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IELTS T R A I N I N G

alessononverbtenses

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verb
tenses
show when
the
action:
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• happens
• happened
• w i ll happen

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12
dif f erent
verb
t enses
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Simple
Present

Pattern:
subject + am/is/are
s ubjec t + ver b
(s / es)

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Simple
Present
show habitual a c t i o n s

Examples:
• I always t a ke a shower i n the
even ing.
• She works here every day.

f a c t s o r generalizations

Examples:
• The moon revolves around the sun.
• Rain f a l l s from the sky.
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Simpl e
Pas t

Pattern:

subject + was/were
s ubjec t + pa s t f o rm of t he
ver b

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Simpl e
Pas t
• show completed a c t i o n in t h e past

• used t o t a l k a b o u t dead people

Examples:

• My mother did the laundry l a s t


weekend.
• Mozart wrote a lot of masterpieces.

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Simple
Future

Pattern:

subject + will + base verb


s ubjec t + a m/ i s / a r e going to + ba s e
ver b

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Simple

Future
shows t h a t an a c t i o n will o r going t o
happen in t h e f u t u r e

• T h e a c t i o n has n o t happened y e t .

Examples:

• I wi l l go t o New Orleans nex t


month.
• She w i l l be a r r i v i n g soon.

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Present
Progressive

Pattern:

subject + am/is/are +
verb~ing

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Present

Progressive
f o r a c t i o n s t h a t a r e happening a t t h e
t i m e o f speaking.

Examples:

• I a m cur r e n t l y writ i n g a new


novel about my t r a v e l s .

• She i s working a t he r desk


a t t he moment. She seems very
busy.
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Past
Progressive

Pattern:

subject +was/were + verb


~i n g

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Past
• Progressive
t o show t h a t an a c t i o n in t h e p a s t was
happening was i n t e r r u p t e d by a s h o r t e r
action

Examples:

• Rico was cookin g dinne r when Honey


arrived.

• They were an swe r i ng the test when


the b e l l rang.

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Future
Progressive

Pattern:
subject +w i l l be +verb~ing
subject + am/is/ar e going to
be +
verb~ing
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Future
Progressive
shows t h a t an on- a c t i o n in
futur wil goin ign tbe
errupted t he
feu t u r e a cl t i o n . by a n o the
r
Examples:

• The chef w i l l be the food


prepar i n g t o n i g h t when I
arrive.
• I will be s t udying tonig h t fo r the
exam, so don’t c a l l me.

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Present
Per f ect

Pattern:

subject +has/have +p a s t participle

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Present
t Per f ect
o show t h a t an a c t i o n has s t a r t e d in t h e
p a s t and has a r e s u l t in t h e p r e s e n t t i m e

Examples:

• I have washed the car. It is now


c l e a n and shiny.

• My s i s t e r s have been to Canada


for three times. They l i k e i t very
much.

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Pas t
Per f ect

Pattern:

subject +had +pas t p a r t i c ip l e of the


verb

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Pas t
Pert fh aect
show t a p a s t a c t i o n happened b e f o r e
a n o t h e r a c t i o n in t h e p a s t

Examples:

• Joel had had a car bef o r e he


sold i t to our family.

• I had s t udied Spani s h bef o r e I went


to Spain.

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Fu tu re
Per f ect

Pattern:

subject +w i l l have been +p a s t


participle
subject + am going to have + past
p a r ti c ip l e

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Fu tu re
f oPer
c u s efs ect
on an a c t i o n t h a t will happen
b e f o r e a n o t h e r a c t i o n in t h e f u t u r e

Examples:

• I will h ave f i n i s hed cookin g


dinne r f o r Macky before he a r r i v e s
tonight.

• By the time I complete t h i s course,


I will have taken five tests.

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Present Perfect
Progressive

Pattern:

subject +has/have been +


verb~ing

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Present Perfect
Progressive
show t h a t an a c t i o n has s t a r t ed
in t he p a s t and is s t i l l happening u n t i l now

Examples:

• She h as been pain t i n g the wal l s f o r


two hours. She r e a l l y looks t i r e d
now.

• I h ave been t e a chin g Korea n s f o r


8 years. I like what I am doing.
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Past Perfect
Progressive

Pattern:

subject +had been +


verb~ing
Past Perfect
Progressive
shows t h a t an a c t i o n had s t a r t e d in t h e
p a s t and c o n t i n u e d u n t i l a n o t h e r a c t i o n in
t h e past.

Examples:

• They h ad been talkin g about me when


I arrived.

• Mr. Kim h ad been t e a chin g in


the academy before he l e f t for the
UK.
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Future Perfect
Progressive

Pattern:

subject +w i l l have been +verb~ing


subject +am/is/are going to have been
+ verb~ing

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Future Perfect
Progressive
used t o show t h a t an a c t i o n will
be happening u n t i l a n o t h e r f u t u r e a c t i o n

Examples:

• They w i l l be c l eanin g the house for


s i x hours before the v i s i t o r s
arrive.

• How lon g w i l l you h ave been


t r a v e l l i ng before your t r i p ends?

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