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SERVICIO NACIONAL DE APRENDIZAJE Versión: 02

SISTEMA INTEGRADO DE GESTIÓN Código:


Procedimiento Ejecución de la Formación Profesional Integral GFPI-F-
GUÍA DE APRENDIZAJE 019

Resultados de aprendizaje 240201501-05: Encontrar vocabulario y expresiones


de inglés técnico en anuncios, folletos, páginas web, etc.

Activities “Introducing yourself”

1. Responder las siguientes preguntas


o What´s your name?
o Where are you from?
o Where do you live?
o What´s your phone number?
o When were you born?
o Where were you born?
o Are you married?
o What´s your job?
o Can you describe your job to me?
o Tell me about yourself?
o What do you think is your best virtue?
o What are you studying?
o What do you hope to do after your graduation?
Actividad de aprendizaje

Workshop: Getting started as a translator


Tras haber estudiado el material de formación Strategic framework: developing
guidelines evaluaremos su conocimiento y capacidad de utilizar el vocabulario de
su área de especialidad para determinadas tareas específicas, como la evaluación
y producción de traducciones.

Para completar esta evidencia, tenga en cuenta lo siguiente:

Primer momento: producción escrita

1. Estudie en su totalidad el material de formación Strategic framework:


developing guidelines, al igual que el material complementario disponible
para la presente actividad de aprendizaje ubicado en la fase de planear en
la actividad de aprendizaje 5:formular el marco estratégico del plan maestro
de logística, teniendo en en cuenta los requerimientos del mercado
2. Complete el taller propuesto llamadoGetting Started with translation.
Workshop:Getting started as a translator

As part of your English Learning Process, it is important to get familiar with


technical vocabulary in order to be able to translate short pieces of texts containin
technical information.
A. Getting familiar with thechnical vocabulary
After revising the vocabulary in the material “Strategic framework: developing
guidelines”, read the given definitions and complete the followig crossword.

Across

1. The act of producing more of something than is needed, or to


produce too much
9. Movement of goods or services along the value stream from raw
materials to the customer without backflow, stoppages, or waste.
12. A party that supplies goods or services. A supplier may be
distinguished from a contractor or subcontractor, who commonly adds
specialized input to deliverables. Also called vendor.
13. Basic substance in its natural, modified, or semi-processed state,
used as an input to a production process for subsequent modification
or transformation into a finished good.
14. An estimate of costs, revenues, and resources over a specified
period, reflecting a reading of future financial conditions and goals.
15. Department, facility, machine, or resource already working at its
full capacity and which, therefore, cannot handle any additional
demand placed on it. Also called critical resource.

Down

2. Study of capabilities and limitations of mental and physical work in


different settings. Ergonomics applies anatomical, physiological, and
psychological knowledge (called human factors) to work and work
environments in order to reduce or eliminate factors that cause pain
or discomfort.
3. A business or person that sells goods to the consumer, as opposed
to a wholesaler or supplier, who normally sell their goods to another
business.
4. Desire for certain good or service supported by the capacity to
purchase it

5. Highest sustainable output rate (maximum number of units per


month, quarter, or year) that can be achieved with current resources,
maintenance strategies, product specifications, etc. attributes or
qualities.

6. An itemized catalog or list of tangible goods or property, or the


intangible
7. Estimate of expected demand over a specified future period. Also
called forecast demand.
8. The comparison of what is actually produced or performed with
what can be achieved with the same consumption of resources
(money, time, labor, etc.). It is an important factor in determination of
productivity.
9. Work arrangement (or rearrangement) aimed at reducing or
overcoming job dissatisfaction and employee alienation arising from
repetitive and mechanistic tasks. Through job design, organizations
try to raise productivity levels by offering non-monetary rewards such
as greater satisfaction from a sense of personal achievement in
meeting the increased challenge and responsibility of on1e's work.
Job enlargement, job enrichment, job rotation, and job simplification
are the various techniques used in a job design exercise.
10. Non-productive time (during which an employee is still paid) of
employees or machines, or both, due to work stoppage from any cause.
Also called idle time, allowed time, or downtime.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

1
BusinessDictionary. (s.f.). Diccionario de términos. Consultado el 31 de agosto de 2016, en:
http://www.businessdictionary.com
B. Understanding Word categories
Translate the following terms into Spanish and determine their gramatical category.
Check the example:
English Term Spanish Translation Gramatical Category
Supply chain Cadena de Noun phrase
abastecimiento
supply chain
management
flow of godos
storage of godos
point of origin
point of consumption
Consumer
Supplier
Customer
Provider
Network
Procurement
Transformation
warehousing and
distribution
intermediate product
finished product
to meet customers’
requirements
re-engineering
freight and transport
costs
destination market
seasonal trends
import and export
regulations
customs duties and taxes
inventory management
delivery services
order fulfilment

C. Evaluating translations
Read the following translations and identify the posible problems in the result. You
can express the problems you identify in Spanish. Please, provide a posible
solution for each case
English Spanish Translation Your opinion Your correction
Logistics is one of the Logísticas es una de las -Hace falta el uso del La logística es una de
spheres, which still have esferas, que todavía tienen artículo “La” antes de las esferas que aún
potential as far as improving potencial en cuanto a mejorar Logísticas. tiene potencial en
performance is concerned. el rendimiento se refiere. -En español, el término cuanto se refiere al
logística se debe utilizar en mejoramiento del
singular. rendimiento.
-El verbo “tienen” se debe
utilizar en singular porque
nos estamos refiriendo a “la
esfera de la logística”
The global logistics market El global mercado de
has grown radically over the logísticas han crecido
years. radicalmente sobre los años.
The main customer groups
served by the logistics Los principales grupos de
industry are parcel and clientes servidos por la
documents express delivery industria logística son los
services, warehousing and servicios de entrega urgente
distribution, etc. de paquetería y documentos,
almacenamiento y
distribución, etc.
Efficient logistics and Logística eficientes y el
transportation system are sistema de transporte son
important prerequisites of the importantes previos requisitos
development of any del desarrollo de ninguna
economy. economía.
The art and science of El arte y la ciensia de la
delivering goods with speed entrega de buenos con
and precision can help rapidez y precisión pueden
businesses operate more ayudar negocios a operar
efficiently, lower costs and más eficiente, reducir costos y
gain new customers. gain nuevos clientes.
Logistics has evolved Las logísticas ha
throughout centuries to evolucionado a lo largo y
become an integral part of ancho de las centurias para
every business. convertirse en una parte
integral de cada negocios.
D. Identifying tenses
Read the sentences given below and identify the tense form used in each of
them. Translate the sentences into Spanish.
Tense Spanish translation
 Last year, the U.S. business Simple past El año pasado, la industria de
logistics industry continued negocios de logística de Estados
to grow at an Unidos continuó creciendo a un ritmo
unprecedented rate. nunca antes visto.
 Global competition began to
spread in the 1970s and
accelerated in the 1990s.
 Logistics has evolved
throughout centuries to
become an integral part of
every business.
 Globalization is still moving
forward today.
 Since 2000, the rail freight
industry has undergone a
remarkable transformation.
 Logistics has been playing
a fundamental role in global
development for almost
5,000 years.
 Since the construction of
the pyramids in ancient
Egypt, logistics has made a
remarkable progress.

 Now, the company is


working on a new
project.
 Usually, freight
forwarders organize
shipping of various
goods.
 Now, the ABC Company
is expanding its
production facilities to
include a new product
line.
E. Critical Thinking
Answer the following questions.
1. According to your experience, which steps did you follow to complete the
different translations?
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
______________________________
2. According to your experience, do you consider that translation is a complex
activity? Explain.
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
______________________________
3. What do you think is necessary to do a correct translation?
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
______________________________
4. According to your experience, what is the most difficult aspect about
translation?
Actividad de aprendizaje

Evidencia : Reading workshop: International transport


Reading workshop: International transport

Read the article Methods of international transport taken from the website
Exportiamo.it and complete the following reading comprehension tasks:
Lectura que pueden encontrar en fase de planeación en actividad de aprendizaje
6: estructurar el sistema de distribución, teniendo en cuenta los medios y modos
de transporte a utilizar
1. Identifying key information

Based on the information presented in the article, answer the following questions:
1. What’s the articles’ main idea?

a. There are many ways to transport goods.


b. Transport is very important in international trade.
c. There are several factors companies need to consider when deciding on
what type of transport to use
d. Depending on the mode of transport, companies can be more efficient and
save money.

2. According to the article, what are some of the factors a company needs to take
into account when choosing the method of transport to deliver their goods?

a. Business type and expertise


b. Sending cost and type of goods
c. Type and value of goods, sending cost, destination, and risk of
transportation
d. Weather conditions and customers’ requirements

3. What mode of transport allows companies to transport large quantities at a low


cost?

a. Rail transport
b. Air transport
c. Road transport
d. Sea transport

4. What method of transport is more flexible in terms of routes and timetables?


a. Rail transport
b. Air transport
c. Road transport
d. Sea transport
5. What methods of transport require companies to spend more money on further
transportation costs to take goods to their final destination?

a. Rail transport and sea transport


b. Air transport and road transport
c. Road transport
d. Sea transport, air transport and rail transport

6. When is it necessary to complete a dangerous goods declaration?

a. When the goods are being transported to countries located in Europe, North
Africa or the Middle East.
b. When the goods are being transported by rail.
c. When the goods that are being transported have a UN dangerous goods
code.
d. When the goods are being transported with no insurance.

2. Finding similar words

The following wordlist contains words from the article on methods of international
transport. For each word find a word with the same or similar meaning (synonym).

Word Synonym
Trade
Ensure
Efficient
Requirement
Quick
Risk
Send
Customer
Suitable
Delay
Deliver
Currency
Insurance
3. Find the missing words

Choose the option that better completes the following passage:

When __________ freight internationally, it’s ______ to choose the


appropriate mode of transportation to _______your products arrive on time
and at the right cost. Your _______ to ship by land, sea, or air depends on a
careful evaluation of business ______ and a __________ of the benefits
each method affords. Picking the best possible mode of transportation is
________to export success.

a. Selling / irrelevant / ensure / decision / costs / comparison / noncritical


b. Transporting / important / ensure / decision / needs / comparison /critical
c. Transporting / irrelevant / support / comparison / needs / assessment
/critical
d. Selling / relevant / ensure / decision / needs / comparison / critical