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WHEN benzene (C6H6) reacts with bromine (Br2) bromobenzene(C6H5Br) ...?

WHEN benzene (C6H6) reacts with bromine (Br2) bromobenzene(C6H5Br) is obtained:


C6H6 + Br2 ? C6H5Br + HBr

a. What is the theoretical yield of bromobenzene in this reaction when 30.0g of


benzene reacts with 65.0 g of bromine?
b. B. If the actual yield of bromobenzene was 56.7 g what was the percentage
yield?
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1. With these types of problems always ALWAYS balance the equation first, it will
really help you later in the problem.

The balanced equation is

1 C6H6 + 1 Br2 --> 1 C5H6Br + 1 HBr

2. Ok, next you must determine which reactant is in excess and which is
limiting...you cannot always determine this by the grams of each reactant. You MUST
convert grams to moles.

For C6H6,

30.0 g C6H6 (1 mol C6H6 / 78.54 g C6H6) = 0.382 mol C6H6


* 78.54 is the atomic mass of C6H6

For Br2,

60.0 g (1 mol Br2 / 159.8 g Br2) = 0.375 mol Br2


* 159.8 is the atomic mass of C6H6

3. Because there are less moles of Br2, than there are C6H6, Bromine is the
limiting reactant and will be used to calculate the yield.

To calculate yield set up this equation:

60.0 g Br2 (1 mol Br2 / 159.8 g Br2)(1 mol C6H5Br / 1mol Br2)(157 g C6H5Br / 1 mol
C6H5Br) = 58.95 g C6H5Br

* For the 1 mol C6H5Br / 1 mol Br2 part, I just got those numbers from the balanced
equation. I looked at the coefficients (numbers before each compound). For every
one mol of Br2, one mole of C6H5Br is produced.

Now 58.95 g is the theoretical yield!

4. To find the percentage yield:

(actual yield / theoretical yield) x 100%


So... (56.7/58.95) x 100% = 96.18%