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Complete the following sentences with has or have.

1. My dog___________________ a long shiny coat.

2. Our teacher________________ a very kind face.

3. You ______________________a lot of homework to do.

4. Sam and I _________________desks near the front of the class.

5. Paul ______________________two brothers and a sister.

6. My friend Andy_____________ a big house.

7. Mice______________________ long tails.

8. Most dogs_________________ sharp teeth.

9. I _________________________more toys than my friend .

10. These flowers______________ a strange smell.

Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.

1. The children_________ (make) the house very messy.

2. I____________ (see) that actor in several movies.

3. The boys ______________ (drink) all the soda in the refrigerator.

4. Our dog______________ (hurt) its leg.

5. One of the workmen ___________(fall) off his ladder.

6. She’s sad because her friends____________ (go) to the park without her.

7. Dad ____________(have) a shower already.

8. I’ve been shouting so much that I ____________(lose) my voice.

9. My sister’s boyfriend _________ (buy) her a diamond ring

10. Alan__________ (do) this jigsaw puzzle so many times that he could do it with
his eyes shut.
Exercise 17
Draw a circle around the correct past participle in each sentence below.
1. Your child has (broke/broken) my window!

2. Have you (eaten/ate) all your dinner?

3. I have (known/knew) Sally since we were in kindergarden.

4. Michael has (drew/drawn) a picture for his grandad.

5. The new girl seems nice, but I haven’t (spoke/spoken) to her yet.

6. We’ve (drank/drunk) all the milk.

7. The ball has (went/gone) over the garden fence.

8. Has Tom (did/done) all his homework?

9. You have (been/was) late for school every day this week.

10. Help! I’ve (fell/fallen) down a hole!


Present Perfect Tense
The present perfect tense shows action in the indefinite past. The present perfect
tense is also used to show action begun in the past and continuing into the
present.

To make the present perfect tense, use have or has and a verb that ends in ed.

We have lived in this house for five years.


(= and we still live there)

Your plane has already landed.


(= and it’s still on the ground)

She has dirtied her new shoes.


(= she made them dirty and they’re still dirty)

The teacher has pinned a notice on the board.


(= and the notice is still there)

You don’t need your key. I’ve already opened


the door. (= and it’s still open)
Irregular Past Participles
Remember that irregular verbs don’t have a simple past form that ends in -ed.
Irregular verbs also have unusual past participles that don’t end in -ed.
The past participle of some verbs is the same as the simple past tense.

irregular verb simple past tense past participle

fight fought fought


have had had
lose lost lost
teach taught taught
win won won

Here are more examples of irregular past participles.

Irregular simple past example


verb past tense participle______________
keep kept kept I have kept the letter you sent me.
catch caught caught The police have caught the thieves.
Bring brought brought Maggie has brought her favorite C
C D to school.
make made made The children have made a birthday
card for their mom.
sell sold sold They’ve sold their car and now they
buy bought bought have bought motorcycles.

Some common irregular verbs have a past participle that is different from
the simple past tense.

irregular simple past example


verb past form participle__________________
be was been Anna has been my best friend for years.
Break broke broken I’m sorry, I’ve broken your pencil.
do did done Jack has already done his homework.
Draw drew drawn We’ve drawn a picture for you, Mom.
drink drank drunk Have you drunk all your orange juice?
eat ate eaten Someone has eaten all the chocolates.
Fall fell fallen One of the pictures has fallen off the wall.
Go went gone I’m sorry, but your train has already gone.
Know knew known I’ve known Michael for two years.
see saw seen Kathleen has already seen that movie.
Speak spoke spoken Miss Hill has spoken to the principal
O about the problem.

Exercise 16
Complete the sentence with the present perfect tense of the verbs in parentheses.

1. The children (make) the house very messy.

2. I (see) that actor in several movies.

3. The boys (drink) all the soda in the refrigerator.

4. Our dog (hurt) its leg.

5. One of the workmen (fall) off his ladder.

6. She’s sad because her friends (go) to the park without her.

7. Dad (have) a shower already.

8. I’ve been shouting so much that I (lose) my voice.

9. My sister’s boyfriend (buy) her a diamond ring.

10. Alan (do) this jigsaw puzzle so many times that he could do it with
his eyes shut.
Exercise 17
Draw a circle around the correct past participle in each sentence below.

1. Your child has (broke/broken) my window!

2. Have you (eaten/ate) all your dinner?

3. I have (known/knew) Sally since we were in kindergarden.

4. Michael has (drew/drawn) a picture for his grandad.

5. The new girl seems nice, but I haven’t (spoke/spoken) to her yet.

6. We’ve (drank/drunk) all the milk.

7. The ball has (went/gone) over the garden fence.

8. Has Tom (did/done) all his homework?

9. You have (been/was) late for school every day this week.

10. Help! I’ve (fell/fallen) down a hole!

Possitive negative interrogative answer


She has finished her She hasn’t finished her Has she finished Yes,she has
homework work her homework? No,she hasn’t
John has read the harry John hasn’t read the Has john read the harry
potter books. Harry Potter books. potter books?

Mary has studied


english for less than a
year
Mr.and mrs.Roberts
have been together
since they were in
college.
I have been here for
two years