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University of the Philippines

College of Science

Physics 72
Set A
Second Long Exam
Second Semester, AY 2014–2015

Name: Instructor:

Section/Class Schedule: Student Number:

Course: College:
Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer and shade the corresponding circle on your answer
sheet. To change your answer, cross-out and sign your original answer and then shade your
new answer. No computational devices allowed (e.g. calculators, mobile phones). Any form
of cheating in examinations or any act of dishonesty in relation to studies, such as plagiarism,
shall be subject to disciplinary action. Following instructions is part of the exam.

Useful formulas: Useful constants:

Area Volume |e| 1.60 × 10−19 C


Sphere (radius=r) 4πr2 4
3 πr
3 me 9.1 × 10−31 kg
Cylinder (radius=r, height=h) 2πr2 + 2πrh πr2 h 0 8.854 × 10−12 C2 /Nm2

sin(π/3) = cos(π/6) = 3/2 k 8.988 × 109 Nm2 /C2
cos(π/3) = sin(π/6) = 1/2 µ0 4π × 10−7 Tm/A

sin(π/4) = cos(π/4) = 2/2
1. Working electron. An electron with charge −|e| and mass me is launched with an initial
velocity vx ı̂ − vy ̂ + vz k̂ to the uniform magnetic field Bı̂. What is the work done by the
magnetic field on the electron?
A. zero 1 
C. me vx2 + vy2 + vz2
2
1  1
B. me vy2 + vz2 D. me vx2
2 2
2. Cylinder. A closed cylindrical surface has radius R and height H. What is the magnetic
flux through the curved portion of the cylinder if a uniform magnetic field of strength B0
is oriented 30◦ relative to the cylinder’s axis?
A. zero 1 2
√ C. πR B0
3 2 2
B. πR B0 D. πR2 B0
2
3. Enclosed Magnet. Consider an imaginary closed surface S1 enclosing a bar magnet as
shown. We then deform S1 to S2 . Which of the following statements regarding the mag-
netic flux through S1 (Φ1 ) and magnetic flux through S2 (Φ2 ) is TRUE?

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

A. 0 = Φ1 < Φ2 C. Φ1 = Φ2 > 0
B. Φ1 > Φ2 > 0 D. Φ1 = Φ2 = 0

4. Nyan Cat. A charged Nyan Cat is initially stationary in a region with uniform electric and
magnetic fields E0 and B0 , respectively. After some time, the cat starts to move around
looking for sweets. Which of the following statements is ALWAYS TRUE?
A. The cat initially experiences a non-zero magnetic force.
B. The cat experiences zero net force due to the two fields at all times.
C. The cat initially experiences a magnetic force only, then at a later time, it feels
additional electric force.
D. The cat experiences an electric force at all times.

5. Magnet ba to? Consider three objects labeled X, Y, and


Z respectively with ends labeled U (up) and D (down).
You observed that:
I. X-U is attracted to Y-D, but is repelled by Y-U.
II. X-D is attracted to Y-U.
III. Z-U is attracted to X-D and Y-U.
Which among the objects X, Y, and Z is/are possibly non-
magnetized iron/s?

A. X and Y only C. Y only


B. Y and Z only D. Z only

6. Force. A +1.0  × 10−8 C charged  particle is moving with instantaneous velocity v =


4m 4m
2.0 × 10 /s ı̂ + 1.0 × 10 /s ̂. What is the net force exerted on this particle by a
magnetic field B = (1.0 T) ı̂ and an electric field E = (1.0 N/C) ̂?

A. 1 × 10−8 N ̂ − 1 × 10−4 N k̂ C. − 1 × 10−8 N ̂− 1 × 10−4 N k̂


   

B. − 1 × 10−8 N ̂+ 1 × 10−4 N k̂ D. 1 × 10−8 N ̂ + 1 × 10−4 N k̂


   

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

7. Asa man? A set of magnetic field lines produced by a current-carrying coil is shown.
What is the direction of the magnetic field vector at point P?

A. ← B. → C. ↓ D. ↑

8. Squorque. A square loop of side length 60 cm carries


2 A current. It is subjected on a 10 T uniform magnetic
field as shown in the figure. What is the magnetic torque
magnitude on the loop?

A. 7.2 N · m C. 7.2 3 N · m

B. 3.6 N · m D. 3.6 3 N · m
9. Radieou. A charged particle of speed v inside an accelerator is undergoing cyclotron
motion. If every second both the cyclotron radius and the magnetic field double, what is
the speed of the particle after 3 s?

A. v B. 6v C. 12v D. 64v

10. Drawn Together. A long wire carrying 4.50 A of current


makes two bends, as shown in the figure. The vertical
wire segment is oriented perpendicularly to the 1 T uni-
form magnetic field. What is the magnetic force on the
vertical segment of the wire?
A. 1.35 N to the right
B. 1.35 N to the left
C. 135 N upward
D. 135 N downward

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

11. Amph! Consider a cylindrical conductor with radius R and uniform current density J.
What is the magnitude of magnetic field at a point P that lies r < R away from the axis of
the conductor?

1 1 µ0 J R 2 µ0 J r 2
A. µ0 Jr B. µ0 JR C. D.
2 2 2 r 2 R

12. Repulsive. Two long, parallel horizontal wires are separated by a distance of 2.0 cm . The
wires exert a repulsive force per unit length of 4.0 × 10−5 N/m on each other. If one of the
wires has a current of 2.0 A towards the right, what is the magnitude and direction of the
current on the other wire?

A. 1.0 A to the left C. 2.0 A to the left


B. 1.0 A to the right D. 2.0 A to the right

13. Like a Hurricane. Four charged particles of equal


magnitude are placed equidistant from point P and each
moves with the same speed in the direction specified in
the figure. What is the direction of the net magnetic field
at point P due to these charged particles?
A. Into the page
B. Out of the page
C. To the right
D. Point P experiences no net magnetic field

14. Coax3. The cross-sections of three coaxial wires are


shown in the figure together with their current directions.
The current through the innermost wire is 2I, while that
of the middle and the outermost wires are both I. Loops
X, Y and Z have radii 6R, 3R and R, respectively.
Which of the following is TRUE about the magnetic
field magnitudes along the aforementioned loops?

A. BX > BY > BZ C. BX > BZ > BY


B. BX > BY = BZ D. BX = BY < BZ

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

15. Infinitesimal. What is the magnetic field at point P due


to a wire, 1.0
√ mm long, as shown in the figure?
−10
A. 5 3 × 10 T, into the page
B. 1.0 × 10−10 T, out of the page
C. 5.0 × 10−11 T, out of the page
D. 1.0 × 10−10 T, into the page

16. Forever’s not enough. What is the magnetic field at


point P due to the two perpendicular, current-carrying
wires as shown in the figure?
20
A. × 10−7 T, out of the page
9
20
B. × 10−7 T, out of the page
3
10
C. × 10−7 T, into the page
3
D. zero
For the next two items, consider two circular loops that carry the same current I but in opposite
directions. Loop 1 has radius R and M turns, while loop 2 has radius 2R and N turns. Both
loops are on the yz-plane with their centers at the origin.
17. Near. What should M be so that the magnetic field at the origin is zero?

A. M = 41 N B. M = 12 N C. M = 2N D. M = 4N


18. Far. Loop 1’s center is moved to x = 3R while its
plane is still parallel to loop 2. What should M now be
so that the magnetic field at the origin is zero?

A. M = 14 N C. M = 2N
B. M = 12 N D. M = 4N

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

19. Rotating Loop. A circular conducting loop of radius R


is immersed in a uniform magnetic field along the +z-
direction. At t = 0, the loop lies on the xy-plane. The
loop is then made to rotate counter-clockwise at constant
angular velocity as viewed from the +x-axis. Which of
the following graphs accurately shows the EMF induced
in the loop as a function of time? (Note: Take the positive
sense to be counter-clockwise along the loop.)

20. Induced EMF. Which of the following is ALWAYS TRUE regarding electromagnetic
induction in a conducting coil?
I. No induced EMF can be present in a conducting coil immersed in a constant, external,
magnetic field.
II. Changing the area of a conducting coil immersed in an external magnetic field will
always induce an EMF in the coil.
III. A zero induced EMF in a conducting coil implies a constant magnetic flux through the
coil.

A. I only B. II only C. III only D. I, II, III

21. Induced. A rectangular coil is placed in a uniform magnetic field


pointing out of the page as shown. What are the directions of the
induced magnetic field and EMF if the coil is moved upwards?
A. Bind : out of the page; εind : CCW
B. Bind : out of the page; εind : CW
C. Bind : into the page; εind : CW
D. Bind = 0 ; εind = 0

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

22. Emf. A thin conductor with length L is moving perpen-


dicularly at a velocity v in a region of uniform magnetic
field B directed out of the page as shown. What is the
magnitude of the induced EMF?

A. Zero vBL
C.
2
√ √
2 3
B. vBL D. vBL
2 2
23. EvsE. Which of the following statements is TRUE about electrostatic electric fields and
induced electric fields?
I. The equation of force F = qE is only valid when the E is an electrostatic electric field.
II. Induced electric field does non-zero amount of work in moving a particle on a closed
path, while electrostatic field does no work.
III. Like electrostatic electric fields, induced electric fields always have some associated
potential function.

A. I only C. II only
B. I and II only D. II and III only

24. What Isn’t There. The electric flux through a certain area of a dielectric is 34t2 + 5.
The dielectric has a permittivity of 20 . Which of the following represents the displacement
current through the dielectric?

680 t 340 t
A. √ C. √
34t2 + 5 34t2 + 5
√ √
B. 0 34t2 + 5 D. 20 34t2 + 5

25. Solenoid Heussaff. A tightly wound solenoid with N turns and length l carries current I.
What is the magnetic energy density inside the solenoid?

µ0 N 2 I 2 N 2I 2 2µ0 N 2 I 2 2N 2 I 2
A. B. C. D.
2l2 2µ0 l2 l µ0 l

26. LC circuit. The plots below show the charge (q) and current (i) vs. time (t). Which of the
following plots shows the correct charge and current vs. time plot of an LC circuit?

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

27. LRC. The plots below show the charge (q) and current (i) vs. time (t). Which of the
following plots best shows the charge and current vs time for a critically damped LRC
series circuit?

28. #ThatCoilWithTadhana. The mutual inductance of two nearby coils is 2 mH. If the
current through the 1st coil is varied by i = (4, 000 A/s) t, what is the induced EMF on the
2nd coil?

A. −8 V B. +8 V C. −2 V D. +2 V

29. Induce Me. The inductance of a solenoid is 5 H. If the current passing through the solenoid
as a function of time is 5 A cos 2t, what is the EMF (in volts) as a function of time?

A. −25 sin 2t B. −50 sin 2t C. 50 sin 2t D. 25 sin 2t

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

  
5π rad
For the next two items, consider an LRC series circuit operated at V (t) = 2 V cos /s t .
   6
5π rad π
The current through the circuit is given by I(t) = 3 mA cos /s t + .
6 4
30. Facing the wall. What is the power factor of the circuit?
√ √ √ √
A. 2/2 B. − 2/2 C. 3/2 D. − 3/2

31. Knowledge Power. What is the average power drawn from the power supply to the circuit
at t = 3 s?
√ √
3 2 3 2
A. mW C. − mW
2
√ √2
B. 3 2 mW D. −3 2 mW

32. Reasonable.
 The LRC  circuit with R = 30 Ω and C = 4 F is operated at V (t) =
 series
1 rad π
5.00 Vcos /s t − . What is the inductance value in the circuit so that the average
2 3
power dissipated from the resistor is maximum?
1 B. 4π 2 H C. 1 H 1
A. H D. H
4π 2 16

33. Resonance. Which of the following correctly describes the current amplitude I and impedance
Z of an LRC series circuit at resonance?
A. I is maximum while Z is minimum.
B. I is minimum while Z is maximum.
C. Both I and Z are maximum.
D. Both I and Z are minimum.
34. Phase the Phi-pol. In an AC circuit, which of the following phasor diagrams represents
the relationship between the voltage in the resistor, inductor, and capacitor connected in
series circuit?

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

For the next two items, consider an LRC series circuit consisting of a voltage source with
amplitude V = 100 V and angular frequency ω = 0.5 rad/s, an inductor with L = 8.0 H, a
capacitor with C = 1.0 F, and a resistor with R = 2.0 Ω.
35. Can’t Resist No More. What are the inductive and capacitive reactances of this circuit?
A. XL = 4.0 Ω, XC = 2.0 Ω C. XL = 14 Ω, XC = 12 Ω
B. XL = 2.0 Ω, XC = 4.0 Ω D. XL = 12 Ω, XC = 14 Ω

36. Impedance. What is the impedance of the circuit?


√ √
A. Zero B. 2 2 Ω C. 2 10 Ω D. 6.0 Ω

37. kapitan φllips. Consider an LRC series circuit with L = 40 mH, R = 100 Ω, C = 0.20 µF
and ω = 104 rad/s. What is the phase angle of the circuit?

A. tan−1 (−9) B. tan−1 (−1) C. tan−1 (1) D. tan−1 (9)

38. Feel Good. Consider an LRC series circuit with inductance L, resistance R capacitance
C and angular frequency ω. Which of the following is TRUE when the phase angle is
positive?
A. ωC < ωL B. ωC > ωL 1 1
C. > ωL D. < ωL
ωC ωC
For the next two items, consider the phasor diagram below. Four phasors of the same voltage
source are shown for different times.
39. Wherever you are. Which phasor corresponds to a minimum instantaneous voltage?

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Second Long Exam Second Semester, AY 2014–2015 Physics 72

40. Titanic. What is the RMS voltage of this source?


√ √
A. 2 V B. 2 V C. 2 2 V D. 4 V

A – 12