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MATHEMATICS

TARGET : JEE (Main + Advanced) 2016


EST INF ORM AT IO


DPPDAILY PRACTICE PROBLEMS

Course : VIJETA (JP)


NO. 74 TO 76

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (19-10-2015 to 24-10-2015)

ANSWERKEY
DPP No. : 74 (JEE-ADVANCED)

1. (C) 2_. (A) 3. (AD) 4_. (AC) 5. (ABD) 6. (ABC)

7_. (ABD) 8. (ABCD)

DPP No. : 75 (JEE-ADVANCED)

1. (C) 2. (C) 3. (ABC) 4. (BCD) 5. (BD) 6. (BCD)

7. (BC) 8. (ABD)

DPP No. : 76 (JEE-MAIN)

1. (B) 2. (C) 3_. (C) 4. (C) 5. (C) 6. (C)

7. (D) 8. (A) 9. (B) 10. (D) 11. (C) 12. (A)

13. (B) 14. (A) 15. (A) 16. (D) 17. (C) 18. (B)

19. (C) 20. (C)

DPP No. : 74 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 36 Max. Time : 30 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1,2 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.3 to 8 (5 marks, 4 min.) [30, 24]

1. Let a and b be two integers such that 10 a + b = 20 and g(x) = x2 + ax + b. If g(10) g(11) = g(n), then n
is equal to
ekuk a ,oa b nks iw.kk±d la[;k,¡ bl izdkj gS fd 10 a + b = 20 rFkk g(x) = x2 + ax + b gSA ;fn g(10) g(11) =
g(n) gks] rks n dk eku gS &
(A) 110 (B) 120 (C*) 130 (D) 140
Sol. g(10) g(11) = g(n)
(100 + 10a + b) (121 + 11a + b) = n2 + an + b
(100 + 20) (121 + 10a + b + a) = n2 + an + 20 – 10a
(120) (141 + a) = (n2 + 20) + a(n – 10)
120 . 141 + 120a = (n2 + 20) + (n – 10)a
on comparision n – 10 = 120
n = 130
n2 + 20 = 120.141

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2_.
2, when i  j
If A = [aij]4×4 such that aij = 
 det adj  adj
’ then 
 
A  
 is (where {.} represent fractional
0, when i  j  7 
part function)

;fn vkO;wg A = [aij]4×4 bl izdkj gS fd aij =  


’ rks 
2, tcfd i  j 
 det adj  adj 
A  
 dk eku gSµ ¼tgk¡ {.}
0, tcfd i  j  7 

fHkUukRed Hkkx Qyu gS½
(A*) 1/7 (B) 2/7 (C) 3/7 (D) None of these buesa ls dksbZ
ugha
Sol. From given data | A | = 24
 | adj (adj A)| = (24)9 = 236
 det adj  adj A    236    7  112  1
 
  = = 
7 7   7  7
   

a2 b2 c2
3. (a  1)2 (b  1)2 (c  1)2 is equal to dk eku gS&
(a  1)2 (b  1)2 (c  1)2

a2 b2 c2
(A*) 4 a b c (B) 4(a – b)(b – c)(c – a)
1 1 1

1 1 1
(C) 4 a b c (D*) 4(a – b)(b – c)(a – c)
2 2 2
a b c
a2 b2 c2
Sol. (a  1)2 (b  1)2 (c  1)2
(a  1)2 (b  1)2 (c  1)2
R2  R2 – R3
R3  R3 – R1
a2 b2 c2 a2 b2 c2
= 2a . 2 2b . 2 2c . 2 = 4 a b c =4
2a  1 2b  1 2c  1 2a  1 2b  1 2c  1

2 2
4_. Let T be the triangle with vertices (0, 0), (0, c ) and (c, c ) and let R be the region between y = cx and
2
y = x where c > 0, then
c3 c3
(A*) Area of R = (B) Area of R =
6 3
Area (T) Area (T) 3
(C*) lim 3 (D) lim 
c 0 Area(R) c 0 Area(R) 2
2 2 2
Ekkuk T 'kh"kksZa (0, 0), (0, c ) rFkk (c, c ) okyk f=kHkqt gS rFkk y = cx o y = x , tgk¡ c > 0, ds e/; ifjc) {ks=kQy
R gks] rks &
c3 c3
(A*) R dk {ks=kQy = (B) R dk {ks=kQy =
6 3
{ks = kQy (T) {ks = kQy (T) 3
(C*) lim 3 (D) lim 
c 0 {ks = kQy (R) c 0 {ks = kQy (R) 2

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2
y=x y=cx
2
(0,c ) (c,c )
2

Sol.

(0, –0)

c.c 2 c3
Area (T) = 
2 2
c
c3 c3 c 3 c3
Area (R) =  x2 dx =   
2 2 3 6
0

Area (T) c3 6
 lim = lim . 3
c 0 Area(R) c 0 2 c 3

5. Which of the following determinant(s) vanish(es) ?


fuEu esa ls fdl lkjf.kd dk eku 'kwU; gS \
4 1 2 1 1 1
2 2
(A*) 10 2 5 (B*) sin  sin 2 sin2 3
3 4 3/2 cos2  cos2 2 cos2 3
1 1 1 log2 log3  log6
(C) 1 2 3 (D*) i 2i i2009
1 2 3 2  3 1  12 3  27
4 1 2
Sol. (A) 10 2 5
3 4 3/2
C2  C2 – 2 C3

0 1 2
= 0 2 5 =0
3
0 4
2
1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2
(B) sin  sin 2 sin 3 R2  R2 + R3 = 1 1 1 =0
2 2 2 2 2 2
cos  cos 2 cos 3 cos  cos 2 cos 3
1 1 1 1 1 1
(C) 1 2 3 = R2  R2 + R3 = 2 0 0 = – 2 (– 3 + 2) = 2  0
1 2 3 1 2 3
log2 log3  log6
(D) i 2i i = C1  C1 + C2
2  3 1 2 3  27
log6 log3  log6 log6 log3 log
= i 2i i =– i 2i i =0
3  3 3 1  12 (3  3 3 ) (3  3 3 ) 1  12 3  3 3

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6. Suppose a1, a2, ........ real numbers, with a1  0. If a1, a2, a3, ....... are in A.P. then
 a1 a2 a3 
(A*) A = a4 a5 a6  is singular
a5 a6 a7 
(B*) the system of equations a1x + a2y + a3z = 0, a4x + a5y + a6z = 0, a7x + a8y + a9z = 0 has
infinite number of solutions
 a1 ia2 
(C*) B =  is non singular
ia2 a1 
(D) None of these
ekukfd a1, a2, ........ okLrfod la[;k,¡ gS rFkk a1  0. ;fn a1, a2, a3, ....... lekUrj Js<+h esa gks] rks
 a1 a2 a3 
 
(A*) A = a4 a5 a6  vO;qRØe.kh; gSA
a5 a6 a7 
(B*) lehdj.k fudk; a1x + a2y + a3z = 0, a4x + a5y + a6z = 0, a7x + a8y + a9z = 0 ds vuUr gy
fo|eku gSA
a ia2 
(C*) B = 1  O;qRØe.kh; gSA
ia2 a1 
(D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha

7_. If A2 +A + I = 0, then
;fn A2 +A + I = 0 rc
(A*) A is non-singular (B*) A  0 (C) A is singular (D*) A–1 = – (A + I)
(A*) A O;qRØe.kh; gS (B*) A  0 (C) A vO;qRØe.kh; gS (D*) A–1 = – (A + I)
Sol. A + A + I = 0 multiple by A (A ls xq.kk djus ij) A + I + A–1 = 0 
2 –1 –1
A–1 = – (A + I)

8. Let the straight line L : x – 2y = 8, be rotated, through an angle '' (where tan  = 1/3), about the point
P(0, –4) in anticlockwise sence. After rotation the line becomes tangent to the circle which lies in 4th
quadrant and also touches co-ordinate axes. Which of the following is/are correct ?
(A*) Radii of all the possible circles are the roots of the equation r2 – 8r + 8 = 0
(B*) After rotation equation of new line is x– y – 4 = 0
(C*) Difference of the radii of the possible circles is 4 2
(D*) Area of one of the possible circle is 8(3  2 2) sq. units
ekuk fd ljy js[kk L : x – 2y = 8 dks.k '' (tgk¡ tan  = 1/3) ls fcUnq P(0, –4) ds lkis{k okekorZ fn'kk esa ?kqek;h
tkrh gSA ?kw.kZu ds i'pkr~ js[kk o`Ùk] tks fd prqFkZ prqFkk±'k esa fo|eku gS] dks rFkk funsZ'kh v{kksa dks Li'kZ djrk gS] dh
Li'kZ js[kk cu tkrh gS] rks fuEufyf[kr esa dkSu dkSuls lR; gSµ
(A*) lHkh lEHko o`Ùkksa dh f=kT;k,sa lehdj.k r2 – 8r + 8 = 0 ds ewy gksaxsA
(B*) ?kw.kZu ds i'pkr ubZ js[kk dk lehdj.k x– y – 4 = 0 gksxkA
(C*) lEHko o`Ùkksa dh f=kT;kvksa dk vUrj 4 2 gksxkA
(D*) lEHko o`Ùkksa esa ls ,d dk {ks=kQy 8(3  2 2) oxZ bdkbZ gSA

Sol.

Slope of new line ubZ js[kk dk lehdj.k y + 4 = 1 (x – 0)


  x–y–4=0
Now, it is tangent of the circle (x – h)2 + (h + h)2 = h2 
 vc ;g o`Ùk (x – h)2 + (h + h)2 = h2 dh Li'kZ js[kk gS 

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h – (h)  4
  h  (2h – 4)2 = 2h2   h2 – 8h + 8 = 0
1 1
 h = 4 + 2 2 , 42 2
sum of roots ewyks dk ;ksx = 8  Difference vUrj = 4 2
2
  area {ks=kQy = (4  2 2)  8(3  2 2)

DPP No. : 75 (JEE-ADVANCED)


Total Marks : 36 Max. Time : 30 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1,2 (3 marks 3 min.) [6, 6]
Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.3 to 7 (5 marks, 4 min.) [30, 24]

1. For three square matrix A, B & C if ABC = 0 & | A |  0, B is non-zero singular matrix, then
(A) C must be zero matrix (B) C must be non-singular matrix
(C*) C must be singular matrix (D) None of these
rhu oxZ eSfVªDl A, B ,oa C ds fy, ABC = 0 ,oa | A |  0 rFkk B v'kwU; vO;qRØe.kh; eSfVªDl gks] rc &
(A) C 'kwU; eSfVªDl gSA (B) C O;qRØe.kh; eSfVªDl gksxkA
(C*) C vO;qRØe.kh; eSfVªDl gksxkA (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
Sol. Based on Property

2. The number of 3 × 3 non-singular matrices, with four entries as 1 and all other entries as 0, is
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C*) at least 7 (D) less than 4
dksfV 3 × 3 okys O;qRØe.kh; vkO;wgksa] ftlesa pkj izfof"V;k¡ 1 gS rFkk 'ks"k lHkh 0 gS] dh dqy la[;k gS&
(A) 5 (B) 6 (C*) de&ls&de 7 (D) 4 ls de
 a1 a2 a3 
Sol. Let A =  b1 b2 b3 
 c1 c 2 c 3 
 det (A) = a1 (b2c3 – c2b3) – a2 (b1c3 – c1b3) + a3 (b1c2 – c1b2)
= a1b2c3 – a1c2b3 + a2c1b3 – a2 b1c3 + a3b1c2 – a3 c1b2
if any of the terms is non-zero, then det (A) will be non-zero and all the element of that term will be unity
Now there are 6 elements remaining out of which any one can be unity.
6 6
Hence number of non-singular matrices = C × C
1  1 
choo sin g any one triplet choo sin g any one element
Hence correct option is (3)
vr% lgh fodYi (3) gSA
 a1 a2 a3 
Hindi Let A =  b1 b2 b3 
 c1 c 2 c 3 
 det (A) = a1 (b2c3 – c2b3) – a2 (b1c3 – c1b3) + a3 (b1c2 – c1b2)
= a1b2c3 – a1c2b3 + a2c1b3 – a2 b1c3 + a3b1c2 – a3 c1b2
;fn dksbZ in v'kwU; gS rc det (A) v'kwU; gksxk vkSj ;fn inksa ds lHkh vo;o v'kwU; gks] rks fdlh ,d ds bdkbZ esa
6 6
ls 'ks"k 6 vo;o gksxsa vr% O;qRØe.kh; vkO;wgksa dh la[;k =  C
1
× C
 1

choo sin g any one triplet choo sin g any one element
Hence correct option is (3)
vr% lgh fodYi (3) gSA
 1 2 2
3. If A =  2 1 2 , then
 2 2 1
1
(A*) A–1 = (A – 43) (B*) A2 – 4A – 53 = 0
5
(C*) A2 is invertible (D) A3 is non invertible

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 1 2 2
;fn A =  2 1 2 gks] rks
 2 2 1
1
(A*) A–1 = (A – 43) (B*) A2 – 4A – 53 = 0
5
(C*) A2 O;qRØe.kh; gS (D) A3 vO;qRØe.kh; gS

4. A,B,C are the points representing the complex numbers z1, z2, z3 respectively on the complex plane and
the circumcentre of the triangle ABC lies at the origin. If the altitude of the triangle through the vertex A
meets the circumcircle again at P, then P represents the complex number
z z z z zz zz
(A) 2 3 (B*) – 2 3 (C*) – 1 2 (D*) – 1 3
z1 z1 z3 z2
lfEeJ lery esa fcUnq A,B,C Øe'k% lfEeJ la[;kvksa z1, z2, z3 dks iznf'kZr djrs gS vkSj f=kHkqt ABC dk ifjdsUnz
ewyfcUnq ij fLFkr gSA ;fn 'kh"kZ A ls [khapk x;k f=kHkqt dk 'kh"kZyEc ifjo`Ùk dks iqu% fcUnq P ij feyrk gS] rks fcUnq
P bl lfEeJ la[;k dks fu:fir djrk gS &
A(z1)

Sol.
B
C(z3)
(z2)
P(z)
|z1| = |z2| = |z3| = |z|
 z1z1  z2 z2  z3 z3  zz
 AP r BC
z  z1 z2 – z3
  0
z – z1 z2 – z3
z  z1 z – z3 z z2 z1z2 z z
  2 0  – – 0  z=– – 2 3
z1z1 z3 z3 z1 z3 z3 z1
– z1 – z3
z z2

1 1 xy
 2 
z z  z 
(y  z) 1 1
5. If =  2
, then rks
x x x
y(y  z) x  2y  z  y(x  y)

x2z xz xz2
(A)  depends on x (B*)  is independent of y
(C)  depends only on z (D*)  = 0
1 1 xy
 2 
z z  z 
(y  z) 1 1
;fn  =  2 , rks
x x x
y(y  z) x  2y  z  y(x  y)

x2z xz xz2
(A) , x ij fuHkZj djrk gS (B*) , y ls LorU=k gS
(C) , z ij fuHkZj djrk gS (D*)  = 0

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1 1 xy
 2 
z z  z 
(y  z) 1 1
Sol. 
x2 x x
y(y  z) x  2y  z  y(x  y)

x2z xz xz2
z z (x  y)
1
(y  z) x x
x 4 z4
yz(y  z) xz(x  2y  z)  xy(x  y)
xyz xyz (x  y)
1
(x  y  z) 0 x
x 4 z4 2 2 2 2
y(x  xy  yz  z ) x(x  y  zx  2yz  z )  xy(x  y)
xyz xyz (x  y)
1
(x  y  z) 0 x
x 4 z4
y(x  z)(x  y  z) x(x  y)(x  y  z)  xy(x  y)
1 1 (x  y)
(x  y  z)2
1 0 x
x 4 z4
y(x  z) x(y  z)  xy(x  y)

6. If A is a square matrix such that An = O(null matrix) where n(³ 2) N, then
(A) A – I must be a singular matrix (B*) A – I must be a non-singular matrix
(C*) A must be a singular matrix (D*) A + I must be a non-singular matrix
;fn A ,d oxZ vkO;wg bl izdkj gS fd An = O('kwU; vkO;wg) tgk¡ n(³ 2) N, rks &
(A) A – I fuf'pr gh vO;qRØe.kh; vkO;wg gSA (B*) A – I fuf'pr gh O;qRØe.kh; vkO;wg gSA
(C*) A fuf'pr gh vO;qRØe.kh; vkO;wg gSA (D*) A + I fuf'pr gh O;qRØe.kh; vkO;wg gSA
Sol. (I – A) (I + A + A ..... A ) = I – A = I
2 n–1 n

so | I – A |  0
similarly | I + A |  0
Hindi (I – A) (I + A + A2 ..... An–1) = I – An = I
vr% | I – A |  0
blh izdkj | I + A |  0
2
 x  1   y  3 
7. If a curve passes through (2, 0) and slope at point P(x, y) is , then
 x  1
(A) Equation of curve is y = 8(x + 1) – 4(x + 1)2 + 12
(B*) The equation of curve is y = x2 – 2x
(C*) The area between the curve and x-axis in 4th quadrant is 4/3 sq. units
(D) The area between the curve and the x-axis in the 4th quadrant is 2/3 sq. units
2
 x  1   y  3 
;fn ,d oØ fcUnq (2, 0) ls xqtjrk gS rFkk fcUnq P(x, y) ij <ky gS] rc &
 x  1
(A) oØ dk lehdj.k y = 8(x + 1) – 4(x + 1)2 + 12 gS
(B*) oØ dk lehdj.k y = x2 – 2x gS
(C*) prqFkZ ikn esa x-v{k ,oa oØ ds e/; dk {ks=kQy 4/3 oxZ bdkbZ gS
(D) prqFkZ ikn esa x-v{k ,oa oØ ds e/; dk {ks=kQy 2/3 oxZ bdkbZ gS
Sol. Here, slope of tangent
dy (x  1)2  y – 3
=
dx (x  1)
dy (y – 3)  dy dY 
 = (x + 1) + , put x + 1 = X and y – 3 = Y  here  
dx (x  1)  dx dX 

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dY Y dY 1
 =x+  – Y=X
dX X dX X
where integrating factor
1
 – dX 1 1 1 Y
= e x  e– log X   Solution is, Y. =  X· dX  c  =X+c
X X X X
y – 3 = (x + 1)2 + c(x + 1), which passes through (2, 0)
– 3 = 9 + 3c
 c=–4
 Required curve
y = (x + 1)2 – 4(x + 1) + 3  y = x2 – 2x
Drawing curve
Thus, required area
2
2
2  x3  4
=  (x – 2x)dx   – x2  = sq. units
0
 3 0 3

T
 1 2 2
8. If 3A =  2 1 2 such that A AT = I, then which of the following are correct ?
 x 2 y 
T
 1 2 2
;fn 3A =  2 1 2 bl izdkj gS fd A AT = I gS] rks fuEu esa ls dkSu lk@ls dFku lR; gSµ
 x 2 y 
(A*) x + 2y = 4 (B*) x – y = 1 (C) x2 + y2 = –3 (D*) x2 + y2 = 5
 1 2 x   1 2 2  1 0 0
1  1 
Sol. A =   2 1 2   A =  2 1 2 
T
 AA = I = 0 1 0 
T

3 3
 2 2 y   x 2 y  0 0 1
Compare between matrices & we get vkO;wgksa dh rqyuk djus ij
x + 2y = 4
x–y=1
x 2 + y2 = 5

DPP No. : 76 (JEE-MAIN)


Total Marks : 60 Max. Time : 60 min.
Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to 20 (3 marks 3 min.) [60, 60]

1. If 10 objects are distributed at random among 10 persons, the probability that at least one of them will
not get anything is
;fn 10 oLrqvksa dks 10 O;fDr;ksa esa ;kn`fPNd :i ls ckaVk tkrk gS rks de ls de ,d O;fDr dks dqN u feyus dh
izkf;drk gS&
1010  10 1010  10 !
(A) (B*)
1010 1010
1010  1
(C) (D) None of these buesa ls dksbZ ugha
1010
Sol. Since each object can be given to any one of the 10 persons, 10 objects can be distributed among 10
persons in 1010 ways. Thus, the total number of ways is 1010.
The number of ways of distribution in which each one gets only one thing is 10!
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So, the number of ways of distribution in which at least one of them does not get any thing is 1010 – 10!
1010  10 !
Hence, required probability =
1010
Hindi.  izR;sd oLrq 10 O;fDr;ksa esa ls fdlh dks Hkh nh tk ldrh gS] rks 10 oLrqvksa dks 10 O;fDr;ksa esa ck¡Vus ds 1010
rjhds gksxsA
vr% dqy rjhdksa dh la[;k 1010 gSA
rjhds ftuesa izR;sd dks dsoy ,d oLrq feys 10! gksxsaA
blfy, rjhdksa dh la[;k ftuesa de ls de ,d dks dksbZ Hkh oLrq u feys 1010 – 10! gksxsaA
1010  10 !
vr% vfHk"B izkf;drk = .
1010

2. There are 50 persons among whom 2 are brothers. The number of ways they can be arranged in a
circle, if there is exactly one person between the two brothers is
50 O;fDr;ksa esa ls 2 HkkbZ gSA Øep;ksa dh la[;k tc os ,d o`Ùk esa bl izdkj O;ofLFkr fd, tkrs gS fd Bhd ,d
O;fDr nks Hkkb;ksa ds e/; gks &
(A) 47! (B) 48! (C*) 2.48! (D) 2.47!
Sol. Taking two togther and one person together
then total person 48 person.
Now arrange in circle in (48 – 1)! = 47! ways
But one person can be choose by 48 ways and two brother can be arranged in 2 ways.
there for total ways = 2.48. 47! = 2. 48
Hindi. nks dks ,d lkFk rFkk ,d dks vyx ls lkFk j[kus ij
rc dqy 48 O;fDr gSA
vc o`Ùk esa O;ofLFkr djus ds rjhds (48 – 1)! = 47! rjhds
ysfdu ,d O;fDr dks 48 rjhdksa ls pquk tk ldrk gS rFkk nksuksa Hkkb;ksa dks 2 rjhdksa ls O;ofLFkr fd;k tk ldrk
gSA
rc dqy rjhds = 2.48. 47! = 2. 48

3_. If adj B = A, |P| = |Q| = 1, then adj(Q–1BP–1) is


;fn adj B = A, |P| = |Q| = 1 gks] rks adj(Q–1BP–1) =
(A) PQ (B) QAP (C*) PAQ (D) PA–1Q

4. The numbers of diagonals that can be drawn by joining the vertices of an octagon is
(A) 28 (B) 48 (C*) 20 (D) None of these
v"VHkqt ds 'kh"kksZa dks feykus ls cus fod.kksaZ dh la[;k gSµ
(A) 28 (B) 48 (C*) 20 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugh
Sol. Required number of diagonals = 8C2 – 8 (Octangon should have been given to be convex)
Hindi. vfHk"B fod.kksZ dh la[;k = 8C2 – 8 (v"VHkqt mÙky gksuk pkfg,)

5. The remainder obtained when 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 200 is divided by 14 is


1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 200 dks 14 ls foHkkftr djus ij 'ks"kQy gSµ
(A) 3 (B) 4 (C*) 5 (D) None of these buesa ls dksbZ ugh
Sol. For n  7, n is divisible both by 2 and 7 and hence divisible by 14
 7 + 8 + 9 ... + 200 is divisible by 14
Also 1+ 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6
= 1 + 2 + 6 + 24 + 120 + 720 = 873 and 873 = 14 × 62 + 5
Hence 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 200 = a multiple of 14 + 5.
Hindi. For n  7, n is divisible both by 2 and 7 and hence divisible by 14
 7 + 8 + 9 ... + 200 ls foHkkftr gSA
vr% 1+ 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6
= 1 + 2 + 6 + 24 + 120 + 720 = 873 and 873 = 14 × 62 + 5
vr% 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 200 = 14 + 5 dk xq.kt gSA

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n
6. If n =
 sin x dx n  N, then 54 – 66 is equal to
n
;fn n =  sin x dx n  N gks] rks 54 – 66 =
(A) sin x (cos x)5 + c (B) sin 2x cos 2x + c
(C*) (cos22x + 1 – 2 cos 2x) + c (D) (cos22x + 1 + 2 cos 2x) + c

Sol. Use Reduction formula

7. If 2x = –1 + 3 i, then the value of (1 – x2 + x)6 – (1 – x + x2)6 is


;fn 2x = –1 + 3 i, rc (1 – x2 + x)6 – (1 – x + x2)6 dk eku gSµ
(A) 32 (B) – 64 (C) 64 (D*) 0

1  3i
Sol. Given x =   x =    
2
Hence (1 – x2 + x)6 – (1 – x + x2)6
= (1 – 2 + )6 – (1 –  + 2)6 = ((1 + ) – 2)6 – ((1 + 2) – )6
= (–2 – 2)6 – (– – )6 = (–22)6 – (–2)6 = 6412 – 646
= 64(3)4 – 64(3)2 = 0 ( 3 = 1)
x  y  z
8. If , ,  are the cube roots of p(p < 0), then for any x, y and z, =
x  y  z
x  y  z
;fn , ,  ,d _.kkRed okLrfod la[;k p ds ?kuewy gS rks fdUgha x, y vkSj z ds fy, =
x  y  z
1 1 1
(A*)
2

–1– i 3  (B)
2

1 i 3  (C)
2
1– i 3  (D) None of these buesa ls dksbZ ugha

Sol. Since p < 0


Let p = – q, where q is positive
 p1/3 = –q1/3 (1)1/3
Hence  = –q1/3,  = –q1/3  and  = –q1/32
The given expression
x  y  z2 1 x   y2  z 1 1
2
x  y  z
 ·
 2
x  y  z


= 2 =
2
–1– i 3  
1 1
9. If z  = 1, then the expression z1000  1000 is equal to
z z
1 1000 1
;fn z  = 1 gks] rks O;atd z  1000 dk eku gS&
z z
(A) 1 (B*)  1 (C) i (D)  i

1
Sol. z+ 1  z = – , – 2
z
1 1 1
z1000 + 1000  1000  1000    =  + 2 = – 1
z  
10. Let  &  be the roots of the equation x2 + x + 1 = 0. The equation whose roots are 19, 7 is :
ekuk  ,oa  lehdj.k x2 + x + 1 = 0 ds ewy gS rks 19 ,oa 7 ewyksa okyh lehdj.k gksxhµ
(A) x2  x  1 = 0 (B) x2  x  1 = 0 (C) x2 + x  1 = 0 (D*) x2 + x + 1 = 0
–1  1– 4
Sol. n=
2
n = , 2
 = ,  = 2
19, 7
19, 14  , 2
x2 – ( + 2)x + 3 = 0
x2 + x + 1 = 0
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sin2 A cot A 1
11. If A+ B + C =  , then the value of the determinant D = sin2 B cot B 1 is equal to
2
sin C cot C 1

(A) 1 (B)  1 (C*) 0 (D) none of these


2
sin A cot A 1
;fn A + B + C =  gks] rks lkjf.kd D = sin2 B cot B 1 dk eku gS &
sin2 C cot C 1

(A) 1 (B)  1 (C*) 0 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha


Sol. A+B+C=
sin2 A cot A 1
D = sin2 B cotB 1
2
sin C cot C 1
R1  R1 – R3
R2  R2 – R3
1
sinB 0
2 2 sin A sinC
sin A  sin C cot A  cot C 0
1
= sin2 B  sin2 C cotB  cot C 0 = sin (A – C) sin (B – C) sin A 0
2
sinB sinC
sin C cot C 1
sin2 C cot C 1

 1 1 
= sin (A – C) sin (B – C)   =0=0
 sinC sinC 

cos2  cos  sin   sin 


   2   4   n 
12. If f() = cos  sin  sin2  cos  , then f   + f   + f() + f   + ......... + f   is
3  3   3   3 
sin   cos  0

equal to
n(n  1)
(A*) n (B) (C) n2 + 2n (D) 2n2 – n
2

cos2  cos  sin   sin 


 2 4 n
;fn f() = cos  sin  sin2  cos  gS] rks   + f   + f() + f   + ......... + f   =
3
   3   3   3 
sin   cos  0

n(n  1)
(A*) n (B) (C) n2 + 2n (D) 2n2 – n
2
Sol. f() = (sin2 + cos2)2 = 1
so, required result is vr% vHkh"V ifj.kke gksxsaA
1 + 1 + 1 + ..... n times ckj = n

13. If P = diag (d1, d2, d3, ........, dn), then Pn is equal to


(A) diag (d1n–1, d2n–1, d3n–1, ......,dnn–1) (B*) diag (d1n, d2n, d3n, ......, dnn)
(C) P (D) None of these
;fn P = diag (d1, d2, d3, ........, dn), gks] rks Pn =
(A) diag (d1n–1, d2n–1, d3n–1, ......,dnn–1) (B*) diag (d1n, d2n, d3n, ......, dnn)
(C) P (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
Sol. Standard Result

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2 , i  j
14. If A = [aij]3 × 3, such that aij =  , then 1 + log1/2 (|A||adj A|) is equal to
0 , i  j
(A*) –191 (B) –23 (C) 0 (D) Does not exists
 2 , i  j
;fn A = [aij]3 × 3 bl izdkj gS fd aij =  gS] rks 1 + log1/2 (|A||adj A|) =
 0 , i  j
(A*) –191 (B) –23 (C) 0 (D) fo|eku ugha gS
2 0 0
Sol. A = 0 2 0  |A| = 8
0 0 2
|adj A| = |A|n–1 = 64
1 + log1/2 |A||adjA| 1– log2864 1– 192 = – 191

 2 1 3 4   3 4 
15. Let three matrices A =   ; B =  and C =   , then
 4 1 2 3   2 3 
 ABC   A(BC)2   A(BC)3 
tr(A) + tr   + tr   + tr   + .........  =
 2   4  8
   
(A*) 6 (B) 9 (C) 12 (D) None of these
 2 1 3 4   3 4 
ekukfd rhu vkO;wg A =   ; B =  vkSj C =   gSa] rks
 4 1 2 3   2 3 
 ABC   A(BC)2   A(BC)3 
tr(A) + tr   + tr   + tr   + .........  =
 2   4   8 
(A*) 6 (B) 9 (C) 12 (D) buesa ls dksbZ ugha
3 4   3 4  1 0  1 0 
Sol. BC =     BC =   (BC)2 =  
 2 3    2 3   0 1  0 1
A(BC) = A A(BC)2 = A
 ABC   A(BC)2   A(BC)3  A A A
tr(A) + tr   + tr   + tr   tr(A) + tr   + tr   + tr   +......
 2   4   8  2 4
  8
   
3 3 3 3
S=3+ + + +........ S= =6
2 4 8 1
1
2

16. The number of diagonal matrix A of order n for which A3 = A is


n Øe ds fod.kZ vkO;wgksa A dh la[;k ftuds fy, A3 = A gS] gSa&
(A) 1 (B) 0 (C) 2n (D*) 3n
Sol. A = diag (d1, d2, . . . . , dn)
Given, A3 = A  diag (d13, d23, . . . . , dn3) = diag(d1, d2, . . . . , dn)
 d13 = d1, d23 = d2, . . . . . , dn3 = dn
Hence, all d1, d2, d3, . . . . , dn have three possible values ±1, 0. Each diagonal element can be selected
in three ways. Hence the number of different matrices is 3n.

 4 6 1  2 4 3 
     
17. Consider the matrices A =  3 0 2  , B =  0 1  , C =  1 . Out of the given matrix products
 1 2 5   1 2   2
T
(i) (AB) C (ii) CT C(AB)T T
(iii) C AB and (iv) AT ABBTC
(A) exactly one is defined (B) exactly two are defined
(C*) exactly three are defined (D) all four are defined

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 4 6 1  2 4 3 
ekukfd vkO;wg A =  3 0 2  , B =  0 1 , C =  1 . fn;s x;s vkO;wg xq.kuQy
   
 1 2 5   1 2   2
T T T
(i) (AB) C (ii) C C(AB) (iii) CT AB and (iv) AT ABBTC esa lss
(A) Bhd ,d ifjHkkf"kr gS (B) Bhd nks ifjHkkf"kr gS
(C*) Bhd rhu ifjHkkf"kr gS (D) lHkh pkj ifjHkkf"kr gS
Sol. A = [aij]3 × 3 , B = [bij]3 × 2 , C = [Cij]3 × 1
(i) [AB]3 × 2 , (AB)T = 2 × 3 then (AB)TC = 2 × 1
(ii) CTC(AB)T
CTC = 1 × 1, (AB)T = 2 × 3
so CTC(AB)T is not defined
(iii) CTAB, CTA = 1 × 3 then (CTA)(B) = 1 × 2
(iv) For ATA BBTC
ATA = 3 × 3
B3 × 3 BT2 × 3 = (BBT)3 × 3
ATA BBT = 3 × 3
(ATA BBT)(C) = 3 × 1
 i i  1 1
18. If A =   and B =   , then A equals
8

 i i   1 1 
i i 1 1
;fn A =   rFkk B =   gks] rks A dk eku gS&
8

 i i   1 1 
(A) 4B (B*) 128B (C) –128B (D) –64B
Sol. We have,
A = iB
 2 –2
 A2 = (iB)2 = i2B2 = – B2 = –   = –2B  A4 = (–2B)2 = 4B2 = 4(2B) = 8B
 –2 2 
 (A4)2 = (8B)2  A8 = 64B2 = 128B
19. A box contains 24 balls of which 12 are black and 12 are white. The balls are drawn at random from the
box one at a time with replacement. The probability that a white ball is drawn for the 4th time on the 7th
draw is
,d lUnwd esa 24 xsans gS ftuesa 12 dkyh vkSj 12 lQsn gSA izfrLFkkiu ds lkFk ,d ckj esa ,d ,d djds lUnwd ls
;kn`fPNd :i ls xsansa fudkyh tkrh gSA 7 osa Mªk ij pkSFkh lQsn xsan vkus dh izkf;drk gSµ
35 27 5 11
(A) (B) (C*) (D)
125 32 32 32
Sol. 12B 12W
3 3
 1  1 6 ! 1
     .
 2   2  3! 3! 2

 1 4   16 6 
20. The matrix X for which  X=  
 3  2   7 2
 1 4   16 6 
vkO;wg X, ftlds fy,  X=   gS] gS &
 3 2   7 2
 1 2
 5  6 2
 2 4  5  16 6 
(A)   (B)   (C*)  11  (D)  
 3 1   3 1  2  7 2
 10  2 
5 
1  6 2
 1 4   16 6  1  2 4   16 6   
Sol. X= = =

 3 2 

 7 2  10
  
 3 1   7 2  11 2
 2 

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