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FUNCTIONS

EXERCISE 2(A)

2
1 If Jog!. (x - 5x + 7) > 0, then exhaustive range of values of x is
2

(A) (-00,2)u(3,00) (B*) (2,3)


(C) (-00, J) U (2,00) (0) None of these

2
Sol logl/2 (x - 5x + 7) > 0

=> 0<x 2-5x+7<1


=> xE (2,3)

2
2 If log, (x - 6x + 11) < 1, then the exhaustive range of values of x is
(A) (-00,2) U ( 4,00) (B*) (2,4)
(C) (-00, I) U (1,3) U (4,00) (0) None of these
I
s'~l log3 (x 2 - 6x + 11) < 1
=> 0<x 2-6x+11<3
=> xE (2,4)

3 Exhaustive set of values of x satisfying loglxl (x + X + I) ~


2
° is

(A) (-1,0) (B) (-OO,-I)u(l,oo)


(C) (-oo,oo)-{-I,O,I} (0*) (-oo,-I)u(-I,O)u(l,oo)
Sol In this case base is variable. Thus we must take two separate cases:
(i) Ixi E (0,1) . In this case we have to ensure that 0 < x 2 + X + 1::::; 1

=> XE [-1,0].

Common part of Ixl E (0,1)


( and xE[-l,O] is xE(-l,O).
(H) Ixl > 1. In this case we must have x2 + x + 12.': 1
=> X E(-00,1) u(O,oo).
Common part of Ixl>l and xE(-oo,-l)u(O,oo) is (-oo,-l)u(l,co)
Thus, the finel solution is XE(-oo,-I)u(-I,O)u(l,oo)

4 Complete sol ution set of the inequality x ( e" -1)( x + 2)( x --: 3 r~° is

(A) [-2,3] (B) (-2,0]


(C*) (-00,-2]u{0,3} (0) (-00,-2]u[0,3]
Sol Using wavy curve method and the fact that X = ° and 3 are the repeted roots of
x (ex -1) ( x + 2)(x - 3)2 = 0, we get the sign scheme of the given expression as

+ + +
~2
°
Thus complete solution is x E (-oo,-2]u(0,3).
2

5 Complete solution set of 2- ~ 1 is


x-I

- I- J5 -1+J5]
(8*) [ 2' 2

(C) [
- I-2
J5' -1+J5]

2 u(l,oo) (D) [
-1+J5
2'
IJ

(
Sol
1 ~1 ~ 1
x-I
,.1

~ x
2
~ Ix -11, x:;to 1
Adjacent figure represents the graphs of y = x and y = Ix -11
2

solving x 2 == 1- x, we get

X=--­
-1±J5
2

- I- J5 -1+J5]
Thus solution is [ 2 ' 2

2 2
6 Complete solution set of the equation jx -1 + cosxl = Ix -11 + Icosxl belonging to

(-27t,7t), is

(A) [ - ~ , ~] ~ ( -1, 1)
2-I)
Sol \x 2-I+cosx!=lx 2-I!+lcosx[.Itimpliesthat (x cos z O because [x+yl=[xl+ly[ if

y ~ O. Sign scheme of (x -I)cosx is


2

+ + + - n
CD I I I I I ED

-2n -3n -n -1 1 n

--
2 2 2

7 If [xf -S[x]+6=O, where [.J denotes the greatest integer function, then

(A) xE[3,4) (B) xE[2,3] (C) X E {2,3} (D*) x E [2,4)


Sol [xY -~[x]+6=O
r
(
=> : [x]=2,3

=> x E [2,4)

8 If [lOg,([: I)]~ 0, w he" [.1 denote, the g"ale,t inteqer function, then
(A) xE(-oo,oo)~[O,I) (B) XE(-OO,O)

(C) x E [1,00) (D*) None of these

Sol [lOg,([:1)] ~ 0

(-
=> Jog, ([ :1);' 0

x x-[x] >
[x] ~ 1 [x] - 0
It implies that 'x' is any positive real number greater than of equal to one or 'x' is any non
zero integer.

9 Total number of positive real values of x satisfying 2[x] = x + {x}, where [.J and {.}
denote the greatest integer function and fractional part respectively, is equal to
(A) 2 (B*) 1 (C) 0 (D) 3
Sol 2[x]=x+{x}

=> 2[x]=[x]+2{x}

=> {x} = [x]


2
o~[x]<l
2
~ 0~[x]<2

~ [x] =0,1
For [x] = 0, we get [x] = 0

=> x =0

Fpr [ x] = 1, we get {x} = 2


3
~ X=­
2

10 Total number of solutions of [X]2 = X+ 2{x}, where [.J and {.}


denotes the greatest integer function and fractional part respectively is equal to
(A) 2 (B*) 4 (C) 6 (D) None of these
/- ­
( Sol [xf =x+1{x}

~ [xf =[x]+3{x}

{x}=[xf-[x]
3

0::; [xf -[x] <1

O::;[xf -[x]<3

IX1EC-;m ,0 J+ +;m]
1

=> [x ] = -1,0,1,2

c- 2 2
{x} = --',0,0,­
3 3
I 8
=> x =-- 01­
3' , '3

11 If [x J+ X -a = °has a solution where


2
a EN and a ~ 20, then total number of
different values of 'a' can be
(A)2 (B)3 (C*) 4 (D) 6
2J+x-a=0
Sol
[x
~ 'x'I has to be an integer

~ a=x 2 + x = x ( x + I )

Thus 'a' can be 2,6,12,20.


12 If [ x + [2x]] < 3, where [.] denotes the greatest integer function, then

(A) xE[O,1) (0*) XE(-00,1)

Sol [ X+ [2x]J < 3

=> [x]+[2x] ~ 2
Any non-positive real number will satisfy this inequality.

NOWifXE(O,~)
=> [ X ] = 0 , [2x] = 1
=> inequality is still satisfied

For XE(1,%} [x]=1,[2x]=2

=> inequality doesnot hold true.


( Thus, XE(-00,1).

13 The minimum value of f (x) = Ix -11 + Ix - 21 + Ix - 31 is equal to


(A) 1 (B*) 2 (C) 3 (0) 0

6-3x , X< 1
4-x l~x<2
Sol We get, f(x) =
X 2~x<3

3x-6 , x>3

-3 , X< 1
-1 , 1< X<2
f'(x)=
1 2<x<3
3 x>3
Thus f(x) decreasing for X < 2 and increasing for X > 2.
Hence, f(x) Imin = f(2)=2.

14 If [Ssin x] + [cosx] + 6 = 0 then range of f (x) = sin X+ .J3 cosX, corresponding to the solution
set of the given equation, is (where [.] denotes the greatest integer function)

(A) [-2,0] (C) [-2,.J3) (0*) [-2, -~)

Sol [S sin x] + [cosx] = -6


=> [Ssinx] == -S,[cosx] ==-1
- S :s; Ssin X< -4 , - 1 ~ cosx < 0
. 4
- 1 ~ sm x < --, -1 ~ cosx < 0
S
Now f'[x] = sinx +.J3 eosx = 2sin( x +~)

we h ave,
1t + -1t3 + sm-
. (4)
- < x + -1t < -31t + ­ 1t
5 6
J

2 3 ~

=::::>
. ( 1t).J3
- 1 s sin x+(j <-2 C)
( 9 f!­

15 Range of f (x) = [Isin xl + leos xl] , where [.] denotes the greatest integer function, is

(A) {o} (B) {0,1} (C*) [1] (D) None of these

Sol Y= Isin xl + leos xl


~ l =1+lsin2xl
=> 1 S y 2 S 2

~ YE [1,.J2]

=::::> f(x)=l V xER

16 Total number of solutions of 2


co SX
= Isin xl in [-21t,51t] is equal to
(A) 12 (B*) 14 (C) 16 (D) 15
Sol Graph of y = 2 eos< and y = inxl meet four times in [0, 21t] . Is
Thus, total number of solutions
=4+4+4+2==14·
.'----- y == 2 cos x
,
,, ,,
\
/'---";,........... .rt">
: <,

/ \\ ""', ~/" -,
(­ / '..... \ / .-'' \
I ---\1--- \--+ y == Isin xl
I

17 Let A = [x., x2 , · .... xm} ,B = {YI' Y2' •. ··., Yn} then total number of one-one functions
f :A ~ B is equal to

(A*) npm (B) -cm (C) n! (D) m!

Sol For function to be one-one, each element of set A must have different image in st B. We first
of all choose any 'rn' elements in st B. This can be done in "C m ways. Now one-one corre­
spondence of elements of set A with these selected elements can be done in m! ways.
Thus total number of one-one functions will be equal to "C m .m! i.e. np.
m
18 Total number of solution of 2 x + 3x + 4 x - Y = 0 is
(A*) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (0) None of these
Sol 2 x + T + 4x - y = O

is a decreasing function, and Also g(O) = 1.


Thus, f (x) = 0 has exactly one root.

19 Total number of solutions of the equation sin 1t x= l.en Ixll are


(A)8 (B) 10 (C) 9 (0*)6

Sol There are exactly six solutions.

(. r'

-3

20 Total number of solutions of the equation x


2
- 4- [x] = 0 are (where [.j denotes the greatest
interger function)
(A) 1 (B*) 2 (C) 3 (0) 4

( ­

Sol There are exactly 2 solutions.

-2 3
\
~

\"
1 1

Osxs­
64' 4

O~X ~ 1
2 1

(B) f(x)= x , 4 < x sl


-
x> 1

x> 1

1 1

Osx~-
64' 8

(C*) f(x) = x2, -< x s 1 (D) None of these


8

x 3, x> 1

1 1

Osxs­
64' 8

Clearl~/..I f (x) = x ,
2
Sol -< x sl
( 8

x3 , x > 1

40 Which one ofthe following depicts the graph ofan odd function?
y y
10
10

(A) -_+-)
o
O---,<<"'+='-----+-4X -+--~---...-X
10

-10
y

y
10

(C) --<_If--+.::----+-+X 10
O o 10

-10

[Hint: Only in D, the graph has a symmetry w.r.t. origin

41 Minimum period ofthe function


I(x) = 1 sin 32x 1 + 1 cos 32x 1 is
n n 3n
(A)n (B) ­ (C*) ­ (D) ­
2 4 4

42 Domain of definition ofthe function f(x) = 10g~10-3x-2 -9 x-1-1 + ~cos-I(l-x) is


(A)[O,l] (B)[1,2] (C*)(O,2) (D)(O, 1)
,rl( [Sol. We have for cos-I(l- x) ~ 0 ~ -1::; (l - x)::; 1 ~ - 2::; - x::; 0 ~ 0::; x::; 2 ....(1)
also 10'3 x- 2-9x- 1-1>0
10·3x - 9x - 9 > 0

10'3 x-3 2x-9>0

32x-10'3 x + 9 < 0
(3 X - 1) (3 X - 9) < 0
1 < 3x < 9 ~ 0<x<2 ..... (2)
from (l) and (2)

O<x<2

43 If I(x) = 2x 3 + 7x - 5 then ]1(4) is


(A *) equal to 1 (B) equal to 2 (C) equal to 1/3 (D) non existent
[Sol. Note that fis bijective hence f- I exist
when y=4
2x 3 + 7x-9 =0
2x 2(x - 1) + 2x(x - 1) + 9(x - 1) = 0

(x - 1)(2x2 + 2x + 9) = 0

( x = 1 only ~ A; as 2x2 + 2x + 9 = 0 has no other roots ]

4 4
44 Given f(x) = 1_
8
_ + _8_
~l-x l+x
and
g(x)= f(sinx) + f(cosx) then g(x) is

(A *) periodic with period nl2 (B) periodic with period n


(C) periodic with period 2n (D) aperiodic
4 4 4

f(cosx) = -,-.-I
-I sm x ;

[Hint: f(x)= c-?"; f(sinx)= -I and


2
\/1- x cos x
hence g (x) = I sin x I + 1cos x I ~ (A) ]

45 The period of the function f (x) = I si~ x I + 1cos x I is


[sin x -cosx 1
(A) 1[/2 (B) nl4 (C*) n (D) 21[
[Hint: when p = nl2 then D' ~ cos X + sin x ~ nl2 can not be the period]
46 In the square ABCD with side AB = 2, two points M & N are on the adjacent sides of the square such
that MN is parallel to the diagonal BD . If x is the distance ofMN from the vertex A and f (x) = Area
(Ll AMN), then range of f (x) is:

(A) (0, 12] (B*) (0, 2 ] (C) (0,212] (D) (0,213]

[Sol. AP = x ; MN = y ; BD = 212

hence,
y _ 2J2-x
~ - '" => Ss CNM and CDB are similar y = 2 (212 - x)
2",2 '\12

f(x) = x; = x (212- x) = 2- (x - 12f


f(x)]max =2 when x=.J2] => range is (0 , 2 ]

f(x)]min =0 when x=2.J2

x lnx
47 f (x) =­ and g (x) =- . Then identify the CORRECT statement
lnx x
1 1
,.fA*) g(x) and f(x) are identical functions (B) f(x) and g (x) are identical functions
(
1
(C) f(x) . g (x) =1 'If xc- O (D) =1 'If x c-O
f(x).g(x)

1 1 x
[Hint: (A) g(x) = lnx/x ; f(x)= lnx x> °, x :;t 1 for both

1 1 lnx 1
(B) f(x) = xl lnx ; g(x)=~ => f(x) is not defined at x =1 but g (1) = 0

x lnx
(C) f (x) . g (x) = -I. ­ =1 if x> 0 ,x :;t 1 => N. I.
nx x

1 =1 only for x > 0 and x :;t 1]


(D) f(x).g(x) x lnx

- -
lux: x

48 Letfbe a function satisfying j(xy) = f(x) for all positive real numbers x and y. If j(30) = 20, then the
y
value ofj(40) is
(A *) 15 (B) 20 (C) 40 (D) 60
[Hint: An equation of this kind is called a functional equation, and can often be solved by choosing particular

values for the variables. In this case, by choosing x = 1, we see that f (y)= f(1) for all y. put y = 30;
y
f(1) 600

f(1)=30·f(30)=30·20=600.Nowj(40)= 40 = 40 =15 Ans.]

49 Let f(x) = sin 2x + cos'x + 2 and g (x) = cos (cos x) + cos (sin x), Also let period off (x) and g (x) be
T] and T 2 respectively then
(A) T] = 2T 2 (B) 2T 1 = T 2 (C*) T] = T 2 (D) T] = 4T 2
[Sol. f (x) = sin/x + (l - sin-x)? + 2
= 3 - sin/x + sirr'x
= 3 - sin-x cos-x
22x

sin
=3---­

50 A function I(x) = .Jl- 2x + x is defined from D I ~ D 2 and is onto. If the set D I is its complete domain
then the set D2 is

(B) (- 00, 2) (C) (- 00, 1) (D*)(- 00, 1]

[Sol. D 2 means range of the function


let y = .Jl - 2x + x

(y - X)2 = 1 - 2x

y2 _ 2xy + x2 = 1- 2x

x2 + 2x(1 - y) + y2 - 1 = 0

as, x E R, D:? 0

4(1 - yf :? 4(y2 - 1)

1 + y2 - 2y :? y2 - 1

-2y :? -2

y s; 1 => ~rt= (- ex), 1] Ans.


c i
1 -2x = 1 x=o
Alternatively: f' (x) = 1 - .JI- 2x; f' (x) = 0 =>
f(-oo)=~-ex) J]

{elxl sgn x } [e!xl sgn x ]


51 Let f (x) = e and g (x) = e ,x E R where { x } and [ 1denotes the fractional part and
integral part functions respectively. Also h (x)=/n (f(x)) + In (g(x))then for all real x, hex) is
(A *) an odd function (B) an even function
(C) neither an odd nor an even function (D) both odd as well as even function
[Hint: hex) = In (f(x)'g(x)) = In e{Y}+[Y] = {y } + [y] = y = e 1xl sgn x

eX if x > 0
h(x)=e1x1sgnx= [ 0 -x if x=O

-e if x c O

e- X if x c O
( he-x) = [ 0 if x=O
_ex if x> 0
h (x) + h (-x) = 0 for all x

52 Which of thefollowing function issuqective but not i nja:iive


(A)f:R~R f(x) =x 4+2x3-x2+1 (B) f:R~R f(x) =x3+x+l
(C) f:R~R+ f(x) =.Jl+x 2 (D*) f:R~R f(x) =x3+2x2-x+l
[Sol. (A) f (x) = x4 + 2x 3 - x2 + 1 ~ A polynomial of degree even will always be into
say f(x) = a ox2n + a l x2n-] + ~ X2n - 2 + .... + ~n

. . "
LImit f(x) = Limit
[ al a2 a 2n
[x 2n a o +-+2+ .. ··+~
J= [ex) if ao > 0
.
x---)±co x---)±co X X X -<X) If ao < 0
Hence it will never approach <X) / - <X)
(B) f(x) = x 3 + X + I => f'(x) = 3x2 +] => injective as well as surjective
(C) f (x) =..J[;;;2 - neither injective nor surjective (minimum value = l )
f(x)=x 3+2x2-x+ I => f'(x) =

Hence f(x) is surjective but not injective.]

53 Suppose that f is continuous on [a, b] and thatf(x) is an integer for each x in [a, b]. Then in [a, b]
(A)f is injective
(B) Range of f may have many elements
(C) {x} is zero for all x E [a, b] where { } denotes fractional part function

(D*) f(x) is constant

[Hint: Explanation: Letj'(x.) == nand f(x 2) == m, XI' ~ E (a, b) with n > m (say). According to the intermediate
value theorem, between x J and x 2 there must be some value X for which
I I
f(x) == m + 2"
which is impossible since m + 2"
is not an integer.]

54 If f(x, y) = (max(x,y)rin(x,y) and g (x, y) = max(x, y) - min(x, y), then

f (g(-l' -%} g(-4, -1.75») equals


(A) - 0.5 (B) 0.5 (C) I (D*) 1.5

( [Sol. g( -1, -%J = max(-l, -%J -min(-1, -%J = -/1/- (-%J = ~


9
and g(- 4, -1.75) = max(- 4, - 1.75) - min(- 4, :- 1.75) = -1.75 ­ (- 4) = 2.25 == "4

Then -(a x(12'- -49))minG'~)


f(~ 2 ,~J4- m _(9)k
- ­
4
_i]
-
2

eX/nx 5(X
2+2)(x
2_7x+lO) .
55 The range of the function f(x) = 2x2 -llx + 12 IS

(A*) (-00,00) (B) [0,00)

2+2)
f'(x) = eX lnx 5(x .(x-2)(x-5)
[Sol.
(2x-3) (x-4)
( Note that at x == 3/2 & x = 4 function is not defined and in open interval (3/2,4) function is continuous.
Lim = (+ve)(-ve)(-ve) ~ -00
H~+ (+ve)(-ve)
2

Lim = (+ve)(+ve)(-ve) ~ 00
x~4- (+ve) (-ve)
In the open interval (3/2,4) the function is continuous & takes up all real values from (-00 ,00 )
Hence range of the function is (-00 ,00) or R]
56 Ifthe solution set forj(x) < 3 is (0, (0) and the solution set forj(x) > - 2 is (-00,5), then the true solution
set for (j(x)f:2: f(x) + 6, is
(A)(- 00, + (0) (B)(- 00,0] (C)[0,5] (D*)(- 00,0] u [5, (0)
[Hint: flex) - f (x) - 6 ~ 0
(f(x)-3) (f(x)+2) ~ 0
f (x) ~ 3 or f (x) ~ - 2

given f(x) < 3 ~ X E(O, (0)

.. f(x)~3 ~ X E(-OO, 0]

lilly f(x»-2 ~ xE(-00,5)

.. f (x) ~ - 2 ~ X E [5, (0)

57 Let f(x) = (x + 1)2 -1, (x ~ -1). Then the set S == {x: f{x) = rl(x)} is

(A) {O,-I, -3+ -3~ivS} (B) {a, 1, -I}


ZivS,
(C*) {O,-I} (0) empty [IIT '95, 2 ]
[Hint: f (x) = r 1(x) ~ f (x) = X
,lk+ 1)2-1 =x
x2 + X = 0 ~ x = 0 or - 1
I if x is rational

58' Let j(x) = {

° if x is irrational

A function g (x) which satisfies x f(x) ~ g (x) for all x is


(A) g(x) = sin x (B) g (x) = x (C) g (x) = x2 (0*) g (x) = Ix I
X if x is rational

[Sol. x f (x) = {

o if x is irrational
g (x) = sin x near. x ~ 7t though rational then x f (x) ~ 7t but g (x) ~ 0 ~ x f (x) > g (x)

g (x) = x is negative for negative irrational x while x f (x) is 0 ; x f (x) > g (x)

g (x) = x2 is smaller than x for 0 < x < 1 and rational; so x f(x) > g (x)

g (x) = I x I equals x f (x) for x positive and rational, is larger than x f (x) for x irrational. ]

59 Given f(x) = (x+I)C(2x- 8) ,. g (x) = (2x-8)C (x + J) and h (x) = f(x) .g (x)


, then which of the following
holds?
(- (A) The domain of 'h' is ~ (B) The range of 'h'is {- I}
(C) The domain of 'h' is {x / x ~ 3 or x:s - 3; XE I

(0*) The range of 'h' is {I}

[Hint: h(X)=X+IC2X_8·2x-8Cx+l; x+I~2x-8 ~ x~9;2x-8~x+I ~ x~9

hence x = 9

domain ofh (x) = { 9 }

range ofh (x) = 1 ]

60 Let R be the region in the first quadrant bounded by the x and y axis and the graphs of
9
j(x) = 25 x+ band y = j-I (x). If the area ofR is 49, then the value of b, is

18 22 28
(A) ­ (B) ­ (C*) ­ (D) none
5 5 5
x-b
[Sol. Iff (x) = mx + b, then f-) (x) = - - and their point of intersection
m
can be found by setting x = mx + b since they intersect on y = x.
A

Thus x = 1 ~bm and the point of intersection is (1-


bm ' 1-b
m) . b
my=x- b
Region R can be broken up into congruent triangles PAB and PCB ...",.+ _ _-,--~_-'--'---_
8
b
which both have a base ofb and a height of 1- m .

The area ofR is (2b) (_b_) =


2 1- m 1- m
~
= 49. For m =
25 '
b2 =
25
~. 49 ~ ~ b = 2 Ans.]
58

61 What percent of the domain of the functionf(x) = 4/


~ consists of positive numbers.
~9-12x+51
(A *) 40% (B) 50% (C) 30% (D) 65%
[Sol. 9 - x2 ~ 0 ~ - 3~x~3
also 9 - I 2x + 5 I> 0
i.e. I 2x + 5 I < 9

-9 <2x + 5 <9

-7 < x,.r< 2

Hence domain off (x) is [- 3,2)


2
%= - =40% ]
. 5

62 Which of the following statements are incorrect?


I If f(x) and g (x) are one to one thenf(x) + g(x) is also one to one.

II If f(x) and g (x) are one-one thenf(x) . g(x) is also one-one.

III If f(x) is odd then it is necessarily one to one.

(A) I and II only (B) IT and III only (C) III and I only (D*) I, II and III
3
[Hint: I f(x)=xandg(x)=-x or f(x)=x and g(x)=-x [12 th (28-5-2006)]
II f(x)=xand g(x)=x 3

III f (x) = sin x which is odd but not one-one]


1- ef(x)
63 Consider a real valued function f(x) such that = x. The values of 'a' and 'b' for which
1 + ef(X)

f(a) + feb) = f (; ++a~) is satisfied are


(A) a E (--<X.l, 1); bE R (B) a E (- 00, 1); bE (-1,00)
(C) a E (-I, I); b E [-1, 1] (D*) a E (-1, I); bE (-1, 1)

[Sol. x+xef(x) =I_ef(x) ~ (x+1)ef(x)=I-x ~ f(X)=ln(~::)]

64 Suppose thatfis a function such that f(cos x) = cos 17x. Which one ofthe following functions ghas the
property that g(sin x) = sin 17x.

(A) g(x) = f(~) (B) g(x) = f( x-~ J


(C) g(x) = ~I- f(x)2 (D*) g(x) = f (x)

[Hint: replacing x by ~ - x; f ( cos( %- x ) J= cos] 7 (~- x )


f(sin x) = sin 17x = g (sin x)

hence f= g ]

65 Let a> I be a real number andf(x) = logax2for x > O. 1ff-1 is the inverse function of f and band care
real numbers thenll(b + c) is equal to

(C) f(b+c)

Y
[Sol. y = 2 ]ogax => log x=­ => x= a y/2
a 2
11(y) = a y/2
b+c

f-I(b+c)= a 2 =f-l(b)·f-l(C) Ans.]

66 Let f(x) = sinM x (where [] denotes the greatest integer function). If fis periodic with fundamental
period n, then a belongs to :
(A) [2,3) (B) {4,5} (C) [4,5] (D*) [4,5)
2n Jr.:1 .. I
[Hint: p = .J[aj = n, hence ,,[a] =2 => [a] = 4 => 4::; a < 5)1'

67 For x E R, the functionf(x) satisfies 2f(x) + f(1 - x) = x2 then the value off(4) is equal to
13 '" 43 23
(A) 3?! (B) 3 (C*) 3 (D) none
[Sol. 2f(x)+f(1-x)=x2 •••• (1)
x ---+ 1 - x f(x) + 2f(1 - x) = (l - xf .... (2)
multiply (I) by (2) 4f(x)+2f(l-x)=2x2 •••• (3)
(3) - (2)
3f(x)=2x2 - (l - X)2
3f(4)=32-9=23
f(4) = 23/3 Ans. ]
a" + a-x
68 Given the function fl:x) = . 2 (a> 0) . If f(x + y) + f(x - y) = k f(x). fl:y) then k has the value equal

to :
(A) 1 (B*) 2 (C) 4 (D) 1/2

69 The functionf is one to one and the sum of all the intercepts of the graph is 5. The sum of all of the
intercept of the graph ofy = f-I(x) is
(A *) 5 (B) 1/5 (C) 2/5 (D) - 5
[Sol. A one to one function and its inverse are symmetric across the line y = x. Thus x and y intercept are
interchanged and the sum is the same i.e. 5. ]

70 The function f(x) = cor:' ~(x + 3) x + cos" ~X2 + 3x + 1 is defined on the set S, where S =
(A) {O,3} (B) (0,3) (C*) {O, -3} (D) [-3,0]
[Hint: x(x + 3) ::2: 0 => x z 0 or x::; - 3
and - 1 ::; x2 + 3x + 1 ::; 1 => x(x + 3) ::;0 and 22 + 3x + 2 3 which is always true.
Hence -3 s x::; 0
Hence x s O or -3 => x= {O,-3}