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IPA15-G-039

PROCEEDINGS, INDONESIAN PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION


Thirty-Ninth Annual Convention & Exhibition, May 2015

TUBAN SANDSTONE; AN OVERLOOKED RESERVOIR

Diky Setiawan*
Farid Dasa Maryanto*
Danastri Kusuma Wikanswasti*
Asyari Ismail Wardhana*

ABSTRACT Well correlation from the northern part to the


southern part of Pangkah Block is showing that this
Careful construction of stratigraphic-structural sandstone interval within Tuban cycle thicken to the
frameworks, using a sedimentary cycle model north as shown on Ronggolawe-1 well. This
approach, has led to a more complete understanding phenomenon has opened our eyes to the fact that
of various play types and their fairways in East Java Tuban Cycle has an overlooked reservoir potential
Basin. that is underexplored.

The Tertiary sediments in East Java Basin can be INTRODUCTION


divided into a number of sedimentary cycles, each, if
complete, would ideally consists of a Regressive North East Java Basin is fairly productive Tertiary
System Tract followed by transgressive System Basin produces oil and gas. Almost all stratigraphic
Tract bounded by maximum flooding and/or intervals within the basin contain oil and gas. A
unconformity surfaces. Each cycle is characterized better understanding of stratigraphic framework of
by renewed clastic sedimentation capped by this area is important to identify the presence of
carbonate. The cycle boundaries are often reservoir rock potentials.
characterized by discordances on seismic horizons
including onlap, downlap and truncation. Eight The study area covers only JS-1 ridge as the main
sedimentary cycles have been identified within the area of Pangkah PSC. The remaining Pangkah PSC
Tertiary sediment, including the Ngimbang (Eo- as for today includes Tuban Trough, JS-1 Ridge to
Oligocene), Kujung III (Oligocene), Kujung II/I North Madura Platform. The largest portion of this
(Oligo-Miocene), Tuban (Lower Miocene), block is above the JS-1 Ridge where Ujung Pangkah
Ngrayong , Wonocolo, Kawengan, and Lidah cycles. Field as the main hydrocarbon producer located
(Figure 1).
Tuban is commonly believed as a regional seal for In Pangkah PSC hydrocarbon is mainly produced
Kujung I play. Careful construction of stratigraphic from Kujung 1 reservoir carbonate type. Until now,
frameworks, using a sedimentary cycle model the reservoir potential in the older and younger levels
approach, has led to a more complete understanding of Kujung-1 or commonly referred to as Pre-Kujung
of various play types and their fairways in East Java 1 and Tuban Cycle still have not been optimally
Basin. Tuban formation is consisted by mostly shale. explored until the drilling of one exploration well of
But it doesn’t mean that we only have thick shale Ronggolawe-1 opened up opportunities for the
interval during Tuban deposition in fact there is development of potential reservoir Pre-Kujung 1 but
sandstone deposition encountered in several well in none for Tuban sandstone potency. It is very limited
particularly Pangkah Area. information about producing hydrocarbon from
Tuban Sandstone.
Tuban cycle in Pangkah PSC consisted by
predominantly shale intercalated with limestone and Stratigraphic concept applied in this paper and some
sandstone. Detail observation within the Tuban has facts from surrounding well information in the area
been done to several exploration and also give us direction to optimize the potential
development well showing sandstone interval with stratigraphic interval that has not been explored or
significant gas show recorded on the gas log. even developed to date.

__________________________________________________________________
* Saka Indonesia Pangkah Limited
REGIONAL GEOLOGY shale with some tight limestone stringers are a good
seal for Kujung 1 carbonate play.
The study area is part of a region located in the North
East Java Basin. North East Java Basin is a Tertiary Tuban Cycle that developed in the area of study
basin where its history cannot be separated from the consists mostly of fine grained shallow to deep
history of the structure of the island of Java and also marine sediment capped by carbonate which is
tectonic surroundings of the region. commonly known as Rancak Formation. Tuban shale
on JS-1 Ridge play role as a seal for the reservoir of
Regional stratigraphy in the area of study is divided Kujung I.
into Paleogene and Neogene sediments. Paleogene
sediment deposition is related to the rifting or Part of Tuban Cycle found in JS-1 Ridge is mostly
tensional processes during Paleocene to Eocene time dominated by shale and limestone which are very
where the accommodation space was influenced by typical of the transgressive part within the
the basin configuration at that time. Where the sedimentary cycle concept. If we trace Tuban cycle
Neogene sediment deposition is related to to the east then we will see more sandy facies as
compressional processes where tectonically encountered in Ronggolawe-1 well with detail well
influenced by the activity of subduction zone to the correlation within the Tuban cycle (Figure 5).
south of Java Island (Figure 2).
In Pangkah field there is potential of Tuban clastic
There are only 13 identified fieds with Tuban reservoir as a transgressive part of Tuban Cycle.
reservoir where all of those fields are located onshore Several exploration and development wells
(Figure 3). In this paper, Pangkah PSC will be the encountered gas peak in Tuban clastics which
case where some exploration and development well indicate reservoir potential that has been overlooked.
encountered potency of Tuban Sandstone with Some fact which may support this Tuban sandstone
significant hydrocarbon indication (Figure 4). presence is an inconsistency cutting description from
one well to another in a very close environment. The
Neogene sediments developed in the study area cutting description generated from one operator to
consist of Tuban Cycle, Ngrayong Cycle, and another operator is also some fact that can be
Kawengan Cycle. The distribution of Wonocolo addressed here. This situation may happen if the
Cycle does not extend to JS-1 and North Madura interval taken for cutting sampling was not too dense.
Platform as it has been eroded during Middle to Late
Miocene. Many wells drilled were intended to penetrate
structural closure at Kujung 1 interval without
METHOD considering structural closure and thickening
stratigraphy of Tuban Sandstone. Those are some
The method that has been used to reconstruct the facts that may support why Tuban sandstone potency
order of stratigraphy in this area is to use the concept has been overlooked.
of sedimentary cycles. A sedimentary cycle is a
concept whereby a package of sediment that if Tuban sandstone in main Pangkah PSC is thickening
complete would ideally contain Regressive system to the northeast as encountered in Ronggolawe-1
Tract followed by Transgressive system Tract, well and thinning to the south as represented by UP-
bounded by unconformity and or maximum flooding 2 and UP- 3 wells. This Tuban sandstone is
surfaces. Incompleteness will tell something about interpreted to be prograding to the south (Figure 6).
paleogeography, structural position, clastic influx, From a simple acoustic impedance we are able to
uplift and erosion or condensation. Detailed cutting interpret the paleogeography during Tuban
observation to all wells leads us to support the sandstone deposition.
conclusion of Tuban Sandstone presence within
Tuban Cycle. Calcareous cemented and some coal traces indicated
that Tuban sandstone is in or approximately close to
RESULT marine with some terrestrial influence.
Progradational stratigraphic pattern with mostly
Tuban Cycle is the end product of tensional related coarsening upward curve shape suggests that this
sequence and also terminates the Paleogene sandstone was deposited in shore environment.
carbonate sedimentation. In general, Tuban Cycle
mostly consists of thick shale sequence with less Total gas recorded 200-1300 unit within this
carbonate. This thick and deep to shallow marine sandstone indicating that this clastic facies has
reservoir potential. Total gas recorded a significant Ridge play role as a seal for the reservoir of Kujung
number and the fact it has not been explored yet. I.

Seismic resolution for this interval is deemed to be Many wells drilled were intended to penetrate
an issue because some of the sandstone bodies in structural closure at Kujung 1 interval without
main Pangkah area are never found to be more than considering structural closure and thickening
60 ft thick. Seismic resolution with thin sandstone stratigraphy of Tuban Sandstone. Those are some
encountered in surrounding wells are some of the facts that may support why Tuban sandstone potency
challenges to explore this overlooked potency. has been overlooked.

Total gas recorded 200-1300 unit within this


CONCLUSION sandstone indicating that this clastic facies has
reservoir potential. Total gas recorded a significant
In Pangkah PSC hydrocarbon is mainly produced number and the fact it has not been explored yet.
from Kujung 1 reservoir carbonate type. Until now,
the reservoir potential in the older and younger levels Seismic resolution with thin sandstone encountered
of Kujung-1 or commonly referred to as Pre-Kujung in surrounding wells are some of the challenges to
1 and Tuban Cycle still have not been optimally explore this overlooked potency.
explored until the drilling of one exploration well of
Ronggolawe-1 opened up opportunities for the REFERENCES
development of reservoir potential of Pre-Kujung 1
but none for Tuban sandstone potency. It is very Setiawan, Diky., Juliansyah, Muhammad Nauvall,
limited information about producing hydrocarbon and Darma, I Wayan Ardana., 2013, Stratigraphic-
from Tuban Sandstone. Structural Framework, Play Types and Play Fairway
and Underexplored Play in East Java Basin,
Tuban Cycle that developed in the area of study Proceeding of Indonesian Petroleum Associations,
consists mostly of fine grained shallow marine 38th Annual Convention and Exhibition.
sediment capped by carbonate which commonly
known as Rancak formation. Tuban shale on JS-1 EDIN., 2015. Fields, IHS Energy
Figure 1 - Location
Figure 2 - East Java Basin Chronostratigraphy
Figure 3 - Tuban reservoir in East Java (I H S, 2015)
Figure 4 - Tuban sandstone evidence in well
Figure 5 - Tuban sandstone from NE to SW
Figure 6 - Tuban (UTC) sandstone distribution and paleogeography