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ALLIANCE SYSTEM

The alliance system was a key factor in the causation of World War 1.

Military alliances often contain promises that in the event war or aggression, one
signatory nation will support the others, financial or logistic backing, like the supply
of materials or weapons, to military mobilization and a declaration of war.

The danger of these alliances is that if a member from one alliance declared war on a
member from the other alliance, the conflict would quickly escalate.

Germany was on alert because it was surrounded by two opposing allied powers,
France and Russia. Russia allied itself with Serbia.

Britain joined forces with France and Russia because it feared a strong Germany,
especially German naval improvements.

By 1914 the great powers of Europe had shuffled themselves into two alliance blocs:

The Triple Alliance and Triple Entente.

The triple alliance was formed by Germany, Italy and Austria Hungary

The triple entente was formed by Great Britain, France and Russia.

After the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, Austria Hungary, with the support and
approval of Germany, declared war on Serbia.

Since Serbia and Russia were allies, Russia declared the war on Germany.

France and Germany then declared war on each other. Britain declared war on
Germany when Germany invaded Belgium. This was originally a conflict between
Austria-Hungary and Serbia that quickly escalates into World War 1 or The Great
War.

The reason that the alliance system contributed to the first world war was that it
meant local conflicts, but it turned out into a war among many countries. It
expanded the territories.