1. Vertex is also called=Node
2. When the current in the light bulb decreases by 2%, its power decreases by =4%
3. What is transformer part Primary coil, secondary coil & = Core
4. Electric lines of force about negative point charge are =radial inwards
5. Which is Semiconductor Switch = Thyristor
6. How thyrister is turned off= Forced Commutation
7. Protection relay used are? (OR) There are two types of overload protection? Instantaneous over current and Time over current
8. Current transformer is used with Protection device for measuring = Current
9. Which is not Part of Steam Turbine? Moderator, Economizer, Precipitator
10. Diode Operation voltage = 00.7v
11. Power Plants run on Natural Gas, Steam coal, etc are =Fossil Fuel Plants
12. Which Plant do not used Heat Exchangers or turbines= Geothermal
13. Steam power plant flow chart or something how many steps=4
14. In a generator of 60 HZ and 10 Pole what will be N Speed = 120*60/10=720
15. In a Substation where no transformer is? Switching Substation
16. High frequency application we use? Air core Transformer
17. Sin wave is characterized by? Amplitude, Frequency & Phase
18. Dynamic Disturbance Recorders (DDRs), which record incidents that portray power system behavior during dynamic events such as lowfrequency = (0.1 Hz  3 Hz) oscillations and abnormal frequency or voltage excursions
19. Induction motor rotor are Squirrel cage and Wound type = Squirrel Cage (Both)
20. A sinosoidol is represented by = Phasor
21. If there are less than 4 free electron then its =Conductor
22. Which is Not a substation = Line Substation
23. Which is not at type of thyristor? = inverter Grade
24. Efficiency of thermal plant =3348%
25. What is basic principle behind motor operation? = electromagnetism
26. Induction motor is similar to = asynchronous
27. SEIMENS is unit of = Conductance
28. System protection devices which includes? A)Reliability, B) selectivity, C) cost, D) Speed, E) Simplicity (ALL)
29. 2 types of Exciters? 1. Rotating 2. Static
30. Which transformer is used in arc welding???? Leakage
31. When admittance increases current increases or Decrease? Increase
32. Power switch is characterized into how many groups? 3 (uncontrolled, semi controlled, controlled)
33. Stator core is made of many thin metal sheets called? lamination
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34. Most squirrel cage rotor is made by die casting of? Aluminum conductor bars
35. All process system consists of three main factor or term? manipulated Variable, controlled variable and uncontrolled (disturbances)
36. Substation transforms voltage from high to low And reverse and perform many of the several important functions
37. The input for a distribution substation is typically at least two transmission or sub transmission lines
38. Generators are cooled by? Airwater cooled Fins
39. A process control system consists of process, measurement control: = Analysis
40. Generator voltage is determined from excitation is? island operation
41. The matrix obtained by deleting the column corresponding to the reference node in the element node incidence matrix A is called bus incidence matrix A
42. Stainer is used to prevent foreign particles to reach turbine along with steam.
43. __________is
used for emergency stop of steam along? throttle valve
44. Complex quantities in power system are represented by? Phasor
45. When a small resistance or impedance is accidentally or intentionally inserted b/w two points of different potential, it is called short circuit
46. The loss in a T/F due to reversal of direction of current is called? Hysteresis loss
47. The frequency of generator depends on? speed and no of poles
48. Higher efficiency can be obtained at higher temperature, this is dictated by? Carnot efficiency
49. The boiler in which tubes are placed in a horizontal cylinder is called? horizontal, fin tube
50. Reactive power at load determine by
.......?
field current heating
51. Magnetic density circuit is increased by? increasing no of turns
52. A circuit breaker which can be separated from the circuit without interruption in the circuit because of additional contacts is called? (Removable/ Separable CB/ Disconnector)
53. The study of disturbances on power system during abnormal operating conditions is called? Steady State Analysis
( OR )
Which analysis deals with the effect of disturbances on power system? a) Fault trend analysis, b) sinusoidal analysis c) stability analysis d) line power analysis e) Load flow analysis
54. Equipment with capacity to work within range? circuit breaker making capacity
55. Sinusoidal voltage and current at constant frequency is characterized by 2 parameters, a max value and ? a) angle (phase angle) b) value of load angle c) R value d) load angle
56. Which one is not a transformer? 1) Laminated 2) resonance 3) single instrument transformer 4) ferrite circuit transformer 5) caste iron transformer.
57. Synchronous generators are used, because they offer precise control of voltage, frequency, VARS , watts.
58. The sensitivity of measurement is a measure of the change in the instrument output, which occurs when the quantity being measured changes by a given amount.
59. Voltage Regulation in generation voltage?
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60. Intercepting contacts of circuit breaker is a set of contacts which enable circuit breaker to be removed? a) Withdrawal b) discontinue c) plug in d) current limiting e) Moulded case
1. CB is similar to Common gate of FET
2. Low resistance measuring device is Kelvin Bridge.
3. The shunt winding of motor has a resistance of 85 ohm at 22 degree when the motor runs at full load, its resistance increases to 100 ohm. The resistance temperature coefficient of winding per 0 degree is 0.004. The rising temperature of winding will be? Answer is 70 degree.
4. A 100V bulb has a resistance of 500 ohm. The number of hours it can work per every KWh of energy consumed will be? 50 hours.
5. Main feature of crystal oscillator is stability.
6. In class A, conduction angle is 360 degree.
7. For pre amplification, which Power amplifiers are used for linearity purpose? (Every pre amplifier in system is
___________
amplifier to achieve high linearity)? Class A, Class B, Class C,
Class AB.
8. In metals, electrons revolve because of? OR Motion of electrons in conductor? a) constant V, sinusoidal, square, triangular, non periodic
9. Which current flows due to minority charge carriers? Hole current, reverse leakage current, forward leakage current, all of the above
10. Moderator used in Nuclear is Graphite.
11. In alternator, if power factor load is unity, then armature flux will be? Cross magnetizing, demagnetizing, reduce to zero, square waveform
12. State variables are used in which models? All of above.
13. LTI system can be completely recognized by impulse response of the system. (Impulse, Step, ramp)
14. Stray Voltage is small voltage (less than 10) which can be measured between two points.
15. Stepper motor, speed depends upon frequency.
16. In motor which O.L protection is used? Thermal O.L relay.
17. Vrms*Irms=Apparent Power
18. Power against Inductance is reactive power.
19. Power against resistance is active power. (Power which is actually dissipated in circuit resistance is called active power)
20. If all conductors are grounded to the same grounding system, what is the probability of shock? Minimum
21. CMMR = Differential Gain to Common Mode
22. CMMR should be (low, maximum, high, and zero) for better OPAM operation.
23. Uranium235 is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium
24. Thermal to K.E is converted in the Rocket.
25. Moving iron type Ammeter has few turns of thick wire so that its resistance is less.
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26. The advantage of permanent magnet ammeter is all of above. (Effective eddy current damping, low hysteresis loss, low power consumption, uniform scale, very sensitive to current.)
27. If height of transmission tower is increased, Capacitance will decrease and inductance remains same.
28. For current amplification, CC is used.
29. VI characteristics of UJT are similar to?
(a) CE with linear & saturation region, (b) FET with linear & pinch off, (c) Tunnel diode
(d) Pnjunction diode
30. TRIAC is bidirectional device.
31. Solid grounding is used below 660V. (above 220 kV, above 11 kV, below 660 V, below 115 V)
32. In submarine power is transmitter through which cables: HVDC
33. In which power plant availability of power is least reliable? Wind
34. High gain DCDC convertor used in which system? All of above, Solar system, Battery backup
35. Which principle is used to analyzing the fault? (Thevenine, norton, Superposition, Jordon).
36. Qpoint operating point of transistor model analysis.
37. Negative resistance is of Tunnel diode.
38. Inverse/Opposite of power factor is Q factor.
39. Roll off rate of operational amplifier is usually is 20 dB decades.
40. Channel is in b/w Drain and Source of JFET.
41. Transformer rating is given in KVA instead of KW why? (Customary, loss depends upon V&I, power factor is not known, All of above).
42. In Transformer ratio 20:1 means 20 number of primary turns to 1 secondary coil turns
43. Stator appears to be stationary and rotor freely moves which is rotating transformer is equivalent to induction motor.
44. Transformer has maximum efficiency when Cu losses become equal to Fe losses.
45. SCR goes into saturation when? gate to cathode voltage forward biased
46. CE amplifies (V, I, P, all of above)
47. DC motor has high torque.
48. Accumulative motor adds up the series and shunt magneto motive force.
49. Control system is used for? (We built control systems for
?)
_______ a) Remote control, b) power application, c) disturbance control, d) all of above
50. OPAM optimum operating voltages are ( +_18, +_15, etc)
51. LC Tuned oscillator stability is dependent upon (Q factor, L, C, transistor).
52. Light is produced in electric discharge lamp due to (heating effect, magnetic effect, ionization in a gas / vapor).
53. What is produced by superconductor (V, temp, Press, magnetic field)
54. In superconductors what happens ( repulsion of magnetic, absorbing of magnetic field, absorbing of electric field, repulsion of electric field)
55. Which engine has highest air fuel ratio?
Gas Turbine, Petrol, Gas ,Diesel, Hydro turbine
56. Diode is used for rectification.(or Device that converts ac into dc)
57. Diode limiters are used for limiting positive and negative cycles both.
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58. In Bridge, ripple frequency of output wave is twice of input.
59. Lead acid batteries are storage batteries
60. Output variables are (Dependent, independent so, so) Dependent.
61. Current leads by 90 and voltage lags by 90 to current is in capacitive circuit
62. If poles lie in left half plane? system is stable
63. Which power system requires 4 wires? (star, delta, interconnected, none of above)
64. Current in transmission lines is …….? 3 phase
65. DC two wire systems require least conductor material.
66. 3 phase 4 wire system has two types of voltages
67. State space equations used for? a) Linear, b) Non linear, c) Time variant, d) Time invariant, e) All
68. Current leads in which circuit? Capacitive
69. What is zero in resonance circuit? Reactance (Net reactance is Zero when RLC circuit is in resonance)
70. In RLC circuit, what is max in resonance circuit? a) Power Consumption, b)inductive current, c)capacitive voltage
71. In transformer leakage flux is proportional to current which indicates? that Induced EMF in Primary and secondary windings lag the flux by 90'
72. Transformer has different no. of primary & secondary turns.
73. Which opamp converts high impedance to low impedance (inverting, non inverting, follower, summing point)
74. On reverse biasing of FET, what happens? Channel resistance increase, Or capacitance increase
75. Circuit current is ……… at resonance?
1. Power factor? Answer: true power/apparent power
2. To reduce cost of power generation? Answer: Load factor (higher/increase) +Diversity factor (higher increase)
3. An Ideal voltage source has internal resistance? Answer: 0Ω Resistance
4. An Ideal current source has internal resistance? Answer: ∞Ω Resistance
5. is defined as the measure of instrument by which it is error free
____
A) Accuracy, B) Precision, C) Resolution
6. Electrical lines of force about a negative charge are A. Circular, anticlockwise, B. Circular, clockwise, C. Radial, inward, D. Radial, out ward
7.
A
_____
meter is used a null detector in Wheatstone bridge
A) Ammeter, B) Voltmeter, C) Galvanometer
8. A moving iron ammeter coil has few turns of thick wire in order to have:
A) Low resistance, B) High sensitivity, C) Effective damping, D) Large scale
9. A permanent magnet coil meter has which features?
A) Low power consumption, B) No hysteresis loss, C) reduced eddy current
D) reduced damping, E) all
10. A digital signal is what in? A) Discrete, B) Discrete in time, C) Discrete in amplitude
D) Discrete in neither time nor amplitude, E) Discrete in both amplitude and time
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11. The EM field and current are concentrated close to the surface of the conductor. The phenomenon is called? Answer: Skin Effect
12. The wavelength of an EM wave after reflection at an angle on a surface Answer: Increases in the actual direction of propagation
13. When electric field is parallel to the plane of incidence, the electromagnetic wave is said to be Answer: Parallel polarized
14. Δ x H = J + D is Maxwell equation
15. Buchholz relay is used in Transformer Protection
16. Gates between following range referred by MSI
17. The MSI (Medium Scale Integration) technique, the number of transistors on the single IC package can be fabricated are? a) less than 10, b) 10 to 100, c) 100 to 1000, d) 1000 to 10000
18. Gates between following range referred by LSI
19. The LSI (Large Scale Integration) technique, the numbers of transistors which can be fabricated on the single IC are? a) 10 to 100, b) 1000 to 10000, c) 100 to 1000, d) greater than 10000
20. Which type of system is referred by pneumatic system? A) Pressure, B) Hydraulic, C) Fluid
21. Cross over distortion is? Answer: Class B
22. Due to velocity saturation, MOSFET reaches saturation? A)Before Pinch off, b) After pinch off,
c) At Q point, d) Before Q point, e) After Q point
23. If ROC (Region of Convergence) does not lie inside unit circle then?
a) Fourier transform converges, b) Ztransform converges, c) Harley transform converges
d) Does not converges
24. Transfer function is? A) Mathematical model, B) System with no physical structure,
C) Can be calculated through differential equations
25. Which of the following statement is correct about continuous & discrete LTI system:
a) convolution sum is approximation of convolution integral
b) convolution integral is approximation of convolution sum
c) Both are explicit realization, d) all of the above
26. LTI system is stable when? a) Zero is inside a unit circle, b) Poles and Zero are inside a unit circle
c) Zero at origin, d) Poles at origin. (For a LTI system if all the zeroes and poles are inside the unit
circle then? System is stable)
27. Which bulb operates on lowest power? A. Night bulb, B. Neon bulb, C. GLS bulb, D. Torch lamp
28. If R1 is the resistance of a coil of copper at t ^{o} C and RT is the resistance at T ^{o} C and also the resistance temperature coefficient of copper per degree centigrade at 0 ^{o} C is 1/234.45, then Rt/RT
(A) (1+t) / (1+T)
(B) (1+ 234.45t) / (1+234.45 T)
(C) (234.45 + t) / (234.45 + T)
(D) (234.45 + t2 ) / (234.45 + T 2)
29. If Z transform lies in ROC then? A) System is stable; B) Inverse of system is stable
C) Both system and its inverse are unstable, D) Both system and its inverse are stable
30. Superposition theorem relates to? Linear Network
31. Kilowatt hour is the unit of? Answer: Energy
32. In Z transform cos pi/4 is the period is equal to? N=8
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33. What will be the sampling frequency that reveals the same sampled signal? (sampling freq should b double the real signal) a. double the max period b. equal to the max period c. greater than the max period d. half the max period
34. Which transistors are used in TTL (Transistor  Transistor Logic)? Bipolar
35. Resolution of ADC is defined as the no of bits in? Answer: Output
36. Horizontal line in the s plane is represents? Constant Peak Time and that of vertical line represents Constant Settling time.
37. Recharge able batteries are called? Secondary batteries
38. The batteries which are charged and discharged continuously? Secondary batteries
39. Which system needs more stability? Automatic washing machine, Traffic signal system, Home heating system, Motor with position control (a,b,c are examples of open loop systems)
40. Natural frequency in the control system represents? a) nature of transient, b) overshoot
c) oscillation, d) speed of response (Natural frequency is the frequency at which the system
would oscillate if the damping factor were zero)
41. Hay Bridge is used for the measurement of? Answer: Inductance
42. Bridge used for the measurement of resistance? Answer: Wheatstone bridge
____
43. Acts as voltage controlled variable capacitor? Answer: Varactor
_____
44. By which a meter after checking with no current returns to its previous state? Answer: Controlling Torque
45. By connecting a shunt of higher value in ammeter what will decrease? Answer: Current sensitivity decreases
46. Ampere’s law is comparable to faradays law, Lenz’s law
________
in electrostatics? Biotsewart law, gausses law,
47. The internal part of machine is protected from environment by? (A) Housing (B) casing (C) frame (D) enclosure
48. To decrease the power in control system we use? A) Open loop, b) Close loop
c) Combination of the these two with active elements
d) Combination of the these two with passive elements
49. Continuous signal in the time domain in frequency domain?
50. Which statement is false for switching regulators?
1. Mathematical equation that allows us to predict the value of dependent variable from known values of one or more independent variable is called?
a) Correlation equation, b) distributive equation, c) Variance equation, d) Regression equation
e) Prediction equation
2. Z transform is used when signal is not?
a) Absolute sum able b) square sum able c) converge d) diverges e) a, b, c
3. Any constant of t domain is a impulse in f domain with
a) Infinite height, infinite width, infinite area, b) Infinite height, infinite width, unit area
c) Infinite height, zero width, infinite area, d) Infinite height, zero width, unit area
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4. Polarization of plane wave describes the time varying behavior of?
a) electrical field, b) magnetic field, c) EM field, d) electric flux 



a) 1 month, b) 2 month, c)1 year, d) 2 year 

is a word used in connection with AC current power system condition? 

a) Range b) loop c) gain d) conservation stability. 



a) Edge, b)limit, c) zero, d) node, d) rims 















A) Model validation, B) Disturbance investigation, C) Incorrect protection settling 

D) Assessment of system protection 

is ....... phase


to ? A) 10, B) 12, C) 32, D) 18, E) 24 



A) Open circuit, B) closed circuit, C) short circuit, D) open circuit with parallel branch 


associated 
with the optical fiber receiver? 

A.) Quantum, B) Dark current, C) Thermal, D) All 


as a reference? 

a) Va, b) Vb, c) Both Va&Vb, d) none 


..... 
In its off state? 

a) Rise in current in SCR, b) Rise in v in SCR, c) Conduction period, d) All of above 
21. Voltage difference b/w two points? a) Electric pressure, b) Lorentz pressure, c) magnetic pressure
22. Transmission line voltage? a) 110kv, b) 130kv, c) 150kv, d) 170kv
23. For the protection of over current require
...............
Transformer?
Current transformer
24.
DIAC is a
...................
layer device? 4 layer
25. Lighting storm caused what kind of fault? a) Line to line, b) line to ground, c) double line to ground
26. Ideal transformers have? no resistance in windings , no core losses, All of the above
27. All conductors having equi potential then shock will be
.....
? Minimum
28. Which cannot be used for DC? Induction type
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30. If shunt resistance is increased? Current sensitivity decreases
31. Fundamental property used in single node pair circuit analyzer is that ........... elements is same? A) current B) Voltage, C) Resistance
across all
32. Source which supplies constant voltage no matter how much current is drawn from it is?
a) Ideal Voltage source, b) IdealCurrent source, c) ideal voltage and current source
d) real voltage and current source
33. Requirement of variable speed can meet by? a) Induction motor, b) Shunt motor, c) Variable
d) Wound rotor
34. Transmission lines use voltage and alternating current? a) Single phase, b)Two phase, c)Neutral phase d)three phase
35. Under damped response have? a) damping ratio>1, b) 0>damping ratio<1 3)damping ratio =1, 4)damping ratio =0
36. Fastest achievable Response without overshooting? 1) Under damped, 2) over damped, 3) critically damped
37. the minimum value of delta f that can be used for orthogonal design is
a) 1T, b) ½T, c) T2T
38. Circuit Element which sense and initiate trip when fault is detected 1 Circuit breaker, 2. Protective relays, 3. Isolator
39. Which of the following has super linear rate of convergence? a. Bisection , b. Newton, c. Secant, d. False position , e. Boyclans
40. The modulation technique in which carrier is switched B/W 2 different carrier level 0 & 1 is called? a. Amplitude shift keying, b. On off keying, c. Frequency modulation, d. Phase modulation
41. Norton theorem is applied to a resistive circuit having
______
in parallel with single resistor
for non reactive circuits for ideal impedance. a) Single voltage source b) singe current source
c) single voltage and current source d) double voltage source
42. What is Collector current? a) Drift current b) Diffusion current c) Base current
1. Which is not the basic part of T/F? A) Corey B)Primary Winding C) Secondary winding D) Mutual Flux
2. Fourier series representation of continuous signal require
___________
no: of harmonically
complex exponents: (Period of infinite continuous fourier series)? a) N b) n+N c) 1 d) Infinite d) 2*pi/n
3.
In 8085
............
is
a part of control unit? A) ROM. B) Instruction registers. C) Ram. D) Opcode
4. Oscillator whose frequency can be changed by variable DC control voltage? a) Triangular wave oscillator, b) Wien bridge oscillator, c) Crystal oscillator, d) Voltage controlled oscillator
5. Circuit produce output wave form without external signal source? a) Filter, b) Amplifier c) Oscillator, d) None
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6. Difference between JFET and MOSFET? PN junction
7. The part which gives instruction of Microprocessor, what to do is?
a) RAM, b) RAM, c) Op code, d) On code
8. The parameter hfe corresponds to? a) Bdc its beta(dc), b) Bac (beta ac), c) r'e, d) r’c
9. Diode limiters are used to? a) Limit +ve portion, b) Limit ve portion, c) Constant dc output
d) Level to 0.7 e) Both A and B
10. FIR filters can be designed to achieve? A) linear phase B) Inverting phase
11. In 8085, the content of the instruction register are splits in to nibble? a) 4, b) 2
12. State during which nothing has happened indicated by which instruction
.....NOP
(?)
13. One of properties of FIR filters is that FIR filters do not have? feedback control system
14. Due to velocity saturation region a) at pinch off b) before pinch off c) after pinch off, etc
15. Z transform is centered at
.........?
Origin
16. Optical power depends a) quantum b) dark current, etc or d) all?
17. Which source provides constant voltage a) ideal current source b) ideal voltage source c) both ideal current and voltage source d) both real voltage and current source
18. JFET advantages? Small size, low noise, high power gain, All
19. JFET drawback
......?
low gain width product
20. If emitter junction is forward biased, collector junction reversed biased, amplifier is in a) active mode b) saturation, etc
21. Which transformed used to convert signals from time to frequency domain? a) Laplace b) Fourier, etc
22. ROC converges if poles and zeros lie inside? 1) origin, 2) Z=1
23. RLC at low frequencies has more Z because of? a) Xc is large, b) Xl is large, c) Xc is small
d) Xl is small
24. In RLC complex system, analyzed by resistance, inductance and? Current, Inductance, Voltage , capacitance
25. Sum of voltage drop in a loop is Zero
26. In BJT Vce is important because it can be used to check whether?
a) working in saturation, b)working in cut off, c)defective, d) All
27. 28. The dc operating point of an amplifier specified by voltage and current value?
a) gain, b) q point, c) load line, d) none
28. The DSB category of AM system is generally used in
?
___________
a. Oscillator, b. Color information TV, c. Oscilloscope
29. 12) Which is used to prevent power wastage on … _______?
a. FDM, b. SSB, c. DSB
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1. Loss that occurs in magnetic core of a transformer is? a) Copper loss b) iron loss c) Stray loss D) Dielectric loss
2. A Circuit of zero lagging Power factor behaves as? a) An inductive circuit b) A capacitive circuit
c) RL circuit d) RC circuit
3. Which among the following happens in a low power factor?
A) Large kVA rating of the equipment, b) Greater conductor size, C) Reduced handling capacity
of the system, D) All of the above
4. What is the main disadvantage of phase advancers?
A) Cannot be used for motors below 200 H.P, B) Produces noise C) Can be used where
synchronous motor is un admissible, D) None of these
5. The most suitable location for the power factor improvement device is? a) Near the electrical appliance which is responsible for the poor power factor, b) At the sending end c) At the receiving end in case of transmission lines, d) Both (a) and (c)
6. Under what condition is D.C supply applied safely to the primary of a transformer?
a) We can connect directly to DC, b) No condition required we can’t connect to DC Supply,
c) A High resistance should be connect in series with primary, but circuit will be useless,
d)The above statement is wrong
7. When the power factor in the transmission line is leading, which device is employed at substation to reduce the power factor? a) CVT b) Reactor c) Synchronous condenser d) None of the above
8. In a Transformer, The primary flux is always
_________
the secondary
a) Greater than, b) Smaller then, c) Equal, d) Equal in both step up and Step down Transformer
9. Breaking capacity of a circuit breaker is usually expressed in terms of(A) Amperes(B) Volts(C) MW (D) MVA
10. The fuse current in amperes is related with fuse wire diameter D as? (A) I ∞ I/D
(B) I ∞ D
(C) I ∞ D3/2
(D) I ∞ D2
11. For motor circuit breakers, the time of closing the cycle is?
(A) 0.001 sec, (B) 0.01 sec, (C) 0.10 sec, (D) 0.003 sec
12. In modem EHV circuit breakers, the operating time between instant of receiving trip signal and final contact separation is, of the order of(A) 0.001 sec(B) 0.015 sec(C) 0.003 sec (D) 0.03 sec
13. The normal frequency rms voltage that appears across the breaker poles after final arc extinction has occurred, is?
(A) Recovery voltage, (B) re striking voltage, (C) supply voltage, (D) peak voltage
14. The number of cycles in which a high speed circuit breaker can complete its operation is?
(A) 3 to 8, (B) 10 to 18, (C) 20 to 30, (D) 40 to 50
15. In a circuit breaker the current which exists at the instant of contact separation is known as?
(A) Re striking current (B) surge current (C) breaking current (D) recovery current
16. For a high speed circuit breaker the total clearing time is nearly?
(A) 1 to 2 cycles (B) 5 to 10 cycles(C) 10 to 15 cycles (D) Less than 50 cycles
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17. The most common method of cooling employed in power transformer is? a) Oil natural b) Natural cooling c) Air cooling d) Airblast cooling
18. The value of flux in the emf equation of a transformer is? (a) rms, (b) Average, (c) Maximum, (d) Integral wave cycle
19. In Three Phase Transformer, The load Current is 139.1A, and Secondary Voltage is 415V. The Rating of the Transformer would be __________
?
(a) 50kVA (b) 57.72kVA (c) 100kVA (d)173kVA
20. The friction losses in Real Transformers are _________
? 0% 5% 25% 50%
21. TO reduce cost we must? Increase KVA
22. KVAR is equal to? Reactive power
23. Power factor of Alternator? depends on load
24. Power factor of transformer? depends on load
25. Sound of transformer is due to? Vibration in lamination
26. Which winding will have smaller cross sectional area? HV side
27. The Resistance between primary and secondary of transformer should be? Infinite
28. The voltage at no load leads the Current by? 90 degree, less than 90
29. Voltage lags behind the current when load is connected to the transformer by what degrees? 90
30. Laminations are done to reduce? the eddy current losses
31. Fuse protection is used for current ratings up to? (A) 10 A(B) 20 A(C) 50 A (D) 100 A
32. Admittance is? Reciprocal of impedance
33. CB without resistance? SF6
34. If a conductor is passing through a metallic case with ground potential which kind of protection is provided?
1. What is the zero sequence current if fault current is 90A? 30A
2. Increase directivity of antenna depends on? a) high gain high bandwidth, b)low gain low bandwidth, c) high gain low bandwidth, d) low gain high bandwidth
3. AMPS uses? FM, FSK, PSK
4. GSM uses? TDMA, FDMA
5. Which modulation has higher data rates? FM, AM, QAM, QPSK
6. Fly back converter for? dc/dc, ac/dc, dc/ac, ac/ac conversion
7. Series capacitance in transmission line for? steady state stability, protection
8. In a transfer function k=0 root loci roots are? poles of open loop transfer function
9. For System stability roots must be
__?
right half of s plane, left half of s plane, jw axis
10. The maximum loads attached to a device called? fan in, fan out
11. Calculate voltage of toaster with joules=7500, i=13.64A, t=5, v? 110Volt
12. TCP/IP address 32 bits
13. Multiply two 16 bit numbers result is 4 bytes
14. Fault current 1500A zero sequence current 500A
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15. Induction motor torque? proportional to slip, inversely to slip, square of slip current,
16. Primary and secondary voltages in transformer are in 180 out of phase
17. Laplace transform of unit step function 1/s
18. For 8 pole generator how much Hz responds to one revolution? 4Hz
19. Why hollow conductors are used in transmission line Reduction of the corona
20. What limits design of long transmission line thermal considerations/conductor area
21. How load is modeled in load flow analysis? A) Constant power, b) Constant impedance, c) constant load, d) variable load
22. Orthogonal means two line perpendicular to each other?
23. Large phase mercury rectifier advantage?
24. shunt reactors used for limit short circuit current
25. TDMA uses?
26. Output occurring due to only input with zero initial conditions called?
27. Differential amplifier amplifies?
28. Link layer design also called?
29. Differential amplifier coupling transistors coupling?
30. 2 BJTs replaced with Darlington pair what happens?
31. Waves reach at the antenna which? a) modulated digital, b)modulated analog, c) aligned waves
32. Dc motor pole tip chamfered to reduce armature reaction effect
33. Definition of Electrical flux density, magnetic flux density, magnetic induction
34. Why Impedance matching performed for signal transferring? to reduce noise, reduce attenuation,
35. At no load losses occurring in transformer are due to?
36. At no load transformer the applied voltage _ leads by 90/lags by 90/lags somewhat by 90 to current
37. Waves reach at antenna? a) modulated digital, b) modulated analog, c) aligned waves
1. On a power system network the load is increasing represents the value of impedance? Answer: decrease
2. To improve the efficiency of thermal power plant
________________
is placed between boiler
and turbine. Answer: Super heater
3. The rating of CB is in terms of? Answer: Voltage
4. Which of the following is not base load power plant? A. Pump storage. B. Run water. C. Diesel. D. Nuclear.
5. The common emitter short circuit current gain 1
6. Which of the prime mover is least efficient? A. Gas turbine. B. Petrol engine. C. Diesel engine. D. Steam engine.
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7. By increasing frequency the current in series resonance circuit before Answer: increase before resonant and after resonance decreases
8. A steam power generation has an overall efficiency of 20 %. 0.6 Kg of coal is burnt per kWh of
electrical energy generated. Calculated the calorific value of fuel? Answer: 7166.67 kCal/kg
9. If a fault occurs on any feeder, the fault current is Answer: much lower than with Unsectional bus bar.
10. Half wave rectifier ripple factor 1.21
11. In case of photo conductor for Germanium when forbidden energy gap is 0.72 eV, the critical wavelength for intrinsic excitation will be Answer: 1.73 um
12. Electrical field intensity on equipotential surface is Answer: Perpendicular to surface
13. 3.5 A and 0.031kohm heat dissipated 379.5 watt
14. What will be the thermal efficiency of a 240 V, 1000 W electric kettle if it brings 2 liters of water at 15° C to boiling point 15 Minutes? A. 74.56 %.B. 78.96 %.C. 79.33 %.D. 80.25 %.
15. Mechanical energy is supplied to a DC generator at the rate of 4200 J / S. The generator delivers 32.2 Amp at 120 V. How much energy is cost per minute of operation? A. 20060 J.B. 20160 J.C. 23060 J.D. 25060 J.
16. Norton equivalent current is Answer: short circuit current through load
17. What is Collector current? A. Drift current B. Diffusion current C. Base current
18. The sequence components of the fault current are as follows: Ipositive = j1.5 pu, Inegative = − j0.5 pu, Izero = − j pu Which fault is this? Answer: LLG
19. An overhead line conductor has an inductance per unit length of L Henry. If the entire medium around the conductor is filled with a dielectric material of permittivity ( ε ), then the inductance will be Answer: L/ ε20. 65033kV clearance between track and lowest conductor Answer: 6.1m
20. The only place where slip ring induction motors used in thermal power plants is Answer: Coal handling plant
21. Which equipment does not supply reactive power in HVDC converter stations? Answer: Series Capacitors
1. Probability of number two rolling dice is? 1/6
2. The function having infinite value?
a) open, b) close, c) dependent, d) independent
3. In Close loop control system, feedback strategy is term related to?
A) Input dependent, B) Fail safe, C) Error driven, D) both A & B, E) None
4. Output of open loop system is? a) O/P dependent b) O/P independent
5. In an induction motor when air gap is increased then magnetizing current increases while short circuit current will
a) Decrease, b) Increase, c) Initially increase then stabilized, d) Initially decreased then stabilized
e) Remains unchanged
6. Optical device used to measure refraction & Ocular Focus?
a) drum meter, b) durameter, c) Dioptometer , d) declipmeter
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7. The quantity “Rm” with related dependent V controlling variable output same a)Trans Conductance b) max Resistance c) Trans Resistance d) Limiting Resistance
8. Asymptotic Stability of system is defined by
(a) Eigen values , (b) Poles & Zeros, (c) response to impulse input , (d) none of above
9. Turbine of low head hydro power plant has following properties?
a) Low volume & high pressure, b) Low volume & low pressure, c) High volume & low pressure,
d) high volume high pressure,
10. If large load is disconnected suddenly from power plant, then:
(A) turbine speed will increase and frequency increase
(B) turbine speed will decrease and frequency decrease
(C) turbine speed will remain same
(D) it will take another load
11. Output voltage (V _{o}_{u}_{t} ) of operational amplifier in terms of its open loop gain?
A) Aol (V+ V), B) Aol (V+/V)
12. Difference between Frequency Modulation & Amplitude Modulation?
a. transmitter and receiver of fm are less expensive
b. fm need small bandwidth because we can use exactly adjacent points of bandwidth
c. less power is required
d. fm does not depend upon site so it covers more area than am
OR
a. only transmitter end modulation of carrier is required
b.fm need small bandwidth
c. less expensive equipment than am
d. fm does not depend upon site so it covers more area than am
e. less power is required
13. Inverse of even function is ___________
?
A) Even, B) Odd, C) Linear, D) Quadratic, E) Does not
exists
14. If R=2ohm, L=1H and C=1F, is connected in series in RLC circuit then the response would be? (Formula: ζ = (R/2)*√[C/L] For the critically damped circuit ζ = 1, but if ζ < 1 then circuit is under damped & if ζ > 1 and the circuit is over damped)
A) Over damped, B) Under damped, C) Critically damped, D) None
15. In series or Parallel resonance circuit, If R=1 ohm, C=2F, L=2H then find natural frequency?
a) 1, b) 0.5, c) 1.5, d) 2.0, e) 0.1
16. Standing wave Ratio is (SWR)
A. Maximum impedance to minimum impedance , B. Peak voltage to RMS voltage
C. Maximum voltage to max current, D. Max current to min voltage
E Maximum Voltage to Minimum Voltage
17. Machine from which we get current by moving conductor in field converting mechanical energy to electrical? A) Generator, B) transformer, C) Motor
18. In an infinite sheet YZ plane, direction of electric field is
a) In YZ direction, b) along Y axis, c) along Z axis, d) in XZ plane, e) Along X axis
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19. In given figure below, the equation is called? a) Euler, b) Gibbs, c) green, d) Maxwell e) dilichit
20. For Transmission line 300km, we have to decrease cost of conductor is reduce by 25% of the originally set cost, so a design engineer what would you suggests? A) Voltage will be half, B) Current will be double, C) Voltage will be double, 4) No change
21. y' + 2x = 4 (x+1)^2 is …… differential equation in which order?
a) First order, b) 2nd order, C) Quadratic
22. Which of the following equation shows d (function)^2/dx^2 = 1/k * d(function)/dt
a) Parabolic, b) Elliptical, c) Telegraphy, d) Laplace
23. Inductors in series 10mH, 20mH, 25mH, 5mH, net Inductance will be?
A) 15, B) 60, C) 3.4, D) 3.808
24. Inductors in parallel 10mH, 20mH, 25mH, 5mH, net Inductance will be?
A) 15, B) 60, C) 3.4, D) 3.808
25. Intel MCS51 is commonly referred as? a. 8051, b. 8056, c. 9051, d. 5050
26. Vs = Ns d (phi)/dt? a) Lenz’s Law, b) Faraday’s Law, c) Columb’s Law
27. Partial derivative of fxy and fyx are called? a. Proper derivative, b. Improper derivative, c. Mixed derivative, d. Universal derivative
28. of fxy and fyx are simultaneous? A) Mixed derivative? B) Derivative, C) Integral,
_______
29. Superposition theorem can be used to convert equivalent to? a) Norton, b) Thevenine, C) Both
d) None
30. Transmission voltage for 2530 km line? A) 11kV, B) 33kV, C) 250, D) 500
31. The equation t= dq/dt represent? A. Current, B. Charge , C. Voltage
32. Transformer is designed so as there is .........
leakage
induction? A. High, B. Low, C. Zero
33. To turn off thyristor? A) Make gate current less than holding current; B) apply negative current at gate
34. Using ohms law, voltage source with resistance in series is replaced by current source with resistance in parallel? a) Voltage transformation, b) Current transformation, c) Source transformation, d) Resistance transformation
35. Phasor diagram gives magnitude and? Phase angle
36. Required pressure of air in air blast circuit breaker?
a) 2  3 kg/cm ^{2}^{,} b) 20  30 kg/cm ^{2}^{,} c)200  300 kg/cm ^{2} , d) 2000 3000kg/cm ^{2}
37. If scaling (Sampling) and time shifting is applied on a same signal, what should be the order of operation? A) 1st shift then scaling (Sampling), B) 1st scaling (Sampling) then shift, C) both can be performed in any order, D) one by one in any order, E) only 1 operation can be performed
38. Program Counter (PC) is used for? Holds the address of the next instruction to execute
39. Shunt generator has shunt winding in parallel with armature winding. The advantage is:
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A. single excitation source is required (one exciter), b. no source needed for excitation (no
exciter)
40. For input function of 2 Boolean variables there are
______
Boolean algebra functions?
a) 16, b) 8, c) 4, d) 2
41. Actual speed of synchronous generator is? Equal to rotating magnetic field
42. KCL? a) Current entering and leaving is zero, b) Negative, C) positive
43. In Oscilloscope, vertical axis represents volt/division and horizontal axis represents? Time/ division
44. Coal power plant uses million of tons of coal, while nuclear unit rated 1000MW require _____ tons uranium oxide? (Generation of 1000MW from coal require 3 million ton then producing same amount from UO _{2} required in nuclear plant?)
A. 15, B. 1015, C. 2025, D. 3040
45. Plant has maximum load of 325MW, capacity of plant is 350MW, average peak load is 250MW, and load capacitive factor is 0.65. Load factor is? A) 0.8, B.) 0.67, C) 0.5
46. Language used in house wiring automatic control is? A) C++ , B) Assembly, C) Ladder logic, basic,
D) Fortran
47. Relationship b/w eddy current and lamination thickness in dc generator?
A) Direct, B) Inverse, C) Square, D) depend on thrice power
48. If a path is divided to small displacements then which is correct (sum of displacement is equal to)? a) work done is obtained by combining them, b) a single vector represent starting from first displacement point and to the last displacement.(equivalent displacement vector)
49. Find Plasma Frequency? Data: mass of electron, Avogadro’s Number, 1) 2.6e15, 2) 2.6 e12, 3) 2.6e10, 4) 2.6 K, 5) 2.6
50. To obtain multi video channel in digital modulation we use video channels digital modulation and
____
______ diode are necessary?)
diode? OR (For multiple
a) Zener, b) Schottky, c) Laser diode, d) Photo Diode
51. Baseband analog intensity modulation is done by modulating
_______
applied to LED?
a. voltage, b. current, c. frequency, d. amplitude
52. The Stability of dynamic system having no input is called / described with? Lyapunov Stability
53. Which of the following statement is correct?
A) Slip ring is used in ac while commutator is used in dc
B) Commutator is used in ac and slip ring is used in dc
C) Commutator is used in both
54. In 8086, whole instruction is read when first byte is stored at?
a) Odd address, b) Even address, c)H0521, d) Anywhere, e) 0911A
55. The fault shown in circuit is known as?
A) Symmetric, B) Asymmetric, C) Skewed, D) Loplified
56. (Problem of Inverting Amplifier) Find V _{o} =? A) 12v, B) 12v, C) 6v, D) 6v, E) 0v
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57. Which of the following is incorrect about BJT and FET?
A) Both are good switching device, power, B) Power Consumption is high
58. Which of the following is normal operation of pnp transistor?
A) Emitter to base junction is forward bias and collector to base junction reverse bias
B) Emitter to base junction is forward bias and collector to base junction forward bias
C) Emitter to base junction is reverse bias and collector to base junction reverse bias
D) Emitter to base junction is reverse bias and collector to base junction forward bias
59. Discrete time Fourier transform of discrete time function gives? (Fourier transform of continues time function gives?)
a) Continues frequency continuous time response, b) Discrete frequency discrete time response
c) Discrete frequency continuous time response, d) Continues frequency discrete time response
60. Fault due to lightning is? A) Line to line, B) Line to ground, C) Double line to ground
61. Conjunction X^Y Boolean operation is similar to ordinary algebra as? A. Addition, B. Multiplication, C. Subtraction, D. Division
62. In the following equation? A. X<R, B. X>R, C. X=R
63. Between two grid stations in order to decrease impedance and to have X=(3R) ^{1}^{/}^{3} (A) Reduce transient (B) Reduce Line losses, (C) Steady state stability
64. Cylinder was given in figure and finds the equation of flow rate qi?
A) qi = Adh/dt, B) qi = A*dh/dt, C) dA/dt
65. If power plant fail to give power to particular area due to large load, it is refer to:
a) Expected unnerved energy, b) outage frequency outrange duration (OFOD), c) offload,
d) Loss of load probability (LOLP), e) LOLE
66. Ratio of magnetic flux density to field in vacuum? A) Relative permeability
67. First generation of computers use? A) Vacuum tubes, B) Transistor
68. When any conductor is placed in magnetic field it is subjected to Lorentz force which is?
a) Parallel to field, b) Perpendicular to field, c) 45 degree to field, d) at other some angle
69. When surface charge density is zero then normal components
of_____
is continuous?
a) Electric flux density, b) Electromotive force, c) mmf
70. When we switch on induction motor its rotation is due to?
A) Excitation applied to rotor, B) Rotating magnetic field of stator
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71. 
Negative sequence of current is due to? (Impedance through which negative sequence current 

flow is known as 
_____ 
?) a) Negative sequence impedance 

72. 
A rectifier in which op amp is used instead of diode is called? 

a) Active, b) Passive, c) Saturation, d) Non saturation 

73. 
Impedance of series RLC circuit? Z = Square root [R ^{2} +( X _{c} ^{2}  X _{l} ^{2} )] 

74. 
__________ shows relation between amplitude of analog and digital signal? Quantization 

75. 
Fourier transform imposes 
............. 
parity for cosine? A) even B) odd C) negative D) zero 

76. 
Signal defined for all values of time? Continuous signal 

77. 
Delay is defined nd from – inf to + inf, it has value negative integer Y (nnd)? (f[x]=f[xxn]) 



78. 
A Function is 
if it lies in open interval? A) Differentiable B) In differentiable, C) 

79. 
In microcontroller, to move data from port 0 to register and from register to port 3, we use the 

command? A) mov C, P0.1, B) mov P0.3, C, C) mov C, P3.0, D) ret P3.3 c 

80. 
The autocorrelation of discrete pseudo noise sequence is similar to? A) Random atmospheric interference, b) White noise, c) Ground clutter, d) Audio distortion 

81. 
Two Coherent modes, one is homodyne and other is? Heterodyne 

82. 
Diode Clamping circuits used to shift AC waveform from up and down by adding 
equal 

to positive or negative pair values? A) ac level, B) dc level, C) ac and dc level D) d) inverting level 

83. 
Iterative method? A) In which we get close to solution 

84. 
Shunt wound dc generator in which shunt winding is connected in parallel so that it? 





85. 
Horse power rating of motors & KVA rating of transformers in three phase system if compared 

to the single phase with same body size of equipment, what % of power will increase? 1) 20%, 2) 100%, 3) 150%, 4) 30% 

86. 
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