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S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS

N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

1 Pergularia daemia(Forssk.) ijoyun, utaezi Leaf and bark


Chiov. (Asclepiadaceae)
kole ori

ogba

2 Bryophyllum abamoda, eru- danweshin Leaf and root


pinnatum (Lam.) Oken odundun (edo)
(Crassulaceae)

3 Mangifera indicaLinn. mangoro mangolo mangwaro Leaf and bark


(Anacardiaceae)

4 Alstonia boonei De Wild ahun, ako- egbu ora ukhu (edo); Root, bark and
(Apocynacea) ibepo leaf

5 Cleistopholis patens(Benth) apako, oke ojo otu (edo) Leaf and bark
Engl. & Diels
(Annonacaceae)

6 Musanga cecropioidesR. Br. aga agbawo ulu, egbu, egbesu Bark and root
(Cecropiaceae) onru, ujuju (itsekiri)

7 Ceiba pentandraLinn. araba akpu rimi Leaf, bark and


Gaertn (Bombacaceae) root

8 Pseudospondias okikan aja rimin kuroni Bark


microcarpa A. Rich. Engl.
(Anacardiaceae)

9 Anchomanes difformis Engl. igo, langbodo, oje cakara olikhoror Root, stem, leaf
(Araceae) ogirisako (edo)

10 Rauvolfia vomitoriaAfzel. asofeyeje akanta wada Bark and root


(Apocynaceae)

11 Spondias mombinLinn. iyeye ijikara tsaadar lamarudu Leaf and bark


(Anacardiaceae)

12 Voacanga africanaStapf. ako dodo pete pete Bark and root


S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

(Apocynaceae)

13 Spathodea campanulata P. oruru imi ewu okuekue Bark


Beauv. (Bignoniaceae) (edo)

14 Canarium ako, ube ohia atile Bark


schweinfurthii Engl. anikantuhu,
(Burseraceae) origbo

15 Basella alba Linn. amunututu, efo Leaf


(Basellaceae) tutu

16 Holarrhena floribunda(G. ako ire mba bakin mutum Root


Don) Dur. & Schinz.
(Apocynaceae)

17 Terminalia ivorensisA. Chev. afara dudu awunshin egboen-nebi Bark


(Combretaceae) (edo).

18 Ananas comosusLinn. ogede-oyibo, akwu olu abarbaa edinebo Fruit and leaf
(Bromeliaceae) ope-oyibo (edo)

19 Stemonocoleus nre erhanebeni Whole plant


micranthus Harms. (edo)
(Caesalpiniaceae)

20 Piper guineenseSchum. and ata-iyere uziza Fruit, leaf and


Thonn. (Piperaceae) seed

21 Adansonia digitataLinn. luru, ose bakko, kumbali usi (edo) Leaf


(Bombaceae)

22 Moringa oleifera Lam. ewe igbale Root


(Moringaceae)

23 Newbouldia laevisSeem. akoko ogirisi aduruku ikhimi (edo) Bark, root and
(Bignoniaceae) leaf

24 Aneilema beninense(P. godobo-funfun, obo-ogu uku ohiovbo Leaf


Beauv.) Kunth. odo (edo);
(Commelinaceae)
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

25 Terminalia catappaLinn. mbansan Bark and


(Combretaceae) mbakara young leaf
(efik)

26 Bixa orellana Linn. osun buke uhie aro, Seed and leaf
(Bixaceae) mkpulu ofia,
ula

27 Telfairea occidentalisHook. apiroko, egusi, ohi (fruit), ugu ubon (efik) Leaf
F. (Cucurbitaceae) iroko

28 Kalanchoe crenataHaw. eleti unwa harfifi Leaf


(Crassulaceae)

29 Calotropis proceraAit. F. bomubomu bambambele Leaf, root and


(Asclepiadaceae) bark

30 Myrianthus arboreusP. ewe ade, ujuju ihi eghe Bark


Beauv. (Cecropiaceae) ibisere (edo)

31 Canna indica Linn. ido, idoro abereka mwo bakalekale Leaf, root,
(Cannacea) shoot and stem

32 Xanthosoma mafaffaSchott. ede eko, akasi gwaazaa-mai-gooraa iyokho Root and leaf
(Araceae) oyibo, ede akara (edo)
ohia

33 Kigelia Africana(Lam.) orora, alamborogoda, hantsar giiwaa, ugbon-gbon Leaf, bark and
Benth. (Bignoniaceae) pandoro,uyan uturukpa rahainaa (edo) fruit

34 Cnestis ferruginea DC akara oje, oyan fura amarya ukpo-ibieka Bark, leaf, root
(Connaraceae) aje (edo) and fruit

35 Mariscus alternifoliusVahl. samikoko, ataku mainya, ayaa efo’aba Whole plant


(Cyperaceae) alubosa eranko nne ikute (nupe)

36 Heliotropium indicumLinn. agogo igun, azu uzo, ilolo kalkashin kooramaa Leaf
(Boraginaceae) ogbe ori akuko isi mwa-eku,
utaba ani

37 Lagenaria siceraria(Molina) ado, igba, mbubu, igba, bumbu, dan ekpere (edo) Leaf, seed and
akengbe, itakun
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

Standl. (Cucurbitaceae) igba ebele kwakwangi root

38 Opuntia dillenii Haw oro agogo Stem, leaf and


(Cactaceae) agogo fruit

39 Cyperus esculentusLinn. imumu ofio arigiza, ayaa rigiza, efa ( nupe) Leaf
(Cyperaceae) omu, erunsha bakar

40 Thevetia neriifoliaJuss. olomiojo Leaf and bark


(Apocynaceae)

41 Aspilla Africana(Pers.) C.D. ako yunyun, azuzo, jamajina, kalankuwa edeme Whole plant
Adams (Compositae) yinrin-yinrin, oramejina edon(efik) and leaf
ako

42 Vernonia amygdalinaDel. ewuro, orin, olubi, olugbu, chusar doki, fatefate, oriwo (edo) Leaf, root, bark
(Compositae) pako, ewuro onubu mayemaye and fruit
jije

43 Dioscorea esuru, ewu adu, akpana, gursami, kisra ufua (edo) Tuber and root
dumetorum (Kunth) eleso, ona igbo
gudugudu
Pax.(Dioscoreaceae)

44 Dacryodes edulis (G. Don) elemi, ibagbo ubwe oyo, orunmwun Leaf and bark
H.J. Lam. (Burseraceae) ube, ube-oyibo (edo)

45 Sclerocarya birrea (A. danya, huli Bark, leaf and


Rich.) Hochst. root
(Anacardiaceae)

46 Terminalia idi, idi-apata, edo, barbar baushe Root, leaf and


glaucescens Planch idi-odan bark
(Combretaceae)

47 Sterculia tragacanthaLindl alawefon Bark and leaf


(Sterculiaceae)

48 Ricinodendron erin mado okwe waawan kurmii erinmadu Bark sap


heudelotii (Baill.) Pierre epo (edo)
(Euphorbiaceae)
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

49 Colocasia esculenta(Linn.) isu koko ede nkiti gwaazaa iyokho Root


Schott (Araceae) (edo)

50 Pterocarpus oha ojii madoobiyaa urube (edo) Leaf and bark


mildbraedii Harms
(Leguminosae)

51 Harrungana asunje uturu alillibar raafii Stem bark, root


madagascariensisLam. Ex bark and leaf
Poir. (Guttiferae)

52 Citrullus lanatus(Thunb.) bara, egusi egusi, ogili, agushii, bambus, ikpogi (edo) Fruit, seed and
Mansf (Cucurbitaceae) agbe, sofin nkbuluko guna leaf

53 Bridelia micrantha(Hochst) asa, araasa oga ofia Leaf, wood and


Bail (Euphorbiaceae) bark

54 Crinum zeylanicumLinn. isumeri albasar kwaadii Bulb and fruit


(Amaryllidaceae)

55 Funtumia ebrifu(Preuss) ako ire mba-miri ayon (edo) Leaf and root
Stapf. (Apocynaceae)

56 Trichosanthes tomato elejo Fruit, shoot and


cucumerina Linn. leaf
(Cucurbitaceae)

57 Bombax buonopozense P. eso, olu kondo, akpu ogiri, gurjiya olikhatuloko Bark, leaf, fruit
Beauv. (Bombacaceae) poponla akpu okporo (edo) and flower

58 Myrianthus arboreusP. ewe ade ujuju ihi egbe Bark


Beauv. (Cecropiaceae) (edo)

59 Gliricidia sepium(Jacq.) agunmaniye Leaf, bark and


Walp (Leguminosae) root

60 Mammea ebrifugSabine ologbomodu ukutu Seed, root bark,


(Guttiferae) stem and fruit

61 Cleome rutidospermaDC etare akidimmoo garseya Leaf


(Capparaceae)
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

62 Plukenetia conophoraMull- awusa, asala ukpa Kernel


Arg (Euphorbiaceae)

63 Discoglypremna akikaagba obinwaanyi Seed


caloneura (Pax) Prain
(Euphorbiaceae)

64 Macaranga barteriMull- araasa owariwa Bark and leaf


Arg. (Euphorbiaceae)

65 Margaritariadiscoidea (Bail) awewe isi mkpi aseivin Root


Webster (Euphorbiaceae) (edo)

66 Pentadesma butyraceae Sab orogbo erin oze Seed, bark and


(Guttiferae) root

67 Spathodea campanulata P. oruru imi ewu okuekue Bark


Beauv. (Bignoniaceae) (edo)

68 Cyathula prostrate(Linn) sawere pepe agbirigba danka dafi Whole plant


Blume (Amaranthaceae)

69 Emilia sonchifolia(Linn) odundun odo hurahuran boka Leaf


DC. (Compositae)

70 Maesopsis eminiiEng. igilogbo Leaf


(Rhamnaceae)

71 Alchornea epa ubebe bambami uwonmwe Leaf, pith and


Cordifolia(Schum. & (edo) root
Thonn.) Mull-Arg
(Euphorbiaceae)

72 Homalium letestuiPellegr. abo ako akpurukwu akporo (edo) Bark


(Flacourtiaceae)

73 Citrus aurantifolia(Christm.) osan wewe epe nkirisi dankabuya Leaf, stem, root
Swimgle (Rutaceae) and fruit

74 Rhynchospora labelabe kudunduru Leaf and seed


corymbosa (Linn.) Britt
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

(Cyperaceae)

75 Struchium ewuro odo nti mgbada Leaf


sparganophora (Linn) O.
Ktze (Compositae)

76 Carica papaya Linn. ibepe mgbimgbi gonada Leaf, root, fruit


(Caricaceae) and seed

77 Margaritariadiscoidea (Bail) awewe isi mkpi aseivin Root


Webster (Euphorbiaceae) (edo)

78 Luffa cylindrica (Linn) M. J. erun, kankan, nza, asisa, baska ihion (edo) Seed, leaf and
Roem (Cucurbitaceae) kanrinkan- agbo, osa mme fruit
ayaba

79 Crinum jagus(Thomps.) edesuku olodi, ozu Bulb


Dandy (Amaryllidaceae)

80 Ageratum conyzoidesLinn. ako yunyun, agadi-isi-awa, Leaf and root


(Compositae) imi-esu

81 Gongronema arokeke utazi Stem, leaf, bark


latifolium Benth and fruit
(Asclepiadaceae)

82 Cyrtosperma ope igo eko, mgbo eko nnyoro oton Rhizome,


senegalense (Schott) Engl. (efik) leave, fruit and
(Araceae) root

83 Xylopia aethiopica(Dunal) eeru, awonka, uda kimbaa Root, leaf,


A. Rich (Annonaceae) olorin fruit, seed

84 Ocimum gratissimumLinn. efinrin nchu anwu Leaf


(Labiatae)

85 Combretum agbon igbo, Leaf


smeathmannii G. Don lawo
(Combretaceae)

86 Azadirachta indica A. Juss dongoyaro ogwu iba dongoyaro Leaf and bark
S/ BOTANICAL NAMES LOCAL NAMES PARTS
N COMMONLY
USED

Yoruba Igbo Hausa Others

(Meliaceae)

87 Commelina erectaLinn. ileke opolo, ito ahihia ba-kiskis Whole plant


(Commelinaceae) ipere ebisango

88 Lagenaria breviflora(benth) eso gbegbe anyummuo gojin jima Stem, root,


Roberty (Cucurbitaceae) fruit

89 Asystasia gangetica(Linn.) lobiri uli oko, ikere eboghogiro Leaf and root
T. Anders (Acanthaceae) (edo)

90 Hygrophila mafowo, zazargiwa, Whole plant


auriculata(Schumach.) kauruonu kayarukumi and root
Heine (Acanthaceae)

91 Cucurbita apala, elegede ukoro, anyu, akwato,bakanuwaa eyen (edo) Seed, fruit, leaf
maximaDutch(Cucurbitaceae akwukwo and shoot
)