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Cynthia Rosales

Professor Anderson

MCS 001

16 March, 2018

Free Speech

The First Amendment listed on the Bill of Rights specifically states to protect freedom

of speech. The Amendment generally states that no one should do jail time or be fined for saying

or writing their personal opinions. Throughout the years, the liability of freedom of speech has

been at ease across college campuses. Due to poor education experiences in high school, current

college alumni are now overseen my strict parents. College alumni are currently offended by

faculty at their campus who demonstrate political opinion. Kellie Bancalari, a journalist has

reported that several professors have been suspended and even terminated for expressing their

controversial political opinions. I believe the inability for college faculty to express or even

engage in debates is unfair.

In 1964, the Free Speech Movement started across the University of California-Berkeley,

a college campus where students protested to ban all political activities on campus. In the archive

"The Berkeley Student Rebellion of 1964," Mario Savio states:

“The First Amendment exists to protect consequential speech; First Amendment

rights to advocacy come into question only when actions advocated are

sufficiently limited in scope, and sufficiently threatening to the established

powers. The action must be radical and possible: picket lines, boycotts, sit-ins,

rent strikes” (Savio).


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Just as Mario Savio believes, I also believe faculty staff is allowed to generate their opinion

across a public campus. Court rulings and laws have been established for the purpose that public

campus’s will not be differentiated for expressing their perspectives. The act to protect public

institutions has been created, however, the laws do not mention to protect a speaker's viewpoint.

It is our legal obligation to listen to people, as they demonstrate the power of speech by being

repugnant. Speech by the people is what we have chosen as a democracy. Overall, freedom of

speech is accessible to everyone at no cost. We have the ability to communicate and speak what

we believe without any fear. We are carelessly exposed to speech that can be reductant, and

possibly even falsificated. The distortion in that speech is knowingly referred to as propaganda.

There is only such speech that is permitted, that is allowed to be expressed, therefore, making it

an autocracy.

According to Gramsci, hegemony is the "leadership or dominance, especially by one

country or social group over others". The power of the capitalist class is what creates the

existence of ideology. The ideas and beliefs that the capitalist presume and value are seen as

what they think is correct in society. Today, we have accepted the fact that the government and

the wealthy class have power over others. As they are seen as better, their wealth and power is

what defines them. The understanding of knowing capitalists have power over others is what

Gramsci claimed as hegemony. Oprah Winfrey for example, is a primary figure to society,

Winfrey has her own show network, magazine line and has also become an author. Winfrey has

her own show named, "Master Class". In her show she points out individuals who have mastered

life, just as herself. Winfrey is able to express personal and political opinions, her power and
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ideas with the ruling class are what dominants other social classes, those without the sufficient

power don't have the same beliefs.

Ideology is considered an act for non-Marxist thinking, as Raymond Williams believes

ideology to be from forms of political economy to ideals that humans have developed from past

times. Williams believes this as an act of conservative thinking rather than pure analysis as he

states;

“The emphasis on consciousness as inseparable from conscious existence, and

then on conscious existence as inseparable from material social processes, is in

effect lost in the use of this deliberately degrading vocabulary” (Williams 59).

The ideology of the middle class is that they ignore the material reality, what is referred as

freedom and even such liberties is what their system of ideals provides. "Freedom of speech" is

what constitutes society as a democracy. The middle social class ignores the power of capitalists,

however, being a part of the minority group is beneficial as the benefits include resources and

legal rights. Being a part of the minority group does not guarantee their voice to be heard,

therefore one might be able to express their opinion in any significant manner. However, unlike

Oprah Winfrey of the higher class is at risk of demonstrating her opinion on networks. Free

speech is meant for the ruling class, nevertheless, the freedom it claims serves as an illusion

within power. As their expression is free wherever they may be seen as part of the dominating

class.

The First Amendment specifically states to protect freedom of speech. The liability of

freedom of speech has been at ease across college campus’s. The inability for college faculty to

express or even engage in debates is unfair. College faculty, as educators, have the power to
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educate future generations into becoming citizens that respect the liberty to express their opinion,

and to be aware of other opinions and to respect. Suspending or terminating educators who

pursue to express their opinion only limits their rights. The idea of free speech is non-existent.

One might not always agree with the opinions of others, as many oppositions can interfere.

However, the inability for one to express their opinion only allows for movements such as the

FSM to take place. I believe that educators have the opportunity to express their valuable

opinions that can benefit generations, and to encourage students to respect the rights that are

available to them.
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Work Cited

“Kellie Bancalari.” ​USA Today​, Gannett Satellite Information Network,

college.usatoday.com/author/kelliebancalari/.

Williams, Raymond. ​Marxism and Literature​. Oxford University Press, 2009.

The Berkeley Student Rebellion of 1964 by Mario Savio​,

www.fsm-a.org/stacks/mario/savio_studrebel.htm​.