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EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 14-A August 18, 1986


WHEREAS, Executive Order No. 14 dated May 7, 1986 was issued vesting in the Sandiganbayan original and
exclusive jurisdiction over all criminal and civil suits filed by the Presidential Commission on Good Government:

WHEREAS, there is a need to further clarify such Executive Order with respect to the scope and meaning of certain
provisions therein;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, CORAZON C. AQUINO, President of the Philippines, do hereby order:

Sec. 1. Section 3 of Executive Order No. 14 dated May 7, 1986 is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 3. The civil suits to recover unlawfully acquired property under Republic Act No. 1379 or for restitution,
reparation of damages, or indemnification for consequential and other damages or any other civil actions
under the Civil Code or other existing laws filed with the Sandiganbayan against Ferdinand E. Marcos, Imelda
R. Marcos, members of their immediate family, close relatives, subordinates, close and/or business
associates, dummies, agents and nominees, may proceed independently of any criminal proceedings and
may be proved by a preponderance of evidence."

Sec. 2. Section 4 of Executive Order No. 14 dated May 7, 1986 is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 4. A witness may refuse on the basis of his privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or provide
other information in proceeding before the Sandiganbayan if the witness believes that such testimony or
provision of information would tend to incriminate him or subject him to prosecution. Upon such refusal the
Sandiganbayan may order the witness to testify or provide information.

The witness may refuse to comply with the order on the basis of his privilege against self-incrimination; but
no testimony or other information compelled under the order (or any information directly or indirectly derived
from such testimony, or other information) may be used against the witness in any criminal case, except a
prosecution for perjury, giving a false statement, or otherwise failing to comply with the order."

Sec. 3. Section 5 of dated Executive Order No. 14 May 7, 1986 is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 5. The Presidential Commission on Good Government is authorized to grant immunity from criminal
prosecution to any person who provides information or testifies in any investigation conducted by such
Commission to establish the unlawful manner in which any respondent, defendant or accused has acquired
or accumulated the property or properties in question in any case where such information or testimony is
necessary to ascertain or prove the latter's guilt or his civil liability. The immunity thereby granted shall be
continued to protect the witness who repeats such testimony before the Sandiganbayan when required to do
so by the latter or by the Commission."

Sec. 4. Section 7 Executive Order No. 14 dated May 7, 1986 is hereby amended as follows:

"Sec. 7. The provisions of this Executive Order shall prevail over any laws or parts thereof, or the Rules of
Court as regards the investigation, prosecution, and trial of cases to recover the ill-gotten wealth
accumulated by the persons mentioned in Executive Orders Nos. 1 and 2."

Sec. 5. This Executive Order shall take effect immediately.

Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 18th day of August, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and eighty-

The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation