TEMA: EL VERBO ‘TO BE’ EN PASADO

OBJETIVO Identificar el uso del pasado del verbo “to be”, tanto en preguntas como en : oraciones negativas y afirmativas. TIPO DE completar oraciones y construir preguntas ACTIVIDAD: PREPARACIÓ N Para realizar esta ficha necesitas recordar la forma de usar el verbo “ to be ” en el tiempo presente simple. La única diferencia con respecto a su uso en tiempo pasado radica precisamente en que se utiliza para expresar estados o condiciones que ya ocurrieron. Analiza los siguientes esquemas EN LOS QUE se te dice cómo utilizar el verbo “ oraciones afirmativas, negativas, preguntas y respuestas cortas.
Affirmative sentences Negative sentences Yes/no questions

to be ” en

I He She It We You They

was

were

I He She It We You They

wasn’t was not weren’t were not

Was

Were

I? he? she? it? we? you? they?

Short answers answers I/he/she/it was . Yes, we/you/they

Short No, we/you/they/ .

I/he/she/it wasn’t . weren’t. ‘to be’ en presente y pasado.

Estudia las siguientes oraciones en las que se utiliza el verbo

Last year, Rachel was 22, so she is 23 now. We were hungry after the journey, but we weren’t tired. The hotel was comfortable, but it wasn’t expensive. People were friendly. Was the weather good when you were on holiday? Those shoes are nice. Were they expensive? Why were you late this morning? Was the hotel expensive? Were you late? No, I wasn’t. Was Ted at work yesterday? Yes, he was. Were Sue and Steve at the party? No, they weren’t. 1 de 3

As usual. II. I ……… at a friend’s house. Now.. 2. (nice / the weather / last week / ?) 6. He ……. and it ……….INSTRUCCIONE S I. . Sue at the station? Yes. but Bill…………. You ………… at home last night. Fill in the following sentences with was /were or w asn’t /weren’t. They’re open today.. Ben ………on the beach. (difficult / your exam / ?) 2. (angry / you / yesterday night / ?) 5. Yesterday ………. based on the information given about asking questions with ‘to be’. Follow the example. public holiday so the shops ……. (your new camera / in the drawer / now / ?) 4. (this morning / at the store / they / ?) Now check your answers in the Answer key. 10. (your friends / at / church / last Sunday / ?) 9. 3. at the cinema yesterday. 2 de 3 .. Be careful with the order of words. 9. They ………… at home. Where………. closed. there... George ……… at work last week because he ……… ill. He’s better now. very clean. 4. Our room……. at hospital because he …… sick. I………. 1. happy at the hotel. We ……. very small. there. students ………… at the restaurant yesterday noon. (Rose / in / class / yesterday / ?) 10. (last week / Ann and Chris / on holiday / ?) 3. write questions adding the corresponding form of the verb ‘to be’. ……. …………. 8. s he ………. 7. (late/ you / this morning / ?) Were you late this morning? 1. …… you at home last night? No. (at home / you / yesterday / ?) 8.. (very / good / the / restaurants / ?) 7.. Carol and Jack ……….Sue and Bill at the party? Sue………. 5.you? 6.

Was your new camera in the drawer? 4. Además. how. were… wasn’t…. weren’t. where. Anéxalo a tu portafolio para realizar los ejercicios necesarios y aprenderlo. (1998) Essential Grammar in Use DESIGNED Martha Isabel Acero Vega (octubre 2003) : BY: 3 de 3 . 1. Es posible que tu dificultad haya sido también el vocabulario que se utiliza. was …. was. y why Dirígete al libro Focus on Grammar. ¿Tienes dificultades con el significado o con la forma correcta del verbo? Para mejorarlo. Were Ann and Chris on holiday last week? 3.. was. página 44 . Questions.. 12 a 15 respuestas correctas : Tu aprendizaje está avanzando pero es necesario consolidarlo. were. course for reference and practice . observa detenidamente las oraciones que se presentan en esta ficha y su relación con los cuadros que están en la preparación. Were they at the stores this morning INTERPRETACIÓN RESULTADOS El total de respuestas es 20. Was the weather nice last week? 6.. dirígete al libro Focus on Grammar.. were 4. was…..ANSWER KEY I.. introductory BIBLIOGRAFÍA Murphy. negativa y en pregunta. Practica otras formas de preguntas utilizando por ejemplo palabras interrogativas como what. Lo encontrarás en el Centro de Recursos... Were you at home yesterday? 8. was. Were you angry yesterday? 5. wasn’t … 3. Was your exam difficult? 2. were wasn’t 6. Dirígete al libro Focus on Grammar. Menos de 12 respuestas correctas : Debes reflexionar sobre las causas de tu desempeño.. 7. Were the restaurants very good? 7. who.. a Basic course for reference and practice . wasn’t 2. Podrías afianzar este aprendizaje con ejercicios más complejos. Lo encontrarás en el Centro de Recursos. conoces el significado de las oraciones y puedes escribir preguntas. an course for reference and practice . Revisa de nuevo los cuadros que aparecen en la parte de preparación de la ficha y asegúrate de haber comprendido las estructuras que se proponen para el uso del verbo to be en forma afirmativa. weren’t. were was 8. A partir de la página 20 y hasta 32 encontrarás la explicación detallada del uso de este verbo no sólo en pasado sino también en presente . DE 16 o más respuestas correctas : ¡Felicitaciones! Reconoces el uso de la estructura gramatical del verbo to be en pasado... Sigue practicando el pasado simple. wasn’t… was… was II. was 10. Raymund. Basic when . weren’t…. Were your friends at church last Sunday? 9. 5. were / weren’t 9. Was Rose in class yesterday? 10. Sentences 1.

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