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Communal and Caste Politics in India and its Impact on the Voter

Communal Politics and caste politics has always been the essential ingredient of Indian political
infrastructure. The foundations of all the major political parties are laid on the politics of caste and
community. They cannot survive without targeting the caste votes and communal propagandas.
This has so much inculcated in the entire system of politics that everything from the grass root
level to the upper most level of hierarchy is being dominated by caste and community. The politics
of communalism laid the foundation stone of partitioning of India (Hindustan) into India and
Pakistan as two different countries with different set of communal population. The two major
political parties of India are Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress. Both of
them are real time players of caste politics. The BJP target Hindu votes on the name of 'Hindutva
'where as Congress targets Muslim votes on the name of 'Hindu Muslim unity'. (For Example: In
the recent polls result it was clearly visible that the major reason of down fall of BJP government
in Rajasthan is its failing to resolve the reservation issue led by 'Gujjars' and it's a live example of
caste politics. In Jammu & Kashmir, BJP won 11 seats which is its highest in the state till date is
only because they played their main trump card of 'Hindutva' asking land for the Amarnath
pilgrims). These leaders divide people and make caste and communal politics their main agenda
in order to allure a particular group of the society and gather their maximum votes. The
nominations from their party are given to the candidates of some particular castes so that they can
get maximum votes from their community people. The flag ship leader is not chosen on the base
of his intelligence or social work but on the basis of his caste and community so that he can disguise
innocent masses of the society and get their valuable votes so as to win the election. On the short
term these parties and leaders unite the people of a particular caste but on the contrary they break
the society and inculcate the feeling of hatred amongst the different communities. They are the
once who portray some castes as inferior or superior. The politics of caste and community has a
major impact on the votes as virtually no election can be won without targeting this. Another major
reasons are un-education and superstitions prevailing in the society which still prevails in major
part of India; some parties make them their agenda and seek votes on the name of the same. Thus
it can be said very loud and clear that the impact of caste politics and community politics has a
great impact on the votes and winning elections.

In this research project the researcher attempts to bring out the impact of caste and communal
politics in the Election and how the voters are being influenced by the name of the caste. So, in
order to bring out the impacts, the researcher would be discussing first about the Evolution of caste
politics in India and then would move on to the important question as to “Why Caste and
Communal Politics still persists and increasing in India?”. Then the researcher would analyse the
role of Election Commission in restricting the communal and caste politics during the election and
whether any legal restrictions has been imposed in this regard. And what can be done further to
restrict the Communal and Caste politics.

Keywords: Caste and Communal Politics, Un-education, Superstition, Impact on Voter, Election