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Stella Seremetaki

Mathematician

Algebraic expressions
Identities Factorization

seremetakistella@gmail.com
Algebraic expressions

Algebraic expression is an expression containing numbers and


variables, e.g. 2x+5+3x+1

The algebraic representation where between the numbers and the


variables is only the multiplication, is called a mononym ,
for example 2xyz, 3abc

Mononynames that have the same main part are called


identical Mononyms,for example 2xyz, 3xyz

The sum of mononyms, at least two of which are not the same, is
called a polynomial, for example 2x+1, 2x2 +x+1

In relation to a variable, the largest of the variables of this


variable, is called degree of the polynomial,thus the polynomial

2x5+3x2+2x is 5th degree polynomial


Identities
(a+b)2=a2+2ab+b2-
(a-b)2=a2-2ab+b2
(a-b)3=a3-3a2b+3ab2-b3
a2-b2=(a-b)(a+b)

Examples :
(2+a)2=22 +2.2a + a2
(2-a)2=22 -2.2a + a2
(a-1)3=a3-3a2+3a-1
a2-22=(a-2)(a+2)
Factorization
A common factor in all terms
αx+bx+cx=(α+b+c)x
example : 2x+3x+4x=(2+3+4)x=9x

A common factor in terms groups


ax+by+ay+bx=a(x+y)+b(x+y)=(a+b)(x+y)
2x+3y+2y+3x=2(x+y)+3(x+y)= 5(x+y)