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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

PHILIPPINES
Philippine Statistics Authority

FOREWORD

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) conducted two (2) rounds of Costs and
Returns Survey (CRS) of Corn Production covering the periods January to June for selected
Luzon provinces and January to September 2013 for Visayas and Mindanao provinces.

The CRS was designed to generate data on the cost structure of corn production,
average use of materials and labor inputs, measures of profitability and other socio-
economic characteristics of corn farming in the country. The costs and returns data
contained in this report are presented according to farm type, white and yellow, with
national and regional levels of disaggregation.

The PSA gratefully acknowledges the financial support provided by the National
Rice Program of the Department of Agriculture (DA) for this activity. Further, the PSA
deeply appreciates the cooperation of the farmer respondents who were interviewed by
the Contractual Data Collectors (CDCs) during the two (2) rounds of the survey.

We welcome comments and suggestions from our data users and various
stakeholders for the improvement of our data systems on costs and returns of production.

ROMEO S. RECIDE
Interim Deputy National Statistician
Sectoral Statistics Office
Philippine Statistics Authority

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

FOREWORD i

TABLE OF CONTENTS ii

LIST OF TABLES iii

EXPLANATORY NOTES x

I. INTRODUCTION 1
A. Rationale 1
B. Objectives 1

II. SURVEY METHODOLOGY 2
A. Coverage 2
B. Reference Period 2
C. Sampling Frame 2
D. Sampling Design and Sample Selection Procedure 2

III. SURVEY OPERATIONS 3
A. Pre-survey Training 3
B. Data Collection 4
C. Supervision of Survey Operations 4

IV. DATA PROCESSING 4
Computation of Average Costs and Returns 5

V. DATA REVIEW AND ANALYSIS 5

VI. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FINDINGS 6
A. Characteristics of Corn Farmers 6
B. Farm Characteristics 9
C. Farm Practices 10
D. Input Usage 15
E. Average Production Costs and Returns of Corn 18
F. Other Information 39

STATISTICAL TABLES 46

REFERENCES 143

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02 Average age and percentage distribution of male corn farmers by age group and by 48 region. January-September 2013 2. Philippines. Philippines. 47 September 2013 2.01 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by main occupation and by region. Philippines. Philippines. 56 Philippines. Philippines. January-September 2013 3. January-September 2013 4. January-September 2013 3. Page 1 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by sex and by region. 47 Philippines. LIST OF TABLES Table No.01 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of corn farmers by number of 52 years engaged in corn farming and by region.03 Percentage distribution of female corn farmers by main occupation and by region. January-September 2013 4.02 Percentage distribution of male corn farmers by main occupation and by region.02 Percentage distribution of male corn farmers by educational attainment and by region. Philippines. Philippines.03 Average age and percentage distribution of female corn farmers by age group and by 48 region. January- September 2013 5.03 Percentage distribution of female corn farmers by educational attainment and by 51 region. January-September 2013 2. Philippines.02 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of male corn farmers by 52 number of years engaged in corn farming and by region. January-September 2013 5. January-September 59 2013 8 Percentage distribution of corn farm parcels by farm type and by region. January-September 2013 3. Philippines. 49 Philippines. 53 January-September 2013 5. 60 January-September 2013 iii . 50 Philippines. Philippines. January.01 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by educational attainment and by region. January-September 2013 7 Average farm size and area devoted to corn by region.03 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of female corn farmers by 53 number of years engaged in corn farming and by region.01 Average age and percentage distribution of corn farmers by age group and by region. January-September 2013 6 Percentage of corn farmers by type of farm investment owned and used in corn farm 57 parcel and by region. January- September 2013 4. Philippines. 55 Philippines.

9 Average area planted and harvested of corn farm parcel by farm type and by region. January-September 2013 18 Percentage of corn farmers by method of weeding and by region. 60 Philippines. Philippines. 67 September 2013 19 Percentage of corn farmers by method of shelling and by region. January-September 2013 10 Percentage distribution of corn farm parcels by tenurial status and by region.01 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of seeds. 66 Philippines.02 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of modern OPV seeds and by region. 70 January-September 2013 24. January-September 2013 11 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by number of cropping per year and by region. September 2012-July 2013 13 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by month of harvesting and by region. January-September 2013 iv . Philippines. 61 Philippines. Philippines. Philippines. 62 Philippines. 63 Philippines. January-September 2013 12 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by month of planting and by region. Philippines. January-September 2013 15.03 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of native OPV seeds and by region. 65 January-September 2013 16 Percentage of corn farmers by type of labor used in land preparation and by region. 68 Philippines.01 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of hybrid seeds and by region. 69 Philippines. 65 Philippines. January-September 2013 23 Percentage of corn farmers by type of pesticides used and by region. January. January. 62 Philippines. Philippines. 64 Philippines. January-September 2013 14 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by farm type. 67 September 2013 20 Percentage of corn farmers by method of drying and by region. Philippines. January-September 2013 22 Percentage of corn farmers by type of solid inorganic fertilizers used and by region. by source and by region. January-September 2013 15. January-September 2013 17 Percentage of corn farmers by method of fertilizer application and by region. January. 64 January-September 2013 15. 68 September 2013 21 Percentage of corn farmers by type of solid organic fertilizers used and by region. by type of seeds planted and by 63 region. 70 Philippines.

January-September 2013 26. Philippines. January-September 2013 24. 81 Philippines. Philippines. Philippines.06 Average quantity of inorganic fertilizers used per hectare by seed type and by region. Philippines. Philippines. Philippines. Philippines.04 Hybrid Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type 78 and by region. by source 71 and by region. January-September 2013 25.02 White Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type 76 and by region. January-September 2013 28. January-September 2013 25. January-September 2013 26. January-September 2013 27. Philippines. January-September 2013 26. January-September 2013 v . 75 Philippines. January-September 2013 26.06 Native OPV Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by 80 type and by region. January-September 2013 26.01 All Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and 75 by region. 73 January-September 2013 25.02 Average quantity of fertilizer nutrients applied per hectare by seed type and by region. 74 Philippines.04 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of pesticides.03 Average quantity of solid organic fertilizers used per hectare by farm type and by 73 region. by source and by 72 region.05 Average quantity of inorganic fertilizers used per hectare by farm type and by region. January-September 2013 26. January-September 2013 27.04 Average quantity of solid organic fertilizers used per hectare by seed type and by 74 region. Philippines.24.05 Modern OPV Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by 79 type and by region. January-September 2013 24. Philippines.03 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of inorganic fertilizers.02 Average quantity of seeds used per hectare by seed type and by region. by source and 71 by region. Philippines.02 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of organic fertilizers. 85 Philippines.01 Average quantity of seeds used per hectare by farm type and by region. Philippines.03 Yellow Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type 77 and by region. 83 Philippines.01 Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by farm type and by region. Philippines.01 Average quantity of fertilizer nutrients applied per hectare by farm type and by region. January-September 2013 25. 72 January-September 2013 25. January-September 2013 25.

Philippines. 92 Philippines. Philippines. January-September 2013 30 Average labor utilization per hectare by farm type and by region. Philippines.05 Modern OPV Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by 88 region. 87 Philippines.28. January-September 2013 29. Philippines.02 Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by seed type and by region. 95 January-September 2013 vi . 91 January-September 2013 32.01 All Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region. Philippines. Philippines.05 Modern OPV Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region. January-September 2013 29. 86 Philippines. 90 January-September 2013 32. Philippines. January-September 2013 33.04 Hybrid Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region. January-September 2013 29. 86 Philippines. January. 90 January-September 2013 32. January. Philippines.03 Yellow Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.01 Average labor utilization per hectare by farm activity and by farm type.04 Hybrid Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region. January-September 2013 29. Philippines.03 Yellow Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.06 Native OPV Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region. January-September 2013 32. 93 January-September 2013 33. January-September 2013 29.02 Average labor utilization per hectare by farm activity and by seed type. 94 January-September 2013 34. 91 January-September 2013 32. 89 September 2013 32.02 White Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region. January-September 2013 29. 87 Philippines.06 Native OPV Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by 88 region.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 92 Philippines. Philippines. Philippines.02 White Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region. 85 Philippines. 89 September 2013 31 Average labor utilization per hectare by seed type and by region.01 All Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.

102 June 2013 35.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Central Luzon. 106 January-June 2013 37. January-June 2013 37.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. 108 January-June 2013 38.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. Central 109 Luzon. January-June 2013 38. January-September 2013 35. 103 January-June 2013 36.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 101 Philippines.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. January-September 2013 34. January-September 2013 34. January-June 2013 39. CALABARZON. January.04 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by seed type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Philippines. Ilocos 105 Region. Philippines.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 104 January-June 2013 36.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. 97 Philippines. 100 Philippines. Ilocos Region.34. January-June 2013 41.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 114 January-June 2013 vii . Cagayan Valley. Bicol Region. Cagayan 107 Valley. 110 January-June 2013 39. CAR. 98 January-September 2013 34.05 Inter-regional comparison of yield and inputs usage per hectare for corn production. 111 CALABARZON.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. January-June 2013 40. 113 MIMAROPA.03 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by seed type. January-September 2013 34.06 Inter-regional comparison of average production costs and returns per hectare and per 101 kilogram for corn production. MIMAROPA. 112 January-June 2013 40. CAR.

01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. January-June 2013 42.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. January-September 2013 42. January-September 2013 45. January-September 2013 46.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. Northern 125 Mindanao. January-September 2013 47.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. January-September 2013 46. Eastern 120 Visayas. Davao 127 Region.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Davao Region. 118 January-September 2013 43. January-September 2013 43.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. January-September 2013 45. January-September 2013 44. Zamboanga 122 Peninsula.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 128 SOCCSKSARGEN. Bicol 115 Region. Western 117 Visayas. Caraga.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Eastern 121 Visayas. ARMM. 123 Zamboanga Peninsula.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Central 119 Visayas. 130 January-September 2013 49.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Northern 124 Mindanao. 132 January-September 2013 viii . Western 116 Visayas.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. 129 SOCCSKSARGEN. 131 January-September 2013 50.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. January-September 2013 48. 126 January-September 2013 47.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. Caraga. January-September 2013 48. Central Visayas. January-September 2013 49.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.41. January-September 2013 44.

Philippines. January-September 2013 53 Percentage of corn farmers with higher volume of production this year by reason for 135 change in production and by region. 137 January-September 2013 57 Percentage of corn farmers reporting problems on marketing of produce by region. January-September 2013 65 Percentage of corn farmers reporting on the recommendations to further improve the 142 corn production by region. January-September 2013 55 Percentage of corn farmers reporting problems on production by region. Philippines. Philippines. January-September 2013 58 Percentage of corn farmers who availed of loans for corn production by source of loan 138 and by region. Philippines. January-September 2013 61 Percentage of corn farmers who used the benefit received and increased income by 140 region. Philippines. January-September 2013 60 Percentage of corn farmers who received benefit from government 139 programs/interventions on corn production by type of benefit and by region. January-September 2013 54 Percentage of corn farmers with lower volume of production this year by reason for 136 change in production and by region. Philippines. 133 January-September 2013 51 Percentage distribution of corn produce by disposition item and by region. January-September 2013 59 Percentage of corn farmers who were aware and availed of benefit from government 139 programs/interventions in corn production by region. January-September 2013 64 Percentage distribution of corn farmers reporting on the plan of farm operations by 141 region. January-September 2013 62 Percentage of corn farmers by perceived effect of climate change on their corn farming 140 and by region. Philippines. ARMM. Philippines. Philippines. Philippines. 138 Philippines. Philippines. January-September 2013 63 Percentage of corn farmers who are members of farmers’ organization and type of 141 benefits received by region.50. Philippines. Philippines. January-September 2013 ix . 136 January-September 2013 56 Percentage of corn farmers who sold produce to major buyer by region.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type. Philippines. 134 January-September 2013 52 Percentage of corn farmers reporting on current level of production in comparison with 135 the same period last year by region.

The national average costs and returns of production represent the consolidated data for 11 provinces of Luzon during the January to June 2013 period and 27 provinces of Visayas and Mindanao in the January to September 2013 period. Non-Cash Costs – expenditures which are paid in kind. Imputed Costs – expenditures that do not involve actual outlays in cash or in kind. EXPLANATORY NOTES 1. 2. Data may not add up to respective totals due to rounding off of figures. Blank cells in the statistical tables indicate that there was no report for a particular data item. The regional average refers to the average of the major producing provinces representing the region. Data on demographic characteristics and farm practices contained in this report were collected in 38 provinces covered by the survey. etc. Valuation is attributed through the value of the best alternative use given up for the purpose. these non-cash costs represent the portions of the farmer’s production that serve as payments for the use of particular factor of production. The prevailing prices in the community are used in the valuation. 6. x . In the case of the following regions. chemicals. Generally. the regional averages refer only to one (1) province: CAR Ifugao Ilocos Region Pangasinan Central Luzon Tarlac CALABARZON Quezon MIMAROPA Palawan Eastern Visayas Leyte Caraga Agusan del Sur 3. Concepts and definitions used in the report: Cash Costs – refer to direct cash outlays or cash payments for the use of different factors of production such as hired labor. 4. Percentage is used for multiple responses and may not equal to 100 percent while percentage distribution is used for single response and should equal to 100 percent. They represent the costs using owned resources in a particular activity. 5. fertilizers.

Hired labor includes man or animal or machine or any combination with man-labor. Transport costs of inputs – expenditures incurred in transporting farm inputs to the production sites. Land tax – amount of tax paid by the owner-operator for the farm land. Repairs – costs incurred for all minor repairs and improvements made on the farm investments. growth. tools and farm machineries. Fertilizers – any substance. Landowner’s share – portion of farmer’s production that goes to the owner of farm land based on the agreed sharing system. or for promoting a chemical change that enhances plant nutrition and growth. solid or liquid. the number of days multiplied by number of hours worked per day and the result is divided by eight (8). natural or synthetic. Fuel and Oil – the costs incurred for the use of gasoline. animal. Hired labor – labor rendered by a person who is paid by the farm operator on the agreed basis of payment.The cost items are as follows: Seeds – all types of corn seeds used in the production. and other related inputs. xi . machine. single or combination of materials applied to the soil or on the plant to provide one or more of the essential elements to improve plant nutrition. Soil ameliorants – elements placed or mixed into the soil to replenish depleted soil nutrients for better plant growth. one manday is equivalent to eight (8) hours of work. Irrigation fee – payment for irrigation services utilized. yield or quality. To compute for mandays. inorganic or organic. Interest payment on crop loan – payment for the interest on borrowed capital used in the farm production. Pesticides – all types of yield-protecting form of chemicals. Mandays – conceptually. Rentals – payments for the use of land. oil.

Exchange labor – work done by farm laborers in exchange (or as payment) to the work done by the farm operator/household members outside his/her own farm. The straight-line method is used in computing for depreciation where the cost of acquisition is divided by the estimated life span of above cited items. etc. Mandays of labor are valued at prevailing wage rate in the locality. Depreciation – cost of wear and tear of farm tools and equipment. Harvester’s/ Sheller’s share – portion of farmer’s production that serves as payment to farm laborers who performed the harvesting and/or shelling activities. chemicals and payment of wages for hired labor. lease rentals. labor. depreciation and rental value of owned land. Examples are seed/seedlings. Fixed Costs – are those costs which remain the same regardless of the volume of production. Operator labor – imputed wages as payment to labor contributed by the operator. Family labor – labor rendered by the farmer’s family members who take part in any production activities. Gross Returns – refers to the total value of production which is derived by multiplying the total volume of produce by the price received by the farmer per kilogram. xii . machinery and other farm facilities and structures. Variable Costs – are those costs that change with the level of output. Interest on operating capital – cost of capital foregone for the purchase of seeds. Total Cost – refers to the sum of cash costs. irrigation fee. non – cash costs and imputed costs. chemicals. Returns Above Cash and Non-Cash Costs – returns after subtracting the cash and non-cash costs from the total costs. Mandays of labor are valued at prevailing wage rate in the locality. Food expenses – cash expenditures incurred in providing food to farm laborers. Returns Above Cash Costs – returns after deducting the total cash outlays from the total cost of production. interest payment on crop loan. fertilizers. fertilizers. this is derived by multiplying the total cash outlays by the prevailing lending rates. Rental value of owned land – imputed cost which is derived by asking the farmer how much would be the annual value of the land if it will be rented. Examples are land tax.

This is the amount earned by the farmer for every peso spent in the production.Net Returns – refers to the net profit after subtracting all expenses incurred in corn production (gross returns–total costs). xiii . All information collected for this survey refers to the focus parcel. Focus parcel – the particular farm parcel where the last harvest is completed within the reference period. Net Profit-Cost Ratio – determines the rate of return to the farmers.

Thus. whenever there is opportunity. On the other hand. For corn farmers. Rationale The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) recognizes the importance of generating data on costs and returns of corn production. Other important applications of CRS data are in the financial and insurance markets. CRS data are among the highly requested information from major users such as policy analysts. farmers and other entrepreneurs in the agricultural sector. For both government and non-government planners and policy makers. the survey aims to: • establish an up-to-date production costs structure. CRS data can be used in designing appropriate programs and projects to boost the growth and development of the corn industry. the results will be used as basis in updating the database on costs and returns. 1 . While the regular updating of the baseline data is being done. the PSA conducted the 2013 Survey of Costs and Returns of Corn Production. returns above cash and non-cash cost. the impact of new technologies on the overall cost structure of corn production may not be fully captured leading to possible unrealistic estimates. CRS data can serve as basis for the improvement of their efficiency and profitability. The production costs and returns data generated by the 2009 survey were rather old and may no longer be reflective of the current situation. B. national accounts compilers. • determine indicators of profitability such as gross and net returns. and. returns above cash cost. financial institutions require feasibility studies in every investment portfolio. The updated CRS data will serve as the primary basis for the annual updating of costs and returns of corn production. In particular. Likewise. Thus. profit-cost ratios and others. PSA conducts Costs and Returns Survey (CRS). CRS data can serve as solid basis in determining appropriate insurance premium rates.I. • come up with updated data sets on average use of material and labor inputs. Objectives The general objective of the survey is to generate data on costs and returns of corn production. with funding support from the National Rice Program of the Department of Agriculture (DA). INTRODUCTION A. Doing a feasibility study needs CRS data. Specifically. The last Costs and Returns Survey of Corn Production was done in 2009.

e. The 2013 CRS-Corn July Round used the CPS April 2013 Round raw data files in extracting information on sample farmers/agricultural operators with corn harvest in January to March 2013 and those with expected corn production (i. The first survey round was in July 2013 covering 321 corn farmers and the second survey round was conducted in September 2013 covering 1. to come up with information on sample households with corn harvest in January to March 2013 and April to June 2013 as well as those with expected corn production in July to September 2013 based on standing crop. the 2013 CRS-Corn September Round utilized two sets of raw data files. The survey was conducted in 38 corn producing provinces in two (2) rounds to capture production seasonality and to obtain better indicators of farm profitability.035 corn farmers. Sampling Design and Sample Selection Procedure The resulting list of households with production/expected production during the reference period was provided to concerned Operations Centers prior to each round’s field operations. During data 1 The CPS is one of the two modules of the Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS). 2 . II. those from the CPS April 2013 Round and those from July 2013 Round data files. D. type of farm. Coverage The domain of the survey was the province. • generate other related socio-economic variables that can help characterize corn farming households. Its primary objective is to collect information on palay/corn area. C. Reference Period The reference period for the July 2013 survey round was the last completed harvest within January to June 2013 which covered only Luzon provinces. the reference period was the last completed harvest within January to September 2013 and covered Visayas and Mindanao provinces. B. SURVEY METHODOLOGY A. production for the past quarter and production forecasts for the next two quarters. Sampling Frame The survey used the sub-samples of the Corn Production Survey (CPS)1. seed type and month of harvest. information on farm type. On the other hand. For both rounds. The list contained the names of farmers. For the September 2013 survey round. seed type and month of harvest were obtained from the raw data files. The PCPS is a quarterly survey of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). production forecasts) in April to June 2013 based on standing crop. and the geographic identification of the households.

• clearing of issues encountered during the dry run exercise. the enumeration units are the farmers/agricultural operators of the PCPS sample households who harvested corn during the reference period. further screening was done to confirm if those listed actually harvested corn during the reference period. thus the term “sample farmer/agricultural operator” in CRS documents. Its size may be equal to or less than the total agricultural area operated by the sample farmer. The second level training was for the Regional and Provincial Agricultural Statistics Officers (RASOs and PASOs). The first level was the training of selected Central Office (CO) staff who served as the trainers in the next level of training. • discussion of consistency checks and other editing guidelines. This activity aimed to have uniform understanding of the survey concepts and procedures that were used during the survey operations. 2In the PCPS. represented by the listed farmers/agricultural operators. collection. Data on costs and returns of corn production pertained to the focus parcel/s operated or managed by the sample farmer/agricultural operator2. III. SURVEY OPERATIONS A. the enumeration units are the farm households. Each level of training covered the following activities: • presentation of concepts and definitions. 3 . Focus parcel refers to the area where the last completed corn production cycle during the reference period took place. Pre-survey Training Three (3) levels of training were conducted. In the 2013 CRS- Corn. and. • conduct of dry run exercise in a non-sample barangay which provided the training participants with hands-on experience of the things discussed during the lectures. It was to be noted that one of the considerations used in the initial screening of those to be covered in the CRS was information on expected production (forecast) based on standing crop. They served as trainers for the third level training which was intended for the Provincial Operations Centers (POCs) staff and the Contractual Data Collectors (CDCs). and procedures.

B. Data Collection

The data collection was carried out by the CDCs in sample provinces with more than
20 samples using structured questionnaire. For provinces with samples of 20 and
below, the regular staff of the POCs conducted the data collection. The following
activities were undertaken during field data collection:

• The usual courtesy call to the Barangay Officials in getting clearance for the
conduct of the survey;

• Searching for the target respondent or the farmer whose name appears in the
list of samples3;

• Asking of screening questions: First, if the sample farmer harvested corn
during the reference period. Second, if the corn produce was intercropped
with other crops. If harvested corn was not intercropped, then the next
screening question was asked. Third, if they produced corn for seed
purposes. If the farmers harvested during the reference period and the
produce was not intended for seed purposes, then the last screening question
was asked. Lastly, if 20 percent or more of the area planted to corn were
damaged by flood, pests and diseases, etc. If the damage was less than 20
percent or none, interview proper followed; and,

• Making callbacks when necessary.

C. Supervision of Survey Operations

The POC and selected CO Staff conducted the field supervision. They ensured that
the field data collection ran smoothly and within the set schedule. These assigned
personnel were tasked to observe the data collectors, make follow-ups, spot-check the
CDCs, edit the completed questionnaires and back-check the work of the CDCs to ensure
the quality of data that were collected.

IV. DATA PROCESSING
Editing and coding of survey returns were done at the POCs upon submission of the
accomplished questionnaires by the CDCs. The POC staff served as editors.

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Replacement of samples was not allowed, except in cases where the sample farmer gave up the operation and the person who took
over was a member of the same household.

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Electronic data processing involved data encoding, data cleaning and correction of
errors. Initially, data were encoded at the POCs using CSPro-based data capture
program that the Information and Communication Technology Division (ICTD)
developed. Data cleaning and correction of errors were done in two levels. The first
level involved the Provincial Processing Officers (PPOs) using the CSPro-based error-
listing program. These data files were then submitted to ICTD and were exported to MS
Excel. The second level of data cleaning was done at the Agricultural Accounts and
Statistical Indicators Division (AASID) using MS Excel. The output of the second level of
data cleaning was the final set of raw data files which were used for the generation of
data tables.

Computation of Average Costs and Returns

The sum of all costs obtained from all sample farmers in the province comprised the
provincial total costs. Then, the total costs of producing corn obtained from sample
provinces were aggregated to come up with the regional total. Finally, the total costs of
producing corn in all regions were summed up to get the national total for January to
September 2013. Similar procedures were employed for area harvested and volume of
production.

Average costs and returns were computed on per hectare of production as follows:

Total value of input or output
Per hectare =
Total harvest area
The indicators of profitability were derived using the following computational procedures:

1. Gross Returns = Production x Farmgate Price
2. Returns Above Cash Costs = Gross Returns – Cash Costs
3. Returns Above Cash and Non-Cash Costs = Gross Returns – (Cash Costs + Non-Cash Costs)
4. Net Returns = Gross Returns – Total Costs
5. Net Profit-Cost Ratio = Net Returns ÷ Total Costs

V. DATA REVIEW AND ANALYSIS
The Socio-Economic Statistics Section (SESS) of AASID spearheaded the conduct of
seminars, training and technical meetings in preparation for the review and analysis of
all the output tables. The data generated through customized data processing system
were subjected to a series of review and validation using the following approaches:

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• completeness, consistency and range checks of data within and across tables;
and,

• spatial and temporal analysis of results with the use available auxiliary
information.

The data review and analysis were done by AASID. Data review and validation of
the output data tables by region were conducted before these were finalized. The
results were presented by SESS to the steering committee and members of the
Technical Working Group on Agricultural Accounts and Indicators (TWG–AAI).

After the final data review and validation, the total number of samples accounted to
309 corn farmers in Luzon provinces and 951 corn farmers in Visayas and Mindanao
provinces.

VI. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FINDINGS
A. Characteristics of Corn Farmers
(Tables 1-6)

Sex, Age, Educational Attainment and Farming Experience

• Of the total number of sample corn farmers interviewed nationwide, 92.78
percent were males and 7.22 percent were females. In Central Luzon (Tarlac)
and CALABARZON (Quezon), all the reporting corn farmers were males. CAR
(Ifugao) and Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) accounted for the biggest proportions of
female corn farmers at around 15 percent each.

• At the national level, the average age of corn farmers was 53 years old. This was
52 years for the males and 57 years for the females. The oldest groups of
farmers were noted in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and Central Visayas with an
average age of 58 years and 57 years, respectively. The youngest group of
farmers was noted in ARMM with an average age of 47 years.

• By age group, corn farmers belonging to 41 to 50 years and 51 to 60 years
comprised the biggest proportions at about 30 percent each. There were 9.37
percent who were more than 70 years old. Few farmers at 1.51 percent were
aged less than 31 years old. Among regions, Western Visayas posted the biggest
proportion of corn farmers at 50 percent belonging to age group 51 to 60 years.
SOCCSKSARGEN had 40.35 percent of the corn farmers aged 41 to 50 years old.
In CAR (Ifugao), Central Luzon (Tarlac), Central Visayas and Caraga (Agusan del
Sur), 16 to 19 percent were more than 70 years old.

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Those who had no schooling accounted for 2. Orchard farming as the main occupation was noted by 9. Meanwhile. farming experience of corn farmers averaged 23 years.87 percent than male corn farmers at 22. some 10. Main Occupation • Crop farming was the main occupation of 80.33 percent of corn farmers reached high school and college education.49 percent of the corn farmers completed college education. This was 23 years for the males and 22 years for the females.14 percent of corn farmers noted more than 30 years.11 percent worked mainly as fishermen. more corn farmers at 41.14 percent in Caraga (Agusan del Sur).29 percent of the corn farmers. 42.24 percent.25 percent among the male corn farmers. Some 17.59 percent while this was 3. Only 3. the percentage of corn farmers who reported crop farming as their main occupation ranged from 40 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan) to 97. 7 . • There were 32.• On the average.78 percent of corn farmers with 11 to 20 years of experience in corn farming. This proportion was higher among female corn farmers at 31. respectively. Some 3.94 percent. average farming experience of corn farmers ranged from 16 years in MIMAROPA (Palawan) to 30 years in CAR (Ifugao). The females had higher proportion of college graduates at 6. By region. Few farmers at 1. MIMAROPA (Palawan) recorded the biggest proportions of corn farmers who were graduates of high school at 40 percent and college education at 20 percent. About 27. Elementary graduates comprised 22.44 percent of corn farmers in CAR (Ifugao) noted more than 30 years of experience.38 percent indicated 21 to 30 years while 44.79 percent of corn farmers nationwide.70 percent of corn farmers. Meanwhile. the biggest proportions of corn farmers with 11 to 20 years of experience in corn farming were recorded in MIMAROPA (Palawan) and Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 60 percent and 50 percent.81 percent. Across regions. • Nationwide.82 percent of corn farmers in CALABARZON (Quezon) and 51.57 percent were laborers and unskilled workers. crop faming was cited by 81. respectively. There were 13. majority or 81.38 percent of corn farmers in the country had elementary education.43 percent of the female corn farmers.17 percent who finished high school.71 percent and 3. About 18. Across regions.52 percent in CAR (Ifugao) and 16.52 percent of the male corn farmers and 71.72 percent in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) cited orchard farming as their main occupation.18 percent and Western Visayas at 14. Laborers and unskilled workers comprised bigger proportions in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 18. There were 10 percent who attained post-graduate studies.94 percent had been engaged in corn farming for less than 11 years.67 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac) were college degree holders. In Eastern Visayas (Leyte). By region.14 percent reported farming experience of 21 to 30 years while 22. Specifically.

1.35 percent and 36. In CALABARZON (Quezon) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte).63 percent had hoe. About 3.Farm Investments Owned and Used in the Focus Parcel • When asked on the use of owned farm investment in corn faming such as work animals. post hole digger.43 percent of corn farmers in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and 77.71 percent to 6. Meanwhile. weighing scale. rake. the usage of spade was reported by 94. Northern Mindanao and Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) at 30. 23. farmers with two-wheel tractors comprised 3.60 percent of corn farmers in the country. respectively.07 percent of the corn farmers in CAR (Ifugao) who used sprayer and yoke.33 percent had spade.22 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac) to 83. all corn farmers reported ownership and use of bolo in their corn farms. ownership of carabao was cited by 22.90 percent had sprayer. respectively. Higher proportions of corn farmers who owned and used cattle for corn farming were noted in ARMM.44 percent.71 percent had horse.48 percent of corn farmers nationwide. • For farm machineries.24 percent and 19.22 percent of corn farmers had carabao.70 percent had harrow and 10. There were 81.56 percent reported having two-wheel tractors. By region. 19.67 percent and 3. MIMAROPA (Palawan) and Bicol Region.06 percent.21 percent had sled. spading fork.48 percent and 74.90 percent. Reports on ownership of jabber.70 percent. • The common farm tools and implements owned and used in corn farming were bolo as reported by 92. In Central Luzon (Tarlac).22 percent had farm shed. Some 28. 8.43 percent. weeder. cart and other transport facilities corresponded to 1.78 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac). • As to farm buildings and other structures.89 percent had cattle and 5. Ownership and use of drying pavement was reported only by 0.43 percent while Northern Mindanao accounted for the biggest proportion of corn farmers with warehouse/storage at 9.65 percent while those with four-wheel tractors were only 0. 47.56 percent in Bicol Region.57 percent had scythe. Among regions. 26. about 55.57 percent. 8 .17 percent had warehouse/storage and 2. 23. ownership of irrigation pump was cited by 80. Plow was commonly used by 88 to 90 percent in CAR (Ifugao). Caraga (Agusan del Sur) reported the biggest percentage of corn farmers with farmhouse at 51. plow and yoke as mentioned by 56.61 percent. In Central Luzon (Tarlac). 24.59 percent.17 percent.57 percent of corn farmers across the country owned farm houses. respectively. Those who owned and used sheller. 17. wooden sheller and trowel ranged from 0. irrigation pump was reported by 4.88 percent of the sample corn farmers in SOCCSKSARGEN.

Tenurial Status • About 36. The remaining 8.28 hectares. The smallest white corn area planted was noted in Central Visayas at 0. SOCCSKSARGEN.46 percent were cultivated with yellow corn.73 percent were rent-free.54 percent of the focus farm parcels were planted to white corn while 27. amortized. MIMAROPA (Palawan) had the biggest physical area of farms at 6.21 percent were planted to white corn. held under CLT/CLOA. • The survey noted that the average area of the focus parcel planted to corn was mostly the same as the area harvested.12 hectares while area harvested was only 1. Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and Davao Region were planted with white corn.52 percent and CALABARZON 9 . On the other hand. stewardship. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Central Luzon (Tarlac). By region. Farm Characteristics (Tables 7-10) Farm Size and Area Devoted to Corn • The average size of farms covering all crops was 2. Area Planted/Harvested to Corn • At the national level.88 percent comprised other tenurial systems such as leased/rented.67 hectare.27 percent were owner-like possession and 13. All the focus farm parcels in CALABARZON (Quezon). the area planted and harvested to white corn averaged 0. • The proportions of fully owned parcel were biggest in MIMAROPA (Palawan) and ARMM at about 70 percent each. the area of the focus parcel planted and harvested to yellow corn averaged 1.33 hectares with area devoted to corn at 2. Zamboanga Peninsula. Type of Corn Farm Parcels.11 percent of the focus corn farm parcels in the country were fully owned. CAR (Ifugao) posted the biggest area devoted to corn at 2.62 hectare in Western Visayas to 2 hectares in Zamboanga Peninsula. In CAR (Ifugao). mortgaged and those under voluntary offer to sell (VOS). Bigger proportions of farm parcels in Bicol Region. At the national level. 25 percent were tenanted. The area devoted to corn production averaged 1.40 percent to 96.33 hectare.05 hectares. Western Visayas. Northern Mindanao. the focus farm parcels were planted only to yellow corn. Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and ARMM ranging from 61.14 hectares. 72. Central Visayas.66 hectares. ARMM posted the biggest focus area planted to white corn at 1.34 hectare while area harvested was 0.10 hectares attributed to damaged produce. The biggest tenanted corn farm parcels were found in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at 65. 16.14 hectares.B. It ranged from 0.

13 percent in Central Visayas. Zamboanga Peninsula had 40.15 percent and 43.40 percent in July and 13. Across regions.43 percent of corn farmers practiced two (2) croppings per year.91 percent of the corn farmers who harvested corn in July.96 percent.46 percent.25 percent. Two (2) croppings per year were observed by all the sample corn farmers in CAR (Ifugao).06 percent in Davao Region. respectively. the proportions of corn farmers who harvested in August were highest in Western Visayas and Northern Mindanao at 48. C.70 percent adopted three (3) croppings while the rest at 5. 18. About 17.33 percent of corn farmers. May and November with 11. harvesting in March was noted among 80 to 83 percent in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan).29 percent of corn farmers reporting. Planting of corn during November was noted in CAR (Ifugao).78 percent harvested corn in March.87 percent had one (1) cropping a year.84 percent of the corn farmers in ARMM who reported one cropping in a year.55 percent. (Quezon) at 54. There were 41. Month Planting • Planting of corn was noted mostly in months of March.38 percent. Central Luzon (Tarlac) and CALABARZON (Quezon).67 percent and Central Visayas at 58. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Central Luzon (Tarlac) as cited by 55. respectively.33 percent and 30. More rent-free corn farm parcels were noted in Western Visayas and Davao Region at 33. respectively. The practice of three croppings a year was common among 41. 25. Some 12.40 percent of the farmers in the country. April was the usual month of planting in Zamboanga Peninsula as mentioned by 49.19 percent. April.64 percent. 15.56 percent to 83. Month Harvesting • Harvesting of corn in August was reported by 25.4) Number of Croppings per Year • Nationwide. 10 . On the other hand. 81. Farm Practices (Tables 11-24.24 percent of the corn farmers. September harvesting was observed by 49. By region. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan). Central Luzon (Tarlac) and CALABARZON (Quezon).16 percent and 14. those who planted in May was observed highest among corn farmers in Western Visayas at 66.97 percent in September. The corn farm parcels in CAR (Ifugao) were dominated by those held under owner-like possession at 62.

There were 40 percent in ARMM who were users of native OPV of yellow corn. respectively.18 percent. The proportion of corn farmers who acquired seeds from DA/RFO.57 percent in SOCCSKSARGEN. 55.89 percent obtained from co-farmers.55 percent used hybrid seeds. native OPV seeds. the Local Government Units (LGUs) and seed growers. About 0. 74. Among those who planted yellow corn. 59.73 percent. All corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac). • At the regional level.65 percent who got their hybrid seeds from cooperatives and only 1.08 percent were users of native OPV seeds.67 percent to 2. There were 2. LGUs and cooperatives ranged from 0. 21. 40.86 percent sourced their seeds from co- farmers and 5. all 11 .70 percent and 3. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan).47 percent got their seeds from seed growers. On the other hand. Cagayan Valley and Caraga (Agusan del Sur). • Similarly.73 percent reported that their seeds came from their own produce while 28. In Bicol Region.50 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan) and 82.86 percent used hybrid seeds.36 percent obtained their modern OPV seeds from traders.61 percent in the Bicol Region used the modern OPV seeds. About 12. The modern OPV seed type planted in Central Visayas and Zamboanga Peninsula was mostly own produced as reported by 78. In Cagayan Valley and MIMAROPA (Palawan). Source of Seeds • About 93. DA/RFO and LGUs.17 percent cited traders as their source of seeds. The biggest proportions of the yellow corn farmers at 87. 54.05 percent and 79. native OPV seeds were mostly out of the produce of the 66.97 percent.25 percent of corn farmers.Type of Seed Planted • Of the total number of white corn farmers.18 percent to 0. About 26.24 percent of corn farmers in the country. Hybrid seeds were used only by 2. all the white corn farmers in Cagayan Valley. modern OPV seeds and 3.37 percent used modern OPV seeds and 0. the hybrid seeds of yellow corn were planted by all the sample farmers in CAR (Ifugao). The usage of modern OPV seeds was noted among 88.94 percent of hybrid seed users in the country sourced their seeds from traders.45 percent of the white corn farmers in Northern Mindanao and Caraga (Agusan del Sur).76 percent of the corn farmer-respondents acquired hybrid seeds from the Department of Agriculture/Regional Field Office (DA/RFO). respectively.81 percent got their seeds from traders. • Of the total number of corn farmers who planted modern OPV seeds. CALABARZON (Quezon) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte) planted the native OPV seeds. Western Visayas and Caraga (Agusan del Sur) sourced this seed type from traders. Only few at 0.76 percent noted that their seeds were sourced from co-farmers.

about 58. On the other hand. Method of Fertilizer Application • Across the country. 59.18 percent employed 2-wheel and 4-wheel tractors. Manual weeding was not practiced by the sample corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac).62 percent in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and 69. In the case of harrowing.23 percent in Davao Region. • Man-animal labor in plowing was employed by all corn farmers in Eastern Visayas (Leyte). Similarly. corn farmers produced their own native OPV seeds. For harrowing. Method of Weeding • Nationwide.44 percent who applied fertilizer by top dressing.10 percent of corn farmers in Cagayan Valley and 67.30 percent of corn farmers in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan). fertilizer application through side dressing method was reported by 53. Basal application was the dominant practice among 87. Bicol Region and CAR (Ifugao).79 percent used man-machine labor. • In Central Luzon (Tarlac). Rotavating using the service of man and machine such as 4- wheel tractor was reported by 13.79 percent and top dressing by 27. Basal application was practiced by 30.52 percent in Cagayan Valley. these two methods of fertilizer application were common among 91.88 percent in Northern Mindanao. There 12 .73 percent while a few or 2. Co-farmers were the sources of native type of seeds used by 58. Chemical spraying was employed by 30 percent. man-animal labor was mostly employed by 80 to 88.13 percent of corn farmers removed weeds manually. all the sample corn farmers adopted side dressing while there were 94.89 percent of corn farmers in MIMAROPA (Palawan). all corn farmers in CALABARZON (Quezon) practiced manual weeding while chemical spraying was highly practiced by 96.77 percent of farmers in Cagayan Valley.14 percent.89 percent of corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) used 2-wheel tractors in harrowing. In rotavating.48 percent utilized man-machine labor.32 percent of corn farmers utilized man-animal labor while 5.94 percent utilized man-machine labor.25 percent of corn farmers used man-animal labor in plowing while 15. 88.04 percent in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and 14. By region.41 percent of the sample corn farmers. There were 66. about 3. 40. Method of Land Preparation • Nationwide. The usage of man-animal labor in furrowing was reported by 63.67 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac) who utilized machine in furrowing. Furrowing by man- animal was practiced by all corn farmers in MIMAROPA (Palawan).

about 1. the more popular grades were urea (46-0-0) and complete (14-14-14) as reported by 43. Across the country. Method of Shelling • Shelling of corn was done manually by 58. Use of Yield Enhancing Inputs • The solid type of organic fertilizer was used by only few corn farmers. vermicast. the proportion of farmers who used urea (46-0-0) ranged from 9. All corn farmers in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) dried corn under the sun.45 percent reporting.59 percent of corn farmers applied animal manure and 0.57 percent who shelled corn mechanically. was no reported chemical spraying done by the sample corn farmers in CALABARZON (Quezon) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte). Majority of the corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 83. • For the solid type of inorganic fertilizers. all corn farmers did manual shelling of corn and there was no reported usage of machine in shelling.17 percent of the corn farmers. Northern Mindanao and Davao Region by 0.56 percent employed both methods. about 84. All corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) performed only mechanical shelling.52 percent of corn farmers did solar drying while 0.02 percent and 33.86 percent of corn farmers. Guano. • Except for Eastern Visayas (Leyte). The application of ammonium sulfate (21-0-0) and ammonium phosphate (16-20-0) was also cited by 18. Zamboanga Peninsula. Green Friend.71 percent used other solid organic fertilizers like compost. There was no reported user of this fertilizer grade in CALABARZON (Quezon). About 0. There were 33.71 percent. Mechanical drying of corn was reported only in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) by 2. respectively.35 percent in Cagayan Valley. few corn farmers at less than one percent reported the use of solid and liquid inorganic foliar fertilizers.08 percent employed mechanical drying. About half of the sample corn farmers in Zamboanga Peninsula applied ammonium phosphate 13 .33 percent were users of complete fertilizer (14-14-14). The usage of animal manure was observed only in Central Visayas.73 percent of corn farmers in the country.09 percent in CALABARZON (Quezon) to 94. Less than one percent of the corn farmers used liquid inorganic fertilizers like Humus and Green Bee. It was least applied in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) with only 3. Likewise.24 percent of the corn farmers. Wellgrow Bio-Organic and Durabloom. Method of Drying • At the national level.65 to 20. In CALABARZON (Quezon) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte).66 to 4.

(16-20-0) in their corn farms. the liquid type of herbicides/weedicides was used by 31.14 percent paid in kind.27 percent paid these inputs in cash while 0.08 percent. Ammonium sulfate (21-0-0) was also commonly used by 44. By region.48 percent.80 percent in Davao Region who received seeds from private individuals/organizations. the biggest proportion of corn farmers who used liquid herbicides/weedicides was noted in Cagayan Valley at 96. In Central Luzon (Tarlac). 77. SOCCSKSARGEN at 48. • There were 33. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Cagayan Valley.77 percent of farmers purchased seeds on cash basis.25 percent and Davao Region at 46.49 percent of corn farmers applied the solid form of herbicides/weedicides.51 percent received seeds from the government (LGU-DA/RFO). CAR (Ifugao).48 percent paid in kind.77 percent of farmers in Cagayan Valley purchased pesticides on cash basis. Use of Yield Protecting Inputs • At the national level. Among regions. In kind payment was noted by 0. • Organic fertilizers were purchased in cash as reported by 1.12 percent who purchased seeds and 8. fungicides and rodenticides. In Cagayan Valley. There were 29. 50. • Among the corn farmers who purchased their inorganic fertilizers. Mode of Acquisition of Material Inputs • Nationwide. 36.52 percent.98 percent resorted to cash payment while 2.67 percent of corn farmers across the country.79 percent of corn farmers used the seeds from their own produce. insecticides. There were 39. majority at 87.57 percent of corn farmers nationwide who paid pesticides in cash.36 percent. Only less than 1 percent cited producing their own organic fertilizers or received from DA/RFO and LGUs. This was followed by those in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) at 56. Only 3.82 percent in CALABARZON (Quezon) used seeds from their own production.78 percent to 96. 96. 14 .25 percent and 0.28 percent of corn farmers in Central Visayas and 81.35 percent of corn farmers. all farmers acquired inorganic fertilizers through cash payment. By region. respectively.77 percent.44 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac).65 percent received seeds from private individuals/organizations and 1. The usage of liquid form of insecticides and fungicides was cited by 3. Of the total number of corn farmers who purchased seeds. 71.

61 kilograms. In yellow corn farms.35 kilograms for the solid type and 0.39 kilograms per hectare. the seed usage was highest in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 20. application rates of inorganic fertilizer were 308. the application rates of organic fertilizers per hectare were 82.65 kilograms for the modern OPV and 29. • Across regions.31 kilograms of solid inorganic fertilizer per hectare. The usage of corn farmers who planted modern OPV and native OPV corresponded to 7. For yellow corn. Specifically. the quantity of seeds used per hectare averaged 16. By seed type.01 liter per hectare. white corn farms used an average of 93.45 kilograms per hectare and modern OPV at 23.63 kilograms per hectare in CALABARZON (Quezon) to 20 kilograms per hectare in MIMAROPA (Palawan).01-33.45 kilograms per hectare across the country.48 kilograms per hectare followed by farmers in Central Visayas at 46.87 kilograms per hectare and lowest in Zamboanga Peninsula at 9. seeding rate in yellow corn farms was higher at 18. hybrid seed users posted the 15 .53 kilograms per hectare. By farm type. the usage of organic fertilizer in hybrid corn farm was biggest in Northern Mindanao at 107. Central Luzon (Tarlac) posted the highest seeding rates of hybrid corn at 20. usage of hybrid seeds per hectare was the highest at 17. application of organic fertilizer ranged 8.21 kilograms and 7. Native OPV had higher seed usage in MIMAROPA (Palawan) at 20 kilograms per hectare. it was 15. By farm type. seeding rates of white corn ranged 9. Fertilizers • Nationwide.02 liter for the liquid type.15 kilograms per hectare. The usage of liquid inorganic fertilizer was minimal at 0.14 kilograms in yellow corn farm to 8.57 kilograms per hectare. In Central Visayas.60 kilograms per hectare.78 kilograms for the native OPV.D. By seed type.16 kilograms in white corn farm.88 kilograms.02) Seeds • At the national level.80 kilograms per hectare. By seed type. This was 17. Input Usage (Tables 25.11 kilograms per hectare while in white corn farms. application of organic fertilizer averaged 8. corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) were the heaviest users of organic fertilizers averaging 55. By seed type.17 kilograms per hectare for the native OPV seeds.65 kilograms per hectare of organic fertilizers. hybrid corn farmers used an average of 9.04 kilograms per hectare for modern OPV seeds and 15.73 kilograms per hectare. • Application of solid inorganic fertilizer in corn farms averaged 173. • At the regional level. By farm type.

Additionally. For those who planted modern OPV. On the other hand. 24. • In white corn farms. higher application rates per hectare of corn farms were noted for urea (46-0-0) at 73. hybrid seed users applied 0. • As to the nutrient content. Complete fertilizer (14-14-14) was widely used by the white corn farmers in SOCCSKSARGEN at 45. In CAR (Ifugao) and Cagayan Valley. Likewise.57 kilograms per hectare was applied by native OPV seed users. 7. Among corn farmers who used native OPV seeds.86 kilograms per hectare and 348. 12. • By region. the solid form of fertilizers applied in a one hectare of corn farm comprised of 52.78 kilograms per hectare.47 kilograms. higher application rates of solid inorganic fertilizer in all types of corn farms were noted in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 414. • At the regional level.70 kilograms of potassium.34 kilograms.90 kilograms of potassium. For modern OPV seeds users. fertilizer applied contained the least amount of nutrients at 23.81 kilograms and 12.49 kilograms of potassium per hectare. 6. fertilizer application rates corresponded to 359. N-P-K contents corresponded to 32. these types of fertilizers were used in bigger amounts across corn farm type and seed type.51 kilograms of phosphorous and 13. respectively. About 86.78 kilograms. the quantity of solid fertilizers contained 110. respectively.30 kilograms per hectare.51 kilograms and 424.44 kilograms per hectare.70 kilograms of nitrogen.52 kilograms and complete fertilizer (14-14-14) at 44.11 kilograms. the usage of solid inorganic fertilizers averaged 112.19 kilograms per hectare.64 kilograms and complete fertilizer (14-14-14) at 145.57 kilograms per hectare. 6.59 kilograms and 3. phosphorous and potassium.03 kilograms per hectare.26 kilograms of phosphorous and 6. biggest application rate of solid inorganic fertilizers at 348 kilograms per hectare. Phosphorous 16 .28 kilograms. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) posted the biggest quantity of nitrogen content of solid fertilizer at 138. Yellow corn farmers in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) applied more quantities of urea (46-0-0) at 206. N- P-K contents applied in yellow corn farms averaged 97. N-P-K contents of solid fertilizers corresponded to 26.68 kilograms and 4.01 liter per hectare each of nitrogen. The liquid form of fertilizers contained less than 0. 21.19 kilograms per hectare. • White corn farms in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) recorded the biggest usage of urea (46-0-0) at 66.82 kilograms of nitrogen. Among hybrid seed users.02 liter per hectare of the said inputs.80 kilograms of nitrogen.04 kilograms per hectare.46 kilograms per hectare. • Among the various types of solid inorganic fertilizers.44 kilograms of phosphorous and 2.

05 mandays and 54.62 liter in white corn farms to 3.10 liters per hectare than in white corn farms at 0. Solid pesticides were used in minimal amount at less than 0.01 liter for fungicides.02 liters per hectare.02 liters per hectare in Cagayan Valley. white corn farms utilized an average of 45. For insecticides.61 mandays per hectare and lowest in MIMAROPA (Palawan) at 23. 3. Yellow corn farms required an average of 46. • By farm type. content of solid fertilizer was highest in CAR (Ifugao) at 29.07 liter per hectare in Central Visayas to 5. Labor usage was highest in Cagayan Valley at 62. potassium content of solid fertilizers was biggest at 25.03 liter per hectare and less than 0. In Central Luzon (Tarlac).11 mandays per hectare.70 mandays per hectare.69 kilograms per hectare.02 kilogram per hectare.01 liters per hectare. The least was reported in MIMAROPA (Palawan) at 32.53 mandays per hectare.40 mandays per hectare. the average application rate of liquid herbicides/weedicides in all corn farms was biggest in Cagayan Valley at 5.65 liter per hectare. average usage of liquid herbicides/weedicides was 1.53 liters per hectare nationwide. • Across all farm types of corn.57 kilograms per hectare.03 kilogram of solid pesticides and 1.95 mandays per hectare. liquid pesticide usage ranged from 0.39 liter per hectare of the said inputs were applied in modern OPV and native OPV corn farms. This was followed by Western Visayas at 3. By farm type. 17 . Except for CALABARZON (Quezon) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte).50 mandays per hectare followed by Northern Mindanao at 62. Among regions.32 mandays per hectare. application rate averaged 0. The quantity of liquid insecticides was biggest in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) at 0.70 mandays per hectare.03 liters and 0. The least labor requirement was noted in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 26. respectively.95 mandays per hectare.56 liters of liquid pesticides per hectare were used by corn farmers nationwide.01 kilogram to 0. ARMM posted the highest labor utilization at 64. This ranged from 0. Labor Utilization • At the national level. Western Visayas and Central Visayas had high labor utilization at 55.20 liter per hectare.69 mandays per hectare. Pesticides • On the average. 0. About 1. the average labor utilization in corn farming was 45.58 liters of liquid pesticides were applied in a one hectare of hybrid corn farm. It was biggest in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 56. respectively.06 liters in yellow corn farms. usage of liquid pesticides was higher in yellow corn farms at 3. By seed type.

71 mandays per hectare. For other activities in corn farming. Meanwhile. For other sources of labor.02 mandays per hectare. Exchange labor provided 1. Central Visayas had the biggest operator labor at 17.65 mandays per hectare. exchange labor was high in CAR (Ifugao) at 8. respectively. cash costs shared 61 percent.60 mandays in hybrid corn farms.95 mandays.66 mandays per hectare in Cagayan Valley.15 mandays and lower in native OPV corn farms at 13.33 mandays per hectare.01-50. About 6. Northern Mindanao posted the highest labor utilization in hybrid corn farms at 63. • In terms of the source of labor.80 mandays per hectare. labor requirement per hectare averaged 46. plowing using man and animal labor utilized 3.38 mandays per hectare. operator and family labor averaged 9.09 mandays.25 mandays. The biggest cash expenditures were seeds at P2.19 mandays.76 mandays per hectare.214 per hectare. Among regions. Non-cash costs amounted to 18 . Specifically.828 per hectare and hired labor at P4. inorganic fertilizers at P3.81 mandays. Solar drying required 4.161 per hectare.83 mandays per hectare while mechanical shelling averaged 1.61 mandays per hectare. Across regions.74 mandays per hectare.087 per hectare. white corn farms required 16. This was followed by ARMM at 7.29 mandays of hired labor while yellow corn farms utilized 33. hired labor contributed the highest in corn farming at an average of 22.19 mandays in native OPV corn farms. Hired labor ranged from 6.06) Philippines All Corn • In 2013.85 mandays per hectare and family labor at 18. the average cost of producing corn in the country was P29.42 mandays per hectare. • By seed type.82 mandays per hectare. Labor requirement in the modern OPV corn farms was biggest in Zamboanga Peninsula at 58. E. harvesting had higher labor utilization at 12. Of this amount. The native OPV corn farms in Cagayan Valley utilized higher labor at 62. the usage of hired labor was higher in hybrid corn farms at 36. Manual shelling required 3.45 mandays in modern OPV corn farms and 45.87 mandays per hectare. 45.30 mandays than in white corn farms at 8. By farm type. • The most labor intensive activity in corn farming was manual harvesting which required an average of 9.39 mandays and 12.16 mandays per hectare were used in planting by man alone.41 mandays per hectare in CALABARZON (Quezon) to 38. Harvesting used up more labor in yellow corn farms at 12. Average Production Costs and Returns of Corn (Tables 34. In hybrid corn farms.

Costs per kilogram were higher in white corn farms at P10. • On the average. Deducting cash and non- cash costs. Per kilogram. respectively.087. respectively.227 per hectare. • The volume of corn production using hybrid seeds averaged 4. Harvesters’ share was the leading non-cash item at P919 per hectare.992 in yellow corn farms.754 kilograms per hectare. • Corn harvests during the reference period at 2. By Seed Type • The average cost of producing hybrid corn was P39. family and exchange labor accounted for the biggest cost at P3.22 in white corn farms. For every peso of investment. P10. corn farmers netted P7. After subtracting all costs.502.652 than in producing white corn at P3.12 for native OPV corn. Farmers planting white corn received higher price at P13.508. • Gross returns were P16.518 and P14. P2.59.26 per kilogram. 19 . net returns per hectare were higher in producing yellow corn at P13.31. returns settled at P8.055. On a per kilogram basis. yellow corn farms recorded a net profit of P0.278 kilograms.852 in yellow corn farms.38 while it was P0.656.004 and gained P0.913 and P21.82 per kilogram.231 kilograms per hectare while this was 1. returns above cash costs were at P15.208 per hectare.514 kilograms while those that used native OPV produced 1.14 per kilogram while those planting yellow corn got P11. Average price received by farmers was P12. Returns above cash costs were P10.25 for modern OPV and P11.73 than in yellow corn farms at P8. costs were P15.269 kilograms in white corn farms.551 in white corn farms and P23. For modern OPV and native OPV corn.32 for every peso of investment in corn production.373 kilograms per hectare were worth P29.979 per hectare.614 per hectare while that of yellow corn amounted to P36. the volume of produce in yellow corn farms was 4. By Farm Type • The cost of producing white corn averaged P13. costs ranged from P8. Accounting for all costs. returns amounted to P13.006 per hectare and contributed 9 percent to the total costs. the average cost of corn production was estimated at P9. Corn farms planted to modern OPV seeds produced 1. Per hectare.669 in white corn farms and P49. About 29 percent of the total costs were imputed costs of which unpaid labor such as operator.340.41 for hybrid corn. After subtracting non-cash costs.

264 per hectare. • Gross earnings per hectare were P56.687 per hectare in hybrid corn farms. average variable costs were P30.018 were rental value of owned land. Corn farmers who planted hybrid seeds and native OPV seeds received P11. respectively.248 per hectare were 17 percent of total costs.992 and seeds at P6.139 per hectare or a net profit-cost ratio of 0.20. The biggest variable cost item was hired labor at P7. inorganic fertilizers at P7. Meanwhile. inorganic fertilizers at P3. variable costs averaged P11.070 per hectare.810 in modern OPV corn farms and P11. • In white corn farms.092 per hectare or 83 percent of the total costs.680 per hectare or 85 percent of all costs.80 per kilogram and P11. interest on operating capital at P1. • Corn farms planted to modern OPV seeds entailed an average variable cost at P13. P10.12 per kilogram.624 or a net gain of P0.• Farmers who planted modern OPV received the highest price at P12.469.780 equivalent to net profit-cost ratio at 0.930 per hectare. Hired 20 . P19.946 largely contributed to the total variable costs. • Variable costs incurred in hybrid corn farms at P33. In addition. Fixed costs averaged P3.902 per hectare which was 87 percent of the total costs. Farmers engaged in the production of modern OPV corn netted P3.742 per hectare. A big portion of the variable costs was attributed to hired labor amounting to P8.403 per hectare and shared 15 percent in the production cost. Net returns from native corn farms figured P2. This accounted for 84 percent of production costs.64. fixed costs averaged P6. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs of corn production across farm types averaged P18.713 of which P1.395 were the major contributors to the variable costs.961.983 and seeds at P2. Rental value of owned land per hectare at P1.278 in native OPV corn farms. Hired labor was the leading variable cost item at P2.239.900 per hectare.358 and interest payment on crop loan at P1. Rental value of owned land accounted for the biggest fixed costs at P2.988 for native OPV corn. The biggest fixed cost items were rental value of owned land at P3. Fixed costs amounted to P1.151 per hectare. returns averaged P26.730 was the biggest fixed cost item.142 for modern OPV corn and P16.134 and inorganic fertilizers at P2.334 per hectare. This was followed by family labor at P2. The costs of labor at P7.079 per hectare comprised 83 percent of the total costs.40.118 for hybrid corn.23 for every peso of investment. • For yellow corn farms. Net returns of farmers producing hybrid corn amounted to P16. Deducting the cash expenses. Fixed costs at P6.

Inter-regional Comparisons • During the reference period. It was also high in Western Visayas and Central Visayas with about 55 mandays per hectare each. • The biggest usage of seeds in corn production was noted in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 20. • Corn production in Central Luzon (Tarlac) incurred the highest cost at P49.02 to 1.33 hectare. labor posted the biggest amount at P3.484. Fixed costs amounted to P1. CAR (Ifugao) posted the biggest at 1.487. It was also low in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at 3. On the other hand. This was followed by Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) with average yield at 5.143 and inorganic fertilizers at P2. The rental value of owned land was the biggest item at P1. The lowest fertilizer usage was reported in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 0.183 per hectare.76 kilograms. • Labor utilization in corn farming was biggest in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 56. corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) had the highest volume of produce averaged at 5.56 hectares. hired labor at P2. the remaining 16 percent of the total cost were fixed costs at P2.682 kilograms per hectare.38 kilograms and 19. High production costs were also reported in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Cagayan Valley at P47. The least seed usage was recorded in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 9.063.599 kilograms.31 kilogram per hectare.116 and P43.40 mandays per hectare.11 hectares. The lowest was in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 26.51 kilograms per hectare. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and ARMM also reported big quantities of corn seeds averaged at 19. • In native OPV corn farms.193.721 per hectare or 90 percent of the total costs. operator labor at P2.37 kilograms. Smallest corn area was recorded in Central Visayas at 0.115.68 kilograms per hectare and in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) at 414. low production levels were noted in Central Visayas at 897 kilograms. On the other hand.447 per hectare.248 per hectare.95 mandays per hectare.63 kilograms per hectare. respectively.415 per hectare. 21 . Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and ARMM ranged from 1. • Application rates of solid fertilizers (all types) in corn farming were highest in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 479. • In terms of area harvested to corn. variable costs amounted to P12. The leading variable costs items included family labor at P2.87 kilograms per hectare. Rental value of owned land at P822 was the major contributor. Area harvested in Cagayan Valley. Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at 634 kilograms and CALABARZON (Quezon) at 339 kilograms per hectare.

These were lowest in CALABARZON (Quezon) at P10. the survey covered only the province of Ifugao where the sample farms were all planted to yellow corn during the reference period. MIMAROPA (Palawan) and Eastern Visayas (Leyte) posted low net returns at P669 and P781 per hectare. Caraga (Agusan del Sur) registered the highest at 0. family labor was the leading expenditure item at P3. respectively.925 and P3. On the other hand.08. • Gross earnings of corn farmers were highest in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) and Central Luzon (Tarlac) at P69. the sample corn farmers incurred losses worth P2.704 per hectare. In CALABARZON (Quezon).909 per hectare.228 per hectare.623 followed by exchange labor which amounted to P1.39 and MIMAROPA (Palawan) at P10. respectively.55 and lowest in MIMAROPA (Palawan) at 0. respectively. • During the reference period.32.217 kilograms which amounted to P47.020 and in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at P20. yellow corn production averaged 4.034 per hectare or P7.524 per hectare. 8 percent were non-cash costs and 26 percent were imputed costs. Of the total costs. • In terms of net profit-cost ratio.67 and Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at P14. Those in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and CALABARZON (Quezon) recorded low gross returns corresponding to P8.43 for every peso invested in corn production.749. about 65 percent were cash costs. Farmgate price was P11.77. sample corn farmers in CALABARZON (Quezon) had a loss of about P0.879 per hectare.35 per 22 . The least production costs were observed in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at P8. CAR (Ifugao) Yellow Corn • In CAR.36 and lowest in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) at P7. • On a per kilogram basis.878 and hired labor at P4.144 per hectare and in CALABARZON (Quezon) at P6.136 and P69.996 per hectare.436 per hectare.489 per hectare were the biggest cash expense items. • Net earnings per hectare were highest in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) at P22. average production cost was highest in CALABARZON (Quezon) at P18.60 per kilogram. • Yellow corn production in Ifugao entailed an average cost of P32. For the imputed costs. Inorganic fertilizer at P7. Purchased seeds came next at P3. The prices received by corn farmers for their produce were highest in Central Visayas at P14. Meanwhile.04.

This comprised 94 percent of the total production costs. Fixed costs which amounted to P1.116 per hectare. respectively.773 and rental value of owned land at P1. The gross value of output was estimated at P69. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • About 87 percent of the total cost of production or P41. seeds and inorganic fertilizers were major variable costs at P8. Additionally. • On the average. seeds and family labor were also high at P3. corn farmers in Ifugao earned P15.846 per hectare and gained P0. the main expense items were interest on operating capital at P1.347 per hectare. • Average production was 5. returns to farmers were P24. Deducting non-cash outlays.42.942 per hectare.35 per kilogram during the reference period.348 per hectare followed by inorganic fertilizers and seeds at P9. Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) Yellow Corn • In Ilocos Region. Interest on operating capital valued at P952 per hectare comprised more than half of the fixed costs. the survey covered corn farmers in Pangasinan who were planting yellow corn during the reference period. hired labor accounted for the biggest cost at P12.348 was the biggest variable cost item.623.47.599 kilograms per hectare with a farmgate price of P12.283.020.366 and P8. For imputed costs.851 per hectare were 6 percent of the total cost.136 per hectare.49 for every peso invested in yellow corn production.182 per hectare. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • The variable costs incurred in producing yellow corn in Ifugao averaged P30. Per kilogram. Returns above cash costs were computed at P26.406. Net of all costs.723 and P3.075 were variable costs. Of this amount. kilogram. 15 percent were imputed costs and only 1 percent comprised the non-cash expenses.828 were the biggest variable expense items. respectively. Likewise.749 per hectare.916 and hired labor at P4. the cost of producing yellow corn in Pangasinan averaged P47. Inorganic fertilizer at P8. Net returns amounted to P22. Fixed costs at 13 percent of the production cost amounted to 23 . • Among cash expenses. Hired labor at P12. Returns above cash costs averaged P29.970 and P9. 84 percent were cash expenses.690 per hectare. The net profit-cost ratio was 0. respectively. the production cost of yellow corn was P8.

53 for white corn and P11. Cagayan Valley All Corn • During January to June cropping season.362 per hectare.462 per hectare while for yellow corn. 24 .462.704 kilograms.25.217 per hectare. these farmers gained P0.183 per hectare or equivalent to P9. Gross value of corn production amounted to P53.096 per hectare while returns above cash and non-cash costs were P19. the average cost of producing corn in Cagayan Valley was P43.000 per hectare each. • The average volume of corn production in the region was 4.22 for yellow corn.52 per kilogram.522 and accounted for 58 percent of total fixed costs. inorganic fertilizers and hired labor were the biggest cash cost items amounting to more than P8.705 per hectare. it was P43.041 per hectare. P6. By Farm Type • The average cost of producing white corn was P24. production costs were P9. white corn farmers grossed P27.217 per hectare. For every peso of investment in corn production.12 for white corn and 0.25 for yellow corn. 74 percent were cash outlays. On the average.22 per kilogram. This was P7. This was equivalent to P11. • Net returns of white corn farmers averaged P3.608 kilograms per hectare than in yellow corn farms at 4. Of the total costs. corn farmers in Cagayan Valley netted P10.856 less than the net receipts of yellow corn farmers at P10. • Average production in white corn farms was lower at 2. Per hectare. farmgate prices were P10.397 accounted for the bulk of the imputed costs.684 kilograms per hectare.000 per hectare. For non-cash costs.38 for white corn and P9. • Seeds. harvesters’ share contributed the biggest at P1.856 per hectare.964 per hectare. Per kilogram. Those who planted yellow corn received P54. Net profit-cost ratios were 0. Interest on operating capital and rental value of owned land amounted to P3.781 per hectare. 19 percent comprised the imputed costs and 7 percent were non-cash expenses. Rental value of owned land at P5. Returns above cash costs were P22. Per kilogram.53 for yellow corn.

• The average volume of yellow corn produced in Central Luzon (Tarlac) was 5.620 per hectare. these farmers sold their produce at P12. The combined cost of hired labor and operator labor at P9. Rental value of owned land at P6. Returns above cash costs averaged P32.67.996. • Variable expenses in yellow corn farms averaged P33. inorganic fertilizers and hired labor valued at more than P8. Of the total variable expenses. Central Luzon (Tarlac) Yellow Corn • The survey in Central Luzon covered corn farmers in Tarlac.682 kilograms per hectare worth P69.869 per hectare. After subtracting the non-cash costs.301 and inorganic fertilizers at P8. 54 percent were rental value of owned land at P5.Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable production costs averaged P33.900.640 accounted for 54 percent of the total variable expenses.654 accounted for the biggest share at 26 percent. The remaining 23 percent were fixed costs at P9. On the other hand. The biggest cash cost item at P11. respectively. • The average cost of production in yellow corn farms was P49. On the average. • In white corn farms. These farmers planted yellow corn during the January to June cropping cycle. operator labor at P4.143 per hectare.626 per hectare. farmers netted P20.462.836 while fixed costs amounted to P6.000 each comprised 24 to 26 percent of the total variable costs. Of this cost. returns averaged P31. variable costs of corn production averaged P17.248 per hectare. Rental value of owned land comprised 55 percent of the total fixed costs. On a per kilogram basis. Seeds.749 per hectare or P0.314 per hectare or 77 percent of all costs.32 per kilogram. Of this amount. Fixed costs figured to P9. seeds valued at P 8. 25 . Accounting for all costs. Only 1 percent was for non-cash expenditures.000 shared 91 percent of the total fixed costs.047 with shares of 25 percent and 24 percent. This was followed by hired labor at P8. average cost of production was computed at P8.42 for every peso of investment. cash expenses contributed 77 percent while imputed costs shared 22 percent.952 was hired labor.391 per hectare.206 per hectare was the leading imputed cost item.

532 were the major cost items with a combined share of 54 percent in the total fixed cost. • In producing white corn.704 per hectare. 26 . For every peso invested in corn production. returns settled at P529 per hectare only. Net of all costs. these farmers had a loss of P0. This was 88 percent of the total production cost. Fixed costs averaged P304 per hectare.43. Quezon farmers incurred an average cost of P6.524. Imputed costs shared 52 percent in the total production cost.924 or 95 percent of the total production cost.914 contributed 66 percent to the total variable cost.Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs of yellow corn production in Central Luzon (Tarlac) averaged P43. CALABARZON (Quezon) White Corn • The survey in CALABARZON covered mostly the marginal corn farmers in Quezon. Hired labor valued at P979 was the primary contributor to the cash cost. farmers incurred losses at P2.228 per hectare.39 per kilogram. Total labor cost at P3. Cash and non-cash expenses contributed 25 percent and 23 percent.968 per hectare. these farmers planted white corn which was intended for own consumption. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs of white corn production in Quezon averaged P5. Among fixed cost items. The leading imputed costs were operator labor at P1.059. • The average volume of white corn production was 339 kilograms per hectare which amounted to P3. Lease rental at P1.511 and family labor at P1. During the reference period. Returns above cash costs averaged P1. After deducting the non-cash costs of production. respectively. per kilogram. Hired labor was biggest variable cost which shared 28 percent in the variable cost.189 per hectare. Fixed costs at 12 percent amounted to P6.723 and interest on operating capital at P1. Meanwhile. Farmgate price was P10.36. rental value of owned land had the biggest cost at P123 per hectare.424. the average cost of white corn production in Quezon was P18.

During the reference period. • The average cost of producing corn in Palawan was P15. • White corn farmers had net returns averaged at P869 per hectare while yellow corn farmers netted P619.136.536 kilograms per hectare with corresponding gross earnings at P16.21 per kilogram. Net returns figured to P669 per hectare or equivalent to P0. Gross earnings were bigger in white corn farms averaged at P21.498 kilograms per hectare. Per kilogram. Of this amount.608 and inorganic fertilizer at P2.25 in white corn farms and P9.80 in yellow corn farms.77 per kilogram.731 per hectare than in yellow corn farms at P14.MIMAROPA (Palawan) All Corn • The survey covered the corn farmers in Palawan.600 per hectare than in yellow corn farms at P15.859 per hectare. On the average.34. returns averaged P5.04 for every peso of investment in corn production. • White corn farms recorded higher production at 1.692 kilograms per hectare compared to yellow corn farms at 1.883 per hectare. Yellow corn was priced at P10.552.04. Returns above cash costs averaged P7. By Farm Type • Average cost of production in white corn farm was higher at P20.882 per hectare.671 per hectare. Meanwhile. farmgate price was P10. The major cash cost items were hired labor at P3. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • The average variable costs of production in the MIMAROPA (Palawan) at P12. Deducting the non-cash costs of production. Price received by farmers for white corn was higher at P12. 27 . two (2) sample farms were planted to white corn while eight (8) farms were cultivated to yellow corn.094.024. cash expenses comprised 55 percent and non-cash costs shared 13 percent. the average costs were P12.77 per kilogram. Net profit-cost ratios for both farm types settled at 0. average cost of production was P10.694 per hectare shared 80 percent in the total production cost. Of the total imputed costs. On a per kilogram basis.291 per hectare. rental value of owned land was biggest at P2. About 33 percent were imputed costs. • Corn production per hectare averaged 1. Harvesters’ share was the leading non-cash cost at P1.

cash outlays were 53 percent.27 per kilogram. Bicol Region All Corn • Corn production in the region incurred an average cost of P12.38 for yellow corn.640. The biggest cost items were hired labor at P2.395 for imputed cost.98 for white corn and P9. Of the total production cost.727.136 and shared 17 percent. corn farmers had net returns of P9. non-cash cost shared 5 percent and imputed cost.069 per hectare.322 per hectare or equivalent to P10. In yellow corn farms. harvesters’ and sheller’s share at P2. The cost of repairs was the biggest variable cost at P4. On a per kilogram basis. the estimated gross value of production was P16. variable costs of producing white corn averaged P17.290.880. • During the reference period. Net earnings averaged P3. By Farm Type • Cost of producing white corn in Bicol Region averaged P9. Other big variable cost items included hired labor at P2. average cost of production was P17.091 per hectare.227 kilograms per hectare.32. 28 . fixed costs averaged P3.024. 42 percent. Of this amount.000 each per hectare. • Variable costs incurred in the production of yellow corn amounted to P11. After deducting cash and non-cash expenses. Correspondingly.400 with 25 percent share. Fixed cost at P3. • The volume of corn produced in Bicol Region averaged 1. About 43 percent of the total variable costs were the cost of labor at P5.206 per hectare. On the other hand.000 comprised the bulk of the fixed cost.189 per hectare. Returns above cash expenses averaged P9. landowner’s share at P389 for non-cash cost and family labor at P2. farmers gained P0.262 comprised mostly of rental value of owned land at P2.410 corresponding to 78 percent of the total cost. For every peso invested in corn production.831 or 86 percent of the production cost . Rental value of owned land at P2.030 per hectare.964 per hectare for cash cost.04 per kilogram.900 per hectare. Farmgate price of corn was P13. average costs were P10. Inorganic fertilizer followed at P2. Fixed costs averaged P2.454. the rental value of owned land accounted for the biggest fixed cost item at P2.969 per hectare. labor cost was P5.

• In yellow corn farms.108 per hectare and rental value of owned land accounted for more than half of this cost.964 made up 21 to 26 percent of the variable costs of production. The costs of family labor at P2. Of the total production cost. gross earnings amounted to P11.712 per hectare.315 per hectare.117 comprised 88 percent of the production cost.930 and it contributed 93 percent in the production cost. Hired labor and inorganic fertilizer were the leading cash cost items valued at P3.• White corn farms yielded an average production of 839 kilograms per hectare. Harvesters’ share at P2. For fixed costs.949 and inorganic fertilizers at P2.174. white corn farmers netted P2. This was lower than those received by yellow corn farmers at P5.21 per kilogram.34 while that in white corn farm was 0.319 and P3.089 per hectare.884 per hectare. 41 percent were non-cash costs and 22 percent were imputed costs. Fixed costs averaged P1. The price received by yellow corn farmers averaged P12. • Variable costs of producing white corn at P8. With farmgate price at P14. Family labor was the leading imputed cost at P2.918 per hectare. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs of corn production averaged P11. respectively. Net profit-cost ratio in yellow corn farm was computed at 0.952. variable outlays amounted to P15. Hired labor and inorganic fertilizers were the leading variable expenses at P5.471 per hectare. 29 .139 of which 50 percent were interest on operating capital. Per kilogram.450 per hectare. Production in yellow corn farms averaged 1. Western Visayas All Corn • In Western Visayas.30. The rest were fixed costs averaged P1. This was 91 percent of the total production cost. average cost of production was P9. the cost of producing corn averaged P24. respectively.172.819 kilograms per hectare worth P22.325 and P2. Family labor was the biggest variable cost at P2.213 per hectare.339 were the top contributors among the non-cash expenses. • Subtracting all costs.29. rental value of owned land shared the biggest amount at P757.395 and hired labor at P2. 37 percent were cash costs.61 per kilogram. Fixed costs averaged P1.

the costs were P12.971 per hectare shared 8 percent and rental value of owned land led at P644 per hectare. The cost of hired labor at P3.66 in yellow corn farms. With farmgate price at P12.257 per hectare.560 kilograms per hectare valued at P56.06 in white corn farms and P8.810 per hectare.253 per hectare.479 per hectare. Fixed costs at P1.016 or 89 percent of the total cost. White corn farmers netted P1.309 per hectare or equivalent to a gain of P0.44 for every peso of investment. Farmers gained P0. yellow corn production reached 4.602. Returns above cash and non-cash costs figured to P14.629 kilograms per hectare. Per kilogram. • Yellow corn farmers had higher net earnings of P17. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs which shared 92 percent of the total production cost amounted to P22.36 for every peso of investment in corn production. • White corn farms recorded an average variable production costs amounting to P10. Fixed costs amounted to P1.690 per hectare or 93 percent of the production cost.931 and seeds at P3. total value of production was P33. rental value of owned land shared the biggest at 51 percent.65 per kilogram. Other big variable cost items included hired labor at P3. Inorganic fertilizer was the major variable cost item at P4. The price received by farmers for white corn was higher at P13.776. 30 .014 comprised 30 percent of the total variable costs.242 per hectare.279 per hectare. variable costs averaged P36. • White corn farms produced an average of 935 kilograms per hectare worth P12. On the other hand.45 per kilogram. 22 percent or P8.777. • For yellow corn farms. Of the total variable costs. By Farm Type • Production costs in white corn farms averaged P11. Depreciation was the major fixed cost item at P951.48 per kilogram than for yellow corn at P12. This was P39.098 per hectare were spent for inorganic fertilizers.792 per hectare. Returns above cash costs averaged P24.• Corn production in the region averaged 2.068 per hectare. Net returns stood at P8. Among fixed cost items.263.323 per hectare translated to a gain of P0. Fixed costs averaged P2.467 per hectare in yellow corn farms.12 per peso invested in white corn farming.

Central Visayas

White Corn

• The sample farmers in Central Visayas solely planted white corn during the
reference period. The average cost of production in white corn farms was
P11,861 per hectare. Of this amount, cash costs accounted for 37 percent, non-
cash costs shared 22 percent and 41 percent were imputed costs. Among the
cash cost items, the leading were hired labor and inorganic fertilizer at P1,452
and P1,787 per hectare, respectively. Harvesters’ share was the biggest non-cash
cost item at P1,077. For the imputed costs, operator labor recorded the biggest
cost at P2,154 per hectare. Per kilogram, average cost of white corn production
was P13.22.

• White corn production in Central Visayas averaged 897 kilograms per hectare.
Producers’ price was P14.67 per kilogram. Farmers had gross earnings of
P13,160. Returns above cash costs averaged P8,744 per hectare . When cash and
non-cash costs were accounted, net returns settled at P6,195 per hectare. After
all costs were considered, farmers netted P1,299 per hectare. Farmers gained
P0.11 for every peso of investment in white corn production.

Variable and Fixed Costs of Production

• On the average, variable cost of white corn production was P10,867 and this
corresponded to 92 percent of the total production cost. The remainder
comprised the fixed costs at P994 per hectare. Operator labor was the biggest
variable cost item at P2,154 per hectare. This was followed by family labor and
hired labor at P1,920 and P1,691 per hectare, respectively. Inorganic fertilizer
was another big variable cost item at P1,793 per hectare. The rental value of
owned land at P286 and depreciation at P221 were the major fixed costs.

Eastern Visayas (Leyte)

White Corn

• The sample respondents in Eastern Visayas were located in the province of Leyte
and they planted white corn during the reference period.

• White corn farms in Leyte entailed an average production cost of P8,144 per
hectare or equivalent to P12.85 per kilogram. Of the total cost, imputed cost
posted the biggest share at 63 percent. The main expense items were operator
labor at P2,400 and family labor at P2,222. Together, these items accounted for
90 percent of the total imputed cost. Cash expenses comprised 21 percent and
31

non-cash cost shared 16 percent of the total cost. Among cash costs, hired labor
was the biggest cost outlay at P1,123 while landowner’s share was the major
non-cash cost item at P573 per hectare.

• In Leyte, farmers produced an average of 634 kilograms of white corn per
hectare and these were worth P8,925. Farmgate price stood at P14.08 per
kilogram. Returns above cash costs amounted to P7,190 per hectare. Returns
above cash and non-cash expenses amounted to P5,927 per hectare. Deducting
all costs, farmers netted P781 per hectare and earned about P0.10 for every peso
of investment in white corn production.

Variable and Fixed Costs of Production

• Average variable cost of production in the region was P7,652 or equivalent to 94
percent of the total production cost. The rest were fixed costs at P492 per
hectare. The combined operator and family labor comprised 60 percent of the
total variable cost. The major fixed cost item was rental value of owned land at
P266 per hectare.

Zamboanga Peninsula

All Corn

• On the average, the cost of producing corn in the region averaged P12,692 per
hectare. Of the total production cost, 44 percent were cash expenses, 13 percent
were non-cash costs and 43 percent were imputed costs. Inorganic fertilizers at
P2,085 per hectare topped among the cash costs. Harvesters’ share was the
leading non-cash cost item at P797 per hectare followed by landowner’s share at
P544 per hectare. The costs of operator labor at P1,921 per hectare and family
labor at P1,778 per hectare were the biggest imputed costs. On a per kilogram
basis, the cost of production averaged P10.01.

• The average volume of corn production per hectare in Zamboanga Peninsula was
1,268 kilograms. At an average producers’ price of P13.85 per kilogram, farmers
grossed P17,564 per hectare. After deducting cash costs, returns averaged
P11,964 per hectare. When both cash and non-cash costs were subtracted,
returns amounted to P10,357 per hectare. Net returns stood at P4,872 per
hectare. The net profit-cost ratio was 0.38.

By Farm Type

• Per hectare, production cost in white corn farms averaged P11,996 and that in
yellow corn farms, at P16,577. Per kilogram, the average production costs were
32

P12.23 for white corn and P5.78 for yellow corn.

• On the average, the region produced 981 kilograms of white corn per hectare.
Production of yellow corn was bigger at 2,869 kilograms per hectare. The
average prices received by farmers were P13.63 per kilogram for white corn and
P14.28 per kilogram for yellow corn. Farmers grossed P13,369 per hectare in
white corn farms. Gross earnings in yellow corn farms reached 40,955 per
hectare.

• Farmers had net returns of P1,374 per hectare in producing white corn. In
yellow corn farms, farmers netted P24,378 per hectare. The net profit-cost ratio
in white corn farms was 0.11. This was higher in yellow corn farms at 1.47.

Variable and Fixed Costs of Production

• Across all farm types, the variable costs incurred in corn production averaged
P10,729 or 85 percent of the total production cost. Fixed costs averaged P1,964
and shared 15 percent of the total cost. Inorganic fertilizer was the biggest
variable cost item at P2,085 per hectare while it was rental value of owned land
at P1,388 for fixed costs.

• In white corn farms, variable costs shared 85 percent. It amounted to P10,164
per hectare. The rest were fixed costs at P1,832 per hectare. Operator and family
labor at P2,165 and P2,021, respectively, accounted for a combined share of 41
percent of the total variable cost. Rental value of owned land at P1,306 was the
major fixed cost item with 71 percent share to total fixed cost.

• For yellow corn farms, average variable cost of production was P13,879. This
was 84 percent of the total production cost. Fixed cost of production averaged
P2,698. Hired labor was the biggest variable cost at P5,735. This was followed by
inorganic fertilizer at P3,188. The rental value of owned land stood the biggest
fixed cost at P1,842.

Northern Mindanao

All Corn

• The average cost of corn production in Northern Mindanao amounted to
P16,731 per hectare or equivalent to P10.57 per kilogram. Cash expenses had
the biggest share at 59 percent of the total cost. Non-cash costs accounted for 9
percent and imputed costs, 32 percent. Inorganic fertilizer paid in cash
comprised the biggest cash outlay at P4,178. Harvesters’ share topped in the list
of non-cash cost items and it amounted to P717 per hectare. Operator labor and
33

881 per hectare. Hired labor and seeds were the leading variable cost items at P7. • Net returns from white corn production averaged P2.54 per kilogram for yellow corn.696 per hectare in yellow corn farms.971 per hectare of which rental value of owned land at P766 was the biggest cost item. costs averaged P11. • In white corn farms.080 per hectare. It was 3.40 for every peso of investment.995 per hectare translated to a net profit-cost ratio of 0. Average producers’ price was pegged at P13.231. Gross returns amounted to P20.354. • The average volume of production of white corn was 1. Farmgate prices were P13.25 for yellow corn.787 kilograms per hectare for yellow corn. respectively.760 per hectare and it corresponded to 88 percent of the total production cost. There was a gain of P0. After accounting the non- cash cost of production.178 per hectare. Fixed costs averaged P1. it was P31. By Farm Type • The cost of producing white corn averaged P14.049 34 .20 for every peso invested in white corn farming.45 for white corn and P8. returns averaged P9.778.467 and P4. the average variable production cost was P13. This was 93 percent of the total cost. • The variable cost of production in yellow farms averaged P22. family labor were the leading imputed cost items valued at P1.24. Corn farmers netted P3. farmers had bigger net returns at P12. Fixed costs amounted to P1.726.902 per hectare.760 per hectare in white corn farms and P43. Gross returns were P17.298 kilograms per hectare.363 or 72 percent of the total cost.858 per hectare.582 kilograms.332 per hectare.868 per hectare. Inorganic fertilizer was the biggest variable cost item at P4.10 per kilogram. Returns above cash costs were P10. inorganic fertilizer comprised the biggest at P4.875 per hectare. Among the variable cost items.465 per hectare or P0. The remaining 28 percent were fixed cost at P8.69 per kilogram for white corn and P11. For yellow corn. On a per kilogram basis. In yellow corn farms. • Corn production per hectare averaged 1. Interest on operating capital was the major fixed cost item at P393. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • The variable costs incurred in producing corn in the region averaged P14.810 and P1. Rental value of owned land followed at P339 per hectare.

Accounting for both cash and non-cash costs. Fixed costs were P2. The biggest cost items were hired labor at P3. Non-cash expenses shared 4 percent while imputed costs.278 per hectare. On a per kilogram basis.608 per hectare.270 per hectare.716 per hectare and shared 19 percent. cash expenditures and imputed costs had the most shares at 48 percent and 46 percent. Davao Region White Corn • The survey in Davao Region covered the corn farmers planting white corn during the reference period. Non-cash costs contributed 6 percent.180. SOCCSKSARGEN All Corn • Farmers in SOCCSKSARGEN spent an average of P20. Of this amount. returns averaged P8. For non-cash costs.008 or an earning of P0. The bulk of the cash costs were hired labor at P4. returns were P9. About 13 percent were inorganic fertilizers amounting to P1. respectively. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • In Davao Region.14 for every peso invested in white corn production.480.780 per hectare in the production of corn.62.072 comprised the biggest portion of the fixed costs at 46 percent. 81 percent of the total production cost in white corn farms were variable costs which amounted to P11. • The average cost of white corn production in the region was P14.196 for cash cost and family labor at P2.934. Among fixed costs items. • The average yield of white corn in the region was 1. gross value of production was computed at P16. 28 percent.228 kilograms per hectare. operator and family labor at P7. At a farmgate price pegged at P13.907 per hectare and inorganic fertilizer 35 . per hectare. the average cost of production in white corn farms was computed at P11. Of the said amount. When cash costs were subtracted. cash outlays shared the biggest at 68 percent.475 per hectare. rental value of owned land had the biggest expense at P1. Net returns of white corn farmers settled at P2.554 per hectare. Majority or 62 percent of the variable costs comprised the combined costs of hired. harvesters’ share was the major expense item valued at P492 per hectare. respectively.25 per kilogram.245 for imputed cost. Rental value of owned land at P4.

071 per hectare. White corn farmers grossed P18. fixed costs amounted to P3. It was rental value of owned land at P2.781 per hectare or 81 percent of the total cost of production. Yellow corn farmers earned more at P39.90.340 kilograms. 36 . • On the average.577 for fixed costs. Yellow corn incurred higher production cost at P26. Returns above cash costs averaged P13.98 for yellow corn. production of white corn was 1.284 kilograms per hectare.813 per hectare. This was 78 percent of the total cost. farmers spent P11.932 per hectare at a farmgate price of P12. For every peso of investment.234 per hectare. hired labor shared the biggest at P3.34. Fixed costs at P3. Farmers sold white corn at a price of P12. the major contributors were rental value of owned land at P2.804 per hectare. average cost of producing corn was P9.81 per kilogram. For every kilogram of white corn produced.597 per hectare. Among imputed cost items.570 per hectare. Gross value of output was P27.16 while those who planted yellow corn earned P0.10. rental value of owned land contributed the most at P2. Meanwhile. • Corn production averaged 2.06.999 per hectare shared 19 percent of the total production cost. corn farmers earned P0. Those who cultivated yellow corn had higher net profit at P13.994 per hectare.638. The major variable cost items were hired labor and inorganic fertilizers with corresponding amount at P4.597 per hectare and family labor at P1.468 kilograms per hectare and that of yellow corn was 3. For fixed cost items. It was P7.907 per hectare and P4.595 or 22 percent of the total cost. Yellow corn was priced at P11.025 per hectare. For variable costs. • White corn farms recorded variable costs at an average of P12.191 per hectare.182 per hectare. • Net returns of farmers who planted white corn averaged P2.152 per hectare. Net returns of corn farmers settled at P7.726 per hectare. Returns above cash and non- cash costs amounted to P13. farmers who cultivated white corn netted P0.23 per kilogram. at P3.49.654 per hectare. Per kilogram. For every peso of investment.168. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • Variable costs of corn production in the region averaged P16. By Farm Type • The average cost of producing white corn was P16.

076 kilograms per hectare.826 for the imputed costs and harvesters’ share at P2. After deducting cash costs.883 per hectare and inorganic fertilizers at P3. returns figured to P20.134. Considering both cash and non-cash expenditures.67 in white corn farms.32 per kilogram.369 per hectare. Together. It was P6.791 kilograms of corn per hectare. Yellow corn production reached an average of 5. Yellow corn farms generated higher gross earnings at P55.619 per hectare.520.33 per kilogram.99 in yellow corn farms. Production cost per kilogram was P7. these two comprised 64 percent of the total cash expenditures.622 was also the leading fixed cost item.901 kilograms per hectare.118 per hectare.154.583 per hectare. the imputed costs comprised 25 percent and non-cash expenditures shared 21 percent to the production cost.371 per hectare. Among the cash outlays. Rental value of owned land at P2.• In yellow corn farms. expenditures were biggest for hired labor at P3. The bulk of the variable costs comprised the cost of hired labor at P7.626.55 for every peso of investment.77 per kilogram and P10. Price of white and yellow corn averaged P11. The average price received by farmers was P11. On the other hand. About half of the total production cost were cash costs. Caraga (Agusan del Sur) All Corn • In Caraga (Agusan del Sur). 37 .417 per hectare.433 per hectare or equivalent to P7. The major expenditure items were the costs of operator labor at P1. the region produced an average of 2. which was about 83 percent of the total cost. The remaining were fixed costs.193 per hectare or a gain of P0. respectively. • During the reference period. variable costs averaged P22. Gross earnings in white corn farms were lower at P22. the average cost of producing corn was P20. returns were computed at P16. By Farm Type • The average cost of producing yellow corn in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) was higher at P35. which amounted to P4.945 for the non-cash costs. Net receipts of corn farmers in Caraga stood at P11. Gross value of production was P31.466 per hectare than producing white corn at P14. • Production of white corn in the region averaged 1.92 per kilogram.

662.589 was leading among the non-cash costs. farmers realized returns at P14. The biggest variable cost item was labor at P7.472 which was 92 percent of the total production cost.279 followed by harvesters’ share at P5.950 per hectare. Per kilogram. 38 . the cost of corn production in the region was P16.118 and P2. hired labor was the major expense item at P1.512 per hectare. Net returns of corn farmers settled at P6. Fixed costs averaged P7. cost of producing corn averaged P8.000 comprised the bulk of the fixed costs. After accounting for non-cash outlays. inorganic fertilizers.41. • White corn farms entailed an average variable cost of P13. • Volume of corn production in the region averaged 1. Net profit-cost ratio was 0. Farmgate price was P12.56 for yellow corn farms. Returns above cash costs were estimated at P17.439 per hectare or 85 percent of the total production cost. Rental value of owned land contributed the biggest fixed costs at P924 per hectare. Of this amount.111.980.70. For cash costs.582 per hectare. The net profit-cost ratios were 0.993 per hectare shared 15 percent. respectively. On the other hand. Yellow corn farmers had higher net profit at P19.844 per hectare. ARMM All Corn • On the average. The cost of harvesters’ share at P1.200 and rental value of owned land at P3. hired and operator labor shared the biggest with more than P2. Fixed costs at P2.• Net returns of white corn farmers averaged P7.000 each per hectare. • Variable costs in yellow corn farms reached P27. Other big variable cost items included inorganic fertilizers and harvesters’ share at P3. The imputed cost of unpaid labor contributed the biggest at P6.356 per hectare.53 for white corn farms and 0.786 per hectare.007. This was followed by inorganic fertilizers amounting to P1.178 per hectare. interest payment on crop loan at P3. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • The average variable costs of production was P17.30 per kilogram.831 and shared 22 percent. 48 percent went to imputed costs and 35 percent were cash costs and 17 percent.587.851 per hectare. Fixed costs averaged P1. non-cash expenditures. Hired labor posted the biggest variable cost at P7.899 kilograms valued at P23.945 per hectare. Depreciation was the leading fixed cost item at P658 per hectare. Of this amount.635 per hectare or about 78 percent of the total production cost. harvesters’ share.

Meanwhile. It was higher for yellow corn at 2.22. Other Information (Tables 51-66) Disposition of Produce • Nationwide.560 and P3.865 and operator labor at P2.779 kilograms per hectare.09 in yellow corn farms. variable costs of production in the region figured to P15.146 per hectare.32 for yellow corn. white corn farmers gained P0. rental value of owned land was the leading fixed cost item at P807 per hectare. the gross returns were P22. while harvesters’ and 39 . variable costs averaged P13. The quantity of corn consumed at home accounted for 9. Per kilogram. respectively. Yellow corn farmers had net receipts at P6.299 comprised bigger part of the variable costs.44 in white corn farms and P10.305. By Farm Type • The cost of producing white corn averaged P15. On the average.184 per hectare. • Farmers netted P6.016 per hectare or 91 percent of total production cost.241 per hectare in yellow corn farms.310 per hectare. About 9 percent were fixed cost which amounted to P1.119 shared 11 percent. Variable and Fixed Costs of Production • On the average.057 per hectare.41 percent.745 per hectare. It was higher for yellow corn at P28. Farmgate prices per kilogram ranged from P12. The biggest variable cost item was hired labor at P4. followed by family and exchange labor at P3. Labor (all types) was the major variable cost item at P8.68 percent of corn production were sold. Family labor at P2.587 per hectare. Fixed cost at P3.068 per hectare in white corn farms and P34. 81. F. Fixed costs at P1. On the other hand.087. • Producing yellow corn entailed an average variable cost of P24.497 per hectare comprised 9 percent.922 per hectare in producing white corn. • The volume of production of white corn averaged P1.795 kilograms per hectare. the bulk or 67 percent of the fixed cost were contributed by the rental value of owned land amounting to P2.938 or about 89 percent of the total production cost. • In white corn farms.30 for white corn to P12. average production costs were P8.841 or equivalent to 91 percent of the total cost. For every peso of investment.46 while yellow corn farmers earned P0.

There were 33. used for seeds or feeds. all the corn produced in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan) were sold.58 percent pointed out the increase in area.13 percent reported lower production this year while 28. land lease/rental. • Among the corn farmers who had higher volume of production this year. 99. respectively. good weather condition was the reason given by 85 percent of corn farmers in Western Visayas for higher production this year.38 percent. Few at 8. This was followed by Central Visayas at 62.07 percent and 69.27 percent.18 percent and 1. all corn farmers cited lower production this year. and those that were stolen shared less than 1 percent each.61 percent. Other types of disposition such as sheller’s share. Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and ARMM at 60. respectively. Some 29.97 percent. given away. • By region. 40 . In ARMM.53 percent were marketed. paid to creditors.33 percent each in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and Caraga (Agusan del Sur) reasoned out the lesser occurrence of pests and diseases while 25 percent in CAR (Ifugao) stated area expansion. Harvesters’ and landowner’s shares also accounted for higher proportions in CALABARZON (Quezon) at 13. use of adequate fertilizer was stressed by 73. 59. respectively.51 percent and Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at 43. In Central Luzon (Tarlac). The said region had the biggest proportion for home consumption at 66.97 percent mentioned higher production this year. Higher proportion of volume marketed was also reported in Cagayan Valley at 92. Those who said higher production this year had bigger proportions in Central Visayas and Caraga (Agusan del Sur) at around 42 percent each.57 percent.77 percent mentioned the lesser occurrence of pests and diseases while 6. In CALABARZON (Quezon). Production Compared with Last Year • When asked on the level of corn production this reference period compared with last year.33 percent.36 percent mentioned good quality of seeds that contributed to the higher corn production. the proportions of corn farmers who stated the same production level were highest in Bicol Region. Zamboanga Peninsula at 46. The least proportion was noted in Central Visayas at 13.98 percent.45 percent reported favorable weather condition as the main reason. There were 29. • At the regional level.86 percent who cited the use of adequate fertilizer and about 18.39 percent.14 percent of corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) reported that the high production this year was caused by the use of good quality of seeds. 62. wastage. CALABARZON (Quezon) had no reported volume of corn produced that was sold. landowner’s shares comprised 3. other laborers’ share. • At the regional level. there were 40 percent of the sample corn farmers who stated that they have same level of production.31 percent. 57.43 percent.29 percent and 10. Meanwhile.

Likewise.58 percent in SOCCSKSARGEN.19 percent of corn farmers. Lack of capital and bad weather/calamities were reported by 39. • Those who reported problem on the high costs of inputs was biggest in Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 94. The incidence of pests and diseases was mentioned by 60 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan) and 50 percent in Eastern Visayas (Leyte). 72. • By region.• Of those who had lower production this year.03 percent in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and 27.42 percent of the corn farmers.96 percent in CAR (Ifugao) and 54. There were 7. wholesaler and wholesaler-retailer were the major buyers of corn produce as reported by 45. Other main reasons were occurrence of pests and diseases as stated by 20. bad weather condition was the foremost reason for lower production as indicated by 80 to 92 percent of the corn farmers in Caraga (Agusan del Sur).44 percent.07 percent and decrease in area planted to corn by 11. majority or 60.27 percent in CALABARZON (Quezon) who cited poor soil condition as their problems affecting production. Central Visayas. There were 31. Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and CAR (Ifugao).19 percent of farmers in CAR (Ifugao) and 75. Rough road and inadequate transport facilities were the complaints of 31.76 percent of the corn farmers cited bad weather condition. majority or 85.61 percent in Cagayan Valley sold corn to wholesalers.16 percent.83 percent.21 percent and 36.41 percent of corn farmers in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) encountered problem on the occurrence of pests and diseases during the reference period. respectively. Lack of capital was noted by 62. The incidence of pests and diseases was the main problem on production mentioned by 26.29 percent in Caraga (Agusan del Sur).73 percent of corn farmers in MIMAROPA (Palawan). Selling to assemblers and consumers was cited by 3 percent.70 percent and 38. Major Buyers of Produce • Nationwide.88 percent who transacted with agents. ARMM. poor soil condition and inadequate supply of water/ irrigation problem. Other problems cited were rough or poor road/inadequate transport facilities. respectively. Bad weather condition was a major constraint of 60 to 72. • Across the regions.72 percent. Problems Related to Production • High cost of inputs was the major production problem encountered by 45. Only less than 1 percent sold their produce to cooperatives and processors. CALABARZON (Quezon). Farmers who transacted 41 . inadequate water supply by 19. Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and CALABARZON (Quezon). There were 40 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac) and 33.87 percent of corn farmers in the country.33 percent in SOCCSKSARGEN whose reason was inadequate water supply.

71 percent of corn farmers in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and 12.30 percent in CAR (Ifugao) who reported problem on unstable prices. • Private individuals were the major sources of loans among 87. ARMM and Central Luzon (Tarlac) ranging from 66. 42 . with wholesaler-retailers was biggest in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) at 72.78 percent. Some 4. low price of produce was the main marketing problem among 44.52 percent mentioned the lack of marketing information and 3. Some 4.45 percent in ARMM.87 percent. 12. Problems Related to Marketing • At the national level. Consumer as the major buyer was noted mostly by 37.67 percent to 77. • All farmer-borrowers in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan). Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and ARMM sourced their loans from private individuals. • The biggest proportions of corn farmers who reported problem on low price of produce were noted in CAR (Ifugao). NGOs. There was no reported availment of loans in CALABARZON (Quezon) and Western Visayas.44 percent of farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac). Some 25.14 percent who sold corn to cooperatives. there were 7. Cagayan Valley. Rough roads/high transport costs were the constraints of 39. respectively. 27. Eastern Visayas (Leyte). Selling corn to wholesaler-retailers was also the practice of 50 to 57 percent of the corn farmers in Davao Region.52 percent obtained loans from micro-financing. Cagayan Valley at 52.50 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan).73 percent. half of the farmer-borrowers got loans from cooperatives. Rough road/high transport costs were the concerns of 15. Transaction between corn farmers and agents were mentioned by 44. There were 96. SOCCSKSARGEN.42 percent and Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 44. SOCCSKSARGEN.30 percent of corn farmers availed loans for corn production. Meanwhile.73 percent. 23.57 percent cited limited buyer/market outlets.21 percent of the corn farmers.26 percent.29 percent. At the regional level.19 percent in SOCCSKSARGEN. Borrowings from cooperatives and banks were cited by 7. In Western Visayas. Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and ARMM.07 percent of corn farmers in Davao Region.44 percent.10 percent of corn farmers in the country. banks were the major source of loans among 16.67 percent of the farmer-borrowers in Bicol Region. Problem on unstable price was reported by 38.28 percent in SOCCSKSARGEN also availed loans for corn production purposes. MIMAROPA (Palawan).03 percent in Northern Mindanao and 22.10 percent and 1. farmer’s association and Quedancor. the percentages of farmer-borrowers were higher in CAR (Ifugao) at 59. Access to Credit • Nationwide. In CAR (Ifugao).

about 77. Specifically.Access to Government Programs/Interventions • Awareness of government programs/interventions related to corn production was cited by 66. CALABARZON (Quezon). 71. • Seeds and post-harvest facilities were other benefits received by 30.94 percent. about 12. Farm Practices Affected by Climate Change • At the national level. All farmer- beneficiaries in CAR (Ifugao).38 percent of corn farmers who believed that their farming practices were affected by climate change. all farmer-beneficiaries were recipients of training on farming technology. In Central Luzon (Tarlac). 41.86 percent of them availed of benefits. At the regional level.22 percent and Zamboanga Peninsula at 18. Central Luzon (Tarlac) at 22. there were 67.75 percent of corn farmers nationwide. In Cagayan Valley.86 percent and 28. MIMAROPA (Palawan).52 percent. Very few at 1. • Among the corn farmers who received benefits from government programs/ interventions. • Of those corn farmers who benefitted from government programs/ interventions. The proportions of these farmer-beneficiaries were biggest in Cagayan Valley at 39.02 percent availed of benefits in ARMM. CAR (Ifugao) indicated the biggest proportion of farmers who were aware of the government programs/interventions at 92. 61. Farmers who had benefitted from fertilizers and other inputs were 25 percent in Bicol Region and 20 percent in Ilocos Region (Pangasinan). Caraga (Agusan del Sur) and ARMM were recipients of seeds. Eastern Visayas (Leyte).73 percent reported that the benefits they received helped increase their income from corn farming. • Of the corn farmers who were aware of government programs/interventions. Central Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN and lesser in Central Luzon (Tarlac) as cited by 11. Of this group. and Western Visayas.63 percent. all corn farmer- beneficiaries in MIMAROPA (Palawan).40 percent of the farmer-beneficiaries.11 percent.59 percent while it was smallest in ARMM at 31. Western Visayas. This belief was also highly noted among 80 to 89 percent in CAR (Ifugao).16 percent of them said that they used the benefits. and ARMM used the benefits they received and they claimed that the benefits helped in increasing their income from corn farming. MIMAROPA (Palawan). respectively. this was reported by all farmers in CALABARZON (Quezon).36 percent were beneficiaries of training on farming technology.43 percent of the farmer-beneficiaries were provided with post-harvest facilities. 43 .

Those 44 .66 percent. • Among the farmer-members. Change in cropping pattern was mostly mentioned by 67. decrease in yield was reported by 64. Likewise. Increase in input usage was identified by 29 percent each in Cagayan Valley and Ilocos Region (Pangasinan). financial assistance was given to all the farmer-members in ARMM. Some 11.67 percent wanted to maintain their current farming operations. all farmer-members in Caraga (Agusan del Sur) were provided with financial/credit support and input support from farmers’ organization. 45. This was 20 to 22 percent in CAR (Ifugao).81 percent and ARMM at 1. The least membership was recorded in Cagayan Valley at 0. about 42 percent of corn farmers each in ARMM and Bicol Region cited that climate change caused the decrease in number of croppings.76 percent in ARMM. • All farmer-members of the organizations in CAR (Ifugao). more than half of the corn farmers planned to maintain their existing corn farm operations. MIMAROPA (Palawan) and Zamboanga Peninsula.57 percent in Western Visayas. Some 24. Plans of Corn Farmers • When asked on the plans of corn farmers. 65. A few at 1.80 percent in ARMM.02 percent.49 percent.11 percent received financial/credit support from the organization.84 percent had plans of expansion.33 percent who were members of farmers’ organization.08 percent availed of training/seminars.45 percent in Eastern Visayas (Leyte) and 42.86 percent in Central Visayas.06 percent desired to stop corn farming. Cagayan Valley and ARMM were recipients of training/seminars.98 percent. Those who were provided with marketing support were 31. Central Luzon (Tarlac) recorded the highest percentage of corn farmers at 33. decrease in number of cropping by 21. respectively. Meanwhile. This plan was dominant among 92. Likewise. change in cropping pattern by 34.52 percent of the farmer-members. Membership in Organization and Type of Benefits Received • Only 10 percent of corn farmers nationwide were members of farmers’ organization.82 percent in Davao Region and 28. • The decrease in yield was reported by all corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac) and CALABARZON (Quezon). • In all regions. about 71.32 percent and 9.• As to the perceived effect of climate change.43 percent planned to shift to other crops and 2. Those who availed of input support and marketing support were 10.42 percent of the corn farmers in Zamboanga Peninsula and 87.91 percent and increase in input usage by 12.

Establishment of infrastructure facilities was suggested by 30 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan). 45 . provision of financial support was recommended by 68.94 percent.55 percent proposed the conduct of soil testing/analysis while 81. there were 10 percent who opted to shift to other crops and another 10 percent planned to stop the corn farm operations. infrastructure facilities.04 percent in CAR (Ifugao). Price support and regulation of prices of farm inputs were recommended by all corn farmers in Central Luzon (Tarlac). who had plans for expansion of corn operation was highest in Davao Region at 44. • The proportion of corn farmers suggesting financial support ranged from 30 percent in MIMAROPA (Palawan) to 96. In Bicol Region. in CALABARZON (Quezon).33 percent in Central Luzon (Tarlac) who mentioned improvement of irrigation services.44 percent. about 54. Addressing environmental concern was cited by 37.82 percent recommended the development of new or modern farming technologies to further improve corn production. Meanwhile. About 4 to 5 percent mentioned addressing environmental concerns. implementing land reform and improving irrigation services. Soil testing analysis was mentioned by 12.89 percent. Price support was suggested by 56.37 percent.30 percent in CAR (Ifugao). Some 20.32 percent recommended provision of new or modern farming technologies and 14. There were 33. Recommendation to Further Improve Corn Production • To further improve corn farming operation.17 percent of corn farmers nationwide.35 percent while regulation on price of farm inputs was cited by 43.

STATISTICAL TABLES .

02 Caraga 91.14 ARMM 47 5.39 21.22 22.September 2013 Region Male Female PHILIPPINES 92.60 61 .57 ARMM 97.55 5. Percentage distribution of corn farmers by sex and by region.86 17.September 2013 Average Age Age Group Region (years) < 31 31 .91 9.58 33.43 8.35 28.67 50.96 13.73 30.22 Cagayan Valley 95. Table 1.01 Average age and percentage distribution of corn farmers by age group and by region.78 7.90 Zamboanga Peninsula 53 1.48 37.84 29.22 16.98 7.03 Central Luzon 100.55 10.78 15.15 14.39 34.11 37.40 20.85 21.16 10.00 Bicol Region 55 12.02 1.41 18.88 33. Philippines.92 34.69 34.02 47 .50 51 .32 17.74 36.04 10.96 Western Visayas 53 1.03 8.55 3.97 4.27 36.53 40.89 4.78 35.04 25.09 MIMAROPA 53 20.40 14.45 Davao Region 91.60 10.87 Cagayan Valley 51 3.19 14.75 10.39 8.00 30.00 11.11 Western Visayas 90.22 CAR 85.35 29. January .85 14.37 38.04 Table 2.52 Ilocos Region 53 17.00 MIMAROPA 90.91 9.25 20.00 30.36 9.81 29.21 21.21 6.48 6.33 21.33 10.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 90.87 9.82 Northern Mindanao 53 8.00 20.81 Ilocos Region 84.26 Central Visayas 89.61 SOCCSKSARGEN 92.09 Northern Mindanao 94.10 18.29 9.51 13.00 Bicol Region 95. January .74 9.08 19.52 14.40 41 .27 27.28 6.23 19.86 8.95 12.67 22.77 27.14 17.68 Central Luzon 53 22.11 5.67 CALABARZON 48 27.57 5.71 1.37 CAR 54 11.48 19.70 Davao Region 51 1.56 Central Visayas 57 1.71 30.00 CALABARZON 100.81 16.70 > 70 (in percent) PHILIPPINES 53 1.08 Eastern Visayas 58 3.40 Eastern Visayas 96. Philippines.00 10.30 SOCCSKSARGEN 51 1.43 22.93 7.14 Caraga 55 2.96 2.57 31.45 20.48 34.22 16.

37 46.75 ARMM 47 5.08 Central Luzon 53 22.67 15.00 Central Visayas 65 11.22 11.00 60.50 50.12 Central Visayas 56 1.69 15.September 2013 Average Age Age Group Region (years) < 31 31 .26 14.69 12.00 11.35 SOCCSKSARGEN 51 0.38 31.29 28.71 3.78 26.83 Northern Mindanao 52 8.00 12.70 > 70 (in percent) PHILIPPINES 57 2.50 12.00 48 .54 13.60 61 .44 Eastern Visayas 74 100.57 Zamboanga Peninsula 52 1.77 15.36 19.70 34.67 CALABARZON 48 27.33 33.20 6.40 27.83 5.71 35.94 30.33 33.33 33.88 28.33 33.67 20.29 11.48 30.22 22.29 42.58 34.43 Western Visayas 53 2.67 Northern Mindanao 66 11.27 27.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 57 100.32 18.11 55.09 MIMAROPA 52 22.86 Cagayan Valley 49 20.22 16.27 36.22 22.67 22.60 61 .11 22.33 16.61 21.71 16.97 39.57 29.26 5.05 Davao Region 51 0.72 18.Table 2.22 22.57 14.20 8.90 7.13 9.11 22.36 9.00 20.57 21.38 30.33 ARMM 52 100.51 41.00 35.38 15. Philippines.94 8.09 8. Philippines.38 SOCCSKSARGEN 53 12.86 34.00 Bicol Region 52 33.41 9.70 21.22 44. January .22 22.29 20.74 Ilocos Region 53 17.36 12.September 2013 Average Age Age Group Region (years) < 31 31 .56 Davao Region 52 7.12 34.43 35.50 51 .02 Average age and percentage distribution of male corn farmers by age group and by region.49 4.00 20.33 Bicol Region 55 11.00 Ilocos Region 54 14.88 15.43 22.68 20.10 33.63 18.03 Average age and percentage distribution of female corn farmers by age group and by region.33 Western Visayas 57 80.40 41 .38 43.33 28.06 28.11 31.00 16.94 10.00 25.04 1.38 15.82 Cagayan Valley 51 3.79 20.04 Table 2.66 Caraga 55 3.94 10.75 39.50 Caraga 58 33.03 7.38 1.95 20.00 50.50 51 .21 18.22 33.50 12. January .47 CAR 55 8.57 18.40 41 .00 21.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 58 8.45 14.24 10.97 10.33 33.67 25.22 16.13 Eastern Visayas 58 3.88 CAR 46 25.33 18.04 16.70 > 70 (in percent) PHILIPPINES 52 1.25 21.

81 Central Luzon 16. Philippines.18 MIMAROPA 10.27 17.17 3.82 9.99 0.52 Cagayan Valley 6.52 32.00 Bicol Region 1. No Formal Region Vocational Graduate Graduate Schooling PHILIPPINES 3.85 Central Visayas 1.39 Caraga 34.30 14.45 13.01 Concluded College Post.78 13.16 1.62 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.85 1.06 Davao Region 43.27 54.28 9.00 32.18 4.49 0.35 6.61 2.56 1.65 SOCCSKSARGEN 34.02 8.67 1.74 Western Visayas 7.04 18.04 Cagayan Valley 25.00 10.85 20.37 1.35 1.57 2.52 1.00 10.87 14.00 10.18 9.September 2013 Elementary Elementary High School High School College Region Level Graduate Level Graduate Level PHILIPPINES 42.37 2.88 Caraga 5.79 Zamboanga Peninsula 54.70 CAR 18.09 6.00 40.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 20.11 27.86 ARMM 59.29 14.36 18.73 4.32 SOCCSKSARGEN 8.71 13.70 19.41 Ilocos Region 6.48 20.52 Ilocos Region 4.55 19.67 5.66 1.07 12.43 3.33 CAR 37.55 18.21 28.02 Table 3.55 Northern Mindanao 1.65 4.81 1.16 49 .29 34.45 0.26 10.Table 3.29 8.34 25.66 13.73 Eastern Visayas 55.52 4.17 34.57 15.23 Central Luzon 11.11 7.59 3.71 ARMM 1.25 24.11 22.21 1.82 Davao Region 1.52 Northern Mindanao 47.78 5.81 0.97 3.11 2.27 16.41 7.01 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by educational attainment and by region.22 11.00 Bicol Region 34.47 8.56 CALABARZON 27.11 Western Visayas 46.94 10.17 27.52 11.41 5.70 6. January .05 19.77 1.75 0.89 2.18 13.85 Central Visayas 54.38 22.

30 21.29 4.17 0.65 CAR 17.90 SOCCSKSARGEN 36.49 4.57 14.00 2.24 11.28 1.50 9.13 ARMM 58.54 17.56 35.37 32.27 54.94 3.September 2013 Elementary Elementary High School High School College Region Level Graduate Level Graduate Level PHILIPPINES 43.82 Cagayan Valley 24.43 2.94 12.41 Davao Region 41.17 7.25 ARMM 1.17 Northern Mindanao 1.13 17.08 21.71 1.11 Bicol Region 1.84 Central Luzon 16.34 CAR 39.17 1.70 Ilocos Region 5.88 0.72 1.83 19.67 1.13 35.08 2.25 15.90 12.18 MIMAROPA 11.77 10.39 13.33 Bicol Region 32.11 22.22 11.17 0.00 3.56 CALABARZON 27.79 27.74 19.84 0.13 Cagayan Valley 5. January .71 14.50 31.11 27.01 14.83 Northern Mindanao 48.25 0.23 9.45 2.45 SOCCSKSARGEN 7.36 Central Luzon 11.72 Caraga 37.56 5.02 Concluded College Post.90 2.26 8.11 33.97 6.94 Caraga 6. Philippines.11 22. No Formal Region Vocational Graduate Graduate Schooling PHILIPPINES 3.89 0.78 5.04 4.11 11.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 22.36 12.14 25.94 Eastern Visayas 57.04 Central Visayas 1.03 2.35 8.86 Western Visayas 8.29 Zamboanga Peninsula 55.63 6.04 Central Visayas 58.04 22.39 Ilocos Region 2.33 50 .86 25.29 20.28 Davao Region 2.86 Western Visayas 46.16 4.94 2.04 8.02 Percentage distribution of male corn farmers by educational attainment and by region.22 11.11 11.33 13.25 3.24 2.49 15.55 18.85 3.08 14.12 13.Table 3.03 1.55 1.09 3.23 8.67 4.52 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.04 Table 3.67 5.06 21.

56 Eastern Visayas 100.29 28.56 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 8.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 41.97 31.56 5.69 15.67 25.22 55.00 Central Visayas 22.33 Western Visayas 40.20 3.57 14.50 12.00 40.00 16.33 ARMM 100.00 25.49 14.29 3.38 15.67 8.67 33.33 Northern Mindanao 33.00 Caraga 66.29 Cagayan Valley 40.00 Table 3.56 5.56 5.Table 3.00 Ilocos Region 14.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 100.00 20.30 CAR 25.29 Cagayan Valley 20.00 20. January . Philippines.11 Davao Region 61.03 Concluded College No Formal Region Vocational Graduate Schooling PHILIPPINES 6.29 14.33 Northern Mindanao 11.29 14.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 20.38 SOCCSKSARGEN 37.00 Central Visayas 5.59 2.33 44.67 33.00 Ilocos Region 14.00 Bicol Region 66.00 25.September 2013 Elementary Elementary High School High School College Region Level Graduate Level Graduate Level PHILIPPINES 32.11 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 25.54 7.87 5.50 25.30 CAR 25.44 11.00 Caraga ARMM 51 .03 Percentage distribution of female corn farmers by educational attainment and by region.

37 22.52 Central Visayas 25 18.82 22.13 23.56 CALABARZON 22 18.48 36.02 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of male corn farmers by number of years engaged in corn farming and by region.29 21.22 50.85 Central Luzon 18 22.06 Davao Region 20 24.September 2013 Average Farming Years Engaged in Corn Farming Region Experience (years) < 11 11 .00 34.28 33.93 29.00 26.30 > 30 PHILIPPINES 23 17.26 29.93 25.18 MIMAROPA 16 20.14 22.20 21 . January .94 31.96 24.00 Bicol Region 24 15.13 24.57 25.27 18.80 23.01 31.92 SOCCSKSARGEN 24 13.24 CAR 31 21.93 44.64 39.14 CAR 30 3.00 60.20 21 .92 Western Visayas 21 25.00 22. January .32 SOCCSKSARGEN 24 12.36 27.69 Zamboanga Peninsula 25 18.29 52 .91 12.73 26.67 Northern Mindanao 25 7.38 ARMM 18 28.29 25.82 32.63 18.00 10.86 Western Visayas 21 26.97 Eastern Visayas 25 7.50 25.44 Ilocos Region 21 19.37 Central Visayas 25 18.36 Davao Region 19 24.52 Northern Mindanao 26 8.38 20.50 11.96 7.21 Eastern Visayas 25 6.11 Bicol Region 25 14.83 25.13 23.27 18.September 2013 Average Farming Years Engaged in Corn Farming Region Experience (years) < 11 11 .71 37.22 50.00 22.56 CALABARZON 22 18.70 25.53 28.11 11.38 38.90 31.25 33.14 32.09 52.99 21.45 27.93 25.16 29.07 24.42 20.46 25.03 36.14 Table 4.09 26.57 39.56 Caraga 27 11.52 30.22 55.86 31.97 Central Luzon 18 22.94 32.50 39.17 Ilocos Region 22 15.47 7.45 24.18 36.21 21.71 34.29 ARMM 17 29.59 39.46 24.50 30.64 20.06 26.11 27. Philippines.39 Cagayan Valley 23 20.03 41.00 10.57 18.36 29.30 > 30 PHILIPPINES 23 17.43 24.82 30.56 11.07 26.53 Caraga 27 9. Philippines.63 23.53 26.91 17.38 31.51 Cagayan Valley 23 21.36 27.14 22.69 37.Table 4.18 MIMAROPA 17 22.93 25.14 39.13 40.78 27.43 28.22 5.22 5.18 36.16 31.01 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of corn farmers by number of years engaged in corn farming and by region.25 25.74 26.43 Zamboanga Peninsula 25 17.

70 1. Workers and Region Corporate Executives.76 0.57 24. January .56 Davao Region 21 23.77 7.22 11.33 33.29 Cagayan Valley 26 20.00 20.33 41.85 1.September 2013 Average Farming Years Engaged in Corn Farming Region Experience (years) < 11 11 .00 Caraga 25 33.11 Western Visayas 3.48 0.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 12 100.86 42.01 Percentage distribution of corn farmers by main occupation and by region.18 20.00 25.00 Bicol Region 4.08 38.03 Average farming experience and percentage distribution of female corn farmers by number of years engaged in corn farming and by region.50 12.16 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 2. January . Managers Professionals Shop and Managing Proprietors and Market Sales Supervisors Workers PHILIPPINES 1.37 28.71 CAR 3.22 16.00 20.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 10.11 55.00 37.21 0.33 33.33 ARMM 10 100.59 0.76 Northern Mindanao 1. Philippines.69 SOCCSKSARGEN 20 25.86 14.30 > 30 PHILIPPINES 22 26.67 27.00 Bicol Region 19 33.Table 4.September 2013 Officials of the Government and Service Special Interest Organizations.00 Central Visayas 24 22.78 33.16 1.46 30.33 Eastern Visayas 25 100.33 33.81 Central Luzon 5.33 33.85 Central Visayas 1.20 21 .65 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.86 ARMM 53 .00 Zamboanga Peninsula 22 33.11 11.00 50.35 Cagayan Valley 0.00 40.00 80. Philippines.00 Table 5.00 Northern Mindanao 33 22.75 Caraga 2.70 Ilocos Region 4.67 25.61 Davao Region 2.50 25.27 0.00 Ilocos Region 14 42.33 Western Visayas 22 20.00 20.88 CAR 19 25.88 1.

56 14. Forestry Workers and Fishermen: Region Field Crop Orchard Livestock and Poultry Fishermen Farmers Farmers Farmers PHILIPPINES 80.18 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 4.11 CAR 96.43 0.85 1.05 0.29 0.85 Central Visayas 80.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 92.73 1.31 Eastern Visayas 48.04 54 .00 Bicol Region 90.35 1.66 2.Table 5.58 7.65 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.82 MIMAROPA 40.72 Zamboanga Peninsula 58.81 Central Luzon CALABARZON 18.30 Cagayan Valley 96.30 Ilocos Region 91.77 Central Luzon 94.81 0.11 Western Visayas 5.57 0.24 1.03 Northern Mindanao 84.63 1.81 Central Visayas 4.79 9.41 1.75 Caraga ARMM 2.76 9.30 Davao Region 72.82 1.08 CAR Ilocos Region 2.71 3.33 28.17 2.81 0.44 CALABARZON 81.37 Western Visayas 68.19 21.28 51.51 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 0.01 Concluded Craft and Elementary Plant and Machine Related Occupation: Special Region Operators and Trades Laborers and Occupation Assemblers Workers Unskilled Workers PHILIPPINES 1.14 ARMM 89.16 Table 5.17 Cagayan Valley 0.98 Caraga 97.16 2.01 Continued Farmers.09 Northern Mindanao 0.00 30.21 Davao Region 0.52 1.61 1.24 10.80 8.19 0.

65 Ilocos Region 94.45 0.88 ARMM 91.51 CAR 4.26 1. Philippines.02 Percentage distribution of male corn farmers by main occupation and by region. Managers Professionals Shop and Managing Proprietors and Market Sales Supervisors Workers PHILIPPINES 1.65 0.64 Davao Region 2.72 SOCCSKSARGEN 94.20 CAR 95.01 0.67 Northern Mindanao 83.64 Central Luzon 94.97 10.26 Davao Region 72. January . Workers and Region Corporate Executives.04 2.44 22.43 Western Visayas 67.Table 5.67 8.84 Central Luzon 5.44 CALABARZON 81.83 26.83 0.September 2013 Officials of the Government and Service Special Interest Organizations.83 Northern Mindanao 1.65 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.04 Central Visayas 80.35 Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 0.11 22.94 Caraga 3.34 0.94 1.28 0.67 0.07 0.22 Bicol Region 2.52 9.22 Bicol Region 91.82 MIMAROPA 44.00 1.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 11.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 60.08 2.02 Continued Farmers.35 2.90 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.46 21.29 2.04 2.13 ARMM Table 5.33 55 . Forestry Workers and Fishermen: Region Field Crop Orchard Livestock and Poultry Fishermen Farmers Farmers Farmers PHILIPPINES 81.58 Eastern Visayas 50.87 Cagayan Valley 96.00 50.43 1.34 Caraga 96.04 Central Visayas 0.86 Western Visayas 4.

33 Northern Mindanao 0.18 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 4.33 Western Visayas Central Visayas 5.72 2.56 2.65 7.83 1.89 Caraga ARMM Table 5.12 14.92 1.77 3.84 Central Luzon CALABARZON 18.57 Cagayan Valley Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region 33.56 Cagayan Valley 0.84 0.30 CAR Ilocos Region 28.37 0.64 1.28 Davao Region 0.74 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 0. Philippines.Table 5.17 SOCCSKSARGEN 2. Managers Professionals Shop and Managing Proprietors and Market Sales Supervisors Workers PHILIPPINES 3. Workers and Region Corporate Executives.20 3.September 2013 Officials of the Government and Service Special Interest Organizations.83 8.30 2.42 0.09 CAR Ilocos Region 2.29 Western Visayas 6.29 Central Visayas 4.33 Northern Mindanao Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 25.56 5.56 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 8.00 Caraga ARMM 56 . January .02 Concluded Craft and Elementary Plant and Machine Related Occupation: Special Region Operators and Trades Laborers and Occupation Assemblers Workers Unskilled Workers PHILIPPINES 1.52 0.03 Percentage distribution of female corn farmers by main occupation and by region.84 0.

83 1.41 Ilocos Region 19.00 20.26 0.56 6.00 Bicol Region 83.91 42.70 7.69 SOCCSKSARGEN 75.17 2. Forestry Workers Elementary Craft and and Fishermen: Occupation: Related Region Laborers and Field Crop Orchard Trades Unskilled Farmers Farmers Workers Workers PHILIPPINES 71.00 Ilocos Region 71.00 40.61 Central Luzon 22.61 19.03 9.03 Concluded Farmers.00 Bicol Region 66.22 0.21 43.41 14.99 1.11 5.67 16.Table 5.96 7.57 2.11 5.39 14.33 41.70 3.85 Central Visayas 45.22 5.85 1.08 7.78 3.73 21.67 Northern Mindanao 88.33 5.55 18.69 57 .56 11.11 Davao Region 69.06 4.48 5.86 51.00 ARMM 100.52 Zamboanga Peninsula 48. Philippines.37 16.58 Eastern Visayas 65.99 21.89 5.23 23.00 20.September 2013 Work Animals Farm Buildings and Other Structures Region Farm Warehouse Farm Drying Carabao Cattle Horse House / Storage Shed Pavement PHILIPPINES 47.70 1.67 Western Visayas 80.24 21.18 30. January .30 10.76 Northern Mindanao 49.18 18.00 Table 6.57 4.70 0.81 1.18 MIMAROPA 70.22 8.08 CAR 77.43 Cagayan Valley 100.84 4.85 1.43 12.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 33.78 0.71 23.61 34.66 1.44 Western Visayas 62.35 8.16 1.32 SOCCSKSARGEN 36.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 100. Percentage of corn farmers by type of farm investment owned and used in corn farm parcel and by region.09 24.88 Caraga 48.20 5.57 3.43 ARMM 59.81 1.03 0.00 Caraga 100.81 8.56 CALABARZON 54.00 Central Visayas 83.49 CAR 100.09 2.89 11.85 1.97 5.56 Eastern Visayas 100.70 Cagayan Valley 50.21 Davao Region 25.

80 58 .08 CAR 22.09 9.90 28.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.17 65.35 80.60 1.12 8.63 CAR 88.29 7.86 2.63 6.00 40.75 40.35 Cagayan Valley 11.00 Bicol Region 1.86 2.43 ARMM 70.63 Caraga 51.00 30.00 MIMAROPA 90.Table 6.00 70.10 25.42 17.82 Davao Region 3.74 96.29 0.37 48.55 Northern Mindanao 73.63 40.49 92.63 3.85 15.88 0.74 81.86 10.85 32.39 Cagayan Valley 70.04 2.33 24.44 94.45 13.06 23.45 3.81 53.85 Central Visayas 0.70 14.09 4.86 40.34 3.56 77.10 93.65 0.18 41.90 6.67 0.76 Northern Mindanao 0.00 10.79 31.63 Caraga 2.43 97.59 0.45 Eastern Visayas 75.81 32.74 34.88 2.69 25.09 Davao Region 17.58 87.70 3.96 14.00 11.88 3.03 10.23 7.43 4.58 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 0.70 75.08 3.00 27.39 46.83 94.61 2.78 44.79 100.41 30.97 29.78 65.48 9.78 72.73 26.00 4.74 16.85 1.88 19.43 14.04 17.14 11.29 ARMM Table 6.15 Central Visayas 50.44 50. Continued Farm Machinery and Transport Facilities Two.22 3.93 20.27 28.26 87.35 17.63 0.30 29.66 0.61 3.78 14.00 20.81 27.81 Ilocos Region 26.33 92.90 28.13 63.51 4.00 Bicol Region 89.57 10.44 77.41 89.27 10.16 9.61 2.61 0.22 89.34 Zamboanga Peninsula 53.37 Western Visayas 1.06 96.43 22.00 90.05 0.48 40.89 97.70 Ilocos Region 21.97 0.35 4.61 6.89 29.65 0.73 9.85 1.77 0.11 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 10.86 2.15 2.58 0.31 SOCCSKSARGEN 44.48 4.09 100.81 Central Luzon 55.65 14.70 32.18 20.78 11.17 1.42 71.85 1.97 25.14 2.15 6.67 1.86 14.22 2. Continued Farm Tools and Implements Region Plow Harrow Jabber Sprayer Weeder Spade Bolo Scythe Hoe PHILIPPINES 56.61 3. Four- Region Irrigation Grain Transport Wheel Wheel Sheller Cart Engine Pump Dryer Facilities Tractor Tractor PHILIPPINES 3.58 2.26 Central Luzon 44.64 1.98 14.22 50.88 Western Visayas 62.04 32.00 CALABARZON 72.16 26.81 5.52 5.14 35.

70 1.11 11.00 70.89 Zamboanga Peninsula 1. sharpening stone.16 4.16 1.55 45.65 47.04 12.18 24. sickle.15 0.62 6.05 Eastern Visayas 27.00 20. seed holder.27 72.66 Ilocos Region 1.55 0.28 Bicol Region 1.68 Northern Mindanao 2.21 0.72 0.80 1.24 2.61 Davao Region 18.11 5.71 2.48 4.35 41.56 1.49 1.14 Caraga 42.82 41.52 Northern Mindanao 20.50 Caraga 3.96 Western Visayas 2.86 ARMM 8.85 74.00 1.11 CALABARZON 81.11 37.47 Cagayan Valley 2.42 2.00 10.73 9. canvas.78 2.09 MIMAROPA 50.30 32.87 3.32 3.29 42.66 19.87 4.03 0.54 0.43 5.49 1.86 Central Luzon 1.96 3.82 27.61 1.03 Zamboanga Peninsula 23. sawali.00 Bicol Region 13.61 Eastern Visayas 1.63 26.77 1.61 5.26 Central Visayas 5.Table 6.33 2. Average farm size and area devoted to corn by region.61 Cagayan Valley 25.85 11.35 4. cage wheel.71 6.92 SOCCSKSARGEN 18. Concluded Farm Tools and Implements Post Manual / Region Spading Weighing Sled Hole Yoke Rake Wooden Trowel Others1/ Fork Scale Digger Sheller PHILIPPINES 19. tent and winnower Table 7.27 4.07 7.52 10.59 31.86 8.74 MIMAROPA 6.61 5.42 0.36 4.97 2.35 6.70 Ilocos Region 4.12 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.78 1.00 10. scooper.24 1.58 1.61 1.73 9.65 Central Luzon 11.99 1.30 CALABARZON 4.September 2013 (in hectare) Area Devoted Region Farm Size to Corn PHILIPPINES 2.14 CAR 2.51 6.95 3.57 51.02 9.43 0.30 59 .65 11.25 CAR 51. Philippines.41 3.45 3.14 1.56 16.20 13.35 36.00 Davao Region 2.12 1/ Include axe.85 9.96 0.43 6.67 Central Visayas 1.43 1.11 Western Visayas 27. January .33 39.67 11.65 2.03 1.42 ARMM 1.21 7.26 1.13 1.70 12.10 0.24 6.49 12.59 4.

12 1.86 CALABARZON 0.67 1.67 1.62 0. Average area planted and harvested of corn farm parcel by farm type and by region.83 1.39 Central Luzon 100.46 CAR 100. January .05 1.60 Caraga 82. Philippines.76 0.30 Davao Region 100.79 Northern Mindanao 89.00 80.00 Eastern Visayas 100.03 Caraga 0. January .00 CALABARZON 100.04 Central Visayas 100.96 37.63 1.89 1.67 0.21 3.00 MIMAROPA 20.05 CAR 1.63 Bicol Region 0.40 38.07 1.00 SOCCSKSARGEN 61.15 1. Percentage distribution of corn farm parcels by farm type and by region.10 1.63 0. Philippines.00 Northern Mindanao 0.89 0.63 0.90 0.76 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.September 2013 Region White Yellow PHILIPPINES 72.80 10.73 Zamboanga Peninsula 0.42 0.88 0.70 10.00 Ilocos Region 100.77 0.90 Davao Region 0.63 0.September 2013 (in hectare) White Yellow Region Area Area Area Area Planted Harvested Planted Harvested PHILIPPINES 0.74 0.44 2.00 Bicol Region 68.86 17.73 0.51 Western Visayas 62.07 Central Luzon 0.34 0.54 27.62 Central Visayas 0.63 0.14 ARMM 89.00 Cagayan Valley 1.88 Cagayan Valley 0.10 Western Visayas 0. Table 8.80 0.15 60 .56 Ilocos Region 0.03 1.44 0.83 0.20 Table 9.56 1.49 31.42 0.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 96.80 0.33 Eastern Visayas 0.77 1.10 1.86 0.00 2.61 98.67 ARMM 1.74 MIMAROPA 0.

99 30.Table 10.42 3.00 16.59 Western Visayas 25.88 Caraga 28.61 3.12 3.84 27.03 2.85 28.51 61 .87 36.04 2.04 Table 10.16 4.70 7.11 3.09 4.41 2.52 Zamboanga Peninsula 28.23 5.00 Bicol Region 35.76 1.57 8.46 SOCCSKSARGEN 35.03 13.85 Central Visayas 15.96 3.93 3.74 9.21 0.27 1.22 Western Visayas 22.52 31.92 Eastern Visayas 17.67 27.30 3.83 10.79 3.22 8.52 3.96 Cagayan Valley 45.48 9.78 5.14 2.00 1.September 2013 Fully Leased/ Rent Region Tenanted Amortized Owned Rented Free PHILIPPINES 36. January .96 33.31 SOCCSKSARGEN 23.52 Northern Mindanao 38.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 6.14 ARMM 70.65 25.27 Northern Mindanao 15.70 Davao Region 37. Philippines.57 17.21 Davao Region 15.56 CALABARZON 18.09 MIMAROPA 70.73 1.70 12.39 23.75 5.23 Central Luzon CALABARZON 18.57 ARMM 25.08 CAR 62.18 54.26 Caraga 17.63 0.48 30.03 0.55 9.82 26.35 Cagayan Valley 14. Percentage distribution of corn farm parcels by tenurial status and by region.18 MIMAROPA 10.16 17.70 Ilocos Region 4.06 3.79 1.22 1.70 18.23 Central Luzon 50.96 1.00 20.11 0.18 4.47 38.68 2.33 Central Visayas 23.58 Eastern Visayas 13.03 1.52 1.98 1.14 28.24 65.61 1.68 1.00 Bicol Region 8.63 2.75 5.41 Ilocos Region 47. Concluded Voluntary Owner-like Held Under Region Stewardship Mortgaged Offer to Sell Possession CLT/CLOA (VOS) PHILIPPINES 16.73 CAR 3.62 5.

40 58.21 7.87 2.17 Cagayan Valley 10. Percentage distribution of corn farmers by month of planting and by region.September 2013 One Two Three Region Cropping Croppings Croppings PHILIPPINES 5.79 1.76 95.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.49 4.52 4.51 2.18 7.39 5.62 5.45 10.24 1.29 41.86 ARMM 41.18 9.34 10.16 10. Philippines.95 34.24 18.28 28.88 Davao Region 1.15 18.81 Central Luzon 100.22 24.32 6.08 62 .52 1.09 72.45 3.11 66.00 ARMM 3.84 46.27 Northern Mindanao 1. Philippines.85 89.19 18.85 Central Visayas 2.00 Bicol Region 4.37 Western Visayas 12.71 31.55 17.13 41. Percentage distribution of corn farmers by number of cropping per year and by region.32 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.26 5.52 3.11 CALABARZON 18.26 Central Luzon 5.32 3.17 2.48 CAR 55.82 Caraga 2.35 8.00 30.94 4.19 0.44 Ilocos Region 8. January .29 9.70 76.26 4.58 0.41 11.58 1.63 4.69 27.78 84.42 49.78 0.27 25.25 Eastern Visayas 3.14 10.21 2.22 Table 12.38 26.63 Caraga 2.70 5.33 11.79 Northern Mindanao 4.45 79.45 38.52 18.94 11.12 17.31 17.09 10.70 CAR 100.00 Ilocos Region 100.37 1.43 12.65 56.20 8.18 2.87 81.96 33.94 11.88 69.43 20.52 Central Visayas 5.67 1.90 20.32 1.92 6.00 10.00 CALABARZON 100.39 12.51 36.00 Bicol Region 93.86 45.30 29.06 7.24 6.56 44.July 2013 2012 2013 Region Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul PHILIPPINES 0.11 24.73 MIMAROPA 10. Table 11.45 Davao Region 2.16 6.85 Western Visayas 12.34 17.97 9.00 Cagayan Valley 99. September 2012 .56 83.13 7.16 11.16 7.59 3.06 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.96 7.66 31.54 4.15 6.59 Eastern Visayas 3.82 13.96 68.64 1.86 94.00 40.99 1.31 0.48 41.29 2.17 14.00 20.11 27.25 25.00 MIMAROPA 90.24 Zamboanga Peninsula 0.

26 2.11 CALABARZON 18.95 35.24 4.34 17.08 17.00 20.45 10.03 Northern Mindanao 1.06 80.00 20.17 8. Philippines.76 4.86 60.88 67.76 4.37 Central Visayas 2.27 19.08 74.63 4.September 2013 White Yellow All Region Modern Native Modern Native Modern Native Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid OPV OPV OPV OPV OPV OPV PHILIPPINES 0.55 Davao Region 1.33 11.39 5.42 10.52 80.81 15.40 25.73 5.32 1.69 24.39 1.06 5.17 25.96 3.83 74.06 7.08 12.26 5.86 100. by type of seeds planted and by region.03 Davao Region 74.73 CAR 100.00 87.24 6.18 81.31 0.20 41.78 8.64 14.26 Caraga 2.86 21.00 100.45 20.83 23.00 Bicol Region 10.89 25.43 50.96 45.14 6.12 40.48 58.00 20.81 Central Visayas 23.82 12. January .55 0.13 Eastern Visayas 3.53 40.27 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.63 7.14 4.44 55.88 7.55 40.29 20.97 3.55 12.56 83.32 43.00 ARMM 3.15 20.00 Cagayan Valley 100.82 1.57 11.14 73.86 42.88 29.00 10.00 40.97 4.47 23.61 Table 14.September 2013 Region Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept PHILIPPINES 2.40 13.21 30.11 48.61 Central Luzon 83.70 76.41 3.82 Northern Mindanao 2.03 40. January .04 49.30 72.83 SOCCSKSARGEN 88.67 CALABARZON 100.97 CAR 44.81 7.12 Western Visayas 76.94 41.32 1.00 100.06 29.69 75.24 30.82 3.03 Central Luzon 5.61 17.00 60.84 9.94 59.00 47.00 Bicol Region 2.70 2.24 0. Philippines. Percentage distribution of corn farmers by month of harvesting and by region.23 5.82 MIMAROPA 20.59 70.81 25.99 3.91 31.74 10.58 1.70 11.17 2.14 10.00 100.17 Cagayan Valley 2.00 90.00 29.18 5.12 4.70 69.00 98.70 27.00 100.30 Eastern Visayas 100.15 56.89 Caraga 3.00 MIMAROPA 50.33 16.59 52.81 70.00 10.41 63 .52 0.00 17.37 14.67 83.00 17.33 16.39 32.09 63.18 20.50 12.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 40.03 18.35 9.96 Western Visayas 12.18 43.73 2.00 100. Percentage distribution of corn farmers by farm type.37 59.34 10.70 76.30 23.18 12.61 3.86 34.00 14.43 8.00 3.86 ARMM 26.56 Ilocos Region 6.00 82.00 Ilocos Region 100.00 60.90 20.14 62.50 80.70 3.17 25.64 27.44 41.90 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.Table 13.00 50.

21 57.70 Ilocos Region 2.31 7.08 35. Philippines.89 Central Visayas 2.50 Bicol Region 54.25 Northern Mindanao 2.91 4.00 ARMM Table 15.67 28.47 1.Table 15.September 2013 Seed Region DA/RFO LGU Trader Cooperative Co-Farmer Grower PHILIPPINES 0. January .00 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 25.44 19.September 2013 Seed Own- Region DA/RFO LGU Trader Co-Farmer Grower Produced PHILIPPINES 2.50 37.82 97.70 81.70 11.35 48.98 79.51 78.64 Central Luzon 100.82 1.67 2.55 4.00 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 100.01 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of hybrid seeds and by region.05 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1. Philippines.02 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of modern OPV seeds and by region.76 55.17 8.94 0.48 3.55 Caraga 100.89 34.17 91.72 64 .17 4. January .19 Caraga 16.25 2.34 51.08 16.93 10.67 16.30 2.35 Cagayan Valley 0.89 CAR 3.33 33.33 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 12.93 56.76 2.33 16.68 4.67 ARMM 37.67 66.00 75.67 20.75 Davao Region 6.76 93.42 43.76 0.89 16.89 1.33 33.36 0.46 33.69 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 90.11 3.73 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon 33.50 12.00 Northern Mindanao 92.25 SOCCSKSARGEN 15.54 0.65 1.66 37.50 37.83 Western Visayas 7.12 12.

25 1.21 0.73 77.85 90.12 65 .91 MIMAROPA 90.23 30.82 MIMAROPA 100.00 10.00 Central Visayas 9.45 6.45 57.89 5.23 14.33 25.Table 15.48 Zamboanga Peninsula 2.39 36. Percentage of corn farmers by type of labor used in land preparation and by region.91 1.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 62.41 SOCCSKSARGEN 64.14 ARMM 57. Two-Wheel Four-Wheel Two-Wheel Four-Wheel Animal Tractor Tractor Tractor Tractor PHILIPPINES 58.70 Ilocos Region 8.78 6.04 Cagayan Valley 9.70 86.04 Caraga 77.September 2013 Plowing Rotavating Man-Machine Region Man.73 5.18 26.68 6.36 0.61 Davao Region 38.56 88.93 Central Visayas 61.24 81.85 1.33 1.September 2013 Own- Region DA/RFO LGU Trader Cooperative Co-Farmer Produced PHILIPPINES 0. January .24 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 100. Philippines.81 3.22 55.23 47. Philippines.08 12.00 Bicol Region 91.00 Bicol Region 2.19 14.22 22.29 0.77 Davao Region 69.83 Table 16.12 Northern Mindanao 83.00 75.27 ARMM 17.62 34.67 1.63 Western Visayas 25.46 28.96 2.81 0.14 22.03 Percentage of corn farmers by source/s of native OPV seeds and by region.04 4.56 CALABARZON 90.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON 18.73 Eastern Visayas 100.45 3.45 58.17 13.70 CAR 92.26 3.33 Northern Mindanao 1.85 1.70 3.18 81.77 SOCCSKSARGEN 22.56 Caraga 22.03 1. January .48 2.33 69.37 Western Visayas 75.86 66.15 Eastern Visayas 3.92 13.52 Central Luzon 5.59 14.85 55.75 14.

38 75.86 Zamboanga Peninsula 19.91 39.26 95.00 Bicol Region 19.49 2.23 Western Visayas 42.04 91.87 23.65 26.25 50.19 71.23 7.51 14.00 48.24 25.10 80.17 43.67 37.04 66.77 0.88 4.92 SOCCSKSARGEN 11.79 53.14 8.00 94.89 33.59 1.58 49.43 61.39 70.85 90.88 Caraga 40.37 Ilocos Region 2.30 91.86 ARMM 72.40 19.82 15.52 3.30 63.74 Central Visayas 42.30 22.56 19.78 46.88 45.64 81.89 11.22 Central Visayas 25. Percentage of corn farmers by method of fertilizer application and by region.71 1. Philippines.97 Central Luzon 5.82 81.00 30.15 Northern Mindanao 67.Table 16.27 9.33 66.67 Ilocos Region 13.87 0.13 Cagayan Valley 14.28 42. Man- Two-Wheel Four-Wheel Animal Animal Machine Tractor Tractor PHILIPPINES 40.41 27.57 11.73 2.76 0.38 11.11 70. Concluded Harrowing Furrowing Man-Machine Region Man.40 48.49 0.14 CAR 66.30 Cagayan Valley 87.18 2.44 CALABARZON 9.57 62.43 ARMM 12.70 67.29 66 .18 Western Visayas 27.48 10.45 43.03 Davao Region 7.82 Davao Region 16.94 CAR 88.61 1.67 100.16 Eastern Visayas 41.56 88.00 100.86 2.63 Caraga 57.09 MIMAROPA 70.67 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 80.02 74.45 1.49 Table 17. January .42 Northern Mindanao 55.00 Bicol Region 82.18 27.90 Zamboanga Peninsula 13.32 3. Man.September 2013 Region Basal Side Dressing Top Dressing PHILIPPINES 30.61 Central Luzon 16.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 46.25 Eastern Visayas 6.

00 40.90 5. Philippines.71 31. Table 18.00 21.73 33.37 Western Visayas 68.52 Northern Mindanao 66.81 Central Visayas 78.85 37. January .00 10.16 Table 19.03 0.86 52.58 Northern Mindanao 60.76 8.16 Eastern Visayas 100.21 Davao Region 82.13 30.00 CALABARZON 100.00 MIMAROPA 30.12 38.70 Ilocos Region 13.61 Davao Region 76.47 Caraga 62.56 14.97 21.00 Bicol Region 73.43 41.63 Caraga 65.86 34.September 2013 Region Manual Mechanical Both PHILIPPINES 58.96 Central Visayas 88.96 2.00 MIMAROPA 50.41 SOCCSKSARGEN 44.52 Cagayan Valley 1.84 67 . Philippines.57 0.06 30.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 71.04 Ilocos Region 8.17 Cagayan Valley 5.74 39.43 ARMM 21. January .94 0. Percentage of corn farmers by method of shelling and by region.77 Central Luzon 38.21 SOCCSKSARGEN 43.70 56.65 91.56 CAR 3.00 Bicol Region 58.16 19.97 32.04 86. Percentage of corn farmers by method of weeding and by region.September 2013 Chemical Region Manual Spraying PHILIPPINES 59.29 ARMM 87.61 96.91 0.58 Eastern Visayas 82.48 Western Visayas 55.30 1.67 5.19 3.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 91.89 CALABARZON 100.81 Central Luzon 100.70 85.00 CAR 51.92 1.52 12.44 1.

81 Central Luzon 11. Table 20.30 Ilocos Region 78.79 Northern Mindanao 4. Green Friend.26 Cagayan Valley 79.September 2013 Region Solar Mechanical PHILIPPINES 84.82 Davao Region 0.59 0.71 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 0.52 Western Visayas 70. Philippines.78 CALABARZON 90.37 Central Visayas 82.20 Table 21.84 Central Luzon 27.04 SOCCSKSARGEN 92.08 CAR 96. Wellgrow Bio-Organic.91 MIMAROPA 70.00 Zamboanga Peninsula 95. Percentage of corn farmers by type of solid organic fertilizers used and by region.11 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas 4.14 2. Percentage of corn farmers by method of drying and by region.11 Caraga 77. Philippines.00 Bicol Region 94.66 SOCCSKSARGEN Caraga ARMM 1/ Include Guano.27 Davao Region 94.September 2013 Region Animal Manure Others1/ PHILIPPINES 1.66 Eastern Visayas 100. January .16 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 3.86 ARMM 60.05 1. Durabloom.52 0. compost and vermicast 68 . January .24 1.45 Northern Mindanao 87.66 0.

45 Zamboanga Peninsula 18.70 Western Visayas 12.06 28.67 27.51 0.31 30.41 88.72 Eastern Visayas 3.57 2.91 4.04 1/ Include MRG. January .65 20.54 7.71 28.48 CAR 59.41 1.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 51.78 Central Visayas 44.48 16.02 Caraga 5.85 28.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 2.33 44.09 36.92 0.61 1.21 Davao Region 11.48 4.00 Bicol Region 21.26 7.September 2013 Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 7.Table 22.03 0. Atlas (16-20-0) and Philphos (14-14-14) 69 .11 CALABARZON 9.37 32.33 16.35 5.44 11.41 29. Percentage of corn farmers by type of solid inorganic fertilizers used and by region.94 0.65 48.64 SOCCSKSARGEN 1.64 1.89 7.58 Eastern Visayas 3.00 Northern Mindanao 20.64 27.00 Bicol Region 1.70 43.16 17.78 Central Visayas 2. Amway APSA.42 29.88 1.17 12.86 ARMM 10.42 94.29 1.22 2.02 Table 22.03 50.86 ARMM 30.02 18.16 0.39 Central Luzon 83.16 CAR 7. Ammonium Chloride.37 13.35 Cagayan Valley 2.97 1.58 21. Concluded Muriate of Complete Complete Zinc Sulfate Region Potash Others1/ (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (Zinc 21%) (0-0-60) PHILIPPINES 33.17 1.67 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 50.16 0.61 2.92 Western Visayas 27.20 20.91 73.15 3.71 45.09 MIMAROPA 50.00 42.75 Caraga 22.63 Ilocos Region 23.71 0.27 31.41 Ilocos Region 65.96 31. Philippines.21 Davao Region 12.75 63.61 Central Luzon 83.17 Cagayan Valley 36.76 Northern Mindanao 35.

65 2.17 2.06 3.71 ARMM 3. Philippines. etc.88 Caraga 2.81 1.88 48.79 1.97 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.00 Bicol Region 32.76 3.00 Bicol Region 5.85 Western Visayas 14.Table 23.21 3.22 Table 24.86 ARMM 38.31 87.26 51.82 9.41 Ilocos Region 95.03 1. (LGU.38 1.79 Northern Mindanao 1.01 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of seeds.45 47.78 5.58 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 32.09 MIMAROPA 30.89 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 10.09 81.88 1.14 39.29 65.25 1.82 9.81 Central Luzon 77.04 Ilocos Region 56. Philippines.25 0.27 8.77 Central Luzon 38.27 56.63 Caraga 34.78 Eastern Visayas 41.33 Northern Mindanao 35.09 Davao Region 9.58 0.. etc.80 SOCCSKSARGEN 51.September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Fungicides Rodenticides Region Weedicides Solid Liquid Solid Liquid Solid Liquid Solid Liquid PHILIPPINES 1.65 CAR 88.00 10.14 50. by source and by region.00 50.48 6.05 2.85 9. DA/RFO.88 64.00 2. Coop.61 0.59 31.) Cash Kind Co-Farmer.71 2.17 Cagayan Valley 96.08 1.98 2.42 96.03 CAR 37.67 CALABARZON 9.29 17. Percentage of corn farmers by type of pesticides used and by region.28 0.75 9. January .45 34.September 2013 Purchased Received Self-Financed Own From Private Individual/ Region From Government Paid in Paid in Discounted Produced Organization (Trader.37 Western Visayas 29.51 8.86 34.79 3.56 16.70 7.89 3.) PHILIPPINES 36.85 Central Visayas 0.64 29. January .36 1.76 5.99 3.08 0.52 2.77 1.35 2.63 9.69 Zamboanga Peninsula 14.62 46.47 2.38 3.29 4.08 70 .48 20.58 5.78 57.37 1.82 Davao Region 6.06 11.39 75.75 6.65 0.26 Central Visayas 4.17 Cagayan Valley 2.14 4.35 0.17 4.00 10.21 21.14 5.81 0.

DA/RFO. by source and by region.89 11.27 0. Philippines.21 Davao Region 0.30 0.58 Eastern Visayas 6.00 Central Luzon 88. January . Coop.88 1.66 0.48 0.24 0.41 Ilocos Region 97.Table 24. Coop. etc.September 2013 Purchased Received Self-Financed Own From Private Individual/ Region From Government Paid in Paid in Discounted Produced (LGU. January .79 Northern Mindanao 4.) PHILIPPINES 71.) Cash Kind Co-Farmer.66 SOCCSKSARGEN Caraga ARMM Table 24.73 Davao Region 51.66 0.61 1.) PHILIPPINES 1. Philippines.75 Caraga 74. (LGU.30 7.67 0. by source and by region. DA/RFO. Cash Kind Co-Farmer. etc.11 CALABARZON 9.73 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 3.08 0.37 Western Visayas 57.83 2.58 1.47 1.64 Northern Mindanao 92.) Organization (Trader.66 0.September 2013 Purchased Received Self-Financed Own From Private Individual/ Region From Government Paid in Paid in Discounted Produced Organization (Trader. etc.03 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of inorganic fertilizers.41 7.56 5.17 Cagayan Valley 100.71 CAR 96.81 Central Luzon 5.41 Central Visayas 69.02 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of organic fertilizers.29 ARMM 39.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas 3.48 0.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 69.36 0.16 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 0.90 Zamboanga Peninsula 88.00 Bicol Region 46.80 71 ..09 MIMAROPA 70. etc..

22 Western Visayas 9.20 Davao Region 14.) PHILIPPINES 33.49 19.70 12.38 19.64 17.30 17.September 2013 Purchased Received Self-Financed Own From Private Individual/ Region From Government Paid in Paid in Discounted Produced (LGU.70 17.63 9.38 Cagayan Valley 18. Philippines.00 17.72 ARMM 19. by source and by region.88 Caraga 54.00 0.87 CALABARZON 9. DA/RFO.61 CAR 17.03 17.57 19.58 Eastern Visayas 11. January .06 Davao Region 48. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Region White Yellow All Types 15.48 0.04 Ilocos Region 54.74 Western Visayas 11.81 17.17 Cagayan Valley 96.73 18.41 Central Visayas 0.58 0.87 18.29 Table 25. etc.98 Ilocos Region 19.57 0.88 0.53 SOCCSKSARGEN 19..87 20.61 PHILIPPINES 15. Co- Cash Kind Farmer.00 17.08 0.11 16.76 Northern Mindanao 26.66 0.18 Central Visayas 13.Table 24.56 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 10.58 13.00 Bicol Region 8.11 16.60 Bicol Region 16.37 72 .29 ARMM 14.33 5. etc.40 18.07 11.55 Northern Mindanao 16.63 MIMAROPA 20.24 CAR 37.34 0.04 Percentage of corn farmers by mode of acquisition of pesticides. Philippines.73 18.26 7.60 14.) Organization (Trader.00 17.08 0.67 Caraga 10.43 9.07 Zamboanga Peninsula 15.02 14.01 Average quantity of seeds used per hectare by farm type and by region.58 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 32.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 50.57 16.35 2.77 Central Luzon 33.98 17.22 20. Coop.53 14.81 Central Luzon 20.

07 11.04 15.14 8.37 Table 25.91 10.84 19.67 10.03 Average quantity of solid organic fertilizers used per hectare by farm type and by region.85 10.55 Northern Mindanao 17.63 9.20 Davao Region 15.98 17.14 8.04 15.45 23.39 46.89 6.02 Average quantity of seeds used per hectare by seed type and by region.63 SOCCSKSARGEN Caraga ARMM 73 .99 78.67 10.57 20.48 55.61 PHILIPPINES 17.38 16.81 18.99 14.10 14.28 19.97 15.88 17.05 12.67 Caraga 18.88 17.17 16.63 4.61 CAR 17.38 19.15 PHILIPPINES 8.63 15.82 Central Luzon 55.72 ARMM 19.18 Central Visayas 14.58 Eastern Visayas 11.97 Davao Region 4. Philippines.39 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 12.43 13.39 20.10 19.16 8.Table 25.71 18.82 16.15 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 6.00 17.98 Ilocos Region 19.53 SOCCSKSARGEN 17.71 14.48 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas 46.74 Western Visayas 18.38 Cagayan Valley 17.60 Bicol Region 19.17 16.87 CALABARZON 9. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Region Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Types 17.33 17.07 Zamboanga Peninsula 9.63 MIMAROPA 17.05 12. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Region White Yellow All Types 8. Philippines.81 Central Luzon 20.00 15.16 8.00 17.36 17.95 Northern Mindanao 8.17 10.20 13.90 16.04 19.

78 67. Philippines.32 78.48 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas 82.28 Bicol Region 27.73 12.45 0.76 3.05 Cagayan Valley 120.53 3.65 7.89 6.86 0.78 46. January-September 2013 White Yellow All Types Region Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) ``````````````` 93.10 Ilocos Region 414.98 Western Visayas 88. Philippines.80 8.94 Northern Mindanao 176.03 73.21 200.00 94.21 7.85 128.74 16.10 83.15 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 6.32 Eastern Visayas 3.51 0.35 0.86 0.34 269.04 Average quantity of solid organic fertilizers used per hectare by seed type and by region.30 Central Luzon 424. 308.52 Central Visayas 78.19 CALABARZON 0. Table 25.19 424.64 218.41 171.39 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 10.31 0.01 PHILIPPINES 93.00 135.29 142.44 14.32 74 .05 Average quantity of inorganic fertilizers used per hectare by farm type and by region.01 CAR 359.21 7.15 PHILIPPINES 9.47 4. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Region Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Types 9.91 188.31 .48 348.31 MIMAROPA 40.95 Northern Mindanao 107.63 SOCCSKSARGEN Caraga ARMM Table 25.00 94.02 173.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 86.00 350.82 Central Luzon 64.01 10.97 Davao Region 5.65 7.35 0.18 55.31 308.80 8.42 Caraga 110.34 134.45 0.05 414.57 72.65 29.62 366.36 ARMM 59.51 0.31 Davao Region 73.03 SOCCSKSARGEN 125.10 359.02 173.86 140.

28 Bicol Region 140.07 18.41 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.01 PHILIPPINES 348.07 Caraga 12.48 25.42 24.20 28. 173.71 75.52 170.94 79.57 72.01 All Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.10 Ilocos Region 414.65 194.94 Northern Mindanao 127. January-September 2013 Hybrid Modern OPV Native All Types Region Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) 348.36 ARMM 95.81 22.52 14.27 5.98 Western Visayas 477.71 206.76 28.38 Ilocos Region 40.40 ARMM 13.30 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.67 1.86 0.86 0.45 0.50 1.22 Western Visayas 11.61 74.06 Average quantity of inorganic fertilizers used per hectare by seed type and by region.Table 25.65 Cagayan Valley 2. Philippines.49 81.02 112.00 96.15 CAR 13.46 75 .57 19.66 218.89 135.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 150.34 8.42 Caraga 204.57 21.23 52.52 Central Visayas 87.20 105.39 31.35 0.87 94.10 20.43 5.76 3.58 CALABARZON 0.64 16. Philippines.90 7.22 20.78 1.30 Eastern Visayas 1.51 0.24 184.84 39. 86. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 10.31 MIMAROPA 90.06 163.47 Central Luzon 138.01 67.77 68.74 0.57 173.32 Table 26.24 8.66 34.13 Davao Region 9.41 73.19 19.57 .28 Bicol Region 0.71 15.52 29.45 0.85 75.46 86.62 64.10 359.00 348.05 414.35 226.48 120.50 73.31 MIMAROPA 35.03 SOCCSKSARGEN 329.84 Northern Mindanao 29.52 83.11 171.31 0.53 188.46 .82 18.52 124.31 Davao Region 82.30 Central Luzon 442.22 22.32 Eastern Visayas 3.00 0.65 95.16 309.51 0.61 78.01 CAR 359.01 Central Visayas 0.02 112.52 424.00 0.40 92.19 CALABARZON 0.76 108.06 78.80 14.13 78.05 Cagayan Valley 350.29 34.

02 White Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.76 94.87 23.57 4.11 1.17 14.10 20.32 1/ Include MRG.09 73.09 0.01 Concluded (in kilogram) Zinc Muriate Complete Complete 1/ Region Sulfate of Potash Others All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (Zinc 21%) (0-0-60) PHILIPPINES 44.52 Central Visayas 22.35 3.75 171.48 0.19 14.51 66. Atlas (16-20-0) and Philphos (14-14-14) Table 26.19 CALABARZON 0.07 18.32 13.76 67.02 348.95 ARMM 11.56 41.03 SOCCSKSARGEN 65.Table 26.30 Central Luzon 145.85 Davao Region 9. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 11.19 1.82 18.89 0.57 Caraga 17.93 414.90 Western Visayas 20.16 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 40.12 33.48 25.75 0.09 0.36 ARMM 35.65 3.18 28.12 3.85 0.56 2.51 76 .55 9.71 15.32 Eastern Visayas 2.57 Central Visayas 0.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0.33 1.96 0.45 CAR 84.71 0.55 5.54 Northern Mindanao 33.89 218.07 32.51 Cagayan Valley 62. Amway APSA.98 Western Visayas 65.31 MIMAROPA 48.16 26.72 173.79 21.32 18.29 135.00 83.43 78.65 13.32 11.42 Caraga 21.00 80.95 15.20 188.34 8.31 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 0.30 SOCCSKSARGEN 60.30 Eastern Visayas 1.06 359.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 8.31 Davao Region 11.10 0.94 Northern Mindanao 38.31 0.97 0.34 18.86 Ilocos Region 145.16 41.01 72.42 26.94 424. Philippines. Ammonium Chloride.41 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.28 Bicol Region 20.

Table 26.31 MIMAROPA 40.21 ARMM 32.08 93.32 Eastern Visayas 2.35 3.78 82.34 Caraga 6.62 Central Visayas 22.00 ARMM 34.32 1.57 3.96 0.81 22.90 7.02 Concluded (in kilogram) Zinc Complete Complete 1/ Region Sulfate Others All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (Zinc 21%) PHILIPPINES 23.63 0.58 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 44.96 42.85 Davao Region 11.64 16.06 98.49 28.34 1/ Include Atlas (16-20-0) and PhilPhos (14-14-14) Table 26.13 77 .01 124.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 10.91 4.00 Northern Mindanao 51.14 CAR 13.00 70. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 8.93 0.57 0.90 86.74 3.09 59.65 Cagayan Valley 2.49 27.29 Western Visayas 7.40 0.71 206.68 195.41 3.03 125.00 30.42 Caraga 110.23 110.09 73.08 140.71 75.94 153.10 27.71 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 70.31 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 120.90 8.00 40.80 176.86 Northern Mindanao 41. Philippines.13 78.24 12.75 0.57 Western Visayas 2.43 78.38 Ilocos Region 40.03 Yellow Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.28 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 6.10 Bicol Region 59.25 Central Luzon 138.65 4.49 0.00 Bicol Region 9.93 49.07 88.03 SOCCSKSARGEN 45.92 11.06 163.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0.78 39.

63 142.00 94.00 Northern Mindanao 13.32 13.38 Ilocos Region 40.16 41.91 Caraga 60.19 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 50.57 4.02 350.07 0.94 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 77.65 Cagayan Valley 2.26 269.57 128.04 Hybrid Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.41 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 91.38 4.32 5.07 12.87 134.64 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 140. Atlas (16-20-0) and Philphos (14-14-14) Table 26.80 308.71 206.76 ARMM 78 .86 Ilocos Region 145.91 4.12 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 180.76 Caraga 109.68 195.06 163. Amway APSA.23 57.78 72.03 Concluded (in kilogram) Muriate Complete Complete 1/ Region of Potash Others All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (0-0-60) PHILIPPINES 78.48 Central Luzon 145.13 78.78 1/ Include MRG.93 414. Philippines.12 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 169.22 Northern Mindanao 54. Ammonium Chloride. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 8.27 13.80 24.78 82.94 424.91 0.51 Cagayan Valley 62.06 359.14 6.90 7.57 Western Visayas 132.93 1.00 ARMM 60.Table 26.17 CAR 13.10 Bicol Region 36.25 72.00 200.86 13.52 28.49 129.64 16.08 3.35 CAR 84.00 32.57 4.76 176.96 366.30 0.28 1.25 Central Luzon 149.76 26.

43 95.82 39.24 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 112. Ammonium Chloride.86 Ilocos Region 145.91 0.30 79 .00 Northern Mindanao 20.59 33.34 2.06 14. Philippines.05 Modern OPV Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.Table 26.97 30.24 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 38. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Complete Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (12-12-12) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 9.03 25. Amway APSA.22 58.90 204.93 414.46 15.19 27.73 Western Visayas 16.48 Central Luzon 145.06 359.32 Northern Mindanao 39.99 64.66 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.80 SOCCSKSARGEN 4.24 348.60 31.45 0.30 Caraga 74.96 Central Visayas 0.51 Cagayan Valley 62.24 127.31 34.22 13.82 2.37 32.61 ARMM 2.35 Bicol Region 0.52 Caraga 61.48 19.40 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 150.52 14. Atlas (16-20-0) and Philphos (14-14-14) Table 26.97 477.43 3.52 48.30 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon 71.69 10.16 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 177.73 14.07 24.96 29.76 ARMM 1/ Include MRG.49 Davao Region 9.86 23.66 39.38 329.51 442.93 1.41 2.18 22.20 9.04 Concluded (in kilogram) Muriate Complete Complete 1/ Region of Potash Others All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (0-0-60) PHILIPPINES 85.00 CAR 84.32 13.21 1.47 16.57 4.44 0.89 3.46 26.02 350.

31 Eastern Visayas 1.31 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 10.69 Western Visayas 23.17 90.64 140.Table 26.39 11.61 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 9.74 19.83 13.90 Northern Mindanao 27.82 2.56 62.40 87.52 Davao Region 13.74 ARMM 19.52 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 52.72 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 40.15 112.64 29.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 110.78 92.05 Concluded (in kilogram) Complete Complete 1/ Region Others All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) PHILIPPINES 32.06 Native OPV Corn: Average quantity of solid inorganic fertilizers applied per hectare by type and by region.01 184.89 14.95 5.10 17.13 95.85 Central Visayas 22.41 Caraga 23.48 18.20 ARMM 60.03 46.80 13. Philippines.57 20.73 22.76 Western Visayas 10.78 124.00 80.20 28.02 Davao Region 6.35 Caraga 108.22 SOCCSKSARGEN 45.12 0.70 17.67 0.41 Zamboanga Peninsula 2.87 31.82 0.70 80 .54 1.10 82.94 Northern Mindanao 45.23 1/ Include Atlas (16-20-0) and Philphos (14-14-14) Table 26.02 11.46 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon 142.42 9.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0. January-September 2013 (in kilogram) Ammonium Ammonium Urea Urea Region Sulfate Phosphate (45-0-0) (46-0-0) (21-0-0) (16-20-0) PHILIPPINES 12.86 309.34 44.40 19.52 Bicol Region 40.37 96.05 Central Visayas 1.42 26.

95 7.47 2.27 52.54 Northern Mindanao 48.35 3.94 7.27 Western Visayas 25.56 81 .45 0.34 1.33 0.66 Central Visayas 23.87 Northern Mindanao 36.39 6.35 226.59 3.33 Zamboanga Peninsula 21.99 Central Visayas 17.Table 26.21 0.60 Bicol Region 8.28 Eastern Visayas 0.34 3.60 170.00 14.49 28.70 0.30 Caraga 43.21 0.06 Eastern Visayas 2.42 6.89 ARMM 22.01 Average quantity of fertilizer nutrients applied per hectare by farm type and by region.41 SOCCSKSARGEN 67.19 4.00 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0.63 0.76 Zamboanga Peninsula 10.57 Western Visayas 6.31 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 6.60 5.32 1.06 Concluded (in kilogram) Zinc Complete Complete Region Sulfate All Types (14-14-14) (16-16-16) (Zinc 21%) PHILIPPINES 20.05 1.01 Table 27.14 MIMAROPA 5.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 37.64 3.09 4. Philippines.28 6.57 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 120.62 0.87 ARMM 15.17 Davao Region 22.58 75.40 1.60 5.85 86.44 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 35.93 7.72 79.53 Caraga 5.14 22.92 7.26 0.63 74.66 4. January-September 2013 White Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 26.20 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0.76 105.11 Davao Region 1.

30 8.94 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 86.65 13.85 Central Luzon 114.96 22.26 2.72 6.17 8.01 29.65 2.35 1.40 14.52 a/ Less than 0.57 0.01 13.40 ARMM 42.81 a/ 12.20 0.28 Eastern Visayas 0.03 9.33 0.46 38.01 13.00 Bicol Region 40.13 Western Visayas 94.72 Bicol Region 21.80 Western Visayas 57.16 25.90 0.98 a/ Less than 0.26 a/ 6.19 a/ CAR 109.70 a/ CAR 109.00 7.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 59.33 Zamboanga Peninsula 25.13 Caraga 49.04 21.57 0.32 1.19 10.22 Central Visayas 17.47 a/ 21.66 12.01 29.00 Northern Mindanao 35.53 3.46 8.20 0.93 7.78 Caraga 65.47 25.17 21.10 13.31 Northern Mindanao 46.34 3.64 3.14 MIMAROPA 22.69 CALABARZON 0.04 21.40 8.18 8.80 a/ 12.29 6.01L 82 .Table 27.01 9.62 0.16 25.17 Cagayan Valley 114.47 25.01L Table 27.56 14.49 Davao Region 22.36 18.01 Concluded All Types Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 52.14 9.25 9.69 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 27.94 Central Luzon 114.07 4.17 21.52 8.17 Cagayan Valley 115.98 ARMM 18.95 6.01 Ilocos Region 138.01 Ilocos Region 138.57 26.01 Continued Yellow Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 97.29 7.61 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 43.90 0.81 26.64 5.00 6.04 5.42 13.

January-September 2013 Hybrid Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 110.66 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 106.97 8.81 9.50 14.54 Northern Mindanao 52.51 a/ 13.10 Davao Region 25.69 15.78 7.89 1.82 a/ 24.Table 27.67 50.44 Northern Mindanao 35.90 24.84 5.57 3. Philippines.68 8.17 21.87 6.00 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 24.00 20.30 Bicol Region 41.15 8.01L Table 27.90 0.69 Western Visayas 26.01 Ilocos Region 138.02 Continued Modern OPV Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 32.68 4.16 8.99 25.01 29.20 0.67 ARMM a/ Less than 0.94 7.92 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 47.57 0.24 13.93 SOCCSKSARGEN 38.01 13.86 20.90 1.33 14.30 7.78 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon 72.41 Caraga 41.02 Average quanitity of fertilizer nutrients applied per hectare by seed type and by region.37 ARMM 24.42 83 .94 Central Luzon 120.97 26.17 Cagayan Valley 115.07 3.36 6.73 Caraga 65.62 8.24 1.10 16.04 21.98 8.49 a/ CAR 109.57 26.89 6.58 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 123.52 11.51 Central Visayas 21.14 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 25.61 10.25 9.

95 6.56 3.09 3.16 SOCCSKSARGEN 69.03 9.65 2.50 Northern Mindanao 45.13 Caraga 49.85 Central Luzon 114.01 9.08 7.70 6.16 0.43 Caraga 43.61 6.35 1.17 21.44 2.14 9.00 6.17 Cagayan Valley 114.56 14.91 Western Visayas 18.81 0.Table 27.28 Eastern Visayas 0.70 a/ CAR 109.29 6.33 Zamboanga Peninsula 19.14 MIMAROPA Bicol Region 7.92 Central Visayas 16.98 a/ Less than 0.39 13.69 3.80 a/ 12.65 10.03 5.32 1.62 0.93 7.26 a/ 6.62 0.90 0.88 1.23 Davao Region 6.47 25.02 Continued Native OPV Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 23.33 0.01 13.31 Northern Mindanao 46.01 Ilocos Region 138.01L 84 .46 0.35 Eastern Visayas 0.81 26.20 0.20 Central Luzon CALABARZON 0.69 CALABARZON 0.16 25.81 ARMM 14.01 29.72 6.01 3.96 22.04 5.07 4.57 0.51 9.04 21.98 ARMM 18.90 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 35.14 MIMAROPA 22.33 0.49 Davao Region 22.18 8.22 Central Visayas 17.66 SOCCSKSARGEN 59.25 0.53 3.64 3.19 10.33 Zamboanga Peninsula 25.03 14.20 0.80 Western Visayas 57.72 Bicol Region 21.34 3.26 2.09 Table 27.02 Concluded All Types Region Nitrogen Phosphorous Potassium Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 52.13 0.

39 0.19 0.10 a/ Less than 0.16 Bicol Region 0.35 3.04 3.29 0.38 1.07 6.03 0.05 0.08 2.65 0.38 1.45 0.04 0.03 1.07 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 0.01 Central Visayas 0.09 0.03 1.58 0.21 0. Philippines.02 0.10 0.01 Kg 85 .05 2.86 0.20 0.02 1.77 0.02 5.93 Caraga 0.04 0.03 0.65 0.16 4.02 Central Luzon 0.65 SOCCSKSARGEN 0.02 Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by seed type and by region.02 0.74 Davao Region 0.23 2.02 Central Luzon 0.54 3.16 Bicol Region 0.07 0. Philippines.06 1.12 0.10 a/ Less than 0.98 a/ 1.11 1.10 0.01 Kg Table 28.02 3.23 ARMM 0.23 ARMM 0.04 0.15 Western Visayas 9.02 1.07 0.01 Central Visayas 0.02 5.45 0.02 1.10 0.05 2.21 Cagayan Valley 2.17 0.74 Davao Region 0.13 1.56 PHILIPPINES 0.13 1.03 0.47 0.02 0.02 3.66 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 0.04 0.66 0.02 0.15 Western Visayas 0.93 Caraga 0.04 3.10 2.38 Ilocos Region 0.03 1.03 0.02 1.78 a/ 1.04 1.78 0.Table 28.02 3.06 0.82 a/ 0.06 1.38 Ilocos Region 0.13 0.02 1.02 1.02 5.39 0.65 0.61 Northern Mindanao 0.21 0.09 0.03 1.58 0.56 CAR 1.59 0.01 Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by farm type and by region.13 1.80 0.33 0.02 5.22 0.04 0.39 0.03 1.65 SOCCSKSARGEN a/ 1.87 0.40 0.66 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 0. January-September 2013 Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Types Region Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.00 0.04 0.21 Cagayan Valley 0.10 0. January-September 2013 White Yellow All Types Region Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) 0.61 Northern Mindanao 4.03 1.40 0.48 0.03 1.56 CAR 1.07 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 4.65 1.

01 Caraga 0.04 a/ Northern Mindanao 0. Philippines.12 1.07 a/ Less than 0.06 a/ Caraga 0.73 0.03 1.01 Kg b/ Less than 0.03 a/ SOCCSKSARGEN 1.02 0.07 Central Visayas 0.80 Bicol Region Western Visayas 0.16 Bicol Region 0.04 0.06 Western Visayas 3.04 0.01 0.01 Davao Region 0.03 a/ Northern Mindanao 0.02 0.86 a/ 0.02 Central Luzon 0.07 a/ Less than 0.03 0.27 a/ ARMM 0.04 Central Visayas 0.02 0.03 a/ CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 2.09 0.02 5.03 0.03 a/ SOCCSKSARGEN 0.02 1.01 L Table 29.03 a/ b/ a/ CAR 1.07 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.53 0.03 0.12 1.62 0.61 0.27 0.01 0.34 0.38 Ilocos Region 1.02 White Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.19 a/ 0.01 0.02 0.07 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.01 Kg 86 .01 All Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Fungicides Rodenticides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.13 0.02 1.66 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 0. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Rodenticides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.62 0.62 0.01 0. Philippines.07 b/ Cagayan Valley 0.01 Davao Region 0.40 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 0.20 a/ ARMM 0.Table 29.03 0.16 0.01 0.

01 3.13 a/ Caraga 3.38 Ilocos Region 1. Philippines.05 Central Luzon 0.15 Western Visayas 6. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Fungicides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.02 0.04 a/ b/ CAR 1.05 Central Luzon 0. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Fungicides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.04 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 4.09 a/ Less than 0.74 a/ 0.03 Yellow Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.13 0.Table 29.38 Ilocos Region 1.08 2.02 3.45 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 0.45 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 4.04 Hybrid Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.77 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 9.24 0.10 Northern Mindanao 3.00 ARMM 0.07 b/ Cagayan Valley 0.59 a/ 0.06 a/ 0.01 Kg b/ Less than 0.66 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region 0.78 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 0.10 2.07 b/ Cagayan Valley 0.01 Kg b/ Less than 0.04 2.02 0. Philippines.55 a/ 0.02 5.33 Northern Mindanao 4.13 0.03 b/ CAR 1.19 Caraga 0.01 L Table 29.86 ARMM a/ Less than 0.02 5.01 L 87 .

05 0.24 0.11 1.15 Western Visayas 0.06 Native OPV Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.09 Northern Mindanao 0.06 0.17 Bicol Region 0.01 Kg 88 .05 Modern OPV Corn: Average quantity of pesticides applied per hectare by type and by region.18 a/ Less than 0.99 0. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Fungicides Rodenticides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.21 0.01 Davao Region 0.03 0.01 a/ Less than 0.33 ARMM 0.36 a/ 0. January-September 2013 Herbicides / Insecticides Rodenticides Region Weedicides Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) Solid (Kg) Liquid (L) PHILIPPINES 0.50 0.23 2.40 Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 1.02 0.02 0.47 0.01 Kg Table 29.11 0.45 0.01 0.29 a/ Northern Mindanao 0. Philippines.07 Central Visayas 0. Philippines.01 a/ Caraga 0.04 0.01 a/ SOCCSKSARGEN 1.04 a/ a/ CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon CALABARZON MIMAROPA 0.14 SOCCSKSARGEN 1.01 0.26 a/ ARMM 0.98 0.49 0.11 0.64 a/ 0.01 Davao Region 0.08 Caraga 0.03 a/ CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 2.01 1.01 0.22 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 0.Table 29.

Average labor utilization per hectare by farm type and by region.69 44.86 Central Luzon 56.61 44.53 47.63 46.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 46.82 48.01 Caraga 47.09 44.60 45.86 PHILIPPINES 46.51 Western Visayas 52.44 SOCCSKSARGEN 36.28 36.01 Caraga 40.76 40.92 55.83 45.38 Ilocos Region 46.43 35.42 Table 31.64 54.88 41.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 45.76 42.72 42.95 MIMAROPA 30.15 46.38 46.42 89 .19 45.05 40.95 26.38 Ilocos Region 46.82 53.26 ARMM 34.64 56.00 30.95 26.38 40.04 41.99 26.51 64.86 Central Luzon 59.61 44.69 45.82 48.45 45.72 42.26 ARMM 46.45 38.59 Bicol Region 41.61 44.70 CAR 46.55 38. January-September 2013 (manday) Region White Yellow All Types PHILIPPINES 45.70 CAR 46.83 58.48 55. Table 30. Philippines.34 37.15 62.05 Central Visayas 57.95 MIMAROPA 23.50 48.14 Davao Region 49.41 55.44 48.40 56.01 42.18 38.04 46.44 SOCCSKSARGEN 39.02 35.40 CALABARZON 26.93 57.51 Western Visayas 59. Philippines.70 32.63 46.24 47.69 62.77 Northern Mindanao 45.33 55.32 30.28 43.27 33.77 Northern Mindanao 63.63 Cagayan Valley 62.11 46.05 Central Visayas 54.38 46.63 Cagayan Valley 44.39 36.95 54.54 48.93 42.61 44. January-September 2013 (manday) Region Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Types 42. Average labor utilization per hectare by seed type and by region.40 CALABARZON 26.82 49.14 Davao Region 48.59 Bicol Region 32.95 Eastern Visayas 44.95 Eastern Visayas 44.

71 19.29 8.00 18.82 54.47 16.42 Table 32.05 Caraga 10.83 ARMM 13.78 5.Table 32.59 27.44 SOCCSKSARGEN 5.42 19.17 13.91 7.74 55.01 All Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.26 35.22 0.91 14.02 White Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.54 44.87 45.22 38.11 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 24.07 18.90 25.26 19.51 45. Philippines.05 12.30 23.80 3.68 23.26 16.85 46.65 48.78 16.24 8.82 16.76 42.11 0.74 0.70 CAR 1.87 3.05 Central Visayas 17.42 22.38 Ilocos Region 5.04 24.51 90 .72 36.51 Western Visayas 8.26 ARMM 13.61 Central Luzon CALABARZON 10.59 Bicol Region 9.18 6.82 54.41 26.51 14.98 47.40 CALABARZON 10.76 0.77 32.72 Western Visayas 12.29 46.74 10.93 Central Visayas 17.47 15.95 Eastern Visayas 15.74 0.88 16.26 16.82 21.12 0.95 0.99 0.63 Cagayan Valley 2.32 46.04 13.68 23.05 12.54 44.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 14.78 19.39 12.54 17.86 46.03 11.95 MIMAROPA 3.98 48.72 30.56 38.95 MIMAROPA 5.21 0.39 12.01 Caraga 7.14 Davao Region 9.35 10.29 45.11 52.90 14.12 35.42 0.12 0.29 15.12 10.32 46.85 18.29 40.95 Eastern Visayas 15.90 8.10 15.66 8.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 16.10 1.00 62.52 0.68 0.03 41.41 0.22 0.02 1.78 6.48 0.70 Bicol Region 10.72 16.85 18. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange 9.36 19.03 7.44 14.18 6. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange PHILIPPINES 12.76 0.65 48.52 0.86 PHILIPPINES 9.35 36.09 5.44 SOCCSKSARGEN 6.93 5.40 2.54 Northern Mindanao 12. Philippines.77 Northern Mindanao 11.94 23.86 Central Luzon 14.91 0.35 10.70 6.15 Davao Region 9.26 16.90 14.87 0.94 14.54 17.66 44.30 56.41 26.02 1.85 28.09 12.

85 2.48 1.82 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 1.32 46.38 Ilocos Region 5.65 3.08 44.56 62.45 31.39 45.82 59. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange 3.46 0.30 56.81 13.79 44.60 CAR 1.05 0.84 63.41 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 2.12 16.63 Cagayan Valley 2.66 8.12 35.66 16.02 32.79 44.38 52.Table 32.23 16.72 16.16 57.54 43.28 39.69 Central Luzon 15.49 0.26 35.53 Davao Region SOCCSKSARGEN 3.29 46.78 5.87 47.23 48.02 22.52 5.06 35.15 46.50 Table 32.17 5.41 0.40 21.31 0.85 42.56 42.12 35.12 54.32 46.48 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 3.43 ARMM 91 .04 Hybrid Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.30 38.69 Central Luzon 14.18 Caraga 1.51 6.93 5.28 Western Visayas 4.01 PHILIPPINES 3.19 10. Philippines.41 0.94 42.81 35.19 6.29 46.59 64.48 1.45 36.96 3.39 1. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange PHILIPPINES 4.07 45.46 59.52 5.71 19.40 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 5.55 Caraga 1.12 40.70 33.84 2.91 0.41 5.61 4.03 Yellow Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.19 38.73 20.78 5.93 ARMM 9.04 Northern Mindanao 4.69 CAR 1.85 40.95 46.08 32.32 Bicol Region 6.58 45.85 3.65 3.38 Ilocos Region 5.71 19.66 8.83 Northern Mindanao 6.63 Cagayan Valley 2.05 0. Philippines.22 0.72 16.41 0.19 38.84 1.34 CALABARZON MIMAROPA Bicol Region Western Visayas 2.

39 Western Visayas 14.25 9.80 3.42 0.59 21.54 19.64 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 3.76 33.16 10.51 21.02 16.38 Northern Mindanao 12.84 0.64 Eastern Visayas 15.18 7.17 11.49 55.41 26.95 58.64 18.35 10.92 Table 32.76 0.85 38.45 Caraga 10.03 6.91 5.27 Western Visayas 11.81 45.06 11.12 10.32 0.00 13.40 23. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange PHILIPPINES 10.81 45.51 0.28 SOCCSKSARGEN 7.05 0.68 16.91 26.23 2.46 25.26 49.55 0.02 16.15 Northern Mindanao 12.91 0.37 18.05 49.11 15.19 15.41 41.61 Central Luzon CALABARZON 10.00 62.44 40.76 15.64 35.72 ARMM 11. January-September 2013 (manday) Unpaid Labor Region Hired Labor All Types Operator Family Exchange 13.94 18.04 ARMM 16.36 3.68 13.10 23.40 9.00 Bicol Region 10.13 9.05 12.76 Central Visayas 14.00 8.06 Native OPV Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.90 25.18 6.90 5.50 35.05 9.05 Modern OPV Corn: Average labor utilization per hectare by source and by region.74 0.95 MIMAROPA 18.82 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.71 26.09 0.75 57.09 Davao Region 8.30 43.97 5.76 22.93 19.06 19.49 16.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 14.42 11.64 44.99 Bicol Region 6.24 Davao Region 15.82 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 20.50 40.77 41.65 20.33 Central Visayas 19.48 42.94 0.46 0.01 15.90 8.23 2.44 30.10 53. Philippines.08 23.61 1.65 55.13 37.54 44.12 34.48 9.19 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 24.00 26.82 92 .25 8.26 16.81 13.Table 32.13 13.37 14. Philippines.88 PHILIPPINES 13.02 Caraga 10.98 0.45 CAR Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley Central Luzon 13.10 20.75 15.

37 0.05 Man and machine.23 4.34 All farm activities 45.02 0.19 Man and machine.10 0.08 0. January-September 2013 (manday) Region White Yellow All Types Land Preparation Plowing Man and animal 4.01 Average labor utilization per hectare by farm activity and by farm type.70 1/ Include clearing.71 0.30 9.82 6.88 1.01 Man and machine.56 2.72 1.09 0. two-wheel a/ 0.02 0.04 0. two-wheel 0. digging. removing of husks and packing or bagging a/ Less than 0.08 Man and machine 0.83 Mechanical 0.05 0.08 Weeding (chemical spraying) 0.04 4.62 1.33 Drying Solar 3.51 0.56 Man and machine.65 Mechanical 0.30 0.56 0.03 0.06 1.04 Planting Man 5.13 0.31 0.01 0. replanting.76 1.06 0.87 Hilling-up 1.09 0.71 1. four-wheel 0.05 0.97 3.04 Care of crops Fertilizer application (basal) 0.38 1.28 2.02 Furrowing Man and animal 1.67 Chemical application (other than weedicide) 0.43 1.69 45.19 0.01 0.87 1.49 7.97 0. piling.91 1.05 0.27 3.89 Fertilizer application (side dressing) 1.03 0. four-wheel 0.03 0. two-wheel 0.16 Shelling Manual 5.36 0.04 Harrowing Man and animal 1.11 Irrigating 1.12 Rotavating Man and machine.64 Weeding Weeding (manual) 5.79 Man and machine 0.11 46.09 Hauling of produce Man 0.53 0.65 Man and animal 0.04 0.55 1.04 0.01 0.33 1.73 0.03 Harvesting Man 8.83 Off-barring 1.25 12.76 Man and machine 0.10 0.05 0.29 6.01 manday 93 .02 Others1/ 0.57 Fertilizer application (top dressing) 0.01 Man and machine.10 Detasseling 0.Table 33.20 0. four-wheel 0.17 0.29 0.16 Man and machine 0.77 1. Philippines. hauling of inputs.

47 1. replanting.01 Man and machine.01 0.13 0.50 4.17 0. four-wheel 0.73 4.03 0.10 0.79 0.01 0.65 Man and animal 1.30 1.00 1.45 1.03 Harvesting Man 12.38 0.07 5.01 manday 94 .27 5.57 Fertilizer application (top dressing) 1.07 0.02 0.60 4.82 1.05 0.72 0.92 3.Table 33.09 Hauling of produce Man 0.04 0.23 9.04 Care of crops Fertilizer application (basal) 1. piling.01 a/ 0.19 Man and machine.83 Mechanical 2.10 Detasseling 0. four-wheel 0.38 0.61 3.11 Irrigating 2.62 0.80 8.12 Rotavating Man and machine.67 Chemical application (other than weedicide) 0. Philippines.04 0.43 0.36 0.71 8.33 Drying Solar 6.40 0.07 1.50 0.34 0.45 45.02 0.53 5.34 All farm activities 46.05 Man and machine.21 0.01 0.45 5.64 Weeding Weeding (manual) 0. hauling of inputs.05 0. January-September 2013 (manday) Region Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Types Land Preparation Plowing Man and animal 0.16 0.02 Furrowing Man and animal 1.16 Shelling Manual 0.02 a/ 0.92 0.58 0.46 1.04 0.56 Man and machine.19 45.71 1.67 4.87 Hilling-up 0.60 45. two-wheel 0.84 1.01 Man and machine.65 Mechanical 0.31 4.86 0.31 0.04 0.35 0.89 Fertilizer application (side dressing) 2.03 1.04 Harrowing Man and animal 0.60 1. two-wheel 0.04 Planting Man 7. removing of husks and packing or bagging a/ Less than 0.65 2.53 6.67 3.07 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.22 3.08 Man and machine 0.79 Man and machine 0.21 0.83 Off-barring 0.09 0.57 0.08 0.70 1/ Include clearing.02 Average labor utilization per hectare by farm activity and by seed type.05 0.08 Weeding (chemical spraying) 1. four-wheel 0.81 0.02 Others1/ 0.53 2.26 0.09 0. digging.70 6.04 0.06 0.05 0.62 1.41 0.06 0. two-wheel 0.28 1.46 1.76 Man and machine 0.26 0.16 Man and machine 0.

22 175 1.03 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.89 5.087 Area harvested ha.00 66 Pesticides: Solid kg b/ d/ b/ d/ Pesticides: Liquid L 0.85 178 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.52 29. 0.98 119 15.13 35 0.28 2.24 3 Interest payment on crop loan kg 1.03 2 15.54 5 0.25 3 0.39 5 0.669 4. Animals.95 2.214 Land tax 110 105 108 Caretaker/overseer's wages 1 40 16 Rentals: Land 39 339 151 Machine.52 49.79 793 97.95 882 1.40 7.177 29.006 Seeds kg 10.009 614 Others a/ 3 51 21 NON-CASH COSTS 1.67 175 30.131 75.144 290.644 18.16 182 6.02 8 0.15 37 6.71 723 5.68 3.600 8.04 1.67 1.05 24 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.04 16 0.05 0.119 26.36 91 Harvesters' share kg 62. Animals.05 14 Hired labor in kind manday 0.97 11 Machine.579 Seeds kg 3.664 166.230.39 15 7.992 2.99 6 1.268.63 239 2.51 7 1.24 14 0.43 87 0.81 6.01 3 Foliar: Solid kg b/ 1 b/ d/ Foliar: Liquid L 0.625 2.50 479 Hired labor manday 12.84 16.089 442 Irrigation fee 6 21 12 Sacks and tying materials / needle 117 565 284 Electricity cost 6 19 11 Food expense 365 899 564 Repairs 379 1.46 5 95 .28 606 37.161 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 6.15 2 Rentals: Land kg 0.828 Inorganic fertilizers: Liquid L 0.34 465 Caretaker/overseer's wages kg 0.62 361 19.66 4.Table 34. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1.91 174 3.638 2.01 2 0. Tools and Equipment kg 0.68 23 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 92.47 382 52.87 271 Transport cost of inputs 146 256 187 Interest payment on crop loan 57 1.01 6 0.55 919 Sheller's share kg 13. Philippines.11 59 0.01 3 0.140 13.42 2.260 CASH COSTS 6.77 Number of farms 914 346 1.33 5 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.08 2 7.372.25 98 0.99 245 Landowner's share kg 28. Tools and Equipment 175 121 155 Fuel & Oil L 0.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.76 18 0.

01 4 Operator labor manday 12.01 L d/ Less than P1.831 Exchange labor manday 1.39 1.05 95 1.31 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 13.82 12.73 8.Table 34.055 13.340 22.858 7.19 860 9.01 kg c/ Less than 0.930 1.087 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 10.852 15.70 370 1.14 11.730 Land Tax 13 8 11 Transport cost of inputs 1 d/ Sacks and tying materials / needle 5 16 9 TOTAL COSTS 13.992 29.575 6.84 1.38 0.23 1 0.26 a/ Include canvas.508 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 8.14 1 Inorganic Fertilizers: Solid kg 0.004 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.63 220 3.669 49.227 13.02 8 0.134 6.22 0.614 36.323 12.10 2.29 5 9.652 7.502 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 3.02 1.498 Seeds kg 1.198 616 Rental value of owned land 1.913 21. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than 0.47 1.42 289 Depreciation 199 547 328 Interest on operating capital 270 1.59 9.536 Family labor manday 15.32 COST PER KILOGRAM 10.00 96 .01 Concluded White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) IMPUTED COSTS 5.35 56 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.53 33 1.551 23.26 241 1.083 GROSS RETURNS 16.937 4.01 2 0.018 2.77 85 Foliar: Liquid L b/ d/ b/ d/ Pesticides: Solid kg c/ 1 c/ d/ Pesticides: Liquid L 0.

878 2.713 6.059 3.831 Exchange Labor 241 370 289 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 4 40 18 Rentals: Machine.131 919 Sheller's share 175 361 245 Landowner's share 382 606 465 Sacks and tying materials 122 581 293 Othersa/ 3 51 21 FIXED COSTS 1.340 22.536 Family Labor 2.198 616 Rental value of owned land 1.403 Land tax 123 113 119 Lease rental 46 357 162 Interest payment on crop loan 57 1.134 1.680 Seeds 327 5.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.009 614 Food expense 365 899 564 Harvesters' share 793 1.083 a/ Include canvas.980 Liquid 8 3 Foliar Solid 1 b/ Liquid 3 59 24 Pesticides Solid 16 7 13 Liquid 244 925 497 Labor Hired Labor 2. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than P1.742 4.395 Fertilizers Organic Solid 22 42 29 Inorganic Solid 2.018 2. Tools and Equipment 179 121 158 Fuel & Oil 2 723 271 Transport costs 147 256 187 Irrigation fee 6 21 12 Electricity costs 6 19 11 Repairs 379 1.264 7.103 447 Depreciation 199 547 328 Interest on operating capital 270 1. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn Average Variable Costs 11.00 97 .Table 34.730 TOTAL COSTS 13.930 1. Philippines.305 Operator Labor 1.323 1.092 18.248 3.937 860 1.151 7.902 30. Animals.614 36.

55 123 0.142 1.559 109.99 245 Landowner's share kg 59.33 5 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 9. Animals.52 208 9.431 8.277 2.14 73 0.06 20 0.332 5.77 Number of farms 264 445 551 1.42 45 5.68 16 6.10 0.91 587 77.988 2.64 0.75 382 7.03 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 3.99 377 0.75 0.21 284 19.006 Seeds kg 0.45 991 75.495 91.05 24 Pesticides: Solid kg 0. Tools and Equipment kg 0.68 23 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 328.109 166.754.372.15 414 4.93 43 c/ d/ 5.87 3.93 13 0.02 8 0.01 6 0.68 3.88 218 0.87 271 Transport cost of inputs 253 223 104 187 Interest payment on crop loan 1.07 1 0.61 858 0.05 14 Hired labor in kind manday 0.07 2.15 4 3.01 3 Foliar: Solid kg b/ 1 b/ d/ Foliar: Liquid L 0.161 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 8.275 47.30 111 0.087 Area harvested ha.91 109 8.41 997 0.70 6.36 56.118 1.97 11 Machine.92 20 0.04 358 29.020 18.016 2.79 186 6.25 46 0.55 919 Sheller's share kg 32.34 465 Caretaker/overseer's wages kg 0.643 5.52 29.710 13.36 91 Harvesters' share kg 109.514.46 5 98 .14 19.214 Land tax 106 102 123 108 Caretaker/overseer's wages 50 2 16 Rentals: Land 332 137 15 151 Machine.15 2 Rentals: Land kg 1.828 Inorganic fertilizers: Liquid L 0.02 10 0.064 572 296 614 Others a/ 60 5 3 21 NON-CASH COSTS 2.55 17 0.85 178 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.79 691 28.50 479 Hired labor manday 31. January-September 2013 Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 4. 1.69 99 22.72 1.80 153 9.01 4 0.00 66 Pesticides: Solid kg b/ d/ b/ d/ Pesticides: Liquid L 0.06 401 37.29 4 1.53 6 1.26 8.64 8 0.41 153 1.93 7.579 Seeds kg 16.02 8 0.16 43 0.66 4.358 17.03 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by seed type.24 7 1. Philippines.260 CASH COSTS 29. Animals.278.04 16.24 3 Interest payment on crop loan kg 1.Table 34.017 9.52 12 6.953 1.317 103 41 442 Irrigation fee 25 8 4 12 Sacks and tying materials / needle 636 126 149 284 Electricity cost 21 14 11 Food expense 940 515 315 564 Repairs 1.53 2.42 2.45 6 0.47 2. Tools and Equipment 76 136 250 155 Fuel & Oil L 18.

651 13.03 Concluded Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) IMPUTED COSTS 7.42 289 Depreciation 529 293 207 328 Interest on operating capital 1.19 206 2.730 Land Tax 3 15 14 11 Transport cost of inputs 1 d/ d/ Sacks and tying materials / needle 1 8 18 9 TOTAL COSTS 39.Table 34.09 47 1.25 11.11 2.02 1.909 6.32 1.263 13.484 12.358 364 253 616 Rental value of owned land 3. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than 0.40 0.988 29.35 56 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.31 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 11.32 COST PER KILOGRAM 8.39 1.087 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 26.01 kg c/ Less than 0.01 L d/ Less than P1.239 1.52 748 10.831 Exchange labor manday 1.502 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 16.48 1.65 113 2.00 99 .415 822 1.687 10.45 324 0.595 5.139 3.80 12.23 6 3.77 85 Foliar: Liquid L c/ d/ c/ d/ Pesticides: Solid kg b/ 2 b/ d/ Pesticides: Liquid L c/ 3 0.41 10.01 4 Operator labor manday 3.810 11.20 0.12 12.64 11.74 2.42 2 0.482 6.142 16.508 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 23.518 14.03 10 0.533 9.78 64 0.26 a/ Include canvas.734 9.088 13.118 19.12 9.65 95 2.536 Family labor manday 5.278 15.23 0.24 450 1.083 GROSS RETURNS 56.208 22.929 17.979 15.29 34 1.780 7.14 1 Inorganic Fertilizers: Solid kg 9.193 9.624 2.004 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.68 1.498 Seeds kg 0.

083 a/ Include canvas.239 1.275 587 991 919 Sheller's share 382 99 284 245 Landowner's share 691 358 401 465 Sacks and tying materials 638 133 167 293 Othersa/ 60 5 3 21 FIXED COSTS 6. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than P1.079 13.Table 34.518 14.563 2.900 2.680 Seeds 6.946 614 328 2.730 TOTAL COSTS 39.929 2.831 Exchange Labor 324 113 450 289 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 50 2 6 18 Rentals: Machine.143 4.982 2.208 22.980 Liquid 10 3 Foliar Solid 1 b/ Liquid 74 6 24 Pesticides Solid 10 20 8 13 Liquid 1.088 1. Tools and Equipment 76 137 258 158 Fuel & Oil 858 43 b/ 271 Transport costs 253 224 104 187 Irrigation fee 25 8 4 12 Electricity costs 21 14 11 Repairs 1.064 572 296 614 Food expense 940 515 315 564 Harvesters' share 1.358 364 253 616 Rental value of owned land 3.04 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by seed type.063 2.447 1.469 3.115 3.721 18.070 12.395 Fertilizers Organic Solid 52 22 18 29 Inorganic Solid 7.334 103 41 447 Depreciation 529 293 207 328 Interest on operating capital 1. Philippines.043 392 153 497 Labor Hired Labor 8.979 15.487 3.415 822 1.403 Land tax 109 117 137 119 Lease rental 332 157 28 162 Interest payment on crop loan 1. January-September 2013 Item Hybrid Modern OPV Native OPV All Corn Variable Costs 33.484 1.536 Family Labor 1.00 100 .193 1.305 Operator Labor 748 1.651 2. Animals.

08 12.02 12.31 2.23 9.07 3.160 11.57 2.242 24.52 9.65 CALABARZON 339 3.01 Caraga 2.25 11.684 53.11 14.03 0.227 16.552 15.629 33.47 12.65 9.70 3.10 3.861 1.136 47.684.77 16.55 105.28 30. Gross Total Net (kg) Returns (P) Costs (P) Returns (P) Cost Ratio Returns (P) Costs (P) Returns (P) PHILIPPINES 2.05 Inter-regional comparison of yield and inputs usage per hectare for corn production.227.32 12.51 46.33 1.26 9.34 1.32 48. Philippines.52 55.95 Eastern Visayas 633.60 3.76 44.116 22.85 10.284 27.322 3.Table 34.10 14.58 124.33 0.42 38.98 36.433 11.84 Northern Mindanao 1.29 47.81 355.844 0.183 10.91 18.731 3.749 0.22 1.278 14.04 3.62 1.01 ARMM 1.899 23.228.39 18.38 Ilocos Region 5.77 Northern Mindanao 1.23 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.270 2.726 16.996 49.228 (2.626 20.004 0.87 17.32 8.41 12.72 135.59 Bicol Region 1.76 14.228 16.267.38 13.32 13.93 1.86 20.34 12.969 0.14 13. January-September 2013 Per Hectare Per Kilogram Region Yield Gross Total Net Net Profit.63 17.144 781 0.44 SOCSKSARGEN 2.152 0.13 0.45 Eastern Visayas 634 8.582 20.883 669 0.89 46.86 Central Luzon 5.24 13.92 0.087 22.52 Davao Region 1.61 181.76 Ilocos Region 5.26 0.87 479.30 8.13 Caraga 2.52 1.217.01 3.682 69.42 Table 34.39 0.66 48.42 3.49 11.25 11.964 43.524 6.60 83.60 45.35 8.879 32.) PHILIPPINES 2.536 16.38 414.37 67.846 0.70 54.61 Zamboanga Peninsula 1.450 8.248 20.04 10.536.20 188.628.36 42.42 12.704) (0.67 188.70 CAR 4.40 CALABARZON 339.008 0.67 13.68 56.60 101 .04 0.06 Inter-regional comparison of average production costs and returns per hectare and per kilogram for corn production.49 14.31 26.22 2.564 12.64 SOCCSKSARGEN 2.56 17.932 20.34 0.284.81 16.682.73 11.792 0.44 Bicol Region 1.268 17.34 Central Visayas 897 13.18 218.42 0. Philippines.790.50 14.373 29.26 ARMM 1.43) 10.10 10.995 0.11 19.692 4.97) MIMAROPA 1.77 10.020 0. January-September 2013 Area Yield Seeds Fertilizers Labor Regions Harvested (kg) (kg) (kg) (mandays) (ha.67 0.372.356 16.599.67 3.63 0.925 8.872 0.05 Central Visayas 897.512 6.74 72.791 31.30 3.63 Cagayan Valley 4.299 0.14 Davao Region 1.780 7.93 Cagayan Valley 4.88 19.12 44.36 (7.36 12.33 7.582.33 13.98 359.30 Central Luzon 5.52 0.53 77.85 1.32 0.23 Western Visayas 2.41 0.898.95 MIMAROPA 1.74 9.083 7.86 46.217 47.06 17.95 CAR 4.290 12.781 0.55 11.51 Western Visayas 2.35 7.32 4.27 10.599 69.93 0.193 0.034 15.

24 1. 1.24 1.35 11. January-June 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 4.63 392 35.10 50 Foliar: Liquid L 0.283 24.937 Seeds kg 15.34 47.56 1.489 Land tax 2 2 Rentals: Land 71 71 Transport cost of inputs 340 340 Interest payment on crop loan 600 600 Sacks and tying materials / needle 960 960 Food expense 1.217.182 1.63 392 IMPUTED COSTS 8.489 16.438 Seeds kg 2.06 151 Sheller's share kg 156.72 403 1.828 317.942 26.35 102 .76 1.06 151 13.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.937 20.436 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 317.909 Depreciation 225 225 Interest on operating capital 952 952 TOTAL COSTS 32.166 1.776 156.438 8.71 1.38 367 1.56 Number of farms 27 27 CASH COSTS 20.38 367 Hired labor manday 16.879 47.038 Operator labor manday 1.846 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.034 32.63 3.35 287 2.623 Exchange labor manday 8. CAR.10 7.879 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 26.942 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 24.76 1.166 NON-CASH COSTS 2.10 50 0.60 7.71 1.10 7.63 3.659 2.72 403 Family labor manday 16.828 Inorganic fertilizers: Liquid L 0.34 47.034 GROSS RETURNS 47.776 Landowner's share kg 35.80 447 0.659 Hired labor in kind manday 1.879 4.846 15.60 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 11.038 42.623 16.49 0.70 4.182 Repairs 1.436 15.66 3.00 340 1.70 4.80 447 Pesticides: Liquid L 1.49 COST PER KILOGRAM 7.909 8.Table 35.35 287 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 42.217.66 3.879 Area harvested ha.283 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 15.00 340 Harvesters' share kg 13.

866 8. CAR.182 1.828 Operator Labor 403 403 Family Labor 3.034 103 .909 Transport costs 340 340 Repairs 1.723 3.623 3.866 Liquid 50 50 Foliar Liquid 447 447 Pesticides Liquid 367 367 Labor Hired Labor 4.Table 35.182 Seeds 3.851 1.623 Exchange Labor 1.182 30.909 1.182 Harvesters' share 151 151 Sheller's share 1.166 1. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 30.723 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 8.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.828 4.851 Land tax 2 2 Lease rental 71 71 Interest payment on crop loan 600 600 Depreciation 225 225 Interest on operating capital 952 952 TOTAL COSTS 32.776 Landowner's share 392 392 Sacks and tying materials 960 960 FIXED COSTS 1.776 1.034 32.166 Food expense 1.

347 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 29.78 1.63 8.47 COST PER KILOGRAM 8.41 1.85 41 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.018 Machine.789 Seeds kg 18. Ilocos Region.219 5.32 12.19 503 Hired labor manday 35.237 NON-CASH COSTS 253 253 Seeds kg 0.05 20 Foliar: Liquid L 0.88 0. Tools and Equipment 289 289 Fuel and Oil L 82.42 8.02 14 Operator labor manday 5.88 Number of farms 46 46 CASH COSTS 39.237 1.10 30 Pesticides: Liquid L 1.094 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 22.690 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 412.52 253 IMPUTED COSTS 7.19 503 1.12 25 Depreciation 1. January-June 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 5.346 412.04 69.018 1.136 5. 0.020 Interest on operating capital 1.348 Land tax 186 186 Caretaker/overseer's wages 9 9 Rentals: Land 1.05 20 0.136 69.02 12 0.32 12.66 9.094 29.52 253 0.346 Inorganic fertilizers: Liquid L 0.136 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 29.347 29.197 Exchange labor manday 0.35 104 .773 Rental value of owned land 1.020 1.78 1.Table 36.63 8.10 30 0.348 35.02 14 0.219 Family labor manday 5.04 69.12 25 0.197 5.35 12.773 1.22 27 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.41 1.599.85 41 1.599.020 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.789 39.47 0.749 TOTAL COSTS 47. Animals.85 3.020 22.846 82.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.02 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.66 9.116 47.690 18.42 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 12.136 Area harvested ha.749 1.116 GROSS RETURNS 69.846 Transport cost of inputs 408 408 Interest payment on crop loan 296 296 Irrigation fee 123 123 Sacks and tying materials / needle 969 969 Food expense 472 472 Repairs 1.85 3.22 27 0.074 Seeds kg 0.074 7.

970 8.197 Exchange Labor 25 25 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 9 9 Rentals: Machine. Ilocos Region.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.041 Land tax 186 186 Lease rental 1.041 6. Tools and Equipment 289 289 Fuel and Oil 3.018 Interest payment on crop loan 296 296 Depreciation 1.237 Food expense 472 472 Sacks and tying materials 969 969 FIXED COSTS 6.018 1.116 47.846 Transport costs 408 408 Irrigation fee 123 123 Repairs 1.075 Seeds 8.219 1.846 3.219 Family Labor 1.749 TOTAL COSTS 47.197 1. Animals.020 1.749 1.386 Liquid 20 20 Foliar Liquid 30 30 Pesticides Solid 12 12 Liquid 517 517 Labor Hired Labor 12.773 1.075 41.386 9.970 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 9.348 12.348 Operator Labor 1.773 Rental value of owned land 1.116 105 .Table 36.020 Interest on operating capital 1.237 1. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 41.

19 41 0.521 1.33 53.240 350.01 2 Foliar: Liquid L 0.36 1.462 4.06 Number of farms 2 122 124 CASH COSTS 9.000 5.391 5.640 3.22 9.300 32.647 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 6.25 14 1.00 180 0.511 Rental value of owned land 6.48 8.40 720 5.340 32.210 1.266 2.781 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.365 5.90 4.730 17. 0.122 22.25 COST PER KILOGRAM 9.608.91 1.102 348.435 Seeds kg 0.56 8.82 34 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 120.244 Irrigation fee 3 3 Sacks and tying materials / needle 480 608 607 Food expense 960 1.30 1. Tools and Equipment 38 37 Fuel and Oil L 6.38 9. Cagayan Valley.646 19.19 54.397 TOTAL COSTS 24.12 0.80 1.266 Land tax 80 80 Caretaker/overseer's wages 33 33 Rentals: Land 186 184 Machine.860 2.476 2.964 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 18.08 5 0.462 43.125 IMPUTED COSTS 13.05 473 3.65 8.53 11.63 1.12 300 6.217 4.00 27.89 34 6.136 97.386 8.359 Hired labor manday 18.000 10.880 Seeds kg 18.01 2 0.13 1.709 148.01 6 0.24 14 Landowner's share kg 98.208 Repairs 120 508 505 Others a/ 135 133 NON-CASH COSTS 1.07 1.87 540 Family labor manday 8. tarpaulin and "sawali" 106 .296 149.217 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 3.704.646 8.65 498 2.78 8.25 0.53 11.22 45 Depreciation 183 455 453 Interest on operating capital 444 1.05 1.06 297 Transport cost of inputs 40 171 170 Interest payment on crop loan 2.868 Seeds kg 17.09 35 Harvesters' share kg 125.90 520 0.083 31.856 10.684.047 Foliar: Solid kg 0.362 43.08 5 Operator labor manday 24.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.11 484 Exchange labor manday 3.134 22.30 8.02 7 0.09 35 0.705 Sheller's share kg 1.52 a/ Include canvas.Table 37.02 7 Pesticides: Liquid L 2.183 GROSS RETURNS 27.01 5 Pesticides: Solid kg 0. Animals.780 32.217 53.462 54.02 1.17 2 Hired labor in kind manday 0.73 8. January-June 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 2.00 2.096 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 16.893 2.60 4.241 19.964 Area harvested ha.22 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 10.76 1.

626 9. Animals.102 8.780 8.640 473 484 Exchange Labor 520 41 45 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 33 33 Rentals: Machine.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.335 8.654 Fertilizers Organic Solid 34 34 Inorganic Solid 2.705 Sheller's share 14 14 Landowner's share 1.240 8.462 33.359 Labor Hired Labor 4.391 5.521 1.136 1.244 Depreciation 183 455 453 Interest on operating capital 444 1.125 Sacks and tying materials 480 608 607 Othersa/ 135 133 FIXED COSTS 6. Cagayan Valley.860 498 540 Family Labor 1. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 17.296 1.397 TOTAL COSTS 24.Table 37. Tools and Equipment 38 37 Fuel and Oil 300 297 Transport costs 40 171 170 Irrigation fee 3 3 Repairs 120 508 505 Food expense 960 1.314 Seeds 180 8.462 43.511 Rental value of owned land 6.362 43.365 1.735 8.709 1.836 33.266 2.301 Operator Labor 4.900 9.047 Foliar Solid 2 2 Liquid 6 5 Pesticides Solid 7 7 Liquid 720 1.208 Harvesters' share 1.210 1.000 5.869 Land tax 80 80 Lease rental 186 184 Interest payment on crop loan 2.183 a/ Include canvas. tarpaulin and "sawali" 107 .

749 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.Table 38.01 5 0.019 1.532 1.871 10.61 65 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 23.658 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.554 NON-CASH COSTS 523 523 Seeds kg 1.58 7.63 182 0.996 Area harvested ha. January-June 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 5.32 69.477 Exchange labor manday 0.952 Land tax 110 110 Rentals: Land 1.620 31.26 129 0.93 4.30 11.86 0.749 20.26 161 32.23 129 23.996 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 32.67 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 12.669 Transport cost of inputs 178 178 Interest payment on crop loan 932 932 Irrigation fee 135 135 Sacks and tying materials / needle 281 281 Electricity cost 387 387 Food expense 1.853 37.42 COST PER KILOGRAM 8.776 16.658 372.91 1. Tools and Equipment 135 135 Fuel and Oil L 87.952 35.86 Number of farms 18 18 CASH COSTS 37.682.63 182 Hired labor manday 35.23 129 Landowner's share kg 26.723 Machine.996 69.93 4.477 5.776 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 32.84 330 IMPUTED COSTS 10. Animals. Central Luzon.248 49.248 GROSS RETURNS 69.91 1.61 937 51.67 8.61 65 1.01 5 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.019 Repairs 2.723 1.42 0.32 108 .26 161 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 372.669 87.682.620 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 20.996 5.35 6.03 16 0.32 69.58 7.871 Seeds kg 2.532 Rental value of owned land 774 774 TOTAL COSTS 49.90 806 2.853 Seeds kg 16.30 11.554 2.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type. 0.61 937 Foliar: Liquid L 0.206 14.35 6.143 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 31.77 3.77 3.90 806 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 51.26 129 Depreciation 988 988 Interest on operating capital 1.84 330 26.03 16 Operator labor manday 14.206 Family labor manday 5.32 12.143 32.

647 Fertilizers Organic Solid 290 290 Inorganic Solid 8.532 1. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 43.189 43.019 Landowner's share 330 330 Sacks and tying materials 281 281 FIXED COSTS 6.248 49.554 2.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.059 6.248 109 .477 Exchange Labor 129 129 Rentals: Machine.532 Rental value of owned land 774 774 TOTAL COSTS 49.595 8.019 1.595 Foliar Liquid 5 5 Pesticides Liquid 199 199 Labor Hired Labor 11.059 Land tax 110 110 Lease rental 1.647 7.723 1.952 Operator Labor 4.952 11. Central Luzon.Table 38.669 3.206 Family Labor 1. Tools and Equipment 135 135 Fuel and Oil 3.723 Interest payment on crop loan 932 932 Depreciation 988 988 Interest on operating capital 1.554 Food expense 1.477 1. Animals.189 Seeds 7.669 Transport costs 178 178 Irrigation fee 135 135 Electricity costs 387 387 Repairs 2.206 4.

Table 39.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type, CALABARZON, January-June 2013

White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn
Item Unit
Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P)

Production kg 339.26 3,524 339.26 3,524
Area harvested ha. 0.74 0.74
Number of farms 11 11

CASH COSTS 1,555 1,555

Seeds kg 0.61 49 0.61 49
Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.31 9 0.31 9
Hired labor manday 6.04 979 6.04 979
Land tax 43 43
Rentals: Machine, Animals, Tools and Equipment 61 61
Sacks and tying materials / needle 76 76
Food expense 135 135
Repairs 202 202

NON-CASH COSTS 1,439 1,439

Seeds kg 8.40 494 8.40 494
Harvesters' share kg 45.09 475 45.09 475
Landowner's share kg 35.39 363 35.39 363
Rentals: Machine, Animals, Tools and Equipment kg 10.74 107 10.74 107

IMPUTED COSTS 3,233 3,233

Seeds kg 0.61 37 0.61 37
Operator labor manday 10.35 1,511 10.35 1,511
Family labor manday 10.18 1,424 10.18 1,424
Depreciation 79 79
Interest on operating capital 59 59
Rental value of owned land 123 123

TOTAL COSTS 6,228 6,228

GROSS RETURNS 3,524 3,524
RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 1,968 1,968
RETURNS ABOVE CASH
529 529
AND NON-CASH COSTS
NET RETURNS (2,704) (2,704)
NET PROFIT-COST RATIO (0.43) (0.43)

COST PER KILOGRAM 18.36 18.36
FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 10.39 10.39

110

Table 39.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type,
CALABARZON, January-June 2013

Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn

VARIABLE COSTS 5,924 5,924
Seeds 580 580
Fertilizers
Inorganic
Solid 9 9
Labor
Hired Labor 979 979
Operator Labor 1,511 1,511
Family Labor 1,424 1,424
Rentals:
Machine, Animals, Tools and Equipment 169 169
Repairs 202 202
Food expense 135 135
Harvesters' share 475 475
Landowner's share 363 363
Sacks and tying materials 76 76

FIXED COSTS 304 304
Land tax 43 43
Depreciation 79 79
Interest on operating capital 59 59
Rental value of owned land 123 123

TOTAL COSTS 6,228 6,228

111

Table 40.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type, MIMAROPA, January-June 2013

White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn
Item Unit
Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P)

Production kg 1,692.00 21,600 1,497.52 15,291 1,536.42 16,552
Area harvested ha. 0.63 0.63 0.63
Number of farms 2 8 10

CASH COSTS 11,449 7,976 8,671

Seeds kg 5.20 278 4.16 222
Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 40.00 1,120 94.10 2,390 83.28 2,136
Foliar: Liquid L 3.20 1,600 0.64 320
Pesticides: Liquid L 0.80 480 0.16 96
Hired labor manday 12.30 2,640 16.00 3,850 15.26 3,608
Land tax 131 105
Caretaker/overseer's wages 512 102
Rentals: Machine, Animals, Tools and Equipment 180 144
Transport cost of inputs 30 24
Sacks and tying materials / needle 277 146 172
Food expense 420 468 458
Repairs 4,400 504 1,283

NON-CASH COSTS 4,072 1,510 2,022

Seeds kg 4.00 72 9.80 123 8.64 113
Harvesters' share kg 160.00 2,000 71.00 868 88.80 1,094
Sheller's share kg 160.00 2,000 43.00 520 66.40 816

IMPUTED COSTS 5,210 5,185 5,190

Seeds kg 16.00 1,200 2.00 24 4.80 259
Operator labor manday 3.40 730 5.51 990 5.09 938
Family labor manday 2.00 380 6.73 1,040 5.78 908
Depreciation 565 597 591
Interest on operating capital 335 373 366
Rental value of owned land 2,000 2,030 2,024
Land Tax 131 104

TOTAL COSTS 20,731 14,671 15,883

GROSS RETURNS 21,600 15,291 16,552
RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 10,151 7,314 7,882
RETURNS ABOVE CASH
6,079 5,804 5,859
AND NON-CASH COSTS
NET RETURNS 869 619 669
NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.04 0.04 0.04

COST PER KILOGRAM 12.25 9.80 10.34
FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 12.77 10.21 10.77

112

030 2.189 Land tax 261 209 Depreciation 565 597 591 Interest on operating capital 335 373 366 Rental value of owned land 2.831 11.671 15.272 425 594 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 1.883 113 .040 908 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 512 102 Rentals: Machine.850 3.024 TOTAL COSTS 20. MIMAROPA.136 Foliar Liquid 1.400 504 1.731 14.694 Seeds 1. Tools and Equipment 180 144 Transport costs 30 24 Repairs 4.000 520 816 Sacks and tying materials 277 146 172 FIXED COSTS 2.608 Operator Labor 730 990 938 Family Labor 380 1.094 Sheller's share 2.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.900 3.410 12. Animals.120 2. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 17.000 868 1.390 2.600 320 Pesticides Liquid 480 96 Labor Hired Labor 2.262 3.640 3.000 2.Table 40.283 Food expense 420 468 458 Harvesters' share 2.

918 1.17 32 Depreciation 98 149 119 Interest on operating capital 138 567 308 Rental value of owned land 757 238 551 TOTAL COSTS 9.52 1.765 11.564 Seeds kg 3.51 312 15.43 523 17.819.15 129 Hired labor manday 7. Animals. January-June 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 838.10 2 0.733 13.712 5.34 0.727 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 7. Tools and Equipment 311 34 201 Fuel and Oil L 0.42 2.952 16.81 1.74 1.884 3.17 16 1.27 114 .21 12.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.77 1.20 12 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 2.22 2.27 646 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 27.95 2.880 6.174 13.35 31 Rentals: Land kg 0.632 11.98 9.053 5.Table 41.04 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 14.206 17. 0.29 679 139.676 Family labor manday 14.112 9.41 16.04 1.26 2.80 1.87 Number of farms 50 23 73 CASH COSTS 3.969 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.38 10.97 73 1.069 12.76 69 9.49 21 Landowner's share kg 35.395 9.418 21.31 5 IMPUTED COSTS 5.290 Area harvested ha.18 29 Operator labor manday 10.091 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 2.98 30 1.228 5.558 6.03 3 0.319 13.49 22.32 COST PER KILOGRAM 10.90 52 2.918 22.60 3.395 Exchange labor manday 0.88 268 3.638 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.098 71.952 1.45 389 Caretaker/overseer's wages kg 3.82 184 28.51 1.36 28 0.39 325 0.29 0.290 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 8.08 6 Transport cost of inputs 22 153 74 Interest payment on crop loan 59 24 Sacks and tying materials / needle 148 194 166 Food expense 82 869 394 Repairs 217 228 222 NON-CASH COSTS 867 283 636 Seeds kg 12.13 10 0.227.964 Land tax 74 40 61 Rentals: Land 13 85 42 Machine.153 8.80 11.363 9.322 GROSS RETURNS 11.27 189 Harvesters' share kg 1.40 76 0.52 8 0.286 11. Bicol Region.122 Seeds kg 0.10 0.61 13.66 5.

322 115 .418 5. January-June 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 8.319 2.108 Land tax 74 40 61 Lease rental 21 85 46 Interest payment on crop loan 59 24 Depreciation 98 149 119 Interest on operating capital 138 567 308 Rental value of owned land 757 238 551 TOTAL COSTS 9.206 17.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.139 1.395 Exchange Labor 3 76 32 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 52 31 Rentals: Machine.880 1.172 1.930 11.117 15.363 1.069 12. Tools and Equipment 311 34 201 Fuel and Oil 10 6 Transport costs 22 153 74 Repairs 217 228 222 Food expense 82 869 394 Harvesters' share 16 30 21 Landowner's share 523 184 389 Sacks and tying materials 148 194 166 FIXED COSTS 1. Animals.733 2.Table 41.089 1.174 2.667 Pesticides Liquid 325 129 Labor Hired Labor 1.213 Seeds 582 1.676 Family Labor 2.964 Operator Labor 1.250 847 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 679 3. Bicol Region.

309 8.253 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 5.58 701 1.39 20 Operator labor manday 12.04 3.825 14.81 453 0.792 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.211 3.89 12.54 29 0.60 2.56 41 5.926 139.98 226 1.325 Land tax 48 246 140 Rentals: Land 322 151 Fuel and Oil L 0.323 17.62 1.598 4.315 Exchange labor manday 1. Western Visayas.054 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 88.61 1.30 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 13.12 0.47 110 Transport cost of inputs 69 749 387 Interest payment on crop loan 1 1 Sacks and tying materials / needle 98 529 300 Food expense 202 385 287 Repairs 234 593 402 Others a/ 64 30 NON-CASH COSTS 1.004 8.78 1.16 2.989 Seeds kg 1.44 0.66 9.339 Pesticides: Liquid L 3.22 40 1.471 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.05 510 22.092 112.516 5.305 Landowner's share kg 10.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.71 5.994 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 227.542 6.242 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 7.17 1.886 16.48 12.242 Area harvested ha.36 COST PER KILOGRAM 12.62 0. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 934.14 8 2.07 6 0.36 2.26 2.450 GROSS RETURNS 12.68 2.776 33.42 0.96 2.865 23.52 4.006 106.058 10.257 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 1.51 19 IMPUTED COSTS 4.49 Number of farms 34 20 54 CASH COSTS 5.52 3.833 13.602 4.559.270 19.20 328 Hired labor manday 18.465 Seeds kg 0.628.015 1.85 137 35.772 24.793 105. tarpaulin and "sawali" 116 .85 212 Depreciation 242 951 573 Interest on operating capital 275 567 412 Rental value of owned land 638 651 644 Land Tax 59 31 Sacks and tying materials / needle 70 80 75 TOTAL COSTS 11.16 311 Rentals: Land kg 3.946 9.06 8.12 710 8.45 12.39 3.61 1.00 3.602 56.94 1.79 2.04 3 Pesticides: Liquid L 2.64 5.47 769 443.80 605 Harvesters' share kg 62.949 Sheller's share kg 225.434 240.075 16.996 Seeds kg 9.87 184 10.67 33.648 16.88 1.183 Family labor manday 16.776 2.81 474 Hired labor in kind manday 1.65 a/ Include canvas.50 1.279 39.467 24.10 181 2.87 1.089 1.26 12 0. 0.467 13.Table 42.135 43.92 56.

777 1.014 4.305 Landowner's share 137 510 311 Sacks and tying materials 168 609 374 Othersa/ 64 30 FIXED COSTS 1.926 8.467 24.648 3.098 4.068 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 1.810 Pesticides Solid 6 3 Liquid 1. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 10.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.Table 42.183 Family Labor 1.971 Land tax 107 246 172 Lease rental 363 169 Interest payment on crop loan 1 1 Depreciation 242 951 573 Interest on operating capital 275 567 412 Rental value of owned land 638 651 644 TOTAL COSTS 11.716 802 Labor Hired Labor 3.016 36.263 2.075 2.479 Seeds 236 6. tarpaulin and "sawali" 117 .598 710 1.793 1.450 a/ Include canvas.949 Sheller's share 2.434 2. Western Visayas.315 Exchange Labor 453 212 Fuel and Oil 8 226 110 Transport costs 69 749 387 Repairs 234 593 402 Food expense 202 385 287 Harvesters' share 769 5.931 Operator Labor 1.975 3.298 3.690 22.279 39.

85 2.154 Family labor manday 18.03 13.74 1.416 4. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than P 1.42 29 1.45 828 Rentals: Land kg 1.18 76 Landowner's share kg 57.33 36 13.33 0.60 37 2.00 118 . 0.160 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 8.077 76.54 55 Depreciation 221 221 Interest on operating capital 190 190 Rental value of owned land 286 286 Land Tax 28 28 Transport cost of inputs b/ b/ Sacks and tying materials / needle 6 6 TOTAL COSTS 11. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 897.452 9.41 1.787 77.06 42 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 77. Animals.416 Seeds kg 0.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.195 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 1.22 13.744 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 6.33 1.077 Sheller's share kg 5.22 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 14.82 27 1.07 23 Hired labor manday 9.11 0.07 23 0.299 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.787 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.45 828 57.Table 43.33 1.74 1.82 27 Machine.160 13.41 1.57 228 11.33 Number of farms 173 173 CASH COSTS 4. Tools and Equipment kg 2.154 17.60 37 IMPUTED COSTS 4.42 29 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.195 6.861 11.43 6 Operator labor manday 17.299 1.896 4.60 13 0.18 76 5.03 13. Tools and Equipment 78 78 Transport cost of inputs 55 55 Interest payment on crop loan 29 29 Sacks and tying materials / needle 39 39 Food expense 413 413 Repairs 268 268 Others a/ 5 5 NON-CASH COSTS 2.896 Seeds kg 1.72 239 Harvesters' share kg 76.160 897.67 a/ Include canvas.160 Area harvested ha. Central Visayas.54 55 0.744 8.452 Land tax 75 75 Rentals: Land 138 138 Machine.920 Exchange labor manday 0.60 13 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 33.06 42 33.11 COST PER KILOGRAM 13.57 228 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 13. Animals.549 Seeds kg 11.85 2.33 36 Hired labor in kind manday 1.88 1.67 14.861 GROSS RETURNS 13.72 239 1.549 2.88 1.920 18.43 6 0.

Table 43. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 10.793 Pesticides Liquid 23 23 Labor Hired Labor 1. tarpaulin and "sawali" 119 .154 Family Labor 1.861 11.920 1.077 1.154 2.861 a/ Include canvas.920 Exchange Labor 55 55 Rentals: Machine.793 1.077 Sheller's share 76 76 Landowner's share 828 828 Sacks and tying materials 44 44 Othersa/ 5 5 FIXED COSTS 994 994 Land tax 103 103 Lease rental 165 165 Interest payment on crop loan 29 29 Depreciation 221 221 Interest on operating capital 190 190 Rental value of owned land 286 286 TOTAL COSTS 11.691 1.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.867 10.867 Seeds 270 270 Fertilizers Organic Solid 78 78 Inorganic Solid 1. Animals. Tools and Equipment 115 115 Transport costs 55 55 Repairs 268 268 Food expense 413 413 Harvesters' share 1.691 Operator Labor 2. Central Visayas.

400 Family labor manday 16.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.85 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 14.73 0. 0.76 77 3.735 1.36 462 34.146 5.35 101 Hired labor in kind manday 1.123 7.05 5 0.76 2.190 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 5.925 8.73 Number of farms 29 29 CASH COSTS 1.76 77 Hired labor manday 7.Table 44.222 16.91 1.927 5.76 2.400 15.08 120 .36 462 Landowner's share kg 48.85 12. Eastern Visayas.17 126 Harvesters' share kg 34.35 101 5.26 2.263 Seeds kg 5.08 14.26 2.222 Exchange labor manday 0.00 573 48.05 5 Depreciation 69 69 Interest on operating capital 73 73 Rental value of owned land 266 266 Land Tax 70 70 TOTAL COSTS 8.925 633.67 71 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 3.735 Seeds kg 3.05 41 Operator labor manday 15.925 Area harvested ha. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 633.263 1.91 1.17 126 1.05 41 2.190 7.10 COST PER KILOGRAM 12.927 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 781 781 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.92 8.144 GROSS RETURNS 8.146 Seeds kg 2.92 8.00 573 IMPUTED COSTS 5.67 71 3.123 Land tax 13 13 Transport cost of inputs 6 6 Sacks and tying materials / needle 12 12 Food expense 284 284 Repairs 149 149 NON-CASH COSTS 1.10 0.144 8.925 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 7.

144 8.400 2. Eastern Visayas.249 1.249 Operator Labor 2.Table 44. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 7.144 121 .02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.652 Seeds 213 213 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 77 77 Labor Hired Labor 1.222 Exchange Labor 5 5 Transport costs 6 6 Repairs 149 149 Food expense 284 284 Harvesters' share 462 462 Landowner's share 573 573 Sacks and tying materials 12 12 FIXED COSTS 492 492 Land tax 84 84 Depreciation 69 69 Interest on operating capital 73 73 Rental value of owned land 266 266 TOTAL COSTS 8.652 7.222 2.400 Family Labor 2.

36 2.872 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.28 13.564 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 8.369 2.66 42 Operator labor manday 16.192 28.869.374 24.10 13 Depreciation 79 55 76 Interest on operating capital 200 601 261 Rental value of owned land 1.25 1.485 Seeds kg 1.87 1.43 5.388 Land Tax 8 7 TOTAL COSTS 11.01 1 0.921 Family labor manday 19.778 Exchange labor manday 0.00 180 58.00 3.78 10.85 a/ Less than 0.54 208 10.86 1.38 COST PER KILOGRAM 12.12 15 0.69 44 5.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.63 177 Pesticides: Solid kg a/ b/ a/ b/ Hired labor in kind manday 0.63 14.692 GROSS RETURNS 13.11 1.008 10.91 44 10.93 17.712 1.188 94.021 3.Table 45.01 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 13.95 37 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 86.600 Seeds kg 1.47 1.955 1. Tools and Equipment 37 31 Fuel and Oil L 0.00 0. Animals.630 5.04 4 0.085 Pesticides: Solid kg 0. b/ Less than P 1.282 1.465 11.62 797 Landowner's share kg 36.955 17.369 40.887 140.154 39.44 2.851 Land tax 163 200 168 Rentals: Machine.23 5.61 495 Hired labor manday 7.99 907 12.47 0.81 39 IMPUTED COSTS 5.028 11.00 40.40 288 2.564 Area harvested ha.03 4 Pesticides: Liquid L 1.996 16. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 980.01 b/ Transport cost of inputs 161 220 170 Interest payment on crop loan 30 25 Sacks and tying materials / needle 29 70 35 Food expense 220 60 196 Repairs 339 885 422 NON-CASH COSTS 1.842 1.927 5.14 51 Harvesters' share kg 66.020 1.21 2.306 1.10 1.32 46 2.267.607 Seeds kg 12.904 29.85 429 16.71 491 70.94 2.25 81 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 12.16 354 4.76 13.77 544 Rentals: Land kg 3.735 12.96 560 14.14 1. 0.964 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 7.21 24 4.165 3.00 122 .17 60 0.357 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 1.577 12.01 kg.818 3. Zamboanga Peninsula.20 143 1.50 Number of farms 127 5 132 CASH COSTS 4.378 4.00 840 41.

698 1.188 2.021 429 1.282 495 Labor Hired Labor 1.165 560 1.306 1.577 12.901 Operator Labor 2.00 123 .388 TOTAL COSTS 11.214 5. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 10.964 Land tax 171 200 175 Lease rental 46 39 Interest payment on crop loan 30 25 Depreciation 79 55 76 Interest on operating capital 200 601 261 Rental value of owned land 1.Table 45.692 a/ Less than P 1.729 Seeds 276 431 300 Fertilizers Organic Solid 44 37 Inorganic Solid 1. Zamboanga Peninsula.735 1.832 2.842 1.085 Pesticides Solid 5 4 Liquid 354 1.887 3.778 Exchange Labor 15 13 Rentals: Machine. Animals.996 16.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.879 10.921 Family Labor 2.164 13. Tools and Equipment 37 31 Fuel and Oil 1 a/ Transport costs 161 220 170 Repairs 339 885 422 Food expense 220 60 196 Harvesters' share 907 180 797 Landowner's share 491 840 544 Sacks and tying materials 29 70 35 FIXED COSTS 1.

70 148 0.760 3.52 2.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.69 11.33 20.368 21.875 Exchange labor manday 0.91 1.80 0.13 24 8.Table 46.04 13 0.287 9.41 4.85 702 11.13 39 0.467 16.332 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 2.35 127 3.75 7.57 72 34.251 45.810 Family labor manday 16.288 0.25 10.921 20.26 45 Depreciation 154 1.881 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 7.072 3.902 12.726 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 9.41 2.259 9.85 4.297.05 6 Operator labor manday 12.76 557 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 6.794 5.82 412 14.47 107 0.696 20.337 Seeds kg 2.74 41 Transport cost of inputs 187 349 206 Interest payment on crop loan 31 552 90 Sacks and tying materials / needle 215 590 258 Food expense 157 1.017 5.62 17.43 43.84 37 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.995 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.10 124 .392 22.745 336 Interest on operating capital 393 919 454 Rental value of owned land 339 4. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1.731 GROSS RETURNS 17.354 128.12 347 14.26 110 17.96 119 Landowner's share kg 37.696 1.231 16.548 Seeds kg 9.60 134 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.845 Seeds kg 4.150 1.787.29 50 0.19 6 1.760 43.07 41 0.08 2.24 COST PER KILOGRAM 11.74 260 Hired labor manday 12.03 8 1.82 1.40 0.11 135 8.31 4.445 182 Machine.25 2.054 55.05 8 Hired labor in kind manday 0.471 2.81 Number of farms 148 17 165 CASH COSTS 8.28 475 IMPUTED COSTS 5.57 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 13.072 766 Land Tax 7 6 Sacks and tying materials / needle 4 3 TOTAL COSTS 14.90 0.35 2.816 171.44 362 0.88 717 Sheller's share kg 10.858 31. Animals.55 545 182.02 5 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.87 57 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 176.409 10.03 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.19 8 1.45 8.99 1.953 4.097 265 Repairs 348 277 340 NON-CASH COSTS 1.582.78 1. Northern Mindanao.178 Foliar: Liquid L 0.020 7.847 Land tax 137 135 137 Rentals: Land 19 1. 0.465 3. Tools and Equipment 407 442 411 Fuel and Oil L 6.86 527 6.61 11 78.726 Area harvested ha.20 0.42 95 Harvesters' share kg 39.54 13.

858 31.731 125 .868 1.816 4.953 702 1.760 Seeds 299 4.288 260 Labor Hired Labor 2.467 2. Tools and Equipment 407 442 411 Fuel and Oil 362 41 Transport costs 187 349 206 Repairs 348 277 340 Food expense 157 1.Table 46.354 2.097 265 Harvesters' share 545 2.049 728 Fertilizers Organic Solid 26 412 70 Inorganic Solid 4.745 336 Interest on operating capital 393 919 454 Rental value of owned land 339 4.231 16.445 182 Interest payment on crop loan 31 552 90 Depreciation 154 1.971 Land tax 144 135 143 Lease rental 19 1.178 Foliar Liquid 39 5 Pesticides Solid 13 12 Liquid 127 1.072 347 1.778 22.363 14.875 Exchange Labor 50 45 Rentals: Machine. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 13. Animals.080 8.054 717 Sheller's share 135 119 Landowner's share 527 72 475 Sacks and tying materials 219 590 261 FIXED COSTS 1.072 766 TOTAL COSTS 14.358 7.810 Family Labor 2. Northern Mindanao.942 Operator Labor 1.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.

14 0.44 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.196 21.245 14.13 53 0. Davao Region.76 0.31 25 1.28 1.803 6.22 2.31 25 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.270 14.008 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.475 9.600 Seeds kg 3.08 39 1.60 3.34 68 5.714 Family labor manday 14.714 9.44 12 0.934 TOTAL COSTS 14.228.13 53 Pesticides: Liquid L 1.80 73 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.62 11.Table 47.228.34 94 Landowner's share kg 5. Tools and Equipment 26 26 Fuel and Oil L 0.934 1.03 12 Hired labor in kind manday 0.03 11 Operator labor manday 9.278 Area harvested ha.65 162 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.28 1.06 5 Transport cost of inputs 142 142 Interest payment on crop loan 156 156 Irrigation fee 21 21 Sacks and tying materials / needle 17 17 Food expense 630 630 Repairs 346 346 NON-CASH COSTS 867 867 Seeds kg 9.58 585 1.76 Number of farms 151 151 CASH COSTS 6.444 71.444 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.06 492 38.25 13.22 2.13 16.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.608 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 2.58 585 Hired labor manday 21.08 39 Organic fertilizers: Solid kg 4.278 16.270 GROSS RETURNS 16. 0. Animals.34 94 7.475 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 8.90 1.26 1 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 0.06 5 0.06 492 Sheller's share kg 7.13 16.65 162 9.11 25 Harvesters' share kg 38.68 89 0.34 68 IMPUTED COSTS 6.25 126 .26 1 0.37 26 4.278 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 9.196 Land tax 119 119 Rentals: Machine.608 8.14 COST PER KILOGRAM 11.60 3.600 6. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1.68 89 Depreciation 202 202 Interest on operating capital 306 306 Rental value of owned land 1.80 73 3.03 11 0.803 Seeds kg 1.11 25 0.03 12 0.37 26 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 71.90 1.245 Exchange labor manday 0.62 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 13.278 1.008 2.

716 2. Davao Region. Animals.714 1.270 14.245 Exchange Labor 89 89 Rentals: Machine.Table 47.245 2.221 3.554 11. Tools and Equipment 26 26 Fuel and Oil 5 5 Transport costs 142 142 Irrigation fee 21 21 Repairs 346 346 Food expense 630 630 Harvesters' share 492 492 Sheller's share 94 94 Landowner's share 68 68 Sacks and tying materials 17 17 FIXED COSTS 2.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.270 127 .934 TOTAL COSTS 14.554 Seeds 275 275 Fertilizers Organic Solid 28 28 Inorganic Solid 1.716 Land tax 119 119 Interest payment on crop loan 156 156 Depreciation 202 202 Interest on operating capital 306 306 Rental value of owned land 1.934 1.221 Operator Labor 1.480 1.480 Pesticides Solid 53 53 Liquid 608 608 Labor Hired Labor 3.714 Family Labor 2. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 11.

025 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 2.654 20.01 kg.Table 48.804 39.34 COST PER KILOGRAM 11.16 0.02 704 8.284. tarpaulin and "sawali" b/ Less than 0. Tools and Equipment 232 106 177 Fuel and Oil L 0.223 13.339.932 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 9.932 Area harvested ha.726 27.49 89 16.32 81 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 1.41 619 5.02 12 Pesticides: Liquid L 1.161 305 788 Seeds kg 12.48 27 0.820 252.627 19. SOCCSKSARGEN.312 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 125.23 a/ Include canvas.74 1.35 134 0.04 5 Depreciation 237 423 318 Interest on operating capital 378 938 622 Rental value of owned land 2.917 13.34 2.03 0. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1.168 31.154 23.23 286 7.87 637 Hired labor manday 17.191 Exchange labor manday 0.726 2.24 176 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.69 3.56 2.577 2.994 Pesticides: Solid kg b/ 1 0.53 1.511 180.20 413 2.74 926 1.646 Others a/ 8 4 NON-CASH COSTS 1.82 14 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 16.06 20 Operator labor manday 6.27 13 0.756 10.503 14.31 5 1.39 27.52 4.36 200 Landowner's share kg 59.48 12 Harvesters' share kg 23.64 195 15.54 42 35.874 Seeds kg 0.90 12.21 5.118 Seeds kg 6. 128 .13 46 0.83 1.20 3.52 1.234 26.79 58 IMPUTED COSTS 5.49 0.91 Number of farms 70 44 114 CASH COSTS 9.68 7.895 5.61 741 3.465 18. Animals.27 133 5.467.07 8 0.15 8 Transport cost of inputs 326 308 318 Interest payment on crop loan 64 234 138 Sacks and tying materials / needle 76 220 139 Electricity cost 62 20 44 Food expense 432 506 464 Repairs 1.813 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 8.780 GROSS RETURNS 18.081 2.29 873 Family labor manday 10.10 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 12.14 436 Rentals: Land kg 13.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.069 3.11 27 0.58 39.622 2.12 1.06 7.377 1.07 4 0.152 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.05 27 0.071 7.59 404 7.597 Land Tax 44 47 45 Transport cost of inputs 7 4 Sacks and tying materials / needle 3 16 8 TOTAL COSTS 16.98 9.846 5. 0.71 18.804 3.81 11.177 20.907 Land tax 70 123 93 Caretaker/overseer's wages 220 96 Rentals: Land 225 127 Machine.82 14 7.570 13.568 5.

234 26.154 4.638 22.081 2.780 a/ Include canvas. tarpaulin and "sawali" 129 .942 4.191 Exchange Labor 8 5 Caretaker/overseer`s wages 220 96 Rentals: Machine.820 5.182 Pesticides Solid 1 27 12 Liquid 413 972 657 Labor Hired Labor 3.520 3. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 12.168 7.595 4.796 1.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.597 TOTAL COSTS 16.577 2.134 16.069 619 873 Family Labor 1. Tools and Equipment 232 106 177 Fuel and Oil 4 13 8 Transport costs 333 308 322 Electricity costs 62 20 44 Repairs 1.408 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 2.999 Land tax 114 170 138 Lease rental 225 133 185 Interest payment on crop loan 64 234 138 Depreciation 237 423 318 Interest on operating capital 378 938 622 Rental value of owned land 2.646 Food expense 432 506 464 Harvesters' share 286 89 200 Landowner's share 741 42 436 Sacks and tying materials 78 236 147 Othersa/ 8 4 FIXED COSTS 3. SOCCSKSARGEN.Table 48.622 2.907 Operator Labor 1.377 1.781 Seeds 334 2.568 704 1. Animals.654 20.

35 5.67 6.729 650 Others a/ 36 26 NON-CASH COSTS 2.648 135.179 Exchange labor manday 0.39 94 16.14 20 Operator labor manday 10.36 3.55 COST PER KILOGRAM 7. Caraga.00 55.74 2.700 756 Sacks and tying materials / needle 7 244 74 Food expense 566 539 559 Repairs 230 1.118 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.23 582 Hired labor manday 11.007 Seeds kg 3.49 85 Hired labor in kind manday 1.77 199 Harvesters' share kg 185.00 2.07 277 0.561 28.944 32.879 5.04 24 0.02 Number of farms 29 6 35 CASH COSTS 6. 0.417 2.076.09 25 1.00 4.92 11.61 140 IMPUTED COSTS 5.805 4.59 91 Depreciation 658 572 634 Interest on operating capital 319 984 505 Rental value of owned land 116 3.09 1.080 24.84 2.522 200.626 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 15.99 310 194.433 GROSS RETURNS 22.631 0.53 0.32 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 11.81 110 2.56 0.619 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 13.19 27 0.901.Table 49.10 19 5.42 3.05 861 Interest payment on crop loan kg 45.12 1.790.249 Seeds kg 6.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.294 4.60 4.424 22.826 Family labor manday 8.152 1.883 Land tax 18 75 34 Fuel and Oil L 4.67 1.52 31.24 2.416 1.466 20.78 1.417 31.99 7.583 35.50 200 1.50 18 Landowner's share kg 25.00 1.19 7.786 19.80 2.48 1.000 924 TOTAL COSTS 14.193 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.82 126 0.77 10.33 a/ Include canvas.21 2.369 55.177 Seeds kg 0.626 Area harvested ha.143 428.54 360 3.090 7.89 1.280 73.00 500 12.865 7.782 11.279 16.950 11. tarpaulin and "sawali" 130 .634 20.369 5.23 22.46 308 7.829 16.213 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 110.007 253.945 Sheller's share kg 2.371 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 7.26 56 Transport cost of inputs 5 126 39 Interest payment on crop loan 2.03 18 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.08 15 6. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1.

Caraga.280 861 Sacks and tying materials 7 244 74 Othersa/ 36 26 FIXED COSTS 1.466 20.631 15 1. tarpaulin and "sawali" 131 .472 27.Table 49.109 1.143 5.279 4.648 3.152 582 Labor Hired Labor 2.993 Land tax 18 75 34 Interest payment on crop loan 3.200 896 Depreciation 658 572 634 Interest on operating capital 319 984 505 Rental value of owned land 116 3.179 Exchange Labor 126 91 Fuel and Oil 200 56 Transport costs 5 126 39 Repairs 230 1.838 7.826 Family Labor 1.318 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 2.729 650 Food expense 566 539 559 Harvesters' share 2.635 17.945 Sheller's share 25 18 Landowner's share 310 2.433 a/ Include canvas.118 Pesticides Solid 24 18 Liquid 360 1. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 13.522 4.439 Seeds 232 4.416 308 1.082 Operator Labor 2.583 35.831 2.000 924 TOTAL COSTS 14.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.111 7.007 2.

922 6.555 4.779.043 325 Transport cost of inputs 181 109 173 Interest payment on crop loan 68 50 66 Irrigation fee 14 11 14 Sacks and tying materials / needle 276 657 316 Food expense 432 803 471 Repairs 265 706 311 NON-CASH COSTS 2.32 1.09 1.299 9.393 134.087 807 Sacks and tying materials / needle 11 359 48 TOTAL COSTS 15.224 67.70 2.11 Number of farms 88 10 98 CASH COSTS 5.074 11.356 RETURNS ABOVE CASH COSTS 16.898.23 1.30 132 .18 82 0.241 23.243 Family labor manday 14.93 23.518 12.30 34.587 Pesticides: Solid kg 0.34 1.10 86 Hired labor manday 5.44 10.94 243 9.553 155.65 159 Hired labor in kind manday 0.46 4.241 1. Animals.068 2.692 5.45 753 119.03 1.15 1.865 16.582 RETURNS ABOVE CASH 14.05 2 7.14 45 IMPUTED COSTS 7.09 8.994 22.02 3.22 0.75 22.560 14.24 166 3. ARMM.512 GROSS RETURNS 22.57 417 9.66 3.304 5.82 40 Operator labor manday 13.264 16.221 2.939 Exchange labor manday 6.66 1.440 18.184 6.844 NET PROFIT-COST RATIO 0.37 283 0.068 34.980 Land tax 159 289 173 Rentals: Machine.770 13.70 100 8.794.851 AND NON-CASH COSTS NET RETURNS 6.41 COST PER KILOGRAM 8.20 103 Harvesters' share kg 131.17 1.09 78 0.13 424 4.705 10.30 12.356 Area harvested ha.70 FARMGATE PRICE PER KILOGRAM 12.01 Average production costs and returns of corn per hectare by farm type.893 133.480 Depreciation 225 234 226 Interest on operating capital 197 460 225 Rental value of owned land 655 2.774 Seeds kg 9.146 28.46 0.98 1.008 Seeds kg 0.Table 50. 1.43 1.02 1.77 834 Landowner's share kg 39.96 1.03 12 0.02 11 Pesticides: Liquid L 0.94 2.329 14.10 1.10 87 0. January-September 2013 White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn Item Unit Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Quantity Value (P) Production kg 1. Tools and Equipment 240 1.550 17.057 16.30 365 0.521 65.731 Seeds kg 9.145 8.32 12.91 2.589 Sheller's share kg 59.310 7.78 3.90 261 Inorganic fertilizers: Solid kg 59.44 2.

587 Pesticides Solid 12 11 Liquid 87 78 86 Labor Hired Labor 1.087 807 TOTAL COSTS 15.305 3.Table 50.865 3.043 325 Transport costs 181 109 173 Irrigation fee 14 11 14 Repairs 265 706 311 Food expense 432 803 471 Harvesters' share 1.393 3.589 Sheller's share 753 1.587 2. ARMM.553 1.939 Exchange Labor 1. Tools and Equipment 240 1.512 133 .841 24.310 1.264 3.057 16.146 28. Animals.016 364 FIXED COSTS 1.016 Seeds 411 883 461 Fertilizers Inorganic Solid 1.480 Rentals: Machine.560 2.770 2.02 Average variable and fixed production costs of corn per hectare by farm type.787 4. January-September 2013 Item White Corn Yellow Corn All Corn VARIABLE COSTS 13.119 1.083 Operator Labor 2.521 834 Landowner's share 424 45 Sacks and tying materials 287 1.497 Land tax 159 289 173 Interest payment on crop loan 68 50 66 Depreciation 225 234 226 Interest on operating capital 197 460 225 Rental value of owned land 655 2.243 Family Labor 2.938 15.224 1.299 1.893 1.

41 0.33 0.65 0.18 0.September 2013 Other Land Sold / Harvesters' Shellers' Landowner's Region Laborers' Lease/ To be Sold Share Share Share Share Rental PHILIPPINES 81.04 1.05 0.23 0.39 0.15 4.00 2.61 5.25 Caraga 70.15 0.17 Ilocos Region 100.50 0.26 3.55 1.18 0.88 1.19 0.35 0. January .90 0.43 MIMAROPA 46.29 0.42 Western Visayas 12.43 0.84 0.14 5.38 0.42 Eastern Visayas 43.03 0.42 1.06 0.70 0.15 SOCCSKSARGEN 5.41 0.65 0.48 Zamboanga Peninsula 46.70 2.51 0.53 9.26 Central Luzon CALABARZON 66.89 0.87 0.02 0.55 34. Philippines.27 0.06 Central Visayas 13.31 0.05 0.84 0.29 0.47 2.62 0.01 1.98 8.57 0.94 0.38 0.05 Davao Region 29.05 0.30 0.29 10.47 CALABARZON 13.20 Northern Mindanao 68.18 1.00 Cagayan Valley 92.91 0.45 2.03 CAR 0.45 0.12 Caraga 15.56 0.02 Northern Mindanao 20.72 0.44 SOCCSKSARGEN 86.03 8.72 0.72 0.81 Bicol Region 10.05 0. Table 51.16 MIMAROPA 2.32 1.15 1.18 3.29 0.46 0.76 3.09 0.53 0.20 Eastern Visayas 29.46 1.72 1.12 2.91 4.32 Bicol Region 83.06 1.60 0.18 0.97 2.81 0.78 4.57 Central Visayas 62.04 0.21 7.27 0.58 2.59 0.15 1.40 0.86 0.14 0.54 3.08 Central Luzon 99.66 2.31 3.05 CAR 89.48 0.17 Davao Region 64.59 1.23 0.34 1.63 Ilocos Region Cagayan Valley 0.42 0.54 0.04 0. Concluded For Used/ Used/ Given Paid to Region Home To be Used To be Used Wastage Others 1/ Away Creditor Consumption for Seeds for Feeds PHILIPPINES 9.76 0.10 0.32 0.81 9.02 1/ Include rentals other than land and stolen produce 134 .44 3.70 0.72 0.31 3.23 0.14 ARMM 0.79 0.51 0.34 0.57 0.29 0.57 Zamboanga Peninsula 41.65 0.57 0.01 Western Visayas 68.68 3.84 0.03 5. Percentage distribution of corn produce by disposition item and by region.22 Table 51.15 0.93 0.07 0.04 3.01 1.07 2.10 1.62 ARMM 83.03 6.09 0.53 0.86 7.13 1.

28 5.33 13.39 Table 53.00 20.00 62.39 47.00 32.00 50.58 59.67 33.33 26.33 6.68 20.97 29.00 Central Luzon 38.56 5.47 37.00 85.33 Eastern Visayas 66.09 Cagayan Valley 81.22 16.67 33. January .00 Northern Mindanao 5.67 13.29 25.73 Northern Mindanao 24.50 12.00 4.00 CAR 29.88 14.00 33.92 29.56 33. Philippines.33 1/ Include proper farm management.21 56.67 13.24 29.00 36.29 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 66.27 Western Visayas 37.07 60.93 39.00 15.87 19.09 36.77 18. Percentage of corn farmers reporting on current level of production in comparison with the same period last year by region.78 33.00 24.33 ARMM 33.24 44.63 48.37 35.00 16.00 MIMAROPA 30.31 13.25 47.00 60.62 34.67 16.67 16.33 Western Visayas 10. increased planting density.33 SOCCSKSARGEN 8. Table 52.86 0.81 Eastern Visayas 10.36 27.67 13.67 33.33 Bicol Region 11.19 Central Visayas 41.17 Central Luzon 57.89 27.45 8.09 Davao Region 19. Philippines.66 15.00 2.27 36.00 Bicol Region 24.September 2013 Reasons For Higher Production This Year Lesser Good Used Adequate Region Increase Good Occurrence 1/ Quality Adequate Water Others in Area Weather of Pests and of Seeds Fertilizer Supply Diseases PHILIPPINES 6.September 2013 Region Higher This Year Lower This Year About The Same PHILIPPINES 28.00 16.11 72.00 Ilocos Region 9.50 27.50 2.07 Zamboanga Peninsula 37.50 Davao Region 16.72 Caraga 42.71 36.52 Cagayan Valley 38.57 56.59 62.15 22.33 73.04 20.00 12.14 28.00 Central Visayas 6.50 50.22 Ilocos Region 23.13 40.27 69.36 29.00 56.33 Zamboanga Peninsula 6.29 CAR 25.33 CALABARZON 100.00 Caraga 40.36 9. January .29 SOCCSKSARGEN 21.00 37.00 14.57 14.00 50.86 28.91 19.67 30. good quality of soil and adequate financial support 135 . Percentage of corn farmers with higher volume of production this year by reason for change in production and by region.27 3.57 25.71 ARMM 15.94 65.00 12.34 27.

Table 54. Percentage of corn farmers with lower volume of production this year by reason for change
in production and by region, Philippines, January - September 2013

Reasons For Lower Production This Year
Occurrence Poor Inadequate Poor
Region Decrease Bad 1/
of Pests and Quality Water Quality of Others
in Area Weather
Diseases of Seeds Supply Produce

PHILIPPINES 11.72 60.76 20.16 10.35 19.07 1.36 5.72

CAR 23.08 92.31 15.38 7.69 15.38
Ilocos Region 44.44 55.56 11.11
Cagayan Valley 4.44 66.67 22.22 11.11 4.44 2.22
Central Luzon 60.00 40.00 40.00
CALABARZON 81.82 18.18 9.09 18.18
MIMAROPA 60.00 60.00 20.00
Bicol Region 18.18 63.64 36.36 9.09 9.09
Western Visayas 18.18 54.55 18.18 9.09 18.18 9.09
Central Visayas 23.33 55.00 10.00 1.67 31.67 10.00
Eastern Visayas 87.50 50.00 12.50 25.00
Zamboanga Peninsula 15.79 57.89 47.37 26.32
Northern Mindanao 13.70 57.53 19.18 16.44 16.44 8.22
Davao Region 6.90 55.17 34.48 6.90 17.24
SOCCSKSARGEN 11.11 53.33 13.33 11.11 33.33 11.11
Caraga 80.00 10.00 20.00
ARMM 84.62 23.08

1/ Include lack of financing, poor soil condition, improper farm management, eaten by animals and
affected by permanent crops such as rubber and mango.

Table 55. Percentage of corn farmers reporting problems on production by region,
Philippines, January - September 2013

Bad Occurrence
High Cost Lack of
Region Weather/ of Pests
of Inputs Capital
Calamities and Diseases

PHILIPPINES 45.87 39.21 36.19 26.83

CAR 59.26 62.96 55.56 7.41
Ilocos Region 43.48 39.13 6.52
Cagayan Valley 67.74 45.97 50.81 29.03
Central Luzon 94.44 22.22
CALABARZON 72.73 36.36
MIMAROPA 30.00 40.00 60.00 30.00
Bicol Region 52.05 20.55 23.29 17.81
Western Visayas 33.33 12.96 35.19 12.96
Central Visayas 47.40 38.15 60.69 22.54
Eastern Visayas 13.79 37.93 68.97 72.41
Zamboanga Peninsula 59.09 36.36 23.48 34.85
Northern Mindanao 44.85 45.45 28.48 26.67
Davao Region 15.23 30.46 28.48 36.42
SOCCSKSARGEN 64.91 51.75 35.09 21.05
Caraga 28.57 54.29 25.71 11.43
ARMM 37.76 48.98 30.61 40.82

136

Table 55. Concluded

Rough or Poor Poor Inadequate Supply
Region Road/Inadequate Soil of Water/ Others1/
Transport Facilities Condition Irrigation Problem

PHILIPPINES 11.19 10.24 2.70 2.14

CAR 3.70 11.11
Ilocos Region 6.52 4.35 17.39 4.35
Cagayan Valley 8.06 4.84 6.45 3.23
Central Luzon 11.11
CALABARZON 27.27
MIMAROPA 10.00
Bicol Region 10.96 4.11
Western Visayas 12.96 11.11 9.26 1.85
Central Visayas 10.40 16.76 2.31
Eastern Visayas 31.03
Zamboanga Peninsula 6.06 1.52 0.76
Northern Mindanao 7.27 6.67 1.21 3.03
Davao Region 21.85 15.89 1.99
SOCCSKSARGEN 31.58 19.30 1.75 3.51
Caraga 5.71 8.57
ARMM 4.08 11.22 3.06

1/ Include excessive water, poor quality of seeds, eaten by animals, lack of post-harvest facilities
and lack of area for planting.

Table 56. Percentage of corn farmers who sold produce to major buyer by region,
Philippines, January - September 2013

Wholesaler-
Region Wholesaler Agent Assembler Consumer Cooperative Processor
Retailer

PHILIPPINES 45.70 38.42 7.88 3.39 3.27 0.85 0.48

CAR 85.19 14.81
Ilocos Region 45.65 43.48 8.70 2.17
Cagayan Valley 75.61 15.45 6.50 0.81 1.63
Central Luzon 22.22 33.33 44.44
CALABARZON
MIMAROPA 37.50 25.00 37.50
Bicol Region 40.00 27.27 14.55 16.36 1.82
Western Visayas 67.86 7.14 14.29 3.57 7.14
Central Visayas 23.08 7.69 30.77 11.54 26.92
Eastern Visayas 72.73 27.27
Zamboanga Peninsula 60.98 26.83 7.32 4.88
Northern Mindanao 57.73 40.21 2.06
Davao Region 29.75 57.02 2.48 7.44 1.65 1.65
SOCCSKSARGEN 39.25 57.01 2.80 0.93
Caraga 35.00 50.00 15.00
ARMM 20.62 50.52 27.84 1.03

137

Table 57. Percentage of corn farmers reporting problems on marketing of produce
by region, Philippines, January - September 2013

Rough Roads/ Lack of Limited
Low Price Unstable
Region High Transport Marketing Buyer/
of Produce Prices
Cost Information Market Outlet

PHILIPPINES 44.21 38.73 15.87 4.52 3.57

CAR 77.78 96.30 14.81 3.70
Ilocos Region 45.65 63.04 15.22 2.17 2.17
Cagayan Valley 71.77 73.39 11.29 11.29 10.48
Central Luzon 66.67 44.44 16.67
CALABARZON
MIMAROPA 50.00 50.00 10.00 10.00
Bicol Region 58.90 42.47 9.59 6.85 2.74
Western Visayas 20.37 22.22 9.26 1.85
Central Visayas 11.56 4.05 0.58 1.16
Eastern Visayas 24.14 24.14 3.45
Zamboanga Peninsula 30.30 5.30 5.30 0.76 1.52
Northern Mindanao 49.09 47.27 23.03 6.67 4.24
Davao Region 27.81 40.40 39.07 1.99 7.28
SOCCSKSARGEN 72.81 65.79 27.19 5.26 0.88
Caraga 42.86 31.43 11.43
ARMM 68.37 40.82 22.45 8.16 7.14

Table 58. Percentage of corn farmers who availed of loans for corn production by source
of loan and by region, Philippines, January - September 2013

Percentage of Source
Region Corn Farmers Private
Who Availed Loan
Cooperative Bank Others1/
Individual

PHILIPPINES 12.30 7.10 1.29 87.10 4.52

CAR 59.26 50.00 50.00
Ilocos Region 8.70 100.00
Cagayan Valley 52.42 1.54 98.46
Central Luzon 44.44 75.00 25.00
CALABARZON
MIMAROPA 10.00 100.00
Bicol Region 8.22 16.67 83.33
Western Visayas
Central Visayas 4.05 14.29 71.43 14.29
Eastern Visayas 10.34 100.00
Zamboanga Peninsula 8.33 9.09 81.82 9.09
Northern Mindanao 4.24 71.43 28.57
Davao Region 1.32 50.00 50.00
SOCCSKSARGEN 12.28 7.14 92.86
Caraga 25.71 100.00
ARMM 2.04 100.00

1/ Include micro-financing institutions, NGOs, farmers' association and Quedancor.

138

00 50. Percentage of corn farmers who were aware and availed of benefit from government programs/ interventions in corn production by region.29 18.33 SOCCSKSARGEN 37.94 Northern Mindanao 56.00 MIMAROPA 100.02 Caraga 77.00 50.86 ARMM 31.69 53.79 15.62 2.67 8.41 Ilocos Region 34.50 37.15 18. January .00 10.86 CAR 92.14 2.78 10.48 Western Visayas 88.85 Central Visayas 53.89 1.47 7.63 1.51 Eastern Visayas 55.85 7.36 13.04 12.00 100.00 Bicol Region 87.00 16.17 29.41 CAR 100.40 0.00 8.09 MIMAROPA 90.86 4.52 Central Luzon 77.00 25.00 20.00 Western Visayas 100.36 18.78 22.00 Central Visayas 23.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 65. tractor services and farm to market roads 139 .00 Zamboanga Peninsula 16.22 CALABARZON 90.00 1/ Include crop insurance.91 9.18 50.08 7. Percentage of corn farmers who received benefit from government programs/interventions on corn production by type of benefit and by region.94 41.37 71.18 7.50 37.50 Caraga 100.17 4.75 12.69 7.89 SOCCSKSARGEN 78.84 39.00 76. Philippines.September 2013 Aware of Government Availed of Benefit from Government Region Programs/Intervention Programs/Intervention PHILIPPINES 66.September 2013 Training on Post - Fertilizer and Marketing Region Seeds Farming Harvest Loans Others1/ Other Inputs Support Technology Facilities PHILIPPINES 30.00 Cagayan Valley 14.00 ARMM 100.00 Northern Mindanao 36.00 Bicol Region 50. Philippines.69 30.77 Eastern Visayas 100.02 Table 60.33 Davao Region 80.67 5.59 7.17 3. January .24 Central Luzon 100.00 CALABARZON 100.Table 59.43 2.00 Davao Region 54.07 7.87 Cagayan Valley 79.36 28.00 40.00 Ilocos Region 60.17 16.

62 26.43 Eastern Visayas 37. Percentage of corn farmers by perceived effect of climate change on their corn farming and by region.53 58.45 9. January .00 50.27 100.94 Caraga ARMM 60.38 34.57 71.46 Western Visayas 75.91 Central Luzon 11. increase in production.September 2013 Used the Benefit Received from Increased Region the Government Corn Farm Income PHILIPPINES 77.00 62.67 45.17 40.86 20.16 61. Philippines.98 21.15 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 88.00 1. Philippines.29 73.97 29.21 71.82 2.00 14.43 Cagayan Valley 71.31 38.35 26.00 100. Percentage of corn farmers who used the benefit received and increased income by region.00 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 100.39 4.00 Table 62.09 72.74 95.63 Central Luzon 100.00 20.04 21.32 63.92 46.00 54.93 45.00 50.00 10. more occurrence of weeds and crop stress 140 .29 57.76 81.00 13.84 Davao Region 66.47 39.83 SOCCSKSARGEN 75.22 32.49 64.93 41.00 11.80 42.92 42.77 21.00 Western Visayas 100.00 Bicol Region 50.66 3.19 17.00 ARMM 100.11 100.45 Davao Region 66.73 Zamboanga Peninsula 75.00 25.76 28.91 12.00 Northern Mindanao 63.35 23.57 14. Table 61.15 31.39 13.00 SOCCSKSARGEN 89.50 Caraga 100.20 67.00 80.46 19.73 CAR 50.00 Cagayan Valley 87.00 70.00 Central Visayas 76.14 28.14 Bicol Region 35.92 42.06 CAR 85.41 Central Visayas 80.29 28.00 Ilocos Region 60.00 CALABARZON 100.00 9.September 2013 Effect Affected Change in Decrease in Increase Region By Climate Decrease Cropping Number of in Input Others 1/ Change in Yield Pattern Cropping Usage PHILIPPINES 67.00 20.00 65.23 34.64 45.00 Northern Mindanao 75.00 MIMAROPA 70.37 10.68 1/ Include decrease in frequency of plowing. January .00 27.71 11.00 100.45 13.00 100.43 7.51 7.65 Ilocos Region 30.

98 73.79 15.66 44.57 ARMM 87.85 62.00 Davao Region 14.33 16.64 31.14 10.79 Eastern Visayas Zamboanga Peninsula 21.00 100.52 3.76 12.68 15.11 10.29 Central Visayas 10.67 Ilocos Region 10.52 5.58 21.42 2.00 ARMM 1. Philippines.22 34.21 64.74 Western Visayas 74.71 7.67 24.95 6.84 1.00 25.00 Central Luzon 33. livestock dispersal and vegetable production livelihood Table 64.82 SOCCSKSARGEN 13.08 11.September 2013 Benefits Received Members of Financial/ Region Farmers' Trainings/ Inputs Marketing Organization Seminars Credit Others1/ Support Support Support PHILIPPINES 10.00 10.90 Zamboanga Peninsula 92.79 6.16 2.33 16.61 0.61 Davao Region 51.00 50.29 28.56 Central Visayas 73.67 CALABARZON 63.96 71.89 Eastern Visayas 79.29 14.29 7.43 28.00 Western Visayas 12.24 141 .56 CAR 22.00 65.00 Cagayan Valley 0.32 9.September 2013 Maintain Current Expand Shift To Other Stop Region Operations Operations Crops Operations PHILIPPINES 71.67 Caraga 2.38 31.85 80.37 2.33 13.91 28.00 100.00 20.43 2.86 100.07 20.66 3.27 1.51 1.70 Ilocos Region 65. January .00 Bicol Region 64.64 36.22 100.99 21.00 Bicol Region 6.61 Central Luzon 83.50 25.33 6.26 37.90 33.79 Northern Mindanao 77. Percentage of corn farmers who are members of farmers' organization and type of benefits received by region.43 14.00 16.33 13.97 1.00 10.16 53.00 50.06 CAR 59.87 80.36 MIMAROPA 60.31 SOCCSKSARGEN 64.37 0.Table 63.31 13.37 5.21 0. Percentage distribution of corn farmers reporting on the plan of farm operations by region.02 100.14 Northern Mindanao 4.67 CALABARZON MIMAROPA 20.87 1.00 1/ Include farm machineries.14 Caraga 71.78 Cagayan Valley 62.57 14.00 20.57 68.81 100.61 1.18 13.04 3. Philippines. January .

53 28.59 9.00 66.45 72.56 52.39 28.91 38.35 4.37 Western Visayas 18.00 30.18 45.53 1/ Include more inputs support.67 CALABARZON 9. Concluded Soil Land New/Modern Environmental Region Testing/ Reform Farming Others 1/ Concern Analysis Program Technologies PHILIPPINES 12.04 4.89 68.30 6.52 37.76 0.68 14.48 69.56 Caraga 85.00 CALABARZON 54.37 14.33 Ilocos Region 13.75 Caraga 2.89 11. provision of good variety of seeds.56 Central Visayas 15.67 Davao Region 21.74 Central Luzon 100.02 79.45 24.54 SOCCSKSARGEN 80.48 67.31 22.81 2.71 85.54 1.44 43.43 57.04 4.63 55.06 36.27 0.06 58.35 Cagayan Valley 16.45 3.03 Northern Mindanao 3.76 7.58 46.00 30.11 24.31 21.13 4.00 20.37 5.56 Central Visayas 13.81 25.62 Zamboanga Peninsula 30.26 17.27 Northern Mindanao 51.01 4. provision of crop insurance and dispersal of work animals 142 .42 Western Visayas 35.56 50.12 7.52 9.43 24.86 ARMM 18.64 0.47 2.52 20.59 1.63 4.88 1.45 13.29 ARMM 64.00 Bicol Region 4.16 Table 65.00 10.57 32.32 2.22 100.58 3.61 67.14 58.11 45.19 0.97 6.79 Davao Region 53.14 74.94 3.26 20.19 Eastern Visayas 89.07 29.78 CAR 18.45 0. Percentage of corn farmers reporting on the recommendations to further improve the corn production by region.29 15.64 5.09 9.84 6.32 SOCCSKSARGEN 19.09 18.30 2.00 33.87 3.37 6.35 4.61 2.82 MIMAROPA 10.71 11.16 6.35 13.39 Cagayan Valley 95.61 16.93 96.36 77.60 74.00 Bicol Region 63.66 3.21 17.Table 65.66 11.57 2.49 58. Philippines.73 Eastern Visayas 3.52 1.45 25.30 Ilocos Region 78.91 19.17 CAR 70.11 9.26 23.September 2013 Improve Regulate Price Infrastructure Financial Region Irrigation Price of Support Facilities Support Services Farm Inputs PHILIPPINES 56.66 20.04 33.09 81.73 MIMAROPA 90.78 5.21 53.88 14.86 28.70 0. January .07 1.14 26.19 11.73 4.33 22.00 10.42 Central Luzon 27.55 9.45 Zamboanga Peninsula 2.

2007. BAS Costs and Returns of Tilapia Production. Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority. References 2009 Costs and Returns of Corn Production. BAS Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC). March 2011. Department of Agriculture 143 . September 2011. BAS 3rd Edition Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics in the Philippines. NSO List of Fully Registered Fertilizer (Finished Products/Raw Materials) as of 31 December 2011.

1184 Quezon Avenue.bas@gmail.gov. 372-3823 aasid. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES PHILIPPINES Philippine Statistics Authority Ben-Lor Bldg. Quezon City Agricultural Accounts and Statistical Indicators Division Tel.com https://www.ph/ ..psa. No.