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Datos experimentales

IR (25°C) = IR (T) - 4.5*10^-4(T-25) 1ERA PRUEBA


CALIBRACION DE LOS REFRACTOMETROS
%m etanol IR 1 IR 2 IR PROM IR
9.67 1.33921 1.33947 1.339340 ST9 1.3638
18.58 1.34556 1.34553 1.345545 ST8 1.3662
28.29 1.35216 1.35213 1.352145 ST7 1.3663
37.74 1.35689 1.35716 1.357025 ST6 1.3651
47.2 1.35996 1.36026 1.360110 ST5 1.3633
57.27 1.36263 1.36282 1.362725 ST4 1.3552
67.54 1.36432 1.36437 1.364345 ST3 1.3411
76.27 1.36497 1.36507 1.365020 ST2 1.3387
85.66 1.36510 1.36500 1.365050 ST1 1.3371
95.91 1.36380 1.36380 1.363800

M etanol 46 Grafica IR vs %
M agua 18

Porcentaje de masa (%m)


100.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
1.3350 1.3400 1.3450 1.3500 1.35

Índice de refracc

Curva experimental

1ERA PRUEBA

Plato x1 y1 T Psat etanol Psat agua


ST1 Calderin 0.037 0.046 94.7 1.89 0.84
ST2 1 0.046 0.060 91.6 1.68 0.74
ST3 2 0.060 0.180 88.4 1.50 0.66
ST4 3 0.180 0.410 83.5 1.24 0.54
ST5 4 0.410 0.706 76.3 0.94 0.41
ST6 5 0.706 0.798 78.7 1.03 0.45
ST7 6 0.798 0.818 78.3 1.01 0.44
ST8 7 0.818 0.904 77.1 0.97 0.42
ST9 8 0.904 76.6 0.95 0.41
1 Gráfico X-Y
0.9

composición de burbuja y
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3 1era Medi ci on
0.2
Curva Teóri ca
0.1
0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
Composición de la gota x

100.0 Gráfico T-X-Y


Tb
experi ment
95.0 al 1
Temperatura (°C)

Tr
90.0 Experi ment
al 1
Tb Teóri co
85.0 Tr Teóri co

80.0

75.0
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
Composición X-Y

Cruva Teorica 1 (LR)


a b c
P 1.01325 C2H6O 5.33675 1648.22 230.918
H2O 5.11564 1687.537 230.17

x To Psat1 Psat 2 Pb Psat1"


0.86610879 81.1781446 1.1366349327 0.49607057 1.050868993 1.0959457
80.2453275 1.0959456918 0.47781056 1.0131828287 1.0960184
80.2470189 1.0960183501 0.47784315 1.0132501221 1.0960182
80.2470158 1.096018218 0.47784309 1.0132499998 1.0960182
80.2470158 1.0960182182 0.47784309 1.01325 1.0960182

Medida 1
Plato x T y
Calderin 0.037 98.8 0.080
1 0.046 98.5 0.098
2 0.060 98.1 0.125
3 0.180 94.4 0.332
4 0.410 88.7 0.613
5 0.706 82.9 0.846
6 0.798 81.3 0.901
7 0.818 81.0 0.912
8 0.904 79.7 0.956

GRAFICO T-X-Y
100 100
Tb teori co
Tr Teori co 95
95
Tb
experi menta l 1
90 Tr experimental 90
1

Axis Title
Axis Title

85 85

80 80

75 75

70 70
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 0 0.1 0.2
Axis Title

1.000 1
GRAFICO X-Y
0.900 0.9

0.800 0.8

0.700 0.7

0.600 0.6
Axis Title
Axis Title

0.500 0.5

0.400 0.4

0.300 0.3
Model o LR
0.200 0.2
Teori co
0.100 0.1

0.000 0
0.000 0.100 0.200 0.300 0.400 0.500 0.600 0.700 0.800 0.900 1.000 0 0.1 0.2 0
Axis Title
2DA PRUEBA

T IR(25) %m etanol x IR T IR(25)


26.0 1.3634 96.0 0.904 ST9 1.3662 22.0 1.3676
25.0 1.3662 92.0 0.818 ST8 1.3668 22.0 1.3682
25.0 1.3663 91.0 0.798 ST7 1.3667 23.0 1.3676
25.0 1.3651 86.0 0.706 ST6 1.3660 23.0 1.3669
24.0 1.3638 64.0 0.410 ST5 1.3635 23.0 1.3644
23.0 1.3561 36.0 0.180 ST4 1.3577 22.0 1.3591
23.0 1.3420 14.0 0.060 ST3 1.3462 22.0 1.3476
22.0 1.3401 11.0 0.046 ST2 1.3436 22.0 1.3450
22.0 1.3385 9.0 0.037 ST1 1.3364 22.0 1.3378

Grafica IR vs %m Grafica IR vs %m
Porcentaje de masa (%m) 100.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
1.3350 1.3400 1.3450 1.3500 1.3550 1.3600 1.3650 1.3700
1.3400 1.3450 1.3500 1.3550 1.3600 1.3650 1.3700

Índice de refracción (IR) Índice de refracción (IR)

2DA PRUEBA

Plato x1 y1 T
ST1 Calderin 0.033 0.075 94.6
ST2 1 0.075 0.094 89.4
ST3 2 0.094 0.220 88.1
ST4 3 0.220 0.436 83.5
ST5 4 0.436 0.723 71.1
ST6 5 0.723 0.781 78.5
ST7 6 0.781 0.800 78.2
ST8 7 0.800 0.866 77.0
ST9 8 0.866 76.5
1 Gráfico X-Y
0.9

composición de burbuja y
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3 Curva
Teóri ca
0.2 2da
0.1 Medi ci on
0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
Composición de la gota x

100.0 Gráfico T-X-Y


95.0
Tb experi menta l 2
Temperatura (°C)

90.0 Tr experi menta l 2


Tb Teóri co
85.0
Tr Teórico
80.0

75.0

70.0
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0
Composición X-Y

Tsat
78.26
100.08

Tsat1 error y1
80.24532752 0.93282 0.93679565
80.24701886 0.00169 0.93685776
80.24701578 3.1E-06 0.93685765
80.24701579 5.6E-09 0.93685765
80.24701579 1E-11 0.93685765

Medida 2
Plato x T y
Calderin 0.033 98.9 0.072
1 0.075 97.6 0.155
2 0.094 97.0 0.190
3 0.220 93.3 0.390
4 0.436 88.1 0.637
5 0.723 82.6 0.856
6 0.781 81.6 0.891
7 0.800 81.3 0.902
8 0.866 80.2 0.937

GRAFICO T-X-Y
100
Tb teori co
Tr Teori co
95 Tb experi mental
1
90 Tr experi mental
1
Axis Title

85

80

75

70
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
Axis Title

1
GRAFICO X-Y
0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6
Axis Title

0.5

0.4

0.3
Teori co
0.2
Model o LR
0.1

0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
Axis Title
%m etanol x
92.0 0.866
90.0 0.800
89.0 0.781
88.0 0.723
68.0 0.436
44.0 0.220
22.0 0.094
18.0 0.075
8.0 0.033

R vs %m

00 1.3550 1.3600 1.3650 1.3700

refracción (IR)

Psat etanol Psat agua


1.879 0.835
1.684 0.743
1.497 0.658
1.243 0.544
0.936 0.406
1.030 0.448
1.014 0.441
0.969 0.421
0.948 0.412
Curva
Teóri ca
2da
Medi ci on

0.7 0.8 0.9 1


x

Tb experi menta l 2
Tr experi menta l 2
Tb Teóri co
Tr Teórico

0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0


CALIBRACION 25°C
100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
1.33500 1.34000 1.34500 1.35000 1.35500 1.36000 1.36500 1.37000
x y
0.067 0.37
x y1 0.07 0.3652
0.54 0.6715 0.072 0.362
0.42 0.6200
0.32 0.5800
0.24 0.5600
0.17 0.5100
0.14 0.4600
0.10 0.4200
0.08 0.3800
0.07 0.3652

alfa 1.343

x y1 y1ª
0.54 0.6715 0.891 0.05 T
0.42 0.6200 0.661 0.00 1.000
0.32 0.5800 0.489 0.01 0.800
0.24 0.5600 0.355 0.04 0.600
0.17 0.5100 0.249 0.07 0.400
0.14 0.4600 0.203 0.07 0.200
0.10 0.4200 0.138 0.08 0.000
0.08 0.3800 0.109 0.07 0.00 0.10 0.20 0.3
0.07 0.3652 0.095 0.07
0.46

Curva terorica 2

x y1ª
0.54 0.891
0.42 0.661
0.32 0.489
0.24 0.355
0.17 0.249
0.14 0.203
0.10 0.138
0.08 0.109
0.07 0.095

A B C
etanol 4.92365 1410.46 208.514
agua 5.109459 1678.948 228.97

P 1 bar
T
Primera Prueba
t seg T ( c) Psat etanol Psat agua
ST9 1306.9 76.60 0.95 0.41
ST8 1306.9 77.14 0.97 0.42
ST7 1334.9 78.28 1.01 0.44
ST6 1334.9 78.66 1.03 0.45
ST5 1398 76.27 0.94 0.41
ST4 1398 83.49 1.24 0.54
ST3 1436.5 88.40 1.49 0.66
ST2 1436.5 91.61 1.67 0.75
ST1 1460.2 94.75 1.87 0.84
Real
0.8000
0.6000
Real
0.4000
0.2000
0.0000
0.000.100.200.300.400.500.60

TEORICO
1.000
0.800
0.600 TEORICO
0.400
0.200
0.000
0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60

A B C
Etanol 4.92 1,410.46 208.51
Agua 5.11 1,678.95 228.97
Segunda Prueba
TIEMPO TERMOCUPL T(°C) P1sat P2sat
2,291 ST-9 76.55 0.95 0.41
2,291 ST-8 77.03 0.96 0.42
2,314 ST-7 78.25 1.01 0.44
2,314 ST-6 78.52 1.02 0.45
2,340 ST-5 71.11 0.76 0.33
2,340 ST-4 83.54 1.24 0.55
2,365 ST-3 87.82 1.46 0.64
2,365 ST-2 89.34 1.54 0.68
2,490 ST-1 95.23 1.91 0.85
P-T-x-y

T (°C) P (bar) x y
100 1.01325 0 0
99.3 1.01325 0.0028 0.032
96.9 1.01325 0.0118 0.113
96 1.01325 0.0137 0.157
96 1.01325 0.0144 0.135
95.6 1.01325 0.018 0.156
94.8 1.01325 0.0222 0.186
93.8 1.01325 0.025 0.212
93.5 1.01325 0.03 0.231
92.9 1.01325 0.052 0.248
90.5 1.01325 0.053 0.318
90.5 1.01325 0.063 0.314
89.4 1.01325 0.067 0.339
88.4 1.01325 0.072 0.37
88.6 1.01325 0.087 0.362
87.2 1.01325 0.087 0.406
85.4 1.01325 0.126 0.468
84.5 1.01325 0.143 0.487
84 1.01325 0.172 0.505
83.4 1.01325 0.206 0.53
83 1.01325 0.21 0.527
82.3 1.01325 0.255 0.552
82 1.01325 0.284 0.567
81.4 1.01325 0.321 0.586
81.5 1.01325 0.324 0.583
81.2 1.01325 0.345 0.591
80.9 1.01325 0.405 0.614
80.5 1.01325 0.43 0.628
80.2 1.01325 0.449 0.633
80 1.01325 0.506 0.661
79.5 1.01325 0.545 0.673
78.8 1.01325 0.663 0.733
78.5 1.01325 0.735 0.776
78.4 1.01325 0.804 0.815
78.3 1.01325 0.917 0.906
78.3 1.01325 1 1