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LIGHT TANKS MARKS I-VI ~\\~ _LINOS

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The heyda)' of Ihe Ilghl /(lI1k-o /.iglll Mk. V r,.if?ht) foflowell bY/Dill" Mk. VIBs leml> 'he fighJ alld mediI/ill tunks of the TaI~k Brigade)
011 Slimmer /1/eIllO,,""res. Salisbllry Plain. AUg';SI "lJ. /938. (Ch ambcrla>n Collec tIon

By Major-General
Light Tanks Marks I-VI N. W. Duncan
THE ORIGIN OF THE LIGHT TANK in 1926 a two-man version appeared. Eight of tbis
model were built by Morris Motors for the Experi-
TH E ancestors of the Bri tish light tanks M a rks I to VI mental Mechanised Force in 1927 while eigbt of an-
are the medium tanks of World War I although the other version of the two-man machine built by Carden
reasons which called them into being are not those that and Loyd were also ordered at the same time.
brought the later versions to light. British medium No clear General Staff requirement for a light tank
tanks A, Band C were intended to take advantage of was ever issucd but after the 1927 trials it was decided
the opportunities created by (he heavy tanks fOt' the t ha t two types of I igh l armoured vehicle were needed;
dislocation and exploitation of a defeated or partial!y an open one for use with the infantry as a machine·gun
defeated enemy. Only onc of these tanks, the Medium carrier, and one with a turrct for use by the battalions
A, was ever in action and, despite many brilliant of the Royal Tank Corps. As an infantry weapon Ihe
actions on their own, they failed to live up to expecta- Carden Loyd Machine-gun Carrier was prod~,ced,
tions since their speed of 8 mph was insufficient on weighing a Ion and a half, capable of a speed of 25 mpb
good going 10 keep up with the cavalry on the few and able to convey two men and a machine-gun !!l
occasions when they were able to advance mounted; extreme discomfort. It was used as a light tank pending
equally 8 mph was too fast in face of enemy opposition the arrival of the proper vehicles and from it was
for horses to take advantage of the opportunities descended the Bren gun carrier of World War H .
which armour could create. Only the prototype To meet the RTC requirement, Carden Loyd pro-
Mediulll D was intended to carry out the dllties which duced a series of experimental light tanks with lurrets
light tanks were later called on to perform . It was fast and their Mark VIII became the prototype Light Tank
enough to pursue a retreating enemy, to carry out Mark 1. These experimental vehicles were produced by
independent actions in the form of raids, and to under- Sir John Carden, ooe of the most talented tank dcsign-
take reconnaissance duties for the main mass of heavy
tanks which it was intended to use in independent MOl'ris- .Mal'le/ One· mall lank. The sleering·wheel i.' risible
operations in 1919. through the loop· holes . This piUIl1'/! emphasises the heighl of the
After the Armistice in 1918 tank development was in /!ngilll! compar(J11I!/Il alld /Urrel compared 10 ,fte nar)'O ,,, ,rack ,
( RAC Tank Museum)
a state of flux : tanks were built under various desig-
nations to fill differing roles and as the military mind
changed its thinking on the subject-which was pretty
often in those days-so tank nomenclature changed
too: tanks which started life as mediums found them-
selves successively light and heavy before reverting
again to the medium category.
Tn 1925, Major G. le Q. Martel, an engineer officer
who had been on the staff of Tank HQ in France,
electrified the military world by building in his garden
a one-man tank, which worked. Demonstrating it he
suggested that a mass of these machines could
materially help the infantry in an advance. On further
reflection it was considered that one man would have
his hands (00 full to carry oul his duties effectively and
Left: The Morl'is-Mnl'leltwo'mml tallk, shoWIl from IlIe real' 10 revenl'he mode of sleerill!! "io the bnch ",he!!l. (Imp. War Museum.)
Right: Mnrlel-CroHley Iwo-mall/auk wilh Kegre_,-,e pal/em track. (RAC Tank Museum)

ers the U.K. has ever had, as a private venture. It two-man version which first appeared in 1926/27: it
could almost be said that light tank design evolved was small and light, giving only cramped accommo-
itself. No military specification had been drawn up but dation for its crew but it did provide quick and speedy
the product of evolution appealed to the General transport across reasonable going for a machine-gun
Staff; it was a tank, it was cheap, it was easily pro- and ammunition. A later version had overhead cover,
duced and did little damage. However as no clear two non-rotating torrets for the crew, and although
conception of light tank duties existed outside the this was discarded in favour of an open version for
Royal Tank Corps British light tanks were under- infantry use it probably played some part in the tank
gunned by comparison with those of other countries development. It is interesting to note {hat some of the
whose equivalent machines were better armed and Carden Loyd carriers made proviSion for travel on
more thickly armoured than British contemporary either wheels or tracks in an endeavour to reduce (rack
medium tanks. The likelihood of tank having to fight wear which was always such a bugbear and led in
tank was outside the official view: at worst light tank World War U to the extensive use of tank transporters ,
would only ever have to fight light tank and powerful By 1929 Carden Loyd, who early in 1928 were
anti-tank weapons were not needed because the taken over by Yickers-Armstrong, had produced their
destruction of hostile tanks was primarily the task of Mark VII light tank: this was a two-man machine
the anti-tank gun. The melee and confusion of an armed with a .303 ins. Yiekers machine-gun mounted
armoured battle was not appreciated except in in a low bevel-sided rotating turret which was cramped
armoured circle's: in consequencc many casualties and difficult to operate from. A 59 hp Meadows engine
were later sustained by British light tanks against a gave it a top speed of 35 mph. Four ~uspension wheels
more heavily armed and better protected enemy. either side, grouped in two leaf-sprung bogies, were
On the credit side it must be said that in overseas used with an external girder connecting the outside
operations against a lightly armed enemy they more bogie pivots. The outside girder has been used by al-
than proved their worth in India and Palestine before most all tank designers in all countries in early ver-
World War IJ, and that they were excellent training sions of comparatively speedy tanks. It has always
machines. It was only when they came up against the been rapidly discarded probably due to the additional
mass of German tanks in France in 1940 that they drag imposed by unfavourable going, bogie pivots and
finally disposed of (he idea that it was not the task of a hull supports being increased in strength to take the
tank to fight another tank and disproved the fallacious additional load caused by the absence of externa!
idea that numbers of undergunned vehicles could suc- support.
cessfully oppose fewer enemy tanks of superior gun
power-an idea that was to cost us very dear in all our Tht! Cm-dell Loyd Mk . I' one-man tank , 0/' "fan/,ell!!". ~arliesl
tanks until the 17-pdr. Sherman could face its enemies slage of Vic/(el'S fig/llloll" development.
(lmperial War Museum)
on virtually eq ua I gun terms in 1944_

THE EVOLUTION OF THE LIGHT TANK


The Morris Mane! two-man light tank was dropped
after the disbandment of the Armoured Force in 1929 .
While these vehicJes had proved their tactical value,
continual trouble was experienced with their light
construction and particularly with the rear wheel
steering mechanism which was often damaged in
rough going. The centre of gravity was 100 high and
the cross-country performance was indifferent.
Carden Loyd developed their machine-gun carriers
and a range of lighl tanks from their version of a onc-
man tracked vehicle which was produced about the
same time as the Martel mach ine. This turned into a
FOIII' Morris· Mane/s fo/law('" or a earl/en LQ.rd mOl'chillg paSI. Salisbury Plain. 1929. The C al'dell ,. a yd is cm ol'igiltall wa·malt vehicle .
,.er)' /0" ill buifd arrel Ih"" ill<:OlIspi( {fOil';. alld armed ",ilh aliglll mac/tille ri/le . (RAC Tank Museum)

The Cardcn Loyd Mark VIlI light tank which fol- required . A normal four-speed crash gear box was
lowed was accepted as the prototype vehicle for the u~cd.
Ma,k I light tank. Very few Mark 1's were built and Light Tank Mark lA followed: compared with
they never became a general i~sl1e to troops. However Mark 1 the superstructure had been built up and the
they and the Mark rA's provided valuable data for the cy Ii nd rica I t 1I rret had been slightly enlarged to facd i tate
design of subsequent light tanks. handling the VMG which was of standard infantry
pattern. These guns were enclosed in armoured jackets
THE LIGHT TANKS DESCRIBED and considerable trouble was experienced over cooling
LIGHT TANK MARK I AND MARK lA them in the earlier light tanks. A header tank for the
water jacket to reduce overheating was built into the
This was a two-man vehicle with a cylindrical turret Mark IV light tank while the Mark VI had a circu-
mounting one .303 VMG. Suspension was by two lating pump in addition.
pairs of two-wheeled leaf-sprung bogies on either side Mark lA had Hors tmann suspension us ing two
with no external girder : three return rollers mounted horizontal coil springs in place of the leaf pattern used
on the hull took the top run of the track and track on the Mark I's.These coil springs bore on a baIJ and
adjustment waS effected by the rear idler which was socket joint at the top of the quarter circle shrouds on
raised above the ground at the same height as the front each wheel. The shrouds were pivoted at their other
driving sprocket, itself an innovation in British tank corners on the hull pivot pin. This was the best
design . The idler was mounted on an eccentric bush suspension that had been devised for tank work up to
located by a ratchet which allowed the track to be that date although the uncontwlled springs we re liable
tigiltened when necessary. to bounce to such an extent that the tank could become
Armour was on a 14mm basis which increased che almost uncootrollable. At medium speeds over reason-
weight to 3t tons : a S9 hp Meadows engine gave it <l ably good going it gave a very easy smooth ride. Three
top speed of 30 mph. Steering was effected by breaking return rollers on the hull took the top run of the track.
the drive to either t!'<lck through a clutch with sub· FOl1r of these tanks were sent to India in 193) to
sequent application of a brake to steepen the turn if undergo [ropical trials. They were fitted with cupolas,

The C(ll'd~1I Lovc! fol"-. VI Machine-Cl'" Carrier /))arke(1 'he poinl where Ihe (Ie., igll concept il represeJ//ed diverged ill/o Iwa lilies of
d",'dopmelll. Ihe machille·g/lll ca,-,-ier alld Ihe liglll lank . (RAC Tan k Museum)
COI'{!"" Lo),d Mlr. Vlf-prOlolype light 10llk (A4j, 1929, lhe first to im'orporOle a Il'Oversillg IIIrl"ct. (lmrcrial War Museum)

square, bevel sided and non-rotating by Base Work- were incorporated in later tanks intended for service
shops Chaklala who also carried out other modifica- overseas.
tions principally connected with engine cooling. To
reduce the temperature inside the tank experiments
LIGHT TANK MARK J[
were carried out with various linings to absorb the heat
and satisfactory results were obtained with an asbestos This appeared in ]930: it was the pattern on which all
fabric. Modifications arising from these Indian trials subsequent light tanks were based up to Mark VI. The

Left: The Ligflr Tallk Mk , I (A4F2) or


1930 ,die}, saw fimiled ,erl'iCi!. This hil/'el"to "npublished piu",-e SIIO"'S itlJ/(Jllllled on 1I ",pei'lllfl,'
/mi/I recovery trailer (desiglled (11 M.IV,LE. Kit/brook,,) ,..hid, was lesled;1I 1931. I1 "'if! he IIMet! Ihat IlIe tl'ailer/ealun.\' s f<llid""d
Cm'den Loyd I'aad wheels as IIsed al1lh" Im,k itself. (Imperial War Museum.) Right: PrO/O/)'pe Light Tall/;: {.Ik. lA I A4t.R).
(RAC Tank Mu seum)

Left: Prototype Liglu Talll, .'Wk. lA (.44£10) wil/' dOIlMe mar/tine-gUll turret . .4 ·5 Vi<:kers lIIac"ille-gll/, ,"'perimp()s,'d "" II ·303 Vlllg.
(RAC Tank Museum.) Right: Th~ flickers Light Tank Mic 11 ",Mc" lVas Ihejirst major pr-odw I iOJl model. (Imperial W<Ir Museum}
Left: I.ighl Ta,,!;. Mic 1104. Note hullet-pro()fed air lo,,,'res ()iI I<lrret alld oil' htJIc/r f() engille beyolld dd,'cr's loop-hole. (RAC Tank
\'lu5cum ,) Right' t.;glrt Talll, Mi:. 118-III<li'''' p(ltte,." wlfh mpolo. (RAC Tank Ylllseum)

engine, gearbol< and transmission were on the right- Light Tank Mark II was fitted with a No 1 Mark r
hand side of the vehicle driving forward to a cross turret: this was rectangular in shape with sloping sides
shaft, through a bevel drive, which carried on either and mounted a .303 YMG, which had been specially
end a clutch by which the drive to the track could be adapted for tank use by the addition of a pistol grip
broken. The left-hand side of the tank accommodated incorporating a trigger and an ejector tube through
the driver and the commander in his turret with a which spent cases were passed into another tube in the
machine-gun and a wireless set in the turret bulge be- gun mantlet and so into a cartridge bag which hung
hind him. This general arrangement varies in detail below the jackets outside the tank. The turret had no
with different Marks, especially when the three-man is air louvres and 11 small aperture for the commander in
in trod uced bu t t he basic pa t tern rema ins unchanged. the wof was closed by a si id in g door. The No 1 Mark IT
Mark I [had a Rolls Royce engine developing 66 bhp. turret fitted to Marks IlA and B was similar in con-
Tllis was coupled to a Wilson pre-selector gearbox, struction but had unguarded air louvres fitted at the
driving forward to the cross shaft. The Wilson box was top of the side plates. These two turrets were sub-
very handy for cross-country work but it was more sequently reconstructed as Mark 1* and Mark Il*
complicated than the usual pattern. Mark rI's intended with anti-buUet splash baffies fitted into the louvres
for service in India were engined with a Meadows 85 hp that now covered the air intakes in the turret sides. The
EST engine and had a normal crash gearbo)(, Those unsatisfactory small sliding door was replaced by a
intended for service in India were fitted with a square larger pair of folding doors which could be locked
bevel sided nOI1-fotat iog cu poJa. from either inside or outside the tank.

Lighl Took "'f/i. If with ,'xp,.,.imel/IGI HOI'.</I11GIIII modified .\'II,pells;OIl. (RAC T~nk Y1USCU01)
The bulge at the back of the turret housed a No 1
W ireJess set. an i nstru ment of uncerta in behaviour and
widely varying range. Designed for voice communica-
tion lip to three miles, it was sometimes mute at 400
yards, occasionally gave ten miles, and with an outside
aerial enabled voice communication 10 be established
between Tidworth and Cairo until the International
Board of Wireless Control put a stop to that practice!!

LIGHT TANK MARK ]()


This lank was similar in shape to the Mark II except
that the hull superstructure was carried further to the
rear. A modified Horstmann suspension with inclined
double springs, one to absorb shock and the other to
check rebound, were fitted either side of the sllspension
wheels. The quarter circle shrouds of thc Mark II's
were abandoned . Production models had {wo return
rollers either side on the hull, although the prototype
models appeared with three. Light Tank Mic /lB [IIdiallpallcrn of Ihe 211d J.igitl Tallk Com-
The Mark III was originally fitted with a Rolls pally. R .T.C. . cro.uillg the Nahakki Pass ">' mule /I·od, , Mob-
mallll Opc,.aJio!J.~, North- Wesl From;",.. Seplember /935 . This
Royce engine and a Wilson gearbox. 36 of the Mark was Ihe first British operatiollal J/.,e of la"k. aflet 1920 ill so"I"
were built and were sent to Egypt where they were used Russia. (Chamberlain Collection)
by the 6th Bn Royal Tank Corps.
The engine fitted to Mark II and Mark III can be Up to and including Mark III all light tanks had a
distinguished by the silencer. The RoUs Royce pattern rear idler wheel clear of the ground which also servcd
is about half the length of tbe off side track guard, as a means of adjusting track tcnsion. The top run of
from level with the driver to the rear of the turret and the t rack was horizon la I with the groll nd and the whole
has a final exhaust pipe with a fish tail protruding suspension gave a vcry comfortable ride, especially in
above the silencer. The Meadows engine used a short the Mark In where the modified HOfstmann springing
silencer with a tail pipe protruding straight to the rear greatly reduced the tendency to bounce which had
with no fish tail. been noticeable in the Mark U's.
Mark III was fitted with either a Mark I or a Mark 11
turret. The only difference between these two patterns LIGHT TANK MARK IV
lay in the top plate. In the Mark II this was higher to
incorporate a header tank for gun cooling. No cupolas This was the fIrst light tank to usc the hull as a
were fitted. chassis and to mount automotive components directly

Light Tank Mk. III whic" was lite production model il1lroducillg Ihe rel'ised I),pe of Hors/mOlm SlIspensiOIl. (RAC Tank Museum)
A Light Tank Mic !lA. wilh re,·i.,,,d Horslman" Sll.I"pensioll, ami a" assortmelll of Bl'en Carriers /orl>l the mOllcy: eqllipmelll of an
A uSll'olion-nw""ed /igllllo"k squadroll;n Ira;n;III: ;n Egrpl ;n ,"mmer 1940. (Imperial War Museum)

on to it. Earlier models had t heir armour-plate attached previous Marks--a matter of considerable importance
10 a chassis. The new construction saved weight and where firing on the move was concerned .
gave a more rigid structure which was less liable to A 90 Meadows EST engine with a four speed
distortion over bad going. Considerable changes had synchromesh gearbox was used and armour was on a
been made in the external appearance of the tank: the 12 mm basis.
superstructure was higher than in earlier models and The turret mounted the usual tank pattern machine-
the turret was set further back. There was no rear idler gun: this was located by two bevel sided slides on the
although the modified Horstmann suspension using bottom of the breech casing which fitted into two
the two springs either side of the bogie was retained. bevelled grooves machined in the gUll jacket. These
Tn the Mark U I t he an gle of the springs was opposed, guns were very satisfactory and the cooling problem
that of the front bogie pointing forward, that of the had been largely overcome with the header tank in the
rear one pointing aft. In the Mark IV both springs turret roof. Tunet rotation had p-ravided many prob-
pointed forwards. Track adjustment was effected by lems and in Marks I and II a circular roller path had
moving the rear whcel of the back bogie forwards or been formed on the upper side of the traversing rack.
back in its housing. Lacking a rear idler wheel clear of Six traversing rollers mounted on ball bearings were
the ground the suspension was not so smooth as on sccllCed to the turret base and side thrust was taken by
a vertical flange on the traversing ring bearing against
Al1l1mpil'e leovc_, Ihe ,u,.rel of a Light Tank Mk.l V a/lerhilchillg a roller fitted ring on the underside of the turret. Six
a 1;/1 illt"~ 1938 S"mmer ma!lOeIIl'l'eS 011 Soli<bury Pla;n.
(RAC Tank Museum) "L" shaped clamps on the turret, bearing against the
traversing rack, prevented the turret coming off.
Raising gear, an eccentric cam, was fitted at four
points on the turret and was always to be used when
there was no likelihood of turret rotation being re-
quired. This was to avoid "pitting" the surface of the
traversing rack or forming "flats" on it which would
have hindered the traverse.
A different system was adopted on the Mark IV. A
turret ring on the underside of the turret rested on nine
ball bearing rollers secured to brackets on the travers-
ing ring. These rollers had a double profile; part at a
slight inclination to take the weight of the turret, the
rest at an acu(er angle to locate the turret in its ring.
Clips to prevent the turret coming off were secured to
six of the roller brackets.
One revolution of the traverse wheel gave a move-
ment of 5 degrees: an adjustable brake was fitted which
prevented rotation until released by pressing the hand
grip.
Wireless batteries were housed in a box, pivotted 00
the bottom of the tank and moved with the turret
- and, much worse, he often had to carry out several
of these dUlics al lhe ~me ti me. The Mage was sel fOf
the Ih ree· ml:lll light tank for which the Roya l Tank
Corps had been clamouring.

LIGHT TANK MARK V


This was the first British three-man light tank. It 100
was built by VlCkers-A rmstrong who were to build so
many tanks for the British Arm y. Twelve prototy pe
Mark V's were sen t to the 1st (Li ght) Sn RTC in 1934
and with them came a team of Vickers-Armstrong
mechanics who lived with the battalion during user
trials. Thi~ was a complete innovation, a hno~ tlhe first
direCt contacl between manufacturer and user, and it
paid an excellent dividend. User fault~ ~re im-
mediately rect ified, inte rnal stowage for the firs t time
mel us.er n~ s and Ihe trials materrally shorle nedlhe
Llght TtJnk Mk./ v ill "selof lra;IIinK ill ~IIm"I(!'· I'UO. NouhQlld- ti me into service after the first appel:lrance of the
IIripslQf ct1mmQlldu (Qlso fill~d ill Mh . 11 mrd JI/) .
(C hamber lain Col leclion) prOtotypes. It was a great pity that it was so rarely
poss ible to repeat the practice with later tanks because
through an arm joining the twO. In the Mark IV this it did create a very va luable fu nd of goodwill , mutua l
was elaborated, the ballery box being mounted on trust and understanding between the uscr and the
roller bearings whic h considerably reduced friction . manufacturer.
The Mark IV light tank's centre o r gravity was Onc of the two men in the turret was the tllnk com-
too high io relation to tank length. Its cross-country mander. T he olher was the gunner who was also
performance was poor although its ma ximum speed responSible for o pcrating Ihc wireless sct. A new trade
had been increased and it was still only a r med with calegory was in~ tituled for these men which caused
one .303 VMG. It was to be the last o f the two-man many length y d iscussions wi th the trades unions in
t311ks fo r by lne time it appeared ;1 had been realised order 10 fit a man with these qualificatio ns into e)list-
that the demands made on {he commander were more ing trade c ategories. However this was eventually
than onc man could possibly carry out. He had 10: achieved and the gunner-operator more tha n proved
i Control his driver his wonh in the light tank world. He made an immense
ii Find his way and read a map difference not on ly when the tank was o n the move or
Hi Control other tanks under his command in action but a lso when maintainance had to be carricd
iv Acquire and fire on targets. controlling the fire of out and for guard duties when the tanks halted at
his other tanks meanwhile night.
v Operate a wireles5 set Apart from the third man the other innovation in

'w;"
Lit'" Tlltlk Mk. Y (",ilh rmolhu j n Sl l>ehind il ) " "OJ IM modd "'hirh imrotlllurllh~ 1t1"fer. d....pn hull ond n /10·,,.,/1<111 /lu'rel .. /lh
mtldl;IIe-K uIJ nrmom..m. (Chambe rlllin COIJ«l ioo)
Light Tall{' Mk, V showing 'he s}opin" back IU'l'eI plale, Th~ ,'elUm I'oller 011 Ihe from bogie (see also 'he Mk. I Vs i!luslmled) gave
COnlinl/!" Irack IrOIlb/<" lI('f<'lJIluJ/,'d "" doubl by having rhe r{'ar susp"I",i"" wh",-I Oil the groulld which uemed 10 Il'ansmit "slmkes" in
Ihe IVp rUII oJ the lrack ,wd ma/,,- il come of!, Thi, tOllk is being used Jor tl'oil/ing III Callchek, Oerobe,- 1940. (Chamberlain Colleclion)

this Mark was the addition of a .5 VMG 10 its the tragedy is that no-onc outside the armoured world
armament in addition to the norma! ,303. The recog- recognised the need for upguoning in order to keep
nition of lhe need for a light tank to have some anti- abreast of other nations.
tank capacity was revolutionary in its concept as far as The Mark V was a liule better balanced than its
British military thought was concerned. The .5 at the predecessors and its cross-country performance was
time of its introduction was a match for any com- distinctly better than that of the Mark IV. It had the
parable light tank in Europc since their armour basi.s same engine as the Mark IV and although the weight
was the same ns thal oflhe Mark V- J2mm. However, had risen by half a ton to 4.8 the radius of action of the
United States tanks, which thc Americans classified as two tanks remained approximately the same. But the
light. were at that time mounting a 37mm gun and were top speed had been reduced to 32 mph in place of the
carrying an inch of armour on the front plalc. None the 37 mph which the Mark rv would attain.
less the anti-tank potential was more than welcome: The turret of the Mark V was basically circular in

Ught Tallk All<. vr. "'Ilil a IIl·o-mall,,,,.,,el and IIl'ill machille·gulls. (RAC Tank Museum)
2

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1. light Tank Mk VIA of the 2nd Australian Q)
(.l
Tank Corps (Australian light Horse), c
October 1940, Moorabin . ....
Q)

2. Emblem of 2nd A TC featuring 4 ~


Tank Corps colours .

3. Light Tank Mk [ (A4E2) delivered for service trials. 1930.

4. Light Tank IVIk vie of 1st (Independent) Troop, Royal Tank Regiment,
Malta Command, Summer 1942. (Vehicle modified to
'Indian Pattern' and with Besa machine guns) .

5. light Tank Mk VIB of 1st East Riding Yeomanry.


1st Armoured Reconnaissance Brigade, BEF, 5
France. Apri l 1940.
Left: Based rilt rhe Mk:. V, rhis e,rpe";mellla' " ralll, deslroyn" IIIm'd wilh 2 pd,.. gUll de,'eloped by Vickers "'os tested hr Jhe army ill
1938 bUl never welll iIllO!/,oduCliOIl . (Imperial War Museum.) Righl: A fiue "ie '" .of Cl Light Tallk _MIc. VllJ showil1g ,,/llhe .\'IWldord
jillmgs 0/ lite 1939 perio~, tIIc/lldwC spol"gh, Ollll/net, smoke dtsch(lI'ger, and head"ghrs tJI tlI'II7ollred IWIISIIlg S.
(Imp~r ial War Museum)

Modified Horstmunn suspension likc that of the


Mark IV was used in Mark V, and one return roller
was mounted in forks on the leading slIspension bogie.
Track adjustment was effected by moving the rcar
suspension wheel in its brackets.

LIGHT TANK MARK VI


This tank had a maximum armour thickness of 14 mm
and its weight had risen 10 5 Ions, The engine trans-
mission and general layout were as for the Mark V,
tile only major change being in the engine clutch
which gave a great deal of trouble when first installed:
this was rectified in due course and the machine, apart
from its fighting value, proved itself reliable, easily
Light Tallk lvll,. VIA di5tinguished from the VIR hy lite Iwill maintained and speedy.
lou,res 01'eT the eng;lIe. (RAC Tank. Museum)
The turret mounting was on a crowded ball-race as
in the Mark V : the turret shape was basically circular,
shape with vertical sides. It Wl\S interrupted both front
flattened in front to take the glln mantlet and with the
and back by sloping plates. one of which carried the
sides extended at the back 10 house a No 7 wireless sel,
gun mantlet pierced in two places for the ejector tubes
a very much bettcr affair than the No I , with a range of
for the guns. The b<lck plate came down at such an
angle that it was difficult to get a wireless set of any
A trainillg tllITel jar (.'re"'.' 011 Ihe pel/d rOl1ge a /lir e 56th Trainillg
power to fit in the space provided. The two machine- Regl .. RAC Callel'jek , OCIO/;"" 1940. This l'iew shows the
guns lay side by side in an armoured jacket which was positioll 0/11u.: comma/Iller and gllllne,- iosid~ Ihe Jurl'el. Radio 011
the actual )'vllc. VI filled ill lire !IInel /'ear w/re,." Jhe pel/<'f moge
so counterweightcd as 10 make elevation and depres- eqllipmeJ1l is iterI'. (Imperial War Museum)
sion by shoulder-piece easy. A sighting telescope was
provided with fixed graticules; range was put on the
sighting drum in the sight gear assembly which raised
the rear end of the telescope relative to the line of fire.
Compared to later inslallations it was unbelievably
simple, only two scales-one for each gun . The com-
mander had a small circular revolving cupola which
gave him observation of fire.
A new method of mounting the turrct came in with
this tank. A ball-race was machined on the under side
of the turret and another on the upper side of the
traverse ring. The two were separated by a "crowded"
ball-race of 213 balls, and six clips were provided to
avoid any danger of the turret coming off. The usual
geared hand traverse was used, but one revolution of
the wheel only traversed the turret 3 degrees , and the
normal turret braking device was \Ised.
A floor-mounted revolving pedestal carrying the
wireless batteries, ammunition bins and a seal for the
gunner was attached to the turret by a stay.
[.'Kill Tn,,1c Mic. VI/J /",}i,,,, pflllern ""lI $ diJ/ill.r:"is" ~dfrollllh~
.IMNdm·d VIIJ by Ih~ rrb.ItI!t:c of !he ClIpol<l. So "'~ VI B,· ill OfilCli"
,,·ue ''''4:"",odi!i~d 10 Ihis !il"Of/m ·d. (Imperia l War M" se~m)

hill on the engine "overrun'-, "reverse sleering'· was


e1(perienced. On~ the drive to a track had been
broke n by the steering clutch, the tank's weight swung
the free track round the one still connected 10 the
cngine and the tank went the oppOSIte way to 1ha t
imellded by the operation of the steering )ever. The
1.IJhl T,mk M k . ¥l8 II"gOlial;IItr Ol! QblWcl~ "';1), U ( '<1 '" vI
Qlftc~rcfld,,1S QII"~ OCTU. R.M .C., S/tlull"I/"~I .I"u j .. 1960. phenomenon co uld be dangero us: the remedy was
(Chambalam Col k " io n) always to sleer with lhe engine pulling.

[en miles using a rod aerial. It was a precision instru-


LIGHT TANK MARK VIA
ment whose assem bly, like a ll o ther pre-war sets,
dema nded a hi gh proportion of skilled labou r. It was An octagonal conlma nder's cupola was substitUlcd for
no t until the grcal)y increased demands of the war t he circ ular pattern of t he Mark VI. One return roller
required quicker production Ihat lhe 19 set, requ iring was positioned o n Ihe hu ll instead of on the suspensio n
only 5% skilled labour in ils manufacture, was de- bogie. A Meadows ESTB engine was used in place of
s igned for use in tanks. the Meadows ESTL on the Mark VI both were or the
The geared traverse gave a moveme nt of 3 degrees S<1me hp.
for each rev o lutio n of the wheel ; quite enough because
this Mark had a revolving plalrOfm on whICh both LIGHT TANK MARK V IB
commander and gunner stood and which hOuscU be-
neath the floor boards ammu nition boxes and wireless T his model revened 10 the circular cupola of Ihe
batteries. A rotary connection ;n the centre of th e Ma l·k VI but it had on ly onc cooling louvre on the
floor brought current from the dynamo to the wireless inclined plate that covered the radiator ins tead of the
batteries and a lso provided vo ice-pi pc connection be- twO lIscd o n Mark VI a nd VIA.
tween the commander and (he driver- in theory . No Mark VIB's for Tndia had no c upola but were pro-
sallsfaclO ry mellns o f communication between the vided wi th a single periscope for the comma nder whic h
members of a tank crew had been evolved up to that was located in one hatf of the hin ge<! conical-shaped
date. Every kind of device had been tried, reins at- hatch.
tached to the driver's arms, fla shing light s and hose- An e)(perimental Mark VIS appeared in 1940 with a
pipes with funnel s at each cnd . All these had failed rear idler sim ilar to those on the Mark l[ and lJl. It
becau5.C of Illrrel ro ta tion, and while fhe Mark VI had was a great suece5!> a nd gave a very smooth ride to-
fhe germ of success in il, voices wefe so disto rted by gether wit h a bettcr eros.'i-country perfo rmance bill the
the long passage and abrupt bends in the voice-tube modification was never adopted for service use.
that litlle benefit resu lted from it. Again it was not unti l
the advent of the 19 set that clear and satisfactory LIGHT TANK MARK vie
com munication between all members of the crew was
achieved. This was a Mark VIB with wider suspension wheels
Horslmann suspension with the inclined s prings of and a broader track. No cu pola was fi tted bill the
t he Mark V was also used on the Mark VI with a re- commander had a periscope as fOr the Indian pal1ern
!Urn rolter on the fmnl bogie assembly. In spite of its Mark VIB. Otherwi:;c the turret was the same but the
Illcreascd weight, the power/weight ralio of t6:t was armament had completely changed and Besa ai r-
better than that of an y British medi um or heavy tan k. cooled mac hine-guns of 7.92 and IS mm respectivel y
The centre of gravity had been brought further forward replaced the Vickel"S pattcrn used in earlier tank~.
and the ta nk was a beller ride fha n any of its rHe- These guns, adapted from a CZech design, had been
deccssors a lthough it was disti nctly uncomfortable at standardized for the Royal Armo un:d Corps: they
~pced on rou gh going. used, for the fint lime in the Brithh Army, rimles.
If a n attempt was made to steer a light tank dow n cases in place of rimmed cart ridges. The Besa was a
A few Mk. Jlls were modifiN! by the pWFisioll of larger diameter sprockel ",heels, as show" Oil lhi" VIB at 102"d OCTU, Blackdoll'lJ,
August 1940. The badge painted 011 the turrei below 'he wireless aerial is af the J.j/estmiJlSler Dragool/s. (Chamberlain Collection)

good gun but the earlier varieties were liable to many Stuart tanks arrived in the Middle East from America
stoppages. The 7.92 was used on all British tanks lip to and were then converted into AA tanks mounting
1958 but the 15 mm gun was dropped very early on in either quadruple Besa 7.92 mm guns or two Besa
World War 11. 15 mm, The crew was reduced to two men but the
vehicle, lacking any form of power traverse for the
LIGHT TANK AA MARK I turret, was never particularly effective.

In action the Mark VI's, undergunned and under- 2~PDR. LIGHT TANK
armoured, soon showed their inferiority to their
opponents. They were withdrawn from service as the One Mark V light tank chassis was modified to take a

Line up at 102",1 OCTU ill August 1940 sho..-s some of 'he external difference.> bnweell Vickers lighllank models. Mk. I Vi,' "earest,
thell came n.o Mk. VIBs, thell tI ..',11<. V. lVOIe 'he /rays in each eau for emp'Y shell case.,. (Chamberlain Collection)
A plc/we /akl?lIlI//lw 'lime OCTU ",hieh cfearh IlIlIs/rates how m"eh smaller Ihe ;'v/le IV was compared wilh the Mk. VI. Mic IV i.1
u(Qlld III /ille of Mk. Vi>. · (Chamberlain Collection.)

2-pdr. gu n in an open topped tu rret in 1938. Th is most tion and users' comments in 193700 Salisbu ry Plain .
interesting innovation, which would have made the It was never heard of again and it never seems to have
British light tank superior to any of its kind in the had a WD number: it was built by Ordnance factory.
world, was never developed. No records of its per-
formance are available and it is probable that had it
been adopted some lengthening of the tank would have LIGHT TANKS IN PEACE AND WAR
been required. Failure to realise that the best anti-tank As a result of trials carried out by the 1st Tank
weapon is anotber tank was probably responsible for Brigade in 1931 and 1932, the medium tank battalions
t he abandon ment of the idea. of the Royal Tank Corps were reorganised on a mixed
basis. Each had three mixed companies with a section
EXPERIMENTAL MARK VI B of seven light tanks and one of five mediums: they also
A much modified Mark VIB appeared as a prototype had onc light company of four sections each of three
in 1937. The tank was longer with a rear idler clear of light tanks. In 1934 the three light companies were
the ground giving a better ride. The superstructure had grouped together to form the 1st (Light) Bn R TC.
been carried further to the rear to give a vertical face in In 1938 cavalry regiments began to be converted to
which there was a door for use as an emergency exit. light tanks. On completion of their preliminary train-
Tbe centre of gravity had been shifted further forward ing they were either grouped in Light Armoured
so that cross-country performance was improved. Brigades each of three light regiments or else they
Armour was on a 14 mm basis and for the first time the were aUotted to infantry divisions as divisional cavalry
tracks were protected by shields of thin armour plate regiments, providing an armoured reconnaissance
like the sand shields fitted to the normal Mark Vi's in clement with each. Towards the end of 1938 the
the Desert campaigns. All this had la be paid for and Mobile Division was formed with a Heavy Tank
the weight had risen to 7!- tons : engine power remained Brigade of medium tank battalions on a mixed basis
the same and in consequence this tank was slow and two Light Armoured Brigades of light tank regi-
especially across country. ments. In 1939 this was changed to the 1st Armoured
This tank came to the 1st Tank Brigade for inspec- Division with one Heavy and one Light Armoured
Brigade and with this basic organisation the division
Last oJ Ih~ Vic/(el's light tallk models stemming /romlhe Cal'den went to France in May 1940. Considerable doubts had
Loyd was Ihe jW/(. VIC which had a 15 mm. Besa and 7·92 "''''.
Desa armaml'lI/. (RAC Tank Museum)
Allother \'iltwol" Mk . vIe (Chamherla;n CollcClion
through. They found the Mark VI lacking in gun
power and too Jightly armoured for its duties. All
regiments suffered severely in their withdrawals to
Dunkirk or SI Valery. *

INDIA
In 1933 approval was given for the conversion to light
tanks of two of the eight armoured car companies of
the Royal Tank Corps then serving in India. 7 Light
Tank Company first attracted aHention by the in-
valuable work that it did with its tanks in patrolling
the area of the Quetta earthquake in 1935 and in rescue
operations in the stricken town . The ground was in
slIch a condition that nothing except tracked vehicles
could have traversed it.
Lighl Tallk AA MILl. (RAC Tank Museum)
2 Light Tank Company, the other unit to be con-
verted initially, were stationed in Peshawar. They took
been expressed about the fighting qualities of the part in the suppression of civil disturbances, the most
Mark VIB's and just before the division sailed it was unpleasant duty that could fall to an armoured unit.
reorganised with one crui~er tank squadron in each It was constantly allotted to them between ]921 and
light armoured regiment and correspondingly onc light 1939 and it always posed a most difficult question to
tank squadron in each of the heavy armoured units
which by that time were on an all cruiser tank basis.
' They wer e ~he 4th!7th Dragoon Guards, th~ 51h Royal
The division. arrived in France and came into action Inniskilling Dr~goon Guards, the 13th.il8th Hussars, the
against the Germans after they had broken through, IS/19th H tlssars, I he 1st Loth ians and Border Horse, I he Fife
and with its high proportion of light tanks (108 out of and Forfar Yeomanry, and tile East Riding Yeomanry. The
1st Armoured Division 'S two brigades "ere the 2nd Armoured
a total of 32J) found the lack of gun power a consider- Brigade (consi5ling oflhe Queen's Bays, the IOlh Hussars, and
able handicap in its withdrawal to Cherbourg, the 9(h La ncers) and the 3rd Armoured Brigade, the Heavy
Brigade (consisting of the 2nd, 3rd, and 5th battalions of the
Four Regular and three Territorial divisional cavalry Royal Tank Regiment as the Royal Tank Corps had by tnen
regiments were in France when the Germans broke been r..:-dcsign~ted) .

Another ri<"h' of lighl la"ks, Mk . VIB., ill litis case, heillg "re-mallll!{lCIIII"nl" {J/ lite MC ..-or" s, shOWing IIII! ., impl" li"t's of Ihl' Vicker.,
d(',igll . The IlI'illcoil spriJ1gsof Ihe "folll" pai,." HOI'Slmallfl suspension {ll'e clearly sho O>'lI. (Imperial War Museum)
The MC Car Ca ., A hillgdoll , B",ks., pan of ifif' /I'"j{irid O,gol/i-
.<aliall, was I'espo"slble .fOI' Ih" "re·mollujoOl/l'e" of 01 et 1()(lliffhl
ftliiks from mid-J940 011 ward" rdll,.blsh"d 'ehic/"s going
illlllall.' /() anliowwl di ..!."""., in Bdlain alld Ih~ l.ibyolI desnl
(llId laller/), 10 /rQillill1: IIl1i/s. This gel/eral 1';""' 0/ Ill<' MG
"-,se,,,"',.' shed. SIIII""er I 94(}, .,holl'1' ex-hi A,mollled Dil';,;oll
l'el/iele,; sall'{lged jro", FI'OIIt'e being ,\'(I'ipped a",1 o\'el'''a"/~d.
(lmrcridl W:J.1 Musellm)

any commander detailed for the task, Armoured


vehicles are no! suited for mob control. Their offensive
power is limited to the gun or the track: either can
mean heavy casualties which may not achieve their
end. If the mob rush the car or tank and surround it,
the crew may be placed in a most dangerolls sitllation
WOl'killgolllhe /1I1'1'e/ ofa MI<. V/Ballhe MC work"
and usually a show of force by armollred troops is not (Imperial War Museum)
of itself enough to makc the crowds disperse. Despite
all these difficulties armoured troops were lIsed they lOok part in the Mohmand campaign against
constantly in aid of the civil power, willingly and rebellious tribes of the district, stirred up by the Fakir
cheerfully but with their commanders well knowing of Jpi. In the course of this campaign the light t(lnks
that whatever action they took, they were bound to be demonstrated their ability to go where no armoured
wrong' vehicles had ever been able to go before their advent.
Having got themselves clear of civil duties 2 Light The operation-campaign is perhaps an overstatement
Tank CompnllY went to the Frontier in 1935 where -lasted several monlhs with the light tanks proving so

Reful'blshed I'ehicle, WN" thol'oughly IC5Ied before being l'e·i.Hlled "as lie"," 10 ImilS . S/o,mge of Ihe 101\' I'ope and /00/" on Ih,' /i'ark
is here slloWII.
('O\'cr (Imperial War M lI~cum)
Left: A5El or L3D Ex perimeJJlal modified lvI/(. VIB. ( RAC Tank Museum.) Righ(: Ex perimental Ligh/ Tallk Mk . I ill AA ro/~ .
Armament is /Wo ·5 ill. Vickers ""nhiue-gllll.'·. This i." A4E2 modified. (RAC Tank Museum)

effective in their role that the Indian Government enemy but his arms were inferior and he had no anti-
decided to convcrt the remaining armoured car com- tank potential. Under these circumstances both Iwo-
panies as machines became available_ A third com- and three-man tanks performed satisfactorily : the
pany (9) was convcrted 10 the light tank role in the tale of the ir performa nce against anti-tank guns is a
autumn of 1935 and by 1936 all eight companies in a very different one despi te the bravery of thei r crews:
India had been converted to tracks. personal courage is not the answer to inferiority in
The Indianisation of the Indian Army had been armament-at any rate in these days.
adopted as official policy in J93 Sand conversion of
Indian cavalry regiments to armour was commenced EGYPT AND THE WESTERN DESERT
in 1937. By 1938/39 it had been completed and the
light tank companies left India, having more than The 6th Bn Royal Tank Corps was reorganised on a
proved their worth in country that had been con- m ixed basis in 1932/ 33 and was equ i pped wi lh Mark I I I
sidered impossible and impassable for any tracked light tanks. The light company of this unit took part in
vehicle. Light tanks were often in 'action against an operations in Palestine in 1936. That same year 1st

A Ughl Tllllk Mk . I v (lefl) pllssed by a line a/M" . VIs ai/he 1021ld OC TU. Augus' 1940 . (Chamberlain Collection)
Mk. VIB" in !ht! WeSlem Deserl, 1940. Salldslrields have heel/fill",/ ul'er!r'o!lf of Iracks. (RAC Tank M\lseuml

(Light) Bn with Mark V's came OUl from England btlt Armoured Brigade-·2 RTR, 6 RTR, 7 HlIssars;
returned home in December. It again returned to Egypt 7th Armoured Brigade-I RTR, 3 Hussars,- 8 Hussars.
in 1938 with Mark VIB's and together with the 6th Rn Light tanks Mark VI of various models were in
formed the Heavy Brigade of the Mobile (later to action with all armoured regiments of the 7th Armour-
become the 7th Armoured) Division (The Desert Rats) ed Division throughout 1940. Lacking gun power and
in 1939. Two of the cavalry regiments which had been adequate armour they proved a death trap and no
converted to light tanks, the 7th and 8th Hussars, tears were shed when they were replaced by Smart
became part of the division's Light Brigade. The brig- tanks in 1941.
ades were subsequently reorganised with one heavy
and onc light regiment in each . But even in the so-
called heavy regiments more than half the tanks were
light. In September J940 the division (now the 7th A.F.V. Series Editor: DUNCAN CROW
Armoured) was reinforced by the arrival in Egypt of
the 2nd Bn Royal Tank Regiment and the 3rd Hussars.
The reorganised brigades now consisted of : 4th

A bmtered Light Tank, Mk. VIB Slill in uSe fur lraining sun ill compallY wiJh a Gram in August 1942 m Ca/lerid" The liglu /OItk ,
filled wirh No. J 9 sel , is probabl.vfrom 5 JSI Training Regimelll . (Cha mberla i n Collection)
PROTOTYPE LIGHT TANKS

bpell_ Veh'cio
",en,,1 No
A4 El Carden Loyd ilt.k VII CSOF Meadows EOC, 60 Le,lf 5pr,n~: T 1022 M,
A4 E2 Llghl CSOF lI/~adowsEOC 60 L&Jf ,p,,,'q T 49~ ,:v1T 8784 3 relJrn rOller"
A4 E3 T~nkM,1 CSOF ilt.e"do',\'s EOC 'eO L~af 'P"09 T 492 ~1T 8785 3 re'urn '0 le"
A4 E4 P,o~O'VPO" CSOF :vioado",-, EOC 60 Lcof sWing T 493 MT 8786 3 rclJrn ro:bs
A4 ES CSOF :vicorio'.·,s EOC 6[; L&af'''r ng T 494 ,:v1T 8787 3 rH.Jrn rollc"
A4 E6 Llglll V,cke" Meado,,', EOC '60 Lco'sprln,j T 855 ,:v1T 9652 Soo'e \Ilk I A protOl\,p"' law,
Aa
A4
E7
E8
To", .:v1k:A
p'oiolypes
VlCkers
V,c,,"rs
\1eodo,,, EOC 6[;
'Madow, EOC 60
L~a',o"ng
~O'S:'l'Jnn
T
T
856
857
~1T 9653
MT 9654
converled
suspcnSlon,
,0 HorslO'"""

A4 E9 V,ckers Meodo',:s EOC'60 _ea"p"nS T 858 ~,1T 9655


Aa El0 VIC,erg 'Modo;",s EOC 60 _~a' 'cr ng T 859 ~1T 9656 Docblo IL"e[ sLJoen"'posc<l
,303 and 5 V \IIGs-la[~er
lowcst
Aa Ell Ar"ph,bIOus V ckc:s_ M~Jdo\'.sEST 1[;0 Leaf SWI'1g T 985 ,:v1T 9779
A4 E12 L.gh· lank, Arl1"lrong :v1cadows EST, 1 00 LCJf spring T 986 MT 9780
A4
A4
E13
E14
L,<)h,
T<lnkMkll
'A
'A
Ro 115 Rv;ce ' 66
Rolls Rovc", 66
HorS[n-dnn
H()rstmJ"n
T 873
T 874
MT 9675
~n 9676
3 re[LJrn 'oilers
3 rcWr" rolle's
Aa E15 prot01'/r e , CSOF ,~ol's Rovec '66 HOrSlerann T 885 ~n 9687 3 rel.Jrn ,oilers
A4 E15 Llgh' lank Mk IIA CSOF Rol.s Royc~, 66 Ho:"n10nn T 93' ~',T 9725 3 r~"'rn rolbs
Llgh~!"nk,:v1kIIB Rol~s Ro';ce 66
A4 E'7
Aa f18
A4 E19
Llghl l~nk

L'ght Idnk
II/,k IIA "
CSOF
V A
Ro' s Rovcc'66
'~eodows EST 90
~O'''"'''n''
HOrSl,,,nn
Modl'led
T 967
T 954
VlT 9761
~n 9748
3 rNur" rolle',
3 rct"rn '01'8rS
T 992 ,:v1T 9783
Aa UO Mk IV proiolypos V A Meadows EST 90 HO'sl'l'ano -:- 393 ,:v1T 9784
AS fl 01 .,3 El e",eflnwn!81 !'~."ht ·.a·hS w '11 3 "la" Ue'.·,
ilt.o'k V L c,h'. Ton, V-A :v1cJd()ws EST, 90 \10" ',ed T '203 _~x 6960 This was ,ho f"Si olllc ol:vlk V
Horstmaon

Thcmform"',on ill ,his 'oble su~{)llaJ ~v (he DII ·,lOr ROfoIArmO''I"a Corps Museu,)l" ,)l0"" qrowfuliv "",,,,,,</Iedged

COMPARATIVE TABLE OF LIGHT TANKS


~--~--------
lIgnt Eng,no Susl)~nSlo" ArO'OO1C'1t Armour ReMo'ks
T~nk B~P,'RPM "'e, ,:v1Gs A,n :vId',
(Crew) W' Srri Rod Veke's t\o of VlI'1
(Tons) L. erl)" n':s ,\1 G, col:nds rr",

,:v1"r~ I 48 1 3'2' 6 1 5'7 ,:v1"adows 12' T-.·,owh~~I,oog'es 32 160


1" 6eyl"de' leaf so,,09 ReO'lrilc'
58 2400 wh~ci 3 'et."n roll&"
00 hu I.
l;',J,k 1 A 4,8 61' 57' Mcado,,, 12 1 .~O"l"'d"n 32 160 1 3032,500 14,4 4 sen [ [0 ~ nd IJ for In"s and I" led

'"
6 cv! ndo' s.Jspe'1S1on "or'lontJI ""th no"_,evolvlng squ~re
58 2400 co 1"VI09 CJpO'OS,
,:v1<lrk 11 11 '8 Rolis Royc~ IS,S Horsrmoon- 3034000 10,4 \IIo,k 11 for Inola Meadows 58
6 cvl '1der ho, oO"ldl spr ngs
'" ec F,ttl'd W Iso" o'c-
seleclo, gea, bOA
ohp eng,nc cnd mesh gearbox
,\1a'k 11 A & B"s :vIark 11 ~u:
v;i:h reConSlr.Jcied [urrcts,
Mmkl'ondll'
I;1dlk liI 4-5 11 10'" 6'1 7'0 RollsRo\'ee 146 Ho'st'pa',n",,'I, 30 ·50 -3034000 10'4 3601 ,I,ese ,,'r,s senllo Egvp: '0
'" 6 cvl '10~r
66 ---
opooscd "'cl'ned 6 Bn RTC

11'6' 610 7'1 :vieado'<',s 207 Hor"n-onn ,ncl.',ed 36 "25' ,303 4,OCC 12'~
G cyl:ndo' spr nqs I)"a!ll" In
88 2800 Ilog,,~s, 'Jo r&lurn
'0 e'o'oncon
leodl"S 0?9'C,
,:v1Jr~V 48 130' 610'"74 MCJdows 18,3 Horsterann-,,)cll"eri 32 125 303 2500 12 '4 C reu'a' cl'polo,
6 cyl'ndor Sr'loqs I)araPl' ,n ,5 400

'" 88:28CO

6'10' 7'5' ,:v1"adClw,


IloS'c', R~IJrn ,ol!er
on lead'nq ooqle
18,3 _~orstmJnn_incll'1ed 35 125 ,303 2,500 15 4 All lIt.arkVrs-:vIork VI C ",ere
6 cV'II'der sO'I"g,' pJ'O cl I', 5 ~OO I,tted WII" 2 one shOl4'" smoke
88:2800 oogles, Retuc', r()ll~r olScharg'''s either sld~ of the
o',leadlog bog e turre[_ R"nge 50 y<l, Mark VI
hod 0 cl'cJI" c.Ipola
132' 6'10 7'5- IIt.cndows 183 Rl'1.J"1rollerooh.Jl!' 35 125 303250)0 1514 An octo<;onol c.IPola \~a, fil1eQ,
6 cylinder ~CO
88,'2800
,:v1"VI8 5 2 13"2 6'10 Meado'<""
7'5 16,9 Rel.J'nr~l"ron~J' 35 125 303 2.500 15/4 A circular c,Jpolo ~"IS f,tled •
0' 6 Cvll'1de ,5 400 Oolv one COOI"'9 lo"vre on
88,2800 r"O' olOr cover plate
13'2' 610'" 7'5"' II/,cddows 169 RelUrnroIIG,on".1I1 35 125 Besa 2500 15'4 N" c"ooIJ, Pe' ,scope In Con col
6 cvl",der ~', G's L.CO s"aped I""ch
88'2800

,
'5 '1'11
",:v1ork V! e's for Ino," In<l no
c.JP~la A O"':scope \~as
proo:deo fo' t"e comman<ler in a
c~ ni ca I S" ap~d hJ [ch,
AFV
The ne\\ Prufile Puhlication~ A F\ SCI-ic~ uf buo" ~ un the Armoured J- ighli 11),': Vchiclc~ of the \\'01"10, «(lilt inucs the
pallcrn cSlahli5h~d hy the [\\cnly-l"oUf i,wc, of Armour in Prutilc. Bllllhcl'<': j<, a hig diflcrcllcc in prc,cntatillll,
formal and ~llC.

The nl'\\ Series IS being publi,hcd ill thirty 1ll011lill: P,llh cil~h ~-l1nt,lInillg 1\\Clll~-r()Ur page" lip !(l nft)
p)1\l1llgr~\phs, plu~.\ full 1:01pm cClltrc-~prcaJ 01" the 'lIhjc~'l (an).; dcpil:1cd in tlle \,IC\\S, plus adJiliolwi \ic\\~
(1f modified ..:h.1SSi<;.

AI'V b edned by DllllC<1n CI'll\\ and lOlllrihlllllr~ iill.:ludc IllclllY \\cll-kIlP\\11 names: .\tajor JalllC~ Binghal11,
RTR, Pelcr Chamilcriain, ;\1ajtlr-Gcncl,d l\lgc:l DUl1C~111, Cluis lllis. Colonel R, J. kb, Major \llc11<1cl
Nt'fman, RTR. \Valll:r Spidbcrgcr and B. T. \Vhite.

The thirty·nlllnth programme is as fllllo\\, and e:i1~h pal t can be: obtained I' Will your Il)l'al Pfllfile ,1lld,ist, or any
bookshop, ml)uel shl)p l)f nell'iageJlt, ur dircl:1 fWlll the: publi'hers.

Pal'l Title Fart Title


l'hun.:hill-- Illfal1ll)- LlIlk :'\lalk IV 1(, Chlll(hJlI ,Ill.! ~hcl'lnan ~pedals
2 Pall/el Kamprll ,lgen I [I 17 Rll~~ian K \
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4
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LIght Tanks 1\1] \-15 IS1lIart 'IJPIlC~
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l'alll.cr'Kal1lpl\lagell J1\(t)
·\l"Im'ul~d ('<ir~ Guy, Oaitllicl', HlIlllh~r
5 Light T'lnJ...s \--Iarb I V I 2D SIKTlllall '75'
6 \"akntinc-lnf,llltI'Y T,mk t\-Iark III ,1 FrClll:h :'\Inliums
7 \1cJillllh \la]'J...~ '\ J) " T 5.+ T -62
X (-l'lIsaLic]' (],lli~cr Tank M'lI k \ I LV"]' I [v
') [;Irl) BrJ1i~h ArilwlIrcd Cal's (rCrm,ll1 t:-llllC~IcJ Aml()ll]'~'J (-ilb
ID Palw.:rKanll,j\\agcn V J>~lnthcr 1\[4::; :,\IW
1I 1\13 Grant J{U~SI,Ul IlT
[2 l\lcdiunl~ f\1arb I [11 T) pe 'n :'\1edilll1l
13 Ram S<iladill Amlllureu (-ar
14 BICIl Lni\"n~,il Carricrs CUllqLlCl'lll', M l()J
15 l'alllcrK'lmpt\\'lg..:n [and 11 Lcppanl, (hidtain

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Till' allll tllC cnlllplltCl'il.eu J...ilkr~ oftulkl:,

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AI-\ parts, ~Ul'pkmelllcJ \\ilil adJiliPIl,\I llell 1ll,Hnial l'n
<:\1I11~nlp(1rary AFV,. Thou,allds pf \\\l["<Js l)l" le:>.l, hllnuI-..:d, pf 11<:\1 pllUwgr"aplt, anu pages (,I' I1CII, full uJlollr,
g..:ner'll arrangemcnt ura\\illg:~ of AFV,. w!;e:tlte:r Ilith the lank ll1en'~ unit'prm" \\hidl Ildl ,IHl\\ (illU1k,"r) the
\'~ll"lllll~ battk U,lllllrS and insignia,

\\'atch ('ut f(1r thc ne:\\ Prulil<: AI-\., anJ tlK' lu\ut")- bound Illlullle~, all at }Ollr Iu~"al r~'t,lIkr durillg tlw lle:..t
thiny month,.

YoIUIlll' Onl' __\1"\-., of \\'urld \\ar (llll' YolunH'I'ill' Gl'rman _\F\~ of \\orld \\':lr 1'110
Yolume'I\\O Brithh An ~ 1'J19-19-10 \uluml'Si>.. AF\\ of World War "\\0:
Yolullle Three Brithh :\Fh 19-10-19-16 I{u~~ian, French, J'Jp'JIICSC, it'Jlian
YoluJlle Four Ameril':ln AF\'~ of World \\ar Tno YoIUJll(' ~('\'('n .\\odl'rn AFY~

AFV clnd 11' cun'ul1l" dre COI'l rl~hl < Pru!,I" PubllGOllon o Llrl,l"d, Cubu·~ HDU''', SII""t SlrC"t '-"'ndoor, Berbh"c", EnUI""d
Prrrned I~ EllgldnJ by ,'1,100," C"ld",.11 Hockc' Llmlt~d, Lanaa"