepped up surveillance online and put pressure on internet service providers to col- lude in the filtering and blocking of content which may be perfectly legitimate. Our Prime Minister wanted it to make digital. India is in many ways struggling to find the right balance between freedom of expres- sion online and other concerns such as security. strong tradition of press freedom and politi- cal debates. While civil society is becoming increasingly vocal in attempting to push this balance towards freedom of expression. it is essential it ensures its own laws are propor- tionate and protect freedom of expression in order for the country to have the most impact in this debate. public outrage and protests against abuses of the law have multiplied since 2012. the government has refused to reform the controversial IT Act. Civil society and political initiatives against this legislation have increased and demands for new trans- parent and participatory processes for making internet policy have gained popular support. Creating Digital literacy. The report has found the main problems that need to be tackled are online censorship through takedown requests. The creation of digital in- frastructure of nation. Delivering services digitally to all people of nation. as India is developing nation becoming world leader in various sectors. Digital Infrastructure. Broadband Highways. these efforts should not be undermined by disproportionate and politically motivated network shutdowns.CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION This paper has shown that despite its lively democracy.

Tracking and managing the projects assume significance because India has been busy spending money in buying technology that we have not used effec- tively or in some cases not even reached its implementation stage. Electronic Development Fun etc. Some of these researches retrieved through internet searches have been reviewed here. E-Kranti. .Prof. sharing applications and knowledge management will be the key to rapid results. given that most departments work on their own silos. An Integrated Office of Innovation & Technology to achieve the same . This is the dream of first person of India i.Governance.and for problem solving. He concluded that creating new jobs should be continued with shifting more workers into high productivity jobs in order to provide long term push to the technological sector in India. Satya Nadella intends to become India’s partner in Digital India program. .Microsoft CEO. Satya Nadella. Literature Review Digital India” initiative has been an intriguing subject matter of numerous researches from various disciplines because of its great significance and influence on the economy as a whole and particu- larly the technological sector. Sharing.Arvind Gupta intends to say that Digital India movement will play an important role in effective delivery of services. . Naren- dra Modi and all citizen of nation. Singh began with the basic overview of what Digital India entails and led a discussion of conceptual structure of the program and examined the impact of “Digital India” initiative on the technological sector of India. He concluded that this initiative has to be supplemented with amendments in labor laws of India to make it a successful campaign. It is the dream of every Indian that the na- tion should become powerful in all aspects.e. Being a recent move. He said that his company will set up low cost broadband technology services to 5lakhs villages across the country.Sundar Pichai. . there have been various researches on different aspects of the initiative ranging from the economical to social and ethical dimensions. learning’s need to be . Mr. Its platform for the growth and development of nation and its people digitally. and improving governance. Elon Musk researched about Digital India and its preparedness to create jobs opportunities in the information sector. monitoring performance managing projects.

” Methodology This study attempts to explain the impact of digitisation on the development of Rural India. Data Collection The secondary data has been collected.” . said: “While the growth in desktop is almost zero.gov.” . said: “Enabling content consumption in local Indian languages can greatly push the Internet consumption up.Dhruv Shringi.” . Managing Director at Google India. Will have to see whether to work any further on evolving our desktop experience. Founder and CEO at MobiKwik.com. Co-founder and CEO of meta search site ixigo. For this purpose. .Aloke Bajpai.in/news/fujitsu-to-bring-social-apps-to-boost-digital-india. qualitative and quantitative data have been used. the focus is to know more about the concept. It is based on secondary data that is collected through different sources like newspaper. Therefore. various magazines and journals have been used as it is a conceptual paper. 
 REFERENCES • http://deity. internet.pdf.com. said “Consumers can overcome the trust factor in online payments.” “It is not only mobile first anymore but mobile only soon. it’s terrific on mobile. • http://www.Rajan Anandan. gov- ernment websites.bgr.in/sites/upload_files/dit/files/Digital%20India. best practices across departments Tracking and managing the projects assumes significance be- cause India has been busy spending money in buying technology that we have not used effective- ly or in some cases not even reached implementation stage.Bipin Preet Singh. Sharing learning’s and best practices across departments needs to be driven by this Office of Technology.drive/ . journals etc. CEO of Yatra. its application and the impact on economy via other parameters. Thus. said: “The next thing to aim for travel companies is person- alisation of travel purchases such as hotels and holiday packages as also using predictive comput- ing to understand and predict consumer behaviour and reacting to it.

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