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Client Identifier: ANGEL BERMUDEZ TEJERO
Database: SCTFIND
Citation Text: 85 S.Ct. 348
Lines: 1893
Documents: 1
Images: 0
Recipient(s): c.ortega.1989@gmail.com

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85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 1
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1),


(c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a),
Supreme Court of the United States (b)(1), (c)(1).
HEART OF ATLANTA MOTEL, INC., Appellant,
v. [2] Courts 106 90(1)
UNITED STATES et al.
No. 515. 106 Courts
106II Establishment, Organization, and Proced-
Argued Oct. 5, 1964. ure
Decided Dec. 14, 1964. 106II(G) Rules of Decision
106k88 Previous Decisions as Controlling
Action by a motel operator for declaratory judg- or as Precedents
ment as to the constitutionality of the public accom- 106k90 Decisions of Same Court or
modations provisions of the Civil Rights Act of Co-Ordinate Court
1964 and for injunctive relief. Defendants counter- 106k90(1) k. In General. Most
claimed for enforcement and asked for three-judge Cited Cases
district court. The three-judge court, convened in That certain kinds of businesses might not in 1875
the United States District Court for the Northern have been sufficiently involved in interstate com-
District of Georgia, 231 F.Supp. 393, sustained the merce to warrant bringing them within ambit of
validity of the Act and issued a permanent injunc- commerce power is not necessarily dispositive of
tion on the counterclaim, and plaintiff appealed. same question today. Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§
The Supreme Court, Mr. Justice Clark, held that the 201-207, 201(a), (b) (1), (c) (1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§
public accommodations provisions of the Civil 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b) (1), (c) (1).
Rights Act of 1964 are valid under the Commerce
Clause. [3] Courts 106 90(1)

Affirmed. 106 Courts


106II Establishment, Organization, and Proced-
See also 85 S.Ct. 1. ure
106II(G) Rules of Decision
West Headnotes
106k88 Previous Decisions as Controlling
[1] Commerce 83 74.55 or as Precedents
106k90 Decisions of Same Court or
83 Commerce Co-Ordinate Court
83II Application to Particular Subjects and 106k90(1) k. In General. Most
Methods of Regulation Cited Cases
83II(G) Civil Rights Though principles to be applied in determining per-
83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations. missible enactment under commerce power were
Most Cited Cases same as those formulated in 1824, as conditions of
(Formerly 83k55) transportation and commerce had changed dramat-
Congress possessed ample power under Commerce ically, court was required to apply those principles
Clause to enact provisions of Civil Rights Act of to present state of commerce. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1,
1964 precluding discrimination in public accom- § 8, cl. 3; Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207,
modations. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Civil 201(a), (b) (1), (c) (1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 2
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b) (1), (c) (1). Cited Cases


(Formerly 83k16)
[4] Commerce 83 74.55 Intercourse subject to regulation under Commerce
Clause includes movement of persons through more
83 Commerce
States than one. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3.
83II Application to Particular Subjects and
Methods of Regulation [7] Commerce 83 14.10(1)
83II(G) Civil Rights
83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations. 83 Commerce
Most Cited Cases 83II Application to Particular Subjects and
(Formerly 83k40(1)) Methods of Regulation
Voluminous testimony before Senate and House 83II(A) In General
Committees presented overwhelming evidence that 83k14.5 Subjects of Commerce in General
discrimination by hotels and motels impedes inter- 83k14.10 Transportation or Movement
state travel. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Civil of Goods or Persons
Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), 83k14.10(1) k. In General. Most
(c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), Cited Cases
(b)(1), (c)(1). (Formerly 83k58, 83k33(1), 83k47)

[5] Commerce 83 14.6 Commerce 83 62

83 Commerce 83 Commerce
83II Application to Particular Subjects and 83II Application to Particular Subjects and
Methods of Regulation Methods of Regulation
83II(A) In General 83II(B) Conduct of Business in General
83k14.5 Subjects of Commerce in General 83k62 k. Transportation of Passengers.
83k14.6 k. In General. Most Cited Most Cited Cases
Cases (Formerly 83k61(1))
(Formerly 83k14.5, 83k3, 83k16) It makes no difference whether transportation is
Determinative test of exercise of power by Con- commercial in character to validity of its regulation
gress under Commerce Clause is simply whether under Commerce power. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8,
activity sought to be regulated is commerce which cl. 3.
concerns more than one state and has real and sub-
stantial relation to national interest. U.S.C.A.Const. [8] Commerce 83 48
art. 1, § 8, cl. 3.
83 Commerce
[6] Commerce 83 14.10(1) 83II Application to Particular Subjects and
Methods of Regulation
83 Commerce 83II(A) In General
83II Application to Particular Subjects and 83k48 k. Nature and Scope of Regulations
Methods of Regulation in General. Most Cited Cases
83II(A) In General (Formerly 83k3)
83k14.5 Subjects of Commerce in General That Congress was legislating against moral wrongs
83k14.10 Transportation or Movement in many areas when it acted under Commerce
of Goods or Persons Clause rendered its enactments no less valid.
83k14.10(1) k. In General. Most U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3.

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 3
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

[9] Commerce 83 74.55 harmful effect upon that commerce. U.S.C.A.Const.


art. 1, § 8, cl. 3.
83 Commerce
83II Application to Particular Subjects and [12] Commerce 83 74.55
Methods of Regulation
83II(G) Civil Rights 83 Commerce
83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations. 83II Application to Particular Subjects and
Most Cited Cases Methods of Regulation
(Formerly 83k57) 83II(G) Civil Rights
Congress in enacting public accommodations provi- 83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations.
sions of Civil Rights Act of 1964 was not restricted Most Cited Cases
by fact that particular obstruction to interstate com- (Formerly 83k57)
merce with which it was dealing was also deemed Congress could, as it did in enacting public accom-
moral and social wrong. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, modations provisions of Civil Rights Act of 1964,
cl. 3; Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, prohibit under commerce power racial discrimina-
201(a)(b)(1), (c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to tion by motels serving interstate travelers, however
2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b)(1), (c)(1). “local” their operations might appear.
U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Civil Rights Act of
[10] Commerce 83 48 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), 42
U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b)(1),
83 Commerce (c)(1).
83II Application to Particular Subjects and
Methods of Regulation [13] Civil Rights 78 1005
83II(A) In General
83k48 k. Nature and Scope of Regulations 78 Civil Rights
in General. Most Cited Cases 78I Rights Protected and Discrimination Prohib-
(Formerly 83k7(2)) ited in General
If it is interstate commerce that feels the pinch, it 78k1002 Constitutional and Statutory Provi-
does not matter how local the operation which ap- sions
plies the squeeze to validity of regulation under 78k1005 k. Power to Enact and Validity.
Commerce power. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3. Most Cited Cases
(Formerly 78k103, 78k2.1, 78k2)
[11] Commerce 83 7(2)
Constitutional Law 92 4267
83 Commerce
83I Power to Regulate in General 92 Constitutional Law
83k2 Constitutional Grant of Power to Con- 92XXVII Due Process
gress 92XXVII(G) Particular Issues and Applica-
83k7 Internal Commerce of States tions
83k7(2) k. Activities Affecting Inter- 92XXVII(G)12 Trade or Business
state Commerce. Most Cited Cases 92k4266 Particular Subjects and Regu-
(Formerly 83k5) lations
Power of Congress to promote interstate commerce 92k4267 k. In General. Most Cited
includes power to regulate local incidents thereof, Cases
including local activities, in both the states of origin (Formerly 92k296(1))
and destination, which might have a substantial and Public accommodations provisions of Civil Rights

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 4
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

Act of 1964 did not deprive motel owner of liberty (b)(1), (c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6,
or property under Fifth Amendment. 2000a(a), (b)(1), (c)(1).
U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Amend. 5; Civil
Rights Act of 1964 §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), [16] Civil Rights 78 1005
(c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a),
78 Civil Rights
(b)(1), (c)(1).
78I Rights Protected and Discrimination Prohib-
[14] Commerce 83 74.55 ited in General
78k1002 Constitutional and Statutory Provi-
83 Commerce sions
83II Application to Particular Subjects and 78k1005 k. Power to Enact and Validity.
Methods of Regulation Most Cited Cases
83II(G) Civil Rights (Formerly 78k103, 78k2.1, 78k2)
83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations.
Most Cited Cases Constitutional Law 92 4267
(Formerly 78k2, 83k40(1))
92 Constitutional Law
Only questions as to validity of public accommoda-
92XXVII Due Process
tions provisions of Civil Rights Act of 1964 under
92XXVII(G) Particular Issues and Applica-
Commerce Clause with respect to motel operator
tions
was whether Congress had rational basis for finding
92XXVII(G)12 Trade or Business
that racial discrimination by motels affected com-
92k4266 Particular Subjects and Regu-
merce, and if it had such a basis, whether means it
lations
selected to eliminate that evil were reasonable and
92k4267 k. In General. Most Cited
appropriate, and if they were, motel owner had no
Cases
“right” to select its guests as it saw fit, free from
(Formerly 92k296(1))
governmental regulation. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8,
Prohibition of racial discrimination in public ac-
cl. 3; Amend. 5; Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§
commodations does not interfere with personal
201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§
liberty. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Amend. 5;
2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b)(1), (c)(1).
Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a),
[15] Civil Rights 78 1005 (b)(1), (c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6,
2000a(a), (b)(1), (c)(1).
78 Civil Rights
78I Rights Protected and Discrimination Prohib- [17] Eminent Domain 148 2.2
ited in General
148 Eminent Domain
78k1002 Constitutional and Statutory Provi-
148I Nature, Extent, and Delegation of Power
sions
148k2 What Constitutes a Taking; Police and
78k1005 k. Power to Enact and Validity.
Other Powers Distinguished
Most Cited Cases
148k2.2 k. Particular Acts and Regula-
(Formerly 78k103, 78k2.1, 78k2)
tions. Most Cited Cases
Whether elimination of discrimination in public ac-
(Formerly 148k2(1))
commodations under Civil Rights Act of 1964
Public accommodations provisions of Civil Rights
would or would not cause motel operator to suffer
Act of 1964 did not constitute taking of property
economic loss was of no consequence to validity of
without just compensation. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, §
Act. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Amend. 5;
8, cl. 3; Amend. 5; Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§
Civil Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a),

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 5
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

201-207, 201(a), (b) (1), (c) (1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ found in interstate commerce caused by racial dis-
2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b) (1), (c) (1). crimination, rather than enacting Civil Rights Act
of 1964, related only to a matter of policy resting
[18] Civil Rights 78 1005 entirely with Congress and not with the courts.
U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Civil Rights Act of
78 Civil Rights
1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), 42
78I Rights Protected and Discrimination Prohib-
U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b)(1),
ited in General
(c)(1).
78k1002 Constitutional and Statutory Provi-
sions [20] Constitutional Law 92 2502(1)
78k1005 k. Power to Enact and Validity.
Most Cited Cases 92 Constitutional Law
(Formerly 78k103, 78k2.1, 78k2) 92XX Separation of Powers
92XX(C) Judicial Powers and Functions
Constitutional Law 92 1102 92XX(C)2 Encroachment on Legislature
92k2499 Particular Issues and Applica-
92 Constitutional Law
tions
92VII Constitutional Rights in General
92k2502 Business and Industry
92VII(B) Particular Constitutional Rights
92k2502(1) k. In General. Most
92k1101 Involuntary Servitude
Cited Cases
92k1102 k. In General. Most Cited
(Formerly 92k70.1(7.1), 92k70.1(7), 92k70(1))
Cases
How obstructions in commerce may be removed
(Formerly 92k83(2))
and what means are to be employed are matters
The public accommodation provisions of the Civil
within the sound and exclusive discretion of Con-
Rights Act of 1964 do not, by requiring motel oper-
gress, subject only to one caveat-that the means
ator to render available rooms to Negroes against
chosen must be reasonably adapted to ends permit-
its will, subject operator to involuntary servitude in
ted by Constitution. U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3
violation of Thirteenth Amendment.
.
U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Amend 13; Civil
Rights Act of 1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), [21] Commerce 83 74.55
(c)(1), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a),
(b)(1), (c)(1). 83 Commerce
83II Application to Particular Subjects and
[19] Constitutional Law 92 2504 Methods of Regulation
83II(G) Civil Rights
92 Constitutional Law
83k74.55 k. Public Accommodations.
92XX Separation of Powers
Most Cited Cases
92XX(C) Judicial Powers and Functions
(Formerly 78k2)
92XX(C)2 Encroachment on Legislature
Congressional choice of means to remove obstruc-
92k2499 Particular Issues and Applica-
tions in commerce made in enactment of public ac-
tions
commodations provisions of Civil Rights Act was
92k2504 k. Civil Rights. Most
reasonably adapted to end permitted by Constitu-
Cited Cases
tion, and the Constitution required no more.
(Formerly 92k70.3(9.1), 92k70.3(9), 92k70(3))
U.S.C.A.Const. art. 1, § 8, cl. 3; Civil Rights Act of
Contention that Congress could arguably have pur-
1964, §§ 201-207, 201(a), (b)(1), (c)(1), 42
sued other methods to eliminate obstructions it
U.S.C.A. §§ 2000a to 2000a-6, 2000a(a), (b)(1),

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 6
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

(c)(1). convention trade from outside Georgia and approx-


**350 *242 Moreton Rolleston, Jr., Atlanta, Ga., imately 75% of its registered guests are from out of
for appellant. **351 State. Prior to passage of the Act the motel
had followed a practice of refusing to rent rooms to
Archibald Cox, Sol. Gen., for appellees. Negroes, and it alleged that it intended to continue
to do so. In an effort to perpetuate that policy this
Mr. Justice CLARK delivered the opinion of the suit was filed.
Court
The appellant contends that Congress in passing
This is a declaratory judgment action, 28 U.S.C. s this Act exceeded its power to regulate commerce
2201 and s 2202 (1958 ed.) attacking the constitu- under *244Art. I, s 8, cl. 3, of the Constitution of
tionality of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the United States; that the Act violates the Fifth
FN1 Amendment because appellant is deprived of the
78 Stat. *243 241, 241. In addition to declarat-
ory relief the complaint sought an injunction re- right to choose its customers and operate its busi-
straining the enforcement of the Act and damages ness as it wishes, resulting in a taking of its liberty
against appellees based on allegedly resulting in- and property without due process of law and a tak-
jury in the event compliance was required. Ap- ing of its property without just compensation; and,
pellees counterclaimed for enforcement under s finally, that by requiring appellant to rent available
206(a) of the Act and asked for a three-judge dis- rooms to Negroes against its will, Congress is sub-
trict court under s 206(b). A three-judge court, em- jecting it to involuntary servitude in contravention
paneled under s 206(b) as well as 28 U.S.C. s 2282 of the Thirteenth Amendment.
(1958 ed.) sustained the validity of the Act and is-
The appellees counter that the unavailability to
sued a permanent injunction on appellees' counter-
Negroes of adequate accommodations interferes
claim restraining appellant from continuing to viol-
significantly with interstate travel, and that Con-
ate the Act which remains in effect on order of Mr.
gress, under the Commerce Clause, has power to re-
Justice BLACK, 85 S.Ct. 1. We affirm the judg-
move such obstructions and restraints; that the Fifth
ment.
Amendment does not forbid reasonable regulation
FN1. See Appendix. and that consequential damage does not constitute a
‘taking’ within the meaning of that amendment;
that the Thirteenth Amendment claim fails because
1. The Factual Background and Contentions of the it is entirely frivolous to say that an amendment dir-
Parties. ected to the abolition of human bondage and the re-
moval of widespread disabilities associated with
The case comes here on admissions and stipulated
slavery places discrimination in public accommoda-
facts. Appellant owns and operates the Heart of At-
tions, beyond the reach of both federal and state
lanta Motel which has 216 rooms available to tran-
law.
sient guests. The motel is located on Courtland
Street, two blocks from downtown Peachtree Street. At the trial the appellant offered no evidence, sub-
It is readily accessible to interstate highways 75 and mitting the case on the pleadings, admissions and
85 and state highways 23 and 41. Appellant solicits stipulation of facts; however, appellees proved the
patronage from outside the State of Georgia refusal of the motel to accept Negro transients after
through various national advertising media, includ- the passage of the Act. The District Court sustained
ing magazines of national circulation; it mainains the constitutionality of the sections of the Act under
over 50 billboards and highway signs within the attack (ss 201(a), (b)(1) and (c)(1)) and issued a
State, soliciting patronage for the motel; it accepts permanent injunction on the counterclaim of the ap-

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 7
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

pellees. It restrained the appellant from ‘(r) efusing conferred upon it * * * **352 to enforce the provi-
to accept Negroes as guests in the motel by reason sions of the fourteenth and fifteenth amendments,
of their race or color’ and from ‘(m)aking any dis- to regulate commerce among the several States, and
tinction whatever upon the basis of race or color in to make laws necessary and proper to execute the
the availability of the goods, services, facilities powers conferred upon it by the Constitution.’
*245 privileges, advantages or accommodations H.R.Doc.No. 124, 88th Cong., 1st Sess., at 14.
offered or made available to the guests of the motel, *246 Bills were introduced in each House of the
or to the general public, within or upon any of the Congress, embodying the President's suggestion,
FN7
premises of the Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc.’ one in the Senate being S. 1732 and one in the
House, H.R. 7152. However, it was not until July 2,
1964, upon the recommendation of President John-
2. The History of the Act.
son, that the Civil Rights Act of 1964, here under
Congress first evidenced its interest in civil rights attack, was finally passed.
legislation in the Civil Rights or Enforcement Act
FN2 FN7. S. 1732 dealt solely with public ac-
of April 9, 1866. There followed four Acts,
FN3 commodations. A second Senate bill, S.
with a fifth, the Civil Rights Act of March 1,
FN4 1731, contained the entire administration
1875, culminating the series. In 1883 this Court
proposal. The Senate Judiciary Committee
struck down the public accommodations sections of
conduct the hearings on S. 1731 while the
the 1875 Act in the Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3,
Committee on Commerce considered S.
3 S.Ct. 18, 27 L.Ed. 835. No major legislation in
1732.
this field had been enacted by Congress for 82
FN5
years when the Civil Rights Act of 1957 be- After extended hearings each of these bills was fa-
came law. It was followed by the Civil Rights Act vorably reported to its respective house. H.R. 7152
FN6
of 1960. Three years later, on June 19, 1963, on November 20, 1963, H.R.Rep.No.914, 88th
the late President Kennedy called for civil rights le- Cong., 1st Sess., and S. 1732 on February 10, 1964,
gislation in a a message to Congress to which he at- S.Rep.No.872, 88th Cong., 2d Sess. Although each
tached a proposed bill. Its stated purpose was bill originally incorporated extensive findings of
fact these were eliminated from the bills as they
FN2. 14 Stat 27.
were reported. The House passed its bill in January
FN3. Slave Kidnaping Act, 14 Stat. 50; Pe- 1964 and sent it to the Senate. Through a bipartisan
onage Abolition Act of March 2, 1867, 14 coalition of Senators Humphrey and Dirksen, to-
Stat. 546; Act of May 31, 1870, 16 Stat. gether with other Senators, a substitute was worked
140; Anti-Lynching Act of April 20, 1871, out in informal conferences. This substitute was ad-
17 Stat. 13. opted by the Senate and sent to the House where it
was adopted without change. This expedited pro-
FN4. 18 Stat. 335. cedure prevented the usual report on the substitute
bill in the Senate as well as a Conference Commit-
FN5. 71 Stat. 634. tee report ordinarily filed in such matters. Our only
frame of reference as to the legislative history of
FN6. 74 Stat. 86.
the Act is, therefore, the hearings, reports and de-
‘to promote the general welfare by eliminating dis- bates on the respective bills in each house.
crimination based on race, color, religion, or na-
The Act as finally adopted was most comprehens-
tional origin in * * * public accommodations
ive, undertaking to prevent through peaceful and
through the exercise by Congress of the powers
voluntary settlement discrimination in voting, as

© 2010 Thomson Reuters. No Claim to Orig. US Gov. Works.


85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 8
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

well as in places of accommodation and public fa- Section 201(c) defines the phrase ‘affect com-
cilities, federally secured programs and in employ- merce’ as applied to the above establishments.
ment. Since Title II is the only portion under attack **353 It first declares that ‘any inn, hotel, motel,
here, we confine our consideration to those public or other establishment which provides lodging to
accommodation provisions. transient guests' affects commerce per se. Restaur-
ants, cafeterias, etc., in class two affect *248 com-
merce only if they serve or offer to serve interstate
*247 3. Title II of the Act.
travelers or if a substantial portion of the food
This Title is divided into seven sections beginning which they serve or products which they sell have
with s 201(a) which provides that: ‘moved in commerce.’ Motion picture houses and
other places listed in class three affect commerce if
‘All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal they customarily present films, performances, etc.,
enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, priv- ‘which move in commerce.’ And the establishments
ileges, advantages, and accommodations of any listed in class four affect commerce if they are
place of public accommodation, as defined in this within, or include within their own premises, an es-
section, without discrimination or segregation on tablishment ‘the operations of which affect com-
the ground of race, color, religion, or national ori- merce.’ Private clubs are excepted under certain
gin.’ conditions. See s 201(e).

There are listed in s 201(b) four classes of business Section 201(d) declares that ‘discrimination or se-
establishments, each of which ‘serves the public’ gregation’ is supported by state action when carried
and ‘is a place of public accommodation’ within the on under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regu-
meaning of s 201(a) ‘if its operations affect com- lation or any custom or usage required or enforced
merce, or if discrimination or segregation by it is by officials of the State or any of its subdivisions.
supported by State action.’ The covered establish-
ments are: In addition, s 202 affirmatively declares that all
‘(1) any inn, hotel, motel, or other establishment persons ‘shall be entitled to be free, at any estab-
which provides lodging to transient guests, other lishment or place, from discrimination or segrega-
than an establishment located within a building tion of any kind on the ground of race, color, reli-
which contains not more than five rooms for rent or gion, or national origin, if such discrimination or
hire and which is actually occupied by the propriet- segregation is or purports to be required by any
or of such establishment as his residence; law, statute, ordinance, regulation, rule, or order of
a State or any agency or political subdivision there-
‘(2) any restaurant, cafeteria * * * (not here in- of.’
volved);
Finally, s 203 prohibits the withholding or denial,
‘(3) any motion picture house * * * (not here in- etc., of any right or privilege secured by s 201 and s
volved); 202 or the intimidation, threatening or coercion of
any person with the purpose of interfering with any
‘(4) any establishment * * * which is physically such right or the punishing, etc., of any person for
located within the premises of any establishment exercising or attempting to exercise any such right.
otherwise covered by this subsection, or * * * with-
in the premises of which is physically located any The remaining sections of the Title are remedial
such covered establishment * * * (not here in- ones for violations of any of the previous sections.
volved).’ Remedies are limited to civil actions for preventive
relief. The Attorney General may bring suit where

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he has ‘reasonable cause to believe that any person made it quite clear that the fundamental object of
or group of persons is engaged in a pattern or prac- Title II was to vindicate ‘the deprivation of person-
tice of resistance to *249 the full enjoyment of any al dignity that surely accompanies denials of equal
of the rights secured by this title, and that the pat- access to public establishments.’ At the same time,
tern or practice is of such a nature and is intended however, it noted that such an objective has been
to deny the full exercise of the rights herein de- and could be readily achieved ‘by congressional ac-
scribed * * *.’ s 206(a). tion based on the commerce power of the Constitu-
tion.’ S.Rep. No. 872, supra, at 16-17. Our study of
A person aggrieved may bring suit, in which the the legislative record, made in the light of prior
Attorney General may be permitted to intervene. cases, has brought us to the conclusion that Con-
Thirty days' written notice before filing any such gress possessed ample power in this regard, and we
action must be given to the appropriate authorities have therefore not considered the other grounds re-
of a State or subdivision the law of which prohibits lied upon. This is not to say that the remaining au-
the act complained of and which has established an thority upon which it acted was not adequate, a
authority which may grant relief therefrom. s question upon which we do not pass, but merely
204(c). In States where such condition does not ex- that since the commerce power is sufficient for our
ist the court after a case is filed may refer it to the decision here we have considered it alone. Nor is s
Community Relations Service which is established 201(d) or s 202, having to do with state action, in-
under Title X of the Act. s 204(d). This Title estab- volved here and we do not pass upon either of those
lishes such service in the Department of Commerce,
provides for a Director to be appointed by the Pres-
ident with the advice and consent of the Senate and sections. 5. The Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, 3
grants it certain powers, including the power to S.Ct. 18 (1883), and their Application.
hold hearings, with reference to matters coming to
[2][3] In light of our ground for decision, it might
its attention by reference from the court or between
be well at the outset to discuss the Civil Rights
communities and persons involved in disputes
Cases, supra, which declared provisions of the Civil
arising under the Act.
Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional. 18 Stat. 335,
336. We think that decision inapposite, and without
4. Application of Title II to Heart of Atlanta Motel. precedential value in determining the constitution-
ality of the present Act. Unlike Title II of the
It is admitted that the operation of the motel brings present legislation, the 1875 Act broadly proscribed
it within the provisions of s 201(a) of the Act and discriminaton in ‘inns, public conveyances on land
that appellant refused to provide lodging for transi- or water, theaters, and other places of public
ent Negroes because of their race or color and that amusement,’ without limiting the categories of af-
it intends to continue that policy unless restrained. fected businesses to those impinging upon interstate
commerce. In contrast, the applicability of Title II
The sole question posed is, therefore, the constitu-
is carefully limited to enterprises having a direct
tionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as applied
and substantial relation to the interstate flow of
to these facts. The legislative history of the Act in-
goods and people,*251 except where state action is
dicates that Congress based the Act on s 5 and the
involved. Further, the fact that certain kinds of
Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amend-
businesses may not in 1875 have been sufficiently
ment as well as its power to regulate interstate com-
involved in interstate commerce to warrant bringing
merce under Art. I, s 8, cl. 3, of the Constitution.
them within the ambit of the commerce power is
**354 *250 [1] The Senate Commerce Committee not necessarily dispositive of the same question
today. Our populace had not reached its present

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mobility, nor were facilities, goods and services cir- criminatory practices now found substantially to af-
culating as readily in interstate commerce as they fect interstate commerce. We, therefore, conclude
are today. Although the principles which we apply that the Civil Rights Cases have no relevance to the
today are those first formulated by Chief Justice basis of decision here where the Act explicitly re-
Marshall in Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wheat. 1, 6 L.Ed. lies upon the commerce power, and where the re-
23 (1824), the conditions of transportation and cord is filled with testimony of obstructions and re-
commerce have changed dramatically, and we must straints resulting from the discriminations found to
apply those principles to the present state of com- be existing. We now pass to that phase of the case.
merce. The sheer increase in volume of interstate
traffic alone would give discriminatory practices
6. The Basis of Congressional Action.
which inhibit travel a far larger impact upon the
Nation's commerce than such practices had on the [4] While the Act as adopted carried no congres-
economy of another day. Finally, there is language sional findings the record of its passage through
in the Civil Rights Cases which indicates that the each house is replete with evidence of the burdens
Court did not fully consider whether the 1875 Act that discrimination by race or color places upon in-
could be sustained as an exercise of the commerce terstate commerce. See Hearings before Senate
power. Though the Court observed that ‘no one will Committee on Commerce on S. 1732, 88th Cong.,
contend that the power to pass it was contained in 1st Sess.; S.Rep. No. 872, supra; Hearings before
the constitution before the adoption of the last three Senate Committee on the Judiciary on S. 1731, 88th
amendments (Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fif- Cong., 1st Sess.; Hearings before House Subcom-
teenth),’ the Court went on specifically to note that mittee No. 5 of the Committee on the Judiciary on
the Act was not ‘conceived’ in terms of the com- miscellaneous proposals regarding Civil Rights,
merce power and expressly pointed out: 88th Cong., 1st Sess., ser. 4; H.R.Rep. No. 914,
supra. This testimony included the fact that our
‘Of course, these remarks (as to lack of congres-
people have become increasingly mobile with mil-
sional power) do not apply to those cases in which
lions of people of all races traveling from State to
congress is clothed with direct and plenary powers
State; that Negroes in particular have been the sub-
of legislation over the whole subject, accompanied
ject of discrimination in transient accommodations,
with an express or implied denial of such power to
having to travel great distances*253 ot secure the
the states, as in the regulation of commerce with
same; that often they have been unable to obtain ac-
foreign nations, among the several states, and with
commodations and have had to call upon friends to
the Indian tribes * * *. In these cases congress has
put them up overnight, S.Rep. No. 872, supra, at
*252 power to pass laws for regulating the subjects
14-22; and that these conditions had become so
specified, in every detail, and the conduct and
acute as to require the listing of available lodging
transactions of individuals in respect thereof.’ 109
for Negroes in a special guidebook which was itself
U.S. at 18, 3 S.Ct. at 26.
‘dramatic testimony to the difficulties' Negroes en-
**355 Since the commerce power was not relied on counter in travel. Senate Commerce Committee
by the Government and was without support in the Hearings, supra, at 692-694. These exclusionary
record it is understandable that the Court narrowed practices were found to be nationwide, the Under
its inquiry and excluded the Commerce Clause as a Secretary of Commerce testifying that there is ‘no
possible source of power. In any event, it is clear question that this discrimination in the North still
that such a limitation renders the opinion devoid of exists to a large degree’ and in the West and Midw-
authority for the proposition that the Commerce est as well. Id., at 735, 744. This testimony indic-
Clause gives no power to Congress to regulate dis- ated a qualitative as well as quantitative effect on
interstate travel by Negroes. The former was the

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obvious impairment of the Negro traveler's pleasure ‘It has, we believe, been universally admitted, that
and convenience that resulted when he continually these words comprehend every species of commer-
was uncertain of finding lodging. As for the latter, cial intercourse * * *. No sort of trade can be car-
there was evidence that this uncertainty stemming ried on * * * to which this power does not extend.
from racial discrimination had the effect of discour- (At 193-194.)
aging travel on the part of a substantial portion of
the Negro community. Id., at 744. This was the ‘The subject to which the power is next applied, is
conclusion not only of the Under Secretary of Com- to commerce ‘among the several States.’ The word
merce but also of the Administrator of the Federal ‘among’ means intermingled * * *.
Aviation Agency who wrote the Chairman of the
‘* * * (I)t may very properly be restricted to that
Senate Commerce Committee that it was his ‘belief
commerce which concerns more States than one. *
that air commerce is adversely affected by the deni-
* * The genius and character of the whole govern-
al to a substantial segment of the traveling public of
ment seem to be, that its action is to be applied to
adequate and desegregated public accommoda-
all the * * * internal concerns (of the Nation) which
tions.’ Id., at 12-13. We shall not burden this opin-
affect the States generally; but not to those which
ion with further details since the voluminous testi-
are completely within a particular State, which do
mony presents overwhelming evidence that dis-
not affect other States, and with which it is not ne-
crimination by hotels and motels impedes interstate
cessary*255 to interfere, for the purpose of execut-
travel.
ing some of the general powers of the government.
(At 194-195.)
7. The Power of Congress Over Interstate Travel.
‘We are now arrived at the inquiry-What is this
[5] The power of Congress to deal with these ob- power?
structions depends on the meaning of the Com-
merce Clause. Its meaning was first enunciated 140 ‘It is the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the
years ago by the great *254 Chief Justice John Mar- rule by which commerce is to be governed. This
shall in Gibbons v. Ogden, 9 Wheat. 1, 6 L.Ed. 23 power, like all others vested in Congress, is com-
(1824), in these words: plete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent,
and acknowledges no limitations, other than are
‘The subject to be regulated is commerce; and * * * prescribed in the constitution. * * * If, as has al-
to ascertain the extent of the power, it becomes ways been understood, the sovereignty of Congress
**356 necessary to settle the meaning of the word. * * * is plenary as to those objects (specified in the
The counsel for the appellee would limit it to Constitution), the power over commerce * * * is
traffic, to buying and selling, or the interchange of vested in Congress as absolutely as it would be in a
commodities * * * but it is something more: it is in- single government, having in its constitution the
tercourse * * * between nations, and parts of na- same restrictions on the exercise of the power as
tions, in all its branches, and is regulated by pre- are found in the constitution of the United States.
scribing rules for carrying on that intercourse. (At The wisdom and the discretion of Congress, their
189-190.) identity with the people, and the influence which
their constituents possess at elections, are, in this,
‘To what commerce does this power extend? The as in many other instances, as that, for example, of
constitution informs us, to commerce ‘with foreign declaring war, the sole restraints on which they
nations, and among the several States, and with the have relied, to secure them from its abuse. They are
Indian tribes.’ the restraints on which the people must often rely
solely, in all representative governments. (At

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196-197.)’ races travel today more extensively than in 1878


when this Court first passed upon state regulation
In short, the determinative test of the exercise of of racial segregation in commerce. (It but) emphas-
power by the Congress under the Commerce Clause izes the soundness of this Court's early conclusion
is simply whether the activity sought to be regu- in Hall v. De Cuir, 95 U.S. 485 (24 L.Ed. 547).’ At
lated is ‘commerce which concerns more States 383, 66 S.Ct. at 1056.
than one’ and has a real and substantial relation to
the national interest. Let us now turn to this facet of The same interest in protecting interstate commerce
the problem. which led Congress to deal with segregation in in-
terstate *257 carriers and the white-slave traffic has
[6][7] That the ‘intercourse’ of which the Chief prompted it to extend the exercise of its power to
Justice spoke included the movement of persons gambling, Lottery Case (Champion v Ames), 188
through more *256 States than one was settled as U.S. 321, 23 S.Ct. 321, 47 L.Ed. 492 (1903); to
early as 1849, in the Passenger Cases (Smith v. criminal enterprises, Brooks v. United States, 267
Turner), 7 How. 283, 12 L.Ed. 702, where Mr. U.S. 432, 45 S.Ct. 345, 69 L.Ed. 699 (1925); to de-
Justice McLean stated: ‘That the transportation of ceptive parctices in the sale of products, Federal
passengers is a part of commerce is not now an Trade Comm. v. Mandel Bros., Inc., 359 U.S. 385,
open question.’ At 401. Again in 1913 Mr. Justice 79 S.Ct. 818, 3 L.Ed.2d 893 (1959); to fraudulent
McKenna, speaking for the Court, **357 said: security transactions, Securities & Exchange
‘Commerce among the states, we have said, con- Comm. v. Ralston Purina Co., 346 U.S. 119, 73
sists of intercourse and traffic between their cit- S.Ct. 981, 97 L.Ed. 1494 (1953); to misbranding of
izens, and includes the transportation of persons drugs, Weeks v. United States, 245 U.S. 618, 38
and porperty.’ Hoke v. United States, 227 U.S. S.Ct. 219, 62 L.Ed. 513 (1918); to wages and hours,
308, 320, 33 S.Ct. 281, 283, 57 L.Ed. 523. And United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100, 657, 61 S.Ct.
only four years later in 1917 in Caminetti v. United 451, 85 L.Ed. 609 (1941); to members of labor uni-
States, 242 U.S. 470, 37 S.Ct. 192, 61 L.Ed. 442, ons, National Labor Relations Board v. Jones &
Mr. Justice Day held for the Court: Laughlin Steel Corp., 301 U.S. 1, 57 S.Ct. 615, 81
L.Ed. 893 (1937); to crop control, Wickard v. Fil-
‘The transportation of passengers in interstate com-
burn, 317 U.S. 111, 63 S.Ct. 82, 87 L.Ed. 122
merce, it has long been settled, is within the regu-
(1942); to discrimination against shippers, United
latory power of Congress, under the commerce
States v. Baltimore & Ohio R. Co., 333 U.S. 169,
clause of the Constitution, and the authority of
68 S.Ct. 494, 92 L.Ed. 618 (1948); to the protection
Congress to keep the channels of interstate com-
of small business from injurious price cutting,
merce free from immoral and injurious uses has
Moore v. Mead's Fine Bread Co., 348 U.S. 115, 75
been frequently sustained, and is no longer open to
S.Ct. 148, 99 L.Ed. 145 (1954); to resale price
question.’ At 491, 37 S.Ct. at 197.
maintenance, Hudson Distributors, Inc. v. Eli Lilly
Nor does it make any difference whether the trans- & Co., 377 U.S. 386, 84 S.Ct. 1273, 12 L.Ed.2d
portation is commercial in character. Id., at 394 (1964), Schwegmann Bros. v. Calvert Distillers
484-486, 37 S.Ct. at 194-195. In Morgan v. Com. Corp., 341 U.S. 384, 71 S.Ct. 745, 95 L.Ed. 1035
of Virginia, 328 U.S. 373, 66 S.Ct. 1050, 90 L.Ed. (1951); to professional football, Radovich v. Na-
1317 (1946), Mr. Justice Reed observed as to the tional Football League, 352 U.S. 445, 77 S.Ct. 390,
modern movement of persons among the States: 1 L.Ed.2d 456 (1957); and to racial discrimination
‘The recent changes in transportation brought about by owners and managers of terminal restaurants,
by the coming of automobiles (do) not seem of Boynton v. Com. of Virginia, 364 U.S. 454, 81
great significance in the problem. People of all S.Ct. 182, 5 L.Ed.2d 206 (1960).

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[8][9] That Congress was legislating against moral Congress may-as it has-prohibit racial discrimina-
wrongs in many of these areas rendered its enact- tion by motels serving travelers, however ‘local’
ments no less valid. In framing Title II of this Act their operations may appear.
Congress was also dealing with what it considered
a moral problem. But that fact does not detract from [13][14] Nor does the Act deprive appellant of
the overwhelming evidence of the disruptive effect liberty or property under the Fifth Amendment. The
that racial discrimination has had on commercial in- commerce power invoked here by the Congress is a
tercourse. It was this burden which empowered specific and plenary one authorized by the Consti-
Congress to enact appropriate legislation, and, giv- tution itself. The only questions are: (1) whether
en this basis for the exercise of its power, **358 Congress had a rational basis for finding that racial
Congress was not restricted by the fact that the par- discrimination by motels affected commerce, and
ticular obstruction to interstate commerce with (2) if it had such a basis, whether the means it se-
which it was dealing was also deemed a moral and lected to eliminate that evil are reasonable and ap-
social wrong. propriate.*259 If they are, appellant has no ‘right’
to select its guests as it sees fit, free from govern-
*258 [10][11][12] It is said that the operation of the mental regulation.
motel here is of a purely local character. But, as-
suming this to be true, ‘(i)f it is interstate com- There is nothing novel about such legislation.
FN8
merce that feels the pinch, it does not matter how Thirty-two States now have it on their books
local the operation which applies the squeeze.’ either by statute or executive**359 order and many
United States v. Women's Sportswear Mfg. Ass'n, cities provide such regulation. Some of these Acts
336 U.S. 460, 464, 69 S.Ct. 714, 716, 93 L.Ed. 805 go back fourscore years. It has been repeatedly held
(1949). See National Labor Relations Board v. by this Court that such laws *260 do not violate the
Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., supra. As Chief Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Justice Stone put it in United States v. Darby, Perhaps the first such holding was in the Civil
supra: Rights Cases themselves, where Mr. Justice Brad-
ley for the Court inferentially found that innkeep-
‘The power of Congress over interstate commerce ers, ‘by the laws of all the States, so far as we are
is not confined to the regulation of commerce aware, are bound, to the extent of their facilities, to
among the states. It extends to those activities in- furnish proper accommodation to all unobjection-
trastate which so affect interstate commerce or the able persons who in good faith apply for them.’ 109
exercise of the power of Congress over it as to U.S. at 25, 3 S.Ct. at 31.
make regulation of them appropriate means to the
attainment of a legitimate end, the exercise of the FN8. The following statutes indicate States
granted power of Congress to regulate interstate which have enacted public accommodation
commerce. See McCulloch v. Maryland, 4 Wheat. laws:
316, 421, 4 L.Ed. 579.’ 312 U.S. at 118, 61 S.Ct. at
Alaska Stat., ss 11.60.230 to 11.60.240
459.
(1962); Cal.Civil Code, ss 51 to 54 (1954);
Thus the power of Congress to promote interstate Colo.Rev.Stat.Ann., ss 25-1-1 to 25-2-5
commerce also includes the power to regulate the (1953); Conn.Gen.Stat.Ann., s 53-35 (1963
local incidents thereof, including local activities in Supp.); Del.Code Ann., Tit. 6, c. 45
both the States of origin and destination, which (1963); Idaho Code Ann., ss 18-7301 to
might have a substantial and harmful effect upon 18-7303 (1963 Supp.); Ill.Ann.Stat.
that commerce. One need only examine the evid- (Smith-Hurd ed.), c. 38, ss 13-1 to 13-4
ence which we have discussed above to see that (1964), c. 43, s 133 (1944); Ind.Ann.Stat.

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(Burns ed.), ss 10-901 to 10-914 (1956, the attack on a state statute has been successful,
and 1963 Supp.); Iowa Code Ann., ss either in federal or state courts. Indeed, in some
735.1 and 735.2 (1950); cases the Due Process and Equal Protection Clause
Kan.Gen.Stat.Ann., s 21-2424 (1961 objections have been specifically discarded in this
Supp.); Me.Rev.Stat.Ann., c. 137, s 50 Court. Bob-Lo Excursion Co. v. People of State of
(1954); Md.Ann.Code, Art. 49B, s 11 Michigan, 333 U.S. 28, 34, 68 S.Ct. 358, 361, 92
(1964); Mass.Ann.Laws, c. 140, ss 5 and 8 L.Ed. 455, n. 12 (1948). As a result the constitu-
(1957), c. 272, ss 92A and 98 (1963 tionality of such state statutes stands unquestioned.
Supp.); Mich.Stat.Ann., ss 28.343 and ‘The authority of the Federal government over in-
28.344 (1962); Minn.Stat.Ann., s 327.09 terstate commerce does not differ,’ it was held in
(1947); Mont.Rev.Codes Ann., s 64-211 United States v. Rock Royal Co-op., Inc., 307 U.S.
(1962); Neb.Rev.Stat., ss 20-101 and 533, 59 S.Ct. 993, 83 L.Ed. 1446 (1939), ‘in extent
20-102 (1962); N.H.Rev.Stat.Ann., ss or character from that retained by the states over in-
354:1, 354:2, 354:4 and 354:5 (1955, and trastate commerce.’ At 569-570, 59 S.Ct. at 1011.
1963 Supp.); N.J.Stat.Ann., ss 10:1-2 to See also Bowles v. Willingham, 321 U.S. 503, 64
10:1-7 (1960), ss 18:25-1 to 18:25-6 (1964 S.Ct. 641, 88 L.Ed. 892 (1944).
Supp.); N.M.Stat.Ann., ss 49-8-1 to 49-8-7
(1963 Supp.); N.Y.Civil Rights Law [15][16][17] It is doubtful if in the long run appel-
(McKinney ed.), Art. 4, ss 40 and 41 lant will suffer economic loss as a result of the Act.
(1948, and 1964 Supp.), Exec. Law, Art. Experience is to the contrary where discrimination
15, ss 290 to 301 (1951, and 1964 Supp.), is completely obliterated as to all public accom-
Penal Law, Art. 46, ss 513 to 515 (1944); modations. But whether this be true or not is of no
N.D.Cent.Code, s 12-22-30 (1963 Supp.); consequence since this Court has specifically held
Ohio Rev.Code Ann. (Page's ed.), ss that the fact that a ‘member of the class which is
2901.35 and 2901.36 (1954); regulated may suffer economic losses not shared by
Ore.Rev.Stat., ss 30.670, 30.675 and others * * * has never been a barrier’ to such legis-
30.680 (1963); Pa.Stat.Ann., Tit. 18, s lation. Bowles v. Willingham, supra, at 518, 64
4654 (1963); R.I.Gen.Laws Ann., ss S.Ct. at 649. Likewise in a long line of cases this
11-24-1 to 11-24-6 (1956); Court has rejected the claim that the prohibition of
S.Dak.Sess.Laws, c. 58 (1963); racial discrimination in public accommodations in-
Vt.Stat.Ann., Tit. 13, ss 1451 and 1452 terferes with personal liberty. See *261District of
(1958); Wash.Rev.Code, ss 49.60.010 to Columbia v. John R. Thompson Co., 346 U.S. 100,
49.60.170, and s 9.91.010; Wis.Stat.Ann., s 73 S.Ct. 1007, 97 L.Ed. 1480 (1953), and cases
942.04 (1958); Wyo.Stat.Ann., ss 6-83.1 there cited, where we concluded that Congress had
and 6-83.2 (1963 Supp.). delegated law-making power to the District of
Columbia ‘as broad as the police power of a state’
In 1963 the Governor of Kentucky issued which included the power to adopt a ‘law prohibit-
an executive order requiring all govern- ing discriminations against Negroes by the owners
mental agencies involved in the supervi- and managers of restaurants in the District of
sion or licensing of businesses to take all Columbia.’ At 110, 73 S.Ct. at 1013. Neither do we
lawful action necessary to prevent racial find any merit in the claim that the Act is a taking
discrimination. of property without just compensation. The cases
are to the contrary. See Legal Tender Cases, 12
As we have pointed out, 32 States now have such Wall. 457, 551, 20 L.Ed. 287 (1870); Omnia Com-
provisions and no case has been cited to us where mercial Co. v. United States, 261 U.S. 502, 43 S.Ct.

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437, 67 L.Ed. 773 (1923); United States v. Central COMMODATION


Eureka Mining Co., 357 U.S. 155, 78 S.Ct. 1097, 2
L.Ed.2d 1228 (1958). ‘Sec. 201. (a) All persons shall be entitled to the
full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, fa-
[18] We find no merit in the remainder of appel- cilities, privileges, advantages, and accommoda-
lant's contentions, including that of ‘involuntary tions of any place of public accommodation, as
servitude.’ As we have seen, 32 States prohibit ra- defined in this section, without discrimination or
cial discrimination in public accommodations. segregation on the ground of race, color, religion,
These laws but codify the common-law innkeeper or national origin.
rule which long predated the Thirteenth Amend-
ment. It is difficult to believe that the Amendment ‘(b) Each of the following establishments which
was intended to abrogate this principle. Indeed, the serves the public is a place of public accommoda-
opinion of the Court in the Civil Rights Cases is to tion within the meaning of this title if its operations
the contrary as we have seen, it having noted with affect commerce, or if discrimination or segregation
approval **360 the laws of ‘all the States' prohibit- by it is supported by State action:
ing discrimination. We could not say that the re-
‘(1) any inn, hotel, motel, or other establishment
quirements of the Act in this regard are in any way
which provides lodging to transient guests, other
‘akin to African slavery.’ Butler v. Perry, 240 U.S.
than an establishment located within a building
328, 332, 36 S.Ct. 258, 259, 60 L.Ed. 672 (1916).
which contains not more than five rooms for rent or
[19][20][21] We, therefore, conclude that the action hire and which is actually occupied by the propriet-
of the Congress in the adoption of the Act as ap- or of such establishment as his residence;
plied here to a motel which concededly serves in-
‘(2) any restaurant, cafeteria, lunchroom, lunch
terstate travelers is within the power granted it by
counter, soda fountain, or other facility principally
the Commerce Clause of the Constitution, as inter-
engaged in selling food for consumption on the
preted by this Court for 140 years. It may be argued
premises, including, but not limited to, any such fa-
that Congress could have pursued other methods to
cility located on the premises of any retail estab-
eliminate the obstructions it found in interstate
lishment; or any gasoline station;
commerce caused by racial discrimination. But this
is a matter of policy that rests entirely with the *263 ‘(3) any motion picture house, theater, concert
Congress not with the courts. How obstructions in hall, sports arena, stadium or other place of exhibi-
commerce *262 may be removed-what means are to tion or entertainment; and
be employed-is within the sound and exclusive dis-
cretion of the Congress. It is subject only to one ‘(4) any establishment (A)(i) which is physically
caveat-that the means chosen by it must be reason- located within the premises of any establishment
ably adapted to the end permitted by the Constitu- otherwise covered by this subsection, or (ii) within
tion. We cannot say that its choice here was not so the premises of which is physically located any
adapted. The Constitution requires no more. such covered establishment, and (B) which holds it-
self out as serving patrons of such covered estab-
Affirmed. lishment.

‘(c) The operations of an establishment affect com-


APPENDIX TO OPINION OF THE COURT.
merce within the meaning of this title if (1) it is one
of the establishments described in paragraph (1) of
‘TITLE II-INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AGAINST DIS- subsection (b); (2) in the case of an establishment
CRIMINATION IN PLACES OF PUBLIC AC- described in paragraph (2) of subsection (b), it

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(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

serves or offers to serve interstate travelers or a der of a State or any agency or political subdivision
substantial portion of the food which it serves, or thereof.
gasoline or other products which it sells, has moved
in commerce; (3) in the case of an establishment ‘Sec. 203. No person shall (a) withhold, deny, or at-
described in paragraph (3) of subsection **361 (b), tempt to withhold or deny, or deprive or attempt to
it customarily presents films, performances, athletic deprive, any person of any right or privilege se-
teams, exhibitions, or other sources of entertain- cured by section 201 or 202, or (b) intimidate,
ment which move in commerce; and (4) in the case threaten, or coerce, or attempt to intimidate,
of an establishment described in paragraph (4) of threaten, or coerce any person with the purpose of
subsection (b), it is physically located within the interfering with any right or privilege secured by
premises of, or there is physically located within its section 201 or 202, or (c) punish or attempt to pun-
premises, an establishment the operations of which ish any person for exercising or attempting to exer-
affect commerce within the meaning of this subsec- cise any right or privilege secured by section 201 or
tion. For purposes of this section, ‘commerce’ 202.
means travel, trade, traffic, commerce, transporta-
‘Sec. 204. (a) Whenever any person has engaged or
tion, or communication among the several States, or
there are reasonable grounds to believe that any
between the District of Columbia and any State, or
person is about to engage in any act or practice pro-
between any foreign country or any territory or pos-
hibited by section 203, a civil action for preventive
session and any State or the District of Columbia,
relief, including an application for a permanent or
or between points in the same State but through any
temporary injunction, restraining order, or other or-
other State or the District of Columbia or a foreign
der, may be instituted by the person aggrieved and,
country.
upon timely application, the court may, in its dis-
‘(d) Discrimination or segregation by an establish- cretion, permit the Attorney General to intervene in
ment is supported by State action within the mean- such civil action if he certifies that the case *265 is
ing of this title if such discrimination or segregation of general public importance. Upon application by
(1) is carried *264 on under color of any law, stat- the complainant and in such circumstances as the
ute, ordinance, or regulation; or (2) is carried on court may deem just, the court may appoint an at-
under color of any custom or usage required or en- torney for such complainant and may authorize the
forced by officials of the State or political subdivi- commencement of the civil action without the pay-
sion thereof; or (3) is required by action of the State ment of fees, costs, or security.
or political subdivision thereof.
‘(b) In any action commenced pursuant to this title,
‘(e) The provisions of this title shall not apply to a the court, in its discretion, may allow the prevailing
private club or other establishment not in fact open party, other than the United States, a reasonable at-
to the public, except to the extent that the facilities torney's fee as part of the costs, and the United
of such establishment are made available to the cus- States shall be liable for costs the same as a private
tomers or patrons of an establishment within the person.
scope of subsection (b).
‘(c) In the case of an alleged act or practice prohib-
‘Sec. 202. All persons shall be entitled to be free, at ited by this title which occurs in a State, or political
any establishment or place, from discrimination or subdivision of a State, which has a State or local
segregation of any kind on the ground of race, col- law prohibiting such act or practice and establish-
or, religion, or national origin, if such discrimina- ing or authorizing a State or local **362 authority
tion or segregation is or purports to be required by to grant or seek relief from such practice or to insti-
any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, rule, or or- tute criminal proceedings with respect thereto upon

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receiving notice thereof, no civil action may be propriate district court of the United States by filing
brought under subsection (a) before the expiration with it a complaint (1) signed by him (or in his ab-
of thirty days after written notice of such alleged sence the Acting Attorney General), (2) setting
act or practice has been given to the appropriate forth facts pertaining to such pattern or practice,
State or local authority by registered mail or in per- and (3) requesting such preventive relief, including
son, provided that the court may stay proceedings an application for a permanent or temporary injunc-
in such civil action pending the termination of State tion, restraining order or other order against the
or local enforcement proceedings. person or persons responsible for such pattern or
practice, as he deems necessary to insure the full
‘(d) In the case of an alleged act or practice prohib- enjoyment of the rights herein described.
ited by this title which occurs in a State, or political
subdivision of a State, which has no State or local ‘(b) In any such proceeding the Attorney General
law prohibiting such act or practice, a civil action may file with the clerk of such court a request that a
may be brought under subsection (a): Provided, court of three judges be convened to hear and de-
That the court may refer the matter to the Com- termine the case. Such request by the Attorney
munity Relations Service established by title X of General shall be accompanied by a certificate that,
this Act for as long as the court believes there is a in his opinion, the case is of general public import-
reasonable possibility of obtaining voluntary com- ance. A copy of the certificate *267 and request for
pliance, but for not more than sixty days: Provided a three-judge court shall be immediately furnished
further, That upon expiration of such sixty-day by such clerk to the chief judge of the circuit (or in
period, the court may extend such period for an ad- his absence, the presiding circuit judge of the cir-
ditional*266 period, not to exceed a cumulative cuit) in which the case is pending. Upon receipt of
total of one hundred and twenty days, if it believes the copy of such request it shall be the duty of the
there then exists a reasonable possibility of secur- chief judge of the circuit or the presiding circuit
ing voluntary compliance. judge, as the case may be, to designate immediately
three judges in such circuit, of whom at least one
‘Sec. 205. The Service is authorized to make a full shall be a circuit judge and another of whom shall
investigation of any complaint referred to it by the be a district judge of the court in which the pro-
court under section 204(d) and may hold such hear- ceeding was instituted, to hear and determine such
ings with respect thereto as may be necessary. The case, and it shall be the duty of the judges so desig-
Service shall conduct any hearings with respect to nated to assign the case for hearing at the earliest
any such complaint in executive session, and shall practicable date, to participate in the hearing and
not release any testimony given therein except by determination thereof, and to cause the case to be in
agreement of all parties involved in the complaint every way expedited. An appeal from the final
with the permission of the court, and the Service judgment of such court will lie to the Supreme
shall endeavor to bring about a voluntary settlement Court.
between the parties.
**363 ‘In the event the Attorney General fails to
‘Sec. 206. (a) Whenever the Attorney General has file such a request in any such proceeding, it shall
reasonable cause to believe that any person or be the duty of the chief judge of the district (or in
group of persons is engaged in a pattern or practice his absence, the acting chief judge) in which the
of resistance to the full enjoyment of any of the case is pending immediately to designate a judge in
rights secured by this title, and that the pattern or such district to hear and determine the case. In the
practice is of such a nature and is intended to deny event that no judge in the district is available to
the full exercise of the rights herein described, the hear and determine the case, the chief judge of the
Attorney General may bring a civil action in the ap-

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district, or the acting chief judge, as the case may District of Alabama holding that Title II cannot
be, shall certify this fact to the chief judge of the constitutionally be applied to Ollie's Barbecue, a
circuit (or in his absence, the acting chief judge) restaurant in Birmingham, Alabama, which serves
who shall then designate a district or circuit judge few if any interstate travelers but which buys a sub-
of the circuit to hear and determine the case. stantial quantity of food which has moved in inter-
state commerce. It is undisputed that both establish-
‘It shall be the duty of the judge designated pursu- ments had and intended to continue a policy against
ant to this section to assign the case for hearing at serving Negroes. Both claimed that Congress*269
the earliest practicable date and to cause the case to had exceeded its constitutional powers in attempt-
be in every way expedited. ing to compel them to use their privately owned
businesses to serve customers whom they did not
‘Sec. 207. (a) The district courts of the United
want to serve.
States shall have jurisdiction of proceedings insti-
tuted pursuant to this title and shall exercise the FN1. 78 Stat. 243-246, 42 U.S.C. ss 2000a
same without regard *268 to whether the aggrieved -2000a-6 (1964 ed.).
party shall have exhausted any administrative or
other remedies that may be provided by law. The most immediately relevant parts of Title II of
the Act, which, if valid, subject this motel and this
‘(b) The remedies provided in this title shall be the restaurant to its requirements are set out below.
exclusive means of enforcing the rights based on FN2
The language of that Title shows that Congress
this title, but nothing in this title shall preclude any in passing it intended to exercise-at least in part-
individual or any State or local agency from assert- power granted in the Constitution*270 by Art. I, s 8
ing any right based on any other Federal or State , ‘To regulate **364 Commerce * * * among the
law not inconsistent with this title, including any several States * * *.’ Thus s 201(b) of Title II by its
statute or ordinance requiring nondiscrimination in terms is limited in application to a motel or restaur-
public establishments or accommodations, or from ant of which the ‘operations affect (interstate) com-
pursuing any remedy, civil or criminal, which may merce, or if discrimination or segregation by it is
be available for the vindication or enforcement of FN3
supported by State action.’ The ‘State action’
such right.’ provision need not concern us here since there is no
FN*
Mr. Justice BLACK, concurring. contention that Georgia or Alabama has at this time
given any support whatever to these establishments'
FN* This opinion applies also to No. 543,
racially discriminatory practices. The basic consti-
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294, 85
tutional question decided by the courts below and
S.Ct. 377.
which this Court must now decide is whether Con-
In the first of these two cases the Heart of Atlanta gress exceeded its powers to regulate interstate
Motel, a large motel in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, commerce and pass all laws necessary and proper to
appeals from an order of a three-judge United such regulation in subjecting either this motel or
States District Court for the Northern District of this restaurant to Title II's commands that applic-
Georgia enjoining it from continuing to violate ants for food and lodging be served without regard
FN1 to their color. And if the regulation is otherwise
Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by re-
fusing to accept Negroes as lodgers solely because within the congressional commerce power, the
of their race. In the second case the Acting Attor- motel and the restaurant proprietors further contend
ney General of the United States and a United that it would be a denial of due process under the
States Attorney appeal from a judgment of a three- Fifth Amendment to compel them to serve Negroes
FN4
judge United States District Court for the Northern against their will. I agree that all these constitu-

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tional contentions must be rejected. which it serves, or gasoline or other


products which it sells, has moved in com-
FN2. Section 201 of the Act, 78 Stat. 243, merce * * *. For purposes of this section,
42 U.S.C. s 2000a (1964 ed.), provides in ‘commerce’ means travel, trade, traffic,
part: commerce, transportation, or communica-
tion among the several States * * *.'
‘(a) All persons shall be entitled to the full
and equal enjoyment of the goods, ser- FN3. This last definitional clause of s
vices, facilities, privileges, advantages, and 201(b) together with s 202 shows a con-
accommodations of any place of public ac- gressional purpose also to rely in part on s
commodation, as defined in this section, 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, which
without discrimination or segregation on forbids any State to deny due process or
the ground of race, color, religion, or na- equal protection of the laws. There is no
tional origin. contention in these cases that Congress re-
lied on the fifth section of the Fourteenth
‘(b) Each of the following establishments
Amendment granting it ‘power to enforce,
which serves the public is a place of public
by appropriate legislation, the provisions
accommodation within the meaning of this
of’ the Amendment.
title if its operations affect commerce, or if
discrimination or segregation by it is sup- FN4. The motel also argues that the law vi-
ported by State action: olates the Thirteenth Amendment's prohib-
ition of slavery or involuntary servitude
‘(1) any inn, hotel, motel, or other estab-
and takes private property for public use
lishment which provides lodging to transi-
without just compensation, in violation of
ent guests, other than an establishment loc-
the Fifth Amendment.
ated within a building which contains not
more than five rooms for rent or hire and
which is actually occupied by the propriet- I.
or of such establishment as his residence;
It requires no novel or strained interpretation of the
‘(2) any restaurant, cafeteria, lunchroom, Commerce Clause to sustain Title II as applied in
lunch counter, soda fountain, or other fa- either *271 of these cases. At least since Gibbons v.
cility principally engaged in selling food Ogden, 9 Wheat. 1, 6 L.Ed. 23, decided in 1824 in
for consumption on the premises, includ- an opinion by Chief Justice John Marshall, it has
ing, but not limited to, any such facility been uniformly accepted that the power of Con-
located on the premises of any retail estab- gress to regulate commerce among the States is
lishment; or any gasoline station; plenary, ‘complete in itself, may be exercised to its
utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations,
‘(c) The operations of an establishment af- other than are prescribed in the constitution.’ 9
fect commerce within the meaning of this Wheat., at 196. Nor is ‘Commerce’ as used in the
title if (1) it is one of the establishments Commerce Clause to be limited to a narrow, tech-
described in paragraph (1) of subsection nical concept. It includes not only, as Congress has
(b); (2) in the case of an establishment de- enumerated in the Act, ‘travel, trade, traffic, com-
scribed in paragraph (2) of subsection (b), merce, transportation, or communication,’ but also
it serves or offers to serve interstate travel- all other unitary transactions and activities that take
ers or a substantial portion of the food place in more States than **365 one. That some

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parts or segments of such unitary transactions may clauses, not merely to enact laws governing inter-
take place only in one State cannot, of course, take state activities and transactions, but also to regulate
from Congress its plenary power to regulate them even purely local activities and transactions where
FN5
in the national interest. The facilities and in- necessary to foster and protect interstate commerce,
strumentalities used to carry on this commerce, was amply supported by Mr. Justice (later Mr.
such as railroads, truck lines, ships, rivers, and even Chief Justice) Hughes' reliance upon many prior
highways are also subject to congressional regula- holdings of this Court extending back to Gibbons v.
FN6
tion, so far as is necessary to keep interstate traffic Ogden, supra. And since the Shreveport Case
upon fair and equal terms. The Daniel Ball, 10 this Court has steadfastly followed, and indeed has
Wall. 557, 19 L.Ed. 999. emphasized time and time again, that Congress has
ample power to protect interstate commerce from
FN5. Compare United States v. South- activities adversely and injuriously affecting it,
Eastern Underwriters Ass'n, 322 U.S. 533, which but for this adverse effect on interstate com-
546-547, 64 S.Ct. 1162, 1169-1171, 88 merce would be beyond the power of Congress to
L.Ed. 1440; Board of Trade of City of FN7
regulate.
Chicago v. Olsen, 262 U.S. 1, 33-36, 43
S.Ct. 470, 476-477, 67 L.Ed. 839; Swift & FN6. ‘The genius and character of the
Co. v. United States, 196 U.S. 375, whole government seem to be, that its ac-
398-399, 25 S.Ct. 276, 280-281, 49 L.Ed. tion is to be applied to all the external con-
518. cerns of the nation, and to those internal
concerns which affect the States generally;
Furthermore, it has long been held that the Neces- but not to those which are completely
sary and Proper Clause, Art. I, s 8, cl. 18, adds to within a particular State, which do not af-
the commerce power of Congress the power to reg- fect other States, and with which it is not
ulate local instrumentalities operating within a necessary to interfere, for the purpose of
single State if their activities burden the flow of executing some of the general powers of
commerce among the States. Thus in the Shreveport the government.’ Gibbons v. Ogden, supra,
Case, Houston, E. & W.T.R. Co. v. United States, 9 Wheat., at 195, 6 L.Ed. 23. (Emphasis
234 U.S. 342, 353-354, 34 S.Ct. 833, 837, 58 L.Ed. supplied.)
1341, this Court recognized that Congress could not
fully carry out its responsibility to protect interstate FN7. See e.g., National Labor Relations
commerce were its constitutional power to regulate Board v. Reliance Fuel Oil Corp., 371 U.S.
that commerce to be strictly limited to prescribing 224, 83 S.Ct. 312, 9 L.Ed.2d 279; Lorain
the rules for controlling the things *272 actually Journal Co. v. United States, 342 U.S. 143,
moving in such commerce or the contracts, transac- 72 S.Ct. 181, 96 L.Ed. 162; United States
tions, and other activities, immediately concerning v. Women's Sportswear Mfg. Ass'n, 336
them. Regulation of purely intrastate railroad rates U.S. 460, 69 S.Ct. 714, 93 L.Ed. 805;
is primarily a local problem for state rather than na- United States v. Sullivan, 332 U.S. 689, 68
tional control. But the Shreveport Case sustained S.Ct. 331, 92 L.Ed. 297; Wickard v. Fil-
the power of Congress under the Commerce Clause burn, 317 U.S. 111, 63 S.Ct. 82, 87 L.Ed.
and the Necessary and Proper Clause to control 122; United States v. Wrightwood Dairy
purely intrastate rates, even though reasonable, Co., 315 U.S. 110, 62 S.Ct. 523, 86 L.Ed.
where the effect of such rates was found to impose 726; United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100,
a discrimination injurious to interstate commerce. 657, 61 S.Ct. 451, 85 L.Ed. 609; National
This holding that Congress had power under these Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laugh-

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(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

lin Steel Corp., 301 U.S. 1, 57 S.Ct. 615, 216-room establishment strategically located in re-
81 L.Ed. 893; Kentucky Whip & Collar lation to Atlanta and interstate travelers. It advert-
Co. v. Illinois Central R. Co., 299 U.S. ises extensively by signs along interstate highways
334, 57 S.Ct. 277, 81 L.Ed. 270. See also and in various advertising media. As a result of
Southern R. Co. v. United States, 222 U.S. these circumstances approximately 75% of the
20, 32 S.Ct. 2, 56 L.Ed. 72. motel guests are transient interstate travelers. It is
thus an important facility for use by interstate trav-
**366 *273 Congress in s 201 declared that the ra- elers who travel on highways, since travelers in
cially discriminatory ‘operations' of a motel of their own cars must find lodging places to make
more than five rooms for rent or hire do adversely their journeys comfortably and safely.
affect interstate commerce if it ‘provides lodging to
transient guests * * *’ and that a restaurant's The restaurant is located in a residential and indus-
‘operations' affect such commerce if (1) ‘it serves trial section of Birmingham, 11 blocks from the
or offers to serve interstate travelers' or (2) ‘a sub- nearest interstate highway. Almost all, if not all, its
stantial portion of the food which it serves * * * has patrons are local people rather than transients. It
moved in (interstate) commerce.’ Congress thus de- has seats for about 200 customers and annual gross
scribed the nature and extent of operations which it sales of about $350,000. Most of its sales are of
wished to regulate, excluding some establishments barbecued meat sandwiches and pies. Con-
from the Act either for reasons of policy or because sequently, the main commodity it purchases is
it believed its powers to regulate and protect inter- meat, of which during the 12 months before the
state commerce did not extend so far. There can be District Court hearing it bought $69,683 worth
no doubt that the operations of both the motel and (representing 46% of its total expenditures for sup-
the restaurant here fall squarely within the measure plies), which had been shipped into Alabama from
Congress chose to adopt in the Act and deemed ad- outside the State. Plainly, 46% of the goods it sells
equate to show a constitutionally prohibitable ad- is a ‘substantial’ portion and amount. Congress
verse effect on commerce. The choice of policy is concluded that restaurants which purchase a sub-
of course within the exclusive power of Congress; stantial quantity of goods from other States might
but whether particular operations affect interstate well burden and disrupt the flow of interstate com-
commerce sufficiently to come under the constitu- merce if allowed to practice racial discrimination,
tional power of Congress to regulate them is ulti- because of the stifling and distorting effect that
mately a judicial rather than a legislative question, such discrimination on a wide scale might well
and can be settled finally only by this Court. I agree have on the sale of goods shipped across state lines.
that as applied to this motel and this restaurant the Certainly this belief would not be irrational even
Act is a valid exercise of congressional power, in had there not been a large body of evidence before
the case of the motel because the record amply the Congress to show the probability of this adverse
FN8
demonstrates that its practice of discrimination ten- effect.
ded directly to interfere with interstate travel, and
in the case of the restaurant because Congress had FN8. See, e.g., Hearings Before the Senate
ample basis for concluding that a widespread prac- Committee on Commerce on S. 1732, 88th
tice of racial discrimination by restaurants buying Cong., 1st Sess., Part 1, Ser. 26, pp. 18-19
as substantial a quantity of goods shipped from oth- (Attorney General Kennedy), 623-630
er States as this restaurant buys could distort or im- (Secretary of Labor Wirtz); Part 2, Ser. 26,
pede interstate trade. pp. 695-700 (Under Secretary of Com-
merce Roosevelt).
*274 The Heart of Atlanta Motel is a large
**367 *275 The foregoing facts are more than

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enough, in my judgment, to show that Congress act- impeded or distorted substantially if local sellers of
ing within its discretion and judgment has power interstate food are permitted to exclude all Negro
under the Commerce Clause and the Necessary and consumers. Measuring, as this Court has so often
Proper Clause to bar racial discrimination in the held is required, by the aggregate effect of a great
Heart of Atlanta Motel and Ollie's Barbecue. I re- number of such acts of discrimination, I am of the
cognize that every remote, possible, speculative ef- opinion that Congress has constitutional power un-
fect on commerce should not be accepted as an ad- der the Commerce and Necessary and Proper
equate constitutional ground to uproot and throw Clauses to protect interstate commerce from the in-
into the discard all our traditional distinctions juries bound to befall it from these discriminatory
between what is purely local, and therefore con- practices.
trolled by state laws, and what affects the national
interest and is therefore subject to control by feder- FN9. Bureau of the Census, 1964 Statistic-
al laws. I recognize too that some isolated and re- al Abstract of the United States, 25
mote lunchroom which sells only to local people (18,872,000 Negroes by 1960 census).
and buys almost all its supplies in the locality may
FN10. See, e.g., S.Rep.No. 872, 88th
possibly be beyond the reach of the power of Con-
Cong., 2d Sess., 15-18.
gress to regulate commerce, just as such an estab-
lishment is not covered by the present Act. But in Long ago this Court, again speaking through Mr.
deciding the constitutional power of Congress in Chief Justice Marshall, said:
cases like the two before us we do not consider the
effect on interstate commerce of only one isolated, ‘Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope
individual, local event, without regard to the fact of the constitution, and all means which are appro-
that this single local event when added to many oth- priate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which
ers of a similar nature may impose a burden on in- are not prohibited, but consist with the letter and
terstate commerce by reducing its volume or dis- spirit of the constitution, are constitutional.’
torting its flow. National Labor Relations Board v. M'Culloch v. State of Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316, 421,
Reliance Fuel Oil Corp., 371 U.S. 224, 83 S.Ct. 4 L.Ed. 579.
312; Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111, at 127-128,
63 S.Ct., at 90-91; United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. By this standard Congress acted within its power
100, at 123, 61 S.Ct., at 461; National Labor Rela- here. In view of the Commerce Clause it is not pos-
tions Board v. Fainblatt, 306 U.S. 601, 608-609, 59 sible to deny that the aim of protecting interstate
S.Ct. 668, 672-673, 83 L.Ed. 1014; cf. Hotel Em- commerce from undue burdens is a legitimate end.
ployees Local No. 255, Hotel and Restaurant Emp. In view of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth
and Bartenders International Union v. Leedom, 358 Amendments, it is not possible to deny that the aim
U.S. 99, 79 S.Ct. 150, 3 L.Ed.2d 143. There are ap- of protecting Negroes from discrimination is also a
FN11
proximately 20,000,000 Negroes in our country. legitimate end. The means *277 adopted to
FN9 achieve these ends are also appropriate,**368
Many of them are able to, and do, travel
among the States in automobiles. Certainly it would plainly adopted to achieve them and not prohibited
seriously discourage such travel by them if, as evid- by the Constitution but consistent with both its let-
ence before the Congress indicated has been true in ter and spirit.
FN10
the past, they should in the *276 future con-
FN11. We have specifically upheld the
tinue to be unable to find a decent place along their
power of Congress to use the commerce
way in which to lodge or eat. Cf. Boynton v. Com.
power to end racial discrimination. Boyn-
of Virginia, 364 U.S. 454, 81 S.Ct. 182, 5 L.Ed.2d
ton v. Com. of Virginia, 364 U.S. 454, 81
206. And the flow of interstate commerce may be

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S.Ct. 182, 5 L.Ed.2d 206; Henderson v. liberty, or property, without due process of law’
United States, 339 U.S. 816, 70 S.Ct. 843, and that private property shall not be ‘taken’ for
94 L.Ed. 1302; Mitchell v. United States, public use without just compensation. In the past
313 U.S. 80, 61 S.Ct. 873, 85 L.Ed. 1201; this Court has consistently held that regulation of
cf. Bailey v. Patterson, 369 U.S. 31, 82 the use of property by the Federal Government or
S.Ct. 549, 7 L.Ed.2d 512; Morgan v. Com. by the States does not violate either the Fifth or the
of Virginia, 328 U.S. 373, 66 S.Ct. 1050, Fourteenth Amendment. See, e.g., Ferguson v. Sk-
90 L.Ed. 1317. Compare cases in which rupa, 372 U.S. 726, 83 S.Ct. 1028, 10 L.Ed.2d 93;
the commerce power has been used to ad- District of Columbia v. John R. Thompson Co., 346
vance other ends not entirely commercial: U.S. 100, 73 S.Ct. 1007, 97 L.Ed. 1480; Village of
e.g., United States v. Darby, 312 U.S. 100, Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co., 272 U.S. 365,
657, 61 S.Ct. 451 (Fair Labor Standards 47 S.Ct. 114, 71 L.Ed. 303; Nebbia v. People of
Act); United States v. Miller, 307 U.S. State of New York, 291 U.S. 502, 54 S.Ct. 505, 78
174, 59 S.Ct. 816, 83 L.Ed. 1206 (National L.Ed. 940. A regulation such as that found in Title
Firearms Act); Gooch v. United States, 297 II does not even come close to being a ‘taking’ in
U.S. 124, 56 S.Ct. 395, 80 L.Ed. 522 the constitutional sense. Cf. United States v. Cent-
(Federal Kidnaping Act); Brooks v. United ral Eureka Mining Co., 357 U.S. 155, 78 S.Ct.
States, 267 U.S. 432, 45 S.Ct. 345, 69 1097, 2 L.Ed.2d 1228. And a more or less vague
L.Ed. 699 (National Motor Vehicle Theft clause like the requirement for due process, origin-
Act); United States v. Simpson, 252 U.S. ally meaning ‘according to *278 the law of the
465, 40 S.Ct. 364, 64 L.Ed. 665 (Act for- land’ would be a highly inappropriate provision on
bidding shipment of liquor into a ‘dry’ which to rely to invalidate a ‘law of the land’ en-
State); Caminetti v. United States, 242 acted by Congress under a clearly granted power
U.S. 470, 37 S.Ct. 192, 61 L.Ed. 442 like that to regulate interstate commerce. Moreover,
(White-Slave Traffic (Mann) Act); Hoke v. it would be highly ironical to use the guarantee of
United States, 227 U.S. 308, 33 S.Ct. 281, due process-a guarantee which plays so important a
57 L.Ed. 523 (White-Slave Traffic (Mann) part in the Fourteenth Amendment, an amendment
Act); Hipolite Egg Co. v. United States, adopted with the predominant aim of protecting
220 U.S. 45, 31 S.Ct. 364, 55 L.Ed. 364 Negroes from discrimination-in order to strip Con-
(Pure Food and Drugs Act); Lottery Case gress of power to protect Negroes from discrimina-
FN12
(Champion v. Ames), 188 U.S. 321, 23 tion.
S.Ct. 321, 47 L.Ed. 492 (Act forbidding in-
terstate shipment of lottery tickets). FN12. The motel's argument that Title II
violates the Thirteenth Amendment is so
insubstantial that it requires no further dis-
II. cussion.

The restaurant and motel proprietors argue also


however, that Congress violated the Due Process III.
Clause of the Fifth Amendment by requiring that
they serve Negroes if they serve others. This argu- For the foregoing reasons I concur in holding that
ment comes down to this: that the broad power of the anti-racial-discrimination provisions of Title II
Congress to enact laws deemed necessary and prop- of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are valid as applied
er to regulate and protect interstate commerce is to this motel and this restaurant. I should add that
practically nullified by the negative constitutional nothing in the Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, 3
commands that no person shall be deprived of ‘life, S.Ct. 18, 27 L.Ed. 835, which invalidated the Civil

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FN13
**369 Rights Act of 1875, gives the slightest 164, 168, 86 L.Ed. 119 to rest solely on the Com-
support to the argument that Congress is without merce Clause. My reluctance is not due to any con-
power under the Commerce Clause to enact the viction that Congress lacks power to regulate com-
present legislation, since in the Civil Rights Cases merce in the interests of human rights. It is rather
this Court expressly left undecided the validity of my belief that the right of people to be free of state
such antidiscrimination legislation if rested on the action that discriminates against them because of
Commerce Clause. See 109 U.S., at 18-19; see also race, like the ‘right of persons to move freely from
Butts v. Merchants' & Miners' Transp. Co., 230 State to State’ ( Edwards v. People of State of Cali-
U.S. 126, 132, 33 S.Ct. 964, 965, 57 L.Ed. 1422. fornia, supra, at 177, 62 S.Ct. at 169), ‘occupies a
Nor does any view expressed in my dissenting more protected position in our constitutional system
opinion in Bell v. State of Maryland, 378 U.S. 226, than does the movement of cattle, fruit, steel and
318, 84 S.Ct. 1814, 1864, 12 L.Ed.2d 822, in which coal across state lines.’ Ibid. Moreover, when we
Mr. Justice Harlan and Mr. Justice White joined, af- come to the problem of abatement in Hamm v. City
fect this conclusion in the slightest, for that opinion of Rock Hill, 379 U.S. 306, 85 S.Ct. 384, decided
stated only that the Fourteenth Amendment in and this day, the result reached by the Court is for me
of itself, without implementation by a law passed much more obvious as a protective measure under
by Congress, does not bar racial discrimination in the Fourteenth Amendment than under the Com-
privately owned places of business in the absence merce Clause. For the former deals with the consti-
of state action. The opinion did not discuss the tutional status of the individual not with the impact
power of Congress under *279 the Commerce and on commerce of local activities or vice versa.
Necessary and Proper Clauses or under section 5 of
the Fourteenth Amendment to pass a law forbidding *280 Hence I would prefer to rest on the assertion
such discrimination. See 378 U.S., at 318, 326, of legislative power contained in s 5 of the Four-
342-343, 84 S.Ct., at 1864, 1868, 1877-1878 and n. teenth Amendment which states: ‘The Congress
44. Because the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as applied shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legisla-
here is wholly valid under the Commerce Clause tion, the provisions of this article’-a power which
and the Necessary and Proper Clause, there is no the Court concedes was exercised at least in part in
need to consider whether this Act is also constitu- this Act.
tionally supportable under section 5 of the Four-
A decision based on the Fourteenth Amendment
teenth Amendment which grants Congress ‘power
would have a more settling effect, making unneces-
to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provi-
sary litigation over whether a particular restaurant
sions of this article.’
or inn is within the commerce definitions of the Act
FN13. 18 Stat. 335. or whether a particular customer is an interstate
FN* traveler. Under my construction, the Act would ap-
Mr. Justice DOUGLAS, concurring.
ply to all customers in all the enumerated places of
FN* This opinion applies also to No. 543, public accommodation. And that construction
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294, 85 would put an end to all obstructionist strategies and
S.Ct. 377. finally close one **370 door on a bitter chapter in
American history.

I. My opinion last Term in Bell v. State of Maryland,


378 U.S. 226, 242, 84 S.Ct. 1814, 1823, 12 L.Ed.2d
Though I join the Court's opinions, I am somewhat
822, makes clear my position that the right to be
reluctant here, as I was in Edwards v. People of
free of discriminatory treatment (based on race) in
State of California, 314 U.S. 160, 177, 62 S.Ct.
places of public accommodation-whether intrastate

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or interstate-is a right guaranteed against state ac- Section 201(a) declares in Fourteenth Amendment
tion by the Fourteenth Amendment and that state language the right of equal access:
enforcement of the kind of trespass laws which
Maryland had in that case was state action within ‘All persons shall be entitled to the full and equal
the meaning of the Amendment. enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, priv-
ileges, advantages, and accommodations of any
place of public accommodation, as defined in this
II. section, without discrimination or segregation on
the ground of race, color, religion, or national ori-
I think the Court is correct in concluding that the
gin.’
Act is not founded on the Commerce Clause to the
exclusion of the Enforcement Clause of the Four- The rights protected are clearly within the purview
teenth Amendment. of our decisions under the Equal Protection Clause
FN2
of the Fourteenth Amendment.
In determining the reach of an exertion of legislat-
ive power, it is customary to read various granted FN2. See Peterson v. City of Greenville,
powers together. See Veazie Bank v. Fenno, 8 373 U.S. 244, 83 S.Ct. 1119, 10 L.Ed.2d
Wall. 533, 548-549, 19 L.Ed. 482; Edye v. 323 (discrimination in restaurant); Lom-
Robertson, 112 U.S. 580, 595-596, 5 S.Ct. 247, bard v. State of Louisiana, 373 U.S. 267,
252-253, 28 L.Ed. 798; United States v. Gettysburg 83 S.Ct. 1122, 10 L.Ed.2d 338
Electric R. Co., 160 U.S. 668, 683, 16 S.Ct. 427, (discrimination in restaurant); Burton v.
430, 40 L.Ed. 576. As stated in M'Culloch v. State Wilmington Parking Authority, 365 U.S.
of Maryland, 4 Wheat. 316, 421, 4 L.Ed. 579: 715, 81 S.Ct. 856, 6 L.Ed.2d 45
(discrimination in restaurant); Watson v.
‘We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the
City of Memphis, 373 U.S. 526, 83 S.Ct.
government are limited, and that its limits are *281
1314, 10 L.Ed.2d 529 (discrimination in
not to be transcended. But we think the sound con-
city park); Brown v. Board of Education of
struction of the constitution must allow to the na-
Topeka, Shawnee County, Kan., 347 U.S.
tional legislature that discretion, with respect to the
483, 74 S.Ct. 686, 98 L.Ed. 873
means by which the powers it confers are to be car-
(discrimination in public school system);
ried into execution, which will enable that body to
Nixon v. Herndon, 273 U.S. 536, 47 S.Ct.
perform the high duties assigned to it, in the man-
446, 71 L.Ed. 759 (discrimination in vot-
ner most beneficial to the people. Let the end be le-
ing).
gitimate, let it be within the scope of the constitu-
tion, and all means which are appropriate, which *282 ‘State action’-the key to Fourteenth Amend-
are plainly adapted to that end, which are not pro- ment guarantees-is defined by s 201(d) as follows:
hibited, but consist with the letter and spirit of the
constitution, are constitutional.’ ‘Discrimination or segregation by an establishment
is supported by State action within the meaning of
The ‘means' used in the present Act are in my view **371 this title if such discrimination or segrega-
‘appropriate’ and ‘plainly adapted’ to the end of en- tion (1) is carried on under color of any law, stat-
FN1
forcing Fourteenth Amendment rights as well ute, ordinance, or regulation; or (2) is carried on
as protecting interstate commerce. under color of any custom or usage required or en-
forced by officials of the State or political subdivi-
FN1. For a synopsis of the legislative his-
sion thereof; or (3) is required by action of the State
tory see the Appendix to this opinion.
or political subdivision thereof.’ (Italics added.)

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That definition is within our decision of Shelley v. ‘All persons shall be entitled to be free, at any es-
Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1, 68 S.Ct. 836, 92 L.Ed. 1161, tablishment or place, from discrimination or segreg-
for the ‘discrimination’ in the present cases is ation of any kind on the ground of race, color, reli-
‘enforced by officials of the State,’ i.e., by the state gion, or national origin, if such discrimination or
FN3
judiciary under the trespass laws. As we wrote segregation is or purports to be required by any
in Shelley v. Kraemer, supra, 19, 68 S.Ct. 845: law, statute, ordinance, regulation, rule, or order of
a State or any agency or political subdivision there-
FN3. The Georgia trespass law is found in of.’
Ga.Code Ann. s 26-3005 (1963 Supp.), and
that of Alabama in Ala.Code, Tit. 14, s 426 Thus the essence of many of the guarantees embod-
(1958 Recomp.). ied in the Act are those contained in the Fourteenth
Amendment.
‘We have no doubt that there has been state action
in these cases in the full and complete sense of the The Commerce Clause, to be sure, enters into some
phrase. The undisputed facts disclose that petition- of the definitions of ‘place of public accommoda-
ers were willing purchasers of properties upon tion’ in ss 201(b) and (c). Thus a ‘restaurant’ is in-
which they desired to establish homes. The owners cluded, s 201(b)(2), ‘if * * * it serves or offers to
of the properties were willing sellers; and contracts serve interstate travelers or a substantial portion of
of sale were accordingly consummated. It is clear the food which it serves * * * has moved in com-
that but for the active intervention of the state merce.’ s 201(c)(2). But any ‘motel’ is included
courts, supported by the full panoply of state ‘which provides lodging to transient guests, other
power, petitioners would have been free to occupy than an establishment located within a building
the properties in question without restraint. which contains not more than five rooms for rent or
hire and which is actually occupied by the propriet-
‘These are not cases, as has been suggested, in or*284 of such establishment as his residence.’ ss
which the States have merely abstained from ac- 201(b) (1) and (c)(1). Providing lodging ‘to transi-
tion, leaving private individuals free to impose such ent guests' is not strictly Commerce Clause talk, for
discriminations as they see fit. Rather, these are the phrase aptly describes any guest-local or inter-
cases in which the States have made available to state.
such individuals*283 the full coercive power of
government to deny to petitioners, on the grounds **372 Thus some of the definitions of ‘place of
of race or color, the enjoyment of property rights in public accommodation’ in s 201(b) are in Com-
premises which petitioners are willing and finan- merce Clause language and some are not. Indeed s
cially able to acquire and which the grantors are 201(b) is explicitly bifurcated. An establishment
willing to sell. The difference between judicial en- ‘which serves the public is a place of public accom-
forcement and non-enforcement of the restrictive modation,’ says s 201(b), under either of two condi-
covenants is the difference to petitioners between tions: first, ‘if its operations affect commerce,’ or
being denied rights of property available to other second, ‘if discrimination or segregation by it is
members of the community and being accorded full supported by State action.’
enjoyment of those rights on an equal footing.’
The House Report emphasizes these dual bases on
Section 202 declares the right of all persons to be which the Act rests (H.R.Rep.No.914, 88th Cong.,
free from certain kinds of state action at any public 1st Sess., p. 20)-a situation which a minority recog-
establishment-not just at the previously enumerated nized was being attempted and which it opposed.
places of public accommodation: Id., pp. 98-101.

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The Senate Committee laid emphasis on the Com- criminate or segregate by race or religion would not
merce Clause. S.Rep.No.872, 88th Cong., 2d Sess., weaken the attributes of private property that make
pp. 12-13. The use of the Commerce Clause to sur- it an effective means of obtaining individual free-
mount what was thought to be the obstacle of the dom. In fact, in order to assure that the institution
Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3, 3 S.Ct. 18, 27 L.Ed. of private property serves the end of individual
835, is mentioned. Ibid. And the economic aspects freedom and liberty it has been restricted in many
of the problems of discrimination are heavily ac- instances. The most striking example of this is the
cented. Id., p. 17 et seq., 3 S.Ct. p. 25 et seq. But abolition of slavery. Slaves were treated as items of
it is clear that the objectives of the Fourteenth private property, yet surely no man dedicated to the
Amendment were by no means ignored. As stated cause of individual freedom could contend that in-
in the Senate Report: dividual freedom and liberty suffered by emancipa-
tion of the slaves.
‘Does the owner of private property devoted to use
as a public establishment enjoy a property right to ‘There is not any question that ordinary zoning
refuse to deal with any member of the public be- laws place far greater restrictions upon the rights of
cause of that member's race, religion, or national private property owners than would public accom-
origin? As noted previously, the English common modations*286 legislation. Zoning laws tell the
law answered this question in the negative. It owner **373 of private property to what type of
reasoned that one who employed his private prop- business his property may be devoted, what struc-
erty for purposes of commercial gain by offering tures he may erect upon that property, and even
goods or services to the public must stick to his bar- whether he may devote his private property to any
gain. It is to be remembered that the right of the business purpose whatsoever. Such laws and regu-
private *285 property owner to serve or sell to lations restricting private property are necessary so
whom he pleased was never claimed when laws that human beings may develop their communities
were enacted prohibiting the private property owner in a reasonable and peaceful manner. Surely the
from dealing with persons of a particular race. Nor presence of such restrictions does not detract from
were such laws ever struck down as an infringe- the role of private property in securing individual
ment upon this supposed right of the property own- liberty and freedom.
er.
‘Nor can it be reasonably argued that racial or reli-
‘But there are stronger and more persuasive reasons gious discrimination is a vital factor in the ability of
for not allowing concepts of private property to de- private property to constitute an effective vehicle
feat public accommodations legislation. The institu- for assuring personal freedom. The pledge of this
tion of private property exists for the purpose of en- Nation is to secure freedom for every individual;
hancing the individual freedom and liberty of hu- that pledge will be furthered by elimination of such
man beings. This institution assures that the indi- practices.’ Id., pp. 22-23.
vidual need not be at the mercy of others, including
government, in order to earn a livelihood and Thus while I agree with the Court that Congress in
prosper from his individual efforts. Private property fashioning the present Act used the Commerce
provides the individual with something of value Clause to regulate racial segregation, it also used
that will serve him well in obtaining what he de- (and properly so) some of its power under s 5 of the
sires or requires in his daily life. Fourteenth Amendment.

‘Is this time honored means to freedom and liberty I repeat what I said earlier, that our decision should
now to be twisted so as to defeat individual free- be based on the Fourteenth Amendment, thereby
dom and liberty? Certainly denial of a right to dis- putting an end to all obstructionist strategies and al-

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lowing every person-whatever his race, creed, or who failed to comprehend that the administration
color-to patronize all places of public accommoda- bill already rested, despite its commerce language,
tion without discrimination whether he travels in- on the Fourteenth Amendment.) The Attorney Gen-
terstate or intrastate. eral feared that the new provision went too far. Fur-
ther, the new provision, unlike the present s 201(d)
but like the present s 202, did not limit coverage to
APPENDIX TO OPINION OF MR. JUSTICE
those establishments specifically defined as places
DOUGLAS, CONCURRING.
of public accommodation; rather it referred to all
(1) The Administration Bill (as introduced in the businesses operating under state *288
House by Congressman Celler, it was H.R.7152). ‘authorization, permission, or license.’ See id., at
2656. The Attorney General objected to this: **374
Unlike the Act as it finally became law, this bill (a) Congress ought not to invoke the Fourteenth
contained findings (pp. 10-13) which described dis- Amendment generally but rather ought to specify
crimination*287 in places of public accommodation the establishments that would be covered. See id.,
and in findings (h) and (i) connected this discrimin- at 2656, 2675-2676, 2726. This the administration
ation to state action and invoked Fourteenth bill had done by covering only those establishments
Amendment powers to deal with the problem; and which had certain commercial characteristics.
(b) in setting forth the public establishments which
were covered, it used only commerce-type language Subsequently the Attorney General indicated that
and did not contain anything like the present s he would accept a portion of the Subcommittee ad-
201(d) and its link to s 201(b)-the ‘or’ clause in s ditions that ultimately became ss 201(b) and 202;
201(b). Nor did the bill contain the present s 202. but he made it clear that he did not understand that
these additions removed the Fourteenth Amend-
In the hearings before the House Judiciary Subcom- ment foundation which the administration had
mittee the Attorney General stated clearly and re- placed under its bill. He did not understand that
peatedly that while the bill relied ‘primarily’ on the these additions confined the Fourteenth Amend-
Commerce Clause, it was also intended to rest on ment foundation of the bill to the additions alone;
the Fourteenth Amendment. See Hearings before the commerce language sections were still suppor-
Subcommittee No. 5, House Judiciary Committee, ted in the alternative by the Fourteenth Amend-
88th Cong., 1st Sess., 1375-1376, 1388, 1396, ment. See especially id., at 2764; compare p. 2727
1410, 1417-1419. with p. 2698. The Subcommittee said that it made
these additions in order to insure that the Four-
(2) The Subcommittee Bill (as reported to the full teenth Amendment was relied on. See id., at 2763;
House Judiciary Committee). also Subcommittee Hearings, supra, 1413-1421.
And the Attorney General repeated at p. 2764 that
The Attorney General testified against portions of
he would agree to whatever language was necessary
this bill. He reiterated that the administration bill
to make it clear that the bill relied on the Four-
rested on the Fourteenth Amendment as well as on
teenth Amendment as well as the Commerce
the Commerce Clause: see Hearings, House Judi-
Clause.
ciary Committee on H.R.7152, as amended by Sub-
committee No. 5, 88th Cong., 1st Sess., 2693, 2700, Therefore it seems clear that a dual motive was be-
2764. But this bill added for the first time a provi- hind the addition of what ultimately became ss
sion similar to the present s 201(d)-only much 201(d) and 202: (1) to expand the coverage of the
broader. See id., at 2656, first full paragraph. Act; (2) to make it clear that Congress was invok-
(Apparently this addition was in response to the ur- ing its powers under the Fourteenth Amendment.
gings of those who wanted to broaden the bill and

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(3) The Committee Bill (as reported to the House). of the bill, will not accept the amendment, which
introduces an element of uncertainty into the scope
This bill contains the present ss 201(b) and 202, ex- of the bill's coverage. At p. 1924 Congressman
cept that ‘state action’ is given an even broader *290 Lindsay makes remarks indicating that **375
definition in s 201(d) as then written than it has in it is his understanding that the commerce language
the present s 201(d). portions of s 201 rest only on the Commerce
Clause, while the Fourteenth Amendment is in-
*289 The House Report has the following state-
voked to support only s 201(d).
ment: ‘Section 201(d) delineates the circumstances
under which discrimination or segregation by an es- But at p. 1926 Congressman MacGregor, a member
tablishment is supported by State action within the of the Judiciary Subcommittee, states, in response
meaning of title II.’ H.R.Rep.No.914, 88th Cong., to Congressman Willis' challenge to the constitu-
1st Sess., 21. On p. 117 of the Report Representat- tionality of the ‘transient guests' coverage, that:
ive Cramer says: ‘The 14th amendment approach to ‘When the gentleman from Louisiana seeks in sub-
public accommodations (in the committee bill as paragraph (1) on page 43 (s 201(b)(1)) to tightly
contrasted with the administration bill) is not lim- circumscribe the number of inns, hotels, and motels
ited to the narrower definition of ‘establishment’ to be covered under this legislation he does viol-
under the interstate commerce approach and covers ence to the 1883 Supreme Court decision where it
broad State ‘custom or usage’ or where discrimina- defines the authority of the Congress under the 14th
tion is ‘fostered or encouraged’ by State action amendment. * * * Mr. Chairman, in light of the
(sec. 201(d)).' By implication the committee has 1883 Supreme Court decision cited by the gentle-
merely broadened the coverage of the administra- man from Louisiana, and in light of a score of sub-
tion's bill by adding the explicit state action lan- sequent decisions, it is precisely the legislative au-
guage; it has not thereby removed the Fourteenth thority granted in the 14th amendment that we seek
Amendment foundation from the commerce lan- here to exercise.’
guage coverage.
At pp. 1962-1968 there is the discussion surround-
Congressman Celler introduced into the Congres- ing the passage of the Goodell amendment striking
sional Record a series of memoranda on the consti- the word ‘encouraged’ from s 201(d)(2) of the bill
tutionality of the various titles of the bill; at pp. as reported. Likewise in these pages there is the dis-
FN*
1524-1526 the Fourteenth Amendment is dis- cussion concerning the Willis amendment to the
cussed; at p. 1526 it is suggested that the Thirteenth Goodell amendment: this amendment eliminated
Amendment is to be regarded as ‘additional author- the word ‘fostered.’ After the adoption of these
ity’ for the legislation. amendments the custom or usage had to be
‘required or enforced’ by the State-not merely
FN* All citations are to Vol. 110, Congres-
‘fostered or encouraged’ in order to constitute ‘state
sional Record.
action’ within the meaning of the Act.
At p. 1917 Congressman Willis introduces an
At p. 1964 Congressman Smith of Virginia offered
amendment to strike out ‘transient guests' and to re-
an amendment as a substitute to the Goodell
place these words with ‘interstate travelers.’ As re-
amendment that would have eliminated the ‘custom
ported, says Congressman Willis, the bill boldly un-
or usage’ language altogether. Congressman Celler
dertakes to regulate intrastate commerce, at least to
said in defense of the bill as reported: ‘(C)ustom or
this extent. Ibid. The purpose of the amendment is
usage is not constituted merely by a practice in a
simply to relate ‘this bill to the powers of Con-
neighborhood or by popular attitude in a particular
gress.’ Ibid. Congressman Celler, the floor manager
community. It consists of a practice which, though

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not embodied in law, receives notice and sanction panies denials *292 of equal access to public estab-
to the extent that it is enforced by *291 the official- lishments. Discrimination is not simply dollars and
dom of the State or locality’ (pp. 1964-1965). The cents, hamburgers and movies; it is the humiliation,
Smith Amendment was rejected by the House (p. frustration, and embarrassment that a person must
1967). surely feel when he is told that he is unacceptable
as a member of the public because of his race or
It would seem that the action on this Smith substi- color. It is equally the inability to explain to a child
tute and the statement by Congressman Celler mean that regardless of education, civility, courtesy, and
that a state's enforcement of the custom of segrega- morality he will be denied the right to enjoy equal
tion in places of public accommodation by the use treatment, even though he be a citizen of the United
of its trespass laws is a violation of s 201(d)(2). States and may well be called upon to lay down his
life to assure this Nation continues.’ S.Rep.No.872,
(4) The House Bill.
88th Cong., 2d Sess., 16.
The House bill was placed directly on the Senate
Moreover, that this is the primary purpose of the
calendar and did not go to committee. The Dirksen-
Act is emphasized by the fact that while s 201(c)
Mansfield substitute adopted by the Senate made
speaks only in terms of establishments which
only one change in ss 201 and 202: it changed ‘a’ to
‘affect commerce,’ it is clear that Congress based
‘the’ in s 201(d)(3). Senator Dirksen nowhere made
this section not only on its power under the Com-
any explicit references to the constitutional bases of
merce Clause but also on s 5 of the Fourteenth
Title II. Thus it is fair to assume that the Senate's FN1
Amendment. The cases cited in the Court's
understanding on this question was no different
opinions are conclusive that Congress could exer-
from the House's view. The Senate substitute was
cise its *293 powers under the Commerce Clause to
adopted without change by the House on July 2,
accomplish this purpose. As ss 201(b) and (c) are
1964, and signed by the President on the same day.
FN* undoubtedly a valid exercise of the Commerce
Mr. Justice GOLDBERG, concurring.
Clause power for the reasons stated in the opinions
FN* This opinion applies also to No. 543, of the Court, the Court considers that it is unneces-
Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294, 85 sary to consider whether it is additionally support-
S.Ct. 377. able by Congress' exertion of its power under s 5 of
the Fourteenth Amendment.
I join in the opinions and judgments of the Court,
since I agree ‘that the action of the Congress in the FN1. Hearings in Congress as well as
adoption of the Act as applied here * * * is within statements by administration spokesmen
the power granted it by the Commerce Clause of show that the original bill, presented by the
the Constitution, as interpreted by this Court for administration, was so based even though
140 years,’ ante, at 360. it contained no clause which resembled s
201(d)-the so-called ‘state action’ provi-
The primary purpose of the Civil Rights Act of sion-or which even mentioned ‘state ac-
1964, however, as the Court recognizes, and as I tion.’ See, e.g., Hearings before Senate
would underscore, is the vindication of human dig- Committee on Commerce on S. 1732, 88th
nity and not mere economics. The Senate Com- Cong., 1st Sess., 23, 27-28, 57, 74, 230,
merce Committee made this quite clear: 247-248, 250, 252-253, 256, 259; Hearings
before Senate Judiciary Committee on S.
‘The primary purpose of * * * (the Civil Rights 1731, 88th Cong., 1st Sess., 151, 152, 186;
Act), then, is to **376 solve this problem, the Hearings before Subcommittee No. 5 of
deprivation of personal dignity that surely accom-

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85 S.Ct. 348 FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY Page 31
379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
(Cite as: 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348)

the House Committee on the Judiciary on land, 378 U.S. 226, 317, 84 S.Ct. 1814, 1864, 12
H.R. 7152, 88th Cong., 1st Sess., 1396, L.Ed.2d 822, however, I expressed my conviction
1410; Hearings before House Judiciary that s 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment guarantees to
Committee on H.R. 7152, as amended by all Americans the constitutional right ‘to be treated
Subcommittee No. 5, 88th Cong., 1st Sess., as equal members of the community with respect to
2693, 2699-2700; S.Rep.No.872, 88th public accommodations,’ and that ‘Congress (has)
Cong., 2d Sess., 2. The later additions of authority under s 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment,
‘state action’ language to s 201(a) and s or under the Commerce Clause, Art. I, s 8, to im-
201(d) did not remove the dual Commerce plement the rights protected by s 1 of the Four-
Clause-Fourteenth Amendment support teenth Amendment. In the give-and-take of the le-
from the rest of the bill, for those who ad- gislative process, Congress **377 can fashion a law
ded this clause did not intend thereby to bi- drawing the guidelines necessary and appropriate to
furcate its constitutional basis. This lan- facilitate practical administration and to distinguish
guage and s 201(d) were added, first, in or- between genuinely public and private accommoda-
der to make certain that the Act would cov- tions.’ The challenged Act is just such a law and, in
er all or almost all of the situations as to my view, Congress clearly had authority under both
which this Court might hold that s 1 of the s 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Com-
Fourteenth Amendment applied. Senator merce Clause to enact the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Hart stated that not to do so would
‘embarrass Congress because * * * the U.S.Ga. 1964.
reach of the administration bill would be Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U. S.
less inclusive than that Court-established 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P
right.’ Hearings before Senate Commerce 9712, 13 L.Ed.2d 258
Committee, supra, at 256. See also id., at
END OF DOCUMENT
259-262. Second, the sponsors of s 201(d)
were trying to make even clearer the Four-
teenth Amendment basis of Title II. See,
e.g., Hearings before Subcommittee No. 5
of the House Committee, supra, at
1413-1418; Hearings before the Senate
Commerce Committee, supra, at 259-262.
There is no indication that they thought the
inclusion of s 201(d) would remove the
Fourteenth Amendment foundation of the
rest of the title. Third, the history of the
bill after provisions similar to s 201(d)
were added contains references to the dual
foundation of all Title II provisions before
us. See Hearings before Subcommittee No.
5 of the House Committee, supra, at 1396,
1410; Hearings before House Judiciary
Committee, supra, at 2693, 2699-2700;
110 Cong.Rec. 1925-1928.

In my concurring opinion in Bell v. State of Mary-

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KEYCITE

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U. S., 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P
9712 (U.S.Ga.,Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 515)
History

Direct History

1 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 231 F.Supp. 393 (N.D.Ga. Jul 22, 1964) (NO. CIV. 9017)
Probable Jurisdiction Noted by
2 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 803, 85 S.Ct. 11, 13 L.Ed.2d 20 (U.S.Ga.
Oct 05, 1964) (NO. 515)
AND Judgment Affirmed by
=> 3 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U. S., 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258, 1 Empl. Prac.
Dec. P 9712 (U.S.Ga. Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 515)

Negative Citing References (U.S.A.)

Abrogation Recognized by
4 U.S. v. Taylor, 226 F.3d 593 (7th Cir.(Ind.) Aug 21, 2000) (NO. 99-2608) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
Declined to Extend by
5 U.S. v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549, 115 S.Ct. 1624, 131 L.Ed.2d 626, 63 USLW 4343, 99 Ed. Law Rep.
24 (U.S.Tex. Apr 26, 1995) (NO. 93-1260) HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
Distinguished by
6 W. J. Seufert Land Co. v. National Restaurant Supply Co., 266 Or. 92, 511 P.2d 363, 1973-2
Trade Cases P 74,643 (Or. Jun 21, 1973)
7 U.S. v. Harrington, 108 F.3d 1460, 323 U.S.App.D.C. 431 (D.C.Cir. Mar 25, 1997) (NO.
96-3060), rehearing denied (May 29, 1997) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
8 U.S. v. Faasse, 227 F.3d 660, 2000 Fed.App. 0337P (6th Cir.(Mich.) Sep 25, 2000) (NO.
98-2337) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
9 Klingler v. Director, Dept. of Revenue, State of Missouri, 366 F.3d 614, 28 NDLR P 39 (8th
Cir.(Mo.) May 03, 2004) (NO. 03-2345), rehearing and rehearing en banc denied (Aug 02, 2004)
HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
10 U.S. v. Martignon, 346 F.Supp.2d 413, 72 U.S.P.Q.2d 1421, 33 Media L. Rep. 1181 (S.D.N.Y.
Sep 24, 2004) (NO. 03 CR. 1287HB) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.) (BNA Version)
11 Minnesota ex rel. Hatch v. Hoeven, 370 F.Supp.2d 960 (D.N.D. Jun 08, 2005) (NO. A1-04-021)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Modification Recognized by
12 City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507, 117 S.Ct. 2157, 138 L.Ed.2d 624, 65 USLW 4612, 74
Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 62, 70 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 44,785, 97 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 4904, 97
Daily Journal D.A.R. 7973, 97 CJ C.A.R. 1329, 11 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 140 (U.S.Tex. Jun 25,
1997) (NO. 95-2074)

Court Documents

Appellate Court Documents (U.S.A.)

U.S. Appellate Briefs


13 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81380 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 21, 1964) Jur-
isdictional Statement and Brief (NO. 515)
14 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81385 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 21, 1964)
Brief Amicus Curiae on Behalf of the Commonwealth of Virginia (NO. 515)
15 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81381 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 28, 1964)
Brief of Edward W. Brooke, Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, as
Amicus Curiae in Support of the United States. (NO. 515)
16 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81382 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 28, 1964)
Amicus Curiae Brief of the State of Florida (NO. 515)
17 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81383 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 28, 1964)
Brief of the Attorney General of the State of New York as Amicus Curiae in Support of Af-
firmance (NO. 515)
18 Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U.S., 1964 WL 81384 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 28, 1964)
Brief of the State of California as Amicus Curiae. (NO. 515)
19 HEART OF ATLANTA MOTEL, INC., a Georgia Corporation, Appellant, v. THE UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA and Robert F. Kennedy, as the Attorney General of the United States of
America, Appellees., 1964 WL 95342 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep. 28, 1964) Brief for Appellees
(NO. 515)

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Service: KeyCite
Lines: 1
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West and their affiliates.
AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Date of Printing: Oct 04, 2010

KEYCITE

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U. S., 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P
9712 (U.S.Ga., Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 515)

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Date/Time of Request: Monday, October 4, 2010 04:23 Central


Client Identifier: ANGEL BERMUDEZ TEJERO
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Citation Text: 85 S.Ct. 348
Service: KeyCite
Lines: 18362
Documents: 1
Images: 0
Recipient(s): c.ortega.1989@gmail.com

The material accompanying this summary is subject to copyright. Usage is governed by contract with Thomson Reuters,
West and their affiliates.
AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Date of Printing: Oct 04, 2010

KEYCITE

Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. U. S., 379 U.S. 241, 85 S.Ct. 348, 13 L.Ed.2d 258, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P
9712 (U.S.Ga. Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 515)
Citing References

Negative Cases (U.S.A.)

Abrogation Recognized by
1 U.S. v. Taylor, 226 F.3d 593, 598 (7th Cir.(Ind.) Aug 21, 2000) (NO. 99-2608) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)

Declined to Extend by
2 U.S. v. Lopez, 115 S.Ct. 1624, 1629+, 514 U.S. 549, 557+, 131 L.Ed.2d 626, 626+, 63 USLW
4343, 4343+, 99 Ed. Law Rep. 24, 24+ (U.S.Tex. Apr 26, 1995) (NO. 93-1260) " HN:
11,12,14 (S.Ct.)

Distinguished by
3 Minnesota ex rel. Hatch v. Hoeven, 370 F.Supp.2d 960, 968+ (D.N.D. Jun 08, 2005) (NO.
A1-04-021) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
4 U.S. v. Martignon, 346 F.Supp.2d 413, 428+, 72 U.S.P.Q.2d 1421, 1421+, 33 Media L. Rep.
1181, 1181+ (S.D.N.Y. Sep 24, 2004) (NO. 03 CR. 1287HB) " HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.) (BNA
Version)
5 Klingler v. Director, Dept. of Revenue, State of Missouri, 366 F.3d 614, 619+, 28 NDLR P 39,
39+ (8th Cir.(Mo.) May 03, 2004) (NO. 03-2345) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
6 U.S. v. Faasse, 227 F.3d 660, 669, 2000 Fed.App. 0337P, 0337P (6th Cir.(Mich.) Sep 25, 2000)
(NO. 98-2337) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
7 U.S. v. Harrington, 108 F.3d 1460, 1466+, 323 U.S.App.D.C. 431, 437+ (D.C.Cir. Mar 25, 1997)
(NO. 96-3060) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
8 W. J. Seufert Land Co. v. National Restaurant Supply Co., 511 P.2d 363, 370, 266 Or. 92, 106,
1973-2 Trade Cases P 74,643, 74643 (Or. Jun 21, 1973)

Modification Recognized by
9 City of Boerne v. Flores, 117 S.Ct. 2157, 2166, 521 U.S. 507, 525, 138 L.Ed.2d 624, 624, 65
USLW 4612, 4612, 74 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 62, 62, 70 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 44,785, 44785,
97 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 4904, 4904, 97 Daily Journal D.A.R. 7973, 7973, 97 CJ C.A.R. 1329,
1329, 11 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 140, 140 (U.S.Tex. Jun 25, 1997) (NO. 95-2074)

Positive Cases (U.S.A.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Examined
10 U.S. v. Morrison, 120 S.Ct. 1740, 1749+, 529 U.S. 598, 609+, 146 L.Ed.2d 658, 658+, 68 USLW
4351, 4351+, 82 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1313, 1313+, 77 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 46,376,
46376+, 144 Ed. Law Rep. 28, 28+, 00 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 3788, 3788+, 2000 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 5061, 5061+, 2000 CJ C.A.R. 2583, 2583+, 13 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 287+ (U.S.Va. May
15, 2000) (NO. 99-29, 99-5) " HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
11 U.S. v. Martignon, 492 F.3d 140, 141+, 2007 Copr.L.Dec. P 29,388, 29388+, 83 U.S.P.Q.2d
1180, 1180+, 41 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 713+ (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Jun 13, 2007) (NO. 04-5649-CR) " HN:
1,12,19 (S.Ct.) (BNA Version)
12 Brzonkala v. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 169 F.3d 820, 831+, 136 Ed.
Law Rep. 15, 15+ (4th Cir.(Va.) Mar 05, 1999) (NO. 96-1814, 96-2316) " HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
13 Groome Resources Ltd., L.L.C. v. Parish of Jefferson, 234 F.3d 192, 203+, 19 NDLR P 161,
161+ (5th Cir.(La.) Nov 20, 2000) (NO. 99-30776) " HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
14 U.S. v. Lopez, 2 F.3d 1342, 1362+, 62 USLW 2173, 2173+, 85 Ed. Law Rep. 647, 647+ (5th
Cir.(Tex.) Sep 15, 1993) (NO. 92-5641) " HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
15 Rancho Viejo, LLC v. Norton, 323 F.3d 1062, 1070+, 56 ERC 1001, 1001+, 355 U.S.App.D.C.
303, 311+, 33 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,163, 20163+ (D.C.Cir. Apr 01, 2003) (NO. 01-5373) HN: 8,9
(S.Ct.)
16 National Ass'n of Home Builders v. Babbitt, 130 F.3d 1041, 1046+, 45 ERC 1833, 1833+, 327
U.S.App.D.C. 248, 253+, 28 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,403, 20403+ (D.C.Cir. Dec 05, 1997) (NO.
96-5354) " HN: 10,11,12 (S.Ct.)
17 U.S. v. Valverde, 2009 WL 4172384, *3+ (E.D.Cal. Feb 09, 2009) (NO. CR. S-08-187 LKK) "
HN: 8,9,19 (S.Ct.)
18 U.S. v. Myers, 591 F.Supp.2d 1312, 1324+, 21 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. D 473, 473+ (S.D.Fla. Dec
09, 2008) (NO. 08-60064-CR) HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
19 Twitty v. Vogue Theatre Corp., 242 F.Supp. 281, 285+ (M.D.Fla. Mar 09, 1965) (NO. CIV.
64-127-ORL) " HN: 4,14,19 (S.Ct.)
20 U.S. v. Shahani-Jahromi, 286 F.Supp.2d 723, 734+ (E.D.Va. Oct 06, 2003) (NO. CRIM.
03-355-A) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
21 U.S. v. Wilson, 880 F.Supp. 621, 627+, 63 USLW 2583, 2583+ (E.D.Wis. Mar 16, 1995) (NO.
94-CR-140) "

Discussed
22 Gonzales v. Raich, 125 S.Ct. 2195, 2209+, 545 U.S. 1, 22+, 162 L.Ed.2d 1, 1+, 73 USLW 4407,
4407+, 05 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 4725, 4725+, 2005 Daily Journal D.A.R. 6530, 6530+, 18 Fla. L.
Weekly Fed. S 327, 327+ (U.S. Jun 06, 2005) (NO. 03-1454) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
23 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrison, Me., 117 S.Ct. 1590, 1592+, 520 U.S.
564, 565+, 137 L.Ed.2d 852, 852+, 65 USLW 4337, 4337+, 97 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 3712, 3712+,
97 Daily Journal D.A.R. 6299, 6299+, 97 CJ C.A.R. 725, 725+, 10 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 463,
463+ (U.S.Me. May 19, 1997) (NO. 94-1988) " HN: 4,10,11 (S.Ct.)
24 Yee v. City of Escondido, Cal., 112 S.Ct. 1522, 1529+, 503 U.S. 519, 529+, 118 L.Ed.2d 153,

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

153+, 60 USLW 4301, 4301+ (U.S.Cal. Apr 01, 1992) (NO. 90-1947) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
25 Hodel v. Virginia Surface Min. & Reclamation Ass'n, Inc., 101 S.Ct. 2389, 2392+, 452 U.S. 264,
312+, 69 L.Ed.2d 1, 1+, 16 ERC 1027, 1027+, 11 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,569, 20569+ (U.S.Va. Jun
15, 1981) (NO. 79-1538, 79-1596, 80-231) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
26 Hodel v. Virginia Surface Min. and Reclamation Ass'n, Inc., 101 S.Ct. 2352, 2360+, 452 U.S.
264, 276+, 69 L.Ed.2d 1, 1+, 16 ERC 1027, 1027+, 11 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,569, 20569+ (U.S.Va.
Jun 15, 1981) (NO. 79-1538, 79-1596) " HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
27 Perez v. U.S., 91 S.Ct. 1357, 1361+, 402 U.S. 146, 153+, 28 L.Ed.2d 686, 686+ (U.S.N.Y. Apr
26, 1971) (NO. 600) " HN: 4,14 (S.Ct.)
28 Daniel v. Paul, 89 S.Ct. 1697, 1703+, 395 U.S. 298, 309+, 23 L.Ed.2d 318, 318+ (U.S.Ark. Jun
02, 1969) (NO. 488) "
29 Katzenbach v. McClung, 85 S.Ct. 377, 379+, 379 U.S. 294, 295+, 13 L.Ed.2d 290, 290+, 1 Empl.
Prac. Dec. P 9713, 9713+ (U.S.Ala. Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 543) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
30 White v. U.S., 395 F.2d 5, 7+ (1st Cir.(Mass.) May 17, 1968) (NO. 7018) " HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
31 U.S. v. Perez, 426 F.2d 1073, 1075+ (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) May 01, 1970) (NO. 248, 33767) " HN:
12,14 (S.Ct.)
32 U.S. v. Gregg, 226 F.3d 253, 266+ (3rd Cir.(N.J.) Sep 07, 2000) (NO. 99-5079, 99-5124,
99-5205) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
33 U.S. v. Rybar, 103 F.3d 273, 278+ (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Dec 30, 1996) (NO. 95-3185) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
34 U.S. v. Bishop, 66 F.3d 569, 575+, 64 USLW 2168, 2168+ (3rd Cir.(N.J.) Sep 07, 1995) (NO.
94-5321, 94-5387) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
35 U.S. v. Frame, 885 F.2d 1119, 1126+, 58 USLW 2165, 2165+ (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Sep 14, 1989) (NO.
88-1104) " HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
36 Gibbs v. Babbitt, 214 F.3d 483, 493+, 50 ERC 1863, 1863+ (4th Cir.(N.C.) Jun 06, 2000) (NO.
99-1218) " HN: 9,10 (S.Ct.)
37 Brzonkala v. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 132 F.3d 949, 966+, 122 Ed.
Law Rep. 1193, 1193+ (4th Cir.(Va.) Dec 23, 1997) (NO. 96-1814, 96-2316) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
38 Nesmith v. Young Men's Christian Ass'n of Raleigh, N. C., 397 F.2d 96, 98+ (4th Cir.(N.C.) Jun
07, 1968) (NO. 11931) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
39 GDF Realty Investments, Ltd. v. Norton, 326 F.3d 622, 629+, 56 ERC 1033, 1033+ (5th
Cir.(Tex.) Mar 26, 2003) (NO. 01-51099) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
40 U.S. v. McFarland, 311 F.3d 376, 399+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Oct 28, 2002) (NO. 00-10569) " (in dis-
sent) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
41 U.S. v. Bird, 124 F.3d 667, 673+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Sep 24, 1997) (NO. 95-20792) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
42 U.S. v. Robinson, 119 F.3d 1205, 1210+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Aug 08, 1997) (NO. 96-11165) " HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
43 U.S. v. Bailey, 115 F.3d 1222, 1230+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jun 12, 1997) (NO. 95-50721) " HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
44 Boureslan v. Aramco, 857 F.2d 1014, 1026+, 57 USLW 2237, 2237+, 48 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas.
(BNA) 1, 1+, 48 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 38,394, 38394+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Oct 17, 1988) (NO. 87-2206)
" (in dissent) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

45 State of Tex. v. U.S., 730 F.2d 339, 348+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Apr 23, 1984) (NO. 82-1693) " HN:
8,14 (S.Ct.)
46 U.S. v. Faasse, 265 F.3d 475, 486+, 2001 Fed.App. 0324P, 0324P+ (6th Cir.(Mich.) Sep 14,
2001) (NO. 98-2337) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
47 U.S. v. McHenry, 97 F.3d 125, 130+, 1996 Fed.App. 0319P, 15+ (6th Cir.(Ohio) Oct 01, 1996)
(NO. 95-3638) (in dissent) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
48 U.S. v. Wall, 92 F.3d 1444, 1447+, 65 USLW 2165, 2165+, 1996 Fed.App. 0266P, 0266P+ (6th
Cir.(Tenn.) Aug 15, 1996) (NO. 95-5007, 95-5008) " HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
49 U.S. v. Day, 476 F.2d 562, 566+ (6th Cir.(Ky.) Apr 05, 1973) (NO. 72-1898) " HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
50 Stevens v. U.S., 440 F.2d 144, 151+ (6th Cir.(Ky.) Mar 22, 1971) (NO. 20488) " HN: 10,12,19
(S.Ct.)
51 U.S. v. Vasquez, 611 F.3d 325, 329+ (7th Cir.(Ill.) Jul 01, 2010) (NO. 09-2411) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
52 U.S. v. Wilson, 73 F.3d 675, 684+, 64 USLW 2424, 2424+ (7th Cir.(Wis.) Dec 29, 1995) (NO.
95-1871)
53 U.S. v. Synnes, 438 F.2d 764, 767+ (8th Cir.(Minn.) Feb 01, 1971) (NO. 20438) " HN: 11,14
(S.Ct.)
54 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 379 F.2d 33, 41+ (8th Cir.(Mo.) Jun 26, 1967) (NO. 18473) " HN:
2 (S.Ct.)
55 U.S. v. Allen, 341 F.3d 870, 881+, 03 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 7747, 7747+, 2003 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 9696, 9696+ (9th Cir.(Mont.) Aug 26, 2003) (NO. 02-30079, 02-30081, 02-30082,
02-30083, 02-30084, 02-30085) " HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
56 U.S. v. Sacco, 491 F.2d 995, 999+ (9th Cir.(Cal.) Jan 30, 1974) (NO. 72-1985, 72-1986, 72-1987,
72-1988, 72-1989) HN: 11,14,19 (S.Ct.)
57 Rasmussen v. American Dairy Ass'n, 472 F.2d 517, 523+, 1973-1 Trade Cases P 74,313, 74313+
(9th Cir.(Ariz.) Dec 29, 1972) (NO. 26302) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
58 U.S. v. Lane, 883 F.2d 1484, 1490+, 51 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 39,269, 39269+ (10th Cir.(Colo.)
Aug 25, 1989) (NO. 87-2774, 87-2805) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
59 State of Okl. By and Through Derryberry v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 661 F.2d
832, 835+ (10th Cir.(Okla.) Sep 22, 1981) (NO. 80-1748, 80-1824) " HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
60 U.S. v. Ballinger, 395 F.3d 1218, 1226+, 18 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 146, 146+ (11th Cir.(Ga.) Jan
10, 2005) (NO. 01-14872, 01-15080) " HN: 6,11 (S.Ct.)
61 U.S. v. Moghadam, 175 F.3d 1269, 1277+, 1999 Copr.L.Dec. P 27,926, 27926+, 50 U.S.P.Q.2d
1801, 1801+, 12 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 871, 871+ (11th Cir.(Fla.) May 19, 1999) (NO. 98-2180)
" HN: 1,19 (S.Ct.) (BNA Version)
62 Navegar, Inc. v. U.S., 192 F.3d 1050, 1062+, 338 U.S.App.D.C. 213, 213+ (D.C.Cir. Oct 08,
1999) (NO. 98-5491) " HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
63 KISS Catalog v. Passport Intern. Productions, Inc., 350 F.Supp.2d 823, 835+, 2005 Copr.L.Dec.
P 28,920, 28920+ (C.D.Cal. Dec 21, 2004) (NO. CV 03-8514 WJR(CWX)) HN: 1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
64 U.S. v. Furrow, 125 F.Supp.2d 1178, 1182+ (C.D.Cal. Sep 19, 2000) (NO. CR 99-838(A) NM) "
HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
65 U.S. v. Sacco, 337 F.Supp. 521, 524+ (N.D.Cal. Jan 17, 1972) (NO. CRIM. 71-1209, CRIM.

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71-1210, CRIM. 71-1211, CRIM. 71-1212, CRIM. 71-1213, CRIM. 71-1214) " HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
66 Doe v. Doe, 929 F.Supp. 608, 612+, 65 USLW 2079, 2079+ (D.Conn. Jun 19, 1996) (NO.
3:95CV2722 (JBA)) HN: 19,20 (S.Ct.)
67 Hilton Washington Corp. v. District of Columbia, 593 F.Supp. 1288, 1292+ (D.D.C. Sep 26,
1984) (NO. CIV. 83-1721) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
68 Seniors Civil Liberties Ass'n, Inc. v. Kemp, 761 F.Supp. 1528, 1545+ (M.D.Fla. Apr 01, 1991)
(NO. 89-607-CIV-T-17C) " HN: 10,12 (S.Ct.)
69 U.S. v. Stillwell, 690 F.Supp. 641, 645+ (N.D.Ill. Apr 19, 1988) (NO. 87 CR 193)
70 Doe v. Hartz, 970 F.Supp. 1375, 1409+ (N.D.Iowa Jun 23, 1997) (NO. C 96-4091-MWB) HN:
11,14,20 (S.Ct.)
71 U.S. v. Trioli, 308 F.Supp. 358, 359+ (D.Mass. Jan 23, 1970) (NO. CRIM. 69-178) " HN: 11,12
(S.Ct.)
72 U.S. v. Bishop Processing Co., 287 F.Supp. 624, 630+, 75 P.U.R.3d 431, 431+, 1 ERC 1004,
1004+ (D.Md. Jul 16, 1968) (NO. 155751, 19274) " HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
73 State of Md. v. Wirtz, 269 F.Supp. 826, 832+, 54 Lab.Cas. P 31,885, 31885+, 55 Lab.Cas. P
31,933, 31933+ (D.Md. Jun 13, 1967) (NO. CIV. 18005) " HN: 7,11 (S.Ct.)
74 Michigan Protection and Advocacy Service, Inc. v. Babin, 799 F.Supp. 695, 736+, 3 NDLR P
175, 175+ (E.D.Mich. Jul 22, 1992) (NO. 90-70181) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
75 Timm v. Delong, 59 F.Supp.2d 944, 953+ (D.Neb. Jun 22, 1998) (NO. 8:98CV43) " HN: 12,19
(S.Ct.)
76 U.S. v. Bair, 488 F.Supp. 22, 25+, 9 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,324, 20324+ (D.Neb. Feb 14, 1979) (NO.
CRIM78-L-31) HN: 11,14,19 (S.Ct.)
77 U.S. v. Gluzman, 953 F.Supp. 84, 88+ (S.D.N.Y. Jan 17, 1997) (NO. 96 CR. 323 (BDP)) " HN:
20,21 (S.Ct.)
78 U.S. v. Nichols, 928 F.Supp. 302, 309+ (S.D.N.Y. May 31, 1996) (NO. 95 CRIM. 1060 (LAP)) "
79 Culberson v. Doan, 65 F.Supp.2d 701, 707+ (S.D.Ohio Apr 08, 1999) (NO. C-1-97-965) HN:
14,20 (S.Ct.)
80 State of Okl. By and Through Derryberry v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 494
F.Supp. 636, 653+ (W.D.Okla. Jun 04, 1980) (NO. CIV. 78-01251-T) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
81 State of Tenn. v. Louisville & N. R. Co., 478 F.Supp. 199, 202+ (M.D.Tenn. Aug 15, 1979) (NO.
79-3025) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
82 Ziegler v. Ziegler, 28 F.Supp.2d 601, 612+ (E.D.Wash. Sep 24, 1998) (NO. CS-97-0467-WFN)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
83 Guillen v. Pierce County, 31 P.3d 628, 653+, 144 Wash.2d 696, 740+, 181 A.L.R. Fed. 741, 741+
(Wash. Sep 13, 2001) (NO. 68535-5) "

Cited
84 Eldred v. Ashcroft, 123 S.Ct. 769, 797, 537 U.S. 186, 236, 154 L.Ed.2d 683, 683, 71 USLW
4052, 4052, 2003 Copr.L.Dec. P 28,537, 28537, 65 U.S.P.Q.2d 1225, 1225, 03 Cal. Daily Op.
Serv. 426, 426, 2003 Daily Journal D.A.R. 512, 512, 16 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 44, 44 (U.S. Jan
15, 2003) (NO. 01-618) (in dissent) (BNA Version)

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85 PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin, 121 S.Ct. 1879, 1898, 532 U.S. 661, 693, 149 L.Ed.2d 904, 904, 11
A.D. Cases 1281, 1281, 20 NDLR P 188, 188, 01 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 4294, 4294, 2001 Daily
Journal D.A.R. 5217, 5217, 14 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 271, 271, 2001 DJCAR 2634, 2634
(U.S.Or. May 29, 2001) (NO. 00-24) (in dissent)
86 Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 115 S.Ct. 2097, 2134+, 515 U.S. 200, 271+, 132 L.Ed.2d
158, 158+, 63 USLW 4523, 4523+, 67 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1828, 1828+, 66 Empl. Prac.
Dec. P 43,556, 43556+, 78 Rad. Reg. 2d (P & F) 357, 357+, 40 Cont.Cas.Fed. (CCH) P 76,756,
76756+ (U.S.Colo. Jun 12, 1995) (NO. 93-1841) " (in dissent) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
87 Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic, 113 S.Ct. 753, 766+, 506 U.S. 263, 282+, 122
L.Ed.2d 34, 34+, 61 USLW 4080, 4080+, 169 A.L.R. Fed. 649, 649+ (U.S.Va. Jan 13, 1993)
(NO. 90-985) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
88 Preseault v. I.C.C., 110 S.Ct. 914, 924, 494 U.S. 1, 17, 108 L.Ed.2d 1, 1, 58 USLW 4193, 4193,
20 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,454, 20454 (U.S. Feb 21, 1990) (NO. 88-1076) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
89 Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, 105 S.Ct. 1005, 1010+, 469 U.S. 528,
537+, 83 L.Ed.2d 1016, 1016+, 53 USLW 4135, 4135+, 27 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 65, 65+,
36 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 34,995, 34995+, 102 Lab.Cas. P 34,633, 34633+ (U.S.Tex. Feb 19, 1985)
(NO. 82-1913, 82-1951) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
90 Roberts v. U.S. Jaycees, 104 S.Ct. 3244, 3254, 468 U.S. 609, 625, 82 L.Ed.2d 462, 462
(U.S.Minn. Jul 03, 1984) (NO. 83-724) " HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
91 EEOC v. Wyoming, 103 S.Ct. 1054, 1060+, 460 U.S. 226, 235+, 75 L.Ed.2d 18, 18+, 31 Fair
Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 74, 74+, 31 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 33,364, 33364+, 4 Employee Benefits
Cas. 1033, 1033+ (U.S.Wyo. Mar 02, 1983) (NO. 81-554) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
92 Loretto v. Teleprompter Manhattan CATV Corp., 102 S.Ct. 3164, 3178, 458 U.S. 419, 440, 73
L.Ed.2d 868, 868, 8 Media L. Rep. 1849, 1849 (U.S.N.Y. Jun 30, 1982) (NO. 81-244) HN: 17
(S.Ct.)
93 Hodel v. Indiana, 101 S.Ct. 2376, 2383+, 452 U.S. 314, 324+, 69 L.Ed.2d 40, 40+, 16 ERC 1048,
1048+, 11 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,581, 20581+ (U.S.Ind. Jun 15, 1981) (NO. 80-231) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
94 Fullilove v. Klutznick, 100 S.Ct. 2758, 2773+, 448 U.S. 448, 475+, 65 L.Ed.2d 902, 902+, 23
Empl. Prac. Dec. P 31,026, 31026+, 27 Cont.Cas.Fed. (CCH) P 80,496, 80496+ (U.S.N.Y. Jul 02,
1980) (NO. 78-1007) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
95 Arizona Public Service Co. v. Snead, 99 S.Ct. 1629, 1629, 441 U.S. 141, 141, 31 P.U.R.4th 209,
214, 60 L.Ed.2d 106, 106 (U.S.N.M. Apr 18, 1979) (NO. 77-1810) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
96 National League of Cities v. Usery, 96 S.Ct. 2465, 2469, 426 U.S. 833, 840, 49 L.Ed.2d 245,
245, 22 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 1064, 1064, 12 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 10,996, 10996, 78
Lab.Cas. P 33,390, 33390 (U.S.Dist.Col. Jun 24, 1976) (NO. 74-878, 74-879) " HN: 20,21
(S.Ct.)
97 Fry v. U.S., 95 S.Ct. 1792, 1795+, 421 U.S. 542, 547+, 44 L.Ed.2d 363, 363+, 22 Wage & Hour
Cas. (BNA) 284, 284+, 77 Lab.Cas. P 33,248, 33248+ (U.S.Em.App. May 27, 1975) (NO.
73-822) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
98 Iannelli v. U. S., 95 S.Ct. 1284, 1296, 420 U.S. 770, 790, 43 L.Ed.2d 616, 616 (U.S.Pa. Mar 25,
1975) (NO. 73-64)
99 Gulf Oil Corp. v. Copp Paving Co., Inc., 95 S.Ct. 392, 399, 419 U.S. 186, 197, 42 L.Ed.2d 378,

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378, 1974-2 Trade Cases P 75,402, 75402 (U.S.Cal. Dec 17, 1974) (NO. 73-1012)
100 Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton, 93 S.Ct. 2628, 2639+, 413 U.S. 49, 65+, 37 L.Ed.2d 446, 446+, 1
Media L. Rep. 1454, 1454+ (U.S.Ga. Jun 21, 1973) (NO. 71-1051) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
101 Shapiro v. Thompson, 89 S.Ct. 1322, 1338, 394 U.S. 618, 648, 22 L.Ed.2d 600, 600 (U.S.Conn.
Apr 21, 1969) (NO. 33, 34, 9) (in dissent)
102 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 88 S.Ct. 2186, 2205+, 392 U.S. 409, 443+, 20 L.Ed.2d 1189,
1189+, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9832, 9832+ (U.S.Mo. Jun 17, 1968) (NO. 645) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
103 Maryland v. Wirtz, 88 S.Ct. 2017, 2028, 392 U.S. 183, 205, 20 L.Ed.2d 1020, 1020, 1 Empl.
Prac. Dec. P 9987A, 9987A, 58 Lab.Cas. P 32,046, 32046 (U.S.Md. Jun 10, 1968) (NO. 742) (in
dissent)
104 Katzenbach v. Morgan, 86 S.Ct. 1731, 1737+, 384 U.S. 641, 668+, 16 L.Ed.2d 828, 828+ (U.S.
Jun 13, 1966) (NO. 673, 847, 877) (in dissent) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
105 Katzenbach v. Morgan, 86 S.Ct. 1717, 1725, 384 U.S. 641, 653, 16 L.Ed.2d 828, 828
(U.S.Dist.Col. Jun 13, 1966) (NO. 847, 877) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
106 U.S. v. Guest, 86 S.Ct. 1170, 1179+, 383 U.S. 745, 759+, 16 L.Ed.2d 239, 239+ (U.S.Ga. Mar
28, 1966) (NO. 65) "
107 State of S.C. v. Katzenbach, 86 S.Ct. 803, 816+, 383 U.S. 301, 324+, 15 L.Ed.2d 769, 769+
(U.S.S.C. Mar 07, 1966) (NO. 22, ORIG.) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
108 Hamm v. City of Rock Hill, 85 S.Ct. 384, 392+, 379 U.S. 306, 318+, 13 L.Ed.2d 300, 300+
(U.S.S.C. Dec 14, 1964) (NO. 2., 5.) (in dissent)
109 U.S. v. Lewko, 269 F.3d 64, 69+ (1st Cir.(N.H.) Oct 25, 2001) (NO. 01-1231) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
110 U.S. v. Cardoza, 129 F.3d 6, 12 (1st Cir.(Mass.) Oct 27, 1997) (NO. 96-1470) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
111 U.S. v. Bongiorno, 106 F.3d 1027, 1031+, 65 USLW 2557, 2557+ (1st Cir.(Mass.) Feb 07, 1997)
(NO. 96-1052, 96-1560)
112 U.S. v. Gillies, 851 F.2d 492, 493+ (1st Cir.(Mass.) Jul 07, 1988) (NO. 87-1704) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
113 U. S. v. Cassaro, Inc., 443 F.2d 153, 156 (1st Cir.(Mass.) May 10, 1971) (NO. 7791)
114 U.S. v. Fiore, 434 F.2d 966, 969 (1st Cir.(Mass.) Dec 04, 1970) (NO. 7646) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
115 U.S. v. Weslin, 156 F.3d 292, 296 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Aug 25, 1998) (NO. 97-1348, 97-1349,
97-1350, 97-1352, 97-1353, 97-1354, 97-1355, 97-1356, 97-1357)
116 U.S. v. Trupin, 117 F.3d 678, 689 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Jun 27, 1997) (NO. 524, 713, 96-1252,
96-1307) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
117 Frank v. U.S., 78 F.3d 815, 819, 64 USLW 2600, 2600 (2nd Cir.(Vt.) Mar 15, 1996) (NO. 138,
506, 95-6019, 95-6023)
118 Preseault v. I.C.C., 853 F.2d 145, 149 (2nd Cir. Aug 04, 1988) (NO. 764, 87-4117) " HN: 20
(S.Ct.)
119 U.S. v. Mennuti, 639 F.2d 107, 109+ (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Jan 09, 1981) (NO. 437, 80-1174)
120 Communications Workers of America, AFL-CIO v. American Tel. & Tel. Co., Long Lines Dept.,
513 F.2d 1024, 1031, 10 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 435, 435, 9 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 10,035,
10035 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Mar 26, 1975) (NO. 461, 74-2191)
121 U. S. v. O'Neill, 467 F.2d 1372, 1374 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Sep 21, 1972) (NO. 72-1380, 885) HN: 11

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(S.Ct.)
122 U.S. v. Bass, 434 F.2d 1296, 1299+ (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Nov 30, 1970) (NO. 204, 34640)
123 U.S. v. Pritchard, 346 F.3d 469, 473 (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Oct 17, 2003) (NO. 02-2544) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
124 Steirer by Steirer v. Bethlehem Area School Dist., 987 F.2d 989, 999, 61 USLW 2576, 2576, 81
Ed. Law Rep. 734, 734 (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Mar 15, 1993) (NO. 92-1359) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
125 Hotel and Restaurant Employees and Bartenders Intern. Union Local 54 v. Danziger, 709 F.2d
815, 829, 113 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2868, 2868, 97 Lab.Cas. P 10,232, 10232, 4 Employee Benefits
Cas. 1947, 1947 (3rd Cir.(N.J.) Jun 06, 1983) (NO. 82-5210, 82-5234, 82-5260) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
126 Novotny v. Great American Federal Sav. and Loan Ass'n, 584 F.2d 1235, 1255+, 17 Fair Em-
pl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1252, 1252+, 17 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 8576, 8576+ (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Aug 07,
1978) (NO. 77-1756)
127 U.S. v. Mazzei, 521 F.2d 639, 642 (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Jul 29, 1975) (NO. 75-1357)
128 U.S. v. Keresty, 465 F.2d 36, 42+ (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Jul 12, 1972) (NO. 72-1001, 72-1002)
129 U.S. v. Gould, 568 F.3d 459, 471 (4th Cir.(Md.) Jun 18, 2009) (NO. 08-4302) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
130 U.S. v. Deaton, 332 F.3d 698, 706+, 56 ERC 1641, 1641+, 33 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,223, 20223+ (4th
Cir.(Md.) Jun 12, 2003) (NO. 02-1442) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
131 U.S. v. Terry, 257 F.3d 366, 370 (4th Cir.(N.C.) Jul 12, 2001) (NO. 00-4856, 00-4902) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
132 Hoffman v. Hunt, 126 F.3d 575, 585 (4th Cir.(N.C.) Sep 19, 1997) (NO. 96-1581, 96-1582,
96-1623) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
133 American Life League, Inc. v. Reno, 47 F.3d 642, 647, 63 USLW 2538, 2538, 134 A.L.R. Fed.
735, 735 (4th Cir.(Va.) Feb 13, 1995) (NO. 94-1869) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
134 U.S. v. Ramey, 24 F.3d 602, 606+ (4th Cir.(W.Va.) May 17, 1994) (NO. 93-5178, 93-5194) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
135 U.S. v. Duncan, 598 F.2d 839, 854+, 4 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 848, 848+ (4th Cir.(N.C.) May 10,
1979) (NO. 77-2606, 77-2607) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
136 U.S. v. Foley, 598 F.2d 1323, 1331, 1979-1 Trade Cases P 62,577, 62577, 4 Fed. R. Evid. Serv.
658, 658 (4th Cir.(Md.) Apr 19, 1979) (NO. 78-5013 TO 78-5019)
137 Goldfarb v. Virginia State Bar, 497 F.2d 1, 17, 1974-1 Trade Cases P 75,043, 75043 (4th
Cir.(Va.) May 08, 1974) (NO. 73-1247, 73-1248) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
138 Wooten v. Moore, 400 F.2d 239, 242 (4th Cir.(N.C.) Sep 05, 1968) (NO. 11897) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
139 U.S. v. McKoy, 387 F.2d 144, 145 (4th Cir.(Va.) Dec 04, 1967) (NO. 11650) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
140 U.S. v. Whaley, 577 F.3d 254, 258 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jul 21, 2009) (NO. 08-10951) "
141 GDF Realty Investments, Ltd. v. Norton, 362 F.3d 286, 289, 58 ERC 1187, 1187 (5th Cir.(Tex.)
Feb 27, 2004) (NO. 01-51099) (in dissent) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
142 U.S. v. Estate of Parsons, 314 F.3d 745, 752 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Dec 11, 2002) (NO. 01-50464) HN:
4 (S.Ct.)
143 U.S. v. Ho, 311 F.3d 589, 597, 55 ERC 1298, 1298, 33 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,117, 20117 (5th
Cir.(Tex.) Oct 31, 2002) (NO. 01-20460)

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144 U.S. v. Stewart, 207 F.3d 658, 658 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jan 06, 2000) (Table, text in WESTLAW, NO.
98-50372) "
145 U.S. v. Lankford, 196 F.3d 563, 571 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Nov 16, 1999) (NO. 98-10645) "
146 U.S. v. Hickman, 179 F.3d 230, 235+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jun 21, 1999) (NO. 97-40237) (in dissent)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
147 U.S. v. Kirk, 105 F.3d 997, 1008 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Feb 03, 1997) (NO. 94-50472) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
148 U.S. v. Kirk, 70 F.3d 791, 800, 64 USLW 2351, 2351 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Nov 07, 1995) (NO.
94-50472) (in dissent) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
149 Cowan v. Corley, 814 F.2d 223, 226, 55 USLW 2597, 2597, 1987-1 Trade Cases P 67,527,
67527, RICO Bus.Disp.Guide 6601, 6601 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Apr 13, 1987) (NO. 86-2803) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
150 Scott v. Moore, 680 F.2d 979, 998+, 110 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 3097, 3097+, 94 Lab.Cas. P 13,678,
13678+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jul 01, 1982) (NO. 79-1196) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
151 U.S. v. Cargo Service Stations, Inc., 657 F.2d 676, 679+, 1981-2 Trade Cases P 64,305, 64305+
(5th Cir.(Fla.) Sep 28, 1981) (NO. 80-5415) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
152 Scott v. Moore, 640 F.2d 708, 726, 106 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2870, 2870, 91 Lab.Cas. P 12,677,
12677 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Mar 26, 1981) (NO. 79-1196) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
153 Rousseve v. Shape Spa for Health & Beauty, Inc., 516 F.2d 64, 70+ (5th Cir.(La.) Jul 16, 1975)
(NO. 74-1945) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
154 U.S. v. Brown, 484 F.2d 418, 423+ (5th Cir.(La.) Aug 22, 1973) (NO. 72-2181) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
155 U.S. v. Brouillette, 478 F.2d 1171, 1177+ (5th Cir.(La.) May 15, 1973) (NO. 72-2456) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
156 U.S. v. DeRosier, 473 F.2d 749, 758 (5th Cir.(Fla.) Jan 12, 1973) (NO. 72-1039) (in dissent) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
157 U.S. v. Webb, 463 F.2d 1324, 1326 (5th Cir.(Ala.) Jul 11, 1972) (NO. 72-1134) " HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
158 U.S. v. Featherston, 461 F.2d 1119, 1123 (5th Cir.(Fla.) May 25, 1972) (NO. 71-2385, 71-2687)
159 U.S. v. Harris, 460 F.2d 1041, 1047 (5th Cir.(Tex.) May 22, 1972) (NO. 71-3586) " HN: 8,9
(S.Ct.)
160 Evans v. Seaman, 452 F.2d 749, 750 (5th Cir.(Miss.) Dec 10, 1971) (NO. 30811)
161 Zabel v. Tabb, 430 F.2d 199, 205, 1 ERC 1449, 1449, 25 A.L.R. Fed. 684, 684, 1970 A.M.C.
2337, 2337, 1 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,023, 20023 (5th Cir.(Fla.) Jul 16, 1970) (NO. 27555)
162 Dean v. Ashling, 409 F.2d 754, 755, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 445, 445 (5th Cir.(Fla.) Apr 02, 1969) (NO.
26708) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
163 Miller v. Amusement Enterprises, Inc., 394 F.2d 342, 350+, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 399, 399+ (5th
Cir.(La.) Apr 08, 1968) (NO. 24259) "
164 Gregory v. Meyer, 376 F.2d 509, 510 (5th Cir.(Ga.) May 01, 1967) (NO. 23948) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
165 Dilworth v. Riner, 343 F.2d 226, 231, 9 Fed.R.Serv.2d 65b.7, 1, 65b.7, 1 (5th Cir.(Miss.) Mar 18,
1965) (NO. 22008)
166 Rachel v. State of Ga., 342 F.2d 336, 341 (5th Cir.(Ga.) Mar 05, 1965) (NO. 21354) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)

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167 U.S. v. Rose, 522 F.3d 710, 717 (6th Cir.(Mich.) Mar 26, 2008) (NO. 06-1642) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
168 Norton v. Ashcroft, 298 F.3d 547, 557, 2002 Fed.App. 0257P, 0257P (6th Cir.(Mich.) Jul 31,
2002) (NO. 00-2487) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
169 U.S. v. Corp, 236 F.3d 325, 329, 2001 Fed.App. 0002P, 0002P (6th Cir.(Mich.) Jan 03, 2001)
(NO. 00-1294)
170 U.S. v. Avila, 205 F.3d 1342, 1342 (6th Cir.(Ohio) Feb 11, 2000) (Table, text in WESTLAW,
NO. 99-3054) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
171 U.S. v. Page, 167 F.3d 325, 335, 1999 Fed.App. 0066P, 0066P (6th Cir.(Ohio) Feb 23, 1999)
(NO. 96-4083) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
172 U.S. v. Page, 136 F.3d 481, 487, 1998 Fed.App. 0054P, 0054P (6th Cir.(Ohio) Feb 12, 1998)
(NO. 96-4083) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
173 U.S. v. Beuckelaere, 91 F.3d 781, 785, 1996 Fed.App. 0248P, 0248P (6th Cir.(Mich.) Aug 02,
1996) (NO. 95-1267) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
174 U.S. v. Chesney, 86 F.3d 564, 580, 44 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 1172, 1172, 1996 Fed.App. 0166P, 32
(6th Cir.(Tenn.) Jun 14, 1996) (NO. 95-5203) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
175 U.S. v. Johnson, 22 F.3d 106, 109, 62 USLW 2680, 2680, 1994 Fed.App. 0128P, 7 (6th
Cir.(Tenn.) Apr 22, 1994) (NO. 93-5974)
176 Milan Exp. Co., Inc. v. Western Sur. Co., 886 F.2d 783, 786 (6th Cir.(Tenn.) Sep 22, 1989) (NO.
88-5960)
177 Satty v. Nashville Gas Co., 522 F.2d 850, 855, 11 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1, 1, 10 Empl.
Prac. Dec. P 10,359, 10359 (6th Cir.(Tenn.) Aug 08, 1975) (NO. 75-1083)
178 U.S. v. Larsen, 615 F.3d 780 (7th Cir.(Wis.) Aug 04, 2010) (NO. 08-3088) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
179 World Outreach Conference Center v. City of Chicago, 591 F.3d 531, 533 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Dec 30,
2009) (NO. 08-4167, 09-2142)
180 U.S. v. Klinzing, 315 F.3d 803, 808, 60 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 748, 748 (7th Cir.(Wis.) Jan 09,
2003) (NO. 02-2080) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
181 U.S. v. Turner, 301 F.3d 541, 543 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Aug 20, 2002) (NO. 02-1443) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
182 U.S. v. Schaffner, 258 F.3d 675, 680+ (7th Cir.(Wis.) Jul 24, 2001) (NO. 00-2944) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
183 U.S. v. Buggs, 6 Fed.Appx. 484, 486 (7th Cir.(Ind.) May 02, 2001) (Table, text in WESTLAW,
NO. 00-1060)
184 U.S. v. Jones, 178 F.3d 479, 481 (7th Cir.(Ind.) May 17, 1999) (NO. 98-3255) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
185 U.S. v. Black, 125 F.3d 454, 461 (7th Cir.(Ind.) Sep 03, 1997) (NO. 96-3890, 97-1144)
186 U.S. v. Soderna, 82 F.3d 1370, 1373+, 64 USLW 2700, 2700+ (7th Cir.(Wis.) Apr 30, 1996)
(NO. 95-1309, 95-1333, 95-1430, 95-1488, 95-1494) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
187 Welsh v. Boy Scouts of America, 993 F.2d 1267, 1281, 61 USLW 2719, 2719 (7th Cir.(Ill.) May
17, 1993) (NO. 92-1853) (in dissent)
188 Hoffman Homes, Inc. v. Administrator, U.S. E.P.A., 961 F.2d 1310, 1317, 60 USLW 2674, 2674,
34 ERC 1865, 1865, 22 Envtl. L. Rep. 21,148, 21148 (7th Cir. Apr 20, 1992) (NO. 90-3810) "
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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189 U.S. v. Stillwell, 900 F.2d 1104, 1111+ (7th Cir.(Ill.) Apr 25, 1990) (NO. 88-1813, 88-1814)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
190 Williams v. St. Joseph Hospital, 629 F.2d 448, 454, 29 Fed.R.Serv.2d 1488, 1488, 1980-2 Trade
Cases P 63,438, 63438 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Jul 15, 1980) (NO. 79-1204) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
191 U.S. v. Azzarelli Const. Co., 612 F.2d 292, 297, 1980-1 Trade Cases P 63,103, 63103, 5 Fed. R.
Evid. Serv. 749, 749 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Dec 28, 1979) (NO. 79-1348, 79-1349) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
192 U.S. v. Gill, 490 F.2d 233, 236 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Dec 28, 1973) (NO. 72-1689, 72-1690) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
193 U.S. v. DeMet, 486 F.2d 816, 821 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Oct 25, 1973) (NO. 72-1657) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
194 A. Cherney Disposal Co. v. Chicago and Suburban Refuse Disposal Ass'n, 484 F.2d 751, 758+,
17 Fed.R.Serv.2d 1294, 1294+, 1973-1 Trade Cases P 74,582, 74582+ (7th Cir.(Ill.) Jun 28,
1973) (NO. 72-1303)
195 U.S. v. Biancofiori, 422 F.2d 584, 585, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 944, 944 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Feb 02, 1970) (NO.
17655) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
196 U.S. v. Cerrito, 413 F.2d 1270, 1271 (7th Cir.(Ill.) Jul 25, 1969) (NO. 17148) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
197 U.S. v. Rea, 300 F.3d 952, 962 (8th Cir.(Minn.) Aug 26, 2002) (NO. 01-2177) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
198 United Waste Systems of Iowa, Inc. v. Wilson, 189 F.3d 762, 765, 49 ERC 1155, 1155, 30 Envtl.
L. Rep. 20,088, 20088 (8th Cir.(Iowa) Sep 07, 1999) (NO. 98-3594) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
199 U.S. v. Wright, 128 F.3d 1274, 1275 (8th Cir.(Neb.) Nov 14, 1997) (NO. 97-2560NE) HN: 6
(S.Ct.)
200 Glosemeyer v. Missouri-Kansas-Texas R.R., 879 F.2d 316, 322, 58 USLW 2061, 2061, 19 Envtl.
L. Rep. 21,340, 21340 (8th Cir.(Mo.) Jul 05, 1989) (NO. 88-1863)
201 Grand Laboratories, Inc. v. Harris, 644 F.2d 729, 734 (8th Cir.(S.D.) Mar 25, 1981) (NO.
80-1331)
202 Mandina v. U.S., 472 F.2d 1110, 1113+ (8th Cir.(Mo.) Feb 08, 1973) (NO. 72-1474) HN: 11,14
(S.Ct.)
203 U.S. v. Dawson, 467 F.2d 668, 671 (8th Cir.(Mo.) Oct 05, 1972) (NO. 71-1711) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
204 White v. U.S., 399 F.2d 813, 823+ (8th Cir.(Mo.) Jul 09, 1968) (NO. 19014) HN: 10,14 (S.Ct.)
205 U.S. v. Clark, 435 F.3d 1100, 1118, 06 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 696, 696, 2006 Daily Journal D.A.R.
962, 962 (9th Cir.(Wash.) Jan 25, 2006) (NO. 04-30249) " (in dissent) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
206 U.S. v. Stewart, 348 F.3d 1132, 1141+, 03 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 9805, 9805+, 2003 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 12,327, 12327+ (9th Cir.(Ariz.) Nov 13, 2003) (NO. 02-10318) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
207 U.S. v. McCoy, 323 F.3d 1114, 1135+, 03 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 2483, 2483+, 2003 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 3129, 3129+ (9th Cir.(Cal.) Mar 20, 2003) (NO. 01-50495) (in dissent) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
208 U.S. v. Cortes, 299 F.3d 1030, 1036, 02 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 7085, 7085, 2002 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 8881, 8881 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Aug 06, 2002) (NO. 01-50352) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
209 U.S. v. Cummings, 281 F.3d 1046, 1048+, 02 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 1819, 1819+, 2002 Daily
Journal D.A.R. 2221, 2221+ (9th Cir.(Wash.) Feb 27, 2002) (NO. 01-30032) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
210 Thomas v. Anchorage Equal Rights Com'n, 165 F.3d 692, 708, 00 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 6504,
6504, 99 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 414, 414, 99 Daily Journal D.A.R. 506, 506, 99 Daily Journal

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D.A.R. 611, 611, 99 Daily Journal D.A.R. 1005, 1005 (9th Cir.(Alaska) Jan 14, 1999) (NO.
97-35220, 97-35221, CV-95-0275-HRH)
211 U.S. v. Mussari, 95 F.3d 787, 790, 65 USLW 2182, 2182, 96 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 6649, 6649, 96
Daily Journal D.A.R. 10,878, 10878 (9th Cir.(Ariz.) Sep 05, 1996) (NO. 95-10479, 95-10513)
212 U.S. v. Edwards, 13 F.3d 291, 293+, 62 USLW 2424, 2424+, 88 Ed. Law Rep. 945, 945+ (9th
Cir.(Cal.) Dec 21, 1993) (NO. 93-10058) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
213 U.S. v. Evans, 928 F.2d 858, 862+ (9th Cir.(Mont.) Mar 20, 1991) (NO. 89-30188)
214 State of Nev. v. Skinner, 884 F.2d 445, 450+, 58 USLW 2156, 2156+ (9th Cir.(Nev.) Aug 31,
1989) (NO. 88-2486) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
215 Hall v. City of Santa Barbara, 833 F.2d 1270, 1284 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Aug 22, 1986) (NO. 85-5838)
(in dissent) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
216 City of Centralia, Wash. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 661 F.2d 787, 791+, 43
P.U.R.4th 495, 495+ (9th Cir. Nov 16, 1981) (NO. 79-7411) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
217 Hughes Air Corp. v. Public Utilities Commission of State of Cal., 644 F.2d 1334, 1339 (9th
Cir.(Cal.) May 11, 1981) (NO. 79-4272, 79-4510, 79-4751) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
218 Davis v. Los Angeles County, 566 F.2d 1334, 1349, 16 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 396, 396, 15
Empl. Prac. Dec. P 8046, 8046 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Dec 14, 1977) (NO. 73-3008, 73-3009) (in dissent)
219 City of Santa Rosa v. U.S. E.P.A., 534 F.2d 150, 155, 8 ERC 1929, 1929, 6 Envtl. L. Rep.
20,422, 20422 (9th Cir. Mar 29, 1976) (NO. 73-3262)
220 Gough v. Rossmoor Corp., 487 F.2d 373, 376, 1973-2 Trade Cases P 74,755, 74755 (9th
Cir.(Cal.) Oct 17, 1973) (NO. 26475) " HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
221 Gagliardo v. U.S., 366 F.2d 720, 722+, 8 Rad. Reg. 2d (P & F) 2049, 2049+ (9th Cir.(Nev.) Aug
31, 1966) (NO. 20458) " HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
222 U.S. v. Hinckley, 550 F.3d 926, 940 (10th Cir.(Okla.) Dec 09, 2008) (NO. 07-7107) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
223 U.S. v. Lawrance, 548 F.3d 1329, 1337 (10th Cir.(Okla.) Dec 08, 2008) (NO. 08-6034) " HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
224 U.S. v. Patton, 451 F.3d 615, 621, 21 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 781, 781 (10th Cir.(Kan.) Jun 20, 2006)
(NO. 05-3169) "
225 Morgan v. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 985 F.2d 1451, 1455+ (10th Cir. Feb
18, 1993) (NO. 91-9554) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
226 State of Utah By and Through Div. of Parks and Recreation v. Marsh, 740 F.2d 799, 803+, 21
ERC 2142, 2142+, 14 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,683, 20683+ (10th Cir.(Utah) Aug 03, 1984) (NO.
81-1528) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
227 Fisher v. Shamburg, 624 F.2d 156, 160 (10th Cir.(Kan.) Jun 24, 1980) (NO. 78-1711) HN: 18
(S.Ct.)
228 Zaritz's Estate, By and Through Zaritz v. Manitou and Pikes Peak Ry. Co., 604 F.2d 652, 655+
(10th Cir.(Colo.) Aug 24, 1979) (NO. 78-1111) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
229 Cuevas v. Sdrales, 344 F.2d 1019, 1021 (10th Cir.(Utah) May 10, 1965) (NO. 7973)
230 Garcia v. Vanguard Car Rental USA, Inc., 540 F.3d 1242, 1250, 21 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 1001,
1001 (11th Cir.(Fla.) Aug 19, 2008) (NO. 07-12235)

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231 U.S. v. Peters, 403 F.3d 1263, 1273+, 18 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 367, 367+ (11th Cir.(Fla.) Mar
24, 2005) (NO. 04-11658) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
232 U.S. v. Smith, 402 F.3d 1303, 1325, 18 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 335, 335 (11th Cir.(Fla.) Mar 18,
2005) (NO. 03-13639) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
233 U.S. v. Hornaday, 392 F.3d 1306, 1311, 18 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 83, 83 (11th Cir.(Fla.) Dec 13,
2004) (NO. 03-13992) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
234 U.S. v. Maxwell, 386 F.3d 1042, 1064, 17 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 1093, 1093 (11th Cir.(Fla.) Oct
01, 2004) (NO. 03-14326) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
235 U.S. v. Drury, 344 F.3d 1089, 1105, 62 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 734, 734, 16 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C
1042, 1042 (11th Cir.(Ga.) Sep 02, 2003) (NO. 02-12924) "
236 U.S. v. Ballinger, 312 F.3d 1264, 1277+, 16 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 76, 76+, 17 Fla. L. Weekly
Fed. C 546, 546+ (11th Cir.(Ga.) Nov 21, 2002) (NO. 01-14872, 01-15080) " (in dissent) HN: 6
(S.Ct.)
237 U.S. v. Odom, 252 F.3d 1289, 1297, 14 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 777, 777 (11th Cir.(Ala.) May 31,
2001) (NO. 98-6241) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
238 U.S. v. Williams, 121 F.3d 615, 619, 11 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 465, 465 (11th Cir.(Fla.) Sep 08,
1997) (NO. 96-3099) "
239 North Alabama Exp., Inc. v. I.C.C., 971 F.2d 661, 666 (11th Cir. Sep 03, 1992) (NO. 91-7662)
HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
240 N.L.R.B. v. Imperial House Condominium, Inc., 831 F.2d 999, 1004, 56 USLW 2286, 2286, 126
L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2988, 2988, 107 Lab.Cas. P 10,201, 10201, 9 Employee Benefits Cas. 1277,
1277 (11th Cir. Nov 06, 1987) (NO. 86-5756) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
241 Atlanta Gas Light Co. v. U.S. Dept. of Energy, 666 F.2d 1359, 1369 (11th Cir. Feb 01, 1982)
(NO. 79-2568, 79-3237, 80-1573, 80-7491, 80-7528) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
242 Terry v. Reno, 101 F.3d 1412, 1416, 65 USLW 2439, 2439, 322 U.S.App.D.C. 124, 128
(D.C.Cir. Dec 10, 1996) (NO. 95-5419) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
243 Illinois Commerce Com'n v. I.C.C., 749 F.2d 875, 886+, 53 USLW 2327, 2327+, 242
U.S.App.D.C. 197, 208+ (D.C.Cir. Dec 11, 1984) (NO. 83-1120) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
244 Sierra Club v. Environmental Protection Agency, 540 F.2d 1114, 1140, 9 ERC 1129, 1129, 176
U.S.App.D.C. 335, 361, 6 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,669, 20669 (D.C.Cir. Aug 02, 1976) (NO. 74-2063,
74-2079, 75-1368 TO 75-1372, 75-1575, 75-1663 TO 75-1666, 75-1763, 75-1764) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
245 U.S. v. Matthews, 300 F.Supp.2d 1220, 1232 (N.D.Ala. Feb 02, 2004) (NO. CR-02-S-549-M)
246 U.S. v. Olin Corp., 927 F.Supp. 1502, 1530+, 64 USLW 2758, 2758+, 42 ERC 1673, 1673+, 26
Envtl. L. Rep. 21,303, 21303+ (S.D.Ala. May 20, 1996) (NO. CIV. A. 95-0526-BH-S) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
247 Johnson v. James, 1994 WL 637439, *2, 128 Lab.Cas. P 33,146, 33146 (S.D.Ala. May 17, 1994)
(NO. 92-0455-T-C) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
248 Johnson v. City of Montgomery, 245 F.Supp. 25, 30 (M.D.Ala. Aug 03, 1965) (NO. CRIM.
11740-N,, CRIM. 11741-N) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
249 Sierra Club v. Hardin, 325 F.Supp. 99, 128, 2 ERC 1385, 1385, 1 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,161, 20161

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(D.Alaska Mar 25, 1971) (NO. CIV. A-16-70) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)


250 U.S. v. Schroeder, 912 F.Supp. 1240, 1244+ (D.Ariz. Oct 25, 1995) (NO. CR 95-010 PHX-PGR)
"
251 U.S. v. Mussari, 912 F.Supp. 1248, 1252+ (D.Ariz. Oct 25, 1995) (NO. CR 95-009 PHX-PGR) "
252 Stephens Sec. Bank v. Eppivic Corp., 411 F.Supp. 61, 66+ (W.D.Ark. Mar 23, 1976) (NO. ED-
75-79-C) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
253 Kyles v. Paul, 263 F.Supp. 412, 415 (E.D.Ark. Feb 01, 1967) (NO. LR-66-C-149, LR-66-C-150)
254 Akar v. Prescott Hotel, 2008 WL 2265184, *2 (N.D.Cal. Jun 02, 2008) (NO. C 07-4531 SI) HN:
4 (S.Ct.)
255 National Ass'n of Optometrists & Opticians v. Lockyer, 463 F.Supp.2d 1116, 1124 (E.D.Cal. Dec
06, 2006) (NO. CIV.S 02 1464 LKK/DA) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
256 U.S. v. Carter, 2006 WL 997867, *5+ (E.D.Cal. Apr 17, 2006) (NO. 1:04-CR-05306 OWW) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
257 Kiss Catalog, Ltd. v. Passport Intern. Productions, Inc., 405 F.Supp.2d 1169, 1174, 78
U.S.P.Q.2d 1846, 1846 (C.D.Cal. Dec 21, 2005) (NO. CV 03-8514 DSF) (BNA Version)
258 U.S. v. Pillor, 387 F.Supp.2d 1053, 1055 (N.D.Cal. May 12, 2005) (NO. C 05-00147 SI) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
259 U.S. v. Elcom Ltd., 203 F.Supp.2d 1111, 1139+, 2002 Copr.L.Dec. P 28,453, 28453+, 62
U.S.P.Q.2d 1736, 1736+ (N.D.Cal. May 08, 2002) (NO. CR.01-20138 RMW) (BNA Version)
260 U.S. v. White, 893 F.Supp. 1423, 1432 (C.D.Cal. Jun 23, 1995) (NO. CV 95-2760 RAP (GHKX)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
261 Pinnock v. International House of Pancakes Franchisee, 844 F.Supp. 574, 579, 62 USLW 2342,
2342, 2 A.D. Cases 1572, 1572, 3 A.D.D. 482, 482, 4 NDLR P 303, 303 (S.D.Cal. Nov 08, 1993)
(NO. CIV. 92-1370-R (CM))
262 Baer v. Baer, 450 F.Supp. 481, 494 (N.D.Cal. Apr 14, 1978) (NO. C-77-0550 SW) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
263 Hewlett-Packard Co. v. Barnes, 425 F.Supp. 1294, 1300 (N.D.Cal. Jan 24, 1977) (NO. C-
76-1607-CBR) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
264 Brown v. Santa Barbara County, 427 F.Supp. 112, 113, 16 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 770, 770,
23 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 210, 210, 13 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 11,491, 11491, 81 Lab.Cas. P
33,494, 33494, 81 Lab.Cas. P 33,529, 33529 (C.D.Cal. Jan 14, 1977) (NO. 75-3978-HP,
75-4084-HP, 75-4177-HP, CIV 75-3492-HP)
265 Folsom-Third St. Meat Co. v. Freeman, 307 F.Supp. 222, 226 (N.D.Cal. Nov 12, 1969) (NO.
41705, 42725, CIV. 41701-41702) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
266 U.S. v. Erlin, 283 F.Supp. 396, 398 (N.D.Cal. Apr 04, 1968) (NO. CRIM. 41292) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
267 Ford v. New Britain Trans. Co., 2004 WL 3078827, *3 (D.Conn. Dec 21, 2004) (NO. 3:03CV150
(MRK)) "
268 Gibbs v. Southeastern Inv. Corp., 705 F.Supp. 738, 742 (D.Conn. Jan 30, 1989) (NO. CIV H-
86-565 (PCD))
269 U.S. v. State of Conn., 566 F.Supp. 571, 577+ (D.Conn. Jun 13, 1983) (NO. CIV. H 83-445) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)

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270 U.S. v. Montgomery, 815 F.Supp. 7, 11 (D.D.C. Mar 01, 1993) (NO. CR. 92-0280-LFO) "
271 United States v. American Telephone & Telegraph Co., 48 P.U.R.4th 227, 295 (D.D.C. Aug 11,
1982) (NO. 82-1092, C.A.74-1698) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
272 U.S. v. American Tel. and Tel. Co., 552 F.Supp. 131, 155, 34 Fed.R.Serv.2d 991, 991, 1982-2
Trade Cases P 64,979, 64979, 8 Media L. Rep. 2118, 2118 (D.D.C. Aug 11, 1982) (NO. CIV.
74-1698, CIV. 82-0192, MISC. 82-0025 (PI))
273 U.S. v. Pavulak, 672 F.Supp.2d 622, 629 (D.Del. Nov 30, 2009) (NO. CRIM.09-43-SLR) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
274 U.S. v. Jamison, 647 F.Supp.2d 381, 385 (D.Del. Aug 25, 2009) (NO. CRIM. 09-20-SLR) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
275 U.S. v. Harkness, 2007 WL 865855, *3 (M.D.Fla. Mar 21, 2007) (NO.
6:07-CR-0001-ORL19KR) "
276 U.S. v. Kegel, 916 F.Supp. 1233, 1239 (M.D.Fla. Feb 13, 1996) (NO. 95-300-CR-T-21(E)) HN:
8 (S.Ct.)
277 U.S. v. Mallory, 884 F.Supp. 496, 498 (S.D.Fla. Feb 13, 1995) (NO. 94-6049-CR) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
278 U.S. v. Underwood, 344 F.Supp. 486, 492+, 4 ERC 1305, 1305+, 2 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,567,
20567+ (M.D.Fla. Jun 08, 1972) (NO. CIV. 70-389) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
279 U.S. v. Rodriguez, 336 F.Supp. 708, 709 (S.D.Fla. Jan 25, 1972) (NO. 71-687-CR-CA) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
280 Pinkney v. Meloy, 241 F.Supp. 943, 947 (N.D.Fla. May 21, 1965) (NO. CIV. 1024) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
281 U.S. v. Weeks, 666 F.Supp.2d 1354, 1380 (N.D.Ga. Oct 23, 2009) (NO. 1:08-CR-393-TWT)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
282 U.S. v. McHugh, 967 F.Supp. 1279, 1282 (N.D.Ga. Jan 10, 1997) (NO. CRIM.A.
196CR0201JOF)
283 Brown v. State Realty Co., 304 F.Supp. 1236, 1239 (N.D.Ga. Sep 02, 1969) (NO. CIV 12943)
284 U.S. v. Johnson, 269 F.Supp. 706, 708 (N.D.Ga. May 16, 1967) (NO. 25019) "
285 U.S. v. Guest, 246 F.Supp. 475, 486 (M.D.Ga. Dec 29, 1964) (NO. CRIM. 2232) "
286 Boyle v. Jerome Country Club, 883 F.Supp. 1422, 1428 (D.Idaho May 10, 1995) (NO.
CIV94-0325-S-LMB) "
287 Hill v. Shell Oil Co., 78 F.Supp.2d 764, 773+ (N.D.Ill. Oct 29, 1999) (NO. 98 C 5766) " HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
288 Kuhn v. Kuhn, 1999 WL 519326, *4 (N.D.Ill. Jul 15, 1999) (NO. 98 C 2395) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
289 U.S. v. NL Industries, Inc., 936 F.Supp. 545, 556+, 65 USLW 2168, 2168+, 43 ERC 1388,
1388+, 27 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,130, 20130+ (S.D.Ill. Aug 22, 1996) (NO. 91-CV-578-JLF) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
290 Williams v. Katten, Muchin & Zavis, 837 F.Supp. 1430, 1437, 62 USLW 2450, 2450, 63 Fair
Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 792, 792, 63 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 42,748, 42748 (N.D.Ill. Nov 15, 1993)
(NO. 92 C 5654)

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291 Somat Corp. v. Somat Corp., 1993 WL 75155, *4 (N.D.Ill. Mar 15, 1993) (NO. 90 C 4943)
292 Welsh v. Boy Scouts of America, 742 F.Supp. 1413, 1433, 59 USLW 2123, 2123 (N.D.Ill. Aug
09, 1990) (NO. 90 C 1671) "
293 Pinski v. Village of Norridge, 561 F.Supp. 605, 607 (N.D.Ill. Jun 29, 1982) (NO. 81 C 6003)
294 U.S. v. Walker, 352 F.Supp. 113, 115+ (S.D.Ill. Jan 10, 1973) (NO. CRIM. S-CR-72-21)
295 U.S. v. Freeman, 275 F.Supp. 803, 804+ (N.D.Ill. Sep 22, 1967) (NO. 67 CR 121) HN: 11,12
(S.Ct.)
296 Paniaguas v. Aldon Companies, Inc., 2006 WL 2568210, *14 (N.D.Ind. Sep 05, 2006) (NO. 2:04
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297 Indiana Port Commission v. Bethlehem Steel Corp., 534 F.Supp. 858, 864 (N.D.Ind. Apr 14,
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298 State of Ind. v. Andrus, 501 F.Supp. 452, 458, 14 ERC 1769, 1769, 10 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,613,
20613 (S.D.Ind. Jun 10, 1980) (NO. CIV. IP 78-500-C, CIV. IP 78-501-C) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
299 U.S. v. Gross, 313 F.Supp. 1330, 1332 (S.D.Ind. Jun 24, 1970) (NO. EV 70-CR-14) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
300 Sale v. Waverly-Shell Rock Bd. of Ed., 390 F.Supp. 784, 787, 9 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 138,
138 (N.D.Iowa Jan 08, 1975) (NO. C 74-2029)
301 Bauer v. Muscular Dystrophy Ass'n, Inc., 268 F.Supp.2d 1281, 1291, 14 A.D. Cases 1599, 1599,
26 NDLR P 104, 104 (D.Kan. Jun 09, 2003) (NO. 03-1133-WEB) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
302 Williams v. Board of County Com'rs of Unified Government of Wyandotte County/Kansas City,
Kan., 1999 WL 690101, *2 (D.Kan. Aug 24, 1999) (NO. 98-2485-JTM) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
303 U.S. v. Garcia-Salazar, 891 F.Supp. 568, 571, 64 USLW 2063, 2063 (D.Kan. Jun 09, 1995) (NO.
CRIM.95-20033-01 GTV) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
304 U.S. v. Glass Menagerie, Inc., 702 F.Supp. 139, 141 (E.D.Ky. Apr 21, 1988) (NO. CIV.A. 88-16,
CIV.A. 88-64) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
305 Greyhound Lines, Inc. v. City of New Orleans ex rel. Dept. of Public Utilities, 29 F.Supp.2d 339,
342, Fed. Carr. Cas. P 84,099, 84099 (E.D.La. Dec 03, 1998) (NO. CIV. A. 98-3352)
306 Avoyelles Sportsmen's League, Inc. v. Alexander, 511 F.Supp. 278, 286, 17 ERC 1375, 1375, 11
Envtl. L. Rep. 20,321, 20321 (W.D.La. Mar 12, 1981) (NO. CIV. 78-1428) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
307 U.S. v. 5 Gambling Devices, 346 F.Supp. 999, 1004 (W.D.La. Aug 10, 1972) (NO. CIV. A.
16561, CIV. A. 16562, CIV. A. 16563, CIV. A. 16564) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
308 U.S. v. Garrison, 348 F.Supp. 1112, 1118+ (E.D.La. Aug 04, 1972) (NO. CRIM. A. 71-542) HN:
20 (S.Ct.)
309 St. Augustine High School v. Louisiana High School Athletic Ass'n, 270 F.Supp. 767, 771, 11
Fed.R.Serv.2d 628, 628 (E.D.La. Jul 06, 1967) (NO. CIV. 16341)
310 Adams v. Fazzio Real Estate Co., 268 F.Supp. 630, 640, 11 Fed.R.Serv.2d 1007, 1007 (E.D.La.
May 09, 1967) (NO. CIV 67-467) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
311 U. S. by Katzenbach v. Original Knights of Ku Klux Klan, 250 F.Supp. 330, 355 (E.D.La. Dec
01, 1965) (NO. CIV. 15793) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
312 New Orleans Terminal Co. v. Spencer, 255 F.Supp. 1, 13+ (E.D.La. Oct 28, 1965) (NO. CIV.

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9125-B) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)


313 Doe v. Mercer, 37 F.Supp.2d 64, 68 (D.Mass. Feb 19, 1999) (NO. CIV.A.98-10649-RGS) " HN:
14,19 (S.Ct.)
314 Keaveney v. Town of Brookline, 937 F.Supp. 975, 981, 11 IER Cases 1838, 1838 (D.Mass. Jul
03, 1996) (NO. CIV.A.95-CV-1176-REK)
315 U.S. v. Cardoza, 914 F.Supp. 683, 687+ (D.Mass. Jan 16, 1996) (NO. CRIM. 95-10260-WGY)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
316 E.E.O.C. v. International Broth. of Elec. Workers, Local Union No. 24, 1977 WL 15502, *8, 14
Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1627, 1627 (D.Md. Mar 14, 1977) (NO. M-74-3)
317 U.S. v. Smith, 920 F.Supp. 245, 248+ (D.Me. Mar 25, 1996) (NO. 95-52-P-C) " HN: 20,21
(S.Ct.)
318 Abbott v. Bragdon, 912 F.Supp. 580, 593+, 64 USLW 2438, 2438+, 5 A.D. Cases 1673, 1673+,
13 A.D.D. 617, 617+, 7 NDLR P 305, 305+ (D.Me. Dec 22, 1995) (NO. CIV. 94-0273-B) HN:
20 (S.Ct.)
319 Maine Cent. R. Co. v. Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employes, 657 F.Supp. 971, 976, 125
L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2807, 2807, 107 Lab.Cas. P 10,080, 10080 (D.Me. Mar 31, 1987) (NO. CIV.
86-0311-P) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
320 Maine Cent. R. Co. v. Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees, 646 F.Supp. 367, 369,
124 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2454, 2454, 107 Lab.Cas. P 10,079, 10079 (D.Me. Oct 07, 1986) (NO.
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321 U.S. v. Garcia, 143 F.Supp.2d 791, 804 (E.D.Mich. Aug 23, 2000) (NO. 97-80727) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
322 U.S. v. Hunter, 843 F.Supp. 235, 244+ (E.D.Mich. Jan 24, 1994) (NO. 92-CR-80769-DT,
92-CR-80770-DT) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
323 U.S. v. Rosenblum, 2008 WL 582356, *8, 67 ERC 1172 (D.Minn. Mar 03, 2008) (NO. CRIM.
07-294 JRT/FLN) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
324 U. S. Jaycees v. McClure, 534 F.Supp. 766, 772 (D.Minn. Mar 25, 1982) (NO. CIV. 4-79-530)
325 U.S. v. Wiley, 309 F.Supp. 141, 143 (D.Minn. Feb 03, 1970) (NO. 4-69-CR. 101) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
326 U.S. v. McMillan, 946 F.Supp. 1254, 1259+ (S.D.Miss. Nov 22, 1995) (NO. CIV.
A.3:95-CV-633WS) "
327 Madden Management, Inc. v. First Equities Corp., 666 F.Supp. 96, 98 (N.D.Miss. Aug 24, 1987)
(NO. EC86-279-S-D) " HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
328 U. S. by Katzenbach v. Gulf-State Theaters, Inc., 256 F.Supp. 549, 551+ (N.D.Miss. Jun 29,
1966) (NO. GC6450) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
329 Glosemeyer v. Missouri-Kansas-Texas R. Co., 685 F.Supp. 1108, 1113, 18 Envtl. L. Rep. 21,156,
21156 (E.D.Mo. May 10, 1988) (NO. 86-2508C(6)) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
330 Mandina v. Lynn, 357 F.Supp. 269, 276 (W.D.Mo. Feb 22, 1973) (NO. CIV. A. 20463-3) " HN:
4 (S.Ct.)
331 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 255 F.Supp. 115, 130 (E.D.Mo. May 18, 1966) (NO. 65 C 301(3))
332 U.S. v. Evans, 712 F.Supp. 1435, 1442 (D.Mont. May 16, 1989) (NO. CR-88-035-GF) " HN:
20,21 (S.Ct.)

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333 Powell v. Super 8 Motels, Inc., 181 F.Supp.2d 561, 565+ (E.D.N.C. Nov 13, 2000) (NO.
4:00-CV-133-H) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
334 Hoffman v. Hunt, 923 F.Supp. 791, 809 (W.D.N.C. Apr 01, 1996) (NO. 3:93CV393-P) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
335 U.S. v. Wright, 965 F.Supp. 1307, 1313+ (D.Neb. May 02, 1997) (NO. 8:96CR-145) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
336 Revell v. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, 2009 WL 901855, *7+ (D.N.J. Mar 31,
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337 Stampolis v. Provident Auto Leasing Co., 586 F.Supp.2d 88, 100 (E.D.N.Y. Nov 10, 2008) (NO.
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338 U.S. v. O'Connor, 2008 WL 4642407, *3 (N.D.N.Y. Oct 17, 2008) (NO. 08-CR-77) HN: 4,14
(S.Ct.)
339 U.S. v. Soliman, 2008 WL 2690282, *7 (W.D.N.Y. Mar 18, 2008) (NO. 06CR236A)
340 Jiao v. Shi Ya Chen, 2007 WL 4944767, *9 (S.D.N.Y. Mar 30, 2007) (NO. 03 CIV. 0165 (DF)) "
341 U.S. v. Hawkins, 2006 WL 469343, *3 (W.D.N.Y. Feb 27, 2006) (NO. 05-CR-265A)
342 Ramirez v. U.S., 286 F.Supp.2d 243, 245 (S.D.N.Y. Sep 24, 2003) (NO. 02 CIV. 9748 (VM)) "
HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
343 Rodriguez v. Beechmont Bus Service, Inc., 173 F.Supp.2d 139, 147, 87 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas.
(BNA) 603, 603 (S.D.N.Y. Nov 21, 2001) (NO. 01 CIV 1071 (WCC)) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
344 Meyer v. Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide, Inc., 2001 WL 396447, *1, 85 Fair Em-
pl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 878, 878 (S.D.N.Y. Apr 18, 2001) (NO. 00 CIV. 8339 (JSR))
345 Ericson v. Syracuse University, 45 F.Supp.2d 344, 347 (S.D.N.Y. Apr 13, 1999) (NO. 98 CIV.
3435 (JSR)) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
346 In re Pfohl Bros. Landfill Litigation, 26 F.Supp.2d 512, 539, 47 ERC 1976, 1976, 29 Envtl. L.
Rep. 20,460, 20460 (W.D.N.Y. Oct 27, 1998) (NO. 95-CV-0020A) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
347 Greystone Hotel Co. v. City of New York, 13 F.Supp.2d 524, 527 (S.D.N.Y. Jul 20, 1998) (NO.
96 CIV. 7943 (LLS)) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
348 Crisonino v. New York City Housing Authority, 985 F.Supp. 385, 395+, 76 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas.
(BNA) 75, 75+ (S.D.N.Y. Nov 18, 1997) (NO. 96 CIV. 9742 HB) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
349 U.S. v. Velasquez, 1997 WL 414132, *8+ (S.D.N.Y. Jul 23, 1997) (NO. S9 96 CR. 126 (JFK))
HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
350 American Libraries Ass'n v. Pataki, 969 F.Supp. 160, 172, 25 Media L. Rep. 2217, 2217
(S.D.N.Y. Jun 20, 1997) (NO. 97 CIV. 0222 (LAP)) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
351 U.S. v. Perez, 940 F.Supp. 540, 543 (S.D.N.Y. Sep 06, 1996) (NO. 96 CR. 167 (RWS)) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
352 U.S. v. Walker, 910 F.Supp. 837, 842+, 64 USLW 2302, 2302+ (N.D.N.Y. Sep 26, 1995) (NO.
3-94-CR-328) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
353 New York State Motor Truck Ass'n, Inc. v. City of New York, 654 F.Supp. 1521, 1525 (S.D.N.Y.
Mar 02, 1987) (NO. 86 CIV. 9118-CSH)
354 Mulroy v. Block, 569 F.Supp. 256, 264, 76 A.L.R. Fed. 883, 883 (N.D.N.Y. May 05, 1983) (NO.

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82-CV-1191) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)


355 U.S. v. Bass, 308 F.Supp. 1385, 1388 (S.D.N.Y. Feb 19, 1970) (NO. 69CR. 881) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
356 Adickes v. S. H. Kress & Co., 252 F.Supp. 140, 144 (S.D.N.Y. Feb 26, 1966)
357 A.B.T. Sightseeing Tours, Inc. v. Gray Line New York Tours, Corp., 242 F.Supp. 365, 369
(S.D.N.Y. Jun 02, 1965) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
358 Scott v. Thomas & King, Inc., 2010 WL 3603836, *4+ (S.D.Ohio Sep 09, 2010) (NO.
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359 U.S. v. Trent, 568 F.Supp.2d 857, 861 (S.D.Ohio Jul 24, 2008) (NO. 3:07CR196) "
360 U.S. v. City of Columbus, Ohio, 2000 WL 1133166, *4 (S.D.Ohio Aug 03, 2000) (NO.
CIV.A.2:99CV1097) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
361 U.S. v. Operation Rescue Nat., 111 F.Supp.2d 948, 960 (S.D.Ohio Aug 27, 1999) (NO. C-
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362 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. v. Bodle, 645 F.Supp. 305, 311, 8 Employee Benefits Cas. 1010,
1010 (N.D.Ohio Apr 18, 1985) (NO. C84-3706A) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
363 Planned Parenthood of Columbia/Willamette, Inc. v. American Coalition of Life Activists, 945
F.Supp. 1355, 1374, RICO Bus.Disp.Guide 9221, 9221 (D.Or. Sep 18, 1996) (NO. CIV.
95-1671-JO) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
364 U.S. v. Saenger, 1991 WL 80898, *80898, 71A A.F.T.R.2d 93-4190, 93-4190, 91-1 USTC P
50,194, 50194 (D.Or. Feb 19, 1991) (NO. CIV. 90-6449-JO)
365 U.S. v. Garcia, 2005 WL 1862409, *3+ (M.D.Pa. Aug 05, 2005) (NO. CRIM. 1:04-CR-0301)
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366 Bell Atlantic-Pennsylvania, Inc. v. Pennsylvania Public Utility Com'n, 295 F.Supp.2d 529, 539
(E.D.Pa. Dec 12, 2003) (NO. CIV.A. 03-685, CIV.A. 99-5391) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
367 Planned Parenthood Ass'n of Southeastern Pennsylvania, Inc. v. Walton, 949 F.Supp. 290, 295
(E.D.Pa. Dec 03, 1996) (NO. CIV. A. 95-2813)
368 U.S. v. Parker, 911 F.Supp. 830, 833+, 64 USLW 2313, 2313+ (E.D.Pa. Oct 30, 1995) (NO.
CRIM. 95-352)
369 U.S. v. Watson, 815 F.Supp. 827, 830 (E.D.Pa. Mar 08, 1993) (NO. CRIM. 92-00672-01)
370 Secretary of Interior, U. S. Dept. of Interior v. Shingara, 418 F.Supp. 693, 694, 1976-1977
O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 21,042, 21042 (M.D.Pa. Aug 26, 1976) (NO. CIV. 76-505)
371 U.S. v. Keresty, 323 F.Supp. 230, 232 (W.D.Pa. Feb 19, 1971) (NO. CRIM. 70-108) " HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
372 U.S. v. Rubino, 320 F.Supp. 613, 615 (M.D.Pa. Sep 30, 1970) (NO. CRIM. 14628)
373 Com. of Pa. v. Brown, 260 F.Supp. 323, 356, 10 Fed.R.Serv.2d 390, 390 (E.D.Pa. Sep 02, 1966)
(NO. CIV. 39404) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
374 Liu v. Striuli, 36 F.Supp.2d 452, 477+, 133 Ed. Law Rep. 431, 431+ (D.R.I. Jan 19, 1999) (NO.
96-0137 L) " HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
375 U.S. v. Lewis, 936 F.Supp. 1093, 1097 (D.R.I. Sep 05, 1996) (NO. CR. 95-076 P)
376 Newman v. Piggie Park Enterprises, Inc., 256 F.Supp. 941, 944+ (D.S.C. Jul 28, 1966) (NO.
CIV. AC-1605) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)

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377 State of S.D. v. Adams, 506 F.Supp. 50, 55+ (D.S.D. Apr 09, 1980) (NO. 77-3039) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
378 U.S. v. Fraker, 2008 WL 4186945, *2 (E.D.Tenn. Sep 04, 2008) (NO. 3:08-CR-36)
379 Seaton v. Seaton, 971 F.Supp. 1188, 1193 (E.D.Tenn. Jul 01, 1997) (NO. 3:96-CV-741) " HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
380 Arkansas-Best Freight System, Inc. v. Cochran, 546 F.Supp. 904, 910+ (M.D.Tenn. May 11,
1981) (NO. 80-3468, 80-3509, 80-3637) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
381 Marshall v. Davis, 526 F.Supp. 325, 329+, 25 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 265, 265+, 94 Lab.Cas.
P 34,182, 34182+ (M.D.Tenn. Apr 24, 1981) (NO. 77-3433) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
382 Concerned Citizens of Appalachia, Inc. v. Andrus, 494 F.Supp. 679, 683, 14 ERC 2100, 2100, 10
Envtl. L. Rep. 20,536, 20536 (E.D.Tenn. Jun 12, 1980) (NO. CIV. 3-80-210) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
383 Usery v. Memphis State University, 1976 WL 692, *2+, 20 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1598,
1598+, 22 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 1430, 1430+, 13 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 11,451, 11451+, 79
Lab.Cas. P 33,452, 33452+ (W.D.Tenn. Oct 29, 1976) (NO. C-75-54) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
384 Fahim v. Marriott Hotel Services, Inc., 2008 WL 1821513, *4 (S.D.Tex. Apr 22, 2008) (NO.
CIV.A. H-06-4035)
385 U.S. v. Bredimus, 234 F.Supp.2d 639, 644 (N.D.Tex. Jul 19, 2002) (NO. CR.A. 302CR064L) "
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
386 Shields v. Babbitt, 229 F.Supp.2d 638, 656+ (W.D.Tex. Jul 12, 2000) (NO. 99CV40) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
387 TCA Bldg. Co. v. Northwestern Resources Co., 861 F.Supp. 1366, 1382, 1995-1 Trade Cases P
70,864, 70864 (S.D.Tex. Sep 01, 1994) (NO. CIV. A. G-93-265) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
388 Santos v. City of Houston, Tex., 852 F.Supp. 601, 604+, 1994-2 Trade Cases P 70,836, 70836+
(S.D.Tex. Mar 31, 1994) (NO. CIV.A. H-89-1245) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
389 Commercial Mortg. Ins. Inc. v. Citizens Nat. Bank of Dallas, 526 F.Supp. 510, 522, 2 Employee
Benefits Cas. 2174, 2174 (N.D.Tex. Nov 10, 1981) (NO. CIV. 3-80-0489-H) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
390 Usery v. Dallas Independent School Dist., 421 F.Supp. 111, 115, 16 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA)
483, 483, 22 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 1377, 1377, 13 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 11,444, 11444, 79
Lab.Cas. P 33,437, 33437 (N.D.Tex. Oct 19, 1976) (NO. CIV. CA-3-7975-D)
391 U.S. v. Zajac, 2008 WL 1808701, *3+ (D.Utah Apr 21, 2008) (NO. 2:06CR811DAK) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
392 U.S. v. Dean, 670 F.Supp.2d 457, 459 (E.D.Va. Nov 18, 2009) (NO. 3:09CR313) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
393 Bolick v. Roberts, 199 F.Supp.2d 397, 423 (E.D.Va. Mar 29, 2002) (NO. 3:99CV755) HN: 1
(S.Ct.)
394 Brzonkala v. Virginia Polytechnic and State University, 935 F.Supp. 779, 789+, 65 USLW 2085,
2085+, 112 Ed. Law Rep. 846, 846+ (W.D.Va. Jul 26, 1996) (NO. CIV. A. 95-1358-R) HN: 2
(S.Ct.)
395 U.S. v. Murphy, 893 F.Supp. 614, 616+ (W.D.Va. Jul 18, 1995) (NO. 94-0551C-01)
396 Historic Green Springs, Inc. v. Bergland, 497 F.Supp. 839, 848, 14 ERC 2057, 2057, 11 Envtl. L.
Rep. 20,034, 20034 (E.D.Va. Aug 11, 1980) (NO. CIV. 77-0230-R)
397 Virginia Surface Min. and Reclamation Ass'n, Inc. v. Andrus, 483 F.Supp. 425, 432, 14 ERC

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1055, 1055, 14 ERC 1145, 1145, 10 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,128, 20128 (W.D.Va. Jan 03, 1980) (NO.
CIV. 78-0224-B) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
398 U.S. v. Jordan, 321 F.Supp. 713, 717 (E.D.Va. Jan 18, 1971) (NO. CRIM. 187-70-R) " HN: 10
(S.Ct.)
399 Century Arms, Inc. v. Kennedy, 323 F.Supp. 1002, 1017 (D.Vt. Feb 26, 1971) (NO. CIV. 5929)
HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
400 Akiyama v. U.S. Judo Inc., 181 F.Supp.2d 1179, 1186 (W.D.Wash. Jan 10, 2002) (NO.
C97-0286L)
401 U.S. v. Nicholson, 185 F.Supp.2d 982, 987+ (E.D.Wis. Jan 25, 2002) (NO. 01-CR-152) HN: 8
(S.Ct.)
402 U.S. v. Workman, 990 F.Supp. 473, 475 (S.D.W.Va. Jan 16, 1998) (NO. CRIM. 2:97-00184)
403 Schutz v. Wyoming, 2003 WL 25293276, *9+ (D.Wyo. May 28, 2003) (NO. 02-CV-165-D) "
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
404 Belle Fourche Pipeline Co. v. U.S., 554 F.Supp. 1350, 1361 (D.Wyo. Jan 20, 1983) (NO.
C82-0145-B) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
405 Department of Revenue and Taxation for State of Wyoming v. National R.R. Passenger Corp.,
1982 WL 1584, *3 (D.Wyo. Dec 15, 1982) (NO. C82-0320-B) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
406 U.S. v. Varela-Cruz, 66 F.Supp.2d 274, 281 (D.Puerto Rico Sep 02, 1999) (NO. 98-278 JAF,
98-281 JAF, 98-283 JAF, 98-286 JAF, 98-288 JAF, 98-294 JAF, 98-295 JAF) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
407 Guzman-Rivera v. U.S., 933 F.Supp. 138, 141 (D.Puerto Rico Jun 18, 1996) (NO. CIV. 96-1318
(JP), CRIM. 92-326 (JP))
408 U.S. v. Garcia-Beltran, 890 F.Supp. 67, 71 (D.Puerto Rico Jun 16, 1995) (NO. CR. 94-274 (HL))
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
409 Santana v. Collazo, 89 F.R.D. 369, 373, 31 Fed.R.Serv.2d 1153, 1153 (D.Puerto Rico Jan 27,
1981) (NO. CIV. 75-1187, CIV. 75-1213, CIV. 75-1466)
410 U.S. v. Warwar, 346 F.Supp. 90, 91 (D.Puerto Rico May 12, 1972) (NO. CRIM. 43-72) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
411 David Cabrera, Inc. v. Union De Choferes Y Duenos De Camiones Hermanados De Puerto Rico,
256 F.Supp. 839, 842 (D.Puerto Rico Aug 17, 1966) (NO. CIV. 207-66)
412 In re Southland + Keystone, 132 B.R. 632, 640, 22 Bankr.Ct.Dec. 473, 473 (9th Cir.BAP (Cal.)
Oct 25, 1991) (NO. CC-90-2253-JVO, CC-91-1002-JVO, LA 87-11987 CA, LA 89-2082 CA)
413 J.R. Brooks & Son, Inc. v. Norman's Country Market, Inc., 98 B.R. 47, 50 (Bankr.N.D.Fla. Mar
27, 1989) (NO. 88-9144) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
414 In re Laptops Etc. Corp., 164 B.R. 506, 518 (Bankr.D.Md. Dec 20, 1993) (NO. 90-54319-SD,
92-5473-SD)
415 U. S. v. Trottier, 9 M.J. 337, 348 (CMA Oct 14, 1980) (NO. 35,854, ACMS 24552) " HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
416 Ex parte Hoover, Inc., 956 So.2d 1149, 1155 (Ala. Apr 28, 2006) (NO. 1040969) " HN: 10
(S.Ct.)
417 Abbott Laboratories v. Durrett, 746 So.2d 316, 345, 1999-1 Trade Cases P 72,559, 72559 (Ala.
Jun 25, 1999) (NO. 1960464) (in dissent) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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418 Ex parte Banks, 178 So.2d 98, 99, 42 Ala.App. 669, 670 (Ala.App. Mar 09, 1965) (NO. 7 DIV.
803) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
419 State v. Arnariak, 941 P.2d 154, 159 (Alaska Jun 27, 1997) (NO. S-7097)
420 McInnis v. Cooper Communities, Inc., 611 S.W.2d 767, 770, 271 Ark. 503, 507-A (Ark. Feb 23,
1981) (NO. 80-254) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
421 Moss v. Superior Court (Ortiz), 71 Cal.Rptr.2d 215, 225, 950 P.2d 59, 69, 17 Cal.4th 396, 412,
98 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 852, 852, 98 Daily Journal D.A.R. 1141, 1141 (Cal. Feb 02, 1998) (NO.
S057081) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
422 Smith v. Fair Employment & Housing Com., 51 Cal.Rptr.2d 700, 716, 913 P.2d 909, 925, 12
Cal.4th 1143, 1170, 64 USLW 2651, 2651, 96 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 2465, 2465, 96 Daily Journal
D.A.R. 4067, 4067 (Cal. Apr 09, 1996) (NO. S040653) " HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
423 Partee v. San Diego Chargers Football Co., 194 Cal.Rptr. 367, 380, 668 P.2d 674, 687, 34 Cal.3d
378, 397, 1983-2 Trade Cases P 65,588, 65588 (Cal. Aug 29, 1983) (NO. L.A. 31560) (in dis-
sent)
424 Coan v. State of California, 113 Cal.Rptr. 187, 202+, 520 P.2d 1003, 1018+, 11 Cal.3d 286,
307+, 21 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 720, 720+ (Cal. Apr 19, 1974) (NO. SAC. 7987) (in dissent)
HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
425 Kilroy v. Superior Court, 63 Cal.Rptr.2d 390, 399, 54 Cal.App.4th 793, 808, 97 Cal. Daily Op.
Serv. 3113, 3113, 97 Daily Journal D.A.R. 5421, 5421 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Apr 28, 1997) (NO.
B107509) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
426 Curran v. Mount Diablo Council of Boy, 29 Cal.Rptr.2d 580, 610, 23 Cal.App.4th 1307, 721, 29
Cal.App.4th 192, 192, 34 Cal.App.4th 299, 299, 39 Cal.App.4th 224, 224, 43 Cal.App.4th 1370,
1370, 48 Cal.App.4th 670, 670, 62 USLW 2612, 2612 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Mar 29, 1994) (NO.
B061869) (in dissent)
427 Pratali v. Gates, 5 Cal.Rptr.2d 733, 740, 4 Cal.App.4th 632, 643 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Mar 13, 1992)
(NO. B058745)
428 Kohan v. Cohan, 251 Cal.Rptr. 570, 576, 204 Cal.App.3d 915, 924 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Sep 21,
1988) (NO. B027586)
429 American Smelting & Refining Co. v. Contra Costa County, 77 Cal.Rptr. 570, 596, 271
Cal.App.2d 437, 466 (Cal.App. 1 Dist. Apr 04, 1969) (NO. CIV. 24762) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
430 American Airlines, Inc. v. State Bd. of Equalization, 749 P.2d 986, 989 (Colo.App. Aug 27,
1987) (NO. 85CA1154) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
431 Eamiello v. Liberty Mobile Homes Sales, Inc., 546 A.2d 805, 817, 208 Conn. 620, 643 (Conn.
Aug 16, 1988) (NO. 13310) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
432 Gay Rights Coalition of Georgetown University Law Center v. Georgetown University, 536 A.2d
1, 44, 56 USLW 2295, 2295, 44 Ed. Law Rep. 309, 309 (D.C. Nov 20, 1987) (NO. 84-50, 84-51)
HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
433 Duck Tours Seafari, Inc. v. City of Key West, 875 So.2d 650, 657, 2004-1 Trade Cases P 74,333,
74333, 29 Fla. L. Weekly D645, D645 (Fla.App. 3 Dist. Mar 17, 2004) (NO. 3D02-2812) " HN:
10 (S.Ct.)
434 Weiner v. Fulton County, 148 S.E.2d 143, 145, 113 Ga.App. 343, 345 (Ga.App. Feb 11, 1966)

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(NO. 41661, 41662)


435 Chicago Real Estate Bd. v. City of Chicago, 224 N.E.2d 793, 808, 36 Ill.2d 530, 555 (Ill. Jan 19,
1967) (NO. 39936) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
436 Bulkmatic Transport Co. v. Department of State Revenue, 691 N.E.2d 1371, 1376+ (Ind.Tax Feb
13, 1998) (NO. 49T109508TA00085) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
437 Stephenson v. Woodward, 182 S.W.3d 162, 175 (Ky. Dec 22, 2005) (NO. 2005-SC-0603-TG,
2005-SC-0604-TG, 2005-SC-0645-TG)
438 Com. v. Beasy, 386 S.W.2d 444, 446 (Ky. Jan 29, 1965) "
439 Stadtlander v. Ryan's Family Steakhouses, Inc., 794 So.2d 881, 891, 17 IER Cases 831, 831,
34,384 (La.App. 2 Cir. 4/4/01), 13 (La.App. 2 Cir. Apr 04, 2001) (NO. 34,384-CA)
440 Opinion of Justices to the House of Representatives, 702 N.E.2d 8, 12+, 428 Mass. 1201, 1205+
(Mass. Nov 19, 1998) (NO. SJC-07851) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
441 Kelen v. Massachusetts Turnpike Authority, 2007 WL 1418510, *7+, 22 Mass.L.Rptr. 456, 456+
(Mass.Super. May 03, 2007) (NO. 060839BLS1) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
442 W. R. Grace & Co., Davison Chemical Division v. Comptroller of Treasury, Retail Sales & Use
Tax Division, 258 A.2d 740, 747+, 255 Md. 550, 563+ (Md. Nov 11, 1969) (NO. 22) HN: 3
(S.Ct.)
443 Harville v. State Plumbing and Heating Inc., 553 N.W.2d 377, 385, 218 Mich.App. 302, 318, 71
Empl. Prac. Dec. P 44,826, 44826 (Mich.App. Aug 16, 1996) (NO. 175256) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
444 Burlington Northern R.R. v. Director of Revenue, 785 S.W.2d 272, 276 (Mo. Mar 13, 1990) (NO.
71651, 72098) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
445 City of Cut Bank v. Tom Patrick Const., Inc., 963 P.2d 1283, 1286, 290 Mont. 470, 475, 1998
MT 219, 219 (Mont. Sep 03, 1998) (NO. 97-718) HN: 1,12 (S.Ct.)
446 Banks v. Mercy Villa Care Center, 407 N.W.2d 793, 796+, 225 Neb. 751, 754+, 28 Wage &
Hour Cas. (BNA) 485, 485+, 106 Lab.Cas. P 34,925, 34925+ (Neb. Jun 26, 1987) (NO. 85-817)
HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
447 David v. Vesta Co., 212 A.2d 345, 355, 45 N.J. 301, 320 (N.J. Jun 28, 1965) (NO. A-109, A-126)
HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
448 State v. Barcia, 549 A.2d 491, 501, 228 N.J.Super. 267, 288 (N.J.Super.L. Aug 05, 1988) (NO. S-
137000, S-316999) " HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
449 Holly v. Pennysaver Corp., 471 N.Y.S.2d 611, 613, 98 A.D.2d 570, 573, 40 Empl. Prac. Dec. P
36,243, 36243 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept. Jan 30, 1984) (NO. 2241 E)
450 Whitby Operating Corp. v. Schleissner, 459 N.Y.S.2d 203, 213, 117 Misc.2d 794, 812 (N.Y.Sup.
Oct 20, 1982) (NO. 17695/82) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
451 People v. Vogler, 395 N.Y.S.2d 881, 884, 90 Misc.2d 709, 712 (N.Y.Town Ct. Mar 22, 1977)
HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
452 Pacific First Federal Sav. and Loan Ass'n v. Department of Revenue, State of Or., 645 P.2d 27,
28, 293 Or. 138, 141 (Or. May 19, 1982) (NO. SC 27631, TC 1359) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
453 Schwenk v. Boy Scouts of America, 551 P.2d 465, 470, 275 Or. 327, 338 (Or. Jun 24, 1976) (in
dissent)
454 In re Marriage of McGinley, 19 P.3d 954, 960, 172 Or.App. 717, 726 (Or.App. Feb 28, 2001)

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(NO. CA A101792) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)


455 Com. v. Daniels, 232 A.2d 247, 255, 210 Pa.Super. 156, 170 (Pa.Super. Jun 16, 1967) (in dissent)
456 Cavanaugh v. Town of Narragansett, 1997 WL 1098081, *15 (R.I.Super. Oct 10, 1997) (NO. WC
91-0496)
457 Human Rights Com'n v. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of U.S., 839 A.2d 576, 582,
176 Vt. 125, 131, 2003 VT 104, 104 (Vt. Nov 07, 2003) (NO. 01-495) "
458 Leverson v. Conway, 481 A.2d 1029, 1036+, 144 Vt. 523, 535+ (Vt. Jun 15, 1984) (NO. 83-157)
HN: 6,7 (S.Ct.)
459 Southcenter Joint Venture v. National Democratic Policy Committee, 780 P.2d 1282, 1297, 113
Wash.2d 413, 443, 58 USLW 2263, 2263 (Wash. Oct 19, 1989) (NO. 55952-0)
460 Southwest Washington Chapter, Nat. Elec. Contractors Ass'n v. Pierce County, 667 P.2d 1092,
1097+, 100 Wash.2d 109, 118+ (Wash. Jul 28, 1983) (NO. 48975-1) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
461 In re Johnson, 427 P.2d 968, 973+, 71 Wash.2d 245, 252+ (Wash. May 15, 1967) (NO. 38515) "
HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
462 Satomi Owners Ass'n v. Satomi, LLC, 159 P.3d 460, 468, 139 Wash.App. 175, 189 (Wash.App.
Div. 1 Jun 11, 2007) (NO. 56265-7-I)
463 Momb v. Ragone, 130 P.3d 406, 412, 132 Wash.App. 70, 81 (Wash.App. Div. 3 Mar 14, 2006)
(NO. 23514-9-III, 23712-5-III) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
464 Olstad v. Microsoft Corp., 700 N.W.2d 139, 152+, 284 Wis.2d 224, 251+, 2005-2 Trade Cases P
74,918, 74918+, 2005 WI 121, 121+ (Wis. Jul 13, 2005) (NO. 2003AP1086) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

Mentioned
465 Pierce County, Wash. v. Guillen, 123 S.Ct. 720, 731, 537 U.S. 129, 147, 154 L.Ed.2d 610, 610,
71 USLW 4035, 4035, 60 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 516, 516, 03 Cal. Daily Op. Serv. 360, 360, 2003
Daily Journal D.A.R. 421, 421, 16 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. S 31, 31 (U.S.Wash. Jan 14, 2003) (NO.
01-1229) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
466 Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Group of Boston, 115 S.Ct. 2338, 2347, 515
U.S. 557, 572, 132 L.Ed.2d 487, 487, 63 USLW 4625, 4625 (U.S.Mass. Jun 19, 1995) (NO.
94-749)
467 United Broth. of Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local 610, AFL-CIO v. Scott, 103 S.Ct.
3352, 3367, 463 U.S. 825, 848, 77 L.Ed.2d 1049, 1049, 113 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 3145, 3145, 32
Empl. Prac. Dec. P 33,697, 33697, 97 Lab.Cas. P 10,231, 10231 (U.S.Tex. Jul 05, 1983) (NO.
82-486) (in dissent)
468 F.E.R.C. v. Mississippi, 102 S.Ct. 2126, 2136, 456 U.S. 742, 758, 47 P.U.R.4th 1, 1, 72 L.Ed.2d
532, 532, 12 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,896, 20896 (U.S.Miss. Jun 01, 1982) (NO. 80-1749) HN: 20,21
(S.Ct.)
469 Douglas v. Seacoast Products, Inc., 97 S.Ct. 1740, 1750, 431 U.S. 265, 282, 52 L.Ed.2d 304, 304,
1977 A.M.C. 566, 566, 7 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,442, 20442 (U.S.Va. May 23, 1977) (NO. 75-1255)
470 Charles D. Bonanno Linen Service, Inc. v. McCarthy, 708 F.2d 1, 4, 113 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2449,
2449, 36 Fed.R.Serv.2d 566, 566, 97 Lab.Cas. P 10,155, 10155 (1st Cir.(Mass.) May 09, 1983)
(NO. 82-1755)

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471 South Terminal Corp. v. E.P.A., 504 F.2d 646, 677, 6 ERC 2025, 2025, 30 A.L.R. Fed. 109, 109,
4 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,768, 20768 (1st Cir. Sep 27, 1974) (NO. 73-1366, 73-1382, 73-1389)
472 U.S. v. Goodwin, 141 F.3d 394, 398 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Dec 12, 1997) (NO. 96-1199 L, 96-1228,
96-1229, 96-1231, 96-1256, 96-1315, 96-1350, 96-1751) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
473 Friends of the Earth v. Carey, 552 F.2d 25, 37, 9 ERC 1641, 1641, 7 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,177,
20177 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Jan 18, 1977) (NO. 75-7497, 76-3054)
474 U.S. v. DeMasi, 445 F.2d 251, 257 (2nd Cir.(N.Y.) Jul 09, 1971) (NO. 1002, 71-1050) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
475 Pic-A-State Pa., Inc. v. Reno, 76 F.3d 1294, 1301, 64 USLW 2518, 2518 (3rd Cir.(Pa.) Feb 13,
1996) (NO. 95-7137) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
476 Com. of Pa. v. E.P.A., 500 F.2d 246, 259, 6 ERC 1769, 1769, 5 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,618, 20618
(3rd Cir. Jun 28, 1974) (NO. 73-2121)
477 U.S. v. Riehl, 460 F.2d 454, 458 (3rd Cir.(Pa.) May 09, 1972) (NO. 71-2133, 71-2134, 71-2135)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
478 Fahim v. Marriott Hotel Services, Inc., 551 F.3d 344, 349 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Dec 08, 2008) (NO.
08-20349)
479 U.S. v. Miles, 122 F.3d 235, 242 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Sep 05, 1997) (NO. 95-10001)
480 U.S. v. Crouch, 566 F.2d 1311, 1316 (5th Cir.(Tex.) Feb 06, 1978) (NO. 76-2361)
481 U.S. v. Lebman, 464 F.2d 68, 70+ (5th Cir.(Tex.) Jun 02, 1972) (NO. 71-2281) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
482 U.S. v. Lopez, 459 F.2d 949, 951 (5th Cir.(Fla.) May 11, 1972) (NO. 71-3248) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
483 Griffin v. Breckenridge, 410 F.2d 817, 821 (5th Cir.(Miss.) Apr 29, 1969) (NO. 25799)
484 Flaminio v. Honda Motor Co., Ltd., 733 F.2d 463, 472, 15 Fed. R. Evid. Serv. 968, 968 (7th
Cir.(Wis.) May 02, 1984) (NO. 83-2164)
485 U.S. v. Dinwiddie, 76 F.3d 913, 919 (8th Cir.(Mo.) Feb 16, 1996) (NO. 95-1803) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
486 E.E.O.C. v. Ratliff, 906 F.2d 1314, 1316, 53 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 267, 267, 53 Empl.
Prac. Dec. P 40,018, 40018 (9th Cir.(Ariz.) Jun 21, 1990) (NO. 89-15017, 89-15184) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
487 Greater Los Angeles Council on Deafness, Inc. v. Zolin, 812 F.2d 1103, 1111 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Mar
11, 1987) (NO. 84-6448) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
488 U.S. for Use and Benefit of Newton v. Neumann Caribbean Intern., Ltd., 750 F.2d 1422, 1426,
40 Fed.R.Serv.2d 1207, 1207 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Jan 07, 1985) (NO. 83-1904) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
489 U.S. v. Oilfields Trucking Co., 549 F.2d 646, 647 (9th Cir.(Cal.) Jan 25, 1977) (NO. 76-2839)
490 Brown v. E.P.A., 521 F.2d 827, 837, 8 ERC 1053, 1053, 31 A.L.R. Fed. 57, 57, 5 Envtl. L. Rep.
20,546, 20546 (9th Cir. Aug 15, 1975) (NO. 73-3305, 73-3306, 73-3307)
491 Building Owners and Managers Ass'n Intern. v. F.C.C., 254 F.3d 89, 98, 349 U.S.App.D.C. 12,
21 (D.C.Cir. Jul 06, 2001) (NO. 99-1009, 99-1021)
492 Railway Labor Executives' Ass'n v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transp. Authority, 534 F.Supp.
832, 850 (Sp.Ct.R.R.R.A. Jan 27, 1982) (NO. CIV. 81-8)
493 Haviland v. Butz, 543 F.2d 169, 175, 36 A.L.R. Fed. 615, 615, 177 U.S.App.D.C. 22, 28
(D.C.Cir. Mar 23, 1976) (NO. 74-1322)

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494 National Ass'n of Motor Bus Owners v. Brinegar, 483 F.2d 1294, 1306, 157 U.S.App.D.C. 291,
303 (D.C.Cir. Jul 26, 1973) (NO. 71-1268)
495 University of South Alabama Foundation v. Walley, 2001 WL 237309, *4 (M.D.Ala. Jan 30,
2001) (NO. CIV. A. 99-D-1287-N) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
496 U.S. v. Mussari, 894 F.Supp. 1360, 1362, 64 USLW 2105, 2105 (D.Ariz. Jul 26, 1995) (NO. CR
95-009 PHX-PGR)
497 U.S. v. Schroeder, 894 F.Supp. 360, 363 (D.Ariz. Jul 26, 1995) (NO. CR 95-010 PHX-PGR)
498 Johnson v. Brace, 472 F.Supp. 1056, 1059 (E.D.Ark. Jun 13, 1979) (NO. LR-75-C-158) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
499 E.E.O.C. v. California Teachers' Ass'n, 534 F.Supp. 209, 215, 27 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA)
1337, 1337, 27 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 32,363, 32363, 3 Ed. Law Rep. 539, 539 (N.D.Cal. Jan 21,
1982) (NO. C-80-4568 RFP) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
500 Mister Donut of America, Inc. v. Mr. Donut, Inc., 1967 WL 7707, *7707, 153 U.S.P.Q. 773, 776
(C.D.Cal. May 02, 1967) (NO. 64-1100-F) (BNA Version)
501 U.S. v. Solvents Recovery Service of New England, 496 F.Supp. 1127, 1136, 14 ERC 2010,
2010, 10 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,796, 20796 (D.Conn. Aug 20, 1980) (NO. CIV. H 79-704)
502 Burlington Northern R. Co. v. United Transp. Union, 822 F.Supp. 797, 801 (D.D.C. Dec 20,
1991) (NO. CIV. A. 91-1861, CIV. A.91-1851 (HHG)) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
503 U.S. v. Holland, 373 F.Supp. 665, 673, 6 ERC 1388, 1388, 4 Envtl. L. Rep. 20,710, 20710
(M.D.Fla. Mar 15, 1974) (NO. 73-623 CIV. T-K)
504 Anisimov v. Lake, 982 F.Supp. 531, 539 (N.D.Ill. Aug 26, 1997) (NO. 97 C 263) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
505 Graves v. Methodist Youth Services, Inc., 624 F.Supp. 429, 431, 54 USLW 2379, 2379, 39 Fair
Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 1223, 1223, 39 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 36,016, 36016 (N.D.Ill. Dec 24, 1985)
(NO. 84 C 4402) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
506 Bay Colony Condominium Owners Ass'n v. Origer, 586 F.Supp. 30, 32 (N.D.Ill. Apr 13, 1984)
(NO. 83 C 7604)
507 U.S. v. Trigg, 842 F.Supp. 450, 452, 89 Ed. Law Rep. 114, 114 (D.Kan. Jan 05, 1994) (NO. CIV.
A. 93-10089-01)
508 U.S. v. Bally Mfg. Corp., 345 F.Supp. 410, 426 (E.D.La. Jun 21, 1972) (NO. CRIM. 71-530)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
509 U.S. v. Lee Wood Contracting, Inc., 529 F.Supp. 119, 124, 17 ERC 1743, 1743, 12 Envtl. L. Rep.
20,421, 20421 (E.D.Mich. Nov 05, 1981) (NO. CIV. 80-10045) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
510 U. S. by Katzenbach v. Sampson, 256 F.Supp. 470, 471 (N.D.Miss. Jul 11, 1966) (NO. GC6449)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
511 U.S. v. Rothacher, 442 F.Supp.2d 999, 1001 (D.Mont. Jul 18, 2006) (NO. 06-05-BU-DWM) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
512 Ruenkamol v. Stifel, 463 F.Supp. 647, 649, 23 Wage & Hour Cas. (BNA) 1264, 1264, 85
Lab.Cas. P 33,745, 33745 (D.N.J. Dec 29, 1978) (NO. CIV. 77-2162)
513 Kowalczyk v. U.S., 936 F.Supp. 1127, 1144 (E.D.N.Y. Aug 21, 1996) (NO. 94 CV 5620 (ADS))
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
514 U.S. v. Jedlicka, 1988 WL 108493, *2 (S.D.N.Y. Oct 12, 1988) (NO. 88 CR. 186 (JFK)) HN: 14

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(S.Ct.)
515 U.S. v. Helgesen, 513 F.Supp. 209, 218 (E.D.N.Y. Apr 15, 1981) (NO. 80 CR 9(S)) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
516 Consolidated Edison Co. of New York v. Dinapoli, 1970 WL 514, *2, 1970 Trade Cases P
73,218, 73218 (S.D.N.Y. Jun 11, 1970) (NO. 69 CIV. 345 ELP)
517 U.S. v. Calegro De Lutro, 309 F.Supp. 462, 464 (S.D.N.Y. Jan 14, 1970) (NO. 69 CR. 668) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
518 Gerhardt v. Lazaroff, 221 F.Supp.2d 827, 838 (S.D.Ohio Feb 25, 2002) (NO. C2-95-517,
C2-97-382, C2-98-275) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
519 U.S. v. Visnich, 109 F.Supp.2d 757, 762 (N.D.Ohio Aug 10, 2000) (NO. 4:99CR156)
520 U.S. v. Payne, 841 F.Supp. 810, 812 (S.D.Ohio Jan 13, 1994) (NO. CR-1-93-78-01) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
521 Youghiogheny & Ohio Coal Co. v. Morton, 364 F.Supp. 45, 50, 41 Ohio Misc. 6, 6 (S.D.Ohio
Sep 19, 1973) (NO. CIV. 72-78)
522 U.S. v. Pray, 452 F.Supp. 788, 798, Fed. Sec. L. Rep. P 96,463, 96463 (M.D.Pa. May 30, 1978)
(NO. CRIM. 78-20) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
523 Com. of Pa. v. Local Union 542, Intern. Union of Operating Engineers, 388 F.Supp. 155, 182
(E.D.Pa. Dec 04, 1974) (NO. CIV. 71-2698) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
524 Satty v. Nashville Gas Co., 384 F.Supp. 765, 770, 10 Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 73, 73, 9 Empl.
Prac. Dec. P 9919, 9919 (M.D.Tenn. Nov 04, 1974) (NO. 74-288-NA-CV)
525 Save Our Aquifer v. City of San Antonio, 237 F.Supp.2d 721, 728 (W.D.Tex. Dec 16, 2002)
(NO. CIV.A.SA-02-CA-618-F)
526 Johnson v. Gambrinus Co., 1995 WL 584043, *2, 64 USLW 2206, 2206, 4 A.D. Cases 1430,
1430 (S.D.Tex. Aug 22, 1995) (NO. V-94-040) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
527 Texarkana Livestock Com'n v. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 613 F.Supp. 271, 275 (E.D.Tex. Jul 15,
1985) (NO. CIV.A. TX-84-70-CA) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
528 American Life League, Inc. v. Reno, 855 F.Supp. 137, 141, 63 USLW 2007, 2007 (E.D.Va. Jun
16, 1994) (NO. CIV. A. 94-700-A) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
529 U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Calumet County, 519 F.Supp. 195, 196, 26
Fair Empl.Prac.Cas. (BNA) 20, 20, 26 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 31,955, 31955 (E.D.Wis. Jun 12, 1981)
(NO. CIV. 81-C-402)
530 Santiago v. Alonso, 96 F.Supp.2d 58, 63 (D.Puerto Rico Mar 31, 2000) (NO. 97-2737 DRD) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
531 U.S. v. Rodriguez, 871 F.Supp. 545, 548 (D.Puerto Rico Dec 19, 1994) (NO. CRIM.
94-176(HL)) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
532 Franceschi v. Hyatt Corp., 747 F.Supp. 138, 144 (D.Puerto Rico Sep 25, 1990) (NO. CIV.
88-285(PG))
533 In re Blackman, 55 B.R. 437, 450, 13 Bankr.Ct.Dec. 1013, 1013, Bankr. L. Rep. P 70,866, 70866
(Bankr.D.Dist.Col. Sep 30, 1985) (NO. 84-00357, 84-0205)
534 U.S. v. Disney, 62 M.J. 46, 49 (U.S. Armed Forces Sep 27, 2005) (NO. 05-0068, CRIM.A.
200100932)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

535 Hurst v. Tony Moore Imports, Inc., 699 So.2d 1249, 1257 (Ala. Jul 18, 1997) (NO. 1960306)
536 Jim Burke Automotive, Inc. v. Beavers, 674 So.2d 1260, 1273 (Ala. Sep 29, 1995) (NO.
1940564) (in dissent) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
537 Halpin v. Superior Court, 101 Cal.Rptr. 375, 385, 495 P.2d 1295, 1305, 6 Cal.3d 885, 899 (Cal.
Apr 24, 1972) (NO. L.A. 29949)
538 R. E. Spriggs Co. v. Adolph Coors Co., 112 Cal.Rptr. 585, 588, 37 Cal.App.3d 653, 658, 1974-1
Trade Cases P 74,999, 74999 (Cal.App. 2 Dist. Feb 28, 1974) (NO. CIV. 40228, CIV. 41861)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
539 People v. Poe, 47 Cal.Rptr. 670, 673, 236 Cal.App.2d Supp. 928, 934, 1 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 9714,
9714 (Cal.App.Super. Apr 23, 1965) (NO. CR. 7616)
540 R.A. Bright Const., Inc. v. Weis Builders, Inc., 930 N.E.2d 565, 570, 402 Ill.App.3d 248, 341
Ill.Dec. 355, 355 (Ill.App. 3 Dist. Jun 09, 2010) (NO. 3-09-0910)
541 Superx Drugs Corp. v. Michigan Bd. of Pharmacy, 146 N.W.2d 1, 4, 378 Mich. 430, 449 (Mich.
Nov 11, 1966) (NO. 6)
542 Edgewater Inv. Associates v. Borough of Edgewater, 493 A.2d 11, 18, 201 N.J.Super. 267, 281
(N.J.Super.A.D. Apr 22, 1985) (NO. A-3975-83T3) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
543 Manocherian v. Lenox Hill Hosp., 618 N.Y.S.2d 857, 879, 643 N.E.2d 479, 501, 84 N.Y.2d 385,
424 (N.Y. Oct 20, 1994) (NO. 135) (in dissent)
544 Rent Stabilization Ass'n of New York City, Inc. v. Higgins, 608 N.Y.S.2d 930, 937, 630 N.E.2d
626, 633, 83 N.Y.2d 156, 172 (N.Y. Dec 21, 1993) (NO. 259) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
545 Graham v. Dunkley, 852 N.Y.S.2d 169, 174+, 50 A.D.3d 55, 60+, 2008 N.Y. Slip Op. 00958,
00958+ (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept. Feb 01, 2008) (NO. 2006-09666, 6123/06) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
546 Montalvo v. Consolidated Edison Co. of New York, Inc., 460 N.Y.S.2d 784, 791, 92 A.D.2d 389,
400 (N.Y.A.D. 1 Dept. Mar 29, 1983) (NO. 15728) (in dissent)
547 Stryjewski v. Local Union No. 830, Brewery and Beer Distributor Drivers, Helpers and Platform
Men, 304 A.2d 463, 472, 451 Pa. 550, 566, 83 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 2640, 2640, 71 Lab.Cas. P
13,653, 13653 (Pa. May 04, 1973) (in dissent) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
548 In re Asbestos Litigation, 2002 WL 34342514, *34342514 (Trial Order) (Pa.Com.Pl. Aug 11,
2002) Findings and Order (NO. 0001)
549 In re Asbestos Litigation, 2002 WL 1305991, *6, 59 Pa. D. & C.4th 62, 62 (Pa.Com.Pl. Jun 11,
2002) (NO. 0001 OCT.TERM 1986)
550 Elks Lodges No. 719 (Ogden) and No. 2021 (Moab) v. Department of Alcoholic Beverage Con-
trol, 905 P.2d 1189, 1200+ (Utah Oct 23, 1995) (NO. 940105, 940197) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)

Administrative Decisions (U.S.A.)

EPA Materials
551 In the Matter of the Hoffman Group, 1990 WL 657313, *5, 3 E.A.D. 408, 408 (E.P.A. Nov 19,
1990) (NO. CWA APPEAL 89-2) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
552 In the Matter of: The Hoffman Group, Respondent, 1990 WL 324101, *5 (E.P.A. Nov 16, 1990)
(NO. CWA APPEAL 89-2, CWA-88-AO-24) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

553 In the Matter of: Borden, Inc./Colonial Sugars, Permittee, 1984 WL 60946, *5, 1 E.A.D. 895, 895
(E.P.A. Sep 25, 1984) (NO. LA-0000604, NPDES APPEAL 83-8)

F.C.C. Decisions
554 In re Promotion of Competitive Networks, 2000 WL 1593327, *61, 15 F.C.C.R. 22,983, 23061,
16 F.C.C.R. 7064, 7064, 15 FCC Rcd. 22,983, 22983, 16 FCC Rcd. 7064, 7064 (F.C.C. Oct 25,
2000) (NO. CC 88-57, CC 96-98, DA 01-750, FCC 00-366, WT 99-217)

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Decisions


555 Re Guy M. Carlson, 62 FERC P 61,009, 61009+, 1993 WL 268346, *10+ (F.E.R.C. Jan 11,
1993) (NO. EL85-42-001)
556 Theodore A. and Holly S. Keck, 51 FERC P 61,018, 61033, 1990 WL 316994, *5 (F.E.R.C. Apr
06, 1990) (NO. UL89-15-001)
557 Larry M. Taylor, 47 FERC P 61,451, 62405, 1989 WL 261706, *2 (F.E.R.C. Jun 23, 1989) (NO.
EL88-29-001)
558 Clifton Power Corporation, 39 FERC P 61,117, 61453+, 1987 WL 116704, *10+ (F.E.R.C. May
05, 1987) (NO. PROJ 4632-001) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
559 Transwestern Pipeline Company, 20 FERC P 61,327, 61680, 1982 WL 40330, *3 (F.E.R.C. Sep
22, 1982) (NO. CP81-99-001, CP81-99-002) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
560 City of Centralia, Washington, 2 FERC P 63,044, 65256+, 1978 WL 16788, *7+ (F.E.R.C. Mar
22, 1978) (NO. E-6454) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
561 The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, 4 FERC P 63,014, 65118+, 1977 WL
18443, *3+ (F.E.R.C. Aug 23, 1977) (NO. E-9555) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)

FMSHRC Decisions
562 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. B. L. ANDERSON, INC., RESPONDENT, 3 Federal Mine Safety & Health Re-
view Commission 1019 (1982)
563 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. LOPEZ REDI MIX COMPANY, RESPONDENT, 4 Federal Mine Safety & Health
Review Commission 23 (1982)
564 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. CAPTIOL AGGREGATES, INC., RESPONDENT, 3 Federal Mine Safety &
Health Review Commission 1684 (1981)
565 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. JOHN L. HAVILAND, ROBERT P. HAVILAND, AND CLEVE RENTSCHLER,
D/B/A/ HAVILAND BROTHERS COAL COMPANY, RESPONDENT, 3 Federal Mine Safety
& Health Review Commission 1574 (1981)
566 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. BRADFORD COAL COMPANY, INC., FUEL FABRICATORS, INC., INDIANA
STEEL AND FABRICATING CO., RESPONDENTS, 3 Federal Mine Safety & Health Review

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Commission 1567 (1981) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)


567 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. CAPITOL AGGREGATES, INC., RESPONDENT, 2 Federal Mine Safety &
Health Review Commission 2373+ (1980)
568 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, RESPONDENT,
2 Federal Mine Safety & Health Review Commission 1749 (1980)
569 SECRETARY OF LABOR, MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (MSHA), PE-
TITIONER v. CAPITOL AGGREGATES, INC., RESPONDENT, 2 Federal Mine Safety &
Health Review Commission 869 (1980)

NLRB Decisions
570 Plumbers, Local 32 (A & B Plumbing, Inc.), 171 NLRB 498, 500, 171 NLRB No. 66, 1968 WL
18865, *4, 68 L.R.R.M. (BNA) 1119 (N.L.R.B. 1968)

Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer Decisions


571 United States of America v. Nevada Lifestyles, Inc., 1992 WL 535620, *6, 3 OCAHO 463, 463
(O.C.A.H.O. Oct 16, 1992) (NO. 92A00131)

OSAHRC Decisions
572 SECRETARY OF LABOR, Complainant v. MERIT CONSTRUCTION COMPANY, Respond-
ent, 19 OSAHRC 194, 194, 1975 WL 4988, *5, 3 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1378, 1378 (O.S.H.R.C. Jul
15, 1975) (NO. 4079) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Decisions


573 In re U.S. Home Corporation of Texas, 1978 WL 21287, *21287, 201 U.S.P.Q. 602, 603
(Trademark Tr. & App. Bd. Aug 18, 1978) (BNA Version)
574 In re Smith Oil Corporation, 1967 WL 7404, *7404, 156 U.S.P.Q. 62, 63 (Trademark Tr. & App.
Bd. Nov 29, 1967) (BNA Version)

U.S. Attorney General Opinions


575 10 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 40, CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY TO ADOPT LEGISLA-
TION ESTABLISHING A NATIONAL LOTTERY (1986)
576 6 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 821, PROPOSED CHANGES IN OPERATION OF THE WIT-
NESS PROTECTION PROGRAM (1982) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
577 5 U.S. Op. Off. Legal Counsel 344, Constitutionality of Federal Habitual Offender Legislation
(1981) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)

USDA Decisions
578 In re: MARILYN SHEPHERD, 2007 WL 4711537 (U.S.D.A.), *8 (2007) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

579 In re: OTTO BEROSINI., 54 Agric. Dec. 886, 886 (1995)


580 In re: THE PRODUCE PLACE., 53 Agric. Dec. 1715, 1753+ (1994)
581 In re: LLOYD A. GOOD, JR., 49 United States Department of Agriculture Decisions 156+
(1990)

State Administrative Materials (U.S.A.)


582 The Honorable Mike Miller, President The Honorable Gail Phillips, Speaker, 1997 WL 1248811
(Alaska A.G.), *9 (1997) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
583 1977 Ariz. Op. Atty. Gen. 159, Honorable J. Herbert Everett (1977) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
584 Global Companies, LLC v. Commissioner of Revenue, 2009 WL 1484578, *6
(Mass.App.Tax.Bd. May 27, 2009) (NO. C283764)
585 JOSEPH STROPNICKY, COMPLAINANT v. JUDITH NATHANSON, RESPONDENT, 1999
WL 33453078, *3 (MCAD Jul 26, 1999) (NO. 91-BPA-0061)
586 Kan. Atty. Gen. Op. No. 00-18, Hon. Tom Sloan (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
587 Big Boy's Toy, Limited, Appellant v. Joanne Limbach, Tax Commissioner of Ohio, Appellee,
1991 WL 113519 (Ohio Bd.Tax.App.), *7 (1991) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
588 In the Matter of: Robert Charles & Ruth Charles, 1976 WL 38357 (Ohio Civ. Rts. Com.), *9
(1976)
589 The Honorable Ralph Anderson, 2009 WL 1968583 (S.C.A.G.), *2 (2009)
590 The Honorable Mike Fair, 2007 WL 655615 (S.C.A.G.), *2 (2007) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
591 Tenn. Op. Atty. Gen. No. 95-045, Bill Purcell (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
592 67 Wis. Op. Atty. Gen. 21, Mr. H. Edwin Young (1978)

Other Administrative Materials (U.S.A.)


593 H (2010)
594 P 11-115 CHARLOTTE KLINGLER ET AL, PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES V DIRECTOR, DE-
PARTMENT OF REVENUE, STATE OF MISSOURI, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT. (2010)

595 S 605.8 EMPLOYER-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP: EMPLOYER, CCH EEOC Compliance


Manual 2108 (2010)
596 P 60,055 AMERICAN LIBRARY ASSOCIATION; FREEDOM TO READ FOUNDATION,
INC.; NEW YORK LIBRARY ASSOCIATION; WESTCHESTER LIBRARY SYSTEM;
AMERICAN BOOKSELLERS FOUNDATION FOR FREE EXPRESSION; ASSOCIATION OF
AMERICAN PUBLISHERS,, CCH Privacy Law in Marketing 60055 (2010)
597 P 97,222 FEDERAL PREEMPTION OF ARKANSAS USURY LIMIT ACKNOWLEDGED,
(FEB. 23, 1981), CCH Consumer Credit Guide 97222 (2010)
598 P 99,499 CONSTITUTIONALITY OF FEDERAL LOAN SHARKING LAW, (APR. 26, 1971),
CCH Consumer Credit Guide 99499+ (2010)
599 P 99,796 CONSTITUTIONALITY OF "LOAN SHARKING" LAW, (FEB. 02, 1970), CCH Con-
sumer Credit Guide 99796 (2010)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

600 P 99,806 CONSTITUTIONALITY OF "LOAN SHARKING" LAW, (JAN. 14, 1970), CCH Con-
sumer Credit Guide 99806 (2010)
601 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. DEAUVILLE OPERATING CORPORATION,
d/b/a DEAUVILLE HOTEL, RESPONDENT, 1977 WL 8114, *2, 5 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1959,
1959, 1977-1978 O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 22,181, 22181 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Sep 14, 1977) (NO.
77-118) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
602 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. BIG "6' DRILLING COMPANY, RESPOND-
ENT, 1976 WL 22089, *1, 1975-1976 O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 20,511, 20511 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Feb
10, 1976) (NO. 13973) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
603 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. TED BREIHAN ELECTRIC COMPANY, RE-
SPONDENT, 1975 WL 22054, *3, 4 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1661, 1661, 1975-1976 O.S.H.D. (CCH)
P 20,196, 20196 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Nov 11, 1975) (NO. 12459) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
604 SECRETARY OF LABOR, Complainant v. R.E.A. CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION, Re-
spondent, 20 OSAHRC 506, 506, 1975 WL 5115, *1, 3 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1619, 1619,
1975-1976 O.S.H.D. (CCH) P 20,028, 20028 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Oct 15, 1975) (NO. 13106)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
605 SECRETARY OF LABOR, Complainant v. L.R. BROWN, JR., PAINTING CONTRACTOR,
Respondent, 17 OSAHRC 711, 711, 1975 WL 4850, *6, 3 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 1318, 1318
(O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. May 07, 1975) (NO. 8387) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
606 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. SALERNO BROTHERS, INC., RESPOND-
ENT, 14 OSAHRC 435, 435, 1974 WL 4576, *2, 2 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3249, 3249
(O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Dec 26, 1974) (NO. 6015) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
607 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. JACK'S SEPTIC TANK COMPANY, RE-
SPONDENT, 7 OSAHRC 1102, 1102, 1974 WL 4064, *4, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3376, 3376
(O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Apr 22, 1974) (NO. 2969) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
608 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. CENTRAL TIRE COMPANY & MOUNTAIN
VIEW TRANSPORTATION COMPANY, RESPONDENT, 6 OSAHRC 658, 658, 1974 WL
3979, *5, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3315, 3315 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Feb 25, 1974) (NO. 720, 737)
HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
609 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. GEO. W. ROGERS CONSTRUCTION COR-
PORATION, RESPONDENT, 6 OSAHRC 106, 106, 1974 WL 3925, *5, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA)
3283, 3283 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Jan 04, 1974) (NO. 2617)
610 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. FURRY GRAIN COMPANY, RESPONDENT,
4 OSAHRC 1013, 1013, 1973 WL 4195, *2, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3193, 3193 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J.
Oct 01, 1973) (NO. 1700) "
611 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. WILSHIRE TERRACE, A CORPORATION,
RESPONDENT, 3 OSAHRC 708, 708+, 1973 WL 4069, *5+, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3053, 3053+
(O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Jul 02, 1973) (NO. 1605, 1654)
612 SECRETARY OF LABOR, COMPLAINANT v. J. A. WALDER, INC., RESPONDENT, 2
OSAHRC 881, 881, 1973 WL 3975, *9, 1 O.S.H. Cas. (BNA) 3047, 3047 (O.S.H.R.C.A.L.J. Mar
14, 1973) (NO. 1128)

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Registers (U.S.A.)
613 Regulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to Protect
Children and Adolescents Book 1 of 2 Books, 61 Federal Register 44396+ (Aug 28, 1996)
614 New Reporting Requirement Implementing Section 213(b) of the Federal Power Act and Sup-
porting Expanded Regulatory Responsibilities Under the Energy Policy Act of 1992, and Con-
forming and Other Changes to Form No. FERC-71, 58 Federal Register 52420 (Oct 08, 1993)

615 Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources; Bulk Gasoline Terminals, 48 Federal Re-
gister 37578 (Aug 18, 1983) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)

Secondary Sources (U.S.A.)


616 What Constitutes Taking of Property Requiring Compensation Under Takings Clause of Fifth
Amendment to United States Constitution--Supreme Court Cases, 10 A.L.R. Fed. 2d 231 (2006)
HN: 13,17 (S.Ct.)
617 Validity, construction, and application of sec. 201(b)(2) and related provisions of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 (42 USC sec. 2000a(b)(2)), prohibiting discrimination or segregation in restaurants,
cafeterias, and other such facilities principally engaged in selling food for consumption on the
premises, and in gasoline stations, 10 A.L.R. Fed. 220 (1972)
618 Validity, construction, and application of sec. 201(b)(3) and related provisions of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 (42 USC sec. 2000a(b)(3)), prohibiting discrimination or segregation in motion-pic-
ture houses, theaters, concert halls, sports arenas, stadiums, or other places of exhibition or enter-
tainment, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 415 (1971)
619 Validity, construction and application of sec. 201(b)(1) and related provisions of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 (42 USC sec. 2000a(b)(1)), prohibiting discrimination or segregation in inns, hotels,
motels, or other establishments providing lodging to transient guests, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 450 (1971)
HN: 9,12,14,19,20 (S.Ct.)
620 Validity, construction, and application of Consumer Credit Protection Act provisions (18 USC
secs. 891-896) prohibiting extortionate credit transactions, 7 A.L.R. Fed. 950 (1971)
621 Collateral business activities incident to, or in aid of, interstate transportation, as related to inter-
state commerce, 152 A.L.R. 1078 (1944)
622 Constitutionality of "civil rights" legislation by state, 49 A.L.R. 505 (1927)
623 ADDRESSES DELIVERED AT THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE CAUSES OF POP-
ULAR DISSATISFACTION WITH THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE, 70 F.R.D. 79,
159+ (1976)
624 Acquisitions Under the Hart-Scott-Rodino AntitrustImprovements Act s 5.02, THE COMMERCE
TEST (SECTION 7A(A)(1) AND RULES S S 801.1( S L (2010)
625 Bruner and O'Connor on Construction Law s 20:7, FAA evolution from "procedural" to "substant-
ive" law--Triggering FAA jurisdiction over an arbitration agreement: Interstate commerce--Effect
of United States v. Lopez on sc (2010) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
626 Callmann on Unfair Compet., TMs, & Monopolies s 3:11, Federal regulation of competition un-
der the commerce clause--The scope of the commerce clause (2010)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

627 Copyright Law in Business and Practice s 1:3, U.S. copyright law--"Quasi copyright rights":
Constitutionality of statutes that interact with the Copyright Act of 1976 (2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
628 Criminal Procedure, Second Edition s 1.2(C), Federal authority (2009)
629 Eckstrom's Licensing in Foreign & Domestic Ops. s 6:2, Creation of rights (2010)
630 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 17:15, Constitutional challenges to the validity of FACE--Congress'
affirmative power to enact FACE--Disruption often involves interstate movement (2010) HN: 20
(S.Ct.)
631 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 1:22, Sources of congressional authority to enforce civil rights--Civil
rights enforcement through the commerce clause--The history leading to the Civil Rights Act of
1964 (2010) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
632 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 1:24, Sources of congressional authority to enforce civil rights--Civil
rights enforcement through the commerce clause--The impact of Lopez on civil rights legislation
(2010)
633 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 1:25, Sources of congressional authority to enforce civil rights--Civil
rights enforcement through the commerce clause--More restrictions on the commerce power:
United States v. Morrison (2010) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
634 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 7:1, The historical backdrop for the Civil Rights Act of 1964--History
of discrimination in places of public accommodation (2010) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
635 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 7:26, Remedies--Injunctive and declaratory relief (2010)
636 Federal Civil Rights Acts s 7:3, The historical backdrop for the Civil Rights Act of
1964--Constitutional authority (2010) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
637 Firearms Law Deskbook s 5:5, Requirement that regulated activity have substantial effect on in-
terstate commerce (2010) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
638 Fletcher Cyclopedia Law of Private Corporations s 6704, Discriminations (2010)
639 1 Government Contract Costs & Pricing s 3:2, Statutes (2009)
640 Gov. Discrim.: Equal Protection Law & Litig. s 7:2, Power to enact (2010)
641 Gov. Discrim.: Equal Protection Law & Litig. s 7:6, Public accommodations (2010)
642 Hartman and Trost, Federal Limitations on State and Local Tax s 14:3, Judicial thinking and
commerce power of congress between National League of Cities and Garcia (2010)
643 Hartman and Trost, Federal Limitations on State and Local Tax s 14:4, Comprehensive nature of
congressional power under commerce clause (2010) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
644 Hartman and Trost, Federal Limitations on State and Local Tax s 2:21, Constitutionally forbid-
den discriminatory taxes (2010) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
645 Housing Discrimination Law and Litigation s 6:1, Constitutionality under the thirteenth amend-
ment (2010)
646 Law of Environmental Protection s 13:117, Supreme Court, the Clean Water Act, the Constitu-
tion, and beyond (2010)
647 Law of Water Rights and Resources s 9:9, Federal jurisdiction over water resources--Full com-
merce clause power as a basis of federal jurisdiction (2010)
648 Lindey on Entertainment, Publ. & the Arts s 10:12, Anti-bootlegging Statutes (2010) HN: 8

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

(S.Ct.)
649 Lindey on Entertainment, Publ. & the Arts s 1:42.70, Protection for live musical performances-
-Constitutional challenges (2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
650 Lindey on Entertainment, Publ. & the Arts s 1:9, Duration of copyright (2010) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
651 Lindey on Entertainment, Publ. & the Arts s 9:13, Anti-bootlegging statutes--Constitutional chal-
lenges (2010)
652 34 Mass. Prac. Series s 22:24, Special nature of public housing (2010) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
653 33A Mass. Prac. Series s 13:43, Cable television and satellite dish (2010)
654 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition s 19:105, Nature of use necessary to support a
service mark registration--1964 Civil Rights Act: an expansion of Congress's power (2010) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
655 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition s 19:106, Nature of use necessary to support a
service mark registration--Amount of interstate customers or interstate supplies (2010)
656 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition s 19:123, Comment: present and future mean-
ing of "in commerce" (2010)
657 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition s 25:55, Infringement of federally registered
marks: "use in commerce"--Federal power to control intrastate acts which affect interstate com-
merce (2010) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
658 McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition s 6:2, Differing constitutional basis (2010)
659 33 N.J. Prac. Series s 15.2, Criminal trespass (2010)
660 Patry on Copyright s 24:13, Sections 512 and 513: "bootlegs of live musical perform-
ances"--Section 512: civil cause of action--Right granted--Duration of right (2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
661 Public Natural Resources Law s 3:16, Other clauses of the Constitution--Commerce Clause
(2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
662 Public Natural Resources Law s 5:14, The negative or dormant Commerce Clause--States as land
and resource owners (2010) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
663 RIA All States Tax Guide 985.44, CAMPS NEWFOUND/OWATONNA, INC. Petitioner v.
TOWN OF HARRISON MAINE, et al. (1997)
664 Schechter and Thomas Hornbook on Intellectual Property s 26.2, Obtaining Federal Trademark
Rights Through Federal Registration (2003)
665 Smolla & Nimmer on Freedom of Speech s 14:38, Application of current obscenity standards-
-Restrictions on adult bookstores, theatres, dance clubs, and similar activities--Significance of the
Paris Adult Theatre I decision (2010)
666 Smolla & Nimmer on Freedom of Speech s 9:8, Understanding the O'Brien test--Prong one: Con-
stitutional power--Prong one is superfluous (2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
667 State and Local Government Civil Rights Liability s 4:1, Origin and background (2010) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
668 State and Local Government Civil Rights Liability s 9:1, Origin and background (2010) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
669 State and Local Government Civil Rights Liability s 9:7, Establishments providing lodging

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

(2010) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)


670 State Taxation P 4.06, THE U.S. SUPREME COURT'S CONTEMPORARY VIEW OF THE
SCOPE OF THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE (2010) HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
671 Sutherland Statutes and Statutory Construction s 2:1, Judicial review of legislative action (2010)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
672 Trademark Law Practice Forms, 2d s 24:33, Defenses and objections--FORM: Memorandum in
opposition to motion to dismiss (2010)
673 Treatise on Constitutional Law s 18.9(B), Desegregation of Other Facilities (2010) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
674 Treatise on Constitutional Law s 19.2(A), Introduction (2010)
675 Treatise on Constitutional Law s 4.10(B), Civil Rights Legislation (2010) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
676 Uelmen and Haddox, Drug Abuse and the Law Sourcebook s 5:6, Medical necessity (2009)
677 Virginia Practice Criminal Offenses and Defenses T21, Trespass and Related Crimes (2009)
678 West's Federal Administrative Practice s 11353, Title II. Public accommodations (2010) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
679 West's Federal Administrative Practice s 4027, Protection against unauthorized fixation and traf-
ficking in sound recordings and music videos (2010)
680 1 West's Federal Forms s 4, Terms of Court (2010)
681 1 West's Federal Forms s 57, Petition for Certiorari--A Third Illustration of Complete Petition for
Certiorari (2010)
682 1A West's Federal Forms s 327, Opposition or Other Response to Application for Stay (2010)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
683 1AA West's Federal Forms s 413, Motion to Advance Oral Argument (2010)
684 8 Witkin, California Summary 10th Constitutional Law s 1294, In General.
685 8 Witkin, California Summary 10th Constitutional Law s 1319, In General. HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
686 8 Witkin, California Summary 10th Constitutional Law s 850, Public Accommodations. HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
687 Zoning and Planning Deskbook, Second Edition s 7:31, Denial of due process--Defective pro-
ceedings below--Denial of equal protection--Nonuniform treatment--Fair Housing Amendments
Act of 1988 (2009) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
688 42 Am. Jur. Proof of Facts 3d 85, Claims Under the Gender Motivated Violence Against Women
Act of 1994 (2010)
689 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights s 12, Generally (2010)
690 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights s 225, Discrimination requirements; state action--Operations affecting
commerce (2010) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
691 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights s 226, Establishments providing lodging for transient guests (2010) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
692 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights s 228, Places of exhibition or entertainment, generally (2010)
693 Am. Jur. 2d Civil Rights s 252, Hotels, motels, inns, and boardinghouses (2010) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
694 Am. Jur. 2d Commerce s 12, Nature of congressional power, generally (2010)

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695 Am. Jur. 2d Commerce s 19, Interstate activities--Power as extending to every part and instru-
mentality of interstate commerce (2010) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
696 Am. Jur. 2d Commerce s 84, Generally (2010) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
697 Am. Jur. 2d Constitutional Law s 627, Miscellaneous matters (2010) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
698 Am. Jur. 2d Constitutional Law s 635, What is a deprivation (2010) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
699 Am. Jur. 2d Involuntary Servitude and Peonage s 7, Discrimination (2010) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
700 CJS Civil Rights s 351, Public accommodations (2010)
701 CJS Civil Rights s 6, Sources of legislative authority (2010)
702 CJS Civil Rights s 76, Generally (2010) HN: 15,16 (S.Ct.)
703 CJS Civil Rights s 8, History (2010) HN: 21 (S.Ct.)
704 CJS Commerce s 16, Control of commerce (2010)
705 CJS Commerce s 18, Generally (2010)
706 CJS Commerce s 21, Business incidental to commerce (2010) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
707 CJS Commerce s 26, Generally (2010) HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
708 CJS Commerce s 45, Nature and scope of regulations (2010) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
709 CJS Commerce s 96, Miscellaneous (2010) HN: 1,4,12 (S.Ct.)
710 CJS Constitutional Law s 330, Invalidation, annulment, and repeal of statutes (2010) HN: 20
(S.Ct.)
711 CJS Eminent Domain s 118, Generally (2010) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
712 SIX YEARS AFTER PASSAGE OF THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT: DISCRIM-
INATION AGAINST FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN, 9 Admin. L.J. Am. U. 297, 359 (1995)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
713 THE QUESTION OF THE FUTURE OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS, 49 Admin. L.
Rev. 149, 157 (1997)
714 JUDICIAL REVIEW OF AGENCY ACTIONS IN A PERIOD OF DIMINISHING AGENCY
RESOURCES, 49 Admin. L. Rev. 61, 94 (1997)
715 JON & KATE PLUS THE STATE: WHY CONGRESS SHOULD PROTECT CHILDREN IN
REALITY PROGRAMMING, 43 Akron L. Rev. 435, 500+ (2010) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
716 THE LEGACY OF SLAUGHTERHOUSE, BRADWELL, AND CRUIKSHANK IN CONSTI-
TUTIONAL INTERPRETATION, 42 Akron L. Rev. 1051, 1080 (2009)
717 THE UNION AS IT WASN'T AND THE CONSTITUTION AS IT ISN'T: SECTION FIVE AND
ALTERING THE BALANCE OF POWERS, 42 Akron L. Rev. 1081, 1109 (2009)
718 REBUILDING THE SLAUGHTER-HOUSE: THE CASES' SUPPORT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, 42
Akron L. Rev. 1129, 1164 (2009) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
719 GONZALES V. RAICH: HOW TO FIX A MESS OF "ECONOMIC" PROPORTIONS, 40 Akron
L. Rev. 545, 585+ (2007)
720 THE CONSTITUTIONAL POLITICS OF INTERPRETING SECTION 5 OF THE FOUR-
TEENTH AMENDMENT, 36 Akron L. Rev. 425, 471+ (2003)
721 CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND JOHN BINGHAM'S THEORY

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OF CITIZENSHIP, 36 Akron L. Rev. 717, 769+ (2003) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)


722 A NEO-FEDERALIST INTERPRETATION OF THE TENTH AMENDMENT, 25 Akron L.
Rev. 213, 248+ (1991) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
723 TITLE VII AND RULE 301: AN ANALYSIS OF THE WATSON AND ATONIO DECISIONS,
23 Akron L. Rev. 105, 172 (1989)
724 THE TRADITION OF THE WRITTEN CONSTITUTION: TEXT, PRECEDENT, AND
BURKE, 57 Ala. L. Rev. 635, 687 (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
725 THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT, GARRETT, AND PROTECTION FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, 53
Ala. L. Rev. 1183, 1220+ (2002) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
726 THE IMPACT OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 ON RACIALLY DISCRIMINATORY
DONATIVE TRANSFERS, 53 Ala. L. Rev. 463, 553 (2002)
727 THE SHADOWS OF UNCONSTITUTIONALITY: HOW THE NEW FEDERALISM MAY AF-
FECT THE ANTI-DISCRIMINATION MANDATE OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILIT-
IES ACT, 52 Ala. L. Rev. 91, 192 (2000)
728 RETROACTIVITY, THE RULE OF LAW, AND THE CONSTITUTION, 51 Ala. L. Rev. 1095,
1121 (2000)
729 HAS ALLIED-BRUCE TERMINIX COS. V. DOBSON EXTERMINATED ALABAMA'S
ANTI-ARBITRATION RULE?, 47 Ala. L. Rev. 577, 614+ (1996) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
730 ARBITRATION IN ALABAMA--OF ROAD SIGNS ADN REALITY, 62 Ala. Law. 63, 69
(2001)
731 REGULATING LITIGATION UNDER THE PROTECTION OF LAWFUL COMMERCE IN
ARMS ACT: ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OR REGULATORY NULLITY?, 70 Alb. L. Rev. 537,
582+ (2007) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
732 THE FATE OF NEW YORK PUBLIC EDUCATION IS A MATTER OF INTERPRETATION:
A STORY OF COMPETING METHODS OF CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION, THE
NATURE OF LAW, AND A FUNCTIONAL APPROACH TO THE NEW YORK EDUCATION
ARTICLE, 70 Alb. L. Rev. 625, 673 (2007)
733 A DISSENTING OPINION, 68 Alb. L. Rev. 385, 402+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
734 JUDICIAL ACTIVISM, JUDGES' SPEECH, AND MERIT SELECTION: CONVENTIONAL
WISDOM AND NONSENSE, 68 Alb. L. Rev. 557, 576+ (2005) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
735 AFFECTING COMMERCE: POST LOPEZ REVIEW OF THE HOBBS ACT, 66 Alb. L. Rev.
1197, 1211+ (2003) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
736 THE SCOPE OF FEDERAL AUTHORITY UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT: IM-
PLICATIONS FOR LOCAL LAND USE PLANNING, 65 Alb. L. Rev. 497, 537+ (2001) HN:
11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
737 THE LAWYER'S LICENSE TO DISCRIMINATE REVOKED: HOW A DENTIST PUT TEETH
IN NEW YORK'S ANTI-DISCRIMINATION DISCIPLINARY RULE, 64 Alb. L. Rev. 153, 224
(2000)
738 THE PREGNANT CHILD'S RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION, 62 Alb. L. Rev. 1119, 1166
(1999) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
739 THE REAL "CONTRACT WITH AMERICA": THE ORIGINAL INTENT OF THE TENTH

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AMENDMENT AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 60 Alb. L. Rev. 1377, 1408 (1997)
740 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TITLE VII AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT RELIGION
CLAUSES: THE UNCONSTITUTIONAL SCHISM OF CORPORATION OF THE PRESIDING
BISHOP v. AMOS, 53 Alb. L. Rev. 421, 474+ (1989)
741 THE LOCUS OF LAWMAKING: UNIFORM STATE LAW, FEDERAL LAW, AND BANK-
RUPTCY REFORM, 74 Am. Bankr. L.J. 97, 113 (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
742 THE CONTEMPT POWER OF THE BANKRUPTCY COURT FACT OR FICTION: THE DE-
BATE CONTINUES, 65 Am. Bankr. L.J. 591, 623 (1991)
743 SERVING UP CIVIL RIGHTS, 87-FEB A.B.A. J. 44, 46 (2001)
744 LAYING THE GROUNDWORK A SLIM SUPREME COURT MAJORITY IS ERECTING
BOUNDARIES AROUND A CONGRESS INTENT ON BENDING STATES TO ITS WILL.
THE JUSTICES HAVE STARTED A FEDERAL REVOLUTION, BUT THERE IS NO POPU-
LAR UPRISING TO SUPP, 86-MAY A.B.A. J. 40, 43 (2000)
745 BOOK REVIEW: THE TEMPLE BOMBING (MELISSA FAY GREENE, FAWCETT
COLUMBINE, 1996, 436 PAGES), 35 Am. Bus. L.J. 469, 473+ (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
746 LOVE'S LABOUR'S LOST: MICHAEL LEWIS CLARK'S CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGE
OF 18 U.S.C. 2423(C), 43 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1241, 1266 (2006) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
747 MONEY LAUNDERING: THE CRIME OF THE '90'S, 27 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 149, 207 (1989)
748 RACKETEERING AND THE FEDERALIZATION OF CRIME, 22 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 213, 266
(1984)
749 A ROUGH AND NARROW PATH: PRESERVING NATIVE AMERICAN RELIGIOUS
LIBERTY IN THE SMITH ERA, 25 Am. Indian L. Rev. 1, 35 (2001)
750 TRADEMARK ACQUISITION, REGISTRATION AND MAINTENANCE: A PRIMER, 19
AIPLA Q.J. 123, 187 (1991)
751 REGULATING ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, 50 Am. J. Comp. L. 665, 685 (2002) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
752 THE CONSTITUTIONALIZATION OF LAW IN THE UNITED STATES, 46 Am. J. Comp. L.
437, 462 (1998)
753 FEARING FEDERALISM'S FAILURE: SUBSIDIARITY IN THE EUROPEAN UNION, 44
Am. J. Comp. L. 537, 583 (1996)
754 DON'T MAKE A FEDERAL CASE OUT OF IT: THE CONSTITUTION AND THE NATION-
ALIZATION OF CRIME, 25 Am. J. Crim. L. 151, 163 (1997)
755 S.O.S. - SAVING OUR SCHOOLS: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE GUN-FREE
SCHOOL ZONES ACT OF 1990, 22 Am. J. Crim. L. 491, 514+ (1995)
756 THE CONSTITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF GUN CONTROL AND SEVERAL REALIST-
IC GUN CONTROL PROPOSALS, 17 Am. J. Crim. L. 19, 54 (1989) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
757 SLAUGHTER-HOUSE, CIVIL RIGHTS, AND LIMITS ON CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE, 32
Am. J. Juris. 1, 22 (1987) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
758 MEDICAL CARE AS A PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION: MOVING THE DISCUSSION TO
RACE, 29 Am. J.L. & Med. 381, 394 (2003)
759 SISTERS OF THE VISITATION V. COCHRAN PLASTERING CO.: EARNEST FEDERAL-

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ISM OR RECONSTRUCTIVE DEFIANCE TO THE FEDERAL ARBITRATION ACT?, 25 Am.


J. Trial Advoc. 633, 670 (2002) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
760 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, A LOOK AT SOUTH AFRICA AND THE UNITED STATES: A
QUESTION OF PIGMENTATION OR LEVELING THE PLAYING FIELD?, 13 Am. U. Int'l L.
Rev. 333, 377 (1997) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
761 CLARENCE THOMAS: THE FIRST TEN YEARS LOOKING FOR CONSISTENCY, 10 Am.
U.J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 327, 341 (2002)
762 HAS THE SUPREME COURT GONE TOO FAR?: AN ANALYSIS OF UNIVERSITY OF
ALABAMA V. GARRETT AND ITS IMPACT ON PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES, 9 Am. U.J.
Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 663, 694+ (2001) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
763 HOMEGROWN CHILD PORNOGRAPHY AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: WHERE TO
DRAW THE LINE ON THE INTRASTATE PRODUCTION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY, 55
Am. U. L. Rev. 543, 584+ (2005)
764 ANTHRAX HOAXES, 54 Am. U. L. Rev. 1, 74 (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
765 RE-BALANCING STATE AND FEDERAL POWER: TOWARD A POLITICAL PRINCIPLE
OF SUBSIDIARITY IN THE UNITED STATES, 53 Am. U. L. Rev. 1421, 1472+ (2004) HN:
12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
766 FROM SPECIAL PRIVILEGE TO GENERAL UTILITY: A CONTINUATION OF WILLARD
HURST'S STUDY OF CORPORATIONS, 49 Am. U. L. Rev. 81, 180 (1999)
767 THE NEW ACTIVIST COURT, 45 Am. U. L. Rev. 1367, 1401+ (1996) HN: 8,9,12 (S.Ct.)
768 A HOME OF ONE'S OWN: THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 1988 AND
HOUSING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISABILITIES, 43 Am.
U. L. Rev. 925, 994+ (1994) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
769 THOUGHTS ON THE VITALITY OF ERIE, 41 Am. U. L. Rev. 1087, 1137 (1992)
770 TWO MODELS OF CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION, 40 Am. U. L. Rev. 1357, 1388
(1991)
771 FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION OR GENDER DISCRIMINATION? NEW YORK STATE
CLUB ASSOCIATION v. CITY OF NEW YORK, 38 Am. U. L. Rev. 1061, 1092 (1989)
772 A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES' PROPOSED HEALTH
PRIVACY REGULATIONS IN LIGHT OF THE HEALTH INSURANCE PRIVACY AND AC-
COUNTABILITY ACT OF 1996, 9 Annals Health L. 1, 72 (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
773 INSIDE THE FEDERALISM CASES: CONCERN ABOUT THE FEDERAL COURTS, 574 An-
nals Am. Acad. Pol. & Soc. Sci. 132, 144+ (2001)
774 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND FEDERALIZED CRIME: A TALE OF TWO THIEVES, 543
Annals Am. Acad. Pol. & Soc. Sci. 27, 38+ (1996) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
775 SEEING THE LIGHT: SAVINGS ASSOCIATION CONVERSATIONS AND FEDERAL REG-
ULATORY REALIGNMENT, 10 Ann. Rev. Banking L. 189, 224 (1991) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
776 CANNABIS, COMPASSIONATE USE AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: WHY DEVELOP-
MENTS IN CALIFORNIA MAY LIMIT THE CONSTITUTIONAL REACH OF THE FEDER-
AL DRUG LAWS, 1999 Ann. Surv. Am. L. 471, 525+ (1999) HN: 14,20 (S.Ct.)
777 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW: SOLID WASTE TRANSPORT AND DISPOSAL ACROSS STATE

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LINES-THE COMMERCE CLAUSE VERSUS THE GARBAGE CRISIS, 1990 Ann. Surv. Am.
L. 365, 393 (1991) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
778 THE VIEW FROM THE SUMMIT JURISDICTION AND BEYOND, 60 Antitrust L.J. 725, 755
(1992) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
779 THE 1990-91 SUPREME COURT TERM AND ANTITRUST: TOWARD GREATER CER-
TAINTY, 60 Antitrust L.J. 603, 638 (1991) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
780 WORKING THE COMMON LAW PURE: DEVELOPING THE LAW OF DELICT (TORTS) IN
LIGHT OF THE SPIRIT, PURPORT AND OBJECTS OF SOUTH AFRICA'S BILL OF
RIGHTS, 26 Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 427, 503 (2009)
781 QUESTIONABLE MEDICINE-WHY FEDERAL MEDICAL MALPRACTICE REFORM MAY
BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL, 47 Ariz. L. Rev. 195, 221 (2005)
782 ENFORCING FEDERALISM AFTER UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, 38 Ariz. L. Rev. 793, 823+
(1996) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
783 FEDERALISM AS A REGIONAL ISSUE: "GET OUT! AND GIVE US MORE MONEY.", 38
Ariz. L. Rev. 829, 842 (1996)
784 UNDERMINING INALIENABLE RIGHTS: FROM DRED SCOTT TO THE REHNQUIST
COURT, 39 Ariz. St. L.J. 1179, 1235+ (2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
785 PRINTZ V. UNITED STATES: FEDERALISM REVISITED OR MADISON AND HAMILTON
ARE AT IT AGAIN, 30 Ariz. St. L.J. 491, 512+ (1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
786 THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 1988: AN INCOMPLETE SOLUTION TO
THE PROBLEM OF HOUSING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST FAMILIES, 30 Ariz. St. L.J.
205, 219 (1998) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
787 GETTING BEYOND CONSTITUTIONALLY MANDATED ORIGINALITY AS A PRE-
REQUISITE FOR FEDERAL COPYRIGHT PROTECTION, 24 Ariz. St. L.J. 1461, 1477+
(1992) HN: 1,8 (S.Ct.)
788 NEW-AGE FEDERALISM AND THE MARKET PARTICIPANT DOCTRINE, 22 Ariz. St. L.J.
559, 623 (1990)
789 SCHOOLS, GUNS AND THE FUTURE OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 1995 Ark. L. Notes
77, 81+ (1995) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
790 IN(RE)DIGNITY: THE NEW FEDERALISM IN PERSPECTIVE, 57 Ark. L. Rev. 1, 68+ (2004)
791 SMALL DIFFERENCES?, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 1097, 1148 (2003)
792 A COMMERCE CLAUSE STANDARD FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM: "YES" TO BROAD
CONGRESSIONAL CONTROL OVER COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS; "NO" TO FEDER-
AL LEGISLATION ON SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ISSUES, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 1213, 1251+
(2003) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
793 RULINGS AND RESISTANCE: THE NEW COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE EN-
COUNTERS THE LOWER COURTS, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 1253, 1311 (2003) HN: 9,20 (S.Ct.)
794 WYLIE H. DAVIS 1919-2002, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 705, 710 (2003) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
795 TAMING CONGRESS'S POWER UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: WHAT DOES THE
NEAR FUTURE PORTEND?, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 731, 793+ (2003) HN: 4,9 (S.Ct.)
796 THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE NEW COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE: AN EVOL-

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UTIONARY OR REVOLUTIONARY COURT?, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 795, 846+ (2003) HN: 4,12,14
(S.Ct.)
797 MADISON, M'CULLOCH, AND MATTERS OF JUDICIAL COGNIZANCE: SOME
THOUGHTS ON THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF JUDICIAL REVIEW, 55 Ark. L. Rev. 901,
932+ (2003) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
798 THE SOMETIMES-BUMPY STREAM OF COMMERCE CLAUSE DOCTRINE, 55 Ark. L.
Rev. 981, 1008+ (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
799 PIERCE COUNTY V. GUILLEN: A DANGEROUS ROAD: THE FEDERAL HIGHWAY PRO-
GRAM'S COLLISION WITH STATE COURT SYSTEMS AND THE IMPACT ON STATE
SOVEREIGNTY, 56 Ark. L. Rev. 573, 610 (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
800 AN OVERVIEW OF THE ARKANSAS CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1993, 50 Ark. L. Rev. 165,
219 (1997) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
801 RICO, THE UNEXPECTED PROTECTOR UNVEILED IN NATIONAL ORGANIZATION
FOR WOMEN, INC. v. SCHEIDLER, 48 Ark. L. Rev. 851, 881+ (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
802 THE "ANTIREDLINING" ISSUE: CAN BANKS BE FORCED TO LEND?, 95 Banking L.J.
515, 526 (1978)
803 CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY TO REGULATE THE STATE TAXATION OF STATE
BANKS-THE FEDERAL RESERVE'S RECOMMENDATIONS FOR AN ALTERNATIVE TO
PL-156, 89 Banking L.J. 330, 344 (1972)
804 4 Barry L. Rev. 39, THE SUPREME COURT AND CIVIL RIGHTS SINCE 1940: OPPORTUN-
ITIES AND LIMITATIONS (2003) HN: 8,20 (S.Ct.)
805 4 Barry L. Rev. 71, FROM GIBBONS TO LOPEZ: DOES THE COMMERCE CLAUSE RE-
MAIN A VIABLE TOOL FOR ELIMINATING THE VESTIGES OF SLAVERY? (2003) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
806 SUBSTANTIAL EFFECT: WHAT UNITED STATES V. SCHAEFER REVEALS ABOUT
CONGRESS'S POWER TO REGULATE LOCAL ACTIVITY UNDER THE COMMERCE
CLAUSE, 62 Baylor L. Rev. 290, 312+ (2010) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
807 WILL THE SUPREME COURT CONTINUE TO PUT ASIDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SET-
ASIDES AS UNCONSTITITUTIONAL?: THE SEARCH FOR AN ANSWER IN CITY OF
RICHMOND v. J.A. CROSON CO., 42 Baylor L. Rev. 197, 229+ (1990) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
808 PRIVATE CLUBS: A SANCTUARY FOR DISCRIMINATION?, 40 Baylor L. Rev. 71, 112
(1988)
809 EQUAL PROTECTION AND RACIAL QUOTAS: WHERE DOES FULLILOVE v.
KLUTZNICK LEAVE US?, 33 Baylor L. Rev. 601, 617 (1981) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
810 VOICES FROM THE CUBICLE: PROTECTING AND ENCOURAGING PRIVATE EMPLOY-
EE SPEECH IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL WORKPLACE, 19 Berkeley J. Emp. & Lab. L. 1,
59+ (1998)
811 ACCESSING REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES: INVISIBLE BARRIERS, INDELIBLE
HARMS, 23 Berkeley J. Gender L. & Just. 18, 82+ (2008) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
812 NOT A COPYRIGHT LAW? UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON AND WHY THE ANTI-
BOOTLEGGING PROVISIONS ARE UNCONSTITUTIONAL, 23 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 323,

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352+ (2008) HN: 1,12,19 (S.Ct.)


813 UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON & KISS CATALOG V. PASSPORT INTERNATIONAL
PRODUCTS: THE ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTE AND THE COLLISION OF INTERNA-
TIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW AND THE UNITED STATES CONSTITU-
TION, 20 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 829, 855 (2005)
814 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT AFTER UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: DEFEND-
ING THE ACT FROM CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGE, 12 Berkeley Women's L.J. 119, 131
(1997)
815 GOVERNMENTS AND UNCONSTITUTIONAL TAKINGS: WHEN DO RIGHT-TO-FARM
LAWS GO TOO FAR?, 33 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 87, 147 (2006)
816 THE FORM AND SUBSTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE: THE CHALLENGE OF
TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 FOR ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION,
29 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 143, 228+ (2002) HN: 15,16 (S.Ct.)
817 THE ALLURE OF A LURE: PROPOSED FEDERAL LAND USE RESTRICTION EASE-
MENTS IN REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED PROPERTY, 24 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev.
271, 345+ (1997) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
818 A CONSTITUTIONAL SAFETY VALVE: THE VARIANCE IN ZONING AND LAND-USE
BASED ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS, 22 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 307, 364 (1995) HN: 9
(S.Ct.)
819 IMPLEMENTING FEDERAL ENERGY POLICY AT THE STATE AND LOCAL LEVELS:
"EVERY POWER REQUISITE', 10 B.C. Envtl. Aff. L. Rev. 875, 904 (1983) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
820 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE- COMMONWEALTH COMPARISONS, 24 B.C. Int'l & Comp. L.
Rev. 235, 251 (2001)
821 THE STANDARD OF JUDICIAL REVIEW OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES IN THE U.S.
AND EU: ACCOUNTABILITY AND REASONABLE AGENCY ACTION, 22 B.C. Int'l &
Comp. L. Rev. 213, 228 (1999)
822 SHOULD RELIGIOUS GROUPS BE EXEMPT FROM CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS?, 48 B.C. L.
Rev. 781, 849 (2007)
823 THE FIVE FACES OF FREEDOM IN AMERICAN POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL
THOUGHT, 45 B.C. L. Rev. 499, 594 (2004)
824 FURTHERING AMERICAN FREEDOM: CIVIL RIGHTS & THE THIRTEENTH AMEND-
MENT, 45 B.C. L. Rev. 307, 352+ (2004) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
825 GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE AS JUDICIAL ANOMALY: BETWEEN "THE TRULY NA-
TIONAL AND THE TRULY LOCAL", 42 B.C. L. Rev. 1081, 1159 (2001)
826 "DRIVING WHILE BLACK": COROLLARY PHENOMENA AND COLLATERAL CON-
SEQUENCES, 40 B.C. L. Rev. 717, 731 (1999)
827 RACE, EQUALITY AND THE RULE OF LAW: CRITICAL RACE THEORY'S ATTACK ON
THE PROMISES OF LIBERALISM, 40 B.C. L. Rev. 787, 827 (1999)
828 REBUILDING THE CITY OF RICHMOND: CONGRESS'S POWER TO AUTHORIZE THE
STATES TO IMPLEMENT RACE-CONSCIOUS AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PLANS, 33 B.C. L.
Rev. 903, 976 (1992)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

829 SOME RUNS, SOME HITS, SOME ERRORS-KEEPING SCORE IN THE AFFIRMATIVE AC-
TION BALLPARK FROM WEBER TO JOHNSON, 30 B.C. L. Rev. 1, 97 (1988)
830 SEEING THE OLD LADY: A NEW PERSPECTIVE ON THE AGE OLD PROBLEMS OF DIS-
CRIMINATION, INEQUALITY, AND SUBORDINATION, 27 B.C. Third World L.J. 263, 323
(2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
831 WORKFARE AND INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE-WHAT YOU WANTED TO KNOW BUT
WERE AFRAID TO ASK, 15 B.C. Third World L.J. 285, 321 (1995)
832 THE "TRUE' SOURCE OF THE IMMIGRATION POWER AND ITS PROPER CONSIDERA-
TION IN THE ELIAN GONZALEZ MATTER, 18 B.U. Int'l L.J. 215, 245+ (2000) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
... FREE AT LAST! ANTI-SUBORDINATION AND THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, 90
B.U. L. Rev. 255, 312+ (2010) (Text not available on WESTLAW)
834 THE FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHT AGAINST COMPELLED LISTENING, 89 B.U. L. Rev.
939, 1016 (2009)
835 CYBER CIVIL RIGHTS, 89 B.U. L. Rev. 61, 125 (2009)
836 THE INTRIGUING FEDERALIST FUTURE OF REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS, 88 B.U. L. Rev.
175, 225 (2008)
837 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON AND OTHER ARGUMENTS AGAINST FEDERAL "HATE
CRIME" LEGISLATION, 80 B.U. L. Rev. 1191, 1225 (2000)
838 COMMENTARY, 80 B.U. L. Rev. 1437, 1449 (2000) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
839 TEACHING THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 78 B.U. L. Rev. 1163, 1181+ (1998) HN: 14,19,20
(S.Ct.)
840 THE GHOST OF LOCHNER: MODERN TAKINGS DOCTRINE AND ITS IMPACT ON ECO-
NOMIC LEGISLATION, 76 B.U. L. Rev. 605, 667 (1996)
841 THE SUPREME COMMON LAW COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, 18 B.U. Pub. Int. L.J.
119, 170+ (2008) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
842 MORRISON OVERCOME: PROTECTING RED WOLVES AND THE ADMINISTRATIVE
STATE, 11 B.U. Pub. Int. L.J. 277, 295 (2002)
843 CULBERSON V. DOAN, 1999 WL 765970 (S.D. OHIO). ON DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO
DISMISS, THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF
OHIO, WESTERN DIVISION HELD THAT: (1) DEFENDANT'S ACTIONS WERE SUFFI-
CIENT TO, 9 B.U. Pub. Int. L.J. 141, 148 (1999) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
844 UNITED STATES v. BONGIORNO, 106 F.3D 1027 (1ST CIR. 1997)., 7 B.U. Pub. Int. L.J. 165,
172+ (1998) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
845 AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL PATENT IN DISGUISE: DID CONGRESS OVERSTEP ITS CON-
STITUTIONAL AUTHORITY IN ADOPTING THE CIRCUMVENTION PREVENTION PRO-
VISIONS OF THE DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT?, 41 Brandeis L.J. 33, 83+
(2002) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
846 FEDERAL WETLAND JURISDICTION AND THE POWER TO REGULATE COMMERCE:
SEARCHING FOR THE NEXUSIN GERKE EXCAVATING, 2006 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 263, 304
(2006)

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847 SALVAGING STATES' RIGHTS TO PROTECT CHILDREN FROM INTERNET PREDA-


TION: STATE POWER TO REGULATE INTERNET ACTIVITY UNDER THE DORMANT
COMMERCE CLAUSE, 2005 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 191, 228 (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
848 STATE TAXATION OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE: PERSPECTIVES ON PROPOSALS
FOR CHANGE AND THEIR CONSTITUTIONALITY, 2000 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 9, 76 (2000) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
849 INTRINSIC LIMITS OF CONGRESS' POWER REGARDING THE JUDICIAL BRANCH, 1999
B.Y.U. L. Rev. 75, 175+ (1999) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
850 ADR IN YOUTH AND INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS, 1997 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 631, 652
(1997)
851 REMOVING INTRASTATE LAWSUITS: THE AFFECTING-COMMERCE ARGUMENT
AFTER UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, 1995 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 1103, 1123+ (1995) HN: 11,12,19
(S.Ct.)
852 ON GREATNESS AND CONSTITUTIONAL VISION: JUSTICE BYRON R. WHITE, 1994
B.Y.U. L. Rev. 291, 312 (1994)
853 THE MONROE MYSTERY SOLVED: BEYOND THE "UNHAPPY HISTORY" THEORY OF
CIVIL RIGHTS LITIGATION, 1991 B.Y.U. L. Rev. 737, 765 (1991) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
854 THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE: A LIMIT ON ALIEN LAND LAWS, 20 Brook. J.
Int'l L. 217, 253 (1993)
855 ALIEN LANDOWNERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES: A MATTER OF STATE CONTROL,
14 Brook. J. Int'l L. 147, 186+ (1988) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
856 MORAL CONFLICT AND LIBERTY: GAY RIGHTS AND RELIGION, 72 Brook. L. Rev. 61,
123 (2006)
857 CAN CONGRESS REGULATE INTRASTATE ENDANGERED SPECIES UNDER THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE? THE SPLIT IN THE CIRCUITS OVER WHETHER THE REGULATED
ACTIVITY IS PRIVATE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OR THE TAKING OF PROTEC-
TED SPECIES, 69 Brook. L. Rev. 923, 986+ (2004) HN: 9,12,19 (S.Ct.)
858 MAKING A FEDERAL CASE OUT OF IT: SECTION 1981 AND AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT,
67 Brook. L. Rev. 329, 380 (2001)
859 BRZONKALA v. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC AND STATE UNIVERSITY: THE CONSTITU-
TIONALITY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT-RECOGNIZING THAT VIOL-
ENCE TARGETED AT WOMEN AFFECTS INTERSTATE COMMERCE, 63 Brook. L. Rev.
367, 394+ (1997) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
860 HOW THE SUPREME COURT IS DEALING WITH PRECEDENTS IN CONSTITUTIONAL
CASES, 62 Brook. L. Rev. 973, 1038 (1996)
861 IT'S NOT BLACK AND WHITE: SPENCER v. CASAVILLA AND THE USE OF THE RIGHT
OF INTRASTATE TRAVEL IN SECTION 1985(3), 57 Brook. L. Rev. 473, 524 (1991) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
862 DIVERSITY JURISDICTION: SCAPEGOAT OF OVERCROWDED FEDERAL COURTS, 48
Brook. L. Rev. 197, 230 (1982)
863 THE SUPREME COURT REJECTS CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES TO THE SURFACE

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MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977 HODEL v. VIRGINIA SURFACE


MINING AND RECLAMATION ASSOCIATION HODEL v. INDIANA (FNaa), 48 Brook. L.
Rev. 137, 175+ (1981) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
864 THE MIDDLE CLASS FOURTH AMENDMENT, 6 Buff. Crim. L. Rev 1123, 1161 (2003)
865 STARE DECISIS AND THE REHNQUIST COURT: THE COLLISION OF ACTIVISM,
PASSIVISM, AND POLITICS IN CASEY, 42 Buff. L. Rev. 187, 251 (1994)
866 INTERSTATE BRANCHING AND THE CONSTITUTION, 41 Bus. Law. 337, 346 (1986) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
867 WAS GONZALES V. RAICH THE DEATH KNELL OF FEDERALISM? ASSESSING MEAN-
INGFUL LIMITS ON FEDERAL INTRASTATE REGULATION IN LIGHT OF U.S. V. NAS-
CIMENTO., 23 BYU J. Pub. L. 317, 349 (2009)
868 INTERSTATE COMMERCE AND INTRASTATE ENDANGERED SPECIES: THE CONTRO-
VERSY AND THE NEED FOR COMPROMISE, 20 BYU J. Pub. L. 167, 193 (2005)
869 KATZENBACH V. MCCLUNG: THE ABANDONMENT OF FEDERALISM IN THE NAME
OF RATIONAL BASIS, 14 BYU J. Pub. L. 1, 35+ (1999) HN: 14,19,20 (S.Ct.)
870 GUNS AND COMMERCE IN DIALECTICAL PERSPECTIVE, 11 BYU J. Pub. L. 183, 207+
(1997) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
871 NEW YORK V. UNITED STATES: CONSTITUTIONAL ORDER OR COMMERCE CLAUSE
CHAOS?, 7 BYU J. Pub. L. 377, 394+ (1993) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
872 CLIMATE CHANGE, DEAD ZONES, AND MASSIVE PROBLEMS IN THE ADMINISTRAT-
IVE STATE: A GUIDE FOR WHITTLING AWAY, 98 Cal. L. Rev. 59, 120 (2010)
873 BEYOND ANALOGY: PEREZ V. SHARP, ANTIMISCEGENATION LAW, AND THE FIGHT
FOR SAME-SEX MARRIAGE, 96 Cal. L. Rev. 839, 900 (2008)
874 TRANSCENDING THE INDIVIDUALIST PARADIGM IN SEXUAL ORIENTATION ANTI-
DISCRIMINATION LAW, 94 Cal. L. Rev. 1271, 1322+ (2006) HN: 13,16 (S.Ct.)
875 GETTING FROM JOE TO GENE (MCCARTHY): THE AVOIDANCE CANON, LEGAL PRO-
CESS THEORY, AND NARROWING STATUTORY INTERPRETATION IN THE EARLY
WARREN COURT, 93 Cal. L. Rev. 397, 464 (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
876 UNCEASING ANIMOSITIES AND THE PUBLIC TRANQUILITY: POLITICAL MARKET
FAILURE AND THE SCOPE OF THE COMMERCE POWER, 91 Cal. L. Rev. 1331, 1374+
(2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
877 TITLE II OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT AFTER GARRETT: DEFECT-
IVE ABROGATION OF SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY AND ITS REMEDIAL IMPACT, 91 Cal.
L. Rev. 827, 884+ (2003) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
878 INDEPENDENT-NORM FEDERALISM IN CRIMINAL LAW, 90 Cal. L. Rev. 1541, 1591
(2002)
879 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND FEDERALISM AFTER LOPEZ AND MORRISON: THE
CASE FOR CLOSING THE JURISDICTIONAL-ELEMENT LOOPHOLE, 90 Cal. L. Rev.
1675, 1737+ (2002) HN: 9,12 (S.Ct.)
880 EQUALITY TROUBLE: SAMENESS AND DIFFERENCE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY
RACE LAW, 88 Cal. L. Rev. 1923, 2015 (2000)

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881 GOOD COP, BAD COP: FEDERAL PROSECUTION OF STATE-LEGALIZED MEDICAL


MARIJUANA USE AFTER UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 88 Cal. L. Rev. 1575, 1634+ (2000)
HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
882 PUBLIC JUSTICE: TOWARD A STATE ACTION THEORY OF ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE
RESOLUTION, 85 Cal. L. Rev. 577, 641 (1997) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
883 PURPOSE SCRUTINY IN CONSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS, 85 Cal. L. Rev. 297, 369 (1997)
884 STANDING BACK FROM THE FOREST: JUSTICIABILITY AND SOCIAL CHOICE, 83 Cal.
L. Rev. 1309, 1413 (1995)
885 FOREWORD: THE FINAL CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, 79 Cal. L. Rev. 597, 611 (1991)
886 RENEGING ON HISTORY? PLAYING THE COURT/CONGRESS/PRESIDENT CIVIL
RIGHTS GAME, 79 Cal. L. Rev. 613, 684 (1991)
887 A LIBERTARIAN CRITIQUE OF UNIVERSITY RESTRICTIONS OF OFFENSIVE SPEECH,
79 Cal. L. Rev. 825, 918+ (1991) HN: 4,13,16 (S.Ct.)
888 INDETERMINACY AND INCOMMENSURABILITY IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 78 Cal.
L. Rev. 1441, 1541 (1990) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
889 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CANADAIAN AND U.S. FEDERAL SYSTEMS-RESULTING EF-
FECTS ON THE ABILITY TO DEAL WITH CROSS-BORDER AND INTERNATIONAL IS-
SUES, 27 Can.-U.S. L.J. 11, 18 (2001)
... AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAW: A COMPARATIVE LEGAL, ECONOMIC, AND CON-
STITUTIONAL ANALYSIS, 37 Cap. U. L. Rev. 745, 785+ (2009) HN: 12 (S.Ct.) (Text not
available on WESTLAW)
891 CURRENTS IN COMMERCE CLAUSE SCHOLARSHIP SINCE LOPEZ: A SURVEY, 32 Cap.
U. L. Rev. 671, 681+ (2004) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
892 WHITE CULTURAL MATRIX AND THE LANGUAGE OF NONVERBAL ADVERTISING
IN HOUSING SEGREGATION: TOWARD AN AGGREGATE THEORY OF LIABILITY, 25
Cap. U. L. Rev. 101, 223 (1996) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
893 PERSPECTIVES ON A DIVIDED COURT, 25 Cap. U. L. Rev. 285, 306 (1996)
894 THE TREATY POWER AND THE PATENT CLAUSE: ARE THERE LIMITS ON THE
UNITED STATES' ABILITY TO HARMONIZE?, 22 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 1, 41 (2004) HN:
1 (S.Ct.)
895 GOING TO THE BULLPEN: USING UNCLE SAM TO STRIKE OUT PROFESSIONAL
SPORTS VIOLENCE, 20 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 189, 229 (2002) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
896 STOP THE CLOCK: THE CASE TO SUSPEND THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON
CLAIMS FOR NAZI-LOOTED ART, 17 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J. 447, 489+ (1999) HN: 5
(S.Ct.)
897 AMUSEMENT PARK SAFETY: WHO SHOULD REGULATE?, 5 Cardozo Arts & Ent. L.J.
195, 223 (1986)
898 THE GRISWOLD DIAGRAMS: TOWARD A UNIFIED THEORY OF CONSTITUTIONAL
RIGHTS, 28 Cardozo L. Rev. 623, 713 (2006)
899 SHATTERED DREAMS: HAZING IN COLLEGE ATHLETICS, 24 Cardozo L. Rev. 1421,
1491+ (2003) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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900 THE VIRTUE OF VAGUENESS IN TAKINGS DOCTRINE, 24 Cardozo L. Rev. 93, 191 (2002)
901 THE REAFFIRMATION OF PROPORTIONALITY ANALYSIS UNDER SECTION 5 OF THE
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, 21 Cardozo L. Rev. 469, 492 (1999) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
902 ON THE DIFFERENCE IN IMPORTANCE BETWEEN SUPREME COURT DOCTRINE AND
ACTUAL CONSEQUENCES: A REVIEW OF THE SUPREME COURT'S 1996-1997 TERM,
19 Cardozo L. Rev. 2259, 2309+ (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
903 THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT: LETTING THE FOX INTO THE HEN-
HOUSE UNDER COVER OF SECTION 5 OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, 16 Car-
dozo L. Rev. 357, 398+ (1994) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
904 THE PATH TO (AND FROM?) JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE Review of When Courts and
Congress Collide: The Struggle for Control of America's Judicial System, by Charles Gardner
Geyh, 5 Cardozo Pub. L. Pol'y & Ethics J. 603, 622 (2007)
905 THE SUBSIDIARITY PRINCIPLE IN EUROPEAN UNION LAW - AMERICAN FEDERAL-
ISM COMPARED, 27 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 61, 81 (1995)
906 TURNING THE COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGE "ON ITS FACE": WHY FEDERAL
COMMERCE CLAUSE STATUTES DEMAND FACIAL CHALLENGES, 55 Case W. Res. L.
Rev. 161, 190+ (2004) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
907 JUDGING UNDER THE AEGIS OF THE THIRD ARTICLE, 51 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 399,
418+ (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
908 FOR BLACKS ONLY: THE ASSOCIATIONAL FREEDOMS OF PRIVATE MINORITY
CLUBS, 49 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 359, 405+ (1999)
909 FEDERAL POWER AND FEDERALISM: A THEORY OF COMMERCE-CLAUSE BASED
REGULATION OF TRADITIONALLY STATE CRIMES, 47 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 921, 921+
(1997) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
910 VIEWING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE ACCESS ACT THROUGH THE LENS OF
FEDERALISM, 47 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 553, 625+ (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
911 THE FUZZY LOGIC OF FEDERALISM, 46 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 685, 694 (1996) HN: 5
(S.Ct.)
912 THE FOOL ON THE HILL: CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS, CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDIC-
ATION, AND UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 46 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 695, 730+ (1996)
913 LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS AND JUDICIAL SIGNALS: A POSITIVE POLITICAL READING
OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 46 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 757, 800 (1996)
914 CRIME CONTROL AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: LIFE AFTER LOPEZ, 46 Case W. Res.
L. Rev. 801, 843+ (1996) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
915 ABUSING THE POWER TO REGULATE: THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT OF
1992, 46 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 935, 959+ (1996) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
916 ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS, INC. V. PENA-A STRICT SCRUTINY OF AFFIRMATIVE
ACTION, 46 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 279, 312 (1995) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
917 PERPETUAL CONSERVATION: ACCOMPLISHING THE GOAL THROUGH PREEMPTIVE
FEDERAL EASEMENT PROGRAMS, 43 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 401, 489+ (1993) HN: 20
(S.Ct.)

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918 ASSURING THE PUBLIC INTEREST IN EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY AFTER


FIREFIGHTERS LOCAL 1784 v. STOTTS, 36 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 87, 121 (1986)
919 STATE MENU-LABELING LEGISLATION: A DORMANT GIANT WAITING TO BE
AWOKEN BY COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGES, 58 Cath. U. L. Rev. 501, 533+ (2009)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
920 RACE, "THE RACE," AND THE REPUBLIC: RECONCEIVING JUDICIAL AUTHORITY
AFTER BUSH v. GORE, 51 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1057, 1113+ (2002)
921 A TRUISM THAT ISN'T TRUE? THE TENTH AMENDMENT AND EXECUTIVE WAR
POWER, 51 Cath. U. L. Rev. 135, 189 (2001)
922 ENFORCING THE ENFORCEMENT CLAUSE: CITY OF BOERNE V. FLORES CHIPS
AWAY AT CONGRESSIONAL POWER, 48 Cath. U. L. Rev. 249, 292+ (1998)
923 CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES TO CIVIL COMMITMENT LAWS: AN UPHILL
BATTLE FOR SEXUAL PREDATORS AFTER KANSAS V. HENDRICKS, 47 Cath. U. L.
Rev. 1145, 1187+ (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
924 AMERICA'S DARK LITTLE SECRET: CHALLENGING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF
THE CIVIL RIGHTS PROVISION OF THE 1994 VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT, 47
Cath. U. L. Rev. 189, 235+ (1997) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
925 "FACE'-ING THE CONSTITUTION: THE BATTLE OVER THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO
CLINIC ENTRANCES SHIFTS FROM REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH FACILITIES TO THE
FEDERAL COURTS, 46 Cath. U. L. Rev. 165, 241+ (1996) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
926 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: REAFFIRMING THE FEDERAL COMMERCE POWER AND
REMEMBERING FEDERALISM, 45 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1459, 1506+ (1996) HN: 4,14,19 (S.Ct.)
927 CAST ADRIFT: HOMELESS MENTALLY ILL, ALCOHOLIC AND DRUG ADDICTED, 44
Cath. U. L. Rev. 551, 597 (1995)
928 "TAKING" THE IMPERIAL JUDICIARY SERIOUSLY: SEGMENTING PROPERTY IN-
TERESTS AND JUDICIAL REVISION OF LEGISLATIVE JUDGMENTS, 42 Cath. U. L. Rev.
771, 816 (1993) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
929 "TAKING" THE TIME TO LOOK BACKWARD, 42 Cath. U. L. Rev. 901, 933+ (1993) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
930 POLITICAL FEDERALISM AND CONGRESSIONAL TRUTH-TELLING, 42 Cath. U. L. Rev.
511, 555 (1993) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
931 PAYNE v. TENNESSEE: REJECTION OF PRECEDENT, RECOGNITION OF VICTIM IM-
PACT WORTH, 41 Cath. U. L. Rev. 469, 505 (1992)
932 UNITED STATES FAIR EMPLOYMENT LAW IN THE TRANSNATIONAL EMPLOYMENT
ARENA: THE CASE FOR THE EXTRATERRITORIAL APPLICATION OF TITLE VII OF
THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, 39 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1109, 1156+ (1990) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
933 THE PRECONDITIONS FOR HOME RULE, 39 Cath. U. L. Rev. 373, 416+ (1990) HN: 8,9
(S.Ct.)
934 INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE: MODERN CONDITIONS ADDRESSED IN UNITED
STATES v. MUSSRY, 34 Cath. U. L. Rev. 153, 179 (1984)
935 GONZALES V. RAICH: WICKARD V. FILBURN DISPLACED, 2005 Cato Sup. Ct. Rev. 71,

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71 (2005)
936 A PAGE OF LOGIC: ELDRED v. ASHCROFT AND THE LOGIC OF A WRITTEN CONSTI-
TUTION, 2003 Cato Sup. Ct. Rev. 131, 158 (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
937 JUDICIAL USURPATION OF LEGISLATIVE POWER: WHY CONGRESS MUST REAS-
SERT ITS POWER TO DETERMINE WHAT IS "APPROPRIATE LEGISLATION" TO EN-
FORCE THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, 10 Chap. L. Rev. 49, 117 (2006) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
938 THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT'S APPLICATION TO ISOLATED SPECIES: A SUB-
STANTIAL EFFECT ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE?, 3 Chap. L. Rev. 317, 349+ (2000) HN:
8,14 (S.Ct.)
939 A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO CONFLICTS BETWEEN ANTIDISCRIMINATION
LAWS AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSIVE ASSOCIATION AFTER BOY SCOUTS OF
AMERICA V. DALE, 77 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 373, 405 (2001) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
940 FEDERAL JURISDICTION AND THE HOBBS ACT: UNITED STATES v. STILLO AND THE
DEPLETION OF ASSETS THEORY, 72 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1389, 1436+ (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
941 A QUESTION OF A QUESTION OF JUSTICE: AFRICAN-AMERICAN LEGAL PERSPECT-
IVES ON THE 1883 CIVIL RIGHTS CASES, 70 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1123, 1195+ (1995) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
942 "LET JUSTICE BE DONE, THOUGH THE HEAVENS MAY FALL": THE LAW OF FREE-
DOM, 70 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 325, 368 (1994)
943 DISARMING THE CONFIRMATION PROCESS, 50 Clev. St. L. Rev. 513, 594 (2003)
944 THE CLEAN AIR ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1990 AND AN UNBRIDLED SPENDING
POWER: WILL THEY SURVIVE ON THE SUPREME COURT'S ROAD TO SUBSTANTIVE
FEDERALISM?, 46 Clev. St. L. Rev. 159, 195 (1998)
945 STATES' REPEAL: A PROPOSED CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO REINVIGORATE
FEDERALISM, 44 Clev. St. L. Rev. 547, 564+ (1996) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
946 VAWA: A CIVIL RIGHTS TOOL FOR VICTIMS OF GENDER-MOTIVATED VIOLENCE,
28-SEP Colo. Law. 77, 81 (1999) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
947 THE ROLE OF STATES IN TENDER OFFERS: AN ANALYSIS OF CTS, 1988 Colum. Bus. L.
Rev. 1, 89 (1988) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
948 JUSTIFYING THE USE OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS PRINCIPLES IN AMERIC-
AN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 37 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 1, 100 (2005)
949 CONCEPTUALIZATIONS OF DISABILITY AND THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF RE-
MEDIAL SCHEMES UNDER THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 34 Colum.
Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 197, 234 (2002) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
950 THE NEW SOUTH AFRICAN CONSTITUTION AND ETHNIC DIVISION, 26 Colum. Hum.
Rts. L. Rev. 5, 44 (1994)
951 FROM MIGRATORY BIRDS TO MIGRATORY MOLECULES: THE CONTINUING BATTLE
OVER THE SCOPE OF FEDERAL JURISDICTION UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT, 30
Colum. J. Envtl. L. 473, 523 (2005)
952 SUBSIDIARITY INFRINGEMENTS BEFORE THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE: FU-
TILE INTERFERENCE WITH POLITICS OR A SUBSTANTIAL STEP TOWARDS EU FED-

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ERALISM?, 12 Colum. J. Eur. L. 517, 571 (2006)


953 NOTE: THE UNDERAGE, THE "UNBORN," AND THE UNCONSTITUTIONAL: AN ANA-
LYSIS OF THE CHILD CUSTODY PROTECTION ACT, 11 Colum. J. Gender & L. 407, 425
(2002)
954 COPYRIGHT LAWMAKING AUTHORITY: AN (INTER)NATIONALIST PERSPECTIVE ON
THE TREATY CLAUSE, 30 Colum. J.L. & Arts 355, 395+ (2007) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
955 RESOLVING CONFLICTS AMONG CONGRESS'S POWERS REGARDING STATUTES'
CONSTITUTIONALITY: THE CASE OF ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTES, 30 Colum. J.L.
& Arts 467, 508+ (2007) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
956 THE PARTY'S OVER: WHY THE ILLICIT DRUG ANTI-PROLIFERATION ACT ABRIDGES
ECONOMIC LIBERTIES, 37 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 585, 625+ (2004) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
957 RECONSTITUTING UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: ANOTHER LOOK AT FEDERAL CRIM-
INAL LAW, 31 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 61, 117+ (1997) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
958 PRIDE, PREJUDICE OR POLITICAL CORRECTNESS? AN ANALYSIS OF HURLEY V. IR-
ISH-AMERICAN GAY, LESBIAN & BISEXUAL GROUP OF BOSTON, 29 Colum. J.L. &
Soc. Probs. 507, 549 (1996)
959 WHEN LOGIC AND REALITY COLLIDE: THE SUPREME COURT AND MINORITY BUSI-
NESS SET-ASIDES, 24 Colum. J.L. & Soc. Probs. 117, 168 (1990)
960 ECONOMIC RIGHTS UNDER THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION, 32 Colum. J.
Transnat'l L. 97, 132 (1994) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
961 EXPANSIVE COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR ALL TIME? AVOIDING ARTICLE I HORI-
ZONTAL LIMITATIONS THROUGH THE TREATY POWER, 106 Colum. L. Rev. 1079, 1118
(2006) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
962 "SALVAGE OPERATIONS ARE ORDINARILY PREFERABLE TO THE WRECKING
BALL": BARRING CHALLENGES TO SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION, 105 Colum. L.
Rev. 2369, 2408 (2005)
963 FACIAL CHALLENGES AND FEDERALISM, 105 Colum. L. Rev. 873, 932 (2005)
964 BOERNE SUPREMACY: CONGRESSIONAL RESPONSES TO CITY OF BOERNE V.
FLORES AND THE SCOPE OF CONGRESS'S ARTICLE I POWERS, 105 Colum. L. Rev. 537,
582+ (2005) HN: 1,12,19 (S.Ct.)
965 MADISONIAN EQUAL PROTECTION, 104 Colum. L. Rev. 837, 974+ (2004)
966 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND CONSTITUTIONAL NORMS, 104 Colum. L. Rev. 272,
362+ (2004) HN: 1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
967 THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT VERSUS THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: LABOR AND
THE SHAPING OF AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 1921-1957, 102 Colum. L. Rev. 1,
122+ (2002)
968 A CRITIQUE OF NONCOMMERCIAL JUSTIFICATIONS FOR SHERMAN ACT VIOLA-
TIONS, 99 Colum. L. Rev. 478, 507 (1999) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
969 HABEAS CORPUS, RELITIGATION, AND THE LEGISLATIVE POWER, 98 Colum. L. Rev.
888, 960 (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
970 GENDER-MOTIVATED VIOLENCE AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: THE CIVIL RIGHTS

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PROVISION OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT AFTER LOPEZ, 96 Colum. L.


Rev. 1876, 1939+ (1996) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
971 CONDITIONAL FEDERAL SPENDING AFTER LOPEZ, 95 Colum. L. Rev. 1911, 1989+
(1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
972 THE DISTRIBUTION OF TREATY-IMPLEMENTING POWERS IN CONSTITUTIONAL
FEDERATIONS: THOUGHTS ON THE AMERICAN AND CANADIAN MODELS, 94 Colum.
L. Rev. 1415, 1450 (1994)
973 TAKING SUBSIDIARITY SERIOUSLY: FEDERALISM IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
AND THE UNITED STATES, 94 Colum. L. Rev. 331, 456 (1994) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
974 PROSPECTIVE OVERRULING AND THE REVIVAL OF "UNCONSTITUTIONAL" STAT-
UTES, 93 Colum. L. Rev. 1902, 1955+ (1993) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
975 CONSIDERATIONS RELATING TO THE ENACTMENT OF VENUE SCHEMES AS AP-
PLIED TO SPECIALTY COURTS, 93 Colum. L. Rev. 1738, 1762 (1993) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
976 FIGHTING WORDS AND FIGHTING FREESTYLE: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF PEN-
ALTY ENHANCEMENT FOR BIAS CRIMES, 93 Colum. L. Rev. 178, 230+ (1993)
977 ERAS OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT, 91 Colum. L. Rev. 1699, 1755 (1991)
978 THE SEARCH FOR THE TRUTH IN CONSTITUTIONAL CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, 91
Colum. L. Rev. 1369, 1451 (1991)
979 SLINGING ARROWS AT DEMOCRACY: SOCIAL CHOICE THEORY, VALUE PLURAL-
ISM, AND DEMOCRATIC POLITICS, 90 Colum. L. Rev. 2121, 2214 (1990)
980 THE GUARANTEE CLAUSE AND STATE AUTONOMY: FEDERALISM FOR A THIRD
CENTURY, 88 Colum. L. Rev. 1, 78+ (1988)
981 REFUSALS OF HAZARDOUS WORK ASSIGNMENTS: A PROPOSAL FOR A UNIFORM
STANDARD, 81 Colum. L. Rev. 544, 580+ (1981) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
982 COURT APPOINTMENT OF ATTORNEYS IN CIVIL CASES: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY
OF UNCOMPENSATED LEGAL ASSISTANCE, 81 Colum. L. Rev. 366, 390 (1981) HN: 18
(S.Ct.)
983 CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO ENFORCE DUE PROCESS RIGHTS, 80 Colum. L. Rev.
1265, 1295+ (1980) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
984 TITLE VII AND PUBLIC EMPLOYERS: DID CONGRESS EXCEED ITS POWERS?, 78
Colum. L. Rev. 372, 408 (1978) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
985 DOES THE CONSTITUTION MEAN WHAT IT ALWAYS MEANT?, 77 Colum. L. Rev. 1029,
1062 (1977) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
986 THE CLEAN AIR ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1970: A THREAT TO FEDERALISM?, 76
Colum. L. Rev. 990, 1028+ (1976)
987 GEDULDIG V. AIELLO: PREGNANCY CLASSIFICATIONS AND THE DEFINITION OF
SEX DISCRIMINATION, 75 Colum. L. Rev. 441, 482 (1975)
988 FEDERAL POWER TO REGULATE PRIVATE DISCRIMINATION: THE REVIVAL OF THE
ENFORCEMENT CLAUSES OF THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA AMENDMENTS, 74 Colum.
L. Rev. 449, 462+ (1974) HN: 12,19,20 (S.Ct.)
989 COOPERATIVE HOUSING CORPORATIONS AND THE FEDERAL SECURITIES LAWS, 71

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Colum. L. Rev. 118, 139 (1971)


990 REAL ESTATE BOARDS AND MULTIPLE LISTING SYSTEMS AS RESTRAINTS OF
TRADE, 70 Colum. L. Rev. 1325, 1364 (1970) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
991 JONES V. MAYER: THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT AND THE FEDERAL ANTI-
DISCRIMINATION LAWS, 69 Colum. L. Rev. 1019, 1056 (1969)
992 FEDERAL TAX BENEFITS TO SEGREGATED PRIVATE SCHOOLS, 68 Colum. L. Rev. 922,
958 (1968) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
993 CIVIL COMMITMENT OF NARCOTIC ADDICTS, 67 Colum. L. Rev. 405, 429 (1967)
994 A PROPOSAL FOR JUDICIAL VALIDATION OF A PREVIOUSLY UNCONSTITUTIONAL
LAW: THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1875, 65 Colum. L. Rev. 1394, 1426+ (1965) HN: 4,12,14
(S.Ct.)
995 STORMING THE LAST BASTION: THE PATENT REFORM ACT OF 2007 AND ITS AS-
SAULT ON THE SUPERIOR FIRST-TO-INVENT RULE, 18 DePaul J. Art, Tech. & Intell.
Prop. L. 79, 125+ (2007) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
996 THE APPLICATION OF TITLE III OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF
1990 TO THE INTERNET: PROPER E-PLANNING PREVENTS POOR E-PERFORMANCE,
12 CommLaw Conspectus 245, 263+ (2004) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
997 39 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10471, MAKING SENSE OF PENN CENTRAL (2009)
998 IN DEFENSE OF THE ROOSEVELT COURT, 2 Fla. A & M U. L. Rev. 1, 90+ (2007)
999 ANTITRUST: A ROAD TO CHIROPRACTIC EQUITY IN MANAGED HEALTH CARE?, 4
Fla. St. U. Bus. Rev. 279, 318 (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1000 GETTING SPENDING: HOW TO REPLACE CLEAR STATEMENT RULES WITH CLEAR
THINKING ABOUT CONDITIONAL GRANTS OF FEDERAL FUNDS, 37 Conn. L. Rev. 155,
231 (2004)
1001 DEVELOPMENTS IN THE SECOND CIRCUIT: 2002-2003, 36 Conn. L. Rev. 1187, 1339
(2004)
1002 FREE STATES OR RED STATES: THE SUPREME COURT'S ROLE IN RECENT ELECTION
LAW DISPUTES, 35 Conn. L. Rev. 1535, 1547 (2003)
1003 ANCHORING COPYRIGHT LAWS IN THE COPYRIGHT CLAUSE: HALTING THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE END RUN AROUND LIMITS ON CONGRESS'S COPYRIGHT POWER, 34
Conn. L. Rev. 661, 671+ (2002) HN: 2,8,19 (S.Ct.)
1004 "LANGUAGE IS NOT LIFE": THE CHAIN ENTERRISE, INTERPRETIVE COMMUNITIES,
AND THE DWORKIN/FISH DEBATE, 33 Conn. L. Rev. 1099, 1139 (2001)
1005 TAKING FEDERALISM SERIOUSLY: LOPEZ AND THE PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION
BAN ACT, 30 Conn. L. Rev. 59, 116 (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1006 TRANSCENDING CONVENTIONAL SUPREMACY: A RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SU-
PREMACY CLAUSE, 24 Conn. L. Rev. 829, 891 (1992)
1007 THE IMPACT OF THE FEDERAL ARBITRATION ACT AND THE McCARRAN-FER-
GUSON ACT ON UNINSURED MOTORIST ARBITRATION, 19 Conn. L. Rev. 241, 285+
(1987) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1008 THE PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION BAN ACT OF 2003 AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE,

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

20 Const. Comment. 441, 462 (2004)


1009 JUDICIAL SOVEREIGNTY: THE LEGACY OF THE REHNQUIST COURT Narrowing the
Nation's Power: The Supreme Court Sides with the States. By John T. Noonan, Jr. University of
California Press. 2002. Pp. 203. $24.95., 20 Const. Comment. 171, 187 (2003)
1010 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, THE POLITICAL QUESTION DOCTRINE, AND MORRISON,
18 Const. Comment. 319, 334+ (2001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1011 FEDERALISM AND THE CONSTITUTION: THE FOUNDERS' DESIGN AND CONTEM-
PORARY CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 4 Const. Comment. 233, 250 (1987)
1012 SOVEREIGNTY BY SUBTRACTION: THE MULTILATERAL AGREEMENT ON INVEST-
MENT, 31 Cornell Int'l L.J. 491, 598 (1998) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
1013 THE THIRD DEATH OF FEDERALISM, 17 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 101, 160 (2007)
1014 JOHNNY CAN'T READ "CAUSE JANE'S GOT A GUN: THE EFFECTS OF GUNS IN
SCHOOLS, AND OPTIONS AFTER LOPEZ, 8 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 281, 346+ (1999) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
1015 DIGNITY AND AUTONOMY AFTER WASHINGTON V. GLUCKSBERG: AN ESSAY
ABOUT ABORTION, DEATH, AND CRIME, 7 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 431, 466+ (1998)
1016 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ AND THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT OF 1992: WHY
A NICE IDEA MUST BE DECLARED A CASUALTY OF THE STRUGGLE TO SAVE FED-
ERALISM, 6 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 753, 813+ (1997) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
1017 THE UNDERFEDERALIZATION OF CRIME, 6 Cornell J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 247, 324 (1997) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
1018 THE OFFSHORING OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT, 94 Cornell L. Rev. 165, 202 (2008)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1019 FEDERAL COMMON LAW IN AN AGE OF TREATIES, 89 Cornell L. Rev. 892, 992 (2004)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1020 UNIDIMENSIONAL FEDERALISM: POWER AND PERSPECTIVE IN COMMERCE
CLAUSE ADJUDICATION, 88 Cornell L. Rev. 1199, 1277+ (2003) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1021 REMANDING TO CONGRESS: THE SUPREME COURT'S NEW "ON THE RECORD" CON-
STITUTIONAL REVIEW OF FEDERAL STATUTES, 86 Cornell L. Rev. 328, 396+ (2001)
HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
1022 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY OF THE VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN ACT: A CIVIL RIGHTS LAW STRUCK DOWN IN THE NAME OF
FEDERALISM, 86 Cornell L. Rev. 109, 139+ (2000) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1023 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT OF 1994: THE PROPER FEDERAL ROLE IN
POLICING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, 84 Cornell L. Rev. 252, 303+ (1998) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
1024 EQUALITY AS THE PRIMARY CONSTITUTIONAL VALUE: THE CASE FOR APPLYING
EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION LAWS TO RELIGION, 81 Cornell L. Rev. 1049, 1128
(1996)
1025 THE UNLUCKY THIRTEENTH: A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT IN SEARCH OF A
DOCTRINE, 80 Cornell L. Rev. 372, 412 (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1026 THE NATURE OF PREEMPTION, 79 Cornell L. Rev. 767, 815+ (1994) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1027 EXPOUNDING THE CONSTITUTION: LEGAL FICTIONS AND THE NINTH AMEND-
MENT, 78 Cornell L. Rev. 139, 161 (1992) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1028 DEATH, PRIVACY, AND THE FREE EXERCISE OF RELIGION, 77 Cornell L. Rev. 490, 595
(1992) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1029 STIRRING THE ASHES: RACE, CLASS AND THE FUTURE OF CIVIL RIGHTS SCHOLAR-
SHIP, 74 Cornell L. Rev. 993, 1077+ (1989) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1030 GOVERNMENTAL FUNCTIONS AND CONSTITUTIONAL DOCTRINE: THE HISTORICAL
CONSTITUTION, 72 Cornell L. Rev. 553, 597 (1987) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
1031 SCHEIDLER MEETS MORRISON (AT THE ENTRANCE TO A HEALTH CLINIC), 35
Creighton L. Rev. 693, 727+ (2002) HN: 4,14 (S.Ct.)
1032 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND THE SUBSTANTIAL
EFFECTS TEST: NO SUBSTANTIAL LIMIT ON FEDERAL POWER, 34 Creighton L. Rev.
675, 752+ (2001) HN: 5,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1033 AN UTTER DISREGARD FOR PRECEDENT: MISCONSTRUING COMMERCE CLAUSE
PRECEDENT IN UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, 29 Creighton L. Rev. 811, 859+ (1996) HN:
4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1034 THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE SECURES RIGHTS WITHIN THE MEANING OF
42 U.S.C. s 1983: DENNIS v. HIGGINS, 25 Creighton L. Rev. 153, 165+ (1991) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
1035 THE CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITATIONS ON CONGRESS'S POWER OVER LOCAL LAND
USE: WHY THE RELIGIOUS LAND USE AND INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS ACT IS
UNCONSTITUTIONAL, 2 Alb. Gov't L. Rev. 366, 436 (2009) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1036 STICKING WITH WICKARD: MOVING FORWARD BY GOING BACK TO A MANAGE-
ABLE AGGREGATION TEST, 37 Cumb. L. Rev. 543, 572 (2007) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
1037 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-REGULATION OF INTRASTATE CUL-
TIVATION OF STATE-AUTHORIZED MEDICAL MARIJUANA IS WITHIN CONGRESS's
COMMERCE POWER, 36 Cumb. L. Rev. 179, 192 (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1038 IF AT FIRST YOU DON'T SUCCEED . . .: CAN THE COMMERCE AND SPENDING
CLAUSES SUPPORT CONGRESS'S LATEST ATTEMPT AT RELIGIOUS FREEDOM LE-
GISLATION?, 32 Cumb. L. Rev. 419, 461+ (2002) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1039 DISMANTLING CIVIL RIGHTS: MULTIRACIAL RESISTANCE AND RECONSTRUCTION,
31 Cumb. L. Rev. 523, 567+ (2001)
1040 THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT: JUSTICE BRADLEY'S TWENTIETH CENTURY LEG-
ACY, 29 Cumb. L. Rev. 143, 171+ (1999) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1041 TRUISM, TAUTOLOGY OR VITAL PRINCIPLE? THE TENTH AMENDMENT SINCE
UNITED STATES v. DARBY, 27 Cumb. L. Rev. 445, 532+ (1997)
1042 A GLIMMER OF HOPE FOR STATE SOVEREIGNTY: THE SUPREME COURT LIMITS
FEDERAL REGULATION OF RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL, 23 Cumb. L. Rev. 655,
686 (1993)
1043 HEALTH CARE REFORM AND REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS: SEX EQUALITY ARGU-
MENTS FOR ABORTION COVERAGE IN A NATIONAL PLAN, 33 Harv. J. L. & Gender

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357, 402+ (2010)


1044 CREATING A TRUE ARMY OF ONE: FOUR PROPOSALS TO COMBAT SEXUAL HAR-
ASSMENT IN TODAY'S ARMY, 30 Harv. J. L. & Gender 151, 202 (2007)
1045 SURELY YOU DIDN'T MEAN "NO" JURISDICTION: WHY THE SUPREME COURT'S SE-
LECTIVE HEARING IN HAMDAN IS GOOD FOR DEMOCRACY, 1 Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev.
279, 290 (2007)
1046 UNDER ATTACK: CONGRESSIONAL POWER IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, 1
Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev. 3, 40+ (2007)
1047 A NEW CASE FOR DIRECT CONGRESSIONAL REGULATION OF GUNS IN SCHOOL
ZONES, 77 Denv. U. L. Rev. 769, 794+ (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1048 RAISE HIGH THE ROOF BEAM: ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS, INC. V. PENA AND THE
NEW LEVEL OF SCRUTINY FOR FEDERAL AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, 73 Denv. U. L. Rev.
599, 618 (1996) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1049 EXECUTIVE PREROGATIVES IN FEDERAL INDIAN JURISPRUDENCE: THE CONSTITU-
TIONAL LAW OF TRIBAL RECOGNITION, 73 Denv. U. L. Rev. 141, 178 (1995) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
1050 UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: THE SUPREME COURT GUNS DOWN THE COMMERCE
CLAUSE, 73 Denv. U. L. Rev. 237, 292+ (1995) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1051 THE ROUTE TO THE SUMMIT: JURISDICTION UNDER THE SHERMAN ACT, 4 DePaul
Bus. L.J. 429, 461+ (1992) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1052 BOOTLEGGERS BEWARE: UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON UPHOLDS CONGRES-
SIONAL POWER TO ENACT "COPYRIGHT-LIKE" LEGISLATION THROUGH THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE, 58 DePaul L. Rev. 185, 217+ (2008) HN: 1,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1053 GONZALES V. RAICH: POLITICAL SAFEGUARDS UP IN SMOKE?, 56 DePaul L. Rev. 759,
797+ (2007) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1054 CAN YOU HEAR ME NOW?-CORPORATE CENSORSHIP AND ITS TROUBLING IMPLIC-
ATIONS FOR THE FIRST AMENDMENT, 55 DePaul L. Rev. 119, 167 (2005)
1055 STICKS AND STONES MAY BREAK MY BONES, BUT YOUR WORDS ARE SURE TO
KILL ME: A CASE NOTE ON UNITED STATES V. ALKHABAZ., 50 DePaul L. Rev. 993,
1055 (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1056 LAWYERS, GUNS, AND COMMERCE: UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ AND THE NEW COM-
MERCE CLAUSE DOCTRINE, 46 DePaul L. Rev. 823, 870+ (1997) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1057 FEDERALIZATION: A CRITICAL OVERVIEW, 44 DePaul L. Rev. 719, 754 (1995)
1058 UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON: COURT YANKS THE "POWER" PLUG ON THE FED-
ERAL ANTIBOOTLEGGING LAW, 15 DePaul-LCA J. Art & Ent. L. 347, 384+ (2005) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
1059 CONGRESS' COMMERCE CLAUSE AUTHORITY: IS THE PENDULUM FINALLY
SWINGING BACK?, 1997 Det. C.L. Mich. St. U. L. Rev. 49, 121 (1997)
1060 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: RESISTING FURTHER EXPANSION OF CONGRESSIONAL
AUTHORITY UNDER THE COMMERCE POWER, 1996 Det. C.L. Mich. St. U. L. Rev. 99,
108+ (1996) HN: 4,14,19 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1061 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 1995 Det. C.L. Rev. 451, 473 (1995) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1062 LIBERTARIANISM, ENVIRONMENTALISM, AND UTILITARIANISM: AN EXAMINA-
TION OF THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS FOR ENFORCING TITLE I OF THE AMERIC-
ANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 1993 Det. C.L. Rev. 1163, 1220 (1993)
1063 MICHIGAN'S ETHIC INTIMIDATION ACT: THE SHORTCOMINGS OF THE LAW'S MOR-
AL IMPERATIVE, 1992 Det. C.L. Rev. 1127, 1162+ (1992) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1064 ROBERTS v. UNITED STATES JAYCEES: WHAT PRICE FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION?,
1985 Det. C.L. Rev. 149, 161 (1985)
1065 SIMULTANEOUS COPYRIGHT AND TRADE SECRET CLAIMS: CAN THE COPYRIGHT
MISUSE DEFENSE PREVENT CONSTITUTIONAL DOUBLETHINK?, 104 Dick. L. Rev.
247, 287 (2000)
1066 TITLE III OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: CAN IT SURVIVE A COMMERCE
CLAUSE CHALLENGE IN THE WAKE OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ?, 102 Dick. L. Rev.
441, 480+ (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1067 THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT OF 1992-IS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S IN-
VOLVEMENT IN THE CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT OF CHILD SUPPORT AT AN END
AFTER UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ?, 101 Dick. L. Rev. 417, 450 (1997)
1068 JUSTICE BLACKMUN, FEDERALISM AND SEPARATION OF POWERS, 97 Dick. L. Rev.
541, 573 (1993)
1069 NOT ALL IT'S QUACKED UP TO BE: WHY STATE AND LOCAL EFFORTS TO BAN FOIE
GRAS VIOLATE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 12 Drake J. Agric. L. 303, 324 (2007) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
1070 INCREASED SCIENTIFIC CAPACITY AND ENDANGERED SPECIES MANAGEMENT:
LESSONS FROM THE RED WOLF CONFLICT, 8 Drake J. Agric. L. 539, 590 (2003)
1071 THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT: RECALLING WHAT THE COURT FORGOT, 56 Drake
L. Rev. 911, 1014 (2008)
1072 DRUG TESTING AND THE FOURTH AMENDMENT: WHAT HAPPENED TO INDIVIDU-
ALIZED SUSPICION?, 46 Drake L. Rev. 149, 172 (1997)
1073 LEGAL AUTHORITY FOR FEDERAL ACQUISITION OF CONSERVATION EASEMENTS
TO PROVIDE AGRICULTURAL CREDIT RELIEF, 35 Drake L. Rev. 477, 524 (1986) HN: 20
(S.Ct.)
1074 THE POTENTIAL IMPACT OFUNITED STATES v. LOPEZ ON ENVIRONMENTAL REGU-
LATION, 7 Duke Envtl. L. & Pol'y F. 321, 365+ (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1075 2006 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 16, THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF WIPO'S BROADCASTING
TREATY: THE ORIGINALITY AND LIMITED TIMES REQUIREMENTS OF THE COPY-
RIGHT CLAUSE (2006) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1076 THE VIRTUE OF VAGUENESS: A DEFENSE OF SOUTH DAKOTA V. DOLE, 56 Duke L.J.
279, 309 (2006) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1077 TITLE VII DISPARATE IMPACT SUITS AGAINST STATE GOVERNMENTS AFTER HI-
BBS AND LANE, 55 Duke L.J. 641, 676 (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1078 THE POLITICAL QUESTION DOCTRINE: SUGGESTED CRITERIA, 54 Duke L.J. 1457,

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1523 (2005) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)


1079 THE NEW DEAL CONSTITUTION IN EXILE, 51 Duke L.J. 165, 222 (2001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1080 NARRATIVES OF FEDERALISM: OF CONTINUITIES AND COMPARATIVE CONSTITU-
TIONAL EXPERIENCE, 51 Duke L.J. 223, 287 (2001) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1081 WHY TALKING ABOUT "STATES' RIGHTS" CANNOT AVOID THE NEED FOR NORM-
ATIVE FEDERALISM ANALYSIS: A RESPONSE TO PROFESSORS BAKER AND YOUNG,
51 Duke L.J. 363, 376 (2001)
1082 FEDERALISM AND THE DOUBLE STANDARD OF JUDICIAL REVIEW, 51 Duke L.J. 75,
164 (2001)
1083 SUPER-STATUTES, 50 Duke L.J. 1215, 1276 (2001)
1084 THE AMENDED GUN-FREE SCHOOL ZONES ACT: DOUBT AS TO ITS CONSTITUTION-
ALITY REMAINS, 50 Duke L.J. 637, 662+ (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1085 WHOSE WHO? THE CASE FOR A KANTIAN RIGHT OF PUBLICITY, 49 Duke L.J. 383, 492
(1999)
1086 VARIATIONS ON A THEORY OF NORMATIVE FEDERALISM: A SUPREME COURT DIA-
LOGUE, 42 Duke L.J. 979, 1021 (1993)
1087 TOWARD A BLACK LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP: RACE AND ORIGINAL UNDERSTAND-
INGS, 1991 Duke L.J. 39, 105 (1991)
1088 IF HE HOLLERS LET HIM GO: REGULATING RACIST SPEECH ON CAMPUS, 1990 Duke
L.J. 431, 483+ (1990) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1089 THE MARKET PARTICIPANT TEST IN DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE ANALYSIS-
PROTECTING PROTECTIONISM?, 1985 Duke L.J. 697, 741 (1985)
1090 CONGRESS' REGULATION OF INTRASTATE, NONCOMMERCIAL CULTIVATION AND
POSSESSION OF MEDICINAL MARIJUANA UNDER THE CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
ACT IS A CONSTITUTIONAL EXERCISE OF ITS COMMERCE CLAUSE AUTHORITY:
GONZALES V. RAICH, 44 Duq. L. Rev. 335, 362+ (2006) HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
1091 TITLE III OF THE ADA ALLOWS A QUALIFIED DISABLED ENTRANT TO USE A MO-
TORIZED CART ON THE PROFESSIONAL GOLF TOUR: PGA TOUR, INC. V. MARTIN, 40
Duq. L. Rev. 403, 427+ (2002) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1092 THE IMPACT OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: THE NEW HYBRID COMMERCE CLAUSE,
34 Duq. L. Rev. 1, 39+ (1995) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1093 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-REGULATION BY CONGRESS- The
United States Supreme Court held that the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 exceeded Con-
gress' power under the Commerce Clause because the Act sought to regu, 34 Duq. L. Rev. 187,
214+ (1995) HN: 4,10,12 (S.Ct.)
1094 STREET CRIME, INTERSTATE COMMERCE, AND THE FEDERAL DOCKET: THE IM-
PACT OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 34 Duq. L. Rev. 71, 103+ (1995) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
1095 OPERATION RESCUE VERSUS A WOMAN'S RIGHT TO CHOOSE: A CONFLICT
WITHOUT A FEDERAL REMEDY?, 32 Duq. L. Rev. 709, 741+ (1994) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1096 A PRIMER FOR THE CONSTITUTIONALLY IMPAIRED, 32 Duq. L. Rev. 743, 771 (1994)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1097 ANTITRUST LAW-SHERMAN ACT SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION-APPLICATION


OF THE SUBSTANTIAL EFFECT ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE TEST, 23 Duq. L. Rev.
1213, 1226 (1985) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1098 REVITALIZING THE PRESUMPTION AGAINST PREEMPTION TO PREVENT REGULAT-
ORY GAPS: RAILROAD DEREGULATION AND WASTE TRANSFER STATIONS, 34 Eco-
logy L.Q. 1147, 1216 (2007) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1099 PRESERVING THE PRICELESS: A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT TO EMPOWER
CONGRESS TO PRESERVE, PROTECT, AND PROMOTE THE ENVIRONMENT, 32 Eco-
logy L.Q. 821, 861+ (2005)
1100 THE LATEST AND GREATEST COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGES TO THE EN-
DANGERED SPECIES ACT: RANCHO VIEJO AND GDF REALTY, 31 Ecology L.Q. 459, 485
(2004)
1101 THE MURKY FUTURE OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT AFTER SWANCC: USING A HY-
DROLOGICAL CONNECTION APPROACH TO SAVING THE CLEAN WATER ACT, 30
Ecology L.Q. 811, 891+ (2003)
1102 GIBBS V. BABBITT, 28 Ecology L.Q. 377, 398 (2001) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
1103 THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT'S PRECARIOUS PERCH: A CONSTITUTIONAL ANA-
LYSIS UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND THE TREATY POWER, 27 Ecology L.Q.
215, 256+ (2000) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1104 DEFINING THE MOTHER LODE: YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK v. THE NEW
WORLD MINE, 24 Ecology L.Q. 299, 331+ (1997) HN: 4,11,14 (S.Ct.)
1105 PATCHING THE ARK: IMPROVING LEGAL PROTECTION OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY,
18 Ecology L.Q. 265, 333 (1991) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
1106 THE ASCENDANCY OF ASSISTED LIVING: THE CASE FOR FEDERAL REGULATION,
14 Elder L.J. 61, 89+ (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1107 FROM CALIFORNIA TO ILLINOIS TO FLORIDA, OH MY!: THE NEED FOR A MORE
UNIFORM DRIVER'S LICENSE RENEWAL POLICY, 12 Elder L.J. 449, 484 (2004)
1108 THE PERMISSIBLE SCOPE OF LEGAL LIMITATIONS ON THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION
OR BELIEF IN THE UNITED STATES, 19 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 1187, 1275 (2005) HN: 5
(S.Ct.)
1109 I OBJECT: THE RLUIPA AS A MODEL FOR PROTECTING THE CONSCIENCE RIGHTS
OF RELIGIOUS OBJECTORS TO SAME-SEX RELATIONSHIPS, 59 Emory L.J. 259, 309+
(2009)
1110 FILBURN'S LEGACY, 52 Emory L.J. 1719, 1769+ (2003) HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
1111 VERIZON MARYLAND, INC. V. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION OF MARYLAND: RE-
AFFIRMING EX PARTE YOUNG AND THE NECESSITY OF FINDING REGULATORY
HAND-BACK SCHEMES TO BE A GIFT OR GRATUITY, 52 Emory L.J. 1519, 1577+ (2003)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1112 THE NEW SCRUTINY, 51 Emory L.J. 481, 557 (2002)
1113 THE GOVERNMENT'S RIGHT TO READ: MAINTAINING STATE ACCESS TO DIGITAL
DATA IN THE AGE OF IMPENETRABLE ENCRYPTION, 49 Emory L.J. 711, 744+ (2000)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1114 CHOOSING BETWEEN PRINCIPLES OF FEDERAL POWER: THE CIVIL RIGHTS REM-
EDY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT, 47 Emory L.J. 819, 857+ (1998) HN:
12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1115 UNFUNDED FEDERAL MANDATES: AN ISSUE OF FEDERALISM OR A "BRILLIANT
SOUND BITE"?, 45 Emory L.J. 281, 338+ (1996)
1116 "THE JUST AND THE HOLY ARE ONE": THE ROLE OF ESCHATOLOGY IN HAROLD
BERMAN'S VISION OF NORMATIVE JURISPRUDENCE; Faith and Order: The Reconcili-
ation of Law and Religion. By Harold J. Berman. Atlanta: Scholars Press,, 42 Emory L.J. 1045,
1079 (1993)
1117 RETHINKING THE BAN ON GENERAL SOLICITATION, 38 Emory L.J. 67, 134 (1989)
1118 SCOPE OF REVIEW OF RULEMAKING AFTER CHADHA: A CASE FOR THE DELEGA-
TION DOCTRINE?, 33 Emory L.J. 953, 1025 (1984)
1119 SEMINOLE TRIBE, FLORES AND STATE EMPLOYEES: REFLECTIONS ON A NEW RE-
LATIONSHIP, 2 Employee Rts. & Emp. Pol'y J. 175, 239+ (1998) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
1120 LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IMPORT TERMINALS: JURISDICTION OVER SITING, CON-
STRUCTION, AND OPERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRU-
DENCE, 26 Energy L.J. 135, 178+ (2005)
1121 THE LIMIT OF GOVERNMENT'S REGULATORY AUTHORITY OVER NON-ADJACENT
WETLANDS: HOFFMAN HOMES, INC. v. EPA, 15 Energy L.J. 137, 152 (1994) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1122 REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON REGULATION UNDER PART I OF THE FEDERAL
POWER ACT, 4 Energy L.J. 305, 311 (1983) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1123 CONSCRIPTING STATE REGULATORY AUTHORITIES IN A FEDERAL ELECTRIC RATE
REGULATORY SCHEME: A GOAL OF PURPA PARTIALLY REALIZED, 4 Energy L.J. 77,
84 (1983) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1124 THE EMERGING FEDERAL ROLE IN GAS DISTRIBUTION COMPANY AND END-USER
REGULATION, 1 Energy L.J. 1, 34 (1980)
1125 THE PIONEER SPIRIT AND THE PUBLIC TRUST: THE AMERICAN RULE OF CAPTURE
AND STATE OWNERSHIP OF WILDLIFE, 35 Envtl. L. 673, 720 (2005) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1126 FLIES, SPIDERS, TOADS, WOLVES,AND THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE EN-
DANGERED SPECIES ACT'S TAKE PROVISION, 34 Envtl. L. 309, 362+ (2004)
1127 THE TAKE PROHIBITION IN SECTION 9 OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT: CON-
TRADICTIONS, UGLY DUCKLINGS, AND CONSERVATION OF SPECIES, 34 Envtl. L.
363, 396 (2004)
1128 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE PENDULUM: WILL FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW SUR-
VIVE IN THE POST- SWANCC EPOCH OF "NEW FEDERALISM" ?, 31 Envtl. L. 1051, 1088
(2001)
1129 WETLANDS, WATERFOWL, AND THE MENACE OF MR. WILSON: COMMERCE
CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE AND THE LIMITS OF FEDERAL WETLAND REGULATION,
29 Envtl. L. 1, 67 (1999)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1130 WATER RIGHTS AND THE COMMON WEALTH, 26 Envtl. L. 27, 51 (1996)
1131 THE HEADWATERS OF THE PUBLIC TRUST: SOME OF THE TRADITIONAL DOC-
TRINE, 19 Envtl. L. 425, 472+ (1989)
1132 A FISH OUT OF WATER: THE PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE IN A CONSTITUTIONAL
DEMOCRACY, 19 Envtl. L. 527, 572 (1989)
1133 PUBLIC PROPERTY AND THE DEMOCRATIZATION OF WESTERN WATER LAW: A
MODERN VIEW OF THE PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE, 19 Envtl. L. 573, 603+ (1989)
1134 FEDERALISM AND RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: A NEW ROLE FOR STATES?, 12 Envtl.
L. 931, 944 (1982) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
1135 APPLICATION OF THE TELEPHONE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT TO INTRASTATE
TELEMARKETING CALLS AND FAXES, 52 Fed. Comm. L.J. 667, 686+ (2000) HN: 11,19
(S.Ct.)
1136 ANTITRUST AND COMMUNICATIONS: CHANGES AFTER THE TELECOMMUNICA-
TIONS ACT OF 1996, 49 Fed. Comm. L.J. 457, 472 (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1137 4 Fla. Coastal L.J. 247, ELEVENTH CIRCUIT UPDATE (2003) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1138 2 Fla. Coastal L.J. 291, HOSPITAL MERGERS THAT STRANGLE REPRODUCTIVE SER-
VICES: CAN THE PATIENT FIND ANY REMEDY WITHIN THE LEGAL SYSTEM? (2001)
1139 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF FEDERAL JURISDICTION
OF WETLANDS: THE CLEAN WATER RESTORATION ACT OF 2009, 62 Fla. L. Rev. 1091,
1118+ (2010)
1140 CONSTITUTIONAL ADVOCACY EXPLAINS CONSTITUTIONAL OUTCOMES, 60 Fla. L.
Rev. 857, 894+ (2008)
1141 IS THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT ENDANGERED IN THE AGE OF STRICT FEDER-
ALISM? A FLORIDA PERSPECTIVE ON THE RECENT COMMERCE CLAUSE CHAL-
LENGES TO THE ESA, 57 Fla. L. Rev. 1135, 1161 (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1142 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: BORDER CROSSING + CHURCH BURNING = INTERSTATE
COMMERCE (A FORMULA FOR FEDERALIZING COMMON LAW STATE CRIMES)
United States v. Ballinger, 395 F.3d 1218 (11th Cir. 2005), 57 Fla. L. Rev. 975, 985+ (2005) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
1143 SECTION 404(A) OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT: THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS'
JURISDICTION OVER ""ALL OTHER WATERS'', 54 Fla. L. Rev. 147, 156+ (2002) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1144 COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGES AFTER UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 50 Fla. L. Rev.
867, 873+ (1998) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1145 THE VALUES OF FREEDOM, 47 Fla. L. Rev. 499, 519+ (1995) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1146 NEW GROUPS AND OLD DOCTRINE: RETHINKING CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO EN-
FORCE THE EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE, 37 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 451, 537+ (2010)
1147 THE SECOND, FIFTH, AND NINTH AMENDMENTS-THE PRECARIOUS PROTECTORS
OF THE AMERICAN GUN COLLECTOR, 23 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. 1101, 1143 (1996)
1148 CHARITIES AND THE CONSTITUTION: EVALUATING THE ROLE OF CONSTITUTION-
AL PRINCIPLES IN DETERMINING THE SCOPE OF TAX LAW'S PUBLIC POLICY LIMIT-

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ATION FOR CHARITIES, 5 Fla. Tax Rev. 779, 849 (2002)


1149 A CONSTITUTIONAL IDEA-EXPRESSION DOCTRINE: QUALIFYING CONGRESS' COM-
MERCE POWER WHEN PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS, 18 Fordham
Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 441, 513+ (2008) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1150 MARTIGNON AND KISS CATALOG: CAN LIVE PERFORMANCES BE PROTECTED?, 15
Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 1143, 1203+ (2005) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1151 POST NO BILLS: CAN THE NBA PROHIBIT ITS PLAYERS FROM WEARING TATTOO
ADVERTISEMENTS?, 15 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 507, 546 (2005)
1152 CONCEPTUALIZING INTIMATE VIOLENCE AND GENDER EQUALITY: A COMPARAT-
IVE APPROACH, 31 Fordham Int'l L.J. 487, 527 (2008) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1153 PAX MERCATORIA: GLOBALIZATION AS A SECOND CHANCE AT "PEACE FOR OUR
TIME", 24 Fordham Int'l L.J. 217, 251 (2000)
1154 HOMAGE TO A BULL MOOSE: APPLYING LESSONS OF HISTORY TO MEET THE
CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION, 24 Fordham Int'l L.J. 481, 518 (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1155 THE CRUMBLED DIFFERENCE BETWEEN LEGAL AND ILLEGAL ARBITRATION
AWARDS: HALL STREET ASSOCIATES AND THE WANING PUBLIC POLICY EXCEP-
TION, 14 Fordham Journal of Corporate and Financial Law 597 (2009) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1156 ROCK, PAPER, SCISSORS: CHOOSING THE RIGHT VEHICLE FOR FEDERAL CORPOR-
ATE GOVERNANCE INITIATIVES, 10 Fordham Journal of Corporate and Financial Law 225
(2005)
1157 WHITE CARTELS, THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866, AND THE HISTORY OF JONES V.
ALFRED H. MAYER CO., 77 Fordham L. Rev. 999, 1050 (2008)
1158 THE MACHINE GUN STATUTE: ITS CONTROVERSIAL PAST AND POSSIBLE FUTURE,
75 Fordham L. Rev. 2269, 2301+ (2007) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1159 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND FEDERAL ABORTION LAW: WHY PROGRESSIVES
MIGHT BE TEMPTED TO EMBRACE FEDERALISM, 75 Fordham L. Rev. 301, 354+ (2006)
HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1160 FIGHTING FEDERALISM WITH FEDERALISM: IF IT'S NOT JUST A BATTLE BETWEEN
FEDERALISTS AND NATIONALISTS, WHAT IS IT?, 74 Fordham L. Rev. 2081, 2121 (2006)
1161 CHOOSING BALANCE: CONGRESSIONAL POWERS AND THE PARTIAL-BIRTH ABOR-
TION BAN ACT OF 2003, 73 Fordham L. Rev. 1987, 2026 (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1162 WHITE KNIGHT?: CAN THE COMMERCE CLAUSE SAVE THE RELIGIOUS LAND USE
AND INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS ACT?, 72 Fordham L. Rev. 2355, 2401+ (2004) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
1163 GUNS, DRUGS, AND FEDERALISM: RETHINKING COMMERCE-ENABLED REGULA-
TION OF MERE POSSESSION, 72 Fordham L. Rev. 2543, 2592+ (2004) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1164 FREEDOM TO EXCLUDE AFTER BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA V. DALE: DO PRIVATE
SCHOOLS HAVE A RIGHT TO DISCRIMINATE AGAINST HOMOSEXUAL TEACHERS?,
71 Fordham L. Rev. 2599, 2642 (2003)
1165 PAINTING BY NUMBERS: "AND, UM, LET'S HAVE A BLACK LAWYER SIT AT OUR TA-
BLE", 71 Fordham L. Rev. 1257, 1297 (2003)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1166 UNSHACKLING THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT: MODERN SLAVERY AND A RE-


CONSTRUCTED CIVIL RIGHTS AGENDA, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 981, 1061 (2002)
1167 SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMES: CONSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATION
AND THE GROWING POWER OF THE SUPREME COURT, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 579, 621
(2002) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1168 THE SUPREME COURT, THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT, AND THE USE AND
ABUSE OF FEDERALISM, 71 Fordham L. Rev. 57, 147+ (2002) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1169 RENO V. CONDON: THE SUPREME COURT TAKES A RIGHT TURN IN ITS TENTH
AMENDMENT JURISPRUDENCE BY UPHOLDING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE
DRIVER'S PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 2543, 2593 (2000)
1170 WILL JEWISH PRISONERS BE BOERNE AGAIN? LEGISLATIVE RESPONSES TO CITY
OF BOERNE V. FLORES, 66 Fordham L. Rev. 2333, 2389 (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1171 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF PUNISHING DEADBEAT PARENTS: THE CHILD SUP-
PORT RECOVERY ACT OF 1992 AFTER UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 64 Fordham L. Rev.
1089, 1120+ (1995) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1172 SHOOTING FOR AN OMNIPOTENT CONGRESS: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF FEDER-
AL REGULATION OF INTRASTATE FIREARMS POSSESSION, 62 Fordham L. Rev. 1795,
1834+ (1994) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
1173 EQUAL PROTECTION AND MORAL CIRCUMSTANCE: ACCOUNTING FOR CONSTITU-
TIONAL BASICS, 59 Fordham L. Rev. 485, 522+ (1991) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1174 GARCIA REVISITED: THE AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT'S APPLICA-
TION TO APPOINTED STATE COURT JUDGES, 59 Fordham L. Rev. 403, 421 (1990)
1175 COMPLEX LITIGATION REFORM AND ARTICLE III JURISDICTION, 59 Fordham L. Rev.
169, 225 (1990) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1176 NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES AGAIN-R.I.P. OR A GHOST THAT STILL WALKS?, 54
Fordham L. Rev. 141, 166+ (1985) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1177 HEAVEN CAN WAIT: JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION OF TITLE VII's RELIGIOUS AC-
COMMODATION REQUIREMENT SINCE TRANS WORLD AIRLINES v. HARDISON, 53
Fordham L. Rev. 839, 861 (1985)
1178 STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS IN UNITED STATES SUITS TO RECOVER OIL SPILL
CLEANUP COSTS UNDER THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT, 53 Ford-
ham L. Rev. 903, 918 (1985) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1179 NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES v. USERY REVISITED-IS THE QUONDAM CONSTITU-
TIONAL MOUNTAIN TURNING OUT TO BE ONLY A JUDICIAL MOLEHILL?, 52 Fordham
L. Rev. 329, 349 (1983) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1180 POVERTY, INEQUALITY, AND CLASS IN THE STRUCTURAL CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
COURSE, 34 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1239, 1267 (2007)
1181 IS TWENTY-TWO MONTHS BEYOND THE BEST INTEREST OF THE CHILD? ASFA'S
GUIDELINES FOR THE TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS, 28 Fordham Urb. L.J.
1879, 1921 (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1182 PROTECTION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE VICTIMS UNDER THE NEW YORK CITY HU-

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MAN RIGHTS LAW'S PROVISIONS PROHIBITING DISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF


DISABILITY, 27 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1231, 1260+ (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1183 FEDERALISM FOR THE NEW MILLENNIUM: ACCOUNTING FOR THE VALUES OF
FEDERALISM, 26 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1493, 1570+ (1999)
1184 CASH FOR KIDNEYS? UTILIZING INCENTIVES TO END AMERICA'S ORGAN SHORT-
AGE, 13 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 69, 133 (2004)
1185 PRIVATIZING URBAN LAND USE REGULATION: THE PROBLEM OF CONSENT, 7 Geo.
Mason L. Rev. 905, 921 (1999) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
1186 ACCOUNTABILITY AND THE NONDELEGATION OF UNFUNDED MANDATES: A PUB-
LIC CHOICE ANALYSIS OF THE SUPREME COURT'S TENTH AMENDMENT FEDERAL-
ISM JURISPRUDENCE, 7 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 419, 419 (1999)
1187 RESTORING POSITIVE LAW AND ECONOMICS: INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC CHOICE
THEME ISSUE, 6 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 709, 744 (1998)
1188 THE LAW OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IN AND AFTER THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1991:
CONGRESS INVITES JUDICIAL REFORM, 6 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 87, 129 (1997)
1189 CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT IN THE WAKE OF
UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 5 Geo. Mason L. Rev. 267, 302 (1997) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1190 WARTIME AMERICA AND THE WIRE: A RESPONSE TO POSNER'S POST-9/11 CONSTI-
TUTIONAL FRAMEWORK, 20 Geo. Mason U. Civ. Rts. L.J. 37, 82+ (2009)
1191 THE BRADY BILL COMES DUE: THE PRINTZ CASE AND STATE AUTONOMY, 9 Geo.
Mason U. Civ. Rts. L.J. 189, 205 (1999)
1192 PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION LAWS AND THE DUAL NATURE OF THE FREEDOM OF
ASSOCIATION, 8 Geo. Mason U. Civ. Rts. L.J. 111, 144+ (1998)
1193 SEEING THROUGH THE SMOKE: THE NEED FOR NATIONAL LEGISLATION BANNING
SMOKING IN BARS AND RESTAURANTS, 75 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 662, 693+ (2007)
1194 FEDERALISM, INSTRUMENTALISM, AND THE LEGACY OF THE REHNQUIST COURT,
74 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 906, 955+ (2006) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1195 DUAL FEDERALISM, CONCURRENT JURISDICTION, AND THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS EX-
CEPTION, 69 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 139, 188+ (2001) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1196 FORTY YEAS AND FIVE NAYS-THE NAYS HAVE IT: MORRISON'S BLURRED POLITIC-
AL ACCOUNTABILITY AND THE DEFEAT OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS PROVISION OF THE
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT, 69 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 251, 292 (2001)
1197 RECENT DECISIONS, 68 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 699, 709+ (2000) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1198 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, 67 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 991, 1002+ (1999) HN: 10,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1199 THE ENUMERATED POWERS DOCTRINE AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: AN IM-
MINENT CONSTITUTIONAL COLLISION, 67 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 359, 398 (1999)
1200 THE THIRD TRANSLATION OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: CONGRESSIONAL POWER
TO REGULATE SOCIAL PROBLEMS, 66 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 1206, 1217 (1998)
1201 V. THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES ACT OF 1994 HELD CONSTITU-
TIONAL, 66 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 893, 900 (1998) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1202 WHAT'S GOOD FOR GENERAL MOTORS: CORPORATE SPEECH AND THE THEORY OF

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FREE EXPRESSION, 66 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 235, 297 (1998)


1203 RECONSTRUCTING THE JURISDICTIONAL FOUNDATION OF ANTITRUST FEDERAL-
ISM, 61 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 657, 722+ (1993) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1204 BEYOND SHAREHOLDERS: INTERPRETING CORPORATE CONSTITUENCY STAT-
UTES, 61 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 14, 135 (1992)
1205 THE ROLE OF PRECEDENT IN CONSTITUTIONAL DECISIONMAKING AND THEORY,
60 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 68, 147 (1991)
1206 IMPOSING FEDERAL BUSINESS ON OFFICERS OF THE STATES: WHAT THE TENTH
AMENDMENT MIGHT MEAN, 57 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 907, 942 (1989) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1207 SERVICE-CONNECTION AND DRUG-RELATED OFFENSES: THE MILITARY COURTS'
EVER-EXPANDING JURISDICTION, 54 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 118, 142 (1985) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1208 IS THERE A PLENARY POWER DOCTRINE? A TENTATIVE APOLOGY AND PREDIC-
TION FOR OUR STRANGE BUT UNEXCEPTIONAL CONSTITUTIONAL IMMIRGRATION
LAW, 14 Geo. Immigr. L.J. 257, 287 (2000)
1209 CIVIL AND CRIMINAL SANCTIONS IN THE CONSTITUTION AND COURTS, 94 Geo. L.J.
1, 66 (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1210 STATE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AS RESISTANCE TO NATIONAL POWER: TOWARD
A FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF STATE CONSTITUTIONS, 91 Geo. L.J. 1003, 1064 (2003)
1211 SEPARATION ANXIETY: CONGRESS, THE COURTS, AND THE CONSTITUTION, 91 Geo.
L.J. 439, 444+ (2003) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
1212 "UNCLE SAM MODERNIZES HIS JUSTICE": INVENTING THE FEDERAL DISTRICT
COURTS OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA AND THE
NATION, 90 Geo. L.J. 607, 684 (2002)
1213 WORKING TOGETHER: THE WORKPLACE, CIVIL SOCIETY, AND THE LAW, 89 Geo.
L.J. 1, 96 (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1214 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: RECOGNIZING A FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHT TO
BE FREE FROM VIOLENCE, 86 Geo. L.J. 1123, 1129+ (1998) HN: 8,14,21 (S.Ct.)
1215 REFLECTIONS ON THE DEMISE OF THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT,
86 Geo. L.J. 101, 121 (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1216 CAN A "DUMB ASS WOMAN" ACHIEVE EQUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE? RUNNING
THE GAUNTLET OF HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT HARASSING SPEECH, 84 Geo. L.J. 399,
451+ (1996)
1217 DARKNESS MADE VISIBLE: LAW, METAPHOR, AND THE RACIAL SELF, 82 Geo. L.J.
437, 511+ (1993)
1218 DRAINING THE DISMAL SWAMP: THE CASE FOR FEDERAL CHOICE OF LAW STAT-
UTES, 80 Geo. L.J. 1, 51 (1991) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1219 RACIAL PURITY AND INTERRACIAL SEX IN THE LAW OF COLONIAL AND ANTEBEL-
LUM VIRGINIA, 77 Geo. L.J. 1967, 2028 (1989)
1220 FROM MANDELA AND MLK TO BEECOM AND THE SBA: LAYING THE GROUND-
WORK FOR EQUALITY THROUGH BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS IN SOUTH
AFRICA AND THE UNITED STATES, 35 Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 369, 396 (2007)

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1221 FINDING AN APPROPRIATE GLOBAL LEGAL PARADIGM FOR THE INTERNET:


UNITED STATES AND INTERNATIONAL RESPONSES, 29 Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 597, 628
(2001)
1222 A SIX-THREE RULE: REVIVING CONSENSUS AND DEFERENCE ON THE SUPREME
COURT, 37 Ga. L. Rev. 893, 1019 (2003) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
1223 PROTECTING INTRASTATE THREATENED SPECIES: DOES THE ENDANGERED SPE-
CIES ACT ENCROACH ON TRADITIONAL STATE AUTHORITY AND EXCEED THE
OUTER LIMITS OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE?, 36 Ga. L. Rev. 723, 795+ (2002) HN: 8,9
(S.Ct.)
1224 HUMAN CLONING AND THE COMMERCE POWER: IN LIGHT OF UNITED STATES V.
LOPEZ, CONGRESS CAN-BUT SHOULD NOT-REGULATE HUMAN CLONING, 37 Ga. L.
Rev. 295, 323+ (2002) HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
1225 CAN FEDERALISM SAVE THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT?, 31 Ga. L. Rev. 985,
1029+ (1997) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1226 THE PROSPECTS FOR A RIVAL OF CONSERVATIVE ACTIVISM IN CONSTITUTIONAL
JURISPRUDENCE, 24 Ga. L. Rev. 629, 668 (1990)
1227 SUPREME COURT REVIEW OF STATE COURT "FEDERAL" DECISIONS: A STUDY IN
INTERACTIVE FEDERALISM, 19 Ga. L. Rev. 861, 916 (1985) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1228 THE SUPREME COURT'S "NEW" FEDERALISM: AN ANTI-RIGHTS AGENDA?, 16 Ga. St.
U. L. Rev. 517, 572 (2000)
1229 DALE V. BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA: NEW JERSEY'S LAW AGAINST DISCRIMINA-
TION WEIGHS THE BALANCE BETWEEN THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND THE STATE'S
COMPELLING INTEREST IN ERADICATING DISCRIMINATION, 16 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 387,
427 (1999)
1230 FORMALISM AND FUNCTIONALISM IN FEDERALISM ANALYSIS, 13 Ga. St. U. L. Rev.
959, 959+ (1997) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1231 AMERICAN STATE CONSTITUTIONAL EQUALITIES, 45 Gonz. L. Rev. 773, 795 (2010)
1232 TOWARD A THEORY OF THE WASHINGTON CONSTITUTION, 37 Gonz. L. Rev. 41, 88
(2002)
1233 DOMESTIC SPLITS OF AUTHORITY AND INTERSTATE CHOICE OF LAW, 29 Gonz. L.
Rev. 521, 580 (1994) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1234 M'CULLOCH AND THE TURNED COMMA, 12 Green Bag 2d 265, 275 (2009)
1235 STATE PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS LAWS, THE FREEDOM OF EXPRESSIVE ASSOCI-
ATION, AND THE INADEQUACY OF THE BALANCING TEST UTILIZED IN BOY
SCOUTS OF AMERICA V. DALE, 120 S.CT. 2446 (2000), 24 Hamline L. Rev. 131, 162+
(2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1236 THE CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT AS LITIG-
ATED IN UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: THE SUPREME COURT'S SACRIFICIAL
LAMB TO REINFORCE UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 24 Hamline L. Rev. 163, 190+ (2000)
HN: 8,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1237 CORPORATE WELFARE WARS: THE INSUFFICIENCY OF CURRENT CONSTRAINTS ON

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

STATE ACTION AND THE DESIRABILITY OF A FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE,


22 Hamline L. Rev. 849, 896 (1999) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1238 ABRACADABRA INTERNATIONAL, LTD. v. ABRACADABRA CREATIONS INC. - IN-
TERNET ADVERTISING JUST FEDERALIZED THE NATION'S SERVICE MARK LAW!, 22
Hamline L. Rev. 563, 569+ (1999) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1239 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: THE SUPREME COURT TAKES A SHOT AT CONGRESSION-
AL AUTHORITY UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 19 Hamline L. Rev. 229, 245+ (1995)
HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
1240 THE GHOST OF WARDS COVE: THE SUPREME COURT, THE BUSH ADMINISTRATION,
AND THE IDEOLOGY UNDERMINING TITLE VII, 21 Harv. BlackLetter L.J. 163, 184 (2005)
1241 COMBATING SCHOOL RESEGREGATION THROUGH HOUSING: A NEED FOR A RE-
CONCEPTUALIZATION OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY AND THE RIGHTS IT PROTECTS,
13 Harv. BlackLetter L.J. 127, 182 (1997) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1242 RECONSTRUCTION REDUX: REHNQUIST, MORRISON, AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS
CASES, 41 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 481, 508 (2006)
1243 IMMUNITY AS AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF STATEHOOD--, 35 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev.
257, 276 (2000)
1244 REACHING MRS. MURPHY: A CALL FOR REPEAL OF THE MRS. MURPHY EXEMPTION
TO THE FAIR HOUSING ACT, 34 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 605, 634 (1999) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
1245 LIBERATING THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, 30 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 1, 55+ (1995)
1246 GHOSTS IN THE ATTIC: IDEALIZED PLURALISM, COMMUNITY AND HATE SPEECH,
27 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 371, 406 (1992)
1247 THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT: ANALYSIS AND IMPLICATIONS OF A
SECOND-GENERATION CIVIL RIGHTS STATUTE, 26 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 413, 500+
(1991) HN: 1,9,12 (S.Ct.)
1248 BRINGING HATE CRIME INTO FOCUS-THE HATE CRIME STATISTICS ACT OF 1990,
PUB. L. NO. 101-275, 26 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 261, 292 (1991) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1249 RECONSTRUCTION, DECONSTRUCTION AND LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE: THE 1988 SU-
PREME COURT TERM AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1990, 25 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev.
475, 496+ (1990) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1250 TOO MUCH JUSTICE: A LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE TO MCCLESKEY v. KEMP, 24 Harv.
C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 437, 528+ (1989)
1251 WHAT HAPPENS TO A DREAM DEFERRED: AN ASSESSMENT OF CIVIL RIGHTS LAW
TWENTY YEARS AFTER THE 1963 MARCH ON WASHINGTON, 19 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L.
Rev. 469, 495+ (1984) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1252 DEFINING PROPERTY RIGHTS: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF PROTECTING TEN-
ANTS FROM CONDOMINIUM CONVERSION, 18 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 179, 230 (1983)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1253 THE OWNERSHIP SOCIETY AND TAKINGS OF PROPERTY: CASTLES, INVESTMENTS,
AND JUST OBLIGATIONS, 30 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 309, 338 (2006)
1254 THE ENVIRONMENTAL COMMERCE CLAUSE, 27 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 1, 68 (2003)

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1255 MELDING CIVIL RIGHTS AND ENVIRONMENTALISM: FINDING ENVIRONMENTAL


JUSTICE'S PLACE IN ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION, 26 Harv. Envtl. L. Rev. 1, 32+
(2002) HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
1256 PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION AND THE PERILS OF CONSTITUTIONAL COMMON LAW,
31 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 519, 591+ (2008)
1257 LOPEZ, MORRISON, AND RAICH: FEDERALISM IN THE REHNQUIST COURT, 31 Harv.
J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 761, 770+ (2008)
1258 MARRIAGE FACTS, 31 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 313, 369 (2008)
1259 WHY IS CONGRESS STILL REGULATING NONCOMMERCIAL ACTIVITY?, 28 Harv. J.L.
& Pub. Pol'y 169, 203 (2004)
1260 THE MYTH OF A CONSERVATIVE SUPREME COURT: THE OCTOBER 2000 TERM, 26
Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 281, 313 (2003) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1261 YES, VIRGINIA (TECH), OUR GOVERMENT IS ONE OF LIMITED POWERS: UNITED
STATES V. MORRISON, 120 S. CT. 1740 (2000), 24 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 895, 906+ (2001)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1262 THE NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE AS AN INTRINSIC RESTRAINT ON FEDERAL
LAWMAKING POWER, 22 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 107, 122 (1998)
1263 JURISDICTIONAL VACUUM IN THE WAKE OF CAMPS NEWFOUND/OWATONNA?:
CAMPS NEWFOUND/OWATONNA V. TOWN OF HARRISON, 117 S. CT. 1590 (1997), 21
Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 288, 301+ (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1264 THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE AND THE INTERSTATE SHIPMENT OF WASTE:
FORT GRATIOT. SANITARY LANDFILL V. MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL
RESOURCES, 112 S.Ct. 2019 (1992), 16 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 294, 302 (1993)
1265 ORIGINALISM AND THE BILL OF RIGHTS, 15 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 141, 147 (1992)
1266 RIGHTS, WRONGS, AND DISCRIMINATION, 11 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 805, 836 (1988)
1267 NEW FEDERALISM IS NOT ENOUGH: THE PRIVATIZATION OF NON-PUBLIC GOODS,
7 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 321, 394 (1984) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1268 COMMERCE CLAUSE IMMUNITY FOR STATE PROPRIETARY ACTIVITIES: REEVES,
INC. v. STAKE, 4 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 365, 380 (1981)
1269 DECONSTRUCTING THE DEBATE OVER STATE TAXATION OF ELECTRONIC COM-
MERCE, 13 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 549, 565 (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1270 IS THERE A RIGHT TO CLONE? CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGES TO BANS ON HU-
MAN CLONING, 11 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 643, 676 (1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1271 AN AFFRONT TO HUMAN DIGNITY: ELECTRONIC MAIL MONITORING IN THE
PRIVATE SECTOR WORKPLACE, 8 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 345, 425 (1995)
1272 DOES CONGRESS HAVE THE CONSTITUTIONAL POWER TO PROHIBIT PARTIAL-
BIRTH ABORTION?, 42 Harv. J. on Legis. 319, 353 (2005)
1273 REGULATING INTIMIDATING SPEECH, 41 Harv. J. on Legis. 389, 405 (2004) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1274 THE CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: A DEFENSE,
37 Harv. J. on Legis. 1, 43+ (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1275 EVOLVING SPHERES OF FEDERALISM AFTER U.S. V. LOPEZ AND OTHER CASES, 34

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Harv. J. on Legis. 525, 555 (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)


1276 JUDICIAL REVIEW OF CONGRESSIONAL FACTFINDING, 122 Harv. L. Rev. 767, 786+
(2008)
1277 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - COPYRIGHT CLAUSE - SECOND CIRCUIT UPHOLDS PER-
PETUAL ANTI-BOOTLEGGING PROTECTION AGAINST COPYRIGHT CLAUSE CHAL-
LENGE. - UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON, 492 F.3D 140 (2D CIR. 2007)., 121 Harv. L.
Rev. 1455, 1462 (2008)
1278 THE LIVING CONSTITUTION, 120 Harv. L. Rev. 1737, 1812+ (2007) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
1279 THE RIDDLE OF HIRAM REVELS, 119 Harv. L. Rev. 1680, 1733 (2006)
1280 FOREWORD: FASHIONING THE LEGAL CONSTITUTION: CULTURE, COURTS, AND
LAW, 117 Harv. L. Rev. 4, 112 (2003)
1281 THE IRRATIONAL APPLICATION OF RATIONAL BASIS: KIMEL, GARRETT, AND CON-
GRESSIONAL POWER TO ABROGATE STATE SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY, 114 Harv. L.
Rev. 2146, 2168 (2001)
1282 DISPUTING MALE SOVEREIGNTY: ON UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, 114 Harv. L.
Rev. 135, 177+ (2000) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1283 FOREWORD: THE LIMITS OF SOCRATIC DELIBERATION, 112 Harv. L. Rev. 4, 83 (1998)
1284 THE CANONS OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 111 Harv. L. Rev. 963, 1024 (1998)
1285 IN MEMORIAM: WILLIAM J. BRENNAN, JR., 111 Harv. L. Rev. 48, 50 (1997)
1286 MIXED QUESTIONS OF LAW AND FACT, 110 Harv. L. Rev. 317, 327+ (1996)
1287 INCIDENTAL BURDENS ON FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS, 109 Harv. L. Rev. 1175, 1251+
(1996) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1288 LEADING CASES, 109 Harv. L. Rev. 111, 121 (1995) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1289 FOREWORD: REVOLUTIONS?, 109 Harv. L. Rev. 13, 77+ (1995)
1290 IS NAFTA CONSTITUTIONAL?, 108 Harv. L. Rev. 799, 929 (1995)
1291 CLEAR STATEMENT RULES, FEDERALISM, AND CONGRESSIONAL REGULATION OF
STATES, 107 Harv. L. Rev. 1959, 1976 (1994)
1292 THE CONSTITUTION OF CHANGE: LEGAL FUNDAMENTALITY WITHOUT FUNDA-
MENTALISM, 107 Harv. L. Rev. 30, 117 (1993)
1293 1. SECTION 1985(3), 107 Harv. L. Rev. 332, 341 (1993)
1294 STATE POWER AND DISCRIMINATION BY PRIVATE CLUBS: FIRST AMENDMENT
PROTECTION FOR NONEXPRESSIVE ASSOCIATIONS, 104 Harv. L. Rev. 1835, 1856
(1991)
1295 MEMBERSHIP HAS ITS PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES: CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO
DEFINE AND ENFORCE THE RIGHTS OF NATIONAL CITIZENSHIP, 102 Harv. L. Rev.
1925, 1947+ (1989)
1296 OVER-PROTECTIVE JURISDICTION?: A STATE SOVEREIGNTY THEORY OF FEDERAL
QUESTIONS, 102 Harv. L. Rev. 1948, 1970 (1989)
1297 THE ANTIDISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE IN THE COMMON LAW, 102 Harv. L. Rev. 1993,
2013 (1989)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1298 A COMMUNITARIAN DEFENSE OF GROUP LIBEL LAWS, 101 Harv. L. Rev. 682, 701
(1988)
1299 GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY: THE DEMISE OF A
MISGUIDED DOCTRINE, 99 Harv. L. Rev. 84, 118 (1985)
1300 FEDERAL REGULATION OF STATE INSTITUTIONS., 96 Harv. L. Rev. 186, 196 (1982) HN:
20,21 (S.Ct.)
1301 JUDICIAL REVIEW AND THE NATIONAL POLITICAL PROCESS: A FUNCTIONAL RE-
CONSIDERATION OF THE ROLE OF THE SUPREME COURT By Jesse H. Choper. Chicago:
The University of Chicago Press. 1980. Pp. xviii, 494. $28.50., 94 Harv. L. Rev. 296, 296 (1980)
1302 REASONABLE DOUBT AND PERMISSIVE INFERENCES: THE VALUE OF COMPLEX-
ITY, 92 Harv. L. Rev. 1187, 1225 (1979) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1303 FAIR MEASURE: THE LEGAL STATUS OF UNDERENFORCED CONSTITUTIONAL
NORMS, 91 Harv. L. Rev. 1212, 1264 (1978) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1304 POSTDISCHARGE COERCION OF BANKRUPTS BY PRIVATE CREDITORS: GIRARDIER
V. WEBSTER COLLEGE, 91 Harv. L. Rev. 1336, 1346 (1978)
1305 FOREWORD: CONSTITUTIONAL COMMON LAW, 89 Harv. L. Rev. 1, 45 (1975)
1306 STATE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION LEGISLATION AND THE COMMERCE
CLAUSE, 87 Harv. L. Rev. 1762, 1785 (1974) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1307 3. CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO ENFORCE THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT., 85 Harv.
L. Rev. 152, 167 (1971)
1308 SEX DISCRIMINATION AND EQUAL PROTECTION: DO WE NEED A CONSTITUTIONAL
AMENDMENT?, 84 Harv. L. Rev. 1499, 1524 (1971) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1309 B. CIVIL RIGHTS, 84 Harv. L. Rev. 71, 82 (1970)
1310 LEGISLATIVE PURPOSE AND FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION, 83 Harv.
L. Rev. 1887, 1903 (1970)
1311 4. PROHIBITION OF COMMUNISTS FROM EMPLOYMENT IN DEFENSE FACILITIES, 82
Harv. L. Rev. 143, 148 (1968) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1312 FOREWORD: ON DRAWING LINES, 82 Harv. L. Rev. 63, 92 (1968) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1313 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - RELATIONS BETWEEN STATE AND FEDERAL GOVERN-
MENTS - NONPROFESSIONAL, NONADMINISTRATIVE STATE EMPLOYEES ARE SUB-
JECT TO FEDERAL FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT. Maryland v. Wirtz, 269 F. Supp. 826
(D. Md. 1967), 81 Harv. L. Rev. 1572, 1575 (1968)
1314 APPLICATION OF THE SHERMAN ACT TO ATTEMPTS TO INFLUENCE GOVERNMENT
ACTION, 81 Harv. L. Rev. 847, 858 (1968)
1315 CIVIL RIGHTS - REMEDIES - FEDERAL JURISDICTION TO AWARD DAMAGES IN
CASES OF PRIVATE CIVIL RIGHTS VIOLENCE UNDER PENDENT JURISDICTION AND
42 U.S.C. S 1988. - SHERROD V. PINK HAT CAFE, 250 F. SUPP. 516 (N.D. MISS. 1965)., 80
Harv. L. Rev. 452, 455 (1966)
1316 FOREWORD: CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION AND THE PROMOTION OF HUMAN
RIGHTS, 80 Harv. L. Rev. 91, 122+ (1966)
1317 D. CIVIL RIGHTS 1. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964., 79 Harv. L. Rev. 128, 132 (1965)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1318 FEDERALISM AND THE FAMILY AFTER MORRISON: AN EXAMINATION OF THE


CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT, THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC EN-
TRANCES ACT, AND A FEDERAL LAW OUTLAWING GUN POSSESSION BY DOMEST-
IC VIOLENCE ABUSERS, 25 Harv. Women's L.J. 57, 71+ (2002) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1319 SEXISM AND "THE SUPERFLUOUS FEMALE": ARGUMENTS FOR REGULATING PRE-
IMPLANTATION SEX SELECTION, 18 Harv. Women's L.J. 219, 264 (1995)
1320 BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF ROTARY INTERNATIONAL v. ROTARY CLUB OF DUARTE:
PRYING OPEN THE DOORS OF THE ALL-MALE CLUB, 11 Harv. Women's L.J. 117, 145+
(1988) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1321 ARE YOU STILL SETTLING FOR CABLE? A CASE FOR BROADER APPLICATION OF
THE FCC'S OVER-THE-AIR RECEPTION DEVICES RULE, 26 Hastings Comm. & Ent. L.J.
179, 267+ (2004) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1322 HAS MIGHTY CASEY STRUCK OUT?: SOCIETAL RELIANCE AND THE SUPREME
COURT'S MODERN STARE DECISIS ANALYSIS, 34 Hastings Const. L.Q. 591, 622 (2007)
1323 THE REVIVAL OF IMPEACHMENT AS A PARTISAN POLITICAL WEAPON, 34 Hastings
Const. L.Q. 161, 327 (2007)
1324 FEDERAL REGULATION OF EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS: CAN GOVERNMENT DO IT?
AN EXAMINATION OF POTENTIAL REGULATION THROUGH THE EYES OF CALIFOR-
NIA'S RECENT LEGISLATION, 31 Hastings Const. L.Q. 355, 383+ (2004) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
1325 PRIVILEGES OR IMMUNITIES: THE MISSING LINK IN ESTABLISHING CONGRESSION-
AL POWER TO ABROGATE STATE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT IMMUNITY, 28 Hastings
Const. L.Q. 235, 304 (2001)
1326 NOSTALGIC FEDERALISM, 28 Hastings Const. L.Q. 1, 66+ (2000) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1327 CONGRESS' PROPERTY CLAUSE POWER TO PROHIBIT TAKING ENDANGERED SPE-
CIES, 28 Hastings Const. L.Q. 167, 186+ (2000) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1328 SEARCHING FOR THE STRUCTURAL VISION OF CITY OF BOERNE V. FLORES: VER-
TICAL AND HORIZONTAL TENSIONS IN THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL ARCHITEC-
TURE, 26 Hastings Const. L.Q. 789, 852+ (1999) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1329 THE GUN-FREE SCHOOL ZONES ACT: THE SHOOTOUT OVER LEGISLATIVE FIND-
INGS, THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, AND FEDERALISM, 22 Hastings Const. L.Q. 179, 218+
(1994) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1330 CONSTITUTIONAL IMPEDIMENTS TO NATIONAL HEALTH REFORM: TENTH AMEND-
MENT AND SPENDING CLAUSE HURDLES, 21 Hastings Const. L.Q. 489, 575 (1994)
1331 THE NATIONAL IMPACT TEST: APPLYING PRINCIPLED COMMERCE CLAUSE ANA-
LYSIS TO FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION, 61 Hastings L.J. 1035, 1082+
(2010)
1332 THE BILL OF RIGHTS AND THE STATES REVISITED AFTER HELLER, 60 Hastings L.J.
1445, 1490 (2009)
1333 FEDERALISM AND THE FEDERAL CRIMINAL LAW, 55 Hastings L.J. 573, 611 (2004)
1334 CLONING AND FEDERALISM, 53 Hastings L.J. 1133, 1141+ (2002) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1335 MYTHS AND PRINCIPLES OF FEDERALIZATION, 46 Hastings L.J. 1029, 1085 (1995) HN:

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

12 (S.Ct.)
1336 INTERSTATE CHILD CUSTODY AND THE PARENTAL KIDNAPPING PREVENTION
ACT: THE CONTINUING SEARCH FOR A NATIONAL STANDARD, 45 Hastings L.J. 1329,
1377 (1994)
1337 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE FREEDOM OF CHOICE ACT OF 1993, 45 Hastings
L.J. 641, 665+ (1994) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1338 FETAL TISSUE TRANSPLANTS: RESTRICTING RECIPIENT DESIGNATION, 39 Hastings
L.J. 1079, 1107 (1988)
1339 SAN JOSE REVISITED: A PROPOSAL FOR NEGOTIATED MODIFICATION OF PUBLIC
SECTOR BARGAINING AGREEMENTS REJECTED UNDER CHAPTER 9 OF THE BANK-
RUPTCY CODE, 37 Hastings L.J. 231, 333 (1985)
1340 CONGRESSIONAL PREEMPTION OF MORTGAGE DUE-ON-SALE LAW: AN ANALYSIS
OF THE GARN-ST. GERMAIN ACT, 35 Hastings L.J. 241, 312 (1983) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1341 COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGES TO THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT'S REGULA-
TION OF INTRASTATE SPECIES ON PRIVATE LAND, 10 Hastings W.-N.W. J. Envtl. L. &
Pol'y 39, 65+ (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1342 SWANSON MINING RECONSIDERED: IS SECTION 7 OF THE WILD AND SCENIC
RIVERS ACT CONSTITUTIONAL UNDER THE SUPREME COURT'S NEW COMMERCE
CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE, 8 Hastings W.-N.W. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 95, 107 (2001)
1343 THE NEW TAKINGS DOCTRINE, LOPEZ'S RETURN TO STATE POWER, AND IMPACTS
ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: A LOOK AT ISOLATED WETLANDS REGULA-
TION, 4 Hastings W.-N.W. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 187, 202 (1998)
1344 ALL CARROTS AND NO STICKS: MOVING BEYOND THE MISAPPLICATION OF BURL-
INGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. V. ELLERTH, 21 Hastings Women's L.J. 111, 135 (2010)
1345 THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT: WHY RFRA IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL,
1995-JUN Haw. B.J. 6, 12 (1995) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1346 THE 45TH ANNIVERSARY OF TITLE VII: WHERE WE ARE, WHERE WE'VE BEEN, AND
WHERE WE MAY GO, 27 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 433, 466 (2010)
1347 FEDERALISM'S FALSE HOPE: HOW STATE CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS ARE SYSTEMATIC-
ALLY UNDER-ENFORCED IN FEDERAL FORUMS (AND WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT
IT), 26 Hofstra Lab. & Emp. L.J. 63, 100+ (2008)
1348 PROTECTIVE EXCLUSION IN THE VDT WORKPLACE, WHY ALTERNATIVES ARE
NEEDED, 6 Hofstra Lab. L.J. 281, 314 (1989) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1349 THE STATE ACTION DOCTRINE AND THE PRINCIPLE OF DEMOCRATIC CHOICE, 34
Hofstra L. Rev. 1379, 1460+ (2006) HN: 1,12 (S.Ct.)
1350 AN EXTENDED PRESENCE, INTERSTATE STYLE: FIRST NOTES ON A THEME FROM
SAENZ, 30 Hofstra L. Rev. 1133, 1241 (2002) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1351 EVIDENCE, RACE, INTENT, AND EVIL: THE PARADOX OF PURPOSELESSNESS IN THE
CONSTITUTIONAL RACIAL DISCRIMINATION CASES, 27 Hofstra L. Rev. 285, 333 (1998)
1352 AIDS AND QUARANTINE: THE REVIVAL OF AN ARCHAIC DOCTRINE, 14 Hofstra L.
Rev. 53, 90 (1985)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1353 WHY THE TARGET "NEXUS TEST" LEAVES DISABLED AMERICANS DISCONNECTED:
A BETTER APPROACH TO DETERMINE WHETHER PRIVATE COMMERCIAL WEB-
SITES ARE "PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION", 45 Hous. L. Rev. 991, 1029 (2008)
1354 MORAL COMMUNITIES OR A MARKET STATE: THE SUPREME COURT'S VISION OF
THE POLICE POWER IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION, 42 Hous. L. Rev. 637, 725+
(2005) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1355 FEDERAL POWER, SEGREGATION, AND MENTAL DISABILITY, 39 Hous. L. Rev. 1231,
1297 (2003) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1356 DIGITAL RIGHTS MANAGEMENT: TRAFFICKING IN TECHNOLOGY THAT CAN BE
USED TO CIRCUMVENT THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CLAUSE, 40 Hous. L. Rev.
803, 836 (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1357 THE SCOPE OF STATE AUTONOMY UNDER THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION, 37
Hous. L. Rev. 341, 430 (2000) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1358 HATE CRIME LEGISLATION: A POLICY ANALYSIS, 36 Hous. L. Rev. 1467, 1529+ (1999)
HN: 4,19 (S.Ct.)
1359 A CONCEPTUAL HISTORY OF THE STATE ACTION DOCTRINE: THE SEARCH FOR
GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY, 34 Hous. L. Rev. 333, 424+ (1997) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1360 WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE? THE AFTERMATH AND APPLICATION OF UNITED
STATES V. LOPEZ, 33 Hous. L. Rev. 795, 858+ (1996) HN: 19,20,21 (S.Ct.)
1361 THE FREEDOM OF CHOICE ACT: WILL THE CONSTITUTION ALLOW IT?, 30 Hous. L.
Rev. 2041, 2084+ (1994) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1362 CULTURALLY COMPETENT PUBLIC SERVICES AND ENGLISH-ONLY LAWS, 53 How.
L.J. 53, 131 (2009)
1363 INTRODUCTION: INAUGURAL WILEY A. BRANTON-HOWARD LAW JOURNAL SYM-
POSIUM, 48 How. L.J. 817, 824 (2005)
1364 IS UNITED STATES V. MORRISON ANTIDEMOCRATIC?: POLITICAL SAFEGUARDS,
DEFERENCE, AND THE COUNTERMAJORITARIAN DIFFICULTY, 48 How. L.J. 267, 307+
(2004) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1365 COURTS, CONGRESS, AND EQUAL PROTECTION: WHAT BROWN TEACHES US
ABOUT THE SECTION 5 POWER, 47 How. L.J. 199, 242 (2004) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1366 DOES THE COMMERCE CLAUSE PROVIDE CONSTITUTIONAL REFUGE FOR THE
CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT OF 1992?: UNITED STATES V. FAASSE, 46 How. L.J.
147, 174+ (2002) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1367 HATE CRIMES: A VIEW FROM LARAMIE, WYOMING'S FIRST BIAS CRIME LAW, THE
FIGHT AGAINST DISCRIMINATORY CRIME, AND A NEW COOPERATIVE FEDERAL-
ISM, 45 How. L.J. 1, 75+ (2001)
1368 FOREWORD: FEDERALISM AND ANTI-FEDERALISM AS CIVIL RIGHTS TOOLS, 39
How. L.J. 615, 632+ (1996) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1369 SHIFTS OF FEDERALISM AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS, 39 How. L.J.
737, 755+ (1996) HN: 9,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1370 BENIGN PREFERENCE AS A COURSE TO EQUALITY: ITS MORALITY, EFFICACY AND

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

CONSTITUTIONALITY, 30 How. L.J. 807, 827+ (1987)


1371 The Spiritual Nature of Equality: Natural Principles of Constitutional Law, 28 How. L.J. 809,
912 (1985)
1372 II. THE CONSTITUTIONAL CYCLES OF FEDERALISM Adapted from a presentation given
by Daniel M. Kolkey at the University of Idaho College of Law on February 3, 1996., 32 Idaho
L. Rev. 495, 504 (1996)
1373 III. UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: A COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGE Adapted from a
presentation given by Adam Hirsh at the University of Idaho College of Law on February 3,
1996., 32 Idaho L. Rev. 505, 517+ (1996) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1374 THE PREAMBULAR ARGUMENT: THE DUBIOUS PREMISE OF ELDRED V. ASHCROFT,
44 IDEA 331, 379 (2004)
1375 THE "USE IN COMMERCE" REQUIREMENT FOR TRADEMARK REGISTRATION AFTER
LARRY HARMON PICTURES, 32 IDEA 327, 341+ (1992) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
1376 NEW LEGISLATION IN GERMANY CONCERNING SAME-SEX UNIONS, 7 ILSA J. Int'l &
Comp. L. 469, 493 (2001)
1377 A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT
PROVISIONS OF THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT: THE (IN)ABILITY OF STATES TO
ENTER INTO AGREEMENTS WITH FOREIGN NATIONS, 6 ILSA J. Int'l & Comp. L. 575,
612 (2000) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1378 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION IN INDIA AND THE UNITED STATES: THE UNTOUCHABLE
AND BLACK EXPERIENCE, 3 Ind. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 101, 133 (1992)
1379 HARMONIZATION AND THE GOALS OF COPYRIGHT: PROPERTY RIGHTS OR CUL-
TURAL PROGRESS?, 6 Ind. J. Global Legal Stud. 117, 138 (1998) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1380 CLINTON, GINSBURG, AND CENTRIST FEDERALISM, 85 Ind. L.J. 225, 277 (2010)
1381 PROTECTING THE CONSTITUTION FROM THE PEOPLE: JURICENTRIC RESTRICTIONS
ON SECTION FIVE POWER, 78 Ind. L.J. 1, 45+ (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1382 RONALD REAGAN AND THE REHNQUIST COURT ON CONGRESSIONAL POWER:
PRESIDENTIAL INFLUENCES ON CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE, 78 Ind. L.J. 363, 412+
(2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1383 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, CONGRESS, AND THE COURT'S NEW FEDERALISM DOC-
TRINE, 78 Ind. L.J. 413, 418+ (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1384 CONGRUENCE AND PROPORTIONALITY FOR CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT
POWERS: COSMETIC CHANGE OR VELVET REVOLUTION?, 78 Ind. L.J. 567, 586 (2003)
1385 TWINS AT BIRTH: CIVIL RIGHTS AND THE ROLE OF THE SOLICITOR GENERAL, 75
Ind. L.J. 1297, 1315+ (2000)
1386 THE RULE OF LAW IN AN UNRULY AGE, 71 Ind. L.J. 949, 965 (1996) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1387 THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE AFTER GARCIA: AN APPLICATION TO THE IN-
TERSTATE COMMERCE OF SANITARY LANDFILL SPACE, 67 Ind. L.J. 511, 547+ (1992)
1388 THE SUPREME COURT, RULE 10B-5 AND THE FEDERALIZATION OF CORPORATE
LAW, 39 Ind. L. Rev. 17, 49+ (2005) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1389 THE POWERS OF CONGRESS UNDER SECTION 5 OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT

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AFTER CITY OF BOERNE V. FLORES, 32 Ind. L. Rev. 163, 191 (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1390 "BY WHAT RIGHT": THE SOURCES AND LIMITES OF FEDERAL COURT AND CON-
GRESSIONAL JURISDICTION OVER MATTERS "TOUCHING RELIGION", 29 Ind. L. Rev.
1, 103 (1995)
1391 THE LINK BETWEEN PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SINGLE-SEX COLLEGES: WILL WELLES-
LEY STAND OR FALL WITH THE CITADEL?, 29 Ind. L. Rev. 131, 152+ (1995) HN: 4,12,14
(S.Ct.)
1392 THE MEANING OF THE CITY: URBAN REDEVELOPMENT AND THE LOSS OF COM-
MUNITY, 25 Ind. L. Rev. 685, 740 (1991)
1393 THE NEXT STEP IN THE FIGHT AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING: OUTLAWING THE
TRADE IN SLAVE-MADE GOODS, 1 Intercultural Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 211, 247+ (2006) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
1394 GLOBALIZATION AND THE RULE OF LAW: "A MACHINE THAT RUNS OF ITSELF?", 1
Int'l J. Const. L. 427, 445 (2003) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1395 FACIAL CHALLENGES, LEGISLATIVE PURPOSE, AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 92
Iowa L. Rev. 41, 103+ (2006) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1396 GUILLEN AND GULLIBILITY: PIERCING THE SURFACE OF COMMERCE CLAUSE
DOCTRINE, 89 Iowa L. Rev. 1487, 1534+ (2004) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1397 RETHINKING THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: APPLYING FIRST PRINCIPLES TO UPHOLD
FEDERAL COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS BUT PRESERVE STATE CONTROL OVER SO-
CIAL ISSUES, 85 Iowa L. Rev. 1, 173+ (1999) HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1398 THE ASCENT OF SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY, 83 Iowa L. Rev. 767, 767+ (1998)
1399 BLUE BY DAY AND WHITE BY (K)NIGHT: REGULATING THE POLITICAL AFFILI-
ATIONS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND MILITARY PERSONNEL, 81 Iowa L. Rev. 1079,
1172 (1996)
1400 THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND THE AMERICAN INDIAN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ACT:
AN APPROACH TO PROTECTING NATIVE AMERICAN RELIGION, 71 Iowa L. Rev. 869,
891 (1986) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1401 SWANCC: FULL OF SOUND AND FURY, SIGNIFYING NOTHING ... MUCH?, 37 J. Mar-
shall L. Rev. 1017, 1071+ (2004)
1402 FAMILY LEAVE POLICIES TRUMP STATES' RIGHTS: NEVADA DEPARTMENT OF HU-
MAN RESOURCES V. HIBBS AND ITS IMPACT ON SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY JURISPRU-
DENCE, 37 J. Marshall L. Rev. 599, 627 (2004)
1403 THE TWENTY-EIGHTH AMENDMENT: WHY THE CONSTITUTION SHOULD BE
AMENDED TO GRANT CONGRESS THE POWER TO LEGISLATE IN FURTHERANCE OF
THE GENERAL WELFARE, 36 J. Marshall L. Rev. 327, 369+ (2003)
1404 FIDELITY TO ORIGINAL PREFERENCES: AN APPLICATION OF CONSUMER CHOICE
THEORY TO THE PROBLEMS OF LEGAL INTERPRETATION, 31 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1111,
1164 (1998)
1405 WOMEN'S POWERLESS TOOL: HOW CONGRESS OVERREACHED THE CONSTITUTION
WITH THE CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT, 30 J.

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Marshall L. Rev. 803, 836+ (1997) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)


1406 THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT AND REFUSALS TO PROVIDE MEDICAL
CARE TO PERSONS WITH HIV/AIDS, 27 J. Marshall L. Rev. 347, 362 (1994)
1407 THE IGRA AND THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT: INDIAN TRIBES ARE GAMBLING
WHEN THEY TRY TO SUE A STATE, 27 J. Marshall L. Rev. 193, 237+ (1993) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1408 COLLATERAL DAMAGE: THE EFFECT OF THE DATABASE DEBATE ON OTHER ACTS
OF CONGRESS, 5 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 78, 88+ (2005)
1409 OBESITY, CANADA'S "ONE PASSENGER ONE FARE" RULE AND THE POTENTIAL EF-
FECTS ON THE U.S. COMMERCIAL AIRLINE INDUSTRY, 74 J. Air L. & Com. 663, 699+
(2009) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1410 THE GENERAL AVIATION REVITALIZATION ACT: HOW RATIONAL CIVIL JUSTICE
REFORM REVITALIZED AN INDUSTRY, 67 J. Air L. & Com. 1269, 1341 (2002) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1411 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AS A SHELTER FOR DISCRIMINATION, 67 J. Air L. & Com.
467, 498+ (2002) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1412 TWENTY YEARS WASTED: INADEQUATE USDA REGULATIONS FAIL TO PROTECT
PRIMATE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING, 1 J. Animal L. & Ethics 221, 250+ (2006)
1413 NOTORIOUS: THE TREATMENT OF FAMOUS TRADEMARKS IN AMERICA AND HOW
PROTECTION CAN BE ENSURED, 3 J. Bus. Entrepreneurship & L. 61, 95 (2009) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1414 MAKING THE IMPLICIT EXPLICIT: DEMONSTRATING THE VALUE ADDED OF HIGH-
ER EDUCATION BY A QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORK, 36 J.C. & U.L. 511, 564 (2010)
1415 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON AND THE EMPEROR'S NEW CLOTHES, 27 J.C. & U.L.
735, 753+ (2001) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
1416 ENFORCING FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS AGAINST PUBLIC ENTITIES AFTER GARRETT,
28 J.C. & U.L. 41, 96 (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1417 RESTAURANTS, BARS AND WORKPLACES, LEND ME YOUR AIR: SMOKEFREE LAWS
AS PRIVATE PROPERTY EXACTIONS-THE UNDISCOVERED COUNTRY FOR NOLLAN
AND DOLAN?, 22 J. Contemp. Health L. & Pol'y 143, 176+ (2005) HN: 13,17 (S.Ct.)
1418 B. UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: THE COMMERCE CLAUSE vs. STATE SOVEREIGNTY,
ONCE AGAIN, 22 J. Contemp. L. 158, 171+ (1996) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1419 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: SEX, VIOLENCE, AND THE REACH OF FEDERAL
POWER, 14 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 21, 34 (2004) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1420 FEDERAL REGULATION OF THE DISCHARGE OF DREDGED OR FILL MATERIAL INTO
WETLANDS: OPTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR LAND DEVELOPERS, 19 J. Corp. L.
135, 167+ (1993) HN: 5,11,12 (S.Ct.)
1421 U.S. DOMESTIC PROSECUTION OF THE AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL SEX TOURIST:
EFFORTS TO PROTECT CHILDREN FROM SEXUAL EXPLOITATION, 94 J. Crim. L. &
Criminology 415, 453 (2004)
1422 RESPECT AND THE FOURTH AMENDMENT, 94 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 15, 101 (2003)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)

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1423 UNITED STATES V. OAKLAND CANNABIS BUYERS' COOPERATIVE: WHATEVER


HAPPENED TO FEDERALISM? United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyer's Cooperative, 532
U.S. 483 (2001)., 93 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 121, 152 (2002) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1424 REVERSING THE TIDE UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 86 J. Crim. L. & Criminology
1493, 1500+ (1996) HN: 5,11,12 (S.Ct.)
1425 RECONSIDERING THE EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT EXCLUSION IN SECTION 1 OF THE
FEDERAL ARBITRATION ACT: CORRECTING THE JUDICIARY'S FAILURE OF STAT-
UTORY VISION, 1991 J. Disp. Resol. 259, 305 (1991)
1426 WILL UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECT FEDERAL CONSTITU-
TIONAL AUTHORITY TO REGULATE ISOLATED WETLANDS?, 16 J. Energy Nat. Re-
sources & Envtl. L. 453, 453+ (1996) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
1427 HOFFMAN HOMES, INC. v. ADMINISTRATOR, EPA: THE SEVENTH CIRCUIT'S AP-
PROACH TO WETLAND REGULATION, 15 J. Energy Nat. Resources & Envtl. L. 159, 170
(1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1428 WITH NOWHERE ELSE TO HIDE CAN THE FIRST AMENDMENT PROTECT DATA-
BASES?, 2001 U. Ill. J.L. Tech. & Pol'y 163, 192 (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1429 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: STABILIZING COMMERCE THROUGH A
CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY, 1 J. Gender Race & Just. 269, 281+ (1997) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
1430 STEM CELL CENTURY: LAW AND POLICY FOR A BREAKTHROUGH TECHNOLOGY, 5
J. Health & Biomedical L. 131, 149+ (2009) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1431 ADMINISTRATIVE "HEALTH COURTS" FOR MEDICAL INJURY CLAIMS: THE FEDER-
AL CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES, 33 J. Health Pol. Pol'y & L. 761, 770+ (2008) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1432 RECALIBRATING THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S AUTHORITY TO REGULATE IN-
TRASTATE ENDANGERED SPECIES AFTER SWANCC, 19 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 91, 121
(2003) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1433 FIXING THE UNBROKEN IN THE FEDERAL RAILBANKING AND TRAIL USE STATUTE:
A REJOINDER TO "UNHAPPY TRAILS", 6 J. Land Use & Envtl. L. 53, 77 (1990) HN: 20
(S.Ct.)
1434 COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE: HAS THERE BEEN A CHANGE?, 23 J. Land Re-
sources & Envtl. L. 143, 172+ (2003) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
1435 ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT AFTER SEMINOLE TRIBE v. FLORIDA, 17 J. Land
Resources & Envtl. L. 343, 365 (1997)
1436 BRINGING DOWN BROWN: SUPER PRECEDENTS, MYTHS OF REDISCOVERY, AND
THE RETROACTIVE CANONIZATION OF BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION, 18 J.L. &
Pol'y 655, 700+ (2010) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1437 SUBSTANTIAL ACTIVITY AND NON-ECONOMIC COMMERCE: TOWARD A NEW THE-
ORY OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 9 J.L. & Pol'y 563, 609+ (2001) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
1438 THE TENTH AMENDMENT SHOOTS DOWN THE BRADY ACT, 3 J.L. & Pol'y 637, 670
(1995) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1439 THE CRIMINALIZATION OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN THE UNITED
STATES, 4 J.L. & Pol'y 321, 370 (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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1440 UNITED STATES v. MORRISON: RELYING ON LOCAL SOLUTIONS TO REMEDY A NA-


TIONAL PROBLEM, 21 J.L. & Com. 91, 103+ (2001) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
1441 A DECENT PROPOSAL? FUNDAMENTAL FAIRNESS IN AN "UN-COMMERCIAL" OR-
GAN SYSTEM, 19 J.L. & Com. 327, 348 (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1442 AMERICAN LIBRARIES ASSOCIATION V. PATAKI: WILL STATES BE PROHIBITED
FROM INTERNET REGULATION?, 18 J.L. & Com. 151, 166+ (1998) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1443 PUNITIVE DAMAGES IN CONTRACT ACTIONS: THE TENSION BETWEEN THE UNITED
NATIONS CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL SALE OF
GOODS AND U.S. LAW, 16 J.L. & Com. 215, 215 (1997)
1444 A STEP BACKWARDS: CARJACKING AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 16 J.L. & Com.
113, 138+ (1996) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1445 HOFFMAN HOMES, THE EPA, AND THE ALLEGED INTERSTATE DUCK: A COMMON
SENSE LIMITATION OF FEDERAL REGULATORY POWER, 14 J.L. & Com. 83, 98 (1994)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1446 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON FEDERAL AUTHOR-
ITY TO REMEDY GENDER-BASED VIOLENT CRIME, 3 J. L. & Fam. Stud. 189, 196 (2001)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1447 PROSTITUTION: AN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ENTITLED TO A FEDERAL CIVIL REMEDY
UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 4 J. Legal Advoc. & Prac. 207, 221+ (2002) HN: 4,12,19
(S.Ct.)
1448 INTEGRATING SPACES: NEW PERSPECTIVES ON RACE IN THE PROPERTY CUR-
RICULUM, 55 J. Legal Educ. 319, 341 (2005) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1449 ABORTION LAW TODAY, 14 J. Legal Med. 3, 24 (1993)
1450 RESURRECTING A DEAD HORSE: THE CONSTITUTIONAL VIABILITY OF VAWA'S
CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY UNDER THE TREATY POWER, 30 J. Legis. 143, 168+ (2003) HN:
14,19 (S.Ct.)
1451 UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: REINVIGORATING THE FEDERAL BALANCE BY MAIN-
TAINING THE STATES' ROLE AS THE "IMMEDIATE AND VISIBLE GUARDIANS" OF
SECURITY, 22 J. Legis. 1, 17 (1996)
1452 GIBBS V. BABBITT: THE VITALITY OF ENDANGERED SPECIES PROTECTION IN THE
LOPEZ ERA, 15 J. Nat. Resources & Envtl. L. 301, 312+ (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1453 BALANCE OF POWERS: RECOGNIZING THE URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT ACT'S
ANTI-BOOTLEGGING PROVISIONS AS A CONSTITUTIONAL EXERCISE OF CON-
GRESS'S COMMERCE CLAUSE AUTHORITY, 54 J. Copyright Soc'y U.S.A. 673, 717 (2007)
HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1454 GLOBALIZATION, TREATY POWERS, AND THE LIMITS OF THE INTELLECTUAL
PROPERTY CLAUSE, 50 J. Copyright Soc'y U.S.A. 199, 256 (2003) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1455 TITLE VII AT 40: A LOOK BACK, 73-DEC J. Kan. B.A. 18, 23 (2004) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1456 SUPREME COURT AND PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR RIGHTS CLAIMS, 78 Judicature 146, 151
(1994)
1457 DECISIONAL TRENDS ON THE WARREN AND BURGER COURTS: RESULTS FROM

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THE SUPREME COURT DATA BASE PROJECT, 73 Judicature 103, 107 (1989)
1458 CONSENSUS IN THE UNANIMOUS DECISIONS OF THE U.S. SUPREME COURT, 72 Ju-
dicature 274, 281 (1989)
1459 REGULATORY MECHANISMS FOR MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, 44 Jurimetrics J.
323, 350 (2004)
1460 THE HUMAN CLONING PROHIBITION ACT OF 2001: VAGUENESS AND FEDERALISM,
43 Jurimetrics J. 79, 90+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1461 ORIGINALISM AND ORIGINAL EXCLUSIONS, 98 Ky. L.J. 397, 459 (2010)
1462 THE "PROTECTION OF LAWFUL COMMERCE IN ARMS ACT": IMMUNITY FOR THE
FIREARM INDUSTRY IS A (CONSTITUTIONAL) BULLS-EYE, 95 Ky. L.J. 187, 210 (2007)
HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1463 A COMMENT ON THE LITIGATION STRATEGY, JUDICIAL POLITICS AND POLITICAL
CONTEXT WHICH PRODUCED GRUTTER AND GRATZ, 92 Ky. L.J. 241, 261 (2004) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
1464 VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: CAN THIS MARRIAGE
SURVIVE?, 85 Ky. L.J. 767, 801+ (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1465 SECTION 404 OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT: THE CASE FOR EXPANSION OF FEDERAL
JURISDICTION OVER ISOLATED WETLANDS, 30 Land & Water L. Rev. 91, 108 (1995)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1466 STATE SOVEREIGNTY--BACK TO THE FUTURE: THE SUPREME COURT REAFFIRMS
STATE SOVEREIGNTY IN COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM SOLUTIONS TO ENVIRON-
MENTAL PROBLEMS. NEW YORK v. UNITED STATES, 112 S.CT. 2408 (1992), 29 Land &
Water L. Rev. 117, 141 (1994)
1467 STATE PARTICIPATION IN FEDERAL POLICY MAKING FOR THE YELLOWSTONE
ECOSYSTEM: A MEANINGFUL SOLUTION OR BUSINESS AS USUAL?, 21 Land & Water
L. Rev. 397, 416 (1986)
1468 DRIVING IN THE FAIRWAY INCURS NO PENALTY : MARTIN V. PGA TOUR, INC. AND
DISCRIMINATORY BOUNDARIES IN THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 18
Law & Ineq. 131, 182+ (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1469 LAW, LANGUAGE AND STATEHOOD: THE ROLE OF ENGLISH IN THE GREAT STATE
OF PUERTO RICO, 17 Law & Ineq. 359, 443 (1999)
1470 COLORIZING THE CONSTITUTION OF ORIGINALISM: CLARENCE THOMAS AT THE
RUBICON, 16 Law & Ineq. 429, 491 (1998)
1471 THE BOY SCOUTS AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT: CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON THE
REACH OF ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LAW, 9 Law & Sexuality 163, 277+ (2000) HN: 18
(S.Ct.)
1472 GAY AND LESBIAN: AN ETHNIC IDENTITY DESERVING EQUAL PROTECTION, 4 Law
& Sexuality 195, 226+ (1994) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1473 IN DEFENSE OF "FOOTNOTE FOUR": A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE NEW DEAL'S
EFFECT ON LAND REGULATION IN THE U.S. SUPREME COURT, 72-WTR Law & Con-
temp. Probs. 191, 204 (2009) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)

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1474 FOREWORD, 56-AUT Law & Contemp. Probs. 1, 10 (1993)


1475 DIMENSIONS OF EQUALITY: DOCTRINES OF LIMITATION, 55-WTR Law & Contemp.
Probs. 201, 210+ (1992) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1476 TRAVELERS, STRANGERS, AND JIM CROW: LAW, PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS, AND
CIVIL RIGHTS IN AMERICA, 23 Law & Hist. Rev. 53, 86+ (2005) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1477 STRANGERS IN A STRANGE LAND: DOMESTIC SUBSIDIARIES OF FOREIGN CORPOR-
ATIONS AND THE BAN ON POLITICAL CONTRIBUTIONS FROM FOREIGN SOURCES,
34 Law & Pol'y Int'l Bus. 573, 625 (2003)
1478 CONSTRUCTING THE STATE ACTION DOCTRINE, 1940-1990, 35 Law & Soc. Inquiry 273,
300+ (2010)
1479 LIBERTY WITHOUT EQUALITY: THE PROPERTY-RIGHTS CONNECTION IN A "NEGAT-
IVE CITIZENSHIP" REGIME, 21 Law & Soc. Inquiry 1, 65 (1996)
1480 24 Law and Society Review 121, LEGAL MOBILIZATION FOR SOCIAL REFORM: POWER
AND THE POLITICS OF AGENDA SETTING (1990)
1481 FOREWORD: LIMITING RAICH, 9 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 743, 750 (2005)
1482 IS MORRISON DEAD? ASSESSING A SUPREME DRUG (LAW) OVERDOSE, 9 Lewis &
Clark L. Rev. 751, 778 (2005)
1483 RESCUING FEDERALISM AFTER RAICH: THE CASE FOR CLEAR STATEMENT RULES,
9 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 823, 851 (2005)
1484 THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA CASE: A COMMERCE CLAUSE COUNTER-REVOLUTION?,
9 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 879, 914 (2005) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1485 STATE LINES Redefining the Reach of the Commerce Clause May Be One of the Important
Legacies of the Rehnquist Court, 28-NOV L.A. Law. 24, 29 (2005) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1486 HALL V. NALCO CO.: REDEFINING FEMALE INFERTILITY, 70 La. L. Rev. 353, 385+
(2009)
1487 ALDEN V. MAINE: PROTECTING THE STATES AT THE EXPENSE OF THE PEOPLE, 62
La. L. Rev. 275, 302+ (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1488 ERISA PREEMPTION OF "DIRECT" AND "INDIRECT" COMMUNITY PROPERTY IN-
TERESTS IN PENSION PLANS UPON THE NON-PARTICIPANT SPOUSE'S DEATH, 55 La.
L. Rev. 409, 445 (1994) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1489 REVOLUTIONS AND CONSTITUTIONS, 49 La. L. Rev. 1023, 1056 (1989) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1490 OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF OIL PIPELINES UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE
ACT, 43 La. L. Rev. 1143, 1188 (1983) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1491 2 Loyola Journal of Public Interest Law 229, JUDICIAL LIMITATIONS ON CONGRESSION-
AL POWER UNDER UNITED STATES V. MORRISON (2001) HN: 10,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1492 SEAMAN'S MANSLAUGHTER: A POTENTIAL SEA OF TROUBLES FOR THE MARITIME
DEFENDANT AND A CLEVER MECHANISM FOR TAKING ARMS AGAINST THE
SLINGS AND ARROWS OF MARITIME PLAINTIFFS, 50 Loy. L. Rev. 869, 923 (2004)
1493 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 40 Loy. L. Rev. 193, 252 (1994) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1494 TARGET HIRING TO REACH A TARGET AUDIENCE, 23 Loy. L.A. Ent. L. Rev. 125, 162
(2002)

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1495 KOREAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT STANDING AT THE CROSSROADS: FOCUSING


ON REAL CASES AND VARIATIONAL TYPES OF DECISIONS, 24 Loy. L.A. Int'l & Comp.
L. Rev. 327, 359 (2002)
1496 FEDERALISM:THE NEXT GENERATION, 33 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 1629, 1664+ (2000) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
1497 TERM LIMITS AND THE TENTH AMENDMENT: THE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY MODEL
OF RESERVED POWERS, 29 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 1163, 1217+ (1996) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1498 TRAVELLING DOWN THE UNSTEADY PATH: UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, NEW YORK
v. UNITED STATES, AND THE TENTH AMENDMENT, 29 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 99, 143+ (1995)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1499 YEE v. CITY OF ESCONDIDO: THE SUPREME COURT STRIKES OUT AGAIN, 26 Loy.
L.A. L. Rev. 3, 22+ (1992) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
1500 APPLYING DISPARATE IMPACT THEORY TO SUBJECTIVE EMPLOYEE SELECTION
PROCEDURES, 20 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 375, 419+ (1987) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1501 OPTIMAL FEDERALISM ACROSS INSTITUTIONS: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS
FROM ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH CARE POLICIES, 40 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 437, 482
(2009) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1502 THE FUTURE OF THE FEDERALISM REVOLUTION: GONZALES V. RAICH AND THE
LEGACY OF THE REHNQUIST COURT, 37 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 803, 864+ (2006) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1503 "IT IS EMPHATICALLY THE PROVINCE AND DUTY OF THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
TO SAY" WHO THE PRESIDENT IS?, 34 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 121, 130 (2002) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1504 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: FEDERALISM AGAINST THE WILL OF THE STATES,
32 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 243, 333+ (2000) HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1505 THE PERSISTENCE OF UNION REPRESSION IN AN ERA OF RECOGNITION, 62 Me. L.
Rev. 199, 239 (2010)
1506 COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGES SPAWNED BY UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ ARE
DOING VIOLENCE TO THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT (VAWA): A SURVEY OF
CASES AND THE ONGOING DEBATE OVER HOW THE VAWA WILL FARE IN THE
WAKE OF LOPEZ, 50 Me. L. Rev. 410, 433+ (1998) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1507 REASONABLE ACCOMODATION AND NON-INVIDIOUS DISCRIMINATION UNDER
THE MAINE HUMAN RIGHTS ACT, 40 Me. L. Rev. 475, 489+ (1988) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1508 SCALIA'S RAICH CONCURRENCE: A SIGNIFICANT DEPARTURE FROM ORIGINALIST
INTERPRETATION?, 90 Marq. L. Rev. 1043, 1068+ (2007)
1509 LOCATION INCENTIVES AND THE NEGATIVE COMMERCE CLAUSE: A FAREWELL
TO ARMS?, 89 Marq. L. Rev. 583, 600 (2006) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
1510 STRUCTURAL INTERPRETATION AND THE NEW FEDERALISM: FINDING THE PROP-
ER BALANCE BETWEEN STATE SOVEREIGNTY AND FEDERAL SUPREMACY, 88
Marq. L. Rev. 693, 750 (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1511 DEADBEAT DADS AS CHAMPIONS OF FEDERALISM? LOPEZ'S DRAMATIC
(UNINTENDED?) EFFECT ON COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE, AS ILLUS-

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TRATED BY THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT, 86 Marq. L. Rev. 107, 152+ (2002)
HN: 8,9,11 (S.Ct.)
1512 RECENT LEGISLATION: WHERE ARE WE GOING WITH FEDERAL HATE CRIMES LE-
GISLATION? CONGRESS AND THE POLITICS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION, 85 Marq. L.
Rev. 537, 577+ (2001) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
1513 RETURNING TO PLESSY, 75 Marq. L. Rev. 767, 795 (1992)
1514 THE CASE AGAINST ALL ENCOMPASSING FEDERAL MASS TORT LEGISLATION:
SACRIFICE WITHOUT GAIN, 73 Marq. L. Rev. 76, 107 (1989)
1515 THE LEGAL HISTORY OF THE GREAT SIT-IN CASE OF BELL V. MARYLAND, 61 Md. L.
Rev. 761, 794 (2002) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1516 II. CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 55 Md. L. Rev. 963, 985+ (1996) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1517 XIII. TORTS, 53 Md. L. Rev. 1012, 1028 (1994)
1518 MASSACHUSETTS CIVIL RIGHTS LAW, 76 Mass. L. Rev. 77, 96 (1991)
1519 TANGLED IN A WEB: THE DIFFICULTY OF REGULATING INTRASTATE INTERNET
TRANSMISSIONS UNDER THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 40 McGeorge L. Rev.
947, 971+ (2009) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
1520 REGULATING THE MARRYING KIND: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF FEDERAL REG-
ULATION OF POLYGAMY UNDER THE MANN ACT, 39 McGeorge L. Rev. 267, 297 (2008)
1521 JUDICIAL NOTICE IN TENNESSEE, 21 Mem. St. U. L. Rev. 431, 499 (1991)
1522 UNITED STATES V. ODOM: THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECTS
FEDERAL CRIMINAL LAW THROUGH ITS CONSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE JUR-
ISDICTIONAL ELEMENT OF SECTION 844(I), 53 Mercer L. Rev. 1735, 1750 (2002)
1523 CITY OF BOERNE v. FLORES: DEFINING THE LIMITS OF CONGRESS'S FOURTEENTH
AMENDMENT ENFORCEMENT CLAUSE POWER, 49 Mercer L. Rev. 565, 581 (1998)
1524 MAJOR PROBLEMS WITH ARTICLE 2A: UNFAIRNESS, "CUTTING OFF" CONSUMER
DEFENSES, UNFILED INTERESTS, AND UNEVEN ADOPTION, 43 Mercer L. Rev. 869,
885+ (1992) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1525 CONTINGENT EQUAL PROTECTION: REACHING FOR EQUALITY AFTER RICCI AND
PICS, 16 Mich. J. Gender & L. 397, 451 (2010)
1526 COVERING WOMEN AND VIOLENCE: MEDIA TREATMENT OF VAWA'S CIVIL RIGHTS
REMEDY, 9 Mich. J. Gender & L. 327, 413+ (2003) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1527 EATIN' GOOD? NOT IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD A LEGAL ANALYSIS OF DISPARITIES
IN FOOD AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY AT CHAIN SUPERMARKETS IN POVERTY-
STRICKEN AREAS, 14 Mich. J. Race & L. 197, 253+ (2009)
1528 COMMERCE, 109 Mich. L. Rev. 1, 51+ (2010)
1529 ARTICLE I, ARTICLE III, AND THE LIMITS OF ENUMERATION, 108 Mich. L. Rev. 1389,
1452 (2010)
1530 THE JOURNEY FROM BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION TO GRUTTER V.
BOLLINGER: FROM RACIAL ASSIMILATION TO DIVERSITY, 102 Mich. L. Rev. 944, 978
(2004) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1531 THE CASE AGAINST EMPLOYMENT TESTER STANDING UNDER TITLE VII AND 42

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U.S.C. S 1981, 101 Mich. L. Rev. 235, 272 (2002)


1532 THE RHETORIC OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 100 Mich. L. Rev. 2008, 2035+ (2002) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
1533 SOME EFFECTS OF IDENTITY-BASED SOCIAL MOVEMENTS ON CONSTITUTIONAL
LAW IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY, 100 Mich. L. Rev. 2062, 2407+ (2002) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
1534 DISSING CONGRESS, 100 Mich. L. Rev. 80, 144+ (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1535 THE TREATY POWER AND AMERICAN FEDERALISM, 97 Mich. L. Rev. 390, 461 (1998)
1536 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE MEETS THE DELHI SANDS FLOWER-LOVING FLY, 97 Mich.
L. Rev. 174, 215+ (1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1537 FOREWORD, 94 Mich. L. Rev. 533, 553 (1995) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1538 HOW TO THINK ABOUT THE FEDERAL COMMERCE POWER AND INCIDENTALLY
REWRITE UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 94 Mich. L. Rev. 554, 614 (1995) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1539 COMMERCE!, 94 Mich. L. Rev. 674, 751+ (1995) HN: 4,5,12 (S.Ct.)
1540 "A GOVERNMENT OF LIMITED AND ENUMERATED POWERS": IN DEFENSE OF
UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 94 Mich. L. Rev. 752, 831 (1995)
1541 AN INTERPRETIVE HISTORY OF MODERN EQUAL PROTECTION, 90 Mich. L. Rev. 213,
318 (1991) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1542 UNTANGLING THE MARKET-PARTICIPANT EXEMPTION TO THE DORMANT COM-
MERCE CLAUSE, 88 Mich. L. Rev. 395, 488 (1989)
1543 MORAL DISCOURSE AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN FAMILY LAW, 83
Mich. L. Rev. 1803, 1879 (1985)
1544 THE SECOND DEATH OF FEDERALISM, 83 Mich. L. Rev. 1709, 1733 (1985)
1545 ON WHAT THE CONSTITUTION MEANS. BY SOTIRIOS A. BARBER. BALTIMORE:
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS. 1984. PP. VIII, 245. $17.50., 83 Mich. L. Rev. 1094,
1097 (1985) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1546 JUDICIAL REVIEW AND CONSTITUTIONAL ETHICS CONSTITUTIONAL FATE: THE-
ORY OF THE CONSTITUTION . BY PHILIP BOBBITT. NEW YORK AND OXFORD: OX-
FORD UNIVERSITY PRESS. 1982. PP. XII, 285. $22.95., 82 Mich. L. Rev. 665, 679 (1984)
1547 EMPTY HISTORY POLITICS AND THE CONSTITUTION IN THE HISTORY OF THE
UNITED STATES, VOLUME 3: THE POLITICAL BACKGROUND OF THE FEDERAL CON-
VENTION. By William Winslow Crosskey and William Jeffrey, Jr. Chicago: University of C, 81
Mich. L. Rev. 828, 838 (1983)
1548 HAIL TO THE CHIEF: EARL WARREN AND THE SUPREME COURT EARL WARREN: A
PUBLIC LIFE. By G. Edward White. New York: Oxford University Press. 1982. Pp. x, 429. $25.
SUPER CHIEF: EARL WARREN AND HIS SUPREME COURT-A JUDICIAL BIO, 81 Mich.
L. Rev. 922, 930 (1983)
1549 WHAT IF THE ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTES ARE UPHELD UNDER THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE?, 2008 Mich. St. L. Rev 153, 161+ (2008) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1550 FEDERALISM, I PRESUME? A LOOK AT THE ENFORCEMENT OF FEDERALISM PRIN-
CIPLES THROUGH PRESUMPTIONS AND CLEAR STATEMENT RULES, 2004 Mich. St. L.

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Rev 123, 163 (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)


1551 THE ANATOMICAL WEALTH OF NATIONS: A FREE MARKET APPROACH TO ORGAN
PROCUREMENT, 13 Mich. St. U. J. Med. & L. 427, 447 (2009) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1552 CONSTITUTIONAL PURPOSE AND INTER-CLAUSE CONFLICT: THE CONSTRAINTS
IMPOSED ON CONGRESS BY THE COPYRIGHT CLAUSE, 9 Mich. Telecomm. & Tech. L.
Rev. 457, 507+ (2003) HN: 8,19 (S.Ct.)
1553 TAKING "PRIVILEGES OR IMMUNITIES" SERIOUSLY: A CALL TO EXPAND THE CON-
STITUTIONAL CANON, 87 Minn. L. Rev. 153, 232 (2002)
1554 EXPRESSIVE ASSOCIATION AND ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LAW AFTER DALE: A TRI-
PARTITE APPROACH, 85 Minn. L. Rev. 1515, 1589 (2001) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1555 ACCOMMODATING THE PUBLIC SPHERE: BEYOND THE MARKET MODEL, 85 Minn. L.
Rev. 1591, 1637+ (2001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1556 THE DRIVER'S PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT: ON THE FAST TRACK TO NATIONAL
HARMONY OR COMMERCIAL CHAOS?, 84 Minn. L. Rev. 223, 264+ (1999)
1557 FILBURN'S FORGOTTEN FOOTNOTE-OF FARM TEAM FEDERALISM AND ITS FATE, 82
Minn. L. Rev. 249, 315 (1997)
1558 VALUING FEDERALISM, 82 Minn. L. Rev. 317, 412+ (1997) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1559 BRZONKALA v. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC AND STATE UNIVERSITY: VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN, COMMERCE, AND THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-DEFINING
CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS, 81 Minn. L. Rev. 1601, 1640+ (1997) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
1560 A CRITIQUE OF TORCASIO V. MURRAY AND THE USE OF THE CLEAR STATEMENT
RULE TO INTERPRET THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 80 Minn. L. Rev.
1183, 1219 (1996)
1561 MORE HARM THAN GOOD: ASSESSING FEDERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW, 79
Minn. L. Rev. 455, 483+ (1994) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1562 COMPULSORY ARBITRATION OF ADA CLAIMS: DISABLING THE DISABLED, 77 Minn.
L. Rev. 1443, 1476+ (1993)
1563 MEANINGFUL JUDICIAL REVIEW: A PROTECTION OF CIVIL RIGHTS BOARD OF
TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA v. GARRETT, 22 Miss. C. L. Rev. 101,
134 (2002)
1564 SOLID WASTE FLOW CONTROL: THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND BEYOND, 19 Miss. C.
L. Rev. 53, 113+ (1998) HN: 10,12 (S.Ct.)
1565 THE MEANINGS OF EMPLOYER: CONSEQUENCES FOR THE NATIONAL LABOR RE-
LATIONS ACT, 11 Miss. C. L. Rev. 309, 348 (1991)
1566 PROPOSALS FOR A FEDERAL PROHIBITION OF INTERNET GAMBLING: ARE THERE
ANY OTHER VIABLE SOLUTIONS TO THIS PERPLEXING PROBLEM?, 70 Miss. L.J. 375,
415 (2000)
1567 THE TAKING OF THE DELHISANDS FLOWER-LOVING FLY: A COMMERCE CLAUSE
CHALLENGE TO THE APPLICATION OF SECTION 9(A)(1) OF THE ENDANGERED SPE-
CIES ACT National Ass'n of Home Builders v. Babbitt, 5 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol'y Rev. 143, 147+
(1998) HN: 14,19,20 (S.Ct.)

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1568 WHAT HAPPENED?: U.S. DISTRICT COURT RULES CERCLA NOT RETROACTIVE AND
UNCONSTITUTIONAL UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE UNITED STATES V. OLIN
CORP.%N1%N, 4 Mo. Envtl. L. & Pol'y Rev. 170, 182+ (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1569 LOCAL MAN PHONES SPIRITUAL LEADERS, ENDS UP IN FEDERAL PRISON: CON-
GRESSIONAL COMMERCE POWER TO CURB DISCRIMINATION-MOTIVATED VIOL-
ENCE United States v. Corum, 70 Mo. L. Rev. 903, 930+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1570 RUNNING AGROUND ON THE (SHOAL) "WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES": THE SU-
PREME COURT INVALIDATES THE MIGRATORY BIRD RULE Solid Waste Agency of
Northern Cook County v. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 66 Mo. L. Rev. 903, 927+
(2001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1571 TITLE II OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 AND MEMBERSHIP ORGANIZATIONS
UNCONNECTED TO A PHYSICAL FACILITY, 59 Mo. L. Rev. 807, 832 (1994)
1572 AIN'T NO PEACE UNTIL WE GET A PIECE: EXPLORING THE JUSTICIABILITY AND PO-
TENTIAL MECHANISMS OF REPARATIONS FOR AMERICAN BLACKS THROUGH
UNITED STATES LAW, SPECIFIC MODES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, AND THE COV-
ENANT FOR THE ELIMI, 5 Mod. Am. 10, 18 (2009)
1573 TEMPERING THE COMMERCE POWER, 68 Mont. L. Rev. 95, 128 (2007) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1574 TRUTH AND MYTH IN CRITICAL RACE THEORY AND LATCRIT: HUMAN RIGHTS
AND THE ETHNOCENTRISM OF ANTI-ETHNOCENTRISM, 20 Nat'l Black L.J. 107, 162
(2007)
1575 COMPREHENSIVE RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT: THE LIMITS OF COLLABORATIVE,
STAKEHOLDER-BASED, WATER GOVERNANCE, 49 Nat. Resources J. 117, 149 (2009)
1576 THE GREENING OF AMERICAN LAW?: THE RECENT EVOLUTION OF FEDERAL LAW
FOR PRESERVING FLORAL DIVERSITY, 27 Nat. Resources J. 247, 307 (1987) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1577 FEDERALLY REQUIRED RESTORATION OF SURFACE-MINED PROPERTY: IMPASSE
BETWEEN THE COAL INDUSTRY AND THE ENVIRONMENTALLY CONCERNED, 23
Nat. Resources J. 335, 349+ (1983) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1578 POWER OF CONGRESS UNDER THE PROPERTY CLAUSE TO GIVE EXTRATERRITORI-
AL EFFECT TO FEDERAL LANDS LAW: WILL "RESPECTING PROPERTY" GO THE
WAY OF "AFFECTING COMMERCE"?, 15 Nat. Resources Law. 663, 686+ (1983)
1579 HUMAN DIGNITY IN SUPREME COURT CONSTITUTIONAL JURISPRUDENCE, 84 Neb.
L. Rev. 740, 794+ (2006) HN: 4,16 (S.Ct.)
1580 FREE EXERCISE IN THE "LOBBYING NINETIES", 84 Neb. L. Rev. 795, 845 (2006)
1581 THE IRRATIONAL SUPREME COURT, 84 Neb. L. Rev. 895, 961 (2006)
1582 THE RIGHT OF RELIGIOUS LANDLORDS TO EXCLUDE UNMARRIED COHABITANTS:
DEBUNKING THE MYTH OF THE TENANT'S "NEW CLOTHES", 77 Neb. L. Rev. 494, 566
(1998) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
1583 A LANDMARK LOST: THE ANEMIC IMPACT OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 115 S. CT.
1624 (1995), ON THE FEDERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW, 75 Neb. L. Rev. 117, 150+
(1996) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)

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1584 INTERSTATE TRANSFERS OF WATER: STATE OPTIONS AFTER SPORHASE, 70 Neb. L.


Rev. 754, 872 (1991)
1585 7 Nev. L.J. 212, WHEN RIGHTS COLLIDE: IN A BATTLE BETWEEN PHARMACISTS'
RIGHT OF FREE EXERCISE AND PATIENTS' RIGHT TO ACCESS CONTRACEPTION,
WHO WINS? - A POSSIBLE SOLUTION FOR NEVADA (2006)
1586 6 Nev. L.J. 1, JUDICIAL PREDILECTIONS (2005)
1587 4 Nev. L.J. 141, IN THE STREAM OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: REVISITING ASAHI IN
THE WAKE OF LOPEZ AND MORRISON (2003) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1588 COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES OF THE ARTICULATION OF HORIZONTAL INTERJUR-
ISDICTIONAL RELATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION:
THE FEDERALIZATION OF CIVIL JUSTICE, 15 New Eng. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 1, 40 (2009)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1589 EQUAL ACCESS TO FISH AND CHIPS: IRISH REDRESS OF DISCRIMINATION UNDER
THE EQUAL STATUS ACT, 9 New Eng. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 549, 601 (2003) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1590 BANISHMENT: THE HISTORY OF ITS USE AND A PROPOSAL FOR ITS ABOLITION UN-
DER THE FIRST AMENDMENT, 24 New Eng. J. on Crim. & Civ. Confinement 455, 509
(1998)
1591 THE THIRD AMENDMENT IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: MILITARY RECRUIT-
ING ON PRIVATE CAMPUSES, 40 New Eng. L. Rev. 113, 163+ (2005)
1592 PGA V. ADA: A SKINS MATCH, WINNER TAKE ALL IN THE BATTLE FOR EQUALITY
FOR DISABLED INDIVIDUALS IN PROFESSIONAL GOLF, 36 New Eng. L. Rev. 181, 181+
(2001) HN: 8,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1593 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: WHERE THE COMMERCE CLAUSE MEETS CIVIL
RIGHTS AND REASONABLE MINDS PART WAYS: A POINT AND COUNTERPOINT
FROM A CONSTITUTIONAL AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE, 35 New Eng. L. Rev. 23, 32+
(2000) HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1594 MOORE 10 YEARS LATER-STILL TRYING TO FILL THE GAP: CREATING A PERSONAL
PROPERTY RIGHT IN GENETIC MATERIAL, 32 New Eng. L. Rev. 1131, 1191 (1998) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
1595 CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT: UNIFICATION OR USURPATION? THE CSRA IN
THE AFTERMATH OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 31 New Eng. L. Rev. 267, 318+ (1996)
HN: 11,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1596 148 New Jersey Law Journal 890, CAMPS NEWFOUND/OWATONNA, INC. V. TOWN OF
HARRISON, NO. 94-1988 STATE CHARITIES THAT PROVIDE SERVICES FOR NONRES-
IDENTS ENTITLED TO SAME TAX BENEFITS AS OTHER STATE CHARITIES (1997) HN:
4 (S.Ct.)
1597 141 New Jersey Law Journal 2099, CAUTIONING CONGRESS TO PULL BACK IN STRIK-
ING DOWN A FEDERAL STATUTE AS EXCEEDING CONGRESS' COMMERCE CLAUSE
POWER, THE COURT WARNS NATIONAL LEGISLATORS TO LEAVE MORE TO THE
STATES. (1995)
1598 CITIZEN GUN RIGHTS: INCORPORATING THE SECOND AMENDMENT THROUGH THE
PRIVILEGES OR IMMUNITIES CLAUSE, 39 N.M. L. Rev. 195, 260 (2009) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)

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1599 THE FEDERALISM REVOLUTION, 31 N.M. L. Rev. 7, 30+ (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1600 BRZONKALA, LOPEZ, AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE CANARD: A SYNTHESIS OF
COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE, 29 N.M. L. Rev. 321, 362+ (1999) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
1601 STATE CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY AND ITS PROSPECTS, 28 N.M. L. Rev. 271, 302
(1998)
1602 DECISION OF THE DAY Appellate Division Graham, respondent v. Dunkley, defendant De-
cided Feb. 1, 2008 Before Crane, J.P.; Fisher, Carni, McCarthy, JJ. Docket No. 2006-09666,
2/8/2008 N.Y. L.J. 26, col. 1, 26, col. 1+ (2008) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1603 DECISION OF THE DAY U.S. Court of Appeals United States, appellant v. Jean Martignon, de-
fendant-appellee Decided June 13, 2007 Before Pooler and Sack, C.JJ., and Garaufis, D.J. Docket
No. 04-5649-cr, 6/19/2007 N.Y. L.J. 22, col. 1, 22, col. 1+ (2007) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1604 DECISION OF INTEREST Southern District Law Banning Unauthorized Recordings Of Live
Concerts Ruled Unconstitutional, 10/1/2004 N.Y. L.J. 20, col. 1, 20, col. 1+ (2004) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
1605 RODRIGUEZ V. BEECHMONT BUS SERVICE, INC., 1/10/2002 N.Y. L.J. 35, col. 4, 35, col. 4
(2002)
1606 REHNQUIST COURT REDEFINES THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 8/28/2000 N.Y. L.J. 1, col.
1, 1, col. 1+ (2000)
1607 ERICSON v. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY - QDS:02760836, 4/19/99 N.Y. L.J. 35, col. 4, 35, col.
4 (1999) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1608 DELAYING EVICTION CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGE TO REPETITIVE ORDERS TO
SHOW CAUSE, 4/30/97 N.Y. L.J. 5, col. 2, 5, col. 2 (1997) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1609 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW U.S. GUN CONTROL LAW RULED CONSTITUTIONAL
SAMUEL FRANK, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE-CROSS-APPELLANT, V. UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT-CROSS-APPELLEE. DECIDED MARCH 15, 1996.
BEFORE CARDAMONE, MI, 3/26/96 N.Y. L.J. 25, col. 3, 25, col. 3 (1996)
1610 FREE SPEECH v. FREEDOM FROM BIGOTRY A LOOK AT UNIVERSITY CODES, 9/30/91
N.Y. L.J. 1, col. 1, 1, col. 1+ (1991)
1611 PERFORMANCE IN THE 1989 SUPREME COURT, 9/27/90 N.Y. L.J. 3, col. 1, 3, col. 1 (1990)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1612 THERE'S NO PLACE LIKE HOME: HOUSING DISCRIMINATION AGAINST DISABLED
PERSONS AND THE CONCEPT OF REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION UNDER THE
FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 1988, 14 N.Y.L. Sch. J. Hum. Rts. 435, 469 (1998)
1613 BEST PETITIONER'S BRIEF, 13 N.Y.L. Sch. J. Hum. Rts. 783, 789+ (1997) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
1614 REBALANCING THE SCALES: RESTORING THE AVAILABILITY OF DISPARATE IM-
PACT CAUSES OF ACTION IN TITLE VI CASES, 54 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 27, 57 (2010) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
1615 THE FUTURE OF FEDERALISM? PIERCE COUNTY V. GUILLEN AS A CASE STUDY, 50
N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 699, 714 (2006)
1616 DOES A COMMUTER'S CHOICE OF WHERE TO RESIDE IMPLICATE THE DORMANT
COMMERCE CLAUSE?, 49 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 943, 966+ (2005) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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1617 DISABILITY UNDER A JUDICIAL MICROSCOPE: THE STRUGGLE TO DEFINE THE


RIGHTS AND REMEDIES FOR CLAIMS BROUGHT UNDER THE REHABILITATION
ACT, 47 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 269, 324 (2003)
1618 RACE AND THE CONSTITUTION, 45 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 101, 118 (2001)
1619 SHALL WE DANCE? GAY EQUALITY AND RELIGIOUS EXEMPTIONS AT PRIVATE
CALIFORNIA HIGH SCHOOL PROMS, 42 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 71, 123+ (1998) HN: 16
(S.Ct.)
1620 SILENCE IS GOLDEN, 64 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 475, 496 (2009)
1621 REVISING JUDICIAL REVIEW OF LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC AND MED-
ICAL "FACT": A MODIFIED DUE PROCESS APPROACH, 64 N.Y.U. Ann. Surv. Am. L. 837,
877 (2009) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1622 THE FEDERAL ROLE IN WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, 17 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 669,
702 (2008) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1623 THE "NEW" COMMERCE CLAUSE: DOES SECTION 9 OF THE ESA PASS CONSTITU-
TIONAL MUSTER AFTER GONZALES V. RAICH?, 15 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 205, 245 (2007)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1624 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: A MISSTEP, BUT HARDLY EPOCHAL FOR FEDERAL EN-
VIRONMENTAL REGULATION, 5 N.Y.U. Envtl. L.J. 33, 82 (1996) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1625 SLICING THE AMERICAN PIE: FEDERALISM AND PERSONAL LAW, 40 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L.
& Pol. 941, 1018 (2008)
1626 RETHINKING THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT: SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY IN THE
UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN UNION, 11 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 215, 249
(2008)
1627 TIME IS STILL ON ITS SIDE: WHY CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION OF SEC-
TION 5 OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT REPRESENTS A CONGRUENT AND PROPOR-
TIONAL RESPONSE TO OUR NATION'S HISTORY OF DISCRIMINATION IN VOTING, 10
N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 51, 131 (2007)
1628 ON ELIAN AND ALIENS: A POLITICAL SOLUTION TO THE PLENARY POWER PROB-
LEM, 4 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Pol'y 343, 386 (2001)
1629 GIBBONS, 79 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1398, 1499+ (2004) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
1630 PROSECUTORIAL DISCRETION AND PROSECUTION GUIDELINES: A CASE STUDY IN
CONTROLLING FEDERALIZATION, 75 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 893, 964 (2000)
1631 EQUAL ACCESS OR FREE SPEECH: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF PUBLIC ACCOM-
MODATIONS LAWS, 72 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1243, 1281+ (1997) HN: 13,16,18 (S.Ct.)
1632 PIETY AND PREJUDICE: FREE EXERCISE EXEMPTION FROM LAWS PROHIBITING
SEXUAL ORIENTATION DISCRIMINATION, 69 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1176, 1237 (1994)
1633 "REASONABLE EFFORTS" REVISITED: REFORMING FEDERAL FINANCING OF CHIL-
DREN'S MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES, 68 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 136, 184+ (1993)
1634 PRUNEYARD REVISITED: POLITICAL ACTIVITY ON PRIVATE LANDS, 66 N.Y.U. L.
Rev. 633, 694 (1991)
1635 BEYOND BAKER AND BRADY: DEEPER DEBT REDUCTION FOR LATIN AMERICAN

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SOVEREIGN DEBTORS, 66 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 66, 111 (1991)


1636 CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION AND THE PROBLEM OF HISTORY FEDERAL-
ISM: THE FOUNDERS' DESIGN. BY RAOUL BERGER. NORMAN, OKLAHOMA: UNI-
VERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS. 1987. PP. VIII, 223., 63 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 911, 954+ (1988)
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1637 EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR AMERICANS ABROAD, 62 N.Y.U. L. Rev.
1288, 1330 (1987)
1638 CONSTITUTIONAL FEDERALISM AND JUDICIAL REVIEW: THE ROLE OF TEXTUAL
ANALYSIS, 62 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1, 51 (1987)
1639 ANTI-SUBORDINATION ABOVE ALL: SEX, RACE, AND EQUAL PROTECTION, 61
N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1003, 1066 (1986)
1640 THE THEORY OF PROTECTIVE JURISDICTION, 57 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 933, 1025 (1982)
1641 BETWEEN SCYLLA AND CHARYBDIS: THE DISAGREEMENT AMONG THE FEDERAL
CIRCUITS OVER WHETHER FEDERAL LAW CRIMINALIZING THE INTRASTATE POS-
SESSION OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY VIOLATES THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 10 NEXUS
99, 125+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1642 THROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS: WHAT ARE YOUNG PEOPLE LEARNING FROM UN-
CONSTITUTIONAL RELIGIOUS CENSORSHIP?, 5-FALL NEXUS 39, 48 (2000) HN: 9
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1643 THE ANTI CAR THEFT ACT OF 1992: FEDERAL COPS, HIGHWAY ROBBERS, AND THE
CONSTITUTION, 22 N.C. Cent. L.J. 137, 176+ (1996) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
1644 THE EARLY ROBERTS COURT ATTACKS CONGRESS'S POWER TO PROTECT CIVIL
RIGHTS, 30 N.C. Cent. L. Rev. 231, 266 (2008) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1645 THE BANK SECRECY ACT; PRIVACY, COMITY, AND THE POLITICS OF CONTRA-
BAND, 11 N.C. J. Int'l L. & Com. Reg. 667, 697 (1986) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1646 CONSTITUTIONAL PRECEDENT VIEWED THROUGH THE LENS OF HARTIAN POSIT-
IVIST JURISPRUDENCE, 86 N.C. L. Rev. 1107, 1163 (2008)
1647 WE ARE NOT AMUSED: THE NARROW INTERPRETATION OF TITLE II'S PLACE-
OF-ENTERTAINMENT PROVISION IN DENNY V. ELIZABETH ARDEN SALONS, INC., 85
N.C. L. Rev. 1259, 1277+ (2007)
1648 THE RISE OF UNNECESSARY CONSTITUTIONAL RULINGS, 83 N.C. L. Rev. 847, 937
(2005)
1649 THE PARTICULARLY DUBIOUS CASE OF HANS V. LOUISIANA: AN ESSAY ON LAW,
RACE, HISTORY, AND "FEDERAL COURTS", 81 N.C. L. Rev. 1927, 2059 (2003)
1650 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE JUSTIFICATION OF FEDERAL ENDANGERED SPECIES
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1651 DISCRIMINATION WITH A DIFFERENCE: CAN EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION LAW
ACCOMMODATE THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT?, 79 N.C. L. Rev. 307, 358
(2001)
1652 LEGISLATIVE COURTS, ARTICLE III, AND THE SEVENTH AMENDMENT, 77 N.C. L.
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1653 UNITED STATES V. WILSON: DID INTERSTATE GENERAL SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECT


INTERSTATE COMMERCE?, 77 N.C. L. Rev. 361, 407+ (1998)
1654 THE MYTH OF DUAL SOVEREIGNTY: MULTIJURISDICTIONAL DRUG LAW ENFORCE-
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1655 ESCAPING LOCHNER'S SHADOW: TOWARD A COHERENT JURISPRUDENCE OF ECO-
NOMIC RIGHTS, 73 N.C. L. Rev. 329, 442 (1995)
1656 CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION BY MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, 63 N.C. L. Rev.
707, 747 (1985) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1657 VIRTUAL REALITY: QUILL'S "PHYSICAL PRESENCE" REQUIREMENT OBSOLETE
WHEN COGITATING USE TAX COLLECTION IN CYBERSPACE, 74 N.D. L. Rev. 479, 507
(1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1658 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-FEDERAL COMMERCE POWER: STRIKING DOWN THE GUN
FREE SCHOOL ZONES ACT AS BEYOND CONGRESSIONAL POWER; UNITED STATES
v. LOPEZ, 115 S. CT. 1624 (1995), 72 N.D. L. Rev. 1081, 1098+ (1996) HN: 11,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1659 INEQUALITIES IN ILLINOIS CONSTITUTIONAL EQUALITY, 30 N. Ill. U. L. Rev. 169, 209
(2009)
1660 A LOPEZ LEGACY?: THE FEDERALISM DEBATE RENEWED, BUT NOT RESOLVED, 17
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1661 BEST BRIEF, PETITIONER, 22 N. Ky. L. Rev. 173, 176+ (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1662 ACHIEVING SAFER WORKPLACES BY EXPANDING EMPLOYERS' TORT LIABILITY
UNDER WORKERS' COMPENSATION LAWS, 19 N. Ky. L. Rev. 457, 487 (1992)
1663 STATUTORY ANALYSIS OF THE FAMILIAL STATUS PROVISION OF THE FAIR HOUS-
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LOGUE, 103 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1863, 1896 (2009)
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MARKETPLACE FOR THE EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION DEBATE, 103 Nw. U. L. Rev.
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1670 A CRITIQUE OF THE NARROW INTERPRETATION OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 96
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1671 THE NINTH CIRCUIT DOES ITS HOMEWORK AND LEAVES THE SUPREME COURT
WITH AN ASSIGNMENT: SETTLE THE QUESTION WHETHER TITLE VII'S ANTI-
DISCRIMINATION PROVISIONS APPLY TO STATES REQUIRING PUBLIC SCHOOL

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TEACHERS TO PASS CERTIFIC, 95 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1569, 1603 (2001)


1672 STARBUCKS AND THE NEW FEDERALISM: THE COURT'S ANSWER TO GLOBALIZA-
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1673 NO RIGHT TO EXCLUDE: PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND PRIVATE PROPERTY, 90
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1675 JUSTICE IN PLAIN CLOTHES: REFLECTIONS ON THE THINNESS OF CONSTITUTION-
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1676 CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION, THE DEMANDS OF KNOWLEDGE, AND EPISTEM-
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1678 TOWARD A CONSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHT TO INTRASTATE TRAVEL,
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1679 MANDATORY RETIREMENT OF APPOINTED STATE JUDGE-AGE DISCRIMINATION-
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1680 ORIGINAL SIN, 84 Nw. U. L. Rev. 1215, 1228 (1990) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
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1688 RETHINKING THE PRESUMPTION OF CONSTITUTIONALITY, 85 Notre Dame L. Rev.
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1693 ADMINISTRATIVE TAKINGS: A REALIST PERSPECTIVE ON THE PRACTICE AND THE-

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ORY OF REGULATORY TAKINGS CASES, 74 Notre Dame L. Rev. 717, 773 (1999) HN: 14
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1694 CONSTITUTIONAL FAITH AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 71 Notre Dame L. Rev. 167,
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1695 WHO WANTS TO STOP THE CHURCH: HOMOSEXUAL RIGHTS LEGISLATION, PUBLIC
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1697 FEDERAL POWER TO THE RESCUE: THE USE OF s 1985(3) AGAINST ANTI-ABORTION
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1698 THE BURGER COURT AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: AN EVALUATION OF THE
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1699 JURISDICTION UNDER THE SHERMAN ACT: A CLOSE LOOK AT THE AFFECTS TEST,
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1700 POLITICS v. THE CLOISTER: DECIDING WHEN THE SUPREME COURT SHOULD DE-
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1701 GOVERNMENT FRAUD, WASTE, AND ABUSE: A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO FIGHTING
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1702 REFLECTIONS ON LEADING ISSUES IN CIVIL RIGHTS, THEN AND NOW, 57 Notre
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1703 BLACKWATER AND BEYOND: CAN POTENTIAL PLAINTIFFS SUE PRIVATE SECUR-
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1704 HOUSING FOR OLDER PERSONS EXEMPTION IN THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS
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1707 CONSTITUTIONALIZING FEDERALISM: A FOUNDATIONAL ANALYSIS, 23 Ohio N.U.
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L. Rev. 847, 929 (1994)


1713 REGULATORY TAKINGS AND WETLANDS: COMMENTS ON PUBLIC BENEFITS AND
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1714 "TRUTH MACHINES" AND CONFESSIONS LAW IN THE YEAR 2046, 5 Ohio St. J. Crim. L.
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1715 THROUGH A GLASS DARKLY: SEEING THE REAL WARREN COURT CRIMINAL
JUSTICE LEGACY, 3 Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 1, 10 (2005)
1716 THE CRIMINAL PROCEDURE ROAD NOT TAKEN: DUE PROCESS AND THE PROTEC-
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1717 THE WARREN COURT'S MISSED OPPORTUNITIES IN SUBSTANTIVE CRIMINAL LAW,
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1718 THE JUDICIAL RESTRAINT OF THE WARREN COURT (AND WHY IT MATTERS), 69
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1719 THE PRICE OF FAME: BROWN AS CELEBRITY, 69 Ohio St. L.J. 939, 1013+ (2008)
1720 THE POPULIST SAFEGUARDS OF FEDERALISM, 68 Ohio St. L.J. 1669, 1731 (2007)
1721 LIBERTY AFTER LAWRENCE, 65 Ohio St. L.J. 1059, 1079 (2004) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1722 BUSH V. GORE, FEDERALISM, AND THE DISTRUST OF POLITICS, 62 Ohio St. L.J. 1781,
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1723 VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND THE PERSISTENCE OF PRIVACY, 61 Ohio St. L.J. 1,
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1724 POWER AND THE SUBJECT OF RELIGION, 59 Ohio St. L.J. 1069, 1154+ (1998) HN: 12
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1725 THE ORIGINS BEHIND THE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, 59 Ohio St. L.J. 1459, 1522
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1726 FEDERALIZING TRADE SECRETS LAW IN AN INFORMATION ECONOMY, 59 Ohio St.
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1727 HOFFMAN HOMES, INC. v. ADMINISTRATOR, U.S. EPA: THE SEVENTH CIRCUIT GETS
BOGGED DOWN IN WETLANDS, 54 Ohio St. L.J. 809, 835+ (1993)
1728 EXECUTIVE ACTION AGAINST AIDS: A PROPOSAL FOR FEDERAL REGULATION UN-
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1729 THE APPLICATION OF TITLE VII TO LAW FIRM PARTNERSHIP DECISIONS: WOMEN
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1730 CAN A CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL?, 33 Okla. City U. L.
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1733 THE SCOPE OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AFTER MORRISON, 25 Okla. City U. L. Rev.
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1736 EXPLORING THE LIMITS OF EXECUTIVE CIVIL RIGHTS POLICYMAKING, 61 Okla. L.
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1737 LOSING CONTROL: REGULATING SITUATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION IN MASS
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1739 BEYOND OBSERVABLE PREJUDICE- MOVING FROM RECOGNITION OF DIFFER-
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1740 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: THE GENDER MOTIVATED
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1743 ORPHAN OF INVENTION: WHY THE GRAMM-LEACH-BLILEY ACT WAS UNNECES-
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1745 CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON THE POWER TO TAKE PRIVATE PROPERTY: PUBLIC
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1746 WESTERN COAL SEVERANCE TAXES AND CONGRESS: A QUESTION OF STATE SOV-
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1747 MEASURING BRIEF IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE TWELFTH
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1751 MEASURING BRIEF, 20 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 551, 572 (2002)

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1752 MEASURING BRIEF, 20 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 625, 662 (2002)


1753 THE SUPREME COURT'S NEW FEDERALISM: THE AUTHORITY OF THE U.S. ARMY
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1760 IN YOUR F.A.C.E: FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT OF THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLIN-
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1769 GIBBS V. BABBITT: RED WOLF PROTECTION UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES
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1770 SEX, DRUGS AND GUNS: GONZALES V. RAICH AND THE EXPANDING SCOPE OF THE
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MEN'S BUREAU, AND CONSTITUTIONAL IMAGINATION, 12 Roger Williams U. L. Rev.
70, 120 (2006) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1780 A NEW FRAMEWORK FOR SOFTWARE PROTECTION: DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN
INTERACTIVE AND NON-INTERACTIVE ASPECTS OF COMPUTER PROGRAMS, 20 Rut-
gers Computer & Tech. L.J. 107, 187 (1994)
1781 THE ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS PRIVACY ACT OF 1986: THE CHALLENGE OF
APPLYING AMBIGUOUS STATUTORY LANGUAGE TO INTRICATE TELECOMMUNIC-
ATION TECHNOLOGIES, 13 Rutgers Computer & Tech. L.J. 451, 517 (1987)
1782 A QUEER ALLIANCE: GAY MARRIAGE AND THE NEW FEDERALISM, 4 Rutgers J. L. &
Pub. Pol'y 200, 200 (2006)
1783 GONZALES v. RAICH AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRU-
DENCE: IS THE NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE THE PERFECT DRUG?, 38 Rutgers
L.J. 251, 320+ (2006) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1784 NEW JERSEY AND YOU PERFECT TOGETHER? A FATAL END TO THE 1999 SUMMER
TOURISM SEASON RAISES THE QUESTION WHETHER NEW JERSEY'S REGULATION
OF FIXED-SITE AMUSEMENTS IS PERFECT ENOUGH, 32 Rutgers L.J. 307, 339 (2000)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1785 THE ALDEN TRILOGY: STILL SEARCHING FOR A WAY TO ENFORCE FEDERALISM,
31 Rutgers L.J. 631, 689 (2000)
1786 NO FEDERALISTS HERE: ANTI-FEDERALISM AND NATIONALISM ON THE

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REHNQUIST COURT, 31 Rutgers L.J. 741, 751 (2000) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)


1787 UNDERSTANDING ALDEN, 31 Rutgers L.J. 803, 824 (2000)
1788 YESTERDAY: CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION, THE BRADY ACT, AND PRINTZ
V. UNITED STATES, 30 Rutgers L.J. 209, 245 (1998)
1789 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ AND THE CONSTITUTIONALITY IF THE CHILD SUPPORT
RECOVERY ACT OF 1992: DANCING PRECARIOUSLY ON THE HEAD OF THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE PIN, 28 Rutgers L.J. 491, 517+ (1997) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1790 PRESSURE OR COMPULSION? FEDERAL HIGHWAY FUND SANCTIONS OF THE
CLEAN AIR ACT AMENDMENTS OF 1990, 26 Rutgers L.J. 855, 885 (1995) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1791 HEALTH CARE CRIMES: AVOIDING OVERENFORCEMENT, 26 Rutgers L.J. 111, 153
(1994)
1792 SEPARATION OF POWERS AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF POSITIVE RIGHTS CLAIMS:
THE ROLE OF STATE COURTS IN ERA OF POSITIVE GOVERNMENT, 24 Rutgers L.J.
1057, 1100 (1993) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1793 ENFORCEMENT AND INTERPRETATION OF SETTLEMENTS OF FEDERAL CIVIL
RIGHTS ACTIONS, 19 Rutgers L.J. 295, 339 (1988)
1794 STRUCTURING CONSTITUTIONAL DOCTRINE: PRINCIPLES, PROOF, AND THE FUNC-
TIONS OF JUDICIAL REVIEW, 58 Rutgers L. Rev. 777, 937 (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1795 TO SECURE THESE RIGHTS: CONGRESS, COURTS AND THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT,
57 Rutgers L. Rev. 945, 1007+ (2005) HN: 8,19,20 (S.Ct.)
1796 USING LAW AGAINST ITSELF: BUSH V. GORE APPLIED IN THE COURTS, 55 Rutgers L.
Rev. 1109, 1174 (2003)
1797 PROFILES IN JUSTICE? POLICE DISCRETION, SYMBOLIC ASSAILANTS, AND STEREO-
TYPING, 53 Rutgers L. Rev. 911, 978 (2001)
1798 ON THE EVOLUTION OF THE CANONICAL DISSENT, 52 Rutgers L. Rev. 781, 826 (2000)
1799 TITLE VII PROHIBITIONS AGAINST HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT SEXUAL HARASSMENT
AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT: NO COLLISION IN SIGHT, 47 Rutgers L. Rev. 461, 561+
(1995) HN: 1,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1800 THE TENTH AMENDMENT: A "NEW" LIMITATION ON CONGRESSIONAL COMMERCE
POWER, 45 Rutgers L. Rev. 417, 474+ (1993) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1801 THE PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE IN CALIFORNIA, FLORIDA AND NEW JERSEY: A CRI-
TIQUE OF ITS ROLE IN MODERN LAND USE LAW, 41 Rutgers L. Rev. 1349, 1378 (1989)
1802 9 Rutgers Race & L. Rev. 129, THE IMPLICATION OF PRISONERS' RIGHTS JURISPRU-
DENCE ON RACIAL SEGREGATION IN PRISONS: THE NORMATIVE APPROACH GIVES
WAY TO AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS IN SELECTING A STANDARD OF REVIEW (2007)
HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1803 WHY THE UNITED STATES SHOULD NOT RATIFY THE CONVENTION ON THE
RIGHTS OF THE CHILD, 22 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 411, 434 (2003)
1804 THE OREGON DEATH WITH DIGNITY ACT: REVERSAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE'S POSITION ON PHYSICIAN ASSISTED SUICIDE AND THE ENSUING COURT
BATTLE, 21 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 377, 394+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1805 BEYOND STATES' RIGHTS AND GUN CONTROL: UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ; NECES-
SARY BUT LIMITED, 15 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 129, 156+ (1995) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1806 A PRE-HISTORY OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT AND SOME INITIAL
THOUGHTS AS TO ITS CONSTITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS, 11 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev.
185, 202 (1992)
1807 RAICH V. ASHCROFT: MEDICAL MARIJUANA AND THE REVIVAL OF FEDERALISM,
41 San Diego L. Rev. 1873, 1899 (2004) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1808 THE PAIN RELIEF PROMOTION ACT OF 1999 AND PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE: A
CALL FOR CONGRESSIONAL SELF-RESTRAINT, 38 San Diego L. Rev. 297, 332+ (2001)
HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
1809 DOES THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT DO VIOLENCE TO THE LIMITS OF
CONGRESSIONAL POWER?, 34 San Diego L. Rev. 1047, 1105+ (1997) HN: 4,5,20 (S.Ct.)
1810 MASS MEAT CONSUMPTION, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND ANIMAL WELFARE: AN AL-
TERNATIVE APPEAL TO LIMITATIVE FEDERAL LEGISLATION, 19 SANJALR 251, 267+
(2010) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1811 FINDING NEXUS - PROXIMITY AND CAUSATION: AUTHORITY FOR CLEAN WATER
ACT JURISDICTION BEYOND TRADITIONAL NAVIGABLE WATERS, 17 SANJALR 293,
320+ (2008) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1812 THE FACE OF DIGNITY: PRINCIPLED OVERSIGHT OF BIOMEDICAL INNOVATION, 47
Santa Clara L. Rev. 55, 91 (2007)
1813 PRIVILEGED JUSTICE UNDER LAW: REINFORCEMENT OF MALE PRIVILEGE BY THE
FEDERAL JUDICIARY THROUGH THE LENS OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
ACT AND U.S. V. MORRISON, 43 Santa Clara L. Rev. 1399, 1429+ (2003) HN: 4,14,19
(S.Ct.)
1814 THE FEDERAL COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION POWERS: SOLID WASTE AGENCY OF
NORTHERN COOK COUNTY'S UNDECIDED CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUE, 42 Santa Clara L.
Rev. 699, 756+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1815 ANNUAL FEDERAL DEFICIT SPENDING: SENDING THE JUDICIARY TO THE RESCUE,
34 Santa Clara L. Rev. 577, 624 (1994) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1816 THE CONSTITUTIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY POWER: PROGRESS OF USEFUL
ARTS AND THE LEGAL PROTECTION OF SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY, 28 Santa
Clara L. Rev. 473, 541+ (1988) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
1817 THOU SHALL NOT DISCRIMINATE: A PROPOSAL FOR LIMITING FIRST AMENDMENT
DEFENSES TO DISCRIMINATION IN PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS, 12 SCHOLAR 585,
615+ (2010)
1818 SLIPPING THROUGH THE CRACKS AND INTO SCHOOLS: THE NEED FOR A UNIFORM
SEXUAL-PREDATOR TRACKING SYSTEM, 10 SCHOLAR 117, 135 (2008) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1819 JUSTICE FOR NONE: THE FOURTH CIRCUIT'S DECISION IN DENNY V. ELIZABETH
ARDEN SALONS, INC. UNDERMINES THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, 10 SCHOLAR
21, 41+ (2007)
1820 THE SUPREME COURT AND THE CHALLENGE OF PROTECTING MINORITY RELI-
GIONS IN THE UNITED STATES: REVIEW OF GARRETT EPPS, TO AN UNKNOWN GOD:

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

RELIGIOUS FREEDOM ON TRIAL, 9 SCHOLAR 343, 408+ (2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)


1821 A MOTHER REMOVED - A CHILD LEFT BEHIND: A BATTERED IMMIGRANT'S NEED
FOR A MODIFIED BEST INTEREST STANDARD, 1 SCHOLAR 253, 321+ (1999) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
1822 THE MARKET PARTICIPANT DOCTRINE AND THE CLEAR STATEMENT RULE, 29
Seattle U. L. Rev. 543, 580 (2006)
1823 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, THE BELL CURVE, ANDLAW SCHOOL ADMISSIONS, 24
Seattle U. L. Rev. 1087, 1149 (2001)
1824 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT OF 1994: CONNECTING GENDER-MOTIV-
ATED VIOLENCE TO INTERSTATE COMMERCE, 21 Seattle U. L. Rev. 1251, 1276+ (1998)
HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1825 REVIEWS CASEBOOKS AND CONSTITUTIONAL COMPETENCY, 21 Seattle U. L. Rev.
741, 788+ (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1826 PRODUCT LIABILITY LAW IN THE FEDERAL ARENA, 19 Seattle U. L. Rev. 421, 432
(1996)
1827 MAINS FARM v. WORTHINGTON: FAIR HOUSING LAWS AND FEAR OF ADULT FAM-
ILY HOMES, 18 Seattle U. L. Rev. 425, 448 (1995) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1828 DISSEMINATION OF HARMFUL MATTER TO MINORS OVER THE INTERNET, 12 Seton
Hall Const. L.J. 163, 247 (2001) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1829 THE INVINCIBILITY OF CONSTITUTIONAL ERROR: THE REHNQUIST COURT'S
STATES' RIGHTS ASSAULT ON FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT PROTECTIONS OF INDI-
VIDUAL RIGHTS, 11 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 259, 374+ (2001) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1830 ARTICLE I SECTION 8 & SECTION 5 OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT - COM-
MERCE AND ENFORCEMENT CLAUSES - CONGRESS LACKS THE AUTHORITY TO EN-
ACT A STATUTE AWARDING A CIVIL REMEDY TO VICTIMS OF GENDER-MOTIV-
ATED CRIMES DUE TO THE LA, 11 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 569, 599+ (2001) HN: 11,12,19
(S.Ct.)
1831 THE ORIGINAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES CLAUSE:
MICHAEL PERRY'S JUSTIFICATION FOR JUDICIAL ACTIVISM OR ROBERT BORK'S
CONSTITUTIONAL INKBLOT?, 10 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 321, 416+ (2000) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
1832 FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT-SECTION FIVE ENFORCEMENT POWER-CONGRESS EX-
CEEDED ITS CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY UNDER THE ENFORCEMENT CLAUSE
OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT BY ENACTING THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RES-
TORATION ACT-CITY OF BOERNE, 9 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 609, 647 (1999)
1833 FEDERALISM-INTERIM PROVISIONS OF THE BRADY HANDGUN VIOLENCE PREVEN-
TION ACT COMMANDING STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS TO
CONDUCT BACKGROUND CHECKS ON PROSPECTIVE HANDGUN PURCHASERS VI-
OLATES THE CONSTITUTION-PRIN, 9 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 649, 685 (1999)
1834 THE ROAD LESS TRAVELED: OBSTACLES IN THE PATH OF THE EFFECTIVE USE OF
THE CIVIL RIGHTS PROVISION OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT IN THE
EMPLOYMENT CONTEXT., 8 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 415, 457 (1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1835 FREEDOM OF CONTRACT VERSUS THE ANTIDISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE: A CRIT-

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ICAL LOOK AT THE TENSION BETWEEN CONTRACTUAL FREEDOM AND ANTI-


DISCRIMINATION PROVISIONS, 7 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 195, 209+ (1996) HN: 4,12,14
(S.Ct.)
1836 FIRST AMENDMENT - FREEDOM OF SPEECH - STATE STATUTE REQUIRING PRIVATE
ORGANIZERS OF A PARADE TO INCLUDE A GROUP PROTRAYING A MESSAGE THE
ORGANIZERS DO NOT WISH TO CONVEY VIOLATES THE FIRST AMENDMENT - Hur-
ley v. Irish-Ame, 7 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 243, 267 (1996)
1837 THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT OF 1992: SQUEEZING BLOOD FROM A STONE,
6 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 845, 881+ (1996) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
1838 ARTICLE I, SECTION 8, CLAUSE 3 - COMMERCE CLAUSE - ABSENT AN INTERSTATE
COMMERCE NEXUS, CONGRESS MAY NOT REGULATE GUN POSSESSION ON
SCHOOL GROUNDS - UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, 115 S. CT. 1624 (1995)., 6 Seton Hall
Const. L.J. 443, 445+ (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1839 GUN-FREE SCHOOLS: CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS, LIMITATIONS, AND SOCIAL FED-
ERAL REGULATION OF FIREARMS IN SCHOOLS, 5 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 723, 770+
(1995) HN: 5,8 (S.Ct.)
1840 3 Seton Hall Circuit Review 565, UNITED STATES v. RAPANOS: IS "WATERS OF THE
UNITED STATES" NECESSARY FOR CLEAN WATER ACT JURISDICTION? (2007) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
1841 CIVIL RIGHTS -STATE ACTION-ABSENT STRONG CONNECTIONS TO A STATE GOV-
ERNMENT, A HIGH SCHOOL ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION CANNOT BE CONSTRUED AS
A STATE ACTOR-BRENTWOOD ACADEMY V . TENNESSEE SECONDARY SCHOOL
ATHLETIC ASS'N, 180 F.3, 10 Seton Hall J. Sport L. 457, 493 (2000)
1842 A ONE-SIDED FEDERALISM REVOLUTION: THE UNADDRESSED CONSTITUTIONAL
COMPROMISE ON FEDERALISM AND INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS, 36 Seton Hall L. Rev. 851,
893 (2006)
1843 UNDERMINING AND UNINTWINING: THE RIGHT TO A JURY TRIAL AND RULE
12(B)(1), 33 Seton Hall L. Rev. 1247, 1282 (2003)
1844 CURBING STATE DISCRIMINATION AGAINST DISABLED DRIVERS: WHY THE DIS-
ABLED NEED NOT PAY THE STATES TO PARTICIPATE IN DISABLED PARKING PRO-
GRAMS, 33 Seton Hall L. Rev. 811, 843 (2003)
1845 COMMENT, 31 Seton Hall L. Rev. 598, 603 (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1846 FINDING A SOUND COMMERCE CLAUSE DOCTRINE: TIME TO EVALUATE THE
STRUCTURAL NECESSITY OF FEDERAL LEGISLATION, 31 Seton Hall L. Rev. 983, 1041+
(2001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1847 HUMAN CLONING: IS THE REACH OF FDA AUTHORITY TOO FAR A STRETCH?, 30
Seton Hall L. Rev. 464, 515 (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1848 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-IN ENACTING THE FREEDOM OF AC-
CESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES ACT, WHOSE STATUTORY DAMAGES PROVISION
SHOULD BE INTERPRETED ON A PER VIOLATION BASIS, CONGRESS ACTED WITHIN
THE SCOPE OF ITS COMME, 31 Seton Hall L. Rev. 292, 296+ (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1849 INTERNET SOUNDS DEATH KNELL FOR USE TAXES: STATES CONTINUE TO

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SCREAM OVER LOST REVENUES, 27 Seton Hall L. Rev. 643, 667 (1997)
1850 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE POST-LOPEZ: IT'S NOT DEAD YET, 28 Seton Hall L. Rev. 182,
212+ (1997) HN: 9,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1851 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - COMMERCE CLAUSE - MERE POSSESSION OF A FIREARM
DOES NOT SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECT INTERSTATE COMMERCE; AND A FEDERAL
LAW, 18 U.S.C. S 922 (Q), MAKING MERE POSSESSION A CRIME, EXCEEDS CONGRES-
SIONAL POWER P, 26 Seton Hall L. Rev. 897, 932+ (1996) HN: 4,9,19 (S.Ct.)
1852 PROTECTION OF TRADE SECRETS IN OUTER SPACE ACTIVITY: A STUDY IN FEDER-
AL PREEMPTION, 23 Seton Hall L. Rev. 560, 640 (1993)
1853 A NATIONAL MEDICAL MALPRACTICE REFORM ACT (AND WHY THE SUPREME
COURT MAY PREFER TO AVOID IT), 28 Seton Hall Legis. J. 99, 126 (2003)
1854 WHEN CONGRESS ANSWERS RELIGION'S PRAYER: THE RELIGIOUS LIBERTY PRO-
TECTION ACT OF 1999, 25 Seton Hall Legis. J. 135, 166 (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1855 FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES ACT, 18 U.S.C. S 248: THE CONTRO-
VERSY BEHIND THE REMEDY, 20 Seton Hall Legis. J. 128, 168+ (1996) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1856 THE NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS ACT: GAUGING THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S
ROLE IN PROMOTING TECHNOLOGY POLICY TO ENHANCE U.S. ECONOMIC
GROWTH, 18 Seton Hall Legis. J. 779, 820 (1994)
1857 THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT: FEDERAL MANDATE TO CREATE AN IN-
TEGRATED SOCIETY, 17 Seton Hall Legis. J. 401, 417+ (1993) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1858 THE TAKING PROVISION OF THE ESA SURVIVES, 7 S.C. Envtl. L.J. 293, 296+ (1998) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
1859 SWEET LAND OF PROPERTY?: THE HISTORY, SYMBOLS, RHETORIC, AND THEORY
BEHIND THE ORDERING OF THE RIGHTS TO LIBERTY AND PROPERTY IN THE CON-
STITUTIONAL LEXICON, 60 S.C. L. Rev. 1, 61+ (2008) HN: 13,16 (S.Ct.)
1860 THE POLITICAL QUESTION DOCTRINE: A DOCTRINE FOR LONG-TERM CHANGE IN
OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 59 S.C. L. Rev. 531, 549 (2008)
1861 THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENTAL PURPOSE IN CONSTITUTIONAL JUDICIAL REVIEW,
59 S.C. L. Rev. 1, 60 (2007)
1862 FIXING UP FAIR HOUSING LAWS: ARE WE READY FOR REFORM?, 53 S.C. L. Rev. 7,
61+ (2001) HN: 8,11,12 (S.Ct.)
1863 THE DRIVER'S PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT: CONGRESS MAKES A WRONG TURN, 49
S.C. L. Rev. 983, 1005 (1998)
1864 BEYOND PURPOSE: ADDRESSING STATE DISCRIMINATION IN INTERSTATE COM-
MERCE, 46 S.C. L. Rev. 381, 447+ (1995) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1865 HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT: WHAT NOW AFTER HARRIS
AND ST. PAUL?, 46 S.C. L. Rev. 471, 504 (1995)
1866 THE TENUOUS TALE OF THE TERRIBLE TERMITES: THE FEDERAL ARBITRATION
ACT AND THE COURT'S DECISION TO INTERPRET SECTION TWO IN THE BROADEST
POSSIBLE MANNER: ALLIED-BRUCE TERMINIX COMPANIES, INC. V. DOBSON, 41
S.D. L. Rev. 131, 165+ (1996)

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1867 PUNISHMENT FOR PREJUDICE: A COMMENTARY ON THE CONSTITUTIONALITY


AND UTILITY OF STATE STATUTORY RESPONSES TO THE PROBLEM OF HATE
CRIMES, 39 S.D. L. Rev. 1, 48 (1994)
1868 POLICING AMERICANS ABROAD: THE PROTECT ACT, THE CASE AGAINST MICHAEL
LEWIS CLARK, AND THE USE OF THE FOREIGN COMMERCE CLAUSE IN AN IN-
CREASINGLY FLAT WORLD, 48 S. Tex. L. Rev. 797, 828+ (2007) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1869 CONFLICT RESOLUTION-THE PRE-RESOLUTION STRATEGY OF NORTH-SOUTH IN-
TEGRATION AND SOUTH-SOUTH INTEGRATION, 42 S. Tex. L. Rev. 1227, 1238 (2001)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1870 GUNS, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, INTERSTATE COMMERCE, AND THE LAUTENBERG
AMENDMENT:"(S)IMPLY BECAUSE CONGRESS MAY CONCLUDE THAT A PARTICU-
LAR ACTIVITY SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECTS INTERSTATE COMMERCE DOES NOT NE-
CESSARILY MAKE IT SO.", 39 S. Tex. L. Rev. 1029, 1070+ (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1871 RESOLVING ETHICAL CONFLICTS IN MULTIJURISDICTIONAL PRACTICE - IS MODEL
RULE 8.5 THE ANSWER, AN ANSWER, OR NO ANSWER AT ALL?, 36 S. Tex. L. Rev. 715,
798 (1995) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1872 JURISDICTION, CHOICE OF LAW, AND THE MULTISTATE ATTORNEY, 36 S. Tex. L.
Rev. 799, 857 (1995)
1873 IT'S NOT EASY BEING GREEN: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF IMPLEMENTING THE
ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 14 Southeastern Envtl.
L.J. 297, 332 (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1874 WHAT DIGNITY DEMANDS: THE CHALLENGES OF CREATING SEXUAL HARASS-
MENT PROTECTIONS FOR PRISONS AND OTHER NONWORKPLACE SETTINGS, 83 S.
Cal. L. Rev. 1, 80 (2009)
1875 GANGING UP ON RICO: NARROWING GONZALES V. RAICH TO PRESERVE THE SIG-
NIFICANCE OF THE JURISDICTIONAL ELEMENT AS A CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITA-
TION IN THE RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS ACT, 82 S.
Cal. L. Rev. 135, 172 (2008) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1876 LEGISLATIVE ARROGANCE AND CONSTITUTIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY, 79 S. Cal. L.
Rev. 753, 809 (2006)
1877 JUDICIALLY STRAIGHT? BOY SCOUTS V. DALE AND THE MISSING SCALIA DISSENT,
76 S. Cal. L. Rev. 521, 598+ (2003) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
1878 UNEQUAL JUSTICE: THE FEDERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW, 70 S. Cal. L. Rev. 643,
739+ (1997)
1879 DISPOSING OF THE RED HERRINGS: A DEFENSE OF THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RES-
TORATION ACT, 69 S. Cal. L. Rev. 589, 766+ (1996) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1880 THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT'S CONSTITUTION, 69 S. Cal. L. Rev. 47, 103 (1995)
1881 STEADYING THE COURT'S "UNSTEADY PATH": A THEORY OF JUDICIAL ENFORCE-
MENT OF FEDERALISM, 68 S. Cal. L. Rev. 1447, 1491 (1995)
1882 BIRTHRIGHT OR LIFE SENTENCE: CONTROLLING THE THREAT OF GENETIC TEST-
ING, 65 S. Cal. L. Rev. 2081, 2128+ (1992) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)

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1883 A STITCH IN TIME" THE CONTINENTAL SHELF, ENVIRONMENTAL EHTICS, AND


FEDERALISM, 60 S. Cal. L. Rev. 851, 895 (1987)
1884 THE HISTORICAL ROOTS OF THE LEGAL SYSTEM'S RESPONSE TO NUCLEAR
POWER, 55 S. Cal. L. Rev. 597, 640 (1982)
1885 ARGUMENT SELECTION IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: CHOOSING AND RECON-
STRUCTING CONCEPTUAL SYSTEMS, 18 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Soc. Just. 209, 392+ (2009)
1886 BRIEF OF PETITIONER BROZONKALA V. MORRISON; U.S. V. MORRISON, 9 S. Cal. Rev.
L. & Women's Stud. 315, 320+ (2000) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1887 BRIEF AMICI CURIAE OF SENATOR JOSEPH R. BEDEN, JR.IN SUPPORT OF PETITION-
ERS, 9 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 413, 416+ (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1888 THE FAILURE OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: ANALYZING THE VIOLENCE AGAINST
WOMEN ACT, 8 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 373, 412+ (1999) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1889 BIRD HOTELS: ARE THE RESTING SPOTS OF MIGRATORY BIRDS ENTITLED TO FED-
ERAL GOVERNMENT PROTECTION THROUGH THE COMMERCE CLAUSE? SOLID
WASTE AGENCY OF NORTHERN COOK COUNTY V. U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGIN-
EERS, 531 U.S. 159 (2001), 26 S. Ill. U. L.J. 575, 595+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1890 TAMING THE IMPETUOUS VORTEX: LOPEZ ATTEMPTS TO CONFINE CONGRESS'
COMMERCE POWER United States v. Lopez, 115 S.Ct. 1624 (1995), 21 S. Ill. U. L.J. 185,
209+ (1996) HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
1891 PRIVATE PROPERTY, DEVELOPMENT AND FREEDOM: ON TAKING OUR OWN AD-
VICE, 59 SMU L. Rev. 345, 383 (2006) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
1892 CRITICAL LEGAL THEORY AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS OF RACISTS, 32 S.U. L. Rev. 81,
116 (2004) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1893 THE MISUNDERSTANDING AND MISUSE OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 30 S.U. L. Rev.
187, 260+ (2003) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1894 THE FOLLY OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 25 S.U. L. Rev. 237, 251 (1998)
1895 UNITED STATES V. FAASSE: NO SUBSTANTIAL LIMIT ON FEDERAL POWER, 32 Sw.
U. L. Rev. 549, 566+ (2003) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1896 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION: DEJA VU ALL OVER AGAIN?, 27 Sw. U. L. Rev. 1, 72+ (1997)
1897 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF POLE ATTACHMENTS LEGISLATION: NOT A TAKING,
BUT A VALID REGULATION OF CABLE TELEVISION, 17 Sw. U. L. Rev. 321, 349+ (1987)
HN: 19,20,21 (S.Ct.)
1898 THE "FEDERALISM FIVE" AS SUPREME COURT NOMINEES, 1971-1991, 21 St. John's J.
Legal Comment. 485, 496 (2007) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1899 THIS LAND BELONGS TO YOU AND ME: THURGOOD MARSHALL AS ENVIRON-
MENTAL CHAMPION, 15 St. John's J. Legal Comment. 1, 23 (2000)
1900 STRICT IN THEORY, NOT FATAL IN FACT: AN ANALYSIS OF FEDERAL AFFIRMAT-
IVE ACTION PROGRAMS IN THE WAKE OF ADARAND v. PENA, 11 St. John's J. Legal
Comment. 101, 135+ (1995)
1901 ABOUT F.A.C.E. IN THE SUPREME COURT: THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC EN-
TRANCES ACT IN LIGHT OF LOPEZ, 11 St. John's J. Legal Comment. 191, 219+ (1995) HN:

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1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
1902 NATURAL BORN KILLERS: THE ASSAULT WEAPONS BAN OF THE CRIME BILL - LE-
GITIMATE EXERCISE OF CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY TO CONTROL VIOLENT
CRIME OR INFRINGEMENT OF A CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE?, 10 St. John's J. Leg-
al Comment. 123, 150 (1994) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1903 FEDERAL GUN CONTROL IN THE UNITED STATES: REVIVAL OF THE TENTH
AMENDMENT, 10 St. John's J. Legal Comment. 151, 177 (1994) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1904 FEDERAL SUPERLIEN: AN ALTERNATIVE TO LENDER LIABILITY UNDER CERCLA, 6
St. John's J. Legal Comment. 41, 63+ (1990)
1905 TOURING COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF
PROSECUTING NON-COMMERCIAL SEXUALLY ILLICIT ACTS UNDER 18 U.S.C. S
2423(C), 81 St. John's L. Rev. 641, 661+ (2007) HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
1906 CHILD SEX TOURISM LEGISLATION UNDER THE PROTECT ACT: DOES IT REALLY
PROTECT?, 79 St. John's L. Rev. 445, 483 (2005)
1907 FEDERALISM AND THE CONTRIVANCES OF PUBLIC LAW, 77 St. John's L. Rev. 523,
602+ (2003) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
1908 AGEISM, THE ADEA, AND THE AGELESS DEBATE OVER STATUTORY INTERPRETA-
TION, 74 St. John's L. Rev. 175, 207 (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1909 DOE v. DOE AND THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: A POST-LOPEZ, COM-
MERCE CLAUSE ANALYSIS, 71 St. John's L. Rev. 465, 485 (1997)
1910 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: REEVALUATING CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY UNDER
THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 69 St. John's L. Rev. 579, 608+ (1995) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
1911 REIMAGINING THE FIRST AMENDMENT: RACIST SPEECH AND EQUAL LIBERTY, 65
St. John's L. Rev. 119, 185+ (1991)
1912 PERPICH v. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE: WHO CONTROLS THE
WEEKEND SOLDIER?, 64 St. John's L. Rev. 133, 149 (1989)
1913 "HARD" OR "SOFT" PLURALISM?: POSITIVE, NORMATIVE, AND INSTITUTIONAL
CONSIDERATIONS OF STATES' EXTRATERRITORIAL POWERS, 51 St. Louis U. L.J. 713,
759+ (2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1914 GONZALES V. RAICH: THE "STATES AS LABORATORIES" PRINCIPLE OF FEDERAL-
ISM SUPPORTS PROLONGING CALIFORNIA'S EXPERIMENT, 51 St. Louis U. L.J. 521,
547+ (2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1915 CONSTITUTIONAL DIALOGUE AND THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964, 49 St. Louis U.
L.J. 1095, 1146+ (2005) HN: 11,19,20 (S.Ct.)
1916 IT'S MORE THAN A CONSTITUTION, 49 St. Louis U. L.J. 749, 775+ (2005)
1917 TEACHING NEW FEDERALISM, 49 St. Louis U. L.J. 875, 883+ (2005)
1918 JUSTICE ADVANCED: COMMENTS ON WILLIAM NELSON'S BROWN V. BOARD OF
EDUCATION AND THE JURISPRUDENCE OF LEGAL REALISM, 48 St. Louis U. L.J. 839,
850 (2004)
1919 THE LIMITS OF EMPIRICAL POLITICAL SCIENCE AND THE POSSIBILITIES OF LIV-
ING-CONSTITUTION THEORY FOR A RETROSPECTIVE ON THE REHNQUIST COURT,

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47 St. Louis U. L.J. 737, 752 (2003)


1920 TEACHING ABOUT INEQUALITY, RACE, AND PROPERTY, 46 St. Louis U. L.J. 665, 688+
(2002)
1921 IS HATE A FORM OF COMMERCE? THE QUESTIONABLE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF
FEDERAL "HATE CRIME' LEGISLATION, 45 St. Louis U. L.J. 973, 1017+ (2001) HN: 4,8,14
(S.Ct.)
1922 REVOLUTIONARY OR ABERRATIONAL?: THE STATUS OF THE SUPREME COURT'S
RECENT FEDERALISM CASES IN THE EIGHTH CIRCUIT, 44 St. Louis U. L.J. 529, 627+
(2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1923 UNITED WE STAND-BUT FOR HOW LONG? JUSTICE SCALIA AND NEW DEVELOP-
MENTS OF THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE, 43 St. Louis U. L.J. 695, 722 (1999)
1924 THE CIVIL RIGHTS CASES: THE RELEVANCY OF REVERSING A HUNDRED PLUS
YEAR OLD ERROR, 42 St. Louis U. L.J. 451, 483+ (1998) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1925 A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT: DO DEADBEAT
DADS HAVE A LEG TO STAND ON AFTER THE SUPREME COURT'S NEW COMMERCE
CLAUSE DECISION?, 41 St. Louis U. L.J. 353, 361+ (1996) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1926 GILMER v. INTERSTATE/JOHNSON LANE CORPORATION: THE SUPREME COURT EN-
DORSES MANDATORY ARBITRATION OF ADEA CLAIMS, 35 St. Louis U. L.J. 741, 768
(1992)
1927 THE LAUTENBERG AMENDMENT: CONGRESS HIT THE MARK BY BANNING FIRE-
ARMS FROM DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENDERS, 30 St. Mary's L.J. 801, 861+ (1999) HN:
4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
1928 WRITING IN THE MARGINS: BRENNAN, MARSHALL, AND THE INHERENT WEAK-
NESSES OF LIBERAL JUDICIAL DECISION-MAKING, 29 St. Mary's L.J. 1, 46 (1997)
1929 ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS, INC. V. PENA : THE LOCHNERIZATION OF AFFIRMAT-
IVE ACTION, 27 St. Mary's L.J. 423, 461 (1996)
1930 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE - FLOW CONTROL ORDIN-
ANCES THAT REQUIRE DISPOSAL OF TRASH AT A DESIGNATED FACILITY VIOLATE
THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE. C & A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, ___
U.S. ___,, 26 St. Mary's L.J. 563, 600 (1995)
1931 FEDERALISM REVISITED: THE SUPREME COURT RESURRECTS THE NOTION OF
ENUMERATED POWERS BY LIMITING CONGRESS'S ATTEMPT TO FEDERALIZE
CRIME, 27 St. Mary's L.J. 151, 191+ (1995) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
1932 IT'S THE THOUGHT THAT COUNTS: THE INTENT REQUIREMENT IN ENVIRONMENT-
AL RACISM CLAIMS, 25 St. Mary's L.J. 447, 492 (1993)
1933 CIVIL RIGHTS-TITLE VII DISPARATE IMPACT THEORY-EMPLOYER'S BURDEN OF
REBUTTING PRIMA FACIE CASE UNDER DISPARATE IMPACT THEORY IS ONE OF
PRODUCTION WHILE ULTIMATE BURDEN OF PERSUASION REMAINS WITH COM-
PLAINANT, 21 St. Mary's L.J. 1081, 1102+ (1990) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1934 PITFALLS OF PUBLIC POLICY: THE CASE OF ARBITRATION AGREEMENTS, 22 St.
Mary's L.J. 259, 355 (1990)

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1935 SPORHASE, THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, AND STATE POWER TO CONSERVE NATURAL
RESOURCES-IS THE LOCAL WELL RUNNING DRY?, 14 St. Mary's L.J. 1033, 1061 (1983)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1936 UNHAPPY ANNIVERSARY THIRTY YEARS SINCE MILLER V. CALIFORNIA: THE LEG-
ACY OF THE SUPREME COURT'S MISJUDGMENT ON OBSCENITY, 15 St. Thomas L.
Rev. 545, 726 (2003)
1937 FEDERAL-STATE RELATIONS: THE ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF POWERS
OF GOVERNMENT IN THE UNITED STATES(CPY), 15 St. Thomas L. Rev. 265, 299+ (2002)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1938 THE IMPACT OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ UPON SELECTED FIREARMS PROVI-
SIONS OF TITLE 18 U.S.C. S 922, 8 St. Thomas L. Rev. 571, 592+ (1996) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
1939 THE DISABLED, THE ADA, & STRICT SCRUTINY, 6 St. Thomas L. Rev. 393, 420+ (1994)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
1940 STEM CELL RESEARCH AND THE CLONING WARS, 18 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 161, 189+
(2007) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1941 A FIGHTING CHANCE FOR PROFESSIONAL BOXING, 15 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 7, 33
(2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1942 ANCHORING JUSTICE: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE LOCAL LAW ENFORCE-
MENT ENHANCEMENT ACT IN UNITED STATES V. MORRISON'S SHIFTING SEAS, 12
Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. 9, 11+ (2001) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1943 STATE DISCRETION UNDER NEW FEDERAL WELFARE LEGISLATION: ILLUSION,
REALITY AND A FEDERALISM-BASED CONSTITUTIONAL CHALLENGE, 9 Stan. L. &
Pol'y Rev. 115, 123 (1998)
1944 THE FEDERALISM DECISIONS OF JUSTICES REHNQUIST AND O'CONNOR: IS HALF A
LOAF ENOUGH?, 58 Stan. L. Rev. 1793, 1826+ (2006)
1945 TOWARD A NEW CONSTITUTIONAL ANATOMY, 56 Stan. L. Rev. 835, 900+ (2004) HN:
19 (S.Ct.)
1946 ADDING INSULT TO INJURY: QUESTIONING THE ROLE OF DIGNITY IN CONCEP-
TIONS OF SOVEREIGNTY, 55 Stan. L. Rev. 1921, 1962 (2003)
1947 LEGISLATIVE RECORD REVIEW, 54 Stan. L. Rev. 87, 161 (2001) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1948 HOLISTIC INTERPRETATION: FITZPATRICK V. BITZER AND OUR BIFURCATED CON-
STITUTION, 53 Stan. L. Rev. 1259, 1310+ (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1949 COMMERCE CLAUSE IN THE CROSS-HAIRS: THE USE OF LOPEZ-BASED MOTIONS
TO CHALLENGE THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL STATUTES, 48
Stan. L. Rev. 1431, 1467+ (1996) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1950 LABOR, PROPERTY, AND SOVEREIGNTY AFTER LECHMERE, 46 Stan. L. Rev. 305, 359
(1994)
1951 THE SUPREME COURT, SOCIAL CHANGE, AND LEGAL SCHOLARSHIP Images of a Free
Press. By Lee C. Bollinger. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1991. xii + 209 pp. $22.50.
The Hollow Hope: Can Courts Bring About Social Change, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1615, 1641 (1992)
1952 A HISTORICAL INTERPRETATION OF THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT: A NARROW

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CONSTRUCTION OF AN AFFIRMATIVE GRANT OF JURISDICTION RATHER THAN A


PROHIBITION AGAINST JURISDICTION, 35 Stan. L. Rev. 1033, 1131 (1983)
1953 TOWARD LIMITS ON CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT POWER UNDER THE CIVIL
WAR AMENDMENTS, 34 Stan. L. Rev. 453, 486 (1982)
1954 SECTION 1981 AND THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT AFTER RUNYON v. MCCRARY-
ON THE DOORSTEPS OF DISCRIMINATORY PRIVATE CLUBS, 29 Stan. L. Rev. 747, 793+
(1977) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
1955 FEDERALISM AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF MINERAL
RESOURCES, 28 Stan. L. Rev. 1107, 1159 (1976) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
1956 CONGRESSIONAL POWER TO INTERPRET DUE PROCESS AND EQUAL PROTECTION,
27 Stan. L. Rev. 603, 620 (1975)
1957 INDIAN SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITY CONTROL, 25 Stan. L. Rev. 489, 550 (1973)
1958 LAWYERS BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT: CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CIVIL RIGHTS,
1957-66, 22 Stan. L. Rev. 487, 509 (1970) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
1959 TIGHT LITTLE ISLANDS: EXCLUSIONARY ZONING, EQUAL PROTECTION, AND THE
INDIGENT, 21 Stan. L. Rev. 767, 800 (1969)
1960 STATUTORY MODIFICATION OF INVERSE CONDEMNATION: THE SCOPE OF LEGIS-
LATIVE POWER, 19 Stan. L. Rev. 727, 785+ (1967) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
1961 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965, 18 Stan. L. Rev. 1,
36+ (1965) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1962 A FREE SPEECH THEORY OF COPYRIGHT, 2009 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 2, 82+ (2009) HN: 1
(S.Ct.)
1963 BEYOND THE COURT'S STANDARD RESPONSE: CREATING AN EFFECTIVE TEST FOR
DETERMINING HOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT HARASSMENT UNDER TITLE VII
Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc., 114 S. Ct. 367 (1993)., 24 Stetson L. Rev. 719, 763 (1995) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
1964 THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND THE MIND/BODY PROBLEM, 41 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 521,
559 (2008)
1965 PAYING FOR CABLE IN BOSTON, WATCHING IT ON A LAPTOP IN L.A.: DOES SLING-
BOX VIOLATE FEDERAL COPYRIGHT LAWS?, 41 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 159, 192+ (2007)
HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1966 CROWD CONTROL: THE MAJORITARIAN COURT AND THE REFLECTION OF PUBLIC
OPINION IN DOCTRINE, 39 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 379, 423 (2006)
1967 LEVELING THE PLAYING FIELD: A MODERN ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK FOR CON-
GREGATE-LIVING ENVIRONMENTS UNDER THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT
OF 1988 AND THE MASSACHUSETTS ZONING ACT, 34 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 98, 124+ (2000)
1968 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-UNITED WE STAND: THE FURTHER COMPARTMENTALIZA-
TION OF POWER UNDER THE TENTH AMENDMENT-PRINTZ V. UNITED STATES, 521
U.S. 98 (1997), 32 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 169, 179+ (1998) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1969 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: SURVIVING THE SUBSTANTIAL EFFECTS OF
UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 31 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 423, 453+ (1997) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)

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1970 SPEAK NO EVIL: THE FIRST AMENDMENT OFFERS NO PROTECTION FOR SEXUAL
HARASSERS, 29 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 233, 264 (1995)
1971 THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990: AN ANALYSIS OF TITLE III AND
APPLICABLE CASE LAW, 29 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 1117, 1144 (1995) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1972 WHAT DID LAWRENCE HOLD? OF AUTONOMY, DESUETUDE, SEXUALITY, AND
MARRIAGE, 55 Sup. Ct. Rev. 27, 74 (2003) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
1973 THE SECTION 5 MUSTIQUE, MORRISON, AND THE FUTURE OF FEDERAL ANTI-
DISCRIMINATION LAW, 2000 Sup. Ct. Rev. 109, 173 (2000)
1974 SHARED CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION, 2000 Sup. Ct. Rev. 61, 107 (2000)
1975 ROMER'S RADICALISM: THE UNEXPECTED REVIVAL OF WARREN COURT ACTIV-
ISM, 1996 Sup. Ct. Rev. 67, 121 (1996)
1976 TRANSLATING FEDERALISM: UNITED STATES v LOPEZ, 1995 Sup. Ct. Rev. 125, 215+
(1995) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
1977 The Mystery of Motive, Private and Public: Some Notes Inspired by the Problems of Hate Crime
and Animal Sacrifice, 1993 Sup. Ct. Rev. 1, 36 (1993)
1978 The Supreme Court's Narrow View on Civil Rights, 1993 Sup. Ct. Rev. 199, 243+ (1993)
1979 BETWEEN SUPREMACY AND EXCLUSIVITY, 57 Syracuse L. Rev. 187, 208+ (2007)
1980 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, 52 Syracuse L. Rev. 353, 374+ (2002)
1981 FIFTY YEARS OF FEDERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW: SOUNDING THE ALARM OR
"CRYING WOLF?", 50 Syracuse L. Rev. 1317, 1378 (2000)
1982 CONFLICT OF LAWS, 49 Syracuse L. Rev. 333, 356 (1999)
1983 CONSTITUTIONAL FIDELITY AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: A REPLY TO PROFESS-
OR ACKERMAN, 48 Syracuse L. Rev. 139, 226+ (1998)
1984 IS "INTERNAL CONSISTENCY" DEAD?: REFLECTIONS ON AN EVOLVING COMMERCE
CLAUSE RESTRAINT ON STATE TAXATION, 61 Tax L. Rev. 1, 51 (2007) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
1985 FEDERALISM, THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, AND DISCRIMINATORY STATE TAX IN-
CENTIVES: A DEFENSE OF UNCONDITIONAL BUSINESS TAX INCENTIVES LIMITED
TO IN-STATE ACTIVITIES OF THE TAXPAYER, 60 Tax Law. 835, 958 (2007) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
1986 GDF REALTY INVESTMENTS, LTD. V. NORTON: ANALYZING THE ENDANGERED
SPECIES ACT & CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY TO REGULATE INTRASTATE TAK-
INGS OF ISOLATED ENDANGERED SPECIES UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 22
Temp. Envtl. L. & Tech. J. 195, 217+ (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
1987 LESLIE SALT CO. V. UNITED STATES : DOES THE RECENT SUPREME COURT DE-
CISION IN UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ DICTATE THE ABROGATION OF THE "MIGRAT-
ORY BIRD RULE"?, 14 Temp. Envtl. L. & Tech. J. 277, 292+ (1995) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1988 SNITCHING FOR THE COMMON GOOD: IN SEARCH OF A RESPONSE TO THE LEGAL
PROBLEMS POSED BY ENVIRONMENTAL WHISTLEBLOWING, 14 Temp. Envtl. L. &
Tech. J. 1, 53 (1995)
1989 CASTAWAYS ON GILLIGAN'S ISLAND: THE PLIGHT OF THE ALIEN WORKER IN THE
NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, 13 Temp. Int'l & Comp. L.J. 381, 410 (1999)

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1990 REFLECTIONS ON THE CONGRESSIONAL COMMERCE POWER, 60 Temp. L.Q. 901,


922+ (1987) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1991 APPLYING RICO TO STREET GANG THUGS: USING THE COMMERCE ELEMENT TO
KEEP SOME CRIMES OUT OF FEDERAL REACH, 81 Temp. L. Rev. 871, 905 (2008)
1992 PREVENTING GROSS INJURY TO LOCAL CULTURAL PATRIMONY: A PROPOSAL FOR
STATE REGULATION OF DEACCESSIONING, 81 Temp. L. Rev. 605, 634 (2008)
1993 A BRIEF HISTORY OF RACE AND THE SUPREME COURT, 79 Temp. L. Rev. 751, 770
(2006)
1994 CYBERPLACE: DEFINING A RIGHT TO INTERNET ACCESS THROUGH PUBLIC AC-
COMMODATION LAW, 76 Temp. L. Rev. 225, 280+ (2003)
1995 KIMEL AND GARRETT: ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THE COURT UNDERVALUING INDI-
VIDUAL SOVEREIGNTY AND SETTLED EXPECTATIONS, 76 Temp. L. Rev. 787, 826+
(2003) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
1996 THE PROBLEM OF CONFEDERATE SYMBOLS: A THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT AP-
PROACH, 75 Temp. L. Rev. 539, 612 (2002)
1997 AFFIRMATIVE INACTION: STORIES FROM A SMALL SOUTHERN SCHOOL, 75 Temp. L.
Rev. 201, 229 (2002)
1998 COMMERCE-A RETREAT FROM CLARITY: THE SUPREME COURT ADDS A WRINKLE
TO THE "AGGREGATED EFFECTS" DOCTRINE OF ITS COMMERCE CLAUSE JURIS-
PRUDENCE -UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, 519 U.S. 598 (2000), 75 Temp. L. Rev. 163,
200+ (2002) HN: 10,12,19 (S.Ct.)
1999 VINDICATING RIGHTS IN A FEDERAL SYSTEM: REDISCOVERING 42 U.S.C. S 1985(3)'S
EQUALITY RIGHT, 69 Temp. L. Rev. 145, 243+ (1996) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2000 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: THE CONTINUED AMBIGUITY OF COMMERCE CLAUSE
JURISPRUDENCE, 69 Temp. L. Rev. 275, 302+ (1996) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2001 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-CARJACKING: CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY UNDER THE
COMMERCE CLAUSE TO FEDERALIZE CRIMES-UNITED STATES v. BISHOP, 66 F.3D
569 (3D CIR. 1995), CERT. DENIED, 116 S. CT. 681 (1995)., 69 Temp. L. Rev. 507, 522
(1996) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2002 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-TAKING THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE TOO
FAR?-WEST LYNN CREAMERY, INC. v. HEALY, 114 S. CT. 2205 (1994)., 69 Temp. L. Rev.
547, 569+ (1996) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2003 CIVIL RIGHTS-DO "SKEPTICISM," "CONSISTENCY," AND "CONGRUENCE" FORE-
SHADOW A COLOR-BLIND FUTURE? ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS, INC. v. PENA, 115
S. CT. 2097 (1995)., 69 Temp. L. Rev. 1521, 1548 (1996)
2004 CIVIL RIGHTS - SEVENTH CIRCUIT PERMITS BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA TO EX-
CLUDE ATHEIST -WELSH v. BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA, 993 F.2D 1267 (7TH CIR.),
CERT. DENIED, 114 S. CT. 602 (1993)., 67 Temp. L. Rev. 1333, 1356 (1994) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2005 "EQUAL MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY": THE PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS PROVI-
SIONS OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 64 Temp. L. Rev. 551, 581 (1991)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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2006 BREAKING DOWN THE TELEPHONE BARRIER-RELAY SERVICES ON THE LINE, 64


Temp. L. Rev. 583, 607 (1991) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2007 THE CONSTITUTION AND THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT: SOME FIRST
IMPRESSIONS, 64 Temp. L. Rev. 619, 628+ (1991) HN: 8,10 (S.Ct.)
2008 INEVITABLE AND INEXORABLE CONSEQUENCES?: MASSACHUSETTS' HEALTH-
CARE REFORM AND POST-RAICH FEDERALISM, 17 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 251,
275 (2007) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2009 "CSI" AFTER GRUTTER V. BOLLINGER: SEARCHING FOR EVIDENCE TO CONSTRUCT
THE ACCUMULATION OF WEALTH AND ECONOMIC DIVERSITY AS COMPELLING
STATE INTERESTS, 13 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 927, 961+ (2004) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2010 ALSBROOK V. CITY OF MAUMELLE: WILL THE CONSERVATIVE SUPREME COURT
DECIDE THAT THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT SHIELDS STATE AND LOCAL GOVERN-
MENTS FROM THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT?, 10 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L.
Rev. 265, 302 (2000)
2011 "HARM IN ASKING": A REPLY TO EUGENE SCALIA AND AN ANALYSIS OF THE
PARADIGM SHIFT IN THE SUPREME COURT'S TITLE VII SEXUAL HARASSMENT JUR-
ISPRUDENCE, 8 Temp. Pol. & Civ. Rts. L. Rev. 477, 513+ (1999)
2012 CHECK AND CHECKMATE: CONGRESS'S SECTION 5 POWER AFTER HIBBS, 71 Tenn. L.
Rev. 315, 336 (2004)
2013 LAW, JUDGES, AND THE PRINCIPLES OF REGIMES: EXPLORATIONS, 70 Tenn. L. Rev.
455, 560+ (2003)
2014 COMMERCE BY ANOTHER NAME: THE IMPACT OF UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ AND
UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, 68 Tenn. L. Rev. 605, 606+ (2001) HN: 1,5,8 (S.Ct.)
2015 HOIST BY ONE'S OWN PETARD: WHEN A CONSERVATIVE COMMERCE CLAUSE IN-
TERPRETATION MEETS CONSERVATIVE, 64 Tenn. L. Rev. 647, 664 (1997)
2016 RESTORING THE ADA AND BEYOND: DISABILITY IN THE 21ST CENTURY, 13 Tex. J.
on C.L. & C.R. 241, 363+ (2008) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2017 THE FAIR HOUSING ACT AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, 11 Tex. J. on C.L. & C.R. 1, 38
(2005) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2018 CRIMINAL LAW AND THE PURSUIT OF EQUALITY, 84 Tex. L. Rev. 2097, 2133 (2006)
2019 THE COMMERCE POWER AND CRIMINAL PUNISHMENT: PRESUMPTION OF CONSTI-
TUTIONALITY OR PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE?, 84 Tex. L. Rev. 1203, 1264 (2006)
2020 THE LOST JURISPRUDENCE OF THE NINTH AMENDMENT, 83 Tex. L. Rev. 597, 716+
(2005) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2021 THE REHNQUIST COURT'S TWO FEDERALISMS, 83 Tex. L. Rev. 1, 165+ (2004)
2022 IS THE SKY FALLING ON THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT? STATE SOVEREIGN IM-
MUNITY, THE SECTION FIVE POWER, AND THE FEDERAL BALANCE Narrowing the
Nation's Power: The Supreme Court Sides with the States. By John T. Noonan, Jr. Berkel, 81
Tex. L. Rev. 1551, 1608 (2003)
2023 A LAWYER'S TRIBUTE TO JUDGE WILL GARWOOD, 76 Tex. L. Rev. 915, 919 (1998)
2024 FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION IN THE WORKPLACE AND THE PROBLEM OF DISCRIMIN-

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ATORY HARASSMENT, 75 Tex. L. Rev. 687, 777 (1997) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)


2025 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: JUDICIAL REVIEW UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 74
Tex. L. Rev. 719, 771+ (1996) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2026 RETHINKING CONSTITUTIONAL FEDERALISM, 74 Tex. L. Rev. 795, 838+ (1996) HN:
20,21 (S.Ct.)
2027 FEDERALIZING LEGAL ETHICS, 73 Tex. L. Rev. 335, 407 (1994)
2028 FIDELITY IN TRANSLATION, 71 Tex. L. Rev. 1165, 1268 (1993)
2029 THE FEDERAL-STATE CONFLICT OF LAWS: "ACTUAL" CONFLICTS, 70 Tex. L. Rev.
1743, 1798 (1992)
2030 JUSTICE JACKSON'S FLAG SALUTE LEGACY: THE SUPREME COURT STRUGGLES TO
PROTECT INTELLECTUAL INDIVIDUALISM, 64 Tex. L. Rev. 817, 914 (1986)
2031 THE NEW DEAL AND THE EMERGENCY POWERS DOCTRINE, 62 Tex. L. Rev. 67, 109+
(1983) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2032 REMEDYING DISCRIMINATION IN SENIORITY SYSTEMS: THE CONFLICT BETWEEN
TITLE VII AND EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 11,246, 59 Tex. L. Rev. 1077, 1106 (1981)
2033 THE FIRST AMERICAN CONSTITUTIONS: STATE AND FEDERAL The First American
Constitutions: Republican Ideology and the Making of the State Constitutions in the Revolution-
ary Era By Willi Paul Adams. Chapel Hill: University of, 59 Tex. L. Rev. 1141, 1174 (1981)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2034 PRIVATE CLUBS AND PUBLIC JUDGES: A NONSUBSTANTIVE DEBATE ABOUT SYM-
BOLS, 59 Tex. L. Rev. 733, 754 (1981)
2035 CIVIL RIGHTS Religious Discrimination in Employment-Title VII Standards of "Reasonable
Accommodation" and "Undue Hardship" Are Constitutional, but Recent Cases Illustrate Judicial
Overzealousness in Enforcement, 54 Tex. L. Rev. 616, 641 (1976)
2036 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Commerce Clause-The Federal Government may Require a State to
Adopt and Enforce Penal Regulations Relating to State Activity that Affects Interstate Com-
merce. Pennsylvania v. Environmental Protection A, 53 Tex. L. Rev. 380, 387 (1975) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2037 BEVERAGE CONTAINER LEGISLATION: A POLICY AND CONSTITUTIONAL EVALU-
ATION, 52 Tex. L. Rev. 351, 375 (1974) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2038 THE ROAD TO SWANN: MOBILE COUNTY CRAWLS TO THE BUS, 51 Tex. L. Rev. 505,
529 (1973)
2039 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Commerce Power-Mere Possession of Firearms by a Felon, without
Proof of an Effect on Interstate Commerce, is not Violative of Federal Statute. United States v.
Bass, 434 F.2d 1296 (2d Cir. 1970), Cert., 49 Tex. L. Rev. 1106, 1113 (1971)
2040 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Commerce Clause-Upon an Express Declaration that Purely In-
trastate Extortionate Credit Transactions Directly Affect Interstate Commerce, Congress may Le-
gislatively Proscribe that Activity. United State, 49 Tex. L. Rev. 568, 570+ (1971) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2041 DEFAMATION, PRIVACY, AND THE PUBLIC'S RIGHT TO KNOW: A NATIONAL PROB-
LEM AND A NEW APPROACH, 46 Tex. L. Rev. 630, 649+ (1968) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)

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2042 ANTITRUST LAW Civil Rights-A Federal Court Has Jurisdiction To Determine Whether An
Alleged Conspiracy of Real Estate Brokers That Prevents Negroes from Owning Property in
White Neighborhoods Violates Section 1 of the Sh, 46 Tex. L. Rev. 532, 540+ (1968) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2043 DANGEROUS DRUG LEGISLATION IN THE UNITED STATES: RECOMMENDATIONS
AND COMMENTS, 45 Tex. L. Rev. 1037, 1174 (1967)
2044 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Civil Rights-Congressional Power Under Section 5 of the Fourteenth
Amendment May Extend to Punishment of Private Conspiracies To Interfere With the Equal En-
joyment of State-Owned Public Facilities. Uni, 45 Tex. L. Rev. 168, 176 (1966)
2045 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW Civil Rights Act of 1964 Prevents Convictions for Peaceful Sit-Ins
and Abates all such convictions that are Subject to Direct Review at the Time of its Passage.
Hamm v. City of Rock Hill, 379 U.S. 306, 43 Tex. L. Rev. 964, 968 (1965)
2046 NOT ALL VIOLENCE IS COMMERCE: NONECONOMIC, VIOLENT CRIMINAL ACTIV-
ITY, RICO, AND LIMITATIONS ON CONGRESS UNDER THE POST RAICH COMMERCE
CLAUSE, 13 Tex. Rev. L. & Pol. 187, 221 (2009) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2047 EASING ABORTION'S PAIN: CAN FETAL PAIN LEGISLATION SURVIVE THE NEW JU-
DICIAL SCRUTINY OF LEGISLATIVE FACT-FINDING?, 10 Tex. Rev. L. & Pol. 171, 228
(2005)
2048 THE RISE AND FALL OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, 8 Tex. Rev. L. & Pol. 437, 533 (2004)
2049 SHOULD IDEOLOGY OF JUDICIAL NOMINEES MATTER?: IS THE SENATE'S CURRENT
RECONSIDERATION OF THE CONFIRMATION PROCESS JUSTIFIED?, 6 Tex. Rev. L. &
Pol. 245, 274 (2001)
2050 WILL THE REAL JUSTICE THOMAS PLEASE STAND UP? The Real Clarence Thomas: Con-
firmation Veracity Meets Performance Reality. Christopher E. Smith & Joyce A. Baugh. New
York: Peter Lang Publishing, 2000. Pp. x, 235. $29.95., 5 Tex. Rev. L. & Pol. 495, 513 (2001)
HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2051 5 Tex. Tech. J. Tex. Admin. L. 63, FEDERAL SUPREMACY, SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY, AND
COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM-THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FEDERAL FACILITIES
AND STATE ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS (2004) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2052 THE DEATH OF THE NEW BUFFALO: THE FIFTH CIRCUIT SLAYS INDIAN GAMING IN
TEXAS, 34 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 377, 424+ (2003) HN: 11,19,20 (S.Ct.)
2053 CONGRESSIONAL POWER OVER TAXATION AND COMMERCE: THE SUPREME
COURT'S LOST CHANCE TO DEVISE A CONSISTENT DOCTRINE, 18 Tex. Tech L. Rev.
729, 759 (1987) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2054 TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT: EMINENT DOMAIN FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT-STAT-
UTES, ORDINANCES, & POLITICS, OH MY!, 12 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 523, 553 (2006)
2055 DR. STRANGEBILL OR HOW THE LAST CONGRESS LEARNED TO STOP WORRYING
AND LOVE SUBSTANTIVE DUE PROCESS, 54-OCT Fed. Law. 40, 43 (2007)
2056 PROMOTING DIVERSITY AS THE ULTIMATE MEANS OF ACHIEVING TRUE EQUAL-
ITY FOR ALL PERSONS IN THE NATION, 50-FEB Fed. Law. 47, 51 (2003)
2057 HOLD ONTO YOUR CONFEDERATE DOLLARS: THE SOUTH WILL RISE AGAIN!,
44-APR Fed. Law. 18, 19 (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)

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2058 CRYPTOGRAPHY AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT: THE RIGHT TO BE UNHEARD, 14 J.


Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 325, 345 (1996)
2059 THE TENTH AMENDMENT AND JUSTICE SCALIA'S "SPLIT PERSONALITY", 16 J.L. &
Pol. 231, 379 (2000) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2060 INTERPRETING EQUAL PROTECTION: CONGRESS, THE COURT, AND THE CIVIL
RIGHTS ACTS, 16 J.L. & Pol. 381, 478+ (2000) HN: 1,12 (S.Ct.)
2061 NOTE: THE STRANGE CAREER OF VAWA: CHIEF JUSTICE REHNQUIST AND THE
SHIFT FROM "POLITICAL" TO "CONSTITUTIONAL" FEDERALISM 1990-2000, 16 J.L. &
Pol. 499, 570+ (2000) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2062 THE REHNQUIST COURT'S FEDERALISM DECISIONS IN PERSPECTIVE, 15 J.L. & Pol.
127, 194+ (1999) HN: 11,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2063 NOTE: ROUSING THE SLEEPING GIANTS? FEDERALISM AND THE GUARANTEE
CLAUSE, 15 J.L. & Pol. 267, 307 (1999)
2064 THE SUPREME COURT AND THE STATES: DO LOPEZ AND PRINTZ REPRESENT A
BROADER PRO-STATE MOVEMENT?, 14 J.L. & Pol. 319, 361+ (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2065 ESSAY: REFLECTIONS ON THE CONTEMPORARY STATUS OF OUR CIVIL RIGHTS
AND LIBERTIES AND THE BILL OF RIGHTS, 13 J.L. & Pol. 7, 20 (1997)
2066 MEANS, ENDS AND ORIGINAL INTENT: A RESPONSE TO CHARLES COOPER, 4 J.L. &
Pol. 81, 88 (1987)
2067 THE CONSTITUTIONAL DOCTRINES OF STATE IMMUNITY FROM FEDERAL REGULA-
TION AND TAXATION AFTER GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT
AUTHORITY, 4 J.L. & Pol. 89, 122 (1987) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2068 THE CHILD SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT AND ITS CONSTITUTIONALITY AFTER US V.
MORRISON, 12-WTR Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 289, 305+ (2003) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2069 LOPEZ HAS SOME MERIT, 5-SPG Kan. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 9, 13 (1996)
2070 THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE AND STATE TAX DISCRIMINATION: PARCEL-
ING STATE ACTIONS BETWEEN PERMISSIBLE AND IMPERMISSIBLE BURDENS, 2007
St. & Loc. Tax Law. 135, 226 (2007) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2071 THE EVOLVING COMMERCE CLAUSE AND STATES' POWER TO SPEND: CAMPS NEW-
FOUND/OWATONNA v. CITY OF HARRISON, 3 St. & Loc. Tax Law. 185, 189+ (1998) HN:
4 (S.Ct.)
2072 THE EFFECTS OF DIVERSITY ON THE OFFICE, 35-JUN Prosecutor 26, 36 (2001)
2073 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ AND THE FEDERALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW, 29-DEC
Prosecutor 23, 27 (1995)
2074 CODIFYING THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE, 1995 Pub. Int. L. Rev. 69, 86 (1995)
2075 WETLANDS PROTECTION UNDER SECTION 404 OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT-THE
RIVERSIDE BAYVIEW DECISION, ITS PAST AND FUTURE, 7 Pub. Land L. Rev. 21, 43
(1986)
2076 BUT WHO WILL PROTECT POOR JOSHUA DESHANEY, A FOUR-YEAR-OLD CHILD
WITH NO POSITIVE DUE PROCESS RIGHTS?, 39 U. Mem. L. Rev. 543, 594 (2009) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)

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2077 STRUCTURING A CASE AGAINST COMPLEX MULTIDIMENSIONAL DISCRIMINA-


TION, 36 U. Mem. L. Rev. 335, 371 (2006) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2078 SHIFTING THE PRESUMPTION OF CONSTITUTIONALITY IN LAND-USE LAW, 24 Urb.
Law. 1, 50 (1992)
2079 IF MARIJUANA, THEN MARSHES: USING THE "COMPREHENSIVE SCHEME" PRIN-
CIPLE OF GONZALES V. RAICH TO REGULATE "ISOLATED" WETLANDS, 28 T. Jeffer-
son L. Rev. 513, 545+ (2006) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2080 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE APPROPRIATELY DEFINED WITHIN A UNIVERSE
WITHOUT DISTINCTION: THE FEDERAL ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT'S UNCONSTI-
TUTIONAL APPLICATION TO INTRASTATE SPECIES, 25 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 649, 676+
(2003) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2081 THE LAW AT YOUR FINGERTIPS: PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS OF THE LAW ON THE
INTERNET, 18 T. Jefferson L. Rev. 53, 60 (1996) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2082 RESTORING THE TENTH AMENDMENT: A CALL TO OVERRULE UNITED STATES V.
DARBY AND REINSTATE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES V. USERY, 25 T.M. Cooley L.
Rev. 555, 599+ (2008) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2083 MICHIGAN'S WASTE PROBLEMS: HOW EXPANSION OF THE BOTTLE BILL AND OTH-
ER OPTIONS COULD HELP MICHIGAN DEFEAT THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE
AND OUT-OF-STATE WASTE, 23 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 303, 334 (2006)
2084 GREAT LAKES DIVERSIONS REVISITED: LEGAL CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNIT-
IES FOR STATE REGULATION, 17 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 461, 510+ (2000) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2085 THE NEW AND "IMPROVED" COMMERCE POWER - CAN THE FEDERAL CHILD SUP-
PORT RECOVERY ACT SURVIVE LOPEZ?, 13 T.M. Cooley L. Rev. 677, 713+ (1996) HN:
10 (S.Ct.)
2086 WHY PUNISHED FOR SPEAKING PRESIDENT OBAMA'S NAME WITHIN THE SCHOOL-
HOUSE GATES? AND CAN EDUCATORS CONSTITUTIONALLY TRUTH-EN MARKET-
PLACE OF IDEAS ABOUT BLACKS?, 35 T. Marshall L. Rev. 57, 89 (2009) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2087 UNITED STATES v. MORRISON: THE SUPREME COURT'S OLD SCHOOL FEDERALISM
PLACES FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN AND MINORITIES AT RISK, 26 T. Mar-
shall L. Rev. 1, 25+ (2000) HN: 5,11,12 (S.Ct.)
2088 THE GERRYMANDERING OF THE RECONSTRUCTION AMENDMENTS AND STRICT
SCRUTINY: THE SUPREME COURT'S UNWARRANTED INTRUSION INTO THE POLIT-
ICAL THICKET, 23 T. Marshall L. Rev. 71, 141 (1997)
2089 DID UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ TURN BACK THE CLOCK ON THE COMMERCE
CLAUSE?, 21 T. Marshall L. Rev. 343, 354+ (1996) HN: 5,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2090 PUBLIC AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT: THE FRAG-
MENTATION OF THEORY AFTER RICHMOND v. J.A. CROSON CO. AND METRO
BROADCASTING, INC. v. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION, 17 T. Marshall
L. Rev. 317, 358 (1992)
2091 COMMENTARY ON REPRESENTATIVE JUSTICE, 16 T. Marshall L. Rev. 57, 74 (1990)
2092 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION-ACT REQUIRING THE UNITED
STATES JAYCEES TO ADMIT WOMEN AS FULL VOTING MEMBERS DOES NOT VIOL-

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ATE THE FIRST AND FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT RIGHTS OF THE ORGANIZATION'S


MEMBERS. ROBERTS v., 10 T. Marshall L. Rev. 645, 655+ (1985) HN: 4,13,16 (S.Ct.)
2093 FEDERALISM CASES IN THE OCTOBER 2004 TERM, 21 Touro L. Rev. 787, 807 (2006)
HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2094 BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 22 Touro L. Rev. 481, 498+ (2006) HN:
21 (S.Ct.)
2095 DISCUSSION: A FOCUS ON FEDERALISM, 20 Touro L. Rev. 909, 942 (2005) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2096 THE LANHAM ACT - BEFORE AND AFTER, 86 Trademark Rep. 449, 455 (1996)
2097 DOES THE RAILS-TO-TRAILS ACT EFFECT A TAKING OF PROPERTY?, 31 Transp. L.J.
35, 68+ (2003) HN: 13,17 (S.Ct.)
2098 THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT AND THE IMPRECISE SCOPE OF THE SUBSTAN-
TIAL EFFECTS ANALYSIS, 18 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 159, 200 (2004)
2099 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, 17 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 245, 253 (2003)
2100 SUBSTANTIAL EFFECT UNDER LOPEZ: USING A CUMULATIVE IMPACT ANALYSIS
FOR ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS, 11 Tul. Envtl. L.J. 479, 503+ (1998) HN: 14,19
(S.Ct.)
2101 HOW AMERICAN IDEAS TRAVELED: COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW AT
GERMANY'S NATIONAL ASSEMBLY IN 1848-1849, 17 Tul. Euro. Civ. LF 23, 70 (2002)
2102 QUASI-PREEMPTION: NERVOUS BREAKDOWN IN OUR CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM,
84 Tul. L. Rev. 1143, 1183+ (2010) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2103 THE RELEVANCE OF CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS: A RESPONSE TO DAVID
STRAUSS, 77 Tul. L. Rev. 247, 282 (2002)
2104 "IMPOTENT FIGUREHEADS" ? State Sovereignty, Federalism, and the Constitutionality of
Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act After Lopez v. Monterey County and City of Boerne v.
Flores, 74 Tul. L. Rev. 329, 363 (1999)
2105 INCONSISTENCIES IN MODERN FEDERALISM JURISPRUDENCE, 70 Tul. L. Rev. 1569,
1582+ (1996) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2106 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: THE SUPREME COURT REASSERTS THE COMMERCE
CLAUSE AS A LIMIT ON THE POWERS OF CONGRESS, 70 Tul. L. Rev. 1207, 1213+
(1996) HN: 19,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2107 ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS, INC. v. PENA: THE SUPREME COURT TO DECIDE THE
FATE OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, 69 Tul. L. Rev. 997, 1050 (1995) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2108 MAY IT PLEASE THE COURT: THE MOST SIGNIFICANT ORAL ARGUMENTS MADE
BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT SINCE 1955,, 69 Tul. L. Rev. 319, 333 (1994)
2109 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ: THE FIFTH CIRCUIT DECLARES THE GUN-FREE SCHOOL
ZONE ACT OF 1990 AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL EXTENSION OF CONGRESSIONAL
POWER UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 68 Tul. L. Rev. 1674, 1688+ (1994)
2110 DEALING WITH SOUTH AFRICA: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF STATE AND LOCAL
DIVESTMENT LEGISLATION, 61 Tul. L. Rev. 469, 517+ (1987) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2111 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL ADJUDICATION SYSTEMS OF
THE U.S., GERMANY AND KOREA, 6 Tulsa J. Comp. & Int'l L. 123, 162 (1999)

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2112 THE CIVIL RIGHTS PROVISION OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: ITS LEG-
ACY AND FUTURE, 34 Tulsa L.J. 367, 389+ (1999) HN: 10,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2113 CAPTURING THE FUTURE: EARL WARREN AND SUPREME COURT HISTORY, 32 Tulsa
L.J. 843, 878 (1997)
2114 THE ARBITRATION CLAUSE CONTROVERSY IN OKLAHOMA, 32 Tulsa L.J. 163, 184
(1996)
2115 BEYOND ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE ANALYSIS IN PUBLIC SCHOOL SITUATIONS:
THE NEED TO APPLY THE PUBLIC FORUM AND TINKER DOCTRINES, 28 Tulsa L.J.
149, 212 (1992) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2116 THE RELIGION CLAUSES AND THE "REALLY NEW" FEDERALISM, 42 Tulsa L. Rev.
537, 551 (2007)
2117 CONSTITUTIONAL IRONY: GONZALES V. RAICH, FEDERALISM AND CONGRESSION-
AL REGULATION OF INTRASTATE ACTIVITIES UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 41
Tulsa L. Rev. 125, 178 (2005)
2118 ACCENTUATE THE POSITIVE, ELIMINATE THE NEGATIVE, LATCH ON TO THE AF-
FIRMATIVE (ACTION), DO MESS WITH MR. IN-BETWEEN (FNa1), 39 Tulsa L. Rev. 27, 48
(2003)
2119 "BY THE DAWN'S EARLY LIGHT:" THE ADMINISTRATIVE STATE STILL STANDS
AFTER THE 2000 SUPREME COURT TERM (COMMERCE CLAUSE, DELEGATION, AND
TAKINGS), 37 Tulsa L. Rev. 205, 303 (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2120 MAKING SENSE OF PENN CENTRAL, 23 UCLA J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 171, 210 (2005)
2121 SITTING SILENTLY AT HOME: A CRITIQUE OF THE REVOLUTION WILL NOT BE FUN-
DED: BEYOND THE NON-PROFIT INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX, 17 UCLA Women's L.J. 269,
304 (2008)
2122 MADSEN AND THE FACE ACT: ABORTION RIGHTS OR TRAFFIC CONTROL?, 5 UCLA
Women's L.J. 247, 275 (1994)
2123 FEDERALISM'S BATTLE WITH HISTORY: THE INACCURATE ASSOCIATIONS WITH
UNPOPULAR POLITICS, 74 UMKC L. Rev. 365, 381+ (2005) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2124 THE FAILURE OF RFRA, 20 U. Ark. Little Rock L.J. 575, 617 (1998) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2125 CONGRESSIONAL ALTERNATIVES IN THE WAKE OF CITY OF BOERNE V. FLORES:
THE (LIMITED) ROLE OF CONGRESS IN PROTECTING RELIGIOUS FREEDOM FROM
STATE AND LOCAL INFRINGEMENT, 20 U. Ark. Little Rock L.J. 633, 688 (1998)
2126 THE CONSTITUTIONAL FUTURE OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM LEGISLATION, 20 U. Ark.
Little Rock L.J. 715, 765 (1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2127 THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF RFRA: INTEGRATING LOPEZ AND BOERNE, 20
U. Ark. Little Rock L.J. 767, 793+ (1998) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2128 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW--SUPREME COURT INVALIDATES FEDERAL GUN-FREE
SCHOOL ZONES ACT. UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ, 115 S. CT. 1624 (1995), 18 U. Ark.
Little Rock L.J. 513, 531+ (1996) HN: 12,14 (S.Ct.)
2129 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-CALIFORNIA TAKES A HIT: THE SU-
PREME COURT UPHOLDS CONGRESSIONAL AUTHORITY OVER THE STATE-AP-

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PROVED USE OF MEDICINAL MARIJUANA. GONZALES V. RAICH, 545 U.S. 1 (2005).,


28 U. Ark. Little Rock L. Rev. 545, 580+ (2006) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2130 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT'S
CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY EXCEEDS CONGRESS'S POWERS TO REGULATE INTER-
STATE COMMERCE. UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, 120 S. CT. 1740 (2000)., 23 U. Ark.
Little Rock L. Rev. 485, 509+ (2001) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2131 UNITED STATES V. DEATON: NON-NAVIGABLE TRIBUTARIES MAY BE REGULATED
BY THE UNITED STATES ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS UNDER THE CLEAN WATER
ACT, 11 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 81, 86+ (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2132 GIBBS V. BABBITT: FEDERAL REGULATION OF TAKING OF THE ENDANGERED RED
WOLF ON PRIVATE LAND IS VALID UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND AS PART
OF THE OVERALL FEDERAL SCHEME TO PROTECT, PRESERVE, AND REHABILITATE
ENDANGERED SPE, 8 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 104, 110 (2000)
2133 FLOW CONTROL ORDINANCES UNDER THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE: UN-
CONSTITUTIONAL RESTRAINT ON COMMERCE?, 5 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 92, 111 (1995)
2134 A RETURN TO STATE SOVEREIGNTY: HOW INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES IN
MARYLAND MAY STILL SEEK RELIEF AGAINST STATE EMPLOYERS AFTER BOARD
OF TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA V. GARRETT, 31 U. Balt. L. Rev. 67,
102 (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2135 A CIVIL RIGHTS APPROACH: ACHIEVING REVOLUTIONARY ABOLITIONISM
THROUGH THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, 39 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1773, 1849+ (2006)
HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2136 INTERRACIAL MARRIAGE IN THE SHADOWS OF JIM CROW: RACIAL SEGREGATION
AS A SYSTEM OF RACIAL AND GENDER SUBORDINATION, 39 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1321,
1351 (2006)
2137 THE UNFOUNDED FEARS OF ENVIRONMENTAL BALKANIZATION: THE NINTH CIR-
CUIT'S DANGEROUS EXPANSION OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 37 U.C. Davis L. Rev.
605, 639+ (2003) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2138 THE THIN LINE BETWEEN LOVE AND HATE: WHY AFFINITY-BASED SECURITIES
AND INVESTMENT FRAUD CONSTITUTES A HATE CRIME, 36 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1073,
1143 (2003) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2139 THE HEART OF FEDERALISM: PRETEXT REVIEW OF MEANS-END RELATIONSHIPS,
36 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 407, 454 (2003) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
2140 VAWA AFTER LOPEZ: RECONSIDERING CONGRESSIONAL POWER UNDER THE
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT IN LIGHT OF BRZONKALA V. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC
AND STATE UNIVERSITY, 31 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 625, 653+ (1998) HN: 1,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2141 THE BIRDS: REGULATION OF ISOLATED WETLANDS AND THE LIMITS OF THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE, 28 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1237, 1272+ (1995) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2142 NEW LIGHT ON RACIAL AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, 20 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 219, 271 (1987)
2143 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND THE MYTH OF DUAL FEDERALISM, 54 UCLA L. Rev.
1847, 1930+ (2007) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2144 THE PERVERSITY OF LIMITED CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDIES: THE CASE OF "ABUSIVE"

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ADA LITIGATION, 54 UCLA L. Rev. 1, 36 (2006)


2145 THE COSTS OF LEGAL CHANGE, 49 UCLA L. Rev. 789, 870 (2002)
2146 JUDICIAL SUPREMACY AND THE LAW OF THE CONSTITUTION, 47 UCLA L. Rev. 491,
519+ (1999)
2147 POLITICAL UNITY AND THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT, 41 UCLA L. Rev. 1297, 1336+
(1994)
2148 FEDERALISM: SOME NOTES ON A NATIONAL NEUROSIS, 41 UCLA L. Rev. 903, 952
(1994)
2149 WHEN THE MEDIUM BECOMES THE MESSAGE: A PROPOSAL FOR PRINCIPAL MEDIA
LIABILITY FOR THE PUBLICATION OF RACIALLY EXCLUSIONARY REAL ESTATE
ADVERTISEMENTS, 40 UCLA L. Rev. 199, 252 (1992)
2150 THE DIFFERENT ART: CHOREOGRAPHY AND COPYRIGHT, 33 UCLA L. Rev. 1442,
1471+ (1986) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2151 INEQUALITY "FROM THE TOP": APPLYING AN ANCIENT PROHIBITION TO AN EMER-
GING PROBLEM OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE, 32 UCLA L. Rev. 100, 134 (1984) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2152 GOALS STATUTES OR RULES STATUTES: THE CASE OF THE CLEAN AIR ACT, 30
UCLA L. Rev. 740, 828 (1983) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2153 THE MODERNIZING MISSION OF JUDICIAL REVIEW, 76 U. Chi. L. Rev. 859, 907 (2009)
2154 THE DALE PROBLEM: PROPERTY AND SPEECH UNDER THE REGULATORY STATE,
75 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1541, 1600+ (2008) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2155 JAMES MADISON HAS LEFT THE BUILDING, 72 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1137, 1158 (2005)
2156 THE "CONSERVATIVE" PATHS OF THE REHNQUIST COURT'S FEDERALISM DE-
CISIONS, 69 U. Chi. L. Rev. 429, 494+ (2002) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2157 GIVE AND TAKE: PUBLIC USE AS DUE COMPENSATION IN PRUNEYARD, 64 U. Chi. L.
Rev. 71, 82 (1997) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2158 UNDERSTANDING JUSTICE SUTHERLAND AS HE UNDERSTOOD HIMSELF The Return
of George Sutherland: Restoring a Jurisprudence of Natural Rights. Hadley Arkes. Princeton Uni-
versity Press, 1994. Pp xiv, 297., 63 U. Chi. L. Rev. 1347, 1374+ (1996) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2159 HARMLESS ERROR AS CONSTITUTIONAL COMMON LAW: CONGRESS'S POWER TO
REVERSE ARIZONA v. FULMINANTE, 60 U. Chi. L. Rev. 985, 1014 (1993)
2160 QUITTIN' TIME?: THE ANTIDISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE OF TITLE VII vs. THE FREE
MARKET, 60 U. Chi. L. Rev. 757, 781 (1993) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2161 THE BILL OF RIGHTS: A CENTURY OF PROGRESS, 59 U. Chi. L. Rev. 13, 38 (1992) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
2162 LIBERATING ABSTRACTION, 59 U. Chi. L. Rev. 317, 348 (1992)
2163 IN DEFENSE OF SMITH AND FREE EXERCISE REVISIONISM, 58 U. Chi. L. Rev. 308, 328
(1991)
2164 FACIALLY DISCRIMINATORY ADMISSIONS POLICIES IN HOMELESS SHELTERS AND
THE FAIR HOUSING ACT, 1 U. Chi. Legal F. 459, 501 (2009)

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2165 LOCATING DISCRIMINATION: INTERACTIVE WEB SITES AS PUBLIC ACCOMMODA-


TIONS UNDER TITLE II OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, 2002 U. Chi. Legal F. 409, 445 (2002)
2166 THE ANTICOMPETITIVE EFFECTS OF ANTI-ABORTION PROTEST, 2000 U. Chi. Legal F.
327, 368 (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2167 HOLLY V. SCOTT: CONSTITUTIONAL LIABILITY OF PRIVATE CORRECTIONAL EM-
PLOYEES AND THE FUTURE OF BIVENS JURISPRUDENCE, 75 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1245, 1271
(2007)
2168 THE REACH OF RAICH: IMPLICATIONS FOR LEGISLATIVE AMENDMENTS AND JUDI-
CIAL INTERPRETATIONS OF THE CLEAN WATER ACT, 74 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1441, 1476
(2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2169 TAKING THE BALL AND RUNNING WITH IT: U.S. V. CLARK AND CONGRESS'S UN-
LIMITED POWER UNDER THE FOREIGN COMMERCE CLAUSE, 75 U. Cin. L. Rev. 841,
862+ (2006) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2170 OF COMMERCE, CONGRESS, AND CANADA GEESE: SECTION 404 OF THE CLEAN
WATER ACT AND THE IMPACT OF SOLID WASTE AGENCY V. UNITED STATES
ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, 531 U.S. 159 (2001), 70 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1105, 1125+ (2002)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2171 IN THE NAME OF FEDERALISM: THE SUPREME COURT'S ASSAULT ON DEMOCRACY
AND CIVIL RIGHTS, 70 U. Cin. L. Rev. 367, 432+ (2002) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2172 ORIGINALISM AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 71 U. Cin. L. Rev. 383, 404 (2002)
2173 THE FEDERAL CARJACKING STATUTE UNDER COMMERCIAL CLAUSE SCRUTINY
AFTER LOPEZ: UNITED STATES v. MCHENRY,, 66 U. Cin. L. Rev. 747, 774 (1998) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2174 A SMALL STEP TOWARDS RESTORING THE BALANCE OF FEDERALISM: A LIMIT TO
FEDERAL POWER UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE United States v. Lopez, 115 S. CT.
1624 (1995)., 64 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1471, 1504+ (1996) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2175 THROWING AWAY "FLOW CONTROL": EFFECTIVE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
SUCCUMBS TO THE DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE C & A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of
Clarkstown, 114 S. Ct. 1677 (1994)., 64 U. Cin. L. Rev. 283, 318 (1995)
2176 TRUTH IN SAVINGS AND THE FAILURE OF LEGISLATIVE METHODOLOGY, 62 U. Cin.
L. Rev. 1281, 1376 (1994)
2177 TALES OF THE COURT, 56 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1397, 1428 (1988)
2178 PRIVACY VERSUS LAW ENFORCEMENT-CAN THE TWO BE RECONCILED?, 57 U. Cin.
L. Rev. 315, 342 (1988)
2179 WHEN THE WALLS COME TUMBLING DOWN: WHAT REMAINS OF NATIONAL
LEAGUE OF CITIES?, 53 U. Cin. L. Rev. 625, 647 (1984)
2180 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-COMMERCE CLAUSE-A MAYOR'S EXECUTIVE ORDER RE-
QUIRING THAT AT LEAST HALF THE WORKERS ON ALL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
FINANCED IN WHOLE OR IN PART BY CITY FUNDS OR FEDERAL FUNDS THAT THE
CITY ADMINISTERS MUS, 53 U. Cin. L. Rev. 649, 665 (1984) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2181 AFTER GONZALES V. RAICH: IS THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT CONSTITUTIONAL

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UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE?, 78 U. Colo. L. Rev. 375, 463+ (2007)


2182 JUSTICE WHITE AND THE DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS, 74 U. Colo. L. Rev. 1319, 1326
(2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2183 BYRON WHITE, FEDERALISM, AND THE "GREATEST GENERATION(S)", 74 U. Colo. L.
Rev. 1573, 1617 (2003)
2184 THE TRAGEDY OF CENTRALIZATION: THE POLITICAL ECONOMICS OF AMERICAN
NATURAL RESOURCE FEDERALISM, 74 U. Colo. L. Rev. 487, 649 (2003) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2185 THE MIGRATORY BIRD RULE AND CONSTITUTIONAL AVOIDANCE IN SOLID WASTE
AGENCY: THE COURT DUCKS A CHALLENGE TO THE FEDERAL COMMERCE
POWER, 74 U. Colo. L. Rev. 795, 836+ (2003) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2186 MEDICAL MARIJUANA'S FATE IN THE AFTERMATH OF THE SUPREME COURT'S NEW
COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE, 72 U. Colo. L. Rev. 201, 255+ (2001) HN:
12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2187 FEDERAL WETLANDS PROTECTION UNDER THE CLEAN WATER ACT: REGULATORY
AMBIVALENCE, INTERGOVERNMENTAL TENSION, AND A CALL FOR REFORM, 60 U.
Colo. L. Rev. 695, 772 (1989) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2188 NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES v. USERY: A NEW APPROACH TO STATE SOVER-
EIGNTY?, 48 U. Colo. L. Rev. 467, 487 (1977) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2189 COMPETENCE AND THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT, 32 U. Dayton L. Rev.
321, 338 (2007)
2190 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF PROPOSED FEDERAL DATABASE PROTECTION LE-
GISLATION, 28 U. Dayton L. Rev. 143, 157 (2002)
2191 THE COURT "SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECTS" CONGRESS' POWER TO REGULATE IN-
TRASTATE COMMERCE: UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, 115 S.CT. 1624 (1995), 21 U. Dayton
L. Rev. 807, 833+ (1996) HN: 4,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2192 LEGAL REFORM--AT THE EXPENSE OF FEDERALISM? HOUSE BILL 956, COMMON
SENSE CIVIL JUSTICE REFORM ACT AND SENATE BILL 565, PRODUCT LIABILITY
REFORM ACT, 21 U. Dayton L. Rev. 513, 540 (1996)
2193 SCOPE OF FEDERAL JURISDICTION UNDER SECTION 404 OF THE CLEAN WATER
ACT: RETHINKING "NAVIGABLE WATERS" AFTER RAPANOS V. UNITED STATES, 11
U. Denv. Water L. Rev. 91, 124 (2007)
2194 GENDER-NEUTRAL STATUTORY RAPE LAWS: LEGAL FICTIONS DISGUISED AS REM-
EDIES TO MALE CHILD EXPLOITATION, 80 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 111, 126 (2002) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)
2195 UNITED STATES V. FAASSE: THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF THE CHILD SUPPORT
RECOVERY ACT?, 78 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 699, 721 (2001)
2196 ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE AND INDIAN TRIBES: THE DOUBLE-EDGED TOMAHAWK
OF APPLYING CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS IN INDIAN COUNTRY, 76 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 721,
744+ (1999)
2197 CONSTITUTITONAL FACE-OFF: TESTING THE VALIDITY OF THE FREEDOM OF AC-
CESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES ACT, 72 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 143, 180 (1994) HN: 12

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(S.Ct.)
2198 FIGHTING THE DEVIL WITH A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD: IS THE SPEECH-INVOKED
HOSTILE WORK ENVIRONMENT HOSTILE TO O'BRIEN?, 72 U. Det. Mercy L. Rev. 83,
142 (1994)
2199 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: THE REACH OF THE COMMERCE POWER OVER NONCOM-
MERCIAL ACTS Cheffer v. Reno, 55 F.3d 1517 (11th Cir. 1995), 8 U. Fla. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y
139, 149+ (1996) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
2200 GONZALES V. RAICH: HOW THE MEDICAL MARIJUANA DEBATE INVOKED COM-
MERCE CLAUSE CONFUSION, 28 U. Haw. L. Rev. 261, 293+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2201 THE JURISDICTIONAL LIMITS OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL CHILD PORNOGRAPHY LAW,
21 U. Haw. L. Rev. 73, 130 (1999)
2202 CHALLENGES AND IMPLICATIONS OF A SYSTEMIC SOCIAL EFFECT THEORY, 2006
U. Ill. L. Rev. 691, 749 (2006)
2203 THE NEW JURISPRUDENCE OF THE NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE, 2002 U. Ill. L.
Rev. 581, 649+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2204 WEATHERING CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGE, 2000 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1091, 1117 (2000) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2205 OBSTACLES TO CIVIL RIGHTS: THE INTRACORPORATE CONSPIRACY DOCTRINE AP-
PLIED TO 42 U.S.C. s 1985(3), 1995 U. Ill. L. Rev. 411, 440 (1995)
2206 DEFINING PROPERTY IN THE POST- LUCAS WORLD, 1994 U. Ill. L. Rev. 443, 462 (1994)
2207 A CASE OF JUDICIAL BACKSLIDING: ARTIFICIAL RESTRAINTS ON THE COMMERCE
POWER REACH OF THE SHERMAN ACT, 1985 U. Ill. L. Rev. 163, 195 (1985)
2208 SHELLEY v. KRAEMER'S FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY: "A TIME FOR KEEPING; A TIME
FOR THROWING AWAY"?, 47 U. Kan. L. Rev. 61, 120+ (1998) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2209 THE TRAGIC IRONY OF AMERICAN FEDERALISM: NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
VERSUS STATE SOVEREIGNTY IN SLAVERY AND IN FREEDOM, 45 U. Kan. L. Rev.
1015, 1043 (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2210 DEFINING THE ROLES OF THE NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS IN THE
AMERICAN FEDERAL SYSTEM: A SYMPOSIUM, 45 U. Kan. L. Rev. 971, 983 (1997)
2211 IS THERE A JUDICIALLY ENFORCEABLE LIMIT TO CONGRESSIONAL POWER UNDER
THE COMMERCE CLAUSE?, 44 U. Kan. L. Rev. 217, 242 (1996)
2212 WHAT'S WRONG WITH LOPEZ, 44 U. Kan. L. Rev. 243, 262+ (1996) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2213 AN UNWELCOME STRANGER: CONGRESSIONAL INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS POWER AND
FEDERALISM, 44 U. Kan. L. Rev. 61, 101+ (1995) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2214 HOMELESSNESS AND THE MISSING CONSTITUTIONAL DIMENSION OF FRATERN-
ITY, 46 U. Louisville L. Rev. 437, 472 (2008)
2215 DENNY V. ELIZABETH ARDEN SALONS, INC.: CONDONING RACE DISCRIMINATION
IN RESEMBLING PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION UNDER TITLE II, 8 U. Md.
L.J. Race, Religion, Gender & Class 407, 430+ (2008) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2216 THE CHILLING EFFECT OF GOVERNMENT SURVEILLANCE PROGRAMS ON THE USE
OF THE INTERNET BY MUSLIM-AMERICANS, 7 U. Md. L.J. Race, Religion, Gender &

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Class 375, 393+ (2007) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)


2217 THE "LAS VEGAS LOOPHOLE" AND THE CURRENT PUSH IN CONGRESS TOWARDS A
BLANKET PROHIBITION ON COLLEGIATE SPORTS GAMBLING, 10 U. Miami Bus. L.
Rev. 715, 742 (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2218 UNDER THE INFLUENCE: WHY ALCOHOL DIRECT SHIPMENT LAWS ARE A VIOLA-
TION OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 9 U. Miami Bus. L. Rev. 169, 191 (2001)
2219 REGULATING UNSETTLED ISSUES IN LATIN AMERICA UNDER THE TREATY
POWERS AND THE FOREIGN COMMERCE CLAUSE, 39 U. Miami Inter-Am. L. Rev. 331,
381 (2008) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2220 MEMORY LOST: BROWN V. BOARD AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL ECONOMY OF
LIBERTY AND RACE, 63 U. Miami L. Rev. 537, 547 (2009)
2221 UNITED STATES V. MARTIGNON: THE FIRST CASE TO RULE THAT THE FEDERAL
ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION,
60 U. Miami L. Rev. 131, 154+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2222 THE BILL OF RIGHTS, THE COMMON LAW, AND THE FREEDOM-FRIENDLY STATE,
58 U. Miami L. Rev. 401, 448+ (2003) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2223 WHETHER THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT
WILL FURTHER FEDERAL PROTECTION FROM SEXUAL ORIENTATION CRIMES, 54 U.
Miami L. Rev. 587, 624+ (2000) HN: 10,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2224 THE PROPOSED DOMESTIC CHARITY EXCEPTION: AN UNWISE ADDITION TO THE
DORMANT COMMERCE CLAUSE FAMILY, 53 U. Miami L. Rev. 333, 361 (1999) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
2225 BRAY v. ALEXANDRIA WOMEN'S HEALTH CLINIC: WOMEN UNDER SIEGE, 47 U.
Miami L. Rev. 1415, 1448 (1993) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2226 EMERGENCY FEDERALISM: CALLING ON THE STATES IN PERILOUS TIMES, 40 U.
Mich. J.L. Reform 341, 399 (2007)
2227 WHAT MONEY CANNOT BUY: A LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE TO C.R.A.C.K., 33 U. Mich.
J.L. Reform 173, 202 (2000) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2228 SPARE THE ROD, EMBRACE OUR HUMANITY: TOWARD A NEW LEGAL REGIME
PROHIBITING CORPORAL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN, 31 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 353,
474 (1998)
2229 THE LESSONS OF MILLER AND HUDNUT: ON PROPOSING A PORNOGRAPHY ORDIN-
ANCE THAT PASSES CONSTITUTIONAL MUSTER, 23 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 179, 215
(1989)
2230 INTERPRETING THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, 11 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1337, 1362+
(2009) HN: 4,12,18 (S.Ct.)
2231 THE KLAN, THE CONGRESS, AND THE COURT: CONGRESSIONAL ENFORCEMENT OF
THE FOURTEENTH AND FIFTEENTH AMENDMENTS & THE STATE ACTION SYLLO-
GISM, A BRIEF HISTORICAL OVERVIEW, 11 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1381, 1430 (2009)
2232 ON SECTION 5 OF THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, 11 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1431, 1450
(2009) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)

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2233 THE PENUMBRAL PUBLIC DOMAIN: CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS ON QUASI-


COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION, 10 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1081, 1145+ (2008)
2234 "I'M SORRY, I CAN'T ANSWER THAT": POSITIVE SCHOLARSHIP AND THE SUPREME
COURT CONFIRMATION PROCESS, 10 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 331, 360 (2008)
2235 THE REHNQUIST COURT AND THE POLLUTION CONTROL CASES: ANTI-
ENVIRONMENTAL AND PRO-BUSINESS?, 10 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 133, 192 (2007) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
2236 GONZALES V. RAICH: CONGRESSIONAL TYRANNY AND IRRELEVANCE IN THE WAR
ON DRUGS, 9 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1131, 1165 (2007)
2237 THE LIMITED PATH DEPENDENCY OF PRECEDENT, 7 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 903, 1000+
(2005)
2238 DIGNITY IN RACE JURISPRUDENCE, 7 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 669, 720+ (2005) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2239 THE EVOLUTION OF SHERMAN ACT JURISDICTION: A ROADMAP FOR COMPETITIVE
FEDERALISM, 7 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 403, 472 (2004)
2240 "FEDERALISM WHETHER THEY WANT IT OR NOT": THE NEW COMMERCE CLAUSE
DOCTRINE AND THE FUTURE OF FEDERAL CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION AFTER
UNITED STATES V. MORRISON, 3 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 926, 976+ (2001) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2241 ADDRESSING RACIAL PROFILING IN THE STATES: A CASE STUDY OF THE "NEW
FEDERALISM" IN CONSTITUTIONAL CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, 3 U. Pa. J. Const. L. 367,
397 (2001)
2242 THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL, PERIOD, 1
U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1, 19+ (1998)
2243 A UNIFIED THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, THE STATE, AND THE INDIVIDUAL:
TRANSNATIONAL LEGAL HARMONIZATION IN THE CONTEXT OF ECONOMIC AND
LEGAL GLOBALIZATION, 31 U. Pa. J. Int'l L. 753, 825 (2010)
2244 DISABILITY CIVIL RIGHTS AND A NEW PARADIGM FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CEN-
TURY: THE EXPANSION OF CIVIL RIGHTS BEYOND RACE, GENDER, AND AGE, 1 U.
Pa. J. Lab. & Emp. L. 511, 526 (1998)
2245 THE WORKPLACE IN A RACIALLY DIVERSE SOCIETY: PRELIMINARY THOUGHTS
ON THE ROLE OF LABOR AND EMPLOYMENT LAW, 1 U. Pa. J. Lab. & Emp. L. 49, 85
(1998)
2246 FEDERAL HATE CRIME LAWS AND UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: ON A COLLISION
COURSE TO CLARIFY JURISDICTIONAL-ELEMENT ANALYSIS, 157 U. Pa. L. Rev. 617,
672+ (2008) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2247 VANGUARD STATES, LAGGARD STATES: FEDERALISM AND CONSTITUTIONAL
RIGHTS, 152 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1745, 1827 (2004)
2248 THE FUTURE OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA: SHOULD THE STATES GROW THEIR OWN?,
151 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1787, 1826 (2003) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2249 THE POSITIVE POLITICAL THEORY OF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: NEW PERSPECTIVES
ON THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT AND ITS INTERPRETATION, 151 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1417,
1542+ (2003) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)

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2250 A THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT DEFENSE OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT,


146 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1097, 1167+ (1998) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2251 STANDING AND SOCIAL CHOICE: HISTORICAL EVIDENCE, 144 U. Pa. L. Rev. 309, 462+
(1995)
2252 FEDERALISM AND FAMILIES, 143 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1787, 1888 (1995) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2253 LAW, CULTURE, AND HARASSMENT, 142 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1227, 1311 (1994)
2254 WHEN THE SUPREME COURT RESTRICTS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS, CAN CON-
GRESS SAVE US? AN EXAMINATION OF SECTION 5 OF THE FOURTEENTH AMEND-
MENT, 141 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1029, 1101+ (1993) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2255 MARK TUSHNET ON LIBERAL CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY: MISSION IMPOSSIBLE,
137 U. Pa. L. Rev. 2259, 2333 (1989)
2256 IN DEFENSE OF THE POLITICAL QUESTION DOCTRINE, 137 U. Pa. L. Rev. 97, 176
(1988) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2257 FEDERAL POWER OVER INDIANS: ITS SOURCES, SCOPE, AND LIMITATIONS, 132 U.
Pa. L. Rev. 195, 288 (1984)
2258 REDIFINING THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES STATE SOVEREIGNTY DOCTRINE,
129 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1460, 1484 (1981)
2259 THE ELEVENTH AMENDMENT AND OTHER SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY DOCTRINES:
CONGRESSIONAL IMPOSITION OF SUIT OPON THE STATES, 126 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1203,
1280 (1978) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2260 CONSIDERATIONS IN THE REGULATION OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 126 U. Pa. L.
Rev. 1420, 1446 (1978)
2261 THE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS TREATIES: SOME PROBLEMS OF POLICY
AND INTERPRETATION, 126 U. Pa. L. Rev. 886, 929 (1978)
2262 THE FREE EXERCISE CLAUSE, THE NLRA, AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOL TEACHERS, 126
U. Pa. L. Rev. 631, 672 (1978) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2263 APPLYING THE EQUAL PAY ACT TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: THE EF-
FECT OF NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES V. USERY, 125 U. Pa. L. Rev. 665, 681 (1977)
2264 PRIVATE SCHOOL DESEGREGATION UNDER SECTION 1981, 124 U. Pa. L. Rev. 714, 754
(1976)
2265 RACE, RACISM AND AMERICAN LAW. BY DERRICK A. BELL, JR. BOSTON: LITTLE
BROWN & CO., 1973. PP XLII, 1076. $19.00, 122 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1044, 1069 (1974)
2266 EAST-WEST TRADE BOYCOTTS: A STUDY IN PRIVATE, LABOR UNION, STATE, AND
LOCAL INTERFERENCE WITH FOREIGN POLICY, 118 U. Pa. L. Rev. 841, 938+ (1970)
HN: 5,11,12 (S.Ct.)
2267 THE CONSTITUTION, TREATIES, AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS, 116 U. Pa. L.
Rev. 1012, 1032 (1968)
2268 THE CONSTITUTION AND THE SUPREME COURT: A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY, 115
U. Pa. L. Rev. 646, 652 (1967) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2269 THE RELEVANCE OF LEGISLATIVE FACTS IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 114 U. Pa. L.
Rev. 637, 679+ (1966) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2270 A HEALTHY DEBATE: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF AN INDIVIDUAL MANDATE,


158 U. Pa. L. Rev. PENNumbra 93, 112 (2009)
2271 ENSLAVED CONSTITUTION: OBSTRUCTING THE FREEDOM TO TRAVEL, 70 U. Pitt. L.
Rev. 233, 275+ (2008) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2272 TEMPORAL DYNAMICS IN STATUTORY INTERPRETATION: COURTS, CONGRESS,
AND THE CANON OF CONSTITUTIONAL AVOIDANCE, 64 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 529, 587 (2003)
2273 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON; AN ANALYSIS OF THE DIMINISHED EFFECT OF
CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS IN COMMERCE CLAUSE JURISPRUDENCE AND A CRITI-
CISM OF THE ABANDONMENT OF THE RATIONAL BASIS TEST, 62 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 815,
838+ (2001) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2274 FEDERAL COMMON LAW AND CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION: A RECONCEPTUAL-
IZATION OF ADMIRALTY, 61 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 367, 418 (2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2275 BELONGING, PROTECTION AND EQUALITY: THE NEGLECTED CITIZENSHIP CLAUSE
AND THE LIMITS OF FEDERALISM, 62 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 281, 334+ (2000) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2276 ENCOURAGING BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTS FROM UNRELATED DONORS: SOME
PROPOSED SOLUTIONS TO A PRESSING SOCIAL PROBLEM, 54 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 477, 530+
(1993)
2277 PUTTING ERIE ON THE RIGHT TRACK, 49 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 937, 1005 (1988)
2278 CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION AS POLITICAL CHOICE, 48 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 989,
1024 (1987)
2279 ARTICLE III AND THE "RELATED TO' BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION: A CASE STUDY
IN PROTECTIVE JURISDICTION, 11 U. Puget Sound L. Rev. 1, 58+ (1987) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2280 COMMERCE CLAUSE, ENFORCEMENT CLAUSE, OR NEITHER? THE CONSTITUTION-
ALITY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMENT ACT IN BRZONKALA v. MORRISON, 34
U. Rich. L. Rev. 567, 581+ (2000) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2281 STUDENTS' RIGHTS AND HOW THEY ARE WRONGED, 32 U. Rich. L. Rev. 457, 475
(1998)
2282 THE PROBLEM OF CONCURRENT USE OF TRADEMARKS: AN OLD/NEW PROPOSAL,
28 U. Rich. L. Rev. 315, 384 (1994)
2283 SURVEY OF 1997 NONPROFIT CASE LAW (JANUARY-JUNE), 32 U.S.F. L. Rev. 365, 404+
(1998) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2284 THE USE OF LOCAL ORDINANCES TO COMBAT PRIVATE CLUB DISCRIMINATION, 23
U.S.F. L. Rev. 473, 498 (1989)
2285 FEDERALISM CONTRA FEDERAL RESERVISM: BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND
STATE BANK POWERS, 23 U.S.F. L. Rev. 317, 377 (1989) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2286 FEDERALISM AND POLARIZATION, 1 U. St. Thomas J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 63, 99 (2007)
2287 SOLVING THE MYSTERY OF HOW EX PARTE YOUNG ESCAPED THE FEDERALISM
REVOLUTION, 40 U. Tol. L. Rev. 909, 929 (2009)
2288 THE STAIN OF SLAVERY: NOTES TOWARD AN ATTAINDER THEORY OF THE THIR-
TEENTH AMENDMENT, 38 U. Tol. L. Rev. 1011, 1036 (2007) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2289 FREEDOM TO INTEGRATE: A DESEGREGATIONIST PERSPECTIVE ON THE THIR-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

TEENTH AMENDMENT, 38 U. Tol. L. Rev. 791, 808+ (2007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)


2290 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON: PROGRESSIVE LEGISLATION IS DOWN, BUT NOT
OUT, 33 U. Tol. L. Rev. 411, 429 (2002)
2291 BREAKING THE "RULE OF THUMB" AND OPENING THE CURTAINS--CAN THE VIOL-
ENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT SURVIVE CONSTITUTIONAL SCRUTINY?, 28 U. Tol. L.
Rev. 887, 907+ (1997) HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2292 STANDING TO SUE: TRANSFORMATIONS IN SUPREME COURT METHODOLOGY,
DOCTRINE AND RESULTS, 28 U. Tol. L. Rev. 93, 148 (1996)
2293 GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY: ANTIFEDERAL-
ISM REVISITED, 21 U. Tol. L. Rev. 147, 202 (1989)
2294 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT AND CONTEMPORARY COMMERCE POWER:
PRINCIPLED REGULATION AND THE CONCERNS OF FEDERALISM, 1999 Utah L. Rev.
703, 753+ (1999) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2295 CONSTITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF ACQUISITION-VALUE REAL PROPERTY TAXA-
TION: ASSESSING THE BURDENS ON TRAVEL AND COMMERCE, 1994 Utah L. Rev.
1027, 1105 (1994) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2296 THE ORPHAN DRUG ACT: AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL EXERCISE OF THE PATENT
FORM, 1992 Utah L. Rev. 389, 447+ (1992) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2297 THE SHANTIES, SYMBOLIC SPEECH, AND THE PUBLIC FORUM: RAMSHACKLE PRO-
TECTION FOR FREE EXPRESSION?, 1990 Utah L. Rev. 503, 542 (1990)
2298 RELIGION AND THE PUBLIC TREASURY AFTER TAXATION WITH REPRESENTATION
OF WASHINGTON, MUELLER, AND BOB JONES, 1984 Utah L. Rev. 275, 312 (1984) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
2299 THE BRADY ACT, THE TENTH AMENDMENT, AND AMERICA'S GUN CULT, 30 UWLA
L. Rev. 23, 59 (1999) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2300 RLUIPA AND PRISONER'S RIGHTS: VINDICATING LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE FOR
THE CONDEMNED BY TARGETING A STATE'S BOTTOM LINE, 44 Val. U. L. Rev. 283,
328+ (2009) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2301 DRIVING OFF THE FACE OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT: WEIGHING CABALLES UN-
DER THE PROPOSED "VEHICULAR FRISK" STANDARD, 43 Val. U. L. Rev. 113, 126+
(2008)
2302 FROM SELF-DETERMINATION TO SELF-DOMINATION: NATIVE AMERICANS, WEST-
ERN CULTURE, AND THE PROMISE OF CONSTITUTIONAL-BASED REFORM, 39 Val. U.
L. Rev. 1, 26 (2004)
2303 TAXI! WHY HAILING A NEW IDEA ABOUT PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION LAWS MAY
BE EASIER THAN HAILING A TAXI, 37 Val. U. L. Rev. 929, 952+ (2003) HN: 12,16,19
(S.Ct.)
2304 GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAIN, BUT KEEP IT OUT OF THE OFFICE: RELIGIOUS
HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE, 31 Val. U. L. Rev. 971, 1016 (1997)
2305 HOW TO SUE THE PRESIDENT: A PROPOSAL FOR LEGISLATION ESTABLISHING THE
EXTENT OF PRESIDENTIAL IMMUNITY, 30 Val. U. L. Rev. 283, 333 (1995) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2306 VOUCHING FOR FEDERAL EDUCATIONAL CHOICE: IF YOU PAY THEM, THEY WILL
COME, 29 Val. U. L. Rev. 1005, 1055+ (1995)
2307 STYLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION AND THE FOUR MAIN AP-
PROACHES TO CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION IN AMERICAN LEGAL HIS-
TORY, 29 Val. U. L. Rev. 121, 232 (1994)
2308 THE IMPORTANCE OF DISSENT AND THE IMPERATIVE JUDICIAL CIVILITY, 28 Val.
U. L. Rev. 583, 646 (1994)
2309 MANDATORY RETIREMENT OF APPOINTED STATE JUDGES: BALANCING STATE
AND FEDERAL INTERESTS, 25 Val. U. L. Rev. 125, 155 (1990) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2310 WINE WARS: HOW WE HAVE PAINTED OURSELVES INTO A REGULATORY CORNER,
12 Vand. J. Ent. & Tech. L. 397, 437+ (2010) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2311 STEAL THIS CONCERT? THE FEDERAL ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTE GETS
STRUCK DOWN, BUT NOT OUT, 7 Vand. J. Ent. L. & Prac. 373, 378 (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2312 THE DOHA DECLARATION AND BEYOND: GIVING A VOICE TO NON-TRADE CON-
CERNS WITHIN THE WTO TRADE REGIME, 36 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 95, 160+ (2003) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
2313 A CASE OF UNCONSTITUTIONAL IMMIGRATION: THE IMPORTATION OF ENGLAND'S
NATIONAL CURRICULUM TO THE UNITED STATES, 34 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 333, 403+
(2001) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2314 THE IRISH ABORTION DEBATE: SUBSTANTIVE RIGHTS AND AFFECTING COM-
MERCE JURISPRUDENTIAL MODELS, 26 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 1117, 1162 (1994) HN: 5
(S.Ct.)
2315 BARRIERS TO THE INTERNATIONAL FLOW OF CAPITAL: THE FACILITATION OF
MULTINATIONAL SECURITIES OFFERINGS, 20 Vand. J. Transnat'l L. 81, 122 (1987)
2316 THE LIBERAL TRADITION OF THE SUPREME COURT CLERKSHIP: ITS RISE, FALL,
AND REINCARNATION?, 62 Vand. L. Rev. 1749, 1814 (2009)
2317 A DARWINIST VIEW OF THE LIVING CONSTITUTION, 61 Vand. L. Rev. 1319, 1347
(2008)
2318 THE GEOLOGIC STRATA OF THE LAW SCHOOL CURRICULUM, 60 Vand. L. Rev. 339,
369 (2007)
2319 THE NEW COMMERCE CLAUSE DOCTRINE IN GAME THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE,
60 Vand. L. Rev. 1, 74+ (2007) HN: 4,9,12 (S.Ct.)
2320 "THE HOUSE WAS QUIET AND THE WORLD WAS CALM THE READER BECAME THE
BOOK" Reading the Bill of Rights as a Poem: An Essay in Honor of the Fiftieth Anniversary of
Brown v. Board of Education, 57 Vand. L. Rev. 2007, 2083 (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2321 ELECTRONIC IMPULSES, DIGITAL SIGNALS, AND FEDERAL JURISDICTION: CON-
GRESS'S COMMERCE CLAUSE POWER IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, 56 Vand. L.
Rev. 277, 327+ (2003) HN: 4,9,12 (S.Ct.)
2322 AVOIDING IMPOTENCE: RETHINKING THE STANDARDS FOR APPLYING STATE AN-
TITRUST LAWS TO INTERSTATE COMMERCE, 54 Vand. L. Rev. 1705, 1750 (2001) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)

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2323 THE RIGHT RESULTS ALL THE WRONG REASONS: AN HISTORICAL AND FUNCTION-
AL ANALYSIS OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 53 Vand. L. Rev. 271, 310+ (2000) HN:
12,19 (S.Ct.)
2324 ABORTION AS COMMERCE: THE IMPACT OF UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ ON FREE-
DOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES ACT OF 1994, 50 Vand. L. Rev. 239, 244+
(1997) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2325 THE BRADY BILL: SURVIVING THE TENTH AMENDMENT, 48 Vand. L. Rev. 1803, 1838+
(1995) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2326 OLD WINE IN NEW BOTTLES: THE CONSTITUTIONAL STATUS OF UNCONSTITU-
TIONAL SPEECH, 48 Vand. L. Rev. 349, 389 (1995)
2327 FEDERALISM AND CIVIL RIGHTS: COMPLEMENTARY AND COMPETING
PARADIGMS, 47 Vand. L. Rev. 1251, 1301+ (1994) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2328 THE ELASTIC COMMERCE CLAUSE: A POLITICAL THEORY OF AMERICAN FEDER-
ALISM, 47 Vand. L. Rev. 1355, 1400 (1994) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2329 UNDERSTANDING FEDERALISM, 47 Vand. L. Rev. 1485, 1561 (1994)
2330 QUASI-CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: CLEAR STATEMENT RULES AS CONSTITUTIONAL
LAWMAKING, 45 Vand. L. Rev. 593, 646 (1992)
2331 THE COURTS RESPONSE TO THE REAGAN CIVIL RIGHTS AGENDA, 42 Vand. L. Rev.
1003, 1016 (1989)
2332 THE FAIR HOUSING AMENDMENTS ACT OF 1988: THE SECOND GENERATION OF
FAIR HOUSING, 42 Vand. L. Rev. 1049, 1120 (1989)
2333 THE CONSTITUTIONAL EXERCISE OF THE FEDERAL POLICE POWER: A FUNCTION-
AL APPROACH TO FEDERALISM, 41 Vand. L. Rev. 1019, 1032+ (1988) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2334 FEDERALISM, SEPARATION OF POWERS, AND INDIVIDUAL LIBERTIES, 40 Vand. L.
Rev. 1353, 1364 (1987) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2335 TENSION BETWEEN THE FIRST AND TWENTY-FIRST AMENDMENTS IN STATE REG-
ULATION OF ALCOHOL ADVERTISING, 37 Vand. L. Rev. 1421, 1453 (1984) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2336 REDEFINING GOVERNMENT'S ROLE IN HEALTH CARE: IS A DOSE OF COMPETITION
WHAT THE DOCTOR SHOULD ORDER?, 34 Vand. L. Rev. 849, 926 (1981)
2337 IT WORKS FINE IN EUROPE, SO WHY NOT HERE? COMPARATIVE LAW AND CONSTI-
TUTIONAL FEDERALISM, 23 Vt. L. Rev. 885, 908 (1999) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2338 BEYOND STANDING: PROPOSALS FOR CONGRESSIONAL RESPONSE TO SUPREME
COURT "STANDING" DECISIONS, 13 Vt. L. Rev. 675, 690 (1989)
2339 ENDANGERED STATUTE? THE CURRENT ASSAULT ON THE ENDANGERED SPECIES
ACT, 17 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 389, 410+ (2006) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2340 SEEING RED: GIBBS V. BABBITT, 13 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 1, 58+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2341 WHISTLING DIXIE: THE INVALIDITY AND UNCONSTITUTIONALITY OF COVENANTS
AGAINST YANKEES, 10 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 57, 89+ (1999) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2342 LESLIE SALT CO. v. UNITED STATES: HAVE MIGRATORY BIRDS CARRIED THE COM-
MERCE CLAUSE ACROSS THE BORDERS OF REASON?, 8 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 291, 319+
(1997) HN: 5,11,12 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2343 THE FLOW CONTROL OF SOLID WASTE AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE: CARBONE
AND ITS PROGENY, 7 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 203, 261 (1996)
2344 LESLIE SALT CO. v. UNITED STATES: KEEP THE BIRDS OUT OF YOUR BIRDBATH: IT
MAY BE CONSIDERED THE JURISDICTION OF THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS AS
A "WATER OF THE UNITED STATES", 2 Vill. Envtl. L.J. 463, 501+ (1991) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2345 WHY FEDERALISM MUST BE ENFORCED: A RESPONSE TO PROFESSOR KRAMER, 46
Vill. L. Rev. 1069, 1089 (2001)
2346 CONFLATING SCOPE OF RIGHT WITH STANDARD OF REVIEW: THE SUPREME
COURT'S "STRICT SCRUTINY' OF CONGRESSIONAL EFFORTS TO ENFORCE THE
FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT, 46 Vill. L. Rev. 1091, 1110 (2001)
2347 DOES COMMERCE CLAUSE REVIEW HAVE PERVERSE EFFECTS?, 46 Vill. L. Rev. 1325,
1340 (2001) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2348 TWO CHEERS FOR PROCESS FEDERALISM, 46 Vill. L. Rev. 1349, 1395 (2001)
2349 WOMEN DO NOT REPORT THE VIOLENCE THEY SUFFER: VIOLENCE AGAINST WO-
MEN AND THE STATE ACTION DOCTRINE, 46 Vill. L. Rev. 907, 950+ (2001)
2350 RESTORING REGARD FOR THE "REGARDED AS" PRONG: GIVING EFFECT TO CON-
GRESSIONAL INTENT, 42 Vill. L. Rev. 587, 612 (1997) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2351 CHEFFER v. RENO: IS THE REGULATION OF ABORTION CLINIC PROTESTS THE REG-
ULATION OF INTERSTATE COMMERCE?, 41 Vill. L. Rev. 867, 907+ (1996) HN: 4,14,19
(S.Ct.)
2352 THE CONSTITUTIONAL DIMENSION OF A NATIONAL PRODUCTS LIABILITY STAT-
UTE OF REPOSE, 40 Vill. L. Rev. 985, 1056 (1995) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2353 REDEFINING "INTERSTATE COMMERCE" JURISDICTION UNDER THE SHERMAN
ACT: SUMMIT HEALTH, LTD. v. PINHAS, 37 Vill. L. Rev. 373, 408 (1992) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2354 RESOLVING THE DISSONANT CONSTITUTIONAL CHORDS INHERENT IN THE FEDER-
AL ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTE IN UNITED STATES V. MOGHADAM, 7 Vill. Sports
& Ent. L.J. 327, 362+ (2000) HN: 2,11,12 (S.Ct.)
2355 HARNESSING THE TREATY POWER IN SUPPORT OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION
OF ACTIVITIES THAT DON'T "SUBSTANTIALLY AFFECT INTERSTATE COMMERCE":
RECOGNIZING THE REALITIES OF THE NEW FEDERALISM, 22 Va. Envtl. L.J. 167, 214
(2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2356 IT'S TIME FOR CONGRESS TO REARM THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS: A RE-
SPONSE TO THE SOLID WASTE AGENCY DECISION, 20 Va. Envtl. L.J. 531, 547+ (2001)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2357 AFTER UNITED STATES V. LOPEZ: CAN THE CLEAN WATER ACT AND THE EN-
DANGERED SPECIES ACT SURVIVE COMMERCE CLAUSE ATTACK?, 15 Va. Envtl. L.J.
139, 211+ (1995) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
2358 NEVADA v. WATKINS: WHO GETS THE SHAFT?, 10 Va. Envtl. L.J. 239, 296+ (1991)
2359 A TRAVELER FROM AN ANTIQUE LAND: THE MODERN RENAISSANCE OF COMPAR-
ATIVE CONSTITUTIONALISM, 50 Va. J. Int'l L. 3, 41 (2009)
2360 "DON'T ASK, DON'T TELL;" A DISCUSSION OF EMPLOYEE PRIVACY IN CYBERSPACE

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

IN LIGHT OF MCVEIGH V. COHEN, ET AL., 3 Va. J.L. & Tech. 7, 48 (1998)


2361 THE AMERICAN "LEGAL' DILEMMA: COLORBLIND I/COLORBLIND II-THE RULES
HAVE CHANGED AGAIN: A SEMANTIC APOTHEGMATIC PERMUTATION, 7 Va. J. Soc.
Pol'y & L. 315, 453 (2000)
2362 COMMUNITY AND AMERICAN FEDERALISM: IMAGES ROMANTIC AND REAL, 4 Va.
J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 683, 742 (1997) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2363 THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE FREEDOM OF ACCESS TO CLINIC ENTRANCES
ACT OF 1993, 1 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 291, 308 (1994)
2364 CONSTITUTIONAL CALCIFICATION: HOW THE LAW BECOMES WHAT THE COURT
DOES, 91 Va. L. Rev. 1649, 1720 (2005)
2365 "RATIONAL DISCRIMINATION," ACCOMMODATION, AND THE POLITICS OF
(DISABILITY) CIVIL RIGHTS, 89 Va. L. Rev. 825, 923 (2003) HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2366 CUSTOM AND USAGE AS ACTION UNDER COLOR OF STATE LAW: AN ESSAY ON
THE FORGOTTEN TERMS OF SECTION 1983, 89 Va. L. Rev. 925, 977 (2003) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2367 HOW GREAT WERE THE "GREAT" MARSHALL COURT DECISIONS?, 87 Va. L. Rev.
1111, 1184 (2001)
2368 GOD AND MAN IN THE YALE DORMITORIES, 84 Va. L. Rev. 843, 869 (1998)
2369 ORIGINALISM AND THE DESEGREGATION DECISIONS, 81 Va. L. Rev. 947, 1140 (1995)
2370 STATUTES REVOLVING IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW ORBITS, 79 Va. L. Rev. 1, 83 (1993)
2371 REGULATING THE SALE OF HUMAN ORGANS, 71 Va. L. Rev. 1015, 1038 (1985) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2372 POLITICAL STRIKES, LABOR LAW, AND DEMOCRATIC RIGHTS, 71 Va. L. Rev. 685, 752
(1985)
2373 FEDERALISM AND FEDERAL QUESTIONS: PROTECTING CIVIL RIGHTS UNDER THE
REGIME OF SWIFT v. TYSON, 70 Va. L. Rev. 267, 296 (1984) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2374 CONGRESSIONAL POWER AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS: REFLECTIONS ON PRO-
POSED "HUMAN LIFE' LEGISLATION, 68 Va. L. Rev. 333, 458+ (1982)
2375 6 Va. Sports & Ent. L.J. 243, THE NEXT (AND LAST?) CONSTITUTIONAL COPYRIGHT
CASE (2007)
2376 FEDERALISM AND STATE BUSINESS ACTIVITY TAX NEXUS; REVISITING PUBLIC
LAW 86-272, 21 Va. Tax Rev. 435, 506+ (2002) HN: 11,12,20 (S.Ct.)
2377 AFFIRMATIVELY FURTHERING FAIR HOUSING IN REGIONAL HOUSING MARKETS:
THE BALTIMORE PUBLIC HOUSING DESEGREGATION LITIGATION, 42 Wake Forest L.
Rev. 333, 391+ (2007) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2378 LAW AND ECONOMICS OF REGULATING LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN-
CENTIVES, 41 Wake Forest L. Rev. 805, 834 (2006) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2379 JUDICIAL REVIEW AND POPULISM, 38 Wake Forest L. Rev. 313, 374 (2003) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2380 THE POLITICS OF AMERICAN JUDICIAL REVIEW: REFLECTIONS ON THE MAR-
SHALL, WARREN, AND REHNQUIST COURTS, 38 Wake Forest L. Rev. 697, 732 (2003)
2381 THE CONGRESSIONAL EXPANSION OF AMERICAN TRADEMARK LAW: A CIVIL LAW

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

SYSTEM IN THE MAKING, 35 Wake Forest L. Rev. 827, 913 (2000)


2382 STANDING ALONE IN MURKY WATERS: EVALUATING THE FOURTH CIRCUIT'S SOL-
ITARY STANCE ON FEDERAL WETLANDS REGULATION, 34 Wake Forest L. Rev. 1179,
1204 (1999) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2383 THE "HOW" OF ENFORCING THE FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT: WHY THE
REHNQUIST COURT'S TREATMENT OF IMPLEMENTATION, NOT INTERPRETATION,
IS THE TRUE POST-BOERNE FAILING, 47 Washburn L.J. 47, 91 (2007)
2384 JUBILEE, 43 Washburn L.J. 353, 368+ (2004)
2385 REDEFINING JURISDICTIONAL LIMITS IN THE CLEAN WATER ACT: "TRIBUTARY"
ACQUIRES NEW MEANING WITH HELP FROM CHEVRON AND SEMINOLE ROCK DE-
FERENCE (UNITED STATES V. DEATON, 332 F.3D 698 (4TH CIR. 2003)), 43 Washburn L.J.
459, 487 (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2386 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW IN THE UNITED STATES AND AUSTRALIA: FINDING COM-
MON GROUND, 35 Washburn L.J. 1, 31 (1995)
2387 OIL AND GAS LAW: STATE PRODUCTION REGULATION UNDER THE NATURAL GAS
ACT REVISITED NORTHWEST CENTRAL PIPELINE CORP. v. STATE CORPORATION
COMMISSION, 109 S.CT. 1262 (1989), 29 Washburn L.J. 123, 140 (1989) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2388 REGULATING INTRASTATE CRIME: HOW THE FEDERAL KIDNAPPING ACT BLURS
THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN WHAT IS TRULY NATIONAL AND WHAT IS TRULY
LOCAL, 65 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 767, 806+ (2008) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2389 SAVING SECTION 5: LESSONS FROM CONSENT DECREES AND EX PARTE YOUNG, 62
Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1001, 1069+ (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2390 COME BACK TO THE NICKEL AND FIVE: TRACING THE WARREN COURT'S PURSUIT
OF EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW, 59 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1203, 1244+ (2002) HN:
14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2391 THE DEVIL IN U.S. v. JONES: CHURCH BURNINGS, FEDERALISM, AND A NEW LOOK
AT THE HOBBS ACT, 59 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1461, 1503+ (2002) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2392 MARBURY ASCENDANT: THE REHNQUIST COURT AND THE POWER TO "SAY WHAT
THE LAW IS", 59 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 839, 917 (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2393 THE NEW FEDERALISM JURISPRUDENCE AND NATIONAL TORT REFORM, 59 Wash. &
Lee L. Rev. 475, 538 (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2394 CHECKING CONGRESS AND BALANCING FEDERALISM: A LESSON FROM SEPARA-
TION-OF-POWERS JURISPRUDENCE, 57 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1213, 1284+ (2000) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
2395 THE FOURTH REVOLUTION, 52 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1699, 1722 (1995)
2396 DELIBERATE INDIFFERENCE: JUDICIAL TOLERANCE OF RACIAL BIAS IN CRIMINAL
JUSTICE, 51 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 509, 527 (1994)
2397 THE CURIOUS CASE OF THE VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE: AN ESSAY ON THE JU-
DICIAL FUNCTION, 50 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 35, 48 (1993)
2398 RATIONALITY-AND THE IRRATIONAL UNDERINCLUSIVENESS OF THE CIVIL
RIGHTS LAWS, 45 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1, 62+ (1988) HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2399 JURISDICTION AND MERITS, 80 Wash. L. Rev. 643, 704+ (2005) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2400 SETTLING SIGNIFICANT CASES, 79 Wash. L. Rev. 881, 968 (2004)
2401 FREEDOM'S ASSOCIATIONS, 77 Wash. L. Rev. 639, 767 (2002)
2402 THE RELIGIOUS LAND USE AND INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS ACT: AN ANALYSIS
UNDER THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 76 Wash. L. Rev. 1255, 1288+ (2001) HN: 4,12,19
(S.Ct.)
2403 HATE EXPOSED TO THE LIGHT OF DAY: DETERMINING THE BOY SCOUTS OF AMER-
ICA'S EXPRESSIVE PURPOSE SOLELY FROM OBJECTIVE EVIDENCE, 75 Wash. L. Rev.
577, 610 (2000)
2404 A PRIMER OF PUBLIC LAND LAW, 68 Wash. L. Rev. 801, 857 (1993) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2405 REAL DISCRIMINATION?, 16 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 97, 127 (2004) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2406 FUNDAMENTALIST FEDERALISM: THE LACK OF A RATIONAL BASIS IN UNITED
STATES V. MORRISON, 9 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 353, 378+ (2002) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2407 WHITHER "FAIR" HOUSING: MEDITATIONS ON WRONG PARADIGMS, AMBIVALENT
ANSWERS, AND A LEGISLATIVE PROPOSAL, 3 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 241, 294 (2000) HN:
18 (S.Ct.)
2408 FEDERALISM IN THE SECOND REPUBLIC'S THIRD CENTURY, 50 Wash. U. J. Urb. &
Contemp. L. 95, 123 (1996)
2409 RATCHET PLUS? POSSIBLE CONSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATIONS FOR THE RELIGIOUS
FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT OF 1993, 48 Wash. U. J. Urb. & Contemp. L. 343, 371+
(1995) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2410 SEX, RACE, AND AGE: DOUBLE DISCRIMINATION IN TORTS AND TAXES, 78 Wash. U.
L.Q. 1341, 1486 (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2411 CONSTITUTIONAL FEDERALISM, INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY, AND THE SECURITIES LIT-
IGATION UNIFORM STANDARDS ACT OF 1998, 78 Wash. U. L.Q. 435, 496+ (2000) HN:
14 (S.Ct.)
2412 ASSISTED SUICIDE AND REPRODUCTIVE FREEDOM: EXPLORING SOME CONNEC-
TIONS, 76 Wash. U. L.Q. 15, 36 (1998)
2413 TITLE III OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: CONSTITUTIONALLY SAFE
AND SOUND, 75 Wash. U. L.Q. 723, 749+ (1997)
2414 THE EFFECTS OF THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT: A CASE STUDY, 72 Wash. U. L.Q. 725, 756
(1994)
2415 DISCRIMINATION BY PRIVATE CLUBS, 67 Wash. U. L.Q. 815, 853 (1989) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2416 RANCHO VIEJO AND GDF REALTY: EXTENDING COMMERCE CLAUSE POWERS TO
INTRASTATE SPECIES BY DEFINING THE PRECISE REGULATED ACTIVITY, 50 Wayne
L. Rev. 977, 997+ (2004) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2417 UNDERSTANDING THE "UNDERSTANDING": FEDERALISM CONSTRAINTS ON HU-
MAN RIGHTS IMPLEMENTATION, 47 Wayne L. Rev. 891, 910 (2001)
2418 "NO CIVILIZED SYSTEM OF JUSTICE": THE FATE OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WO-
MEN ACT, 102 W. Va. L. Rev. 499, 546 (2000)
2419 HISTORY, JURISDICTION, AND THE FEDERAL COURTS: CHANGING CONTEXTS, SE-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

LECTIVE MEMORIES, AND LIMITED IMAGINATION, 98 W. Va. L. Rev. 171, 239+ (1995)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2420 LEX, LIES AND AUDIOTAPE, 96 W. Va. L. Rev. 449, 469 (1993) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2421 PROPOSALS FOR FUNDING UNITED MINE WORKERS OF AMERICA RETIREE HEALTH
BENEFITS: THE CONSTITUTIONAL DIMENSIONS, 93 W. Va. L. Rev. 633, 671+ (1991)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2422 CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE AND CIVIL RICO: ANTI-ABORTIONISTS AS RACKETEERS, 93
W. Va. L. Rev. 359, 385+ (1991) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2423 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW - IS 18 U.S.C. S 922(O)(1) CONSTITUTIONAL? MERE POSSES-
SION OF SELF-CREATED OBJECTS AND THE REACH OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 28
W. New Eng. L. Rev. 133, 177+ (2005) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2424 LANGUAGE THAT LIMITS EMPLOYER LIABILITY IN MASSACHUSETTS, 21 W. New
Eng. L. Rev. 97, 130 (1999)
2425 HOW PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS CAN MEET THEIR OBLIGATIONS TO ACCOM-
MODATE STUDENTS WITH SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES, 17 W. New Eng. L. Rev.
77, 107 (1995) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2426 LABOR LAW-THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD'S JURISDICTIONAL
POWER OVER HANDICAPPED EMPLOYEES IN SHELTERED WORKSHOPS, 11 W. New
Eng. L. Rev. 347, 388 (1989) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2427 NO DEMOCRACY FOR ANIMAL LOVERS: THE EXCLUSION AND MARGINALIZATION
OF ANIMAL RIGHTS ACTIVISTS IN AMERICA, 31 Whittier L. Rev. 319, 343 (2009)
2428 COMPULSORY ARBITRATION OF EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENTS: BENEFICENT
SHIELD OR SWORD OF OPPRESSION? ARMENDARIZ V. FOUNDATION HEALTH
PSYCHCARE SERVICES, INC., 22 Whittier L. Rev. 1107, 1159 (2001)
2429 DOMESTIC SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY: A LONG WAY BACK TO THE ELEVENTH
AMENDMENT, 22 Whittier L. Rev. 531, 576 (2000)
2430 A CRITIQUE OF THE MARKET PARTICIPATION EXCEPTION, 15 Whittier L. Rev. 647,
689 (1994)
2431 12 Widener L.J. 459, THE REHNQUIST COURT AND STATE SOVEREIGNTY: LIMITA-
TIONS OF THE NEW FEDERALISM (2003)
2432 MCCULLOCH V. MARYLAND: LOOKING TO THE PAST FOR A COMMON FUTURE,
4-SPG Widener L. Symp. J. 401, 427+ (1999) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2433 PRESIDENTIAL POWERS REVISITED: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL
POWERS OF THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OVER THE REORGAN-
IZATION AND CONDUCT OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH, 44 Willamette L. Rev. 63, 103+
(2007)
2434 THE COMMERCE OF PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE: CAN CONGRESS REGULATE A
"LEGITIMATE MEDICAL PURPOSE"?, 43 Willamette L. Rev. 399, 420 (2007) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2435 THE SIT-INS AND THE STATE ACTION DOCTRINE, 18 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 767, 829+
(2010) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2436 CONFLICTING COMMERCE CLAUSES: HOW RAICH AND AMERICAN TRUCKING DIS-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

HONOR THEIR DOCTRINES, 15 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 687, 710+ (2006) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2437 THE LIVING COMMERCE CLAUSE: FEDERALISM IN PROGRESSIVE POLITICAL THE-
ORY AND THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AFTER LOPEZ AND MORRISON, 11 Wm. & Mary
Bill Rts. J. 403, 462+ (2002)
2438 RELIGIOUS LAND USE AND INSTITUTIONALIZED PERSONS ACT OF 2000: UNCON-
STITUTIONAL AND UNNECESSARY, 10 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 189, 215+ (2001) HN:
12,19 (S.Ct.)
2439 DRAWING A LINE IN THE CONSTITUTIONAL SAND BETWEEN CONGRESS AND THE
FOREIGN CITIZEN "CYBERSQUATTER", 9 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 461, 489 (2001) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2440 NOTHING AND EVERYTHING: RACE, ROMER, AND (GAY/LESBIAN/BISEXUAL)
RIGHTS, 6 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 229, 259+ (1997) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2441 SOURCES OF RIGHTS TO ACCESS PUBLIC INFORMATION, 4 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J.
179, 221 (1995)
2442 THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, FEDERALISM, AND ENVIRONMENTALISM: AT ODDS
AFTER OLIN?, 21 Wm. & Mary Envtl. L. & Pol'y Rev. 735, 766+ (1997) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
2443 WHY SEGREGATED SCHOOLS FOR GAY STUDENTS MAY PASS A "SEPARATE BUT
EQUAL' ANALYSIS BUT FAIL OTHER ISSUES AND CONCERNS, 12 Wm. & Mary J. Wo-
men & L. 101, 134 (2005)
2444 ENUMERATED LIMITS, NORMATIVE PRINCIPLES, AND CONGRESSIONAL OVER-
STEPPING: WHY THE CIVIL RIGHTS PROVISION OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WO-
MEN ACT IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL, 6 Wm. & Mary J. Women & L. 447, 491+ (2000) HN:
2,19 (S.Ct.)
2445 ST. GEORGE TUCKER AND THE LEGACY OF SLAVERY, 47 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1157,
1212 (2006)
2446 MAKING FEDERALISM DOCTRINE: FIDELITY, INSTITUTIONAL COMPETENCE, AND
COMPENSATING ADJUSTMENTS, 46 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1733, 1855+ (2005)
2447 BRIDGING THE ENFORCEMENT GAP IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW: A CRITIQUE OF
THE SUPREME COURT'S THEORY THAT SELF-RESTRAINT PROMOTES FEDERALISM,
46 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1289, 1341 (2005)
2448 A BEAUTIFUL MEND: A GAME THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DORMANT COM-
MERCE CLAUSE DOCTRINE, 45 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1, 155 (2003)
2449 A CONSTITUTION OF COLLABORATION: PROTECTING FUNDAMENTAL VALUES
WITH SECOND-LOOK RULES OF INTERBRANCH DIALOGUE, 42 Wm. & Mary L. Rev.
1575, 1870 (2001) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2450 INTERPRETING AGENCY ENABLING ACTS: MISPLACED METAPHORS IN ADMINIS-
TRATIVE LAW, 41 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1463, 1530 (2000)
2451 THE RELIGIOUS FREEDOM RESTORATION ACT IS A CONSTITUTIONAL EXPANSION
OF RIGHTS, 39 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 601, 636+ (1998)
2452 CONCEPTUAL GULFS IN CITY OF BOERNE v. FLORES, 39 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 743, 792
(1998) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2453 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ, THEORETICAL BANG AND PRACTICAL WHIMPER? AN IL-
LUSTRATIVE ANALYSIS BASED ON LOWER COURT TREATMENT OF THE CHILD
SUPPORT RECOVERY ACT, 38 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 677, 687+ (1997) HN: 1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2454 PUBLIC SCHOOL DESEGREGATION IN VIRGINIA DURING THE POST-BROWN DEC-
ADE, 37 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1261, 1306 (1996)
2455 A CONSTITUTIONAL CHARGE AND A COMPARATIVE VISION TO SUBSTANTIALLY
EXPAND AND SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALIZE THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY: A PRELIM-
INARY BLUEPRINT FOR REMODELING OUR NATIONAL HOUSES OF JUSTICE AND
ESTABLISHING A SEPA, 37 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 535, 671 (1996)
2456 THE RACIAL LIMITS OF THE FAIR HOUSING ACT: THE INTERSECTION OF DOMIN-
ANT WHITE IMAGES, THE VIOLENCE OF NEIGHBORHOOD PURITY, AND THE MAS-
TER NARRATIVE OF BLACK INFERIORITY, 37 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 69, 159 (1995)
2457 THE RISE AND FALL OF SUPREME COURT CONCERN FOR RACIAL MINORITIES, 36
Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 345, 365+ (1995) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2458 PUNITIVE DAMAGE "OVERKILL" AFTER TXO PRODUCTION CORP. v. ALLIANCE RE-
SOURCES: THE NEED FOR A CONGRESSIONAL SOLUTION, 36 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 751,
782 (1995)
2459 DOES THE FIRST AMENDMENT PROTECT MORE THAN FREE SPEECH?, 33 Wm. &
Mary L. Rev. 871, 894 (1992) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2460 LOOKING DOWN FROM THE HILL: FACTORS DETERMINING THE SUCCESS OF CON-
GRESSIONAL EFFORTS TO REVERSE SUPREME COURT INTERPRETATIONS OF THE
CONSTITUTION, 33 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 543, 610+ (1992) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2461 A SCOUT IS FRIENDLY: FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION AND THE STATE EFFORT TO
END PRIVATE DISCRIMINATION, 30 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 919, 955 (1989)
2462 LOPEZ AND FEDERALISM, 22 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 71, 118+ (1996) HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2463 SMOKE ALONG THE TRACKS: THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF CONVERTING RAILS-
TO-TRAILS UNDER 16 U.S.C. S 1247(D) GLOSEMEYER v. MISSOURI-KANSAS-TEXAS
R.R., 879 F.2d 316 (8TH CIR. 1989), 16 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 861, 896 (1990)
2464 REGULATING WHITE DESIRE, 2007 Wis. L. Rev. 463, 488 (2007)
2465 GO AHEAD. MAKE MY 90 DAYS: SHOULD PLAINTIFFS BE REQUIRED TO PROVIDE
NOTICE TO DEFENDANTS BEFORE FILING SUIT UNDER TITLE III OF THE AMERIC-
ANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT?, 2001 Wis. L. Rev. 107, 186 (2001) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2466 LOWER COURT READINGS OF LOPEZ, OR WHAT IF THE SUPREME COURT HELD A
CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION AND NOBODY CAME?, 2000 Wis. L. Rev. 369, 402+
(2000) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2467 TENANT EVICTION PROTECTION AND THE TAKINGS CLAUSE, 1989 Wis. L. Rev. 925,
1019 (1989)
2468 HEARTS AND MINDS: THE ANATOMY OF RACISM FROM ROOSEVELT TO REAGAN.
BY HARRY S. ASHMORE. NEW YORK: MCGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY. 1982. PP.
VIII + 512., 1982 Wis. L. Rev. 1157, 1166 (1982)
2469 WHERE VIOLENCE, RELATIONSHIP, AND EQUALITY MEET: THE VIOLENCE

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

AGAINST WOMEN ACT'S CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY, 15 Wis. Women's L.J. 257, 292+ (2000)
2470 WHERE VIOLENCE, RELATIONSHIP, AND EQUALITY MEET: THE VIOLENCE
AGAINST WOMEN ACT'S CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY, 11 Wis. Women's L.J. 1, 36+ (1996)
2471 GATHERING DUST ON THE EVIDENCE SHELVES OF THE UNITED STATES-RAPE VIC-
TIMS AND THEIR KITS: DO RAPE VICTIMS HAVE RECOURSE AGAINST STATE AND
FEDERAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS?, 25 Women's Rts. L. Rep. 17, 35+ (2003) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2472 CHOOSING TO HELP OR TO ADVANCE THEIR AGENDA: A COMPARATIVE LOOK AT
HOW THE SUPREME COURTS OF INDIA AND THE UNITED STATES APPROACH VIOL-
ENCE AGAINST WOMEN, 24 Women's Rts. L. Rep. 83, 99 (2003)
2473 THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN ACT: CONTINUED CONFUSION OVER THE SCOPE
OF THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, 18 Women's Rts. L. Rep. 329, 342+ (1997)
2474 CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-THE COMMERCE CLAUSE IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: ENU-
MERATION STILL PRESUPPOSES SOMETHING NOT ENUMERATED. UNITED STATES
V. MORRISON, 120 S. CT. 1740 (2000)., 1 Wyo. L. Rev. 195, 229+ (2001) HN: 11,12,14
(S.Ct.)
2475 ARCHIBALD COX: CONSCIENCE OF A NATION. BY KEN GORMLEY. READING, MAS-
SACHUSETTS: ADDISON-WESLEY. 1997. PP. XXII, 585. $30.00 ($18.00 PAPERBACK
(CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS: PERSEUS. 1999))., 1 Wyo. L. Rev. 263, 284 (2001)
2476 "TO THE TABLES DOWN AT MORY'S": EQUALITY AS MEMBERSHIP AND LEADER-
SHIP IN PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS, 16 Yale J.L. & Feminism 241, 274
(2004) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
2477 RECONSTRUCTING EQUALITY: OF JUSTICE, JUSTICIA, AND THE GENDER OF JURIS-
DICTION, 14 Yale J.L. & Feminism 393, 418+ (2002) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2478 DIFFERING PARADIGMS, SIMILAR FLAWS: CONSTRUCTING A NEW APPROACH TO
FEDERALISM IN CONGRESS AND THE COURT, 14 Yale J. on Reg. 187, 225 (1996)
2479 TORT LAW AND FEDERALISM: WHATEVER HAPPENED TO DEVOLUTION?, 14 Yale J.
on Reg. 429, 463 (1996)
2480 CRITICAL ERROR: COURTS' REFUSAL TO RECOGNIZE INTENTIONAL RACE DIS-
CRIMINATION FINDINGS AS CONSTITUTIONAL FACTS, 28 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 1, 59
(2009) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
2481 DIFFERING PARADIGMS, SIMILAR FLAWS: CONSTRUCTING A NEW APPROACH TO
FEDERALISM IN CONGRESS AND THE COURT, 14 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 187, 225 (1996)
2482 TORT LAW AND FEDERALISM: WHATEVER HAPPENED TO DEVOLUTION?, 14 Yale L.
& Pol'y Rev. 429, 463 (1996)
2483 "IF YOU AIN'T GOT THE DO, RE, MI": THE COMMERCE CLAUSE AND STATE RESID-
ENCE RESTRICTIONS ON WELFARE, 11 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 147, 202 (1993)
2484 PUBLIC PENSION FUNDS: THE NEED FOR FEDERAL REGULATION OF TRUSTEE IN-
VESTMENT DECISIONS, 4 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 188, 227 (1985) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2485 RACIAL CLASSIFICATION IN ASSISTED REPRODUCTION, 118 Yale L.J. 1844, 1898
(2009) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)

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2486 ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS: A MARKET FAILURE APPROACH TO THE COM-


MERCE CLAUSE, 116 Yale L.J. 456, 492 (2006)
2487 LEGISLATIVE CONSTITUTIONALISM AND SECTION FIVE POWER: POLICENTRIC IN-
TERPRETATION OF THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT, 112 Yale L.J. 1943, 2059+
(2003)
2488 LOCAL POLICING AFTER THE TERROR, 111 Yale L.J. 2137, 2194 (2002)
2489 CATEGORICAL FEDERALISM: JURISDICTION, GENDER, AND THE GLOBE, 111 Yale
L.J. 619, 680+ (2001)
2490 FEDERAL REGULATION OF STATE COURT PROCEDURES, 110 Yale L.J. 947, 1001
(2001) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2491 EQUAL PROTECTION BY LAW: FEDERAL ANTIDISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION
AFTER MORRISON AND KIMEL, 110 Yale L.J. 441, 526+ (2000) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2492 CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY AND CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY: REFLECTIONS ON
ACKERMAN, RECONSTRUCTION, AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AMERICAN
CONSTITUTION, 108 Yale L.J. 2011, 2038 (1999)
2493 CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY TRANSFORMED, 108 Yale L.J. 2115, 2163+ (1999) HN: 2,3
(S.Ct.)
2494 IN DEFENSE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS REMEDY OF THE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
ACT, 106 Yale L.J. 1849, 1883+ (1997) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2495 SAVING FACE: CLINIC ACCESS UNDER A NEW COMMERCE CLAUSE United States v.
Wilson, 73 F.3d 675 (7th Cir. 1995), cert. denied, 1996 WL 137910, 64 U.S.L.W. 3669 (U.S.
Oct. 7, 1996) (No. 95-1523)., 106 Yale L.J. 525, 530+ (1996) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2496 PUBLIC LAW LITIGATION AND SOCIAL REFORM THE HOLLOW HOPE: CAN COURTS
BRING ABOUT SOCIAL CHANGE? BY GERALD N. ROSENBERG. CHICAGO: UNI-
VERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS, 1991. PP. XII, 425. $29.95 (CLOTH), $16.95 (PAPER). RE-
BELLIOUS, 102 Yale L.J. 1763, 1786 (1993)
2497 UNION SHOPS, STATE ACTION, AND THE NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS ACT, 101
Yale L.J. 1135, 1158 (1992)
2498 ETHNOMISEDUCATIONALIZATION: A LEGAL CHALLENGE, 100 Yale L.J. 1815, 1834
(1991)
2499 THE INDIVIDUAL SECTOR, 100 Yale L.J. 1409, 1448 (1991)
2500 THE TROUBLE WITH TRADEMARK, 99 Yale L.J. 759, 800 (1990)
2501 MARTIN LUTHER KING'S CONSTITUTION: A LEGAL HISTORY OF THE MONT-
GOMERY BUS BOYCOTT, 98 Yale L.J. 999, 1067+ (1989)
2502 THE STRUCTURE OF STANDING, 98 Yale L.J. 221, 291 (1988)
2503 VINDICATING CIVIL RIGHTS IN CHANGING TIMES, 93 Yale L.J. 990, 994 (1984)
2504 PRIVATE ABRIDGMENT OF SPEECH AND THE STATE CONSTITUTIONS, 90 Yale L.J.
165, 188+ (1980)
2505 CREDITORS' REMEDIES AS STATE ACTION, 89 Yale L.J. 538, 559 (1980)
2506 THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT AND PRIVATE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, 89 Yale L.J.
399, 420+ (1979) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2507 THE SCOPE OF NATIONAL POWER VIS--VIS THE STATES: THE DISPENSABILITY OF
JUDICIAL REVIEW, 86 Yale L.J. 1552, 1621+ (1977)
2508 FEDERALISM AND CORPORATE LAW: REFLECTIONS UPON DELAWARE, 83 Yale L.J.
663, 705 (1974) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2509 LEGISLATION FOR CLEAN AIR: AN INDOOR FRONT, 82 Yale L.J. 1040, 1054 (1973) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
2510 THE NIXON BUSING BILLS AND CONGRESSIONAL POWER, 81 Yale L.J. 1542, 1573
(1972)
2511 CREATIVITY AND LEGITIMACY IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW, 80 Yale L.J. 176, 194
(1970)
2512 LABOR LAW IN THE SUPREME COURT: 1964 TERM, 75 Yale L.J. 59, 88 (1965)
2513 RECURRING EVIDENTIARY AND EXPERT ISSUES IN EMPLOYMENT LITIGATION
WORKSHOP, SM097 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 275 (2007)
2514 JUDICIAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND CONGRESSIONAL RESPONSES, SK081 American
Law Institute-American Bar Association 273 (2005)
2515 JUDICIAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND CONGRESSIONAL RESPONSES TO SWANCC,
SJ086 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 193 (2004)
2516 CONDEMNATION BLIGHT, SH025 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 327
(2002) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
2517 LOPEZ LIVES: CAN AN EXPANSIVE VIEW OF FEDERAL WETLANDS REGULATION
SURVIVE? AN OVERVIEW OF DECISIONS REGARDING THE "PROACTIVE' REACH OF
THE COMMERCE CLAUSE, SE88 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 197+
(2000) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2518 MANDATORY ARBITRATION AS AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD OF RESOLVING WORK-
PLACE DISPUTES, VLR994 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 177 (1999)
2519 TAKINGS BILLS TREATEN LAWS THAT PROTECT PRIVATE PROPERTY, PEOPLE,
PUBLIC LANDS, AND NATURAL RESOURCES, SB14 American Law Institute-American Bar
Association 221 (1996) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
2520 WHAT ARE WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES? A COMMERCE CLAUSE DEBATE,
SA83 American Law Institute-American Bar Association 65 (1996)
2521 WETLANDS LITIGATION: CURRENT ISSUES AND NEW DIRECTIONS, C855 American
Law Institute-American Bar Association 341 (1993)
2522 CONDEMNATION BLIGHT: JUST HOW JUST IS JUST COMPENSATION?, C730 American
Law Institute-American Bar Association 219 (1992) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
2523 123 BNA Daily Labor Report E-1, 1997 (1997)
2524 1995 BNA Daily Labor Report 147 D45, DECISION OF THE U.S. SUPREME COURT IN
ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS INC. V. PENA (1995)
2525 1995 BNA Daily Labor Report 113 D25, DECISION OF THE U.S. SUPREME COURT IN
ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS INC. V. PENA (1995)
2526 97 BNA Daily Report for Executives L-2, 1997, SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES (1997) HN: 4,10 (S.Ct.)

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2527 97 BNA Daily Tax Report L-2, 1997, SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES (1997)
HN: 4,10 (S.Ct.)
2528 6/20/2007 BNA Patent, Trademark & Copyright Law Daily D11 (2007) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2529 6/2/1999 BNA Patent, Trademark & Copyright Law Daily D2 (1999)
2530 74 BNA Patent, Trademark & Copyright Journal 231, COPYRIGHTS/BOOTLEGGING: ANTI-
BOOTLEGGING STATUTE CONSTITUTIONAL, PROPERLY ENABLED UNDER COM-
MERCE CLAUSE (2007) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2531 58 BNA Patent, Trademark & Copyright Journal 98, COPYRIGHTS: COMMERCE CLAUSE
AUTHORIZED LAW ON BOOTLEGGING DESPITE COPYRIGHT CLAUSE (1999)
2532 5 BNA United States Law Week Supreme Court Today 107, 2005 (2005) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2533 5/19/97 BNA U.S. Law Week - Supreme Court Today D4, 94-1988 Camps Newfound/Owatonna
Inc. v. Harrison TAXATION-Property Taxes U.S. Law Week Digest Of 5/19/97 Opinion Text Of
U.S. Supreme Court Syllabus (1997)
2534 STATUTES AND ORDINANCES: ANTI-BOOTLEGGING STATUTE CONSTITUTIONAL,
PROPERLY ENABLED UNDER COMMERCE CLAUSE, 2 BNA WHITECOLLAR 11, D24
(2007)
2535 CASE NOTES, 11 NO. 3 Divorce Litigation 59 (1999) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2536 COMMENTS ON THE COURT DOCUMENTS EXCEPTION TO THE ELECTRONIC SIGNA-
TURES IN GLOBAL AND NATIONAL COMMERCE ACT, 3 e-Filing Report 1+ (2003)
2537 THE WRONG BOX: U.S. V. MARTIGNON NOT A COPYRIGHT CASE, 11 Intellectual Prop-
erty Strategist, The 1 (2005)
2538 COURT UPHOLDS CONSTITUTIONALITY OF ESA: RANCHO VIEJO, LLC V . GALE
NORTON ET AL ., NO. 01-5373 (D .C. CIR. APR. 1, 2003), 18 NAAG National Environmental
Enforcement Journal 13 (2003)
2539 COURT UPHOLDS ESA AGAINST COMMERCE CLAUSE CHALLENGE: NATIONAL AS-
SOCIATION OF HOME BUILDERS ET AL. V. BRUCE BABBITT, NO. 96-5354 (D.C. CIR.
DEC. 5, 1997), 13 NAAG National Environmental Enforcement Journal 18+ (1998) HN: 11,12
(S.Ct.)
2540 HISTORY OF CONSTITUTIONAL LITIGATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS IN
U.S.--ESPECIALLY RACE ISSUES, 517 Practising Law Institute Litigation and Administrative
Practice: Litigation 417 (1994) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2541 PROTECTING NEWS IN THE DIGITAL ERA: THE CASE FOR A FEDERALIZED HOT
NEWS MISAPPROPRIATION TORT, 1003 Practising Law Institute Patents, Copyrights, Trade-
marks, & Literary Property 511 (2010)
2542 DEALING WITH COMPETITION AND CONSUMER COMPLAINTS: ACCESS TO MDUs,
OVERBUILDS AND LATE FEES, 693 Practising Law Institute Patents, Copyrights, Trade-
marks, & Literary Property 723 (2002)
2543 FEDERAL AND STATE ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE LAW IN THE UNITED STATES:
FROM THE E-SIGN ACT TO CLICK WRAP: A LEGAL GUIDE TO THE CREATION OF
BINDING TRANSACTIONS IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, 634 Practising Law Institute
Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, & Literary Property 161 (2001) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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2544 NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN ONLINE CONTENT LIABILITY, 623 Practising Law Institute
Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, & Literary Property 161 (2000) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2545 TRADEMARKS, 271 Practising Law Institute Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks, & Literary
Property 299+ (1989)
2546 A U.S. SENATE VIEW OF THE LEGISLATIVE INITIATIVES: S.1883, THE TRADEMARK
LAW REVISION ACT OF 1988, 251 Practising Law Institute Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks,
& Literary Property 95+ (1988)
2547 FCC REPORT AND ORDER: PROMOTION OF COMPETITIVE NETWORKS IN LOCAL
TELECOMMUNICATIONS MARKETS WT DOCKET NO. 99-217 IMPLEMENTATION OF
LOCAL COMPETITION PROVISIONS IN THE TELECOMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1996
CC DOCKET NO. 96-98 RE, 465 Practising Law Institute Real Estate Law and Practice 527
(2001)
2548 "THINGS DONE AND LEFT UNDONE": THIRTY YEARS OF EXPERIENCE WITH THE
SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT, 54 Rocky Mountain Mineral
Law Foundation Institute 19-1 (2008) (2008)
2549 MODERN PUBLIC LAND LAW: AGENCY MANDATES AND CONSTITUTIONAL AU-
THORITY, 32 Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Institute 2 (1992) (1992)
2550 THE INTRIGUE AND IMPLICATIONS OF NATURAL GAS MARKETING AFFILIATES,
31A Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Institute 7A (1992) (1992)
2551 NATURAL RESOURCES FEDERALISM, 35 Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Insti-
tute 1 (1989)+ (1989)
2552 THE FEDERAL LANDS PROGRAM UNDER SMCRA, 26 Rocky Mountain Mineral Law
Foundation Institute 4 (1980) (1980)
2553 EMERGING FEDERAL AND STATE WATER CONFLICTS AFFECTING WESTERN COAL
DEVELOPMENT, 26 Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Institute 5 (1980) (1980)
2554 FEDERAL, STATE, COUNTY, AND INDIAN JURISDICTIONAL PROBLEMS ON RE-
CLAMATION, LAND USE, AND ZONING, 9A Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation In-
stitute 1 (1979) (1979)
2555 2003-04 Preview of the United States Supreme Court Cases 124, "Rx Pot"-Home Remedy or Il-
legal Drug? Who Gets to Say-California or Congress? Ashcroft ET AL. v. Raich ET AL. (2004)
2556 1999-00 Preview of the United States Supreme Court Cases 210, Is the Violence Against Women
Act a Valid Exercise of Congressional Power? United States v. Morrison Brzonkala v. Morrison
(1999) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2557 THE MEANING OF SEX: JACKSON v. BIRMINGHAM SCHOOL BOARD AND ITS POTEN-
TIAL IMPLICATIONS, 198 Ed. Law Rep. 777, 792 (2005)
2558 THE SUBTLE IMPLICATIONS OF GEBER V. LAGO VISTA INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DIS-
TRICT, 141 Ed. Law Rep. 409, 436 (2000)
2559 UNITED STATES v. LOPEZ AND THE DEMISE OF THE GUN-FREE SCHOOL ZONES
ACT: LEGISLATIVE OVER-REACHING OR JUDICIAL NIT-PICKING? 1, 99 Ed. Law Rep.
11, 23+ (1995)

Court Documents

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Verdict and Settlement Summaries (U.S.A.)


2560 In re: ASBESTOS LITIGATION., 2002 WL 32151576, *8 (Pa.Com.Pl. Jun 11, 2002) (NO. TRI-
ALDIVISION0001)

Appellate Court Documents (U.S.A.)

Appellate Petitions, Motions and Filings


2561 Alderman v. United States of America, 2010 WL 3611701, *3611701+ (Appellate Petition, Mo-
tion and Filing) (U.S. Sep 16, 2010) Brief for the United States in Opposition (NO. 09-1555)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2562 Universal Trading & Inv. Co., Inc. v. Kiritchenko, 2010 WL 1049408, *1049408+ (Appellate Pe-
tition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Mar 18, 2010) Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 09-1150)

2563 City of Los Angeles v. County of Kern, 2010 WL 979066, *979066+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Mar 15, 2010) Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 09-1111) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
2564 Sossamon v. Texas, 2009 WL 1848855, *1848855+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S.
Jun 22, 2009) Brief for the Rutherford Institute as Amicus Curiae in Support of the Petition-
er (NO. 08-1438) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2565 Taylor v. Negley Park Homeowners Ass'n, 2009 WL 1061259, *1061259+ (Appellate Petition,
Motion and Filing) (U.S. Apr 16, 2009) Petition for Rehearing (NO. 08-936) HN: 13,14
(S.Ct.)
2566 Vigil v. United States of America, 2008 WL 2961334, *2961334+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Jul 28, 2008) Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 08-126) HN: 11,12
(S.Ct.)
2567 Baylor v. United States of America, 2008 WL 2397163, *2397163+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Jun 10, 2008) Brief for Amicus Curiae National Association of Criminal De-
fense Lawyers in Support of Petitioner (NO. 07-1461)
2568 Kelly v. United States of America, 2008 WL 408386, *408386+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and
Filing) (U.S. Feb 11, 2008) Brief for the United States (NO. 07-776) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2569 Davis v. United States of America, 2007 WL 4231070, *4231070+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Nov 28, 2007) Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 07-732) " HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2570 Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party, 2006 WL 3381604, *3381604+
(Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 20, 2006) Petition For A Writ Of Certiorari
(NO. 06-713) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2571 GDF Realty Investments, Ltd. v. Norton, 2004 WL 2007122, *2007122+ (Appellate Petition,
Motion and Filing) (U.S. Sep 03, 2004) Brief for the Washington Legal Foundation and Al-
lied Educational Foundation as Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioner (NO. 03-1619)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2572 John ASHCROFT, Attorney General, et al, Petitioners, v. Angel McClary RAICH, et al., Re-

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spondents., 2004 WL 1329967, *1329967+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jun 07,
2004) Respondents' Brief in Opposition (NO. 03-1454) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2573 GDF REALTY INVESTMENTS, LTD.; Parke Properties I, L.P.; and Parke Properties II, L.P.,
Petitioners, v. Gale A. NORTON, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Respondents., 2004 WL
1243138, *1243138+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 27, 2004) Petition for a
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 03-1619) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2574 Alfred W. TRENKLER, Petitioner, v. Michael PUGH, Warden, USP-Allenwood, Respondent.,
2004 WL 1114464, *1114464+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 13, 2004) Pe-
tition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 03-1553) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2575 RANCHO VIEJO, LLC, Petitioner, v. Gale A. NORTON, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Re-
spondents., 2004 WL 250520, *250520+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jan 28,
2004) Brief of the States of Texas, Alabama, Alaska, Delaware Michigan, Nebraska, and
Wyoming as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner (NO. 03-761) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2576 James S. and Rebecca Deaton, Petitioners, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.,
2003 WL 22714083, *22714083+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 11, 2003)
Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 03-701) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2577 Denise ARGUELLO and Alberto Govea, Petitoners, v. CONOCO, INC., Respondent., 2003 WL
22428939, *22428939+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Sep 02, 2003) Petition for
a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 03-342) " HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2578 Timothy Joe EMERSON, Petitioner, v. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.,
2002 WL 32154276, *32154276+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 06, 2002)
Petition for Writ of Certiorari HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
2579 PIERCE COUNTY, Petitioner, v. Ignacio GUILLEN as Legal Guardian for Jennifer Guillen and
Alma Guillen, minors; and Mariano Guillen, as Legal Guardian for Paula Guillen and Fatima
Guillen, Respondents., 2002 WL 32101003, *32101003+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing)
(U.S. Mar 27, 2002) Motion for Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae and Brief of Amicus
Curiae the Association of American Railroads in Support of Petitioner (NO. 01-1229) "
HN: 19,20 (S.Ct.)
2580 PIERCE COUNTY, Petitioner1Defendant, v. Ignacio GUILLEN as Legal Guardian for Jennifer
Guillen and Alma Guillen, minors; and Mariano Guillen, as Legal Guardian for Paulina Guillen
and Fatima Guillen, Respondents1Plaintiffs., 2002 WL 32100984, *32100984+ (Appellate Peti-
tion, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Feb 22, 2002) Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 01-1229)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2581 John SALVADOR, Jr. and Kathleen A. Salvador, Petitioners, v. THE LAKE GEORGE PARK
COMMISSION; et al., Respondents., 2002 WL 32134953, *32134953+ (Appellate Petition, Mo-
tion and Filing) (U.S. 2002) Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 02-350) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2582 Eric ELDRED, et al., Petitioners, v. John D. ASHCROFT, in his official capacity as Attorney
General, Respondent., 2002 WL 32135684, *32135684+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing)
(U.S. 2002) Brief for Amicus Curiae the Intellectual Property Owners Association in Sup-
port of the Respondent (NO. 01-618) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2583 E. Joseph FACE, Jr., Commissioner of Financial Institutions, Bureau of Financial Institutions,
Virginia State Corporation Commission, and Susan E. Hancock, Deputy Commissioner, Bureau
of Financial Institutions, Virginia State Corporation Commission, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL

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HOME EQUITY MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, Respondent., 2001 WL 34125223, *34125223+


(Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jul 13, 2001) Brief in Opposition to Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 00-1851) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2584 James Preston SUTTON, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 2001
WL 34125174, *34125174+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 29, 2001) Peti-
tion for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 00-1812) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
2585 Hugh STEWART, Kameron Hyde and Sherry Horn, Petitioners, v. THE BIRMINGHAM NEWS
COMPANY, Respondent., 2001 WL 34124884, *34124884+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Fil-
ing) (U.S. Mar 01, 2001) Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 00-1378)
2586 Moreton ROLLESTON, Jr., Petitioner, v. ST. PAUL FIRE & MARINE INSURANCE CO., Re-
spondent., 2001 WL 34116031, *34116031+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. 2001)
Brief in Opposition to Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 01-1276) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2587 NAVEGAR, INC., d/b/a Intratec and Penn Arms, Inc., Petitioners, v. UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA., 2000 WL 34013819, *34013819+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jul
21, 2000) Brief for the United States in Opposition (NO. 99-1874) HN: 8,19 (S.Ct.)
2588 NAVEGAR, INC., d/b/a Intratec, PENN ARMS, INC., Petitioners, v. UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA, Respondent., 2000 WL 34013815, *34013815+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Fil-
ing) (U.S. May 23, 2000) Petition for A Writ of Certiorari (NO. 99-1874) " HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
2589 SOLID WASTE AGENCY OF NORTHERN COOK COUNTY, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES
ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, et al., Respondents., 2000 WL 33979645, *33979645+
(Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Feb 15, 2000) Motion for Leave to file Brief
Amicus Curiae and Brief Amicus Curiae of National Association of Home Builders in Sup-
port of the Petition for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 99-1178)
2590 Ali MOGHADAM, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1999 WL
33632718, *33632718+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 23, 1999) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 99-879) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2591 Moreton ROLLESTON, Jr, Living Trust, Et Al, Petitioners, v. THE ESTATE OF REBECCA
WIGHT CHERRY SIMS, John Randolph Cherry, Executor, Respondent., 1999 WL 33632854,
*33632854+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 03, 1999) Respondent's Brief in
Opposition (NO. 99-575) HN: 12,16,19 (S.Ct.)
2592 Moreton ROLLESTON, Jr. Living Trust, et al., Petitioners, v. The Estate of Rebecca Wight
CHERRY Sims, John Randolph Cherry, Executor, Respondent., 1999 WL 33640273,
*33640273+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 03, 1999) Respondent's Brief in
Opposition (NO. 99-575) HN: 12,16,19 (S.Ct.)
2593 Adelyn L. LUTHER, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE, Respondent., 1999 WL
33641102, *33641102+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jul 14, 1999) Respond-
ent's Brief in Opposition (NO. 98-1999) " HN: 4,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2594 Adelyn L. LUTHER, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF REVENUE, Respondent., 1999 WL
33641100, *33641100+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jun 14, 1999) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 98-1999) " HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2595 Tommy OLMSTEAD, Commissioner of the Department of Human Resources of the State of

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Georgia, Ronald C. Hogan, Superintendent of Georgia Regional Hospital1Atlanta, and Ernestine


Pittman, Executive Director of the Fulton County Regional Board, Petitioners, v. L.C. and E.W.,
each by Jonathan Zimring as guardian ad litem and next friend, Respondents., 1998 WL
34081128, *34081128+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Oct 27, 1998) Brief in Op-
position to Petition for Certiorari (NO. 98-536) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2596 COMMISSONER OF REVENUE OF MASSACHUSETTS, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL
PRIVATE TRUCK COUNCIL, INC., Respondent., 1998 WL 34112493, *34112493+ (Appellate
Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Apr 22, 1998) Brief in Opposition to the Petition for a writ
of Certiorari (NO. 97-1570) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2597 ZENITH/KREMER WASTE SYSTEMS, INC. and UNITED WASTE SYSTEMS, INC., Peti-
tioners, v. WESTERN LAKE SUPERIOR SANITARY DISTRICT, Respondent., 1998 WL
34112317, *34112317+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Mar 24, 1998) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 97-1579) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2598 Major Glenn FARRISH, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1998 WL
34112114, *34112114+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jan 06, 1998) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 97-1136) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2599 Barry TRUPIN, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1997 WL
33550030, *33550030+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 26, 1997) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 97-894) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2600 BEN OEHRLEINS AND SONS AND DAUGHTER, INC., et al., Petitioners, v. HENNEPIN
COUNTY, Minnesota, Respondent. ROBINSON RUBBER PRODUCTS CO., Inc., et al., Peti-
tioners, v. HENNEPIN COUNTY, Minnesota, Respondent., 1997 WL 33550099, *33550099+
(Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 06, 1997) Motion and Brief of Amicus Curi-
ae BFI Waste Systems of North America, Inc. in Support of Petitioners (NO. 97-605)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2601 Roger ROOTS, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1997 WL
33556919, *33556919 (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Nov 04, 1997) Petition for
a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 97-1123) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2602 William Joseph KIRK, Petitioner, v. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1997
WL 33561487, *33561487 (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 05, 1997) Petition
for Writ of Certiorari (NO. 96-1759) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2603 CITY OF BOERNE, Texas, Petitioner, v. P.F. FLORES, Archbishop of San Antonio, and United
States of America, Respondents., 1996 WL 33414060, *33414060+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Aug 26, 1996) Brief Amicus Curiae of the Coalition for the Free Exercise of
Religion, Amicus Curiae, in Support of Respondent Flores (NO. 95-2074) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2604 Evelyn SMITH, Petitioner, v. FAIR EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING COMMISSION, Kenneth
Phillips, and Gail Randall, Respondents., 1996 WL 33439448, *33439448 (Appellate Petition,
Motion and Filing) (U.S. Aug 07, 1996) Motion for Leave to File Brief Amicus Curiae and
Brief Amicus Curiae of Defenders of Property Rights in Support of the Petitioner (NO.
96-31)
2605 Evelyn SMITH, Petitioner, v. FAIR EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING COMMISSION, Kenneth
Phillips, and Gail Randall, Respondents., 1996 WL 33438948, *33438948+ (Appellate Petition,

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Motion and Filing) (U.S. Aug 06, 1996) Opposition To Petition For Writ Of Certiorari By
Respondent Fair Employment and Housing Commission (NO. 96-31)
2606 Frank J. KELLEY, Attorney General of the State of Michigan; The Oklahoma Corporation Com-
mission; The Montana Public Service Commission; Coalition Against Federal Preemption of
State Motor Carrier Regulation; The International Brotherhood of Teamsters; Carla Stovall, At-
torney General of the State of Kansas; and The State Corporation Commission of the State of
Kansas, Petitioners, v. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ex rel. the Department of Justice;
and Janet Reno, 1996 WL 33467328, *33467328+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S.
Apr 01, 1996) Brief Amicus Curiae of United Parcel Service, Inc., in Support of Respond-
ents (NO. 95-1226) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2607 Frank J. KELLEY, Attorney General of Michigan, et al., Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF
JUSTICE, et al., 1996 WL 33467646, *33467646+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S.
Apr 01, 1996) Brief for the Respondents in Opposition (NO. 95-1226) HN: 2,3 (S.Ct.)
2608 Michael M. SKOTT, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1996 WL
33438791, *33438791+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Mar 20, 1996) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 95-1523) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2609 Michael M. SKOTT, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1996 WL
33439789, *33439789+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Mar 20, 1996) Petition for
Writ of Certiorari (NO. 95-1523) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2610 AMERICAN LIFE LEAGUE INC., et al, Petitioners, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of the
United States, Respondent., 1995 WL 17048745, *17048745 (Appellate Petition, Motion and Fil-
ing) (U.S. May 12, 1995) Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 94-1867)
2611 KERR-MCGEE COAL CORPORATION, a Delaware corporation, Petitioner, v. FEDERAL
MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION; Robert Reich, as Secretary of Labor,
United States Department of Labor; Mine Safety and Health Administration of the United States
Department of Labor; and International Union, United Mine Workers of America, Respondents.,
1995 WL 17048094, *17048094+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Apr 14, 1995)
Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 94-1685) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
2612 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. Juan Paul ROBERTSON., 1994 WL 16011893,
*16011893+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Aug 10, 1994) Petition for a Writ of
Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (NO. 94-251)
HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2613 Steven LUONG, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent., 1994 WL
16101614, *16101614+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 20, 1994) Petition for
a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 931876) " HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2614 Robin PEARSON, petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA., 1994 WL 16100442,
*16100442+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. May 09, 1994) Brief for the United
States in Opposition (NO. 93-1407) " HN: 11,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2615 Michael D. GRIFFES, Commissioner of the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles, Petitioner,
v. Greg R. BARRINGER and Judith M. Barringer, Respondents., 1994 WL 16101424,
*16101424+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jan 04, 1994) Brief in Opposition to
Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (NO. 93-706) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
2616 STATE OF WISCONSIN, Petitioner, v. Todd MITCHELL., 1993 WL 13010918, *13010918+

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

(Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jan 27, 1993) Brief for the United States as
Amicus Curiae Supporting Petitioner (NO. 92-515) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2617 LARRY HARMON PICTURES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. THE WILLIAMS RESTAUR-
ANT CORPORATION, Respondent., 1991 WL 11178413, *11178413+ (Appellate Petition, Mo-
tion and Filing) (U.S. Jul 23, 1991) Brief in Opposition (NO. 90-1966) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2618 Walker v. Suburban Hosp. Ass'n, 1990 WL 10073166, *10073166+ (Appellate Petition, Motion
and Filing) (U.S. Jan 31, 1990) Petition (NO. 89-1226) HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
2619 Dornhofer v. U.S., 1989 WL 1174114, *1174114 (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S.
Jan 12, 1989) Petition (NO. 88-1161)
2620 Gillies v. U.S., 1988 WL 1094243, *1094243+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Aug
25, 1988) Petition (NO. 88-341) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2621 Quivira Min. Co. v. U.S. E.P.A., 1985 WL 694987, *694987+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and
Filing) (U.S. Sep 1985) Petition (NO. 85-408) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2622 New Jersey Chapter v. New Jersey State Bd. of Professional Planners, 1967 WL 129486,
*129486+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Jun 20, 1967) Jurisdictional Statement
(NO. 273)
2623 U.S. v. Guest, 1965 WL 130042, *130042+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S. Mar 29,
1965) Jurisdictional Statement (NO. 65)
2624 Drews v. Maryland, 1965 WL 130035, *130035+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (U.S.
Mar 20, 1965) Jurisdictional Statement (NO. 1010) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2625 Hong YU and Tianyi Yu, Petitioners, v. Michael B. MUKASEY, Attorney General of the United
States, Respondent., 2008 WL 7801414, *7801414+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (2nd
Cir. May 13, 2008) Respondent's Brief (NO. 07-2104, 07-2496-AG)
2626 Hong YU and Tianyi Yu, Petitioners, v. Michael B. MUKASEY, Attorney General of the United
States, Respondent., 2008 WL 7801412, *7801412+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (2nd
Cir. Feb 04, 2008) Respondent's Brief (NO. 07-2104-AG, 07-2496-AG)
2627 Ismoil SAMADOV, Agency No. AXX-XXXXXX, Petitioner, v. Alberto R. GONZALES, Attor-
ney General, Respondent., 2008 WL 5737676, *5737676+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Fil-
ing) (3rd Cir. Nov 13, 2008) Brief for Respondent (NO. 06-3160)
2628 NEWPORT NEWS SHIPBUILDING AND DRY DOCK COMPANY, Petitioner, v. George E.
JONES and Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs, United States Department of
Labor, Respondents., 1977 WL 203861, *203861+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (4th
Cir. Jun 10, 1977) Brief for Respondent Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Pro-
grams (NO. 77-1100)
2629 NORFOLK, BALTIMORE and CAROLINA LINES, INC. and Liberty Mutual Insurance Com-
pany, Petitioners, v. NELLY ROUSE (WIDOW OF LEE ROUSE) and Director, Office of Work-
ers' Compensation Programs, United States Department of Labor, Respondents., 1976 WL
191769, *191769+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (4th Cir. Mar 22, 1976) Brief for Re-
spondent Director, Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (NO. 75-1896)
2630 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. James W. MCFARLAND, Defendant-
Appellant., 2002 WL 32750938, *32750938+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (5th Cir.
May 06, 2002) Supplemental Brief for the United States on Rehearing En Banc (NO.

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

00-10569) " HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)


2631 Gurinder SINGH, Petitioner, v. Michael B. MUKASEY, United States Attorney General, Re-
spondent., 2008 WL 4967602, *4967602+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (9th Cir. Oct
03, 2008) Brief for Respondent (NO. 07-72923, 07-74540)
2632 Edgar Esteban PEREZ-HERNANDEZ, A74 795 156, Petitioner, v. Alberto R. GONZALES, At-
torney General, Respondent., 2007 WL 2891713, *2891713+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Fil-
ing) (9th Cir. Aug 20, 2007) Brief for Respondent (NO. 06-75591)
2633 Luis GOMEZ-GRANILLO, A91 815 131, Petitioner, v. Alberto R. GONZALES, Attorney Gen-
eral of the United States, Respondent., 2006 WL 3619061, *3619061+ (Appellate Petition, Mo-
tion and Filing) (9th Cir. Nov 01, 2006) Brief for respondent (NO. 06-70635)
2634 Jorge RETANO, A91 697 092, Petitioner, v. John ASHCROFT, Attorney General, Respondent.,
2003 WL 23924806, *23924806+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (9th Cir. Nov 18,
2003) Petition for Review (NO. 03-70791)
2635 State of Nebraska and City of Alliance, Nebraska, Petitioners, City of Oberlin, Kansas, Desert
Sands Mutual Domestic Water Consumers Association, Inc., Chesapeake Ranch Water Company,
New Utsalady Water System, and Camano Water Systems Association, Intervenors, v. UNITED
STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, Respondent, Natural Resources De-
fense Council, Intervenor., 2003 WL 25588332, *25588332+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and
Filing) (D.C.Cir. Mar 26, 2003) Brief of Intervenor Natural Resources Defense Council (NO.
01-1101) "
2636 BUILDING OWNERS AND MANAGERS ASSOCIATION INTERNATIONAL, Institute of
Real Estate Management, National Apartment Association, American Seniors Housing Associ-
ation, National Multi Housing Council, National Association of Realtors, Real Estate
Roundtable, and National Association of Home Builders, Petitioners, v. FEDERAL COMMU-
NICATIONS COMMISSION and United States of America, Respondents., 2000 WL 35585089,
*35585089+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (D.C.Cir. Dec 29, 2000) Reply Brief for
Petitioners (NO. 99-1009)
2637 In Re MYRON D., A Person Coming Under the Juvenile Court Law; People of the State of Cali-
fornia, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Myron D., Defendant and Appellant., 2006 WL 3520333,
*3520333+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (Cal. Aug 03, 2006) Petition for Review
(NO. S145506)
2638 STAR'S LIMO INC., California corporation, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Mehrdad BAGHI, an
individual dba Star Limousine Service and/or Star Limousine, et al., Defendant and Appellant.,
1999 WL 33747029, *33747029+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (Cal. Aug 06, 1999)
Petition for Review (NO. S081273) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2639 TARKINGTON, O'Connor & O'Neill, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. FIREMAN'S FUND INSUR-
ANCE COMPANY, Defendant and Appellant., 1998 WL 34284278, *34284278 (Appellate Peti-
tion, Motion and Filing) (Cal. Jul 27, 1998) Petition for Review of Decision of the Court of
Appeal First Appellate District, Division Five (NO. S072157)
2640 NORTH COAST WOMEN'S CARE MEDICAL GROUP, INC. et al., Petitioners, v. THE SU-
PERIOR COURT OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY, Respondent. Guadalupe T. BENITEZ, Real party
in interest., 2005 WL 6132616, *6132616+ (Appellate Petition, Motion and Filing) (Cal.App. 4
Dist. Feb 25, 2005) Return to Order to Show Cause Regarding Petition for Writ of Mandate

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and/or Prohibition or Other Appropriate Relief; Memorandum of Points and Authorities


(NO. D045438)

Appellate Briefs
2641 Christian Legal Society Chapter of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law v.
Martinez, 2010 WL 1513022, *1513022+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 15, 2010) Brief Amicus
Curiae of the American Civil Liberties Union, American Civil Liberties Union of Northern
California, and The National Education Association in Support of Respondents (NO.
08-1371)
2642 Christian Legal Society Chapter of the University of California, Hastings College of the Law v.
Martinez, 2010 WL 530517, *530517+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 04, 2010) Brief of Justice
and Freedom Fund as Amicus Curiae Supporting Petitioner (NO. 08-1371) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2643 United States v. Comstock, 2009 WL 2896311, *2896311+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 04, 2009)
Brief for the States of Kansas, et al., as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner (NO. 08-1224)
HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2644 Salazar v. Buono, 2009 WL 1629703, *1629703+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 08, 2009) Brief of
Amicus Curiae of Foundation for Moral Law, in Support of Petitioners (NO. 08-472)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2645 District of Columbia v. Heller, 2008 WL 136351, *136351+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 11,
2008) Brief of Members of Congress as Amici Curiae in Support of Reversal (NO. 07-290) "
HN: 20 (S.Ct.)
2646 Department of the Revenue of the Commonwealth of Kentucky v. Davis, 2007 WL 2115443,
*2115443+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 19, 2007) Brief of Multistate Tax Commission as
Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners%n1%n (NO. 06-666) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2647 Washington State Grange v. Washington State Republican Party, 2007 WL 1510494, *1510494+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 21, 2007) Brief of Petitioner Washington State Grange (NO.
06-713, 06-730) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2648 Rapanos v. United States, 2006 WL 139203, *139203 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 13, 2006) Brief
of the Honorable John D. Dingell, the Honorable John Conyers, Jr., the Honorable Robert
F. Drinan, the Honorable Gary W. Hart, the Honorable Kenneth W. Hechler, the Honor-
able Charles McCurdy ... (NO. 04-1034, 04-1384) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2649 Rapanos v. United States of America, 2006 WL 139204, *139204+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan
13, 2006) Brief of Environmental Law Institute as Amicus Curiae Supporting Respondents
(NO. 04-1034, 04-1384) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2650 Rapanos v. United States of America, 2006 WL 139211, *139211+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan
13, 2006) Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Mitigation Banking Association in Support of
the Respondents (NO. 04-1034, 04-1384) " HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
2651 Wilkins v. Cuno, 2005 WL 3323044, *3323044+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 05, 2005) Brief of
the National Governors Association, National League of Cities, International Municipal
Lawyers Association, Council of State Governments, National Association of Counties, Na-
tional ... (NO. 04-1724) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)

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2652 DaimlerChrysler Corporation v. Cuno, 2005 WL 3348846, *3348846+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Dec 05, 2005) Brief Amicus Curiae of the City of New York in Support of Petitioners (NO.
04-1704) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2653 Rapanos v. United States of America, 2005 WL 3308792, *3308792 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec
02, 2005) Brief for American Farm Bureau Federation As Amicus Curiae in Support of Pe-
titioners (NO. 04-1034, 04-1384)
2654 Cutter v. Wilkinson, 2005 WL 607040, *607040+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 10, 2005) Peti-
tioners' Reply Brief%tc (NO. 03-9877) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2655 American Trucking Associations, Inc. v. Michigan Publi, 2005 WL 470917, *470917+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 28, 2005) Brief of Amicus Curiae the Chamber of Commerce of
the United States in Support of Petitioners (NO. 03-1230) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2656 American Trucking Associations, Inc. v. Michigan Publi, 2005 WL 470932, *470932+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 28, 2005) Brief of Amicus Curiae Eagle Forum Education & Leg-
al Defense Fund in Support of Petitioners (NO. 03-1230) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2657 Lingle v. Chevron USA, Inc., 2004 WL 2811060, *2811060+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 03,
2004) Brief for Petitioners (NO. 04-163) " HN: 13,17 (S.Ct.)
2658 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 2652615, *2652615+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 17, 2004) Reply
Brief for the Petitioners (NO. 03-1454) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2659 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 2308766, *2308766+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 13, 2004) Brief
for Respondents (NO. 03-1454) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2660 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 2344235, *2344235+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 13, 2004) Brief of
The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, Pain Relief Network, California Medical Association,
AIDS Action Council, Compassion in Dying Federation, End-of-Life Choices, National Wo-
men's Health ... (NO. 03-1454) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2661 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 2344236, *2344236+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 13, 2004) Brief of
the Cato Institute as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondents (NO. 03-1454)
2662 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 1835362, *1835362+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 12, 2004) Brief of
U.S. Representative Mark E. Souder; U.S. Representative Cass Ballenger; U.S. Represent-
ative Dan Burton; U.S. Representative Katherine Harris; U.S. Representative Ernest J. Is-
took, Jr.; U.S. ... (NO. 03-1454) HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
2663 Ashcroft v. Raich, 2004 WL 1803685, *1803685+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 11, 2004) Brief
Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation in Support of Neither Party (NO. 03-1454) "
HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2664 Arguello v. Conoco, Inc., 2003 WL 22364045, *22364045+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 06,
2003) Motion for Leave to File and Brief for the National Association for the Advancement
of Colored People as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners (NO. 03-342) " HN:
4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2665 Locke v. Davey, 2003 WL 22137319, *22137319+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 08, 2003) Brief
Amicus Curiae for Religious Universities and Colleges, Specifically the Association of
Southern Baptist Colleges and Schools, the Association of Christian Schools International,
Azusa Pacific ... (NO. 02-1315) "
2666 McConnell v. Federal Election Com'n, 2003 WL 21649654, *21649654+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Jul 08, 2003) Brief Amici Curiae of the States of Virginia, North Dakota, Idaho, Indiana,
Kansas, Nebraska, Ohio, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Utah in Support of Appellants
(NO. 02-1674) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2667 Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp., 2003 WL 1100673, *1100673+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Mar 10, 2003) Brief Amicus Curiae of the Association for Competitive Techno-
logy, Cambridge Information Group, Inc., eBay Inc., Reed Elsevier Inc., Software & In-
formation Industry Association and the Thomson ... (NO. 02-428)
2668 Lawrence v. Garner, 2003 WL 152350, *152350+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 16, 2003) Brief of
Professors of History George Chauncey, Nancy F. Cott, John D'Emilio, Estelle B. Freed-
man, Thomas C. Holt, John Howard, Lynn Hunt, Mark D. Jordan, Elizabeth Lapovsky
Kennedy, and Linda P. ... (NO. 02-102)
2669 Grutter v. Bollinger, 2003 WL 152365, *152365+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 16, 2003) Brief
Amici Curiae of the Center for Equal Opportunity, the Independent Women's Forum, and
the American Civil Rights Institute in Support of Petitioner (NO. 02-241, 02-516) "
HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2670 Pierce County v. Guillen, 2002 WL 1964063, *1964063+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 19, 2002)
BRIEF FOR RESPONDENTS (NO. 01-1229) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2671 Pierce County v. Guillen, 2002 WL 1964100, *1964100+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 19, 2002)
BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ROBERT AND LUANN WHITMER IN SUPPORT OF RE-
SPONDENTS (NO. 01-1229) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2672 Atkinson Trading Co., Inc. v. Shirley, 2001 WL 137358, *137358+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb
14, 2001) BRIEF OF THE SHAKOPEE MDEWAKANTON SIOUX (DAKOTA) COM-
MUNITY; THE SPIRIT LAKE TRIBE; THE SISSETON-WAHPETON SIOUX TRIBE;
THE GRAND PORTAGE BAND OF CHIPPEWA; AND THE SAC & FOX TRIBE OF
THE MISSISSIPPI IN ... (NO. 00-454)
2673 Solid Waste Agency of Northern Cook County v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 2000 WL
1369436, *1369436+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 20, 2000) BRIEF OF ENVIRONMENTAL
DEFENSE, NATURAL RESOURCES DEFENSE COUNCIL, NATIONAL WILDLIFE
FEDERATION, CHESAPEAKE BAY FOUNDATION, WORLD WILDLIFE FUND, AND
DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT ... (NO. 99-1178)
HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2674 Browner v. American Trucking Associations, 2000 WL 1298976, *1298976+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Sep 11, 2000) BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF LINCOLN INSTITUTE FOR RE-
SEARCH AND EDUCATION, AMERICAN SOVEREIGNTY ACTION PROJECT, GUN
OWNERS FOUNDATION, PUBLIC ADVOCATE OF THE U. S., AMERICAN POLICY
CENTER, 60 PLUS, TRUE ... (NO. 99-1257) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2675 Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 2000 WL 339874, *339874+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 29,
2000) BRIEF OF THE CITIES OF ATLANTA, CHICAGO, LOS ANGELES, NEW YORK,
PORTLAND, SAN FRANCISCO AND TUCSON AS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF
RESPONDENT (NO. 99-699) "
2676 Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 2000 WL 339882, *339882+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 29,
2000) BRIEF OF SOCIETY OF AMERICAN LAW TEACHERS AS AMICUS CURIAE IN
SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT (NO. 99-699) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2677 Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 2000 WL 339890, *339890+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 29,
2000) BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION; THE
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS; THE ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE;
THE CALIFORNIA WOMEN'S LAW CENTER; THE CENTER FOR WOMEN POLICY
STUDIES; ... (NO. 99-699)
2678 Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 2000 WL 340276, *340276+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 29,
2000) BRIEF FOR RESPONDENT (NO. 99-699) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2679 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1269316, *1269316+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 30, 1999) REPLY
BRIEF OF PETITIONER CHRISTY BRZONKALA (NO. 99-29, 99-5) HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2680 Jones v. U.S., 1999 WL 1272920, *1272920+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 30, 1999) BRIEF
FOR THE PETITIONER (NO. 99-5739) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2681 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1276924, *1276924+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 30, 1999) REPLY
BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES (NO. 99-29, 99-5) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2682 Jones v. U.S., 1999 WL 1276931, *1276931+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 30, 1999) BRIEF
FOR THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CRIMINAL DEFENSE LAWYERS AND AS-
SOCIATION OF FEDERAL DEFENDERS AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF THE
PETITIONER (NO. 99-5739) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2683 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1146894, *1146894+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 13, 1999) BRIEF
FOR RESPONDENT ANTONIO J. MORRISON (NO. 99-29, 99-5) " HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
2684 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1146897, *1146897+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 13, 1999) BRIEF
OF RESPONDENT JAMES LaDALE CRAWFORD (NO. 99-29, 99-5) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2685 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1191432, *1191432+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 13, 1999) BRIEF
FOR THE STATE OF ALABAMA AS AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF RESPOND-
ENTS (NO. 99-29, 99-5) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2686 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1223769, *1223769+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 13, 1999) BRIEF
AMICUS CURIAE OF WOMEN'S FREEDOM NETWORK ON BEHALF OF RESPOND-
ENTS (NO. 99-29, 99-5) " HN: 4,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2687 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1133771, *1133771+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 10, 1999) BRIEF
OF THE INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE AND THE CATO INSTITUTE AS AMICI CURIAE
IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS (NO. 99-29, 99-5)
2688 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1032809, *1032809+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 12, 1999) BRIEF
OF THE STATES OF ARIZONA, ALASKA, ARKANSAS, CALIFORNIA, COLORADO,
CONNECTICUT, DELAWARE, GEORGIA, HAWAII, ILLINOIS, IOWA, KANSAS,
KENTUCKY, LOUISIANA, MAINE, MARYLAND, MINNESOTA, MISSISSIPPI, ... (NO.
99-29, 99-5) " HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
2689 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1034453, *1034453+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 12, 1999) BRIEF
OF PETITIONER CHRISTY BRZONKALA (NO. 99-29, 99-5) " HN: 4,12,19
(S.Ct.)
2690 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1037259, *1037259+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 12, 1999) BRIEF
FOR THE UNITED STATES (NO. 99-29, 99-5) HN: 12,14,19 (S.Ct.)
2691 Brzonkala v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1566657, *1566657+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 12, 1999)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE BRIEF AND AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF OF THE ASSO-
CIATION OF TRIAL LAWYERS OF AMERICA IN SUPPORT OF THE PETITIONER
(NO. 99-5) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2692 U.S. v. Morrison, 1999 WL 1034473, *1034473+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 10, 1999) MO-
TION BY ASSOCIATION OF THE BAR OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK FOR LEAVE
TO FILE BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONERS AND BRIEF
AMICUS CURIAE (NO. 99-29, 99-5) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2693 Reno v. Condon, 1999 WL 503879, *503879+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 15, 1999) BRIEF OF
FEMINIST MAJORITY FOUNDATION, et. al., (Additional amici listed on inside cover)
AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PETITIONER UNITED STATES (NO. 98-1464)
HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2694 Greater New Orleans Broadcasting Ass'n, Inc. v. U.S., 1999 WL 161073, *161073+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Mar 24, 1999) BRIEF FOR THE RESPONDENTS (NO. 98-387) HN: 8,9
(S.Ct.)
2695 Commonwealth of Pennslyvania, Dept. of Corrections v. Yeskey, 1998 WL 93291, *93291+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 04, 1998) BRIEF FOR THE PETITIONERS (NO. 97-634)
HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
2696 Board of Educ. of Twp. of Piscataway v. Taxman, 1997 WL 626852, *626852+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Oct 09, 1997) BRIEF OF CLARENDON FOUNDATION AS AMICUS CURIAE IN
SUPPORT OF RESPONDENT (NO. 96-679) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2697 City of Boerne, Tex. v. Flores, 1997 WL 10274, *10274+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 10, 1997)
BRIEF AMICUS CURIAE OF PRISON FELLOWSHIP MINISTRIES AND THE ALEPH
INSTITUTE IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTS (NO. 95-2074) " HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2698 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrison, 1996 WL 403309, *403309+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jul 17, 1996) PETITIONER'S REPLY BRIEF (NO. 94-1988) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
2699 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrison, 1996 WL 325336, *325336+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jun 12, 1996) BRIEF FOR THE RESPONDENTS (NO. 94-1988) HN: 4,12
(S.Ct.)
2700 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrsion, 1996 WL 243471, *243471+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. May 10, 1996) BRIEF OF THE AMERICAN COUNCIL ON EDUCATION, IN-
DEPENDENT SECTOR, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF MUSEUMS, AMERICAN
HEART ASSOCIATION, CENTER FOR NON-PROFIT CORPORATIONS, COUNCIL
FOR ADVANCEMENT AND SUPPORT OF ... (NO. 94-1988) HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
2701 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrison, 1996 WL 245552, *245552+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. May 10, 1996) BRIEF FOR THE PETITIONER (NO. 94-1988)
2702 Camps Newfound/Owatonna, Inc. v. Town of Harrison, 1996 WL 249495, *249495+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. May 10, 1996) BRIEF OF THE CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOCIETY, THE COALI-
TION FOR CHRISTIAN COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES, WORLD RELIEF, THE IN-
TERNATIONAL UNION OF GOSPEL MISSIONS, THE CHRISTIAN LIFE COMMIS-
SION OF THE SOUTHERN ... (NO. 94-1988) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2703 SEMINOLE TRIBE OF FLORIDA, Petitioner, v. State of Florida, et al., Respondent., 1995 WL

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

17008498, *17008498+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 31, 1995) Brief of Amici Curiae National
Indian Gaming Association, Minnesota Indian Gaming Association and California-Nevada
Indian Gaming Association in Support of Petitioner: Appendix in Support (NO. 94-12) "
HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2704 SEMINOLE TRIBE OF FLORIDA, Petitioner, v. State of Florida, and Lawton Chiles, Governor
of Florida Respondents., 1995 WL 17008499, *17008499+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 31, 1995)
Brief of Amicus Curiae the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, in Support of the Semi-
nole Tribe of Florida (NO. 94-12) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
2705 Roy ROMER, as Governor of the State of Colorado, and the State of Colorado, Petitioners, v.
Richard G. EVANS, Angela Romero, Linda Fowler, Paul Brown, Priscilla Inkpen, John Miller,
the Boulder Valley School District RE-2, the City and County of Denver, the City of Boulder, the
City of Aspen and the City Council of Aspen, Respondents., 1995 WL 17008431, *17008431+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. 1995) Brief for Amicus Curiae National Bar Association in Support
of Respondents (NO. 94-1039) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2706 Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 1994 WL 694992, *694992+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 08,
1994) BRIEF FOR THE RESPONDENTS (NO. 93-1841) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
2707 U.S. v. Robertson, 1994 WL 672612, *672612+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 01, 1994) BRIEF
FOR THE UNITED STATES (NO. 94-251) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2708 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007619,
*16007619+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 19, 1994) Brief of the National Conference of State
Legislatures, National Governors' Association, National League of Cities, National Associ-
ation of Counties, International City/County Management Association, ... (NO. 93-1260) "
HN: 4,11,19 (S.Ct.)
2709 U.S. v. Lopez, 1994 WL 396915, *396915+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 19, 1994) BRIEF FOR
RESPONDENT (NO. 93-1260) " HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
2710 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007612,
*16007612+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief of Center to Prevent Handgun Viol-
ence, American Federation of Teachers, Council of Great City Schools, National Associ-
ation of Elementary School Principals, National Association of Secondary ... (NO. 93-1260) "
HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2711 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007613,
*16007613+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief of Amici Curiae Children Now
Project on Children and Violence Youth Alive Children's Law Offices, Inc. on Behalf of Pe-
titioner (NO. 93-1260)
2712 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007614,
*16007614+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief of 16 Members of the United States
Senate and 34 Members of the United States House of Representatives as Amici Curiae in
Support of Petitioner%N%49%N (NO. 93-1260) " HN: 14,19,20 (S.Ct.)
2713 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007615,
*16007615+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief of Clarendon Foundation as Amicus
Curiae in Support of Petitioner (NO. 93-1260) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
2714 United States, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007616, *16007616+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief of National School Safety Center; National Crime

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Prevention Council; American Association of School Administrators; National Association


of Secondary School Principals; National Crime ... (NO. 93-1260) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2715 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007793,
*16007793+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 02, 1994) Brief for the States of Ohio and New York
and the District of Columbia as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner (NO. 93-1260)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2716 United States of America, Petitioner, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Respondent., 1994 WL 16007618,
*16007618+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. 1994) Brief Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation
in Support of Respondent (NO. 93-1260) " HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2717 U.S. v. Edge Broadcasting Co., 1993 WL 289152, *289152+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 19,
1993) BRIEF FOR THE PETITIONERS (NO. 92-486) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2718 Yee Yee v. City of Escondido, 1992 WL 545135, *545135 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 03, 1992)
BRIEF FOR RESPONDENT (NO. 90-1947)
2719 R.A.V., Petitioner, v. CITY OF ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA, Respondent., 1991 WL 11003962,
*11003962+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 23, 1991) Brief Amicus Curiae of the National Black
Women's Health Project in Support of Respondent (NO. 90-7675) " HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2720 Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic, 1991 WL 534030, *534030+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
May 13, 1991) BRIEF FOR RESPONDENTS (NO. 90-985) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2721 Boureslan v. Arabian American Oil Co., 1990 WL 511309, *511309+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Dec 17, 1990) BRIEF FOR RESPONDENTS ARABIAN AMERICAN OIL COMPANY
AND ARAMCO SERVICES COMPANY (NO. 89-1838, 89-1845)
2722 Ali BOURESLAN and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Petitioners, v. ARABIAN
AMERICAN OIL COMPANY and ARAMCO SERVICES COMPANY, Respondents., 1990 WL
10012867, *10012867+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1990) Brief of the Lawyers' Commit-
tee for Civil Rights Under Law as Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners (NO. 89-1838,
89-1845)
2723 Ali BOURESLAN and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Petitioners, v. ARABIAN
AMERICAN OIL COMPANY and ARAMCO SERVICES COMPANY, Respondents., 1990 WL
10012877, *10012877+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1990) Brief for Respondents Arabian
American Oil Company and Aramco Services Company (NO. 89-1838, 89-1845)
2724 SUMMIT HEALTH, LTD., et al., Petitioners, v. Simon J. PINHAS., 1990 WL 10022413,
*10022413+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 18, 1990) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curi-
ae Supporting Respondent (NO. 89-1679) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2725 Summit Health, Ltd. v. PinHas, 1990 WL 512734, *512734+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 18,
1990) RESPONDENT'S BRIEF (NO. 89-1679) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2726 Rudy PERPICH, as Governor of the State of Minnesota, and The State of Minnesota, by its At-
torney General Hubert H. Humphrey, III, Petitioners, v. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE, et al., Respondents., 1990 WL 10012997, *10012997+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar
15, 1990) Reply Brief of Petitioners (NO. 89-542)
2727 Perpich v. U.S. Dept. of Defense, 1990 WL 505676, *505676+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 15,
1990) REPLY BRIEF OF PETITIONERS (NO. 89-542)
2728 METRO BROADCASTING, INC., Petitioner, v. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMIS-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

SION, et al., Respondents., 1990 WL 10012803, *10012803+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 06,
1990) Brief Amicus Curiae of Giles Television, Inc. in Support of Respondents (NO. 89-453)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2729 Perpich v. U.S. Dept. of Defense, 1990 WL 505675, *505675+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 06,
1990) BRIEF FOR THE RESPONDENTS (NO. 89-542) " HN: 1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2730 METRO BROADCASTING, INC., Petitioner, v. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMIS-
SION, et al., Respondents., 1989 WL 1127002, *1127002+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term
1989) Brief of Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law as Amicus Curiae in Sup-
port of Respondents (NO. 89-453) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2731 Rudy PERPICH, Governor of Minnesota, et al., petitioners, v. UNITED STATES DEPART-
MENT OF DEFENSE, et al., 1989 WL 1127213, *1127213+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term
1989) Brief for the Respondents (NO. 89-542) " HN: 1,12,14 (S.Ct.)
2732 J. Paul PRESEAULT and Patricia Preseault, Petitioners, v. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COM-
MISSION, United States of America, State of Vermont, City of Burlington and Vermont Rail-
way, Inc., Respondents., 1989 WL 1127497, *1127497+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1989)
Brief for Respondents State of Vermont, City of Burlington and Vermont Railway, Inc.
(NO. 88-1076) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
2733 J. Paul PRESEAULT, et al., Petitioners, v. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION, et al.,
Respondents., 1989 WL 1127499, *1127499+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1989) Brief by
Amici Curiae Iowa Association of County Conservation Boards, Carroll, Sac, Dallas and
Page County Conservation Boards, National Wildlife Federation, National Audubon Society
and Natural ... (NO. 88-1076) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2734 Gerald A. LEWIS, in his official capacities as Comptroller of the State of Florida, and Head of
the Department of Banking and Finance of the State of Florida, Appellant, v. CONTINENTAL
BANK CORPORATION, and William D. Plechaty, Richard H. Hanneman, James P. Johnson,
Gail M. Melick, and Robert J. Fiddes, as Applicants and Proposed Organizers of Continental
Illinois Savings Bank of Dade County, Appellees., 1989 WL 1127255, *1127255+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Oct 03, 1989) Brief for the Appellees Continental Bank Corporation, et al. (NO.
87-1955) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2735 J. Paul PRESEAULT and Patricia Preseault, Petitioners, v. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COM-
MISSION and United States of America, State of Vermont, City of Burlington and Vermont Rail-
way, Inc., Respondents., 1989 WL 1127506, *1127506+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 29, 1989)
Brief of Montgomery County, Maryland as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondents (NO.
88-1076) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2736 J. Paul PRESEAULT, et al., Petitioners, v. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION, et al.,
Respondents., 1989 WL 1127504, *1127504+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 28, 1989) Brief by
Amici Curiae State of California, John K. Van de Kamp, Attorney General of the State of
California, and the States of Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire,
North Dakota, ... (NO. 88-1076) " HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2737 MINNESOTA NEWSPAPER ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. Anthony M. FRANK, Post-
master General of the United States, et al. Anthony M. Frank, Postmaster General of the United
States, et al., Appellants, v. Minnesota Newspaper Association, Inc., 1988 WL 1026334,
*1026334+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 17, 1988) Brief for the Federal Parties (NO. 87-1943,

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

87-1956) HN: 7 (S.Ct.)


2738 Brenda PATTERSON, Petitioner, v. MCLEAN CREDIT UNION, Respondent., 1988 WL
1022924, *1022924+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 24, 1988) Brief Amici Curiae of the Associ-
ation of the Bar of the City of New York and the New York County Lawyers%7D Associ-
ation on Behalf of Petitioner Patterson (NO. 87-107)
2739 Brenda PATTERSON, Petitioner, v. MCLEAN CREDIT UNION, Respondent., 1988 WL
1031659, *1031659+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 24, 1988) Brief Amici Curiae of the Associ-
ation of the Bar of the City of New York and the New York County Lawyers' Association on
Behalf of Petitioner Patterson (NO. 87-107)
2740 Brenda PATTERSON, Petitioner, v. MCLEAN CREDIT UNION, Respondent., 1988 WL
1031731, *1031731+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 24, 1988) Brief Amici Curiae of the Associ-
ation of the Bar of the City of New York and the New York County Lawyers' Association on
Behalf of Petitioner Patterson (NO. 87-107)
2741 CITY OF RICHMOND, appellant, v. J.A. CROSON COMPANY., 1988 WL 1025715,
*1025715+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 08, 1988) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae
Supporting Appellee (NO. 87-998)
2742 CITY OF RICHMOND, Appellant, v. J.A. CROSON COMPANY, Appellee., 1988 WL 1025699,
*1025699+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Apr 21, 1988) Brief of the Maryland Legislative Black
Caucus as Amicus Curiae in Support of Appellant (NO. 87-998) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2743 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of The City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and the Members of
The City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1988 WL 1026274, *1026274+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 13, 1988) Brief of the U.S. Conference of Mayors, Council of State Govern-
ments, National Association of Counties, National League of Cities, and International City
Management Association as Amici Curiae in ... (NO. 86-1836) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2744 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of the City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and The Members of
the City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1988 WL 1026275, *1026275+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 13, 1988) Brief of Amicus Curiae City and County of San Francisco, Califor-
nia (NO. 86-1836) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2745 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of The City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and The Members of
The City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1988 WL 1026276, *1026276+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 13, 1988) Brief for Appellee (NO. 86-1836) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2746 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
et al., Appellees., 1988 WL 1026277, *1026277+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 13, 1988) Brief
Amicus Curiae of American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York Civil Liberties
Union and Aclu Foundation of Southern California in Support of Appellees (NO. 86-1836)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2747 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of the City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and the Members of
the City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1988 WL 1026269, *1026269+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 07, 1988) Brief Amici Curiae of the Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'Rith

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

and the New York County Lawyers' Association in Support of Appellees (NO. 86-1836) "

2748 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of the City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and The Members of
the City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1988 WL 1026268, *1026268+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 06, 1988) Brief of the Committees on Civil Rights and Sex and Law of the
Association of the Bar of the City of New York as Amicus Curiae in Support of Appellees,
the City of New York, et al (NO. 86-1836)
2749 NEW YORK STATE CLUB ASSOCIATION, INC., Appellant, v. THE CITY OF NEW YORK,
The Mayor of The City of New York, The City Human Rights Commission and The Members of
The City Human Rights Commission, Appellees., 1987 WL 880524, *880524+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Nov 19, 1987) Brief for the Appellant (NO. 86-1836)
2750 Richard E. LYNG, Secretary of Agriculture, et al., Petitioners, v. NORTHWEST INDIAN
CEMETERY PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION, et al., Respondents., 1987 WL 880348, *880348+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 22, 1987) Brief of Amici Curiae National Congress of American
Indians, Association on American Indian Affairs, the Karuk Tribe of California, the Tolowa
Nation, the Hoopa Tribe of California, the Confederated ... (NO. 86-1013) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2751 Richard PENNELL and Tri-County Apartment House Owners Association, Appellants, v. CITY
OF SAN JOSE and CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SAN JOSE, Appellees., 1987 WL
881304, *881304+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 31, 1987) Brief Amicus Curiae of the Center for
Constitutional Rights in Support of Appellees City of San Jose and City Council of the City
of San Jose (NO. 86-753) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2752 CRAWFORD FITTING COMPANY, Capital Valve & Fitting Company, Inc., Thomas A. Read
& Company, Fred A. Lennon and Robert D. Jennings, Petitioners, v. J. T. GIBBONS, INC., Re-
spondent., 1987 WL 880333, *880333+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 15, 1987) Brief for the Peti-
tioners (NO. 86-322)
2753 James Patrick NOLLAN and Marilyn Harvey Nollan, Appellants, v. CALIFORNIA COASTAL
COMMISSION, Appellee., 1986 WL 720589, *720589+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 18, 1986)
Brief of Appellants (NO. 86-133.) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2754 INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION, Petitioner, v. State of Texas, Respondent; MIS-
SOURI-KANSAS-TEXAS RAILROAD COMPANY, Missouri Pacific Railroad Company, and
Southern Pacific Transportation Company, Petitioners, v. State of Texas, Respondent., 1986 WL
727999, *727999+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 31, 1986) Brief of Petitioners Missouri-Kan-
sas-Texas Railroad Company, Missouri Pacific Railroad Company, and Southern Pacific
Transportation Company (NO. 85-1222, 85-1267) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2755 James Kirkland BATSON, Petitioner, v. KENTUCKY, Respondent., 1985 WL 667932,
*667932+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 23, 1985) Reply Brief for Petitioner (NO. 84-6263)
2756 James Kirkland BATSON, Petitioner, v. KENTUCKY, Respondent., 1985 WL 669935,
*669935+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 23, 1985) Reply Brief for Petitioner (NO. 84-6263)
2757 James Kirkland BATSON, Petitioner, v. KENTUCKY, Respondent., 1985 WL 667931,
*667931+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 08, 1985) Reply Brief for Petitioner (NO. 84-6263)
2758 James Kirkland BATSON, Petitioner, v. COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY, Respondent.,

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

1985 WL 669934, *669934+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 08, 1985) Reply Brief for Petitioner
(NO. 84-6263)
2759 John L. CONNOLLY, et al., each in his respective capacity as Trustee of the Operating Engin-
eers Pension Trust, Appellants, v. PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION, Ap-
pellee. Woodward Sand Co., Inc., Appellant, v. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, Ap-
pellee., 1985 WL 669905, *669905+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 23, 1985) Brief Amicus Curiae
of the National Coordinating Committee for Multiemployer Plans in Support of Appellee,
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (NO. 84-1555, 84-1567) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2760 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. RIVERSIDE BAYVIEW HOMES, INC., et al.,
1985 WL 669799, *669799+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 28, 1985) Brief of Amicus Curiae
American Petroleum Institute in Support of Respondents (NO. 84-701)
2761 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. RIVERSIDE BAYVIEW HOMES, INC., et al.,
1985 WL 669798, *669798+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 27, 1985) Brief of Amici Curiae Cit-
izens of Chincoteague for a Reasonable Wetlands Policy in Support of Respondents (NO.
84-701) " HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
2762 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. RIVERSIDE BAYVIEW HOMES, INC., et al.,
1985 WL 669795, *669795+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1985) Brief of Amici Curiae Na-
tional Wildlife Federation, State of Alaska, American Fisheries Society, Bass Anglers
Sportsman Society, Chesapeake Bay Foundation, Inc., Environment Council of Rhode Is-
land, ... (NO. 84-701) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2763 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. RIVERSIDE BAYVIEW HOMES, INC., et al.,
Respondents., 1985 WL 669796, *669796+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1985) Brief of
Amici Curiae State of California, John K. Van De Kamp, Attorney General of California,
California Coastal Commission, San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Com-
mission, California ... (NO. 84-701) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2764 Robert RUSSELL, petitioner, v. United States of America., 1985 WL 669559, *669559
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Apr 04, 1985) Brief for the United States (NO. 84-435) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2765 Harry N. WALTERS, Administrator of Veterans' Affairs, et al., Appellants, v. NATIONAL AS-
SOCIATION OF RADIATION SURVIVORS, et al., 1985 WL 669992, *669992+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 31, 1985) Brief for the Appellants (NO. 84-571)
2766 Yolanda AGUILAR, et al., Appellants, v. Betty-Louise FELTON, et al., Appellees., 1984 WL
565475, *565475+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 15, 1984) Brief of the United States Catholic
Conference as Amicus Curiae in Support of Appellants (NO. 84-237WITH84-238, 84-239)

2767 Joe G. GARCIA, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN TRANSIT AUTHORITY, et


al. Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit
Authority, et al., 1984 WL 564024, *564024+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 24, 1984) Reply Brief
for the Secretary of Labor on Reargument (NO. 82-1913, 82-1951)
2768 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, and American Public Transit Association, Appellees. Joe G. Garcia,
Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, and American Public Transit Associ-
ation, Appellees., 1984 WL 564001, *564001+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 07, 1984) Supple-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

mental Brief for the American Public Transit Association on Reargument (NO. 82-1913,
82-1951)
2769 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, et al., Appellees. Joe G. Garcia, Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolit-
an Transit Authority, et al., Appellees., 1984 WL 564002, *564002+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep
07, 1984) Brief of San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority on Reargument (NO.
82-1913, 82-1951) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2770 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, and American Public Transit Association, Appellees. Joe G. Garcia,
Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, and American Public Transit Associ-
ation, Appellees., 1984 WL 564021, *564021+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 07, 1984) Supple-
mental Brief for the American Public Transit Association on Reargument (NO. 82-1913,
82-1951)
2771 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, et al., Appellees. Joe G. Garcia, Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolit-
an Transit Authority, et al., Appellees., 1984 WL 564022, *564022+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep
07, 1984) Brief of San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority on Reargument (NO.
82-1913, 82-1951) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2772 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, and American Public Transit Association, Appellees. Joe G. Garcia,
Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, and American Public Transit Associ-
ation, Appellees., 1984 WL 566131, *566131+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 07, 1984) Supple-
mental Brief for the American Public Transit Association on Reargument (NO. 82-1913,
82-1951)
2773 Raymond J. DONOVAN, Secretary of Labor, Appellant, v. SAN ANTONIO METROPOLITAN
TRANSIT AUTHORITY, et al., Appellees. Joe G. Garcia, Appellant, v. San Antonio Metropolit-
an Transit Authority, et al., Appellees., 1984 WL 566132, *566132+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep
07, 1984) Brief of San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority on Reargument (NO.
82-1913, 82-1951) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2774 Jeffrey MAREK, Thomas Wadycki and Lawrence Rhode, Petitioners, v. Alfred W. CHESNY,
Respondent., 1984 WL 565437, *565437 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 11, 1984) Brief of Amicus
Curiae (NO. 83-1437)
2775 Estate of Donald E. THORNTON, Petitioner, State of Connecticut, Intervenor, v. CALDOR,
INC., Respondent., 1984 WL 566029, *566029+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 01, 1984) Brief for
Petitioner (NO. 83-1158) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2776 Estate of Donald E. THORNTON, Petitioner, v. CALDOR, INC., Respondent., 1984 WL
566050, *566050+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 07, 1984) Motion for Leave to File Brief and
Brief of the Council of State Governments, the National Association of Counties and the Na-
tional Conference of State Legislatures as Amici Curiae in Support of the ... (NO. 83-1158)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2777 Joy SPORHASE, et al., Appellants, v. STATE OF NEBRASKA, et al., Appellees., 1982 WL
608567, *608567 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 11, 1982) Brief of the State of California as
Amicus Curiae, Urging Affirmance (NO. 81-613) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2778 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390128,
*390128+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 28, 1981) Brief for Appellees State of Mississippi and
Mississippi Public Service Commission (NO. 80-1749) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2779 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390129,
*390129+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 28, 1981) Brief for the Appellee, Mississippi Power &
Light Company (NO. 80-1749) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2780 CONSOLIDATED FREIGHTWAYS CORPORATION OF DELAWARE, a Delaware Corpora-
tion, Petitioner, v. Raymond KASSEL, Robert Rigler, L. Stanley Schoelerman, Donald Gardner,
Jules Busker, Allan Thoms, Barbara Dunn, William McGrath, Jon McCoy, Charles W. Larson,
Edward Dickinson, Richard C. Turner, and Robert D. Ray, Respondents., 1981 WL 389764,
*389764+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 22, 1981) Reply Brief for Petitioner (NO. 79-1618)
HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2781 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390132,
*390132+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 28, 1981) Brief Amicus Curiae of the American Public
Power Association (NO. 80-1749) " HN: 11,20 (S.Ct.)
2782 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390147,
*390147+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 25, 1981) Brief of Amici Curiae Utilities: Houston
Lighting & Power Company, Idaho Power Company, Iowa Power and Light Company,
Iowa Public Service Company, The Montana Power Company, and Oklahoma Gas and ...
(NO. 80-1749) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2783 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390158,
*390158+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 31, 1981) Brief of the County of Onondaga, New York,
Amicus Curiae (NO. 80-1749) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2784 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION and James B. Edwards, Secretary of En-
ergy, Appellants, v. THE STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390142,
*390142+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 28, 1981) Brief of the Energy Law Institute and the
State of Maine, Amici Curiae (NO. 80-1749) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
2785 FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, et al., Appellants, v. THE STATE OF
MISSISSIPPI, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390145, *390145+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 28,
1981) Brief of Hawaii Sugar Planters' Association, Amicus Curiae (NO. 80-1749) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2786 COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, et al., Appellants, v. NEW HAMPSHIRE LE-
CISLATIVE UTILITIES CONSUMERS' COUNCIL, Appellee., 1981 WL 389630, *389630+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 24, 1981) Brief of Appellant Commonwealth of Massachusetts
(NO. 80-1471) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2787 FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION, Appellant, v. AMERICANS FOR CHANGE, et al., Ap-
pellees., 1981 WL 390476, *390476+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 11, 1981) Brief for Appellant
(NO. 80-1067)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2788 COMMONWEALTH EDISON COMPANY, Central Illinois Light Company, Dairyland Power
Cooperative, Detroit Edison Company, Interstate Power Company, Lake Superior District Power
Company, Lower Colorado River Authority1City of Austin, Minnesota Power & Light Company,
Northern States Power Company, Upper Peninsula Generating Company, Wisconsin Power &
Light Company, Decker Coal Company, Peabody Coal Company, Westmoreland Resources, Inc.
and Western Energy, 1981 WL 389878, *389878+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 22, 1981) Brief
Amici Curiae (NO. 80-581) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2789 COMMONWEALTH EDISON COMPANY, Central Illinois Light Company, Dairyland Power
Cooperative, Detroit Edison Company, Interstate Power Company, Lake Superior District Power
Company, Lower Colorado River Authority1City of Austin, Minnesota Power & Light Company,
Northern States Power Company, Upper Peninsula Generating Company, Wisconsin Power &
Light Company, Decker Coal Company, Peabody Coal Company, Westmoreland Resources, Inc.
and Western Energy, 1981 WL 389865, *389865+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 21, 1981) Brief of
Appellants (NO. 80-581) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2790 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Appellants, v. STATE OF INDIANA, Otis R.
Bowen, M.D., Governor, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL 390295, *390295+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Jan 09, 1981) Brief for Appellees%n*%n (NO. 80-231) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
2791 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Appellants, v. STATE OF INDIANA, et al.,
Appellees., 1981 WL 390298, *390298+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 09, 1981) Brief of the State
of Maryland Amicus Curiae (NO. 80-231) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2792 METROMEDIA, INC., et al., Appellants, v. CITY OF SAN DIEGO, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL
390215, *390215 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 1981) Brief in Support of Appellee Filed by
Amicus Curiae City and County of San Francisco (NO. 80-195)
2793 METROMEDIA, INC., et al., Appellants, v. CITY OF SAN DIEGO, et al., Appellees., 1981 WL
390217, *390217+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 1981) Brief in Support of Appellee Filed by
Amicus Curiae City and County of San Francisco (NO. 80-195) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2794 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, Appellant, v. VIRGINIA SURFACE MINING
AND RECLAMATION ASSOCIATION, INC., et al., Appellees., 1980 WL 339842, *339842+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 19, 1980) Brief Amicus Curiae in Support of Appellees' Position
by Pike County, Kentucky (NO. 79-1538) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2795 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Appellants, v. STATE OF INDIANA, et al.,
1980 WL 339846, *339846+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 29, 1980) Brief for the Appellants
(NO. 80-231)
2796 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, Appellant, v. VIRGINIA SURFACE MINING
AND RECLAMATION ASSOCIATION, INC., et al. Virginia Surface Mining and Reclamation
Association, Inc., et al., Appellants, v. Cecil D. Andrus, Secretary of the Interior, et al., 1980 WL
339830, *339830+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 1980) Brief for the Secretary of the Interior
(NO. 79-1538, 79-1596) " HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2797 Cecil D. ANDRUS, Secretary of the Interior, et al., Appellants, v. STATE OF INDIANA, et al.,
Appellees., 1980 WL 339847, *339847+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1980) Brief of Mid-
America Legal Foundation Supporting the Position of Appellees (NO. 80-231) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
2798 COUNTY OF IMPERIAL, CALIFORNIA and The Superior Court of California, in and for The

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

County of Imperial, Petitioners, v. Guillermo Gallego MUNOZ, Humberto Martinez, Juan de Le-
on, Respondents., 1980 WL 339302, *339302+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 25, 1980) Brief for
the Respondents (NO. 79-1003) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2799 PRUNEYARD SHOPPING CENTER and Fred Sahadi, Appellants, v. Michael ROBINS, et al.,
Appellees., 1980 WL 339563, *339563+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 11, 1980) Reply Brief of
Appellants (NO. 79-289) HN: 13,14 (S.Ct.)
2800 PRUNEYARD SHOPPING CENTER, et al., Appellants, v. Michael ROBINS, et al., 1980 WL
339566, *339566+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 1980) Brief for the United States as Amicus
Curiae (NO. 79-289) HN: 14,17 (S.Ct.)
2801 PRUNEYARD SHOPPING CENTER, et al., Appellants, v. Michael ROBINS, et al., Appellees.,
1980 WL 339560, *339560+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 30, 1980) Brief of Appellees (NO.
79-289) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2802 PRUNEYARD SHOPPING CENTER, et al., Appellants, v. Michael ROBINS, et al., Appellees.,
1980 WL 339574, *339574+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. 1980) Brief of the American Civil Liber-
ties Union of Northern California, the Aclu Foundation of Southern California, and the
American Civil Liberties Union, Amici Curiae (NO. 79-289) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2803 Gerald A. LEWIS, Comptroller of the State of Florida and Commissioner of Banking of the State
of Florida, Appellant, v. BT INVESTMENT MANAGERS, INC., et ano., Appellees., 1979 WL
199929, *199929+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 19, 1979) Brief of the New York Clearing
House Association, Amicus Curiae (NO. 79-45) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2804 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., Petitioners, v. Juanita KREPS, Secretary of Commerce of the United
States of America, et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199317, *199317+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov
20, 1979) Reply Brief for Petitioner, General Building Contractors of New York State, Inc.,
The New York State Building Chapter, Associated General Contractors of America, Inc.
(NO. 78-1007) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2805 Fullilove v. Kreps, 1979 WL 213771, *213771+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 20, 1979) Reply
Brief for Petitioner, General Building Contractors of New York State, Inc., The New York
State Building Chapter, Associated General Contractors of America, Inc. (NO. 78-1007)
HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2806 PRUNE YARD SHOPPING CENTER, et al., Appellants, v. Michael ROBINS, et al., Appellees.,
1979 WL 199943, *199943+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1979) Brief Amicus Curiae of
the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (NO. 79-289)
HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2807 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., petitioners, v. Juanita M. KREPS, Secretary of Commerce, et al.,
1979 WL 199310, *199310+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 13, 1979) Brief for the Secretary of
Commerce (NO. 78-1007) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2808 Fullilove v. Kreps, 1979 WL 213755, *213755+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 13, 1979) Brief for
the Secretary of Commerce (NO. 78-1007) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2809 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., Petitioners, v. Juanita KREPS, Secretary of Commerce of the United
States of America, et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199314, *199314+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct
09, 1979) Brief for Respondents the City of New York, The New York City Board of Higher
Education, and The New York City Health and Hospitals Corp. (NO. 78-1007) HN:
12,14,19 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

2810 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., Petitioners, v. Juanita KREPS, Secretary of Commerce of the United
States of America, et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199333, *199333+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct
09, 1979) Brief of the American Civil Liberties Union and the Society of American Law
Teachers Board of Governors, Amici Curiae (NO. 78-1007) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2811 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., Petitioners, v. Juanita KREPS, Secretary of Commerce of the United
States of America, et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199340, *199340+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct
09, 1979) Brief Amici Curiae of American Savings & Loan League, Inc. and National Asso-
ciation of Black Manufacturers, Inc. in Support of Respondents Juanita Kreps, et al. (NO.
78-1007) " HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2812 Fullilove v. Kreps, 1979 WL 213753, *213753+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 09, 1979) Brief for
Respondents The City of New York, The New York City Board of Higher Education, and
The New York City Health and Hospitals Corp. (NO. 78-1007) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2813 Fullilove v. Kreps, 1979 WL 213768, *213768+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 09, 1979) Brief
Amici Curiae of American Savings & Loan League, Inc. and National Association of Black
Manufacturers, Inc. in Support of Respondents Juanita Kreps, et al. (NO. 78-1007) "
HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2814 H. Earl FULLILOVE, et al., Petitioners, v. Juanita KREPS, Secretary of Commerce of the United
States of America, et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199312, *199312+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep
07, 1979) Brief for Respondent State of New York (NO. 78-1007)
2815 Fullilove v. Kreps, 1979 WL 213765, *213765+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 07, 1979) Brief for
Respondent State of New York (NO. 78-1007)
2816 James Jefferson McLAIN, et al., Petitioners, v. REAL ESTATE BOARD OF NEW ORLEANS,
INC., et al., Respondents., 1979 WL 199409, *199409+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 27, 1979)
Motion for Leave to File a Brief Amicus Curiae and Brief of Amicus Curiae Consumers
Union of United States, Inc., in Support of Petitioners (NO. 78-1501) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2817 James Jefferson McLAIN, et al., petitioners, v. REAL ESTATE BOARD OF NEW ORLEANS,
INC., et al., 1979 WL 199408, *199408+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 28, 1979) Brief for the
United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 78-1501)
2818 McLain v. Real Estate Board of New Orleans, Inc., 1979 WL 213983, *213983+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jun 28, 1979) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 78-1501)
2819 Kaiser AETNA; Bernice P. Bishop Estate, et al., Petitioners, v. UNITED STATES OF AMER-
ICA., 1979 WL 199965, *199965+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 08, 1979) Brief for the United
States (NO. 78-738) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2820 Aetna v. United States of America, 1979 WL 213920, *213920+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 08,
1979) Brief for the United States (NO. 78-738) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2821 GREAT AMERICAN FEDERAL SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION, John A. Virostek,
Joseph E. Bugel, John J. Dravecky, Daniel T. Kubasak, Edward J. Lesko, James E. Orris, Joseph
A. Prokopovitsh, John G. Micenko, and Frank J. Vanek, Petitioners, v. John R. NOVOTNY, Re-
spondent., 1979 WL 199979, *199979+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 28, 1979) Brief for Re-
spondent (NO. 78-753) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2822 GREAT AMERICAN FEDERAL SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION, John A. Virostek,
Joseph E. Bugel, John J. Dravecky, Daniel T. Kubasak, Edward J. Lesko, James E. Orris, Joseph

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

A. Prokopovitsh, John G. Micenko and Frank J. Vanek, Petitioners, v. John R. NOVOTNY, Re-
spondent., 1979 WL 199982, *199982+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 28, 1979) Brief Amicus
Curiae of the American Civil Liberties Union and the American Civil Liberties Union of
Pennsylvania (NO. 78-753) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2823 Great American Federal Savings & Loan Association v. Novotny, 1979 WL 213874, *213874+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 28, 1979) Brief for Respondent (NO. 78-753) " HN: 1,12
(S.Ct.)
2824 Great American Federal Savings & Loan Association v. Novotny, 1979 WL 213929, *213929+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 26, 1979) Brief for Petitioners (NO. 78-753) " HN: 8
(S.Ct.)
2825 GREAT AMERICAN FEDERAL SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION, John A. Virostek,
Joseph E. Bugel, John J. Dravecky, Daniel T. Kubasak, Edward J. Lesko, James E. Orris, Joseph
A. Prokopovitsh, John G. Micenko, and Frank J. Vanek, Petitioners, v. John R. NOVOTNY, Re-
spondent., 1979 WL 199978, *199978+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 1979) Brief for Petitioners
(NO. 78-753) " HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
2826 UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA, Petitioner, v. Brian F. WEBER, Respondent. Kais-
er Aluminum & Chemical Corporation, Petitioner, v. Brian F. Weber, Respondent. United States
of America, Petitioner, v. Brian F. Weber, Respondent., 1979 WL 199742, *199742+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 25, 1979) Brief of Amici Curiae The National Puerto Rican Coalition and
The Puerto Rican Forum (NO. 78-432, 78-435, 78-436)
2827 United Steelworkers of America v. Weber, 1979 WL 213615, *213615+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Jan 25, 1979) Brief of Amici Curiae The National Puerto Rican Coalition and The Puerto
Rican Forum (NO. 78-432, 78-435, 78-436)
2828 ARIZONA PUBLIC SERVICE COMPANY, El Paso Electric Company, Salt River Project Agri-
cultural Improvement and Power District, Southern California Edison Company, and Tucson Gas
& Electric Company, Appellants, v. Arthur B. SNEAD, Director of the Revenue Division of the
Taxation and Revenue Department, Revenue Division of the Taxation and Revenue Department,
and State of New Mexico, Appellees., 1979 WL 199683, *199683+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan
08, 1979) Brief of Appellees (NO. 77-1810) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2829 Arizona Public Service Company v. Snead, 1979 WL 213671, *213671+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Jan 08, 1979) Brief of Appellees (NO. 77-1810) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2830 ARIZONA PUBLIC SERVICE COMPANY, El Paso Electric Company, Salt River Project Agri-
cultural Improvement and Power District, Southern California Edison Company, and Tucson Gas
& Electric Company, Appellants, v. Arthur B. SNEAD, Director of the Revenue Division of the
Taxation and Revenue Department, Revenue Division of the Taxation and Revenue Department,
and State of New Mexico, Appellees., 1978 WL 207189, *207189+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov
24, 1978) Brief for the Appellants (NO. 77-1810) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2831 Geraldine G. CANNON, petitioner, v. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, et al., 1978 WL
207071, *207071+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 02, 1978) Brief for the Federal Respondents
(NO. 77-926) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2832 Cannon v. The University of Chicago, 1978 WL 223506, *223506+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov
02, 1978) Brief for the Federal Respondents (NO. 77-926) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2833 COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES, et al., Petitioners, v. Van DAVIS, et al., Respondents., 1978 WL

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

206978, *206978+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 01, 1978) Brief of the American Civil Liberties
Union and the ACLU of Southern California Amici Curiae (NO. 77-1553) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2834 COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES; Board of Supervisors of the County of Los Angeles and Civil
Service Commission of the County of Los Angeles, Petitioners, v. Van DAVIS, Hershel Clady
and Fred Vega, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, Willie C. Bursey, Eli-
jah Harris, James W. Smith, William Clady, Stephen Haynes, Jimmie Roy Tucker, Leon Aubry,
Ronald Crawford, James Heard, Alfred R. Baltazar, Osbaldo A. Amparah, individually and on
behalf of all others, 1978 WL 206983, *206983+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1978) Brief
of Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners' Brief (NO. 77-1553) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2835 Geraldine G. CANNON, Petitioner, v. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, et al., Respondents.
Geraldine G. CANNON, Petitioner, v. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, et al., Respondents.,
1978 WL 207082, *207082+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 18, 1978) Brief Amici Curiae of Fed-
eration of Organizations for Professional Women, League of Women Voters of the United
States, Center for Law and Education, Inc., National Conference of Puerto Rican Women,
... (NO. 77-926) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2836 County of Los Angeles v. Davis, 1978 WL 223662, *223662+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 02,
1978) Brief of Amicus Curiae in Support of Petitioners' Brief (NO. 77-1553) " HN:
20,21 (S.Ct.)
2837 COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES; Board of Supervisors of the County of Los Angeles; and Civil
Service Commission of the County of Los Angeles, Petitioners, v. Van DAVIS, Hershel Clady
and Fred Vega, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, Willie C. Bursey, Eli-
jah Harris, James W. Smith, William Clady, Stephen Haynes, Jimmie Roy Tucker, Leon Aubry,
Ronald Crawford, James Heard, Alfred R. Baltazar, Osbaldo A. Amparah, individually and on
behalf of all others, 1978 WL 206974, *206974+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 01, 1978) Brief
Amicus Curiae of the Equal Employment Advisory Council (NO. 77-1553) HN: 5
(S.Ct.)
2838 County of Los Angeles v. Davis, 1978 WL 223663, *223663+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 01,
1978) Brief Amicus Curiae of the Equal Employment Advisory Council (NO. 77-1553)
HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2839 Arizona Public Service Company v. Snead, 1978 WL 223216, *223216+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Jun 21, 1978) Jurisdictional Statement (NO. 77-1810) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2840 EXXON CORPORATION and Phillips Petroleum Company, Shell Oil Company, Continental Oil
Company and Kayo Oil Company, Gulf Oil Corporation, Ashland Oil, Inc., Commonwealth Oil
Refining Company, Inc. and Petroleum Marketing Corporation, Appellants, v. GOVERNOR OF
THE STATE OF MARYLAND, et al., Appellees., 1977 WL 189922, *189922+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Nov 17, 1977) Brief of Appellants Ashland Oil, Inc., Commonwealth Oil Refining
Company, Inc., and Petroleum Marketing Corporation (NO. 77-10, 77-11, 77-12, 77-47,
AND77-64) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2841 Exxon Corporation v. Governor of the State of Maryland, 1977 WL 204879, *204879+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 17, 1977) Brief of Appellants Ashland Oil, Inc., Commonwealth
Oil Refining Company, Inc., and Petroleum Marketing Corporation (NO. 77-10, 77-11,
77-12, 77-47, 77-64) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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2842 THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Petitioner, v. Allan BAKKE., 1977
WL 189556, *189556+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 16, 1977) Motion for Leave to File a Sup-
plemental Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae and Supplemental Brief for the
United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 76-811) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2843 The Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 1977 WL 204802, *204802+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Nov 16, 1977) Motion for Leave to File a Supplemental Brief for the United
States as Amicus Curiae and Supplemental Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae
(NO. 76-811) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2844 EXXON CORPORATION and PHILLIPS PETROLEUM COMPANY, Appellants, v. GOV-
ERNOR OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND, et al., Appellees. SHELL OIL COMPANY, Appel-
lant, v. GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND, et al., Appellees. CONTINENTAL
OIL COMPANY, et al., Appellants, v. GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF MARYLAND, et al.,
Appellees. GULF OIL CORPORATION, Appellant, v. GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF
MARYLAND, et al., Appellees. ASHLAND OIL, INC. Commonwealth Oil Refining Company,
Inc. and, 1977 WL 189916, *189916+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 29, 1977) Motion of the
Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America for Leave to File a Brief Amicus
Curiae in Support of Appellants (NO. 77-10, 77-11, 77-12, 77-47, 77-64) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2845 Exxon Corporation v. Governor of the State of Maryland, 1977 WL 204882, *204882 (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jul 29, 1977) Motion of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of
America for Leave to File a Brief Amicus Curiae and Brief Amicus Curiae in Support of
Appellants (NO. 77-10, 77-11, 77-12, 77-47, 77-64)
2846 THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Petitioner, v. Allen BAKKE, Re-
spondent., 1977 WL 187978, *187978+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 07, 1977) Brief of the Coun-
cil on Legal Education Opportunity as Amicus Curiae (NO. 76-811)
2847 THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Petitioner, v. Allen BAKKE, Re-
spondent., 1977 WL 189524, *189524+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 07, 1977) Brief of the Coun-
cil on Legal Education Opportunity as Amicus Curiae (NO. 76-811)
2848 TRANS WORLD AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. Larry G. HARDISON, et al. International As-
sociation of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, AFL-CIO, et al., Petitioners, v. Larry G. Hard-
ison, et al., 1977 WL 189773, *189773+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 25, 1977) Brief for the
United States and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission as Amici Curiae (NO.
75-1126, 75-1385)
2849 TRANS WORLD AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. Larry G. HARDISON, et al., Respondents.
(No. 75-1126) International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, AFL-CIO, et al.,
Petitioners, v. Larry G. Hardison, et al., Respondents. (No. 75-1385), 1977 WL 189768,
*189768+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 15, 1977) Brief for Respondent (NO. 75-1126, 75-1385)

2850 TRANS WORLD AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. Larry G. HARDISON, et al., Respondents,
(No. 75-1126) International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, et al., Petitioners,
v. Larry G. Hardison, and Trans World Airlines, Inc., Respondents. (No. 75-1385), 1977 WL
189778, *189778+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 15, 1977) Motion of the American Civil Liber-
ties Union for Leave to File Brief Amicus Curiae; Brief Amicus Curiae (NO. 75-1126,
75-1385) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)

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2851 TRANS WORLD AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, International Association of Machinists and
Aerospace Workers, AFL-CIO, International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
District 142, and International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Local Lodge
1650, Petitioners, v. Larry G. HARDISON, Respondent., 1977 WL 189781, *189781 (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Feb 14, 1977) Motion of General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists for
Leave to File Brief as Amicus Curiae and Brief for the General Conference of Seventh-day
Adventists, Amicus Curiae (NO. 75-1126, 75-1385) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2852 E. C. DOTHARD, et al., Appellants, v. Brenda M. MIETH, et al., Appellees., 1977 WL 189472,
*189472+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 24, 1977) Brief of Appellants (NO. 76-422) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
2853 James E. DOUGLAS, Jr., Appellant, v. SEACOAST PRODUCTS, INC., the New Smith Meal
Company, Inc., and Second Oceanic Corporation, Appellees., 1977 WL 189764, *189764+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 11, 1977) Reply Brief for the Appellant (NO. 75-1255) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
2854 Douglas v. Seacoast Products, Inc., 1977 WL 205251, *205251+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 11,
1977) Reply Brief for the Appellant (NO. 75-1255) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2855 Richard A. SCARBOROUGH, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA., 1977 WL
189765, *189765+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 05, 1977) Brief for the United States (NO.
75-1344) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2856 Richard A. SCARBOROUGH, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.,
1976 WL 181630, *181630+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 18, 1976) Brief for Petitioner (NO.
75-1344) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2857 Scarborough v. United States of America, 1976 WL 194389, *194389+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Nov 18, 1976) Brief for Petitioner (NO. 75-1344) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2858 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, Petitioner, v. Edmund G. BROWN, Jr., Gov-
ernor of the State of California, et al. Environmental Protection Agency, Petitioner, v. State of
Maryland, et al. Commonwealth of Virginia, ex rel. State Air Pollution Control Board, Petitioner,
v. Russell E. Train, Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency. Russell E. Train, Adminis-
trator of the Environmental Protection Agency, Petitioner, v. District of Columbia, et al., 1976
WL 181414, *181414+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 29, 1976) Brief for the Federal Parties
(NO. 75-1050, 75-1055, 75-909, 75-960) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2859 Environmental Protection Agency v. Brown, 1976 WL 194638, *194638+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Sep 29, 1976) Brief for the Federal Parties (NO. 75-1050, 75-1055, 75-909, 75-960) HN:
11 (S.Ct.)
2860 PARKER SEAL COMPANY, Petitioner, v. Paul CUMMINS., 1976 WL 181532, *181532+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 22, 1976) Brief for the United States and the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission as Amici Curiae (NO. 75-478)
2861 General Electric Company v. Gilbert, 1976 WL 194040, *194040 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 14,
1976) Brief of Amicus Curiae State of Ohio (NO. 74-1589, 74-1590)
2862 James E. DOUGLAS, Jr., Appellant, v. SEACOAST PRODUCTS, INC., The New Smith Meal
Company, Inc., and Second Oceanic Corporation, Appellees., 1976 WL 181573, *181573+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 20, 1976) Brief for Appellees (NO. 75-1255) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)

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2863 PARKER SEAL COMPANY, Petitioner, v. Paul CUMMINS, Respondent., 1976 WL 181538,
*181538 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 13, 1976) Brief for the Seventh-Day Adventist Church,
Amicus Curiae (NO. 75-478)
2864 Frank Irey, Jr., Inc. v. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, 1976 WL 194263,
*194263+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 18, 1976) Brief for the Petitioners (NO. 75-746, 75-748)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2865 Russell L. RUNYON, et ux., Petitioners, v. Michael M. MCCRARY, et al. Fairfax-Brewster
School, Inc., Petitioner, v. Colin M. Gonzales, et al. Southern Independent School Association,
Petitioner, v. Michael C. McCrary, et al., 1976 WL 181316, *181316+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Apr 09, 1976) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 75-278, 75-62, 75-66) "
HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2866 Garland M. FITZPATRICK, et al., Plaintiffs, Donald Matthews, et al., Petitioners, v. Frederick
BITZER, Chairman, et al., Respondents., 1976 WL 181733, *181733+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Feb 26, 1976) Brief for Respondents (NO. 75-251) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2867 Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer, 1976 WL 194103, *194103+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 26, 1976) Brief
for Respondents (NO. 75-251) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2868 THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES, et al., Appellants, v. Hon. William J. USERY, Jr. Sec-
retary of Labor of the United States, Appellee. The State of California, Appellant, v. Hon. Willi-
am J. Usery, Jr. Secretary of Labor of the United States, Appellee., 1976 WL 181536, *181536+
(Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 24, 1976) Brief of the National Association of Counties and Its Af-
filiate Organization the National Association of County Civil Attorneys as Amicus Curiae
(NO. 74-878, 74-879)
2869 The National League of Cities v. Usery, 1976 WL 194009, *194009+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb
24, 1976) Brief of the National Association of Counties and its Affiliate Organization The
National Association of County Civil Attorneys as Amicus Curiae (NO. 74-878, 74-879)
2870 Russell L. RUNYON, et ux, Petitioners, v. Michael C. MCCRARY, etc., et al., Respondents.
Fairfax-Brewster School, Inc., Petitioner, v. Colin M. Gonzales, etc., et al., Respondents. South-
ern Independent School Association, Petitioner, v. Michael C. McCrary, etc., et al., Respondents.,
1976 WL 181314, *181314+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 05, 1976) Brief for the Respondents
(NO. 75-278, 75-62, 75-66) " HN: 13,14 (S.Ct.)
2871 Russell L. RUNYON, et ux, Petitioners, v. Michael C. MCCRARY, etc., et al., Respondents.
Fairfax-Brewster School, Inc., Petitioner, v. Colin M. Gonzales, etc., et al., Respondents. South-
ern Independent School Association, Petitioner, v. Michael C. McCrary, etc. et al., Respondents.,
1976 WL 181317, *181317+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 05, 1976) Motion for Leave to File a
Brief as Amici Curiae and Brief for Council for American Private Education National Asso-
ciation of Independent Schools and Southern Association of Independent Schools as ... (NO.
75-278, 75-62, 75-66) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2872 Garland M. FITZPATRICK, et al., Plaintiffs, Donald Matthews, et al., Petitioners, v. Frederick
BITZER, Chairman, et al., Respondents., 1976 WL 181732, *181732+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Jan 28, 1976) Brief for Petitioners (NO. 75-251) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2873 Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer, 1976 WL 194102, *194102+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 28, 1976) Brief
for Petitioners (NO. 75-251) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2874 Thomas S. KLEPPE, Secretary of the Interior, Appellant, v. State of New Mexico, et al., Ap-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

pellees., 1976 WL 181207, *181207+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 19, 1976) Answer Brief for
the State of New Mexico, et al. (NO. 74-1488) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2875 Kleppe v. State of New Mexico, 1976 WL 194027, *194027+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 19,
1976) Answer Brief for the State of New Mexico, et al. (NO. 74-1488) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2876 Thomas S. KLEPPE, Secretary of the Interior, Appellant, v. State of New Mexico, et al., Ap-
pellees., 1975 WL 173626, *173626+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 31, 1975) Brief of Pacific
Legal Foundation as Amicus Curiae in Support of Appellees (NO. 74-1488) " HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2877 HOSPITAL BUILDING COMPANY, petitioner, v. TRUSTEES OF THE REX HOSPITAL, et
al., 1975 WL 173552, *173552+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 28, 1975) Memorandum for the
United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 74-1452) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2878 THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES, et al., Appellants, v. W. J. USERY, Jr., Secretary of
Labor. (No. 74-878) The State of California, Appellant, v. W. J. Usery, Jr., Secretary of Labor.
(No. 74-879), 1975 WL 173808, *173808+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1975) Supplement-
al Brief for the Appellee on Reargument (NO. 74-878, 74-879) HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
2879 LIBERTY MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, A Corporation, Petitioner, v. Sandra WETZEL
and Mari Ross, on behalf of themselves and all others similarly situated, Respondents., 1975 WL
173653, *173653+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 26, 1975) Brief Amici Curiae of American Civil
Liberties Union and National Education Association (NO. 74-1245) HN: 1,12 (S.Ct.)
2880 LIBERTY MUTUAL INSURANCE CO., INC., Petitioner, v. Sandra WETZEL, et al., Respond-
ents., 1975 WL 173655, *173655+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 24, 1975) Brief for the Americ-
an Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations and International Union
UAW as Amici Curiae (NO. 74-1245)
2881 LIBERTY MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, A Corporation, petitioner, v. Sandra WETZEL
and Mari Ross, on behalf of Themselves and All Others Similarly Situated, respondents., 1975
WL 173657, *173657 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 22, 1975) Brief of Amicus Curiae State of
Ohio (NO. 74-1245)
2882 LIBERTY MUTUAL INSURANCE COMAPNY, A Corporation, Petitioner, v. Sandra WETZEL
and Mari Ross, on behalf of Themselves and All Others Similarly Situated, Respondents., 1975
WL 173658, *173658+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 20, 1975) Brief for Communications Work-
ers of America, AFL-CIO, as Amicus Curiae (NO. 74-1245) " HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2883 Abbott LABORATORIES, et al., Petitioners, v. PORTLAND RETAIL DRUGGISTS ASSOCI-
ATION, INC., Respondent., 1975 WL 173523, *173523+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 07, 1975)
Motion for Leave to File Brief and Brief for American Hospital Association as Amicus
Curiae in Support of Petitioners (NO. 74-1274)
2884 SCOTT HUDGENS, An Individual, Petitioner, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD,
Local 315, Retail and Wholesale Department Store Union, AFL-CIO, Respondents., 1975 WL
173745, *173745+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 28, 1975) Brief for Respondent Local 315, Re-
tail and Wholesale Department Store Union, AFL-CIO (NO. 74-773)
2885 THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES, et al., Appellants, v. John T. DUNLOP, Secretary of
Labor. The State of California, Appellant, v. John T. Dunlop, Secretary of Labor., 1975 WL
173790, *173790+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Apr 04, 1975) Brief for the Appellee (NO. 74-878,
74-879) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)

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2886 Goldfarb v. Virginia State Bar, 1974 WL 186141, *186141+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 20,
1974) Brief for Petitioners (NO. 74-70) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2887 LIBERTY MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY, a Corporation, Petitioner, v. Sandra WETZEL
and Mari Ross, on Behalf of Themselves and All Others Similarly Situated, Respondents., 1974
WL 175956, *175956+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct Term 1974) Brief for Respondents (NO.
74-1245) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
2888 Fry v. U.S., 1974 WL 185887, *185887+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 19, 1974) Brief for the
United States (NO. 73-822) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2889 Test v. U.S., 1974 WL 187600, *187600+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 07, 1974) Motion for
Leave to File Brief and Brief of Amicus Curiae Mexican American Legal Defense and Edu-
cational Fund (NO. 73-5993)
2890 Allenberg Cotton Co., Inc. v. Pittman, 1974 WL 185734, *185734+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun
07, 1974) Brief for the American Cotton Shippers Association as Amicus Curiae (NO.
73-628) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2891 Fry v. U.S., 1974 WL 185891, *185891+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1974) Amicus Curiae
Brief for Assembly of Governmental Employees in support of Petitioners (NO. 73-822)
HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
2892 Fry v. U.S., 1974 WL 185892, *185892+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1974) Brief of Amicus
Curiae California State Employees' Association in Support of Petitioners (NO. 73-822)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2893 Fry v. U.S., 1974 WL 185893, *185893+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1974) Brief of Amicus
Curiae State of Ohio (NO. 73-822) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
2894 Fry v. U.S., 1974 WL 185894, *185894+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. May 06, 1974) Brief of the
State of California, Amicus Curiae, In Support of Petitioners (NO. 73-822) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
2895 Miami Herald Pub. Co. v. Tornillo, 1974 WL 185872, *185872+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Apr 03,
1974) Brief of the National Citizens Committee for Broadcasting, Amicus Curiae, in Sup-
port of Affirmance (NO. 73-797)
2896 THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF CITIES, an Illinois Corporation, on behalf of its member cities,
1620 Eye Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20006, The National Governors' Conference, a District
of Columbia Corporation, on behalf of its members, 1150 Seventeenth Street, N.W., Washington,
D.C. 20036, The State of Arizona N. Warner Lee, Attorney General State Capitol Phoenix, Ari-
zona 85007 Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, Tennessee Milton H.,
1974 WL 175976, *175976+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 1974) Brief for Appellants (NO.
74-878)
2897 De Funis v. Odegaard, 1974 WL 185633, *185633+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 01, 1974) Brief
of the American Bar Association as Amicus Curiae in Support of Respondents (NO. 73-235)
HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
2898 Huddleston v. United States of America, 1973 WL 171900, *171900+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Sep 07, 1973) Brief for the United States (NO. 72-1076) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2899 Arnett v. Kennedy, 1973 WL 171703, *171703 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 01, 1973) Brief for
The National Association of Letter Carriers, AFL-CIO, and The Coalition of American

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Public Employees (Consisting of The National Education Association, The American Feder-
ation of State, ... (NO. 72-1118)
2900 Indiana Employment Sec. Div. v. Burney, 1972 WL 135822, *135822 (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Oct 21, 1972) Motion for Leave to File A Brief as Amicus Curiae and Brief for the American
Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations as Amicus Curiae (NO.
71-1119)
2901 U.S. v. Scotland Neck City Bd. of Educ., 1971 WL 133501, *133501+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Dec 07, 1971) Brief for the United States (NO. 70-130) HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2902 U.S. v. Scotland Neck City Bd. of Educ., 1971 WL 133832, *133832+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Dec 07, 1971) Brief for the United States (NO. 70-130) HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2903 U.S. v. Scotland Neck City Bd. of Educ., 1971 WL 134121, *134121+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Dec 07, 1971) Brief for the United States (NO. 70-130) HN: 15 (S.Ct.)
2904 Moose Lodge No. 107 v. Irvis, 1971 WL 133353, *133353+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 1971)
Reply Brief of Appellant Moose Lodge No. 107 (NO. 70-75) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2905 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 133479, *133479+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 02, 1971) Brief for Re-
spondent (NO. 70-71)
2906 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 133810, *133810+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 02, 1971) Brief for Re-
spondent (NO. 70-71)
2907 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 134099, *134099+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 02, 1971) Brief for Re-
spondent (NO. 70-71)
2908 Moose Lodge No. 107 v. Irvis, 1971 WL 133350, *133350+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 23,
1971) Brief for Appellee, K. Leroy Irvis. (NO. 70-75) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2909 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 133480, *133480+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 03, 1971) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-71) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2910 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 133811, *133811+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 03, 1971) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-71) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2911 U.S. v. Bass, 1971 WL 134100, *134100+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jun 03, 1971) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-71) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
2912 Graham v. Richardson, 1971 WL 135454, *135454+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 02, 1971) Brief
Amicus Curiae of the Legal Services for the Elderly Poor Project of the Center on Social
Welfare Policy and Law (NO. 609) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2913 Graham v. Richardson, 1971 WL 147091, *147091+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 02, 1971) Brief
Amicus Curiae of the Legal Services for the Elderly Poor Project of the Center on Social
Welfare Policy and Law (NO. 609) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2914 Perez v. U.S., 1971 WL 133386, *133386+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 18, 1971) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-600) " HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2915 Perez v. U.S., 1971 WL 147088, *147088+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 18, 1971) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-600) " HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
2916 Perez v. U.S., 1971 WL 133099, *133099+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 18, 1971) Petitioner's
Brief (NO. 600)
2917 Perez v. U.S., 1971 WL 133207, *133207+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 18, 1971) Petitioner's

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Brief (NO. 600)


2918 Perez v. U.S., 1971 WL 147087, *147087+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 18, 1971) Petitioner's
Brief (NO. 600)
2919 Frontiero v. Laird, 1971 WL 134340, *134340+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. 1971) Brief for the Ap-
pellants (NO. 71-1694) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2920 U.S. v. Reidel, 1970 WL 122493, *122493 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 30, 1970) Brief for Ap-
pellee. (NO. 70-534) "
2921 U.S v. Reidel, 1970 WL 136871, *136871 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 29, 1970) Brief for Ap-
pellee. (NO. 70-534) "
2922 U.S. v. Reidel, 1970 WL 122494, *122494+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 04, 1970) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-534) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2923 U.S v. Reidel, 1970 WL 136870, *136870+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 04, 1970) Brief for the
United States (NO. 70-534) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2924 Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. of Educ., 1970 WL 122652, *122652+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Sep 21, 1970) Amicus Curiae Brief of the State of Florida (NO. 281) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2925 Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd. of Educ., 1970 WL 136782, *136782+ (Appellate Brief)
(U.S. Sep 21, 1970) Amicus Curiae Brief of the State of Florida (NO. 281) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
2926 Oregon v. Mitchell, 1970 WL 121905, *121905+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 12, 1970) Brief of
Youth Franchise Coalition, Fifty Individual Citizens of the United States Over 18 Years Old
and Under 21 Years Old, Americans for Democratic Action, National Association for the
Advancement ... (NO. 43, 46) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2927 Oregon v. Mitchell, 1970 WL 122072, *122072+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 12, 1970) Brief of
Youth Franchise Coalition, Fifty Individual Citizens of the United States Over 18 Years Old
and Under 21 Years Old, Americans for Democratic Action, National Association for the
Advancement ... (NO. 43, 46) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2928 Oregon v. Mitchell, 1970 WL 136323, *136323+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 12, 1970) Brief of
Youth Franchise Coalition, Fifty Individual Citizens of the United States Over 18 Years Old
and Under 21 Years Old, Americans for Democratic Action, National Association for the
Advancement ... (NO. 43, 46) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2929 Standard Industries, Inc. v. Tigrett Industries, Inc., 1970 WL 136282, *136282+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Jan 28, 1970) Brief for the American Patent Law Association As Amicus Curiae
(NO. 445) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2930 Adickes v. S. H. Kress and Co., 1969 WL 119865, *119865+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 03,
1969) Brief for the Respondent (NO. 79) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2931 Sullivan v. Little Hunting Park, Inc., 1969 WL 120123, *120123+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep
17, 1969) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 33) HN: 2,9 (S.Ct.)
2932 Adickes v. S. H. Kress and Co., 1969 WL 119864, *119864+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jul 28,
1969) Brief for the Petitioner (NO. 79) " HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2933 Doris v. Paul, 1969 WL 120294, *120294+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 22, 1969) Brief of

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Amicus Curiae (NO. 488) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)


2934 Mrs. Doris DANIEL and Mrs. Rosalyn Kyles, Petitioners, v. Euell PAUL, Jr., Individually and as
Owner, Operator or Manager of Lake Nixon Club., 1969 WL 136812, *136812+ (Appellate
Brief) (U.S. Feb 14, 1969) Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae (NO. 488)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2935 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 1968 WL 112864, *112864+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 08,
1968) Brief for the City of Kansas City, State of Missouri, and the City of Kansas City,
State of Kansas, as Amici Curiae (NO. 645) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2936 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 1968 WL 112863, *112863+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Mar 01,
1968) Brief for the Respondents. (NO. 645) "
2937 Maryland v. Wirtz, 1968 WL 112892, *112892+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 28, 1968) Brief for
Appellant State of Texas (NO. 742) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2938 Maryland v. Wirtz, 1968 WL 112891, *112891+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 27, 1968) Brief of
Appellants (NO. 742) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2939 Joseph Lee JONES and Barbara Jo Jones, Petitioners, v. ALFRED H. MAYER COMPANY, a
corporation, Alfred Realty Company, a corporation, Paddock Country Club, Inc., a corporation,
Alfred H. Mayer, an individual, and an officer of the above corporations, Respondents., 1968 WL
129313, *129313+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 25, 1968) Brief Amici Curiae and Appendix for
National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing, National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People, Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith and the ... (NO. 645)
HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2940 Joseph Lee JONES and Barbara Jo Jones, Petitioners, v. ALFRED H. MAYER COMPANY, a
corporation, Alfred Realty Company, a corporation, Paddock Country Club, Inc., a corporation,
Alfred H. Mayer, an individual, and an officer of the above corporations, Respondents., 1968 WL
129311, *129311+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 19, 1968) Brief of National Jewish Organiza-
tions and Representative Local Jewish Councils (Affiliated with the National Community
Relations Advisory Council) Amici Curiae (NO. 645)
2941 Joseph Lee JONES and Barbara Jo Jones, Petitioners, v. ALFRED H. MAYER COMPANY, a
Corporation, Alfred Realty Company, a Corporation, Paddock Country Club, Inc., a Corporation,
Alfred H. Mayer, an Individual, and an Officer of the Above Corporations, Respondents., 1968
WL 129310, *129310+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 18, 1968) Brief for the Petitioners (NO.
645) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
2942 Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co., 1968 WL 112854, *112854+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 15, 1968)
Brief of Henry S. Reuss Amicus Curiae (NO. 645) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2943 U.S. v. Johnson, 1968 WL 112824, *112824+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 05, 1968) Brief for the
Appellees (NO. 0482) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2944 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Horace JOHNSON, et al., 1967 WL 129634,
*129634+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Dec 07, 1967) Brief for the United States (NO. 482) "
2945 Anne P. NEWMAN, Sharon W. Neal and John Mungin, Petitioners, v. PIGGIE PARK ENTER-
PRISES, INC., a corporation and L. Maurice Bessinger, Respondents., 1967 WL 129622,
*129622+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Nov 24, 1967) Brief for Petitioners (NO. 339) HN: 12
(S.Ct.)

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2946 Loving v. Commonwealth of Virginia, 1967 WL 113928, *113928+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb
17, 1967) Brief of Amici Curiae Japanese American Citizens League. (NO. 395)
2947 Richard Perry LOVING, et al., Appellants, v. COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA., 1967 WL
93612, *93612+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Feb 17, 1967) Brief of Amici Curiae Japanese Americ-
an Citizens League (NO. 395)
2948 Bond v. Floyd, 1966 WL 100750, *100750+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Oct 05, 1966) Brief of The
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People as Amicus Curiae (NO. 87)

2949 Klopfer v. North Carolina, 1966 WL 100766, *100766+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 24, 1966)
Motion of the American Civil Liberties Union and The American Civil Liberties Union of
North Carolina for Leave to File A Brief As Amici Curiae and Brief Amici Curiae (NO. 100)

2950 South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 1966 WL 100405, *100405+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 05,
1966) Brief of the State of California as Amicus Curiae. (NO. 22, ORIGINAL) " HN:
14,19 (S.Ct.)
2951 South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 1966 WL 100406, *100406+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 05,
1966) Brief for the Defendant (NO. 22, ORIGINAL) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
2952 South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 1966 WL 100404, *100404+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Jan 04,
1966) Brief of the Attorney General of Massachusetts, Amicus Curiae, (NO. 22, ORIGINAL)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2953 Annie E. HARPER, et al., Appellants, v. VIRGINIA STATE BOARD OF ELECTIONS, et al.,
1965 WL 130114, *130114+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 10, 1965) Brief for the United States
as Amicus Curiae (NO. 48)
2954 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Herbert GUEST, et al., 1965 WL 130124,
*130124+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Sep 09, 1965) Brief for the United States (NO. 65)
HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
2955 Maddox v. Willis, 1985 WL 731269, *731269+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Aug 21, 1965) Brief of
Appellant Opposing Motions of Appellees to Dismiss or Affirm. (NO. 308) " HN: 18
(S.Ct.)
2956 UNITED STATES, Appellee, v. Bruce GAGNON, Defendant - Appellant., 2009 WL 6851687,
*6851687+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Apr 30, 2009) Brief of Appellant, Bruce Gagnon (NO.
09-1047) " HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
2957 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Dustin BUTTRICK, Defendant/Appellant., 2005
WL 6250680, *6250680+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Aug 16, 2005) Brief of Appellee (NO.
05-1451) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2958 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Derek CAPOZZI, Defendant-Appellant., 2003
WL 25572224, *25572224+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Mar 04, 2003) Brief for the Appellant
(NO. 00-1670)
2959 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Richard C. LEWKO, Defendant, Appellant.,
2001 WL 36006478, *36006478+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. May 23, 2001) Brief for Appellant
(NO. 01-1231) HN: 9,12 (S.Ct.)
2960 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Paul George GAMACHE, Defendant/Appellant.,

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1998 WL 34300861, *34300861 (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Aug 13, 1998) Brief of Appellee
(NO. 97-2418) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2961 Thomas O'BRIEN, et al., Appellants, v. MASSACHUSETTS BAY TRANSPORTATION AU-
THORITY, Appellee., 1998 WL 34286856, *34286856+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Jul 21, 1998)
Brief for Appellee (NO. 98-1502) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2962 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Edwin J. GUNN, Defendant/Appellant., 1997
WL 33770643, *33770643+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. 1997) Reply Brief of Defendant - Ap-
pellant (NO. 97-1498) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
2963 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Frank P. BONGIORNO, Defendant -
Appellant., 1996 WL 33658417, *33658417+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. May 20, 1996) Brief for
Appellee United States of America (NO. 96-1052) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
2964 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lawrence ESTRELLA, Defendant-Appellant.,
1996 WL 33659353, *33659353+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. 1996) Brief for Defendant-Appel-
lant (NO. 96-1625) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
2965 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Gerard DISANTO, Defendant-Appellant., 1995
WL 17828777, *17828777+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir. Sep 25, 1995) Brief for Defendant-Ap-
pellant (NO. 95-1584) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2966 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Edwin DIAZ-MARTINEZ, a/k/a ""Alexis El
Boxeador,"" Defendant-Appellant; Edwin Diaz-Martinez, Petitioner-Appellant, v. United States
of America, Respondent-Appellee., 1995 WL 17829201, *17829201+ (Appellate Brief) (1st Cir.
Aug 08, 1995) Consolidated Brief for the United States (NO. 95-1083, 95-1536) " HN:
4,12 (S.Ct.)
2967 Dina JAEGER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Cellco PARTNERSHIP, d/b/a Verizon Wireless, Connecti-
cut Siting Council, Defendants-Appellees., 2010 WL 2725568, *2725568+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd
Cir. Jun 30, 2010) Brief for Plaintiff-Appellant Dina Jaeger (NO. 10-1347-CV) HN: 1
(S.Ct.)
2968 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Barclay J. Van BUREN, Jr., Defendant/Appel-
lant., 2009 WL 3761267, *3761267+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Oct 19, 2009) Brief for the
United States (NO. 08-6262-) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
2969 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Issac VARGAS, also known as Marky, Miguel
Garcia, Defendants-Appellants, Danny Reyes, also known as Benny, Porfirio Mejia, Sadin Tineo,
Pedro Sosa, Defendants., 2008 WL 7541707, *7541707+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 15,
2008) Brief for Defendant-Appellant Miguel Garcia (NO. 07-1588-)
2970 Robert SELEVAN, individually and on behalf of all others similarly situated and Anne Rubin, in-
dividually and on behalf of all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. NEW YORK
THRUWAY AUTHORITY and John L. Buono, individually and as Chief Executive and Chair-
man of the New York Thruway Authority, Defendants-Appellees., 2007 WL 7073767,
*7073767+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Aug 02, 2007) Reply Brief for Plaintiffs-Appellants
(NO. 07-0037-CV) " HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
2971 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Charles E. HAWKINS, Jr., Appellant., 2007 WL
6196799, *6196799+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Apr 10, 2007) Supplemental Pro Se Reply
Brief in Addition to the Attorney Submitted Brief for the Constitutional Challenge to 18
USCA | 2423(b) (NO. 06-4061-) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)

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2972 Michael ADAMOWICZ, Elizabeth Fraser, Individually and as Executors of the Estate of Mary
Adamowicz, Deceased, Petitioners-Appellants, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respond-
ent-Appellee., 2007 WL 6512782, *6512782 (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 26, 2007) Brief for
the Appellee (NO. 06-4667-CV)
2973 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., v. Alton CAMPBELL, Defendant-Appellant.,
2006 WL 5691641, *5691641 (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Nov 14, 2006) Brief for Defendant-
Appellant (NO. 06-2405-) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2974 CITY OF NEW YORK, Plaintiff-Appellee, Rudolph W. GUILIANI, Mayor of the City of New
York, Peter F. Vallone, Speaker of the New York City Council, New York City Health and Hos-
pitals Corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. BERETTA U.S.A CORP., Browning Arms Co., Colt's
MFG. Co. Inc., Forjas Tauraus, S.A., Glock Inc., Phoenix Arms, Sigarms, Inc., Smith & Wesson
Corp., Sturm, Ruger and Co., Inc., Taurus International Manufacturing, Inc., SIG Arms Sauer,
2006 WL 5487818, *5487818+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Sep 06, 2006) Brief for Intervenor
United States of America (NO. 05-6673-CV(CON), 05-6711-CV(XAP), 05-6942-CV(L),
05-6964-CV(XAP)) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
2975 CITY OF NEW YORK, Plaintiff-Appellee, Cross-Appellant, Rudolph W. GIULIANI, MAYOR
OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, Peter F. Vallone, Speaker of the New York City Council, New
York City Health and Hospitals Corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. BERETTA U.S.A. CORP.,
Browning Arms Co., Colt's Mfg. Co. Inc., Forjas Tauraus, S.A., Glock Inc., Phoenix Arms,
Sigarms, Inc., Smith & Wesson Corp., Sturm, Ruger and Co., Inc., Taurus International Manufac-
turing, Inc., Sig, 2006 WL 4452959, *4452959+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Jul 07, 2006) Ap-
pellee's Brief in Opposition to Appeal and in Support of Cross-Appeal (NO. 05-6673,
05-6711, 05-6942, 05-6964)
2976 In Re: METROMEDIA FIBER NETWORK, INC., Debtor. Montgomery County, Maryland,
Creditor-Appellant, v. Metromedia Fiber Network, Inc., Debtor-Appellee, United States Depart-
ment of Justice, Intervenor., 2006 WL 6171647, *6171647+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Mar 02,
2006) Reply Brief for Appellant (NO. 05-4123-BK) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
2977 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee-Cross-Appellant, v. Kenneth MCGRIFF, Defend-
ant-Appellant-Cross-Appellee., 2006 WL 6625032, *6625032+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb
19, 2006) Brief and Addendum for the United States (NO. 07-1371-) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2978 In Re: METROMEDIA FIBER NETWORK, INC., Debtor. Montgomery County, Maryland, Ap-
pellant, v. Metromedia Fiber Network, Inc., Debtor-Appellee., 2006 WL 6171648, *6171648+
(Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 16, 2006) Brief for the United States as Intervenor (NO.
05-4123-BK) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
2979 In re: METROMEDIA FIBER NETWORK, INC., Debtor. Montgomery County, Maryland, Ap-
pellant, v. Metromedia Fiber Network, Inc., Debtor-Appellee., 2005 WL 6236678, *6236678+
(Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 16, 2005) Brief for Debtor-Appellee (NO. 05-4123-BK)
HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
2980 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Jean MARTIGNON, Defendant-Appellee.,
2005 WL 5835239, *5835239+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. May 25, 2005) Brief Amicus Curiae
of the Association of American Publishers; American Business Media; CoStar Group, Inc.;
the National Association of Realtors(R); Reed Elsevier Inc.; and the Software & Informa-
tion ... (NO. 04-5649)

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2981 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Jean MARTIGNON, Defendant-Appellee.,


2005 WL 5835237, *5835237 (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. May 19, 2005) Brief of Amici Curiae
Twenty-nine Intellectual Property and Constitutional Law Professors in Support of Defend-
ant-Appellee and Affirmance (NO. 04-5649-)
2982 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Jean MARTIGNON, Defendant-Appellee.,
2005 WL 5835235, *5835235+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Mar 04, 2005) Brief for the United
States of America (NO. 04-5649-)
2983 WESTCHESTER DAY SCHOOL, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. VILLAGE OF MAMARONECK, The
Board of Appeals of the Village of Mamaroneck, Mauro Gabriele, George Mgrditchian, Peter
Jackson, Barry Weprin, and Clark Neuringer, in Their Official Capacity as Members of the Board
of Appeals of the Village of Mamaroneck, and Antonio Vozza, in His Official Capacity as a
Former Member of the Board of Appeals of the Village of Mamaroneck, Defendants- Appel-
lants., 2003 WL 24089850, *24089850+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 18, 2003) Amicus Brief
of New York State Conference of Mayors and Municipal Officials In Support of Defendants
- Appellants (NO. 03-9042)
2984 Willie Lee TUCKER Plaintiff - Appellant, v. BOWERY RESIDENTS' COMMITTEE
(""BRC""), Defendant-Appellee., 2003 WL 25430757, *25430757+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir.
Nov 10, 2003) Brief of Plaintiff - Appellant (NO. 99-9364) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
2985 BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA and Connecticut Rivers Council, Boy Scouts of America,
Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Nancy WYMAN, in her capacity as Comptroller of the State of Con-
necticut and as a member of the Connecticut State Employee Campaign Committee, Carol Car-
ney, in her capacity as Chair of the Connecticut State Employee Campaign Committee, Margaret
Diachenko, Richard Emonds, Paluel Flagg, Christine Fortunato, Burton Gold, Carol Guiliano,
Carol Hamilton, Marilyn Kaika,, 2002 WL 32496168, *32496168+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir.
2002) Consented to Amicus Brief of GLAD, CCLGBTCR, and CWEALF in Support of De-
fendants-Appellees Wyman et al., and Defendant-Intervenor CHRO in Favor of Affirmance
(NO. 02-9000)
2986 John SALVADOR, Jr., and Kathleen A. Salvador, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. THE LAKE
GEORGE PARK COMMISSION, Carl R. Desantis, Sr. in his official capacity as Chairman and
member of the Lake George Park Commission and in his Individual Capacity; H. Gordon Bur-
leigh, in his official capacity as Vice Chairman and member of the Lake George park Commis-
sion and in his individual Capacity; Margaret M. Stewart, in her official capacity as Secretary/
Treasurer and, 2001 WL 34368725, *34368725+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Nov 28, 2001) Brief
of Appellants (NO. 01-7539) HN: 4,14 (S.Ct.)
2987 ADIRONDACK TRANSIT, INC., Plaintiff-Appellant, against UNITED TRANSPORTATION
UNION, Local 1582, Defendant-Appellee., 2001 WL 34377604, *34377604 (Appellate Brief)
(2nd Cir. Nov 26, 2001) Brief for Plaintiff-Appellant (NO. 01-7871)
2988 Frank VITARELLI, Jr., Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Rudolph GIULIANI, in his individual and profes-
sional capacity, Ed Ferguson, Chair, Executive Director, New York City Trade Commission, in
his individual and professional capacity, Marybeth Richroath, Vice President and General Coun-
sel, New York City Trade Waste Commission, in her individual and professional capacity, New
York City Trade Waste Commission and City of New York, Defendants-Appellees., 2001 WL
34354231, *34354231+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Aug 31, 2001) Brief for Plaintiff-Appellant

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(NO. 01-7218) " HN: 10,19 (S.Ct.)


2989 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Eric KING, Defendant-Appellee., 2001 WL
34314809, *34314809+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Jun 26, 2001) Reply Brief for the United
States of America (NO. 01-1141) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
2990 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Eric KING, Defendant-Appellee., 2001 WL
34314811, *34314811+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. May 09, 2001) Brief for the United States
of America (NO. 01-1141) " HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
2991 NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, Petitioner-Cross-Respondent, v. VALENTINE
PAINTING & WALLCOVERING, INC., Respondent-Cross-Petitioner., 2001 WL 34094389,
*34094389+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 12, 2001) Brief of Valentine Painting & Wallcov-
ering, Inc. (NO. 00-4226, 00-4236(XAP)) "
2992 Raymond FREIER, Individually, as Administrator of the Estate of Rose Freier, deceased, and as
surviving spouse of Rose Freier, Rose Freier, his spouse, Arthur L. Phillips, Administrator of the
Estate of Leo Phillips, deceased, and Dorothy Phillips, as the surviving spouse of Leo Phillips,
Tab Fuqua, Charlotte Mucha, individually, as Executrix of the Estate of Alfred G. Mucha, de-
ceased, and as surviving spouse of Alfred Mucha, John Farino, Administrator of the, 2000 WL
33996142, *33996142 (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Nov 06, 2000) Brief for Intervenor United
States (NO. 00-7724(L)00-7728(XA)
2993 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lemrick NELSON, Jr. and Charles Price, also
known as Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants., 2000 WL 33976314, *33976314+ (Appellate
Brief) (2nd Cir. Oct 10, 2000) Motion for Leave to File Brief Amici Curiae and Brief Amici
Curiae for American Jewish Congress, American Jewish Committee, Anti-Defamation
League, Jewish Community Relations Council of New York, ... (NO. 98-1231(L)98-1437) "
HN: 11,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2994 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lemrick NELSON, Jr. and Charles Price, also
known as Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants., 2000 WL 35302963, *35302963+ (Appellate
Brief) (2nd Cir. Sep 26, 2000) Motion for Leave to File Brief Amici Curiae and Brief Amici
Curiae for American Jewish Congress, American Jewish Committee, Anti-Defamation
League, Jewish Community Relations Council of New York, ... (NO. 98-1231(L)98-1437) "
HN: 14,20,21 (S.Ct.)
2995 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lemrick NELSON, Jr. and Charles Price, also
known as Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants., 2000 WL 33977225, *33977225+ (Appellate
Brief) (2nd Cir. Sep 21, 2000) Supplemental Brief for the United States (NO.
98-1231(L)98-1437) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2996 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lemrick NELSON, Jr. and Charles Price, also
known as Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants., 2000 WL 34540951, *34540951+ (Appellate
Brief) (2nd Cir. Sep 21, 2000) Supplemental Brief for the United States (NO. 98-1231(L)) "
HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
2997 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Jason SANTIAGO, Defendant-Appellant., 2000
WL 33980619, *33980619+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Jul 31, 2000) Brief for Appellant Jason
Santiago (NO. 00-1174) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
2998 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee-Cross-Appellant, v. Miguel GUZMAN, also known
as ""Mipo"", and Edwin Rivera, also known as ""Deadeye"", also known as ""Eduar"", Defend-

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ants-Appellants, Gregory AYALA, also known as Greggo, Defendant-Appellant-Cross-Appellee,


Rolando LORENZO, also known as ""Orlando"", David Rivera, also known as ""OG"", Angel
Santiago, also known as ""Whiteboy"", Rafael Lebron, also known as ""Mickey"", Nicholas Ort-
iz, William Licea, also known, 2000 WL 34004429, *34004429 (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. May
22, 2000) Reply Brief for Defendant-Appellant Edwin Rivera (NO. 99-1262(L)99-130299-)

2999 United States of America, Appellant-Cross Appellee, v. Joseph J. SANTOPIETRO, Paul R.


Vitarelli, Appellants, Perry A. PISCIOTTI, Appellee., 1998 WL 34077522, *34077522
(Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Mar 16, 1998) Reply Brief for the United States (NO.
97-1373(L)97-241097-)
3000 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Norman WESLIN, Dwight Monagan,
Barton Chamberlin, Arnold Matheson, John Blanchard, Michael Illuzi, Karen Jackson, Daniel
Lamontain - Leatherman, Robert Raco, Randolph Smith, Rene Riddle, Defendants-Appellants.,
1998 WL 35169380, *35169380+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 17, 1998) Brief for the United
States as Appellee (NO. 97-1348, 97-1349, 97-1350, 97-1352, 97-1353, 97-1354, 97-1355,
97-1356, 97-1357) " HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
3001 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Stephan Paul Doll Von FOELKEL, Defendant-
Appellant., 1997 WL 34610104, *34610104+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Jul 16, 1997) Brief for
Appellee United States of America (NO. 97-1167) " HN: 6,7 (S.Ct.)
3002 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Ramon TORRES, aka ""Weechie""; Jason Ro-
man; John Arias aka ""Gotti""; Rafael Lopez, aka ""Fish""; Migel Ramos, aka ""Andy""; Ernesto
Rosa, aka ""Nesto""; Carmello Martinez, aka ""Gargamel""; Misael Ortega, aka ""Guineo"";
Edgar Torres, aka ""Pacholo""; Edward Blancaneaux, aka ""Sexy""; Jose Openheimer, aka
""Mongo""; Carlos Reynoso; LNU1-94CR0466-015, aka ""Ed"", Defendants, Luciano Lopez,
aka ""Tito"" and, 1997 WL 33623450, *33623450+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. May 14, 1997)
Reply Brief for Defendant-Appellant Jesus A. Ramos (NO. 96-1490(L)96-1595) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
3003 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Major Glenn FARRISH, aka Glenn. aka Glenn
Farrish, Defendant-Appellant., 1997 WL 33709947, *33709947+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Apr
22, 1997) Brief for the United States of America (NO. 97-1057) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
3004 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Major Glenn FARRISH, aka Glenn, aka Glenn
Farrish, Defendant-Appellant., 1997 WL 33709786, *33709786+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Mar
26, 1997) Brief of Defendant-Appellant (NO. 97-1057) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3005 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Jeffrey NICHOLS, Defendant-Appellant., 1997
WL 33774263, *33774263+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 11, 1997) Brief for the United
States of America (NO. 96-1742)
3006 Beryl JOHNSON, Ira Sumkin, Dominic Conte, Frank Padavan, for themselves and all other sim-
ilarly situated Plaintiff-Appellants, v. LONG ISLAND LIGHTING COMPANY, Central Hudson
Gas & Electric Corporation, Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc., New York State
Electric & Gas Corporation, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Orange & Rockland Utilities,
Inc., Rochester Gas & Electric Corporation, the Fishers Island Electric Corporation, Village of
Freeport, City, 1997 WL 33782696, *33782696+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Jan 21, 1997) Brief
for New York State Department of Public Service (NO. 96-9303L96-9307C96-9) HN: 4

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

(S.Ct.)
3007 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Rita GLUZMAN, Defendant-Appellant., 1997
WL 34618432, *34618432+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. 1997) Brief for Defendant-Appellant
Rita Gluzman (NO. 97-1281) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
3008 SSC CORP., Plaintiff-Appellee, v. TOWN OF SMITHTOWN, Town Board of the Town of
Smithtown, and Patrick Vecchio, as Supervisor, Town of Smithtown, Defendants-Appellants.,
1996 WL 33661506, *33661506+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 30, 1996) Brief for Defend-
ants-Appellants Town of Smithitown, Town Board of the Town of Smithtown, and Patrick
Vecchio, as Supervisor, Town of Smithtown (NO. 96-9306) "
3009 Jane DOE, Plaintiff-Appellee, United States of America, Intervenor-Appellee, v. John DOE, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1996 WL 33660734, *33660734+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 19, 1996)
Proposed Brief Amici Curiae of the Connecticut Women's Education and Legal Fund, Inc.
Et Al. In Support of Appellee (NO. 96-6224) " HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
3010 Jane DOE, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. John DOE, Defendant-Appellant., 1996 WL 33660732,
*33660732+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Dec 02, 1996) Brief of Plaintiff-Appellee (NO.
96-6224)
3011 Jane DOE, Plaintiff-Appellee, United States of America, Intervenor-Appellee, v. John DOE, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1996 WL 33660733, *33660733+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Nov 02, 1996)
Brief for Intervenor-Appellee United States of America (NO. 96-6224) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
3012 Jane DOE, Plaintiff-Appellee, United States of America, Intervenor-Appellee, v. John DOE, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1996 WL 33660731, *33660731+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Oct 15, 1996)
Brief of the Defendant-Appellant (NO. 96-6224) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3013 Richard SALUTE; Long Island Housing Services; Marie Kravette, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v.
STRATFORD GREENS GARDEN APARTMENTS, A Co-Partnership; Gerald Monter; Elliot
Monter; Holiday Management Associates, Inc., Defendants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33661660,
*33661660+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Oct 11, 1996) Appellants' Reply Brief (NO. 96-7398)
HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
3014 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. MARK EDWARD BANKS, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1996 WL 33661013, *33661013+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Oct 04, 1996) Brief for Ap-
pellant (NO. 96-1521) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3015 HAMILTON CHAPTER OF ALPHA DELTA PHI, INC., Alumni Association of Psi Chapter of
Psi Upsilon, Inc., Beta of Sigma Phi Society, Inc., and Delta Kappa Epsilon Society of Hamilton
College, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. HAMILTON COLLEGE, and Eugene M. Tobin, President of
Hamilton College, Defendants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33476611, *33476611+ (Appellate Brief)
(2nd Cir. Sep 20, 1996) Reply Brief of Plaintiffs-Appellants (NO. 96-7599)
3016 HAMILTON CHAPTER OF ALPHA DELTA PHI, INC., Alumni Association of Psi Chapter of
Psi Upsilon, Inc., Beta of Sigma Phi Society, Inc., and Delta Kappa Epsilon Society of Hamilton
College, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Hamilton COLLEGE, and Eugene M. Tobin, President of
Hamilton College, Defendants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33661689, *33661689+ (Appellate Brief)
(2nd Cir. Sep 20, 1996) Reply Brief of Plaintiffs-Appellants (NO. 96-7599) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
3017 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Bepnard WALSH, Defendant-Appellant., 1996
WL 33661198, *33661198+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Sep 1996) Brief and Appendix for the

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Appellee (NO. 96-1399) " HN: 6 (S.Ct.)


3018 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Bernard WALSH, Defendant-Appellant., 1996
WL 33661197, *33661197+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Aug 16, 1996) Brief for Appellant (NO.
96-1399) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3019 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Samuel D. SAGE, Defendant-Appellant., 1996
WL 33662533, *33662533+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Mar 25, 1996) Brief of Defendant-Ap-
pellee United States of America (NO. 96-1001) " HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
3020 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Samuel D. SAGE, Defendant-Appellant., 1996
WL 33662532, *33662532+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir. Feb 22, 1996) Brief for Appellant (NO.
96-1001) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3021 SSC CORP., Plaintiff-Counter-Defendant-Appellee, v. TOWN OF SMITHTOWN, Town Board
of the Town of Smithtown, and Patrick Vecchio, as Supervisor, Town of Smithtown, Defendants-
Counter-Claimants-Appellants., 1994 WL 16181242, *16181242+ (Appellate Brief) (2nd Cir.
Dec 21, 1994) Brief for Defendants-Counter-Claimants-Appellants Town of Smithtown,
Town Board of the Town of Smithtown, and Patrick Vecchio, as Supervisor, Town of
Smithtown (NO. 94-9192) "
3022 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. Anthony Mark BIANCHI, Appellant., 2010 WL 1705247,
*1705247+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Mar 18, 2010) Reply Brief for Appellant (NO. 09-2664)

3023 Gregg C. REVELL, Appellant, v. PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW YORK and New Jersey and
Scott Erickson, Appellees., 2009 WL 6522144, *6522144+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Nov 12,
2009) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO. 09-2029) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3024 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Marcos SANTIAGO, Appellant., 2005 WL
6056213, *6056213+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Oct 24, 2005) Brief and Supplemental Ap-
pendix for Appellee United States of America (NO. 05-1649) HN: 4,14 (S.Ct.)
3025 Alfred W. TRENKLER, Petitioner/Appellant, v. Michael PUGH, Warden, USP-Allenwood, Re-
spondent/Appellee., 2003 WL 24302504, *24302504+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Jun 19, 2003)
Reply Brief of Petitioner/Appellant Alfred W. Trenkler (NO. 03-1775) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3026 Alfred W. TRENKLER, Petitioner/Appellant, v. Michael PUGH, Warden, USP-Allenwood, Re-
spondent/Appellee., 2003 WL 24302503, *24302503+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. May 05, 2003)
Brief and Appendix (Volume I) of Petitioner/Appellant Alfred W. Trenkler (NO. 03-1775)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3027 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Demetrios KARAMANOS, Defendant-
Appellant., 2002 WL 32113100, *32113100+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Jan 2002) Final Brief
for the Appellee (NO. 99-5212) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3028 Don Ralph ICKES, Petitioner, v. FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, Respondent.,
2001 WL 34557125, *34557125+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Dec 10, 2001) Brief for the Re-
spondent (NO. 01-2897) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3029 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Demetrios KARAMANOS, Defendant-
Appellant., 2001 WL 34108268, *34108268+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Aug 30, 2001) Brief for
the Appellee (NO. 99-5212) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3030 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Terrell Lamont ALLEN, Appellant., 2001 WL

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

34401330, *34401330 (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. May 24, 2001) Brief for Appellant (NO.
01-1012) "
3031 HIGHMAKR, INC., v. UPMC HEALTH PLAN, INC., Appellant., 2001 WL 34546548,
*34546548+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Apr 13, 2001) Brief of Appellant and Joint Appendix
Volume 1 (NO. 01-1377) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3032 OXFORD ASSOC; HPC Assoc; King of Prussia Arms; Sussex Gwynedd Ltd; Lakeside Apts As-
soc; Curren Partnership; Whitpain Assoc; Towne Courts Apts; Mill Creek Assoc; Wyndon As-
soc; One Hundred One Assoc.; Llanberis Assoc; Township of Whitehall; Haverford Ave Assoc;
113 Cricket Assoc; Brynwood Investors; Merion Ct Investors; Place one Apt Assoc; Kbf Assoc
LP, t/a Kingswood Apartments; Timberlake Apt Assoc; Horristown Assoc; Cedarbrook Holdings;
Harold Meltzer; Evelyn, 2001 WL 34105534, *34105534+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Mar 19,
2001) Appellants' Brief (NO. 00-2936, 00-2949) " HN: 10 (S.Ct.)
3033 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. Robert SPINELLO, Robert SPINELLO, Appellant., 2001
WL 34095075, *34095075+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Feb 09, 2001) Brief of Appellant Robert
A. Spinello (NO. 00-3504) "
3034 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant/Cross-Appellee, v. Joseph R. GREGG;
Ruby C. McDaniel; Luis Menchaca; Francis S. Pagnanelli; William C. Raiser; Michael A. Henry;
Rose Kidd; Arnold Matheson; Katharine OKeefe; Eva Alvarado; Joseph F. OHara; Joseph H.
Roach; Robert Rudnick; James Soderna; James Sweatt; Elizabeth Wagi; Byron Adams; Kevin
Blake; Amy Boissonneault; Baldo Dino; Stephen C. Elliot; Sheryl Fitzpatrick; Mary Foley;, 1999
WL 33612617, *33612617+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Dec 15, 1999) Brief for the United
States as Cross-Appellee and Reply Brief as Appellant (NO. 99-5079, 99-5124, 99-5205)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3035 BELL ATLANTIC-PENNSYLVANIA, INC.; United States, Intervener-Plaintiff, v. NEXTLINK
PENNSYLVANIA, L.L.P.; The Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission; John M. Quain, Robert
K. Bloom, David W. Rolka, Nora Mead Brownell, Aaron Wilson, Jr., In Their Official Capacities
as Commissioners of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, PENNSYLVANIA PUBLIC
UTILITY COMMISSION; John M. Quain; Robert K. Bloom; David W. Rolka; Nora Mead
Brownell; Aaron Wilson, Jr.,, 1999 WL 33638079, *33638079+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Sep
27, 1999) Brief of Appellants (NO. 99-1520) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
3036 Oscar ROMAN, Petitioner - Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent - Ap-
pellee., 1999 WL 33729320, *33729320+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Feb 12, 1999) Appellant's
Brief (NO. 98-2146) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3037 Samuel ROMAN, Petitioner - Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent - Ap-
pellee., 1999 WL 33729381, *33729381+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Feb 12, 1999) Appellant's
Brief (NO. 98-2145) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3038 BELL ATLANTIC - PENNSYLVANIA, INC. and UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Ap-
pellees, v. NEXTLINK PENNSYLVANIA, L.L.P., et al., Appellants., 1999 WL 33638089,
*33638089+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. 1999) Brief for Appellee Bell Atlantic - Pennsylvania,
Inc. (NO. 99-1520) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3039 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Steven Paul PARKER, Appellee., 1996 WL
33657831, *33657831 (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Sep 20, 1996) Brief for Appellee (NO.
95-2018) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)

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3040 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. Parrish BARNES, (Appellant)., 1996 WL 33454923,


*33454923 (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Aug 15, 1996) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO. 96-1181)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3041 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Kenneth GATEWARD, Appellant., 1996 WL
33648982, *33648982+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Feb 22, 1996) Brief for Appellee (NO.
95-1839) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
3042 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. James E. FRACTION, Jr., Appellant., 1996 WL
33451708, *33451708+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. 1996) Appellant's Brief (NO. 96-5491)
HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3043 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. Raymond RYBAR, Jr., Appellant., 1995 WL 17197795,
*17197795+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Oct 03, 1995) Supplemental Brief for the United
States (NO. 95-3185) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3044 PIC-A-STATE PA, INC. and Scott McLean, Appellants, v. Janet RENO, in her official capacity
as Attorney General of the United States of America; the United States Department of Justice;
and the United States of America, Appellees., 1995 WL 17148304, *17148304+ (Appellate
Brief) (3rd Cir. Jun 26, 1995) Reply Brief of Appellants (NO. 95-7137) " HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3045 PICA-STATE PA, INC. and Scott McLean, Appellants, v. Janet RENO, in Her Official Capacity
as Attorney General of the United States of America; the United States Department of Justice;
and the United States of America, Appellees., 1995 WL 17884448, *17884448+ (Appellate
Brief) (3rd Cir. Jun 12, 1995) Brief for Appellee (NO. 1995-7137) " HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
3046 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. Raymond RYBAR, Jr., Appellant., 1995 WL 17197798,
*17197798+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. May 30, 1995) Brief for the United States (NO.
95-3185) " HN: 9 (S.Ct.)
3047 PIC-A-STATE PA, INC. and Scott McLean, Appellants, v. Janet RENO, in her official capacity
as Attorney General of the United States of America; The United States Department of Justice;
and The United States of America Appellees., 1995 WL 17148432, *17148432+ (Appellate
Brief) (3rd Cir. May 01, 1995) Brief of Appellants (NO. 95-7137) " HN: 5,19 (S.Ct.)
3048 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Steven Paul PARKER, Appellee., 1995 WL
17170569, *17170569+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. 1995) Brief for Appellant (NO. 95-2018)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3049 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Steven LUONG, Defendant-Appellant., 1993
WL 13139739, *13139739+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Sep 23, 1993) Reply Brief for Defend-
ant-Appellant Steven Luong (NO. 92-1907) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3050 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Steven LUONG, Defendant-Appellant., 1993
WL 13139738, *13139738+ (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. Jul 19, 1993) Brief for Defendant-Ap-
pellant Steven Luong (NO. 92-1907) " HN: 5,8,9 (S.Ct.)
3051 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and Robert Hackett, Special Agent of the Internal Revenue
Service, Petitioner-Appellant-Cross-Appellees, v. ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL, Respond-
ent-Appellee-Cross-Appellant., 1988 WL 1038958, *1038958 (Appellate Brief) (3rd Cir. 1988)
Brief for the Appellee-Cross-Appellant (NO. 88-3852, 89-3009)
3052 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Craigory L. WYATT, Appellant., 2010 WL
2917582, *2917582+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jul 26, 2010) Brief of the United States (NO.

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

10-4412) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)


3053 Scott Lewis RENDELMAN, Plaintiff- Appellant, v. Nancy ROUSE, Warden; Scott Steininger,
Cdrm Correctional Dietary Regional Manager; Carolyn A. Thomas, Food Service Administrator,
all defendants individually and in their official capacity, Defendants - Appellees., 2009 WL
76285, *76285+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jan 12, 2009) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO.
08-6150)
3054 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee Michael J. KELLY, Sr., Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2005 WL 3941246, *3941246+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Mar 17, 2005) Brief for the Ap-
pellant (NO. 05-4775) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3055 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Joseph A. MANN, Appellant., 2003 WL
25486885, *25486885+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 11, 2003) Brief for Appellant (NO.
03-4232)
3056 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William J. GRAHAM, Defendant-Appellant., 2002 WL
32727860, *32727860+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 30, 2002) Brief of Appellant (NO.
02-4495)
3057 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Robert WYATT, Appellant., 2002 WL
32728342, *32728342+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 21, 2002) Brief of Appellee (NO.
02-4105) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
3058 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Albert F. MORRISON, Defendant-Appellant., 2001
WL 34384773, *34384773+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. May 30, 2001) Brief of Appellant (NO.
01-4235) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3059 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Legrand Quinton BENTON, Appellant., 2001
WL 34108041, *34108041+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Apr 10, 2001) Brief of Appellee (NO.
00-4864) " HN: 9,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3060 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Angelo Diaz RODRIQUEZ, Defendant-
Appellant., 2001 WL 34105716, *34105716 (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Feb 23, 2001) Brief of
Appellant Angelo Diaz Rodriquez (NO. 00-4686)
3061 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Jeffrey ROWE, Defendant-Appellant., 2000 WL
33991744, *33991744+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Dec 06, 2000) Brief for the United States as
Appellee (NO. 00-4458) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3062 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Harold Gene BARROW, III, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 2000 WL 33990006, *33990006+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Nov 21, 2000) Brief
of the United States (NO. 00-4666) " HN: 6,7 (S.Ct.)
3063 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Jamie John SALOMON, Appellant., 2000 WL
33991730, *33991730+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 11, 2000) Brief of Appellant Jamie John
Salomon (NO. 00-4439) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3064 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jeffrey ROWE, Defendant-Appellant.,
2000 WL 33991742, *33991742+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 2000) Brief of Appellant (NO.
00-4458) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3065 Granville AMOS, et al., Appellants, v. MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY
AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES, et al., Appellees., 2000 WL 33983109, *33983109+
(Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jan 06, 2000) Supplemental Brief of Appellees (NO. 96-7091)

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HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
3066 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Robert H. BROWN, Defendant - Ap-
pellant., 2000 WL 33991603, *33991603+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 2000) Brief of Appellant
(NO. 00-4369) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3067 NATIONAL HOME EQUITY MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. E. Joseph
FACE, Jr., Commissioner of Financial Institutions Bureau of Financial Institutions, Virginia
State Corporation Commission, et al., Defendants-Appellants, Mark L. EARLEY, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1999 WL 33613774, *33613774+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Dec 22, 1999) Brief of Ap-
pellee (NO. 99-2331, 99-2386) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3068 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellant/Cross-Appellee, v. James S. DEATON;
Rebecca Deaton, Defendants/Appellees/Cross-Appellants., 1999 WL 33636293, *33636293+
(Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Aug 23, 1999) Appellees'/Cross-Appellants' Reply Brief (NO.
98-2256, 98-2370) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3069 Charles Gilbert GIBBS, Sr., et al., Plaintiffs/Appellants, v. Bruce BABBITT, et al., Defendants/
Appellees, DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE, Defendant-Intervenor/Appellee., 1999 WL 33613823,
*33613823+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 18, 1999) Brief of Amici Curiae Environmental
Defense Fund, World Wildlife Fund, and Center for Marine Conservation in Support of
Appellees, Seeking Affirmance (NO. 99-1218) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3070 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff1Appellant1Cross-Appellee, v. James S. DEATON
and Rebecca Deaton, Defendants1Appellee1Cross-Appellants., 1999 WL 33614370, *33614370+
(Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 10, 1999) Brief Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation in
Support of Defendants/Appellees/Cross-Appellants and Supporting Affirmance (NO.
98-2256, 98-2370) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3071 Charles Gilbert GIBBS, Sr., et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Bruce BABBITT, Secretary, U.S.
Dep't of the Interior, et al., Defendants-Appellees, v. Defenders of Wildlife, Defendant/Interven-
or-Appellee., 1999 WL 33614486, *33614486+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Apr 13, 1999) Brief
of the Washington Legal Foundation and Allied Educational Foundation as Amici Curiae in
Support of Appellants Seeking Reversal (NO. 99-1218)
3072 Josef JANSA and Cilka Jansa, Plaintiffs/Appellees, v. Deanna Wraight MCNEIL, Defendant/Ap-
pellant., 1998 WL 34178624, *34178624+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Dec 04, 1998) Reply Brief
of Appellant (NO. 98-2226) " HN: 7 (S.Ct.)
3073 Josef JANSA and Cilka Jansa, Plaintiffs/Appellees, v. Deanna Wraight MCNEIL, Defendant/Ap-
pellant., 1998 WL 34178586, *34178586+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 23, 1998) Brief of Ap-
pellant (NO. 98-2226) " HN: 6,7 (S.Ct.)
3074 Christy BRZONKALA, Plaintiff-Appellant, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Inter-
venor-Appellant, v. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE & STATE UNIVERSITY, et al.,
Defendants-Appellees., 1998 WL 34082413, *34082413+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Feb 23,
1998) Supplemental Brief of Appellees Morrison and Crawford (NO. 96-1814(L), 96-2316) "

3075 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Johnny Mack BROWN, Appellant., 1997 WL
33542688, *33542688+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Aug 26, 1997) Brief of Appellant Johnny
Mack Brown (NO. 97-4446) "
3076 COMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of

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the United States, The District of Columbia, Defendants-Appellees., 1997 WL 33492568,


*33492568+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 23, 1997) Brief for the Appellees (NO. 97-1371)
HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3077 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William Lumas GRIFFIN, Defendant-
Appellant. United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. George David Langley, Jr., Defend-
ant-Appellant., 1997 WL 33539508, *33539508+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Feb 11, 1997) Ap-
pellants' Brief (NO. 96-4803, 96-4805)
3078 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Gary Nelson JOHNSON, Appellant., 1996 WL
33455197, *33455197+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Dec 13, 1996) Brief for the United States
(NO. 96-4323) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3079 Sharon HOFFMAN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. James B. HUNT, Jr., et al., Defendants-Appel-
lants., 1996 WL 33455056, *33455056+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Nov 1996) Reply Brief for
Defendant-Appellant United States (NO. 96-1581, 96-1582, 96-1623) "
3080 Sharon HOFFMAN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. James B. HUNT, Jr., et al., Defendants-Appel-
lants., 1996 WL 33455060, *33455060+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 28, 1996) Brief of
Plaintiffs-Appellees (NO. 96-1581, 96-1582, 96-1623) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3081 Shawn HUNTER, Plaintiff-Appellant, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Intervenor, v. Rufus
FLEMING, et al., Defendants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33451025, *33451025+ (Appellate Brief)
(4th Cir. Oct 1996) Brief for Intervenor United States of America (NO. 95-7313) HN: 19
(S.Ct.)
3082 Sharon HOFFMAN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. James B. HUNT, Jr., et al., Defendants-Appel-
lants., 1996 WL 33455057, *33455057+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Sep 1996) Brief for Defend-
ant-Appellant United States (NO. 96-1581, 96-1582, 96-1623) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3083 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Gary Nelson JOHNSON, Defendant-
Appellant., 1996 WL 33455198, *33455198+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Aug 28, 1996) Brief of
Appellant (NO. 96-4323) " HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
3084 Sharon HOFFMAN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. James B. HUNT, Jr., et al., Defendants-Appel-
lants., 1996 WL 33455059, *33455059+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Aug 12, 1996) Brief of
Amicus Curiae Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. (PPFA) in Support of Ap-
pellants (NO. 96-1581, 96-1582, 96-1623)
3085 Robert Lee BROCK, Plaintiff-Appellant, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Intervenor, v. Lieu-
tenant Joan E. CARROLL, Defendant-Appellee., 1996 WL 33453681, *33453681+ (Appellate
Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 1996) Brief for Intervenor United States of America (NO. 95-7081)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3086 Christy BRZONKALA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND
STATE UNIVERSITY; Antonio J. Morrison; James Landale Crawford, Defendants-Appellees,
Cornell D. BROWN; William E. Landsidle, in his capacity as Comptroller of the Commonwealth,
Defendants. Christy BRZONKALA, Plaintiff, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Intervenor-Ap-
pellant, v. Antonio J. MORRISON; James Landale Crawford, Defendants-Appellees, VIRGINIA,
1996 WL 33414297, *33414297+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 1996) Brief Amicus Curiae of the
Independent Women's Forum in Support of Appellees (NO. 96-1814CA-95-1358-R9)
HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3087 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Mark D. POLEN, Appellant., 1996 WL

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33452257, *33452257+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 1996) Brief for the United States (NO.
96-4684) " HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
3088 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Frank Lathan HINTON, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1995 WL 17056376, *17056376+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 15, 1995) Brief for the
United States (NO. 95-5095) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3089 MECHANICSVILLE CONCRETE, INC., t/a Materials Delivery, Petitioner-Appellant, v. FED-
ERAL MINE SAFETY and HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION, Robert B. REICH, Secretary of
Labor, United States Department of Labor, Respondents-Appellees., 1994 WL 16049723,
*16049723+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 22, 1994) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO. 94-1222)
HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
3090 MECHANICSVILLE CONCRETE, INC., t/a Materials Delivery, Petitioner-Appellant, v. FED-
ERAL MINE SAFETY and HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION, Robert B. REICH, Secretary of
Labor, United States Department of Labor, Respondents-Appellees., 1994 WL 16049721,
*16049721+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 1994) Brief of Appellant (NO. 94-1222) HN:
12,19 (S.Ct.)
3091 MECHANICSVILLE CONCRETE, INC., t/a Materials Delivery, Petitioner, v. SECRETARY OF
LABOR and FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION, Respond-
ents., 1994 WL 16049722, *16049722+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 1994) Brief for the Secretary
of Labor (NO. 94-1222) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3092 C/R TV, INCORPORATED, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. SHANNONDALE, INCORPORATED, et al,
Defendants-Appellees., 1993 WL 13124510, *13124510 (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Sep 28,
1993) Brief of Appellant (NO. 93-2039)
3093 Sonja WATTS-MEANS, Appellant-Cross-Appellee, v. FAMILY CRISIS CENTER, INC. of
Prince George's County, Appellee-Cross-Appellant., 1992 WL 12123399, *12123399+
(Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. 1992) Brief for Appellee-Cross-Appellant (NO. 92-2476, 92-2553,
92-2603) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3094 OSCAR DON TATE, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. PRESTON TRUCKING COMPANY, INC. Of
Maryland; Eastern Conference of Teamsters, Defendants/Appellees, INTERNATIONAL
BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, CHAUFFEURS, Warehousemen & Helpers of America,
Local Union Number 822, Agent, et al, Defendants., 1991 WL 11681380, *11681380+
(Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. May 15, 1991) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO. 90-1158) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
3095 NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees and Cross-Ap-
pellants, v. OPERATION RESCUE, et al., Defendants-Appellants and Cross-Appellees., 1990
WL 10081950, *10081950+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. May 30, 1990) Reply and Answering
Brief for Appellants (NO. 90-2606, 90-2607, 90-2651) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
3096 NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees and Cross-Ap-
pellants, v. Operation RESCUE, et al., Defendants-Appellants and Cross-Appellees., 1990 WL
10081952, *10081952+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Apr 27, 1990) Brief for Appellees and
Cross-Appellants (NO. 90-2606, 90-2607, 90-2651) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3097 ADVANCED HEALTH-CARE SERVICES, INC., Appellant, v. RADFORD COMMUNITY
HOSPITAL, Southwest Virginia Health Enterprises, Inc., Southwest Virginia Health Services,
and Southwest Virginia Pharmacy & Medical Supply Company, d/b/a Community Pharmacy &

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Medical Supply, Appellee., 1989 WL 1129259, *1129259+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. May 10,
1989) Reply Brief of Appellant, Advanced Health-Care Services, Inc. (NO. 89-2312)
3098 Edwin DUNCAN, Jr., Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., 1978 WL
220806, *220806+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Jun 01, 1978) Brief of Appellant (NO. 77-2606,
77-2607) HN: 4,11,12 (S.Ct.)
3099 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. John P. FOLEY, Jr. and Jack Foley Realty, Inc.,
Appellants; United States of America, Appellee, v. Bogley, Inc., Appellant; United States of
America, Appellee, v. Colquitt-Carruthers, Inc. and John T. Carruthers, Jr., Appellants; United
States of America, Appellee; v. Robert L. Gruen, Inc., Appellant; United States of America, Ap-
pellee, v. Schick & Pepe Realty, Inc., Appellant; United States of America, Appellee, v., 1978
WL 221103, *221103+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. May 1978) Brief for the United States of
America (NO. 78-5013, 78-5014, 78-5015, 78-5016, 78-5017, 78-5018, 78-5019)
3100 W. J. HOUSE, Supt., Etc., et al., Appellants, v. James C. STEWART, Etc., et al., Appellees.,
1978 WL 221400, *221400+ (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Apr 26, 1978) Brief of Appellant (NO.
78-1089) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3101 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and W. Donald Bell, Special Agent, Internal Revenue Service,
Petitioner-Appellees, v. THE UNION TRUST COMPANY, Respondent, The Maryland Lumber
Company, Intervenor-Appellant., 1977 WL 203719, *203719 (Appellate Brief) (4th Cir. Oct 25,
1977) Reply Brief for Appellant (NO. 77-2177)
3102 Mrs. Louella CUTHBERTSON, et al, Plaintiffs-Appellant, v. CHARLOTTE-MECKLENBURG
BOARD OF EDUCATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1975 WL 184111, *184111+ (Appellate Brief)
(4th Cir. 1975) Brief for Plaintiffs-Appellant (NO. 75-2128)
3103 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Gary Lee HETH, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2009 WL 6670040, *6670040+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Aug 11, 2009) Brief for the
United States of America (NO. 09-50119)
3104 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Anthony James KEBODEAUX, De-
fendant-Appellant., 2009 WL 6522131, *6522131+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 10, 2009)
Reply Brief of Defendant-Appellant (NO. 08-51185) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3105 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Robert Lee WHALEY, Defendant/Ap-
pellant., 2009 WL 3267059, *3267059+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 09, 2009) Brief for the
United States (NO. 08-10951) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3106 Sanaa FAHIM, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. MARRIOTT HOTEL SERVICES, INC., Defendants-Ap-
pellees., 2008 WL 5940978, *5940978+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 25, 2008) Appellant,
Sanaa Fahim's, Brief on Appeal (NO. 08-20349)
3107 CADLES OF GRASSY MEADOWS II, L.L.C., by assignment from Olney Savings Association,
Plaintiff-Appellant, The State of Texas, Intervenor Plaintiff-Appellant, v. David GOLDNER and
Robert Goldner, Defendants-Appellees., 2007 WL 6158433, *6158433+ (Appellate Brief) (5th
Cir. Dec 14, 2007) Brief of Appellees (NO. 07-10711) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3108 CADLES OF GRASSY MEADOWS II, L.L.C., by Assignment from Olney Savings Association,
Plaintiff-Appellant, THE STATE OF TEXAS, Intervenor plaintiff-Appellant, v. David GOLD-
NER and Robert Goldner, Defendants-Appellees., 2007 WL 5960205, *5960205+ (Appellate
Brief) (5th Cir. Dec 13, 2007) Brief of Appellees (NO. 07-10711) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)

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3109 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Sam Jimmie MANN, Defendant-Appel-


lant., 2006 WL 5003131, *5003131 (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 08, 2006) Initial Brief of ap-
pellant Criminal Appeal (NO. 05-20545) HN: 3 (S.Ct.)
3110 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Frank Lafayette BIRD, Jr., Defendant
- Appellee., 2004 WL 3545114, *3545114+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 24, 2004) Brief
Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation in Support of Defendant-Appellee (NO.
03-20884) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3111 NATIONAL SOLID WASTES MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, BFI Waste Systems, BFI
Waste Systems of Mississippi, LLC; Waste Management of Mississippi, Inc. Plaintiffs-Ap-
pellees, v. PINE BELT REGIONAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY AND ITS
BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS; Covington County; Jones County; Perry County; City of Petal;
City of Laurel; City of Hattiesburg, Mississippi, Defendants-Appellants. Mike MOORE Interven-
or-Defendant-Appellant, 2004 WL 3318235, *3318235+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 06, 2004)
Brief of Appellees National Solid Wastes Management Association and Waste Management
of Mississippi, Inc. (NO. 03-60470) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3112 Christy MCCARTHY, by and Through her Next Friend Jamie Travis; Todd Gordon, by and
Through his Next Friend Trisha Gordon; Allison Pratt, by and Through her Next Friend Paula
Pratt; Gail Truman, by and Through her Next Friend Ken Truman; Jim Floyd, Jr., by and
Through his Next Fried Jim Floyd, Sr.; Sam Lindsay, by and Through his Next Friend Betty
Lindsay; Oshea Brooks; Joe Ray Comacho; Micha Chastain, by and Through his Next Friend
Lori Chastain; Al, by and Through his Next, 2003 WL 24016589, *24016589+ (Appellate Brief)
(5th Cir. Nov 11, 2003) Reply Brief of Defendants-Appellants (NO. 03-50608) HN: 4
(S.Ct.)
3113 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. David STEVENSON, Defendant - Ap-
pellant., 2003 WL 25655839, *25655839+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 07, 2003) Brief of De-
fendant - Appellant (NO. 03-10321) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3114 Christy MCCARTHY, by and through her next friend Jamie Travis, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v.
Karen F. HALE, in her official capacity as Commissioner of the Texas Department of Mental
Health & Retardation, et al., Defendants-Appellants., 2003 WL 24016592, *24016592+
(Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 05, 2003) Brief for the United States as Intervenor (NO.
03-50608) HN: 1,12 (S.Ct.)
3115 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Timothy Joe EMERSON, Defendant -
Appellant., 2003 WL 23469751, *23469751+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 23, 2003) Brief on
Appeal (NO. 03-10104) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3116 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Nicholas BREDIMUS, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2003 WL 23518158, *23518158+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 05, 2003) Brief for the
United States (NO. 02-11307) HN: 14,19 (S.Ct.)
3117 Hesham A. MORTAGY A75-345-985, Petitioner, v. John ASHCROFT, United States Attorney
General, Respondent., 2003 WL 22964186, *22964186 (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 06, 2003)
Brief for Respondent (NO. 02-60544)
3118 Marjorie MEYERS, by Next Friend Edgar C. Benzing, on behalf of herself and all others simil-
arly situated; Helen Elkin, on behalf of herself and all others similarly situated; Ruth H. Davis,
on behalf of herself and all others similarly situated; Phillip Greenberg, on behalf of himself and

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all others similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. State of Texas; Texas Department of Trans-
portation; William G. Burnett, Executive Director of the Texas Department of, 2002 WL
32303387, *32303387+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Oct 08, 2002) Reply Brief of Plaintiffs-Ap-
pellants (NO. 02-50452) HN: 19,21 (S.Ct.)
3119 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jose Marcelino RUBIO, Sr., a.k.a.
""Pinchino""; Gregorio Jesus Castaneda, Defendants-Appellants., 2002 WL 32118395,
*32118395 (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 31, 2002) Brief of Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 01-40105)

3120 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ronald George HOWARD, Defendant-


Appellant., 2002 WL 32179728, *32179728+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 04, 2002) Reply
Brief for the Defendant-Appellant Ronald George Howard (NO. 02-30048) HN: 6
(S.Ct.)
3121 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Ronald George HOWARD, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2002 WL 32179735, *32179735+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 23, 2002) Brief for Ap-
pellee, the United States of America (NO. 02-30048) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3122 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT OF
PUBLIC SAFETY, Defendant-Appellee., 2002 WL 32124344, *32124344+ (Appellate Brief)
(5th Cir. May 20, 2002) Reply Brief for the United States (NO. 02-60048) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3123 Denise ARGUELLO and Alberto Govea, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. CONOCO, INC., Defendant-Ap-
pellee., 2002 WL 32172796, *32172796+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 08, 2002) Brief of Ap-
pellants (NO. 01-11549) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3124 GDF REALTY INVESTMENTS, LTD.; Parke Properties I, L.P.; and Parke Properties Ii, L.P.,
Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Gale A. NORTON, Secretary, United States Department of the Interior;
and Steven A. Williams, Director, United States Fish & Wildlife Services, Defendants-Ap-
pellees., 2002 WL 32584412, *32584412+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Apr 26, 2002) Brief for
the United States as Defendant-Appellee (NO. 01-51099) " HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
3125 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ronald George HOWARD, Defendant-
Appellant., 2002 WL 32179718, *32179718+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Apr 23, 2002) Brief for
the Defendant-Appellant Ronald George Howard (NO. 02-30048) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3126 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Eruc Kung-Shou HO, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2002 WL 32099845, *32099845+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 20, 2002) Reply Brief of
Defendant-Appellant and Opposition Brief of Cross-Appellee (NO. 01-20460)
3127 THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Porter Lee BUSH, Appellant., 2002 WL
32178760, *32178760+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 25, 2002) Appellant's Brief (NO.
01-20735) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3128 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Nicholas BREDIMUS, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2002 WL 32508022, *32508022 (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. 2002) Appellant Bredimus'
Brief of Appeal (NO. 02-11307)
3129 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Howard Wayne JOHNSON, Defendant/
Appellant., 2001 WL 34151772, *34151772+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec 06, 2001) Brief for
the Appellant (NO. 01-10044) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3130 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Shawn BRYAN, Defendant - Appel-

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lant., 2001 WL 34149987, *34149987+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 01, 2001) Original Brief
on Behalf of Shawn Bryan, Appellant (NO. 00-31491) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3131 John H. SHIELDS and Hunter Schuehle, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Gale NORTON, Secretary of
the Interior; Jamie Rappaport Clark, Director, United States Fish & Wildlife Service; and the Si-
erra Club, Defendants-Appellees., 2001 WL 34090860, *34090860+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir.
Apr 09, 2001) Answering Brief for the Federal Appellees (NO. 00-50839) HN: 11,19
(S.Ct.)
3132 John H. SHIELDS; Hunter Schuehle, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Bruce BABBITT, Deputy Secret-
ary, United States Department of Interior; Jamie Rappaport Clark, Director, United States Fish &
Wildlife Service; Sierra Club, Defendants-Appellees., 2001 WL 34092724, *34092724+
(Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 29, 2001) Brief Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation in
Support of Appellants (NO. 00-50839) HN: 4,19 (S.Ct.)
3133 John H. SHIELDS and Hunter Schuehle, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Gale NORTON, Secretary of
the Interior; Jamie Rappaport Clark, Director, United States Fish & Wildlife Service; and The Si-
erra Club, Defendants-Appellees., 2001 WL 36198663, *36198663+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir.
Jan 10, 2001) Amicus Brief (NO. 2000-50839) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3134 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Dennis Lee GREEN, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2000 WL 34031911, *34031911+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 28, 2000) Brief of
Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 00-20245) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
3135 GROOME RESOURCES LTD., L.L.C., Plaintiff-Appellee, v. PARISH OF JEFFERSON, De-
fendant-Appellant., 2000 WL 33977217, *33977217+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 13, 2000)
Brief of Defendant-Appellant, Parish of Jefferson (NO. 99-30776) " HN: 4,14,19
(S.Ct.)
3136 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Andre Raymond REESCANO, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 1999 WL 33727445, *33727445+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Aug 30, 1999) Brief
of the Appellee (NO. 98-41558) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3137 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Andre Raymond REESCANO, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 1999 WL 35020623, *35020623+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Aug 30, 1999) Brief
of the Appellee (NO. 98-41558) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3138 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Andre Raymond REESCANO, Appellant., 1999
WL 33642383, *33642383+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Aug 10, 1999) Appellant's Brief (NO.
98-41558) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3139 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Carlos MARTINEZ, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1999 WL 33641611, *33641611+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 14, 1999) Brief of De-
fendant-Appellant (NO. 98-51228) HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
3140 UNITES STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Jyi R. MCCRAY, et al., Appellant., 1999 WL
33659874, *33659874+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 22, 1999) Supplemental Brief of Appel-
lant McCray En Banc Rehearing (NO. 97-40237) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3141 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Masontae HICKMAN, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1999 WL 33659879, *33659879+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 22, 1999) Supple-
mental Brief of Appellant on Rehearing En Banc (NO. 97-40237) " HN: 4,12,19
(S.Ct.)

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3142 Groome Resources, Ltd. v. Parish of Jefferson, 1999 WL 33913216, *33913216+ (Appellate
Brief) (5th Cir. 1999) Brief for the United States as Intervenor (NO. 99-30776) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
3143 Denise CHAVEZ Plaintiff/Appellee, v. ARTE PUBLICO PRESS, Nicolas Kanellos, Individually
and in his Representative Capacity as Publisher of Arte Publico Press, and the University of Hou-
ston, Defendants/Appellants., 1998 WL 34084756, *34084756+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec
10, 1998) Supplemental Brief of Appellee in Connection with Rehearing En Banc (NO.
93-2881)
3144 Denise CHAVEZ, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. ARTE PUBLICO PRESS, Nicolas Kanellos, individually
and in his Representative Capacity as Publisher of Arte Publico Press, and the University of Hou-
ston, Defendants/Appellants., 1998 WL 34084759, *34084759+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec
10, 1998) Supplemental Brief of Appellee in Connection with Rehearing En Banc (NO.
93-2881)
3145 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant-Appellee, v. Edwin T. LIMBRICK, Plaintiff-Ap-
pellant (USDC No. 1:96-CR-54(2)) Markus Chopane, Plaintiff-Appellant. (USDC No.
1:96-CR-54(4)), 1998 WL 34152365, *34152365+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Oct 09, 1998) Ap-
pellee's Response to Appellants' Suggestions for Rehearing En Banc (NO. 97-40237)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3146 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Carolyn Marie WILLIAMS, Defend-
ant - Appellant., 1998 WL 34169363, *34169363+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 23, 1998) Brief
of Appellant (NO. 98-10439) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3147 Francois Daniel LESAGE, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. STATE OF TEXAS, et al., Defendants-Ap-
pellees., 1997 WL 33573157, *33573157+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec 04, 1997) Brief for
the United States as Intervenor (NO. 97-50454) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3148 DEER PARK INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, et al., Plaintiffs/Appellants, v. HARRIS
COUNTY APPRAISAL DISTRICT, et al., Defendants/Appellees., 1997 WL 33572779,
*33572779+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Oct 09, 1997) Brief of Appellees (NO. 97-20508) "
HN: 10,11,20 (S.Ct.)
3149 Michael K. COOK, Robert B. James, Dr. Beverly Mcmillan and Eva T. Edl, Plaintiffs-Appel-
lants, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of the United States of America, and Michael D. Skinner,
Acting United States Attorney for the Western District of Louisiana, in his official capacity, De-
fendants-Appellees., 1997 WL 33574081, *33574081+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 27, 1997)
Brief for the Appellees (NO. 96-31314) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3150 Michael K. COOK, Robert B. James, Dr. Beverly Mcmillan and Eva T. Edl, Plaintiffs/Appel-
lants, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of the United States of America, and Michael D. Skinner,
Acting United States Attorney for the Western District of Louisiana, in his official capacity, De-
fendants/Appellees., 1997 WL 33574083, *33574083+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 10, 1997)
Appellants' Corrected Brief (NO. 96-31314) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3151 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Charles Ray POLK, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1997 WL 33573185, *33573185+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jan 21, 1997) Brief of Appel-
lant (NO. 96-40836) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3152 THE CITY OF SAN ANTONIO, et al, Appellant, v. SIERRA CLUB, Appellee., 1996 WL
33414230, *33414230+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 12, 1996) Reply Brief of Appellee

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Southwest Research Institute (NO. 96-50636)


3153 Sierra CLUB, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CITY OF SAN ANTONIO, et al., Defendants-Appellants,
United States of America, Applicant for Intervention., 1996 WL 33414529, *33414529+
(Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 1996) Brief for the Intervenor United States (NO. 96-50636)
HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3154 CITY OF SAN ANTONIO, et. al., Appellants, v. Sierra CLUB, Appellees., 1996 WL 33414531,
*33414531+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Oct 15, 1996) Brief of Amicus Curiae State Represent-
ative John H. Shields (by written consent of all parties) (NO. 96-50636) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3155 THE CITY OF SAN ANTONIO, et al., Appellant, v. Sierra CLUB, Appellee., 1996 WL
33414228, *33414228+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Oct 14, 1996) Brief of Appellant (NO.
96-50636) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3156 Timothy OLIVER, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. J. Edward LAYRISSON, Defendant/Appellant., 1996
WL 33471648, *33471648 (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 13, 1996) Brief on Behalf of Defend-
ant/Appellant J. Edward Layrisson (NO. 96-30327)
3157 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William Joseph KIRK, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1996 WL 33469481, *33469481+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Apr 26, 1996) Supple-
mental Brief of the United States of America (NO. 94-50472) " HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3158 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William J. KIRK, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1996 WL 33469480, *33469480+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Apr 01, 1996) Appellant's
Supplemental Brief (NO. 94-50472) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3159 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Frank Lafayette BIRD, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1996 WL 33473351, *33473351+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 05, 1996)
%ADProposed%BD Brief of Amici Curiae American College of Obstetricians and Gyneco-
logists, American Medical Women's Association, Feminist Majority Foundation, Medical
Students for Choice, National ... (NO. 95-20792) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3160 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Frank Lafayette BIRD, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1996 WL 33473350, *33473350+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 01, 1996) Reply Brief
of Defendant-Appellant (NO. 95-20792) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3161 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Frank Lafayette BIRD, Defendant-Appellant.,
1996 WL 33473349, *33473349+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 14, 1996) Brief for the United
States As Appellee (NO. 95-20792) HN: 11,19 (S.Ct.)
3162 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Frank Lafayette BIRD, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1995 WL 17053574, *17053574+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec 26, 1995) Brief of De-
fendant-Appellant (NO. 95-20792)
3163 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ronald Wayne MURRAY, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17108495, *17108495+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 13, 1995) Brief of
Appellant (NO. 95-50437) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3164 EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ASSOCI-
ATION OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS FOR REFORM NOW, Defendant-Appellant.,
1995 WL 17078069, *17078069+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 24, 1995) Brief of Equal Em-
ployment Opportunity Commission as Appellee (NO. 95-30347)
3165 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Kenny Eugene MCALLISTER, De-

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17169846, *17169846+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 24, 1995)
Brief for Appellee (NO. 94-8979) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3166 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Charles M. BOWNDS, Defendant/Ap-
pellant., 1995 WL 17053741, *17053741+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 23, 1995) Supple-
mental Brief of Appellee (NO. 94-60620, 94-60651)
3167 EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. ASSOCI-
ATION OF COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS FOR REFORM NOW, Defendant - Appellant.,
1995 WL 17078068, *17078068+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jun 12, 1995) Defendant - Appel-
lant's Initial Brief (NO. 95-30347)
3168 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Charles M. BOWNDS, Defendant-Ap-
pellee., 1995 WL 17053739, *17053739+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 10, 1995) Reply Brief
of Appellant (NO. 94-60620)
3169 P. F. FLORES, Archbishop of San Antonio, Plaintiff-Appellant, United States of America, Inter-
venor-Appellant, v. CITY OF BOERNE, Defendant-Appellee., 1995 WL 17078537, *17078537+
(Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. May 01, 1995) Brief for Intervenor-Appellant United States of
America (NO. 95-50306) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3170 GREATER NEW ORLEANS BROADCASTERS ASSOCIATION et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA et al., Defendants-Appellees., 1995 WL 17077348,
*17077348+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 31, 1995) Brief for the Appellees (NO. 94-30732)
HN: 8,9 (S.Ct.)
3171 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Charles M. BOWNDS, Defendant-Ap-
pellee., 1995 WL 17053740, *17053740+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Mar 13, 1995) Brief of Ap-
pellant (NO. 94-60620) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3172 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Eugene Kenny MCALLISTER, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17169847, *17169847+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. 1995) Reply
Brief (NO. 94-8979) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3173 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. Jack H. CASTLE, D.D.S., Inc., et al., Defend-
ants-Appellees. Harrison J. Totten, Applicant for Intervention-Appellant., 1994 WL 16056627,
*16056627+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 11, 1994) Brief of Appellant Harrison J. Totten
(NO. 94-20393) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
3174 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. Jack H. CASTLE, D.D.S., Inc., et al., Defendants
- Appellees. Harrison J. Totten, Applicant for Intervention - Appellant., 1994 WL 16173085,
*16173085+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Jul 11, 1994) Brief of Appellant Harrison J. Totten
(NO. 94-20393) HN: 18 (S.Ct.)
3175 Denise CHAVEZ, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. ARTE PUBLICO PRESS, Nicolas Kanellos, Individu-
ally and in His Representative Capacity as Publisher of Arte Publico Press, and the University of
Houston, Defendants/Appellants., 1994 WL 16046462, *16046462+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir.
May 19, 1994) Brief of Appellee Denise Chavez (NO. 93-2881)
3176 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Brad Eugene BRANCH, Kevin A.
Whitecliff, Jaime Castillo, Renos Avraam, Paul Gordon Fatta, and Graeme Leonard Craddock,
Defendants-Appellants., 1994 WL 16029479, *16029479+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. 1994)
Brief for the United States (NO. 94-50437)

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3177 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William Joseph KIRK, Defendant-Ap-


pellant., 1994 WL 16046435, *16046435+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. 1994) Brief for the United
States of America (NO. 94-50472) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3178 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Martin GUTIERREZ, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1993 WL 13099009, *13099009+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Dec 30, 1993) Brief for the
United States of America (NO. 93-8578) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3179 THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Marcellus Renard WHITE, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1993 WL 13104417, *13104417+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Nov 10, 1993)
Brief for Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 93-1571) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3180 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Kevin W. HANDY, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1993 WL 13104352, *13104352+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Sep 23, 1993) Brief for the
United States (NO. 93-1485) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3181 RESOLUTION TRUST CORPORATION, in its capacity as Receiver for University Federal Sav-
ings Association, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. COUNCIL OF CO-OWNERS OF THE PELICAN CON-
DOMINIUM, Defendant-Appellant., 1993 WL 13104633, *13104633+ (Appellate Brief) (5th
Cir. Jun 17, 1993) Brief of Appellee (NO. 93-2055) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3182 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Alfonso LOPEZ, Jr., Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1993 WL 13099430, *13099430+ (Appellate Brief) (5th Cir. Feb 16, 1993) Brief for the
United States of America (NO. 92-5641) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3183 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Eric PEYTON, Defendant-Appellant.,
2005 WL 6111829, *6111829+ (Appellate Brief) (6th Cir. 2005) Brief of Defendant-Appellant
(NO. 05-3246) "
3184 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Patrick John CORP, Appellant., 2000 WL
34432866, *34432866+ (Appellate Brief) (6th Cir. May 08, 2000) Brief of Appellant (NO.
00-1294) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
3185 SANDUSKY MALL COMPANY, Petitioner/Cross-Respondent, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELA-
TIONS BOARD, Respondent/Cross-Petitioner, Northeast Ohio District Council of the United
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, AFL-CIO, Intervenor., 2000 WL 35595072,
*35595072+ (Appellate Brief) (6th Cir. Apr 30, 2000) Brief for the National Labor Relations
Board (NO. 99-6400, 99-6596)
3186 HERMAN MILLER, INC., Plaintiff - Appellant Cross-Appellee, v. PALAZZETTI IMPORTS &
EXPORTS, INC., Defendant - Appellee Cross-Appellant., 1999 WL 34765098, *34765098+
(Appellate Brief) (6th Cir. Aug 06, 1999) Randall G. Litton, Douglas H. Siegel, Price,
Heneveld, Cooper, DeWitt & Litton, 695 Kenmoor, S.E., P.O. Box 2567, Grand Rapids,
Michigan 49501, 616/949-9610, Attorneys for Plaintiff - Appellant ... (NO. 98-2363, 99-1019)

3187 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. David M. LARSEN, Defendant-Appel-


lant., 2009 WL 925748, *925748+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Mar 03, 2009) Brief of Plaintiff-
Appellee (NO. 08-3088) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3188 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. David M. LARSEN, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2008 WL 5788125, *5788125+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Dec 08, 2008) Defendant-Ap-
pellant's Brief and Short Appendix (NO. 08-3088) " HN: 4,6,9 (S.Ct.)

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

3189 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. David L. WESCOTT, Defendant-Appel-


lant., 2008 WL 5731142, *5731142+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Oct 10, 2008) Reply Brief of
Defendant-Appellant, David L. Wescott (NO. 08-1211)
3190 Christopher L. WIESMUELLER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. John KOSOBUCKI, et al., Defendants-
Appellees., 2007 WL 2804340, *2804340+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Sep 14, 2007) Brief for
Defendants-Appellees (NO. 07-2601) HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
3191 CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOCIETY CHAPTER AT SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY
SCHOOL OF LAW, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. James E. WALKER, in his official capacity as Pres-
ident of Southern Illinois University, et al., Defendants-Appellees., 2005 WL 3738598,
*3738598+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Sep 14, 2005) Brief of Amici Curiae American Civil
Liberties Union, and American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois on Behalf of Neither Party
and in Support of Affirmance of the District Court (NO. 05-3239)
3192 Jay Scott BALLINGER, Petitioner-Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent-
Appellee., 2003 WL 23339840, *23339840 (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. 2003) Brief for the
United States as Appellee (NO. 03-1547)
3193 Robert JOHNSON, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. APNA GHAR, INCORPORATED, Defendant-Ap-
pellee., 2002 WL 32153862, *32153862+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Apr 15, 2002) Brief of Jer-
old S. Solovy as Court-Appointed Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiff-Appellant Robert
Johnson (NO. 01-2015) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3194 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Eugene SHERRY, Defendant-Appellant., 1995 WL
17199081, *17199081+ (Appellate Brief) (7th Cir. Aug 11, 1995) Brief of Defendant-Appellant
(NO. 95-1845) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3195 Eric BACON, Appellant, v. Tom NEER, et al, Appellees., 2010 WL 2157019, *2157019+
(Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. May 19, 2010) Reply Brief of Plaintiff - Appellant Eric Bacon (NO.
10-1104) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3196 Eric BACON, Appellant, v. Tom NEER, et al, Appellee., 2010 WL 1436283, *1436283+
(Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Apr 01, 2010) Brief of Plaintiff -- Appellant Eric Bacon (NO.
10-1104) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3197 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Steven SANDSTROM & Gary Eye,
Defendants-Appellants., 2009 WL 1849367, *1849367+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jun 15, 2009)
Brief for the United States as Appellee (NO. 08-3161, 08-3164) " HN: 5,12 (S.Ct.)
3198 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Refugio Gadea PLIEGO, Appellant., 2009 WL
129654, *129654 (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jan 07, 2009) Brief of Appellant (NO. 08-3288)

3199 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Fugio Gadea PLIEGO, Appellant., 2009 WL
687096, *687096 (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jan 07, 2009) Brief of Appellant (NO. 08-3288)

3200 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Refugio Gadea PLIEGO, Appellant., 2009 WL
870110, *870110 (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jan 07, 2009) Brief of Appellant (NO. 08-3288)

3201 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Charles E. JAMES, Defendant - Appellant., 2008 WL
5477293, *5477293+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Nov 06, 2008) Brief (NO. 08-3181) "

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

3202 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. David Matthew HOWELL, Appellant., 2008 WL
2861837, *2861837+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jul 18, 2008) Brief of Appellee (NO. 08-2126) "

3203 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Charles Edward THOMAS, Appellant., 2008
WL 2861840, *2861840+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Jul 17, 2008) Brief of Appellee (NO.
08-2171) "
3204 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ryan A. MOORE, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2008 WL 6170902, *6170902 (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Mar 07, 2008) Appellant's Brief
(NO. 07-3120) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3205 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, appellee, v. Bruce Warren BETCHER, Appellant., 2007 WL
4702196, *4702196+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Oct 16, 2007) Appellant's Brief and Ad-
dendum (NO. 07-2173) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3206 Michael JACOBSON, Appellant, v. Jon BRUNING, in his Official Capacity as the Attorney
General of Nebraska, Appellee., 2007 WL 6604985, *6604985+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Aug
22, 2007) Brief of Appellant, Michael Jacobson (NO. 07-2248) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3207 Marva Jean SAUNDERS, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. AMERICAN FAMILY MUTUAL IN-
SURANCE COMPANY, Defendant-Appellee., 2007 WL 6528255, *6528255+ (Appellate Brief)
(8th Cir. Aug 20, 2007) Brief of Defendant-Appellee (NO. 07-1897) " HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
3208 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Steven Patrick KOENEN, Appellant., 2006 WL
3368835, *3368835+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Oct 31, 2006) Brief of Appellant (NO.
06-2889) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3209 Jack FOSTER, Defendant-Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee.,
2005 WL 5628618, *5628618+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. May 2005) Brief of Appellant Jack
Foster (NO. 05-1741) " HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3210 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Gary Sigmund CORUM, Defendant-Appellant.,
2003 WL 22997312, *22997312+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Sep 24, 2003) Brief for the United
States as Appellee (NO. 03-2497) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3211 Charlotte KLINGLER, Charles Wehner, and Sheila Brashear on behalf of themselves and all oth-
er similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, State
of Missouri, Defendant-Appellant., 2003 WL 22994779, *22994779+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir.
Aug 20, 2003) Brief of Appellees (NO. 03-2345) HN: 12,19 (S.Ct.)
3212 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Gary CORUM, Appellant., 2003 WL 22997311,
*22997311+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. Aug 14, 2003) Brief of Appellant (NO. 03-2497) "
3213 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Barten A. VOLLMER, Appellant., 2000 WL
33986473, *33986473+ (Appellate Brief) (8th Cir. 2000) Brief of Appellant (NO. 00-1093)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3214 Charlotte KLINGLER, Charles Wehner, and Sheila Brashear on behalf of themselves and all oth-
ers similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. DIRECTOR, DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE,
State of Missouri, Defendant-Appellee., 2000 WL 34004457, *34004457+ (Appellate Brief) (8th
Cir. 2000) Brief of Appellants (NO. 00-1597) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3215 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Keith Dewayne CRUM, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2009 WL 3044534, *3044534+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Aug 13, 2009) Answering

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

Brief of Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 09-30137) " HN: 14 (S.Ct.)


3216 ALPHA DELTA CHI-DELTA CHAPTER, Alpha Gamma Omega-Epsilon Chapter, Melissa
Perea, Jackie Lewis, James Rosenberg, and David Shokir, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Charles B.
REED, Stephen L. Weber, and Douglas Case, Defendants-Appellees., 2009 WL 6303851,
*6303851+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jul 30, 2009) Brief of Amici Curiae American Civil
Liberties Union and American Civil Liberties Union of San Diego and Imperial Counties in
Support of Affirmance (NO. 09-55299)
3217 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ralph TURNSPLENTY, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2009 WL 6564861, *6564861+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jul 24, 2009) Brief of ap-
pellee united states (NO. 09-30092)
3218 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Keith Dwayne CRUM, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2009 WL 3044533, *3044533+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 19, 2009) Defendant-Ap-
pellant's Opening Brief (NO. 09-30137) "
3219 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Mark Anthony VALVERDE, Defend-
ant-Appellee., 2009 WL 3043821, *3043821+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 27, 2009) Reply
Brief for Appellant (NO. 09-10063)
3220 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Nedde Max MURPHY, Jr., Defendant-
Appellee., 2009 WL 3043822, *3043822+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 18, 2009) Brief for
Appellant (NO. 09-10082) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3221 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Mark Anthony VALVERDE, Defend-
ant/Appellee., 2009 WL 3043820, *3043820+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 13, 2009) Ap-
pellee's Brief (Expedited Review) (NO. 09-10063) HN: 4,8,12 (S.Ct.)
3222 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Joe REYES, Jr., Defendant-Appellant.,
2009 WL 2955533, *2955533+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 04, 2009) Defendant-Appel-
lant's Opening Brief (NO. 09-30042) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
3223 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Brian K. YOUNG, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2009 WL 2877562, *2877562+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 09, 2009) Brief for Ap-
pellee (NO. 08-30442) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3224 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Mark Anthony VALVERDE, Defend-
ant-Appellee., 2009 WL 3043819, *3043819+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 06, 2009) Brief for
Appellant (NO. 09-10063) "
3225 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Brian YOUNG, Defendant-Appellant.,
2009 WL 2877561, *2877561+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Feb 23, 2009) Defendant-Appellant's
Opening Brief (NO. 08-30442) HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
3226 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Cedrick Bernard ALDERMAN, De-
fendant-Appellant., 2007 WL 4454044, *4454044+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Nov 02, 2007)
Answering Brief of Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 07-30186) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3227 CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOCIETY CHAPTER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Hast-
ings College of the Law, Appellant, v. Mary Kay KANE, et al., Appellees ., Hastings Outlaw,
Defendant-Intervenor-Appellee., 2007 WL 894852, *894852 (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Feb 05,
2007) Brief of Amici Curiae American Civil Liberties Union, American Civil Liberties Uni-
on of Northern California, Anti-Defamation League, Bay Area Lawyers for Individual

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Freedom, Equal Justice Society, ... (NO. 06-15956)


3228 CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOCIETY CHAPTER OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Hast-
ings College of the Law, Appellant, v. Mary Kay KANE, et al. Appellees., Hastings Outlaw, De-
fendant-intervenor-Appellee., 2007 WL 649133, *649133+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 19,
2007) Brief of Amici Curiae American Civil Liberties Union, American Civil Liberties Uni-
on of Northern California, Anti-Defamation League, Bay Area Lawyers for Individual
Freedom, Equal Justice Society, ... (NO. 06-15956)
3229 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Konileti LATU, Defendant-Appellant.,
2006 WL 2951584, *2951584+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 22, 2006) Defendant-Appel-
lant's Opening Brief (NO. 05-10815) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3230 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Sergio MANZO-JURADO, Defendant-
Appellant., 2005 WL 3246904, *3246904+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 08, 2005) Reply Brief
of Defendant-Appellant (NO. 05-30186) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3231 ELSINORE CHRISTIAN CENTER, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, United States Of America, In-
tervenor-Appellant, v. CITY OF LAKE ELSINORE, et al., Defendants-Appellees., 2005 WL
516729, *516729+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 19, 2005) Answering Brief of Defendants-Ap-
pellees City of Lake Elsinore, ET AL. (NO. 04-55320) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3232 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael Lewis CLARK, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2005 WL 513353, *513353+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 11, 2005) Brief of Appellee
(NO. 04-30249) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3233 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael Lewis CLARK, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2005 WL 5913933, *5913933+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 11, 2005) Brief of Ap-
pellee (NO. 04-30249) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3234 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Robert BONNELL, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2004 WL 3203236, *3203236+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 29, 2004) Opening Brief of
Appellant (NO. 04-30361) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3235 Neale E. SMITH, Plaintiff & Appellant, v. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION; Secretary of
the U.S. Department of Education; Arizona Board of Regents; University of Arizona; Peter W.
Likins; Jane Doe Likins; Terence D. Langendoen; Thomas G. Bever; Thomas J.Hixon; Linda
Howard Kurent;David A. Christensen; Lillian Gutierrez; Betty Roybal; Judith Leonard; An-
nemarie T. Hennelly; Maria Teresa Velez; Joseph H. Stauss; John does 1-8, Appellees., 2004 WL
3155785, *3155785+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 16, 2004) Brief (NO. 04-15262)
3236 Neale E. SMITH, Plaintiff & Appellant, v. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION; Secretary of
the U.S. Department of Education; Arizona Board of Regents; University of Arizona; Peter W.
Likins; Jane Doe Likins; Terence D. Langendoen; Thomas G. Bever; Thomas J. Hixon; Linda
Howard-Kurent; David A. Christensen; Lillian Gutierrez; Betty Roybal; Judith Leonard;
Armemarie T. Hennelly; Maria Teresa Velez; Joseph H. Stauss; John does 1-8, Appellees., 2004
WL 3140337, *3140337+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 10, 2004) Brief in Appeal (NO.
04-15262, CIV02-382TUCDCB)
3237 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Nikos Delano DORSEY, Appellant., 2004 WL
1948987, *1948987+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jul 19, 2004) Appellant's Opening Brief (NO.
04-30152) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3238 Shirley A. DILTS (Widow of Henry C. Dilts), Petitioner, v. BENEFITS REVIEW BOARD OF

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U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR BRB Case No. 02-0434, Respondent Todd Shipyard Corpora-
tion And Eagle Pacific Insurance Company Employer/Carrier, Respondents., 2003 WL
22752642, *22752642+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 20, 2003) Brief of Appellant (NO.
03-71622) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3239 Shirley A. DILTS (Widow of Henry C. Dilts), Petitioner, v. BENEFITS REVIEW BOARD OF
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Brb Case No. 02-0434, Respondent, TODD SHIPYARD
CORPORATION, EAGLE PACIFIC INSURANCE COMPANY, Employer/Carrier Respond-
ents., 2003 WL 25579886, *25579886+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 20, 2003) Brief of Appel-
lant (NO. 03-71622) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3240 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. KEITH ALDEN, Defendant-Appellant.,
2003 WL 22706904, *22706904+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 30, 2003) Appellant's Open-
ing Brief (NO. 02-10673, 02-10674) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3241 Angela McClary RAICH; Diane Monson, John Doe Number One, and John Doe Number Two,
Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. John ASHCROFT, Attorney General of the United States, and Wiliam B.
Simpkins, Acting Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, Defendants-Ap-
pellees., 2003 WL 22716434, *22716434+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 29, 2003) Brief for
Appellees (NO. 03-15481) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
3242 WO/MEN'S ALLIANCE FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA, Valerie Corral, and Michael Corral,
Plaintiffs - Appellants, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant - Appellee., 2003 WL
22716729, *22716729+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 28, 2003) Appellants' Reply Brief (NO.
03-15062) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3243 WO/MEN'S ALLIANCE FOR MEDICAL MARIJUANA, Valerie Corral, and Michael Corral,
Movants-Appellants, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent-Appellee., 2003 WL
22716725, *22716725+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 13, 2003) Brief for Appellee United
States of America (NO. 03-15062)
3244 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. OAKLAND CANNABIS BUYERS'
COOPERATIVE and Jeffrey Jones, Defendants-Appellants., 2003 WL 22340393, *22340393
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 01, 2003) Appellants' Reply Brief (NO. 02-16335, 02-16534,
02-16715)
3245 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. OAKLAND CANNABIS BUYERS'
COOPERATIVE and Jeffrey Jones, Defendants-Appellants., 2003 WL 22670083, *22670083+
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 01, 2003) Appellants' Reply Brief (NO. 02-16335, 02-16534,
02-16715) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3246 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Eric DIXON, Defendant/Appellant.,
2003 WL 22113472, *22113472+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 13, 2003) Appellant%7Ds
Reply Brief (NO. 02-30081) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3247 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. OAKLAND CANNABIS BUYERS
COOPERATIVE and Jeffrey Jones, Defendants-Appellants., 2003 WL 22054354, *22054354
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 03, 2003) Appellants' Opening Brief (NO. 02-16534, 02-16715,
0216335, C98-00086, C98-00087, C98-00088CRB) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3248 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Raymond SHRYOCK, Jesse Moreno,
Ruben Hernandez, Alex Aguirre, Juan Arias, Randy Therrien, Ruben Castro, Daniel Barela, Dav-
id Gallardo, Raymond Mendez, Joe Hernandez, Defendants-Appellants., 2002 WL 32103161,

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*32103161+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 19, 2002) Appellants' Joint Reply Brief (NO.
97-50468, 97-50470, 97-50473, 97-50475, 97-50476, 97-50479, 97-50480, 97-50482, 97-50483)

3249 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Ryan Patrick FLAHERTY, Defendant/


Appellant., 2002 WL 32163217, *32163217+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jul 01, 2002) Opening
Brief of Appellant Ryan Patrick Flaherty (NO. 02-30084) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3250 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Wade Austin HALL, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2002 WL 32112988, *32112988+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 14, 2002) Brief of
Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 01-30463) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3251 The UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. Will DAVIS, Defendant., 2002 WL
32113375, *32113375+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 03, 2002) Appellant's Opening Brief
(NO. 01-10141) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3252 Karluk MAYWEATHERS, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Inter-
veners, v. Anthony C. NEWLAND, et al., Defendants-Appellants., 2002 WL 32103617,
*32103617+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 28, 2002) Appellees' Responding Brief (NO.
01-16505, 01-16607, 01-17133) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
3253 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Sean ALLEN, et al., Defendants-Appellants.,
2002 WL 32163213, *32163213+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. 2002) Brief for the United States
as Appellee (NO. 02-30079, 30081, 30082, 30083, 30084, 30085) " HN: 5,12 (S.Ct.)
3254 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Raymond SHRYOCK, Jesse Moreno,
Benjamin Peters, Ruben Hernandez, Alex Aguirre, Juan Arias, Randy Therrien, Ruben Castro,
Daniel Barela, David Gallardo, Raymond Mendez, Joe Hernandez, Defendants-Appellants., 2001
WL 34091052, *34091052+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 26, 2001) Appellants' Joint Open-
ing Brief (NO. 97-50468, 97-50470, 97-50471, 97-50473, 97-50475, 97-50476, 97-50479,
97-50480, 97-50482) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3255 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Cole Cameron CUMMINGS, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 2001 WL 34095265, *34095265+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 04, 2001) Reply
Brief (NO. 01-30032) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3256 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Cole Cameron CUMMINGS, Appellant., 2001
WL 34095156, *34095156+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Aug 03, 2001) Brief for the United
States (NO. 01-30032) " HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3257 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael MANZELLA, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2001 WL 34103486, *34103486+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 12, 2001) Appellee's
Brief (NO. 00-50454) " HN: 6 (S.Ct.)
3258 Katie JOHN; Doris Charles; and Mentasta Village Council, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA; Bruce Babbitt, in His Capacity as Secretary of Interior; Daniel Glick-
man, in His Capacity as Secretary of Agriculture; and Daniel Demientieff, Niles Cesar, Fran
Cherry, Robert Barbee, Dave Allen, and Rick Cables, in their Capacity as Members of the Feder-
al Subsistence Board, Defendants-Appellees, STATE OF ALASKA and Frank Rue, in His Capa-
city as, 2000 WL 33981053, *33981053+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 11, 2000) En Banc
Reply Brief for Appellants State of Alaska and Frank Rue (NO. 00-35121) HN: 14
(S.Ct.)
3259 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael MANZELLA, Defendant-Ap-

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pellant., 2000 WL 33987388, *33987388+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Nov 27, 2000) Appellant's
Opening Brief (NO. 00-50454) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3260 James Preston SUTTON, Appellant, Defendant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee,
Plaintiff., 2000 WL 33984386, *33984386 (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Nov 22, 2000) Appellant's
Reply Brief (NO. 00-10103) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3261 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. James Preston SUTTON, Defendant-
Appellant., 2000 WL 33984384, *33984384+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 18, 2000) Brief for
Appellee (NO. 00-10103)
3262 James Preston SUTTON, Appellant, Defendant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee,
Plaintiff., 2000 WL 33984385, *33984385+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 22, 2000) Appel-
lant's Opening Brief (NO. 00-10103)
3263 Rhiannon TANAKA, Plaintiff- Appellant, v. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA;
Michael Garrett; Darryl Gross; Pacific-10 Conference; National Collegiate Athletic Association,
Defendants - Appellees., 2000 WL 33982928, *33982928+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. May 2000)
Brief for Plaintiff - Appellant (NO. 00-55046) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
3264 San Francisco BAYKEEPER; Citizens Committee to Complete the Refuge; Michael R. Lozeau,
Plaintiffs/Appellees/Cross-Appellants, v. CARGILL SALT DIVISION; Cargill, Inc., Defendants/
Appellants/Cross-Appellees., 2000 WL 33996893, *33996893+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar
08, 2000) Cargill's Brief in Reply and in Response to Cross-Appeal (NO. 99-16032,
99-16105)
3265 San Francisco BAYKEEPER and Citizens Committee to Complete the Refuge, Plaintiffs, Ap-
pellees, and Cross-Appellants, v. CARGILL SALT DIVISION and Cargill, Inc., Defendants, Ap-
pellants, and Cross-Appellees., 1999 WL 33623899, *33623899+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec
29, 1999) Brief of Plaintiffs San Francisco Baykeeper and Citizens Committee to Complete
the Refuge as Appellees and Opening Brief as Cross-Appellants (NO. 99-16032, 99-16105)
HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3266 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Gary Marvin KUEHNOEL, Defendant-
Appellant., 1997 WL 33551694, *33551694+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Nov 26, 1997) Ap-
pellee's Brief (NO. 97-30189) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3267 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Oscar GONZALEZ, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1997 WL 33621542, *33621542+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 06, 1997) Appellant's
Reply Brief (NO. 96-50560) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3268 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Oscar GONZALEZ, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1997 WL 33621541, *33621541+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jan 21, 1997) Appellant's
Opening Brief (NO. 96-50560) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3269 Barbara Falgoust PAPENTHIEN, Appellant/Plaintiff, v. Michael R. PAPENTHIEN, Respondent/
Defendant., 1996 WL 33488952, *33488952+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 21, 1996) Appel-
lant's Opening Brief (NO. 95-56802) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3270 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Allan A. MUSSARI, Defendant/Ap-
pellee. United States of America, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Donald W. Schroeder, Defendant/Ap-
pellee., 1996 WL 33489475, *33489475+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 15, 1996) Appellee's
Answering Brief (NO. 95-10479) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)

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3271 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Allan A. MUSSARI, et al., Defend-


ants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33489474, *33489474+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 29, 1996)
Reply Brief for the United States (NO. 95-10479, 95-10513) " HN: 4,9,19 (S.Ct.)
3272 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Allan A. MUSSARI, et al., Defend-
ants-Appellees., 1996 WL 33489473, *33489473+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 06, 1996)
Brief for the United States (NO. 95-10479, 95-10513) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3273 James A. WILSON, Sr., d/b/a Modern Locker Plant and/or Cattlemen's Co-Op, Yellowstone
Meat Company, and Rudolph G. Stanko a/k/a ""Butch Stanko"", Petitioners, v. UNITED
STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Respondent., 1995 WL 17847841, *17847841+
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 04, 1995) Brief for Respondent (NO. 95-70403) HN: 11
(S.Ct.)
3274 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William Clifford SMITH, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17069759, *17069759+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 17, 1995) Brief for
Appellee (NO. 95-10249) HN: 9,19 (S.Ct.)
3275 SAN DIEGO COUNTY GUN RIGHTS COMMITTEE, Mark Bruce Skane, Henri Jon Donald
Buettner, John Wallner, San Diego Militia, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Janet RENO, Attorney Gen-
eral of the United States of America; Frank Newman, acting Secretary of the Treasury; Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, Defendants-Appellees., 1995 WL 17017135, *17017135+
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 09, 1995) Appellants' Opening Brief (NO. 95-55811)
3276 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. Marvin Gerald HENSON, Defend-
ant and Appellant., 1995 WL 17111564, *17111564+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 25, 1995)
Reply Brief for Appellant (NO. 94-50574) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3277 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Alejandro PACHECO-CHONG, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17066441, *17066441+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 13, 1995)
Reply Brief for Appellant (NO. 95-50105) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3278 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Michael Lee YOUNG, Appellant., 1995 WL
17068934, *17068934+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Sep 05, 1995) Appellant's Opening Brief
(NO. 95-10229) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3279 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Marvin Gerald HENSON, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17111563, *17111563+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Aug 21, 1995) Ap-
pellee's Brief (NO. 94-50574) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3280 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Alejandro PACHECO-CHONG, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17066440, *17066440+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jul 28, 1995)
Appellant's Opening Bief (NO. US95-50105) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3281 Rudy STANKO, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant-Appellee.,
1995 WL 17065716, *17065716+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 09, 1995) Brief of Appellee
(NO. 95-35289) " HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3282 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. John Allen NEWTON, Defendant/Ap-
pellant., 1995 WL 17144497, *17144497+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 10, 1995) Reply Brief
for Appellant (NO. 94-10482) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3283 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. John Allen NEWTON, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1995 WL 17144496, *17144496+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Feb 23, 1995) Brief for

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Appellee (NO. 94-10482) HN: 4,12,19 (S.Ct.)


3284 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Edwin Dale MCCLAIN, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1994 WL 16123912, *16123912+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Dec 27, 1994) Opening
Brief of Plaintiff-Appellee (NO. 94-30004) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
3285 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Katherine PAPPADOPOULOS, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1994 WL 16120553, *16120553+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 24, 1994)
Appellant's Reply Brief (NO. 93-10577) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3286 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Katherine PAPPADOPOULOS, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1994 WL 16192674, *16192674+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Oct 05, 1994)
Brief for Appellee (NO. 93-10577) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3287 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Carlos Gregorio MARTINEZ, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 1994 WL 16133826, *16133826+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Mar 23, 1994) Ap-
pellee's Brief (NO. 93-50803) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3288 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Carlos Gregorio MARTINEZ, Defend-
ant-Appellant., 1994 WL 16133661, *16133661+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Feb 22, 1994) Brief
for Appellant (NO. 93-50803) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3289 VALLEY BROADCASTING CO., et al., Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. UNITED STATES OF AMER-
ICA, et al., Defendants-Appellants., 1993 WL 13011051, *13011051+ (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir.
Nov 02, 1993) Reply Brief for the Appellants (NO. 93-16191)
3290 NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION, Idaho Wildlife Federation, Petitioners, v. FEDERAL
ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Respondent., 1993 WL 13105937, *13105937+
(Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Jun 21, 1993) Petitioners' Opening Brief (NO. 93-70287) HN:
5,11 (S.Ct.)
3291 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee/Cross-Appellant, v. CITY OF HAY-
WARD, Defendant-Appellant/Cross-Appellee., 1993 WL 13101207, *13101207+ (Appellate
Brief) (9th Cir. May 27, 1993) Brief for the United States as Appellee and Cross-Appellant
(NO. 93-15190, 93-15195)
3292 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. Ray Harold EDWARDS, Defendant
and Appellant., 1993 WL 13101072, *13101072 (Appellate Brief) (9th Cir. Apr 20, 1993) Appel-
lant's Opening Brief (NO. 93-10058) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3293 Lawrence GOLAN, Richard Kapp, S.A. Publishing Col, Inc., d/b/a Ess.A.Y. Recordings, Sym-
phony of the Canyons, Ron Hall d/b/a Festival Films, and John McDonough, d/b/a Timeless
Video Alternatives International, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Alberto GONZALES, in his official ca-
pacity as Attorney General of the United States, and Marybeth Peters, Register of Copyrights,
Copyright Office of the United States, Defendants-Appellees., 2005 WL 6148018, *6148018+
(Appellate Brief) (10th Cir. Nov 18, 2005) Brief of Amicus Curiae the International Coalition
for Copyright Protection in Support of Appellees (NO. 05-1259) HN: 1 (S.Ct.)
3294 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Stephen M. GRIMMETT, Defendant-
Appellant., 2005 WL 2105672, *2105672+ (Appellate Brief) (10th Cir. May 20, 2005) Brief of
Appellee (NO. 05-3030) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3295 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Zulmes OROZCO, Appellant., 1995 WL
17148113, *17148113+ (Appellate Brief) (10th Cir. 1995) Brief for Appellee (NO. 95-1572)

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HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3296 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jimmy Joel BEASLEY, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2009 WL 5635111, *5635111+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 03, 2009) Initial Brief
of Appellant, Jimmy Joel Beasley (NO. 09-11528-DD) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3297 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Carlos Juan SIMON-MARCOS, De-
fendant-Appellant., 2009 WL 6017927, *6017927+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 10, 2009)
Brief of Appellant Carlos Juan Simon-Marcos (NO. 09-11189-F) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3298 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Mohammed Ali LITON, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2008 WL 5683435, *5683435 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 26, 2008) Brief of Ap-
pellant (NO. 08-11614-DD) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3299 Marcia D. GARCIA, as Surviving Spouse, as Administrator and Personal Representative of the
Estate of Jose Garcia, and on behalf of her Minor Children, Appellant, v. VANGUARD CAR
RENTAL, USA, INC.; Vanguard Rental (Belgium), Inc.; National Rental (US), Inc., f/k/a Na-
tional Car Rental; Alamo Financing, LP; Alamo Rent-A-Car (Canada), Inc., Appellees., 2007 WL
2846952, *2846952+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 05, 2007) Answer Brief of Appellees
Vanguard Car Rental, USA, Inc., National Rental (US), Inc. and Alamo Financing, LP (NO.
07-12235-JJ) HN: 14 (S.Ct.)
3300 Maria D. GARCIA, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. VANGUARD CAR RENTAL, INC., et al.,
Defendants-Appellees,, 2007 WL 2846951, *2846951+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 24,
2007) Brief for the United States of America as Intervenor in Support of Defendant-Ap-
pellee (NO. 07-12235-JJ) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3301 ALABAMA-TOMBIGBEE RIVERS COALITION, Parker Towing Co., and Charles H. Haun,
Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. P. Lynn SCARLETT, Acting Secretary of the Department of the Interior,
et al., Defendants-Appellees., 2006 WL 4127697, *4127697+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. May
08, 2006) Brief Amicus Curiae of Defenders of Wildlife in Support of Federal Defendants-Ap-
pellees for Affirmance (NO. 05-17164-JJ)
3302 ALABAMA-TOMBIGBEE RIVERS COALITION, Parker Towing Company, Inc., and Charles
H. Haun, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. P. Lynn SCARLETT, Acting Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, et al., Defendants-Appellees., 2006 WL 4127696, *4127696+ (Appellate Brief) (11th
Cir. May 01, 2006) Brief for the Federal Defendants-Appellees (NO. 05-17164-JJ) " HN:
8,9 (S.Ct.)
3303 ALABAMA-TOMBIGBEE RIVERS COALITION; Parker Towing Company, Inc.; and Charles
A. Haun, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Gale NORTON, Secretary of the Department of the Interior, et
al., Defendants-Appellees., 2006 WL 4127695, *4127695+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 23,
2006) Brief Amicus Curiae of Pacific Legal Foundation in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellants
for Reversal (NO. 05-17164-JJ) " HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3304 Michael D PIRTLE, v. COLUMBIA COUNTY, GA, Ron Cross, Thomas Mercer Jr., and Steven
Brown Jr., 2005 WL 4798596, *4798596+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 01, 2005) Plaintiff's
Appeal (NO. 05-15903F) HN: 2 (S.Ct.)
3305 UNITED STATES, Appellee, v. Joseph Vance HAYNES, Appellant., 2005 WL 4780848,
*4780848+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 17, 2005) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO.
04-15944-CC)
3306 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. La Wanda NALL, Defendant-Appel-

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lant., 2005 WL 4155051, *4155051+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jun 22, 2005) Brief of
Plaintiff-Appellee United States of America (NO. 04-14998-BB) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3307 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Justin Wayne MATTHEWS, Appellee., 2004
WL 3507839, *3507839+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 14, 2004) Brief of Appellee Justin
Wayne Matthews (NO. 04-11052-C)
3308 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/appellee, v. James HORNADAY, Defendant/appel-
lant., 2003 WL 24030256, *24030256+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Nov 14, 2003) Brief of the
Appellant James Hornaday (NO. 03-13992) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3309 Theodora R. GOGGINS, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. CASTER-KNOTT DRY GOODS CO. d/b/a
DILLARD'S INC., Defendant/Appellant., 2003 WL 22848370, *22848370+ (Appellate Brief)
(11th Cir. Jul 31, 2003) Reply Brief of Appellant the Caster-Knott Dry Goods Co. d/b/a
Dillard's, Inc. (NO. 03-11333-EE)
3310 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Frederick PIPPINS, Appellant., 2003 WL
22345874, *22345874 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 08, 2003) Brief of Appellant (NO.
02-13078DD)
3311 Christopher DAVIS, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., 2002 WL
32168298, *32168298 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 31, 2002) Appellant's Brief (NO.
02-16075-D) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3312 Inyang Peter ODUOK, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. COBB COUNTY BOARD OF COMMISSION-
ERS, et al, Defendants/Appellees., 2002 WL 32164312, *32164312 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir.
Sep 12, 2002) Brief of Appellant Inyang Peter Oduok (NO. 02-12141-II)
3313 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Kenneth SINKFIELD, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 2002 WL 32160790, *32160790+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 2002) Brief for Ap-
pellant (NO. 01-17138-BB) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3314 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Michael Coleman FAIRCLOTH, Appellant.,
2002 WL 32179452, *32179452+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 29, 2002) Brief of Appellant
(NO. 02-10211-AA) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3315 GAYFER MONTGOMERY FAIR CO. d/b/a Dillard's, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Pinkey Burns
AUSTIN, Defendant/Appellee., 2002 WL 32304813, *32304813+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir.
2002) Brief of Appellant Gayfer Montgomery Fair Co. d/b/a Dillard's, Inc. (NO.
02-15964-CC) HN: 2,11 (S.Ct.)
3316 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Anthony Bernard HARRIS, Defendant-
Appellant., 2001 WL 34141020, *34141020+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. May 17, 2001) Brief of
Appellant Anthony Bernard Harris (NO. 01-11032-AA) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3317 COASTAL POWER, INC., Petitioner, v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, Respondent., 2001 WL
34141946, *34141946+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 24, 2001) Brief for the Secretary of
Labor (NO. 00-16713-FF) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3318 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. William SCOTT, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2001 WL 34091141, *34091141+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 10, 2001) Brief of Ap-
pellant William Scott (NO. 01-10161-HH) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3319 COASTAL POWER, INC., Petitioner, v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, Respondent., 2001 WL
34141943, *34141943+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 2001) Brief for the Secretary of Labor

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(NO. 00-16713-FF) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)


3320 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Lovelace Lamont SHIRLEY, Appellant., 2001
WL 34136951, *34136951+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Feb 26, 2001) Brief of Appellant
Lovelace Lamont Shirley (NO. 00-16091-CC) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3321 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Victor HUTCHINS, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2001 WL 34137338, *34137338+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 02, 2001) Brief of Ap-
pellant Victor Hutchins (NO. 00-15456-E) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3322 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Victor HUTCHINS, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 2001 WL 34137344, *34137344+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 02, 2001) Brief of Ap-
pellant Victor Hutchins (NO. 00-15456-E) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3323 Tammy STEVENS, Appellant, v. PREMIER CRUISES, INC., a Canadian corporation, Appellee.,
1999 WL 33840647, *33840647 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 17, 1999) Appellant's Initial
Brief Filed on Behalf of Appellant Tammy Stevens (NO. 98-5913) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3324 Erasmo DE JESUS HINCAPIE SIERRA, Petitioner - Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA, Respondent - Appellee., 1999 WL 33733349, *33733349+ (Appellate Brief) (11th
Cir. Feb 12, 1999) Appellant's Brief (NO. 98-2126) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3325 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Ricardo TABORDA, Defendant - Ap-
pellant., 1999 WL 33643877, *33643877+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 25, 1999) Opening
Brief of Defendant-Appellant (NO. 98-02319) HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3326 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. Ronald SANJURJO, Defendant - Ap-
pellant., 1998 WL 34184342, *34184342+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 29, 1998) Brief of
Appellant, Ronald Sanjurjo, Pro Se. (NO. 98-04495, 98-4495) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3327 R. MAYER, Et Al., Plaintiff-Appellant, v. CITY OF ATLANTA, Et Al., Defendants-Appellees.,
1998 WL 34256692, *34256692+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 26, 1998) Brief of Appellants
(NO. 97-9174) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3328 Edwin J. GALLER, M.D., P.C., Plaintiff-Appellant, v. BAPTIST HEALTH SYSTEM, INC. f/k/a
the Baptist Medical Centers, Defendant-Appellee., 1997 WL 33625367, *33625367+ (Appellate
Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 21, 1997) Brief of Appellant Edwin J. Galler, M.d., P.c. (NO. 97-6552)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3329 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Bekri Mohammad NURU, Defendant-
Appellant., 1997 WL 33574410, *33574410+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 28, 1997) Brief of
Appellee Criminal Case (NO. 96-3709) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3330 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Michael Clifford BOWEN, Appellant., 1997 WL
33644427, *33644427+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 14, 1997) Brief for the United States
(NO. 96-8233) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3331 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. John D. BAILEY, Sherman Luther
Britten Sherman D. Chester, and Alfredo Carvajal, Defendants-Appellants., 1997 WL 33627543,
*33627543+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 04, 1997) Brief of Appellee Criminal Case (NO.
94-2192) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3332 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. John D. BAILEY, Sherman Luther
Britten, Sherman D. Chester, and Alfredo Carvajal, Defendants-Appellants., 1997 WL 33642596,
*33642596+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 04, 1997) Brief of Appellee Criminal Case (NO.

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94-02192) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)


3333 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Daniel WILLIAMS, Jr., Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1997 WL 33488100, *33488100+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Feb 26, 1997) Brief of
Appellee Criminal Case (NO. 96-3099) " HN: 6,7,12 (S.Ct.)
3334 Sam NICHOLSON, Appellant, v. HOOTERS OF AUGUSTA, INC. and Bambi Clark, d/b/a
Value-Fax of Augusta, Appellees., 1997 WL 33559300, *33559300+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir.
Feb 03, 1997) Brief of Appellant (NO. 96-9149) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3335 Michael Clifford BOWEN, Defendant-Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-
Appellee., 1997 WL 33618002, *33618002+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 29, 1997) Brief for
Appellant (NO. 96-8233) HN: 2,11 (S.Ct.)
3336 Roderick MACPHERSON and Marvin Narz, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. UNIVERSITY OF MON-
TEVALLO, Defendant-Appellee., 1997 WL 33574932, *33574932+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir.
Jan 06, 1997) Brief for Defendant-Appellee University of Montevallo (NO. 96-6947)
3337 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellant, v. Allan Rickey BRAMLETT, Defend-
ant - Appellee., 1996 WL 33479676, *33479676+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 07, 1996)
Brief of Appellant (NO. 96-6453)
3338 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Allan Rickey BRAMLETT, Defend-
ant-Appellee., 1996 WL 33498526, *33498526+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 04, 1996) Brief
of Appellant Preference; Direct Criminal Appeal (NO. 96-06453)
3339 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1996
WL 33501567, *33501567+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 17, 1996) Reply Brief for the Ap-
pellant United States (NO. 96-6645) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3340 UNITED STATES, Petitioner and Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee.,
1996 WL 33455993, *33455993 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 09, 1996) Brief Amicus Curiae
of Pacific Legal Foundation and Competitive Enterprise Institute in Support of Appellee
Olin Corporation (NO. 96-6645)
3341 UNITED STATES, Petitioner and Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee.,
1996 WL 33501563, *33501563 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 09, 1996) Brief Amicus Curiae
of Pacific Legal Foundation and Competitive Enterprise Institute in Support of Appellee
Olin Corporation (NO. 96-6645)
3342 Tommie Lynn WHITE, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Apellee., 1996 WL
33477450, *33477450+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 06, 1996) Initial Brief of Appellant
Tommie Lynn White (NO. 96-8204)
3343 Tommie Lynn WHITE, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., 1996 WL
33498888, *33498888+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 06, 1996) Initlial Brief of Appellant
Tommie Lynn White (NO. 96-8204) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3344 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1996
WL 33455939, *33455939+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 30, 1996) Amicus Brief (NO.
96-6645) " HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3345 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1996
WL 33501560, *33501560+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 30, 1996) Brief for Amicus Curi-
ae Alliance of American Insurers (NO. 96-6645) "

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3346 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Vincent STEPHENS, Defendant/Appel-


lant., 1996 WL 33474454, *33474454 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 06, 1996) Brief for the
Appellant Vincent Stephens (NO. 96-4252)
3347 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Vincent STEPHENS, Defendant/Appel-
lant., 1996 WL 33499068, *33499068 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 06, 1996) Brief for the
Appellant Vincent Stephens (NO. 96-4252)
3348 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1996
WL 33501569, *33501569+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 29, 1996) Brief for the Appellant
United States (NO. 96-6645) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3349 UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. OLIN CORPORATION, Defendant-Appellee., 1996
WL 33423452, *33423452+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 1996) Brief for the Appellant
United States (NO. 96-6645) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3350 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Julio SANTI, Appellant., 1996 WL 33474214,
*33474214+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jun 12, 1996) Brief for the Appellant (NO. 95-5492)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3351 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Julio SANTI, Appellant., 1996 WL 33500761,
*33500761+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jun 12, 1996) Brief for the Appellant (NO. 95-5492)
HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3352 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Renaldo DAVIS, Defendant-Appellant.,
1996 WL 33545338, *33545338 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 11, 1996) Brief of Appellant
(NO. 96-2081) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3353 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Larry Bernard JACKSON, Defendant-
Appellant., 1996 WL 33468874, *33468874+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. 1996) Brief of
Plaintiff-Appellee United States of America (NO. 95-3468) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3354 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Renaldo DAVIS, Defendant-Appellant.,
1996 WL 33478811, *33478811 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. 1996) Brief of Appellant (NO.
96-2081)
3355 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Manuel LOPEZ, Appellant., 1995 WL
17108641, *17108641+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 29, 1995) Brief for the United States
(NO. 95-4399) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3356 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Manuel LOPEZ, Appellant., 1995 WL
17845958, *17845958+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 29, 1995) Brief for the United States
(NO. 95-4399) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3357 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael FREEMAN, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1995 WL 17058727, *17058727+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 12, 1995) Brief of Ap-
pellee (NO. 95-2910, 95-3177) HN: 8,19 (S.Ct.)
3358 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael FREEMAN, Defendant-Appel-
lant., 1995 WL 17137452, *17137452+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 12, 1995) Brief of Ap-
pellee Criminal Case (NO. 95-2910, 95-3177) HN: 8,19 (S.Ct.)
3359 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Michael Anthony HUTCHINSON, Appellant.,
1995 WL 17057789, *17057789+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Nov 22, 1995) Brief for the
United States (NO. 95-4962) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)

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3360 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Michael Anthony HUTCHINSON, Appellant.,


1995 WL 17108905, *17108905+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Nov 22, 1995) Brief for the
United States (NO. 95-4962) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3361 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Manuel LOPEZ, Defendant/Appellee.,
1995 WL 17108642, *17108642 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Nov 15, 1995) Brief of the Appel-
lant Manuel Lopez (NO. 95-4399)
3362 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/appellant, v. Manuel LOPEZ, Defendant/appellee.,
1995 WL 17845959, *17845959 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Nov 15, 1995) Brief of the Appel-
lant Manuel Lopez (NO. 95-4399)
3363 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/appellee, v. Michael Anthony HUTCHINSON, De-
fendant/appellant., 1995 WL 17057788, *17057788+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 16, 1995)
Brief of the Appellant Michael Anthony Hutchinson (NO. 95-4962) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3364 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/Appellee, v. Michael Anthony HUTCHINSON, De-
fendant/Appellant., 1995 WL 17108907, *17108907+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 16, 1995)
Brief of the Appellant Michael Anthony Hutchinson (NO. 95-4962)
3365 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/appellant, v. Dale MALLORY, Defendant/appellee.,
1995 WL 17116108, *17116108 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 05, 1995) Brief of the Appellee
Dale Mallory (NO. 95-4332, 95-4398)
3366 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff/appellant, v. Dale MALLORY, Defendant/appellee.,
1995 WL 17846016, *17846016 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 05, 1995) Brief of the Appellee
Dale Mallory (NO. 95-4332)
3367 Julio N. PUENTES, Carlos Sardina, Raul J. Paredes, Plaintiffs, Sergio A. Balsinde, Lazaro O.
Ginart, Plaintiffs-Counter-Defendants-Appellants, v. UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INCOR-
PORATED, Defendant-Counter-Claimant-Appellee., 1995 WL 17108614, *17108614+
(Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 02, 1995) Appellee's Brief (NO. 95-4374) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3368 Julio N. PUENTES, Carlos Sardina, Raul J. Paredes, Plaintiffs, Sergio A. Balsinde, Lazaro O.
Ginart, Plaintiffs-Counter-Defendants-Appellants, v. UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INCOR-
PORATED, Defendant-Counter-Claimant-Appellee., 1995 WL 17845967, *17845967+
(Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Oct 02, 1995) Appellee's Brief (NO. 95-4374)
3369 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Donald Wayne WRIGHT, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17057527, *17057527+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 05, 1995) Brief
for Appellee (NO. 95-8397) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3370 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Donald Wayne WRIGHT, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17110090, *17110090+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep 05, 1995) Brief
for Appellee (NO. 95-8397) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3371 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Eugene Kenny MCALLISTER, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17214815, *17214815+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Aug 09, 1995)
Reply Brief (NO. 94-8979) HN: 5 (S.Ct.)
3372 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Kenny Eugene MCALLISTER, De-
fendant-Appellant., 1995 WL 17062817, *17062817+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 24, 1995)
Brief for Appellee (NO. 94-8979) HN: 11,12 (S.Ct.)
3373 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Calvin Smith MOBLEY, James Hallomen,

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Altonio Carmel Byars and Ketterrius Rems, Appellees., 1995 WL 17108640, *17108640+
(Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 17, 1995) Brief for the United States (NO. 95-4398) HN:
4,12 (S.Ct.)
3374 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Calvin Smith MOBLEY, James Hallomen,
Altonio Carmel Byars and Ketterrius Rems, Appellees., 1995 WL 17845957, *17845957+
(Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 17, 1995) Brief for the United States (NO. 95-4398) HN:
12 (S.Ct.)
3375 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Dale MALLORY and Cheryl Reddick, Ap-
pellees., 1995 WL 17116107, *17116107+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 03, 1995) Brief for
the United States (NO. 95-4332) HN: 4,12 (S.Ct.)
3376 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Dale MALLORY and Cheryl Reddick, Ap-
pellees., 1995 WL 17846015, *17846015+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jul 03, 1995) Brief for
the United States (NO. 95-4332) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3377 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Larry Bernard JACKSON, Defendant-
Appellant., 1995 WL 17078884, *17078884+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. 1995) Brief of
Plaintiff-Appellee United States of America (NO. 95-3468) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3378 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. James William CHASE, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1994 WL 16051691, *16051691+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 06, 1994) Brief of
Appellant (NO. 94-2732) " HN: 11,20 (S.Ct.)
3379 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. James William CHASE, Defendant-Ap-
pellant., 1994 WL 16129118, *16129118+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 06, 1994) Brief of
Appellant (NO. 94-2732) " HN: 11,20 (S.Ct.)
3380 Myrna CHEFFER and Judy Madsen, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of
the United States, and Donna A. Bucella, United States Attorney for the Middle District of Flor-
ida, Defendants-Appellees., 1994 WL 16051784, *16051784+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Sep
29, 1994) Brief for Appellees (NO. 94-2976) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3381 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Simpson MORROW, Defendant/Appellee.,
1994 WL 16176482, *16176482+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 09, 1994) Brief of Appellant
(NO. 93-6948) " HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3382 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellant, v. Simpson MORROW, Defendant/Appellee.,
1994 WL 16056455, *16056455+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 07, 1994) Brief of Appellant
(NO. 93-6948) " HN: 11,14 (S.Ct.)
3383 Alberto Lebiel GARCIA, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., 1993 WL
13138776, *13138776+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Apr 15, 1993) Appellant's Opining Brief
and Memorandum of Law with Application to File Out of Time and for Permission to File
Excessive Brief (NO. 92-4662) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3384 Charles S. DEAN, Sheriff of Citrus County, Florida, Appellant, v. Robert BUTTERWORTH, the
Attorney General of the State of Florida and Joseph Richard Redner, Appellees., 1993 WL
13132155, *13132155 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Mar 29, 1993) Appellant's Brief (NO.
92-3033)
3385 Joseph W. MASSARO and Patricia Ann Massaro, individually and as parents and next friend of
Joseph P. Massaro, Plaintiffs-Appellants, United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellant, v.

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MAINLANDS SECTION 1 & 2 CIVIC ASS'N, INC., Defendant-Appellee., 1993 WL 13138747,


*13138747 (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Feb 01, 1993) Reply Brief for the United States (NO.
92-4635)
3386 Habersham MILLS, Petitioner, v. FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Re-
spondent., 1992 WL 12135259, *12135259+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Feb 10, 1992) Brief for
Respondent Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (NO. 91-8790) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3387 Habersham MILLS, Petitioner, v. FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Re-
spondent., 1992 WL 12135258, *12135258+ (Appellate Brief) (11th Cir. Jan 09, 1992) Brief of
Petitioner Habersham Mills (NO. 91-8790) HN: 5,11 (S.Ct.)
3388 NEELY TRUCK LINE, INC., et Al., Petitioners, v. INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMIS-
SION and United States of America, Respondents., 1991 WL 11245129, *11245129+ (Appellate
Brief) (11th Cir. Dec 30, 1991) Joint Brief of the Interstate Commerce Comission and United
States of America (NO. 91-7662) " HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3389 ROBERTA B., Appellant, v. George J. TENT, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Ap-
pllee., 2003 WL 24018542, *24018542 (Appellate Brief) (Fed.Cir. Feb 05, 2003) Brief of Appel-
lant Roberta B. (NO. 02-1072)
3390 Hwang Geum JOO, et al., Appellants, v. JAPAN, Appellee., 2004 WL 5844231, *5844231+
(Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Oct 29, 2004) Supplemental Brief for Appellants (NO. 01-7169)
HN: 8 (S.Ct.)
3391 RANCHO VIEJO, LLC, Plaintiff/Appellant, v. Gale A. NORTON, Secretary of the Interior, et
al., Defendants/Appellees., 2002 WL 34244701, *34244701+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Sep 13,
2002) Appellant's Opening Brief (NO. 01-5373)
3392 RANCHO VIEJO, LLC, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Gale A. NORTON, et al., Defendants-Appellees.,
2002 WL 34244702, *34244702+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Sep 13, 2002) Final Brief of Ap-
pellees (NO. 01-5373)
3393 Building OWNERS and Managers Association International, et al., Petitioners, v. FEDERAL
COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION and United States of America, Respondents., 2001 WL
36044599, *36044599+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jan 04, 2001) Brief for Respondents (NO.
99-1009) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
3394 JAMES V. HURSON ASSOCIATES, INCORPORATED, Appellant, v. Daniel R. GLICKMAN,
Secretary, United States Department of Agriculture and the United States Department of Agricul-
ture, Appellants., 2000 WL 35577302, *35577302+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. May 17, 2000)
Brief of Appellant James V. Hurson Associates, Inc%Y(2)27 (NO. 99-5305) HN: 2,16
(S.Ct.)
3395 TRANSMISSION ACCESS POLICY STUDY GROUP, et al., Petitioner, v. FEDERAL EN-
ERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Respondent., 1999 WL 34800507, *34800507
(Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Aug 19, 1999) Joint Brief for All Other Intervenors in Support of
Respondent (NO. 97-1715)
3396 TRANSMISSION ACCESS POLICY STUDY GROUP, et al., Petitioner, v. FEDERAL EN-
ERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, Respondent., 1999 WL 34800764, *34800764
(Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. May 11, 1999) Joint Brief for All Other Intervenors in Support of
Respondent (NO. 97-1715)

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3397 NAVEGAR, INC., d/b/a Intratec, and Penn Arms, Inc., Appellants, v. UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA, Appellee., 1999 WL 34835311, *34835311+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Apr 26,
1999) Reply Brief of Appellant (NO. 98-5491) HN: 4 (S.Ct.)
3398 NAVEGAR, INC., doing business as Intratec, Penn Arms, Inc., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. UNITED
STATES OF AMERICA, Defendant-Appellee., 1999 WL 34833446, *34833446+ (Appellate
Brief) (D.C.Cir. Mar 29, 1999) Brief for the Appellee (NO. 98-5491) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3399 Randall A. TERRY, et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Janet RENO, et al., Defendants-Appellees.,
1996 WL 34482647, *34482647+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Aug 23, 1996) Brief for Appellees
(NO. 95-5419) HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3400 Randall A. TERRY, Reverend Patrick Mahoney, A. David Henderson, Robert Jewitt, Joseph J.
Slovenec, Reverend James L. Rudd, Appellants, v. Janet RENO, Attorney General of the United
States of America, and Eric H. Holder, Jr., United States Attorney for the District of Columbia,
Appellees., 1996 WL 34482738, *34482738+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jul 24, 1996) Brief for
Appellants (NO. 95-5419)
3401 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Allen R. HAWKINS, Appellant. United States
of America, Appellee, v. Dwight L. Thomas, Appellant., 1996 WL 34482809, *34482809+
(Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jul 08, 1996) Consolidated Brief for Appellee (NO. 95-3185,
95-3186) " HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3402 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Patrick C. DAVID, Appellant., 1996 WL
34482474, *34482474+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Apr 29, 1996) Brief for Appellee (NO.
94-3136)
3403 THE PRODUCE PLACE, Petitioner, v. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICUL-
TURE, Respondent., 1995 WL 17204868, *17204868+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Oct 1995)
Brief for Respondent, United States Department of Agriculture (NO. 95-1154) " HN:
10,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3404 THE PRODUCE PLACE, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, et al, Respond-
ents., 1995 WL 17204867, *17204867+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Sep 20, 1995) Brief of Peti-
tioner (NO. 95-1154) HN: 11,12,19 (S.Ct.)
3405 Pacific BELL, et al., Petitioners, v. FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION and
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondents., 1995 WL 17204566, *17204566+ (Appellate
Brief) (D.C.Cir. Sep 15, 1995) Brief for Respondents (NO. 94-1547) HN: 13 (S.Ct.)
3406 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Johnny J. MORENO, Appellant., 1995 WL
17204021, *17204021+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Aug 24, 1995) Brief for Appellee (NO.
94-3085)
3407 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Patrick BAUCUM, Appellant., 1995 WL
17203991, *17203991+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Aug 02, 1995) Reply Brief for Appellant
(NO. 94-3040) HN: 19 (S.Ct.)
3408 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Robert C. APPLEWHITE, Appellant; United
States of America, Appellee, v. Ronald D. Branch, Appellant., 1995 WL 17203978, *17203978+
(Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jul 19, 1995) Brief for Appellee (NO. 94-3028, 94-3058)
3409 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. Patrick BAUCUM, Appellant., 1995 WL
17203990, *17203990+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jul 19, 1995) Brief for Appellee (NO.

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AUTHORIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLY

94-3040)
3410 TRANS UNION CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION, Respond-
ent., 1995 WL 17205074, *17205074+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jul 06, 1995) Brief for Re-
spondent Federal Trade Commission (NO. 94-1725)
3411 Patrick BAUCUM, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee., 1995 WL
17203989, *17203989+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Jun 19, 1995) Brief for Appellant (NO.
94-3040) HN: 20,21 (S.Ct.)
3412 Arthur D. JACOBS, Appellant, v. THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES, et
al., Appellee., 1991 WL 11691538, *11691538+ (Appellate Brief) (D.C.Cir. Nov 04, 1991) Brief
for Amici in Support of Appellees Attorney General of the United States, et al. (NO.
91-5061)
3413 UNITED STATES, Appellee, v. Walter D. DISNEY Hospital Corpsman First Class (E-6) U.S.
Navy, Appellant., 2005 WL 994777, *994777+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Armed Forces 2005) Ap-
pellant's Brief (NO. 05-0068) HN: 4,11 (S.Ct.)
3414 UNITED STATES, Appellee, v. Lester R. HARRIS XXX-XX-XXXX Corporal (E-4) U.S. Mar-
ine Corps, Appellant., 2001 WL 34902921, *34902921 (Appellate Brief) (U.S. Armed Forces
Feb 20, 2001) Answer on Behalf of the Government (NO. 01-0226) HN: 12 (S.Ct.)
3415 UNITED STATES, Appellee, v. Lester R. HARRIS XXX-XX-XXXX ) Corporal (E-4) United
States Marine Corps, Appellant., 2001 WL 34902922, *34902922+ (Appellate Brief) (U.S.
Armed Forces Feb 13, 2001) Supplement to Petition for Grant of Review (NO. 01-0226)
HN: 11 (S.Ct.)
3416 EX PARTE HOOVER, INC., 2006 WL 5376483, *5376483+ (Appellate Brief) (Ala. Aug 01,
2006) Hoover, Inc.'s Brief In Response to the Brief of the Respondent State of Alabama De-
partment of Revenue (NO. 1040969) "
3417 EX PARTE HOOVER, INC., 2005 WL 6050849, *6050849+ (Appellate Brief) (Ala. Aug 01,
2005) Hoover, Inc.'s Brief In Response to the Brief of the Respondent State of Alabama De-
partment of Revenue (NO. 1040969) "
3418 Walter LEONARD and Evalina Leonard, Appellants, v. TERMINIX INTERNATIONAL COM-
PANY, et al., Appellees., 2002 WL 34234993, *34234993+ (Appellate Brief) (Ala. Mar 14,
2002) Brief of the Appellee Terminix International Company (NO. 1010555) " HN:
10 (S.Ct.)
3419 Mario CAPOLICCHIO, Appellant, v. Ken LEVY, Ketchikan Police Department, City of Ketchi-
kan, Appellees., 2007 WL 4895829, *4895829+ (Appellate Brief) (Alaska Oct 24, 2007) Open-
ing Brief of Appellee Ken Levy (NO. S-12475)
3420 Kevin THOMAS, Joyce Baker, and Jeffrey Bubna, Appellants/Cross-Appellees, v. ANCHOR-
AGE EQUAL RIGHTS COMMISSION; the Municipality of Anchorage; and Paula Haley in her
Official Capacity as the Executive Director of the Alaska State Commission for Human Rights,
Appellees/Cross-Appellants., 2003 WL 24048543, *24048543+ (Appellate Brief) (Alaska Feb
12, 2003) Brief of Appellants/Cross-Appellees Kevin Thomas, Joyce Baker, and Jeffrey
Bubna (NO. S-10733, S-10883) HN: 17 (S.Ct.)
3421 ALASKA CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION, Dan Carter and Al Incontro, Lin Davis and Maureen
Longworth, Shirley Dean and Carla Timpone, Darla Madden and Karen Wood, Aimee Olejasz

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and Fabienne Peter-Contesse, Karen Surnick and Elizabeth Andrews, Teresa Tavel and Karen
Walter, Corin Whittemore and Gani Ruthellen, and Estra Bensussen and Carol Rose Gackowski,
Appellants, v. State of Alaska, and Municipality of Anchorage, Appellees., 2002 WL 33456611,
*33456611+ (Appellate Brief) (Alaska May 22, 2002) Brief of Lambda Legal Defense and
Education Fund, Inc. as Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs-Appellants (NO. S-10459) "

3422 NORTH COAST WOMEN'S CARE MEDICAL GROUP et al., Petitioners, v. THE SUPERIOR
COURT OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY, Respondent, Guadalupe T. Benitez, Real Party in Interest.,
2007 WL 1567823, *1567823+ (Appellate Brief) (Cal. Apr 27, 2007) Brief of the American
Civil Liberties Union, American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California, Aclu Found-
ation of Southern California, and American Civil Liberties Union of San Diego and ... (NO.
S142892) " HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
3423 B. Birgit KOEBKE, et al., Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. BERNARDO HEIGHTS COUNTRY
CLUB, Defendant and Respondent., 2004 WL 2863074, *2863074+ (Appellate Brief) (Cal. Oct
26, 2004) Appellants' Reply Brief on the Merits (NO. S124179) HN: 16 (S.Ct.)
3424 OSCAR AGUILAR, et al., Plaintiffs and Respondents, v. AVIS RENT A CAR SYSTEM, INC.,
et al., Defendants and Appellants., 1997 WL 33559602, *33559602+ (Appellate Brief) (Cal. Mar
05, 1997) Application By the Employment Law Center, A Project of the Legal Aid Society of
San Francisco for Leave to File Brief Amicus Curiae and Brief Amicus Curiae In Support
of Respondent Oscar Aguilar, et ... (NO. S054561) "
3425 OSCAR AGUILAR, et al., Plaintiffs and Respondents, v. AVIS RENT A CAR SYSTEM, INC.,
et al., Defendants and Appellants., 1997 WL 33570923, *33570923+ (Appellate Brief) (Cal. Mar
05, 1997) Application By the Employment Law Center, A Project of the Lega