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36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.

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G
Deflections and Slopes
of Beams

TABLE G-1 DEFLECTIONS AND SLOPES OF CANTILEVER BEAMS


y
dB v  deflection in the y direction (positive upward)
A B x v  dv/dx  slope of the deflection curve
dB  v(L)  deflection at end B of the beam (positive downward)
uB uB  v(L)  angle of rotation at end B of the beam (positive clockwise)
L EI  constant

q qx 2 qx
1 v   (6L2  4Lx  x 2) v  (3L2  3Lx  x 2)
24E I 6EI
qL4 qL3
dB   uB  
8EI 6EI

q qx2
2 v   (6a2  4ax  x 2) (0  x  a)
24E I

a b qx
v  (3a2  3ax  x 2) (0  x  a)
6EI
qa3 qa3
v  (4x  a) v   (a  x  L)
24E I 6E I
qa4 qa3
At x  a: v   v  
8EI 6E I
qa3 qa3
dB  (4L  a) uB  
24E I 6EI

G1

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36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.qxd 4/6/11 8:09 AM Page G2

G2 APPENDIX G Deflections and Slopes of Beams

q qbx2
3 v  (3L  3a  2x) (0  x  a)
12E I
qbx
a b v  (L  a  x) (0  x  a)
2EI
q
v  (x 4  4Lx 3  6L2x 2  4a3x  a4) (a  x  L)
24EI
q
v  (x 3  3Lx 2  3L2x  a3) (a  x  L)
6EI
qa2b qabL
At x  a: v  (3L  a) v  
12E I 2EI
q q
dB  (3L4  4a3L  a4) uB  (L3  a3)
24EI 6EI

P Px 2 Px
4 v  (3L  x) v  (2L  x)
6EI 2EI
PL3 PL2
dB   uB  
3EI 2EI

P Px 2 Px
5 v  (3a  x) v  (2a  x) (0  x  a)
6EI 2EI

a b Pa2 Pa2
v  (3x  a) v   (a  x  L)
6EI 2EI
Pa3 Pa2
At x  a: v   v  
3EI 2EI
Pa2 Pa2
dB  (3L  a) uB  
6EI 2EI

M0 x 2 M0 x
6 v   v  
2E I EI
M0
M0 L2 M0 L
dB   uB  
2E I EI

(Continued)

© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.qxd 4/6/11 8:09 AM Page G3

APPENDIX G Deflections and Slopes of Beams G3

M0 M0 x 2 M0 x
7 v   v   (0  x  a)
2E I EI

a b M0 a M0 a
v  (2x  a) v   (a  x  L)
2E I EI
M0 a 2 M0 a
At x  a: v   v  
2E I EI
M0 a M0 a
dB  (2L  a) uB  
2E I EI

q0 q0 x 2
8 v  (10L3  10L2x  5Lx 2  x 3)
120 L EI
q0 x
v  (4L3  6L2x  4Lx 2  x 3)
24 L EI
q0 L4 q0 L3
dB   uB  
30 E I 24 E I

q0 q0 x 2
9 v  (20L3  10L2x  x 3)
120 L EI
q0 x
v  (8L3  6L2x  x 3)
24L EI
11q0 L4 q0 L3
dB   uB  
120 EI 8 EI

q = q0 cos x
冢 冣
q0 q0 L px
10 —
2L v  4 48L3 cos   48L3  3p 3Lx 2  p 3x 3
3p EI 2L

冢 冣
q0L px
v  3 2p 2Lx  p 2x 2  8L2 sin 
p EI 2L
2q 0 L 4 3 q0 L3
dB   (p  24) uB  3 (p 2  8)
3p 4E I p EI

© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.qxd 4/6/11 8:09 AM Page G4

G4 APPENDIX G Deflections and Slopes of Beams

TABLE G-2 DEFLECTIONS AND SLOPES OF SIMPLE BEAMS


y v  deflection in the y direction (positive upward)
A
uA uB
B
v  dv/dx  slope of the deflection curve
x dC  v(L/2)  deflection at midpoint C of the beam (positive downward)
x1  distance from support A to point of maximum deflection
dmax  vmax  maximum deflection (positive downward)
L uA  v(0)  angle of rotation at left-hand end of the beam
(positive clockwise)
uB  v(L)  angle of rotation at right-hand end of the beam
EI  constant (positive counterclockwise)

q qx
1 v  (L3  2Lx2  x 3)
24 EI
q
v  (L 3  6Lx 2  4x 3)
24EI
5qL4 qL3
dC  dmax   uA  uB  
384E I 24E I

冢0  x  L2冣
q qx
2 v  (9L3  24Lx 2  16x 3)
384EI

冢0  x  L2冣
q
v  (9L 3  72Lx 2  64x 3)
L L 384EI
— —
2 2
冢L2  x  L冣
qL
v  (8x 3  24Lx 2  17L 2 x  L 3)
384EI

冢L2  x  L冣
qL
v  (24x 2  48Lx  17L 2)
384EI
5qL4 3qL3 7qL3
dC   uA   uB  
768E I 128E I 384E I

q qx
3 v  (a 4  4a 3L  4a 2L 2  2a 2x 2  4aLx 2  Lx 3) (0  x  a)
24LEI
q
v  (a 4  4a 3L  4a 2L 2  6a 2x 2  12aLx 2  4Lx 3) (0  x  a)
a 24LEI
qa2
v  (a 2L  4L 2x  a 2x  6Lx 2  2x 3) (a  x  L)
24LE I
qa2
v  (4L2  a 2  12Lx  6x 2) (a  x  L)
24LE I
qa 2 qa2
uA  (2L  a) 2 uB  (2L 2  a 2)
24LE I 24LE I

(Continued)

© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.qxd 4/6/11 8:09 AM Page G5

APPENDIX G Deflections and Slopes of Beams G5

P
4
Px
v  (3L 2  4x 2)
48EI
P
v  (L 2  4x 2)
16EI 冢0  x  L2冣
PL3 PL2
L L dC  dmax    uA  uB  
— — 48E I 16E I
2 2

Pbx Pb
5 P v  (L 2  b 2  x 2) v  (L 2  b 2  3x 2) (0  x  a)
6LEI 6LEI
Pab(L  b) Pab(L  a)
uA   uB  
6 LEI 6 LEI
a b
Pb(3L2  4b2) Pa(3L2  4a2)
If a b, dC    If a  b, dC   
48EI 48EI

冪莦
L b

2 2
Pb(L2  b2)3/2
If a b, x1   and dmax  
3
P P Px P
6 v  (3aL  3a 2  x2) v  (aL  a 2  x 2) (0  x  a)
6EI 2EI
Pa Pa
v  (3Lx  3x 2  a 2) v  (L  2x) (a  x  L  a)
6EI 2EI
a a
Pa Pa(L  a)
dC  dmax  (3L2  4a2) uA  uB   
24EI 2EI
M0 M0 x M0
7 v   (2L 2  3Lx  x 2) v   (2L 2  6Lx  3x 2)
6L EI 6LE I
M0 L2 M0 L M0 L
dC   uA   uB  
16 EI 3E I 6E I
M0 L2
冢 兹3苶
x1  L 1  
3 冣 and dmax  
9 兹 3苶E I
M0
冢0  x  L2冣
M0 x M0
8 v  (L 2  4x 2) v  (L 2  12x 2)
24L EI 24L EI
M0 L M0 L
L L dC  0 uA   uB  
— — 24 EI 24 EI
2 2

© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.
36033_18_appG_pG1-G6.qxd 4/6/11 8:09 AM Page G6

G6 APPENDIX G Deflections and Slopes of Beams

M0 M0 x
9 v  (6aL  3a 2  2L 2  x 2) (0  x  a)
6L EI
M0
v  (6aL  3a 2  2L 2  3x 2) (0  x  a)
6 LE I
a b
M0 a b M0
At x  a: v  (2a  L) v  (3aL  3a 2  L 2)
3L EI 3 LE I
M0 M0
uA  (6aL  3a 2  2L 2) uB  (3a 2  L 2)
6 LE I 6 LE I

M0 x M0
10 M0 M0 v  (L  x) v  (L  2x)
2E I 2E I
M0 L 2 M0 L
dC  d max   uA  uB  
8 EI 2E I

q0 q0 x
11 v  (7L 4  10L 2x 2  3x 4)
360 L EI
q0
v  (7L 4  30L 2x 2  15x 4)
360 L EI
5q0 L 4 7q 0 L 3 q0 L3
dC   uA   uB  
768 E I 360 E I 45 E I
q0 L4
x1  0.5193L dmax  0.00652
EI
q0
冢0  x  L2冣
q0 x
12 v  (5L2  4x 2 )2
960 LEI

冢0  x  L2冣
q0
v   (5L2  4x 2)(L2  4x 2)
192L EI
L L
— — q0 L4 5q0 L 3
2 2 dC  dmax   uA  uB  
12 0 E I 192 E I

x
q0 L 4 px q 0 L3 px
13 q = q0 sin — v  4 sin  v  3 cos 
L p EI L p EI L
q0 L4 q0 L3
dC  dmax  4 uA  uB  3
p EI p EI

© 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.