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# Cálculo y Diseño

Edificios Comerciales
Propietario: a
Ubicacion: b
Ingeniero Proyectista: c

## Valores estándar de Diseño:

- Instituto de Ingeniería de Tailandia (W.s.t.) para edificios de hormigón armado.
- Instituto de Ingeniería de Tailandia (W.s.t.) para edificios de acero.
- American Concrete Institute (ACI 318-99).

Unidad de longitud. = Metros (m).
Peso. = Kilogramos (kg).
Flexion = Kg m (kg-m).
Momento = Kg m (kg-m).
Corte = Kilogramos (kg).
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Slap No :
Location : b Floor :

## One Way Slab Design

Constant : Design Parameters :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 2,400 n = Es/Ec = 9
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.371
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,200 j = 1-k/3 = 0.876
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 12.811
Factor = 0.375
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 78.75
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05

Input Data :
Case of Slab One End Continuous Dead Load, DL (kg/m) = 240
Clear Span Length, L (m) = 1.30 Super Imposed DL, SDL (kg/m) = 50
Thickness, t (m) = 0.10 Live Load, LL (kg/m) = 150
Concrete Covering (m) = 0.03 Total Load, W (kg/m) = 440

Maximum Moment, Mmax (kg-m) = 92.95 Maximum Shear, Vmax (kg-m) = 286

## Moment & Shear Analysis :

Effective Depth, d (m) = 0.065
Resisting Moment, Mr (kg-m) = 541 > 93 Ok
Resisting Shear, Vc (kg) = 2,732 > 286 Ok

Reinforcement :
Main Steel Temp. Steel
Main Bar = RB9 Temp. Bar = RB9
As-main (sq.cm/m) = 1.36 As-min and As-temp (sq.cm/m) = 2.50
Spacing of Main Bar (m) = 0.254 Spacing of Temp. Bar (m) = 0.254

Checking :
Min. Thickness (m) = 0.10 > 0.06 Ok
Bonding Main (cm) = 11.11 > 4.57 Ok

RB9 @ 0.254 m.
RB9 @ 0.254 m.

t = 0.1 m.

L = 1.3 m.
Engineer: c
Licence: 0

## Developed By Jakrapong H. (B.Eng, MUT 2001) file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/389338435.xls 18:45:35

Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Slap No :
Location : b Floor :

## Two Ways Slab Design

Constant : Design Parameters :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 2,400 n = Es/Ec = 10
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.351
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,200 j = 1-k/3 = 0.883
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 173 R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 10.051
Factor = 0.375
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 64.88
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.00E+05
2 Ways Slab A = 3 m.
Input Data :
Case of Slab 3 edge discontinuous
Thickness, t (m) = 0.12 XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Concrete Covering (m) = 0.025 B = 4.8 m.
Super Imposed DL, SDL (kg/m) = 40 Short Span, A (m) = 3.00
Live Load, LL (kg/m) = 300 Long Span, B (m) = 4.80
Total Load, W (kg/m) = 628 Ratio m = A/B = 0.63

Moment Analysis :

## Coeff. M=Cws2 (kg-m) d (m) As (sq.cm/m) Mr (kg-m)

Short Span
M-disc. 0.044 248.69 0.090 2.61 814.13 DB10 @ 0.3 m.
M-con. 0.088 497.38 0.090 5.22 814.13 DB10 @ 0.15 m.
M+ 0.066 373.03 0.090 3.91 814.13 DB10 @ 0.201 m.
Long Span
M-disc. 0.029 163.91 0.080 1.93 643.26 DB10 @ 0.3 m.
M-con. 0.058 327.82 0.080 3.87 643.26 RB9 @ 0.164 m.
M+ 0.044 248.69 0.080 2.93 643.26 DB10 @ 0.268 m.

Checking : Shearing :
Min. Thickness (m) = 0.12 > 0.087 Ok VA = WS/3 (kg/m) = 628
VB = (WS/3)*((3-m^2)/2) (kg/m) = 817

DB10 @ 0.3 m.
DB10 @ 0.3 m. DB10 @ 0.15 m.
DB10 @ 0.201 m. RB9 @ 0.164 m.
DB10 @ 0.268 m.

S h o rt S p a n = A
Engineer: c
Licence: 0

## Developed By Jakrapong H. (B.Eng, MUT 2001) file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/389338435.xls 18:45:35

Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Beam No :
Location : b Floor :

## Beam Section Design

Constant : Input Data :
Yeild Stress,fy (ksc) = 4,000 Case of Beam One End Continuous
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 Width, B (m) = 0.20
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,700 Depth, D (m) = 0.50
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 Clear Span Length, L (m) = 4.10
Factor = 0.375 Centroil of Bars, d' (m) = 0.041
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400 Effective Depth, d (m) = 0.459
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 78.75 Concrete Covering (m) = 0.025
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05 Maximum Moment, Mmax (kg-m) = 900

## Design Parameters : Compression Area Centroil (m) = 0.041

n = Es/Ec = 9
k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.294
j = 1-k/3 = 0.902
R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 10.449

Checking :

DRAWING
Minimum Depth = 0.50 > 0.23 Ok
Narrow Beam = 30 > 8.20 Ok
Deep Beams = 0.80 > 0.12 Ok Tension Area Centroil (m) = 0.041
Beam Dim. 0.2 x 0.5 m.
Moment Analysis : 1' st Layer 2-DB12
Mr (kg-m) = 4,403 > 900 Single. 2' nd Layer
3' rd Layer
As' (sq.cm) Required Provided Spacing (cm) 3 rd Layer
1' st Layer 10.60 2 nd Layer
2' nd Layer 0.00 2.26 - 1 st Layer 3-DB12 + 1-RB12
3' rd Layer - Stirrup 1-DB10 @ 0.3 m.
As (sq.cm) Required Provided Spacing (cm)
3 rd Layer -
2 nd Layer 3.21 4.52 - Engineer: c
1 st Layer 2.73 License: 0
Shear & Torsion Analysis :
Yeild Stress of Stirrup,fy (ksc) = 2,400 Maximum Shear,Vmax (kg) = 1,600
Factor = 0.5 Maximum Torsion,Mt (kg-m) = 0
Allowable Stress of Steel,fv (ksc) = 1,200 Stirrup Steel Type DB10 x 1 Bar

Vc (kg) Vt (kg) V' (kg) Av/s (sq.cm) At/s (sq.cm) Asc (sq.cm) Spacing (m)
3,858 0.00 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.300

FBD SFD
DIAGRAM

BMD

## Developed By Jakrapong H. (B.Eng, MUT 2001) file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/389338435.xls 18:45:35

Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Col. No :
Location : b Floor :

## Bi-axial Column Design

Constant :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 4,000
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 x

DRAWING
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,600
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05

Input : y
Bx (m) = 0.30 Column Dimension = 0.3 x 0.4 m.

## Column Load, Pcol (kg) = 45,000

Moment X, Mx (kg-m) = 2,000 P
a
Moment Y, My (kg-m) = 1,500 y
Main Bars Steel Type : DB20 x 12 Bars Mx
Stirrup Steel Type : RB6 Pg = 3.142% x

## Use Bars along x-Axis Max=10 = 4 Bars

Use Bars along y-Axis Max=10 = 4 Bars My
Concrete Covering, c (m) = 0.025

Solve:
Ratio L/r = 10.00
Type of Column = Short Col.

## Case 1 : e<ea (compression control)

Pa = ** N/A ** kg

## Case 2 : ea<=e<=eb (compression control)

fa/Fa+fbx/Fbx+fby/Fby = 0.62 < 1 --- OK

## Case 3 : e>eb (tension control) Engineer: c

Mx/Mox+My/Moy = ** N/A ** Licence: 0

Spacing of Stirrup :
RB6 mm. @ 0.288 m.

Interaction Diagram
X-Axis Y-Axis
120000
120000

100000
100000
80000
80000
60000
60000
40000
40000
20000
20000
0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000
20000
0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Slap No :
Location : b Floor :

## Cantilever Slab Design

Constant : Input Data :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 2,400 Case of Slab Cantilever
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 Clear Span Length, L (m) = 1.20
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,200 Thickness, t (m) = 0.12
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 Concrete Covering (m) = 0.03
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400 Super Imposed DL, SDL (kg/m) = 432
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 78.75 Live Load, LL (kg/m) = 100
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05 Total Load, W (kg/m) = 820
Point Load, P (kg/m) = 0
x = 0.9 m. Positon Point Load, x (m) = 0.90
P = 0 kg/m
W = 820 kg/m Design Parameters :
n = Es/Ec = 9
t = 0.12 m. k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.371
j = 1-k/3 = 0.876
L = 1.2 m. R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 12.811

## Maximum Moment, Mmax (kg-m) = 590

Maximum Shear, Vmax (kg) = 984
Moment & Shear Analysis :

## Effective Depth, d (m) = 0.084

Resisting Moment, Mr (kg-m) = 903.95 > 590.40 Ok
Resisting Shear, Vc (kg) = 3,530.10 > 984.00 Ok

Reinforcement :
Main Steel Temp. Steel
Main Bar = RB12 Temp. Bar = RB12
As-main (sq.cm/m) = 6.68 As-min and As-temp (sq.cm/m) = 3.00
Spacing of Main Bar (m) = 0.169 Spacing of Temp. Bar (m) = 0.300

Checking :
Min. Thickness (m) = 0.12 > 0.12 Ok
Bonding Main (cm) = 22.28 > 12.15 Ok

Engineer: c
Licence: 0

## Developed By Jakrapong H. (B.Eng, MUT 2001) file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/389338435.xls 18:45:36

Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Column :
Location : b Floor :

Column-Spiral Design
Constant :

## Yeild Stress of Main bars, fy (ksc) = 4,000

Yeild Stress of Stirrup,fsy (ksc) = 4,000 (Maximun of fsy =4000 ksc)

## Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,600 DIA. = 0.3 m.

Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 173 y

DRAWING
Input :
x
Column Diameter, D (m) = 0.30
Column Length, L (m) = 2.00
Column Load, Pcol (Tons) = 2.00
Concrete Convering (m) = 0.030

## Main Bars Design: Main Bars : 6 - DB16 mm.

Ratio L/D = 6.67 Stirrup : RB6 mm. @ 0.04 m. c/c
Type of Column = Short Col.
Reduction Factor : R = 1.00
Pcon=R(0.25*Ag*fc') (Tons) = 30.57
Psteel = Pcol-Pcon (Tons) = -
As (cm2) = -

6 7 8 9 10
As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) %
RB12 6.79 0.96% 7.92 1.12% 9.05 1.28% 10.18 1.44% 11.31 1.60%
DB12 6.79 0.96% 7.92 1.12% 9.05 1.28% 10.18 1.44% 11.31 1.60%
RB15 10.60 1.50% 12.37 1.75% 14.14 2.00% 15.90 2.25% 17.67 2.50%
DB16 12.06 1.71% 14.07 1.99% 16.08 2.27% 18.10 2.56% 20.11 2.84%
RB19 17.01 2.41% 19.85 2.81% 22.68 3.21% 25.52 3.61% 28.35 4.01%
DB20 18.85 2.67% 21.99 3.11% 25.13 3.56% 28.27 4.00% 31.42 4.45%
DB25 29.45 4.17% 34.36 4.86% 39.27 5.56% 44.18 6.25% 49.09 6.94%
DB28 36.95 5.23% 43.10 6.10% 49.26 6.97% 55.42 7.84% 61.58 8.71%
DB32 48.25 6.83% 56.30 7.96% 64.34 9.10% 72.38 10.24% 80.42 11.38%

Engineer: c
Licence: 0
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Column :
Location : b Floor :

Column-Tied Design
Constant :

## Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 4,000

Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,600 B = 0.5 m.
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210

DRAWING
T = 0.5 m.
Input : x

## Column Width, Bx (m) = 0.50

Column Long, Ty (m) = 0.50
Column Length, L (m) = 6.00
y
Column Load, Pcol (Tons) = 12.00

## Main Bars Design: Main Bars : 4 - DB12 mm.

Ratio L/B = 12.00 Stirrup : RB12 mm. @ 0.192 m.
Type of Column = Short Col.
Reduction Factor : R = 1.00
Pcon=R(0.85*Ag*0.25*fc') (Tons) = 111.56
Psteel = Pcol-Pcon (Tons) = -
As (cm2) = -

4 6 8 10 12
As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) % As (cm2) %
RB12 4.52 0.18% 6.79 0.27% 9.05 0.36% 11.31 0.45% 13.57 0.54%
DB12 4.52 0.18% 6.79 0.27% 9.05 0.36% 11.31 0.45% 13.57 0.54%
RB15 7.07 0.28% 10.60 0.42% 14.14 0.57% 17.67 0.71% 21.21 0.85%
DB16 8.04 0.32% 12.06 0.48% 16.08 0.64% 20.11 0.80% 24.13 0.97%
RB19 11.34 0.45% 17.01 0.68% 22.68 0.91% 28.35 1.13% 34.02 1.36%
DB20 12.57 0.50% 18.85 0.75% 25.13 1.01% 31.42 1.26% 37.70 1.51%
DB25 19.63 0.79% 29.45 1.18% 39.27 1.57% 49.09 1.96% 58.90 2.36%
DB28 24.63 0.99% 36.95 1.48% 49.26 1.97% 61.58 2.46% 73.89 2.96%
DB32 32.17 1.29% 48.25 1.93% 64.34 2.57% 80.42 3.22% 96.51 3.86%

Engineer: c
Licence: 0
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Foot No. :
Location : b Grid Line :

## Footing x 3 Piles Design

Constant : Design Parameters :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 4,000 n = Es/Ec = 9
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.256
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,700 j = 1-k/3 = 0.915
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 7.610
Factor = 0.375
Wc
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 65.00
Lc
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05 0.30

## Input Data : 0.46

Section of Pile, Dp (m) = 0.26 0.23
Pile Safe Load, Ps (kg) = 32,000
D1 (m) D1 >= Dp = 0.30 OK D1= 0.30
D2 (m) D2 >= 3Dp= 0.78 = 0.80 OK D2 = 0.80
Bottom of Footing, L (m) = 1.50
Thickness, T (m) min >= 0.4 = 0.55 OK P
Column Dimension, Wc x Lc (m) 0.25 x 0.25 3 # 6-DB16 mm.
Concrete Covering (m) = 0.05
Axial Load, P (kg) = 75,000
% Weight of Soil , Footing, Etc. = 15% 0.95 L = 1.50
Total Load, Pn (kg) = 86,250
Can use Footing x 3 Piles = TRUE T= 0.55

## Checking: Pile Diameter = 0.26 m.

Pa = 26,291 < 32,000 kg OK ม น อยกวาม 32 ตต น/ตนน
เสาเขขมรต บนนาหนต กปลอดภต ยไมน

Punching Shear
D2 = 0.80 > 0.58 m OK หนนาตต ดววกฤตยต งไมลม น
น ขอบฐานราก
Vp = 4.72 < 7.72 ksc OK

Beam Shear
Vb = 0.00 < 4.20 ksc OK Engineer: c
Licence: 0
Area of Steel
As = 12.06 > 10.32 cm2 OK
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Stair No :
Location : b Floor :

## Stair Design (Flight)

Constant : Design Parameters :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 2,400 n = Es/Ec = 9
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.371
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,200 j = 1-k/3 = 0.876
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 12.811
Factor = 0.375
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 78.75
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05

Input Data :
Concrete Covering (m) = 0.025
Thickness, t (m) = 0.140
h (m) = 0.150 Rake = 30.96 º
s (m) = 0.250
Flight Span Length, L (m) = 2.000 L = 2 m.
Super Impose DL, SDL (kg/m) = 50
Live Load, LL (kg/m) = 300
Total Load, W (kg/m) = 714 800
713.92
600
Maximum Moment, Mmax (kg-m) = 357 400
Maximum Shear, Vmax (kg-m) = 714 200
0
-200
Moment & Shear Analysis : -400
-600
Effective Depth, d (m) = 0.110 -713.92
-800
Resisting Moment, Mr (kg-m/m) = 1,550 0 1 1 2 2 3
Resisting Shear, Vc (kg/m) = 4,623 SFD (kg)

Reinforcement : 400
350 6
Main Bar = RB9
300
As-main (sq.cm/m) = 3.09 250
200
Spacing of Main Bar (m) = 0.182
150
100
50
Temp. Bar = RB9
0
As-min and As-temp (sq.cm/m) = 3.50 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
Spacing of Temp. Bar (m) = 0.182 BMD (kg-m)

Checking :
Moment (kg-m) = 1,550 > 357 Ok
Shear (kg) = 4,623 > 714 Ok
Bonding Main (cm) = 15.56 > 6.73 Ok
Min Thickness (m) = 0.14 > 0.08 Ok
Engineer: c
Licence: 0
Project : Edificios Comerciales Date : 6/7/2018
Owner : a Stair No :
Location : b Floor :

## Stair Design (Flight+Landing)

Constant : Design Parameters :
Yeild Stress, fy (ksc) = 4,000 n = Es/Ec = 9
Elastic Modulus of Steel, Es (ksc) = 2,040,000 k = 1/(1+fs/(n*fc)) = 0.294
Allowable Stress of Steel, fs (ksc) = 1,700 j = 1-k/3 = 0.902
Comp. Stress of Concrete, fc' (ksc) = 210 R = 0.5*fc*k*j (ksc) = 10.449
Factor = 0.375 S
Unit Weight, γ (kg/cu.m) = 2,400
t
Allowable Stress of Concrete, fc (ksc) = 78.75
Elastic Modulus of Concrete, Ec (ksc) = 2.20E+05 h

Input Data :
Concrete Covering (m) = 0.030
Thickness, t (m) = 0.140 Rake = 30.96
h (m) = 0.150
s (m) = 0.250 FL = 2 m LaL = 1 m
Flight Span Length, FL (m) = 2.000 713.92 kg/m 686 kg/m
Landing Span Length,LaL (m) = 1.000
Super Imposed DL, SDL (kg/m) = 50 1066.23 kg/m 1047.61 kg/m
Live Load, LL (kg/m) = 300
= 714 1500
2
Maximum Moment, Mmax (kg-m) = 796 1000

## Effective Depth, d (m) = 0.104 -1000 4

Resisting Shear, Vc (kg/m) = 4,371 -1500

## Resisting Moment, Mr (kg-m/m) = 1,087 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5

SFD (kg)
Reinforcement :
Main Bar = DB12 900
800 796.2
As-main (sq.cm/m) = 4.99 700
Spacing of Main Bar (m) = 0.227 600
500
400
Temp. Bar = RB9 300
200
As-min and As-temp (sq.cm/m) = 2.52 100
Spacing of Temp. Bar (m) = 0.252 0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5

## Checking : BMD (kg-m)

Moment (kg) = 1,086.70 > 796.20 Ok
Shear (kg) = 4,370.60 > 1,066.23 Ok
Bonding Main (cm) = 16.64 > 4.55 Ok
Min Thickness (m) = 0.14 > 0.120 Ok Engineer: c
Licence: 0
Referencias.
1 El diseño de la estructura de ranura.
RC_2003.5.0507 WSD por el Prof. Dr. Cho revista Can.
Gracias 2 El diseño de la estructura de ranura.
Gracias a los maestros. University of Technology. Por WSD Dr.Sataporn coche Bhopal.
Dotar de conocimientos. En ingeniería civil así. 3 Diseño de edificios de hormigón armado.
Las ecuaciones se ha fundido.
Gracias a los Panas que me inspiran. 4 Los cimientos sobre pilotes tres www.tumc
Comenzar a desarrollar este Spreedsheet. Las ecuaciones se ha fundido.
Por último, quiero señalar a los Profesores

Fecha: 27/04/2007

## Almacene en uso necesidades. History

1. Rellene sólo azul. R1 = 3/04/2003
2. Los usuarios deben verificar la exactitud de la información antes de utilizarla. R2 = 12/08/2003
3. Un error que surge de la utilización de este Spreedsheet tanto directa como indirectamente. R3 = 25/11/2003
El autor no se hace responsable de cualquier tema que usted puede considerar. R4 = 23/03/2005
Con el debido cuidado y precisión que Spreedsheet antes de su uso. R5 = 25/05/2007

e-mail:
mynameismo@gmail.com
ura de ranura.
ho revista Can.
ura de ranura.
coche Bhopal.