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ELECTRIC COMPONENTS DEFINITIONS

VOLT A unit for measuring the strength of an electric current.

VOLTAGE The amount of energy between two points in a circuit, measured in volts
(V)
CIRCUIT A path through which electricity flows.
SENSOR An instrument which can detect and give a signal of things such as a light,
heat and movement.
SWITCH A device that can complete or break the connection of an electric circuit.
DEVICE Something made for a purpose such as a tool or instrument
FUSE A piece of easily –melted wire included in an circuit for safety.
INSULATOR Material that does not allow electricity to flow through it.
CONDUCTOR A device or material that allows electricity to flow through it.

ELECTRICAL The rapid movement of excess of charge from one place to another
DISCHARGE
SERIES CIRCUIT A closed circuit that follows one path
PARALLEL A closed circuit that follows two or more paths
ELECTRICAL The ability of a substance to resist the flowing of the current
RESISTANCE
OHM’S LAW A simple relation among voltage current, and resistance in a circuit
STATIC ELECTRICITY The increase of electric charge on the surface of objects
POTENTIAL ENERGY Stored energy
KINETIC ENERGY Energy which is in moving objects
GROUNDED The process of providing a path way (usually a conductor such as a wire or
pipe) to drain excess charge into earth
ELECTRICITY A form of energy that uses charged particles like electrons and protons
ELECTRICAL CURRENT The movement of electrons and protons
ELECTRICAL POWER The rate at which electricity is being used, stored, or transferred
WATT A method of measuring the rate of energy transfer of an appliance
PATH The way or direction an electric current flows
BATTERY A container where chemical energy is converted into electricity
LOAD The part of a circuit that consumes electricity
FLOW The movement of electricity through a wire
ELECTRON A particle with a negative charge
PROTON A particle with a positive charge
ATOM The smallest unit of a substance or chemical element
AMMETER It is used to measure current. The ammeter is always connected in series.
When no current is flowing the pointer will indicates Zero.
CIRCUIT BREAKER A device that automatically interrupts the flow of an electrical current
ELECTRICAL PANEL An insulated panel on which electrical wires are mounted
DIODE It is an electrical component of two terminals that allows the circulation of
electric current through the one way
RELAY Is an electromagnetic device. The relay functions as a switch, allowing or
denying the passage of the electric current.
DIRECT CURRENT A current (and therefore voltage) that does not vary over time. Typically, a
low voltage like 12 or 24 from a battery or power supply.

ALTERNATING A current (and therefore voltage) that varies over time. Typical power
CURRENT supplies oscillate as sine waves at either 60Hz or 50Hz. Technically, at 60
Hz the current is reversing direction 60 times per second.

Lic. Gianny Ortiz Gamboa

ELECTRIC COMPONENTS DEFINITIONS