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Repartido Teórico 1ER AÑO BACHILLERATO

Resumen de Ecuaciones Electrostática Física 2015

Ley de Coulomb:

G
F (N) =
K (Nm C ).Q (C).Q (C)
2
2 1 2
d (m) =
K Nm(
2

C 2G 1 )
.Q (C).Q 2 (C)
d ( m)
2
F (N)
G G G
F (N) .d2 (m) F(N).d2 (m) F(N).d2 (m)
( )=
Q 1 .Q 2 C 2
Q 1 (C) = Q 2 (C ) =
( C ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
K Nm 2 Q 2 ( C ) .K Nm Q 1 ( C ) .K Nm 2
C2 C
Nm2
K = 9,0 x 109 Q e − = -1,6 x 10-19 C Q P+ = 1,6 x 10-19 C
C2

Campo Eléctrico:
G G
G FE (N) F E ( N) G G
E N ( C) = Q (C) Q (C ) = G ( C ) Q ( C ) = F ( N)
E N
( )
E
E N
C

G
( C)
E N =
( K Nm
2

C )
.Q ( C )
2
Q (C ) =
G
d2 (m) E N ( C) d (m) =
2

C (
K Nm 2 .Q ( C ) )
( )
G
d2 (m) K Nm
2

C2
E N
m ( )

ΔQ ( C ) ΔQ ( C )
i ( A) = i ( A ) .Δt ( s ) = ΔQ ( C ) Δt ( s ) =
Δt ( s ) i ( A)

Diferencia de potencial eléctrico (ddp):

T ( J) T ( J)
ΔV ( V ) = ΔV ( V ) ΔQ ( C ) = T ( J) ΔQ ( C ) =
ΔQ ( C ) ΔV ( V )

Ley de Ohm:
ΔV ( V ) ΔV ( V )
R (Ω) = i ( A) = i ( A ) R ( Ω ) = ΔV ( V )
i ( A) R (Ω)

Potencia Eléctrica:
T ( J) T ( J)
P (W ) = P (W ) Δt ( s ) = T ( J) Δt ( s ) =
Δt ( s ) P (W )
P (W ) P (W )
P (W ) = i ( A ) .ΔV ( V ) = ΔV ( V ) = i ( A)
i ( A) ΔV ( V )
P (W ) P (W )
P (W ) = R ( Ω ) .i2 ( A ) = R (Ω) = i ( A)
i ( A)
2
R (Ω)
ΔV 2 ( V ) ΔV 2 ( V )
P (W ) = P (W ) R ( Ω ) = ΔV ( V ) R (Ω) =
R (Ω) P (W )