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PORTICO (DINÁMICA

Resolver completamente el pórtico indicado. Sección de vigas: 25 X 30 cm

Solución
Se empieza por numerar los nudos y se les asigna a los miembr

Matriz de Rigidez elemental vig

Matriz de Rigidez elemental de column


CUADRO DE FACTORES DE RIGIDE
Elementos # A [m2] E [N/m2]
Columnas 1-3, 3-5, 2-4, 4-6 0.09 2.00E+10
Vigas 1-2 y 3-4 0.075 2.00E+10

Matrices de Rigidez para los elementos de viga

u1 v1 Ɵ1
375,000,000 0 0
0 2,109,375 4,218,750
0 4,218,750 11,250,000
[K]1-2=
-375,000,000 0 0
0 -2,109,375 -4,218,750
0 4,218,750 5,625,000

u3 v3 Ɵ3
375,000,000 0 0
0 2,109,375 4,218,750
0 4,218,750 11,250,000
[K]3-4=
-375,000,000 0 0
0 -2,109,375 -4,218,750
0 4,218,750 5,625,000

Matrices de rigidez de los elementos de columna

u1 v1 Ɵ1
6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 18,000,000
[K]1-3=
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 -600,000,000
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000

u3 v3 Ɵ3
6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 18,000,000
[K]3-5=
[K]3-5=
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 -600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000

u2 v2 Ɵ2
6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 18,000,000
[K]2-4=
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 -600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000

u4 v4 Ɵ4
6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 18,000,000
[K]4-6=
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 -600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000

u1 v1 Ɵ1
381,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 602,109,375 4,218,750
-9,000,000 4,218,750 29,250,000
-375,000,000 0 0
0 -2,109,375 -4,218,750
0 4,218,750 5,625,000
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 -600,000,000 0
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000
[K]sist.=
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0

Planteamiento matricial e

[F]=[K][d]
ELEMENTOS DE VIGA
Elemento 1-2:
u1 v1
X1-2 375,000,000 0
Y1-2 0 2,109,375
M1-2 0 4,218,750
=
X2-1 -375,000,000 0
Y2-1 0 -2,109,375
M2-1 0 4,218,750

Elemento 3-4:
u3 v3
X3-4 375,000,000 0
Y3-4 0 2,109,375
M3-4 0 4,218,750
=
X4-3 -375,000,000 0
Y4-3 0 -2,109,375
M4-3 0 4,218,750

ELEMENTOS DE COLUMNA
Elemento 1-3:
u1 v1
X1-3 6,000,000 0
Y1-3 0 600,000,000
M1-3 -9,000,000 0
=
X3-1 -6,000,000 0
Y3-1 0 -600,000,000
M3-1 -9,000,000 0

Elemento 3-5:
u3 v3
X3-5 6,000,000 0
Y3-5 0 600,000,000
M3-5 -9,000,000 0
=
X5-3 -6,000,000 0
Y5-3 0 -600,000,000
M5-3 -9,000,000 0

Elemento 2-4:
u2 v2
X2-4 6,000,000 0
Y2-4 0 600,000,000
M2-4 -9,000,000 0
=
X4-2 -6,000,000 0
Y4-2 0 -600,000,000
M4-2 -9,000,000 0
Elemento 4-6:
u4 v4
X4-6 6,000,000 0
Y4-6 0 600,000,000
M4-6 -9,000,000 0
=
X6-4 -6,000,000 0
Y6-4 0 -600,000,000
M6-4 -9,000,000 0

Planteamiento matricial del sistema:

u1 v1
X1=X12+X13 381,000,000 0
Y1=Y12+Y13 0 602,109,375
M1=M12+M13 -9,000,000 4,218,750
X2=X21+X24 -375,000,000 0
Y2=Y21+Y24 0 -2,109,375
M2=M21+M24 0 4,218,750
X3=X31+X34+X35 -6,000,000 0
Y3=Y31+Y34+Y35 0 -600,000,000
M3=M31+M34+M35 -9,000,000 0
=
X4=X42+X43+X46 0 0
Y4=Y42+Y43+Y46 0 0
M4=M42+M43+M46 0 0
X5=X53 0 0
Y5=Y53 0 0
M5=M53 0 0
X6=X64 0 0
Y6=Y64 0 0
M6=M64 0 0

Además:
Fa: fuerzas desconocidas da: Grados de libertad conocidos
FX5,FY5,MZ5,FX6,FY6,MZ6=? u5=v5=t5=u6=v6=t6=0
v1=v2=v3=v4=0
Fn: fuerzas conocidas dn: Grados de libertad desconocidos
FX1=MZ1=0 u1, t1, u2, t2, u3, t3, u4, t4=?
FX2=MZ2=0 Pero: u1=u2 Diafragma rígido, un solo desplazamiento por piso
FX3=MZ3=0 u3=u4
FX4=MZ4=0 u2 y u4 grados de libertad dependientes
u1 y u3 grados de libertad independientes
u1 Ɵ1
X1=X12+X13 = 381,000,000 -9,000,000
M1=M12+M13 -9,000,000 29,250,000
X2=X21+X24 -375,000,000 0
M2=M21+M24 0 5,625,000
X3=X31+X34 -6,000,000 9,000,000
M3=M31+M34 -9,000,000 9,000,000
X4=X42+X43 0 0
M4=M42+M43 0 0

u1 Ɵ1
X1+X2 = 6,000,000 -9,000,000
M1 -9,000,000 29,250,000
M2 0 5,625,000
X3+X4 -6,000,000 9,000,000
M3 -9,000,000 9,000,000
M4 0 0

u1+u2 Ɵ1
X1+X2 = 12,000,000 -9,000,000
M1 -9,000,000 29,250,000
M2 -9,000,000 5,625,000
X3+X4 -12,000,000 9,000,000
M3 -9,000,000 9,000,000
M4 -9,000,000 0

Pero: M1=M2=M3=M4=0
u1+u2 u3+u4
X1+X2 = 12,000,000 -12,000,000
X3+X4 -12,000,000 24,000,000
M1=0 -9,000,000 9,000,000
M2=0 -9,000,000 9,000,000
M3=0 -9,000,000 0
M4=0 -9,000,000 0

u1+u2 u3+u4
M1=0 = -9,000,000 9,000,000
M2=0 -9,000,000 9,000,000
M3=0 -9,000,000 0
M4=0 -9,000,000 0

Ɵ1 = 3.805934993429E-08
Ɵ2 -8.068123963167E-09
(-) -7.539198698361E-09
Ɵ3
Ɵ4 2.43430917136E-09
Ɵ1 = 0.223977028 -0.2699210337
Ɵ2 0.223977028 -0.2699210337
Ɵ3 0.1320890165 0.0459440057
Ɵ4 0.1320890165 0.0459440057

Pero debo encontrar los grados de libertad de desplazamiento:


Se trabaja con la condensada:
u1+u2 u3+u4
X1+X2 = 12,000,000 -12,000,000
X3+X4 -12,000,000 24,000,000

X1+X2 = 12,000,000 -12,000,000


X3+X4 -12,000,000 24,000,000

X1+X2 = 12,000,000 -12,000,000


X3+X4 -12,000,000 24,000,000

X1+X2 = 5,590,811 -7,968,413


X3+X4 -7,968,413 19,141,421
K Pórtico B

K de toda la estructura:

[K] = 16,772,434 -23,905,240


-23,905,240 57,424,264

CÁLCULO DE FRECUENCIA ANGULAR DEL SISTEMA

u1+u2 u3+u4
SEGUNDO PISO u1+u2 16,772,434 -23,905,240
PRIMER PISO u3+u4 -23,905,240 57,424,264

16.772.434-22.000w2
DETERMINANTE
-23,905,240

ECUACIÓN
c b
391684134960517 -1.76651E+12 w2 +
FRECUENCIA ANGULAR
w2 w
1er Modo 244 16
2do Modo 2,433 49

PRIMER MODO DE VIB


11,405,192
-23,905,240

SEGUNDO MODO DE VI
-36,743,885
-23,905,240

MODO 1
a2 1
a1 0.4771000577

PARA DIBUJAR LOS NODOS POR PISO

GRAFICA DE MODOS DE VIBRA


7
ALTURA DE PISO

1
3

0
-2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0

NORMALIZACIÓN DE LOS MODOS

CÁLCULO DE LOS DENOMINADORES

MODO 1

MODO 2

f2
MODO 1 f21
MODO 2 f22

FORMA VECTORIAL

0.0058896192 f2
fModo1
0.0028099377 f1

MODO 1 MODO 2
f2 f21 f22
f1 f11 f12

COEFICIENTES DE PARTICIPACIÓN MODAL:

0.0058896192
-
0.0032813002
MASA EFECTIVA MODAL:

MODO Gi Gi2 % MASA TOTAL


1 -213.8697517009 45,740.27 88%
2 79.1184511186 6,259.73 12%
52,000.00

ECUACIONES DESACOPLADAS:

z1* 244 0
+
z2* 0 2,433

ECUACIONES DESACOPLADAS DE MOVIMIENTO SIN AMORTIGUAMIENTO

z1* + 244 z1

z2* + 2,433 z2

INTRODUCIENDO EL AMORTIGUAMIENTO e = 5%
�1/
MODO 1 1.5619396423 �
�2/
MODO 2 4.9320988838 �

ECUACIONES DESACOPLADAS DE MOVIMIENTO CON

z1** + 1.5619396423 z1*

z2** + 4.9320988838 z2*

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS RESPUESTAS MÁ


Máximos valores de zi obtenidos del espectro de aceleración en

PARAMETROS
COEFICIENTE DE SITIO (S)=
COEFICIENTE DE IMPORTANCIA (I)=
ACELERACIÓN PICO EFECTIVA PARA DISEÑO (Aa)=
GRAVEDAD (g)=

DETERMINAR LOS PERIODOS, INCIAL TO , CORTO TC , LARGO

TO = 0,35 S 0.36
Tc = 0,48 S 0.58
TL = 0,48 S 2.88

FRECUENCIA ANGULAR
w2 w
MODO 1 244 16
MODO 2 2,433 49

TO vs TC y TL y CÁLCULO DE VALORES MÁXIMOS DE Zi


MODO 1 Modo Fundamental Utilizar Sa=2.5*Aa*I
MODO 2 Primer Armónico Err:508

DETERMINACIÓN DE LOS DESPLAZAMIENTO MÁXIMOS DE LA ESTRUCTURA

Desplazamientos traslacionales (primarios):

0.0058896192 Piso 2
MODO 1 (FUNDAMENTAL)
0.0028099377 Piso 1

0.0032813002 Piso 2
MODO 2 ARMÓNICO
-0.005043569 Piso 1

DESPLAZAMIENTOS PRIMER MODO SEGUNDO MODO


u1+u2 0.0322691928 0.0004367577
u3+u4 0.0153956338 -0.0006713246

Desplazamientos rotacionales (secundarios):

Ɵ1 -0.223977028
Ɵ2 -0.223977028
MODO 1 (FUNDAMENTAL)
Ɵ3 -0.1320890165
Ɵ4 -0.1320890165
Ɵ1 -0.223977028
Ɵ2 -0.223977028
MODO 2 ARMÓNICO
Ɵ3 -0.1320890165
Ɵ4 -0.1320890165

VECTOR DE DESPLAZAMIENTOS Y GIROS TOTALES:

u1+u2
u3+u4
Ɵ1
MODO 1 (FUNDAMENTAL) =
Ɵ2
Ɵ3
Ɵ4

u1+u2
u3+u4
Ɵ1
MODO 2 ARMÓNICO =
Ɵ2
Ɵ3
Ɵ4

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS FUERZAS INTERNAS PO

CÁLCULO DE REACCIONES EN LOS APOYOS

ELEMENTOS DE VIGA

ELEMENTO 1 y 2 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT


u1 v1
X1-2 375,000,000 0
Y1-2 0 2,109,375
M1-2 0 4,218,750
=
X2-1 -375,000,000 0
Y2-1 0 -2,109,375
M2-1 0 4,218,750
X1-2 0 N
Y1-2 -25,919.60 N
M1-2 -51,839.20 N*m
=
X2-1 0 N
Y2-1 25,919.60 N
M2-1 -51,839.20 N*m

ELEMENTO 1 y 2 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u3 v3
X1-2 375,000,000 0
Y1-2 0 2,109,375
M1-2 0 4,218,750
=
X2-1 -375,000,000 0
Y2-1 0 -2,109,375
M2-1 0 4,218,750

u3 v3
X3-4 375,000,000 0
Y3-4 0 2,109,375
M3-4 0 4,218,750
=
X4-3 -375,000,000 0
Y4-3 0 -2,109,375
M4-3 0 4,218,750

X3-4 #VALUE! N
Y3-4 #VALUE! N
M3-4 #VALUE! N*m
=
X4-3 #VALUE! N
Y4-3 #VALUE! N
M4-3 #VALUE! N*m

ELEMENTO 3 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u3 v3
X3-4 375,000,000 0
Y3-4 0 2,109,375
M3-4 0 4,218,750
=
X4-3 -375,000,000 0
Y4-3 0 -2,109,375
M4-3 0 4,218,750

X3-4 #VALUE! N
Y3-4 #VALUE! N
=
M3-4 #VALUE! N*m
=
X4-3 #VALUE! N
Y4-3 #VALUE! N
M4-3 #VALUE! N*m

ELEMENTO 3 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u3 v3
X3-4 375,000,000 0
Y3-4 0 2,109,375
M3-4 0 4,218,750
=
X4-3 -375,000,000 0
Y4-3 0 -2,109,375
M4-3 0 4,218,750

X3-4 #VALUE!
Y3-4 #VALUE!
M3-4 #VALUE!
=
X4-3 #VALUE!
Y4-3 #VALUE!
M4-3 #VALUE!

ELEMENTOS DE COLUMNA

ELEMENTO 1 y 3 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u1 v1
X1-3 6,000,000 0
Y1-3 0 600,000,000
M1-3 -9,000,000 0
=
X3-1 -6,000,000 0
Y3-1 0 -600,000,000
M3-1 -9,000,000 0

X1-3 173,616.61
Y1-3 0
M1-3 -251,884.86
=
X3-1 -173,616.61
Y3-1 0
M3-1 -268,964.98

ELEMENTO 1 y 3 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT


u1 v1
X1-3 6,000,000 0
Y1-3 0 600,000,000
M1-3 -9,000,000 0
=
X3-1 -6,000,000 0
Y3-1 0 -600,000,000
M3-1 -9,000,000 0

X1-3 9,401.38
Y1-3 0
M1-3 -15,236.88
=
X3-1 -9,401.38
Y3-1 0
M3-1 -12,967.25

ELEMENTO 3 y 5 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u3 v3
X3-5 6,000,000 0
Y3-5 0 600,000,000
M3-5 -9,000,000 0
=
X5-3 -6,000,000 0
Y5-3 0 -600,000,000
M5-3 -9,000,000 0

X3-5 137,101.49
Y3-5 0
M3-5 -228,016.08
=
X5-3 -137,101.49
Y5-3 0
M5-3 -183,288.39

ELEMENTO 3 y 5 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u3 v3
X3-5 6,000,000 0
Y3-5 0 600,000,000
M3-5 -9,000,000 0
=
X5-3 -6,000,000 0
Y5-3 0 -600,000,000
=

M5-3 -9,000,000 0

X3-5 -3,786.32
Y3-5 0
M3-5 5,558.67
=
X5-3 3,786.32
Y5-3 0
M5-3 5,800.29

ELEMENTO 2 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u2 v2
X2-4 6,000,000 0
Y2-4 0 600,000,000
M2-4 -9,000,000 0
=
X4-2 -6,000,000 0
Y4-2 0 -600,000,000
M4-2 -9,000,000 0

X2-4 173,616.61
Y2-4 0
M2-4 -251,884.86
=
X4-2 -173,616.61
Y4-2 0
M4-2 -268,964.98

ELEMENTO 2 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u2 v2
X2-4 6,000,000 0
Y2-4 0 600,000,000
M2-4 -9,000,000 0
=
X4-2 -6,000,000 0
Y4-2 0 -600,000,000
M4-2 -9,000,000 0

X2-4 9,401.38
Y2-4 0
M2-4 -15,236.88
=
X4-2 -9,401.38
Y4-2 0
=

M4-2 -12,967.25

ELEMENTO 4 y 6 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u4 v4
X4-6 6,000,000 0
Y4-6 0 600,000,000
M4-6 -9,000,000 0
=
X6-4 -6,000,000 0
Y6-4 0 -600,000,000
M6-4 -9,000,000 0

X4-6 137,101.49
Y4-6 0
M4-6 -228,016.08
=
X6-4 -137,101.49
Y6-4 0
M6-4 -183,288.39

ELEMENTO 4 y 6 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENT

u4 v4
X4-6 6,000,000 0
Y4-6 0 600,000,000
M4-6 -9,000,000 0
=
X6-4 -6,000,000 0
Y6-4 0 -600,000,000
M6-4 -9,000,000 0

X4-6 -3,786.32
Y4-6 0
M4-6 5,558.67
=
X6-4 3,786.32
Y6-4 0
M6-4 5,800.29

MAYRA NATALIA OVIEDO VARGAS - ID 3


PORTICO (DINÁMICA)

el pórtico indicado. Sección de vigas: 25 X 30 cm, Sección de columnas: 30 X 30 cm. E = 20000 Mpa

Solución
numerar los nudos y se les asigna a los miembros sentido positivo de izquierda a derecha.

Matriz de Rigidez elemental vigas: 1-2 y 3-4

Matriz de Rigidez elemental de columna: 1-3, 2-4, 3-5, 4-6


CUADRO DE FACTORES DE RIGIDEZ DE GIRO Y CORTE
I [m4] L [m] 12EI/L3 6EI/L2 4EI/L
0.000675 3 6,000,000 9,000,000 18,000,000
0.0005625 4 2,109,375 4,218,750 11,250,000

idez para los elementos de viga

u2 v2 Ɵ2
-375,000,000 0 0 u1
0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 v1
0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 Ɵ1
375,000,000 0 0 u2
0 2,109,375 -4,218,750 v2
0 -4,218,750 11,250,000 Ɵ2

u4 v4 Ɵ4
-375,000,000 0 0 u3
0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 v3
0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 Ɵ3
375,000,000 0 0 u4
0 2,109,375 -4,218,750 v4
0 -4,218,750 11,250,000 Ɵ4

dez de los elementos de columna

u3 v3 Ɵ3
-6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u1
0 -600,000,000 0 v1
9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ1
6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u3
0 600,000,000 0 v3
9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ3

u5 v5 Ɵ5
-6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u3
0 -600,000,000 0 v3
9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ3
6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u5
0 600,000,000 0 v5
9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ5

u4 v4 Ɵ4
-6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u2
0 -600,000,000 0 v2
9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ2
6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u4
0 600,000,000 0 v4
9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ4

u6 v6 Ɵ6
-6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u4
0 -600,000,000 0 v4
9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ4
6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u6
0 600,000,000 0 v6
9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ6

Matriz de Rigidez del Sistema

u2 v2 Ɵ2 u3 v3
-375,000,000 0 0 -6,000,000 0
0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 0 -600,000,000
0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 9,000,000 0
381,000,000 0 -9,000,000 0 0
0 602,109,375 -4,218,750 0 0
-9,000,000 -4,218,750 29,250,000 0 0
0 0 0 387,000,000 0
0 0 0 0 1,202,109,375
0 0 0 0 4,218,750
-6,000,000 0 9,000,000 -375,000,000 0
0 -600,000,000 0 0 -2,109,375
-9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0 4,218,750
0 0 0 -6,000,000 0
0 0 0 0 -600,000,000
0 0 0 -9,000,000 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0

Planteamiento matricial elemental:

[F]=[K][d]
Ɵ1 u2 v2 Ɵ2
0 -375,000,000 0 0 x
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000

t3 u4 v4 t4
0 -375,000,000 0 0 x
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000

Ɵ1 u3 v3 Ɵ3
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 x
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

Ɵ3 u5 v5 Ɵ5
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 x
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

Ɵ2 u4 v4 Ɵ4
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 x
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000
Ɵ4 u6 v6 Ɵ6
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 x
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

[F]=[K][d]
Ɵ1 u2 v2 Ɵ2 u3
-9,000,000 -375,000,000 0 0 -6,000,000
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 0
29,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 9,000,000
0 381,000,000 0 -9,000,000 0
-4,218,750 0 602,109,375 -4,218,750 0
5,625,000 -9,000,000 -4,218,750 29,250,000 0
9,000,000 0 0 0 387,000,000
0 0 0 0 0
9,000,000 0 0 0 0
0 -6,000,000 0 9,000,000 -375,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0 0
0 -9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0
0 0 0 0 -6,000,000
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 -9,000,000
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0

>Por Condicion de apoyo


>Despreciando los alargamientos de columnas

rígido, un solo desplazamiento por piso

bertad dependientes
bertad independientes
u2 Ɵ2 u3 Ɵ3 u4
-375,000,000 0 -6,000,000 -9,000,000 0
0 5,625,000 9,000,000 9,000,000 0
381,000,000 -9,000,000 0 0 -6,000,000
-9,000,000 29,250,000 0 0 9,000,000
0 0 387,000,000 0 -375,000,000
0 0 0 47,250,000 0
-6,000,000 9,000,000 -375,000,000 0 387,000,000
-9,000,000 9,000,000 0 5,625,000 0

u2 Ɵ2 u3 Ɵ3 u4
6,000,000 -9,000,000 -6,000,000 -9,000,000 -6,000,000
0 5,625,000 9,000,000 9,000,000 0
-9,000,000 29,250,000 0 0 9,000,000
-6,000,000 9,000,000 12,000,000 0 12,000,000
0 0 0 47,250,000 0
-9,000,000 9,000,000 0 5,625,000 0

Ɵ2 u3+u4 Ɵ3 Ɵ4
-9,000,000 -12,000,000 -9,000,000 -9,000,000
5,625,000 9,000,000 9,000,000 0
29,250,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
9,000,000 24,000,000 0 0
X
0 0 47,250,000 5,625,000
9,000,000 0 5,625,000 47,250,000

Ɵ1 Ɵ2 Ɵ3 Ɵ4
-9,000,000 -9,000,000 -9,000,000 -9,000,000
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 0
29,250,000 5,625,000 9,000,000 0
5,625,000 29,250,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 0 47,250,000 5,625,000
0 9,000,000 5,625,000 47,250,000

Ɵ1 Ɵ2
u1+u2 29,250,000 5,625,000
u3+u4 5,625,000 29,250,000
X + 9,000,000 0
0 9,000,000

u1+u2
-8.0681239631672E-09 -7.5392E-09 2.43430917E-09 -9,000,000
3.80593499342927E-08 2.434309E-09 -7.5391987E-09 -9,000,000
2.43430917136049E-09 0.000000023 -3.1995056E-09
X -9,000,000
-7.53919869836057E-09 -3.19951E-09 0.000000023 -9,000,000
u1+u2
u3+u4
X

u1+u2 -9,000,000 -9,000,000


X u3+u4
+ 9,000,000 9,000,000

-9,000,000 -9,000,000 -9,000,000 -9,000,000


+ 9,000,000 9,000,000 0 0

-6,409,189 4,031,587 u1+u2


+ X
4,031,587 -4,858,579 u3+u4

u1+u2 SEGUNDO PISO


X
u3+u4 PRIMER PISO

k11 k12 N/m


=
k21 k22

IA ANGULAR DEL SISTEMA

22,000 0 SEGUNDO PISO


- w2
0 30,000 PRIMER PISO

-23,905,240
= 0
57.424.264-30.000w2

ECUACIÓN
a
660,000,000 w4 = 0
PERIODOS DE VIBRACIÓN FRECUENCIAS NATURALES
RAIZ(-) T1 T2 f1
RAIZ(+) 0.402 0.127 2.486

PRIMER MODO DE VIBRACIÓN VECTORES DE AMPLITUD DE VIBRACIÓN


a21+ -23,905,240 a11 =0 Si a21=1, a11=
a21+ 50,105,298 a11 =0 Si a21=1, a11=

SEGUNDO MODO DE VIBRACIÓN VECTORES DE AMPLIATUD DE VIBRACIÓN


a22+ -23,905,240 a12 =0 Si a22=1, a12=
a22+ -15,552,534 a12 =0 Si a22=1, a12=

MODO 2 ALTURA PISO MODO 1 MODO 2


1 6 a21 a22
-1.5370640216 3 a11 a12

MODO 1 MODO 2 ALTURA PISO


0 0 0 Cimentación
a2 0.4771000577 -1.5370640216 3 Primer Piso
a1 1 1 6 Segundo Piso

GRAFICA DE MODOS DE VIBRACIONES


7

4
MODO 1

3 MODO 2

1
3 MODO 2

0
-0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5

CÁLCULO DE LOS DENOMINADORES

169.7902646

304.7572381

f1 f2 f1
f11 0.0058896192 0.002809938
=
f12 0.0032813002 -0.005043569

FORMA VECTORIAL

0.0032813002 f2
fModo2
-0.005043569 f1

MODO 1 MODO 2
Segundo Piso 0.0059 0.0033 f2
Primer Piso 0.0028 -0.0050 f1

DETERMIONACIÓN DE LAS ECUACIONES DESACOPLADAS

0.0028099377 22,000 0
X =
-0.0050435685 0 30,000
% MASA TOTAL ACUMULADA
88%
100%

z1 -213.8697517
X = U(t)*
z2 79.11845112

S DE MOVIMIENTO SIN AMORTIGUAMIENTO

= -213.8697517 U(t)* MODO 1

= 79.118451119 U(t)* MODO 2


CIONES DESACOPLADAS DE MOVIMIENTO CON AMORTIGUAMIENTO DEL e = 5%

+ 244 z1 = -213.8697517009

+ 2,433 z2 = 79.1184511186

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS RESPUESTAS MÁXIMAS


es de zi obtenidos del espectro de aceleración en función de cada frecuencia

PARAMETROS
COEFICIENTE DE SITIO (S)= 1.20
OEFICIENTE DE IMPORTANCIA (I)= 1.00
ACIÓN PICO EFECTIVA PARA DISEÑO (Aa)= 0.25
GRAVEDAD (g)= 10.00

AR LOS PERIODOS, INCIAL TO , CORTO TC , LARGO TL

PERIODOS DE VIBRACIÓN FRECUENCIAS NATURALES


T1 T2 f1
0.402 0.127 2.486

IMOS DE Zi
Sa Sa (g) Sd Gi Zi=Sdi |G i|
0.625 6.25 0.0256183717 213.8697517 5.4789947911
0.409242177 4.0924217699 0.0016823519 79.11845112 0.1331050744

SPLAZAMIENTO MÁXIMOS DE LA ESTRUCTURA PARA CADA MODO

0.032269193 u1=u2
X 5.4789947911 =
0.015395634

0.000436758 u3=u4
X 0.1331050744 =
-0.000671325

0.2699210337 0.0322691928 -3.07E-03


0.2699210337 0.0153956338 -3.07E-03
X =
-0.0459440057 -4.97E-03
-0.0459440057 -4.97E-03
0.2699210337 0.0004367577 -0.0002790283
0.2699210337 -0.0006713246 -0.0002790283
X =
-0.0459440057 -2.68475570184E-05
-0.0459440057 -2.68475570184E-05

0.0322691928
0.0153956338 m
-3.07E-03 m
-3.07E-03 rad
-4.97E-03 rad
-4.97E-03 rad

0.0004367577 m
-0.0006713246 m
-0.0002790283 rad
-0.0002790283 rad
-2.68475570184399E-05 rad
-2.68475570184399E-05 rad

DETERMINACIÓN DE LAS FUERZAS INTERNAS POR ELEMENTO

ELEMENTOS DE VIGA

MENTO 1 y 2 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 1 DEL MODO 2


Ɵ1 u2 v2 Ɵ2
0 -375,000,000 0 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
X
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000
MENTO 1 y 2 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 1 DEL MODO 2

Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4
0 -375,000,000 0 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
X
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000

Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4
0 -375,000,000 0 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
X
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000

MENTO 3 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 2 DEL MODO 1

Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4
0 -375,000,000 0 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
X
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000
MENTO 3 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 2 DEL MODO 2

Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4
0 -375,000,000 0 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750
11,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000
X
0 375,000,000 0 0
-4,218,750 0 2,109,375 -4,218,750
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 11,250,000

ELEMENTOS DE COLUMNA

MENTO 1 y 3 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 3 DEL MODO 1

Ɵ1 u3 v3 Ɵ3
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 1 y 3 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 3 DEL MODO 2


Ɵ1 u3 v3 Ɵ3
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 3 y 5 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 4 DEL MODO 1

Ɵ3 u5 v5 Ɵ5
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 3 y 5 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 4 DEL MODO 2

Ɵ3 u5 v5 Ɵ5
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
X

9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 2 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 5 DEL MODO 1

Ɵ2 u4 v4 Ɵ4
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 2 y 4 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 5 DEL MODO 2

Ɵ2 u4 v4 Ɵ4
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000
MENTO 4 y 6 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 6 DEL MODO 1

Ɵ4 u6 v6 Ɵ6
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MENTO 4 y 6 - FUERZAS INTERNAS DEL ELEMENTO 6 DEL MODO 2

Ɵ4 u6 v6 Ɵ6
-9,000,000 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000
0 0 -600,000,000 0
18,000,000 9,000,000 0 9,000,000
X
9,000,000 6,000,000 0 9,000,000
0 0 600,000,000 0
9,000,000 9,000,000 0 18,000,000

MAYRA NATALIA OVIEDO VARGAS - ID 394938


2EI/L AE/L
9,000,000 600,000,000
5,625,000 375,000,000
idez del Sistema

Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4 u5 v5
-9,000,000 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
9,000,000 0 0 0 0 0
0 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 0 0
0 0 -600,000,000 0 0 0
0 9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0 0
0 -375,000,000 0 0 -6,000,000 0
4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 0 -600,000,000
47,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 9,000,000 0
0 387,000,000 0 0 0 0
-4,218,750 0 1,202,109,375 -4,218,750 0 0
5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 47,250,000 0 0
9,000,000 0 0 0 6,000,000 0
0 0 0 0 0 600,000,000
9,000,000 0 0 0 9,000,000 0
0 -6,000,000 0 9,000,000 0 0
0 0 -600,000,000 0 0 0
0 -9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0 0
u1
v1
t1
u2
v2
t2

u3
v3
t3
u4
v4
t4

u1
v1
Ɵ1
u3
v3
Ɵ3

u3
v3
Ɵ3
u5
v5
Ɵ5

u2
v2
Ɵ2
u4
v4
Ɵ4
u4
v4
Ɵ4
u6
v6
Ɵ6

[F]=[K][d]
v3 Ɵ3 u4 v4 Ɵ4 u5
0 -9,000,000 0 0 0 0
-600,000,000 0 0 0 0 0
0 9,000,000 0 0 0 0
0 0 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 0
0 0 0 -600,000,000 0 0
0 0 9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0
0 0 -375,000,000 0 0 -6,000,000
1,202,109,375 4,218,750 0 -2,109,375 4,218,750 0
4,218,750 47,250,000 0 -4,218,750 5,625,000 9,000,000
0 0 387,000,000 0 0 0
-2,109,375 -4,218,750 0 1,202,109,375 -4,218,750 0
4,218,750 5,625,000 0 -4,218,750 47,250,000 0
0 9,000,000 0 0 0 6,000,000
-600,000,000 0 0 0 0 0
0 9,000,000 0 0 0 9,000,000
0 0 -6,000,000 0 9,000,000 0
0 0 0 -600,000,000 0 0
0 0 -9,000,000 0 9,000,000 0
Ɵ4
0 u1
0 Ɵ1
-9,000,000 u2
9,000,000 Ɵ2
0
X
u3
5,625,000 Ɵ3
0 u4
47,250,000 Ɵ4

Ɵ4
-9,000,000 u1+u2
0 Ɵ1
9,000,000 Ɵ2
0
X
u3+u4
5,625,000 Ɵ3
47,250,000 Ɵ4

u1+u2
Ɵ1
Ɵ2
u3+u4
Ɵ3
Ɵ4

u1+u2
u3+u4
Ɵ1
Ɵ2
Ɵ3
Ɵ4

Ɵ3 Ɵ4
9,000,000 0 Ɵ1
0 9,000,000 Ɵ2
47,250,000 5,625,000
X
Ɵ3
5,625,000 47,250,000 Ɵ4

u3+u4
9,000,000 u1+u2
9,000,000 u3+u4
0
X
0
-9,000,000 -9,000,000 Ɵ1
0 0
X
Ɵ2
Ɵ3
Ɵ4

0.223977028 -0.2699210337 u1+u2


X 0.223977028 -0.2699210337
X
u3+u4
0.132089017 0.0459440057
0.132089017 0.0459440057

SEGUNDO PISO m2 0 SEGUNDO PISO


= 0
PRIMER PISO 0 m1 PRIMER PISO
RECUENCIAS NATURALES
f2
7.850

ES DE AMPLITUD DE VIBRACIÓN
0.4771000577
0.4771000577

S DE AMPLIATUD DE VIBRACIÓN
-1.5370640216
-1.5370640216

Segundo piso
Primer piso
AS

129.5716220997 84.2981296 -1 -213.8697517


X =
72.1886053782 -151.3070565 -1 79.11845112
U(t)** MODO 1

U(t)** MODO 2

RECUENCIAS NATURALES
f2
7.850
m

m
dn
0.0322691928
0
-3.07E-03
0.0322691928
0
-3.07E-03
u1
v1
t1
u2
v2
t2

dn
0.0004367577
0
-2.79E-04
0.0004367577
0
-0.0002790283

dn
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03
dn
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68475570184E-05
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68475570184E-05

dn
0.0322691928
0
-3.07E-03
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03
dn
0.0004367577
0
-0.0002790283
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68475570184E-05

dn
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03
0
0
0

dn
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68E-05
0
0
0

dn
0.0322691928
0
-3.07E-03
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03

dn
0.0004367577
0
-2.79E-04
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68E-05
dn
0.0153956338
0
-4.97E-03
0
0
0

dn
-0.0006713246
0
-2.68E-05
0
0
0
Ɵ5 u6 v6 Ɵ6
0 0 0 0 u1
0 0 0 0 v1
0 0 0 0 Ɵ1
0 0 0 0 u2
0 0 0 0 v2
0 0 0 0 Ɵ2
-9,000,000 0 0 0 u3
0 0 0 0 v3
9,000,000 0 0 0 Ɵ3
0 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u4
0 0 -600,000,000 0 v4
0 9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ4
9,000,000 0 0 0 u5
0 0 0 0 v5
18,000,000 0 0 0 Ɵ5
0 6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u6
0 0 600,000,000 0 v6
0 9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ6
v5 Ɵ5 u6 v6 Ɵ6
0 0 0 0 0 X u1
0 0 0 0 0 v1
0 0 0 0 0 Ɵ1
0 0 0 0 0 u2
0 0 0 0 0 v2
0 0 0 0 0 Ɵ2
0 -9,000,000 0 0 0 u3
-600,000,000 0 0 0 0 v3
0 9,000,000 0 0 0 Ɵ3
0 0 -6,000,000 0 -9,000,000 u4
0 0 0 -600,000,000 0 v4
0 0 9,000,000 0 9,000,000 Ɵ4
0 9,000,000 0 0 0 u5
600,000,000 0 0 0 0 v5
0 18,000,000 0 0 0 Ɵ5
0 0 6,000,000 0 9,000,000 u6
0 0 0 600,000,000 0 v6
0 0 9,000,000 0 18,000,000 Ɵ6
SEGUNDO PISO
PRIMER PISO
G Primer Modo
G Primer Modo