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ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF GAZA

Faculty of Engineering
Department of Electrical Engineering
EELE 5309: Biomedical Engineering

Syllabus (Summer 06/07)


Course Description:
This course introduces the fundamentals of medical instrumentation systems, and bio-signal
processing Basic concepts of Biomedical Instrumentation, his module will provide electrical
engineering students with central core knowledge to use semiconductor devices as bio-
sensing devices, and to understand the electrical biophysics of human physiology and their
biomedical applications
Prerequisites: EELE 2320 (ELECTRONICS I )
Special Requirements: Experience in using PSPICE.

Instructor: Dr. Eng. Mohammed Alhanjouri


Office: B 230
Phone: (Ext.) 2878
E-mail: alhanjouri@hotmail.com

Teaching Assistants: Eng. Zoher Abo-shaaban

Textbook:
** . R.S.Khandpur "Hand book of biomedical Instrumentation", 6th Edition, McGraw-Hill,
2000.
** R. Boylestad, and L. Nashelsky, "Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory", 9th Edition,
Prentice Hall, 2006.

References:
¾ T. Floyd, "Electronic Device", 6th Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002.
¾ A. Sedra, and K. Smith, "Microelectronic Circuits", 5th Edition, Oxford University Press,
2004

Course Outlines
1.- BIOMEDICAL CONCEPTS
1.1 Definition of a medical instrument
1.2 Historical review of electronics in medicine and health-care
1.3 Review of fundamentals of electronics
2.- BIOPOTENTIALS AND ELECTRODES
2.1 Origin of biopotentials
2.2 Recording electrodes
2.2.1 Electrodes for ECG
2.2.2 Electrodes for EEG
2.3 Electrical conductivity of electrode jellies and creams
2.4 Microelectrodes
3.- BIOMEDICAL TRANSDUCERS
3.1 Surface electrode transducers
3.2 Thermal transducers
3.3 bridge circuit Transducers
3.4 Strain gauges transducer
3.5 Differential capacitive transducer
4.- BIOMEDICAL RECORDER EQUIPMENTS
4.1 Basic recording system
4.2 Amplifiers
4.3 Electrocardiograph (ECG)
4.4 Electroencephalograph (EEG)
4.5 Phonocardiograph (PCG)
5. PACEMAKERS
4.1 Pacing basics
4.2 External pacemakers
4.3 Internal pacemakers
4.3.1 Parameters
4.3.2 Lead connections
4.3.3 Codes
4.3.4 Battery
4.4 Oscillators and Multivibrators
5.- MODERN IMAGING SYSTEMS
5.1 X-Ray machine
5.2 X-Ray computed tomography
5.3 Magnetic Resonance Imaging System
5.4 Ultrasonic Imaging Systems
5.5 Leads in ECG´s

Objectives
The primary objective of this course is to provide the instructional materials that a student needs
to understand widely used medical equipment. The emphasis is on those types of equipment used
for patient care in the hospital. Also, another goal is to develop the student’s ability to think
analytically about problems that arise with complex medical equipment.

Contents
Basic transducers and principles: displacement measurement, resistive transducers, bridge
circuits, inductive transducers, capacitive transducers, temperature measurement, Origin of bio-
potential: Electrical activity of excitable cells, Volume conductor fields, functional organization
of the peripheral, the electrocardiogram (bio-potentials in Heart), the electroencephalogram. bio-
potential and other amplifiers used in medical inst: Operational amplifier analysis,
instrumentation amplifiers, voltage and current courses, operational amplifiers in Tandem, high
input impedance amplifiers with controlled gain, Buffer amplifier, bio-potential measurement
interference, common-mode rejection in a diff-amp., Patient-care equipment : The
electrocardiograph and unit-level troubleshooting, the electroencephalograph and filtering, the
defibrillator and step response, the pacemakers, catheters and blood pressure monitoring.
Specialized Medical Equipment: Clinical Laboratory equipment, Medical X-ray equipment and
X-Ray CT scanners, Imaging algorithms, ultrasonic equipment, magnetic resonance
imaging(MRI),

Grading Policy
Grades will be distributed as following:

Homework ………………………………. 10 %
Quizzes …………………………………… 10 %
Presentation ……………………………….. 10 %
Midterm …………………………………... 30 %
Final Exam ………………………………… 40 %