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Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line
Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line
Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line
Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line

Introduction

Imatest sharp blurred
Imatest
sharp
blurred
Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line
Introduction Imatest sharp blurred rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line
rise distance frequency domain cycles line pairs distance cycles/pixel C/P Line pairs per millimeter lp/mm
rise distance
frequency domain
cycles
line pairs
distance
cycles/pixel C/P
Line pairs per millimeter lp/mm
line widths/picture height
LW/PH
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF)
Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) Spatial Frequency Response (SFR)
Green is for geeks.
Green is for geeks.
Green is for geeks.
Green is for geeks.

Green is for geeks.

Green is for geeks.
Green is for geeks.
isn’t
isn’t
Green is for geeks. isn’t Experience has shown that the best indicators of image sharpness are
Green is for geeks. isn’t Experience has shown that the best indicators of image sharpness are

Experience has shown that the best indicators of image sharpness are the spatial frequencies where MTF is 50% of its low frequency value (MTF50) or 50% of its peak value (MTF50P).

are the spatial frequencies where MTF is 50% of its low frequency value (MTF50) or 50%
are the spatial frequencies where MTF is 50% of its low frequency value (MTF50) or 50%
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest

Imatest

Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master
Imatest Master
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest

Imatest

Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO
SFRplus
SFRplus
eSFR ISO
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
Imatest Master Imatest SFRplus SFRplus eSFR ISO Imatest
≥ ≥ ≤
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥

Imatest

≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
≥ ≥ ≤ Imatest ≥
Imatest
Imatest
Imatest line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) x height (LW/PH) lp/mm * (picture height in mm) Line
Imatest line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) x height (LW/PH) lp/mm * (picture height in mm) Line
Imatest line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) x height (LW/PH) lp/mm * (picture height in mm) Line
Imatest line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) x height (LW/PH) lp/mm * (picture height in mm) Line
line pairs per millimeter (lp/mm) x height (LW/PH) lp/mm * (picture height in mm) Line
line pairs per millimeter
(lp/mm)
x
height (LW/PH)
lp/mm * (picture height in mm)
Line widths per picture
2 *
cycles per pixel C/P
cycles per pixel C/P
Imatest (Upper-left) A narrow image that illustrates the tones of the averaged edge. It is
Imatest (Upper-left) A narrow image that illustrates the tones of the averaged edge. It is
Imatest (Upper-left) A narrow image that illustrates the tones of the averaged edge. It is
Imatest
Imatest

(Upper-left) A narrow image that illustrates the tones of the averaged edge. It is aligned with the average edge profile (spatial domain) plot,immediately below.

Average Edge (Spatial domain): MTF (Frequency domain): MTF50 MTF at Nyquist
Average Edge (Spatial domain):
MTF (Frequency domain):
MTF50
MTF at Nyquist
(spatial domain) plot,immediately below. Average Edge (Spatial domain): MTF (Frequency domain): MTF50 MTF at Nyquist
↑ ↓
↑ ↓
↑ ↓
↑ ↓
… optimum aperture
… optimum aperture
… optimum aperture
…
optimum aperture
optimum aperture
λ λ
λ
λ
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
Imatest 3.6+
Imatest 3.6+
Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
Lens MTF response
exceeds it
system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often
λ λ Imatest 3.6+ Lens MTF response exceeds it system MTF response often

MTF50(Line Widths ⁄ inch on the print) =

MTF50(LW PH) Print height in inches

⁄

⁄
⁄
⁄
⁄
⁄
⁄
⁄
MTF50(Line Widths ⁄ inch on the print) = M T F 5 0 ( L W
MTF50(Line Widths ⁄ inch on the print) = M T F 5 0 ( L W
MTF50(Line Widths ⁄ inch on the print) = M T F 5 0 ( L W
MTF50(Line Widths ⁄ inch on the print) = M T F 5 0 ( L W
Imatest SFR
Imatest SFR
Imatest SFR ⁄
⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
Imatest SFR ⁄
The ideal response would have high MTF below the Nyquist frequency and low MTF at

The ideal response would have high MTF below the Nyquist frequency and low MTF at and above it.

Slanted edge algorithm (calculation details)

Slanted edge algorithm (calculation details) ISO standard SFR ≤ ≤ ≤ ≤ x x
ISO standard SFR ≤ ≤ ≤ ≤ x x
ISO standard SFR
x
x
Slanted edge algorithm (calculation details) ISO standard SFR ≤ ≤ ≤ ≤ x x
Slanted edge algorithm (calculation details) ISO standard SFR ≤ ≤ ≤ ≤ x x
Slanted edge algorithm (calculation details) ISO standard SFR ≤ ≤ ≤ ≤ x x
Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s
Imatest’s
Imatest’s Imatest

Imatest

Imatest’s Imatest
Imatest’s Imatest