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ASTM Grade 70-50-05 (ISO 500-7, EN-JS 1050)


Ductile Cast Iron
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ASTM grade 70-50-05 is a type of ductile cast iron. It is furnished in the as-fabricated (no
temper or treatment) condition. 70-50-05 is the ASTM designation for this material. 500-7 is
the ISO numeric designation. The graph bars on the material properties cards below compare
ASTM grade 70-50-05 to: cast irons (top), all iron alloys (middle), and the entire database
(bottom). The length of each bar shows the given value as a % of the largest value in the
relevant set.

Mechanical Properties
Brinell Hardness

200

Elastic (Young's, Tensile) Modulus

180 GPa 26 x 106 psi

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Elongation at Break Menu

6.1 %

Fracture Toughness

25 MPa-m1/2 23 x 103 psi-in1/2

Poisson's Ratio

0.29

Shear Modulus

70 GPa 10 x 106 psi

Shear Strength

450 MPa 65 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Ultimate (UTS)

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530 MPa
Menu 78 x 103 psi

Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof)

370 MPa 53 x 103 psi

Thermal Properties
Latent Heat of Fusion

270 J/g

Melting Completion (Liquidus)

1160 °C 2120 °F

Melting Onset (Solidus)

1120 °C 2050 °F

Speci c Heat Capacity

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490 J/kg-K 0.12 BTU/lb-°F

Thermal Conductivity

35 W/m-K 20 BTU/h-ft-°F

Thermal Expansion

11 µm/m-K

Otherwise Unclassi ed Properties


Base Metal Price

1.9 % relative

Density

7.5 g/cm3 470 lb/ft3

Embodied Carbon

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1.5 kg CO2/kg material

Embodied Energy

21 MJ/kg 8.9 x 103 BTU/lb

Embodied Water

43 L/kg 5.1 gal/lb

Common Calculations
Resilience: Ultimate (Unit Rupture Work)

29 MJ/m3

Resilience: Unit (Modulus of Resilience)

380 kJ/m3

Stiffness to Weight: Axial

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13 points

Stiffness to Weight: Bending

25 points

Strength to Weight: Axial

20 points

Strength to Weight: Bending

19 points

Thermal Diffusivity

9.6 m2/s

Thermal Shock Resistance

19 points

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Alloy Composition
93.7 to 95.5

3.0 to 3.5

1.5 to 2.8

0 to 0.080

All values are % weight. Ranges represent what is permitted under applicable standards.

Followup Questions

How are the material properties de ned?

How do I compare this exact variant to another material?

Further Reading
ISO 1083: Spheroidal Graphite Cast Irons - Classi cation

ASTM A536: Standard Speci cation for Ductile Iron Castings

ASTM A395: Standard Speci cation for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use
at Elevated Temperatures

Cast Iron: Physical and Engineering Properties, Harold T. Angus, 1976

Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels and High Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook vol. 1, ASM
International, 1993

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Ferrous Materials: Steel and Cast Iron, Hans Menu


Berns and Werner Theisen, 2008

Copyright 2009-18: Disclaimer and Terms. Current page last modi ed on 2018-04-01.

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