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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056

Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

A REVIEW ON SOLAR BASED PLANT IRRIGATION SYSTEM


Ms. Sonal D. Khandare1, Mr. Ankush S. Alone2, Mr. Shyamkumar S. Patil3, Ms. P. V. Raut4
1,2,3 Student, Electrical Engg, DES's COET DMN RLY, Maharashtra, India
4Assistant Professor, Electrical Engg, DES's COET DMN RLY, Maharashtra, India
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Abstract - Solar energy has emerged as viable source of irrigation systems for gardens, apartments, greenhouses.
renewable energy over the past few decades and is now used Through correct irrigation technologies, average vegetable
for various applications such as emergency lighting, water yields may be maintained or increased. When the condition
heaters and industrial application. It is a cheap source of of water in the plant is seems to be abnormal then the
energy. This seminar proposes a solar based automatic system automatically switches ON the motor. When the
irrigation system. The main objective is to design a low cost water level reaches normal level the motor automatically
and time based irrigation system with the help of switch OFF. In this seminar we are interfacing
microcontroller. Irrigation scheduler measures various microcontroller through temperature sensor, humidity
parameters such as humidity, temperature and soil moisture. sensor and also interfacing to GSM In this project we also
In this seminar the spin type solar panel is used. This sense the temperature humidity and the conditioned is
automatic irrigation system uses alternative energy that uniformly monitored by arduino and stored at server.
drives water pump to pump water from bore well to a tank
and therefore the outlet valve of tank is automatically 1.1 Solar Panel
regulated exploitation controller. In this irrigation system the
irrigation pump controlled in two modes: Automatic mode and Solar panels absorb the sunlight as a source of energy to
GSM mode. generate electricity or heat. Photovoltaic modules constitute
the photovoltaic array of a photovoltaic system that
Key Words: GSM Modem, Irrigation, Solar Panel. generates and supplies solar electricity in commercial and
residential applications. Each module is rated by
1. INTRODUCTION its DC output power under standard test conditions (STC),
and typically ranges from 100 to 365 Watts (W). A
Choice of proper methods is always important in the field of photovoltaic system typically includes an array of
irrigation. Agriculture uses 85% of available freshwater photovoltaic modules, an inverter, a battery pack for storage,
resources worldwide and this percentage will continue to be interconnection wiring, and optionally a solar mechanism.
dominant in water consumption because of population The most common application of solar panels is solar water
growth and increased food demand. In this era of sensors heating systems.
and technological development there is an urgent need to
create strategies based on science and technology for 1.2 Battery
sustainable use of water.
Battery is used to store the electricity generated by the solar
Improving irrigation efficiency can contribute greatly to panels. We are using battery of 12V.
reducing production cost of crops, making the demand
supply response more efficient. Recent technological 1.3 Voltage Regulator
advances have made soil water sensors available for efficient
and automatic operation of irrigation systems. The proposal 7805 is a voltage regulator integrated circuit. It is a member
frees one from manually operating the pump and also the of 78xx series of fixed linear voltage regulator ICs. The
sensor network brings down the wastage of water. To meet voltage source in a circuit may have fluctuations and would
the demand for energy, harnessing of non-conventional or not give the fixed voltage output. The voltage regulator IC
renewable energy becomes a necessity. Solar energy is the maintains the output voltage at a constant value. The xx in
most abundant and uniformly distributed among all the 78xx indicates the fixed output voltage it is designed to
available non-conventional sources. Automatic irrigation provide. 7805 provides +5V regulated power supply. 7805 IC
system uses alternative energy that drives water pumps to structure can be shown in below fig. 1.3.
pump water from bore well to a tank and therefore the outlet
valve of tank is automatically regulated exploitation
controller. A wet detector is employed to manage the flow of
water from the tank to the irrigation field that optimizes the
employment of water. Since our country ranks second in
agriculture and it receives daylight throughout the year, it's
informed utilize solar energy for irrigation functions. The
alternative energy is completely excellent for use with

© 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1516
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

Fig. 1.3: Voltage Regulator

1.4 Microcontroller

The ATmega16 is a low-power CMOS 8-bit microcontroller


based on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture. By executing
powerful instructions in a single clock cycle, the ATmega16 Fig. 2: Block Diagram of System
achieves throughputs approaching 1 MIPS per MHz allowing
the system designed to optimize power consumption versus 2.2 Humidity Sensor
processing speed.
Irrigation techniques need accurate moisture content for
1.5 GSM Modem plants. The humidity detector HS1101, is cost effective
solution for measuring relative humidity within + or – 5%.
In this system, GSM standards are used as an interface Humidity Sensor is one of the most important devices that
between controller, pump and the cultivator. It has three has been widely in consumer, industrial, biomedical, and
ports as Tx, Rx and gnd. GSM is nothing but the Global environmental etc. applications for measuring and
System for Mobile communication. In this system design monitoring Humidity.
GSM standards are used as an interface between controller,
pump and the cultivator. GSM Modem can accept any GSM 2.3 Water Level Sensor
network operator SIM card and act just like a mobile phone
with its own unique phone number. SIM900A is an ultra Liquid level sensor measure liquid level in tanks, reservoirs
compact and reliable wireless module. The SIM900A is a and in the environment, without any moving parts. The
complete dual band GSM solution in a module which can be sensing probe element consists of a special wire cable which
embedded in the customer applications. is capable of accurately sensing the surface level of nearly
any fluid, including water, salt water, and oils. The sensor
element is electrically insulated and isolated from the liquid
2. BLOCK DIAGRAM
into which it is inserted and will not corrode over time.
Block diagram description is given below,
2.4 LCD Display
2.1 Soil Moisture Sensor
LCD display is used in this system. In this LCD display shows
There are quite a few very commonly used and easily extended temperature range is available and several
available chemical compounds which show changes in their character type with LED. When the battery voltage go on top
physical as well as electrical properties under the presence then that time microcontroller commands LCD to battery
of different amount of water present in their amorphous as overcharge.
well as crystalline structure. Soil moisture sensor (sensor LM
35) is used to sense the moisture level of the soil. Soil 2.5 Relay
moisture sensor has four ports A0, D0, GND and VCC. They
are directly connected to the controller unit. The sensor A relay is a sensing device which is useful for detection of
measures the dielectric constant of the soil in order to find fault in the system. Once the battery voltage goes on top of
its volumetric water content (VWC). 13.8V the microcontroller commands digital display to
Battery over charge can operate the relay in between the
solar array and battery and can disconnect the solar array
from battery and no additional charging takes place.

© 2018, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 6.171 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1517
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 | Feb-2018 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

2.6 MAX232 IC [3] Jia Uddin, S.M. Taslim Reza, Qader Newaz, Jamal
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The MAX232 is a dual driver or receiver. It is an integrated “Automated Irrigation System Using Solar Power,”
circuit which converts the signals from RS232 serial port to 7th International Conference on Electrical and
the proper signal which are use in TTL compatible digital Computer Engineering, 20-22 December, 2012.
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from 5V supply to 7.5V by using external capacitor. It is [4] Joaquín Gutiérrez, Juan Francisco Villa-Medina,
mostly used in voltage level signal problems. This is use as a Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, and Miguel Ángel Porta-
hardware layer converter like to communicate two systems Gándara, “Automated Irrigation System Using a
simultaneously. It is helpful to understand what occurred to Wireless Sensor Network and GPRS Module,” IEEE
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3. Conclusion
[5] Karan Kansara, Vishal Zaveri, Shreyans Shah, Sandip
This review is proposed to supports aggressive water Delwadkar, Kaushal Jani, “Sensor based Automated
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system promises about increase in systems life by reducing International Journal of Computer Science and
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Conference on Computation of Power, Energy,
Information and Communication, 2015 IEEE.
The author extended their gratitude towards guide in
Electrical(Electronics & Power) Engineering at DES's COET [9] Pranita G. Titare, Rani A. Wagh, Vaibhav M. Umate,
DMN Rly, for providing the healthy atmosphere for work and “Solar Based Intelligent Automatic Plant Watering
also the author extended their gratitude towards the parents System,” International Journal of Research in
which support through all the ways and also thankful to the Advent Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, April 2016.
department which helps in any circumstances and also guide
the students to show the talent in front of another [10] Shaikh Gauhar Zareen, Khan Sanna Zarrin, Ansari
institution/organization. RabshZ Ali, Prof. S. D. Pingle, “Intelligent Automatic
Plant Irrigation System,” International Journal of
Scientific Research and Education, vol no. 4, Issue
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