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~野生雀鳥有趣問答 (答案)~

~Q & A about wild birds (Answer)~


(Please scroll down for English)

問題 1:在置富花園能看到哪些品
種的野生雀鳥?試列舉 5 種。

答案:在置富花園範圍能看到的雀
鳥包括(而不限於)下列品種:
樹麻雀,珠頸班鳩,鵲鴝,紅耳鵯,
白頭鵯,暗綠繡眼鳥,黑領椋鳥,
原鴿,紫嘯鶇,叉尾太陽鳥,長尾
縫葉鶯,八哥,小葵花鳳頭鸚鵡,
大嘴烏鴉,褐翅鴉鵑,噪鵑,小白
腰雨燕,白鶺鴒,蒼背山雀,紅嘴
藍鵲,喜鵲
Question 1: Which bird species can be
seen in Chi Fu? Please state 5.

Answer: Bird species that can be found


in Chi Fu include (but not limited to)
the followings: Eurasian Tree Sparrow,
Spotted Dove, Oriental Magpie Robin,
Red-whiskered Bulbul, Chinese Bulbul,
Japanese White-eye, Black-collared
Starling, Domestic Pigeon, Blue
Whistling Thrush, Fork-tailed Sunbird,
Common Tailorbird, Crested Myna,
Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Large-billed
Crow, Greater Coucal, Asian Koel,
House Swift, White Wagtail, Cinereous
Tit, Red-billed Blue Magpie, Eurasian
Magpie
問題 2:置富花園周邊哪些地方是
理想的觀鳥地點?為甚麼?

答案:薄扶林郊野公園,香港仔郊
野公園和龍虎山郊野公園都是理
想的觀鳥地點,因為這些郊野公園
均有成熟的次生林,能提供地方給
雀鳥棲息;其中的原生樹種更能提
供食物(例如果實和居住其上的昆
蟲)供雀鳥食用。

Question 2: What places in the vicinity


of Chi Fu are good for bird-watching?
Why?

Answer: Pok Fu Lam Country Park,


Aberdeen Country Park and Lung Fu
Shan Country Park are good
bird-watching spots. Mature secondary
forests in these areas provide habitat for
wild birds. Native trees that grow there
also provide them with plentiful food
(fruits and insects that live on these
trees).

問題 3:香港為甚麼有那麼多不同
品種的野生雀鳥?

答案:香港面積雖小,但現時已記
錄到超過 500 種野生雀鳥,佔中國
的 3 分之 1,全球的 20 分之 1。香
港有如此多的野生雀鳥,主因有
三:
(一) 物種按生物地理區分佈,由
於區與區之間有各種天然屏障阻
隔,例如海洋﹑高山﹑沙漠,因此
不同生物地理區之間的物種會大
異其趣。香港位於兩個生物地理區
(古北界和東洋界)之間,因此我們
可同時見到兩個地理區的不同鳥
種。

(二) 香港位於其中一條主要的水
鳥遷徙路線上–「東亞–澳大利亞
遷飛路線」 ,每年九月至翌年五月,
大量水鳥在西伯利亞與澳洲﹑紐西
蘭之間遷徙,很多水鳥便會在春﹑
秋時份途經香港或在香港度過冬
天。
(三) 香港擁有各式各樣的生態環
境,適合不同種類的雀鳥生活。郊
野公園約佔全港陸地面積四成多,
當中更有不少重要生態環境。香港
的生態環境大致可分為:濕地(鹹
淡水和淡水),開闊原野,溪流,
海洋,海岸和海島,林地和市區等。
此外,颱風有也會將海鳥帶可本港
水域。

(問題 3 的答案節錄及修正自《香
港鳥類圖鑑》)

Question 3: Why are there so many


different wild bird species in Hong
Kong?
Answer: Despite its small size, Hong
Kong is teeming with bird life, 500
different species have been recorded
here, which accounts for about one-third
of all the species found in China, or
one-twentieth of the global number.
There are mainly three reasons that
explain why there are so many bird
species in Hong Kong:

(1) Species are distributed in different


bio-geographical areas separated by
natural barrieres such as oceans,
mountains and deserts, each of which
has its own characteristics. As Hong
Kong lies between two major
bio-geographical areas (Palaearctic and
Oriental), we have the chance to see
birds from both regions.

(2) Hong Kong is located on the East


Asia – Australian Flyway, one of the
main waterbird migration routes.
Between September and May, many
birds pass through Hong Kong on the
way between northern Asia and
wintering grounds well to the south,
including Australia and New Zealand.
Some birds also winter in Hong Kong.

(3) Hong Kong is also unique because it


features a whole diversity of habitats
within its borders, especially in the
county park, which cover some 40% of
the land. These habitats include
wetlands (brackish and freshwater),
open country, streams, coastal area and
islands, woodland and urban area. In
addition, typhoons occasionally bring
truly oceanic species into Hong Kong
waters.
(answer for question 3 is excerpted from “A
Photographic Guide to the Birds of Hong Kong”)