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E ALTO SAXOPHONE BOOK 1 Za) ESSENTIAL a ELEMENTS PLUS COMPREHENSIVE BAND METHOD _ Eb ALTO SAXOPHONE BOOK 1 ESSENTIAL COMPREHENSIVE BAND METHOD NTS TIM LAUTZENHEISER JOHN HIGGINS CHARLES MENGHINI PAUL LAVENDER TOM C. RHODES DON Band is... Making music with a family of lifelong friends. Understanding how commitment and dedication lead to success. ‘Sharing the joy and rewards of working together. Individuals who develop self-confidence, Creativty—exptessing yourself a universal language Band is... MUSH Strike up the band, Tim Lautzenheiser Dain 190s atone Sox invented the saxophone fami in today’ concert bon, saxophones play harmonies and blend with other band instruments. Saxophones are also very popular jazz ‘and solo instruments. ‘The saxophone family includes the Bb Soprano, + Alto (the most common), Bb Tenor E> Baritone and 88 Bass Saxophone. Fingerings are virtually the same on all saxophones, making it possible to play any saxophone. John Philip Sousa wrote for saxophones in his band compositions. Bizet Ravel, Debussy and Prokofiev included saxophones in their orchestral writing. Duke Ellington’ jazz arrangements areatly defined the unique sound ofthe instruments, both in solo and ensemble playing. ‘Some famous saxophone performers are Eugene Rousseau, Sigurd Rascher and David Sanborn. ISBN 0-634-00317-8, Copyright © 1999 by HAL LEONARD CORPORATION Intemational Copyright Secured All Rights Reserved HALeLEONARD® CORPORATION ANOHAOXVS OL1Y 4H 40 AUOISIN JERSCHENK THE BASICS Posture Sit on the edge of your chair, and always keep your: + Spine straight and tall + Shoulders back and relaxed + Feet fiat on the floor Breathing & Airstream Breathing is @ natural thing we all do constantly. To discover the correct airstream to play your instrument: + Place the palm of your hand near your mouth. + Inhale deeply through the corners of your mouth, keeping your shoulders steady. Your waist should expand like a balloon. + Slowly whisper “too” as you gradually exhale air into your palm. ‘The air you feel is the airstream. It produces sound through the instrument, Your tongue is like a faucet or valve that releases the airstream. Producing The Essential Tone Your embouchure (ahm “-bah-shure) is your mouth’s position on the mouthpiece of the instrument. A good embouchure takes time and effort, $0 carefully follow these steps for success: REED PLACEMENT + Put the thin end of the reed in your mouth to moisten it thoroughly. + Looking at the flat side of the mouthpiece, the ligature screws extend to your right. Slide the ligature up with your thumb, + Place the fat side of the reed against the mouthpiece under the ligature, + Lower the ligature and position the reed so that only a hairline of the mouthpiece can be seen above the reed. + Gently tighten the ligature screws. EMBOUCHURE + Moisten your lips and roll the lower lip over your bottom teeth. + Center the mouthpiece on your lips and place it in your mouth about V2inch, + Place your upper teeth directly on the mouthpiece. The reed rests on the lower lip over the teeth, + Close your mouth around the mouthpiece, like a rubber band. Your facial muscles all support and cushion your lips on the mouthpiece. + Keep your chin down and slightly relaxed. MOUTHPIECE WORKOUT Taking Care Of Your Instrument Before putting your instrument back in its case after playing, do the following: + Remove the reed, wipe off ex- cess moisture and return it to the reed case. + Remove the mouthpiece and wipe the inside with a clean cloth. Once a week, wash the mouthpiece with warm tap water, Dry thoroughly. + Loosen the neck screw and remove the neck, Shake out excess moisture and dry the neck with a neck cleaner. + Drop the weight of a chamois or cotton swab into the bell. Pull the swab through the body several times. Return the instrument to its case. + Your case is designed to hold only specific objects. If you try to force anything else into the case, it may damage your instrument, Form your embouchure around the mouthpiece, and take a deep breath without raising your shoulders. Whisper “too” and gradually exhale your full airstream, Strive for an even tone. O—— | REST | REST “400” "60" Getting It Together Ifyou just played the MOUTHPIECE WORKOUT, begin by carefully removing the reed. Otherwise, take the reed from its case. Step 1 Carefully put the thin end of the reed in your mouth to moisten thoroughly. Rub a small amount of cork grease on the neck cork, if needed, Clean hands. Step 2 Hold the body of the saxophone near its upper end and remove the end plug. Loosen the neck screw and gently twist the neck into the body. Be careful not to bend any keys. Tighten the neck screw. Step 3 Carefully twist the mouthpiece on the neck so that approximately 1/2.of the cork remains uncovered. Place the reed on the mouthpiece (see page 2). Step 4 Place the neck strap around your neck and attach the hook to the ring on the back of the saxophone. Adjust the length of the strap so you can comfortably put the ‘mouthpiece in your mouth. mouthpiece right thumb rest: Step 5 Place your right thumb under the thumb rest. Put your left thumb diagonally across the left thumb rest. Your fingers should curve naturally. Hold the instrument as shown at left: READING MUSIC Identify and draw each of these symbols: Music Staff Ledger Lines Measures & Bar Lines cot Measure Measure = a a a a Bar line Bar Line BarLine The music staff has 5 lines Ledger lines extend the music Bar lines divide the music staff and 4 spaces where notes staff. Notes on ledger lines can into measures. and rests are written. be above or below the staff. ° > To begin, welll use a special”Long Tone” note. Hold the tone until your teacher tells you to rest. Practice long tones each day to develop your sound. Long Tone 1. THE FIRST NOTE Hold each long tone until your teacher tells you to rest. REST. ‘3 Toplay“O,“place your fingers on the keys as shown, The Beat Notes And Rests The beat is the pulse of musi, and like your heartbeat it Notes tel us how high or low to play by their placement on should remain very steady. Counting aloud and foot-tapping aline or space of the music staff, and how long to play by ‘help us maintain a steady beat. Tap your foot down on each their shape. Rests tell us to count silent beats. ‘umber and up on each.” Onebeat=1 & 4 Quarter Note = beat Lt 2 quarterRest = 1silentbeat 2. COUNT AND PLAY cout Tk 2 es & joe LTE TIT eet ae ae se oe oe oe oe se oe oe 3. A NEW NOTE (io Look for the fingering diagram with each new note. ° 6 ° o 4. TWO’S A TEAM Comat: 1&2 e3 e444 TH2as aoe TH2—eFe4e TAPES HAE 5. HEADING DOWN Practice long tones on each new note. 1e—e—e—6- PSE E ie pF Coumatp: 1&2 &3 BFE TH2es ase Ter®esade TKe2esa4e 5 = indicates the end . \Without stopping play once Double Bar of apiece of musi Repeat Sign = ‘again from the beginning. THE LONG HAUL Double Bar 8 g REST 8 é 8. FOUR BY FOUR Repeat Sign | cou@Tp: 1&2 e3 &4Fe TEPRFEAH TH2ESH4R Te2asH4E 9. TOUCHDOWN 10. THE FAB FIVE Daer®esadte Te2ese4e TA2EFRFH TA®as HE Treble Clef Time Signature Note Names (GClef) indicates how many beats per measure Each note is ona line or space ofthe staf. These indicates the ‘and what kind of note gets one beat. _note names are indicated by the Treble Clef. position of note ‘names on a music ‘beats per measure staff: Second line = Quarter note gets one beat isG. Sharp — ¢ rasesthe note and remains in effect forthe entre measure Flat |) lowers the note and remains in effect for the entire measure. Natural} cancels fat 9 or sharp) and remains in effect fo the entice measure. 11. READING THE NOTES compare this to exercise 10, THE FAB FIVE. Te2e3a4e 1H2eFs HAH THeRHs AKA TEPER AAE 12. FIRST FLIGHT — e Notes In Review 8 =e 2 ‘Memorize the fingerings 3 for the notes you've learned: 8 =) 14, ROLLING ALONG Half Note Half Rest Fy ees 2 Stem sets Tare Tare 15. RHYTHM RAP. Clap the rythm while counting and tapping, gilli jd—dd td jit tdi Te2ese4e 18283848 Te2G3H4H 1E2ESEFe 142EZHSR TH2ETEAE Repeat Sign ll 16, THE HALF COUNTS Ta2asade Te2e3E4e 1A2eFAAR TEALFAAE THPEZRAR THPRTRAE 17. HOT CROSS BUNS check your embouchure and hand position. Breath Mark ° ‘Take a deep breath through your mouth after you play a fulHlength note. 18. GO TELL AUNT RHODIE American Folk Song Whole Note Whole Rest holefont Halles pee _ AWhole Measure ° me = a Bea = of Silent Beats 142434468 1e2a3a4a ‘hangs from itsona a staff! staffline 20. RHYTHM RAP Clap the rhythm while counting and tapping. cop feo Hittite | J tdi. PPT renrerererecrrrererecreritrreretrrrrerererce 21. THE WHOLE THING 1e283R4e 1H2EFE4R TH2KIEAE TUZATASE TE2UZA4e 1HE2ATAE Duet ‘A composition with two different parts, played together. 22. SPLIT DECISION - Duet Key oe ‘The Key Signature tells us vhich notes to play with sharps (Hf) or flats (b) throughout Signature the music. Your Key Signature indicates the Key of G — play all F's as sharps. “RIOT 23. MARCH STEPS & Play Fes 24, LISTEN TO OUR SECTIONS Percussion Woodwinds Brass Percussion Woodwinds Brass Per Ww. Brass All e 25. LIGHTLY ROW BGS E = Fermata tf Hold the note (or rest) longer than normal. 27. REACHING HIGHER - New Note Practice long tones on each new note. Fermata Se 28. AU CLAIRE DE LA LUNE French Folk Song 29, REMIX s Harmony Two or more notes played together. Each combination forms a chord. = 30. LONDON BRIDGE ~ Duet English Folk Song A B Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was acid prodigy who started playing professionally at © —acesix and ved during the time of the American Revolution. Mozar’s music fs melodic and imaginative, He wrote more $2 —__than.600.compositions during his short ife including a piano piece based on the famous song, "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” 31. A MOZART MELODY Adaptation 32. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ Draw these symbols where they belong and write in the note names before you play: a —— tr - _ eee eee reer 33. DEEP foqeue - New Note e > > s 1 ao Fi Ga ' CR =a] 8 34. DOODLE ALL DAY 35. JUMP ROPE Niele! ‘One or more notes that come before the first full measure. The beats of Pick-Up Notes are Pick-Up Notes sibiracted from the last measure. 36. A-TISKET, A-TASKET 1 ekuprot i be Sa A a ae T r de tazeaeae Tezeae D * Sf ~forte (play loudly) mf" - mezzo forte (play moderately loud) —_p ~ piano (play softly) cums. Remember to use full breath support to control your tone at all dynamic levels. \ 37. LOUD AND SOFT cho gid ddd a dy f et P f 38. JINGLE BELLS Keep your fingers close to the keys, curved naturally. J.S.Pierpont wf Sf 39, MY DREYDL Use full breath support at ail dynamic ievels. Traditional Hanukkah Song nf Pp ft 10 Eighth Notes je) a Each Eighth Note = 2 Beat p ‘Two or more Eighth Jd isrowecie | la J] ities 1 & Playon down and up taps Tada across the stems. 40. RHYTHM RAP clap the rhythm while counting and tapping. MeL aR. ayo 4 e2ese4e Te2e Fe Fe THE2eTHEHe TEPER AAE 41, EIGHTH NOTE JAM TPe2eazs ese Te2Es RFR Te2As AKA THEDRT ASE 42. SKIP TO MY LOU ‘American Folk Song mf 2 P 44. OH, SUSANNA Stephen Collins Foster Italian composer Gioacchino Rossini (1792-1868) began composing as a teenager and was very proficient on the piano, violz and horn. He wrote “William Tell”at age 37 as the last of his forty operas, and its familiar theme is stil heard today on radio and television, z = 45. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ — WILLIAM TELL Gioacchino Rossini Time Signature Conducting s ‘2 beats per measure Practice conducting this \ 3 ‘Quarter note gets one beat ‘two-beat pattern. = 47. TWO BY TWO Taze te2era2e 1428 1828 1a42e 1H 2a T4H2% Tempo is the speed of music. Tempo markings are usually written above the staf in talian. ‘Allegro -Fast tempo Moderato Medium tempo Andante - Slower walking tempo Tempo Markings 48. HIGH SCHOOL CADETS - March Allegro Jobn Philip Sousa f anne nani 49, HEY, HO! NOBODY’S HOME - New Note Ye Moderato E@Si¢e Dynamics Crescendo (gradually louder) Decrescendo or Diminuendo (gradually softer) 50. CLAP THE DYNAMICS fom ay BLL eae yg P — 51. PLAY THE DYNAMICS 12 PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 52. PERFORMANCE WARM-UPS TONE BUILDER RHYTHM ETUDE RHYTHM RAP Bo eee CHORALE Andante 53. AURA LEE ~ Duet or Band Arrangement Part A= Meloy, Prt = Harmon Andante (ean ee e George R, Poulton nf nf af of — Zoo —— 54, FRERE JACQUES - Round (when: ‘group A reaches @), group B begins at D) Moderato ® French Folk Song mf PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 55. WHEN THE SAINTS GO MARCHING IN ~ Band Arrangement Allegro 3 Arby John Higgins <4 Measure number ia] 56. OLD MACDONALD HAD A BAND - Section Feature Allegro le a 2nd time go on tomeas.13 tf 57. ODE TO JOY (from Symphony No. 9) lie eer cen Moderato Araby John Higgins mf rey tf 58. HARD ROCK BLUES - Encore Allegro 4 “ ‘A curved line connecting notes ofthe same pitch, Play yak Tie ne note forthe combined counts ofthe ied notes ae 59. FIT TO BE TIED 2beats 3 60. ALOUETTE French-Canadian Folk Song beats 4 Dotted Half Note de ee Es tae bet Jel verels Adot aces af thevalu ofthe note, best iuame cSt 61. ALOUETTE - THE SEQUEL French-Canadian Folk Song American composer Stephen Collins Foster (1226-1864) as born near itsburgh PA. He es become the most recognize $2 song writer of his time for works such asOh Susanna “which became popular during the California Gold Rush of 1849, 3B mmong his most welrknown songs are My Old Kentucky Horne’ and"Camptown Races” 62. CAMPTOWN RACES Sohcmeous Allegra of 63. NEW DIRECTIONS - New Note De 64, THE NOBLES Aivays use a full airstream. Keep fingers above the keys, curved naturally. cy e beats 65. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ Bi 3 Time Signature Conducting 2 ‘| 5 z = 3 beats per measure Practice conducting this \ § = Quarter note gets one beat three-beat pattern. 66. RHYTHM RAP cep - 1 ply ty Ly oy Lapape Vezece vazasa 1azege ta2ea4 teze3e Tazese 1ezese 67. THREE BEAT JAM 1e2a38 18283e 182238 Ta283e TAIHFR 1e2e SH 1H 2adH 182838 68. BARCAROLLE ‘Moderato Jacques Offenbach nf — Norwebln cnposer Edvard Gilg (1843-1907) wrote Peer Gy Suite for apy by Henk bse n 1875, he year = before the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. *Moming’ is a melody from Peer Gynt Suite, Music a used in plays, or in films and television, Is called incidental music. 2 9. MORNING (from Peer Gynt! 6 RNING (from Peer Gynt) oa Andante P Accent 4 Emphasize the note. = 70, ACCENT YOUR TALENT Latin American music has its roots in the African, Native American, Spanish and Portuguese cultures. This diverse = ‘music features lively accompaniments by drums and other percussion instruments such as maracas and claves. a ‘Music from Latin America continues to influence jazz, classical and popular styles of music. “Chiapanecas"is a s popular children’s dance and game song. 2 71. MEXICAN CLAPPING SONG (“Chiapanecas”) Latin American Folk Song > > = z ee 72, ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY ‘Compose your own music for measures 3 and 4 using this rhythm: 2 oJ J7TIi 4 | Accidental Natural 4 § Any sharp, flat or natural sign which appears in the music ‘Anatural sign cancels a flat (by or sharp (2) = ‘without being in the key signature is called an accidental. ‘and remains in effect for the entire measure. 73. HOT MUFFINS - New Note i Natural applies to all sin measure. 8 & i 74, COSSACK DANCE Alig Natural applies to all Fs in measure. ? 7 hee eae i i = fe New Key Signature ‘1st & 2nd Endings ‘I This Key Signature indicates the Play through the 1st Ending. Then play the repeated section Key of C(no sharps or ats). of musi skipping the 1st Ending and playing the 2nd Ending. 76. HIGH FLYING Moderato VF of time |B _sapanese folk muste actualy has its origins in ancient Chia. “Sakura, Sakura was performed on instruments such 2s © the koto,a 13-strng instrument that is more than 4000 years old. and the shakuhachi or bamboo flute. The unique Be scindctltis ger mancse elody aula fury be eramic ortec nae) eaquera melons son 77. SAKURA, SAKURA - Band Arrangement Japanese Folk Song Arr.by John Higgins Andante 78. UP ON A HOUSETOP 78. Age TigteneneNa =e mf t z i Bion cf E 79. JOLLY OLD ST. NICK - Duet Moderato tt __» 2 A mf uf See page 9for additional holiday rmusic, MY DREYDL and JINGLE BELLS. 80. THE BIG AIRSTREAM - New Note U Ge 81. WALTZ THEME (THE MERRY WIDOW WALTZ) ‘Moderato AG Franz Lehar nf =f commana of 82. AIR TIME 83. DOWN BY THE STATION Allegro mf 84, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ Moderato 18 a Z DAILY WARM-UPS _iyoscours cor sone recowrout 86. TONE BUILDER Use steady stream of air. 87. RHYTHM BUILDER 89. CHORALE (Adapted from Cantata 147) Johann Sebastian Bach a P =— —== — ‘A musical form featuring a theme, or primary melody, Theme and Variations {followed by variations, or altered versions of the theme. THEORY 90. VARIATIONS ON A FAMILIAR THEME Theme Variation 1 nf Variation 2 “ {At the D.C. al Fine play again from the beginning, stopping at Fine (fee- nay). D.C. al Fine D.G.is the abbreviation for Da Capo, orto the beginning,"and Fine means“the end” 91. BANANA BOAT SONG Moderato Caribbean Folk Song Fine Shai 4 {sharp sigh raises the pitch of a note by a half-step. The note C:sharp sounds a half-step rp above Cand all C's become C-sharps for the rest ofthe measure where they occur. 92, RAZOR'S nee ~ New Note : : F ae c= SS act 93. THE MUSIC BOX Moderato Ss 200100 Pp AG ‘African-American spirituals originated in the 1700's, midway through the period of slavery in the United States. = ‘One of the largest categories of true American folk music, these primarily religious songs were sung and passed on 3 for generations without being written down. The first collection of spiituals was published in 1867, four years after $s ‘The Emancipation Proclamation was signed into lave. & 94, EZEKIEL SAW THE WHEEL Allegro slur ee trench torent aie ong ne et te alr 95. SMOOTH OPERATOR eee Slur 2 notes ~ tongue only the fist. 96. GLIDING ALONG Slur4 notes ~ tongue only the first. Ragtime is an American music style that was popular from the 1890's until the time of World War |. This eatly form of ; jazz brought fame to pianists like “Jelly Rol’ Morton and Scott Joplin, who wrote The Entertainer’ and “Maple Leaf Reg” ; Surprisingly, the style was incorporated into some orchestral music by Igor Stravinsky and Claude Debussy. 3 ‘The trombones now learn to play a glissando, a technique used in ragtime and other styles of music. 2g 97. TROMBONE RAG — niet oa ETT f 98, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ % 20 99. TAKE THE LEAD - New Note Fg? Phrase ‘A musical‘sentence’ which is often 2 or 4 measures long. Try to play a phrase in one breath. af aa THEORY 100. THE COLD WIND i = Phrase r Phrase’ m= ft an 7 S = New Key Signature Multiple Measure Rest S This Key Signature ‘The number above the staff tells you 3 indicates the Key of D~- play how many full measures to rest. FE alsand Cs 28 sharps. ‘Count each measure of rest in sequence: 102. SATIN LATIN Allegro z German composer Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was part of a large family of famous musicians and S _became the most recognized composer ofthe Baroque era Beginning asa choi member Boch soon became B_anorganista teacher and a proliic composer writing more than 600 masterworks. Thi Minuet or cance n = 3/4 time, was written as.a teaching piece for use with an early form of the piano. 103, MINUET - Duet Johann Sebastian Bach ‘Moderato of 7 104, ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY This meiody can be played in 3/4 0r 4/4, Pencil elther time signature, draw the bar lines and play. Now erase the bar lines and try the other time signature. Do the phrases sound different? 2 105. NATURALLY rch 1 = ‘Austrian composer Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828) lived a shorter life than any other great composer but he 5 Created an incredible amount of music: more than 600 art-songs (concert music for voice and accompaniment), ten is ‘symphonies, chamber music, operas, choral works and piano pieces. His’March Militaire was originally a piano duet. = 106, MARCH MILITAIRE Allegro Franz Schubert f uf Flat > |Aflat sign lowers the pitch of a note by a half-step. The note B-flat sounds a halfstep bbelow B, and all Bs become B-flats for the rest of the measure where they occur ‘AMOTHL 107. THE FLAT ‘alas - New Note e Bb =i! d= SS— om + z 7 : a a 108. ON TOP OF OLD SMOKEY ‘Amesican Folk Song ft Boogie-woogie is a style of the blues, and it was first recorded by pianist Clarence “Pine Top Smith in 1928, ‘one year after Charles Lindbergh's solo flight across the Atlantic. A form of jazz, blues music features altered. notes and is usually written in 12-measure verses, ike “Bottom Bass Boogie.” z 2 a 109, BOTTOM BASS BOOGIE - Duet Allegro A = f 22 +d Dotted Quarter J D Adot adds half I 4 Asingle eighth . the value of the note has a flag & Eighth Notes ee te2e 110, RHYTHM RAP pO J Te2e3e4e 18223848 111, THE DOT ALWAYS COUNTS Ter2es ede ter2esese 1e2zesate 1e2e3a4e 112, ALL THROUGH THE NIGHT af 113. SEA CHANTY Aivays use afullaisteam, English Folk Song Moderato . f of 114, SCARBOROUGH FAIR Andante oe o 2. » Sf a 115. RHYTHM RAP gu. bd jit FJ J J a4 116. THE TURNAROUND Ta2eseas tere Fesa 1erzesata 1e2zazage 117, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - AULD LANG SYNE Scottish Folk Song nf f 4 Check Rhythm 23 PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT ‘You can perform this solo with or without a piano accompanist. Play it for the band the school or Solo with Piano your family. It is part of Symphony No.9 (“From The New World”) by Czech composer Antonin Accompaniment Dvorék (1241-1904). He wrote it while visiting America in 1893, and was inspired to include melodies from American folksongs and spirituas. This is the Largo (or “very slow tempo” theme. 118. THEME FROM “NEW WORLD SYMPHONY” Antonin Dvorék 24 Great musicians give encouragement to fellow performers. On this page, clarinetists learn their instruments’ upper register in the “Grenadilla Gorilla Jumps" named after the grenadilla wood used to make clarinets). Brass players earn lip slurs, a new warm-up pattem. The success of your band depends on everyone’ effort and encouragement. 119, GRENADILLA GORILLA JUMP No. 1 120. JUMPIN’ UP AND DOWN 121, GRENADILLA GORILLA JUMP No. 2 - New Note os a= Le 122, JUMPIN’ FOR JOY cs cs 123. GRENADILLA GORILLA JUMP No. 3 124. JUMPIN’ JACKS tr bi itches isan ting with "1" lower note, li Interval he distance between two pitches is an interval. Starting with"1”on the lower note, count each line = and space between the notes, The number of the higher note is the distance of the interval. S pant sd ath stn 1 6th 1 7th 1 Octave f e “31 eS eo =. a ae oF o7 "oO o oF oO? 125. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ write in the numbers of the intervals counting up from the lower notes. vA - —~ Intervals: | 2nd 25 126. GRENADILLA GORILLA JUMP No. 4 127. THREE IS THE COUNT 128. GRENADILLA GORILLA JUMP No. 5 129, TECHNIQUE TRAX ao feces To 130. CROSSING OVER [Atrio is a composition with three parts played together. Practice Trio this tro with two other players and listen for the 3-part harmony. 131. KUM BAH YAH - Trio Aiways check the key signature. rican Folk Song Moderato — Al 26 Repeat the section of music enclosed by the repeat signs. lif Ist and 2nd endings are used, they are played as usual — but 90 back only tothe first repeat sign, not tothe beginning) Repeat Signs 132. MICHAEL ROW THE BOAT ASHORE African-American Spiritual Andante i lars T WE 7 of 133. AUSTRIAN WALTZ ‘Moderato a Austrian Folk Song = > 7 134, BOTANY BAY Australian Folk Song Allegro ~ = € Time Signature Conducting & CommonTime | Mo = (Same asf) Practice conducting thisfourbeat pattem. J 135. TECHNIQUE TRAX Practice at all dynamic levels. 136, FINLANDIA Jean Sibelius Andante _———_ P 137. ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY Create your oun variations by penciling in a dot anda flag to charge the rhythm ofany measurefrom ld J rod. 0cteve ———— Sos 7 2s 4 5 7 6 5 4 3 2 5 Chord & When two or more notes are played together, they form a chord or harmony. This G chord is Be _builefrom the Tat rd and Sth steps ofthe G scale. The th step Is the same asthe 1s butt isan Arpeggio octave higher. an arpeggios a"broken” chord whose notes are played individual. THEORY. 148. IN HARMONY Divide the notes of the chords between band members and play together. Does the arpeggio sound like a chord? r——Arpeggio—— 1——— Arpeagio—-—— Chord Taeaeeeiaiieesaat Chord 25 3 5 8 149, SCALE AND ARPEGGIO Scale Atpeagio. Scale Arpegsio = ‘Austrian composer Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809) vote 104 symphonies. Many of these works had nicknames s and included brilliant, unique effects for their time. His Symphony No.94 was named'"The Surprise Symphony” = because the soft second movement included a sudden loud dynamic, intended to wake up an often sleepy =z audience. Pay special attention to dynamics when you play this famous theme. 150. THEME FROM “SURPRISE SYMPHONY” Franz Josef Haydn Andante > P ve P =f 151, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ ~ THE STREETS OF LAREDO. American Folk Song White in the note names before you play. : co Be la PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 152. SCHOOL SPIRIT - Band Arrangement WI. Purdy March Style [5] = Measure Number Arr.by John Higgins ‘When playing music marked Soli you are pert ofa group'solo”or group feature. Listen carefully in *Carmival of Venice,’ and name the instruments that play the Soli part at each indicated measure number. 153, CARNIVAL OF VENICE - Band Arrangement Julius Benedict ‘Arr.by John Higgins Allegro 7 of 30 lA Q Z DAILY WARM-UPS WORKOUTS FOR TONE & TECHNIQUE 154. RANGE AND FLEXIBILITY BUILDER: 155. TECHNIQUE TRAX 156. CHORALE Johann Sebastian Bach |B the traditional Hebrew melody Htikvatr has been fra! national anther since the nation’ inception, |B. __Aethe Oeewaton of Staten 7948 twas ung bythe Gathered seer dung the opening Geno |B seciptayedty members of th Paletne Symphony Orchestra at is conclusion 157. HATIKVAH Israeli National Anthem Andante ieeaeesaees erences ace of 6 31 | | Eighth Note & Eighth Rest 1/2 beat of sound 12 beat of silence + v 1 “& ee :S 158. RHYTHM RAP dap gE Td, Tare re2e St iicie etic acadtienieate 159. EIGHTH NOTE MARCH daze Tere Ta2zetae2eatae2zetae2ze te2ze rere 160. MINUET Johann Sebastian Bach Moderato nf 161. RHYTHM RAP pois iy bl ltd dl 4 Dazedse te Te2zesese TH2e Fs HFR THPA TAS 162. EIGHTH NOTES OFF THE BEAT Ss a Dares edea 1e2e3e4e TEP FHFE TH2e ZEAE 163. EIGHTH NOTE SCRAMBLE Fs +t re ——— $8 = = =: § al 7 Zz ee = a cae a ae ere SESS 1 164, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ g Andante 32 165. eeeeey MELODY - New Note \ 2 __ American composer and conductor John Philip Sousa (1854-1932) wrote 136 marches. Known as“The March King,” SJ _Sousa wrote The Stars And Stripes Forever, Semper Fidels, The Washington Post and many other patriotic works. Sousas 3 band performed all over the country, and his fame helped boost the popularity of bands in America. Here is a melody 5 —_fromhis famous € Capitan operetta and march. 66. EL CAPITAN Allegro John Philip Sousa > OO tf ae = FE —_ 0 Canada ”frmery known a the National Sona, was fist performed during 1860 in French Canada, Robert & Stanley Weir translated the English language version in 1908, but it was not adopted asthe national anthem of Canada unit 1960, one hundred years aftr ts premiere 6 7. O CANADA Calixa Lavallee, ae "Hon. Judge Routhier Macstoso (Majestically) and Justice RS.Weir of —— 168, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - METER MANIA count and clap ‘before playing. Can you conduct this? Diand& — Atand v v Enharmonics ‘Two notes that are written differently, but sound ‘Ona piano keyboard, each the same (and played with the same fingering) are black key is both a flat and called enharmonics. Your fingering chart on pages sharp: ‘46-47 shows the fingerings for the enharmonic notes on your instrument, c 169. SNAKE CHARMER Enharmonic notes use the same fingering. B/DE @ = 170. DARK SHADOWS Pick-up note 171. CLOSE ENCOUNTERS | Enharmonic notes use the same fingering. 172. MARCH SLAV Largo Peter illyich Tchaikovsky f 173. NOTES IN DISGUISE i Chromatic notes ar altered with sharps flats and natura signs which are notin the Shromente fey lgnature The smallest cstance between two notes isa halfstep,and a scale made lotes up of consecutive half-steps is called a chromatic sea. ‘AMOFHL 174, eee Fe , ternat 26, fingering e a FrAlternote fingering 3 Frat French composer Camille Saint-Saéns (1835-1921) wrote music for virtually every medium: operas, suites, symphonies and chamber works. TheEgyptian Dance" is one of the main themes from his famous opera ‘Samson et Delilah. The opera was written in the same year that Thomas Edison invented the phonograph—187?. ‘HISTORY 178. EGYPTIAN DANCE Wor orentoments eee Largo Chinese Folk Song, Fine of D.C.al Fine German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) is considered to be one of the world’s greatest composers, despite becoming completely deaf in 1802. Although he could not hear his music the way we can, he could “hear’ it Inhhis mind. As a testament to his greatness, his Symphony No.9 (p. 13) was performed as the finale to the ceremony. celebrating the reunification of Germany in 1990. This is the theme from his Symphony No.7, second movement. z Ee 2 177, THEME FROM SYMPHONY NO. 7 ~ Duet Allegro (moderately fast) Ludwig van Beethoven alg PR 35 fussian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) wrote si symphonies and hundreds of other works including BE The Nuterackerballet, He wos a master at writing brillant settings of folk music, and his original melodies are among the Tre popular ofall time. His 1812 Overture and Capriccio Italien were both written in 1880;the year after Thomas Edison = developed the practical electric light bulb. 8 178. CAPRICCIO ITALIEN Aivays check the key signature. Pete lich Tchaikovsky Allegro 179. eee PATROL FW. Meacham Allegro 180. WAYFARING STRANGER Alrican-American Spiritual Andante P 181. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS QUIZ - SCALE COUNTING CONQUEST AL Be PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 182, AMERICA THE BEAUTIFUL - Band Arrangement Maestoso Samuel A. Ward ‘Arr-by John Higgins Andante 183. LA CUCARACHA - Band Arrangement Latin American Folk Song Latin Rock Arr.by John Higgins a if Sp > = f es - — -p——— = SS eS PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT 184. THEME FROM 1812 OVERTURE - Band Arrangement Peter lllyich Tchaikovsky ‘Arr by John Higgins Alllegro >> ft == SS 5 Sf 38 PERFORMANCE SPOTLIGHT e ee Performing for an audience fs an exciting part of being involved in music. This solos based on Serenade Solo with Piano inc iMajor, 525 also known as "Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"(‘A Little Night Music). Wolfgang Amadeus Accompaniment Mozart wrote this piece in 1787, the same year the American Constitution was signed into law. You and piano accompanist can perform this for the band or at other schoo! and community events. 185. EINE KLEINE NACHTMUSIK ~ Solo (concerts version) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart A-by John Higgins Allegro Ao Sax Piano 39 DUETS Hete is an opportunity to get together with a friend and enjoy playing music. The other player does not have to play. the same instrument as you. Try to exactly match each other's rhythm, pitch and tone quality. Eventually, it may begin to sound like the two parts are being played by one person! Later try switching parts, 186. SWING LOW, SWEET CHARIOT - Duet African-American Spiritual Andante Al 187. LA BAMBA - Duet Allegro Mexican Folk Song —_— — => : a ta RUBANK’ SCALE AND ARPEGGIO STUDIES ALTO SAXOPHONE KEY OF G (CONCERT B)) in this key signature, play all Fs, a ALTO SAXOPHONE KEY OF C (CONCERT E}) es 4 RUBANK’ SCALE AND ARPEGGIO STUDIES ALTO SAXOPHONE KEY OF D (CONCERT F) in thiskey signature, play all F¥s and Cts. Fy ALTO SAXOPHONE KEY OF F (CONCERT Ab) inthis key signature, play ail Bo’. 1. 42 % RHYTHM STUDIES got tiiy tis, py . faaloe 4 oo add rl 4 Se a % RHYTHM STUDIES oe fib dy TL dy dey dy by {LTT D, de td ade SD dy Ce fDi de dy Dy by DOI by DD Dy be oe pou A ms jp 4 4 Ao ee | go jr tt jou | poo os eia ah CREATING MUSIC Composition isthe art of writing original music. A composer often begins by éreating a melody ne ‘made up of individual phrases, ike short musical’sentences" Some melodies have phrases that seem Composition oercweror respond tp-question’ pirasos as in Beathorere ‘Ode To Joy. Play this melody and listen to how phrases 2 and 4 give slightly different answers to the same question (phrases 1 and 3). 1. ODE TO JOY Ludwig van Beethoven 1.Question Answer 3.Question 4 Answer | THEORY 2. Q. AND A, trite your own ‘answer*phrasesin this melody. 1. Question 2 Answer 3. Question Answer 3. PHRASE BUILDERS Write 4 different phrases using the rhythms below each staft. A eee 2Fid ee dug iia seg caeceg dee ey 4. YOU NAME IT: Pick phrase A,B,C or D from above, and write itas the “Question” for phrases 1 and 3 below. Then write 2 different “Answers” Tor phrases 2 and 4 1.Question 2Answer ss Improvisation is the art of freely creating your own Improvisation melody as you play, Use these notes to play your own ‘melody (Line A, to go with the accompaniment (Line 8). | THEORY © 5. INSTANT MELODY A 45 Ws conmertyourprogress tough the book enti page Fin the stars as instuetd by your band rector. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS 2x 1. Page 2-3,The Basics 15. Page 22,BE Quiz, No. 117 2, Page 5,€& Quiz, No. 13 16. Page 23, Performance Spotlight 3. Page 6, EE Quiz,No. 19 17, Page 24, EE Quiz, No. 125 4, Page 7, EE Quiz, No. 26 18. Page 26, Essential Creativity, No. 137 5. Page 8, EE Quiz, No.32 19. Page 28,No. 149 6. Page 10, EE Quiz, No.45, 20. Page 28, EE Quiz, No.151 7. Page 12-13, Performance Spotlight 21. Page 29, Performance Spotlight 8, Page 14,EE Quiz, No.65 22. Page 31, £€ Quiz, No. 164 9, Page 15, Essential Creativity, No.72 23, Page 32, EE Quiz, No. 168, 10. Page 17, EE Quiz, No.84 24, Page 33,No.174 11, Page 17, Essential Creativity, No.85 25. Page 35, EE Quiz, No. 181 12. Page 19, BE Quiz, No.98 26. Page 36, Performance Spotlight 13. Page 20,Essential Creativity,No.104 «27. Page 37, Performance Spotlight 14, Page 21, No. 109 28. Page 38, Performance Spotlight MUSIC — AN ESSENTIAL ELEMENT OF LIFE 4 6 FINGERING CHART E ALTO SAXOPHONE Instrument Care Reminders Before putting your instrument back in its case after playing, do the following: + Remove the reed, wipe off excess moisture and return it to the reed case. + Remove the mouthpiece and wipe the inside with a clean cloth. Once a week, wash the Mouthpiece with warm tap water. Dry thoroughly. + Loosen the neck screw and remove the neck. Shake out excess moisture and dry the neck with a neck cleaner. * Drop the weight of a chamois or cotton swab into the bell. Pull the swab through the body several times, Return the instrument to its case. + Your case is designed to hold only specific objects. If you try to force anything else into the case, it may damage your instrument, © = Open @ = Pressed down ‘The most common fingering appears frst when two fingerings ae shown, Instrument courtesy f Yamaha Corporation of merce, ond and Orchestre sion Ct Db Oe 47 E> ALTO SAXOPHONE FINGERING CHART 200101 010% sPoo!o0, 00%, 200181 goose, 1200 0% i 01000) 2ee ee 21960 2001000, 2001090, 20 = 2°220% 2 = T a 2 a TT] a a a | a ag | ag |) | Z| & < | 3 4] | 2 a SOR" gooey, S°R2E%0 ae. 290000, 0010004, oeciece, 8001000, geci00, = © - - oO = oO @ Q]/] 6 | < a al) z <4 valli HS © 2001000, 2eeiece, 2001000, 2001000, oO - he + 20801000, Oe! 0 48 @ REFERENCE INDEX Definitions (0) Accent 18 Accidental 16 Allegro 11 Andante 11 Arpeggio 28 Bass Clef 5 (Bassclefinst) BarLines 3 Beat 4 Blues 21 Breath Mark 6 Chord 28 Chromatic Notes 33, ChromaticScale 33 Common Time 26 Crescendo 11 DG.alFine 18 Decrescendo 11 Diminuendo 11 Dotted Half Note 14 Dotted Quarter Note 22 Double Bar § Duet 7 Dynamics 9 Eighth Note 10 Eighth Rest 31 Embouchure 2 (Grass & Ws) Enharmonics 33 Fermata 8 Ist& 2nd Endings 16 Fat 5 Forte (f) 9 Glissando 19. (Trombone) HalfNote 6 Half-step 33 Harmony 8 Interval 24 Key Signature 7 Largo 23 Ledgertines 3 Measure 3 Mezzo Forte (nf) 9 Moderato 11 ‘Multiple Measure Rest 20 Music Staff 3 Natural Sign 5 Notes 4 Phrase 20 Piano (p) 9 PickUp Notes 9 Quarter Note 4 Ragtime 19 Repeat Sign 5,26 Rests 4,6,7,31 Round (Canon) 12 Scale 28 Shap 5 Slur 19 Soll 29 Solo 23,38 Tempo 11 Theme AndVeriations 18 Te 14 Time Signature 5 Treble Clef 5. (Treblectetinst) Tio 25 WholeNote 7 Composers JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH + Chorale (from Cantata 147) 18 + Chorale 30 + Minuet 20 Minuet 31 LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN + OdeTo Joy (from Sym.No.9} 13, + Theme From Symphony No.7 34 JOHANNES BRAHMS + Theme From Sym.No.1 38 (Brass &Low W's) ANTONIN DVORAK + Theme From*New World Sym." 23 ‘STEPHEN COLLINS FOSTER + Camptown Races 14 + Oh,Susanna 10 EDVARD GRIEG. + Morning (from Peer Gynt) 15 FRANZ JOSEF HAYDN + Theme From Surprise Symphony” 28 FRANZ LEHAR + WeltzTheme 17 WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART + AMozart Melody 8 + Eine Kleine Nachtmusik 38 (High was) JACQUES OFFENBACH + Barcarolle 15 GIOACCHINO ROSSINI + william Tell 10 CAMILLE SAINT-SAENS + Egyptian Dance 34 FRANZ SCHUBERT + March Militaire 21 JEAN SIBELIUS + Finlandia 26 JOHN PHILIP SOUSA + ElCapitan 32 + High School Cadets 11 PETER ILLYICH TCHAIKOVSKY + Capriccio Italien 35 + March Slav 33 + 18120verture 37 World Music AFRICAN + Kum Bah Yah 25 AMERICAN + American Patrol 35 + America The Beautiful 36 + Auralee 12 + Ezekiel SawThe Wheel 19 + GoTell Aunt Rhodie 6 + Michael RowThe Boat Ashore 26 + OnTop OF Old Smokey 21 SkipToMylou 10 + Swing Low, Sweet Chariot 39 + The Streets Of Laredo 28 + Wayfaring Stranger 35 + When The Saints Go Marching In 13,27 AUSTRALIAN + Botany Bay 26 AUSTRIAN + Austrian Waltz 26 CANADIAN + Alouette 14 + OCanada 32 CARIBBEAN + Banana BoatSong 18 ‘CHINESE + Silver Moon Boat 34 ENGLISH + London Bridge 8 + Scarborough Fair 22 + SeaChanty 22 FRENCH + AuClaireDeLaLune 8 + FrereJacques 12 GERMAN, + German Folk Song 27 ISRAELI + Hatikva 30 TTALIAN + Camival OfVenice 29 JAPANESE + Sakura,Sakura 16 (MEXICAN + Chiapanecas 15, + LaBamba 39 + LaCucaracha 36 SCOTTISH + Auld Lang Syne 22 TRADITIONAL HOLIDAY MUSIC + Jingle Bells 9 + Jolly Old St.Nick 17 + MyDreydl 9 + UpOnAHousetop 17